determine presence or absence of jamming of signals as an indica on of fraud.

The SERVERS at the na onal level, for poli cal par es, ci zens' arm/KBP must be vigilantly watched for discrepancies of data transmission. Jamming transmission is a new form of modern‐day chea ng that everybody must be wary of. 9. PUBLIC WEBSITE In 2010, the Comelec website was found to contain incomplete and erroneous data entries as confirmed by a report by Dr. Pablo Manalastas, IT Fellow of CenPEG and Ateneo IT Department faculty, submi ed to the Comelec and Congress. It was eventually pulled out from the internet (a er only a few weeks when RA 9369 prescribes it should be in full public view on elec on day and up to three (3 years) a er the elec on. The May 2013 elec on results should be posted on the Comelec website con nuously. 10. RANDOM MANUAL AUDIT (RMA) A competent party with exper se in elec on audit should be authorized to do it. Things to remember: 1) Know ahead which clustered precincts are subject to RMA; 2) watch closely that no ballot switching happens during vo ng un l poll closing me; 3) watch closely the opening of the ballot box; 4) Ensure complete accoun ng of all ballots allocated for the clustered precinct; 5) Ensure that RMA starts at once a er polling closes; 6) Get a copy of the printed ER; 7) review the BEI's report on the ac vi es during polling period. If possible get a copy of the printed audit log; 8) Watch closely the hand coun ng prepara on process from retrieving from the ballot box, their batching, checking for fake ballots before start of hand‐coun ng; 9) Watch closely the actual apprecia on of each ballot and tallying of each vote; 10) Ensure that hand‐counts are properly recorded and the process for matching the ER count with hand‐count are done properly and signed by BEI members; 11) Get a copy of the CP RMA report if possible.

11. THE COMELEC So far, the Comelec as the prime elec on manager has been inconsistent, un‐transparent and tolerant of non‐ compliance and viola ons of the law by the technology provider, Smartma c, on the quality of P CO S technology to be used in local condi ons. It has allowed the prepara ons of the system to proceed without an independent source code review by poli cal par es/interested groups; no updated SLI cer fica on and owner authoriza on; no correc ons of programming errors and no digital signature, among others. The Comelec and its provincial offices are the primary agency to be watched. It is compromising the quality of prepara ons for automated elec ons in the country, to the point of circumven ng the laws. 12. SMARTMATIC The company providing the vo ng technology to the Philippines, Smartma c no longer has the trust of and the license to operate the PCOS technology in the Philippines from the so ware owner, Dominion Vo ng System. What it does and con nues to do with the vo ng technology has dragged the Philippines into a vicious corporate war that compromises the integrity and transparency of the elec ons and the sovereignty of the country.
Poli cal par es, elec on watchdogs and other ci zens' groups advoca ng transparent and accountable automated elec on system must ask the COMELEC to include in the General Instruc ons, the right to access the following: 1. Printed Precinct audit logs 2. Printed MBOC ( Municipal Board of Canvassers) audit logs 3. Con nuing Comelec Public Website which according to RA9369 should be posted on elec on day and remain posted for three years 4. Copy of the Full Report of Transmission Results whether successful or not 5. Random Manual Audit (RMA) results immediately a er elec ons The right to public informa on on the PCOS ac vi es on Elec on Day is important in the light of non‐compliance of RA 9369 and IT industry standards like the absence of an independent source code review, lack of industry‐ prescribed digital signatures, no interna onal cer fica on, and most of all, without the opera ng license for Smartma c to use the PCOS technology for 2013 polls from the real owner of the technology, Dominion Vo ng System. Protect our votes against modern‐day wholesale chea ng!

1. THE PRECINCT Each clustered precinct is at the center stage on Elec on Day. All ac vi es therein must be monitored and if possible covered live by CCTV and made available to the public via internet live streaming. Alterna vely, if cost considera on makes it imprac cal to implement, organize youth and other groups in each barangay to monitor. During Elec on Day, they can upload pictures taken at the precincts to watch dogs' websites for viewing by the public on real me basis. 2. BALLOTS When the BALLOTS of “kilometric size” arrive in the Provincial Treasurer's Office, MONITOR them in the premises 24 hours a day un l the actual distribu on on Elec on Day. Watch out for PRE‐SHADED BALLOTS. Require the BEI (Board of Elec on Inspectors) to exhibit every ballot to the public or the watchers before giving it to the voter. Any pre‐shaded ballot is prima facie evidence of fraud on the part of the BEI. With the long‐ size BALLOT (the longest in the world!), secrecy of vo ng is compromised.

FOR May 2013 Automated Elec ons

Prepared by: CenPEG Elec on Team with AES Watch – Filipino IT 4 Elec ons (FIT4E) and Biliran Kawsa FIT4E February 21, 2013

Technicians on the other hand must not nker with the PCOS machines and other paraphernalia UNLESS technical trouble arises. A er PCOS unit installa on on top. all reports des ned for Comelec.3. absent. printed ERs (elec on returns). Conflic ng DOCUMENTED data in May 2010 on transmission‐ transmission successfully sent at the na onal level but record as failed transmission at the precinct level‐ is an opening for FRAUD. The use of CF card should not have been allowed in automated elec ons.  Check that the protec ve counter of the PCOS which is controlled by the CF card. Record every ac vity by the technician especially in entering passwords. If not done. there were discrepancies in the said lists from the list posted outside the polling center. Every ac vity revolves around them.  Try to dis nguish the official precinct‐assigned PCOS from the fake and/or con ngent PCOS. and uniden fied) of any person in your respec ve barangay. The ballot box should never be opened un l the conduct of RMA and/or part of a protest. No BEIs should ever be allowed to break the vo ng process for any length of me and for any reason. THE HARDWARE The PCOS machine and the BEI with the technicians are the MAIN observa on posts on Elec on Day at the precinct. dead. starts at ZERO. CF CARDS SWITCHING OF CF CARDS PRIOR TO OR IN THE COURSE OF VOTING: Record the serial number of the CF card. TRANSMISSION & SERVERS Tes ng of the transmission is a necessary ac on that should have been addressed a er the 2010 elec ons. Watch out for flying voters. VOTERS' LIST VOTERS' lists in 2010 came in three kinds: CVL (cer fied voters list). The February 2. Watcher should be alerted about undue delay in the vo ng and transmission process. Check out the biometrics list of registered voters. Vo ng must proceed freely and con nuously. Check out the copy posted on the wall or door of the precinct for presence or absence (alive. BALLOT BOXES These boxes are the reservoir of all materials a er vo ng. 8. Compare this data with actual situa on on Elec on Day to PCOS buying or PCOS control is a new form of modern‐day chea ng that everybody must be wary of 6. the ballot box must be shown to watchers to be empty. one will never know if the same CF card had been successfully transported. State boldly and clearly the corresponding penalty for the appropriate criminal offense. This is to prevent switching of CF cards while in transit. inser ng CF cards or any external device. But Comelec and Smartma c insisted. If the CF card is a empted to be switched by the BEIs or Smartma c personnel prior to or in the course of vo ng for any reason. namely. BEI & BOC (Board of Canvassers) No BEIs should ever be allowed to ins tute the delaying tac c of allowing only 10 voters to vote at any given me.  In case of sudden shutdown. 2013 mock elec ons using a few PCOS machines in only 12 areas showed dismal transmission problems.  Watchers must posi on themselves close to the PCOS and the BEI as well as technicians. In many cases. New data can be supplanted on the device and thus tampered with especially in the absence of industry‐prescribed safeguards like digital signature. Before the start of vo ng. Iden fy each clustered precinct site for presence or absence of signal with representa ves of stakeholders. If there are discrepancies. Watch out for delaying tac cs inside the Polling precinct as a pretext to jus fy extension of vo ng me including surrep ous shu ng down of the PCOS. CCVL (computerized cer fied voters' list) and PVL (provincial voters' list). . The transparent plas c peek holes on the sides must be thoroughly inspected to be well‐glued/riveted and not easy to remove. Because cer fica on and tes ng are anything but arbitrary. precinct watchers must have all BEIs or Smartma c personnel sign a form sta ng the reasons thereof and taking note of any iden fica on marks or numbers both of the original and replacement CF cards. Get an inventory and the serial numbers/iden fying marks of PCOS machines delivered to your province and precinct from the Provincial Treasurer's office and check this against the inventory in the na onal – Comelec project management office. Record and report unusual opening of the box. the cover must be placed/sealed with the assigned official sealing strips and verified/recorded in the BEI's precinct report. PCOS. The CCVL should be considered as the official. CF card buying is a new form of modern‐ day wholesale chea ng in automated elec ons that everybody must be wary of. BOCs must be guarded as well. the used and unused ballots. 4. and other accountable documents. 5.  7. TRANSPORT OF CF CARDS TO MBOC: There should be plas c transparent boxes of a size sufficient to guarantee visibility during transport. CF card. there is no way to know if the PCOS machine at the precinct is the authorized Precinct‐ assigned PCOS machine. make a manifesta on with the elec on officer and have him/her signed your manifesta on and show proof that there are discrepancies. CF Card is not WORM (write once‐ read many). TECHNICIANS. voters must check the electrical connec on and ensure this incident is recorded and reported to monitors. Warn them that no extension of vo ng will ever be allowed and that steps are taken to determine beforehand if deliberate delays are made especially with the opera on of the PCOS like bogging down and shu ng the PCOS down. Make a ci zens' arrest if discovered and verified.