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FACULTY OF ENGINEERING

SECOND SEMESTER EXAMINATIONS

MAY 2008

PROGRAMME BEng (Hons) Mechanical Engineering/ BEng (Hons) Mechatronics MODULE NAME DATE TIME NO. OF QUESTIONS SET Electrical Energy Systems Thursday 15 May 2008 13:30 – 15:30 5 MODULE CODE DURATION NO. OF QUESTIONS TO BE ATTEMPTED ELEC 2033(3) 2 Hours 4

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES Answer any 4 questions. All questions carry equal marks.

ELECTRICAL ENERGY SYSTEMS – ELEC 2033(3) Answer any 4 questions. All questions carry equal marks. Question 1 The load on a power plant on a typical day is as follows: Time 22:00 to 05:00 05:00 to 08:00 08:00 to 09:00 09:00 to 12:00 12:00 to 13:00 13:00 to 17:00 17:00 to 19:00 19:00 to 21:00 21:00 to 22:00 (a) Plot the following curves: (i) (ii) (iii) (b) Chronological load curve Load duration curve Energy load curve [4 marks] [4 marks] [6 marks] Load (MW) 20 40 60 80 60 90 40 100 60 If the plant has an installed capacity of 150 MW. Find: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) The load factor The capacity factor The utilisation factor The reserve capacity [4 marks] [3 marks] [3 marks] [1 mark] Page 1 of 3 .

95? [1 mark] (Assume that it is NOT a leap year) Question 3 (a) (b) (c) (d) Give two disadvantages of low power factor. (i) (ii) Calculate the current supplied to the motor at full load. The tariff is Rs 900 per kVA of maximum demand per year plus Rs 1.82 The power factor is 0. [5 marks] A 230 V.65.75 lagging. find the current through the capacitor and the value of the capacitance in microfarads. If a capacitor is connected across the motor terminal to raise the overall power factor to unity. 7. If the power factor is 0.95 [4 x 3 marks] What has been the savings/loss when the power factor has changed to 0. Give two methods of improving the power factor of a system.5 kW 50 Hz single phase motor working at full load with an efficiency of 80% has a power factor of 0. [6 + 2 + 4 marks] Page 2 of 3 . calculate the total energy consumed per year and the total yearly electricity bill at the following conditions: (i) (ii) The power factor is 0.ELECTRICAL ENERGY SYSTEMS – ELEC 2033(3) Question 2 (a) Define the following: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (b) Demand Interval Demand factor Load factor Utilisation factor [3 marks] [3 marks] [3 marks] [3 marks] An industrial consumer has a maximum demand of 150 kW at a load factor of 0.30 per kWh of energy consumed.82 lagging. [4 marks] [4 marks] Show graphically the average power transfer of a system with zero power factor.

74P1 + 0. [5 marks] (b) END OF QUESTION PAPER sg/ Page 3 of 3 . [9 + 8 + 8 marks] Question 5 (a) Sketch the layout for a typical transmission and distribution system.00072 P22 200≤ P1 ≤ 600 MW and 100≤ P2 ≤ 600 MW Find the optimal power generated P1 and P2 and the incremental cost of power delivered for demands of 400. [7 marks] Give five advantages of HVDC transmission.22 + 7.6 + 7. F1 = 793. Label clearly each component.00107 P12 F2 = 1194. 600 and 1000 MW respectively.ELECTRICAL ENERGY SYSTEMS – ELEC 2033(3) Question 4 Two thermal units at the same station have the following cost models. [8 marks] What is the importance of having protective relays in a power system? [5 marks] (c) (d) Describe how a bucholz relay operates.72P2 + 0.

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