ME2254 – STRENGTH OF MATERIALS (Common to Automobile Engineering, Mechatronics Engineering, Metallurgical engineering and Production engineering) (Regulation 2004

) Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks Answer ALL questions Assume any additional data required and indicate clearly PART A – (10 × 2 = 20 marks) 1.)A circular rod 1m long and 15 mm diameter is subjected to an axial tensile load of 30 kN. Find the elongation of the rod if the modulus of elasticity of the material of the rod is 120 kN/mm2. 2.) Define strain energy and write its unit. 3.) A cantilever beam 3 m long carries a load of 20 kN at its free end. Calculate the shear force and bending moment at a section 2 m from the free end. 4.) Sketch (a) the bending stress distribution (b) shear stress distribution for a beam of rectangular cross section. 5.) Find the torque which a shaft of 50 mm diameter can transmit safely, if the allowable shear stress is 75 N/mm2. 6.) Differentiate open coiled helical spring from the close coiled helical spring and state the type of stress induced in each spring due to an axial load. 7.) A cantilever beam of spring 2 m is carrying a point load of 20 kN at its free end. Calculate the slope at the free end. Assume EI = 12 × 103 kN-m2. 8.) Calculate the effective length of a long column, whose actual is 4 m when: (a) both ends are fixed (b) One end fixed while the other is free. 9.) The principal stress at a point are 100 N/mm2 (tensile) and 50 N/mm 2 (compressive) respectively. Calculate the maximum shear stress at this point. 10.) A spherical shell of 1 m diameter is subjected to an internal pressure 0.5 N/mm 2. Find the thickness if the thickness of the shell, if the allowable stress in the material of the shell is 75 N/mm2.

6 m. when the beam is simply supported. Compare the strength of this hollow shaft with that of an solid shaft. If the depth of the section is to be twice the breadth and the stress in the timber is not to exceed 7 N/mm2. Draw shear force and bending moment diagrams. Calculate (i) slope at the left support (ii) slope and deflection under the 100 kN load. What number of coils must the spring have for its deflection to be 6mm? (16) 14 (a) beam is simply supported at its ends over a span of 10 m and carries two concentrated loads of 100 kN and 60 kN at a distance of 2 m and 5 m respectively from the left support. if it carries a concentrated load of 30 kN placed at the mid span with the same ratio of breadth to depth. 20 mm wall thickness if it is 6 m long with hinged at both ends. (16) Or (b) A helical spring of circular cross-section wire 18 mm in diameter is loaded by a force of 500 N.112 mm and change in diameter was 0.3 times the mean. (4) (ii) A bar 30 mm in diameter was subjected to a tensile load of 54 kN and measured extension on 300 mm gauge length was 0. (16) 13 (a) Calculate the power that can be transmitted at a 300 rpm by a hollow steel shaft of 75 mm external diameter and 50 mm internal diameter when the permissible shear stress for the steel is 70N/mm2 and the maximum torque is 1. weight and the length of both the shafts are the same. The same material. Determine the maximum shear stress in the material of the spring. (16) Or (b) Find the Euler critical load for a hollow cylindrical cast iron column 150mm external diameter. The mean coil diameter of the spring is 125 mm.00366 mm. Calculate Poisson’s ratio and the values of three elastic modulii. Assume EI = 36 × 104 kN-m2. (16) (Or) (b) A timber of rectangular section is to support a load of 20 kN uniformly distributed over a span of 3. How will you modify the cross section of the beam.PART B – (5 × 16 = 80 marks) 11 (i) Define the modulus of rigidity and Poisson’s ratio. (12) (12) (a) A beam of length 10 m is simply supported at its ends carries two concentrated loads of 5 kN each at a distance of 3 m 7 m from the left support and also a uniformly distributed load of 1 kN/m between the point loads. find the breadth and depth of the cross section. . The modulus of rigidity is 80 kN/mm2. Calculate the maximum bending moment.

Tech DEGREE EXAMINATION. shear and resultant stresses on the plane MN. (16) B. (16) Or (b)The state of stress at a certain point in a strained material is shown in Fig.0 N/mm2. 1. Derive a relation for change in length of a bar hanging freely under its own weight. . Using Rankine constants α = 1/1600 and 567 N/mm2. Calculate the circumferential and longitudinal stress induced and also the change in dimensions of the shell if it is subjected to an internal pressure of 1.E/B. Compare this load with that given by Rankine formula. Calculate (i) principal stresses (ii) inclination of the principal planes (iii) normal. APRIL/MAY 2005 Fourth Semester Mechanical Engineering CE 251 – STRENGTH OF MATERIALS Time : Three hours Answer ALL questions Maximum : 100 marks PART A – (10 × 2 = 20 marks) 1. (16) 15 (a) A steel cylindrical shell 3 m long which is closed at its ends. had an internal diameter of 1.5 m and a wall thickness of 20 mm.Assume Young’s modulus of cast iron as 80 kN/mm 2.3 respectively. Assume the modulus of elasticity and poisson’s ratio for steel as 200 kN/mm2 and 0.

12. Show that the shear stress over a rectangular section is parabolic. applied at the right hinge B. PART B – (5 × 16 = 80 marks) 11. (4) (ii) A simply supported beam AB uniform section. 10. . (a) (i) (ii) circular section subjected to an axial tensile load ‘W’. 9. (i) State Moment-Area Mohr’s theorem. Locate the point of maximum deflection and find the maximum deflection. Calculate the temperature through which the rod should be heated. A cylindrical shell of 500 mm diameter is required to withstand an internal pressure of 4MPa. Take factor of safety as 5.m at distance of 2 m from the left end.5 N/mm2. Draw the shear force diagram for a simply supported beam of 5 m span is subjected to a clockwise moment of 15kN. 4. (12) (8) Derive a relation for change in length of a bar of uniformly tapering A reinforced concrete column 500 mm × 500 mm in section is reinforced with 4 steel bars of 25 mm diameter.C. Calculate the maximum torque that a shaft of 125mm diameter can transmit if the maximum angle of twist is 1º in a length of 1. 4 m span is subjected to a clockwise moment of 10 kN. Derive the equation to the deflected shape of the beam. 3. Find the maximum slope and deflection of the beam if E = 0.5 m. Take the values of α and E as 17 × 10-6/K and 90 GPa respectively.2 × 105. one in each corner. Draw conjugate beam for a cantilever carrying uniformly distributed load over the entire span.2. 7. A brass rod 2 m long is fixed at both its ends. 5. Sketch the bending and shear stress distribution for ”T” section. If the thermal stress is not to exceed 76. Take C= 70 × 10 3 N/mm2. if maximum tensile strength in the plate material is 400 N/mm2 and efficiency of joint is 65%. 8. Find the minimum thickness of the shell. A rectangular R. simply supported beam of span 3 m and cross section 200 mm × 350 mm caries a point load of 100 kN at its mid span.m. 6. N/mm2. Define strain energy density.

find the pressure exerted by the fluid on the shell. (a)A thin cylindrical shell 1. internal diameter 300 mm and wall thickness 10 mm is filled up with at atmospheric pressure. 12 (b). Or (b) (i) (ii) 14. State any four assumptions made in the theory of simple Derive the bending formula M/I = f/y = E/R (12) bending.5 m long. Also find the hoop stress induced. Find the necessary (16) shaft diameter if the allowable shear stress id 100 N/mm2 and the allowable twist is 3º per 10 diameter length of the shaft. The spring is to carry a load of 3kN and the end deflection is limited to 5 cm. Take E = 2 × 105 M/mm2 and 1/m = 0. (b)(i) axial downward load W. (8) (ii) (16) Or Derive a relation for deflection of a closely coiled helical spring subjected to an A quarter elliptic leaf spring 60 cm long is made of steel plates width 10 times the thickness. Or (b) A simply supported beam is loaded as shown in fig Q.the column is carrying a load of 1000 kN.3. Draw the shear force and bending moment diagrams. Take E for steel = 210 × 103 N/mm2 and E for concrete = 14 × 103 N/mm2. (a) A solid shaft is subjected to a torque of 100 Nm. Take C = 1 × 105 N/mm2. (8) (8) 13. Find the stresses in the concrete and steel bars. If the additional fluid of 300 × 103 mm3 is pumped in the shell. the bending stress of plates must not exceed 3000 .

11. 3. Draw the shear force diagram and bending moment diagram for the cantilever loaded as shown in Fig. NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2004 Fourth Semester Mechanical Engineering CE 251 – STRENGTH OF MATERIALS Time : Three hours Answer ALL questions PART A – (10 × 2 = 20 marks) 3. Or (b) (i) stress.2 × 105 N/mm2 and modulus of rigidity is 4.E/B. the slope and deflection of the cantilever at the free end. (8) 15. Determine by moment area method. Take e = 2 × 105 N/mm2.Tech DEGREE EXAMINATION.3. A hollow circular bar having external diameter twice the inner diameter is used as a beam. Determine the Poisson’s ratio and bulk modulus of a material. Q. If the bar is subjected to a bending moment of 40 kNm and the Maximum : 100 marks . 100 mm wide and 50 mm thick is subjected to a shear stress of 80 MPa. Find suitable values of the size and number of plates to be used. and another load of W at its centre.N/mm2. (10) (16) B. (a) A cantilever of length 2α is carrying a load of W at the free end. What is a composite bar? How will you find the stress and load carried by each member of a composite bar? 4. Determine the strain energy stored in the body. Take N = 85 × 103 N/mm2. (ii) Derive a relation for strain energy stored in a body due to shear (6) A rectangular body 500 mm long. for which Young’s modulus is 1.8 × 104 N/mm2.

It carries a concentrated load of 120 kN and 80 kN at two points 3 m and 4. 12 (a) using the principle of virtual work method.allowable bending stress in the beam is limited to 100 MN/m2. Q. 16. determine: longitudinal stress developed in the pipe and circumferential stress developed in the pipe. Define the terms : Principal planes. 14. Take EI = 30000kNm2. What is the relation between an actual beam and the corresponding conjugate beam for different conditions? 17. (16) (a) A steel tube 30 mm external diameter and 25 mm internal diameter encloses a gun metal rod 20 mm diameter to which it is rigidly joined at each end. (4) (ii) Draw the shear force and bending moment diagrams for the beam loaded as shown in Fig. If the bending stress in the plate is limited to 120 N/mm2. PART B – (5 × 16 = 80 marks) 11. The temperature of the whole assembly is raised to 150ºC.65 kN? 13. (12) (a)Find the deflection at B and C for the cantilever loaded as shown in Fig.2 N/mm2. find the inner diameter of the bar. Take EI = 30000kNm2(16)Or (b)A horizontal girder of steel having uniform section is 14 m long and is simply supported at its ends. What are the assumptions made in the theory of pure torsion? 15. Q.1 × 1011 N/m2 13. principal stresses. how many plates would be required to enable the spring to carry a central point load of 2. find the principal stresses when the element is subjected to a state of pure shear stresses of value q.5 cm is subjected to an internal fluid pressure of 1. (ii) 12.5 m from the two ends respectively.11 (i) using the moment area method. 12. (i) Find the deflection at B for the cantilever loaded as shown in Fig.5 m and thickness 1.A cylindrical pipe of diameter 1. . Using Mohr’s circle method. Q.9 m long is made up of plates each 5cm wide and 1cm thick. A laminated spring 0. Take I for the section as 16 × 10-4 m4 E=2.

(16) Or .1 × 105 N/mm2 respectively. Determine the maximum tensile and maximum compressive stresses. μ = 0. Determine the external diameter of the shaft if the shear stress is not to exceed 65 N/mm2 and the twist in a length of 3 m should not exceed 1. The beam carries an uniformly distributed load of 1. having an internal diameter 50% of its external diameter.5 N/mm2.Find the intensity of stress in the rod when the common temperature has fallen to 20ºC. The value of the Young’s modulus for steel and gun metal are 2. Assume maximum torque = 1. (16) 15. Also find the change that would be made in the 4MN load. (16) (16) (a) A cast iron beam is of T section as shown in figure Q.4 degrees. Or (b) A metallic bar 250 mm × 100mm × 50mm is loaded as shown in figure Q. transmits 600 kW at 150 rpm. Take E = 2 × 105 N/mm2 and Poisson’s ratio = 0. 13 (B). (16) Or (b) A cylindrical shell 3 m long which is closed at the ends has an internal diameter of 1 m and a wall thickness of 15 mm. 14. Find the change in volume.25.3. Calculate the circumferential and longitudinal stresses induced and also change in the dimensions of the shell.2 times the mean torque and modulus of rigidity = 1 × 105 N/mm2. The beam is simply supported on a span of 8 m.5 kN/m length on the entire span. in order that there should be no change in the volume of the bar.14 (a). (a) A hollow shaft. if it is subjected to an internal pressure of 1. Take E = 2 × 105 N/mm2. The coefficient of linear expansion for steel is 12 × 10-6 perºC and for gun metal is 20 × 10-6 perºC.

19. determine the normal and tangential stresses across the oblique plane. Give conjugate beams for the cantilever beam and simply supported beam.Tech DEGREE EXAMINATION. State Maxwell-Betti Reciprocal theorem. 23. Maximum : 100 marks . Define shear force and bending moment. Using Mohr’s circle method. State and explain Hooke’s law.E/B. 15 (b).State moment area theorems. NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2005 Fourth Semester Mechanical Engineering CE 251 – STRENGTH OF MATERIALS Time : Three hours Answer ALL questions PART A – (10 × 2 = 20 marks) 5. Check the answer analytically. Find the change in length of the bar. 24. 3.(b) A point in a strained material is subjected to stresses as shown in Figure Q. State Castigliano’s theorem for the deflection of beams. (16) B 212 B. 20. 18. What are the two conditions to be satisfied in the design of a circular shaft. Draw the bending stress distribution in a T-section due to bending. 21. Define principal plane and principal stress. A short bar of length 100 mm tapers uniformly from a diameter 30 mm to a diameter of 20 mm and carries an axial compressive load of 200 kN. 22. 6. E= 200 kN/mm2.

Q 12b.PART B – (5 × 16 = 80 marks) 11. The tube is closed at each end by rigid plates. AB = 300 mm. CD = 300 mm ACD = 50 mm2 (16) (16) . 11 and also indicate the points of contra flexure if any. AAB = 25 mm2. Find the value of P and determine the total change in length of the bar. in Fig. Take Es = 200 kN/mm2. (i) Derive the relation between shear force and bending moment. If the temperature of the assembly is raised by 50ºC. (a) A steel rod of 20 mm passes centrally through a copper tube of 50 mm external diameter and 40 mm internal diameter. ABC =100 mm2. BC = 200 mm. calculate the stresses developed in the copper and steel. Ec = 100 kN/mm2. αc = 18 × 10-6 per ºC Or (b) A member ABCD is subjected to loads as shown in Fig. q. αs = 12 × 10-6 per ºC. (6) (10) (ii) Draw the shear force and bending moment diagram for the beam shown 12. E = 210 kN/mm2.

py = -35 N/mm2. Find the deflection at the free end. C = 84 kN/mm2.5 N/mm2. Determine principal planes. (16) Or (b) A cantilever beam of 5 m span carries a point load of 10 kN at midspan.13. EI = 360000 kNm2. (16) (16) . (a) For the beam shown in Fig.4ºCalculate the minimum diameters required for the shaft. (16) (a) A hollow shaft with diameter ratio 3/8 is required to transmit 500 kW at 100 rpm. Q 13a find deflection at C and maximum deflection. principal stresses and maximum shear stress. q = 11. EI = 360000 kNm2 14. the maximum torque being 20% greater than the mean. Or (b) Stresses at a point are px = 80 N/mm2. The maximum shear stress is not to exceed 60 N/mm2 and the twist in a length of 3 m is not to exceed 1.

) Draw the bending stress and shear stress distribution due to bending of beam with rectangular cross section. 2.)Write the expression for stiffness of a close coiled helical spring.Tech DEGREE EXAMINATION. Maximum : 100 marks . find the deflection at the free end of the cantilever beam of span 3 m carrying a point load of 50 kN at free end.) Estimate the load carried by a bar if the axial stress is 10 N/mm2 and the diameter of the bar is 10 mm.E/B. Or (c) Using energy method.) Draw the shear force diagram for a cantilever beam of span 4 m and carrying a point load of 50 kN at mid span. 6. (10) (16) B. Metallurgical engineering and Production engineering) (Regulation 2004) Time: Three hours Answer ALL questions PART A – (10 × 2 = 20 marks) 1.)Find the minimum diameter of shaft required to transmit a torque of 29820 Nm if the maximum shear stress is not to exceed 45 N/mm2. NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2006 Fourth Semester Mechanical Engineering CE 1262 – STRENGTH OF MATERIALS (Common to Automobile Engineering. find the slope at the end of a simply supported beam carrying a point load of 50 kN at the centre of the span = 6 m EI = 360000 kNm2. 4. Mechatronics Engineering. EI = 360000 kNm2. 5. (a) Using principal of virtual work.15.)What is the strain energy stored when a bar of 6 mm diameter 1m length is subjected to an axial load of 4 kN E = 200 kN/mm2? 3.

E = 2.F and B.(a) (i) Find the stresses in each section of the bar shown in Fig. 11(a). (16) . (a) Draw the S.) Calculate the maximum deflection of a simply supported beam carrying a point load of 100 kN at mid span. EI = 20000 kN/m2. (b) (i) A steel rod of 25 mm diameter is placed inside a copper tube of 30mm internal diameter and 5 mm thickness and the ends are rigidly connected.1 × 105 N/mm2. Span = 6 m. Q.) Find the critical load of an Euler’s column having 4 m length. 12(a). (6) 12. The diameter of pipe is 750 mm. 10. 8. The assembly is subjected to a compressive load of 250 kN.) Define principal plane and principal stresses. 9.7. Take modulus of elasticity of steel as 200 × 103 MPa. (10) (ii) Find the total strain energy stored in a steel bar of diameter 50 mm and length 300 mm when it is subjected to an axial load of 150 kN. Take the modulus of elasticity of steel and copper as 200 Gpa and 80 Gpa respectively. Determine the stresses induced in the steel rod and copper tube. PART B – (5 × 16 = 80 marks) 11. 50 mm × 100 mm cross section and hinged at both ends E = 200 kN/mm2. Q.M diagram for the beam shown in Fig.) Find the thickness of the pipe due to an internal pressure of 10 N/mm 2 if the permissible stress is 120 N/mm2. Q. Determine the points of contra flexure. 11(a) (ii) Find the total extension of the bar shown in Fig.

Q. 14(a). find the dimensions of the cross section? (16) 13 (a) A hollow steel shaft of outside diameter 75 mm is transmitting a power of 300 kW at 2000 rpm. (16) Or (b) A close coiled helical spring is to have a stiffness of 1. If the depth is twice the width of the section and the stress in timber is not to exceed 3. diameter of wire and number of coils C = 4. when the beam is simply supported. 14(b). Find the thickness of the shaft if the maximum shear stress is not to exceed 40 N/mm2. (16) (16 Or (b) For the cantilever beam shown in Fig.5 N/mm of compression under a maximum load of 60 N. Use Macaulay’s method. Find the deflection and slope at the .Or (b)A timber beam of rectangular section is to support a load of 20 kN uniformly distributed over a span of 3. Q. EI = 1 × 10 11 kN/mm2. (16) 14 (a) Find the maximum deflection of the beam shown in Fig.5 N/mm 2. free end.5 × 104 N/mm2. The maximum shearing stress produced in the wire of the spring 125 N/mm2. The solid length of the spring is 50 mm.6 m. EI = 10000 kN/m2. Find the diameter of coil.

15 (a) The normal stresses in two mutually perpendicular directions are 110 N/mm2 and 47 N/mm2 both tensile. υ = 0. Or (b) A cylinder shell 3 m long which is closed at the ends has an internal diameter 1 m and wall thickness of 15 mm. The complementary shear stresses in these directions are of intensity 63 N/mm2. (16) (16) .5 N/mm2 E = 2 × 105 N/mm2. Find the principal stresses and its planes. Calculate the change in dimensions and change in volume if the internal pressure is 1.3.