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XTR110

PRECISION VOLTAGE-TO-CURRENT CONVERTER/TRANSMITTER


FEATURES
q 4mA TO 20mA TRANSMITTER q SELECTABLE INPUT/OUTPUT RANGES: 0V to +5V, 0V to +10V Inputs 0mA to 20mA, 5mA to 25mA Outputs Other Ranges q 0.005% MAX NONLINEARITY, 14 BIT q PRECISION +10V REFERENCE OUTPUT q SINGLE SUPPLY OPERATION q WIDE SUPPLY RANGE: 13.5V to 40V

APPLICATIONS
q INDUSTRIAL PROCESS CONTROL q PRESSURE/TEMPERATURE TRANSMITTERS q CURRENT-MODE BRIDGE EXCITATION q GROUNDED TRANSDUCER CIRCUITS q CURRENT SOURCE REFERENCE FOR DATA ACQUISITION q PROGRAMMABLE CURRENT SOURCE FOR TEST EQUIPMENT q POWER PLANT/ENERGY SYSTEM MONITORING

DESCRIPTION
The XTR110 is a precision voltage-to-current converter designed for analog signal transmission. It accepts inputs of 0 to 5V or 0 to 10V and can be connected for outputs of 4 to 20mA, 0 to 20mA, 5 to 25mA and many other commonly used ranges. A precision on-chip metal film resistor network provides input scaling and current offsetting. An internal 10V voltage reference can be used to drive external circuitry. The XTR110 is available in 16-pin plastic DIP, ceramic DIP and SOL-16 surface-mount packages. Commercial and industrial temperature range models are available.
VREF Force 15 R9 VREF Sense 12 VREF Adjust 11 VIN1 (10V) VREF In 4 3 R1 R5 R3 6 R4 R2 8 R7 VIN2 (5V) Common 5 R6 2 A1 Span Adjust A2 +10V Reference R8 1 Source Resistor 16 +VCC

13 Source Sense 14 7 Gate Drive Offset (zero) Adjust

10 4mA Span 9 16mA Span

International Airport Industrial Park Mailing Address: PO Box 11400 Tucson, AZ 85734 Street Address: 6730 S. Tucson Blvd. Tucson, AZ 85706 Tel: (520) 746-1111 Twx: 910-952-1111 Cable: BBRCORP Telex: 066-6491 FAX: (520) 889-1510 Immediate Product Info: (800) 548-6132

1984 Burr-Brown Corporation

PDS-555D

Printed in U.S.A. September, 1993

SPECIFICATIONS
ELECTRICAL
At TA = +25C and VCC = +24V and RL = 250**, unless otherwise specified. XTR110AG, KP, KU PARAMETER TRANSMITTER Transfer Function Input Range: VIN1(5) VIN2 Current, IO Nonlinearity Offset Current, IOS Initial vs Temperature vs Supply, VCC Span Error Initial vs Temperature vs Supply, VCC Output Resistance Input Resistance CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX MIN XTR110BG TYP MAX UNITS

Specified Performance Specified Performance Specified Performance(1) Derated Performance(1) 16mA/20mA Span(2) IO = 4mA(1)
(1) (1) (1)

0 0 4 0

IO = 10 [(VREFIn/16) + (VIN1/4) + (VIN2/2)] /RSPAN +10 * +5 * 20 * 40 * 0.01 0.025 0.002 0.2 0.0003 0.0005 0.3 0.0025 0.003 10 x 109 27 22 19 15 20 1.3 0.4 0.005 0.005 0.6 0.005 0.005 0.02 * * 0.05 0.0009 * * * * * * * * +10.05 50 0.005 0.01 +0.25 +9.98 * 15 * * *

* * * * 0.005 0.1 0.003 * 0.2 0.003 *

V V mA mA % of Span % of Span % of Span/C % of Span/V % of Span % of Span/C % of Span/V k k k s s mA/s

IO = 20mA
(1) (1) (1)

From Drain of FET (QEXT)(3) VIN1 VIN2 VREF In To 0.1% of Span To 0.01% of Span

Dynamic Response Settling Time Slew Rate VOLTAGE REFERENCE Output Voltage vs Temperature vs Supply, VCC vs Output Current vs Time Trim Range Output Current POWER SUPPLY Input Voltage, VCC Quiescent Current TEMPERATURE RANGE Specification: AG, BG KP, KU Operating: AG, BG KP, KU

+9.95 Line Regulation Load Regulation 0.100 10 +13.5 Excluding IO 40 0 55 25

+10 35 0.0002 0.0005 100

+10.02 30 * * *

Specified Performance

* * * * * *

V ppm/C %/V %/mA ppm/1k hrs V mA V mA C C C C

+40 4.5 +85 +70 +125 +85

* * * *

* Specifications same as AG/KP grades. ** Specifications apply to the range of RL shown in Typical Performance Curves. NOTES: (1) Including internal reference. (2) Span is the change in output current resulting from a full-scale change in input voltage. (3) Within compliance range limited by (+VCC 2V) +VDS required for linear operation of the FET. (4) For VREF adjustment circuit see Figure 3. (5) For extended IREF drive circuit see Figure 4. (5) Unit may be damaged. See section, Input Voltage Range.

ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS


Power Supply, +VCC ............................................................................ 40V Input Voltage, VIN1, VIN2, VREF IN ....................................................... +VCC See text regarding safe negative input voltage range. Storage Temperature Range: A, B ................................ 55 C to +125C K, U ................................. 40C to +85C Lead Temperature (soldering, 10s) G, P ................................................................... 300C (wave soldering, 3s) U ................................................................ 260C Output Short-Circuit Duration, Gate Drive and VREF Force ................................ Continuous to common and +VCC Output Current Using Internal 50 Resistor .................................... 40mA

ELECTROSTATIC DISCHARGE SENSITIVITY


Any integral circuit can be damaged by ESD. Burr-Brown recommends that all integrated circuits be handled with appropriate precautions. Failure to observe proper handling and installation procedures can cause damage. ESD damage can range from subtle performance degradation to complete device failure. Precision integrated circuits may be more susceptible to damage because very small parametric changes could cause the device not to meet published specifications.

The information provided herein is believed to be reliable; however, BURR-BROWN assumes no responsibility for inaccuracies or omissions. BURR-BROWN assumes no responsibility for the use of this information, and all use of such information shall be entirely at the users own risk. Prices and specifications are subject to change without notice. No patent rights or licenses to any of the circuits described herein are implied or granted to any third party. BURR-BROWN does not authorize or warrant any BURR-BROWN product for use in life support devices and/or systems.

XTR110

PIN CONFIGURATION
Top View
Source Resistor Common VREF In VIN1 (10V) VIN2 (5V) Zero Adjust Zero Adjust Span Adjust 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 16 +VCC 15 VREF Force 14 Gate Drive 13 Source Sense 12 VREF Sense 11 VREF Adjust 10 4mA Span 9 16mA Span

PACKAGE INFORMATION
MODEL XTR110AG XTR110BG XTR110KP XTR110KU PACKAGE 16-Pin Ceramic DIP 16-Pin Ceramic DIP 16-Pin Plastic DIP SOL-16 Surface-Mount PACKAGE DRAWING NUMBER(1) 109 109 180 211

NOTE: (1) For detailed drawing and dimension table, please see end of data sheet, or Appendix D of Burr-Brown IC Data Book.

ORDERING INFORMATION
MODEL XTR110AG XTR110BG XTR110KP XTR110KU PACKAGE 16-Pin Ceramic DIP 16-Pin Ceramic DIP 16-Pin Plastic DIP SOL-16 Surface-Mount TEMPERATURE RANGE 40C to +85C 40 C to +85C 0C to +70C 0C to +70C

TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CURVES


TA = +25C, VCC = 24VDC, RL = 250, unless otherwise noted.

VREF LINE REGULATION vs FREQUENCY 10 10

IO POWER SUPPLY REGULATION vs FREQUENCY

IO / VCC (% of span/V)

VREF/ VCC (%/V)

0.1

0.1

0.01

0.01

0.001 1 10 100 1k 10k 100k Ripple Frequency (Hz)

0.001 1 10 100 1k 10k 100k Ripple Frequency (Hz)

JUNCTION TEMPERATURE RISE vs VREF OUTPUT CURRENT 100 Junction Temperature Rise Above Ambient (C) Max. Temp. Rise for +85C Ambient 80
2

TOTAL OUTPUT ERROR vs TEMPERATURE

60

JA

= 70C/W

VCC = +40V

Error (% of span)

Max. TJ = +175C

AG

BG

40

VCC = +24V VCC = +15V

AG

20 0 0 2 4

10

40

20

20

40

60

80

VREF Output Current (mA) (IOUT has minimal effect on TJ)

Temperature (C)

XYR110

TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CURVES (CONT)


TA = +25C, VCC = 24VDC, RL = 250, unless otherwise noted.

ICC vs TEMPERATURE 5 IO = 20mA


2500

MAXIMUM RL vs VCC

ICC (mA) (excluding IO)

2000 IO MAX = 20mA

IO = 4mA 2

RL ()

1500

1000

IO MAX = 40mA

1 0 40 20 0 20 40 60 80 Temperature (C)

500 0 15 20 25 +VCC (V) 30 35 40

SETTLING TIME WITH NEG VIN STEP VIN 0V VIN 0V

PULSE RESPONSE

0V IO Error (0.01% of Span/Box) IO into 500 0V

SETTLING TIME WITH POS VIN STEP VIN 0V

0V IO Error (0.01% of Span/Box)

XTR110

APPLICATIONS INFORMATION
Figure 1 shows the basic connections required for 0 to 10V input and 4 to 20mA output. Other input voltage and output current ranges require changes in connections of pins 3, 4, 5, 9 and 10 as shown in the table of Figure 1. The complete transfer function of the XTR110 is: 10 IO = (VREF IN) 16 + (VIN1) 4 RSPAN + (VIN2) 2 (1)

MANUFACTURER Ferranti

PART NO. ZVP1304A ZVP1304B ZVP1306A ZVP1306B IRF9513 MTP8P08 RFL1P08 RFT2P08 VP0300B VP0300L VP0300M VP0808B VP0808L VP0808M VP1304N2 VP1304N3 VP1306N2 VP1306N3

BVDSS(1) 40V 40V 60V 60V 60V 80V 80V 80V 30V 30V 30V 80V 80V 80V 40V 40V 60V 60V

BVGS(1) 20V 20V 20V 20V 20V 20V 20V 20V 40V 40V 40V 40V 40V 40V 20V 20V 20V 20V

PACKAGE TO-92 TO-39 TO-92 TO-39 TO-220 TO-220 TO-39 TO-220 TO-39 TO-92 TO-237 TO-39 TO-92 TO-237 TO-220 TO-92 TO-220 TO-92

International Rectifier Motorola RCA Siliconix (preferred)

RSPAN is the internal 50 resistor, R9, when connected as shown in Figure 1. An external RSPAN can be connected for different output current ranges as described later. EXTERNAL TRANSISTOR An external pass transistor, QEXT, is required as shown in Figure 1. This transistor conducts the output signal current. A P-channel MOSFET transistor is recommended. It must have a voltage rating equal or greater than the maximum power supply voltage. Various recommended types are shown in Table I.

Supertex

NOTE: (1) BVDSSDrain-source breakdown voltage. BVGSGate-source breakdown voltage.

TABLE I. Available P-Channel MOSFETs.

+VCC Force 15 Sense 12 VREF Adj. 11 4 VIN 0 to 10V IO/10 3 R1 15k R5 16.25k 7 R3 20k R4 10k 8 IO/10 R7 6250 10 9 R6 1562.5 6 R9 50 +10V Reference R8 500 16 1 13 14

1F

+VCC 13.5 to 40V

IO Short Connection (see text) QEXT P-Channel MOSFET (see text) IO 4 to 20mA RL (250 typ) Span Adjust 4mA Span 16mA Span

Zero Adjust

R2

5k

5 2

INPUT OUTPUT RANGE (V) RANGE (mA) 0-10 2-10 0-10 0-10 0-5 1-5 0-5 0-5 0-20 4-20 4-20 5-25 0-20 4-20 4-20 5-25

PIN 3 Com Com +10V Ref +10V Ref Com Com +10V Ref +10V Ref

PIN 4 Input Input Input Input Com Com Com Com

PIN 5 Com Com Com Com Input Input Input Input

PIN 9 Com Com Com Com Com Com Com Com

PIN 10 Com Com Open Com Com Com Open Com

FIGURE 1. Basic Circuit Connection.

XYR110

If the supply voltage, +VCC, exceeds the gate-to-source breakdown voltage of QEXT, and the output connection (drain of QEXT) is broken, QEXT could fail. If the gate-tosource breakdown voltage is lower than +VCC, QEXT can be protected with a 12V zener diode connected from gate to source. Two PNP discrete transistors (Darlington-connected) can be used for QEXTsee Figure 2. Note that an additional capacitor is required for stability. Integrated Darlington transistors are not recommended because their internal base-emitter resistors cause excessive error. TRANSISTOR DISSIPATION Maximum power dissipation of QEXT depends on the power supply voltage and full-scale output current. Assuming that the load resistance is low, the power dissipated by QEXT is: PMAX = (+VCC) IFS (2) The transistor type and heat sinking must be chosen according to the maximum power dissipation to prevent overheating. See Table II for general recommendations.

+VCC 16 1 XTR110 13 14 2 0.047F 2N2907 etc. IOUT RL Common

47nF TIP30B etc.

FIGURE 2. QEXT Using PNP Transistors.

+VCC VREF Force VREF Sense VREF Adjust VREF R 20k RS


(1)

15 16 12 11 XTR110

PACKAGE TYPE TO-92 TO-237 TO-39 TO-220 TO-3

ALLOWABLE POWER DISSIPATION Lowest: Use minimum supply and at +25C. Acceptable: Trade-off supply and temperature. Good: Adequate for majority of designs. Excellent: For prolonged maximum stress. Use if hermetic package is required.

Adjust Range 5% Optimum

2 Common

TABLE II. External Transistor Package Type and Dissipation. INPUT VOLTAGE RANGE The internal op amp A1 can be damaged if its non-inverting input (an internal node) is pulled more than 0.5V below common (0V). This could occur if input pins 3, 4 or 5 were driven with an op amp whose output could swing negative under abnormal conditions. The voltage at the input of A1 is: VA1 = (VREF IN) 16 + (VIN1) 4 + (VIN2) 2 (3)

NOTE: (1) RS gives higher resolution with reduced range, set RS = 0 for larger range.

FIGURE 3. Optional Adjustment of Reference Voltage.

QREF

Force Sense

15 12 XTR110 2 16 +VCC

+10VREF

This voltage should not be allowed to go more negative than 0.5V. If necessary, a clamp diode can be connected from the negative-going input to common to clamp the input voltage. COMMON (Ground) Careful attention should be directed toward proper connection of the common (grounds). All commons should be joined at one point as close to pin 2 of the XTR110 as possible. The exception is the IOUT return. It can be returned to any point where it will not modulate the common at pin 2. VOLTAGE REFERENCE The reference voltage is accurately regulated at pin 12 (VREF SENSE). To preserve accuracy, any load including pin

For 100mA with VCC up to 40V use 2N3055 for QREF.

FIGURE 4. Increasing Reference Current Drive. 3 should be connected to this point. The circuit in Figure 3 shows adjustment of the voltage reference. The current drive capability of the XTR110s internal reference is 10mA. This can be extended if desired by adding an external NPN transistor shown in Figure 4. OFFSET (ZERO) ADJUSTMENT The offset current can be adjusted by using the potentiometer, R1, shown in Figure 5. Set the input voltage to zero and then adjust R1 to give 4mA at the output. For spans starting 6

XTR110

1F Tantalum 15 16 12 3 4 5 6 7 8 2 R4 R1 R3 R2 Offset Adjust Span Adjust 1 24V 13 XTR110 14 G S

20

Output Current, IO (mA)

Third Wire

R1 = 100k R2 = 100k R3 = 49.9k R4 = 31.6 Span Adjust 0.45% as shown

15 16mA Span 10

0V to +10V

D 4mA to 20mA Out RL 250 1V to +5V Out

Zero Adjust 1.8% Optimum

4mA Offset 2.5 0 2 4 6 8 10

Input Voltage, VIN1 (V)

FIGURE 6. Zero and Span of 0V to +10V Input, 4mA to 20mA Output Configuration (see Figure 5).

FIGURE 5. Offset and Span Adjustment Circuit for 0V to +10V Input, 4mA to 20mA Output. at 0mA, the following special procedure is recommended: set the input to a small nonzero value and then adjust R1 to the proper output current. When the input is zero the output will be zero. Figures 6 and 7 show graphically how offset is adjusted. SPAN ADJUSTMENT The span is adjusted at the full-scale output current using the potentiometer, R2, shown in Figure 5. This adjustment is interactive with the offset adjustment, and a few iterations may be necessary. For the circuit shown, set the input voltage to +10V full scale and adjust R2 to give 20mA fullscale output. Figures 6 and 7 show graphically how span is adjusted. The values of R2, R3, and R4 for adjusting the span are determined as follows: choose R4 in series to slightly decrease the span; then choose R2 and R3 to increase the span to be adjustable about the center value. LOW TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT OPERATION Although the precision resistors in the XTR110 track within 1ppm/C, the output current depends upon the absolute temperature coefficient (TC) of any one of the resistors, R6, R7, R8, and R9. Since the absolute TC of the output current can have 20ppm/C, maximum, the TC of the output current can have 20ppm/C drift. For low TC operation, zero TC resistors can be substituted for either the span resistors (R6 or R7) or for the source resistor (R9) but not both.
Output Current, IO (mA)

20 See values in Figure 6. In addition, connect pins 9 and 10 together.

15

10

20mA Span

Span Adjust

5 Zero Adjust 0mA Offset 0 2 4 6 8 10

Input Voltage, VIN1 (V)

FIGURE 7. Zero and Span of 0V to +10VIN, 0mA to 20mA Output Configuration (see Figure 5).

EXTENDED SPAN For spans beyond 40mA, the internal 50 resistor (R9) may be replaced by an external resistor connected between pins 13 and 16. Its value can be calculated as follows: REXT = R9 (SpanOLD/SpanNEW) Since the internal thin-film resistors have a 20% absolute value tolerance, measure R9 before determining the final value of REXT. Self-heating of REXT can cause nonlinearity. Therefore, choose one with a low TC and adequate power rating. See Figure 10 for application.

XYR110

TYPICAL APPLICATIONS
The XTR110 is ideal for a variety of applications requiring high noise immunity current-mode signal transmission. The precision +10V reference can be used to excite bridges and transducers. Selectable ranges make it very useful as a precision programmable current source. The compact design and low price of the XTR110 allow versatility with a minimum of external components and design engineering expense. Figures 8 through 10 show typical applications of the XTR110.

+15V 15 12 11 4 3 R9 15k R10 1k A3 R3 20k 5 2 +10V Reference 16 1 13 14 7 6 R1 2

VIN A4

T1

8 10 9 R7 4.75k R8 200 Fine Trim RH 50k Course Trim

Offset Adjust

R5 2M

Span Adjust

R6 402

T3

A2

IO

A1 R4 2k

T2

R2 4.99 15V

200

IO (mA)

0 5 10

VIN (V)

R1, R2: Low TC resistors to dissipate 0.32W continuous power. For other current ranges, scale both resistors proportionately. R8, R10, R11: 10-turn trimpots for greatest sensitivity. R6, R7: Low TC resistors. A1 - A4: 1/4 LM324 (powered by 15V). T1: International Rectifier IR9513(1). T2: International Rectifier IR513(1). T3: International Rectifier IRFF9113(1). NOTE: (1) Or other adequate power rating MOS transistor.

200

FIGURE 8. 200mA Current Pump.

XTR110

Isolation Barrier

+15V

Isolated Power Supply (722) 1F 15V +15V 15V +15V 15 16 12 3 15 0 to 10V 16 ISO122 8 7 4 5 9 2 XTR110 1 13 S 14 G D 4mA to 20mA Out

RL VL

FIGURE 9. Isolated 4mA to 20mA Channel.

+24V

15 16 12 4 0V to +10V 3 5 9 2 XTR110 S 14 G D 13

REXT 0.1

0A to 10A Out

See extended span section.

FIGURE 10. 0A to 10A Output Voltage-to-Current Converter.

XYR110

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