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1.

0 Introduction

By 2020, Malaysia target to achieve the status of a developed nation to compete other country. So, the various efforts have been made by the government to achieve the goal. It is between catalyst to fulfillment is through education that will first class human capital, which is one of the smart school do. We establish smart schools in Malaysia to produce a generation that more creative and innovative in thinking skills and willing to adapt to a new technology and able to receive and manage the information technology that was growing. Smart school referred to as the school that opportunities and focuses on the use of interactive information technologies in teaching and learning process. Normally, teachers at school teach their student by using chalk and talk only in the class. The students will get bored and sleepy because just listen while teacher are teaching. Basically, students have to hear carefully when teacher are teaching and they not allowed speaking with their friends or ask questions. So, the learning process does not going very well and it just want to finish up the syllabus. Therefore, by using ICT in the class can improved teaching and learning process between teachers and their students. For example, during in class session teachers are using technology in their teaching and learning process such as power point, videos and others to improve student understanding. The main focus of the smart school is to the human capital of their smart, creative and innovative in generate new information so that they can be regarded as a thinker and not individuals merely reproduce knowledge. As we all know early in 1996, the ministry of education was involved in intense discussion about Smart Schools the concept and its implications on the Malaysian education system. By late 1996, the Smart School had become one of the seven flagship applications of the Multimedia Super Corridor. Smart school is very good initiative by our government to improve education system in Malaysia to bear young competitive. Besides, it also can improve the quality of education in our country comparable to other countries. However, planning should be done carefully before to ensure it did not burden other people. Generally, smart School is a learning institution as a whole has been strengthened to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of teaching and interactive learning based on ICT, school management and ICT.

Basically, at the other country they are already move forward at such smart school and they are very advance than our country. So, we must follow in their suit to enhance and develop our country. The Smart School won't be the same as any existing Smart Schools anywhere around the world. These are due to two main factors involving current education system in Malaysia and will continue in smart school. Firstly: The National Philosophy of Malaysian Education will be the main component of smart school curriculum and secondly: moral values that have been stressed in present curriculum will go on into smart schooling. These two foundations of Malaysian Education will not be negotiable in the smart Curriculum. This will make the smart school different than the rest of Smart Schools. How the curriculum is being carried out in Smart school may resemble to the existing Smart Schools.

2.0 Smart School

Smart schools are schools that can provide opportunities for development of teaching and learning in the classroom. It also can facilitate teachers to teach their student and does not waste time to write at the whiteboard because it just to show on the screen. In addition, teachers can adding some videos or picture to attract student and they will more understand what they learned. It can be an interactive class and student enjoys learning some new knowledge. Smart school is the school is equipped with all the ICT requirements including teaching channel such as computer and Internet facilities which can be used by teachers to teaching purposes. This method will not only facilitate and maximize learning development in higher order thinking skills, but wisdom diversity in the subjects studied by (Hamizer, 1997). Smart school does not mean school for students smart or smart simply but also a smart way to ensure that each student dodgy or weak, rich or poor according to the rate reached its full potential and learning style that best suits. (Abdul Rashid & Mathematic, 2001). There are six key elements to be considered in the successful implementation of smart schools of teaching and learning, curriculum, management, thinking, technology and assessment. Our former Prime Minister Pak Lah give some speech about All Schools to be Smart Schools at High School Bukit Mertajam. Pak Lah highlighted that he has given instructions to our Minister of Education, Datuk Seri Hishammuddin Hussein that all schools
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nationwide, should be converted to "Smart Schools". The Smart Schools initiative is one of the seven flagship applications that are part of Malaysias Multimedia Super Corridor (MSC) project. The Government of Malaysia aims to capitalize on the presence of leading-edge technologies and the rapid development of the MSCs infrastructure to jump-start deployment of enabling technology to schools. This will be done by creating a group of 90 pilot Smart Schools by 1999 that will serve as the nucleus for the eventual nation-wide rollout of Smart School teaching concepts and materials, skills, and technologies. By 2010, all 10,000 of Malaysias primary and secondary schools will be Smart Schools. [Source: Official Malaysia Smart School Website]

3.0 The goal of the Smart School The goal of the smart school is compatible with the goals of education country and the desire of Vision 2020. Among these goals are: 3.1.1 To encourage students to be more independent in the process of acquiring knowledge and able to carry out learning process by its own self not only depends on teachers. It also can proportion to access learning self (self paced), self interest (self-directed) and evaluate the self (self-assessed). This way, they can maximize their potential to the extent more brilliant. 3.1.2 To provide a good students that effectively get information and communication technology (ICT) to compete and meet the challenges in the 21st century. 3.1.3 For systematic changes in the educational culture that more focus on creative and innovative aspects. 3.1.4 To produce school leavers are able to deal with challenges life in the era of information technology in the 21st century. 3.1.5 To form a generation of Malaysian citizens who are knowledgeable, responsible, competent, caring, family values and sensitive to

environmental preservation. 3.1.6 To provide tech-savvy workforce and critical thinking and creative

Since independence, our country has undergone rapid changes in the educational system. To improve the quality of education, education policies are constantly changes and improved to ensure effective curriculum implementation in the face of the new millennium that arise in the economic, political and social development in line with the rapid development taking place in the country. In line with the country to achieve the goals of Vision 2020, which requires productive growth that can be achieved through technological expertise, manpower capable of critical thinking, innovative and creative, and willing to participate in economic globalization. In addition, the philosophy of education intends all right for shaping the development potential of individuals in a holistic and integrated in order to produce a balanced and harmonious individuals who are intellectually, spiritually, emotionally and physically. This modification catalyst government has established a Smart School, complete with the latest technology to improve the country's education system as well as providing skilled manpower to meet the challenges of the new millennium. Customization education system requires a change in practice and culture in primary and secondary schools. The education system has to be changed from just emphasize rote learning to learning stimulate thinking and creativity, taking into account the range of abilities and learning styles of students and to ensure that all students have the opportunity to build self-concept. In addition, parents and the community should play an active role in the direction of realizing all right for a change in the education system. The establishment of the Smart School is one of the seven flagships Multimedia Super Corridor (MSC) Malaysia. Against this backdrop, the government objectives and commitment to fully utilize the rapid growth of technology expertise and infrastructure to encourage the formation of MSC Smart School. "Given the importance of the formation of the Smart School to the next generation, the government has taken steps to make embodiment of the Smart School as one of the seven 'flagship application 'in the project Mega Multimedia Super Corridor "(Speech by the Minister of Education, Malaysia).

In 1999, ninety pilot schools will be the nucleus to implement the concept, teaching and learning, skills and technology of the Smart School. An original policy document about the Malaysian Smart School is Smart Schools in Malaysia: A Quantum Leap, prepared in January 1997. This document is the basis for the document The Malaysian Smart School. A Conceptual Blueprint prepared by the Joint Task Force on Industry Ministry of Education, Malaysia. Smart School concept contained in the document The Malaysian Smart School: A Conceptual Blueprint is ideas that continues to grow continuously and are always open to changes and advances in pedagogy and information technology. Therefore, this document is more descriptive than prescriptive. Smart School are oriented towards self-learning according to individual rates, continuity and reflective. This will happen with the supply of multi-media technology and network covering the whole world. Change from teacher-centered learning to student-centered. Smart School curriculum more flexible and open. Smart School curriculum designed to meaningful, socially responsible, reflective, holistic, global, and open on the goal. In promoting holistic learning, allowing children developed according to their level of achievement and taking into account their abilities, interests and needs of students who are different. Children are educated with the skills to think critically and creatively, imbued with values and encouraged to increase proficiency. Smart School curriculum is designed to mold students to achieve a balanced development. Students as active learners in the classroom rather than as passive learner. Learning-centered mindset, leveraging the technology knowledge and resources in a comprehensive and integrated use in any situation. School develop creative problem solving skills to meet the new situation. Students act with courage in making decisions and are responsible for the decision that they are made. Students will make information adventures around the world to find and gathering a data. Students will be able to reach a source of local, national and global. Crawl through the internet also allows interaction between students and teachers and other people around the world. World students will be extended through communication, education, and social. This means learning to foster and enhance the potential that students have an efficient, economical and effective to use the thinking ability, knowledge, skills and education technology era and future challenges

require Smart School as a springboard to achievement. Crawl has the advantage of allowing students who cannot attend school to make school work from home. This gives new meaning to the idea of school absenteeism due to learning can still occur outside the school. Therefore, students need to be taught strategies for information leading to the efficient and selective. Team work, flexibility, foresight and skill to use the international language will also be emphasized. Malaysia Smart School will take the concept of a virtual skip class innovative. The current system provides the students with low tension and prevents the advancement of intelligent students. In Smart Schools, technology will provide the flexibility to alleviate tension in education. The more intelligent students can complete all coursework and assessment earlier than normal period. The disabled student goes through basic program according to the learning rate, and given special assistance by the teachers. This can occur because of the establishment of the system of production-centered evaluation items from online. This flexible assessment system will allow students in a physical classroom to work at different levels in the same subjects, besides allowing students to continue to another level in different subjects at anytime. In this way, students are less intelligent, which is usually ignored will be given due attention. Teacher acts as a guide on the side or as facilitator that only monitor them. Teachers provide psychological support and encouragement to a student to be more creative and innovative. Teachers will responsible to provide an environment that encourages self-paced learning towards a creative and self-reliant. Teachers will identify goals define the direction for the school, driving students' progress toward achieving these goals and allow students to learn at their own pace. Students will get individual attention from teachers. Computers will take over the routine and delivering information and freeing teachers from the trivial administrative tasks so they can concentrate on the aspects of humane education. A variety of teaching and learning methods will be used in Smart Schools. Among them are innovative, technology-based strategies such as discussions with my remote, distance learning, the use of data as a source of information, process information. Process information and linking the findings; electronic reference encyclopedia; learn from electronic courseware and electronic communications. Student and teacher interaction
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either in small groups or individual is still part of the teaching and learning courses. By focusing on individual development, teachers are encouraged to develop the social skills of students and also to inculcate good moral and ethical and patriotic values. Use of information technology as a tool will enable and facilitate data storage administrators to retrieve data. It facilitates the processing and delivering results related to administrative decision-making. This will help improve efficiency, eliminate duplication and to radically improve access for all. By computing online school management, administrators will be able to plan, manage and utilize human and physical resources effectively. Crawl will facilitate parental and community involvement in school programs and makes them effective partners in their child's education. With the availability of a database, information about students and teachers more easily available to the legitimate. Needs of the students and teachers are more easily taken into account with frequent monitoring. Systematic monitoring of student progress will remind schools to when the need for follow-up action for bright students and the less intelligent. Evaluation based on specific criteria and reference elements to give a holistic and accurate picture of student performance. Features of Smart Schools are the most significant teaching and learning environment built on best practices in primary and secondary education from around the world. This involves strengthening the curriculum, pedagogy, assessment and teaching and learning materials are valid. Smart School curriculum designed to meaningful, socially responsible, reflective, holistic, global, and open on the goal. It promotes holistic learning, allowing children developed according to their level of achievement and taking into account their capabilities. Children are educated with the skills to think critically and creatively, imbued with advanced and promoted values increase proficiency. Smart School curriculum is designed to: a) To help students achieve a balanced development; b) Integrate knowledge, skills, values and correct usage; c) specify explicitly the desired learning outcomes for different ability levels, offering multi disciplinary learning, thematic and continuous: d) Foster knowledge, skills and attitude in order to succeed in the Information Age. e) Foster knowledge, skills and attitude in order to succeed in the Information Age.
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Teaching Smart School aims to make learning more exciting, encouraging, stimulating and meaningful involve the mind, spirit and body in the process of learning of building basic skills to prepare children for the challenges of the future and take into account the diverse needs and abilities. Pedagogic Smart School aims: a) Use a variety of learning of appropriate strategies to ensure mastery of basic competencies and enhance the holistic development; b) Taking into account the various learning styles of individuals to improve performance; c) Establish an appropriate classroom environment with a variety of teaching and learning strategies. Smart School assessment system is different from the existing system to help realize Negara. Educational Philosophy and reference elements based on certain criteria to provide a holistic and accurate picture of the performance of student. Teacher students and parents can access through computer. Detailed evaluation of the Smart School is flexible and easy to use, and to ensure the quality of assessment information using a variety of approaches and lead to certification. It opens not only shows cumulative student achievement, but also for continuous improvement throughout life. Smart School requires conventional teaching and learning materials and appropriate electronic teaching and learning strategy that wide. It takes into account the diverse needs and abilities of students to their full potential to be more responsible for managing their own learning. The main objective of Smart School management is to manage resources and processes efficiently and effectively to support teaching and learning. Management functions help distribute skilled human resources on activities that are meaningful, long-term cost savings, improve results through better access to information and faster decision-making.

To achieve this objective, the management of the Smart School administrators needs strong and competent professionals and teachers can explain the aims of the school, leading the teaching at the school and will get full support from parents and society. They must strengthen communication open with all parties, allocate resources fairly and wisely, tracking school performance compared to financial and non-financial objectives, as well as providing school environment that supports learning. They must also establish and maintain a motivated staff and a high-performance ensure the safety of schools and residents, as well as using and managing technology appropriately, effectively and achieve the objectives of the Smart School effectively. For internal processes need to be coordinated as a system. System can ensure that the supply of inputs the right to produce a desired output such as a student's readiness for further education, or active and productive participation among worker. Initiative energy smart schools offer an ideal opportunity to re-evaluate the existing school system, identify problems and find the best solution with the help of technology. 4.0 Characteristics of the Smart School Among the features that enable a school recognized as a smart school are: 1. A school that has a linked via a local area network (LAN) to enable information sharing. For example teleconference, base data and electronic mail, electronic encyclopedias, library catalogs and resource centers 'on-line' and administrative data. 2. A school that is linked via a wide area network (WAN). So, we can build a good relationship between the other school and district organizations. This will give students the opportunity to learn and sharing knowledge with other people at the other school. 3. Schools with a diversity of materials where the smart school will can be adapted to the needs of teachers, students and administrators with provides a variety of software applications for the effectiveness of teaching and learning. 4. Integrating school subjects and concept learning across the curriculum expanded.

5. Orientation of teaching and learning based smart school curriculum problem-solving oriented and no longer oriented facts alone.

1.4 Challenges and its solution to be a Smart School

1. Leadership and top management is The Key Ingredient. The most challenges to build a smart school are top management such as Ministry of Education that wants to improve our education system to be better and effective. So, they prefer to make all school in this country to be smart school. But, how committed they are? They only just make an instruction to teachers do as they said but they do not do any action to make sure all goes smoothly. Teachers who should bear the burden of those afflicted. If smart schools is not effective they are going to blame teachers but they do not make any action just hope the teachers at school. Solution: To meet these challenges all parties should work together to achieve a goal of the smart school. They do not just expect only teachers need to run this task. The top management only gives instructions without any help. Therefore, the top management should come to school to ensure smart school could be done better. If there is any problem can be solved together. 2. The Technological Infrastructure in school As we all know, there are some schools that do not have complete ICT equipment in their schools. The problem is due to capital inadequate school to provide ICT equipment. Mostly happen at rural school because they are far from the city so they are least of ICT facilities. Compare to urban school that more advance and they complete all the ICT equipment with computer lab. This problem such a big problem to teachers and student to achieve a goal of smart schools due to inadequate facilities to them explore world of ICT. Solution: To solve this problem due to the lack of ICT facilities the government should provide complete convenience to every school, regardless of urban or rural school. This equality should
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be given to a smart school goals can be achieved in our country. Well, there is no gap between urban schools and rural schools. Therefore, each school received the same facilities and teachers can use ICT in their teaching and learning process in the classroom. Students also experience the world of cutting-edge cyberspace and get the latest information. This ICT infrastructure can replace the traditional way of teaching and learning in the school. 3. Technical Support or technician at computer lab When the government has confidently provided the necessary ICT facilities in the computer lab is certainly damage of facilities will occur. Therefore, each laboratory will need at least a technologist if there is any problem. However, almost every school where there are no skilled technician to solve this problem. Teachers at the school also do not have a skilled of ICT knowledge to repair if there are any problems. Solution: every school should have enough technicians to repair the computer equipment. They are also responsible to preserve the computer laboratory to be always in good condition and can be used by students and teachers without any problems. Government should establish a college to produce a skilled technician to be sent to each school. It will also provide employment opportunities to youth who are interested in these skills. Teachers also need more training on ICT than students because they do not always depend on technician only. As a teacher also need to monitor and observe when students used facilities in the computer lab so thoroughly awake tools

4. Easy Access at school The problem at the school is access to internet too slow due to many student and teachers use at same time. So, it is not easy access to get information from the internet. The ICT facilities be accessible the school session only. Solution: This problem can be overcome by increasing the network bandwidth at the school so that all the teachers and students are able to browse the internet freely. Therefore, no further problems are encountered in which students and teachers can get information quickly via the

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internet. However, each school should also play an important role in preventing the page should not be viewed by students in school. 5. Teacher Readiness to Use and Teach Using Technology Basically, problems faced by the old teachers who are not interested in the use of the technology they are more comfortable with traditional methods that they use ever since. Therefore, it affects teachers willing to use new technology to teach in the classroom. Onwards, students are more ready to embrace the new ICT tools than the teachers because they are more advance than teachers on using technology. Solution: teachers should enhance their knowledge about the use of technology in the classroom so that students do not look down on teachers because they are knowledgeable from teachers. Teachers can also attend several sub courses offered to learn how to use technology. 1.5 Summary Smart school is planning to provide platform solid to form the next generation of Malaysian nation and shaping the country's future development. The existence of a smart school is in line with the development of information technology and communication (ICT), it is a scene in the new millennium education in Malaysia and in accordance with the technological developments, social and cultural present. Smart school in simply be defined as a system of education, where the based teaching and learning for students with a more critical and creative ways to use technology as enablers. ICT use as an ingredient in the process of teaching and learning is the heart of the smart school. This approach is not limited in curriculum, pedagogy, assessment, teaching and learning, but also in school management.

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