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OUR NEAREST NEIGHBOUR, THE MOON

CAROLIN CRAWFORD GRESHAM PROFESSOR OF ASTRONOMY

JAXA/NHK

Moon’s diameter is ¼ that of the Earth average distance is 30 x diameter of the Earth surface area is less than 1/10th of the Earth’s mass is 1%, and volume is about 2% of the Earth’s

NASA (Messenger)

Moon’s diameter is ¼ that of the Earth average distance is 30 x diameter of the Earth surface area is less than 1/10th of the Earth’s mass is 1%, and volume is about 2% of the Earth’s gravity is 1/6th that of the Earth’s

Anne Riou .

Museum of Natural Sciences. Brussels .

LROC/WAC/Arizona State University .

Galileo Thomas Harriott William Gilbert .

John Adams Whipple .

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FIRST QUARTER CRESCENT GIBBOUS Sunlight NEW FULL GIBBOUS THIRD QUARTER CRESCENT .

NASA/ Apollo 11 .

JAXA/NHK .

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P-M Hedén (Clear Skies) .

Sunlight NEW Mir 27 Crew / CNES .

Wavelength photography Koen van Gorp .

Sunlight FULL .

Letian Wang .

Ecliptic Moon’s orbit Earth’s axial tilt to the Ecliptic .

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LROC/WAC/Arizona .

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Luna 3 / USSR .

LROC/WAC/Arizona

mare

LROC/WAC/Arizona

mare

NASA/Apollo 8

rilles NASA/Apollo 15 .

NASA/GSFC/Arizona .

wrinkle ridges NASA/GSFC/Arizona .

mare highlands LROC/WAC/Arizona .

NASA/Apollo 17 .

NASA/JPL .

LROC/WAC/Arizona .

LROC/WAC/Arizona .

LROC/WAC/Arizona .

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NASA/Apollo 11 .

NASA/Apollo 17 .

NASA .

NASA/JPL-Caltech .

NASA .

Highlands .9 billion years .2 to 3.9 to 3.anorthosite material that has been previously melted and then cooled ~4.8 billion years ago Mare .6 billion years old Regolith – breccias pre-existing rock that has been changed by being crushed and melted 3.basalts material that erupted in magma-lava outflow 3.

NASA/LRO/SVC .

NASA Apollo 11 .

Doug Zubenel .

ISRO/NASA/JPL-Caltech/USGS/Brown U .

Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) LROC/WAC/Arizona .

LROC/WAC/Arizona .

Tycho 130km NASA/GSFC/Arizona .

NASA/GSFC/Arizona .

NASA/GSFC/Arizona .

Kepler NASA/Apollo 12 .

800m NASA/GSFC/Arizona .

500m NASA/GSFC/Arizona .

NASA/GSFC/Arizona .

100m NASA/GSFC/Arizona .

JAXA/Selene .

NASA/Apollo 15 NASA/GSFC/Arizona .

NASA/GSFC/Arizona Apollo 13 (1969) .

NASA/GSFC/Arizona Surveyor 6 (1967) .

Luna 17 … (1970) NASA/GSFC/Arizona .

…& Lunakhod 1 … (1970) NASA/GSFC/Arizona .

NASA/Apollo 11 .

NASA/GSFC/Arizona .

NASA/GSFC/Arizona NASA/Apollo 11 .

NASA/Apollo 12 .

NASA/GSFC/Arizona NASA/Apollo 12 .

NASA/Apollo 12 .

NASA/Apollo 11 .

www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/LRO/multimedia/ X-RAY ASTROPHYSICS – THE HIGH ENERGY COSMOS 7TH NOVEMBER 2012 1PM NASA/Apollo 17 .