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Interactive Multiobjective Optimization and Decision-Making (Part I

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A.Mosavi

A.Mosavi, Interactive Multiobjective Optimization and Decision-Making, Product Design and Optimization Lab, Mechatronic Systems Engineering, School of Engineering Science, Simon Fraser University, 2012.

The V-2 rocket; first human artifact to enter outer space 1950s

Energy minimization

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The V-2 Rocket; Experimental Design Criteria
• • • • • • • • Areodynamics Hydrodynamics Chemicals Mechanicals Material Heat transfer Manufacturing Aviation ….. Considering multiple design criteria leads to a great design
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Making the point (1) In fact the integration of multiple criteria in product design, Whether in SBD or traditional methods, is the success-key

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Integration in Automotive Design

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Optimization and Decision-Making for SBD

SBD is already complicated!
SBD would definitly need easier integtation and simpler MOO & MCDM tools to be practical. Focusing on design! not configuring the optimzation

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Philosophy SBD is a complicated task.

Simplification;
Identifying the potential algorithms in OR community and adopting them for engineering applications. Numerus algorithms exist, but no awareness!
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Engineering design optimization in practice
Limited Awareness about OR Algorithms Engineering community often dosent like the mathematical complexity involved in OR

A survey GECCO 2007
(http://www.sigevo.org/gecco-2007/).
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Engineering design optimization in practice; remarks
Growth of design optimisation publication and comparison with the optimization for mechanical parts

. Numerus algorithms exist, but no awareness!
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Major remarks
• • • • • • • • The majority of the companies try to achieve optimized design. 40% support continuous improvement as a way to improvement. Optimization of the design are mostly expert-based optimization approach. Design optimization is time consuming. FEA and CAE followed by classical DOE. The main criterion to optimize a design is cost. Expert-based optimization approaches are less time consuming than GA. Developing novel designs using GAs fails to describe a logical product development process involving DM.

• Lack of integrated software tools to support the optimisation process.

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Software tools In fact the usage of an algorithm is limited unless implemented via a software tools
1. The reactive tabu search, R Battiti, G Tecchiolli, ORSA journal on computing, 1994. Software tool released in 2012 LIONsolver CAE integration
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Software tools
2. I.N. Egorov. Indirect Optimization Method on the Basis of Self-Organization,1998. Software tool released in 2007 IOSO approach CAE, CAD integration e.g ANSYS, Solidworks…

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Software tools 3. modeFRONTIER includes numerus algorithms

Software tool released in 2007 CAE, CAD integration e.g ANSYS, Solidworks…

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Making a point Once the algorithm is presented via a software tool engineers become more interested. What engineer needs: less mathematics and more integration capabilities with major CAE codes.

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Human; not a very reliable decision-maker! (2) Buying a house!

Lots of feelings involved
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Human; the most reliable DM Although human is not ideal for decision-making but still is way more intelligent vs bees, ants, immune and genetic operators.

Involving the human still is preferable

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Increasing the human reliability; visualization

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Visualization for MCDM

MCDM INTEGRATED WITH MECHANICAL MODELING OF DRAPING FOR MATERIAL SELECTION OF TEXTILE COMPOSITES
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Interactive methods; involving human

• Evaluating the beauty is possible just with human interaction • Just like my recent work; optimal design of curve and surfaces

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NIMBUS methods

Limited integration & complication

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RSO and intelligent optimization for interactive decision-making

learning while optimizing; (R Battiti, 2010, 2012) The human inteligence is integrated via advanced Visualization tools

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Many thanks

A.Mosavi, Interactive Multiobjective Optimization and Decision-Making, Product Design and Optimization Lab, Mechatronic 22 Systems Engineering, School of Engineering Science, Simon Fraser University, 2012.