Simple Present Tense

In Simple Present, the action is simply mentioned and there is nothing being said about its completeness. It is used to talk about an action which happens on a regular basis.

POSITIVE STATEMENTS REST OF THE SENTENCE in Bal Bharti school. in Bal Bharti school. in Bal Bharti school. in Bal Bharti school. in Bal Bharti school. in Bal Bharti school. in Bal Bharti school. in Bal Bharti school. in Bal Bharti school. in Bal Bharti school. in Bal Bharti school.

SUBJECT I You He Mohan The boy She Pooja The girl We You They

VERB study study studies studies studies studies studies studies study study study

The children

study

in Bal Bharti school.

Notice how we use ‘study’ for the subjects I, You, We, You and They and we use ‘studies’ for the subjects ‘He’ and ‘She’. NEGATIVE STATEMENTS DON’T (DO NOT) / DOESN’T (DOES NOT) don’t don’t doesn’t doesn’t doesn’t doesn’t doesn’t doesn’t don’t

SUBJECT

VERB

REST OF THE SENTENCE

I You He Mohan The boy She Pooja The girl We

play play play play play play play play play

football. football. football. football. football. football. football. football. football.

We. football. You and They and we use ‘doesn’t’ for the subjects ‘He’ and ‘She’. Notice how we use ‘don’t’ for the subjects I.You They The men don’t don’t don’t play play play football. INTERROGATIVE STATEMENTS / QUESTIONS DO / DOES Do Do Does Does Does Does Does Does REST OF THE SENTENCE in the afternoon? in the afternoon? in the afternoon? in the afternoon? in the afternoon? in the afternoon? in the afternoon? in the afternoon? SUBJECT I you he Mohan the boy she Pooja the girl VERB sleep sleep sleep sleep sleep sleep sleep sleep . The verb form remains the same for all subjects. You. football.

The verb form remains the same for all subjects.Do Do Do Do we you they the men sleep sleep sleep sleep in the afternoon? in the afternoon? in the afternoon? in the afternoon? Notice how we use ‘Do’ for the subjects I. . You and They and we use ‘Does’ for the subjects ‘He’ and ‘She’. You. We.

television. television. television. television. television. The present continuous tense is used to talk about actions that are happening at this curent moment. television. television television. POSITIVE STATEMENTS AM / ARE / IS am are is is is is is is are are SUBJECT VERB + ing watching watching watching watching watching watching watching watching watching watching REST OF THE SENTENCE television. television. I You He Mohan The boy She Pooja The girl We You . the action is on-going/ still going on and hence continuous.Present Continuous Tense In the Present Continuous tense.

television. chess. ‘is’ with ‘He’ and ‘She’ ‘are’ with ‘You’. chess. chess. chess. chess. chess. chess.They The children are are watching watching television. ‘We’ and ‘They’ The verb form remains the same for all subjects. I You He Mohan The boy She Pooja The girl . Notice that we use ‘am’ with ‘I’. NEGATIVE STATEMENTS AM NOT / ARE NOT / IS NOT am not are not is not is not is not is not is not is not SUBJECT VERB + ing playing playing playing playing playing playing playing playing REST OF THE SENTENCE chess.

INTERROGATIVE STATEMENTS / QUESTIONS AM / ARE / IS Am Are Is Is Is Is REST OF THE SENTENCE a book? a book? a book? a book? a book? a book? SUBJECT I you he Mohan the boy she VERB reading reading reading reading reading reading . chess. ‘We’ and ‘They’ The verb form remains the same for all subjects. Notice that we use ‘am not’ with ‘I’. ‘is not’ with ‘He’ and ‘She’ ‘are not’ with ‘You’. chess. chess.We You They The men are not are not are not are not playing playing playing playing chess.

Is Is Are Are Are Are Pooja the girl we you they the men reading reading reading reading reading reading a book? a book? a book? a book? a book? a book? Notice the structure of the interrogative statements. . We use ‘am’ with ‘I’. ‘We’ and ‘They’ The verb form remains the same for all subjects. ‘is’ with ‘He’ and ‘She’ ‘are’ with ‘You’.

cricket yesterday. cricket yesterday. cricket yesterday. cricket yesterday. cricket yesterday. cricket yesterday. the action is simply mentioned and understood to have taken place in the past. The action started and ended sometime in the past but the time may or may not be mentioned. cricket yesterday. cricket yesterday. SUBJECT I You He Mohan The boy She Pooja The girl We You They .Simple Past Tense In the Simple Past tense. cricket yesterday. cricket yesterday. POSITIVE STATEMENTS VERB (in past form) played played played played played played played played played played played REST OF THE SENTENCE cricket yesterday.

to Mohit last week. to Mohit last I didn’t You didn’t talk He didn’t talk Mohan didn’t talk The boy didn’t talk She Pooja didn’t didn’t talk talk . to Mohit last week. to Mohit last week.The children played cricket yesterday. notice how we use the verb in the past form for all subjects. NEGATIVE STATEMENTS VERB (in base form) talk SUBJECT DIDN’T (DID NOT) REST OF THE SENTENCE to Mohit last week. to Mohit last week. to Mohit last week. For making positive statements in the simple past tense.

to Mohit last week. notice how we use ‘didn’t’ or ‘did not’ and the verb in the base form for all subjects. We didn’t talk You didn’t talk They didn’t talk The men didn’t talk For making negative statements in the simple past tense. INTERROGATIVE STATEMENTS / QUESTIONS VERB (in base form) complete complete REST OF THE SENTENCE the work? the work? DID Did Did SUBJECT I you .week. to Mohit last week. The girl didn’t talk to Mohit last week. to Mohit last week. to Mohit last week.

Nothing is said about the time in the future.Did Did Did Did Did Did Did Did Did Did he Mohan the boy she Pooja the girl we you they the men complete complete complete complete complete complete complete complete complete complete the work? the work? the work? the work? the work? the work? the work? the work? the work? the work? Simple Future Tense The Simple Future tense is used when we plan or make a decision to do something. .

the story book tomorrow. the story book tomorrow. the story book tomorrow. the story book tomorrow. the story book tomorrow. the story book tomorrow. SUBJECT WILL VERB I will read You will read He will read Mohan will read The boy will read She will read Pooja will read The girl will read We will read .POSITIVE STATEMENTS REST OF THE SENTENCE the story book tomorrow. the story book tomorrow. the story book tomorrow.

They will read The children will read SUBJECT AM / IS / ARE GOING TO am going to are going to is going to VERB REST OF THE SENTENCE I read the story book tomorrow. the story book tomorrow.You will read the story book tomorrow. the story book You read He read Mohan is going to read The boy She is going to is going to read read . the story book tomorrow. the story book tomorrow. the story book tomorrow. the story book tomorrow. the story book tomorrow.

NEGATIVE STATEMENTS WILL NOT will not REST OF THE SENTENCE football next week. SUBJECT I VERB play .tomorrow. the story book tomorrow. Pooja is going to read the story book tomorrow. the story book tomorrow. the story book tomorrow. The girl is going to are going to are going to are going to are going to read We read You read They read The children read Notice how we use ‘will’ or ‘going to’ and the verb in the base form for all subjects. the story book tomorrow. the story book tomorrow.

football next week. football next week. football next week. football next week. football next week. football next week. SUBJECT AM / IS / ARE NOT GOING TO am not going to are not VERB REST OF THE SENTENCE I You play play football next week. football next week. football next week. . football next week. football next week.You He Mohan The boy She Pooja The girl We You They The children will not will not will not will not will not will not will not will not will not will not will not play play play play play play play play play play play football next week. football next week.

The girl play football next week. The boy play football next week. Pooja play football next week. You play football next week. The children play football next week. We play football next week. They play football next week. .going to He is not going to is not going to is not going to is not going to is not going to is not going to are not going to are not going to are not going to are not going to play football next week. She play football next week. Mohan play football next week.

INTERROGATIVE STATEMENTS / QUESTIONS REST OF THE SENTENCE to Mumbai next month? to Mumbai next month? to Mumbai next month? to Mumbai next month? to Mumbai next month? to Mumbai next month? to Mumbai next month? to Mumbai next month? WILL SUBJECT VERB Will I go Will you go Will he go Will Mohan go Will the boy go Will she go Will Pooja go Will the girl go .Notice how we use ‘will not’ or ‘not going to’ and the verb in the base form for all subjects.

Will we go to Mumbai next month? to Mumbai next month? to Mumbai next month? to Mumbai next month? Will you go Will they go Will the children go AM / IS / ARE SUBJECT GOING TO VERB REST OF THE SENTENCE to Mumbai next month? to Mumbai next month? to Mumbai next month? to Mumbai next month? to Mumbai next Am I going to go Are you going to go Is he going to go Is Is Mohan the boy going to going to go go .

month? Is she going to go to Mumbai next month? to Mumbai next month? to Mumbai next month? to Mumbai next month? to Mumbai next month? to Mumbai next month? to Mumbai next month? Is Pooja going to go Is the girl going to go Are we going to go Are you going to go Are they going to go Are the children going to go .

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