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Lola Lagos: Notas explicativas

1. The majority of Spaniards take vacations in August. 2. Spaniards make bocadillos (subs) with many things —cold cuts, canned fish, Spanish tortilla (egg and potato

omelette), etc. 3. The word ―Kleenex‖ is almost always used to refer to paper tissues. 4. ―Radio Nacional de España‖ is the state-run radio station. 5. ―Hortera‖ now means vulgar, low -life, someone with bad taste but high aspirations. 6. ―Nunca se sabe‖ is used to say that something could happen, alt hough it seems difficult. 7. El Parque del Retiro is a large park in the middle of Madrid. There are many bars with terraces where you can get something to eat. 8. El Palacio Velázquez is inside of the Parque del Retiro. It’s a 19 th century building that is currently used as an

exhibit hall. 9. La Cibeles is a classic symbol of Madrid. It’s a fountain situated in the intersection of two main roads—Alcalá

and the Paseo del Prado. Cibeles refers to the whole area around this intersection. 10. ¿No tienes ojos en la cara? is an expression. It’s used to express anger when someone hasn’t seen something. 11. Un piropo is a phrase that a man says to a woman, praising her beauty. It’s still fairly frequent that men in

streets say these to women; Spanish women aren’t too fond of the custom. Nena is a familiar and somewhat paternalistic form of address used for younger women. Literally it means ―girl.‖ 12. In Spain it’s pretty common to use ―tú‖ between young people or middle aged, including those in p rofessional relationships. 13. El orujo is a strong drink, a type of alcohol, that’s mostly produced in Galicia. It’s usually consumed after a

meal, and not usually by women. 14. In Spain, before eating, it’s common to have a drink and to eat some tapa s (picar algo—like small bits, nibble)— olives, fries, etc. 15. Sí y no—used when there’s not a straight answer.

16. La Moraleja—an upscale neighborhood, with luxurious houses, in the north of Madrid. Lots of famous people live there. 17. On tv in Spain one can see a lot of Latin American soap operas (telenovelas) with complicated love stories.

They are usually very long (100s of episodes_ and they are popularly called ―culebrones‖ (big snakes or cobras). 18. Tío/tía is a slang way of saying person or individual. It can also be a bit course ―Oye tío‖—hey you! 19. Cava is sparking wine from Catalonia (north east coast near France.) It’s similar to champaign. It’s the most popular drink for parties. It’s widely consumed at Christmas and there are ma ny commercials for it, which can be

very long and very expensive. 20. There are many private security companies. Many stores, banks and neighborhoods use their services for protection. Guards usually wear uniforms and carry weapons. 21. Business meetings don’t usually start right off talking about the topic; they start off talking about other things first, for a more personal touch. 22. Lately many Latin Americans have arrived in Spain looking for work. It’s very common to see them working as domestic help, like in the Monasterio house. 23. Latin America uses ―lindo‖ for attractive/pretty; ―bonito‖ is more common in Spain. 24. The majority of office workers begin work between 8:30-9:00. 9:00 is when high schools start and many businesses open. 25. Many Madrid cab drivers ask clients for their preferred route.

26. In Madrid there are many problems with traffic. 27. Madrid de las Asturias is the center of old Madrid. There are many buildings from the 16 th and 17th centuries.

28. Gazpacho is cold soup originally from Andalucía (southern Spain), popular in the summer. It’s made with

tomatoes, peppers, onions, garlic, cucumbers, bread crumbs, oil, vinegar —all raw. 29. Spaniards drink a lot of beer, especially in the summer. They prefer them very cold. 30. El Telediario is the typical name of the tv news. 31. Mi niña is a term of affection that can be used for kids and young women. 32. The diminutives –ito/ita is used a lot in families. Luis/Luisito, Rosa/Rosita, etc. Some people are always referred to with the diminutive. Sometimes it’s used as a term off affection (abuelita).

33. Las Ventas is a zone in Madrid near the bullfighting arena. 34. In many neighborhood bars in Spain, there is a tv and slot machines/video games, which can be very noisy. In the majority of bars you can eat something—tapas, sandwiches. Many of the tapas are fried in oil—calamares, fish,

croquettes (like fritters), etc. 35. El Parque del Oeste and the area around the Pintor Rosales street has traditionally been a high class area. Near

the part are a lot of bars with terraces. 36. Boquerones are classic tapas. They are anchovies soaked in vinegar and covered in garlic. They are eaten all

over Spain as tapas. 37. Dehesa is a field where cows and bulls graze. 38. Divide y vencerás= divide and conquer. Create problems amongst your enemies so they’ll fight each other instead of you.

39. It’s common to eat/drink something in mid-morning. Some go to a bar, others have it brought to the office or wherever they work. 40. Agencia EFE is one of the most important press agencies in Spain.