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XTR110

PRECISION VOLTAGE-TO-CURRENT CONVERTER/TRANSMITTER
FEATURES
q 4mA TO 20mA TRANSMITTER q SELECTABLE INPUT/OUTPUT RANGES: 0V to +5V, 0V to +10V Inputs 0mA to 20mA, 5mA to 25mA Outputs Other Ranges q 0.005% MAX NONLINEARITY, 14 BIT q PRECISION +10V REFERENCE OUTPUT q SINGLE SUPPLY OPERATION q WIDE SUPPLY RANGE: 13.5V to 40V

APPLICATIONS
q INDUSTRIAL PROCESS CONTROL q PRESSURE/TEMPERATURE TRANSMITTERS q CURRENT-MODE BRIDGE EXCITATION q GROUNDED TRANSDUCER CIRCUITS q CURRENT SOURCE REFERENCE FOR DATA ACQUISITION q PROGRAMMABLE CURRENT SOURCE FOR TEST EQUIPMENT q POWER PLANT/ENERGY SYSTEM MONITORING

DESCRIPTION
The XTR110 is a precision voltage-to-current converter designed for analog signal transmission. It accepts inputs of 0 to 5V or 0 to 10V and can be connected for outputs of 4 to 20mA, 0 to 20mA, 5 to 25mA and many other commonly used ranges. A precision on-chip metal film resistor network provides input scaling and current offsetting. An internal 10V voltage reference can be used to drive external circuitry. The XTR110 is available in 16-pin plastic DIP, ceramic DIP and SOL-16 surface-mount packages. Commercial and industrial temperature range models are available.
VREF Force 15 R9 VREF Sense 12 VREF Adjust 11 VIN1 (10V) VREF In 4 3 R1 R5 R3 6 R4 R2 8 R7 VIN2 (5V) Common 5 R6 2 A1 Span Adjust A2 +10V Reference R8 1 Source Resistor 16 +VCC

13 Source Sense 14 7 Gate Drive Offset (zero) Adjust

10 4mA Span 9 16mA Span

International Airport Industrial Park • Mailing Address: PO Box 11400 • Tucson, AZ 85734 • Street Address: 6730 S. Tucson Blvd. • Tucson, AZ 85706 Tel: (520) 746-1111 • Twx: 910-952-1111 • Cable: BBRCORP • Telex: 066-6491 • FAX: (520) 889-1510 • Immediate Product Info: (800) 548-6132
©

1984 Burr-Brown Corporation

PDS-555D

Printed in U.S.A. September, 1993

.. BURR-BROWN assumes no responsibility for inaccuracies or omissions......... No patent rights or licenses to any of the circuits described herein are implied or granted to any third party...3 0.... ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS Power Supply.... 40mA ELECTROSTATIC DISCHARGE SENSITIVITY Any integral circuit can be damaged by ESD....0005 0..005 0..0002 0..1% of Span To 0..... (5) Unit may be damaged....... 260°C Output Short-Circuit Duration.... (2) Span is the change in output current resulting from a full-scale change in input voltage.. KP........ P ......100 10 +13..3 0............ KU +9......... Precision integrated circuits may be more susceptible to damage because very small parametric changes could cause the device not to meet published specifications.... +VCC See text regarding safe negative input voltage range.... BURR-BROWN does not authorize or warrant any BURR-BROWN product for use in life support devices and/or systems......... VCC vs Output Current vs Time Trim Range Output Current POWER SUPPLY Input Voltage..... Failure to observe proper handling and installation procedures can cause damage....0005 100 +10....................... –40°C to +85°C Lead Temperature (soldering.................... Burr-Brown recommends that all integrated circuits be handled with appropriate precautions.. 3s) U ...... 10s) G. “Input Voltage Range”..... ** Specifications apply to the range of RL shown in Typical Performance Curves. ESD damage can range from subtle performance degradation to complete device failure..SPECIFICATIONS ELECTRICAL At TA = +25°C and VCC = +24V and RL = 250Ω**... BURR-BROWN assumes no responsibility for the use of this information............ and all use of such information shall be entirely at the user’s own risk..5 Excluding IO –40 0 –55 –25 +10 35 0.. XTR110AG.. VIN1..6 0... Storage Temperature Range: A..0025 0..... The information provided herein is believed to be reliable. B ............................ IOS Initial vs Temperature vs Supply..2 0..... (3) Within compliance range limited by (+VCC – 2V) +VDS required for linear operation of the FET.... 300°C (wave soldering.. unless otherwise specified.05 0.... 40V Input Voltage...95 Line Regulation Load Regulation –0.. VCC Span Error Initial vs Temperature vs Supply................ BG KP... VIN2.....005 0.... KU PARAMETER TRANSMITTER Transfer Function Input Range: VIN1(5) VIN2 Current. VCC Quiescent Current TEMPERATURE RANGE Specification: AG.....01% of Span Dynamic Response Settling Time Slew Rate VOLTAGE REFERENCE Output Voltage vs Temperature vs Supply..002 0.....25 +9........4 0......025 0....003 * 0..1 0.005 0....01 +0.. VCC Output Resistance Input Resistance CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX MIN XTR110BG TYP MAX UNITS Specified Performance Specified Performance Specified Performance(1) Derated Performance(1) 16mA/20mA Span(2) IO = 4mA(1) (1) (1) (1) 0 0 4 0 IO = 10 [(VREFIn/16) + (VIN1/4) + (VIN2/2)] /RSPAN +10 * +5 * 20 * 40 * 0. Gate Drive and VREF Force .98 * 15 * * * * * * * 0......003 10 x 109 27 22 19 15 20 1...02 * * 0...02 30 * * * Specified Performance * * * * * * V ppm/°C %/V %/mA ppm/1k hrs V mA V mA °C °C °C °C 3 +40 4........... (5) For extended IREF drive circuit see Figure 4.05 50 0......... VREF IN ........... KU Operating: AG... ® XTR110 2 . NOTES: (1) Including internal reference. –55° C to +125°C K... Continuous to common and +VCC Output Current Using Internal 50Ω Resistor ... Prices and specifications are subject to change without notice.... +VCC ................2 0....003 * V V mA mA % of Span % of Span % of Span/°C % of Span/V % of Span % of Span/°C % of Span/V Ω kΩ kΩ kΩ µs µs mA/µs IO = 20mA (1) (1) (1) From Drain of FET (QEXT)(3) VIN1 VIN2 VREF In To 0.....005 0....01 0.............005 0.0003 0... (4) For VREF adjustment circuit see Figure 3...... See section........5 +85 +70 +125 +85 * * * * * Specifications same as AG/KP grades.0009 * * * * * * * * +10.. however.... IO Nonlinearity Offset Current.............. BG KP.... U .........005 0.

1 0. VCC = 24VDC. Rise for +85°C Ambient 80 2 TOTAL OUTPUT ERROR vs TEMPERATURE 60 JA = 70°C/W VCC = +40V Error (% of span) Max. or Appendix D of Burr-Brown IC Data Book.001 1 10 100 1k 10k 100k Ripple Frequency (Hz) JUNCTION TEMPERATURE RISE vs VREF OUTPUT CURRENT 100 Junction Temperature Rise Above Ambient (°C) Max. TJ = +175°C 1 AG 0 BG 40 VCC = +24V VCC = +15V –1 AG 20 0 0 2 4 –2 6 8 10 –40 –20 0 20 40 60 80 VREF Output Current (mA) (IOUT has minimal effect on TJ) Temperature (°C) ® 3 XYR110 .PIN CONFIGURATION Top View Source Resistor Common VREF In VIN1 (10V) VIN2 (5V) Zero Adjust Zero Adjust Span Adjust 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 16 +VCC 15 VREF Force 14 Gate Drive 13 Source Sense 12 VREF Sense 11 VREF Adjust 10 4mA Span 9 16mA Span PACKAGE INFORMATION MODEL XTR110AG XTR110BG XTR110KP XTR110KU PACKAGE 16-Pin Ceramic DIP 16-Pin Ceramic DIP 16-Pin Plastic DIP SOL-16 Surface-Mount PACKAGE DRAWING NUMBER(1) 109 109 180 211 NOTE: (1) For detailed drawing and dimension table.001 1 10 100 1k 10k 100k Ripple Frequency (Hz) 0. RL = 250Ω.01 0. Temp. unless otherwise noted. please see end of data sheet.01 0. ORDERING INFORMATION MODEL XTR110AG XTR110BG XTR110KP XTR110KU PACKAGE 16-Pin Ceramic DIP 16-Pin Ceramic DIP 16-Pin Plastic DIP SOL-16 Surface-Mount TEMPERATURE RANGE –40°C to +85°C –40° C to +85°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CURVES TA = +25°C.1 0. VREF LINE REGULATION vs FREQUENCY 10 10 IO POWER SUPPLY REGULATION vs FREQUENCY ∆ IO /∆ VCC (% of span/V) ∆ VREF/∆ VCC (%/V) 1 1 0.

01% of Span/Box) ® XTR110 4 . VCC = 24VDC.01% of Span/Box) IO into 500Ω 0V SETTLING TIME WITH POS VIN STEP VIN 0V 0V IO Error (0. RL = 250Ω. ICC vs TEMPERATURE 5 IO = 20mA 2500 MAXIMUM RL vs VCC ICC (mA) (excluding IO) 4 2000 IO MAX = 20mA IO = 4mA 2 RL (Ω) 3 1500 1000 IO MAX = 40mA 1 0 –40 –20 0 20 40 60 80 Temperature (°C) 500 0 15 20 25 +VCC (V) 30 35 40 SETTLING TIME WITH NEG VIN STEP VIN 0V VIN 0V PULSE RESPONSE 0V IO Error (0.TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CURVES (CONT) TA = +25°C. unless otherwise noted.

25kΩ 7 R3 20kΩ R4 10kΩ 8 IO/10 R7 6250Ω 10 9 R6 1562.5 to 40V IO Short Connection (see text) QEXT P-Channel MOSFET (see text) IO 4 to 20mA RL (250Ω typ) Span Adjust 4mA Span 16mA Span Zero Adjust R2 5kΩ 5 2 INPUT OUTPUT RANGE (V) RANGE (mA) 0-10 2-10 0-10 0-10 0-5 1-5 0-5 0-5 0-20 4-20 4-20 5-25 0-20 4-20 4-20 5-25 PIN 3 Com Com +10V Ref +10V Ref Com Com +10V Ref +10V Ref PIN 4 Input Input Input Input Com Com Com Com PIN 5 Com Com Com Com Input Input Input Input PIN 9 Com Com Com Com Com Com Com Com PIN 10 Com Com Open Com Com Com Open Com FIGURE 1. It must have a voltage rating equal or greater than the maximum power supply voltage. Available P-Channel MOSFETs. TABLE I. This transistor conducts the output signal current. QEXT. EXTERNAL TRANSISTOR An external pass transistor. 11 4 VIN 0 to 10V IO/10 3 R1 15kΩ R5 16. An external RSPAN can be connected for different output current ranges as described later. 9 and 10 as shown in the table of Figure 1. 5. 4. BVGS—Gate-source breakdown voltage. The complete transfer function of the XTR110 is: 10 IO = (VREF IN) 16 + (VIN1) 4 RSPAN + (VIN2) 2 (1) MANUFACTURER Ferranti PART NO. A P-channel MOSFET transistor is recommended. ZVP1304A ZVP1304B ZVP1306A ZVP1306B IRF9513 MTP8P08 RFL1P08 RFT2P08 VP0300B VP0300L VP0300M VP0808B VP0808L VP0808M VP1304N2 VP1304N3 VP1306N2 VP1306N3 BVDSS(1) 40V 40V 60V 60V 60V 80V 80V 80V 30V 30V 30V 80V 80V 80V 40V 40V 60V 60V BVGS(1) 20V 20V 20V 20V 20V 20V 20V 20V 40V 40V 40V 40V 40V 40V 20V 20V 20V 20V PACKAGE TO-92 TO-39 TO-92 TO-39 TO-220 TO-220 TO-39 TO-220 TO-39 TO-92 TO-237 TO-39 TO-92 TO-237 TO-220 TO-92 TO-220 TO-92 International Rectifier Motorola RCA Siliconix (preferred) RSPAN is the internal 50Ω resistor. is required as shown in Figure 1. Basic Circuit Connection. when connected as shown in Figure 1.APPLICATIONS INFORMATION Figure 1 shows the basic connections required for 0 to 10V input and 4 to 20mA output. +VCC Force 15 Sense 12 VREF Adj. R9. Other input voltage and output current ranges require changes in connections of pins 3.5Ω 6 R9 50Ω +10V Reference R8 500Ω 16 1 13 14 + 1µF +VCC 13. ® 5 XYR110 . Supertex NOTE: (1) BVDSS—Drain-source breakdown voltage. Various recommended types are shown in Table I.

exceeds the gate-to-source breakdown voltage of QEXT. FIGURE 4. Set the input voltage to zero and then adjust R1 to give 4mA at the output. R1. FIGURE 3. All commons should be joined at one point as close to pin 2 of the XTR110 as possible. INPUT VOLTAGE RANGE The internal op amp A1 can be damaged if its non-inverting input (an internal node) is pulled more than 0. Note that an additional capacitor is required for stability. Increasing Reference Current Drive. Acceptable: Trade-off supply and temperature. This could occur if input pins 3. FIGURE 2. For spans starting 6 XTR110 . set RS = 0Ω for larger range. This can be extended if desired by adding an external NPN transistor shown in Figure 4. Use if hermetic package is required. Excellent: For prolonged maximum stress. If necessary.If the supply voltage. shown in Figure 5. Assuming that the load resistance is low. The circuit in Figure 3 shows adjustment of the voltage reference. any load including pin ® For 100mA with VCC up to 40V use 2N3055 for QREF. The current drive capability of the XTR110’s internal reference is 10mA.5V below common (0V). TRANSISTOR DISSIPATION Maximum power dissipation of QEXT depends on the power supply voltage and full-scale output current. COMMON (Ground) Careful attention should be directed toward proper connection of the common (grounds). QEXT Using PNP Transistors. If the gate-tosource breakdown voltage is lower than +VCC. QEXT could fail. and the output connection (drain of QEXT) is broken. QREF Force Sense 15 12 XTR110 2 16 +VCC +10VREF This voltage should not be allowed to go more negative than –0. Good: Adequate for majority of designs. Adjust Range ±5% Optimum 2 Common TABLE II. 3 should be connected to this point. See Table II for general recommendations. Optional Adjustment of Reference Voltage. External Transistor Package Type and Dissipation. Integrated Darlington transistors are not recommended because their internal base-emitter resistors cause excessive error. QEXT can be protected with a 12V zener diode connected from gate to source. VOLTAGE REFERENCE The reference voltage is accurately regulated at pin 12 (VREF SENSE). OFFSET (ZERO) ADJUSTMENT The offset current can be adjusted by using the potentiometer. +VCC.5V. It can be returned to any point where it will not modulate the common at pin 2. the power dissipated by QEXT is: PMAX = (+VCC) IFS (2) The transistor type and heat sinking must be chosen according to the maximum power dissipation to prevent overheating. The exception is the IOUT return. +VCC 16 1 XTR110 13 14 2 0. 4 or 5 were driven with an op amp whose output could swing negative under abnormal conditions. IOUT RL Common 47nF TIP30B etc. The voltage at the input of A1 is: VA1 = (VREF IN) 16 + (VIN1) 4 + (VIN2) 2 (3) NOTE: (1) RS gives higher resolution with reduced range. To preserve accuracy. Two PNP discrete transistors (Darlington-connected) can be used for QEXT—see Figure 2. +VCC VREF Force VREF Sense VREF Adjust VREF R 20kΩ RS (1) 15 16 12 11 XTR110 PACKAGE TYPE TO-92 TO-237 TO-39 TO-220 TO-3 ALLOWABLE POWER DISSIPATION Lowest: Use minimum supply and at +25°C. a clamp diode can be connected from the negative-going input to common to clamp the input voltage.047µF 2N2907 etc.

maximum.5 0 2 4 6 8 10 Input Voltage. This adjustment is interactive with the offset adjustment. Figures 6 and 7 show graphically how span is adjusted. then choose R2 and R3 to increase the span to be adjustable about the center value. R2.9kΩ R4 = 31. VIN1 (V) FIGURE 7. When the input is zero the output will be zero. Self-heating of REXT can cause nonlinearity. ® 7 XYR110 . shown in Figure 5. and a few iterations may be necessary. 4mA to 20mA Output Configuration (see Figure 5).45% as shown 15 16mA Span 10 0V to +10V 9 D 4mA to 20mA Out RL 250Ω 1V to +5V Out 5 Zero Adjust ±1. 0mA to 20mA Output Configuration (see Figure 5). R3. Its value can be calculated as follows: REXT = R9 (SpanOLD/SpanNEW) Since the internal thin-film resistors have a 20% absolute value tolerance. measure R9 before determining the final value of REXT. Therefore. Since the absolute TC of the output current can have 20ppm/°C. connect pins 9 and 10 together. Offset and Span Adjustment Circuit for 0V to +10V Input. the internal 50Ω resistor (R9) may be replaced by an external resistor connected between pins 13 and 16. For low TC operation. 4mA to 20mA Output. the TC of the output current can have 20ppm/°C drift. zero TC resistors can be substituted for either the span resistors (R6 or R7) or for the source resistor (R9) but not both. SPAN ADJUSTMENT The span is adjusted at the full-scale output current using the potentiometer. EXTENDED SPAN For spans beyond 40mA.6Ω Span Adjust ±0.8% Optimum 4mA Offset –2. IO (mA) 20 See values in Figure 6. R8. Zero and Span of 0V to +10V Input. LOW TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT OPERATION Although the precision resistors in the XTR110 track within 1ppm/°C. See Figure 10 for application. Zero and Span of 0V to +10VIN. Output Current. and R9. R6. the output current depends upon the absolute temperature coefficient (TC) of any one of the resistors. FIGURE 5. set the input voltage to +10V full scale and adjust R2 to give 20mA fullscale output. Figures 6 and 7 show graphically how offset is adjusted. In addition.1µF Tantalum 15 16 12 3 4 5 6 7 8 2 R4 R1 R3 R2 Offset Adjust Span Adjust 1 24V 13 XTR110 14 G S – 20 + Output Current. and R4 for adjusting the span are determined as follows: choose R4 in series to slightly decrease the span. The values of R2. VIN1 (V) FIGURE 6. the following special procedure is recommended: set the input to a small nonzero value and then adjust R1 to the proper output current. R7. IO (mA) Third Wire R1 = 100kΩ R2 = 100kΩ R3 = 49. For the circuit shown. 15 10 20mA Span Span Adjust 5 Zero Adjust 0mA Offset 0 2 4 6 8 10 Input Voltage. at 0mA. choose one with a low TC and adequate power rating.

TYPICAL APPLICATIONS The XTR110 is ideal for a variety of applications requiring high noise immunity current-mode signal transmission. R6. T1: International Rectifier IR9513(1). Figures 8 through 10 show typical applications of the XTR110. ® XTR110 8 . Selectable ranges make it very useful as a precision programmable current source.32W continuous power. NOTE: (1) Or other adequate power rating MOS transistor. The compact design and low price of the XTR110 allow versatility with a minimum of external components and design engineering expense. R11: 10-turn trimpots for greatest sensitivity.75kΩ R8 200Ω Fine Trim RH 50kΩ Course Trim Offset Adjust R5 2MΩ Span Adjust R6 402Ω T3 A2 IO A1 R4 2kΩ T2 R2 4. T3: International Rectifier IRFF9113(1).99Ω –15V 200 IO (mA) 0 5 10 VIN (V) R1. A1 . ±200mA Current Pump. R2: Low TC resistors to dissipate 0. scale both resistors proportionately. –200 FIGURE 8. The precision +10V reference can be used to excite bridges and transducers. T2: International Rectifier IR513(1). R7: Low TC resistors.A4: 1/4 LM324 (powered by ±15V). R10. +15V 15 12 11 4 3 R9 15kΩ R10 1kΩ A3 R3 20kΩ 5 2 +10V Reference 16 1 13 14 7 6 R1 2Ω VIN A4 T1 8 10 9 R7 4. For other current ranges. R8.

® 9 XYR110 .1Ω 0A to 10A Out See extended span section. Isolated 4mA to 20mA Channel. +24V 15 16 12 4 0V to +10V 3 5 9 2 XTR110 S 14 G D 13 REXT 0. FIGURE 10.Isolation Barrier +15V Isolated Power Supply (722) 1µF –15V +15V –15V +15V 15 16 12 3 15 0 to –10V 16 ISO122 8 7 4 5 9 2 XTR110 1 13 S 14 G D 4mA to 20mA Out RL VL FIGURE 9. 0A to 10A Output Voltage-to-Current Converter.

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