# Well Control Driller’s Method Remove the formation fluid with the original mud.

Kick occurs with bit on bottom. 1) Shut off the pump 2) Pull Kelly out of BOP 3) Close the BOP 4) Close the choke lines if conditions allow 5) Record pressures on the drill pipe and annulus 6) Record the kick volume 7) Prepare to displace the formation fluid

To work the kick up, start the pumps at the kill rate. The circulation pressure should be known before the operation. The drill pipe pressure well remain constant working the bubble to the surface. Drill pipe pressure will be the circulation pressure plus the shut in drill pipe pressure.

Engineer’s Method Remove the formation fluid with weighted mud. 1) Same as above 2) Calculate the new mud weight and mix it. 3) Calculate the drill pipe pressures 4) Prepare to displace the formation fluid To work the kick, up start the pumps at the kill rate. The drill pipe pressure will decrease as the weighted mud displaces the original mud in the drill pipe. When the new mud reaches the drill bit the drill pipe pressure will be the circulating pressure. Example 15,000’ 15 ppg mud Pdp 700 psi Normal Rate Kill Rate

7 7/8” hole 4 ½” Drill pipe 13,000’ casing Pa 1000 psi Pit Gain 20 bbls 6 BPM @ 60 SPM 3 BPM @ 30 SPM 750 psi

400/.31 psi/stroke Pumping Schedule Min 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Strokes 0 150 300 450 600 750 900 1050 1200 1350 1500 Pressure 1450 1403 1356 1309 1262 1215 1168 1121 1074 1027 980 Final Circulating pressure .4 psi/min (1450 psi -795 psi)/ 2100 strokes = .9/15 =795 psi Time for mud to reach the bit Capacity of DP / pump rate .Calculations Pp= 13000 * .052 *15000 = 15.400 psi Initial pump pressure Shut in pressure + Circulating pressure 700 +750 =1450 psi Mud weight required 12.014 bpf * 15000’/ 3 BPM = 70 min or 2100 strokes Rate of pressure drop (1450 psi – 795 psi) / 70 min = 9.9 ppg Circulating pressure * new mud/ old mud 750 *15.052 * 15 + 700 =12.

55 60 65 70 1650 1800 1950 2100 933 886 839 795 Continuous increase in mud weight Pressure reduction per .6 15.2 15.8 psi/.9 time In out 0 70 15 85 30 100 45 115 60 130 75 145 strokes in out 0 2100 450 2550 900 3000 1350 3450 1800 3900 2250 4350 Pressure 1450 1304 1158 1012 866 795 .8 15.1 ppg Mud W 15 15.1 ppg 1450-795/ 9 = 72.4 15.