CITY OF TOLEDO LOCAL HOUSING BOARD

TOLEDO CITY LOCAL SHELTER PLAN
PLANNING PERIOD 2013 TO 2021
City Planning and Development Office

Republic of the Philippines City of Toledo oOo

MESSAGE
The vision of Toledo City to become the Premier and Livable city in the West Coast of Cebu will be attained through collaborative efforts of the local and national governments, non-government and private sectors in the implementation of strategic programs and projects geared towards the sustainable development of the city. As the Local Chief Executive of our beloved City of Toledo, I am spearheading and steering the collective endeavors of the various stakeholders to ensure a balanced, sustainable and socially responsive development of our city in the urban and rural barangays. While we are continuously pursuing infrastructure development, improving and modernizing public governance and attracting private foreign and local investments to spur commerce, trade and industrial growth of the city thus providing employment and livelihood for the Toledanos, we are also implementing programs to improve the agriculture sector which is the backbone of the local economy and develop the rural barangays. Subsequently, we are undertaking programs that are aligned with poverty alleviation and environmental protection which are essential for the sustained development of the city. One of the flagship social programs of the national and local governments is the Socialized Housing for the underprivileged, informal and /or displaced settlers, vulnerable and urban poor sector. As mandated by the Local Government Code of 1991 (RA 7160) and the Urban Development and Housing Act of 1992 (RA 7279), the local government is required to prepare a Local Shelter Plan which clearly define the present and projected needs, gaps, issues on local housing vis-à-vis the projected population, resources required, affordability analysis which are basis for drawing up the strategies, interventions and implementation plan of the local housing program. Thus, the relevance and urgency in the preparation of the Local Shelter Plan is vital in the implementation of the Socialized Housing Program of the city. With the approval and adoption of the Local Shelter Plan, we are determined to proactively implement the aforementioned program and projects with the launching of the Socialized Housing Project at the resettlement and relocation area located at Barangay Magdugo, Toledo City.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page

I.

Introduction / Rationale 1.1. Goal & Objectives

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1.2.

Target Population

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1.3.

Shelter Planning Process

3

II.

Overview of Toledo City

II.1.

Geographic Location & Features

7

II.2.

Urban Development Trends

9

III.

Assessment of Shelter Needs

III.1.

Current Housing Situation

25

III.2.

Demand for Shelter

25

III.3.

Present Upgrading Needs

30

IV.

Assessment of Affordability

IV.1. Affordability Analysis of Households for Housing IV.2. Affordable Housing Options

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V.

Assessment of Resources for Shelter Provisions

V.1.

Comparison of Land Needed vs. Land Available for Housing

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V.2.

Assessment of Services Needed vs. Capacity of Providers

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V.3.

Basic Infrastructure Required and Mitigating Measures for Climate Change 39

Continuation :

VI.

Summary of Key Issues and Concerns

40

VII.

Work and Financial Plans

41

VIII.

Monitoring & Evaluation Schemes

44

IX.

References

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I.

INTRODUCTION

RATIONALE As the socio-economic development of Toledo City continues to progress in the next decade, the city is expected to be a major agro-industrial growth center of Cebu. Full operation of the Carmen Copper Corporation in Barangay DAS, the expansion of Global Power Business Corporation in Barangay Sangi, construction and operation of additional / new power plant, and proposed development of economic zones in the city will accelerate its economic growth. The development scenario however will not only bring positive impact to the city but also some negative effects such as in migration and increased urban population, prevalence of informal settlers, homeless people thus resulting to displacement, relocation and resettlement problems. The provision of an affordable and decent shelter is among the basic needs of man. Shelter provides protection from rain, wind and sunshine. It also provides comfort and rest, a haven where a family can live together. Housing is commonly defined as the structure where people dwells which also includes its direct environment, infrastructure and services that support human activities. With the urbanization of growth areas in Toledo City, an increasing demand for housing will necessitate the formulation of local shelter plan that defines realistic estimates of housing needs, suitable land for housing, and resources needed for the provision of basic services in potential housing project areas, and identify affordable options for its constituents. With the Local Government Code of 1991 (RA 7160) and the Urban Development and Housing Act of 1992 (RA 7279) mandated the local government units to implement programs and projects on low cost housing and other socialized dwellings specially for the underprivileged and homeless. However, due to scarcity of city resources, the private sector is encouraged to participate in housing provision in pursuance to Executive Order 90 and RA 7279.

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I.1.

GOAL & OBJECTIVES

Vision The premier and livable city in the West coast of Cebu that provides Toledanos decent and affordable dwelling places with a peaceful environment.

Goal To provide decent, affordable , adequate and secure shelter for every Toledanos in order for Toledo City to become the premier and livable city in the West coast of Cebu.

Objectives

1. To reduce the quantity of informal settlers and eradicate the squatting syndicate. 2. To provide opportunities of the urban poor and vulnerable sector to be partners in city development. 3. To generate funds to finance the housing and shelter projects of the city. 4. To develop strategies to sustain the housing program of the city. 5. To implement and develop the 9.5 hectares socialized housing and resettlement site.

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I.2.

TARGET POPULATION

Basic Data Assumption Population in 2007 : Annual Population Growth% : Household Size : 5.21 152,960 1.66_ Households/Dwelling Unit : Informal Settlers Households: Housing Stock : 31,562 1.01 3,640

Population Profile The National Statistics Office reported that on the year 2007, the city had a population of 152,960 with 29,533 households. The average household size is 5.21. From a population of 141,174 in 2000 it increased to 152,960 in 2007 with an increase of 11,786 or 8.35% increase for 7 years period. Housing Stock Profile Data gathered from National Statistics Office (NSO) census in 2007 indicate that the housing stock of Toledo City was 29,240. This means an increase of 2,676 housing units from the 2000 census of only 26,564 housing units. An average of 1.66% growth rate was used to determine the annual population projection for the program planning period from 2013 to 2021, where 2012 as the base year. Growth areas are identified as Barangay DAS, Poblacion, Sangi, Daanlungsod, Bato, Calong-calong and Matab-ang.

I.3.

Housing and Shelter Planning Process

Key Players / Stakeholders, Roles and Responsibilities  Housing & Urban Development Coordinating Council (HUDCC) The highest policy making and coordinating body on housing and urban development, it facilitates access to variety of housing options that are decent, affordable and responsive to the diverse and changing needs of homeless and underprivileged Filipino families. The HDUCC is composed of the government sector which are; key finance agencies (HDMF, GSIS, SSS); key housing agencies (HGC, NHA, HLURB, NHMFC, SHFC); support agencies (NEDA, DBM, DOF, PMS, DPWH, DBP) and the private sector represented by developers; bankers; contractors, professionals and low income beneficiaries.

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 Toledo City Local Housing Board The Toledo Housing Board was created and re-organized through Executive Order No.01-2005 to tackle, coordinate, develop plans, monitor and evaluate the implementation of programs and projects for housing and shelter needs of informal and marginalized sectors, as well as residential land development plan, the local housing board is subdivided into the following committees : FUNCTIONS COMMITTEE • Maintain and update lists of the homeless squatters and potential beneficiaries of the housing projects Prepare lists of households qualified for the housing projects and relocation; and Conduct census and tagging operations for relocation purposes Develop and recommend anti-squatting measures, file appropriate cases, work for the demolition of illegal structures/houses in accordance with law; Coordinate with the PNP and other law enforcement agencies to prevent squatting, eject and demolish professional squatters. Establish criteria and guidelines for the disposal and/or possible rouse of dismantled materials Provide the necessary logistics for relocation Plan and cause the implementation of the appropriate livelihood projects in the project site Coordinate and facilitate the conduct of appropriate skills training and entrepreneurship development

a. Beneficiary Selection Committee

• • •

b. Anti-Squatting Relocation Resettlement Committee

and

• •

c. Livelihood Development Committee

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• • d. Policy Regulation and Community Relations Committee

• • e. Social Services Committee • •

f. Lot Aquistion Appraisal and Valuation Committee

• •

Establish policies and guidelines on relocation in conformity with RA 7279 Establish in-house policies on relocation procedures, occupancy rules and house and lot repayments. Disseminate policies and guidelines on the government’s housing program to all concerned parties and maintain an information center. Undertake the necessary social services preparation for prospective relocates; Provide post-relocation services to relocates to facilitate their adjustments in the new area housing site; Provide social services such as food for relocates during relocation Plan and provide the necessary social, sanitation, health and education services for relocates Conduct inventory of lands and develop land banking for the housing program of the city. Facilitate acquisition/titling of lots for the city Design site development plans for government housing projects Design houses and infrastructure system such as water, roads, drainage and electrical lines to project beneficiaries; and Supervise the construction and installation of infrastructure systems

g. Infrastructure Committee

&

Development

• •

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The Process FLOW CHART

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The above process is officially adopted by the HUDCC from the United Nations Shelter Method, a technique developed by the UNCHS (Habitat) in collaboration with the Government of Finland. This shelter planning process has been reviewed and endorsed by housing experts from eight countries and field tested by HUDCC in several areas in the Philippines. Structure and Timeframe of the Shelter Plan Based on the updated data, situational analysis of current local housing and shelter issues and problems; the shelter and housing needs assessment is prepared. Simultaneously, the 7

affordability analysis; resource and infrastructure analysis are made and subsequently matched to draw-up and derive the goal and objectives which would lead to the realization of the vision of the local housing and shelter plan. An implementation / work and financial plan is prepared based on the vision, goal and objectives. Specific strategies including housing / shelter options in the context of affordability of the target beneficiaries, as well the relevant program / project activities are identified vis-à-vis the resources needed, responsible agency and schedule of implementation. Timeframe involves the program and project/s to be implemented in 2013 (immediate); 2014 to 2016 (medium term) and 2017 to 2020 (long term).

II.

OVERVIEW OF TOLEDO CITY

II.1.

Geographic Location & Features

Location and Geographical Profile The City of Toledo is located at the midpoint of the west coast of Cebu Island, about 50 kilometers from Cebu City, and is directly opposite to San Carlos City, about 40 kilometers away across the Tañon Strait which separates Cebu from Negros Island. Toledo City is bounded by the municipalities of Balamban on the north, Pinamungajan on the south, Cebu City and Talisay on the east, Minglanilla and Naga on the southeast and the Tañon Strait on the west. It is about 8,000 kilometers away from Metro Manila. Toledo City extends 10° 20’ to 10° 26’N Latitude and from 12° 35’ to 12° 49’ Longitude midway along the West Coast of the elongated island Province of Cebu. Toledo City is under the Third District of Cebu province. It is composed of thirty-eight (38) barangays, ten (10) of which are urban and twenty-eight (28) are rural barangays. The total land area of the city as of 1998 is 21,627.7570 has., although it was reported in the Provincial Physical Framework Plan (PPFP) of 1994, as 219.75 sq. km. Climate Cebu Island is located within the Philippines typhoon belt. Slightly strong winds from northeast follow a normal track in January to March, hit the general area of Toledo at an average of once a year. Although shielded by Cebu’s mountain ranges, the winds still hit Toledo’s mountain barangays and part of lowland areas particularly in the vicinity of Dumlog and Sangi where disastrous typhoons cause floodwater to rise beyond normal level. Dry season comes in February through April, based on data from Camp 7 PAGASA Station. Rainy days fall between June and November, averaging 15 days in a 13-year observation period. Heaviest rains are experienced in October with a 17-day average, 7

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days of which are measured at 50 mm and 40 days at 100 mm. These records are assumed without “El Niño” phenomenon scenario. Mean relative temperature is highest in April and May at 28.2 and 28.4 degrees Celsius, respectively and lowest in January and February at 26.3 and 26.4 degrees Celsius, respectively. Mean relative humidity goes up in July at 78% then goes down in August at 77% before it shoots up to its peak at 79% in October and November through March, until it reaches its lowest in April at 71.9%. Hydrology The whole area of Toledo is endowed with a number of natural waterways. The biggest and most significant of these is the Sapangdaku river. Collection of rainwater is made in open canals and natural drainage creeks especially in Barangay Poblacion. Wind Direction Owing to Toledo’s topography and geographical features, micro-climatic conditions may be observed while prevailing winds generally take a similar pattern to that of the whole Cebu island. The City is exposed to northwesterly winds during the month of June and is more severely hit by southwesterly winds in the months of July and August. The city is shielded from the westerly winds by the high mountain ranges of Negros Island across the Tañon Strait. On the other hand, the mountain ranges of Cebu Island offer a natural barrier from the full force of the northeasterly winds. Toledo’s coasts experience strong waves from the sea lash on the month of January and February and slightly weaken in July and August. Toledo’s exposure to these winds tends to cause problems on off-shore development and directional patterns of the wind during a certain period of time affect the urban center of the city. Topography & Soil Type The terrain of Toledo City is characterized by the Narrow Coastal Plain that give way abruptly to a few rolling hills and rugged mountain ranges and slopes. Roughly 20 sq. km. (2000 hectares) along the coast line have elevations of less than 40 meters above sea level. There are fairly level and rolling plateaus and valley comprising some 57 sq. km (5,700 has) spread throughout the interior. The highest mountain peak is 700 meters above sea level. Toledo City has seven types of soil. Roughly 75% of the total land area are Lugo Clay, Faraon Steep Phase and Baguio Clay loam, located in the mountainous portion of the city. Mandaue Silt Loam, Beach Sand, Faraon Clay and Bolinao Clay are the other types of soil with first three dominating the coastal portions of the city.

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Vulnerability to Geo-Hazards Visible Earth Movements at Barangay Don Andres Soriano, Toledo City The areas investigated by the team from DENR-7 Mines & Geosciences within Barangay Don Andres Soriano (DAS) show indications of ground instability. The recurrence of ground subsidence and widening of the crack apertures over a period of time indicate that the ground failure (landslide) is active. The movement rates though are considered very slow. It also appears that the unstable grounds are specific, affecting groups of houses. These events are expected to recur especially during the rainy period and will continue to cause damage to the properties. Apparently, the ground failure along the vicinity of affected houses was triggered by the removal or scouring of the materials (soil and weathered rocks) along the creek banks. Soil Erosion

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There are fourteen (14) barangays which have severely eroded soil type and account for 37% of the city barangays; the following are : Bagakay, Bulongan, Cambang-ug, Campo 8, Cantabaco, Capt. Claudio, Don Andres Soriano, Gen. Climaco, Landahan, Luay, Matab-ang, Pangamihan, Subayon and Tungkay. While there are twelve (12) barangays which have slightly to moderately eroded soil type, these are : Biga, Bunga, Calongcalong, Canlumampao, Luray II, Magdugo, Media Once, Poog, Putingbato, Sagay, Sam-ang and Sto. Nino. The other eleven (11) barangays have no apparent erosion which are the following : Poblacion, Awihao, Bato, Cabitoonan, Carmen, Dumlog, Ibo, Ilihan, Sangi, Talavera and Tubod.

II.2.

Urban Development Trends

Population and Growth Rate Population in 2007 : 152,960 Households/Dwelling Unit : 1.01 Household Size : 5.21 Informal Settlers Households : 3,640

Annual Population Growth% : 1.66_ Housing Stock : 31,562

The National Statistics Office reported that on the year 2007, the city had a population of 152,960 with 29,533 households. The average household size is 5.3. From a population of 141,174 in 2000 it increased to 152,960 in 2007 with an increase of 11,786 or 8.35% increase for 7years period.

Existing Land Use & Urban Land Use The dominant land use of Toledo City is agricultural land with a total area of 83.55 sq. km. or 38.631% of city’s total land. This area is mostly under the rural land category and is based on the PPFP’s estimation of agricultural production areas in A & D and forestland. Other dominant general land uses are Forest areas with 53.33 sq km (24.58%) and mining/industrial (21.812%). Mining area is dominated by ACMDC. Built-up area was estimated a t 7.272 sq.km (3.362%). Based on the preliminary estimates, the following are the existing General Land Use categories with corresponding area in square kilometers: Land Use Category Agricultural Land Forest Land Mining/Industrial Area Area (has.) 8,355.00 5,333.00 4,717.50 % Distribution 38.63% 24.66% 21.81% 11

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