Lic. Patricia V. Meehan Prof. Candelaria Luque Colombres ____________________________________________________________________________
Cátedra de Práctica Gramatical del Inglés Facultad de Lenguas Universidad Nacional de Córdoba

OVERVIEW Objectives of the Workshop Formal Grammar Vs Functional Grammar Verb Tenses with a Functional Approach The Passive Voice with a Functional Approach Conditional Sentences with a Functional Approach Benefits of the Approach Objectives of this workshop: Ideally, by the end of this workshop teachers:  should have activated their knowledge of the main differences between Formal and Functional Grammar.  should have an idea of how to design classroom activities applying a functional approach.  should see Functional Grammar as another tool to help them optimize their students’ learning process and be ready to combine it with traditional formal grammar, which by no means should be left aside.


Williams was interviewed on his first year as Head of the Local Hospital.NATIONAL MEETING of TEACHER TRAINING COLLEGES SFG SAMPLE ACTIVITIES: THE PASSIVE VOICE 1. However. high quality material had not been used and the bad summer weather caused more damage. All players and specially the front five guards. the Formula One driver. Try to explain why the passive voice has been chosen in each case. He was disqualified from the Monaco Grand Prix when he was leading the race. However. This year. Therefore. patients are not being treated they way we would like to treat them.* HEALEY BACK ON WHEELS Chris Healey.. Refer to the reason for omission of the agent when it corresponds.. should wear shin guards. he has changed racing teams and has achieved greater success. Professionally made mouthguards should be worn for training and playing and players must never chew gum. DAMAGE ON CASTLE ROOF The roof of Mockham Castle had been repaired after the storms of the previous winter. has won several minor races. The roof area is going to be replaced completely next year if the necessary funds can be raised.. When asked about the appalling conditions of the premises and the poor medical service this is what he said: “Little has been done due to the fact that the government never sent the funds they had promised. 2 . he has recovered his confidence and has won the Driver of the Month award. APPROPRIATE PLAYING AND TRAINING KIT Players must be encouraged to have their kit regularly washed and they must wear boot that conform to the Rugby Football Union regulations with regard to studs..* LOCAL HOSPITAL FALLING TO PIECES Yesterday morning. A. Jewellery of any kind must not be worn.. Dr. All players (or their parents) should consult their family doctors about tetanus injections. ANALYSIS OF PASSIVE VOICE IN CONTEXT • • • Read these texts below and underline the verbal forms in the passive voice.

. In addition. People fold and cut the sheets to produce sections of the book. 3.NATIONAL MEETING of TEACHER TRAINING COLLEGES 2../The text of a number of pages is contained in each sheet. Finally. a lot of furniture was broken. /We call these sections signatures 5. Now the publishers can publish the book/now the book can be published. /First of all. The film will be shot in Scotland. big sheets of paper are printed. 2002).* *Adapted from Grammar Goals (Black Cat Publishing./The sheets are folded and cut to produce sections. Each sheet contains the text of a number of pages. These sections are called signatures. 28 3 . She will play the role of a seventeenth century princess. the cover is attached/Finally they attach the cover. The police are investigating the incident. Then they are bound together/Then they bind them together 7. CHOOSE THE BEST SENTENCE FROM EACH PAIR TO BUILD UP A CONTINUOUS TEXT. A famous director chose her for the role. First of all the printers print big sheets of paper. 3. 8. The thieves also burnt important documents and slogans were painted on the headmaster’s office wall. * CUTE´S FILM IN SCOTLAND VANDALISM IN COLLEGE Phoebe Cute has made several films in the USA but now she has decided to make a film in Britain. HOW BOOKS ARE MADE 1. They are already choosing extras. 2. ANALYSE THE TEXTS BELOW AND DECIDE WHY THEY ARE FAULTY: (Rewrite them) The college football cup was stolen last night. 4. The printers put all the signatures together in the correct order/All the signatures are put together in the correct 6.

Life process in mollusks 4 . UNDERSTANDING HISTORY Henry VIII and the English Reformation B.YOUTH LEVEL II . A. Underline the finite verbs in each text.The comic strip below uses five different tenses: Identify them Find an example of each of these tenses in the comic strip . D. C. Predict the type of text these headings have been taken from. event in progress 2.NATIONAL MEETING of TEACHER TRAINING COLLEGES SAMPLE LESSON: VERB TENSES 1. Can you draw any conclusion as regards the relationship between the type of text and the tenses used? A. event in progress at a specific time in the past Adapted from Grammar Dimensions 4 by Frodesen J. LIFE SCIENCE . action completed t a definite point in the past 5. event completed in the past before another event 4. Read the texts below and match them with their headings. Identify the verb tense that prevails in each text and refer to the meaning it conveys in this context. E.Philosophy and spirit of the game E. Lewis Carrol – Alice’s adventures in Wonderland F.& J. B. Brown Sugar Chocolate Chip Cookies C.Eyring 2. Then identify one verb phrase from the strip that expresses each of the following meanings: 1. present situation 3. Arthur Miller – The Crucible D.

Octopi and squids move quickly to catch a meal. all of which had been expensive. PROCTOR: Sixty. eggs and vanilla. Henry VIII had been involved in a number of wars in Europe. 1 cup butter. 3. In order to play the dynamic game every player must be able to produce the skills of running. In another bowl. 2. handling. softened 1/2 cup granulated sugar 2 1/2 teaspoons vanilla extract 1 teaspoon baking powder 3/4 teaspoon salt 1. in support and in defence. Mr. PARRIS: I regard that six pound as part of my salary. Mr.NATIONAL MEETING of TEACHER TRAINING COLLEGES Rugby Union is a game of movement. PARRIS: Where is my wood? My contract provides I be supplied with all my firewood. of the player with and without the ball. Mollusks get food in different ways. baking powder. Movement is the key. I am waiting since November for a stick. and thought it would be as well to introduce some other subject of conversation. Univalves and some other mollusks eat with a radula. baking soda and salt. sift together flour. Proctor! I am not some preaching farmer with a book under my arm. and dishes. and at once set to work throwing everything within her reach at the Duchess and the baby – the fire-irons came first. While she was trying to fix on one. that loosens food growing on rocks. Coaches working with young players have the responsibility and the challenge to ensure that this foundation is truly laid. I am paid little enough without I spend six pound on firewood. plus six for firewood PARRIS: The salary is sixty-six pound. sugar. movement of the ball. High level skills and the understanding of how. 5 . that it was quite impossible to say whether the blows hurt it or not. cream together butter. relying on suction-cup discs on their powerful arms to seize other animals. and even in November I had to show my frostbitten hands like some London beggar! GILES: You are allowed six pound a year to buy your wood. Preheat oven to 375°F. plates. then followed a shower of saucepans. He could not raise enough money by taxes and was always looking for extra sources of money. A bivalve filters food particles from the water that flows across its mantle. Add chocolate chips. This showed that the monasteries owned about one quarter of the land of England. In 1535 Henry ordered an investigation into the wealth of the monasteries. I am a graduate of Harvard College. for this is the base from which progress and success most readily come. Stir into butter mixture to blend. brown sugar. The Duchess took no notice of them even when they hit her. Parris. Alice did not at all like the tone of this remark. the cook took the cauldron of soup off the fire. which is like a tongue with teeth. and the baby was howling so much already. 1 1/2 cups firmly packed brown sugar 2 large eggs 2 1/2 cups all-purpose flour 1 teaspoon baking soda 2 cups semisweet chocolate chips In a large mixing bowl. when and why to bring these into play are fundamental to progress. evasion and of kicking to every high level under the pressures and restrictions of the game situation.

Do not over bake. 1. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 7. The prince kissed Sleeping Beauty. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. Imagine a different ending and write your own ideas. SFG SAMPLE ACTIVITIES: CONDITIONAL SENTENCES Famous Stories – The following sentences state facts about famous stories. Place 1-inch diameter balls of dough about 2 inches apart on an ungreased baking sheet. The wolf was able to get into the last pig’s house. Make 36 cookies. Snow White was beautiful. Bake for 9 minutes or until edges are light brown. If Cinderella hadn’t left her shoe at the palace. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 6. the prince would never have found her and they wouldn’t have married. Little Red Riding Hood took the longer way. Cool on a wire rack. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. Pinocchio lied. Cinderella left her shoe at the palace. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 5. 2. Alice followed Rabbit.NATIONAL MEETING of TEACHER TRAINING COLLEGES 4. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 6 .

1PREGNANT JULIA ROBERT’S FAVOURTE NAME: MICHAEL 4- VIOLENT CITIZENS RIOTING AGAINST UNEMPLOYMENT 2- THE POPE CANNOT TRAVEL DUE TO OLD AGE 5- WEATHER FORECAST – IN CASE OF RAIN – FINAL SOCCER CUP PUT OFF 3- ACTRESS IN CAR ACCIDENT – FILMING DELAYED* 6- HEAVY RAINS CAUSE FLOODING OF CREEK VALLEY* 2.. she will name him Michael. Frodesen. A Student´s Grammar of the English Language . Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. Greenbaum. J. Student Grammar of Spoken and Written English. H.______________________________________________________________ 4. B. Quirk.______________________________________________________________ 3. Express Publishing. Heinle & Heinle. Dooley. 7 .______________________________________________________________ 5. J. Hoyt Schmidt. as in the example. Logman. 1990. Grammarway 3.D. Advanced English Grammar.NATIONAL MEETING of TEACHER TRAINING COLLEGES Read the headlines and react using an appropriate conditional sentence for each. and S. Graver.If it is a boy. 1971. Longman. Longman. Evans. and V. Conrad and G. Third Edition. R. Oxford University Press. and J. Leech.______________________________________________________________ (*From Dooley & V. 1999:128) ________________________________________________________________________________ Bibliography Biber D. Prentice Hall Regents. 1995.______________________________________________________________ 6. 1995. 2002. 2000. S. Advanced English Practice. Eyring Grammar Dimensions. Evans. 1. 1999.

Advanced Language Practice. M. 1994. D. Heinemann. 8 .NATIONAL MEETING of TEACHER TRAINING COLLEGES Sellen. Vince. Grammar Goals. Black Cat Publishing. 2002.