# M01

I PUC ALGEBRA & GRAPH THEORY

(A) PARTIAL FRACTIONS, LOGARITHM, MATHEMATICAL INDUCTION, SUMMATION OF FINITE
SERIES & THEORY OF EQUATIONS
(B) BINOMIAL THEOREM, MATHEMATICAL LOGIC, SET THEORY AND GRAPH THEORY

1.

3x +4
A
B
C
=
+
+
, then A =
2
x −1
x +1
( x +1) ( x −1)
( x +1) 2

1
2

(1)
2. If

(2)

15
4

(3)

7
4

(4)

π
3

(4)

1
4

( x +1) 2
Bx +C
A
A 
=
+ 2
, then sin–1   =
3
x
x +x
x +1
C

(1)

π
6

3. If A = a

π
4

(2)
log a b

and B = b

(1) A = 2B

(3)

π
2

then :

log b a

(2) 2A = B

(3) A = B

(4) None of these

4. If log10 3 = 0.4771, then the number of zeros after the decimal in 3–100
1) 45

2) 46

3) 47
3

5

4) 48

7

5. The sum to n terms of the series 12 + 12 + 2 2 + 12 + 2 2 + 3 2 + ……… is
6n

9n

(1) n +1

12n

(2) n +1

3n

(3) n +1

6. 1 + 5 + 12 + 22 + ………….. to n terms is
n ( n +1)
n 2 ( n +1)
(1)
(2)
2
2

(3)

(4) n +1

n ( n +1) ( n +2) 2
(4) None of these
12

7. The roots of the equation 2x3 + mx2 – 13x + n = 0 are 2, 3 then the values of m and n are respectively:
(1) – 5, – 30
(2) – 5, 30
(3) 5, 30
(4) None of these
8. The remainder, when x52 – x51 + x41 – x42 + x2 + x + 1 is divided by x + 1 is
1) 0
(2) 1
(3) – 1

(4) 2

1

9. If α, β, γ are the roots of the equation x3 + 8x + 15 = 0 , then α3 +β3 + γ3
(1) –
10.

1
15

(2)

1
45

(3) –

1
45

(4)

1
15

1
1
1
1
+
+
+
=
1 +log 4 3
1 +log 7 6
1 +log 6 7
1 +log 3 4

(1) 2

(2) 1
1

1

(3) 4

(4) 3

1

11. The sum of log 9 + log 9 + ........... + log 9 is
3
9
3
n

(1)

n ( n +1)
2

(2) n (n+1)

(3)

n ( n +1)
4

(4)

n ( n +1) ( 2n +1)
6

12. If the roots of the equation x3 – ax2 + 14x – 8 = 0 are in G.P., then the value of a is
(1) – 7
(2) 7
(3) 3
(4) – 5
3x +2

13. A function f : A → B, where A, B ⊂ R, is given by f (x) = 5x −3 , and y = g(x) is the reflection of the

then the figure is not a square (4) If the diagonals are not equal or the sides are not equal. 5. The coefficient of x33 in the expansion of (1) 50 C 33 ∑ r =0 50 C r (x − 9)50− r . 1.graph of y = f(x) on the line y = x .. 3 + . ∞) → [ 0. 8r is (2) − C 33 50 (3) 50 C17 50 (4) C19 18. 5. The term independent of x in the expansion of (x2 – 1/3x)9 is equal to 28 28 − 28 (1) (2) (3) 81 243 243 (4) (p ∨ ∼ q) ∧ (∼ p) (4) − 28 81 20. 2.+ a12x12. 3. 4. 4. then the figure is not a square (2) If the figure is not a square. 5. 2. 2) (3) (4. 5. then its diagonals are not equal and its sides are not equal (3) If the diagonals are not equal or the sides are not equal. + n . A (p. 1) .. 3. then r is equal to (1) 5 (2) 7 (3) 5 or 7 (4) 9 16.. 2. If ( 1 + x – 2x2)6 = 1 + a1x + a2x2 + ……. 5.. then the expression a1 + a3 + a5 + ……+ a11 is equal to (1) 32 (2) 64 (3) – 32 (4) – 64 50 17. Then g(x) = (1) f (x) 3x −2 (2) – f (x) (3) 5x +3 14. Which of the following cannot be a degree sequence of a simple graph with 6 vertices ? (1) (5. Contrapositive of the proposition “In a square the diagonals are equal and all sides are equal” is (1) If neither the sides are equal nor the diagonals are equal.. Which of the following is a tautology ? (1) (∼ p ∧ q) ↔ ∼ (q → p) (3) (∼ p ∨ q) ↔ (p → q) (4) (p → q) ↔ (q → p) 22. n = C0 C1 C2 C n −1 (1) 1 2 n 2 (2) 1 2 (n + n) 2 (3) 1 2 (n + 1) 2 (4) n2 + 2 24. ∞) defined as f(x) = (1) one–one and onto 23. (2) ∼ (p ∨ ∼ q) ↔ ∼ [∼ p ∧ q) (2) one–one but not onto 2x is 1+x (3) onto but not one–one (4) neither one–one nor onto C C1 C C + 2. 1) (4) (2. 1. A function f : [ 0.. then the figure is a square 21. 2 + 3.. The total number of terms in the expansion of (1 + x)n (1 – x + x2)n is (1) n2 + 1 (2) n + 1 (3) 2n + 1 (4) 3x + 2 5x + 3 (4) (n + 1)2 15.. 2. The negation of the compound proposition of p ∨ (∼ p ∨ q) is (1) (p ∧ ∼q) ∧ ∼ p (2) (p ∧ ∼ q) ∨ ∼ p (3) (p ∧ ∼ q) ∨ (∼ p) 19. 5) (2) (6. If the coefficients of (2r – 2)th and (r + 5)th terms in the expansion of (1 + x)16 are equal. Then (1) (n – m) t + np = 2q (2) (m – n) t + 2q = pn (3) (m – n) t + pn = q (4) (m – n) t + pn = 2q 25.. 1. q) graph contains t vertices of degree m and all other vertices are of degree n.

+ tn –1 + tn Sn = 1 + 5 + 12 + 22 + . (2) α =8⇒α=2 3 1 . C = 2 ∴ sin  3. n = 30 8. (3) 1 n 1 n (n + 1) = log3 2 3n = ∴ S = ∑ n = log3 n 9 2 2 4 Aliter: Put n = 1. (3) 7 3x + 4 2. (3) log10(3–100) = – 100 log10(3) = (– 100) (0..... in the alternatives. (1) 1 1 1 1 + + + 1 + log 4 3 1 + log 7 6 1 + log 6 7 1 + log 3 4 1 1 1 1 = + + + log 4 4 + log 4 3 log 7 7 + log 7 6 log 6 6 + log 6 7 log 3 3 + log 3 4 = log124 + log 42 7 + log 42 6 + log12 3 = log12 12 + log 42 42 = 2 11. + t n −1 + t n 0 = 1 + [4 + 9 + 10 + . first alternative n + 1 1 +1 6. 4.. + t n − t n −1 ] − t n ( n − 1) [ 2(4) + (n − 2)3] tn =1+ 2 b tn = log a b .. Now put n = 1.... S = 12. a b a b [ ] 1 1 n 2 (n + 1) (3n 2 − n ) ∴ Sn = ∑ t n = 3∑n 2 − ∑n = 2 2 2 7. (3) 1 log b log a log a A = a log a = a = [a log b ] =b = B. 71 = 48 . A = ( x +1) 2 at x −1 = 0 . (1) 3 Put n = 1. required sum = 2 = 3 1 6n 6 (1) = = 3.. (2) Remainder is f(– 1) f(– 1) = (– 1)52 – (–1)51 + (–1)41 – (–1)42 + (– 1)2 + (– 1) + 1 = 1 + 1 – 1 – 1 +1 – 1 + 1 = 1 9. (2) Sn = 1 + 5 +12 + 22 + ……. 2 M01 .SOLUTION 1.. ie x =1 ∴ A = 4 (1) 2 x + 2x + 1 = (A + B) x2 + C x + A π A −1  1   = sin   = C 2 6 −1 A = 1. (2) 16 + 4m – 26 + n = 0 ⇒ 4m + n – 10 = 0 ____________ 54 + 9m – 39 + n = 0 ⇒ 9m + n + 15 = 0 ______________ m = – 5. 29 5. check the alternatives.4771) = – 47 . (3) 1 1 1 = = 3 3 3 3 2 α +β + γ ∑ α ( ∑ α ) ( ∑ α ) − 3∑ αβ + 3 α β γ [ ] 1 1 =− − 15 45  = 0 + 3   1   10. put n = 1 t get (3) as the correct answer.

22. if the diagonals are not equal or the sides are not equal. (3) (p → q) ≡ ∼ p ∨ q (2) f (x) = ∴ (p → q) ↔ [∼ p ∨ q] is a tautology 2 (x + 1) − 2 2 = 2– ∴ f (a) = f (b) ⇒ a = b ∴ f is 1 – 1 1+ x 1+ x But it is not onto. (2) n Cr n − r +1 Cr = = n − r +1 ⇒ r . = 24. (∼ q ∨ ∼ r) → ∼ p i.8. then its diagonals are equal and all the sides are equal – this is the given proposition The contrapositive of p → (q ∧ r) is ∼ (q ∧ r) → ∼ p i.23 – a (22) + 14 (2) – 8 = 0 ⇒ a = 7 13. n n C r −1 r C r −1 n n ∴ G. ∑ (n − r +1) = n + (n – 1) + ………. = r= = = = 6 ∴ T 6 + 1 = C6 . 23. 50 C33 (−1)33 = − 50 C33 (1) ∼ [p ∨ (∼ p ∨ q)] ≡ ∼ p ∧ [∼ (∼ p ∨ q)] ≡ ∼ p ∧ ( p ∧ ∼ q) 19. then the figure is not a square. (2) A simple graph with 6 vertices cannot have a vertex of degree 6 . ∞) (co–domain) and f (x) = 2 ⇒ 2x = 2 ⇒ 2x = 2 + 2x 1+x ⇒ 0 = 2 which is not possible.e. m + (p – t) n = (m – n) t + pn 25. (2) 6 np − k 9 (2) − 0 18 9. for 2 ∈ [ 0.7 1 28  1 9 . (3) If a figure is a square. 8r = [(x– 9) + 8]50 = (x – 1)50 = (1 – x )50 The coefficient of x33 = 18. 21.e. (3) Required = 17. 1 1 [f(1) – f(– 1)] [where f(x) = (1 + x– 2x2)6] = [0 – (– 2)6] = – 32 2 2 (2) 50 ∑ r =0 50 C r (x − 9)50− r . E. (1) g(x) is the inverse of f(x) .. (3) 16 C2r −3 = 16 C r + 4 ∴ 2r – 3 = r + 4 or (2r – 3) + (r + 4) = 16 16.  − ÷ = p+q 2 +1 3 6 9. 3x +2 3y +2 Let y = 5x −3 ⇒ y (5x – 3) = 3x + 2 ⇒ x (5y – 3) = 2 + 3y ∴ x = 5 y −3 3y +2 ∴ f–1 (y) = 5 y −3 3x +2 or f–1 (x) = 5x −3 = f (x) 14.81 243  3 20. (2) (1 + x)n (1 – x + x2)n = (1 – x3)n ∴ (n + 1) terms are there in the expansion 15. + 3 + 2 + 1 = r =1 n (n + 1) 2 (4) 2q = Σ d (vi) = t .