ZGF05-02-001 Basic Handover

Feature Description

ZGF05-02-001 Basic Handover

ZGF05-02-001 Basic Handover
Version V8.1.1 V8.1.2 V8.1.3 V8.1.4 Date 2009-03-04 2009-03-30 2009-04-03 2010-01-26 Author Approved By Remarks Not open to the Third Party Not open to the Third Party Not open to the Third Party Not open to the Third Party,add pingpong handover penalty strategy

© 2010 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved. ZTE CONFIDENTIAL: This document contains proprietary information of ZTE and is not to be disclosed or used without the prior written permission of ZTE. Due to update and improvement of ZTE products and technologies, information of the document is subjected to change without notice.
ZTE Confidential Proprietary © 2008 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved. I

..............................................................................................................................................................................1 Handover Parameter Configuration.............17 6...................6 Handover Failure Penalty Strategy.................................18 FIGURES II © 2008 ZTE Corporation..............................................................................10 4 Parameters and Configuration...................5 Target Cell Sequencing....................................................................................................4 Target Cell Selection....................................................................1 Correlation with Other Features.........................................17 6..............................................................................................................17 6 Engineering Guide............................................................................................4 3.....................................2 Parameter Configuration..17 7 Abbreviation.................................................................................................................................................1 2 Overview 1 2...................................................7 3.............2 Related Alarms.1 Parameter List....17 6.........................................................................................2 Measurement Report Processing.....................................................................................................................................2 Configuration Description.....................................................16 5..............18 8 Reference Document............................................3 3............................................................................................................................3 3.......................................................................................................................................................................................3 Network Impacts....10 4............................................. ZTE ConfidentialProprietary ..1 Related Counters..........................................................................................................................................................ZGF05-02-001 Basic Handover TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 Feature Attribute............................14 5 Related Counters and Alarms....................................................1 Application Scenario.....2 3 Technical Description.....................................................................................................................5 3........9 3.............................................................16 5........................................................................................10 4............3 Handover Decision.................................................... All rights reserved......

......................7 Target cell selection strategies for various handover algorithm.............15 15 Handover Condition Configuration Interface..................... All rights reserved......................................................................................14 Handover Condition Configuration Interface....................................................................................14 Adjacent cell handover and reselection configuration interface..............................................................................................................................6 Description of handover decision related parameters........................ZGF05-02-001 Basic Handover Handover Flow..5 Algorithm priority range of various handover algorithm.............................................................................................................3 BSC Function Radio Basic Pproperty Configuration Interface........................................8 ZTE Confidential Proprietary © 2008 ZTE Corporation............................................... III ..................15 TABLES List of parameters in Power Budget Equations.....................

Intra-BSC inter-cell handover: refers to handover between channels of the same type in different cells controlled by the same BSC. Handover includes the following types: • Intra-cell handover: refers to handover between channels of the same type in the same cell. in this procedure. it updates the list of candidate handover cells and then performs handover based on the list. Intra-MSC inter-BSC handover: refers to handover between channels of the same type in different cells controlled by different BSCs under the same MSC.ZGF05-02-001 Basic Handover 1 Feature Attribute iBSC version: [ZXG10 iBSC V6. but inter-BSC handover is involved. BSC determines whether to perform handover or not based on the report. All rights reserved. • • ZTE Confidential Proprietary © 2008 ZTE Corporation. Dependency: [None] Mutual exclusion: [None] Note: [None] 2 Overview In most cases. the mobile phone (MS) constantly sends measurement report to BSC during conversation. 1 .20] BTS version: [No requirement for the BTS software/hardware platform ] Attribute: [Basic function] NEs involved: NE Name MS BTS BSC MSC MGW SGSN GGSN HLR Involved or Not √ √ - Special Requirement Intra-BSC handover is not involved.

Perform sequencing based on priority of target cells is the first choice. the others are set based on adjacent cell.and Micro-cells ZGF05-02-008 Dynamic Handover Priority Algorithm ZGF05-02-009 Directed-Shift Handover ZGF05-02-013 Handover Failure Penalty ZGF05-02-014 Rapid Level Drop Handover ZGF05-02-015 Traffic Based Handover ZGF05-05-001 Multi-layer Cell Structure ZGF05-05-002 Concentric Circle Technology ZGF05-09-006 Co-BCCH Specific description: 1 Relation with Basic Handover Decision Criteria: This feature gives a basic classification for all these basic handover algorithms.ZGF05-02-001 Basic Handover • Inter-MSC handover: refers to handover between channels of the same type in different cells controlled by different MSCs. Some handover parameters are set in the cell level. Relation with Handover between Macro. All rights reserved.and Micro-cells. they will be employed in a certain sequence. ZXG10 activates various handover algorithms based on actual network conditions. and Traffic Based Handover: This feature gives a basic classification for all these handover algorithms. If all handover algorithms are activated. Directed-shift Handover.1 Correlation with Other Features This feature is functionally related with the following features: • • • • • • • • • • • ZGF05-02-002 Basic Handover Decision Criteria ZGF05-02-003 Handover Mode ZGF05-02-007 Handover between Macro. refer to Handover Failure Penalty. 2. ZTE ConfidentialProprietary .Priority is classified into static and dynamic priorities. Rapid Level Drop Handover. or power budget margin sequencing is triggered when two cells have identical priority.Relation with Dynamic Priority: The target cell sequencing of this feature adopts the method of Dynamic Priority. 2 2 © 2008 ZTE Corporation. Target cell sequencing has two modes: based on priority or based on power budget margin.Relation with Handover Mode: This feature gives a supplementary description of Handover Mode.Relation with Failure Penalty: For the details of failure penalty.

For details of cell layer settings. including umbrella layer. handover decision. target cell selection. Relation with Concentric Circle Technology and Co-BCCH: The intra-cell handover in this feature contains sub-cell handover.ZGF05-02-001 Basic Handover 3 4 Relation with Multi-layer Cell Structure: Both cell layer configuration and target cell selection in this feature involves the concept of Layer. measurement report processing. 3 . Start Handover parameter configuration Measurement report processing Save & average Handover arithmetic precedence Handover decision Handover decision according to handover threshold Arrangement selection strategy Target cell selection Handover decision rule Precedence sequencing PBGT sequencing Target cell sequencing Failure penalty  Strategy Handover implementation Figure 1 Handover Flow End 3. failure penalty and handover implementation. micro-cell layer and pico-cell layer. Detailed description refers to Concentric Circle Technology and Co-BCCH. including handover parameter configuration.1 Handover Parameter Configuration All the cells can be divided into four layers in present network planning. target cell sequencing. 3 Technical Description Figure 1 shows handover flow. macro-cell layer. refer to ZGF05-05-001 Multi-layer Cell Structure. Handover implementation is not described here. ZTE Confidential Proprietary © 2008 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

ZTE ConfidentialProprietary . ZGF05-02-002 Basic Handover Decision Criteria. the user can take an average value of measurement results on all timeslots. 2 or 3 (2 by default) when DTX is not enabled. ZGF05-02-007 Handover between Macro. ZTE GSM adopts slide window and weighted average mechanisms to process measurement report. so the data accuracy is better in this mode. 4 © 2008 ZTE Corporation.and Micro-cells. and the slide window starts to collect measurement reports for next round. but this value is not counted in the averaging process. In Discontinuous Transmission mode.2) + . ZGF05-02014 Rapid Level Drop Handover. then 3 AverageValue = 4 RXLEV_NCELL(K) + RXLEV_NCELL(K . so the data reliability is low in this mode.ZGF05-02-001 Basic Handover For parameter configurations of handover algorithms. Loss of a maximum ZeroAllowed measurement report(s) is allowed.2 Measurement Report Processing Measurement report is the raw data used to make handover decision. Weighted average is to assign a weight larger than one to the data with high reliability in the averaging process. To avoid unfavorable impact caused by abrupt change in measurement value as a result of complicated radio transmission environment. The slide window size refers to the number of data values in the slide window. If DTX is enabled. The weight of measurement report is constantly 1 when DTX is enabled. for example. Therefore. which is known as slide window mechanism. The measurement value of a lost measurement report is deemed as 0 (that is. In Continuous Transmission mode. If the (K–1)th measurement report is lost and average window size is 8...7) 7 Current power reported in the measurement report is used for subsequent PBGT calculation. The slide window mechanism discards the oldest data in the last averaging period in the presence of new data. the user can take an average value of measurement results on partial timeslots. ZGF05-05002 Concentric Circle Technology and ZGF05-09-006 Co-BCCH. before measurement reports are pre-processed. DTX refers to a process in which the system does not transmit signals during periods of silence when an MS has ongoing conversation. refer to specific feature of each algorithm. All rights reserved. the average value of measurement data is used to make handover decision. 3. If over ZeroAllowed measurement report(s) are lost. and adds the latest data to retain the same number of data values used for averaging process at all time. the accuracy of level and quality values in the measurement report is lowered. the weight of measurement report in DTX mode differs from that of measurement report in non-DTX mode. ZGF05-02-009 Directed-Shift Handover. ZGF05-02-015 Traffic Based Handover. + RXLEV_NCELL(K . which is 4 by default. Weighted average is adopted because the system may adopt Discontinuous Transmission (DTX) for both uplink and downlink directions. The averaging process only commences when the number of accumulated data values reach the slide window size. -110dBm). Measurement report processing features the following: 1 2 The number of measurement reports must reach the size of slide window. no calculation is performed in this round. and that of measurement report can be set to 1.

ZGF05-02-001 Basic Handover If downlink data is valid in this measurement period and the average value of downlink level is available.MS_Capability) .Min(MS_TxPwr_Max(n). Power capability of MS in adjacent cell. Inter-cell handover algorithms contain: • • • • • Uplink/Downlink quality handover. Uplink/Downlink level handover.[AvRxLev_DL + PWR_C_D] + Pa PWR_C_D = BS_TxPwr_Max . Rapid level drop handover. Maximum BTS power in serving cell. Maximum power of MS in adjacent cell.MS_Capability(n)) (1) (2) Table 1 describes parameters in Equations (1) and (2) Table 1 List of parameters in Power Budget Equations Parameter AvRxLev_NCell (n) AvRxLev_DL BS_TxPwr_Max BS_TxPwr MS_TxPwr_Max MS_TxPwr_Max(n) MS_Capability MS_Capability (n) Description Average value of downlink level of adjacent cell received by MS Average value of downlink level of MS in serving cell. Maximum power of MS in serving cell. 3. Power capability of MS in serving cell. All rights reserved. Generally intra-cell handover algorithm has higher priority than inter-cell handover algorithm. Actual BTS power in serving cell.3 Handover Decision BSC sequentially judges whether one of handover conditions is met and performs handover once one handover condition is met.BS_TxPwr Pa = Min(MS_TxPwr_Max. MS-BS ultra-long-haul handover. 5 . the power budge value PBGT of adjacent cell is given by Equation (1) and (2): PBGT(n) = AvRxLev_NCell(n) . ZTE Confidential Proprietary © 2008 ZTE Corporation. Uplink/Downlink interference handover. Intra-cell handover algorithms contain: • • Sub-cell handover. PBGT handover.

If the conditions of handover and power control are met at the same time. power control should be implemented first through setting appropriate parameters. because power control is faster and better than handover. Except uplink/downlink quality and level handover algorithms which are switched on all the time. All rights reserved. and so on. when two handover algorithms with different priority are used and met the handover criteria at the same time. Intra-cell handover can happen more easily than inter-cell handover. Request handover (MSC-initiated) Directional retry. the higher priority handover algorithm will be triggered.and Micro-cells. ZTE ConfidentialProprietary . power control and handover will happen at the same time. That is to say. Traffic-based handover (BSC-initiated). 6 © 2008 ZTE Corporation. The above handover algorithm priorities are listed in Table 2. For the relationship between power control and handover. other handover algorithms can be enabled or disabled as required through switch settings. Handover is easy to result in calling failure and affects the users’ perception. Implemented when a call requests channel allocation. which is up to the practical cases.ZGF05-02-001 Basic Handover • • • • • Handover between Macro. directional retry has a handover initiation time and procedure different from those of above handover algorithms. Directed-Shift handover. Table 2 Algorithm priority range of various handover algorithm Algorithm Priority 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Note: Handover Algorithm Sub-cell handover Uplink/Downlink interference handover Uplink/Downlink quality handover Uplink/Downlink level handover MS-BS ultra-long-haul handover Rapid level drop handover PBGT handover Handover between Macro. Traffic-based handover and requesting handover are respectively initiated by BSC and MSC.and Micro-cells Directed-Shift handover Handover Type Intra-cell handover Intra-cell handover Inter-cell handover Inter-cell handover Inter-cell handover Inter-cell handover Inter-cell handover Inter-cell handover Inter-cell handover The Algorithm Priority of 1 means the highest priority , the algorithm priority of 2 means the second highest one.

If the interference bands are the same. then the normal process continues. BSS should compare the current time point with the last handover success time point first. All rights reserved. refer to ZGF05-05-001 Multi-layer Cell Structure.ZGF05-02-001 Basic Handover 3. . Intra-cell handover also includes inter-cell handover. the normal process continues.1 Intra-cell Handover Intra-cell handover only requires the change of carrier and timeslot instead of serving cell.2. If the time difference is more than the pingpong penalty time (see parameter configuration: HoBackPenalty). If there is only one carrier select the timeslot with the lowest interference band as the target timeslot for handover.P(n)) Rule 2: PBGT(n) > HO_MARGIN(n) Rule 3: AvRxLevNCell(n) > avRxLevDL + HO_MARGIN_LEVEL(n) Rule 4: AvRxLevNCell(n) > avRxLevDL + HO_MARGIN_QUAL(n) The parameters mentioned in the above rules are listed in Table 3.2 Inter-cell Handover Before selecting target cells for inter-cell handover. which is set at the last handover success time point. 3. or the source cell of the last handover will be deleted from the target cells of this handover. Table 3 Description of handover decision related parameters Parameter RXLEV_MIN(N) PBGT(N) HO_MARGIN(N) ZTE Confidential Proprietary Configuration Parameter RxLevMin / HoMarginPbgt Description Minimum receive level required for handover to the adjacent cell Power budget of the adjacent cell Power budget threshold for handover 7 © 2008 ZTE Corporation. which is detailed described in section 3.4. Select a carrier first.(MS_TXPWR_MAX(n). 3.4 Target Cell Selection The target cell selection happens after meeting a certain handover algorithm condition.4. For details. the user needs to take into account cell layer selection strategy and handover decision rules.4. When selecting target cells for inter-cell handover. Handover decision rules are listed as follows: Rule 1: AvRxLevNCell(n) > RXLEV_MIN(n) + MAX(0. refer to ZGF05-05-002 Concentric Circle Technology and ZGF05-09-006 Co-BCCH. Intra-cell handover should be satisfied with Rule 1 of handover decision rules. select any timeslot to perform handover. For details of layer selection strategy.

Handover decision rule Rule 1 Rule 1 Uplink/Downlink quality handover Rules 1&4 Uplink/Downlink level handover Rules 1&3 MS-BS urtra-long-haul handover Rule 1 8 © 2008 ZTE Corporation. considering layer selection strategy and handover decision rules. All the handover algorithms must be satisfied with Rule 1. If it is out of time. If pico timer is working. The target cell selection strategies for various handover algorithms. If pico timer is working. select a cell in the sequence of same layerupper layer-lower layer. select a cell in the sequence of same layerupper layer-lower layer. are listed in Table 4. that is. Pico timer is invalid. select a cell in the sequence of upper layer–same layer– lower layer. the average level of the adjacent cell for handover must be larger than the minimum handover level. If it is out of time. ZTE ConfidentialProprietary .ZGF05-02-001 Basic Handover to the adjacent cell HO_MARGIN_QUAL(N) HO_MARGIN_LEVEL(N) MS_TXPWR_MAX(n) P (n) avRxLevDL AvRxLevNcell (N) HoMarginRxQu al HoMarginRxLev MsTxPwrMax / / / Quality level threshold for handover to the adjacent cell Level threshold for handover to the adjacent cell Maximum power of MS in the adjacent cell Power capability of MS in the adjacent cell Average BCCH downlink level of current MS Average BCCH downlink level of the adjacent cell The user can select a target cell according to different combinations of rules 1 to 4. select a cell in the sequence of same layerupper layer-lower layer. Table 4 Target cell selection strategies for various handover algorithm Handover cause Sub-cell handover Uplink/Downlink interference handover Layer selection strategy Pico timer is invalid. All rights reserved. select a cell in the sequence of upper layer–same layer– lower layer. If pico timer is working. select a cell in the sequence of upper layer–same layer– lower layer. Rule 1 is a mandatory condition. If it is out of time.

At the same time. select a cell in the sequence of same layerupper layer-lower layer. MS access upon assignment and MS access upon handover. select a cell in the sequence of upper layer–same layer– lower layer. preferentially select a cell at the same layer cell. if it is out of time. the effect of the pico timer is different. 9 . if pico timer is working. If pico timer is working. If pico timer is working. no select the cell at the same layer.and Micro-cells Directed-shift handover Traffic based handover Rule 1 Rule 1 Rule 1 Request handover Rule 1 Directional retry Rule 1 Note: The pico timer is set during handover initialization that will be performed after MS access upon immediate assignment.ZGF05-02-001 Basic Handover Handover cause Layer selection strategy Pico timer is invalid. Select a cell based on the parameter PbgtHoLayer. if it is out of time. traffic. 3. After finding the proper adjacent cells. If several target cells have the same priority and traffic. only select a cell at the lower layer. if there is no such a related cell. If pico timer is working. Pico timer is invalid. If it is out of time. and radio condition. select a cell in the sequence of upper layer–same layer–lower layer. select a cell in the sequence of same layerupper layer-lower layer. For different handover algorithms. where the former two impose a principal impact on target cell sequencing. Handover decision rule Rapid level drop handover Rule 1 PBGT handover Rules 1&2 Handover between Macro. ZTE Confidential Proprietary © 2008 ZTE Corporation. handover is not allowed. they shall be sequenced based on radio conditions. Pico timer is invalid. If it is out of time. sequence these target cells and finally select the optimal one.5 Target Cell Sequencing Target cell sequencing is determined by three factors: priority. select a cell in the sequence of upper layer–same layer– lower layer. Preferentially select a related cell. All rights reserved.

Static priority is used to define 8 levels from level 0 to 7 for all the cells. When several target cells have the same priority. 3. sequence them based on their power budget margins. 4 4. For details of dynamic priorities. refer to Z GF05-02-013 Handover Failure Penalty. System will preferentially handover calls to the target cell with the highest static priority. MSC controlled inter-cell intraDescription BSC handover whose handover flow is similar to that of inter-BSC handover. sequence each of them based on their respective power budget . the higher is the priority of cells.6 Handover Failure Penalty Strategy Penalty strategies for handover failure can effectively avoid repetitive failures and improve handover success ratio. If cells are set with dynamic priorities. intra-BSC intercell handover is implemented by the following methods: BSC controlled inter-cell handover without MSC involvement. The higher is the level. If two cells have the same priority. refer to ZGF05-02-008 Dynamic Handover Priority Algorithm. sequence cells based on their priorities. For more details. Dynamic priority is calculated with static priority and the traffic load of target cells. Full name Inter-Cell handover allowed Abbreviation InHoEnable According to GSM specifications.2. 2 Note: Traffic has been taken into account both in the static and dynamic priorities. All rights reserved. sequence cells based on their static priorities. Set different static priority (See parameter configuration: Hopriority) for various target cells based on network traffic and handover success ratio. Do select ‘No’ for this parameter if it is not necessary.ZGF05-02-001 Basic Handover Priority is classified into static and dynamic priorities. Management Object BSC Yes/No Value Range 10 © 2008 ZTE Corporation. that is PBGT(n) which is detailed described in section 3. This parameter decides the choice of method for inter-cell intra-BSC handover. ZTE ConfidentialProprietary . sequence cells based on their dynamic priorities. The rules for adjacent cell sequencing are as follows: 1 First. otherwise.1 Parameters and Configuration Parameter List Related parameters of this feature are described in the table below.

11 . MS uses the nearest possible output power even if the power command sends maximum output power. The network sets the power of MS by power command. When BSC controls the power. MS sets the specified output transmission power according to the power control header extracted from the SACCH. which is transmitted on SACCH (SACCH carries the power command with 2-header bytes information. the parameter is the maximum transmission power that can be used by MS in the cell. Therefore. MS max power level is also a parameter used by BSC to calculate PBGT value. the default value can be 5. Cell Management Object ZTE Confidential Proprietary © 2008 ZTE Corporation. The larger the value. cell priority should be considered in sequencing candidate cells. For macro-cell. TxPwr MsTxPwrMax Description Management Object Value Range Unit Default Full name Abbreviation Description In the communication between MS and BTS. so this parameter is only effective for macro-cell layer and its above layer. but not common intracell or inter-cell concentric handover. Cell 0~7 None 3 MS Max. Cell 0 ~31 s 5 Management Object Value Range Unit Default Full name Abbreviation Static Priority of handover Hopriority According to GSM specifications. one is power control byte and the other one is timing advance byte). for micro-cell. Such a timer is more predominant for MS at the boundary regions between two cells. there are three decisive factors to sequence the candidate cells: priority. the transmission power is controlled by the network. Priority and traffic affect the cell sequencing most. where inter-cell handovers occurfrequently. In addition. the higher level of priority. Inter-cell handover takes place when the timer exceeds the defined interval value from the last inter-cell handover of MS. sequence the cells according to the radio conditions. traffic. and radio conditions. This parameter helps restrict frequentinter-cell handover and guarantees call quality. the default value can only be 0. micro-cell has its own handover policy. All rights reserved. If they lead to the same result. This parameter affects only the inter-cell handover.ZGF05-02-001 Basic Handover Unit Default Full name Abbreviation None Yes Description MIN interval between inter-cell handover HoMinInterval This parameter specifies the interval value for which MS waits before the actual inter-cell handover occurs.

HR. With this measure for traffic balance. This parameter defines the threshold used to determine PBGT handover from an adjacent cell to local cell. the cell coverage range decreases at the same time. MS with receiving level larger than minimum receiving level indicates that MS is at the edge of the serving cell. 63: > -48 dBm None 15 MIN threshold of signal level for handover on PBGT HoMarginPbgt According to GSM specifications. and AMR HR. AMR FR. handover decisions depend upon received average value of uplink and downlink signal strength. it is suggested that the level value should not exceed -90dB. Adjacent cells with the minimum receiving intensity level higher than this parameter are potential candidates for handover. HR. None It can be divided into four kinds: FR. Setting the minimum access level too large will cause crossover area of cells to become dead area. MS in the serving cell constantly monitors the signal intensity on BCCH of adjacent cells. AMR FR. It is one of parameters to decide preferred cells during handover control. handover shall be performed to find a more suitable cell. increase the minimum access level to decrease C1 and C2 value of the cell. However. Default value is 0. The PBGT value of an adjacent cell is also one of the causes for handover. Cell Description Management Object Value Range 0 ~ 63 0: < -110 dBm. 0. and AMR HR. -101 dBm ~ -100 dBm) or lower. which is higher than the MS receiving sensitivity –102 dBm. 5. It is advised to set this parameter to approximate MS receiving sensitivity. All rights reserved. Value range is 0 ~ 31.ZGF05-02-001 Basic Handover Value Range Unit Default Full name Abbreviation MAX power level of MS can be divided into four kinds: FR. 1: -110 dBm ~ -109 dBm. this parameter of the cell can be increased by 2 (dB). MIN power level for handover access RxLevMin This parameter defines the minimum receiving intensity level (on BCCH) required for MS to handover to this cell. Cell 0 ~ 48 0: -24 dB. At the preliminary running stage of the network. ZTE ConfidentialProprietary . 0. The decision process is as follows: If the PBGT value of an adjacent cell is greater than the relevant threshold of this cell. 1: -23 dB. this parameter can be usually set as 10 (that is. when the network capacity is expanded or the radio coverage in a cell is not a problem. For some cells with traffic overload. …… 62: -49 dBm ~ -48 dBm. …… Unit Default Full name Abbreviation Description Management Object Value Range 12 © 2008 ZTE Corporation. 2: -109 dBm ~ -108 dBm.

1: -23 dB. In handover caused by the quality. …… 48: 24 dB None 30 Minimal Threshold of RxLev HO HoMarginRxLev According to GSM specifications. handover decisions depend upon received average value of uplink and downlink signal strength. This parameter defines the signal quality threshold to determine handover from adjacent cell to local cell. All rights reserved. In handover caused by the level. For example. handover decisions depend upon received average value of uplink and downlink signal strength. adjacent cells should be screened and sequenced. one user triggers the handover from cell A to cell B. adjacent cells should be screened and sequenced. 1: -23 dB. Cell 0 ~60 s 5 Unit Default Full name Abbreviation Description Management Object Value Range Unit Default ZTE Confidential Proprietary © 2008 ZTE Corporation. …… 48: 24 dB None 30 MIN interval between inter-cell handover HoBackPenalty The purpose of it is to avoid the ping-pong handover. the user can not handover back to the cell A from cell B during the timer period until it is out of time. 13 .ZGF05-02-001 Basic Handover 48: 24 dB Unit Default Full name Abbreviation None 30 Minimal Threshold of RxQual HO HoMarginRxQual According to GSM specifications. Cell Description Management Object Value Range 0 ~ 48 0: -24 dB. Cell Unit Default Full name Abbreviation Description Management Object Value Range 0 ~ 48 0: -24 dB. This parameter defines the signal strength threshold to determine handover from adjacent cell to local cell.

2 Parameter Configuration Figure 2 BSC Function Radio Basic Pproperty Configuration Interface Figure 3 Handover Condition Configuration Interface 14 © 2008 ZTE Corporation. ZTE ConfidentialProprietary .ZGF05-02-001 Basic Handover 4. All rights reserved.

ZGF05-02-001 Basic Handover Figure 4 Adjacent cell handover and reselection configuration interface Figure 5 Handover Condition Configuration Interface ZTE Confidential Proprietary © 2008 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved. 15 .

ZGF05-02-001 Basic Handover 5 5.1 Related Counters and Alarms Related Counters Counter ID C900060093 C900060094 C900060095 C900060096 C900060097 C900060098 C900060099 C900060102 C900060119 C900060120 C901090001 C901090004 C901090011 C901090024 C901090105 C901090148 C901100001 C901100002 C901100003 C901100004 C901230001 C901230002 C901230003 What It Counts Number of BSC-controlled inter-cell outgoing handover Number of BSC-controlled inter-cell outgoing handover success Number of MSC-controlled outgoing handover Number of MSC-controlled outgoing handover success Number of BSC-controlled inter-cell incoming handover Number of BSC-controlled inter-cell incoming handover success Number of MSC-controlled incoming handover Number of MSC-controlled incoming handover success Number of Intra-cell handover Number of Intra-cell handover success Number of BSC-controlled inter-cell outgoing handover attempts Number of MSC-controlled outgoing handover attempts Number of BSC-controlled inter-cell incoming handover attempts Number of MSC-controlled incoming handover attempts Number of intra-cell handover attempts Number of intra-cell invalid handovers Number of handover attempts on the adjacent cell This counter counts the number of success of handover from the selected cell to the adjacent cell Number of handover attempts from adjacent cell to the selected cell This counter counts the number of successful handover from the adjacent cell to the selected cell Number of intra-cell handover in attempts Number of intra-cell handover ins success Number of Intra-BSC inter-cell handover in attempts 16 © 2008 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved. ZTE ConfidentialProprietary .

1 Engineering Guide Application Scenario This feature is applicable to the scenarios where handover is activated. the MS needs to hand over from the original voice channel to a new idle one.1 Network Impacts Impacts on the network This feature enables MS to continue their calls when moving around among different cells. Pay attention to the following issues when using this feature: − Handover candidated cells can be effectively controlled through setting of adjacent cell layer and static priorities. 6.2 Related Alarms None. otherwise.3 6. If the source and target cells are the same cell. 17 ZTE Confidential Proprietary .The dynamic priority can help © 2008 ZTE Corporation. Handover types vary with the BTSs where the target cell is located. initiate an intra-cell handover.2 Configuration Description This feature does not involve the adjustment of the iBSC and BTS hardware. When an MS with ongoing conversation leaves the coverage area of a BTS to that of another. The uplink/downlink level quality and TA value measured by MS and BTS are used as fundamental measurement data by the system to decide whether to perform handover and to which cell the MS is to be handed over based on the handover decision algorithm and the resource allocation algorithm. 6 6.ZGF05-02-001 Basic Handover Counter ID C901230004 C901230005 C901230006 What It Counts Number of Intra-BSC intra-cell handover ins success Number of Intra-MSC inter-cell handover in attempts Number of Intra-MSC inter-cell handover ins success 5. 6.3. initiate an inter-cell handover. and improves network quality and user experience. or the call quality decreases due to the interference. All rights reserved.

ZTE ConfidentialProprietary . All rights reserved. − − The handover failure penalty strategy can lessen handover failures to the same target cell.ZGF05-02-001 Basic Handover automatically adjust the traffic distribution in networks and relieve network congestion. Layer setting affects the selection priority of target cells during handover.and Micro-cells [6] ZGF05-02-008 Dynamic Handover Priority Algorithm [7] ZGF05-02-009 Directed-Shift Handover [8] ZGF05-02-013 Handover Failure Penalty [9] ZGF05-02-014 Rapid Level Drop Handover [10] ZGF05-02-015 Traffic Based Handover [11] ZGF05-05-001 Multi-layer Cell Structure [12] ZGF05-05-002 Concentric Circle Technology [13] ZGF05-09-006 Co-BCCH 18 © 2008 ZTE Corporation.0 [3] ZGF05-02-002 Basic Handover Decision Criteria [4]ZGF05-02-003 Handover Mode [5] ZGF05-02-007 Handover between Macro. 7 Abbreviation Abbreviations BSC BTS MS PBGT Full Characteristics Base Station Controller Base Transceiver Station Mobile Station Power Budget 8 Reference Document [1] ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Radio Parameters Reference V1.0 [2] ZXG10 BSS (V6. Layer is a concept regarding logical layers but irrelevant to the type of actual site (macro site and micro site).10) Performance Counter Manual V1.2 Impacts on NEs This feature does not affect the capacity of the iBSC and BTS. and improve the handover success ratio. 6.20.20.3. Layer priority is higher than static or dynamic priority.

All rights reserved.ZGF05-02-001 Basic Handover ZTE Confidential Proprietary © 2008 ZTE Corporation. 19 .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful