ANNEX A – MEMORY AID IN POLITICAL LAW, SAN BEDA COLLEGE OF LAW, 2003 CENTRALIZED BAR OPERATIONS

NATIONAL OFFICIALS 1. 2. 3. PRESIDENT 4. 5. QUALIFICATIONS Natural-born citizen Registered voter Able to read & write At least 40 yrs. old on the day of the election Resident of the Philippines for at least 10 years immediately preceding the day of the election. (Sec.2, Art. VII)
ELECTION TERM OF OFFICE

DISQUALIFICATIONS
1. 2. not eligible for any reelection; no person who has succeeded as President and served as such for more than four years shall be qualified for election to the same office at any time. (Sec.4, Art. VII) General Disqualification*

INHIBITIONS AND PROHIBITIONS
1. shall not receive any other emolument from 2. 3. 4. 5.
the govt or any other source (Sec.6, Art.VII); shall not hold any other office or employment unless otherwise provided in the Constitution; shall not practice any other profession; shall not participate in any business, shall not be financially interested in any contract with, or in any franchise, or special privilege granted by the Govt, including GOCCs; shall avoid conflict of interest in conduct of office; shall avoid nepotism. (Sec. 13, Art. VII). Incompatible Office – may not hold office or employment in government during his term without forfeiting his seat; Forbidden Office – may not be appointed to any office created or compensation thereof increased during the term for which he was elected (Sec. 13, Art. VI); Cannot appear as counsel before any court or before the Electoral Tribunals, quasijudicial or other administrative bodies; Shall not, directly or indirectly, be financially interested in any contract with, franchise or special privilege granted by the Government; Shall not intervene in any matter before any office in government for his pecuniary benefit or where he may be called upon to act on account of his office (Sec. 14, Art. VI).

PRIVILEGES
1. official residence; 2. salary is
determined by law and not to be decreased during his tenure (Sec.6, Art. VII); Immunity from suit for official acts. decreased during his tenure. No need of CA confirmation for Cabinet post. (Sec. 3, Art. VII)
Freedom from arrest – while Congress is in session for offense punished by not more that 6 years imprisonment (Art. 145, RPC; Sec. 11, Art. VI) Speech and debate clause – not to be questioned nor held liable in any other place for any speech or debate in Congress or in any committee thereof (Sec. 11, Art. VI).

CANVASSING BOARD

ELECTORAL TRIBUNAL

REMOVAL

3.

3. 1.

VICEPRESIDENT

2.

1. Natural-born 2. 3.
SENATORS (24 Members) citizen At least 35 yrs. old on the day of the election Able to read & write Registered voter Resident of RP for not less than 2 years immediately preceding the day of the election (Sec. 2, Art. VI)

Elected at large by direct vote

Shall not serve for more than two consecutive terms. (Sec.4, Art. VII and Sec. 4, Art. VI); General Disqualification*.

1. Salary shall not be 2.

6. 7.
1. 2.

Congress (Senate and House of Representatives); in case of tie, Congress by majority vote shall select.

Supreme Court (en banc)

Impeachment Only

Six (6) years

4. 5.

* General Disqualifcation: 1. one who has been declared by competent authority as insane or incompetent; 2. One who has been sentenced by final judgment for subversion, insurrection, rebellion, or for any offense for which he has been sentenced to a penalty of more than 18 months or for a crime involving moral turpitude, unless given plenary pardon or granted amnesty. (Sec. 12, BP 881)

1.

3. 4.

Commission on Elections

2.

Senate Electoral Tribunal (3 SC Justices and 6 Senators)

5.

Expulsion by the Senate with the concurrenc e of twothirds of all its members [Sec. 16 (3), Art. VI]

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