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2 kV 477; 672; 800 MVA THREE WINDING AUTOTRANSFORMERS
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS
GENERAL PERFORMANCE 4.16.1 4.16.2 4.16.3 4.16.4 4.16.5 4.16.6 4.16.7 4.16.8 4.16.9 Loading Nominal Voltage Taps Dielectric Insulation Levels Vector Relations Transformer Impedance Sound Level Losses Short Circuit Requirements
4.16.10 Auxiliary Power 4.17 ACCESSORIES 4.17.1 4.17.2 4.17.3 4.17.4 4.17.5 4.18 Bushings Bushing Current Transformers (BCT) De-energized Tap Changer Load Tap Changing Equipment Surge Arresters
CONSTRUCTION 4.18.1 4.18.2 4.18.3 4.18.4 4.18.5 Windings and Core Tank Grounding Wiring and Controls Control Cabinet 2
4.18.6 4.18.7 4.18.8 4.18.9
Radiators and Cooling Equipment Autotransformer Nameplate Oil Preservation Oil
4.18.10 Indicating Devices 4.19 4.20 4.21 4.22 CONTRACTOR DATA TESTS SHIPPING SCHEDULES, DRAWINGS, MANUALS, and FACTORY VISITS
GENERAL: This Technical Specification describes the requirements for one (1) three phase, outdoor, oilimmersed, three winding, 60 Hz, 345/138/13.2 kV, 477; 672; and 800 MVA EHV autotransformers for installation at LCRA TSC’s designated Substation (s). The autotransformer covered by this specification shall be designed, built, and tested in accordance with the latest applicable ANSI, NEMA, IEEE and EEI standards and shall include all additional features required by this specification.
PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS: Autotransformer shall be 3 phase, three winding, 60 Hz, with ONAN/ONAF/ONAF cooling. The autotransformer will be used as a system tie autotransformer designed to operate in either a step up or step down mode, but will primarily be used for step-down operation. Contractor shall follow good engineering and manufacturing practices to produce a transformer, including accessories, which in conjunction with normal maintenance will provide safe and reliable service through a 50year life under the rigors of service in an electric utility power system. Contractor shall completely integrate all components into the overall transformer design, including but not limited to the LTC, all controller relays, monitoring, indicators, etc. Please note, ratings below are subject to change depending on project/site requirements, ratings shall be confirmed with LCRA TSC purchasing group and scope documentation. 4.16.1 Loading: 477.7 MVA HV to LV: 672 MVA HV to LV: 800 MVA HV to LV: 477.7 MVA HV to TV: 672 MVA HV to TV: 800 MVA HV to TV: 477.7 MVA LV to TV: 672 MVA LV to TV: 800 MVA LV to TV: 256/341.3/426.6//477.7 MVA @ 55//65° C rise 360/480/600//672 MVA @ 55//65°C rise 428.6/571.4/714.3//800 MVA @ 55//65° C rise 68.5/91.3/114.1//70 MVA @ 55//65° C rise (Minimum) 65/86.7/108.3//121 MVA @ 55//65° C rise (Minimum) 65/86.7/108.3//121 MVA @ 55//65° C rise (Minimum) 37.5/50/62.5//70 MVA@ 55//65° C rise (Minimum) 37.5/50/62.5//121 MVA@ 55//65° C rise (Minimum) 37.5/50/62.5//121 MVA@ 55//65° C rise (Minimum)
Voltage 345,000/199,20 0 GRD WYE 138,000/79,670 GRD WYE 13,200 Delta
3 PHASE CONTINUOUS FULL LOAD RATING (477.7 MVA) Class ONAN ONAF ONAF Temp Rise oC Winding MVA 256 341.3 426.6 55 H 286.6 382.2 477.7 65 X Y 256 286.6 37.5 42 341.3 382.2 50 56 426.6 477.7 62.5 70 55 65 55 65
3 PHASE CONTINUOUS FULL LOAD RATING (672 MVA) Class ONAN ONAF ONAF Temp Rise oC Winding MVA H 360 480 600 55 4
0 GRD WYE 138,000/79,670 GRD WYE 13,200 Delta
403.2 X Y 360 403.2 65 72.6
537.6 480 537.6 86.7 96.8
672 600 672 108.3 121
65 55 65 55 65
Voltage 345,000/199,20 0 GRD WYE 138,000/79,670 GRD WYE 13,200 Delta
3 PHASE CONTINUOUS FULL LOAD RATING (800 MVA) Class ONAN ONAF ONAF Temp Rise oC Winding MVA 428.6 571.4 714.3 55 H 480 640 800 65 X Y 428.6 480 65 72.6 571.4 640 86.7 96.8 714.3 800 108.3 121 55 65 55 65
Approximately 1000 KVA of station service load will be installed on the autotransformer tertiary. An additional 60 MVA of reactive compensation, either reactive or capacitive, may be installed in the future. The autotransformer shall be capable of simultaneous three winding operation provided that the MVA rating of any particular set of terminals is not exceeded and that the current in the common winding does not exceed the 65 degree C rise, ONAN/ONAF/ONAF ratings. (Common winding current equals rated LV current minus Series Winding current at highest voltage tap connection). Autotransformer overload capability shall be 110% of maximum forced cooled rating for a period of four (4) continuous hours without increased loss of life. Components such as bushings, tap changers, winding leads, oil expansion capacity, gasketing, stray flux heating, etc. shall not be the limiting factors in the autotransformer’s capability to meet overloads. This design overload capability will be at an average ambient temperature of 30°C during overload and an average ambient temperature during the 24-hour period not exceeding 40°C. This design overload capability will be based on a transformer loading condition of 90% of the maximum forced cooled rating during the 24 hour period surrounding the overload. The autotransformer shall be capable of operating above rated voltage as specified by IEEE C57.12. The Contractor shall supply information to help LCRA TSC determine loading capacity and loss of life for the autotransformer. A minimum requirement for this information is as defined in the IEEE C57.115 standard, section 2.6. 1. Top-oil temperature rise over ambient temperature 2. Bottom-oil temperature rise over ambient temperature 3. Average conductor temperature rise over ambient temperature 4. Hottest-spot conductor temperature rise over ambient temperature 5. Load loss at rated load 6. No load loss 7. Confirmation of oil flow design 5
4.12 Table 5.10%. Sixteen 5/8% steps above and Sixteen 5/8% steps below neutral position. that would constitute a limiting factor element for consideration in loading and loss of life calculations. rms) 345 kv 1050 1155 870 315 360 50 138 kV 650 715 540 125 145 50 15 kV 150 165 ------------50 Neutral 150 ------------50 See “Test” section for required tests. rms) Induced Voltage Test Enhanced Level (kV. 4.3 Taps: De-Energized or No Load Tap Changer (DETC/NLTC): 345 kV +/. tap changer.16. (See section 4. oil pressure build up. 4. (See Section 4. gaskets.17.2 kV Delta 4.4 No Taps Required No Taps Required Dielectric Insulation Levels: Autotransformer shall be designed to withstand the following impulse levels based on IEEE C57. connectors and leads.17.16.6 Transformer Impedance Impedance shall be as designated on the Purchasers Purchase Order Release.67 kV Tertiary Winding Voltage (TV): 13. 6 .2 kV Common Winding Voltage (LV): 138 kV Grd Wye/79.16. BIL (kV Crest) Chopped Wave Level (kV Crest) BSL (kV Crest) Induced Voltage Test One Hour level (kV.5% in 2.5% steps with the LTC in Neutral position.16. etc. The DETC shall be on the high voltage end of the series winding.5 Vector Relations: Standard vector relationships shall be used.16.Any other information regarding ratings for bushings.2 Nominal Voltage: Series Winding Voltage (HV): 345 kV Grd Wye/199.3) Load Tap Changer (LTC): Common End of Series Winding: LTC +/.4) Common Winding (LV): Tertiary Winding (TV): 4. rms) Applied Voltage Test level (kV.
225/KW $810/KW Guaranteed no-load and load losses shall be at rated voltage and Oil Natural Air Natural (ONAN) loading and at the 1 raise LTC position. The Contractor shall submit with their proposal. including the cost of losses. 4. 4.16. Data shall be submitted by the contractor to verify the short circuit capability of the reactor design. Guaranteed auxiliary losses shall be at maximum forced cooled rating. 4.9 Short Circuit Requirements: The autotransformer shall be capable of withstanding the maximum current and associated mechanical and thermal stresses produced by external short circuits under the conditions specified in IEEE C57. The errors must contain all components of the error including probable calibration errors and other uncertainties in the measurement system. If internal reactors are used to limit tertiary short circuit currents. the percentage maximum total measurement error for the no load loss measurement and the load loss measurement systems.12. Loss measurement errors greater than + 3 percent will result in the rejection of the Contractor’s proposal. 7 . Loss: $3.8 Losses: Autotransformer proposals will be evaluated based on total owning costs. The following costs will be used to evaluate losses: No-Load: Load Loss: Aux.020/KW $1.00-1993.12. Tertiary impedance shall be designed so the maximum allowable fault on the tertiary does not exceed 750 MVA based on the 345kV and 138kV busses being infinite.Tertiary shall be completely self protected. those reactors shall be designed and constructed by the autotransformer contractor using the same high standards as the main windings. A system check to insure that all errors have been properly applied may be required.16. The maximum loss measurement error that is acceptable is + 3 percent as per IEEE C57.7 Sound Level: Autotransformer sound level shall not exceed 77dB for Oil Natural Air Natural (ONAN) rating and 80dB for maximum forced cooling rating as measured by procedures in NEMA TR1 for standard average audible sound levels. Auxiliary losses will not be used in the credit calculations. Factory tests that yield losses exceeding those guaranteed in the Proposal shall result in a credit to LCRA TSC. or at the 0 LTC position whichever has the highest no-load losses.16. The credit will amount to the differences (no-load and load losses only) between the tested and guaranteed losses times the appropriate loss cost. The data shall be traceable to the United States National Institute of Standards and Technology and calculated per Section 8 of NBS Technical Note 1204. No price adjustment will be given to the Contractor for losses less than those guaranteed. Failure to submit a loss measurement system error or the submission of an error that is obviously erroneous will result in the rejection of the proposal.00 Section 12.
240 volt with separate neutral and ground conductor. PCORE or LCRA TSC approved equivalent ratings that are required: 477.12.16. Short Circuit Characteristics.10.10.10 Auxiliary Power: 4.1 Bushings: ABB. This design criteria shall apply to primary. Lights shall operate at 120 volts single phase. Section 7. 4.7 MVA High Voltage (345kV): Low Voltage ( 138 kV): Tertiary Voltage (13.16.00. Heaters shall operate at 240 volts single-phase. Incoming terminals shall be provided for single phase and three phase.10.The autotransformer shall meet or exceed the requirements of IEEE C57.3 The LCRA TSC shall provide the necessary station service power for operating the load tap changer and auxiliary cooling equipment.5 The AC neutral shall be electrically isolated from the equipment ground. 4-wire delta power supply will be provided to handle both three-phase and single-phase loads. limited to two seconds. # . Available fault current in control cabinet may reach 20. The autotransformer shall be self-protecting without the aid of external impedance from a through fault standpoint. 4.10./Int.16.) ABB #362W2000UZ or PCORE Equivalent 650 PCORE #POC650G3000CMS or LCRA TSC approved ABB Equivalent 150 ABB #025V0600WJ or 8 . secondary.17 ACCESSORIES: 4.4 The Contractor shall state all three-phase and single-phase kVA requirements in the proposal form.1 A 120/240 volt. Fans shall operate at 240 volts. 4.16. The Contractor shall also show evidence that the design will meet or exceed the requirements stated by either: (1) Submitting certified test reports covering two fully offset shorts per phase at rated voltage with the short circuit current limited only by the autotransformer impedance on a prototype unit.ABB or PCORE 1300/1050 (Ext.16.10.2 Instrumentation shall be operated at 125 volts DC which will be supplied by LCRA TSC. 4. and tertiary windings.16. 4. Incoming AC terminals shall be large enough to accommodate up to and including 2/0 AWG copper conductors.17. or (2) Submitting data and drawings showing that the successful short circuit strength design has been accomplished.2 kV 362 138 25 BIL(kV) Supplier Cat. either single or three-phase.000 amps. 4.
17.2 Bushings shall be furnished in accordance with IEEE C57.19 and C57.kV): Neutral: HoXo 25 150 LCRA TSC approved PCORE Equivalent ABB #025W3000BF or LCRA TSC approved PCORE Equivalent 672 MVA High Voltage (345kV): Low Voltage ( 138 kV): Tertiary Voltage (13.) ABB #362W2000UZ or LCRA TSC approved PCORE Equivalent 650 PCORE #POC650G3000CMS or LCRA TSC approved ABB Equivalent 150 ABB #025V0600WJ or LCRA TSC approved PCORE Equivalent 150 ABB #025W3000BF or LCRA TSC approved PCORE Equivalent BIL(kV) Supplier Cat.126.96.36.199 4./Int.3 MINIMUM BUSHING SPACING FOR AUTOTRANSFORMERS Nominal Operating Voltage Minimum centerline-to-centerline dimension (At top of bushing) 128” 62” 24” 9 . # .01.) ABB #T345Z2000BD or LCRA TSC approved PCORE Equivalent 650 ABB #T138W4000UU or LCRA TSC approved PCORE Equivalent 150 ABB #025V0600WJ or LCRA TSC approved PCORE Equivalent 150 ABB #025W3000BF or LCRA TSC approved PCORE Equivalent 800 MVA High Voltage (345kV): Low Voltage ( 138 kV): Tertiary Voltage (13. # .17.2 kV): Neutral: HoXo kV 362 138 25 25 BIL(kV) Supplier Cat.2 kV): Neutral: HoXo kV 362 138 25 25 Ampere requirement based on autotransformer over-loading: 4. The H2 and X2 bushings shall be in line with the centerline of the autotransformer base.1. Bushings shall be mounted in a location symmetrical with the centerline of the autotransformer tank.17.ABB or PCORE 1300/1050 (Ext. Tertiary bushings shall be located with all three bushings in a straight line. Minimum bushing spacing shall be as follows: 345kV 138 kV 15 kV 4.ABB or PCORE 1300/1050 (Ext./Int.
188.8.131.52 Delta Winding: One (1) per phase 3000:5 amp MR C800 RF1. C1 power factor shall not exceed 0.7 MVA: H: Four (4) per Bushing 2000:5 amp MR C800 RF=1.5 HoXo: Two (2) per Bushing 1200:5 amp MR C800 RF=1.0 and One (1) 5000:5 amp SR C800 RF 1.17. or LCRA TSC approved equivalent.5 672 MVA: H: Four (4) per Bushing 2000:5 amp MR C800 RF=1. LCRA TSC requests proposal pricing to supply additional spare bushings for each different type proposed. If a brand name other than ABB or PCORE is proposed.1.2 Bushing Current Transformers (BCT): The following BCT’s shall be provided: 477. The terminal shall be rated for the continuous current rating of the bushing. Contractor state the bushings proposed for each terminal with the proposal.17.0 Y: Three (3) per Bushing 10 . and tertiary applications.4.1.8 4. Additionally.4 All bushings shall include a tinned bronze spade type NEMA pad stud connector. Connectors shall be minimum 4” by 4” pad or larger to safely handle maximum current levels on HV. Stud connectors shall be threaded type and shall have a minimum of two bolts for clamping.5 4. All bushings shall be porcelain standard creep and ANSI 70 gray.6 4.5% and the C2 power factor shall not exceed 1. the Contractor shall furnish one spare bushing for each voltage class on the order as part of the base proposal. PCORE.17. LCRA TSC may elect to purchase spare bushings from the Contractor.17. The Contractor shall provide one PCORE test terminal for field dielectric tests on each bushing.0%.2 X: Four (4) per Bushing 3000:5 amp MR C800 RF=2.1. LV.1. All bushings shall have test taps and be equipped with nameplates specifying factory Power Factor (%PF) test results.0 Y: Three (3) per Bushing Two (2) 10000:5 amp SR C800 RF 1.0 X: Four (4) per Bushing 3000:5 amp MR C800 RF=2. Bushings shall be oriented such that capacitance test taps are perpendicular to the local tank wall for ladder access from the ground. 4. Therefore. Stud connectors shall be tin plated. All bushings shall have C1 and C2 test taps. Bushings shall be ABB.7 4.
Relay accuracy bushing current transformers shall be multi-ratio. Concentric Devices type 30CT04 or LCRA TSC approved equivalent. and tap 5 to indicate low. with ANSI standard ratio taps. Each current transformer shall be mounted and wired in the appropriate bushing well. as specified in IEEE Std.17.0 and One (1) 5000:5 amp SR C800 RF 1. as a routine test.2.0 X: Four (4) per Bushing 4000:5 amp MR C800 RF=2.250 353. Standard Requirements for Tap Changers. All CT leads shall be grounded in the control cabinet. C57.3 4.000 336. Tap 1 to indicate high.1 4.5 HoXo: Two (2) per Bushing 1200:5 amp MR C800 RF=1. De-Energized Tap Voltages (with LTC in Neutral-Position) DETC HV LV Position Winding Winding 1 2 3 4 5 3184.108.40.206 All current transformers (CT’s) shall have fully distributed windings. Size 10 AWG. DETC’s shall comply with the requirements of Category 2 DETCs. to a partial discharge test with voltage levels. in the control cabinet. as per the latest revision of ANSI C220.127.116.115 345.3 De-energized Tap Changer: De-energized tap gauge indication shall read 1-5.13. tap 3 to indicate neutral. 600V insulation shall be used for CT wiring to terminal blocks. 4.0 Y: Three (3) per Bushing Two (2) 10000:5 amp SR C800 RF 1.375 138000 138000 138000 138000 138000 11 . Each DETC containing insulation that depends on oil impregnation of any material be subjected.2 4.17.2. time durations and PD limits as prescribed in C57.131-2012.Two (2) 10000:5 amp SR C800 RF 1.5 Delta Winding: One (1) per phase 3000:5 amp SR C800 RF1.17.0 4.5 800 MVA: H: Four (4) per Bushing 3000:5 amp MR C800 RF=2.0 and One (1) 5000:5 amp SR C800 RF 1.5 HoXo: Two (2) per Bushing 1200:5 amp MR C800 RF=2. All leads from each current transformer shall be terminated on short circuiting type terminal blocks.0 Delta Winding: One (1) per phase 3000:5 amp SR C800 RF2. DETC shall be a Reinhausen or LCRA TSC approved equivalent.2.
and control devices. Designs that allow regulation through the core are not acceptable. including doors to be opened on side mounted LTCs. Please refer to Figure 1 below for outline of required nameplate example nomenclature.131-2012. Figure 1 – Nameplate Rating Outline Diagram 12 . C57.17. 4.750 4.327. The LTC shall be full capacity above rated voltage and reduced capacity (constant current) below rated voltage. a motordriven mechanism.1 The LTC shall provide +/. 3) Door swings of any doors on the LTC compartments. shall be noted on the outline drawing. LTC tap windings shall be located on the common end of the series windings.4 Load Tap Changing Equipment: The autotransformer and the on load tap changer shall be designed to operate in step up and step down modes.4. The regulating winding voltage shall be fully distributed.17. The primary mode of operation of the autotransformer will be to maintain a constant low side voltage (138 kV nominal). 2) The LTC shall include a protective circuit that senses when the vacuum bottle operates when it should not. The load-tap changing equipment shall consist of a low current resistance bridging device.10% voltage regulation with sixteen . 1) The LTC shall be provided in accordance with IEEE Std. The highlighted region depicts LCRA TSC’s scheme of raising and lowering taps based on secondary voltage. The LTC shall be a Reinhausen vacuum type VM or ABB vacuum type VUC or LCRA TSC approved equivalent.5/8% steps above and sixteen – 5/8% steps below neutral position.
switches.4. If an in-tank LTC design is provided. Figure 2 below shows an example of the tap position indicator that conforms to Figure 1. The inside of each LTC compartment shall be painted white to improve inspection visibility. either internal or external to the main tank.12 for additional info).2 LTC shall be located in completely separate compartment(s) from the main autotransformer core and coils.LTC control shall be implemented using the raise and lower scheme (16 RAISE to 16 LOWER).17.4. 4. and all other components of the LTC mechanism shall be capable of continuously carrying the required current at any tap voltage. The 16 RAISE to 16 LOWER nomenclature shall be used for LTC tap indication.17. (2) After contact separation the arc between breaking contacts shall be extinguished at the first current zero.17. Resistance bridging-type LTC shall include the following features: (1) Transition roller contacts and stationary contacts on the bridging device shall have copper tungsten arcing surfaces. each LTC mechanism shall have provisions for lifting and removal from the LTC compartment to facilitate maintenance of the device.4 Contacts. 13 4.4. (See 4. the bottom of the interrupting compartment shall be located approximately three feet above the base of the autotransformer to facilitate maintenance of the LTC without use of ladders or scaffolds.3 .17. Figure 2 – Tap Position Indicator 4. If the LTC compartment is external to the main tank. LCRA TSC controls voltage levels based solely on the transformer secondary.4. (3) The resistance bridging contact life shall be the same as the service life of the autotransformer. Single phase LTC compartments are preferred over three phase.
In the “Remote” position.17. 18.104.22.168. The relay shall be Beckwith M-0127A or LCRA TSC approved equivalent low burden.17.6 4. The tap position indicator will be labeled from ’16 LOWER’ to ’16 RAISE’ with tap position ‘N’ denotative of the neutral position. The Contractor shall provide one manual. A ‘raise’ command shall cause the secondary voltage to increase and cause the tap indication to move towards 16 RAISE. All cabinet and door hardware shall be non-rust stainless steel.17.4. The relay is to lockout the automatic operation only and provides a contact for lockout alarm. The LTC paralleling control relay shall be a Beckwith M-0115A or LCRA TSC approved equivalent. Mode of communication required is DNP. A ‘lower’ command shall cause the secondary voltage to decrease and cause the tap indication to move towards 16 LOWER. and remote control capability via LCRA TSC supervisory equipment. 4.4.9 4. An excessive circulating current lockout relay shall be provided to stop operation of the load ratio control motor before circulating current reaches an unsafe value.5 4. The doors shall provide access to the control devices and have provisions for padlocking.11 The Contractor shall provide a ventilated weatherproof cabinet with hinged doors. 4. A ‘raise’ command will result in the tap indication moving in the RAISE direction. LCRA TSC will provide dry contact inputs from supervisory interface panels to raise or lower the LTC tap position. It shall be a Beckwith M-0329B or LCRA TSC approved equivalent. In the “Local” mode. The LTC manual controls shall be located on the same side of the autotransformer as the tap position indicator.17. The factory preset fixed dead band shall be one (1) volt. “Raise-Off-Lower” selector switch for local operation of the LTC. a storage place shall be provided.12 The LTC shall have a tap position indicator with maximum/minimum drag hands. An Under/Over voltage relay shall be provided to lockout the tap changer on under/over voltage conditions.17.10 The LTC shall have manual. sensitive AC current relay. 14 . it shall be electrically interlocked to prevent operation by the motor when the crank or spoke type hand wheel is removed from its storage position.22.214.171.124 Current transformers for LTC shall be sized and provided by the manufacturer. the LTC tap position will be controlled from the LTC automatic control unit.4.4. If the hand crank or hand wheel is detachable. automatic. The relay shall lock out the automatic operation only and provide a contact for lockout alarm.4. resettable from ground level.7 4. A hand crank or hand wheel for manual operation of the driving mechanism shall be provided.4. The Contractor shall also provide one manual “Remote-Local” selector switch to select between local or supervisory control of the LTC. The LTC automatic control unit shall be a Beckwith M-2001B or LCRA TSC approved equivalent. If a hand crank or spoke type of hand wheel is provided.
17. with one set wired to a terminal block for LCRA TSC use and another set wired to the annunciator. and a resistive network. However.LTC) trip and shall remain lit until the sudden pressure relay has been manually reset. Indicating light shall indicate SPR LTC (Sudden Pressure Relay . 15 . 4.1. Alarm contacts shall be provided in accordance with Section 4.13 The LTC shall provide tap position indication to both the main LTC controller and LCRA TSC supervisory. varistors may be used to provide added voltage protection during transient conditions. The unit shall be equipped with test plugs to simulate a sudden pressure rise.18.17. The seal-in relay shall be a Qualitrol Series 909 or LCRA TSC approved equivalent Seal-In Relay. Three separate signals. reset button. so that the unit can be tested periodically. Trip contacts shall be identified on the drawings and wired out to terminal blocks for LCRA TSC use.17. All circuitry and relays associated with the sudden pressure relay scheme for the LTC shall be independent from the sudden pressure relay scheme for the main tank.16. 4. shall be provided and wired to Contractor terminal blocks for LCRA TSC supervisory indication. A Beckwith M-2025 or LCRA TSC approved equivalent shall be provided for tap position indication into the M2001B main LTC controller and LCRA TSC supervisory.17. and 63X trip and alarm contacts shall be mounted in the main control cabinet. Terminal block points shall be provided for LCRA TSC to supply 125volts DC exclusively to the LTC SPR seal-in relay.126.96.36.199 The tap changer ratings shall exceed all operating conditions at 110% as described in section 4.2.5. indicating light.4. 4.16 The Contractor shall provide one (1) sudden pressure sensing unit mounted on each LTC compartment. This seal-in relay. a 4-20mA signal. The nameplate shall include the following minimum data in addition to the IEEE C57.13.15 A separate nameplate shall be provided for and mounted on the LTC mechanism.17. a 0-1mA signal.4. Circuitry from this device shall be provided to a seal-in relay. The sudden pressure sensing unit shall be a Qualitrol Series 910 or LCRA TSC approved equivalent Rapid Pressure Rise Relay.4.131 specified items: Model number of mechanism Type of drive mechanism Ratio of any series transformer LTC manufacturer name Model number of Mechanism Year of Manufacture Maximum rated through current of mechanism BIL Rating Oil Volume in mechanism compartment Type of transition impedance (resistor) Method of Arc interruption Type of drive mechanism 4.14 A mechanical operations counter shall be provided and shall be accessible from ground level.
and shall clearly label their purpose. The motor shall be equipped with over current protection of 10 amps with a manual reset. 4. which can be reset manually mounted on each LTC compartment. The temperature differential monitor device shall be a Barrington Consultants Model TDM System 188.8.131.52.17.4. Surge arresters shall be 5.0/0. The magnetic liquid level gauge shall be a Qualitrol Series 032 Magnetic Liquid Level Gauge.184.108.40.206. 4. The contacts set by the Contractor to alarm when the oil level drops below normal operating level. Transformer Temperature Differential Monitor.5.17. The liquid level gauge shall have a six (6) inch dial.25 The Contractor shall supply trip contacts for LCRA TSC’s use per LTC manufacturers recommendations. It shall be accessible and replaceable from the control cabinet. 4. single phase.17.0BG 7. The housing for all surge arresters shall be porcelain.1 The autotransformer shall be provided with metal oxide station class surge arresters. 4.light gray in accordance with Munsell. Acceptable arresters and their ratings are as follows: (Ohio Brass or LCRA TSC approved equivalent) Arrester Ratings Terminals Brand MCOV (kV) Duty (kV) 16 4.17. Circuitry from this device shall be routed to the main control cabinet where alarm contacts and a local trip flag shall be provided.5.5 Surge Arresters: Surge Arrestors shall be provided by the Contractor for all terminals 4.18 A separate annunciator alarm shall be provided to indicate when the temperature of the oil in the LTC compartment is 3 degrees Celsius or greater than the oil temperature in the main tank at the corresponding level. 60 Hz. The automatic pressure relief device shall be a Qualitrol Series 208 Pressure Relief Device.17.17.21 An over current automatic-trip air circuit breaker with manual reset for control of the power circuit at the motor drive shall be provided.4.17. 4.22 An over current automatic-trip air circuit breaker with manual reset for control of the potential circuit to the automatic control devices shall be provided. No transformer shall be required between the motor and its power source.2 .4.19 The LTC Motor shall be 120/240 volt.4. 4.4. 4.24 The Contractor shall provide one (1) magnetic liquid level gauge with low liquid level alarm contacts for the LTC.4.17.23 The Contractor shall provide one (1) automatic pressure relief device.20 Mechanically operated electric limit switches and mechanical stops shall be provided on the drive mechanism to prevent over travel beyond the maximum raise and lower positions. 4.
H1. Y2.18. i. H2. and other current carrying parts.18. Design of conductor joints and connections shall limit circulating currents and overheating such that abnormal aging or deterioration does not occur when the apparatus is operated within the scope of service conditions specified.5 4.17. specifically at crossovers between layers or disks. 17 . Internal joints. Please note that tertiary shall be brought out on all MVA classes.5. Joints are permissible at locations external to the windings. This includes internal current limiting reactors. soldering or crimping. The Contractor shall minimize the distance between the surge arrester and the bushing. rms.1 Copper or silver bearing copper conductor is required for all winding. (cross-sections).17. are not permissible unless the joint involves a single strand of a multiple (at least five) strand conductor. H3 X1.4 4. The Contractor shall provide a surge arrester ground pad for each arrester in accordance with ANSI/IEEE C57.6 4.1 CONSTRUCTION: Windings and Core: 4.e. A joint is defined in this context as the physical joining of two or more separate winding conductors by means of welding. All surge arresters shall be manufactured and tested in accordance with ANSI/IEEE C62. shall be round.5.18 4.3 Ohio Brass Ohio Brass Ohio Brass 220 88 220.127.116.11.18.18. symmetrical.17. section 5.17.3 276 108 18 The Contractor shall provide rigid mounting for the arresters in accordance with Section 4. dimensional tolerances and mechanical strength are within acceptable limits for the application.11-2005. leads. joints made within the body of the winding layer or winding disk. All surge arresters shall be designed with a pressure relief rating of 65kA. 4.17..12. All surge arresters shall be provided with a NEMA 4" x 4".5.2 All windings for Core and Coil type construction.5. brazing. Contractor shall have an effective quality assurance procedure for verifying that conductors are free from defects in joints and that conductor burr. Y3 4.8.10-1988. if used.5. 4.1. X2. The grounding pad shall be mounted on the side of the tank as close as possible to the arrester. Contractor shall state winding material in their proposal.1.7 4. X3 Y1. 4-hole terminal bronze or tin plated bronze pad. nicks or indentations.
” Coil winding insulation shall be Dennison paper for the entire length and thickness of all windings and leads. Magnetic cores shall be directly grounded without any impedance or fuse-like elements connected in series.18.7 mils.6 kV/mm (66. All material used in the autotransformer shall be subject to rigid quality assurance and control standards. C at 30 deg.1. and thermal effects that could be encountered. Each separate core shall have a separate core bushing and ground connection.1. Excessive edge or surface damage during manufacture may result in rejection of the core.18.104.22.168.’ All material used or proposed for use in the autotransformer shall be tested and shall have passed the autotransformer oil compatibility test using the method outlined in ASTM D3455. The design shall not permit permanent deflection of supports and leads due to forces acting on the lead during transport or service.8 4.1.Design shall have the following preferred maximum dielectric stresses in the high-low space(s): 1) 15.18.9 . The Contractor shall design the core such that the maximum flux magnitude in the core at nominal operating voltage will not exceed 1.18. 4. The maximum allowable burrs on the slit or cut edge of the electrical steel used in the core shall not exceed 0. C for the condition of highest core over-excitation. The maximum temperature within the core at nominal operating voltage shall not exceed 125 deg. The core ground bushing shall be clearly labeled on the autotransformer and shall be shown on the outline drawing.1. Internal arrester elements shall not be used to protect any part of the windings.7 4. full load and 40 deg. A warning plate shall be provided near this bushing stating. Leads and lead supports shall be designed for all dielectric.3 A core ground connection shall be brought out of the autotransformer tank through an appropriate device so that core ground readings may be taken without having to remove a manhole cover.6 4.18. Core ground bushings shall be housed in a weatherproof metal housing.0 kV/mm (380 kV/in) during full wave impulse 2) 2. as though these voltages were applied at each tap 18 4. C ambient.4 4.1. Material quality assurance reports shall be made available upon request. ‘Core Ground Must Always Be Connected When Equipment Is Energized. mechanical.1. The Contractor shall have complete traceability on all material from receiving until final installation in the autotransformer.7 Tesla.5 4. Tap leads and series or parallel crossover leads and supports shall be designed to provide significant safety margins above the worst case dielectric stresses that would occur during specified lightning and switching surge and power frequency voltages.0 kV/in) during normal operating voltage Exceeding these levels is allowed but shall be discussed during the design review. C ambient and 130 deg.
5 4.18. Direct permanent connections shall be used between the series and common windings of autotransformers. not to exceed 3000 psi.2. male connector equipped with a cap. All valves shall have a pipe plug in the open end. Tank shall be designed for vacuum filling in the field with 3" or 4” NPT connectors. visual indication and alarm contacts terminated in control cabinet. Arrester brackets shall be spaced such that the center of each arrester will be on the same line as the center of the top of each bushing. Shipping Covers are not acceptable. Covers weighing greater than 45 pounds shall be hinged. 4.position.2.2. line leads shall be designed to provide reasonable safety margins during these conditions. Top of autotransformer tank shall be slightly domed to promote water shedding and shall have a skid-resistant surface. Brackets shall have three 11/16" mounting holes. Devices shall have auto reset.18.18.1 Main tank cover shall be welded on.2.18. coil or lead supports shall be free from knots and other defects. Similarly.2 4.18.7 Autotransformer shall be designed for skidding in any direction. Wooden members used for core. Autotransformer tank shall have two pressure relief devices. 120 degrees apart.2 Tank: See “Indicating Devices” section for required gauges and monitoring devices attached to the tank. Tank shall be furnished with 2” NPT. The sampling device shall be supplied with a 5/16-inch. 4. low.2. Additional manholes and/or hand holes shall be provided as needed for maintenance and testing. A minimum of two manholes with bolted covers shall be provided in the top cover of the autotransformer.2. 4.2. rather than using the low voltage bushing as a collection point for these leads. which the arrester is protecting. 32 threads per inch. bottom drain valve with sampling device. Tank and conservator shall be designed for full vacuum without deformation.22.214.171.124 4. The supports for 19 . on a 10 inch bolt circle. Manholes shall be round and shall be a minimum of 20 inches in diameter.8 Brackets for mounting three (3) surge arresters near the high.2. The pole will induce certain shear and bending moment forces to the tank cover. A base plate to facilitate installation of fall protection equipment shall be welded in the center of the main cover as shown in drawings in Specification Appendix 1.4 4. The drain valve shall have a built-in sampling device which shall be located on the side of the valve between the main valve seal and the pipe plug. and tertiary bushings shall be provided. and 2" NPT upper filter press valve connections. Fall protection equipment will be supplied by LCRA TSC and will consist of a detachable tie off pole mounted to the tank cover.3 4. globe type.18. 4.
Six (6) pads total at the top for arrester ground connections.12 The following moving and handling facilities shall be provided: • Lifting eyes for lifting the cover only • Lifting facilities for the complete autotransformer • Lifting facilities for the core and coil • Pulling eyes for moving the autotransformer in any direction • Lifting eyes for radiators • Suitable jacking pads on each corner near the base • Smooth base suitable for skidding in any direction • Lifting eyes for conservator.18. LV. (g) The autotransformer tank top after application of the RTV coating shall be skid resistant and its color shall match the rest of the tank.11 The inside of the autotransformer tank shall be painted white to improve inspection visibility. varmints. or LCRA TSC approved equivalent.2.each tertiary voltage arrester shall be extended beyond the arrester mounting plate in such a way as to provide vertical flanges which will be used to attach low voltage bus support mountings. 587.18. 4. Paint will be inspected and tested on delivery. Each flange and support shall be designed to support rated arrester loading and shall be rigid enough to minimize deflection caused by external conditions and forces.2.0 Shrink factor: Nil Coating shall be adequate to prevent grounding of the low voltage bushing by snakes. as manufactured by MIDSUN Group. – 100 kHz: . All paint and primer shall be lead-free. 375 volts/mil.10 Autotransformer exterior shall be painted with a primary coat applied over a properly prepared surface. with a minimum thickness of 30 mils. Volume Resistivity (ASTM D257).18. HV. Finish shall be two coats of ANSI 70 gray paint for a total thickness of not less than 4 mils. The Contractor will be expected to correct any deviation from these specifications. These flanges shall include four 13/16 inch holes on 7 inch bolt circles. Southington.18. (Phone 1-800MIDSUN).2. room temperature vulcanizing (RTV) insulation of silicon rubber technology. The top of the autotransformer tank shall have a non-skid surface.2. and TV. Product No.01 Dielectric constant (ASTM D150). 100Hz – 100kHz: 4.13 All gaskets shall be one piece and made of NITRILE rubber. CT. 4. The coating shall be applied per paint manufacturer’s instructions and shall have the following characteristics: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) Dielectric strength (ASTM D149). 4.2. If one piece 20 . The autotransformer tank top shall be covered with protective silicon coating. if used 4. 4. Other gasket material must be approved by LCRA TSC prior to its application. 100Hz.9 Two (2) arrester ground pads shall be located near the top of the tank for each set of arresters. Provide picture to depict proper coloring in the test report.0x 1015 Dissipation Factor (ASTM D2m7). ohm-cm 3. etc.18. with the top pair of holes and the bottom pair of holes on horizontal centerlines respectively.
126.96.36.199. Tank Ground Pads: A NEMA 2-hole.3.is not available.1 All wiring external to cabinets shall be 600 volt flame resistant.18. Butt splice joints are not acceptable.18.2. LCRA TSC will connect tank ground pads to substation ground grid to complete adequate autotransformer grounding protection.18. All wiring external to cabinets shall be in rigid galvanized steel conduit except for local connections to individual fans.3 Grounding: 4. 4.14 A confined space rescue safety plate shall be mounted near each manhole per LCRA TSC drawing “UHOIST” in Specification Appendix 188.8.131.52 4. or 6-hole steel based copperfaced pad shall be welded to the tank in each of the following locations: a) b) c) 4. moisture proof wire in rigid galvanized steel (RGS) conduit with all terminals tagged. the gasket shall have a vulcanized scarf joint. The bus bar shall be painted the same color as the autotransformer.12.4.4 Adjacent to the Xo or HoXo bushing.3 Surge Arrester Grounding: The surge arresters furnished on the autotransformer shall be grounded to the surge arrester ground pads listed above in Section 4. 4-hole.184.108.40.206. Safety mounting plates shall be welded to the tank cover. 21 4.4 .5. Crouse Hinds or T&B weatherproof receptacles and plugs shall be furnished for flexible connections to fans.10 Section 5.18.2 Grounding pads shall be provided per IEEE C57. All terminals blocks shall be screw type.4. The bus bar must be supported approximately every three feet and the bottom of the bus bar shall have a NEMA four hole drilling at 6 inches above the base of the autotransformer.3 4. 4.9. Use of tank wall bracing wells is acceptable in combination with rigid galvanized conduit. Six inches up from the bottom on left and right corners when facing low voltage side.2 4.4 Wiring and Controls: 4.2. with ring tongue ends and shall be electro-tin plated copper.18. These grounds shall be copper bars with suitable supports on tank for all bars.3. Six inches up from tank bottom on left and right corners when facing high voltage side.5 4. The bus bar shall be made of 1/2” by 4” copper bar and shall be connected directly to a four hole pad stud connector on the neutral bushing.18.3. 4.18. 4. All wire terminals shall be crimp type nylon insulated. A copper neutral bus bar shall be furnished and attached to the side of the autotransformer at a location as close to the neutral (HoXo) bushing as possible.
220.127.116.11 4. Stainless steel hardware shall be furnished on all doors and panels for all cabinets or enclosures used on the autotransformer.5.) Cabinet shall be accessible from ground level and shall be positioned in a safe and convenient location.5.18. Light shall be furnished with a safety shield to prevent accidental breakage.18.104.22.168. All other cabinet wiring shall be a minimum size of No. All conduit entrances shall be on the sides or bottom.4. Control Cabinet: 4.4 4.S.5 All control components shall be readily available in the U.5 4.5. 10 AWG copper wire.5. (Exception is for CT shorting jumpers. Control cabinet shall include a metal pocket inside the door for storage of the instruction manuals and drawings.18. 4. The Contractor shall state the single-phase and three-phase kVA requirements in the Proposal section of this specification.18. A scale drawing of the control cabinet internal physical layout shall be provided in the drawing set. Cover plate will be field drilled or punched as needed. Cabinet shall have provisions for termination of insulated auxiliary wiring on screw type terminal blocks. 4.18. Control cabinet shall be furnished with an interior light.4.5. flame resistant.142-2011 unless otherwise stated below. 22 .A. Cabinet doors shall have a weather seal to prevent driving rain from entering the cabinet.2 4.7 4. 4-wire delta to handle both threephase and single-phase loads. 20 amp.5.5. All other control wiring shall be wired to #10-32 barrier type terminal strips properly sized to handle the loads (General Electric Type EB-25 or equivalent). No conduit shall enter the top of the control cabinet.18. duplex receptacle with GFI protection. Current transformer circuits shall be wired to terminal strips equipped with shorting bars (Concentric Devices 30CT04 or equivalent).3 4.18. Door shall be provided with wind latches.18. (2) The voltage available is 120/240 volt. 600 Volt insulation. All CT wiring shall be No. 12 AWG copper wire.9 4.5. NEC THW rated.10 All cabinets shall have padlocking provisions. 600 volt insulation. a door-operated light switch. Control cabinet shall have a removable blank conduit plate large enough to accommodate eight (8) 2” conduits located in the bottom center of the cabinet.6 4. The inside of the control cabinet shall be painted white. One side of terminal blocks supplied for LCRA TSC’s cable connections shall be completely free of the Contractors wiring. NEC THW rated.11 Station Service: (1) The LCRA TSC will provide the necessary station service power for operating the load tap changer and auxiliary cooling equipment.1 A weatherproof metal control cabinet shall be provided complete with a thermostatically controlled heater and shall follow IEEE C57. and a 120 volt.18.8 4.5.
20 amperes direct-current non-inductive load 23 . 240 volt with separate neutral and ground conductor.13 Non-grounded minimum-level alarm contacts shall be provided. 4.5. suitable for interrupting. (2) Wiring shall be provided between the alarm contact terminal blocks and the annunciator input point module terminals.02 amperes direct-current inductive load (b) 0. Knife switches or fuses are not allowed.LTC j) AC failure alarm . at 250 VDC. (7) Annunciator alarms shall include.LTC c) High winding temperature d) Combustible gas detector relay operation (Buchholz relay) e) Pressure relief device operation .AC Failure n) DC failure alarm – 125VDC o) Oil filtration system oil level differential alarm p) Oil filtration system low oil level alarm q) Oil filtration system pressure differential across filter alarm r) Tap changing incomplete 4.Main tank i) Low oil level . (5) The cabinet shall have a grounding connector for safety grounding.120/240 VAC k) LTC control relay failure alarm l) Combustible Gas-In-Oil alarm m) Cooling Fan Failure . a maximum of: (a) 0. (6) Each of the annunciator's relay module output contact terminals shall be terminated on terminal blocks for LCRA TSC's connections.12 Annunciators (1) The Contractor shall provide one or more Puleo Type PE103-48-2B annunciator(s) or LCRA TSC approved equivalent to handle all annunciator points specified. but are not limited to. (4) The Contractor shall provide as many annunciators as is necessary to make available to LCRA TSC all alarm points provided. Incoming terminals shall be provided for single phase.18.5.(3) The AC neutral shall be electrically isolated from the equipment ground. The annunciator power supply(s) will be supplied by a separate LCRA TSC connection from the other 125 VDC devices on the autotransformer.Main Tank f) Pressure relief device operation .Main Tank b) Sudden pressure relay operation .LTC g) High liquid temperature h) Low oil level . the following: a) Sudden pressure relay operation . (3) The terminals of the annunciators point modules shall be properly and permanently labeled to indicate the alarm function. (5) Each of the annunciator power supply circuits shall be connected to a 125 VDC power supply terminal block. Incoming AC terminals shall be large enough to accommodate up to and including 2/0 AWG copper conductors. (4) Molded case circuit breakers rated for 240VAC/250VDC shall be used for all control and auxiliary equipment power.18.
they must be labeled and identified in such a way to indicate the proper assembly position.8 4. with separate contacts for high temperature alarm in accordance with Section 22.214.171.124.O. 240 volt AC.3 4. Fan guards shall prevent birds and other small animals from entering the fan housing. 4.6. Top and bottom shut off valves shall be furnished on radiators.5. Coupling shall be APS ¾” plug.6.6. or approved equal.10.9 4.3. Fiberglass fan blades are not acceptable. Radiator flanges shall be blanked off and sealed with blanking plates and rubber gaskets prior to shipment and radiators filled with dry air. A switch shall be provided for manual operation of the fans overriding the winding temperature controls. All fans shall be capable of automatic operation twice during a 24 hour period. 4.7 4.18. contacts shall be provided for the fan power circuits. All fans shall have waterproof electrical plugs for easy fan removal.6.6. Replacement fans shall be manufactured and readily available in the U.18.C. The terminal block shall meet the requirements specified herein. 4.A. Each radiator bank shall include upper and lower vent and drain plugs and drain coupling.18.7 4.4 4. Over current protection with manual reset shall be provided for each fan bank.S. If radiators cannot be interchanged.18.6 Radiators and Cooling Equipment: 4.10 A loss of AC voltage relay with 2 N. and 2 N.1 All radiators shall be removable and interchangeable and shall be mounted directly on the transformer tank.6.18.7. This relay shall have an adjustable time delay of up to five (5) minutes.18.2 4.18. Fan motors shall be totally enclosed with sealed. with one set wired to a terminal block for LCRA TSC use and another set wired to the annunciator. or Normally Closed NC) terminal block for alarms.6 4.These alarm contacts and any additional or spare contacts shall be brought out as individual alarms and terminated in the control cabinet on a properly labeled (description and whether Normally Open NO. permanently lubricated ball bearings and shall be equipped with reset thermal protectors.126.96.36.199 4. Automatic control for auxiliary cooling actuated from fiber optic recorded winding temperature shall be Qualitrol/Neoptix.6. Alarm contacts shall be provided in accordance with Section 4.18.18. Controls shall be provided for selection of which fan bank leads the other on ONAN/ONAF/ONAF units.18. All fan motors shall be three-phase delta.6.6.18. All fans shall have one piece blades and galvanized fan guards that meet applicable OSHA standards.1 24 Autotransformer Nameplate: .
12. tap changers.18.” 4. 4. Bladder shall have proven 20 year plus life expectancy. Any oil used or supplied to fill the autotransformer shall have PCB content of less than 1part per million.1 4.“Information to be included shall be per requirements of Nameplate C of Table 7 of C57. Non-grounded alarm contacts shall be provided in accordance with Section 7.18.7. The bottom of the expansion tank must be at least 4” above the top of the autotransformer cover and above the highest oil to air gasketed joint. fuses. nonlinear resistors or protective devices. 4.9.07 of this specification.18.3 The physical properties of the insulating oil as received shall meet the following requirements: 25 .3% DBPC. 2) Ratios and accuracy classifications.9 Oil: 4. An autotransformer nameplate shall be furnished and attached to the autotransformer tank at a point easily accessible from ground level.00-2010.8 Oil Preservation: A conservator type oil preservation system with a rubber bladder bag shall be used to exclude air contact with the oil. (Type II oil).9. Isolation valves shall be provided between the conservator tank and the main tank. The Buchholz relay shall be wired to a separate seal-In relay inside the control cabinet. series transformers. including hot spot CTs 3) Winding form (cylindrical or shell). Acid refined oil is preferred if available. The gas detector relay shall be a Qualitrol Series 038 Gas Detector Relay. A Buchholz-style gas detector relay shall be located in the piping between the conservator tank and main tank. or a GE Type GEK-4817 Gas Detector Relay. All oil furnished shall be certified as non-PCB and the nameplate shall state that the oil is PCB free.18.18.2 Oil shall be furnished in the necessary quantity with 0.18. The tank shall be constructed so that the bag will not block the pipe to the autotransformer at low oil levels. Appropriate bleed valves shall be located on the main tank and conservator for filling the autotransformer.2 The nameplate shall be manufactured of stainless steel. current transformers.02. 4. plus the following: 1) Connection diagrams and ratings of all internal electrical components including current limiting reactors. All autotransformer oil shall be in accordance with ANSI/ASTM latest issue standards for new oil. type and model or style of all CTs. number and general locations of all intentional core grounds.9. etc.
3% by mass DBPC < 1. max 195 minutes. min 30 PPM max 0.0 PPM (Related Standard) (ASTM D611) (ASTM D1500) (ASTM D2112) (ASTM D878) ASTM D1275B) (ASTM D877) (ASTM D3300) (ASTM D92) (ASTM D971) (ASTM D1533) (ASTM D664) (ASTM D97) (ASTM D924) (ASTM D1298) (ASTM D88) (ASTM D1473) 26 .Characteristic Aniline point Color Oxidation Stability (rotating bomb test) Chlorides and Sulfates Corrosive Sulfur Dielectric Breakdown Voltage Dielectric Breakdown Voltage. max 0. min 145 kV. max -40oC max 0.5. max 66 SUS @ 40oC. max 0. min 145oC.91 @ 15oC/15oC.015 mg KOH/g.01% @ 60 Hz. 100oC. min None Noncorrosive 35 kV @ 60 Hz. min 40 dyne/cm @ 25oC. Impulse Conditions Flash Point Interfacial Tension Moisture Content Neutralization Number Pour Point Power Factor Specific Gravity Viscosity Saturation Concentration Oxidation Inhibitor Poly Chlorinated Biphenyl Value 63-78oC 0. max 60 PPM H2O @ 25oC.
The relay shall be wired to separate Seal-In relays (Qualitrol 909-200-01) located in the control cabinet and wired for 125V DC operation. 27 .OIL TEST ANALYSIS The contractor shall perform an oil analysis and submit a certified test report to LCRA TSC on the contents of oil used for filling the Autotransformer tank. All gauges shall be labeled on the dial face of the gauge or have a suitable nameplate attached adjacent to the gauge. dial type. The contacts shall be set by the Contractor to alarm when the oil level drops below normal operating level. dial type. 4. The contractor shall provide D1275B test results on all oil prior to placing it in the transformer. Proof of passing compliance with all tests listed in the table shall be submitted. The monitor shall be a Qualitrol Series 509-DW. and other monitoring equipment shall be wired to terminal points inside the control cabinet for LCRA TSC’s use. All gauges with manual resets shall be mounted in a position accessible from ground level.13.10 Indicating Devices: All alarm contacts from indicating devices. Monitor face shall be labeled “Liquid Temperature”. with one set wired to a terminal block for LCRA TSC use and another set wired to the annunciator. Alarm contacts shall be provided in accordance with Section 188.8.131.52.10. Of specific interest is test D1275B for corrosive sulfur. Gauges shall have a 6” dial face.18.5. relays.3 Liquid Temperature Indicator.13. Alarm contacts shall be provided in accordance with Section 4.10. with four (4) separate adjustable alarm contacts. 4. If oil properties do not meet or exceed the requirements in the Table listed above. or LCRA TSC approved equivalent. Alarm contacts shall be provided in accordance with Section 4.2 Two (2) Sudden Pressure Relay (Qualitrol Series 900 or 910 depending on application) shall be provided on opposite sides of the main tank.18. These test reports shall be submitted to LCRA TSC prior to any oil being placed in the transformer. Tests shall be made both at the time of factory filling and at the time of final fill at LCRA TSC’s substation site to show that the requirements of the characteristic chart above have been met or exceeded.18.5.18. corrective action will be taken at the expense of the contractor of the Autotransformer to bring the properties of the oil to the correct specification or drain and change the oil and correct any damage resulting from defective oil. Terminal block points shall be provided for LCRA TSC to supply 125 VDC exclusively to the Main Tank SPR seal-in relays. with alarm contacts.10. with one set wired to a terminal block for LCRA TSC use and another set wired to the annunciator. 184.108.40.206 Liquid Level Gauge(s). The following equipment is required: 4. Qualitrol CAS-771-1 or LCRA TSC approved equivalent shall be provided for the main tank and LTC tank. with one set wired to a terminal block for LCRA TSC use and another set wired to the annunciator.
¼ NPT ANSI treads.1 The manufacturer shall furnish and install a fiber optic winding hotspot & top oil monitoring system manufactured by NEOPTIX/Qualitrol or LCRA TSC approved equivalent. Transformer tank wall mounting plate in stainless steel for 16 Neoptix OFT optical feed throughs.10. including junction protection box. temperature range of -80C to 200C Optical feed through to match with Neoptix products. ST-ST mating included.5.3 4. with one set wired to a terminal block for LCRA TSC use and another set wired to the annunciator. 4.10. Alarm contacts shall be provided in accordance with Section 4. Monitor face shall be labeled “Winding Temperature”.10. All fiber optic probes should be routed inside the control cabinet and 8 of them will be connected to the 28 4. The OFTs should be assembled on the tank wall plate and leak tested at 100 PSI at the factory by Neoptix. External fiber optic extension cable. The monitor shall be a Qualitrol Series 509-DW. oil immersed Teflon sheathing reinforced with spiral wrap.5 .5 Fiber Optic Hotspot & Top Oil System The following specifications shall be met for the addition of fiber optic probes and monitoring devices: 4.5. no moving parts or O’rings.220.127.116.11. near top of middle phase coil The manufacturer shall guarantee that all probes shall be functional. 485/DNP 18.104.22.168 Winding Temperature Indicators on the H22.214.171.124. DIN power supply.18. X2. one (1) per phase One (1) probe in the Core hot spot per design evaluation One (1) top oil probe. Probes shall be installed in the following locations: Three (3) probes in the series winding. and Y2 windings.10.5.5. 24 volts for T/Guard Link system The Qualitrol 509-DW or LCRA TSC approved equivalent for this application shall have six (6) form C output contacts.5.18. polyurethane with Kevlar reinforcement.13. Dial type with four (4) separate adjustable contacts.D.4 4.0 communication. or relays. one (1) per phase Three (3) probes in the common winding.18.2 Item 1 2 3 4 Quantity 16 16 8 1 5 6 1 1 Description T2 Fiber optic temperature probe for oil filled power transformer. 8-channel fiber optic temperature monitoring system for transformer winding (Model T/Guard Link or MOD-638) with 8 numbers of 4-20 mA analog outputs. The fiber optic system shall include: 4. ST connectors at both ends. or LCRA TSC approved equivalent.10. 150C operating temperature. 3mm O.
All 16 probes shall be monitored during the heat run test with results communicated.5.9 4. Location of the TWFPs shall be a confirmed by LCRA TSC prior to installation. 4.10 The fiber optic probes inside the tank shall be routed in such a way that they are not subject to damage during assembly or dismantling of the transformer. and shall have sufficient slack to avoid taut internal connections and allow for the interchanging of probes. 4.5.13 The hot-spot monitoring system shall be linked to the Qualitrol 509-DW or LCRA TSC approved equivalent through the auxiliary RS-485 port.5.6 The Transformer Tank Wall Feed through Plates (TWFP) shall be located on the top third of the side wall of the transformer.14 A yellow panduit and/or FO corrugated plastic conduit shall be used exclusively for the FO extensions inside the control 29 . This data shall be included as part of the certified test report. Neoptix trained professional shall be present on manufacturer site during the installation of FO probes for each first of series. control of the cooling system.temperature monitor. The manufacturer shall indicate the exact location of each probe after the hot spot calculation is done. A ¾ inch or larger rigid conduit shall be routed from the NEMA 4 box to the control cabinet. Probe placement and identification are to be determined by manufacturer and shall be communicated to LCRA TSC during design review.126.96.36.199.10. All routing of probes from tank plate shall pass through rigid conduit into the control box.7 188.8.131.52.10.18.18.10.8 4. where they shall be accessible during operation of the transformer.10. 4.10. Each fiber optic probe and cable shall be identified on drawings and tagged.10. 4.18. and provide visibility of the transformer temperatures. 4.11 A NEMA 4 box with removable cover shall be mounted over the tank wall plates. All probes installed by the manufacturer shall be secured inside the transformer tank such that the probe cannot be damaged by shipping.10. 4. seismic or short circuit forces. The probe installation details shall be provided for approval and issued along the certified drawings.5. The Qualitrol 509-DW or LCRA TSC approved equivalent shall provide alarm and trip functions for Top Oil and Winding Hot Spot.184.108.40.206 Installation procedure must be validated by Neoptix/Qualitrol prior the beginning of the installation.10.5.5.
j. h.5 times the monitor manufacturers recommendation. The automatic pressure relief device shall be a Qualitrol Series 208 Pressure Relief Device.10. f.10. i.) Multi-gas monitor sensors Moisture-in-oil sensor LTC position sensor Main tank low oil level 30 . one per fan bank group. Power supply requirements for this device shall be 1. 4. Alarm contacts shall be provided in accordance with Section 4. Tertiary Fan switch position Fan motor current monitoring (provide fan current sensing CT.13. Dynamic Ratings DRMCC-E3.000 gallons of oil.5. with one set wired to a terminal block for LCRA TSC use and another set wired to the annunciator.18. k.18. All cabling between sensors and alarm cabinet shall be provided.18. The pressure relief devices shall be located such as to provide equal coverage on the cover. e.5. b.10. c.18. The following analog and digital inputs shall be provided to the monitor control unit: a. Alarm contacts shall be provided in accordance with section 4. The FO extensions shall not be bundled or tie wrapped with the control cable. (Internally supplied primary and customer provided backup options shall be available). 4. Top oil temperature Ambient temperature Primary voltage winding current Secondary voltage winding current Tertiary voltage winding current Terminal blocks to bring in potentials for Primary.18.15 During Heat Run: The fiber optic thermometers shall be used to measure the temperatures.5. or LCRA TSC approved equivalent. Circuitry from these devices shall be routed to the main control cabinet where alarm contacts and a local trip flag shall be provided. l. 4.8 One (1) transformer monitor and control unit. The FO cables that are not connected to the temperature monitor shall be coiled in a 12 inch (305mm) diameter and secured in a permanent fashion such that they are not subject to damage but are accessible.18.10. 4. Should the fiber optic thermometers record hot spot temperatures in excess of those submitted by calculations the manufacturer shall justify the use of calculated values and LCRA TSC may require the test be repeated. The manufacturer shall instruct all personnel working on the transformer that the fiber optic cables are glass and must be treated only in accordance with vendor specified procedure.6 One Serveron model TM8 Autotransformer analyzer or LCRA TSC approved equivalent shall be provided with enclosure cabinet and alarms.3 with one set wired to a terminal block for LCRA TSC use and another set wired to the annunciator. Secondary. d.cabinet. g.7 One (1) cover mounted automatic pressure relief device with external target that can be reset manually for each 10.
11.19 CONTRACTOR DATA: 4. Communication wiring shall consist of two (2) CAT 6 STP (8 conductors shielded twisted pair) going from each monitor to the Dynamic Ratings cabinet.2 A design review meeting (to be held at LCRA TSC’s transmission engineering offices in Austin.19. n. p. and communication wire shall be provided from each monitor to the Dynamic Ratings unit. The communication conduit shall be separate from control and power wiring. LCRA TSC will most likely have a consultant attending the design review that is experienced in the design and manufacture of large autotransformers.1 All Contractor data.19. nameplate. which are outline. Box 220 Austin. The Dynamic Ratings monitor shall be utilized as a data concentrator having communications coming from all other monitors installed on the transformer.m. and wiring and schematic drawings shall be submitted to the LCRA TSC 3 weeks prior to the design meeting.O. 31 . The duration of the meeting will be a minimum of two full workdays. after award of contract. items (1). Texas 78767 Attn: Substation Engineering 4. Written notice of the meeting shall be supplied to LCRA TSC three weeks in advance of meeting date. (2). Texas) will be required as part of the approval drawing process. These drawings. Approval drawings defined in section 1. Conduit from the temperature monitors. 4. shall be submitted to the LCRA TSC’s project engineer designated in the purchase order at: Lower Colorado River Authority P. o. with LCRA TSC’s comments and markups will be reviewed with the Contractor as part of the design review meeting agenda. gas monitors. and tap changer controllers shall be installed. LTC low oil level LTC sudden pressure alarm Pressure relief alarm Gas detector (Buchholz relay) alarm A separate NEMA cabinet shall be installed adjacent to the main cabinet with the Dynamic Ratings monitor inside. and (3).
once Contractor has made these conversions on all documentation. Thermal analysis calculation methods c. spacing’s. The design review will include. FORCE. ALL VALUES FOR LENGTH. If the Contractor arrives at the design review meeting and has failed to carry out the provisions of this paragraph.IMPORTANT NOTE REGARDING THE DESIGN REVIEW MEETING Changes may be proposed by LCRA TSC and their consultant that modify core. and cooling capacity of the autotransformer. ASTM material specifications for core material and source of supply (Core material data sheet to be supplied) c. Contractor analytical tools: a. frame. The residual flux density in the core in percent of nominal excitation and times normal inrush current. All written agenda information that the Contractor will discuss at the design review meeting shall be provided to LCRA TSC a minimum of three weeks prior to the meeting for review. Core geometry. Leakage magnetic field calculation method 2. Transient voltage distribution and calculation methods b. The Contractor shall use caution in contracting for any core. thickness and flux density values d. What type of verification is used to determine if hot spot temperatures and locations are accurate 32 . No load loss and excitation parameters g. Number of cooling ducts in the core and calculated hotspot locations with their respective temperatures h. insulation. the following topics that may affect changes to the Contractor’s design as described above: 1. Lamination burr tolerance e. electrical and magnetic fields. tank/frame materials. LCRA TSC will present an agenda format of the design review meeting to the Contractor and the Contractor may add agenda items prior to the design review meeting. These changes shall be included in the final design and manufacture of the autotransformer at no additional charge or time delay to LCRA TSC. tank and insulation materials that may be affected by LCRA TSC initiated design changes prior to the design review meeting. Short circuit stress calculation methods 1) Types of through faults considered 2) Calculation of coil stresses 3) Calculation of mechanical structure stresses d. AND PRESSURE SHALL BE IN ENGLISH UNITS WHEN PRESENTED BY THE CONTRACTOR AT THE DESIGN REVIEW MEETING. but is not limited to. The Contractor shall make all these conversions on documentation presented prior to the design review meeting. Core design configuration b. clearances. f. coil. Core design: a. oil flow characteristics. Metric units are not acceptable except for temperature in degrees centigrade. Simply stating conversion factors for use at the meeting is totally unacceptable. AREA. LCRA TSC will not accept any cost increase for design review changes or consider any excuses by the manufacture that they have already bought these materials and can’t make proposed changes due to economic or time constraints. windings. the meeting will be immediately terminated and rescheduled at the manufactures’ expense for a future date at the LCRA TSC’s offices.
Type of voltage regulation and regulating winding design e. Major insulation clearance locations c. Core loss and excitation curve review Winding design: a. 9. Directed or non directed oil flow used in the coil windings and size of oil duct openings e. 4. Average temperature and hot spot temperature calculations d. 7. Review of all dielectric clearances and impulse distribution calculations h. C rating f. Voltage distribution and electrical stresses at in major insulation thickness locations Load loss and impedance. This includes the effects of a raise/lower command. Winding arrangement or construction to be used including description of transpositions and interleaving. the tap position numbering convention and labeling on the nameplate. and description of cooling fluid pat within the winding structure b. turn-to-turn. Control of leakage fields b. disk-to-disk. Fluid flow and heat transfer rates at 65 deg. 8. etc. Ratio of strength to stress for each mode of failure and the method used to calculate these values d. Localized temperature calculation due to leakage fields Sound level design. f. Life expectancy of cooling equipment components Leakage magnetic field analysis: a. spacing and insulating barriers between windings. Insulation configuration and materials d. and shielding locations g. Insulation material used (Provided insulation suppliers data sheet) b. Winding temperature rise values and locations and how these are calculated. Review of winding splice and tap locations Insulation design: a. Type and amount and type of cooling equipment used to attain the guaranteed nameplate KVA cooling design b. Voltage distribution in windings. Tap changer equipment and how selection and sizing of this equipment was made. Thermal design: a. Coil and core stabilization methods and description of clamping systems: 33 . the direction of movement of the tap indication. number and size of axial and radial spacers used. c. 5. Winding material ASTM material designation and parameters including tensile and ultimate strength of copper (Provide material data sheet of proposed copper material) c.i. 6. 3. Winding conductor eddy and stray loss calculations and determination of need for tank wall shielding. 10. and the nature of the tap indication output used by the LCRA TSC.
SFRA testing details c. List of recommended spare parts and source locations for obtaining them e.The induced test with partial discharge measurement shall be made last. Bushings including connections of leads. Number and location of tank welds e. d.12. 34 .90.20 TESTS: Autotransformer shall be tested completely assembled. Weights and dimensions c. Design for transportation including the shipping forces that the clamping and end frame structure is designed to withstand in G’s. LCRA TSC shall be notified a minimum of three (3) weeks prior to the implementation of the required tests. and other special components 11. Sweep Frequency Response Analysis (SFRA) 4. Oil specification data sheet of oil to be supplied 13. Applicable test standards 4. Painting and electrical insulating paint application 12. pressure plates. The following test sequence shall be used: Routine Tests Load Loss Measurements No Load Loss and Excitation Current Measurements Single Phase Excitation Test 110% Excitation Test Temperature Tests Dielectric Tests Impulse Switching Surge Applied No Load Loss and Excitation Current Tests Noise Test Induced Test . Materials and geometry used for end rings. LCRA TSC reserves the right to visit the manufacturing facility and observe any and all tests and inspections. Accessories: a. Review of specification testing requirements b. Controls.20. wiring. etc. including all permanent bushings and cooling equipment. Tank and fitting design: a. Gauges and indication devices c. Conservator and bladder design b.1 All tests shall be made in accordance with applicable sections of latest revision of IEEE Standard C57. Testing and test plan: a. conduit. bolting arrangements and sizes b.a. d. Acceptance criteria d.
The measured gas levels shall be 35 4. Oil samples shall be taken for gas in oil analysis immediately before and after the excitation test and an additional sample be taken eight to 12 hours after completion of the test.20. Reports shall be delivered in both the “Doble Test Assistant” version 5. and 16R.000 gallon oil level before comparison.1. Measurements shall be performed with DETC on highest voltage tap setting and on all LTC taps.20.1.1. Temperature rise data on duplicate units is not acceptable.20. The Contractor shall perform a 24 hour excitation test at 110% voltage.5 Exciting current at rated voltage and at 110% rated voltage. Oil samples shall be taken for gas in oil analysis both before and after temperature rise testing.8 .16.20. unless the Contractor can clearly demonstrate. 4. Polarity and phase relation tests on all windings and BCTs.6 4.000 gallon level are as shown: Ethylene Methane Ethane Acetylene 220.127.116.11.1. Tests shall be performed at LTC positions 16L. Neutral. both positive and zero sequence.Required tests shall include the following: 4.1. Any increased level of combustible gases between the “before” and “after” tests shall be addressed by the Contractor and presented to LCRA TSC for approval.1 4. Measurements shall be made for each primary winding according to Doble procedures for making such measurements. Ratio and regulation tests.1. C temperature. The maximum increases in the gas levels based on the 10.20. A test shall also be performed to verify the 110% overload rating as defined in section 4.2 4. that the autotransformer is capable of meeting the overload requirement specified. Test results and the Contractor’s analysis shall be submitted to LCRA TSC prior to acceptance for autotransformer shipment. 4.3 4. and at maximum 65oC rating.4. Load loss and auxiliary loss at base 55oC rise over ambient rating. No load loss at rated voltage and at 110% rated voltage before and after impulse tests.4 (or later) file format and on printed test reports with the certified test results.1 Single Phase Excitation Tests – Single phase excitation tests shall be performed at 10KV with either “Doble” M2HD or M4000 test system.1.7 1 ppm 2 ppm 2 ppm Non detectable Measured impedance.20. 1R. The measured gas levels shall be corrected to an equivalent 10.20.4 Resistance measurements on the rated voltage connection and at all tap extremes. Temperature rise tests at self cooled and maximum forced cooled ratings.20.2. based on self cooled and forced cooled test results. All resistance values shall be converted to 20deg.1.
4. The corona level shall not exceed 100 micro volts during the hour.000 gallon level are as shown: Hydrogen Ethylene Methane Ethane Acetylene Carbon Monoxide Carbon Dioxide 4. The applied voltage test shall be made in accordance with the appropriate ANSI/IEEE standards and with the following test voltages: HV LV TV Neutral 50 kV 50 kV 50 kV 50 kV Partial Discharge (PD) measurements shall be taken during the applied test.902010.corrected to an equivalent 10. including the one hour duration test. also. There shall be no continuous increase during the hour or during the last 20 minutes of the hour. the cause shall be determined and corrected.5% corrected to 20oC in accordance with Doble Temperature Charts). In the event that the 100 micro volts limit.20.9 20 ppm 3 ppm 5 ppm 5 ppm Non detectable 75 ppm 250 ppm Applied potential tests. The corona shall be measured and recorded at the enhancement level.1. e) 4. The maximum increases in the gas levels based on the 10. a) b) c) d) The corona shall be measured and recorded at the 150% level as the voltage is being increased to the enhancement level of 173%. PD in picocoulombs should be measured and recorded at 15 second intervals. The first reading at 150% following the enhancement shall be taken five (5) minutes after the voltage reaches the 150% level and every five (5) minutes thereafter for one (1) hour.1. partial discharge testing and measurements must be taken during the test. Method II.5. 36 . Oil samples shall be taken before and after induced tests.11 Insulation power factor tests by IEEE C18.104.22.168.8.000 gallon oil level before comparison.20.12. The corona level shall not increase more than 30 micro volts during the hour using the value at 150% prior to the enhancement as the base reading.10 Induced potential tests as specified in ANSI C57.90. (not to exceed 0. or the continuous increase requirement are exceeded. section 10.90-1993.20. shall be less than 500 pC and shall not increase by more than 100 pC during the test. Failure will be as specified in IEEE C57. the 30 micro volts increase.
the Contractor must wait a minimum of 48 hours after installing the gas before taking the dew point test. Reports shall be delivered prior to unit shipment in both the “Doble Test Assistant” version 5. dew point in °C < [ 0.15 Insulating oil test. Contractor shall include tank pressure and winding temperature at time of test. The Contractor shall supply LCRA TSC specifications on which oil was ordered and from which refiner and oil test data performed by the refiner shall be provided.20.20.4 (or later) and on printed test reports included with the certified test results.14 Dew point test: Test shall be made of the sealing gas prior to shipping. and piping.3 and C57.13 Leak test on tanks.98. 4.20. Test voltage and time duration of each test shall be included in the documentation. coolers. X3.5% and shall be less than the allowable maximum dew point as calculated in the formula: Max.90 section 10.12. In Table 4. TV to HV and ground. These tests shall be performed with instrumentation that includes a guard circuit.1.75 x (Winding temp in °C – 80)] 4. and Y3 winding tests shall consisting of: One (1) Reduced Full Wave One (1) Full Wave Two (2) Chopped Waves One (1) Full Wave One (1) Reduced Full Wave Neutral tests shall consist of: One (1) Reduced Full Wave 37 . X2. All windings and neutrals shall be tested for the BIL specified. Oil must be certified non-PCB.16 The Contractor shall perform the Lightning Impulse Tests per IEEE C57.1. TV to ground. H3. X1. Method II is the required technique. H1.20 Torr 4. H2. Printed test results will be included with certified test results. HV to ground. The insulation resistance tests shall include the HV to TV and ground.1. Y1.1.12 Insulation resistance test. 4. (Core to ground test shall be made just prior to shipment.20. Acceptable dew point shall indicate the moisture content in the insulating paper is less than 0.) Insulation resistance measurements shall be performed when the unit under test is at ambient temperature. and TV to HV. HV to TV. Y2.Insulation power factor tests shall be performed with either “Doble” M2HD or the M4000 test systems. However. 4.1.20. Each winding to ground and to other windings and core to ground shall be tested. Test shall be conducted using the following procedure: a) Pull a vacuum of 1 Torr on the autotransformer b) Close valve connecting the autotransformer to the vacuum pump c) Begin monitoring the pressure d) Maximum permissible Torr rise after 15 minutes is 0.
0/40 µs (double exponential) wave. same as 7. 3) The current trace. as integrated by a digital oscilloscope) for the adjusted impulse wave equals the kV-seconds above 80 % of the BIL for a 2. then the crest test voltage of both the full and chopped waves shall be increased by 2 % per each additional 0. e. 2) Overswing magnitude after chopping shall not be limited artificially to less than 40 % of the chopped wave crest value.65 µs as shown in the figure below.0 µs.1. a 10 % increase for the front and 4 % increase for the tail result in a required increase of 14 % in the crest test voltage.g.g. 38 . Tch. the increases in required test voltage shall be applied additively.0 µs or the actual tail time (time to 50% crest value) is less than 40 µs. from the instant of chopping to the time of first voltage zero shall not exceed 0. shall be recorded and compared before and after the chop during the chopped wave tests. Special requirements for the chopped wave are: 1) Actual chopping time.0 µs. In the event that the front exceeds 2.0 µs and the tail is less than 40 µs.. Figure 13 .Tch = Allowable Chopping Time The required crest voltage for the LI tests shall be increased if the actual front time exceeds 2. The following table lists the total corrections factors computed for many wave shapes based on these requirements.1µs above 2.8 above. If the front time exceeds 2. with a sweep time of 10 to 25 µs. If the time to 50 % crest value is less than 40 µs the crest test voltage of the full wave impulse shall be increased such that the kV-seconds above 80 % of the rated full wave voltage (e.Two (2) Full Wave One (1) Reduced Full Wave Oil samples shall be taken before and after impulse tests..
and X3 bushings per ANSI/IEEE C57. If this exceeds the rating of other winding parts.1. HV LV 870 kV crest 540 kV crest 1) Reduced and both full voltage and current wave shapes shall match until core saturation takes effect. H2. the insulation shall be increased to allow the application or inducing of 870 kV.12.902010 NEMA TR1. 2) Connections on three-phase transformers shall be such that 1. The autotransformer shall be connected in nominal 345kV/138kV position for the noise test.20.LI Test Voltage Correction Factors 4. H3. X2. 4.17 Switching Impulse Test shall be performed on H1. X1.12.19 Other Tests: The following tests shall be performed on each current transformer in accordance with ANSI C57.1. Note: This voltage shall be applied or induced into the high voltage end of the autotransformer.5 times the applied voltage is generated and withstood between phases without the use of external barriers between the bushings.13: 39 .90 Section 10.18 Noise level Test: Noise tests shall be made in accordance with C57.20. 22.214.171.124.
Further. failure to meet any guaranteed or specified requirements. Test failures.20.12.2 Short Circuit Data: 4.2. In the case of a test failure in the factory. The sweep frequency analysis shall be performed over a frequency range of 10 Hz to 2 MHz. as required by Section 12 of C57.20. testing or shipment.20.12.(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) Ratio and phase angle Impedance and excitation measurements Polarity Dielectric tests Insulation resistance tests Winding and lead resistance tests 4. 4. All low voltage wiring including control and indication wiring shall be given a continuity check.1. LTC at extreme raise voltage setting.20. Tap position(s) during the tests on a prototype design shall be the one(s) that creates the worst mechanical condition(s) 4. 4. with at least 5 % margin.20. LCRA TSC preferred test connections: DETC Tap Setting at Nominal Voltage.20 Sweep Frequency Analysis: The Contractor shall perform a sweep frequency response analysis using the Doble Model 5100 or equivalent instrument. questionable test results.20. and important quality defects shall be brought immediately to the attention of LCRA TSC for resolution prior to proceeding with fabrication. where appropriate to the mode of failure. the manufacturer shall advise LCRA TSC and provide an opportunity to witness teardown. Conformance of through fault thermal and mechanical requirements may be satisfied by submission of certified data indicating that the proposed design is expected to successfully pass the short circuit tests. Electromagnetic field plots and other supporting data shall be provided by Contractor upon request.00-2010 or latest revision. The transformer and all its accessories shall be designed to mechanically endure such through faults. 40 . based on actual test experience on a prototype or similar design.2. per the requirements of Section 7 of IEEE C57. All control circuits shall be functionally tested by simulating internal and external control functions. repair. The Contractor shall not initiate repair of failed or defective components as specified above until LCRA TSC has agreed to the proposed repair. the Contractor shall provide a detailed failure report to LCRA TSC including photographs of the damaged or defective items and an explanation of the measures taken to insure that the problem does not reoccur. Electronic file format will be defined later.002010 or latest revision.4 Test data shall be submitted to the LCRA TSC prior to notification for shipment.3 Control and Power Wiring: Low frequency withstand voltage tests shall be performed on all control and secondary wiring.1 The autotransformer is expected experience numerous external short circuits (through faults) during its service life. procedure or modification. Data shall be provided in hard copy and electronic files.2 4. without thermal and mechanical failure.
Make single phase excitation tests at 10 kV from 1R to 16L on each phase of the autotransformer windings.5% uncorrected.20.20. The current generated by these tests shall match the currents measured by the Contractor in the factory. CT ratio and polarity (Ratio CTs with current and voltage to cabinet terminal blocks). LCRA TSC will complete the tests listed below.21 SHIPPING: 41 . Make autotransformer turns ratio measurements from 1R to 16L on each phase of the autotransformer. low voltage. 1) 345 kV and 138 kV windings to 13. The power factor shall be less than 0. Make the following insulation power factor measurements of the autotransformer. Make single phase and three phase leakage reactance tests at the neutral tap positions. c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) 4. The final acceptance of the autotransformer will be based on the results of these tests. and tertiary windings. Functional check all control and alarm points. The patterns generated by these tests shall match those that were made by the Contractor at the factory.2 kV winding to ground Take C1 and C2 power factor measurements and capacitance measurements of all capacitance graded bushings.9. These values shall not deviate by more than 10% from the values stamped on the nameplate.5 Final Field Acceptance: When the autotransformer has been vacuum processed and filled with oil.2 kV winding 2) 345 kV and 138 kV windings to ground 3) 13. a) b) Take a DC core ground resistance measurement.6 In addition to routine and other tests that are part of the Customer witness testing.18. 4. If these tests limits are not achieved. This measurement shall be within the limits specified by the Contractor in its Instruction and Maintenance Manual. Make the oil tests to verify the physical. Make SRFA measurements on the high voltage.4. Make DC winding resistance measurements on each phase from 1R to 16L. electrical and chemical properties defined in Section 4. Monitoring and detection systems that require additional field labor to wire up and make operational due to incomplete factory completion will be billed to the manufacturer at LCRA TSC’s prevailing labor and equipment rates and will require transformer manufacturer personnel to be present at time of monitor commissioning. The SFRA patterns shall math the patterns/graphs measured by the Contractor at the factory prior to shipment. it is also required that all transformer monitoring and detection systems be powered on and functioning at the time of witness testing with the exception of the gas monitoring system. Readings on each phase shall be within +1% of the adjacent phases.5% of the autotransformer nameplate values. Measurement shall be within +5% of the nameplate value. All ratios shall be within 0. the Contractor shall find and correct the problem.
21. or rail/truck.2 4.3 4. The autotransformer tank shall be permanently marked on all four sides with the shipping center of gravity and the final center of gravity. Oil shall be shipped by tanker-truck directly to the Substation.1. Autotransformer tank shall be shipped with dry air under positive pressure. or truck or any combination thereof.21. inspection for internal cleanliness and correct phase to ground clearances and re-performance of applied voltage tests.21.8 4. ship.7 4. or truck. Review of the impact recorder Visual Inspection of autotransformer for damage during shipment DC core ground resistance measurement Dew point measurement reading.9 shall be supplied to the LCRA TSC for review prior to placement of any oil in the transformer.1 Autotransformer may be shipped by rail. barge.2. 42 4. This may be accomplished by provision of a compressed dry air and regulator system connected to the transformer tank.6 4. the LCRA TSC shall be notified and the opening shall be delayed until the LCRA TSC is able to send their representative to witness the opening. However. impact recorders must be attached to the autotransformer tank that will record the shocks in a three dimensional coordinate system during shipment. 3. If the unit is physically entered for inspection. Impact acceptance criteria shall not exceed the recommended limits defined in IEEE 57. If the units are to be opened for inspection. Copies of the records obtained from these recorders must be furnished to LCRA TSC. Rail shipment shall be made in Hydra-cushion cars or other special cars designed to provide maximum protection from shock. the LCRA TSC shall be notified if the units are to be held for inspection.18. If units are shipped from outside the United States and are subject to Customs Inspection. Measurement/Readings Before Off Loading the Autotransformer. 4. barge. Oil shall not be sent in drums. Autotransformer shall be designed to be shipped by rail or truck to a major repair facility in North America.12. All readings shall be made at the rail site before the autotransformer is off loaded from the rail car. Contractor to insure that a positive pressure be maintained during shipment to site. Oil shall be released for shipment only when requested by LCRA TSC. Contractor shall state in their proposal a preferred repair facility and if a contractual agreement exists to handle warranty repair. Partial transportation by ship or barge is acceptable. ship. Failure to supply this data prior to placement of the oil in the transformer tank shall be grounds for rejection of the unit by the LCRA TSC. LCRA TSC will complete an autotransformer receiving inspection to include the following: 1. Suitable connectors and valves shall be provided to permit re-pressurizing at rail siding and/or other LCRA TSC inspection points. 2.21. The Contractor shall be responsible for notifying the oil supplier and coordinating delivery to the substation.21. When autotransformers are shipped by rail.9 .4.21. final delivery must be truck.4 4.21.5 126.96.36.199. the unit shall be returned to a facility designated by Contractor for vapor-phase processing. Test reports for the oil as outlined in section 4.
Additional service time will not be paid by LCRA TSC due to the Contractor’s underestimating the required time that he proposed in section 1 of Section “C” Pricing Methodology. Accessories assembly. Bushing power factor tests 10. wire connections. 4. Oil circulation 20. Tertiary bushing assembly 17. assembly. Additional days of technical service representative time at the jobsite that are caused by the Contractors failure to provide this schedule will not be paid for by LCRA TSC. the service rep will provide a 43 . High side bushing assembly 15. When the unit is completely assembled and final testing is performed. Piping assemblies 13. The field tech rep shall be at the assembly site for the entire time of assembly.1. LV and tertiary bracket and surge arrester assembly installation 12. Low voltage bushing assembly 16.14. and energization. megger and polarity tests 9. and commissioning of the autotransformer to direct the activities of LCRA TSC crews in assembling the autotransformer at the delivery site. the Contractor shall perform additional drying at their cost before the autotransformer is filled. and this time in days shall match the number of days included in Item one of the proposal section. The chart shall include (but not be limited to) the following activities: 1. HV. Tap changer operation tests 11. CT turret assembly 14. Radiator assembly 5. The number of days indicated on the schedule shall match the number of days proposed in section 1 of Section “C” Pricing Methodology. Ratio test. The procedure for drying the autotransformer shall be approved in writing by LCRA TSC.20. Energization Failure to provide this schedule by the Contractor may result in delay of assembly of the autotransformer. commissioning. bushings and tap changer pre tests 8. Megger testing 4. Commissioning tests 22.If the dew point taken by LCRA TSC is greater than the maximum allowable dew point as determined by Section 4. Oil conservator and gas relay assembly 7. and conduit 21. Oil filling 19. Fan assembly 6.21. Equipment Inventory 3. An LCRA TSC labor crew will be assembled to work with the Contractors field technical representative based on the following: The Contractor shall provide a time chart to LCRA TSC 30 days before the tech rep arrives at the substation site showing the duration of each assembly activity for the autotransformer. Coordination meeting 2. CT’s. and prior to departure from the jobsite by the Contractors technical service representative.10 The Contractor shall supply the services of a field technical representative that is knowledgeable in all phases of inventory. Vacuum and oil processing 18.
the Contractor shall notify LCRA TSC so its representative may be present to inspect the unit before tanking. The Contractor shall pay for any airline and accommodations reservation charges that LCRA TSC may incur if the Contractor changes the test date after notice is given to LCRA TSC of when the tests will begin. TESTING INSPECTION The Contractor shall notify LCRA TSC one month prior to testing the autotransformer. operate. Contractor's name and sales order number. install. DRAWINGS. The Contractor bears complete and total responsibility for correct assembly and commissioning of the autotransformer. The following information must be provided on every drawing and/or instruction book: (1) (2) (3) (4) LCRA TSC's purchase order number. MANUALS. The Contractor shall provide a Monthly Progress Report to LCRA TSC that shows work that has been completed. and meets all the assembly requirements of the maintenance manual provided with the autotransformer. The time period on the schedule shall be from the date of receipt of order by the Contractor to delivery and placement of the autotransformer at the LCRA TSC substation site. 44 . For Approval Drawings 2. may be present to witness the testing. or its representative. overhaul and order renewal parts for all autotransformer equipment provided by sub contractors. and shipping of the autotransformer. so that LCRA TSC. Certified for Construction Drawings 3. GENERAL COMMENTS FOR DRAWINGS and INSTRUCTION MANUELS Three sequences of autotransformer drawings shall be furnished to LCRA TSC as follows: 1. manufacturing. assemble. Final As Built Drawings T The drawings and instruction manuals collectively shall contain sufficient information to enable LCRA TSC to adequately receive. maintain. Contractor's drawing number and title including revision number. The Contractor shall bear the travel and lodging expenses of LCRA TSC to attend and witness re-testing if the Autotransformer fails to pass tests the first time and require corrective action or repair for retesting at a later date. and FACTORY VISITS CORE AND COILS PRE-TANKING INSPECTION Four (4) weeks prior to tanking of the core and coils. Any change in the schedule shall be coordinated with LCRA TSC.signed statement to LCRA TSC that the autotransformer has been assembled in accordance with all applicable factory standards.22 SCHEDULES. 4. SCHEDULE The Contractor shall furnish LCRA TSC a time line schedule within one month after receipt of order showing key dates for the start and completion of the design. design review. testing. materials ordering. Contractor's assigned autotransformer serial number.
materials. Drawing electronic files may be E-Mailed to the LCRA TSC if desired. (6) Date of transmittal. design.3. All drawing files shall be submitted on a CD-ROM labeled with all transmittal information. LCRA TSC will return one set of drawings stamped "APPROVED AS NOTED". as shipped The Contractor shall furnish six (6) sets of prints of all drawings applicable to this order to LCRA TSC for review and approval. workmanship. The LCRA TSC will not accept partial submittals at different dates. The disks shall be clearly labeled with the purchase order number and item number. shall be re-submitted to the LCRA TSC for final approval. CERTIFIED FOR CONSTRUCTION DRAWINGS After Contractor receives approval drawings from LCRA TSC. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) Outline . such as product liability and delivery schedule. Drawings. Computer disks shall be shipped in a protective-shipping container. The drawing review by LCRA TSC does not relieve Contractor of responsibility of (1) strict adherence to the specifications except where deviation is fully described in writing by LCRA TSC and (2) for corrections of engineering. Drawing changes will be transmitted to the Contractor by mail. These revised drawings shall be sent to LCRA TSC as noted above (six sets of printed drawings. FOR APPROVAL DRAWINGS The drawings listed below shall be submitted folded and collated in sets for approval.18.2 Center of gravity. E-Mail. or handed to the Contractor at the design review meeting. or Final As-Built drawing.showing location of all external parts and accessories Nameplate Wiring schematic and connection diagrams (including LTC diagrams) Control panel layout Bushing and arrester outline drawings Ground bar detail drawing per section 4. The Contractor shall follow the drawing formats shown in Specification Appendix 2 when developing the wiring and connection drawings for this autotransformer. and all other matters and liabilities hereunder. The Contractor will make corrections to the drawings as noted and return the modified drawings to LCRA TSC as soon as possible. which are not approved and/or request a revision by the LCRA TSC. Certified for Construction. changes shall be made per LCRA TSC’s request and any other Contractor’s changes at that time shall be incorporated into the drawings. and AutoCAD electronic files). Approval drawings shall also be supplied in AutoCAD 2012 or DXF format for an IBMcompatible PC.(5) Identification as an Approval. All drawings in the six categories listed below must be submitted on one transmittal. These drawings shall be sent as immediate as 45 . draftsmanship. fully assembled Center of gravity.
's) contained therein. Also. maintain. assemble. INSTRUCTION MANUALS The instruction manual shall contain LCRA TSC's name. The I. The drawings and instruction manuals collectively shall contain sufficient information to enable LCRA TSC to adequately receive. One (1) set of drawings in AutoCAD 2012 or DXF format on CD-ROM properly labeled with all transmittal information. Final drawings are to be received prior to receipt and payment for the order. installation. purchase order number and Contractor's sales order number and autotransformers serial number.'s shall have complete information on shipping.B.” FINAL AS-BUILT DRAWINGS The following drawings shall be issued to the LCRA TSC as final as built drawings. one set of drawings shall be located in the control cabinet. Drawings may be E-mailed to the LCRA TSC if desired. Manufacturer shall provide 3D outline drawings in AutoCAD format. operate. install.B.B. (1) Outline (2) Nameplate (3) Wiring and connection diagrams (including LTC diagrams) (4) Shipping outlines (5) Bushings (6) Arresters (7) Inert-gas system cabinet (8) Fan Mounting (9) Current Transformers excitation curves (10) Ground bar detail drawing (11) Oil filtering system drawings (12) Any drawings required for assembly of the autotransformer. Contractor shall furnish: Three (3) sets of drawing prints for each drawing item listed above. The final as-built drawings shall be forwarded in the most expeditious manner. Specifically and in addition to the requirements herein. receiving. The instruction manual shall have an index giving the name and identification number of the information bulletins (I. the I. overhaul and order renewal parts for all autotransformer equipment provided by sub contractors. operation and maintenance instructions as well as renewal parts lists for all parts. This is to allow LCRA TSC to proceed with its design. One (1) set of drawing prints listed above packaged in a weatherproof container and stored in a protective space in the control cabinet of the autotransformer.practicable (ASAP) to LCRA TSC. These drawings shall be noted as “Certified for Construction.'s will include the following: 46 .
e. rated current and voltage. 5) Tap changer manufacturer. If not shown on Parts List. top terminal description. 47 . insulation class. (2) Sufficient information for obtaining electronic parts from local sources. including any special suffix or code that identifies specific features. (3) Any "O" ring and gasket information such as material. including types and sizes 2) All devices.g. showing how each module is incorporated into the control scheme of the equipment. One (1) set of instruction manuals shall be in a weatherproof container and placed in a holding device within the control cabinet of each autotransformer. model numbers. etc. Four (4) sets of instruction manuals for each autotransformer shall be received by LCRA TSC prior to shipment. Parts shall be numbered to correspond with part numbers shown on the Outline. if other than Nitrile rubber. The following additional items and information shall appear on the Parts List: 1) All valves and fittings. rated current. SUPPLEMENTAL DRAWINGS and PHOTOGRAPHS The Contractor shall supply one set of drawings and/or color photographs to LCRA TSC showing the physical assembly of the Transformer’s internal components to assist in troubleshooting and/or partial overhaul of the unit. size. The quantity of each part shall appear on the list. each part shall be described by its vendor name and complete catalog. lubrication or adhesive data. etc. gauges. kVA. dustproof. model or type designation. BIL from contact-contact and contact-ground 6) Bushings including: BIL. style.(1) Schematics for trouble shooting electronic modules. Parts removed for transport shall be indicated by an asterisk (*). horsepower. starting current and torque. If the Parts List appears on the Outline then all required information below shall instead appear on the Outline. current rating. speed. such as cross-references to American domestic manufacturers like Motorola. Texas Instruments. indicators and accessories mounted on the transformer 3) Fans with NEMA frame size and ratings. 4) Control cabinet and terminal box description. For purposes of future maintenance and spare parts inventory. this data may be provided on the Bushing Outline 7) Conservator air cell 8) Gasket material. Instruction manuals shall each be supplied with a CD ROM electronic copy of the entire instruction manual. kW. shock mounted. and cantilever strength. including: number of phases. service factor. PARTS LIST A Parts List shall be provided either separately or as part of the Outline. Neither the drawing nor the part shall be accepted by Purchaser until this complete description is provided. This information must appear on the drawing beginning from initial submittal for approval. and fan CFM.
APPENDIX ONE SAFETY HOIST REFERENCE DRAWINGS 49 .
APPENDIX TWO TYPICAL DRAWING FORMATS FOR RELAY AND CONTROL DRAWINGS 52 .
ENERGY WATER COMMUNITY SERVICES 53 .
ENERGY WATER COMMUNITY SERVICES 54 .
ENERGY WATER COMMUNITY SERVICES 55 .