footing

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

152 views

footing

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- Foundation Design .XLS
- Design of Strap Footing
- Strap Footing Design
- Wall-Calculation.xls
- footing
- Columns & Buckling
- Combined Strap Footing
- Footing
- Rmg
- Base Plate Eqns
- Design a Strapped Footing - New
- Footing With Strap Beam
- DESIGN OF ECCENTRIC-STRAP BEAM
- Strap Footing Design Spreadsheet.xlsx
- Design of combined footing
- All Members
- Pile Design Calculation
- Steel Calculation
- St. Design of Tall Buid.
- RBG RAM Concept Guide

You are on page 1of 7

This is a special type of footing used for two columns. The two columns are provided by two

separate footings connected by a rigid beam called strap beam. The footing areas are

proportioned in such away to keep the pressure under the two footings uniform and equal and for

the centroid of the combined footing areas to coincide with the resultant of the two column loads.

It is assumed that the strap beam is rigid and does not transfer any load by bearing on the soil at

its bottom contact surface.

Summary of strap footing design is shown in the following steps.

1- Select trial footing depths.

2- Proportion footing dimensions.

3- Evaluate factored net soil pressure under the footings.

4- Design column footings for beam shear and moment.

5- Design the strap beam for moment and shear.

6- Check bearing strength of column and footing concrete.

7- Check chosen reinforcement bars for anchorage.

8- Prepare detailed design drawings.

Example (11.9):

Design a strap footing to support two columns, shown in Figure 11.18.a, spaced at a distance of

6.0 m center-to-center. Column A is 40 cm 40 cm and carries a dead load of 50 tons and a live

load of 30 tons. Column B is also 40 cm 40 cm in cross section and carries a dead load of 70

tons and a live load of 50 tons.

Use

2

/ 250 cm kg f

c

,

2

/ 4200 cm kg f

y

, and ( )

2

/ 5 . 1 cm kg net q

all

.

2

Figure 11.18.a: Footing dimensions

Solution:

1- Select trial footing depths:

Assume footing thickness of 40 cm.

2- Proportion footing dimensions:

( ) net q

P P

A

all

B A

req

+

2

33 . 13

0 . 15

50 70 30 50

m A

req

+ + +

2

2 1

33 . 13 m L B L B +

The distance from the resultant of the column forces to the center of column B is given as:

( )( )

m x 4 . 2

200

6 30 50

+

Center of gravity of the two footings should coincide with the resultant of the two column loads

to ensure uniform soil pressure below the two footings.

Taking moments of footing areas about the center of column B,

( ) ( ) x A A L A

B A A

+ + 2 / 2 . 0 6

1

( ) ( ) x L B L B L L B

2 1 1 1

2 / 2 . 6 +

( )

( )

( )

33 . 13

2 / 2 . 6 2 / 2 . 6

1 1

2 1

1 1

L L B

L B L B

L L B

x

3

( )

33 . 13

2 / 2 . 6

4 . 2

1 1

L L B

x

Let B = 2.5 m,

( )

33 . 13

2 / 2 . 6 5 . 2

4 . 2

1 1

L L

0 8 . 12 2 . 6 2 /

1

2

1

+ L L

Solving this quadratic equation gives

, 62 . 2

1

m L or m L 78 . 9

1

(rejected).

Use , 60 . 2

1

m L and m L 75 . 2

2

3- Evaluate factored net soil pressure under the footings:

( )

( )

( ) ( )

( )( )

2

2 1

Bu Au

u

m / t 34 . 20

5 . 2 75 . 2 6 . 2

50 30 6 . 1 70 50 2 . 1

L L B

P P

net q

+

+ + +

+

+

4- Design column footings for beam shear and moment:

4-1 Beam shear:

Effective depth d = 40 7.5 0.9 = 31.6 cm (lower layer)

a- Exterior footing:

( ) tons 82 . 38 316 . 0

2

4 . 0 5 . 2

6 . 2 34 . 20 V

u

1

]

1

,

_

( ) ( )( ) tons 82 . 38 tons 64 . 51 1000 / 6 . 31 260 250 53 . 0 75 . 0 V

c

>

b- Interior footing:

( ) tons 06 . 41 316 . 0

2

4 . 0 5 . 2

75 . 2 34 . 20 V

u

1

]

1

,

_

( ) ( )( ) tons 06 . 41 tons 62 . 54 1000 / 6 . 31 275 250 53 . 0 75 . 0 V

c

>

Punching shear need not be considered due to presence of the strap beam.

Figure 11.18.b: Critical sections for beam shear

4

4-2 Bending moment:

a- Exterior footing:

( )

m . t 15 . 29

2

4 . 0 5 . 2

2

6 . 2

34 . 20 M

2

u

,

_

( ) ( ) ( )

( )( ) ( )

003063 . 0

250 6 . 31 260 9 . 0

15 . 29 10 353 . 2

1 1

4200

250 85 . 0

2

5

1

1

]

1

( )( )

2

s

cm 17 . 25 6 . 31 260 003063 . 0 A , use mm 16 13

b- Interior footing:

( )

m . t 83 . 30

2

4 . 0 5 . 2

2

75 . 2

34 . 20 M

2

u

,

_

( ) ( ) ( )

( )( ) ( )

003063 . 0

250 6 . 31 275 9 . 0

83 . 30 10 61 . 2

1 1

4200

250 85 . 0

2

5

1

1

]

1

( )( )

2

s

cm 62 . 26 6 . 31 275 003063 . 0 A , use mm 16 14

For shrinkage reinforcement in longitudinal direction,

( )( )

2

0 . 18 40 250 0018 . 0 cm A

s

, use mm 12 16

Figure 11.18.c: Footing reinforcement

5- Design of strap beam for moment and shear:

5-1 For moment:

The strap beam shall be proportioned for a maximum negative moment of 92.90 t.m, shown in

Figure 11.18.f.

Assume a cross section of 40 cm 100 cm for the strap beam

d

-ve

= 100 7.5 1.0 2.0 1.25 = 88.25 cm

5

( ) ( ) ( )

( )( ) ( )

00862 . 0

250 25 . 88 40 9 . 0

9 . 92 10 353 . 2

1 1

4200

250 85 . 0

2

5

ve

1

1

]

1

( )( )

2

ve s

cm 43 . 30 25 . 88 40 00862 . 0 A

, use mm 22 8

d = 100 7.5 1.6 0.7 1.0 = 89.2 cm

( ) ( ) ( )

( )( ) ( )

004167 . 0

250 2 . 89 40 9 . 0

07 . 48 10 353 . 2

1 1

4200

250 85 . 0

2

5

ve

1

1

]

1

+

( )( )

2

ve s

cm 87 . 14 2 . 90 40 004167 . 0 A

+

, use mm 16 8

Figure 11.18: (continued); (d) Loading diagram; (e) shearing force

diagram; (f) bending moment diagram

(d)

(e)

(f)

6

5-2 For shear:

The shearing force diagram is shown in Figure 11.18.e.

Critical shear at distance 88.25 cm from face of column A (to the right) is

tons 67 . 42 V

u

( ) ( )( ) tons 19 . 22 1000 / 25 . 88 40 250 53 . 0 75 . 0 V

c

( )

tons 31 . 27

75 . 0

19 . 22 67 . 42

V

s

( )

( )

( )

cm / cm

4200

40 5 . 3

cm / cm 074 . 0

4200 25 . 88

1000 31 . 27

S

A

2 2 v

>

,

_

Try mm 10 stirrups

( )

cm / cm 074 . 0

S

785 . 0 2

2

Use mm 10 stirrups @ 20 cm.

6- Check bearing strength of column and footing concrete:

( )( )( )( ) tons 164 tons 221 1000 / 40 40 250 85 . 0 65 . 0 P

n

>

i.e. use minimum dowel reinforcement, ( )( )

2

0 . 8 40 40 005 . 0 cm A

s

7- Check chosen reinforcing bars for anchorage:

a- Footing reinforcement ( mm 16 ):

1

s e

and 8 . 0

s

b

c is the smaller of:

, 3 . 8 8 . 0 5 . 7 cm + or

( )

cm 69 . 8

2 14

6 . 1 15 260

c

b

, i.e.,

b

c = 8.3 cm

19 . 5

6 . 1

0 3 . 8

d

K c

b

tr b

+

+

> 2.5, take it equal to 2.5

( ) ( )

( )

cm 86 . 38

250 5 . 2 5 . 3

4200 8 . 0 6 . 1

l

d

Available development length = 105.0 7.5 = 97.5 cm > 38.86 cm

b- Bottom reinforcement in strap beam ( mm 16 ):

1

s e

and 8 . 0

s

b

c is the smaller of:

7

, 3 . 9 8 . 0 0 . 1 5 . 7 cm + + or

( )

cm 14 . 2

2 5

6 . 1 2 15 40

c

b

, i.e.,

b

c = 2.14 cm

34 . 1

6 . 1

0 14 . 2

d

K c

b

tr b

+

+

( )( )

( )

cm 50 . 72

250 34 . 1 5 . 3

4200 8 . 0 6 . 1

l

d

Available development length = 117.5 7.5 = 110.0 cm > 72.50 cm

c- Top reinforcement in strap beam ( mm 22 ):

3 . 1

t

since more than 30 cm of fresh concrete is cast below the reinforcement, 1

s e

b

c is the smaller of:

, 6 . 9 1 . 1 0 . 1 5 . 7 cm + + or

( )

cm 6 . 2

2 4

2 . 2 2 15 40

c

b

, i.e.,

b

c = 2.6 cm

18 . 1

2 . 2

0 6 . 2

d

K c

b

tr b

+

+

( )( ) ( )

( )

cm 95 . 183

250 18 . 1 5 . 3

4200 2 . 2 3 . 1

l

d

Available development length = 213.0 7.5 = 205.5 cm > 183.95 cm

8- Prepare detailed design drawings:

Detailed design drawings are shown in Figure 11.18.c and Figure 11.18.g.

Figure 11.18.g: Design drawings

- Foundation Design .XLSUploaded byayazmad
- Design of Strap FootingUploaded byPrakash Kumar Kumar
- Strap Footing DesignUploaded byWaqar Ahmed
- Wall-Calculation.xlsUploaded byAbhijit Hazarika
- footingUploaded byolomu
- Columns & BucklingUploaded bysatoni12
- Combined Strap FootingUploaded byNoman Khan
- FootingUploaded byGhayoor A Qureshi
- RmgUploaded bylnanescu
- Base Plate EqnsUploaded bykalpanaadhi
- Design a Strapped Footing - NewUploaded byShubhankar Khare
- Footing With Strap BeamUploaded byvladementor
- DESIGN OF ECCENTRIC-STRAP BEAMUploaded byMarko Vrca
- Strap Footing Design Spreadsheet.xlsxUploaded byzubairmeer
- Design of combined footingUploaded byAhmmed Muhsee
- All MembersUploaded byHany Seif-Aldien Nasser
- Pile Design CalculationUploaded byjologscresencia
- Steel CalculationUploaded byvempadareddy
- St. Design of Tall Buid.Uploaded byeranilmishra
- RBG RAM Concept GuideUploaded byRiliToma
- i Optimisation of Lateral LoadUploaded byAnonymous XWGVolwe
- Turncraft Wood Colonial CatalogUploaded bysirwill
- Thrust Anchor Blocks for Vertical BendUploaded byKushan Dhanushka Nanayakkara
- CFD-CSA-A23.3-04Uploaded bydongheep811
- Engineers Handbooks EC 16Uploaded byYasonsky Captain
- OHT General - CopyUploaded byankkeshmundra1
- Example I-2 Filled Composite Column in Axial CompressionUploaded byboone37
- Two Way Slab Punching Shear CheckUploaded byDaniyal Ahmad
- Eng GuidelinesUploaded byjcvalencia

- Mix Design PresentationUploaded bybsk109
- 6173945 - Dispute Case RegisteredUploaded byMohammed Sumer
- 423-NUMUploaded byMohammed Sumer
- Final DWG.dwg 14-1 lower version-Model.pdfUploaded byMohammed Sumer
- PILE GROUP DESIGNUploaded byHenRy Ngu 旭
- Column & Foundation DetailsUploaded byMohammed Sumer
- Punching Shear CheckUploaded byAntonysamy Santhanam
- sitting layout.pdfUploaded byMohammed Sumer
- Flat Slab Design to Bs8110-Part 1-1997Uploaded bysskamalakannan
- Soil Test for Hospital BuildingUploaded byMohammed Sumer
- 20190226095531Uploaded byMohammed Sumer
- Yahoo Mail - Hello and Thank You From DAT!Uploaded byMohammed Sumer
- Johnson Lifts SpecsUploaded byMohammed Sumer
- Rr,MasonryUploaded byMohammed Sumer
- architectural drawings1548765409825.pdfUploaded byMohammed Sumer
- Ground FloorUploaded byMohammed Sumer
- Ownerarea-statementifp Model (1)Uploaded byMohammed Sumer
- Abdul MuqeetUploaded byMohammed Sumer
- Eng.khalil&Mr.basem With Majid Hilal AgreementUploaded byMohammed Sumer
- Khalfan Final All(30.Aug.2016)-Model.pdf5Uploaded byMohammed Sumer
- Khalfan Final All(30.Aug.2016)-Model.pdf1Uploaded byMohammed Sumer
- Load CasesUploaded byMohammed Sumer
- Design of Composite BeamUploaded byMohammed Sumer
- Punching Shear Calculation AS per ACI -318Uploaded byMohammed Sumer
- Jaleel Bhai Str DetailsUploaded byMohammed Sumer
- Analysis of Stress-Strain and DeflectionUploaded byMohammed Sumer
- 631-1841-1-PB.pdfUploaded byGORTHI ANURAM

- Analysis of Thermodynamic Process In the Work Chamber of a Spiral.pdfUploaded byy2j
- St7203 Steel StructuresUploaded byMurugan Kv
- Pressure MeasurementUploaded byVilma Montesclaros
- Refraction of Water WaveUploaded bySamuel Liew
- 3622r_00.pdfUploaded byJM Viray
- Resting Membrane Potential and Action PotentialUploaded byLakshmi Venkataraman
- Spartan08Manual_New.pdfUploaded byavonpersu001
- Refinery Furnace ModellingUploaded byJay Lawson
- EDR DesignGuidelines VAVUploaded byRegina Ng
- 199-JMES-2636-Elguerri.pdfUploaded byRouhollah Ganjiazad
- Geothermal Well Completion Tests - Hagen HoleUploaded byAdil Aytekin
- All AWS- CodesUploaded byPradip Tapan Banerjee
- lhc-project-report-374.pdfUploaded bypirotte
- Wang 2004Uploaded byDabke1997
- 7. OptiX NG WDM Testing Issue 1.00Uploaded byRaul
- Noise of Induction MachinesUploaded bydino_bosnjakovic
- Mass Transfer Resource MaterialUploaded byDanson Fan
- 13. Ionic and Covalent BondingUploaded byRonaldo Manaoat
- Gear Pump ArticleUploaded byGeoffrey Allen
- KKP Boiler Training Material -Vol 1Uploaded byparthi20065768
- Thumb Rules for Chemical EngineerUploaded byRakesh Ranjan
- Graphene and Its ApplicationUploaded byLauren Chua
- Crystallization behavior and nucleation analysis of PP with TMC-68.pdfUploaded byjatinder singh
- SPE-10067-MSUploaded byrashid_sohail8292
- Araba Park Duman Tahliye12101-5Uploaded byAnonymous Kaptiw
- Combined Axial and Bending Design R0 2017.12.02Uploaded byRoxanneDequina
- 228 TOP Compressors, Gas Turbines and Jet Engines - Mechanical Engineering Multiple Choice Questions and Answers List _ MCQs Preparation for Engineering Competitive ExamsUploaded byNagaraj Muniyandi
- Injso 2010 Ans KeyUploaded byJustin Myers
- is the global climate changing 2019Uploaded byapi-330564239
- Product Branching Ratios in Simple Gas Phase ReactionsUploaded byYli S'c