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assistance to the small-scale industries through its scheme of refinance and, to a limited extent, through its bills rediscounting scheme. As it is not feasible for the IDBI to reach a large number of smallscale industries scattered all over the country, the flow of its assistance to this vast number has, therefore, been indirect in the form of refinancing of loans granted by the banks and the State Financial Corporations (SFCs). Industrial Finance Corporation of India ltd (IFCI) Some sectors that have directly benefited from IFCIs disbursals include: Consumer goods industry (textiles, paper, sugar); Service industries (hotels, hospitals); Basic industries (iron & steel, fertilizers, basic chemicals, cement); Capital & intermediate goods industries (electronics, synthetic fibers, synthetic plastics, miscellaneous chemicals); and Infrastructure (power generation, telecom services). IFCI Venture Capital Funds Ltd. (IVCF) IFCI Venture Capital Funds Ltd. (IVCF) was originally set up by IFCI as a Society by the name of Risk Capital Foundation (RCF) in 1975 to provide institutional support to first generation professionals and technocrats setting up their own ventures in the medium scale sector, under the Risk Capital Scheme. In 1988, RCF was converted into a company, Risk Capital and Technology Finance Corporation Ltd. (RCTC), when it also introduced the Technology Finance and Development Scheme for financing development and commercialization of indigenous technology. To reflect the shift in the companys activities, the name of RCTC was changed to IFCI Venture Capital Funds Ltd (IVCF) in February 2000. Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India Ltd. (ICICI) The ICICI performs the following functions: (i) It provides assistance by way of rupee and foreign currency loans, underwriting and direct subscriptions to shares/debentures and guarantees, (ii) It offers variety of financial services such as deferred credit, leasing credit, installment sale, asset credit and venture capital. (iii) It guarantees loans from other private investment sources. Industrial Reconstruction Bank of India (IRBI) The IRBI had diversified its activities into ancillary lines such as consultancy services, merchant banking and equipment leasing. All these activities are allied to its task of rehabilitation of sick industrial units. Through its consultancy services, IRBI attempts to help banks and financial institutions to assess intrinsic worth of sick units, which are seeking assistance for revival. Through its merchant banking services, IRBI enables units in the process of amalgamation, merger and reconstruction. Equipment leasing was, in fact, an extension of the IRBI hire-purchase scheme Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) Today LIC functions with 2048 fully computerized branch offices, 100 divisional offices, 7 zonal offices and the corporate office. LICs Wide Area Network covers 100 divisional offices and connects all the branches through a Metro Area Network. LIC has tied up with some Banks and Service providers to offer on-line premium collection facility in selected cities. LICs ECS and ATM premium payment facility is an addition to customer convenience. Apart from on-line Kiosks and IVRS, Info Centres have been commissioned at Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Kolkata, New Delhi, Pune and many other cities. With a vision of providing easy access to its policyholders, LIC has launched its SATELLITE SAMPARK offices. The satellite offices are smaller, leaner and closer to the customer. The digitalized records of the satellite offices will facilitate anywhere servicing and many other conveniences in the future.

Unit Trust of India (UTI) The Unit Trust of India (UTI), established under an Act of Parliament in 1964, mobilize savings of small investors through sale of units and channelize them into corporate investments. Over the years, the UTI has introduced a variety of schemes to meet the need of diverse sections of investors. The UTI also provides assistance to the corporate sector by way of term-loans and underwriting/direct subscription to shares/debentures. INCENTIVES AND FACILITIES SalesTax concessions StateGovernmentsgiveconcessions in sales tax to new units/sick units on the sale of their finished products at the first point of sale for a period of three to fifteen years. The facilities are available in Uttar Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Daman & Diu, Karnataka, Meghalaya, Himachai Pradesh, Gujarat, Nagaland, Punjab, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Haryana and Tripura. Exemption from stamp duty and local taxes State Governments exempt stamp duty in respect of land allofted by the Government to the new industrial units. Machinery, equipments, raw materials and packing materials of new units are exempted from payment of octroi duty and other local taxes. The facilities are available in Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Daman, Karnataka, Meghalaya, Gujarat, Nagaland, Rajasthan, Haryana, Maharashtra and Manipur. Rebate in electricity charges and water charges State Governments provide rebate in electricity charges and water charges to the new and existing units in their respective States. The facilities are available in Sikkim, Daman, Karnataka, Himachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Nagaland, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Maharashtra. Interest Subsidy State Governments provide interest subsidy to entrepreneurs on term loans which they get from State Financial Institutions/Scheduled Banks. The facilities are available in Jammu & Kashmir, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Sikkim, Meghalaya, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh and Manipur. State Transport Subsidy Some State Governments provide State transport subsidy at notified rates from time to time to industrial units on transportation of raw materials and finished products. The facilities are available in Jammu & Kashmir, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Nagaland and Manipur. Subsidy for technical know-how State Governments provide subsidy on the cost of technical know-how obtained by small scale industries from reputed and well established research and development organisations. For obtaining such technical know- how, plrior permission from State Governments has to be obtained. The facilities are available in Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Delhi, Kerala and Manipur. Marketing Support The State Government Departments, Semi-Government Organisat,ions, Autonomous Government Organisations, Grant-in-Aid Institutions, Departmental Undertakings, etc. while making purchases of their requirements of store items, give preference to the products manufactured by the local SSI units. The facilities are available in Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Nagaland, Delhi, Kerala, Manipur and Tripura. Special facilities for export oriented un4ts State Governments provide special package of incentives and better infrastructural facilities for export oriented units. State Governments reimburse costs incurred by SSI units for shipment of export samples from the nearest port/container depot to the port of destination. The facilities are available in Uttar Pradesh, Kar nataka, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan and Tripura. Air Freight Subsidy State Governments provide Air Freight Subsidy to SSI units on their finished goods for any destination. The facilities are available in Uttar Pradesh.

Incentives to Non-Resident Indians (NRis) State Governments provide special incentives for setting up new industries by NRis in their respective States. The facilities are available in Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Purjab and Rajasthan. FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS AND SMALL SCALE INDUSTRIES ALL INDIA INSTITUTIONS 1 Small Scale Industries Board: SSI Board is the apex non-statutory advisory body constituted by the Government of India to render advice on all issues pertaining to the SSI sector. It provides a forum to its members for interaction to facilitate co-operation and inter institutional linkages and to render advice to the Government on various policy matters, for the development of the sector. The Board was first constituted in 1954. Its term is for two years. 2 Ministry of Small Scale Industries : The process of liberalization and market reforms has created wideranging opportunities of the development of small scale industries. At the same time, 280 changing world scenario has thrown up new challenges to the very existence of this sector. The need of the hour is to suitably strengthen the sector so that it could adapt itself to the changed environment and face the challenges boldly and effectively. The implementation of policies and various programmes/schemes for providing infrastructure and support services to small enterprises is undertaken through its attached office, namely the Small Industries Development Organization (SIDO), statutory bodies/other organizations like Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) & Coir Board, National Small Industries Corporation (NSIC) and three training institutesNational Institute of Small Industry Extension Training (NISIET), Hyderabad, Indian Institute for Entrepreneurship (IIE), National Institute for Entrepreneurship and Small Business Development (NIESBUD) 3 Small Industry Development Organisation (SIDO): Advising the Govt. in policy matters concerning small scale sector. Providing techno-economic and managerial consultancy, common facilities and extension services. Providing facilities for technology up-gradation, modernization quality improvement & infrastructure. Human resources development through training and skill up-gradation. Providing economic information services. Maintaining close liaison and vital linkage with the Central Ministries, Planning Commission, Financial Institutions, State Govts. & similar other developmental organizations/agencies related to the promotion and development of SSI Sector. 4 National Small Industries Corporation (NSIC) Limited : Some of the main services provided by NSIC are described below: Machinery and Equipment (Hire-Purchase Scheme) Machinery and Equipment (Lease Scheme) Financial Assistance Scheme Assistance for Procurement of Raw Material Marketing Assistance Government Store Purchase Programme Technology Transfer Centre 5 The Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) The Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) is a statutory body created by an Act of Parliament in April 1957. The KVIC is supposed to do the planning, promotion, organization and implementation of programmes for the development of khadi and other village industries in the rural areas in coordination with other agencies engaged in rural development wherever necessary. The broad objectives that the KVIC has set before it are: The social objective of providing employment The economic objective of producing saleable articles, The wider objective of creating self-reliance amongst the poor and building up of a strong rural community spirit.

6 Coir Board: Coir Board is a statutory body established by the Government of India under a legislation enacted by the Parliament namely Coir Industry Act 1953 for the promotion and development of Coir Industry in India as a whole. 7Industrial Finance Corporation of India ltd (IFCI ): Some sectors that have directly benefited from IFCIs disbursals include: Consumer goods industry (textiles, paper, sugar); Service industries (hotels, hospitals); Basic industries (iron & steel, fertilizers, basic chemicals, cement); Capital & intermediate goods industries (electronics, synthetic fibers, synthetic plastics, miscellaneous chemicals); and Infrastructure (power generation, telecom services). 8 Training Institutes: National Institute of Small Industries Extension Training (NISIET) The NISIET since its inception by the Government of India has taken gigantic strides to become the premier institution for the promotion, development and modernization of the SME sector. An autonomous arm of the Ministry of Small Scale Industries, the Institute strives to achieve its avowed objectives through a gamut of operations ranging from training, consultancy, research and education, to extension and information services. National Institute for Entrepreneurship & Small Business Development (NIESBUD): NIESBUDS role is that of a catalyst as it helps in developing the effectiveness of all these organizations. Programmes initiated/sponsored by the NIESBUD are constantly evaluated and revised to suit the changing needs in the area of entrepreneurship and small business development. The institute is engaged in creating a climate conducive for entrepreneurship and in developing favourable attitude amongst the general public in support of those who opt for entrepreneurial career. Entrepreneurship Development Institute of India (EDII): EDII has been spearheading an entrepreneurship movement throughout the nation in the belief that entrepreneurs need not necessarily be born; they can be developed through well-conceived and well-directed activities. Indian Institute of Entrepreneurship (IIE):The policy direction and guidance is provided to the Institute by its Board of Management whose chairman is the Secretary to the Government of India, Ministry of Small Scale Industries. Chairman, NEC, heads the governing council of the institute and the Secretary, SSI and ARI, and Govt. of India head the Executive Committee. STATE LEVEL INSTITUTIONS 1 State Industrial Development Corporations (SIDCs): The State Industrial Development Corporations were set up under the Companies Act, 1956, as wholly owned state government undertakings for promotion and development of medium and large industries. In addition to provision of financial assistance, they are also involved in developing industrial infrastructure like industrial estates, industrial parks and setting up industrial projects either on their own or in the joint sector in collaboration with private entrepreneurs or as wholly owned subsidiaries. 2 State Directorate of Industries (SDIs) Under the constitution of India promotion and development of small scale industries is a State subject. Therefore, the primary responsibility for implementation of policies and programmes of assistance rests with the Directorate of Industries in each State. It acts under the overall guidance of SIDO and concerned Central institutions. It performs both regulatory and developmental functions. It functions through a network of District Industries offices, industries offices and extension offices at district subdivision and block level respectively. The main functions of Directorate of Industries are as follows: a) Registration of small scale units b) Providing financial assistance c) Distributing scare and indigenous raw materials to industrial units

d) Granting essentiality certificates for import of raw material e) Establishing industrial estates and industrial co-operatives f) Developing industrial infrastructure g) Undertaking industrial surveys and collecting information h) Arranging concessions and incentives for industries. i) Overall administration of village and small scale industries. j) Maintaining liaison with other agencies for industrial development. 3 District Industries Centres (DICs) Initially institutional infrastructure for small industry development existed at the state level and there was hardly any promotional machinery at the district level except a small office of the district industries. In late 70s, it was felt that if a district has to be a unit of planning, there should be strong promotional machinery with delegated powers at the district level. It was therefore, felt that an agency should be set up a district level, which will have necessary expertise to guide an entrepreneur and meet all his requirements FUND-BASED INSTITUTIONS 1 Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI): Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) was established in April 1990 under an Act of Indian Parliament as the principal financial institution for: Promotion Financing Development of industry in the small-scale sector Co-ordinating the functions of other institutions engaged in similar activities 2 Commercial Banks: a) Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India Ltd. (ICICI): The ICICI performs the following functions: (i) It provides assistance by way of rupee and foreign currency loans, underwriting and direct subscriptions to shares/debentures and guarantees, (ii) It offers variety of financial services such as deferred credit, leasing credit, installment sale, asset credit and venture capital. (iii) It guarantees loans from other private investment sources. b) Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI) The IDBI provides assistance to the small-scale industries through its scheme of refinance and, to a limited extent, through its bills rediscounting scheme. As it is not feasible for the IDBI to reach a large number of small-scale industries scattered all over the country, the flow of its assistance to this vast number has, therefore, been indirect in the form of refinancing of loans granted by the banks and the State Financial Corporations (SFCs). 3 State Financial Corporations (SFCs) SFCs provide term loan to small and medium scale industries for creation of assets, viz., land, building and machinery. They also provide working capital term-loan to the industrial units on competitive terms. Various non-fund based services like merchant banking, under-writing of public issues, project counseling, bill discounting, leasing and hire purchase are also been undertaken by them. They are operating a number of financial assistance schemes for the benefit of the entrepreneurs such as assistance for marketing activities, equipment finance, special schemes for assistance to ex-servicemen, single window scheme, etc. SFCs provide maximum loan upto Rs. 240 lakhs. The interest on loan ranges between 13.75% to 16.5% depending upon the size of the loan and its term. POLICY SUPPORT TO SMALL SCALE INDUSTRIES INTRODUCTION After attaining independence in 1947 India adopted mixed economic planning as a method to achieve economic development. Along with the Large Scale sector the thrust was on Small Scale sector because of it decentralized, its small size, use mainly indigenous technology, employment intensity and its suitability for rural area with limited techno-economic structure. Industrial policies over the year have focused to promote SSIs through various incentives related to financial, fiscal and infrastructure measure; along with a heavy industrial base.

The various provisions under Industrial Policy Resolutions formulated by the government in assisting the small scale industries (SSI) The various fiscal incentives for SSIs INDUSTRIAL POLICY RESOLUTION AND SSIs INDUSTRIAL POLICY RESOLUTION 1948 1 SSIs are particularly suited for the utilization of local resources and creation of employment opportunities . 2 The primary responsibility for developing small industries by creating infrastructure has been provided to state government. 3 Central government frame the broad policies and coordinates the efforts of State Government for development of SSIs. INDUSTRIAL POLICY RESOLUTION 1956 1 It stated that besides continuing the policy support to cottage, village and small industries by differential taxation or direct-subsidies, the aim of state policy would be that the development of this sector is integrated with that of large scale industry. 2 The focus was to improve the competitive strength of SSIs. INDUSTRIAL POLICY RESOLUTION 1977 The main thrust of policy was effective promotion of cottage, village and small industries widely dispersed in rural area and small towns. This thinking specified the following things: 504 items were reserved for exclusive production in the small scale industries. The concept of District Industrial Centers (DICs) was introduced to that in each district a single agency could meet all the requirement of SSIs under one roof. Technological up gradation was emphasized in traditional sector . Special marketing arrangement through the provision of services, such as, production standardization, quality control, market survey, were laid down. INDUSTRIAL POLICY RESOLUTION 1990 Main feature of this resolution are as follows: 1. It raised the investment ceiling in plant and machinery for SSIs. 2. It created central investment subsidy for this sector in rural and backward area. Also, assistance was granted to woman entrepreneurs for widening the entrepreneurial base. 3. Reservation of items to be produced by SSIs was increased to 836. 4. Small Industries Development Bank of India was established to ensure adequate flow of credit to SSIs. 5. Stress was reiterated to upgrade technology to improve competitiveness. 6. Special emphasis was laid on training of woman and youth under Entrepreneurial Development Programme. 7. Activities of Khadi and Village Industries Commission and Khadi and Village Industrial Board were to expand. INDUSTRIAL POLICY RESOLUTION 1991 The basic thrust of this resolution was to simplify regulations and procedures by delicensing, deregulation . Its salient feature are: SSIs were exempted from licensing for all articles of manufacture. The investment limit for tiny enterprises was raised to Rs.5 lacs irrespective of location. Equity participation by other industrial undertaking was permitted up to a limit of 24% of shareholding in SSIs. Factoring services were to launch to solve the problem of delayed payment to SSIs. Priority was accorded to small and tiny units in allocation of indigenous and raw materials. Market promotion of products was emphasized through co-operatives, public institutions and other marketing agencies and corporations. COMPREHENSIVE POLICY PACKAGE FOR SSIS AND TINY SECTOR 2000 The exemption for excise duty limit raised from 50 lakhs to Rs One crore to improve the competitiveness. The limit of investment was increased in industry related service and business enterprises from Rs 5 lakhs to Rs 10 lakhs. The scheme of granting Rs 75000 to each small scale enterprise for obtaining ISO 9000 certificate was continued till the end 10 th plan. SSI associations were motivated to develop and operate testing laboratories. The limit of composite loan was increased from Rs10 lakhs to Rs 25 lakh. The coverage of ongoing Integrated Infrastructure Development (IID) was enhanced to cover all area in the country with 50% reservation for rural area and 50%earmarking of plots for tiny sector. The family income eligibility limit of Rs 24000 was enhanced to Rs 40000 per annum under the Prime Minister Rozgar Yozna (PMRY).

INDUSTRIAL POLICY PACKAGE FOR SSI 2001-02 This policy emphasizes the following: The investment limit was enhanced from Rs 1crore for to Rs 5 crore for units in hosiery and hand tool sub sectors. The corpus fund set up under the Credit Guarantee Fund Scheme was increased from 125 crore to 200 crore. Credit Guarantee cover was provided against an aggregate credit of Rs 23 crore till December 2001. Market Development Assistant Scheme was launched exclusively for SSI sector. INDUSTRIAL POLICY ON SSIS 2004-05 Policy initiatives for this year are as follows: The national commission on Enterprises in the Unorganized/Informal Sector was set up in September 2004.It suggested measures considered necessary for improvement in the productivity of these enterprises, generation of large scale employment opportunities, linkage of the sector to institutional framework in area like credit ,raw material supply, infrastructure, technology up gradation ,marketing facilities and skill development by training .The investment limit in plant and machinery was raised from Rs One crore to Rs 5 crore in October 2004,in respect of seven item of sports goods to help to upgrade the technology and enhance competitiveness. The Small and Medium Enterprise (SME) fund of Rs 10000 crores was stared by SIDBI since April 2004,with 80% of the lending for SSI units. The interest rate was 2%below the prevailing Prime Lending Rate (PLR) of the SIDBI. The reserve Bank of India raised the composite loan limit from Rs 50 lakhs to Rs One crore. Promotional Package for small enterprises was initiated. FISCAL INCENTIVES AND FACILITIES TO SSIs Fiscal incentives are provided through tax concessions granted in the form of exempted of direct or indirect taxes leviable on production or profits, besides special tax concessions. These incentives have been provided to promote the SSIs and discussed in following: 1.TAX HOLIDAY With effect from financial year 2005-06, deduction in respect of profit and gains for small scale industrial undertaking is available under Section 80IB. Small scale industrial undertaking can claim deduction at the following rates: If SSI unit is owned by a company , the deduction available is 30% for first 10 year , If SSI unit is owned by a co-cooperative society, the deduction to be availed is 25% for first 10 years , and If any other person owns SSI units ,the deduction to be claimed is 25% for first 10 years . 2.TAX EXEMPTION CONDITIONS: No small scale or ancillary undertaking shall be subsidiary of, or owned or controlled by other industries undertaking . The SSI unit should commence business between 1 st April1991 and 31 st March 2002. SSI unit can manufacture any nature/type of goods /article to avail deduction. They should employ at least 10 workers in manufacturing process carried out with aid of power or at least 20 worker in manufacturing process carried out without the aid of power. This tax exemption from total income is allowed from the assessment year in which the unit being to manufacture or produce goods or articles. 3.EXCISE CONCESSIONS: Government of India has provided a major relief by grating full exemption from the payment of central excise duty on a specified output and thereafter slab-wise concessions. The following concessions are available to them in this regard: 1) SSI units producing goods up to Rs.100 lakhs are exempted from payment of excise duties. 2) SSI units having turnover less than Rs.60 lakhs per annum need not have a separate storeroom for storing the finished products. 3)SSIs are also not required to maintain any statutory records such as daily stock account of production and clearance , raw material account ,personal ledger account etc. their own record are adequate for excise purpose. 4) There is no distinction between registered and unregistered units for SSI concessions for SSIs has been based on annual turnover rather than SSI registration . Duty liability is to be discharged by 15 th of following month. 5)The SSI exemption is available for home consumption ,as well as in respect of goods exported to Nepal & Bhutan. 6) Normally ,excise officers are not expected to visit SSI units paying less than Rs.11lakhs duty annually . 7)With effect from 1-4-1994, Gate Pass System was replaced by manufacturer invoice to cover clearance of goods as the duty-paying document. 4.MEASURES FOR PROMOTION AND DEVELOPMENT OF SSIs Central and state Government have formulated several schemes to make the SSIs vital and competitive. Reservation policy Governments purchased

preference policy for SSI products. Governments price preference policy for marketing SSI products. Technical assistance Raw material assistance Financial assistance New initiatives 5.RESERVATION POLICY Out of 836 items reserved in 1989,39 items were dereserved in four phases viz., 15 items in 1997 9 items on 1999 1 item on 2001 and, 14 item on 2001.subsequently, 51 item were dereserved in 2002, 75 item in 2003 and 85 items in 2004, 108 in March 2005 and 180 in May 2006. Now 298 items stand reserved for this sector. 6.GOVERNMENTS PURCHASE PREFERENCE POLICY FOR SSI PRODUCTS Under the Store Purchase Policy of the Government 409 items of store were reserved for exclusive purchase from KVIC/Womens Development Corporation/Small Scale units in 1989. This list reviewed . In February2004, the Committee (set up to consider the question of inclusion of additional items) revised list and 358 items were approved , after deleting items having common nomenclature and addition of some new ones. This list also includes 8 handicraft items reserved for purchase from the Handicraft Sector. 7.GOVERNMENT PRICE PREFERENCE POLICY FOR MARKETING SSI PRODUTS These facilities includes the following : Price preference up to 15%in case of selected items. No registration fee. A consortium to channelize and identify for the production of SSIs both in India and abroad. 8.THE SINGLE POINT REGISTRATION SCHEME OF NSIC the following benefits are given to SSIs units, which get them registered with the NSIC: Availability of tender sets free cost. Exempted from payment of Earnest Money Deposit. Exempted from payment of Security Deposit up to the monetary limit for which the unit is registered. Price preference up to15% over the lowest quotation of the large scale units. The benefit is available to compensate them on a/c of non-availability of economies of scale ,poor resource base, poor access to raw material as compared to the large scale sector. 9.TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE Technology audits and benchmarking Technology needs assessment Technology sourcing Application of new acquisition. Technology acquisition . Material testing facilities through accredited laboratories. Product design including Computer Aided Designs. Common facility support in machining Energy and environment services at selected centers. Classroom and practical training for skill upgradation