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White Stools Kidney trouble, improper bile formulation or issues in the biliary system could yield white bowels

. It could also be a sign of a quickened transit time Yellow Stools light to medium brown Normal Normal Very light brown Too much fat in the body, liver problem, or constipation Insufficient fiber content in the diet Black Duodenal ulcer, internal bleeding in the upper section of the GI tract, i.e. esophagus, stomach or first section of the small intestine Consumption of highly concentrated iron supplements, large quantities of olives, licorice, blue berries; heavy intake of alcohol, improper blood flow to the intestine, and vascular malformation Dark red or maroon Internal bleeding of the lower section of the GI tract, internal hemorrhoids, anal fissure, colon polyps, diverticulitis, or colon cancer Internal bleeding causes blood to seep into the colon and get mixed with the waste Bright red Hemorrhoids, digestive system disorders or colon cancer Consumption of foods that are rich in red dyes such as licorice, candy, and other food items containing artificial color cause black or dark red colored stool Orange Gallbladder malfunctioning, fast transit time Gallbladder malfunction, fast transit time, consumption of medicines or foods containing beta-carotene (carrots, sweet potatoes, pumpkin etc.), antacids containing aluminum hydroxide and artificially synthesized food items Yellow Gilbert's syndrome, malabsorption, giardiasis, and pancreatic cancer Gilbert's syndrome leads to poor processing of red blood cells; undigested fat mixes with stool in case of malabsorption of fats; a parasitic infection called giardiasis can cause yellow stool color and diarrhea Dark Green Stool Undigested green vegetables such as spinach, a fast transit time, irritable bowel syndrome, ulcerative colitis and celiac disease Consumption of green leafy vegetables, foods flavored with lime, iron supplements, vitamin supplements containing chlorophyll or foods that contain green dyes such as Kool-Aid and gelatin Gray Malabsorption Blockage of bile from gallbladder to intestine. The most probable reason is presence of tumor in the bile ducts or pancreas Clay Malabsorption, hepatitis, gallbladder disorders Hepatitis and gallbladder problems disrupt the flow of bile out of the liver, and hence the stool color changes from brown to clay Stool consistency can be hard, mucoid, or liquid. Hard stool consistency signifies inadequate water intake; it might tell that the diet is deficient in fruits and vegetables (fiber). This condition, called constipation, slows down bowel movement, resulting in feces staying inside the body for a long time and ultimately becoming hard. The sufferer has to strain to pass feces, which may cause fissures. Hard feces may also come out as pencil thin stools and pellet like stools. due to stress or overexertion. Watery feces may be the result of an infection or malabsorption. Sometimes, gluten intolerance, milk intolerance, and celiac disease may also produce loose stools. sticky due to the presence of mucous. This condition implies that the lower digestive tract is inflamed, which may be caused be amebiasis or giardiasis. Normal stool consistency should be semisolid; it is somewhat like toothpaste: neither hard nor very liquid. This normal stool consistency implies that the eating habits and the digestive system are in harmony Odor: The odor of feces is affected significantly by the type of food ingested and the bacterial flora of the individual (of the main order contributers H2S and mercaptens

Selective Culture Media The selective culture media is special type of media which allows the growth of certain microorganisms while inhibits the growth of the others.html The Preservation Culture Media The preservation culture media is composed of all the basic nutrients required for a microbial growth and is used to preserve a specific type of The Enrichment Culture Media The enrichment culture media is a liquid medium which allows the microorganisms to multiply and has the essential nutrients that are required for http://www. a selective media with a low pH will be taken which will allow the growth of only those organisms that can withstand acidity and will kill the others that cannot.buzzle.html .newsmax.buzzle. Examples of commonly used selective media include: PALCAM agar medium or Mac conkey agar medium. The basic purpose of this culture is to let these microorganisms grow safely in an ensured environment that has all the important nutrients and to protect them against any environmental damage so these organisms can be used when needed.http://www. This culture media is usually composed of bacteria taken form liquid source such as pond water. For example if we want to isolate a specific bacteria let’s say that can with stand an acidic environment from a sample of pond water and get rid of others. preferably bacteria or a set of different microbial entities for a long period of time. The basic nutrient broth is the most commonly used enrichment culture media.