ANNEX A -- MEMORY AID IN POLITICAL LAW, SAN BEDA COLLEGE OF LAW, 2003 CENTRALIZED BAR OPERATIONS

NATIONAL OFFICIALS

QUALIFICATIONS
1. 2.

MANNER OF ELECTION
Elected from legislative districts apportioned among provinces, cities and Metro Manila area. [Sec. 5(1), Art. VI]

TERM OF OFFICE

DISQUALIFICATIONS

INHIBITIONS AND PROHIBITIONS
1. Incompatible Office – may not hold office or employment in government during his term without forfeiting his seat; Forbidden Office – may not be appointed to any office created or compensation thereof increased during the term for which he was elected (Sec. 13, Art. VI); Cannot appear as counsel before any court or before the Electoral Tribunals, quasijudicial or other administrative bodies; Shall not, directly or indirectly, be financially interested in any contract with, franchise or special privilege granted by the Government; Shall not intervene in any matter before any office in government for his pecuniary benefit or where he may be called upon to act on account of his office (Sec. 14, Art. VI).
1.

PRIVILEGES

CANVASSING BOARD

ELECTORAL TRIBUNAL

REMOVAL

DISTRICT REPRESENTATIVES

3. 4.

5.

Natural-born citizen At least 25 yrs. old on the day of election Able to read & write Registered voter in the district in which he shall be elected Resident of the same district for a period of not less than 1 yr. Immediately preceding the day of election. (Sec. 6, Art. VI)

1.

2.

3.
Three (3) years

1. 2. 3.

PARTY-LIST RERESENTATIVES

Natural-born citizen Registered voter Resident of the Philippines for a period of not less than 1 yr. Immediately preceding the day of election 4. Able to read & write 5. A bona fide member of the party or organization which he seeks to represent for at least 90 days preceding the day of election 6. At least 25 yrs. old on the day of the election (NOTE: For Youth sector representatives, must be at least 25 yrs. but not more than 30 yrs. of age on the day of the election. [RA No. 7941].

Elected through a party-list system of registered national, regional and sectoral parties or organizations.

Shall not serve for more than three consecutive terms. (Sec. 7 Art. VI); one who has been declared by competent authority as insane or incompetent; One who has been sentenced by final judgment for subversion, insurrection, rebellion, or for any offense for which he has been sentenced to a penalty of more than 18 months or for a crime involving moral turpitude, unless given plenary pardon or granted amnesty. (Sec. 12, BP 881 or the Omnibus Election Code)

2.

3.

2.

4.

5.

Freedom from arrest – while Congress is in session for offense punished by not more that 6 years imprisonment (Art. 145, RPC) Speech and debate clause – not to be questioned nor held liable in any other place for any speech or debate in Congress or in any committee thereof (Sec. 11, Art. VI).

Commission on Elections

House of Representatives Electoral Tribunal (composed of 9 members: 3 SC Justices & 6 Members of the Congress (Sec. 17, Art. VI)

Expulsion by the House with the concurrenc e of twothirds of all its members [Sec. 16 (3), Art. VI]

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