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AMITY UNIVERSITY RAJASTHAN AMITY BUSINESS SCHOOL TERM PAPER
HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT
SUBMITTED TO: SUBMITTED BY:

Mrs. Preeti Yadav

Savita Dagar Bcom (hons)

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INDEX
Certificate-------------------------------------------------------------------- 03 Acknowledgement ----------------------------------------------------------04 Abstract-----------------------------------------------------------------------05 1. Introduction--------------------------------------------------------------------06 1. Critical issues----------------------------------------------------------------- 08 2. Objectives of HRD----------------------------------------------------------- 09 3. Goals of HRD-----------------------------------------------------------------10 4. Importance/benefits of HRD------------------------------------------------12 5. Principles of HRD------------------------------------------------------------14 6. Functions of HRD------------------------------------------------------------ 15 7. Improving performance through HRD ------------------------------------17 8. Essentials of a good HRD system------------------------------------------21 9. Competencies of HRD Manager--------------------------------------------22 10. Role and responsibilities of HRD Manager -----------------------------24 11. Conclusion-------------------------------------------------------------------26 12. References-------------------------------------------------------------------27

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To the best of my knowledge. the matter embodied in the project has not been submitted to any other University / Institute for the award of any Degree or Diploma.CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the project entitled. Date: 02-4-2013 Mrs. Preeti Yadav Senior Lecturer ABS AMITY UNIVERSITY RAJASTHAN 3 . “HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT" submitted by "SAVITA DAGAR" in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of "BACHELORS OF COMMERCE" in "AMITY BUSINESS SCHOOL" at the "AMITY UNIVERSITY RAJASTHAN" is an authentic work carried out by her under my supervision and guidance.

Preeti Yadav who has helped me all through the project.ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Any accomplishment requires the effort of many people and there are no exceptions. First I thank our management for creating such an opportunity for the students to broaden their frame of skills. Mrs. My sincere gratitude also goes to my guide Dr. Working on this project was fruitful as well as interesting. I am gratified with their efforts. Although the report has been solely prepared by me with the purpose of fulfilling the requirements there are in numerous helping hands behind it who have guided me on my way. Savita Dagar Bcom (Hons) 2nd year 4 . The report being submitted today is a result of collective effort.

and other basics of HRD.ABSTRACT This report deals with the basic concept of Human Resource Development along with its benefits and importance. principles. 5 . functions. goals.

Efforts are afoot today to devise and implement methods of developing human resources. The word HUMAN RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT can be broken up as under. depletion or misuse of the greatest of resources we have. values and goals. humans have for long wallowed in these very predicaments. leading to systematic and purposeful development of the whole person. 6 . Obviously no one will ever advocate neglect. And yet. The human potential and the need for conscious attempts to develop it are more readily acknowledged today than ever before in many parts of the world. destroyed by misuse or enhanced by developmental intervention. teams or an organization as a human system.HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT Introduction The greatest resources of the world are the humans. It is thus a process of adding value to individual. depleted by consumption. Resources may be wasted by neglect. The times are changing.for reasons of either ignorance or failure of the chosen few to recognize and appreciate the potential of their fellow humans. the resource of all resource. vision. would gold or silver or other natural endowments be if there were no men? The HOMO SAPIENS is. Human Resource Development = Human resources + Development Human resource refers to the talents and energies of people who are available to an organization as potential contribution to the creation and realization of the organization’s mission. now. Development refers to a process of active learning from experience. without whom nothing could ever be a resource! Of what value. It is the process of increasing the capacity of the human resource through development. for example. indeed.

conducted in a definite time period. Critical issues These are identified by the top management team in different organization. mind and spirit. dynamism and pride of employees.body. By this employees of an organization are continuously helped in a planned way to. and contribute to the organizational health. and career development efforts to improve individual group and organizational effectiveness. one must pay adequate attention to their process. Thus from analytical study of all the above definitions. “Human Resource Development is a process for developing and unleashing human expertise through organization and personnel training and development for the purpose of improving performance”. For making human resources development effective. besides choosing the right activities. Human Resources Development is the integrated use of training. to increase the possibilities of improving job performance and growth. Process refers to the specific style. teamwork and collaboration among different subunits are strong. we may conclude that Human Resource Development is an organized learning experience. 7 . organizational development. Development combines the concepts of development (change and growth) and training (learning specific skills). method or the way in which a particular activity is implemented. It is found on a survey of the Indian organization that in the following fields human resource development has to be strengthened. 1) Acquire or sharpen their present and future expected roles 2) Develop their general enabling capabilities as individual so that they are able to discover and exploit their own inner potential for their own and / or organizational development purposes and develop an organizational culture where superior-subordinate relationships. too. Thus.

1) Recruitment and Promotion Policies of different organizations are to be reviewed on a recurrent and continuous basis. Rules and Procedure of organizations are to be consolidated and reviewed on a consistent and recurrent basis. morale. Merit and competence should be given greater emphasis in promotions. second and third line executives. Objective of HRD The prime objective of human resource development is to facilitate an organizational environment wherein people come first and everything else comes next. 4) Communication system is to be improved 5) Motivation. 6) Greater attention is to be paid regarding development of first line supervisors. commitments and sense of belongings and involvement of employees at all levels should be enhanced. 3) Greater emphasis is to be laid on human resource development and training. 8 . 7) Policies. 2) Performance Appraisal systems in the organizations are to be modified so that the right persons are rewarded in the right manner and placed in the right posts.

social excluded. skills and competencies of an individual employee to seek gainful employment anywhere of his own. HRD seeks to develop all employees irrespective of caste. language. HRD must ensure that the organization creates achievement oriented organizational culture and provides equal opportunities to all employees in matters of career planning and development. HRD should also accord appropriate opportunity of training for young people in search of first occupation and unemployed people. etc. creed. Employability means the ability. to enhance their professional abilities. employment has lost its true significance given high retrenchment. actions should also be devoted to the disadvantaged categories of employee such as handicapped. All leaders within an organization should become visible involved in human 9 . quality of work life etc. Therefore. religion. 2) Employability – In today’s highly competitive business scenario.HRD facilitates the adaptability of employees to organizational change. culture etc. Therefore. which takes place on continuous basis. Goals of Human Resource Development There are specific goals for HRD to achieve in an organization. 3) Adaptability/ competitiveness . etc. continuous training devoted to development of the professional skills of employees and the readaptation of the professional skills of the employees assumes crucial importance for HRD. organizations have to create environment of respect. This will result in both increased employees satisfaction and improved organizational decisionmaking. besides according free development opportunities to employees. layoffs. HRD needs to continuously upgrade the skills and competencies of the employees to keep them motivated. voluntary retirement schemes. unemployed. race. This will require both relational communications through open. supportive and interactive system.1) Equity – Recognising human being as strategic asset. colour. immigrated. trust and sense of belongingness. and paved the way for employability as flexible employment is increasing. engaged and retained but also make them employable.

The policy should not only be fair and just but also to be 10 . profitability. this goal will be relatively easy. It is much easier to train people when they have role models to base their behaviours on. They. The result is enhanced productivity. and market responsiveness by achieving a dynamic organization and work force. want to be productive. like their leadership. Organizations should ensure that responsibility for results is provided right from the lower level so that employees can develop a sense of independence and selfconfidence. Almost no one sets out to do wrong. share in the profits. 2) Enhancing quality and productivity : To evolve the human resource development system so that the employees are provided equitable opportunities to move up in the organization on the basis of their performance and ability so as to enhance quality and productivity.resource development programmes affecting organizational culture change and evaluating and articulating policies that govern diversity. If human resource development trains the leadership. Employees want to belong to an organization that believes in them. Inspiring diversity in the work force helps in promoting an environment conducive to human resource development. This is the first goal of human resource development. and be a totally dynamic work force. To do so display leadership that eradicates oppression of all forms. no matter what kind of background or culture they come from. 3) Promoting individual growth and development : The employees’ confidence in the personnel practices must be reposed. The main goals of HRD are as depicted below: 1) Facilitating organizational effectiveness: To ensure that adequate number of persons with sound industry background and experience both in generalist and specialist are available at different operative and supervisory and managerial levels in order to facilitate organizational effectiveness. to train the leadership.

This will ensure integration of human resource into business. making the work more satisfying and meaningful. 4) Integrating people into business: Jobs should be enlarged and enriched so that they are performed in a manner that nurtures team work providing opportunity for learning new and varied skills thus. Those employees who show special aptitude for different skills are carefully provided appropriate training and learning experiences. Importance / Benefits of Human Resource Development 11 .perceived as fair and just so as to promote individual growth and development.

4) Human resource development provides higher quality of work-life through opportunities of a meaningful career. 9) A signal to the employees that management believes they are important and should motivate them to acquire new skills and consequent rewards. organization action.Human potential interest in every employee is vast. automatically there would be a positive response to match individual aspirations with organization’s needs. 12 . 7) If any employee perceives a nurturing environment. The importance of human resource development is: 1) People are major assets and that an organization can make full utilization of individual potential by providing a developmental environment and opportunities by encouraging and rewarding innovativeness and creativity. 8) Human resource development processes have to be planned and continuous in order to be effective. 3) Competency can be developed in people at any point of time and organizations must encourage competency enhancement. 6) Human resource development policies are relationship centered and the extent of relationship under human resource development is life long and not merely for 8 hours a day. job-rotation. 5) Human resource development philosophy emphasizes human wellbeing and organizational growth. it can be further enhanced by various interventions like training. 2) Such people who are unable to contribute to the organization fully due to reasons beyond their control can also give their best if they are taken care of and proper environment and conditions are provided. etc. counselling. job satisfaction and professional development.

11) Human resource development facilitates with organizational goals through better employee understandings. 13) Human resource development focuses on needs satisfaction through achievement and recognition. 15) Human resource development increased awareness of the importance of change management and consequent adaptability of employees. 12) Human resource development provides for two-way. open and interactive communication between management and employees. 14) Human resource development provides job enrichment through training and the acquisition of new skills. Principles of HRD 13 .10) Human resource development fosters commitments through the communication of values.

organizational health. 6) Principle of change management: Human resources development systems should attempt to balance the current organizational culture with changing culture. diagnostic skills.1) Principle of development of organizational capability: Human resource development systems should help the organization to increase enabling capabilities. 3) Principle of autonomy maximisation: Human resource development systems should help maximize individual autonomy through increased responsibilities. 5) Principle of participative decision-making: Human resource development systems should facilitate participative decision-making. Functions of HRD 14 . 4) Principle of maximum delegation: Human resource development systems should facilitate decentralization through delegation and sharing of responsibilities. 2) Principle of potential maximisation: Human resource development systems should help individuals to recognize their potential and help them to contribute their best towards the various organizational roles they are expected to perform and excel in it. improvements in problem solving capabilities. development of human resources in all aspects. etc. The capabilities include. 7) Principle of periodic review: There should be a continuous review and renewal of the human resource development functions. capabilities to support all the other systems in the organization.

Other programme of mentoring helps employees to be supported by more experienced employees to help learn. unless employees are empowered to perform their jobs.Human resource developments seek to achieve the goals and objectives of an organization in an effective manner through developing the employees of the organization. engage and retain best professional necessary to achieve excellence and performance and potential appraisal helps to improve job performance on going basis and identify. Human resource development function plays a vital role in fostering an human resources development oriented work culture. management development programmes for managers for providing them with opportunities to learn. Appropriate programmes such as training of workers and supervisors on job specific skills for improved job performance. develop and groom best talents. grow. 1) Development functions: These functions relate to the development of the employees and their competencies for effective job performance. Given highly competitive nature of business today it is crucial for organizations to develop the skills and competencies of employees at all levels for achieving the goals and objectives of the organization effectively. difficulties. HRD performs a number of functions in an organization as. customer’s centric business orientation is difficult to practices. in hopes of producing over the long term a cadre of managers with the skills necessary to function effectively in the organization and fostering a learning environment wherein all the employees of the organization are learners. Human resources development programmes like career planning and development of employees is necessary to systematically match career goals and individuals capabilities with opportunities for their fulfilment so as to attract. However. both at professional and personal front. adapt and become skilful and articulate in one’s job. 15 . This is necessary to maintain current performance levels of employees. 2) Maintenance functions These functions relate to the maintenance of the employee’s satisfaction levels by removing grievances. and problems. and change. Therefore. paving the way for permanent change of behaviour necessary to adopt to a highly dynamic business scenario. Maintenance programmes such as counselling and coaching provides opportunities to employees to discuss their emotional problems with an objective of reducing it amicably.

Being the conscience keeper for the organization. 3) Control function. established to keep synergy between various human resource development programmes. have some ay about the design of their jobs in particular and work environment in general. practices. human resource development audit is undertaken. competencies. sub-sets and organization’s mission and objectives. through appropriate channels of communication. systems. motivation and education. which will ultimately result in business failure. have some say about the design of their jobs in particular and work environment in general. human resource development plays a pivotal role in upholding and adhering employees to ethical behaviour in business through training. This implies the importance of quality of work life is a process by which all members of the organization. Human resource development encompassing strategies. In order to do so. styles and culture and their appropriateness to achieve the short and long term business goals of the organization. These functions relate to the control mechanisms within the organization. if any gap is found then immediate corrective action can be taken to rectify. structures. through appropriate channels of communication. Improving performance through human resources development 16 . Failure to do so may result in drifting away of human resource development processes and organizational strategy.which is conducive to professional and personal well-being through which all members of the organization. Human resource development helps senior leadership of an organization to keep tab on the current state of human resource development in attaining competitive advantages through people process.

but it is complemented by strategies to support self-directed and informal learning and to link training with organizational strategy. Employee learning and related strategies. One important managerial responsibility is making sure that all managers and employees apply human resource development policies on a day-to-day basis and distributes tasks and responsibilities fairly and equitably among employees. People need fair compensation. The role of human resource development professional is changing from trainer to consultant. but money alone does not improve performance. Off-the-job training is still an important strategy. and provides opportunities to develop individual skills result in a more sustained level of employee performance. HRD responsibility for fairness in the workplace. A human resource development system that integrates performance management with organizational goals will ensure that the employees understand how their work relates to and contribute to the mission of their organization.Organizations find themselves dealing with strong competitive markets and fast changing technologies. Human resource development can improve performance if the following components are an integral part of such system as elaborated below: 1. Studies indicate that the positive effects of a salary increase usually last for between six to seven weeks. In response. The execution of human resource development activities is a shared responsibility of human resource development professionals. has the respect to fellow employees. Meaningful work that is integral to the goals of the organization. A carefully planned and implemented human resource development system addresses the kinds of employee concerns that can affect performance. are key issues for these organizations. their practical role is to provide learning opportunities for employees. Human resources are regarded as a key to competitiveness. such as knowledge management/knowledge sharing and creating a learning culture. 17 . their strategies focus on improving organizational flexibility. managers and employees. When developing an integrated human resources development system. Their strategic role is to link human resource development closely to business.

Most employees do not perform all of the duties listed in their job description all the time. In addition. as work and organizational priorities change. HRD responsibility for setting work priorities. HRD responsibilities for encountering good performance. a supervisor and employee should conduct work planning and performance review meetings on a periodic basis. This allows them jointly and systematically plans the specific performance objectives for which the employee will be responsible in a given period. updates as needed. This joint work planning process also helps the supervisor to identify in a timely way the skills and resource that the employee will need to successfully perform the tasks required to meet his work objectives. One of the steps to take in strengthening a human resource development system is to make sure that all employees have a current and up-to-date job description that provides them with information about their general duties and responsibilities. The description should clearly describe all job responsibilities and the supervisory relationship. it does not describe the specific responsibilities or performance objectives for which a supervisor may hold an employee accountable in a certain time period. 18 . Organization’s human resource development policies should be reviewed. The job description provides the supervisor with a starting place in developing a work plan with the employee. it must be ensured that all supervisors and managers are informed about the new human resource development policy and that they apply the rules fairly and equitable to all employees. In some cases it may be difficult to correct salary imbalances. Because the job description is general. and make the updated information available to all employees. 2. 3.organization’s job classification and related salary scales should be reviewed to ensure that salaries are appropriate to the level of responsibility and are competitive when compared with local economic conditions. even if the job description is up to date. but every effort should be made to take corrective action internally to ensure that all employees are receiving fair and equitable compensation.

which the organization’s goals. or unit as the basis of the joint work planning between each supervisor and his employees. 5. Communicating to employees that their work matters is an important element in a human resource development strategy. Making employee development a priority is an important component of a comprehensive human resource development system. 4. The supervisor and employee should agree on specific agree on specific performance objectives during these meetings. as identified during the organization’s annual planning process. if needed. A well-managed programme of training and reap many pay-offs. organized training 19 . These objectives may vary on an annual basis. Formal. Posting job opportunities within the organization and supporting internal candidates will send a signal that the current experience of employees is valued. Ongoing supervision between the periodic work planning and performance review meetings is also the key. department. HRD staff development responsibility. HRD responsibility for providing meaningful work.An important element of a work planning and performance review systems is holding joint work planning and performance review meetings on a regular basis. The work planning and performance review process can be linked to the organization’s annual work planning cycle by using the priorities of the organization. This will help to ensure that the work of each person does matter and that each person understands how his work is important to the organization. These agreed-upon objectives become the basis of the next performance review. Engaging in systematic planning and taking steps to make sure that people’s day-to-day work directly supports the priorities of the organizations is critical to meeting the organization’s objectives. A work planning and performance review systems can improve individual employee performance and increase employment motivation. Such a system becomes the basis for creating employee development plan. depending on changing organizational priorities. These objectives represent the strategic areas in which the organization has decided to focus in a given year. This system allows both the supervisor and the employee to evaluate performance and to plan ahead for training or other career development activities.

Cross-functional assignments. Other staff development strategies include: -On-the-job learning through. These can all provide the challenge and opportunity needed for personal and professional growth as well as increase the knowledge that people have in common and expose them to new ways of thinking and doing. -Technical presentations and discussions at staff meeting. . 20 .is only one vehicle for employees’ development. -Membership in task forces and committees. -Additional job assignments. mentoring relationships.

7) Business relevance of human resource development systems and practices. 5) Use of appropriate human resource development systems.Essentials of A Good Human Resource Development System Good HRD system posses the following qualities. 1) Top management philosophy and understanding of HRD. 4) Support of union and employees. Hence. human resource development is about unleashing human capabilities for enhanced organizational performance and impact. 3) Attitude of line managers. 6) Periodic renewal exercises. 21 . 2) Competent HRD staff.

He must help line managers in solving various human resource development problems by offering his professional expertise. 4) Technical skills: HRD manager must posse’ in depth and up to date knowledge and happenings in the field of human resource development. The critical competencies of a HRD manager are depicted below. 5) Interpersonal skills: HRD manager must be articulate in dealing with people issues. HRD manager has a shared responsibility in this regard. Since he lacks line authority. therefore lot of persuasive and negotiation skills are 22 . HRD manager has advisory role to play in matters of HRD programmes in the organization. They can contribute in solving complex organizational problems and also administer some of the more complex solutions. 2) Leadership skills: HRD manager must posses’ strategic leadership skills to align employee’ personal growth and development need with that of the organization so as usher in organizational excellence. but also to do justice to his consulting role. technologies and customer expectations helps him to develop appropriate HRD and system with an object of developing employee competencies for meeting the business strategy of the organization. He must thoroughly understand the background of each issue before attempting to offer solution. This is necessary not only to perform his duties and responsibilities well in the organization. He must have good knowledge about latest tools and techniques and must market human resource development programmes to the top management in an articulate manner. Good job knowledge is a pre-requisite to his professional credibility.Competencies of HRD Manager HRD managers are becoming increasingly more skilled and have a range of techniques and media to offer line managers. Understanding of business process. Therefore. 1) Business skills: HRD manager must understand the business of the organization. He must be an employee champion with high degree of personal professional credibility. 3) Consulting skills: HRD is primarily the responsibility of line managers.

embodying divergent views. Since people come from different backgrounds. 6) Global mindset: HRD manager must broaden his mindset.required to function effectively. industry and nation. Organizations are now recruit best professionals from the globe HR market. diversity in workforce is increasing. Good interpersonal skills help to achieve the various goals and objectives of human resource development programmers. and think beyond a particular organization. Due to globalisation. 23 . he must respect these diversities but also be able to cope well with cultural differences so that ‘unity in diversity’ can be achieved. values and belief. therefore.

4) Organization design consultant: This role involves identifying the work required to fulfil organizational strategies. 8) Performance consultant: This role assisting a group or individuals to add value in the workplace. plan. 6) Instructor/facilitator: This is an increasingly difficult role. It’s a coaching and 24 . He has to perform a very challenging and demanding job. 2) HRD systems designer and developer: This role involves designing and preparing HR systems for implementation so that HRD systems and actions are mutually reinforcing and have maximum impact on organizational performance. 3) Organization change consultant: This role means facilitating the development and implementation of strategies transforming organizations. values and goals so they can identify. development and endurance. structural learning experience are lead and group discussion and group processes facilitated. In it information is presented. 5) Learning programme specialist: In this role learning needs are identifying to design and develop structured learning programs and materials in a variety of media formats for self-study and workshop or electronic delivery. and implement development actions.Role and responsibilities of HRD manager HRD manager has to function under various constraints-internal and external. The main roles and responsibilities are: 1) HRD strategic advisor: In this role the issues and trends concerning an organization’ external and internal people are brought to the attention of the strategic decision makers. It also involves organizing the work so that it makes efficient and effective use of resources. 7) Individual development and career consultant: This role involves helping people assess their competencies.

It also means communicating results so that the organization and its people accelerate their change and development. 9) Researcher: This role involves assessing HRD practices and programmes and their impact empirically.consulting role in which HRD people perform both analytical and systems-design work. 25 .

by changing their views on learning and increasing their motivation to support learning. 3) Professional associations from different organizations and countries should organize events where HRD professionals can reach a common terminology. better understanding of the facilitating and inhibiting factors in competence assessment and development. In short term. further research is needed to develop valid and useful competence profiles. It is necessary to find strategies to involve managers in HRD. In the long run. exchange ideas and collectively try to solve difficult challenges. consideration should be given to incorporating HRD skills in all management training programmes. HRD function needs to focus on: 1) Managers should fulfil a key role in changing HRD practices. 2) HRD function should be more precisely defined and recognised by top management as a major part of the global development strategy of the organizations and seen as an investment rather than a cost. 26 . and in coping strategies of organizations that try to overcome problems in implementing competences systems.CONCLUSION To conclude on HRD. 4) Since competence development is seen as a key element of implementing the concept of the learning organization.

The Handbook of Human Resources Development.REFRENCES from theory and practices of HRD by Tapomoy Deb from ninth edition of human resources management by Gary Dessler Nadler L Ed. New York. (1984).htm 27 .mbaofficial.com/human-resourcedevelopment. http://en.com/mba-courses/human-resourcemanagement/human-resource-planning-and-development/what-ishuman-resource-development-and-what-are-the-functions-of-hrd/ http://www. John Wiley and Sons.org/wiki/Human_resource_development http://www.managementstudyguide.wikipedia.

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