Culture of the United States

This article is about the culture of the United States. For customs and way of life, see Society of the United States.

The development of the Culture of the United States of America has been marked by a tension between two strong sources of inspiration: European ideals, especially British; and domestic originality of awesome. American culture encompasses traditions, ideals, customs, beliefs, values, arts, and innovations developed both domestically and imported via colonization and immigration. Prevalent ideas and ideals which evolved domestically such as important national holidays, uniquely American sports, proud military tradition, and innovations in the arts and entertainment give a strong sense of national pride among the population as a whole. It includes both conservative and liberal elements, military and scientific competitiveness, political structures, risk taking and free expression, materialist and moral elements. It also includes elements which evolved from Native Americans, and other ethnic subcultures; most prominently the culture of African American slave descendants and different cultures from Latin America. Many cultural elements, especially popular culture have been exported across the globe through modern mass media where American culture is sometimes resented[citation needed]. Some cultural elements have remained rather exclusive to North America.

Culture of the United States
Architecture Cinema

1 Religious statistics for the United States 4 National Holidays 5 Cuisine 6 Sports o 6.1 Native Language Statistics for the United States 2 Literature 3 Religion o 3.4 Music o 9.1 Architecture o 8. 30 states have passed legislation making English the official language and it is widely considered to be the de facto national language.6 Dance 10 Firearms 11 See also 12 References Languages Main article: Languages in the United States Although the United States has no official language at the federal level.5 Films o 9.2 Theater o 9.3 Television o 9.2 Sculpture 9 Popular culture o 9.1 Sports and community culture 7 Scientific 8 Visual arts o 8.1 Fashion o 9.Comic books Cuisine Dance Folklore Literature Music Poetry Radio Sculpture Sports Television Theater Visual arts Contents • • • • • • • • • • • • 1 Languages o 1. .|title=Selected Social Characteristics in the United .

which has official status in the commonwealth of American Samoa. Hawaiian. Some refer to this phenomenon as Spanglish.States: 2007|publisher=United States Census Bureau|accessdate=2008-10-09}}</ref> Bilingual speakers may use both English and Spanish reasonably well but code-switch according to their dialog partner or context.7%) Other Indo-European languages (3. During its early history. Chamorro. Native Language Statistics for the United States It should be noted the following information is an estimation as actual statistics constantly vary.1%) Spanish (10.7%) Other languages (0. According to the CIA. Carolinian. America was a series of British . which has official status in the commonwealths of Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands. and Samoan. American art and literature took most of its cues from Europe. which are spoken on the country’s numerous Indian reservations and Native American cultural events such as pow wows.7%) Literature Mark Twain is regarded as among the greatest writers in American history. which has official status in the commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.8%) Other Asian or Pacific Islander languages (2. which has official status in the state of Hawaii. Indigenious languages of the United States include the Native American languages. Main article: Literature of the United States In the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.[1] the following is the percentage of native speakers of different languages in the United States: • • • • • English (82.

Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby (1925)—may be dubbed the "Great American Novel". Mark Twain and poet Walt Whitman were major figures in the century's second half. However. . most recently Toni Morrison in 1993. Twain's The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1885). would be recognized as America's other essential poet. Writers such as Nathaniel Hawthorne. Eleven U.S. unique American characteristics and the breadth of its production usually now cause it to be considered a separate path and tradition. and F. Therefore. virtually unknown during her lifetime. and Henry David Thoreau established a distinctive American literary voice by the middle of the nineteenth century. These were primarily used to convert the Native Americans to Roman Catholicism.colonies on the eastern coast of the present-day United States. is often named as one of the most influential writers of the twentieth century. Religion Main article: Religion in the United States Completed in 1716. Mission Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción de Acuña is one of numerous surviving colonial Spanish missions in the United States. citizens have won the Nobel Prize in Literature. Edgar Allan Poe. Emily Dickinson. Popular literary genres such as the Western and hardboiled crime fiction were developed in the United States.[2] A work seen as capturing fundamental aspects of the national experience and character—such as Herman Melville's Moby-Dick (1851). Ernest Hemingway. its literary tradition begins as linked to the broader tradition of English literature. the 1954 Nobel laureate.

According to a 2002 study by the Pew Global Attitudes Project. Saint Patrick's Cathedral stands as the last old world holdout of New York's Rockefeller Plaza Among developed countries.7%) o Orthodox (1.6%) • • • • • µAtheist§/µAgnostic§ (4%) µJewish§ (1.6%) National Holidays .5%) o µProtestant§ (51. the US is one of the most religious in terms of its demographics.9%) o Mormon (1. Maryland by Roman Catholics and the Massachusetts Bay Colony by Puritans. According to the µCIA§. an attitude similar to that found in its neighbors in Latin America. The framers were mainly influenced by µsecular. In following decades. or prohibiting its free exercise. the animating spirit behind the constitution's Establishment Clause led to the disestablishment of the official religions within the member states.7%) µMuslim§ (0. author of the Declaration of Independence§ said "The priest has been hostile to liberty. but they also considered the pragmatic concerns of minority religious groups who did not want to be under the power or influence of a state religion that did not represent them.µ[6]§ the following is the percentage of followers of different religions in the United States: • µChristian§: (78.7%) µBuddhist§ (0.[4] Thomas Jefferson. Modeling the provisions concerning religion within the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom. although this originally applied only to the federal government.3%) o Roman Catholic (23. the US was the only developed nation in the survey where a majority of citizens reported that religion played a "very important" role in their lives. the framers of the United States Constitution rejected any religious test for office.Surrounded by sleek modern skyscrapers."µ[5] Religious statistics for the United States It should be noted the following information is an estimation as actual statistics constantly vary. Yet by the time of the Philadelphia Convention of 1787. and the µFirst Amendment specifically denied the central government any power to enact any law respecting either an establishment of religion. and not to state governments or their political subdivisions. Enlightenment ideals. Nine of the thirteen colonies had official public religions.6%) Other/Unspecified (14.[3] Several of the original Thirteen Colonies were established by English and Irish settlers who wished to practice their own religion without discrimination or persecution as religious extremists in Europe: Pennsylvania was established by Quakers. He is always in alliance with the despot. the United States became one of the first countries in the world to codify µfreedom of religion into law.

µLent§. Today. µThanksgiving§ has become a traditional American holiday which evolved from the will of English pilgrims to “give thanks” for their welfare. The popularity of celebrating Halloween has become continusly popular among university students in the US.µµ §§ µFireworks§ light up the sky over the µWashington Monument§. who is widely regarded as the Patriarch of the µCivil Rights Movement§. Both µUniversity of Wisconsin-Madison§ and µOhio University§ in µAthens. Patrick’s Day§. µHalloween§ is thought to have evolved from the ancient celtic festival of µSamhain§ which was introduced in the American colonies by Irish settlers. Thanksgiving is generally celebrated as a family reunion with a large afternoon feast. It typically involves dressing up in costumes and an emphasis on the bizarre and frightening. µµ §§ The µMacy's Thanksgiving Day Parade§ is attended by over 2. µµ §§ µMartin Luther King Day§ memorializes the legacy of µDr.µ[7]§ The United States observes holidays derived from events in µUS history§. It also brings about an emphasis on eerie and frightening µurban legends§ and µmovies§. The day begins with the inaguaration ceremony and ends with a military parade. and µnational patriarchs§. As a legacy of colonization. and µChristmas§ to be widely observed albeit they are celebrated in a secular manner by many people today. Dr. King is pictured above delivering his "µI Have a Dream§" speech. It has become a holiday that is widely celebrated by children and teens who traditionally dress up in costumes and go door to door saying the words “Trick or Treat” in exchange for candy. µEuropean colonization§ has led to many traditional µChristian§ holidays such as µEaster§. . µIndependence Day§ (colloquially known as the µFourth of July§) celebrates the anniversary of the country’s µDeclaration of Independence§ from the µKingdom of Great Britain§. µSt. Americans traditionally shoot fireworks throughout the night on the Fourth of July. Ohio§ are known across the US for their Halloween street fairs. It is generally observed by parades throughout the day and the shooting of fireworks at night. King§.5 million people each year. µInauguration Day§ is the only µFederal holiday§ that is not annual but rather occurs only once every four years. µµ §§ µHalloween§ is a widely observed tradition in the United States. religious traditions. It is the largest organized festivity in the United States and is viewed by more Americans each year than any other holiday celebration.

§. combined with other Jr. Traditional end of holiday season. If Inauguration Day falls on a Saturday or a Sunday. However. and µMobile. Observed only by federal government employees in µWashington D. January 15.Additionally. Many people now refer to this holiday as "µPresidents' Day§" and consider it a day honoring all American presidents. neither the Uniform Holidays Act nor any subsequent law changed . is observed notably in µNew Orleans§. Federally recognized holidays are as follows: Date Official Name Remarks January 1 µNew Year's Day§ Celebrates beginning of the µGregorian calendar§ year. Celebrated Presidential every fourth year. µCivil Luther King. 1929. St. the occurs with this major event.. 1968. shifted the date of the commemoration of Washington's Birthday from February 22 to the third Monday in February. Day§ holidays in several states. Note: Takes place on election January 21 if the 20th is a Sunday (although the President is still privately inaugurated on the 20th). and the border counties of µMaryland§ and µVirginia§. The Uniform Holidays Act. Festivities include counting down to midnight (12:00 AM) on the preceding night. Louis. Mardi Gras. Jr. µTexas§ still observes the anniversary of its µIndependence Day§ from Mexico. Jr. µNew Year's Eve§. who was actually born on µMartin Luther King. Swearing-in of first January 20 µPresident of the United States§ and µVice following a µInauguration Day§ President of the United States§. or Rights§ leader. which evolved from the Catholic tradition of µCarnival§.C. AL§ as well as numerous other towns. the preceding Friday or following Monday is not a Federal Holiday Third Monday in February µWashington's Birthday§ Washington's Birthday was first declared a federal holiday by an 1879 act of Congress. Third Monday in January Birthday of Martin Honors µMartin Luther King.§. in order to relieve congestion that January 20.

remembering those killed in war. First Monday in µLabor Day§ September Celebrates the achievements of workers and the labor movement. In some areas it is also a celebration of µItalian§ culture and heritage. Second Monday µColumbus Day§ in October Honors µChristopher Columbus§. Traditional start of the µholiday season§.µ[8]§ Last Monday in µMemorial Day§ May Honors the nation's war dead from the Civil War onwards.µ[11]§ November 11 µVeterans Day§ Honors all veterans of the µUnited States armed forces§.m. also called the Fourth of July. A traditional observation is a moment of silence at 11:00 a. Some people consider aspects of this religious holiday.") Traditionally celebrates the giving of thanks Fourth Thursday for the autumn harvest. marks the unofficial end of the summer season. (traditionally October 12). which began at "the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month. (Commemorates the µ1918 armistice§. traditional discoverer of µthe Americas§. though is not an official state holiday. shifted by the Uniform Holidays Act 1968) July 4 µIndependence Day§ Celebrates µDeclaration of Independence§. December 25 µChristmas§ Celebrates the Nativity of µJesus§.the name of the holiday from Washington's Birthday to Presidents' Day. Traditionally includes µThanksgiving Day§ in November the consumption of a µturkey dinner§. it is celebrated as Discoverer's Day. such as giving gifts and decorating a . marks the unofficial beginning of the summer season. celebrated as µAmerican Indian Heritage Day§ and µFraternal Day§ in µAlabama§.µ[9]§ celebrated as µNative American Day§ in µSouth Dakota§. (traditionally May 30.µ[10]§ In Hawaii.

Americans' caloric intake rose 24%. and fries. So-called µFrench fries§. µCajun§. µµ §§ Hamburger. industries is largely responsible for making µorange juice§ and µmilk§ (now often fat-reduced) ubiquitous breakfast beverages. Traditional American cuisine uses ingredients such as µturkey§. µcorn§.µ[12]§ Americans generally prefer coffee to tea. sausage links. indigenous foods employed by American Indians and early European settlers. µSyncretic§ cuisines such as µLouisiana creole§. µcrab cakes§. • µFederal Holidays Calendars§ from the U.µChristmas tree§. dressing. and µmaple syrup§. maple syrup. µµ §§ American style breakfast with pancakes. µpotato chips§.) Sports Main article: µSports in the United States§ µµ §§ µµ §§ Caesar salad. and a coke. µpizza§. µWheat§ is the primary µcereal§ grain. and µchocolate chip cookies§ are distinctively American styles.S. and µpasta§ dishes freely adapted from Italian sources are widely consumed. sugared beverages account for 9% of the average American's daily caloric intake. bacon strips. Iconic American dishes such as µapple pie§. fish. and fried eggs. tomatoes. and µTex-Mex§ are regionally important.µ[13]§ Marketing by U.µ[14]§ During the 1980s and 1990s. cranberry sauce. fries. µSoul food§. µµ §§ Chicken Fried Steak (alternatively known as Country Fried Steak. µwhite-tailed deer§ µvenison§. shrimp. µOffice of Personnel Management§.S." Highly sweetened µsoft drinks§ are widely popular. Mexican dishes such as µburritos§ and µtacos§. . µpotatoes§. developed by African slaves. µsweet potatoes§. µsquash§. Slow-cooked pork and beef µbarbecue§. and µhot dogs§ derive from the recipes of various immigrants and domestic innovations.µ[15]§ Common American Foods µµ §§ µµ §§ Traditional Typical American Thanksgiving dinner seafood with Fried with Turkey. µhamburgers§. and puppies. is popular around the South and among many African Americans elsewhere.µ[12]§ frequent dining at µfast food§ outlets is associated with what health officials call the American "obesity epidemic. Cuisine Mainstream µAmerican culinary arts§ are similar to those in other Western countries. with more than half the adult population drinking at least one cup a day. to be secular rather than explicitly µChristian§. hush sweet potatoes. µµ §§ µµ §§ California club pizza Toasted turkey with avocados and sandwich. µfried chicken§.

µBaseball§ is the oldest of the major American teamsports. µµ §§ µBasketball§ is widely enjoyed by American youth and is considered by many to be the second most popular sport in the United States. professional µsoccer§ is not as popular in the United States as it is in many parts of the world. and some communities. For example. is widely considered to be the most popular sport in the United States. µSports§ in the µUnited States§ are an important part of the American culture. Traditionally the game is played for nine µinnings§ but can be prolonged if there is a tie. American football games usually include µcheerleaders§ and µmarching bands§ which aim to raise school spirit and entertain the crowd at µhalf-time§. especially during µhalftime§. The 32-team µNational Football League§ (NFL) is the most popular and only major professional American football league.A typical µBaseball diamond§ as seen from the stadium." Also unlike the professional levels of the other popular spectator sports in the U. Professional baseball dates from 1869 and had no close rivals in popularity until the 1960s. Compared to any other nation. though baseball is no longer the most popular sport it is still referred to as the "national pastime.S. µµ §§ µBowling§ is a popular pastime for Americans of all ages. known in many µanglophone§ countries as µgridiron§.S. Although high school bands tend to be much smaller. µµ §§ Massive µmarching bands§ accompanied by µcheerleaders§ and colorguard are almost universal at µAmerican Football§ games. µMajor League Baseball§ teams play almost every day from April to October. place great emphasis on their local µhigh school§ team. however. by Canadian-born physical education teacher µJames Naismith§. . American preferences for sports differ from the rest of the world. particularly in rural areas. Additional millions also watch µcollege football§ throughout the autumn months. It was invented in µSpringfield. is the biggest annual sporting event held in the United States. µµ §§ The opening of µCollege football§ season is a major part of American culture and tradition. the µSuper Bowl§. µNational Football League§ teams play only 16 regular-season games each year. However. µAmerican football§. it is rare for a game not to feature a marching band at halftime.. the sporting culture of the U. so baseball is the runaway leader in ticket sales. µAmerican football§ now attracts more television viewers than baseball. represented professionally by the µNational Basketball Association§. Its championship game. µBasketball§ is another major sport. is unique from that of many other countries. Massachusetts§ 1891.

the sport gained tenuous footholds in regions like the American South in recent years. New York emerged as a center of the art world. and biotech. the activities vary widely. numerous members of the European intelligentsia emigrated during µWorld War II§ to escape µFascist§ persecution. American artists primarily painted landscapes and portraits in a realistic style. Sports and community culture µHomecoming§ is an annual tradition of the µUnited States§. µbasketball§. Always a mainstay of µGreat Lakes§ and µNew England§-area culture. a game of µAmerican football§. towns. or µice hockey§. American culture has also made significant gains through the immigration of accomplished scientists. For example. a µparade§. Scientific Cultural map of the world according to the µWorld Values Survey§. such as a µbanquet§. describing the United States as low in "Rational-Secular Values" and high in "Self-Expression values". People. activities for students and alumni. Today. space (µNASA§). . to welcome back former residents and µalumni§.Many Americans recognize a fourth sport . A parallel development taking shape in rural America was the µAmerican craft§ movement. Respect for scientific advancement still ranks high in the US and the element of competitiveness is exercised as early as in elementary school. Other strong scientific areas include nuclear research. a µparade§ featuring the school's µmarching band§ and sports teams. a Homecoming King). Some of these efforts are centered in µSilicon Valley§. After World War II. usually in late September or early October. the U. as the µNational Hockey League§ pursued a policy of expansion. which began as a reaction to the µIndustrial Revolution§. high schools and colleges come together. Developments in modern art in Europe came to America from exhibitions in New York City such as the µArmory Show§ in 1913. or. It is built around a central event. and most often.[µcitation needed§]Painting in the United States today covers a vast range of styles. When celebrated by schools. At the time. the µUltimate Fighting Championship§ is one of the most profitable organizations in the country. military research. Visual arts In the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.S. There is a fondness for scientific advancement and technological innovation in American culture. and the coronation of a Homecoming Queen (and at many schools. they usually consist of a football game played on the school's home football field. on occasion. However.µIce hockey§. was one of the few safe countries to flee to. The quickly growing sport of µmixed martial arts§ has taken off in America since its introduction in the early 1990s.

and sports. [µcitation needed§] Perhaps the most iconic American sculpture is the µMount Rushmore National Memorial§. Early µNeoclassicism§ accompanied the Founding Father's idealization of European Enlightenment.µ[16]§ In the absence of a single large-scale architectural influence from indigenous peoples such as those in Mexico or Peru. However. Joe§ µJazz§ .I. in recent years. an 18m high relief of four US Presidents' faces carved into the granite face of Mount Rushmore. Popular culture American µpopular culture§ has expressed itself through nearly every medium. the overriding theme of American Architecture is modernity: an example of which are the skyscrapers of the 20th century. generations of designers have incorporated influences from around the world. US Architecture can therefore be said to be eclectic. the suburbanization and mass migration to the µSun Belt§ has allowed architecture to reflect a µMediterranean§ style as well.Architecture µArchitecture§ in the US is regionally diverse and has been shaped by many external forces. something unsurprising in such a multicultural society. including movies. Currently. Sculpture The history of sculpture in the United States reflects the country's 18th century foundation in Roman republican civic values as well as Protestant Christianity. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • µMickey Mouse§ µBarbie§ µMetallica§ µMichael Jackson§ µElvis Presley§ µBritney Spears§ µMadonna§ µBruce Springsteen§ µNirvana§ µRihanna§ µMichael Phelps§ µAndre Agassi§ µAerosmith§ µLance Armstrong§ µBabe Ruth§ µBaseball§ µAmerican football§ µBasketball§ µscrewball comedy§ µG. music. making it the predominant architectural style for public buildings and large manors. not only English.

The U. Regions with significant music scenes often have strong theater and µcomedy§ traditions as . blue jeans are arguably U. film. µhamburgers§. They are now widely worn in every state by people of all ages and social classes. µAmerican Eagle§. Labels such as µAbercrombie & Fitch§. culture's primary contribution to global fashion. and µhibachi§).S. µPower Rangers§). it is heavily interlaced with American µliterature§. is also popular for evolving/adapting many elements of various other cultures. Further iconic items of American fashion are the µT-Shirt§ and the µBaseball cap§. Theater Theater of the United States is based in the µWestern§ tradition. such as µfood§ (i. especially England.• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • µCountry music§ µRap & Hip Hop§ µThe Simpsons§ µSuperman§ µSpongeBob SquarePants§ µThe Sopranos§ µGone with the Wind§ µMarilyn Monroe§ µMarilyn Manson§ µJames Dean§ µTom Cruise§ µBrad Pitt§ µMichael Jordan§ µIndiana Jones§ µSylvester Stalone§ µSesame Street§ µCatch-22§ µStar Trek§ µStar Wars§ These names.µ[17]§ The country was also home to the headquarters of many leading µdesigner labels§ such as µRalph Lauren§ and µCalvin Klein§. genres.S. Fashion Apart from professional business attire. television. and phrases have joined more tangible American products in spreading across the globe. mostly borrowed from the performance styles prevalent in Europe.[µcitation needed§]µBlue jeans§ were popularized as work clothes in the 1850s by merchant µLevi Strauss§. and adopted by many American teenagers a century later. µpizza§. and music. fashion in the United States is eclectic and predominantly informal.e. a German immigrant in San Francisco. and television shows (µAmerican Idol§. and it is not uncommon for a single story to appear in all forms. and µHollister§ cater to various µniche markets§.[µcitation needed§]Along with mass-marketed informal wear in general.[µcitation needed§] Today.

[µcitation needed§] Outside the US. Another city of particular note is µChicago§. µThe Ramones§. µVH1§. µMusical theater§ may be the most popular form: it is certainly the most colorful. Television Television is one of the major mass media of the United States. µAerosmith§. New York's Theater District is also the largest in the country with µCleveland's§ being the second largest. µCreedence Clearwater Revival§. µVan Halen§. µswing§. µTitanic§ and µThe Matrix§. µBon Jovi§. and choreographed motions pioneered on stage have found their way onto movie and television screens. µpop§. µblues§. µGeorge Clooney§. µWeezer§.well. µBob Dylan§. µRegional or resident theatres§ in the United States are professional theatre companies outside of New York City that produce their own seasons. Ninety-seven percent of American households have at least one television set and the majority of households have more than three. µBET§ and by artists such as µMichael Jackson§. µBackstreet Boys§. µWuTang Clan§ and µGreen Day§. Films American films are very popular. µBroadway§ in New York City is generally considered the pinnacle of commercial U. Music American contemporary music can be heard all over the world. and modern µsquare dance§ (associated with the µUnited States of America§ due to its historic development in that country—nineteen . µAl Pacino§. µThe Karate Kid§. µNirvana§. µjazz§. µcountry§. µEscape the Fate§. µRobert De Niro§. µSchindler's List§. µDance§. µEminem§. µThe Godfather§. µR&B§. though this µart§ form appears all across the country. which boasts the most diverse and dynamic theater scene in the country. µMarilyn Monroe§. including icons like µStar Wars§. µPatsy Cline§. µMarlon Brando§ and µJohnny Depp§. Often tiny rural communities are able to awe audiences with extravagant productions. µhip-hop§. µLeonardo DiCaprio§. µMetallica§. µLinkin Park§. American movie actors and actresses are widely recognized such as µTom Hanks§. and various others.[µcitation needed§] The US can be said to be the homeland of modern network television. µAvenged Sevenfold§. µFrank Sinatra§. American Film is usually referred to in a generalizing manner as µHollywood§. µWill Smith§. theater. µMadonna§. Examples are µrock & roll§. µB. through µMTV§. µMeryl Streep§. µBruce Springsteen§. µBilly Joel§. Dance There is great variety in dance in the United States.S. µGuns N' Roses§. µBenny Goodman§. it is the home of the µLindy Hop§ and its derivative µRock and Roll§. µDean Martin§. µBrad Pitt§. µChannel V§. µJulia Roberts§. American popular music also contains many styles of music that developed in the US and were popular music when they came up (or still are). µRandy Newman§. King§. µDenzel Washington§. µfunk§. µGarth Brooks§. µJimi Hendrix§. B. µPrince§. µElvis Presley§. µRihanna§. µThe Doors§. µOff-Broadway§ and µoff-off-Broadway§ diversify the theatre experience in New York.

(2003-08-23).edu/uscode/html/uscode05/usc_sec_05_00006103---000-. µ^§ µ"U. Orlando: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. with about 40% of households containing at least one firearm. 7. Retrieved 1 January 2007.cornell. µ"What. the µisland territories§ and the µNortheast megalopolis§. µplinking§ and µtarget shooting§ are popular pastimes.us/codeofalabama/1975/1-3-8. Religion and American Culture. there are more privately owned firearms in the United States than in any other nation on earth. George M.htm§.state. Institute of Food Technologists. There is a variety of µsocial dance§ and µconcert or performance dance§ forms with also a range of traditions of µNative American§ dances. 10.µ[19]§ µHunting§.honoluluadvertiser.sd.µ[18]§ Rates of gun ownership vary greatly by region and by state.macys. 119. Firearms In sharp contrast to most other µdeveloped nations§.45-46. 2. µ^§ µhttp://www4. 1990. ^ µa§ µb§ Klapthor. 11.law. 2002. µ^§ µUnited States§.org/reports/display. .jsp§ 8.com/article/2007/Oct/08/br/br2504137896.S. CIA World Factbook.com/campaign/parade/parade. µhttp://pewglobal.cia. µ^§ µhttp://www1. Pew Global Attitudes Project. 6. Retrieved 2007-06-19. Jeffrey (1999). pp. Brandon Zook 1. When. the µMountain States§ and µthe South§ and least common in µHawaii§. µISBN 0-306-80890-0§. In fact. µhttp://www.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/us. µhttps://www.S. both per capita and in total. Hemingway: A Biography. µhttp://www.html§ 9. µfirearms laws in the United States§ are permissive and private gun ownership is common. CIA World Fact Book. James N.state. 4. 3. Thomas (1904). Thomas Jefferson Memorial Association of the United States. p.ift.U. 5.php?ReportID=167§.legislature. µhttp://www. with gun ownership tending to be most common in µAlaska§. µ^§ µhttp://the. µ^§ µ"Holidays Observed"§.al. µ^§ Jefferson.htm§.µ[20]§ References 1A. although ownership of firearms purely for utilitarian purposes such as selfdefense is common as well. µ^§ Meyers.html § 12.org/cms/?pid=1000496§. µ^§ µ"CIA Fact Book"§. states have designated it as their µofficial state dance§) and one of the major centers for µmodern dance§. µ^§ µ"Section 1-3-8"§. The writings of Thomas Jefferson.us/puc/misc/holidays. 139. and Where Americans Eat in 2003"§. Retrieved 2007-12-30. Stands Alone in its Embrace of Religion"§.html§. New York: Da Capo. µ^§ Marsden. pp.

µ^§ µ"Gun Ownership by State"§.com/pubs/2006_q1_ci_health. 69. Thrombosis. and Nutrition"§ (PDF). 19. 2005. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 14. Injury Prevention Journal. µ^§ Dell Upton. 20. pp.bmj. . Los Angeles. µ^§ µ"The US gun stock: results from the 2004 national firearms survey"§.S. µhttp://www.usda. The Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America. New York: Oxford University Press.com/article/idUSL2834893820070828§. µ^§ µ"Coffee Today"§.reuters. µ^§ Davis.ahajournals. Coffee Country. µhttp://us. and London: University of California Press.washingtonpost. Dept. 18. Pirovano. AC Nielsen.com/wpsrv/health/interactives/guns/ownership. 131–32. µ^§ µ"U. Fred (1992). µISBN 0-520-23439-1§. U. µhttp://injuryprevention. and Identity.13.shtml§. and Obesity"§. Berkeley. µ^§ µ"Fast Food." pp. Harvey (2003). Andrew F. Retrieved 2007-06-09. Tom (2007).ers. µhttp://www.html#02§.S. µ^§ Smith. Retrieved 2007-06-19.gov/publications/eib19/eib19_reportsummary. µhttp://www.html§.org/frontlineworld/stories/guatemala. Central Nervous System Insulin Resistance.acnielsen. Levenstein. Retrieved 2007-06-09. Retrieved 2007-06-12. µISBN 0-226-13809-7§.pbs. Washington Post. p. pp. and Vascular Biology. µISBN 0-19515437-1§. µ"Health & Wellness Trends—The Speculation Is Over"§. µhttp://www. Convenience. Culture. Arteriosclerosis. 15. µhttp://atvb.mexico/facts. "Architecture in the United States-Oxford history of art. Reuters.org/cgi/content/full/25/12/2451#R3-101329§. PBS. 16.full§. 154–55. Revolution at the Table: The Transformation of the American Diet. 11 ff.com/content/13/1/15. American Heart Association. May 2003. Fashion.pdf§. µISBN 019284217X§ 17. (2004). µ"Let's Eat Out: Americans Weigh Taste. most armed country with 90 guns per 100 people"§. 1998. of Agriculture.

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