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Interference and clear the BCCH frequency. 2. Check SDCCH utilization and add SDCCH if needed. 3. Change TRP or change SDCCH allocation on TRX with good quality based on ND 196. 4. Check TRX alarm (mostly 7745 together with7743 or 7746). Check TRX configuration. 6. Check TA distribution, coverage distribution and propose physical tune. 3. Optimizing parameter C2 also if Location update is the highest contributor of SD Drop. 4. Highest contributor: Fail on RADIO, ABIS, A_IF, TR or LAPD. 5. Check TRX alarm (mostly 7745 alone or together with 7743) 7. Check RX Lev Access Min and Max Number of Retransmission. Check RACH Rejected and SDCCH request (fails or ghost).
Low Signal strength is one of the reason of drop call. It can be indicated by many calls disconnected at low signal strength by subscriber, drop calls due to excessive TA, poor handover performance and poor call setup performance. What could be the probable reasons
Probable Reason Poor BSC
High LOWSSDL & LOWSSUL will give more drop reason due to SS and this might not show the actual drop. It is because drop due to SS is more priority than Quality. No dominant Cell might be isolated or cell standalone. Antenna tilt & Too much downtilt sometimes orientation might not cover a larger area and the subscriber might lose the SS.
Exchange Property setting
Mostly. 2: Check the value for LOWSSDL & LOWSSUL. Just try to observed what could be the right cause :The following procedure should be performed for low signal strength analysis: 1: Identify the baseline requirement of design and BSC exchange property (setting for LOWSSUL/LOWSSDL). If it is Omni. It is designed to be downlink limited. This is to ensure the possible location is open to interference (open water environment) or isolated.Output Power Low output power might cause smaller border cell. 4: Check if the site is sectorized or Omni. 7: . 5: Check if the signal strength is uplink or downlink limited. Change the direction or tilt if it is too much downtilt or pointing to a wrong direction. check the antenna tilt and orientation. position etc. 6: Check the coverage cover expected area from the planet. change the parameter to a reasonable value since the drop reason will be more priority to SS compared to Quality. If it is higher than ACCMIN. set the cell into sectorized cell. antenna direction. If it is not. Good map is needed for this. 3: Check the site position.
run Cell Traffic Recording (CTR) to that particular cell. If found.Sometime. sent by the MS. 10: Check if the cell has indoor coverage problem. increase the output power. 9: In order to check power distribution. 8: Check cell whether it has hotspots from drivetests. low output power might cause low SS. adding new site is recommend. add micro site instead. If yes. was never received by the BTS. the Assignment Complete message. . TCH Assignment Analysis Successful assignments show the number of successful TCH allocations at call setup. At unsuccessful assignment. Check output power and if it is low.
improve the frequency plan. 7: If there is no problem on the dominant cell. check the interference whether co-channel or adjacent channel. 8: Check the disturbance whether it is on SDCCH or target TCH. check the TCH Time Congestion. . 4: If the output power is ok. check the output power of the BTS. check the faulty BTS by extracting BTS error log. If disturbance found.The formula is defined as: % TCH ASSIGNMENT SUCCESS RATE = TFCASSALL X 100 % TASSATT Probable Reason No dominant serving The serving cell cannot cope with the cell TCH traffic. Perform drivetests to check the coverage and received RxLEV. If the output power is low. Interference Disturbance on SDCCH or target TCH Faulty transceiver Faulty equipment The following procedure should be performed for TCH Assignment analysis: 1: For TCH assignment success rate. increase the output power. it is recommend doing the dimensioning and adding TRU based on carried TCH traffic demand. the first thing. swap or repair HW. it is recommended to add BTS. 6: If no dominant cell or similar signal strengths of a few cells found during drivetests. Severe congestion on Failing TCH allocation for assignment TCH or handover due to congestion Low signal strength The signal strength might be higher on for call access the BCCH than on the TCH. 3: If there is no congestion on TCH. 5: If hardware fault found. 2: If there is congestion on TCH.
Check the co-channel sites. Check the handover performance of the cell. the drop call will be higher than usual. Check the Intracell handover (normally for Intracell handover 25% Uplink and 75% Downlink) and if the variation is different from this. Interference Analysis The following procedure should be performed for interference analysis: Check the drop call performance for that particular cell. When the interference problem occurs in the cell. For e. position etc. This is to see whether the direction covers the right area. open space area (this can be seen by having good and updated map) Check if the site is a dragon site. . it might be possible to get interfered by cochannel from far away. The HO performance will also look bad especially when you look into the neighbor relation that has interference. adjacent channel. change frequency and see the result. This might depends on the severity of the interference whether it is co-channel or adjacent channel. Mostly. (CNA consistency checking can detect this) Check the antenna direction. the problems of low TCH assignment are TCH availability and interference. Intracell handover usually indicates bad quality and high signal strength.g. if found. changing the frequency will solve the interference problem.Mostly. If the site is a dragon site.
If any poor setting found. Check if DTXD feature is on or off. Check antenna installation. If off. Turning on the frequency will help to reduce interference by interference averaging. Locate the interference from statistics based on MS reversion to old channel of total attempt. HOSR Analysis Probable Reasons of Bad Handover Performance . High decision of handover due to quality will show the direction of interference. For example. If off. correct parameter setting. turn on the frequency hopping. ensure that the antenna is correctly installed Check if another mobile network like AMPS is near to the location. Improper setting of MS power regulation might cause interference. High number of reversion will show that the target frequency might be interfered.Too high number of intracell handover show a bad quality cell and if possible. do drive test and report the usage of the frequency to authorities. This is used to reduce interference and decrease BTS power consumption If changing frequency or parameter cannot solve the interference for both uplink & downlink. Check the MS power regulation setting. Check BTS power regulation. Check if DTXU feature is on or off. change frequency. This will save the battery in the MS and reduce the interference. Check if the interference is uplink interference (this might be an interference from other MSs) by analyze the ICM band for other band (not include band 1). Check if the frequency hopping on or off. If more than 1 TRU. for surveillance purpose. Check the statistics from Outgoing Handover decision due to bad quality Uplink or Downlink from handover decision. If the interference is downlink (causing by other BTS interference). it might be external interference. you can reduce the number of intracell handover of MAXIHO to a smaller value based on the channel group. correct the parameter. turn the DTX feature on. the CCTV or wireless alarm system might be turn on during nighttime only. If external interference problem occurs. turn the DTX feature on. If any poor setting found. Check from the statistics if there is any pattern of bad quality reason. The feature used to reduce the MS power when the MS is near to the BTS and hoping that it might not interfere the uplink. If found on ICM > 3.
---Timer Expire After MS is Lost The MS never answers the base station. Action: Check BTS error log. ---Missed measurement frequencies in BA-list Action:Check measurement frequencies list. Perform site visit. Check interference. . ---Blocking on Target Cell Action:Remove Blocking on Tager Cell ---Congestion A high congestion might lead to dragged calls (handover performed at a not intended location) and a lot of unsuccessful handovers. Action: Check coverage. ---Bad Antenna Installation Action: Perform site survey and check antenna installation.---Neighboring Cell Relation Action:Add neighbor cell relation. Check antenna cabling. Perform link performance measurements. ---Link Connection or HW Failure Action: Check BTS error log. Action: Check TCH congestion. ---Permitted Network Color Code problem Action:Check NCC Permitted ---HW faults.
Action: Check interference. Co-Channel or Adjacent The potential handover candidate is disturbed by interference. Action: Check number of definitions. . ---Delayed Handover Decision A delayed handover decision can be due to congestion in the target cell. ---Wrong Locating Parameter Setting Action: Check locating parameters.---Many Neighbors Defined Many defined measurement frequencies defined (>16) will decrease the accuracy of the mobile measurements to locate the best six servers. Check RBS HW and Error log of the target cell ---Poor Inter-MSC/BSC Handover Performance For outer or external cell. ---Bad Radio Coverage Action: Check coverage plots. ---High Interference. the quality may be rather bad and the signal strength low. Action: Check inter-MSC/BSC handover performance. wrong definitions in either MSC or BSC may be reason for the problem. Action: Check handover parameters. Outgoing handover due to bad uplink quality may indicate interference from co-channel another MS. Many measurement frequencies mean few samples per frequency and problem for mobiles to decode the BSIC. ---Receiver Antenna Problem or RBS HW problems (in candidate cell) Action: Check antenna installation. Check if many handovers are performed due to downlink or uplink bad quality. On the border. Bad downlink quality may indicate interference from another cochannel base station.
---Incorrect Down Tilt Action: Perform site survey and check antenna installation. . Solution: Correct antenna tilting.