1

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a few/yu VTgw/ytuAt,ytuAe
a little/yu rjèj/ytuAwk
ab initio/ypc Erl~gtu/v{thkC-bq¤:e
aback/ycpf/vtA¤
abandon/ycpLzl/ðgsJwk,ðgtdJwk
abase/ycuRÍ/btlCkd fhJwk
abash/ycpN/NhbtJwk,btlCkd :Jwk
abashed/ycp~z/Nhrbk’w
abate/ycuRx/Dxtztu :Jtu
abattoir/yucxJtk/f;jFtlwk
abbreviate/yrc{rJyuRx/mkrûtÃ;/xqfk w cltJJwk
abdicate/yuçzefux/v’-ntu’tu ðgtdJtu
abduct/ypçz¾x/yvnhK fhJwk
aberrant/ycuhLx/rJf];,hurZgt¤
aberration/ychpNl/rJajl,rJf];e
abet/ycux/dwLntbtk mtd{e; :Jwk
abeyance/ycuyLm/btufqVe,M:rd;;t
abhor/yçntuh/yr; r;hMfth ¾hJtu
abide by/yctRz ctg/lu J¤de hnuJwk
abiding/yctRrzkd/Nt¹J;,v{c¤,ftgb
ability/yrcrjrx/Nrf;,ytJz;,mûtb;t
abirritant/yucRrhxkx/v{Ntbf/mk;tvnthe
abject/yuçsufx/nel,lea,njfx
abjure/yucsTgwh/ðgtd fhJtu,Fkzl fhJwk
ablation/yçjuRNl/ykdAu’/Fzflwk ættuJtK
ablaze/yçjuRÍ/v{sJrj;,c¤;wk,m¤d;wk
able/yuRçj/Nrf;btl,mb:o
ablutions/yçjwNl/v{t;&rÄgt,Mltl
abnegation/ypçledpNl/ MJRLfth
abnormal/yuçtltuboj/ymtbtLg,rJf];
aboard/ycptzo/rJbtl-snts vh
abode/ycptzo/hnuXtK,rlJtm
abolish/yctprjN/ltcq’ fhJwk
abolition/yctprjNl/ltcq’e
abominable/ycturbluçj/ræt¾fthvtºt
abominate/yctprblux/ræt¾fthJwk
aboriginal/ycheslj/bq¤ hnuJtme
aborigine/ycrhrsl/bq¤ hnuJtme
abort/yctuxo/Ôg:o-lftbwk cltJJwk
abortion/yctuNol/dCovt;
abortive/ycturxoJ/Ôg:o,rl»V¤
aboulia/ycwrjyt/RåAtNrf;ltu yCtJ
abound/yctWLz/vw»f¤ ntuJwk
about/yctWx/lt rJNu/ytb;ub/yk’tsu
above/ycJ/Wvh
abracadabra/ypc{fpzpc{t/st’wbk;h,cfJtm
abrasion/yc{pÍl/WÍhztk
abrasive/yc{urÍJ/’qCtJ;wk J;ol

abreast/yc{uMx/mt:u mt:u hnu;wk
abridge/yrc{s/mkrûtÃ;-xqkfw fhJwk
abroad/yc{tuz/rJ’uN,vh’uN
abrogate/yuc{tudxu /ltcw’-h’ fhJwk
avolition/JturjNl/RåAt
abrogation/yuc{tuduNl/ltcw’e,h’
abrupt/yc{Ãx/ytUra;tlwk,yuftyuf
abscess/ypcmum/dqbzwk
abscond/ycMftpLz/ltm;t VhJwk
absence/ypcTmLm/duhntshe
absent/ypcTmLx/duhntsh
absentee/ypçmLxe/duhntsh hnulth
absolute/ypçmÕtqx/ytvFw’,Mv»x,rlhkfwN/ykr;b
absolution/ypçmÕtqNl/bwrf;,Awxfthtu
absolve/ycÍtpÕJ/’tu»t-vtv bw¾; fhJwk
absorb/ycTÍtpc/o Ntu»tJwk,mbtJJwk,;Õjel :Jwk
abstain from/ycMxuRl V{tub/:e ’qh hnuJwk
abstemious/ypcMxerbym/rb;tnthe/mkgbe
abstention/yucMxuLNl/’whe,vhnus
abstinence/yucrMxlLm/vhuS,mkgb
abstract/yucMx[pfx/W;thtu,ybq;o,mth
abstruse/ycTMx[Í
w /srxj,dqkaJtztCgwok
absurd/yçmzo/rlh:of/ntMgtMv’,y:onel
abundant/yuçtLzLx/rJvwj,vw»f¤
abuse/yçgqm/yvNç’,CtkzJwk,’whvw gtud
abusive/yçgqrmJ/rlk’tðbf,rcCðm
abut/yçtx/stuzJwk,lSf jtJJwk
abuzz/ycÍ/DtUDtx,ftujtnj
abysmal/yrcÍBj/ykætfthbg,yr; ³zw
abyss/ycem/vt;t¤,d;to
academic/ypfzurbf/NiûtrKf,NtMºteg
acarpous/ypfthÃm/JkÎg,V¤hrn;
accede/yfmez/mkb;,mtbuj :Jwk
accelerate/yfmujhuRx/Jud ytvJtu
accent/yufmLè/WåathK,Cth ’uJtu
accentuate/ypfmuLxgwyux/CthvqJof sKtJJwk
accept/yfmuÃx/rMJfthJwk
acceptance/yfmuÃxLm/MJef]r;
access/yufmum/btdo,vntUa,v{JuN
accessary/y¾mumrh/b¤r;gtu
accessible/y¾murmçj/vntUabtk/mwdb/mwjC
accession/yu¾muNl/stuztK/v{trÃ;/htsTgthtunK
accessory/y¾mumrh/mntgf/mkjøl mtbd{e
accident/ypfrmzLx/y¾Mbt;
acclaim/y¾juRb/;t¤eytu:e JættJJwk
acclimate/yfTjtbpx/nJtbtl btVf :Jwk
acclimatize/yfTjtbxtRÍ/nJtbtl btVf :Jwk
acclivity/yfrjrJrx/Zt¤
accolade/yfjuRz/JFtK,f’h
accommodate/yfptbtuzuRx/mbtJJwk
accommodation/yftubtuzuNl/M:tlmdJz,studJtE

By. Richin Patel

2

accompaniment/yfBvrlbLx/mkd;,mt:
accompany/yfBvrl/mt:u sJwk
accomplice/yfbTrÃjm/b¤r;gtu,’tu»tCtde
accomplish/yfbTrÃjN/rmrÎî fhJwk
accomplishment/yfkrÃlBtLx/mkd;,mt:
accord/yftpzo/mbsq;e,fhth,mkv,mwbu¤
according to/yftuz´od xw/;u v{btKu
accost/yftuMx/sRlu Jt; fhJe
account for-Fwjtmtu fhJtu
account/yftWLx/rnmtc,JKol
accountability/yftWLxprcrjrx/sJtc’the
accoutre/yfqxh/ mtætl ms fhJwk
accoutrements/yfqxhbLx/mtætl,mhkstb
accredited/ypÄurzxuz/yrætf];,btLg
accretion/yrÄNl/ fw’h;e J]rææt-Jætthtu
accrue/yÄw/mkd{n-sbt :Jwk,JætJwk
accumulate/y¾gwBgwjux/mkag-mkd{n fhJtu-:Jtu
accuracy/yu¾gwhme/atu¾¾mtR,raJx
accurate/yu¾gwhR
u x/atu¾¾m
accusation/ypfgwÍpNl/ythtuv,ytûtuv
accusative/ypfgwÍprxJ/ythtuv bqf;wk
accuse of/y¾gqÍ/ltu ythtuv bwfJtu
accused/y¾gqÍz/ythtuve
accustom/yfMxb/xuJtR sJwk
ace/yuRm/yu¾ftu,yÔJj,©u»X
acerbity/yumorcrx/;ustcevKwk
acetic/yurmrxf/yuf ;ustcltu v{fth
acharnement/yatlobLx/jtunele ;hMt
ache/yuRf/’w&FJw,k ’wFtJtu
achieve(ment)/y /
achieve/yaeJ/v{tÃ; fhJwk,rmrÎî bu¤JJe
achievement/yaeJbLx/rmrÎî
Achilles’heel/yprfjeÍrnj/lc¤e fze
acid/yurmz/;ustc
acidity/yurmrzrx/yBjrv•t
acid-test/yurmz xuMx/yrølvheûtt
acidulous/yurmzgwjm/;ustce
acknowledge(ment)/y /
acknowledge/yflturjs/MJefthJwk
acknowledgement/yflturjsbLx/MJef]r;
acme/yufrb/rNFh,vhtft»Xt,xtua
acolyte/yuftujtgx/b’’leN,rNFtW
acoustics/yfwrMxfm/ÎJrlrJ¿ttl
acquaint(ance)/y /
acquaint/y¾JuRLx/:e vrhra; :Jwk
acquaintance/y¾JuLxLm/ytu¤FtK,vrhag
acquest/yp¾JuMx/Wvtrso; rbÕf;
acquestrian/y¾JurMx[yl/DtuzuMJthe
acquiesce/y¾Jtyum/mnb;e-bkswh fhJwk
acquire/y¾Jtgh/bu¤JJkw,mkvt’l fhJwk
acquisition/yur¾JrÍNl/v{trÃ;,mkvt’l
acquit/y¾rJx/rl’tuo»t Awxfthtu :Jtu
acquittal/yr¾Jxj/rl’tuo»t Awxfthtu
acrid/yfrhz/ytfhwk,;b;b;wk
acrimonious/yurÄbturlym/mÏt;/Wd{/fXtuh
acrimony/yurÄbrl/Wd{;t,mÏ;tR,fXtuh;t
acrobatic/yuÄtucprxf/bÕjfwM;eltu Fuj
acronym/yuÄturlb/mkrûtÃ;Nç’yt¼tûth AIDS
across/y /

across/yÄtpm/mtbu,vuju vth
act on (or upon)-le vh v{r;CtJ ytvJtu
act out-l¾fh cltJJwk
act up-’wÔgoJnth fhJtu
act(ive)/y /
act/yp¾x/ftgoh; :Jwk/yrClg/ftg’tu/ftgo/ykf
acting/yp¾x/ftGtofthe/yrClg/vdjtk jRlu
action/yp¾Nl/ftgo,vdjtk,yrClg
activate/ypfrxJux/mrÄg cltJJwk/v{J]; fhJwk
active/ypfrxJ/mrÄg,Ätgh;
activist/ypfrxrJMx/ftgofh,ytk’tujlfthe
activity/y /
actual/yu¾ågwyj/JtM;rJf
actuarial/yp¾ågwyrhyj/Jebt lu jd;wk
actuary/yp¾ågwyrh/Jebtu Jduhu
actuate/ypfågwyuRx/dr; ytvJe
acuity/ypfgwrx/;eJ{;t,mÏ;tR
acumen/yufgwbl/fwNtd{ rlKog Nrf;
acute/yp¾gwx/;eJ{,yr;,mF;
AD (Anno Domini) RmJe ml
ad hoc/ypz-ntpf/;’:o,ftbajtW
ad lib/ypz-rjc/blbtk ytJu ;u,;igthe rJlt
ad valorem/ypz Jpjtuhb/bqÕgtlwmth
adage/ypzus/fnuJ;,jtufturf;
adamant/ypzbLx/mw»twÃ;,yzd,bk’
adapt/yzpÃx/ylwfq¤ ytJJwk,
adaptation/yzpÃxuNl/yJ;hK/ylwfqjl
add in-btk WbuhJwk
add on-stuzJwk
add up to-mhJt¤tu :Jtu
add up-WbuhJwk
add(ition)/y /
add/ypz/WbuhJwk
addendum/ypzuLzb/Wbuhtu,Jætthtu
addict/yprz¾x/ckættKe,Ôgmle
addicted/yprz¾x/ckættKe,Ôgmle
addiction/yprz¾x/ckættK,Ôgml
additional/yprzNlj/Jætthtlwk,yrætf
addle/ypzj/bwkÍtJwk,dtuxt fhJtk
address/yz[um/mkctuætl fhJwk,mhltbwk
adept/yzuÃx/fwN¤
adequate/yrzfJuRx/vqh;wk,vgtoÃ;,gtuøg
adhere to/yuægh xw/lu J¤de hnuJwk
adherence/yuæghLm/vtjl,ylwmhK
adherent/yuæghLx/lu J¤de hnu;wk
adhocism/ypznturfÍb/ftbajtWvKwk
adieu/yzTgq/yjrJ’t,rJ’tg
adjacent/ysumLx/vtmulwk,mkjøl
adjective/yusufrxJ/rJNu»tK
adjoin/ystuRl/vtmulwk,mkjøl
adjourn/y&slo/btufqV htFJwk
adjournment/y&solbLx/btufqVe
adjudicator/ysgwfuxh/jJt’,rlKtogf
adjunct/ysLfx/Jætthtlwk,mntgf
adjuration/ysTgwhpNl/ytd{nChe rJlk;eytnTJtnl
adjure/ysTgwyh/ytd{nChe rJlk;e fhJe
adjust/ysMx/mhFwk fhJwk
adjustment/ysMxbLx/dtuXJK,mwbu¤

By. Richin Patel

3

adjutant/ysxLx/j~fhe ybj’th,mntgf
administrate/yuzrbrlMxu[Rx/JrnJx fhJtu
administrative/yuzrbrlMxu[rxJ/JrnJxe
admirable/ypzrbhçj/JFtKJt jtgf
admire/yzbtgh/JFtKJwk
admissible/yzrbrmçj/MJeftgo
admission/yzrbNl/v{JuN,fcqjt;
admit to-yufhth fhJtu
admit(tance)/y /
admit/yzrbx/MJefthJwk,’tFj fhJwk,fcqjJwk
admonish/yozbturlN/Xvftu ytvJtu
ado/yzq/jvl Avl,jv,’ufthtu,ættkætj
adolescent/yztujumLx/mdeh,;YK
adopt/yztuÃx/’•tf juJwk,yvltJJkw,W;thtu fhJtu
adoption/yztuÃNl/MJefth,’•tf
adorable/yztuhuçj/vqsg,mLbtleg
adoration/ypztuhpNl/M;wr;,Crf;
adore/ypztph/rch’tJJwk,CsJwk
adorn/yztplo/NKdthJwk,mstJx fhJe
adrenaline/yzoulurjl/W~fuhtx sLg hmtgK
adroit/yz[tuRx/rlvwK,fwN¤
adroitness/yz[tuRx/rlvwK;t,fwN¤;t
adulation/ypzgwjuNl/JFtK,FwNtb;
adult/yzÕx/vwÏ;,vtfx
adulterate/ypzÕxhux/Cu¤mu¤ fhJe
adulterated/ypzÕxhxuz/Cu¤mu¤gw¾;
adulteration/yzÕxhuNl/Cu¤mu¤,mu¤Cu¤
adultery/ypzÕxrh/ÔgrCath,Aelt¤Jwk
advance/yzJtLm/ytdtu;Yk,yd{eb,ytd¤ JætJwk
advanced/yzJtLMz/Fqc ytd¤,yd{eb
advantage/yzJtLxuRs/Vtg’tu,jtC
advent/yzJuLx/ytdbl,v{JuN
adventure/yzJuLah/stuFb,mtnm
adverb/yuzJco/rÄgt rJNu»tK
adversary/ypzJmorh/nheV,v{r;Mvæteo
adverse/ypzJmo/rJYÎîlwk
adversity/ypzJrmorx/bwmec;,;fjeV
advertise/yuzJxtoRÍ/stnuht; fhJe
advice (n)/yuzJtRm/mjtn
advisable/ypzJtEÍçj/mjtnCgwo
advise (v)/yzJtRÍ/mjtn ytvJe
advocacy/ypzJtufrm/Jfejt;,rnbtg;
aegis/yuRSm/hûtK,Aºt
aeon/Eyl/jtkctu mbg-dt¤tu
aerial/yprhyj/nJtR,yprhyj(hprzgtu)
aerodynamics/yphutztglurb¾m/Jtgwdr; NtMºt
aesthetic/RM:urxf/mwk’h,bstlwk,fjtðbf
aesthetics/RM:urxfm/mtI’goNtMºt
affability/ypVprcrjrx/biºtevqKo;t
affable/ypVpçj/b¤;tJzwk,rbjlmth
affair/yVpyh/ctc;,v{Kg-mkckæt,jVhwk
affect/yVu¾x/ymh fhJe
affected/yVp¾xuz/ymhd{M;
affectionate/yVu¾NluRx/v{ubt¤,btgt¤w
affidavit/yprVzurJx/mtudk’ltbwk
affiliate/yrVrjyuRx/le mt:u stuzJwk
affiliation/yrVrjyuNl/stuztK,mkjøl;t
affinity/yrVrlrx/jdtJ,btun,atn;
affirmation/ypVbouNl/nfth,bksqhe

affirmative/ypVborxJ/nfthtðbf
affix/yrV¾m/atUxtzJwk
afflict/yVrÕfx/ftuv J;toJJtu
affliction/yVrÕ¾Nl/vezt,mkfx
affluence/yVÕtwyLm/ mb]rææt,mkvLl;t
affluent/yVTÕtwyLx/mb]ææt,mkvLl
afford/yVtuzo/vtumtJwk,vqhwk vtzJwk
affordable/yVtpzoçj/vtumtg ;uJwk
affront/ypV{Lx/FwÕjkw yvbtl
aficionado/yrVrmltztu/v{ube,atnf
afoot/yVwx/nt: JU;btk
afraid of/yVu{Rz-ytuV/:e zh;wk
after/ytVTxh/vAe,vùt’,vtA¤
aftermath/ytVTxhbt:/vrhKtb
afternoon/ytVTxh/ /
afterward(s)/y /
afterwards/ytVTxhJzom/vtA¤:e,vAe
again/yduRl/VheJth
against/yduRLMx/rJÁææt,le mtbu
agape/yduRv/DtkDw,CgCe;
agate/ypdx/yfef
age/yuRs/gwd,Wkbh,ft¤,swlwk :Jwk
agenda/yusLzt/ftgomqra,ftbftsle gt’e
agent/yusLx/’jtj,ytzr;gtu,stmqm
agglomeration/yøjtubhuNl/mbqn,NkCwbu¤tu
aggrandise/yd{pkLztRÍ/Jætthtu fhJtu
aggravate/yd{Jp ux/ftcw cnth sJwk,JKmJwk
aggregate/yd{edux/fwj,yufk’hu
aggressive/ydu{rmJ/ytÄbf
aggrieve/yd{eÔt/Ju’lt,’w&F CtudJJwk
aghast/yDtMx/CgCe;
agile/yustRj/av¤,;hJhtx Jt¤wk
agility/yprsrjrx/av¤;t
agitate/yprsxuRx/W~fuhtJwk,ætwsJwk
agitated/yprsxuxuz/W~fuhtgujwk,ytJuNbg
agitation/yprsxuRNl/ytk’tujl,W~fuhtx
agnostic/ypølturMxf/y¿tugJt’e,mkNgJt’e
ago/ydtu/vnujtk
agog/ydtpd/WðfkXe;
agonise/ypdtultRÍ/’w&F-vezt fhJe
agony/ypdrl/Ôg:t,gt;lt
agrarian/ypd{urhyl/Fu;ev{ættl
agree aboutagree on-mkb; :Jwk
agree to-MJefthJwk
agree with-le mt:u mnb; :Jwk
agree(ment)/y /
agree/yd{e/mkb; :Jwk
agreement/yd{ebLx/fhth,mbsq;e
ahead/ynuz/ytd¤,btuFhu
aid/ypRz/mntg,b’’
aide/ypRz/mntgf,b’’leN
ailment/ypRjbLx/rcbthe,htud
aim/yuRb/ægug,rlNtl,jûg mtætJwk
air/ypyh/nJt
airborne/yphctplo/nJtbtk,ytftNbtk
aircraft/y /
airforce/y /
airport/y /

By. Richin Patel

4

airs/ypymo/,’kC,yrCbtl
aisle/ytRj/cuXftu Jåau atjJtltu btdo
aits/yuRxm/ltltu xtvw(l’eltu)
akimbo/yrfBctu/fbhu nt: htFujwk
ala carte/ytjt-ftxo/yjd yjd Jtlde
alacrity/ypjprÄrx/;ðvh;t,ntUN,;iugthe
alarm/yjtbo/au;JKe,rak;t,Cg
alarming/yjtrbokd/Cgslf,rak;tslf
albeit/ytpjcex/;ub A;tk
albino/yprÕcltu/ftuZJt¤wk
album/ypÕcb/;mJeh-de; mkd{n
alchemist/ypÕfurbMx/ferbgtdh
alchemy/ypÕfurb/ferbgtu
alcohol/yuÕftuntuj/’tY
alcoholic/ytÕfturjf/’tYgw¾;,’tYrzgtu
alcove/ytÕftuJ/mw’k h M:¤-FwKtu
alert/yjxo/au;JKe,mtJæt,m;of-fhJwk
alertness/yjxo/mtJau;e,mtJættle
alfresco/yjV{uMftu/FwÕje nJtbtk
algae/yujS-de/NuJt¤,jej
algamate/ybpÕdbuRx/Cu¤JJwk
alias/ypjeym/WVuo,Wvltb
alibi/yprjctR/yLgºt ntshelwk çntlwk
alien/yurjyl/rJ’uNe,vthfwk,vhd{nlwk
alienate/yurjyluRx/rJbwF :Jwk,’qh sJwk
alignment/yjtRlbLx/mbtk;h,nhtu¤bt
alike/y /
alimentary/yrjbuLx[e/vtu»tf,mðJJt¤wk
alimony/yurjbrl/ChKvtu»tK/FtættFtuhtfe
alive/yjtRJ/SrJ;,ngt;
all/yptj/cættk,cætwk,mJo
allay/ypjuR/n¤Jwk fhJwk,DxtzJwk
allege/yjus/ytûtuv-ythtuv bwfJtu
alleged/yjusTz/;:tfr:;,ytûtuv fgtuo
allegedly/yjuszT rj/fnuJt v{btKu
allegiance/yjesLm/JVt’the
allegorical/ypjudturhfj/Yvtðbf,CtJltðbf
allegory/yprjdrh/Yvf,CtJ’Nof f]r;
allergic/yujoSf/mwdJt¤wk
alleviate/yrjrJyux/htn;-Awxfthtu yvtJJtu
alleviation/yrjrJyuNl/htn;,Awxfthtu
alley/ypje/mtkfze dje
alliance/yjtgLm/stuztK,gw;e,btuhatu,JVt’the
allies/yjtRÍ/mt:eytu,rbºttu
alliteration/yrjxhuNl/JKtolwv{tm yjkfth
allocate/yjtpfux/Vt¤JJwk,mtUvJwk
allocation/yjtufuNl/Vt¤JKe,mtUvKe
allot/yjtpx/Vt¤JJwk,mtUvJwk
allotted/yjtpxuz/Vt¤Jtgujwk,mtUvtgujwk
allow for-dKºte htFJe
allow out-sJtle Awx ytvJe
allow/yjtW/Awx ytvJe
allowance/yjtWLm/Aqx,CÚ:wk
alloy/yjtug/rb© ætt;w
allude/yÕgwz/WÕjuF fhJtu
allure/yÕgtph/jjatJJwk
allusion/yÕgwÍl/WÕjuF,mkfu;
alluvial/yÕgwrJyj/ftkvJt¤w
ally/ypjtR/rbºt-ht»x[

alma mater/ytÕbt bpxh/bt;]mkM:t
almanac/ypÕblpf/vkatkd,;therFgwk
Almighty/ytpjbtRxe/mJoNrf;btl,R¹Jh
almost/yÕbtpMx/jdCd
alms/ytBm/CeF,’tl
aloft/yÕttpVx/Wvh:e jxf;wk
alone/yjtpl/yufjwk
along/yjtPd/mt:u
alongside/yjtUdmtRz/ctswbtk,vzFu
aloof/yjqV/yxwjw,k y;zwk
aloud/yjtWz/btuxu:e,³at yJtsu
alpha to omega/ytÕVt xw ytubudt/yu xw Íuz
alphabet/yuÕVtcpx/bq¤tûth
already/ytpÕhuze/fgthlwkg
also/ytpÕmtu/vK
altar/yptÕxth/g¿tJu’e
alter ego/yptÕxh Rdtu/ytðbYv
alter/yptÕxh/VuhJJwk,c’jJwk
alteration/yptÕxhuNl/VuhVth
altercate/yptÕxhfux/ctujtatje-;fhth fhJe
altercation/yptÕxhfuNl/ctujtatje,;fhth
alternate/yptÕxhlux/JthtVh;e,yuftk;hu
alternative/yptÕxhlrxJ/JifrÕvf,yJus
although/ytpjættuW/A;tk vK
altitude/yptrÕxxgwz/³atR
altogether/yptÕtxwduæth/mkvqKohe;u
altruistic/yptÕtx[wRrMxf/vhtuvfthe,btlJ;tJt’e
alumni/ypÕgwbrl/Cq;vqJo rJ¼t:eoytu
always/ytpÕJRÍ/nkbuNt
amalgamate/ybpÕdbux/rb©K fhJwk
amass/ypbpm/Cudwk fhJwk
amateur/ybpxh/rNFtW,NtuF:e fhlth
amaze/ybuRÍ/M;çD-ytùgoarf; fhJwk
amazingly/ybuRrÍkdrj/ytùgoslf he;u
Amazon/ypbÍtul/vzAk’ Mºte
ambassador/yBcumzu h/hts’q;,yujae
amber/ypBch/ve¤e c•te
ambiance/yprBcyLm/vrhmh,Jt;tJhK,btntuj
ambidextrous/yprBczu¾Mxhm/cLlu nt:u fwN¤
ambience/yprBcyLm/vrhmh,Jt;tJhK,btntuj
ambiguous/yprBcøgwym/mkr’øæt,yMv»x
ambit/yprBcx/DuhtJtu,n’,mebt
ambitious/yprBcrNym/bnðJtftkûte
ambivalence/yprBcJpjLm/rîættJ]r•t
amble/ypBcj/ Dtuztle huJtj atj
ambrosia/ypBc{trÍyt/yb];,’uJlwk veKwk
ambulatory/ypBçgwjpxrh/hFz;wk,v{Jtm fh;wk
ambush/ypBcwN/yturak;tu Atvtu bthJtu
ameliorate/yprBtrjytuhux/WLlr;-Wðf»to fhJut
amelioration/yprBtrjytuhuNl/WLlr;,Wðf»to
amen/ytbul/;:tM;w
amenable/ypbLtpçj/yt¿ttætel,fÌgtdYk
amend(ment)/y /
amend/ybuLz/mwætthJwk(ftg’tu)
amendment/ybuLzbLx/ftg’tbtk mwætthtu
amenities/yubrlrxÍ/mwFmdJztu
amiable/yprbypçj/rbjlmth,bstlwk
amicable/yprbfuRçj/biºtevqKo
amid(amidst)/yrbz/le Jåau

By. Richin Patel

5

amiss/yrbm/Ftuxwk
amity/yprbrx/’tuM;e,biºte,CtRckæte
ammo(ammunition)’tYdtu¤tu
ammunition/yBgwrlNl/’tYdtu¤tu
amnesia/ypblurÍyt/rJMb]r;,Mb]r;jtuv
amnesty/ypblurx/fwjbtVe,mJobwrf;
amock(amuck)/ypbf/cuftcq
among/ybLd/le Jåau
amongst/ybLdMx/le Jåau(Plural)
amoral/ybtphj/C{»x,ylir;f
amorous/ypbhm/ftbwf
amorphous/ybtphVm/ytfth rJltltu dêtu
amortization/ybtphxtRÍuNl/}K btVe
amount/ybtWLx/hfb,le chtch ntuJwk
amphibian/ypbrVrcyl/WCah v{tKe
amphitheater/yprBVr:yuxh/jkcdtu¤ ltxgd]n
ample/ypBÃj/vw»f¤,bcjF
amplify/ypBrÃjVtg/rJM;thJkw,btuxwk fhJwk
amputate/ypBÃgwxux/ykdrJåAu’l fhJwk
amputation/ypBÃgwxuNl/ykdrJåAu’l
amulet/ypBgwjux/bt’r¤gwk
amuse(ment)/y /
amuse/yBgwÍ/bltuhksl fhJwk
anachronism/ylpÄturlÍb/ftj’tu»t
anaemia/yplurbyt/vtkzwhtud,h¾;ûtg
anagram/ypld
u {tb/Nç’hb;
analgesic/ypltrÕsrMxf/mkJu’lnthf
analogous/yplujtudm/mtBg;t Jt¤wk
analogue/ypljtud/mkdKf,mtBg
analogy/yplujS/mhFtbKe
analysis/yplurjrmm/v]:¾¾hK,rJ¹ju»tK
anarchist/ypltrfo/ykættætkqæte,yhtsf;t
anarchy/ypltrfo/ykættætkqæte,yhtsf;t
anathema/ypl:ubt/©tv,D]KtMv’ Jt;
anathematize/ypl:ubpxtRÍ/©tv-dt¤tu ’uJe
anatomical/yplpxturb¾j/Nheh haltlwk
ancestor/ypLmuMxh/vqJos,JzJtytu
anchor/yuLfh/jkdh,xuftu,v{M;w;f;to
ancient/yplrmyLx/vwht;l,vtihtrKf
ancillary/yprLmjhe/mkjøl,vuxt
anecdote/ypLtufztux/ltle Jt;,v{mkd
anemia/yprLtrbyt/h¾;rûtK;t
anemic/ylurbf/f]vK,h¾;ûteK
anesthetic/ypLtuM:urxf/mkJu’ltnthf
angel/yuRLsj/’uJ’q;
angelic/yuLsrjf/’uJ’q; suJwk
anger/ypLdh/dwMmut
angle for-bu¤JJt fturN»t fhJe
angle/ypLdj/FqKtu
angry/ypLd{e/dwMmu
angst/ypLdMx/ymjtb;e-dwLntltu CtJ
anguish/yurLdrJN/bltuJu’lt-Ôg:t
angular/ypLdgwjh/FwKtJt¤wk
animadvert/yprBcypzJxo/rxft,rlk’t
animal/yprlbj/vNw,stlJh
animate/yprlbuRx/SJk;,mSJ
animated/yprlbuRxuz/SJk;,swMmtJt¤wk
animation/yprlbuRNl/SJk;efhK (raºt)
animosity/yurlbturmrx/’w~bltJx

animus/yurlbm/ykxm,JuhCtJ-v{f]r;,MJCtJ
annals/ypltÕm/Rr;ntm,J];tk;
anneal/yprlyj/NÏ; cltJJwk
annex/ypluût/stuzJwk,Ftjmt fhJwk
annihilate/yurLnjuRx/mJoltN ltu;hJtu
annihilation/yurLnjuNl/mJoltN
anniversary/yurLtJmorh/J»todtkX
annotate/ypltpLxuEx/ltkUæt WbuhJe
announce(ment)/y /
announce/yltWLm/stnuh fhJwk
annoy/yltpg/lthts fhJwk
annoyance/yltpgyLm/ºttm,vsJKe,lthtsde
annual/ypLgwj/Jtr»tof
annuity/ypLgwrx/J»totml
annul/ypLtj/Ôg:o cltJJwk
anodyne/ypLtrzl/rl’tou»t-rclntlefthf
anoint/ypltuRLx/atuvzJwk,rlbJwk
anomalous/ypltubjm/yrlgrb;,rJjûtK
anomaly/ypltubrj/rJmkJt’e;t
anon/y /
anonymity/yplturlrbrx/y¿tt;vKwk,y¿tt;Jtm
anonymous/yplturlbm/lltbwk,yltbe
anorexia nervosa Jsl ÔtætJtlt zh:e ytuAwk
FtJwk
anorexia/ypltuhurfÍyt/CqFûtg
another/ylæth/ceswk
answer for-sJt’th clJwk
answer to-sJtc’the :Je
answer/ypLmh/sJtc-ytvJtu
ant/y /
antagonise/ypLxpdtultRs/’w~ble vu’t fhJe
antagonism/ypLxpdturlÍb/’w~ble,rJhtuæt
antagonistic/y /
antagonistic/ypLxpdturlMxf/’w~bltJx Cgwo,Juhejwk
Antarctic/ypLxtforxf/’rûtK ætw{J v{’N
u lwk
antecede/yprLxmez/vqJoÔg¾; :;wk
antecedent/yprLxrmzLx/vqJJo ;eo,ytd¤lwk
antecedents/yprLxrmzLxm/vqJoRr;ntm
ante-date/yprLxzuRx/vnujtkle ;theF
antediluvian/yprLxzeÕgwrJyl/msol mbglwk vqh
antenna/ypLxult/;hkdmkJtnf
anthem/ypLætb/M;wr;dtl,ht»x[de;
anthropoid
anthropologist
anthropology/ypL:{tuvtujS/blw»g rJ¿ttl
antibody/yprLxctprz/v{r;fthf ;ðJtu,’Jt
anticipatory/yprLxrmvpxrh/ytdtu;hwk,yvurût;
anticlimax/yurLx¾jtRbp¾m/yættu&mebt
antidote/yurLxztux/rJ»tlwk bthK,v{r;rJ»t
antipathy/yprLxv:e/yKdbtu,mqd
antiquated/yprLxfJuxuz/ssTrh;,v{tael
antique/yprLxf/swlwk,yjÇg,v{tael
antiquity/yprLxfJerx/Cq;ft¤
anti-septic/yprLxmurÃxf/mzt-rlhtuætf
anti-social/yprLxmtur~gj/ymtbtrsf
antithesis/yprLx:ermm/;’Tl rJhtuæte Jt;
antonym/ypLxturlb/rJYæætt:e o Nç’
anvil/yprLJj/yuhK
anxiety/yUfÍtRxe/rak;t,Ôgtæte,W•tuslt

By. Richin Patel

6

anxious/yPfrûtgm/rak;t;wh,W•tuS;
any/yule/ftuR,dbu ;u
anyhow/y /
anyone/y /
anyplace/y /
anything/y /
anywhere/y /
apache/yvpa/dwkztu,c’bttN
apanage(appanage)fw’h;e Jthmtu
apart(ment)/y /
apart/yvtxo/sw’wk
apartheid/yvth:ux/hkdCu’
apathetic/ypv:urxf/Wvuûtt muJ;wk/ylwðmtne
apathy/ypvr:/CtJNwLg;t
ape/yuRv/Jtk’htu,lfj fhJe
aperture/yuRv/
apex/ypvuût/rNFh,xtua
aphasia/ypVprÍyt/Ct»ttrJfth
aphorism/ypVptrhÍb/fnuJ;,mwºt
aphrodisiac/ypV{turzrÍypf/ftbt•tusuf
apiary/yprvyrh/vûteDh
aping/yprvkd/Jtk’hJuzt,lfjFtuhe
aplomb/ypÃjtuBc/ytðb©æætt,rM:h bltuCtJ
apocalyptic/yuvtufprjÃxef/mtûttðfthbg
apocryphal/yuvturÄVj/WvstJe ftZujwk
apogee/yvtuS/©u»X ft¤,C{bKfûttlkw yk; rck’w
apologetic/yvtujtusurxf/btVe btd;wk
apologise for-lu btxu btVe btdJe
apologise to-le btVe btdJe
apologise/yvtujtustRs/btVe btdJe
apologue/yvtujtud/ctuætJt;to
apology/y /
apoplectic/yvtuÃjufrxf/jtjatu¤,bltuhtude
apoplexy/yvtuÃjufrût/cuCtl yJM:t
apostasy/yvtuMxprm/MJætbo-vût ðgtd
apostate/yvtuMxux/ætboðgtd fhJtu
apostle/yvtuMxj/gNMJe ætbov{athf
apostrophe/yvtuMx[rV/»t»XerJC.¥lwk raLn
apothecary /yvtu:ufrh/’Jt-’tY cltJlth
apothegm/yuv:ub/mqºt
apotheosis/yuv:eyturmm/ ’uJ;tdK
appall/yvtpj/ytDt; ytvJtu
appalling/yvtprjkd/ytDt;slf,F;hltf
apparantly
apparatchiks/yvphtNefm/mtBgJt’e ybj’th
apparatus/V[5Z[8;qRMÞ; SFI" DF8[G]\
;FWG
apparel/ypvphj/fvztk
apparent/yvphLx/’uFe;wk,Mv»x
apparently/y /
apparition/yvprhNl/ytCtm,Cq;
appeal/yvej/yvej fhJe
appear/yveyh/’uFtJwk,ntsh :Jwk
appearance/yveyhLm/’uFtJ
appease/yveÍ/Ntk; vtzJwk,Nbl fhJwk
appeasement/yveÍbLx/mk;w»xefhK
appellation
append/yvuLz/stuzJwk,WbuhJwk
appetite/yprvxtRx/CqF,FtJtle Yra

applaud/ypÃjtuWz/;t¤eytu:e JættJJwk
applause/ypÃjtuWÍ/;t¤eytu:e JættbKe
apple/ypvj/mVhsl
applecart/ypvjftxo/
appliance/yÃjtgLm/WvfhK,mtætl
applicable/yprÃjfuRçj/jtdw :R Nfu ;uJwk
application/yprÃjfuNl/yhS,Wvgtud
apply/yÃjtg/yhS fhJe,jtdw fhJwk
appoint/yvptLRx/rlbJwk
appointment/yvptLRxBlx/rlbKqkf ,bwjtft;
apposite/yvtprÍx/gtuøg,ylwYv
apposition/ypvÍeNl/gtuøg;t
appraisal/yv{tRÍj/bqÕgtkfl
appraise/yv{tRÍ/fgtm,;td bu¤Je JtfuV fhJwk
appreciable/yprv{rmyuçj/JFtKvtºt
appreciate/yv{ermyux/hm’Nol_f’h fhJe
appreciation/yv{ermyuNl/hm’Nol,f’h,bqÕg
apprehend/yprv{nLp z/æthvfz fhJe
apprehension/yv{enpLÍl/zh,NkftntuJe,æthvfz
apprehensive/yv{enpLÍeJ/
apprentice/ypv{urLxm/;tjebe,rNFtW
apprise/yv{tRÍ/stK fhJe,JtfuV fhJwk
approach/yv{tua/yrCdb,btdo/vntUa
approbation
appropriate/yv{turv{yux/
appropriation/yv{turv{yuNl/fçstu,gtuøg;t
approval/yv{Jq j/btLg;t,bkswhe
approve/yv{Jq /btLg htFJwk
approximate/yv{turûtbux/yk’tS;,jdCd
appurtenance/yvrxolLm/btdo-v{J{ uN n¾¾
apropos/yv{tuÃtm/lt ylwmkættlu-ctc;u
apshagum
apt/y /
apt/ypÃx/gtuøg
aptitude/yprÃxxgwz/JjK,yrChwra
aqua/yp¾Jt/vtKe
aquiline/yp¾JtjtRl/dYz suJwk
arable/yphçj/Fu;ejtgf
arbiter/ytrcoxh/jJt’,vka
arbitrarily/ytrcox[rh/blMJe he;u
arbitrary/ytrcox[rh/blMJe
arbitrate/ytrcox[ux/v;tJx fhJe
arbitration/ytrcox[uNl/jJt’,vka
arboretum/ytctuphuxb/JlMvr; mkNtuætl W¼tl
arc/ytfp/;KFtu
arcade/ytfouz/cu-ctswyu ’wftltu Jt¤tu btdo
arcane/ytfuoRl/hnMgbg,dqZ
arch/ytap/fbtl,ætlw»ttfth
archaeology/ytrfoytpjS/ vwht;ðJrJ¿ttl
archaic/ytfoyuRf/jwÃ;(Nç’tu)
archer/ytaoh/ctKtJ¤e
archery/ytaorh/ctKrJ¼t
archetype/ytaoxtRv/lbwltu,ymj
archipelago/ytrforvjudtu/xtvwytultu mbqn
architect/ytrfoxu¾x/rNÕvM:tvðgfth
archives/ytftoRÔÍ/’V;h Ckzth
Arctic/ytforx¾x/W•thætw{Jlwk
ardent/ytzoLx/yr; W•mtne
ardour/ytzoh/Fk;,Wðmtn

By. Richin Patel

7

arduous/ytzom/mÏ;,vrh©be,ytfY
area/yprhyt/rJM;th,rJCtd
arena/yrhlt/vx,vtkshkw,gwæætCqrb,yFtztu
argosy/ythdrm/bttuxwk snts
argot/ythdx/rJrN»x Ct»tt
argue away-y’]~g fhJwk
argue for/against-Ôgtsce XuhJJwk
argue out-rlJuztu jtJJtu
argue/ytøgwo/’jej fhJe
argument/y /
aria
arid/yprhz/mwftuv{’N
u ,hK suJwk
arise/yhtRÍ/WCwk :Jwk,W’TCJJwk
aristocracy/yprhMxtuÄrm/WbhtJvKw,k WåaJdo
aristocratic/yprhMxtuÄprxf/WbhtJ,WåaJdolwk
ark/ytfo/hûtK,yt©g,ntuze
arm(y)/y /
arm/ytbo/nt:,nr:gth
armada/ytbozt/ltift ftVjtu
armament/ytbtobLx/NMºtefhK,NMºt mhkstb
armour/ytboh/cÏ;h,fJa
army/ytbeo/j~fh,mult
aroma/yhptbt/mwdkæt,Fw~cw
aromatic/yhptbprxf/mwdkæte,Fw~cw’th
around/yhtWLz/ytmvtm
arouse/yhtWÍ/std]; fhJwk
arrack
arraign/yhpRl/ythtuv DzJtu
arrange(ment)/y /
arrange/yhpLs/ÔgJM:t fhJe
array/yphp/Ôgqnhalt,vtu»ttf
arrears/yrhyÍo/az; juKwk
arrest/yhuMx/æthvfz fhJe
arrival/yhtRJj/ytdbl
arrive atarrive inarrive/yhtRJ/ytJe vntUaJwk
arrogance/yphtpdLm/Wææt;tR,Dbkz
arrogant/yphtpdLx/Wæî;,Dbkze,;tuAzwk
arrow/yphtu/;eh
arroyo/yphtgtuu/s¤btdo
arsenal/ytmoluj/NMºttdth
arson/ytmol/ytdsle,ytd atkvJe
art(istic)/y /
art/ytxo/fjt
artefacts/ytxeoVp¾x/fjtf]r;ytu
artery/ytxohe/ættuhe lm
artful/ytxoVwj/ftJºttFtuh,jwåakw
article/ytrxofj/fjb,ylwåAu’,juF,JM;w
articulate/ytrxofgwjux/ntJCtJmCh Ct»tt
artifacts/ytrxoVufx/
artifice/ytrxoVtRm/lfje J;ol,fwN¤;t
artificial/ytrxorV~j/f]rºtb,ytCtme
artillery/ytrxojhe/;tuv’¤
artisan/ytrxoÍl/fjt-fthedh
artist/ytxeoMx/fjtfth
artiste/ytxeoMx/bltuhksl fjtfth
artistic/ytxeorMxf/fjt•bf
artless

as if/ypÍ-RV/stKu fu,subfu
as/ypÍ/le sub,fthK fu
ascend/ymuLz/az;wk
ascendancy/ymuLzrLm/m;thtunK,
ascent/ymuLx/W’g,aZtK
ascertain/ymxol/Ftºte fhJe,vt¾fwk fhJwk
ascetic/ymurxf/;vMJe,mk;vwY»t
asceticism/ymurxrmÍb/;vbtdo
ascribe/yMÄtRc/mb:ol ytvJwk
aseptic/ymurÃxf/sk;wbw¾;,yN¾;
ash/ypN/htF
ashamed/yNpRBz/Nhbekk’w
ashen/ypNl/jtfztlwk
ashes/ypNeÍ/htF,yrM:
aside/ymtRz/ctswbtk,vzFu
asinine/yrmltRl/d’CojûtK
ask after-v{Ktb vtXJJt
ask around-vqAvhA fhJe
ask back-ytbkkºtK ytvJwk
ask forask in- ytbkkºtK ytvJwk
ask out-bwjtft; btdJe
ask up- ytbkkºtK ytvJwk
ask/ytMf/vqAJwk,btdKe fhJe
askance/ytMfLm/Nkft
askew/yM¾gw/jtRl’tuhe cnth
asleep/yMjev/mw;ujwk,mwmwÃ;
aspect/ypMvu¾x/vtmwk,jûtK
asperity/ypMvurhrx/mÏ;tR,fzftR
aspersions/yMvÍol/rlk’t,jtkAl
asphalt/ytMVtÕx/ztbh
aspirant/yprMvhtLx/ytNtMv’,bn•Jftkûte
aspiration/yprMvhpNl/yhbtl,bnðJftkûtt
aspire/ypMvtgh/yhbtl,bnðJftkûtt ntuJe
ass/ypm/bwFo,dæætt
assail/ypmuRj/ytÄbK,mÏt; xeft
assailant/ympjLx/nwbjtÏttuh
assassin/ymprml/nðgthwk,Fqle
assassination/ymprmluNl/nðgt,Fql
assault/ymtpÕx/nwbjtu
assay/ymu/v{gðl-fhJtu
assemble/ymuBçj/Cudt :Jwk
assembly/ymuBçje/mCt,bu¤tJztu
assent/ypmuLx/mkbr;,bksqhe
assert/ypmxo/f:l-rJættl fhJwk
assertion/ypmoNl/nwkfth,’tJtu,v{rðt¿tt
assertive/ypmorxJ/MJb;td{ne,rJætugtðbf
assess/ypmum/bqÕgtkfl,ytfthKe fhJe
assessment/ypmumbLx/bqÕgtkfl,ytfthKe
asset/ymux/rbÕf;,mkvr•t
assiduous/yrmzm/W¼be,Fk;ejwk
assign/ymtRl/rJrætmh mtUvJw
assimilate/yrmrbjux/yt•bmt;fhJwk
assist(ance)/y /
associate/ymutrmyuux/stuztJwk,jtdw vtzJwk
association/ymtumeyuNl/bkz¤,stuztK
assortment/ymtpxobLx/rb©K
assuage/yMgqyus/Ntk; vtzJwk
assume/yÍgqb/nt:btk juJwk,ætthJwk

By. Richin Patel

8

assumption/ypÍBÃNl/btLg;t,ætthKt
assurance/yMgtuhLm/Jebtu,Ft;he,nigtætthK
assure/yMgtuh/Ft;he ytvJe
assuring/yMgtuh/Ft;he ytvJe
ast/ftuWMx/rflthtu,ftkXtu
asteroid/ypMx[tuRz/ytftNe v’t:olt xwfzt
astigmatism/yprMxbprxÍb/ytkFtule ÍtkFv
astonish/ypMxturlN/ytùgoarf; fhJkw-:Jwk
astound/ypMxtWLz/ytùgoarf; fhJkw-:Jwk
astral/ypMx[j/;thtytulwk-lu jd;wk
astray/ypMx[/u yJ¤ubtduo,Cxfe dgujwk
astringent/yprMx[LsLx/mF;,ytfYk
astronaut/ypMx[utltux/yJftNgtºte
astronomical/ypMx[utlturb¾j/yr; rJhtx,btuxwk
astronomy/ypMx[utlbe/Fdtu¤rJ¿ttl
astute/ypMègwx/fwNtd{ cwræætJt¤wk
asunder/ypMtkLzh/Awèkw ,Jud¤wk
asylum/ymtgjb/vtdjFtlwk,yt©g
asymmetric/yprmbprx[f/Fhcazwk,ymb;¤
at all/yux ytpj/rcjfwj,sht vK
at bay/ypx cu/Auxw-k ’qh htFJwk
at large/yux jtso/Ctduzwk,Vhth (ftg’t:e )
at the helms/yux æt nuÕBm/mwftl v’u
atavism/yuxtrJÍb/vqJostujûte JjK
atavistic/yuxtrJrMxf/vqJosjûte
atheist/yp:uRrMx/ltrM;f
atheistic/yp:uRrMxf/ltrM;f;tJt’e
athletic/yp:jurxf/Fujfw’lwk
atom(ic)/y /
atom/ypxb/yKwk
atone/yxtpl/v{ùt;tv fhJtu
atrabilious/ypx[trcjm/dbdel,razegwk
atrocious/yx[turNym/swÕtbe,yðgtathe
atrocity/yx[turmrx/swÕb,yðgtath
atrophy/yx[turV/Nhehlkw mwftJtltu htud
attaché/ypxpra/ hts’w;
attachment/yxpabLx/stuztK.jdtJ,btun
attack/yxpf/nwbjtu,aztR
attain/yxuRl/bu¤JJwk,v{tÃ; fhJwk
attainment/yxuRlbLx/rmææte,v{tÃ;e
attempt/yxuBÃx/v{gðl-fturN»t-v{g•l fhJtu
attend to/yxuLz xw/-JrnJx fhJtu
attend(ance)/y /
attend/yxuLz/ntsh hnuJwk,ægtl ytvJwk
attenuate/yxuLgwyux/vt;¤wk cltJJwk
attest/yxuMx/v{btrK; fhJwk,yrætf];fhJwk
attestation/yxuMxuNl/mtF,’Mf;,FhtR
attire/yxtgh/fvztk,JMºttu
attitude/yurxxgwz/JjK,jûtK
attract/yx[p¾x/ytf»toJwk
attraction/yx[p¾Nl/ytf»toK
attractive/yx[p¾rxJ/ytf»tof,btunf
attribute/yrx[çgwx/dwK,jûtK
attrition/yrx[Nl/D»toK,vùt;tv
atypical/yrxrv¾j/ymtbtLg
au revoir/ytuhuJth/yjrJ’t,ytJstu
auction off-nhtS fhe ltFJe
audacious/ytuzurmym/rnBb;Jtl,cnt’wh
audacity/ytuzurmrx/rnBb;,cnt’whe

audible/yturzçj/mkkC¤tg ;uJwk
audit/yturzx/rnmtc ;vtmKe
auditorium/yturzxtprhgb/mCtd]n
aught/ytux/ ftkRvK
augment/ytudbuLx/JætthJwk,
augmentation/ytudbuLxuNl/Jætthtu
augur/ytudh/CrJ»g CtFJwk
augury/ytudh/ydb mkfu;
august/ytudMx/Wb’t,vrJºt,vwsTg,ytudMx btm
aunt/ytLx/ftfe,btbe,btme,VR
aura/ytiht/mwJtm,;us,v{CtJjg
aural/ytuWhj/ftllwk
aureole/yturhytuj/;ustuJjg
auroral/ytuhuthj/;ustubg,vhtuZ
auspices/ytuMvemem/f]vt,yt©g,Nwfl,WvÄb
auspicious/yturMvmN/NwC,NwflJk;w,btkdjef
austere/ytuMxeyh/fXtuh,mF;,fzf
austerity/ytpMxurhrx/fXtuh;t,mÏ;TtR
authentic/ytp:urLxf/m•ttJtne,v{btKe;
authenticate/ytp:urLxfux/v{btrK; fhJwk
authenticity/ytp:urLxrmrx/rJ¹Jrlg;t,ymrjg;
author(ity)/y /
author/ytp:h/juFf,vwhMf;ot
authorise/ytp:tuhtEÍ/m•tt-yrætfth ytvJtu
authoritarian/ytp:turhxprhyl/m•tt CtudJlth
authoritative/ytp:turhxprxJ/m•ttJtne,m•ttJth
authority/ypt:tprhrx/m•tt,yrætfth,rJ¹Jtmvtºt
authorship/yut:hrNv/juFf•J
autistic/yutrxrMxf/m;; C{bKtbtk SJ;wk
autobiography/ytuWxtuctgtud{trV/ytðbf:t
autocracy/ytuxtuÄrm/ytvFw’,rlhkfwN Ntml
autocrat/ytuxtuÄxp /ytvFw’,mhbwÏg;th
autocratic/ytuxtuuÄprxf/ytvFw’ Ntmf
automat/ytpxtubpx/MJgkmkatrj; rJrÄgkºt
automation/ytpWxtubpNl/gtkºtefhK
automaton/ytpxtubpxl/gkºtbtlJ,htpctux
automobile/y /
automobile/ytpxtubtuctRj/Jtnl
autonomous/ytpxtultubm/MJtg•t
autopsy/ytpxturÃm/NcvheûtK
autumn/ytuxb/vtlFh
auxiliary/yutøÍerjyrh/mntgfthe
auxilium/yptfrÍrjgb/mtæJeytultu bX
avail of/yJuRj ytuJ/ltu jtC juJtu
avail(able)/y /
available/yJuRjuçj/v{tÃg,Wvjçæt
avalanche/yuJjtkN/rnbv{vt;
avant garde/yuJtkdt’/o v{Ku;t,yd{eb
avarice/ypJrhm/jtuC,jtjmt
avaricious/ypJrhNm/jtuCe
avenge/ypJuLs/c’jtu juJtu
avenue/ypJuLgw/J]ûtbtdo,htsbtdo
aver/ypJh/v{r;vtr’; fhJwk
average out at-mhuhtm :Je
average out-mhuhtm dKJe
average/yuJrhs/mhuhtN,mtbtLg
averse/ypJmo/yrlåAwf,yKdbt Jt¤wk
aversion/ypJmol/yKdbtu,mwd
avert/ypJxo/rlJthJwk,xt¤Jwk

By. Richin Patel

9

aviary/yprJyrh/vûteDh
aviation/yprJyuNl/W¨gl(rJbtl)
avid/yprJz/W•mwf,yt;wh
avionics/yprJyturlfm/WzglrJ¿ttl
avocation/yJtpfuRNl/NtuF,ÔgJmtg
avoid/yJtpRz/xt¤Jwk,Wvuûtt fhJe
avow/yJtW/cuætzf fnuJwk
avuncular/yJL¾gwjh/ftft-btbt suJwk
await/yJpRx/htn stuJe
awake/yJpEf/stdJwk
awaken/yJpEfl/sdtzJwk
award/yJtpzo/awft’tu,RÕftc
aware of/yJph ytuJ/:e btrn;dth
awareness/yJphlum/btrn;e
away/yJpE/’wh
awe/ytp/ættf,yt’hgw¾;,Cg
awesome/ytpmb/Cgtlf,F;hltf
awe-struck/yptMx[f/Cgd{M;,arf;
awful/yptVj/v{akz,zhtbKwk,F;hltf
awkward/y /
awkward/yptfJzo/fZkdwk,cuztu¤
awl/yptj/ythe
awry/ytprh/Ftuxe he;u
axe/yp¾m/fqntze-bthJe,ftv bqfJtu
axiom/yprfÍyb/v{M:trv; fnuJ;
azure/yÍgwh/Jt’¤e hkdlwk
babble away/on-ccztx fhJtu
babble/cpçtj/cfcf,ftjwftjwk ctujJwk
baby/cuRrc/ct¤f,Atufhe(de;)
bachhanal/cpftlj/JhKtdegwk,bw¾;tathe
back burner/cpfcloh/yJdKlt :;wk
back down-NhKu :Jwk
back on to-lw vAJtzwk ntuJwk
back out/cpf-ytWx/veAunX fhJe
back out-veAunX fhJe,dtze vtAe juJe
back up-vtA¤ juJwk
back(ground)/c /
back/cpf/veX,vtA¤,xuftu ytvJtu
back-bite/cpf ctRx/awdje,rlk’t fhJe
back-bone/cpfctul/ytætthM;kC,fhtuzhsTsw
back-fire/cpfVtgh/QÕxwk vrhKtb ytJJwk
backlash/cpfjpN/rnkmf v{r;rÄgt
backlog/cpfjtpd/ChtJtu,ctfe sÚ:tu
backsliding/cpfjtpd/veAunX fh;wk,ytumh;wk
backtrack/cpfx[fu /veAunX-fhJe
backward/cpfJzo/vAt;
backwater/cpfJptxh/ckrætgth-vtKe,Ftze
bacteria/cpfxprhgt/SJtKwytu
bad blood/cpzçjz/JiblMg,ykxN
bad/cpz/Fhtc
badger/cpsh/ºttm ytvJtu,DtuhFtu’ v{tKe
badinage/cprzlts/bstf,b~fhe
baffle/cpVj/dqqkaJtJwk,bkwsJJwk
bag/cpd/Ítu¤e,:uje fçsu fhJwk,v{tÃ;fhJwk
baggage/cpdps/mtbtl
bail out/cuRj ytWx/stbel vh AtuzJwk
bail/cuRj/stbel,rÄfux lt afjt
bailed/cuRÕz/stbel ytÃgt
bait/cuRx/v{jtuCl,jtja,Axfwk

bake/cuRf/NufJwk
balance out-chtuche fhJe
balance/cpjLu m/mb;tujl/rmjf
balcony/ctÕfle/ÍYFtu
bald/cptÕz/xtrjgwk
balderdash/cptÕzhzpN/y:onel,cfJtm
bale out-fw’e vzJwk(nJtR snts)
bale/cuRj/ftvzle dtkmze,;tftu
baleful/cuRjVwj/’w»x,rJltNf
balk/cptf/yzaK,rJÎl
ball/cptj/’ztu,dtu¤ Ahtu
ballad/cpjpz/CtJv{ættl de;
ballet/cuju/mkde;-l]ðg ltrxft
ballistic/cprjrMxf/v{ûtuvtMºtlwk
balloon/cjql/Vqødtu,nJtR dtu¤tu
ballot/cpjx/b;’tl,b;vºtf
ballyhoo/cprjnq/Ftuxe-C{tbf stnuht;
balm/ctb/’’oNtbf bjb
bam/cpb/XdJwk,Au;hJwk
bamboo/cpBcq/Jtkm
bamboozle/cpBcqÍj/cltJx,bstf fhJe
ban/cpl/rl»tuæt-bltR fhJe,v{r;ckæt
banal/cplj/;wåA,lftbwk
banality/cplprÕx/rlhm;t,;wåA;t
banana/cltlt/fu¤kw
band together-yufXt fhJwk
band/cpLz/Jtswk,vètu
bandit/cprLzx/ættzvtzw,jqkxthtu
bandwagon/cpLzJpdl/atjw dtzeyu
bandy about/around-JthkJth Wvgtud fhJtu
bane/cpRl/Dt;f Íuh,ltN fhJtu
baneful/cpRlVwj/rJltNf,veztfthf
bang/cpLd/ætbtftu,rJMVtux,y:ztJwk
banish/cprlN/’uNrlftj fhJtu
bank (up) on-le vh ytætth htFJtu
bank on/cpLf/le vh ytætth htFJtu
bank/cpLf/cUf,ftkXtu,rflthtu
bankrupt/cpLfhÃx/’uJtr¤gwk,lt’th,fzftu
bankruptcy/cpLfhÃme/lt’the,’uJt¤wk
banner/cplh/Íkztu,lustu,JtJxtu
banquet/cpL¾Jux/Ctusl mbthkC
banter/cpLxh/b~fhe,bstf
bantering/cpLxrhkd/ntMgrJltu’-bstf fh;wk
baptise/cpÃxtRÍ/ltb vtzJwk (rF{M;e mkMfth)
bar/cth/jtxtu,’tYlwk veXkw,Jfej bkz¤ lfthJwk
barb/ctco/ftkxtu-ytkfztu
barbarism/ctcorhÍb/skdtrjg;,Ä]h;t
barbarous/ctcohm/Äwh,skdje
barbed/ctcuoz/ftkxtJt¤wk
bard/ctzo/Ctx,htsfrJ
bare/cpyh/FwÕjwk fhJwk,løl,yÕv
barefaced/cpyhVuRMz/FwÕjt-attuÏFt anuhu
barely/cpyhrj/Ctøgus
bargain for-ytNt htFJek
bargain/ctdouRl/mM;tu mtu’tu,fhth
barge/ctso/ætme sJwk,btjJtnf ltift
bark/ctfo/Ítzle Atj,CmJwk
barmy/ctrboo/aÄb
barn/ctlo/ftuXth

By. Richin Patel

10

baron/cphl/ætltZg Juvthe
baroque/cphtuf/mstJx,NKdthujwk
barrack/cphpf/mirlf rlJtm,nwrhgtuctujtJJtu
barrage/cphps/zub,;tuvbthtu,;ztvex
barrel/cphj/lt¤awk,vev
barren/cphl/Juhtl,WsTsz,mqbmtb
barricade/cprhfuRz/ytzN,yJhtuæt,ltftckæte
barrier/cpheyh/yk;htg,r’Jtj,Jtz
barring/cprhkd/rmJtg,ct’ fh;tk
barrister/cprhMxh/Jfej(Jze y’tj;)
barter/ctxoh/rJrlbg,y’jtc’je
barterer/ctxohh/rJrlbg,y’jtc’je fhlth
basal/cpRÍj/vtgtlwk,bq¤Cq;,bq¤ v{fr] ;
base/cuRÍ/vtgtu,:tKwk,njfx,lea
bash about-VxfthJwk,lwfNtl fhJwk
bash on-atjwk htFJwk
bash/cpN/Vxftu,bth bthJtu
bashful/cpNVwj/Nhbt¤,cefK
basic/cuRÍef/vtgtlwk,bq¤Cw;
basis/cuRmem/vtgtu,ytætth,bwÏg;ðJ
bask/cpMf/;zftu FtJtu,htaJwk
basket/ctMfux/xtufhe,mqkzjtu
bastard/ctMxzo/ÔtKmkfh,yltihm ct¤f
bastion/cprMxyl/j~fhe mkhûtK,rfÕjtu
bat/cpx/rÄfuxlwk cpx-hbJwk,atbtrazegwk
batch/cpa/sw:,DtKJtu,jtpx
bate/cpxuz/DxtzJwk,htufe htFJwk
bath/ct:/Mltl
bathe/cpRæt/lntJwkw
bathos/cp:m/njfe mtrnðg halt
baton/cpxl/czeftu,’kztu
battalion/cxprjyl/vÕxl(Cwbe mult)
batter/cpxh/ættuftJJwk,ÍwzJwk
battery/cpxrh/;tuvFtlkw,bthvex
battle on-bw~fujebtk atjw htFJwk
battle/cpxj/ mkD»to fhJtu jztR,bthtbthe
battle-line/cpxj jtRl/gwææthuFt
bauble/ctpcj/;fjt’e
baulk/ctuf/yJhtuætJwk,yaftJwk
bawdy/ctprz/ceCðm Jt;
bawl out-aem vtzJe,Xvftu ’uJtu
bay/cug/Wvmtdh,yFt;
bayonet/cpgtulux/ck’wf mt:u szujwk mkdel
bazaar/cÍth/ntx,csth
bazooka/ctÍqft/htufux AtuzJtlwk mtætl
be/ce/:Jwk,ntuJwk,yrMðJ ntuJwk
beach/cea/’rhgtftkXtu
beacon/cefl/btdo’Nof ve¤e c•te,rfhK
bead/cez/bKftu,vtht
beak/cef/atka
beam/ceb/rfhK,abf
beaming/ceb/ rfhK,abfJt¤w
bean/cel/fXtu¤
bear down-æt¾ftu bthJtu
bear out-xuftu ’uJtu
bear the brunt ytDt; mnuJtu
bear up-ajtÔgu htFJwk
bear with-ajtJe juJwk
bear(up)on-lu juJt’uJt ntuJt

bear/cuyh/sLb ytvJtu,h´A,mnl fhJwk
bearable/cuhçp j/mnl :R Nfu ;uJwk
beard/ceyzo/’tZe
bearer/cphh/ntu’uT’th,ætthKfhlth
bearing/cprhkd/J;ol,ykdrM:r;
bearish/cprhN/;uSjûte(Nph)
beast/ceMx/vNw,stlJh
beat back-bthe nxtJJwk
beat down-vxftJJwk,vAztJwk
beat off-bthe nxtJJwk
beat out-ytujJe ltFJwk
beat up-nwbjtu fhJtu
beat/cex/bthJwk,bnt; fhJwk ætcfthtu,;tj
beatific/cerxrVf/f]vtrlættl
beatitude/cerxxgwz/f]vt,ytrNoJt’
beatnik/cexrlf/YZe CeLlgwJtl
beau/ctu/JhKtrdgtu,AujAcejtu
beauteous/çgwxeym/mwk’h
beautiful/çgwrxVwj/mwk’h,jtJ½bg
beautitude/çgwrxxgwz/ætLg;t
beauty/çgwrx/mwk’h;t/jtÔt½g
beaver away-mF; bnul; fhJe
because/ceftpÍ/fthK fu
beckon/çtufl/RNtht:e ctujtJJwk
become/rcfb/:Jwk,clJwk
bed/cuz/vx,v:the
bedeck/cezuf/mstJx fhJe
bedizen/curzÍl/CCft’th JMºttu vnuhJt
bedlam/cuzjpb/yÔgJM:t,vtdjFtlwk
bedraggle/rcz[pøj/mkvqKo he;u Celw fhJwk
bedrock/cuzhtpf/l¾fh Fzf-vtgtu
bee/ce/btFe
beef up/ceV-yv/m;of,bscq; cltJJwk
beef/ceV/dtglwk btkm
bee-hive/centRJ/bætvqztu
beeline/cejtRl/meæte jtRl
beer/rcyh/ceyh
befitting/rcrVrxkd/gtuøg
before/rcVtph/lt :e vnujtk
beforehand/rcVtphnpLz/ydtW:e
befuddled/rcVzÕz/bqÍtgujwk,DktDw,Atfxwk
beg/cud/btdJwk,ytSS fhJe
beget/rcdux/vu’tfhJwk,fthK clJwk
begin/rcdel/NYfhJwk
begrime/rcd{tRb/ft’J:e FhztJwk
begrudge/rcd{s/ytv;t FkaftJwk
beguile/rcdtRj/C{bbtk ltFJwk,Au;hJwk
behalf/rcntV/le c’jebtk
behave/cenuRJ/J;oJwk
behaviour/cenurJyh/J;ol
behead/cenpz/rNhAu’ fhJtu
behemoth/rcnbtp:/FFzæts,rJhtx
behest/cenpMx/yt¿tt,nwfb,Jal
behind/rcntRLz/le vtA¤
behold/centpÕz/stuJwk,rlhFJwk
beholden/centpÕzl/lwk ’uJt’th
behoove/cenqJ/sYhe,jtgf,gtuøg
belabour/rcjpch/ÍqzJwk,vexJwk
belated/cejuRxuz/rJjkc-Zej :guj

By. Richin Patel

11

belch/cuÕa/ytuzfth FtJtu
beleaguered/rcjedzo/Duhtyujwk,d{M;
belie/cejtg/sqXwk vtzJwk,ctujJwk
belief/rcjeV/btLg;t
believe in-btk rJ¹Jtm fhJtu-btlJwk
believe/rcjeJ/btlJwk
belittle/rcrjxj/njfwk vtzJwk,W;the vtzJwk
bell/cuj/Dkxze,xtufhe,Dkx
bellicose/curjftpÍ/ÍætztFtuh
belligerence/curjÍhLm/gwæættYZ,jztgfvKkw
belligerent
bellows/rcjtuÍ/ætbK
belly/c /
belong inbelong onbelong to/rcjtUd xw/lt J;le-btrjfelwk ntuJwk
below/cejtuW/leau
belt out-btuxu:e dtJwk fu JdtzJwk
belt up-aqv :Jwk
belt/cuÕx/vxtu,vèe
bemoan/cebtul/Fu’-’w&F Ôg¾; fhJwk
bemused/rcBgwÍz/;Õjel,bwÍJKbtk
bench/cuLa/vtxje
benchmark/cuLabtfo/btl’kz,fmtuxe
bend/cuLz/Jt¤Jwk,J¤Jwk
beneath/rcle:/leau
benediction/curlrzfNl/f]vt,’gt
benefactor/curlVpfxh/’t;t,yt©gytvlth
beneficent/curlrV~tLx/vhtuvfthe
beneficial/culerV~gj/jtC-Vtg’tfthf
beneficiary/culerV~grh/jtCt:eo
benefit/curlrVx/jtC,Vtg’tu
benevolence/culeJtujLm/’gt,CjtR
benevolent/culeJtujLx/’gt¤w,vhtuvfthe
benign/rcltRl/’gt¤w,f]vt¤w
benison/curLtml/ytrNoJt’,ytUra;tu jtC,f]vt
bent on/cuLx ytpl/f];rlùge,J¤ujwk
bequeath/rcfJe:/Jthmtbtk ytvJwk
bequest/rcfJuMx/Jthmtd;(JM;w)
berate/rchuRx/ytuAe rfb; ytkfJe
bereaved/rcheÔz/ltuDthwk,lt rJltlwk
bereavement/rcheÔtbLx/ltuDthtvKwk
bereft/rchuVTx/:e rJntuKwk
berry/cuhe/ctuh,ltltk V¤
berserk/cÍfo/Ílqle,skdje
berth/c:o/M:tl,mqJtlwk vtrxgwk,rlbKwkf
beseech/cemea/ytSS-ftjtJtjtk fhJt
beset/cemux/DuhtR sJwk,nwbjtu :Jtu
beside/rcmtEz/ctswbtk
besides/rcmtEzÍ/;’T Wvhtk;
besiege/rcmes/Duhtu DtjJtu,btuhatu btkzJtu
besmear/rcMbeyh/atuvzJwk
besmirch/rcMbao/dk’w fhJwk,ztDt fhJtk
bespectacled/rcMvuxufÕz/a~btJt¤wk
best/cuMx/mJo©u»X,mJtuo;b
bestial/rcMxeyj/vNw suJwk
bestow/rcMxtu/yvoK fhJwk
bet/cux/Nh; jdtzJe
bete noire/cuxLtTJth/yKdb;wk

betray/rcx[/u ’dtu ’uJtu
betroth/rcx[utæt/mdtR fhJe
betrothal/rcx[utætj/mdtR
better/c /
between/rcxJel/cu le Jåau
beverage/rcJhus/veKwk
bevy/rcrJ/xtu¤wk,bkz¤e
beware/rcJph/mtJæt :Jwk
bewilder/rcrJÕzh/dwkaJKbtk ltFJwk
bewitched/rcrJåz/ buje rJ¼tJt¤wk
beyond/rcgtuLz/:e ytd¤
biannual/ctRyuLgwyj/J»tobtk cu Jth
bias/ctgm/vûtvt;,Cu’CtJ
bib/rcc/’tY Z´aJtu,jtr¤gwk
biblical/rcrçjfj/ctRcj lu jd;wk
bibliography/rcçjeytud{tVe/mk’Co mqae
bicameral/ctgfubuhj/cu d]ntu Jt¤wk
biceps/ctgmuv/rî vtkFegw
bicker/rcf/Íætztu-frsgtu fhJtu
bickering/rcfrhkd/Íætztu,frsgtu
bicycle/ctgrmfj/mtgfj
bid/rcz/yrCJt’l-nwfb
fhJwk,fturN»t,ctuje(nhhtS)
biennial/ctyurlgj/rîJtr»tof
bier/rcyh/lltbe,XtXze
biff/rçtV/Vxftu,;btatu
bifocal/ctgVtufj/rîfuL÷e (a~bt)
bifurcate/ctgVhfuRx/cu Vtkxt fhJt
big/rcd/btuxwk
bigamy/ctgdprkb/rîv•le v{:t
bigot/rcdtpx/ætbtokæt
bigotry/rcdptrx[/ætbtOæt;t
bigwig/rcdrJd/FuhFtk,btuxtbt:tk
bijou jewel
bike/ctRf/mtgfj
bilateral/ctgjpxhj/rîvûte
bilingual/ctgrjkøgwyj/rîCt»te
bilious
bilk/rcÕf/ Xd,Dw;thut
bill/rcj/vtJ;e,Fhztu
billet doux/rcjuzq/v{ubvºt
billous
billow/rcjtu/vtKelt btust suJwk
bimbo/rcBctu/jxft-bxft Jt¤e Mºte
bimonthly/c /
bin/rcl/fahtvuxe
binary/ctglrh/rîykfe
bind over-ftg’umh he;u au;JJwk
bind/ctRLz/ctkætJwk
binge/rcLs/Atfxwk,yr;huf,Nhtcle bnurVj
binoculars/çteltufgwjÍo/cu fta Jt¤wk ’qhcel
biodegradable/ctgturzd{uzçj/mzelu ltN vtb;wk
biographical/ctgtud{tVrfj/SJlarhºtlwk
biography/ctgtud{trV/SJlarhºt
biopsy/ctgturÃm/ftu»tvheûtK
biped/ctgvuz/cu vdwk
bird/czp/vûte
birth/c:p/sLb
biscuit/rcMfex/rcMfex

By. Richin Patel

12

bisect/ctgmu¾x/cu Ctd vtzJt
bistro/rcM;htu/mM;wk ltM;td]n
bit/cex/:tuzwk,fhzTgw/k vtlwk(ætt;w)
bitch/rca/fq;he
bite/ctRx/FxfJwk,fhzJwk,cafwk ChJwk
bitter/rcxh/fzJwk,mF;
bitterness/rcxhlum/fzJtm,mF;
bitumen/rcègwbl/rNjtS;
bivouac/rcJwypf/ftbajtW hnuXtK
bizarre/rcÍth/rJraºt,Cgvu{hf,rcntbKwk
blab/çjpc/Awve Jt; cfe ltFJe
black out-cuCtl :Jwk,ykætthvx
black/çjpf/ft¤wk
blacken/çjpfl/ft¤kw fhJwk
blacklist/çjpfrjMx/mstvtºt gt’e
blade/çjpz/ætth,v;he,vtkF
blame/çjpb/’tu»t-’uJtu
blanch
bland
blandishment
blank/çjpLf/ftuY,Ftje søgt
blarney/çjpleo/FwNtb;
blasé/çjtÍ/cuVtb,curVfh
blasphemous/çjtmVubm/ætbtOæt,
blasphemy/çjtmVube/R¹Jh rlk’t,ætbtOæt;t
blast off-AtuzJwk(htufux)
blast/çjtMx/ætbtftu,Cztftu ætztftu,mF; xeft fhJe
blatant/çjpxLx/cuNhb
blaze away-dtu¤e JhmtJJe
blaze/çjuRÍ/Ätuæt,ytd,Czftu,atubuh VujtJwk
blazon/çjpÍl/ytdJwk
bleak/çjef/Juhtl,WsTsz,ykætfthbg
bleed/çjez/h¾;MºttJ :Jtu
blemish/çjurbN/Ftbe,ºtqrx,fjkf
blend/çjuLz/rb©K fhJwk,Cu¤JJwk
bless/çjum/ytrNoJt’ ytvJt
blew/çÕgw/Vqkf bthe,Vqkftgwk
blighted
blighter/çjtRxh/mzujwk,Wv÷Jfthf
blind/çjtRLz/ytk"¤wk
blink at-yJdKJwk
blink away-y’T~g fhe ’uJwk
blink/rçjLf/ÍcfJwk,vjftht :Jt
blinkers/çj´fmo/ytkFtu lt vh’t(Dtuzt)
blister/rçjMxh/VtuÕjtk
blithe/çjtRæt/ytlk’rJCtuh,btuSjwk
blitz/rçjxÍ/rJltNf nwbjtu
blitzkrieg/çjexÍÄed/nwbjtu,mvtxtu
bloat
bloated
bloc/çjtuf/rb©,btuhatu
block in-yxftJJwk
block off-ytza Qce fhJe
block up-ztxtu jtdJtu
block/çjtuf/fbhtu,htufJwk,Fkz,Ctd yJhtuætJwk
blockade/çjtufuRz/ltftckæte
block-buster/çjtufcMxh/ætqb batJlth
blockhead/çjtufnuz/yKDz,szCh;,Ctux
bloke/çjtuf/sK,Ôgrf;
blonde/çjtuLz/mtuluhe Jt¤(dtuhe Mºte)

blood/çjz/jtune,h¾;
blood-letting/çjzjurxkd/jtunegt¤,h¾;vt;
bloody/çjze/jturngt¤,Äqh,’w»x,FqlFth
bloom/çjqb/FejJwk,Jmk; ytJJe
bloomer/çjqbh/Achztu,dtuxtu
blooper/çjqvh/Achztu,dtuxtu
blossom out-WChJwk
blossom/çjtuÍb/Vwjtu cumJtk,gwJtle
blot out-Cqkme ltFJwk
blot/çjtux/ztD,fjkf,aqmJwk
blouse/çjtWÍ/vtujfwk
blow in-ltN :Jtu
blow off-Wze sJwk(nJt)
blow out/çjtu-ytWx/Vqkfe bthJwk,ytujJtR sJwk
blow over-leau vzJwk,yk; ytJJtu
blow up-ætbtftu :Jtu,btuxwk fhJwk
blow/çjtu/Dt,sxftu,Vxftu,VwkftJwk
blowhard/çjtuntzo/cztRFtuh
blow-up/çjtu-yv/btuxwk raºt,btuxwk cltJJwk
bludgeon/çjÍl/jtfze :e VxfthJwk
blue/çjw/Jt’¤e hkd
blue-chip/çjwaev/NtFvtºt,mææth
blue-eyed/çjwytRz/jtzftu-btle;tu
blue-print
bluff out-Axfe sJwk(atjtfe)
bluff/çjV/vtuf¤ ætbfe
blunder/çjkzh/Achztu,dtuxtu
blunderbuss/çjkzhcm/swlJtKe ck’wf
blunt/çjLx/cqXwk,;tuAzkw,lftbwk cltJJwk
blur/çjh/ztD,ÍtkFw :Jwkw
blurb/çjco/vwM;f rJ»tu ltUD-vrhag
blurred/çjzo/ÍtkFwk,ætkqæt¤wk
blurt/çjxo/ChzJwk (Ct»tt)
blush/çjN/NhbtJwk
bluster/çjMxh/Cvft’th fu vtuf¤
boar/ctuh/skdje zw¾fh(rNkdzt Jt¤wk)
board in/up-yxftJJwk
board/cptzo/bkz¤,vtrxgwk,ythtunK fhJwkaZJwk
boast/ctuWMx/cztR ntkfJe
boat/ctux/ntuze,ltift
bob/ctuc/ÍtujtFtJtk
bobby/çttprc/jkzlltu vtujem
bobitise/çttprcxtRÍ/dwÃ;tkd rJåAu’fhJtu
bode/ctuz/
body/cturz/Nheh,mkM:t,b];’un
body-politic/cturzvtprjrxf/ht»x[
boffin/cturVl/mkNtuætf-Ji¿ttrlf
bog down/ctudztWl/vxftJw,ft’Jbtk Fqkae sJwk
bogey/cturd/x[uRlltu zçctu
boggle/ctudj/bwÍ
k JJwk,vxftR vzJwk
bogie/cturd/
bogus/ctudm/cltJxe,’kCe
bohemian/ctunubeyl/yJætq;,bwf;tathe
boil down to-le chtch ntuJwk
boil up-dhb fhJwk
boil/ctuRj/Wf¤Jwk,dqbzwk
boisterous/ctuRMxhm/DtUDtrxgkw,FzFztx
bold/ctuÕz/cnt’wh
bollywood/cturÕtJwz/rVÕbe sd;

By. Richin Patel

13

bolster/ctuÕMxh/xuftu ytvJtu
bolt down-leau vxftJwk
bolt/ctuÕx/JAqxJwk,mtkf¤ ’uJe,’tux bqfJe
bomb/ctub/ctuBc
bombard/ctuBctzo/ctuBt-;tuvbthtu fhJut
bombardment/ctuBctzobLx/ctuBt-;tuvbthtu
bombast ytzkche Ct»tt JtvhJe
bombastic/ctuBctrMxf/ytzkche Ct»tt
bon mot/ctuLbtux/a;wh-hbwS Jf;Ôg
bon vivant/çtPt rJJtk/FtWætY
bon voyage/ctUJJtgus/bkdj gtºtt
bonafide/ctultVtRz/v{btrK;,mtawk,Fhwk
bonafides/ctultVtRzÍ/måatR,Nwææt ’tl;
bonanza/ctultLÍt/rJvwj Fstltu-Rltb
bonbon/ctulctul/jtujevtuv(beXtR)
bond/ctuLz/fhth,ckætl,bgto’t,stuztK
bondage/cturLzs/ckætl,dwjtbe
bonded/cturLzz/ckr’Jtl,ckættgujwk
bone up on-yÇgtm fhJtu
bone/ctul/ntzfwk
boner/ctulh/bwFtobe Chuje Cqj,Achztu
bongo/ctpLdtu/Ztujf Jduhu
bonhomie/ctulbe/FwNntje
bonkers/ctuLfÍo/lhtætb dtkzw
bonny/ctule/;k’whM;,mwk’h
bonsai/ctuLmtR/jDwMJYvu btuxwkÍtz
bony/cturLt/mwfjfze
bonzer/ctuLÍh/bstltu btKm
boob/cqc/bwFtobe Chuje Cqj,Achztu
booby trap/cqrcx[pv/VmtJJtle gwrf;
booby/cqrc/bqFo,yKDz
boogie-woogie/cqdeJqde/mkde;-l]ðg
book in-ytdblle ltukæt fhJe
book out-rJ’tgle ltukæt fhJe
book up-ythûtK fhJwk
book/cwf/atuvze,æthvfz :Je,ltukættJJwk
boom/cqb/;uS,dsolt,btkd
boomerang/cqbhPd/fhlth bt:u ytJe vzJwk
boon/cql/Jh’tl
boorish/cqrhN/yKDz,dbth
boost/cqMx/swMmtu-bqÕg JætthJwk,Jætthtu
boot up-VTjtuve :e atjw fhJwk(fBÃgw)
boot/cqx/stuzwk,dtzele zufe
booth/cq:/htJxe,fwrxh
bootlegger/cqxjudh/’tY le nuhtVuhe fhlth
bootless/cqxjum/rlh:of,Ôg:o
booty/cqxe/jqkx ltu btj
booze/cqÍ/’tY-Z´aJtu
border/ctuzoh/rmbt,n’,rflthe
bore/ctuh/ftKwk vtzJwk,fkxt¤tu ytJJtu
boredom/ctphzb/fkxt¤tu
born/ctulo/sLbujwk
borne/ctulo/ætthK-Waftgujwk
borrow from-vtmu:e WAelwk juJwk
borrow/ctuhtu/WAelwk juJwk
bosh/ctpN/cfJtm
bosom/cqÍb/At;e,Sdh
boss around/ctpm yhtWLz/Vtkft Vtus’the fhJe
boss/ctpm/mh’th,NuX,mtnuc,Jztu,Wvmujtu Ctd

botch/ctpa/Fhtc he;u fhJwk,cdtzJwk
both/ctu:/cLlu
bother/ctuæth/rVfh,rak;t,;fjeV
bottle up-yk’h ’ctJe htFJe(jtdKe)
bottle/ctuxTj/NeNe
bottleneck/ctpxjluf/C´m-mkfztN :Je
bottom out-;r¤gu vntukaJwk
bottom/ctuxb/;r¤gwk
bough/ctW/Ítzle zt¤e
bought/ctpx/Fhe’Tgwk
bouillon
boulder/ctuÕzh/dzctu,Fzfltu xwfztu
bounce/ctWLm/;htv,WA¤Jwk,vtAwk VhJwk
bound for/ctWLz Vtph/le ;hV s;wk
bound/ctWLz/ckættgujwk,’tux bqfJe
boundaries/ctWLz[eÍ/mebtytu,bgto’tytu
boundless
bountiful/ctWrLxVwj/vw»f¤;t,rJvwj;t
bounty/ctWrLx/vw»f¤,rJvwj
bouquet/cwfu/dwj’M;tu
bourgeois/cqÍJo t/bægbJdo,sl;t
bourse/ctumo/ltKtkcsth
bout/ctWx/QChtu,nwbjtuu
boutique/cwrxf/ltle ’wftl(VpNl)
bovine/cturJl/sz,bk’
bow out-Íqfe sJwk,NhKu :Jwk
bow/ctuW/lbl fhJwk,ætlw»t
bowdlerise/ctuWÕzhtRÍ/Jtkættslf Nç’tu h’TfhJt
bowel/ctpJj/ntushe,ytk;hzt
bowels/c /
bowl out-nhtJe ’uJwk
bowl over-vAtzJwk
bowl/ctuj/Jtxftu,fxtuhe,’ztu VkufJtu
box in-Duhe juJwk
box/ctuût/bq¾ftu,vuxe,atufXwk
boy/ctpg/Atufhtu
boycott/ctpgftpx/crn»fth fhJtu
bozo/ctuÍtu/bqFo,y¾fjbXwk
bra/ftuc{t/Íuhe mtv
brace/cu{Rm/msTs :Jwk-fhJwk
brag/c{pd/cztR-zkVtN bthJe
braggadocio/c{d
p zprNytu/cztRFtuh
brain/cu{Rl/bds
brain-child/cu{RlatRÕz/bdsle vu’tN,btlm
vwºt
brain-storming/çt{uRlMxtprbokd/dhb rJath rJbNo
brake/cu{f/htuf,yJhtuætf
brakes/c /
branch off-VkxtJJwk
branch out-JirJægfhK fhJwk
branch/c{tLa/NtFt,zt¤e
brand/c{tLz/Atv,ztb
branding/c{prLzd/ztb,Atv bthJe
brandish/c{prLzN/VuhJ;wk,rJkÍ;wk
brash/c{pN/’whtd{ne,Wææt;
brass/c{tm/ve•t¤
brassy/c{trm/rv•t¤lwk,cuNhb
bratpack/c{pxvpf/JkXuj-Wææt; Atufhkw
bravado/c{Jp tztu/zkVtN,cnt’wheltu ’uFtJ

By. Richin Patel

14

brave out/c{pJ ytWx/mtbltu fhJtu,vzfthJwk
brave/c{uRJ/cnt’wh,NqhJeh,vzfth ÍejJtu
brawn/c{tpl/Mltgw,ctkættu
brawny/c{tprl/mN¾;,Mltgwcææt
bray/cu{/dætuztlwk CktufJwk
brazen outbrazen/cu{Íl/cuNhb
breach/c{ea/Ckd,CkdtK,;ehtz
bread/c{uz/vtkWhtuxe
breadth/c{u:/vntu¤tR
break away-AxfJwk,Aqxwk vzJwk
break down/c{uf ztWl/;wxe vzJwk,Fhtc :RsJwk
break down-cdze sJwk(dtze)
break in/c /
break into/c{uf RLxw/sch’M;e DwmJwk
break into-Dh Vtuze fhJe(DwmJwk)
break in-yJhtuætJwk
break off-Aqxwk vzJwk
break out/c /
break out/c{ufytWx/Vtxe rlf¤Jwk
break the ice/c{uf ræt ytRm/Jt;-vnuj fhJe
break up-xwfzt :Jtk
break/cu{f/;wxJwk,CtkdJwk,rJhtb
breakfast/c /
break-through/c{uf :{w/ltUætvtºt v{dr;
breast/c{uMx/At;e,M;l
breath/c{:u /¹Jtm
breathe/c /
breathe/c{eæt/¹Jtm juJtu
breather/c{eæth/:tuztuf rJhtb-ythtb,htn;
breech/c{ea/
breed/c{ez/WAuhJw,k st;,ytujt’
breeze/c{eÍ/nJtle jnuh
brevity/rc{rJrx/mkrûtÃ;;t,xqkftK
brew/c{q/Wf¤Jwk,’tY dt¤Jtu
brewery/c{y
q rh/’tYle CXe
brewing up/c{q$d yv/Wf¤Jwk
bribe/c{tRc/jtka,Y~J;,fxfe,;tuz
brick/rc{f/$x
bridal/c{tRzTj/’wÕnllwk
bride/c{tRz/’wÕnl
bridge/rc{s/mu;w,vwj,lt¤wk,stuzJwk
bridle/rc{zj/atcqf,ftuhztu
brief/rc{V/xkqfw,mkrûtÃ;
brigade/cud
{ uRz/j~fhe ’¤-xwfze
bright/c{tRx/a¤f;wk,;usMJe
brilliant/rc{rjyLx/;usMJe,a¤f;wk,ntUrNgth
brim/rc{b/ætth,ftkXtu
brimming/rc{b/
brimstone/çt{ebMxtul/dkætf
brindled
bring about/rc{kd/:Jt ’uJwk,fhJwk
bring about-fhJwk
bring around/c /
bring backbring downbring in/c /
bring off/c /
bring on-

bring out/c /
bring round/c /
bring round-Jwk
bring to book/rc{kd/ftg’umh vdjt juJtk
bring up/rc{kd/WAuhJwk,fu¤JJwk,btuxwk fhJw
bring/rc{d
k /jtJJwk
brink/rc{kf/ætth,rflth
brinkmanship D»toK xt¤Jt mjtb;e M:tvJe
brisk/rc{Mf/Ízve,VxtVx
bristling/rc{mrjkd/fzf WCwk hnu;wk
brittle/rc{xj/cxfKwk
broach/c{tua/ytusth
broad/c{tuz/vntu¤wk
broadcast/c{tuzftMx/v{mthK fhJwk
broaden/c{tuzl/vntu¤wk fhJwk
broadminded/c{tuzbtRrLzz/btuxt bllwk
brocade/c{tufuz/huNb-Íheftb
brochure/c{tuNh/btrn;e vwrM;ft
broke/c{tuf/fzftu,’uJtr¤gtu,rlætol
broker/c{tufh/’jtj,Jaaurxgtu,bægM:e fhJe
brolly/c{turj/Aºte
bronze/c{tUÍ/ftkmtlwk
brooch/c{qa/rcÕjtu-cfj rvl
brood/c{qz/bll fhJwk rJathJwk
brook/c{qf/ÍhKwk,mnl fhJwk,ajtJe juJwk
brooking/c{qrfkd/mnlNrf;
broom/c /
broom/c{qb/mtJhKe
brothel/c{tu:j
u /Ju~gtd]n
brother/c{æth/CtR,mt:e
brouhaha/c{qntnt/’ufthtu,dtufehtu,ætbtj
brow/c{tW/CBbh
browbeat/c{tWcex/’cztJJwk,ætbftJJwk
brown off-Jwk
brown/c{tWl/Cwhkw
browse/c{tWÍ/VtkVtk bthJt,NtuætJwk
bruise/c{wRÍ/WÍhztk
bruit/c{qRx/yVJt VujtJJe
brunch/c{ka/jka-ltM;tu mt:u
brunette/cw{lux/Cwht Jt¤ Jt¤e dtuhe Mºte
brunt/c{Lx/ytDt;,Vxftu,Dt
brush aside-Jwk
brush up-;tswk fhJwk
brush/c{N/v´Ae
brusque/c{Mf/;tuAzwk
brutal/cw{xj/Dt;fe,Äqh
brutality/c{wxprjrx/ccoh;t,skdtrjg;
brutally/c{wxrj/Ä]h;t vwJof
brute/c{qx/vNw mbtl,skdje
bubble/ccj/vhvtuxtu
buccaneer/cwftleyh/atkragtu
buck up-W;tJ¤ fhJe
buck/cf/ftr¤gth,vimt
bucket down-ættuætbth JhmJwkw
bucket/c /
buckle down/to-Jwk
buckle/cfj/vètu ctkætJtu,msTs :Jwk
bucks/cfm/ztujh,vimt
bucolic/çgwfturjf/dtuJt¤tulwk,d{tBg

By. Richin Patel

15

bud/cz/f¤e,Fej;wk,Wd;wk
buddy/crz/’tuM;,gth,rbºt,CtRckæt
budge/cs/FmJwk,arj; :Jwk
buff/cV/abftJJwk,bFbj,Wðmtne btKm
buffalo/cVpjtu/CUm
buffer/cVh/ytkaft htuætf,;xM:
buffoon/cVql/rJ’q»tf,ztdjtu
buffoonery/cVqlrh/rJ’q»tfJuzt,
bug/cd/btkfz,stmqme fhJe,Ftuxftu,Cqj
bugaboo/cdpcq/ºttm,ntW
bugbear/cdcuh/ntW,bt:tlt ’w&FtJtYv
bugger/cdh/yrN»x W’Tdth
build on-Jwk
build up-Jwk
build/rcÕz/aKJwk
bulb/c /
bulb/cÕc/dtu¤tu
bulge/cÕs/WvmJwk,VwjtJwk
bulk/cÕf/sÚ:tu
bulky/crÕf/f’tJh,;tur;kd,btuxt f’lwk
bull/cwj/ytFjtu
bulldoze/cwjztpÍ/ætbftJJwk
bullet/cwjux/ck’qfle dtu¤e
bulletin/cwjurxl/ynuJtj,vrºtft
bullion/cwjeyl/mtult fu atk’e le jdze
bullish/cwrjN/;uSlwk JjK(Nuh csth)
bull-shit/cwjrNx/cfJtN,fahtu,Ôg:o JM;w
bully/cwrj/dwkztu,’t’tu,’t’tdehe fhJe
bulwark/cwjJfo/hûtKtðbf ytzm
bum/cb/hFzuj,c’btN
bump into-Jwk
bump off-Jwk
bump up-Jwk
bump/cBv/htu’tu
bumptious
bun/cl/vtkW
bunch/cka/ÍwbFwk
bundle off-Jwk
bundle/ckzj/:tufze,vtuxjwk
bung up-Jwk
bung/ckd/ztxtu bthJtu
bungle/ckdj/jtuatu bthJtu,cdtzJwk
bunk/ckf/dtvae bthJe,ætr;kd
bunker/ckfh/CtUgY
bunkum/cLfb/cfJtm,Vtj;wk
buoy/ctug/;h;e rlNtle
buoyancy/ctugyrLm/Qbkd,;uS,abf,WAt¤tu
buoyant/ctugyLx/;h;wk hnu;wk,abf;wk rLm
burden/czol/ctustu
bureaucracy/çgwhtuÄrm/ ybj’thNtne
bureaucrat/çgwhtuÄpx/ mhfthe ybj’th
burgeon/csol/Ízv:e JætJwk
burglar/cdojh/DhVtzw
burglary/cdojrh/DhVtuze
burial/curhyj/’VlrÔtræt
burlesque/cjuoMf/v{nmol,Xêtb~fhe ltxf
burly/cjeo/f’tJh
burn down-Jwk
burn out-Jwk

burn up-Jwk
burn/clo/m¤dJwk
burnish/crloN/Dmelu abftJJwk
burrow/chtu/CtuK,’h btk ChtR hnuJwk
burst into-Jwk
burst out-Jwk
burst/cMxo/VtxJwk
bury the hatchet Ídztu F;b fhJtu
bury/cuhe/’Vl fhJwk
bus/cm/cm
bush/cwN/Atuz
business/rcÍlum/ætkættu,ÔgJmtg
busk/cMf/Nuhebtk dtJwk VhJwk
buss/cm/
bust/cMx/At;e,yætov{r;bt,
bust/cMx/Cw¾ft ctujtJJt,’uJtr¤gwk,rl»V¤
busted/cMxuz/v’toVtm fgtuo
bustle/cmj/ætbtj,’tuz ættb
bustling/cmrjkd/ætbætb;wk
busy/rcrÍ/ÔgM;,htuftgujwk
busybody/rcrÍctprz/zFj’ulth,lz;hYv
but for/cx Vtuh/lt rJlt
but/cx/vK
butcher/cwah/Ftxfe,fmtR
butt in-Jwk
butt/cx/XqkXw,rNkdzw bthJwk,fwk’tu,rlNtl
butter/cxh/btFK
button/c /
button/cxl/cxl
buttress//:tkCjtu,xuftu ’uJtu
buxom/cfÍb/Y»xvw»x
buy into-Jwk
buy off-Jwk
buy out-Jwk
buy up-Jwk
buy/ctg/Fhe’Jwk
buzz off-Jwk
buzz/cÍ/Dhuhtxe,DtUDtx
buzz-word/cÍJzo/v{arj; mwºt
by/ctg/îtht,ctswbtk,Jzu
bye/ctg/ytJstu
by-election/ctgRjufNl/vuxtaqkxKe
by-gone/ctgdtul/rJ;e dguj
by-law/ctgjtp/vuxt ftg’tu
bypasssizable
by-product/ctgv{tuz¾x/ytzvu’tN
by-stander/ctgMxuLzh/bqf v{uûtf
byte/ctRx/fBÃgwxh bubhelwk Dxf
byword/ctgJzo/’tFjtYv,fnuJ;
cab/fpc/xp¾me
cabal/fpcj/ftJ;Yk,ftJ;htFtuh xtu¤fe
cabbage/fpcus/ftuce
cabinet/fprclux/bkºtebkz¤,Ftlt Jt¤e vuxe
cable/fpcj/;th,’tuhzwk
cache/fpN/Awvtu Ckzth-sÚ:tu
cack-handed/fpfnprLzz/yKDz btKm
cackle/fpfj/c;fltu yJts
cacophonous/fpftpVtulm/cumqhtu yJts
cacophony

By. Richin Patel

16

cad/fpz/njfx btKm
cadaver
cadaverous/fpzpJhm/bz’t suJwk
cadence/fpzLm/;tj,xuftu,jg
cadet/fprzx/j~fhe ;trjbt:eo
cadge
cadmium/fpzrbgb/mtultbtk mtkætJtle ætt;w
cadre/fuzh/©uKe,bt¤Fwk,fûtt
cafe/fuVu/yÕvtnth d]n
cage/fuRs/vtksY
cagey/furs/mtJæt
caginess/fuRs/mtJættle
cajole/fstuj/vxtJJwk,VtumjtJJw
cake/fuRf/fuRf
cakewalk/fuRfJtpf/mh¤-vtuawk ftgo
calabash/fpjcpN/fbkzjw
calamity/fjprbrx/ytV;,mkfx
calculas/fpÕfgwjm/v:he-Athe :Je
calculate/fpÕfgwjuRx/dKºte fhJe
calendar/fpjuLzh/vkatd,htusleNe,xevKwk
calf/ftV/JtAhzwk
caliber
calibrate/furjc{xu /btvtkfl fhJwk
calibre/furjch/cwrææt,ck’wflel¤e lwk btv
call (up) on-Jwk
call at/ftpj ypx/M:¤ le bwjtft; juJe
call back-Jwk
call for/ftpj Vtph/ntfj fhJe,yvej fhJe
call forth/f /
call forth/ftpjVtp:o/
call in/ftpjRl/vtAwk ctujtJJwk
call off/f /
call off/ftpjytpV/vtAwk FUaJwk
call on/ftpjytpl/bwjtft; juJe
call out-Jwk
call up-Jwk
call/fptj/ctujtJJwk,ntfj
calligraphy
callous/fpjm/heZwk,mkJu’ltrJnel,cuNhb
callow/fpjtu/ftawk,rclylwCJe
callshots/ftpjNtpxm/le ctujctjt ntuJe
calm down-Jwk
calm/ftb/Ntk;,MJM:,Ntkr;ltu ft¤
calmp down
calorie/fpjrh/
calorific
calumny/fpÕgwBle/rlk’t,yt¤,jtkAl
calypso
camaraderie/fpbhpzrh/rcht’he
came/fuRb/ytÔgtu
camel/fubj/³x
cameo/fprbytu/xqkftu yrClg
camera/fpbuht/fpbuht
camouflage/fpbtuVjts/AjtJhK
camp/fpBv/bwftb,vztJ,AtJKe
campaign/fpBvpRl/ÍwkcuN,v{ath-yrCgtl
camphor/fpBVh/fvqh
canard/fpltzo/yVJt,Ftuxe Jt;
cancel/f /
cancel/fpLmj/h’ fhJwk

candid/fplrzz/rlFtjm,v{btrKf
candidature/fplrzz/Wbu’Jthe
candle/fpLzj/rbKc;e
candor
candour/fpLzh/rlFtjm;t,v{btrKf;t
candy/fprLz/beXtR,Ftkzle rbXtR
cane/f /
cane/fpRl/Jtkm,lu;h,VxfthJwk
canine/fpltRl/htûtme ’tkk;,fq;ht mkcæk te
canker/fpLfh/
cannibal/fpLtecj/btlJCûte
cannon/fpll/;tuv
canny/fpLte/NX,atjf,dKºtects
canon/fpLtl/btv’kz,rmæættk;,rlGtb
canonisation
canopy/fpLtve/ak’hJtu,A;,ytftN
cant/fpLx/’kC,Ztukd,Zt¤,Ftm Ct»tt
cantankerous
cantata
canter/fpLxh/Dtuztle atj
canto
canvas/fpLtJm/stzwk ftvz
canvass/fpLtJtm/v{ath fhJtu
cap/fpv/xtuve
capability/fpvprcrjrx/Nrf;,mtbÚgo
capable/fpvpçj/mb:o
capacious/fpvprNym/ûtb;t,btuf¤tN Jt¤wk
capacity/fvprmrx/mkdn
{ Nr¾;,ûtb;t,nurmg;
cap–a–pie
capillary
capital/furvxj/bqze,Ckztu¤,htsættle,btuxwk
capitalise/furvxjtRÍ/jtC FtxJtu
capitalist/fprvxprjMx/bqzeJt’e
capitulate/furvxgwjuRx/
caprice/fprv{m/;hkd
capricious/fprv{Nm/;hkde
capsize/fuvmtRÍ/vtKebtk ³ætw J¤Jwk
captain/fpÃxl/fÃ;tl,ltrJf
captaincy/fpÃxl/fÃ;tlv’
caption/fpÃNl/b:t¤wk,jFtK,juF
captious
captivate/furÃxJuRx/bkºtbwøæt fhJwk
captive/furÃxJ/ckr’Jtl,dwjtb
captivity/fprÃxrJrx/ckætl,fu’
capture/fpÃah/S;e juJwk,ÍzvJwk
car/f /
carafe
carapace
carat/f /
carat/fphpx/(karat)Nwææt;t yktf(mtultatk’e)
caravan/f /
caravan/fphpJtl/fthJtk,JKsth
carcass/fphfpm/v{tKelwk ntzrvksh
carcinogenic
carcinoma/ftrmoltubt/fuLmh
card/ftzp/v•;wk,vwkXwk,v´sJwk
cardiac/ftrzogtf/Ì’glwk
cardinal/ftrzolj/bq¤Cq;,vtgtlwk
cardiology/ftrzogtujS/Ì’g rJ¿ttl
care about-

By. Richin Patel

17

care for/f /
care for-Jwk
care(ful-less)/f /
care/fph/’hfth,mtJau;e
careen/fhel/lbtJJwk,ÍwftJJwk
career/fhey&/fthrf’e o,ÔgJmtg
care-free/fph V{e/rclættM;,curVfh,btuSjwk
careful
caress/fphm
p /vkvt¤Jwk
caretaker/fpyhxuRfh/hFuJt¤
cargo/ftdtuo/rJbtl-snts btk btufjt;tu btj
caricature
carillon
carnage/ftrloos/fðjuytb,lhmknth
carnal/ftloj/’wLgJe,Ntherhf
carnival/ftrlJoj/W•mJ,WstKe bu¤tu
carnivorous/ftrloJhm/btkmCûte
carousal
carouse/fhtWÍ/’tYle bnuVej
carping
carriage/f /
carrier/fprhyh/Jtnf,Wkaflth,jR slth
carrion
carry away-Jwk
carry forward-Jwk
carry off sch’M;e WXtJe sJwk
carry off/f /
carry off-Jwk
carry on/f /
carry on/fprh ytpl/ytd¤ ætvtJJwk
carry out/f /
carry out/fprh ytWx/ybj fhJtu
carry through vth vtzJwk
carry through/f /
carry/f /
carry/fphe/WkafJwk
cart/f /
cart/ftxo/dtzwk
carte blanche/ftxoçjtkN/ve¤tu vhJtltu
cartel/fthxuj/btj Wðvt’ftu ltu mkD
cartographer/ftxtpod{tVh/lfNtfth
carton/ftxol/FtuFwk,vuxe
cartoon/ftxoql/Ôâkøgraºt
carve out-Jwk
carve up-Jwk
carve/f /
carve/ftJo/ftu;hJwk
cascade/ftMfuRz/vtKeltu ættuæt
cascading
case/f /
case/fuRm/bwf’Tbtu,ctc;,ætxlt,vuxe
cash in on
cash in on/f /
cash in-Jwk
cash/f /
cash/fpN/htufz,lf’,ltKwk
casino/frmltu/swdthFtlwk
cassette/f /
cassette/fmux/fumux
cast away-Jwk

cast back-Jwk
cast off-Jwk
cast on-Jwk
cast/f /
cast/ftMx/Zt¤Jwk,vtºtJhKe,huzJwk,VUfJwk
caste/f /
caste/ftMx/¿ttr;,str;,Jdo
caster/f /
castigate/ftrMxdux/ltu Qætztu juJtu,ÍtxfJwk
castigation
castle/f /
castle/ftmj/rfÕjtu
castor/ftMxh/ltlwk vizwk,yuhkzt
castrate/ftMx[ux/Fme fhJe
casual/fpÍgwyj/ytfrMbf,v{tmkrdf,
casualty/fpÍgwytjrx/b]•gwyktf,FwJthe
casuist/fpÍgwRMx/rJ;kztJt’e
cat/f /
cat/fpx/rcjtze
cataclysm/fpxt¾rjÍb/W:jvt:j,rJltN
catalogue/fpxjtud/mqravºt
catalyst/fpxtrjMx/W’Tevf
catapult/fpxtvÕx/stuh:e Wvh VukftJwk,dtuVK
cataract/fpxhp¾x/s¤ættuæt,ytkFltu btur;gtu
catarrh/fpxthpn/Nh’e,m¤uFb
catastrophe/fpxpMx[rV/Wðvt;,rJltN
catch at-Jwk
catch on/f /
catch on-Jwk
catch out-Jwk
catch up-Jwk
catch/f /
catch/fpa/vfzJwk,ÍejJwk
catch-22 rJhtuættCt»te vrhrM:r;
catche/fpN/AwvtJujtu sÚ:tu
catechism
categorical/fpxpdrh¾j/Mv»x,rlhvJt’
cater to/fpxh xw/v{ckæt fhJtu,vwhkw vtzJwk
catharsis/fp:tormm/rJhtual,ra•tNwrÎæt
cathartic
catholic fp:rjf/W’th;t Jt¤wk,rF{M;e ætbolwk
cattle/fpxj/vNw,Ztuh
caucus/ftufm/akzt¤ atufze,mkD
caught/f /
caught/fptx/vfzgwk
caulk
causal/fptÍj/fthK’Nof
cause celebre/fptÍmurjch/afathe bwf’btu
cause/f /
cause/ftpÍ/fthK,rlrb•t clJwk
caustic
cauterise/ftpxuhtRÍ/ztb ’uJtu,ct¤e ltFJwk
caution/f /
caution/ftpNl/au;JKe
cautious/ftpNm/mtJau;
cavalcade
cavalier/fpJprÕtyh/y¹J’¤ mirlf
cavalry/fpJpÕhe/y¹J’¤
cave in/fpRJ Rl/ætme vzJwk
cave in-Jwk

By. Richin Patel

18

cave/f /
cave/fuRJ/dwVt
caveat emptor Fhe’lth mtJættl
caveat/fprJypx/;tfe’,au;JKe (ftuxo)
cavil/fprJj/Jtkætt Jaft ftZJt
cavort/fpJptxo/nze ftZJe,’tux bqfJe
cease/f /
cease/mes/yxfJwk
cease-fire/f /
cease-fire/mesVtgh/gwæætrJhtb
cede/mez/ytve ’uJwk,Atuze ’uJwk
ceiling/f /
ceiling/merjkd/A;
celebrate/f /
celebrate/murjc{R
u x/WsJJwk
celebrated
celebrity/rmjec{rx/rJÏgt; btKm
celerity/mujurhrx/ðJht,Ízv
celestial/mujurNyj/yjtirff,’iJe
celibacy/murjcme/c{ñago
celibate
cell/f /
cell/muj/ftu»t,ftuxze
cellar/f /
cellar/mujh/CtUghw
celluloid/muÕgwjtuRz/fafzwk,rVÕble vèe
cement/f /
cement/mebuLx/bscq; fhJwk
cemetery/mebux[e/fc{M;tl
cenotaph/multuxtV/b]ðgjuF
censor/muLmh/rJath-ÔgJnth rlgkºtK
censorious
censure//Xvftu
census/muLmm/JM;e dK;he
cent/f /
centaur/muLxtph/rfLlh,lht¹J
centaure
centenary/muLxulrh/N;tç’e,100 J»to
centigrade
centimetre/f /
central/f /
central/muLx[j/furL÷g
centre on-Jwk
centre/f /
centre/muLxh/fuL÷
centrifugal
centrifuge/muLx[VgwÍ/fuL÷ðgtde c¤
centripetal
centurion
century/f /
century/mulågwhe/N;f
cerebral
cerebration
ceremonious
ceremony/f /
ceremony/muheble/ytivatrhf rJæte
certain/f /
certain/mxol/atu¾fm,rlrù;
certainly/f /
certify/mrxoVtg/v{btrK; fhJwk

cessation/mumuNl/rJhtb,yk;
cession
cess-pool/mumvqj/Ft¤-fqJtu
chafe
chaff
chaffing
chagrin/Npdrhl/btlCkd,yvbtrl;
chagrine
chain up-Jwk
chain/auRl/mtkf¤
chain/f /
chair(man-person)/f /
chair/auyh/Fwhme
chalice
chalk up-Jwk
chalk/atuf/atf,Fze
chalk/f /
challenge/apjuLs/vzfthJwk
challenge/f /
chameleon/fberjyl/ftkaekztu
champagne/NuBvuRl/V{tkmltu ’tY
champion himayati
chance on-Jwk
chance/atLm/;f-WCe:Je
chance/f /
chandelier/NPzujegh/ÍwBbh
change down-Jwk
change over-Jwk
change up-Jwk
change/auRLs/c’jtJwk
change/f /
channel/aulj/s¤btdo,vèe,lnuh
chant/atLx/Csl dtJwk,bkºt ctujJtu
chaos/f /
chaos/fuRytum/ykættætqkæte,yhtsf;t
chaotic
chap/apv/Ôgrf;,sK
chap/f /
character(istics)/f /
character/fphpfxh/atrhºg
characterise/fphpfxhtRÍ/jûtK,arhºt ’uFtzJwk
characteristic/fphpfxrhrMxf/jûtK,ytdJwk
charade/Nhtz/cfJtm,WFtKwk
charcoal/athftuj/ftujmtu
charcoal/f /
charge/atso/ythtuv,fçstu,JmwjJwk,nÕjtu fhJtu
charge/f /
chargesheet/atsoNex/ythtuvltbwk
chariot
charisma/frhÍbt/v{CtJ,’ul
charitable/aprhxuçj/ætbto’tlwk,ættrbof
charity/f /
charlatan/Ntjoxl/juCtdw,ætq;thtu
charm/atbo/bkºt,btunf;t,ftbK
charm/f /
charmer
charming/atrbkdo/btunf,ftbK fh;wk
charred/atzo/Ftf :R dgujwk
chart/atxo/lfNt,’tuhJwku
chart/f /

By. Richin Patel

19

charter/atxho/F;vºt,ml’,n¾f,Ctzu fhJwk
chary
chase up-Jwk
chase/auRÍ/veAtu fhJtu
chase/f /
chasm/fpÍb/FtR,FeK
chassis
chaste/apRÍ/vrJºt,Nwææt
chasten
chastened
chastise/apMxtRÍ/vrJºt cltJJwk
chastity/aprMxrx/vrJºt;t,Nwææt;t,ftibtgo
chat up-Jwk
chat/apx/Jt; Jt;tu fhJe
chat/f /
chattel/apxj/btjb;t,rbjf;
chatter/apxh/ctujctuj fhJwk
chatting/aprxkd/Jt;ae; fh;wk
chauffeur/NtuVh/ætkætt’the fthatjf
chauvinism/NtprJrlÍb/yr;-’uNv{ub,Mºteltu
vqJd
o {n
chauvinist
chauvinistic/NtprJrlrMxf/fèh
’uNv{ube,MºtevqJd
o {ne
cheap/aev/mM;wk,njfwk
cheap/f /
cheat on-Jwk
cheat/aex/Au;hJw,k ætw;thtu,Xd
cheat/f /
check in/f /
check in-ntuxuj btk ytJJwk
check on/f /
check out- ntuxj
u btk:ek sJwk
check out/f /
check through-Jwk
check/auf/;vtmJwk
check/f /
checkerred
cheek/aef/dtj
cheek/f /
cheeky/aerf/;tuAzwk,Wææt;
cheer on-Jwk
cheer up-Jwk
cheer(ful)/f /
cheer/aeyh/ytlk’ltu W’Tdth
cheered
cheese/aes/aes
cheese/f /
chef/auV/hmtuRgtu
chef-d'oeuvre/NuR’Jht/©u»Xf]r;
chemical/f /
chemical/furbfj/htmtgrKf
chemistry/f /
chemistry/furbMx[e/hmtgKNtMºt
cheque/auf/cUfltu NtFvºt,auf
cheque/f /
chequered az;e vz;e,atufzt Jt¤kw
cherish Ì’gbtk mkDhJwk,btKJkw,vtu»tJwk
cherubic
chess/aum/N;hks

chess/f /
chest/auMx/vuxe,At;e
chest/f /
chestnuts
chevron/NuJhtul/v ytfthle huLfvèe
chew on-Jwk
chew over-Jwk
chew up-Jwk
chew/ågq/atJJwk
chew/f /
chic/rNf/Vtkfzwk,ytf»tof,btunf
chicanery/rNfulhe/ftJt’tJt,fvx
chick(en)/f /
chicken out-vtAwk nXJwk
chicken/rafl/bwdeolwk cåawk
chide/atRz/Xvftu ytvJtu
chief/aeV/bwÏg,bwFe,v{bwF
chief/f /
chilblain/raÕçjul/VtuÕjtu,JtrZgtu
child(hood)/f /
child/atRÕz/ct¤f
childish/atRrÕzN/ctrjN
childish/f /
children/f /
chill/f /
chill/raj/Xkze,:eS sJwk,n¤JtN :e juJwk
chime/atRb/Drzgt¤lt xftuht zkft
chime/f /
chimera/ftRrbyh&/;q;,ytCtm
chimerical/ftRburhfj/rlh:of,Ftuxwk
chimney/f /
chin/f /
chin/ral/nzvae
chip in/ravRl/Jabtk ctujJwk-htufJwk
chip in-Jwk
chip off-Jwk
chip/f /
chip/rav/fha,Aturzgwk,ft;he,v;he
chirp/avo/vûteltu fjhJ
chisel/raÍj/DzJw,k ftu;hJwk,xtkfKwk
chivalrous/rNJjhm/Jeh;tvqKo
chocolate/atufjuRx/atufjux
chocolate/f /
choice/atuRm/vmk’de
choice/f /
choir/fJtgh/dtgfJ]k’
choke back-Jwk
choke up-Jwk
choke/atuWf/dwkd¤tJJwwk
choke/f /
cholera/ftujuht/ftudr¤gwk,ftujuht
choleric
cholesterol/ftujuMx[j/ftu»ttulwk MxuhtuRz
choose/aqÍ/vmk’ fhJwk
choose/f /
chop/atuv/ftve ltFJwk,ltcw’e
chop/f /
chopper/autvh/nurjfptÃxh,btuxtu Ahtu
choppy/autve/

By. Richin Patel

20

chord/f /
chord/ftuzp/MJh,bu¤,’tuhzwk
chore/atuh/Dhftb(htuSk’w)
choreography
chorus/ftuhm/mbqndtl
chronic/Äturlf/jtkce btk’de
chronicle/Äturlfj/;JtheF,Rr;ntm
chronology/ÄtultujS/mbgvºtf,ft¤Äb
chubby/ace/dtjdxegt Jt¤wk,Y»xvw»x
chuck in/up-Jwk
chuck/af/
chuckle/afj/btuZwk ’tcelu nmJwk
chug along-Jwk
chum/ab/jkdturxgtu rbºt,dturXgtu
chum/f /
chunk/akf/Ctd,ffztu
church/aao/’uJ¤
church/f /
churlish skdje,yKDz
churn out/al y
o tWx/sÚ:tckæt Wðvt’l fhJwk
churn/alo/JjtuJJwk bk:l fhJwk,suhJwk
chute/ågqx/
chute/f /
chutzpah/awxvt/cuNhb Che rnBb;
ciao/atW/ytJtu,ytJstu
cicada/rmftzt/;bhtk(SJzwk)
cigarette/f /
cinch/rmLa/mnuje-rlrù; Jt;
cinder/rmLzh/raldthe
cinema/f /
cinema/rmlubt/ajraºt
cipher/meVh/NqLg
circa/mehft/le ;theF vnujtlwk
circle/f /
circle/mfoj/dtu¤,bkz¤,aÄ
circlet
circuiting
circuitous
circular/f /
circular/mfogT wjh/dtu¤,vrhvºt
circulation/mfogT wjuNl/VujtJtu,vrhC{bK
circumcise/mfobmtRÍ/mwLl; fhJe
circumlocution
circumscribe
circumspect/mfobMvufx/mtJau;evqJof J;ol
circumstantial/mfobMxurLNj/mtkgturdf
circumvent/mfobJuLx/Au;hJwk,xt¤Jwk
circus/f /
circus/mhfm/mhfm
cissy/rmrm/zhvtuf
cistern/rmMxol/vtKele xtkfe
citadel/mexzuj/rfÕjtu,m•ttlwk fuL÷
citation
cite/f /
cite/mtRx/yJ;hK xtkfJwk,WÕjuF fhJtu
citizen/f /
citizen/rmrxÍl/ltdrhf
city/f /
city/rmrx/Nnuh
civic/f /

civic/rmrJf/ltdhef,ldhlwk,Nnuhe
civil code
civil(isation)/f /
civil/rmrJj/ltdrhf-ctc;
civilise/rmrJjtRÍ/mwmkMf]; cltJJwk
civilised
civvy/rmrJ/ltdrhf
clabber/¾jpch/
clad/¾jpz/JMºttubtk msTs
claim/¾juRb/’tJtu,Ctud juJtu
claim/f /
clairvoyance/¾jphJtugLm/CrJ»g CtFlth
clairvoyant
clam up-Jwk
clamber
clamorous/¾jpBthm/DtUDtx,’ufthtJt¤wk
clamour
clamp down on -Jwk
clamp down/¾jpBv ztWlp/;wxe vzJwk
clamp down-Jwk
clamp/¾jpBv/vfz btxu ltu atvztu
clan/¾jpl/JkN,fw¤
clandestine/fjuLzMxel/dwÃ;,Awvwk
clanger/¾jpLdh/dtuxt¤tu,dkCeh Cqj
clangor
clap/f /
clap/fjpv/;t¤eytu vtzJe
clapper
claptrap/fjpvx[uv/cfJtm,rlh:of Jt;
claque/¾jpf/Ctzq;e ;tje vtzJt Jt¤t,chamcha
clarification/fjprhrVfuNl/Mv»x;t,Fwjtmtu,atuFJ
x
clarion/fjprhytpl/ntfj
clarity/fjprhrx/Mv»x;t,Nwææt;t
clash/f /
clash/fjpN/y:ztbK,x¾fh,bthtbthe
clasp/¾jpMv/vfze,htFJwkJwk
clasp/f /
class/¾jtm/Jdo,fûtt
class/f /
classical/¾jprm¾j/NtMºteg,NiûtrKf
classified/f /
classified/fjtrmVtRz/Jde of];,;thJujwk
clause/f /
clause/fjtuÍ/WvJt¾g,vuxt fjb
claustrophobia
clavicle
claw/f /
claw/fjpt/vkstu (v{tKeltu)
clay/f /
clay/fjuR/btxe
clean out-Jwk
clean up-Jwk
clean(se)/f /
clean/¾jel/atuÏFwk
clean-chit/¾jelrax/’tu»tbwr¾;
cleanse/¾j´Í/MJåA/mVtgtu fhJtu
clear away-Jwk
clear off-Jwk
clear the deck msTs :Jwk

By. Richin Patel

21

clear up/f /
clear up-Jwk
clear/¾jeyh/Mv»x/bkswh-bwf; fhJwk
clear/f /
cleavage/¾jeJus/Vtx,aehtu
cleave
cleft
clemency/¾jubrLm/’gt,f]vt,btVe
clench/¾jUa/FqkaJe juJtu
clench/f /
clergy/fjoS/vt’he bkz¤
clergyman/fjoSbl/vt’he
clerk/¾jfo/fthfwl
clerk/f /
clever atclever/¾juJh/ntUrNgth
clever/f /
cliam/¾jtRb/btdKe fhJe
clichés/¾rjNu/aJtR dgujt Nç’tu
click/f /
click/frjf/fx yJts,Vtuxtu juJtu,mV¤ :Jwk
clientele/fjtgrLxj/Dhtfe
cliff/¾rjV/CuFz QCtu Fzf,fhtz
cliff/f /
climactic vhtft»Xtlwk
climate/f /
climate/fjtRbpx/ytctunJt,Jt;tJhK
climatic/fjtRbprxf/ytctunJtlwk,
climax/fjtRbpfm/vhtft»Xt
climb down-Jwk
climb/¾jtRb/Wvh aZJwk
climb/f /
clime/¾jtRb/v{’uN,ytctunJt
clinch/¾rjLa/FqkaJe juJwk
clines
cling/¾rjkd/atuxe sJwk
cling/f /
clink/¾rjLf/FKFKtx suRj
clinker/frjLfh/dzctu,©u»X,W•tb JM;w
clip/¾jev/rvl,ftve ltFJwk
clip/f /
clique/frjf/ltle xtu¤fe
cloak/fjutf/zdjtu,AwvtJJwk
clobber/¾jptch/VxfthJwk,mF; xeft fhJe
clock in-Jwk
clock off-Jwk
clock up-Jwk
clock/¾jptf/Drzgt¤
clock/f /
clog/¾jptd/lz;h,YkættJwk,ckæt :Jwk
cloister
cloning
close down-Jwk
close in-Jwk
close up-Jwk
close/¾jtum/rlfx,ckæt fhJwk,lSf
close/f /
closet
closure/¾jptÍh/ckæte,yk;,mkfujtu
clot/¾jptx/dkXtJwk (jtune)

cloth(es)/f /
cloth/¾jtu:/ftvz
cloud up-Jwk
cloud(y)/f /
cloud/fjtWz/Jt’¤wk
clout/¾jtWx/;btatu bthJtu,mtkXdtkX
clover/¾jptJh/
clown/f /
clown/fÕttWl/ztdjut
cloying
club together-Jwk
club/¾jc/Vqjelwk vtlwk,dtkX
club/f /
clubbed
clue/¾jq/vduhwk,fze,mdz,mwhtd mkfu;,
cluster/¾jMxh/ÍqbFwk
clutch/¾ja/vfzJwk
clutch/f /
coach/ftua/x[uRlltu zçctu,;tjebrNûtf
coagulate
coal/ftuj/ftujmtu
coalesce mt:u JætÔtwk
coalition/ftuyjeNl/rb©,btuhatu
coarse/¾tpmo/stzwk,chAx
coat/ftuWx/:h,v{tKele atbze,zdjtu
coax/ftp¾m/vxtJJwk,VtumjtJJwk
cobble/¾ptc/:tdz :edz fhJwk
cock/ftpf/bhDtu
cockney/ftpfrl/Ftm jkzl Nnuhlwk (Ct»tt)
cockpit/ftpfrvx/rJbtlatjfle furcl
cod/ftpz/b~fhe,btAje le st;
coda/ftpzt/ykr;bahK
coddle/ftpzj/vkvt¤Jwk
code(d)/f /
code/ftuWz/mk¿tt
coded/fturzz/mtkfur;f,mk¿ttJt¤wk,dwÃ;
codicil/fturzrmj/Jrmg;ltbtle vwhJKe
codify
co-efficient/ftyurVrmyLx/dwKtkf(y:oNtMºt)
coerce/ftuymo/sch’M;e fhJe
coercion/ftuymlo/ættf,ætbfe
coercive/ftuyrmoJ/sch’M;e vqJoflwk
coeval/ftpRÔtj/mbftjel,mbmtbrgf
coffee/f /
coffee/ftpVe/ftuVe
coffers/ftpVmo/;ustuhe,Ckztu¤,vuxe
coffin/ftpVel/Ncvuxe
cog
cogent/ftusLx/mc¤,l¾fh,v{;er;fh
cogitate/ftursxux/dkCeh rJath fhJtu
cognac/ftuLguf/Vu{ka c{tLze
cognate
cognitive
cognizance/fptøleÍLm/stKfthe,ægtl
cognoscente/ftpølemLx/stKfth,¿ttle
cognoscenti/ftpølemrLx/fjtvthFwk
cohere
coherence/ftunuhLm/mwmkd;t,mwbu¤
cohesion
cohort/ftuntuxo/fhJt v{uhJwk

By. Richin Patel

22

coiffeur/ftuRVTgwh/nphz[umh
coiffure
coign/ftuRl/’]~g M:tl
coil/ftuRj/dqka¤wk-J¤Jwk
coin/f /
coin/ftuRl/rm¾ftu,lJtu Nç’ haJtu
coincide/ftp-RlmtRz/mt:umt:u clJwk
co-incidence/ftpRrLmzLm/gtudtlwgtud/studmkstud
coincident
coir/¾Jtgh/ft:e
coition/ftpRNl/mkCtud
coke/ftuf/ftujmtu
colander
cold/f /
cold/ftuÕz/Xkzw,Xkze,xtZ,Nh’e
collaborate
collaboration/fjtctuhuNl/mngtud
collage/ftujts/r’Jtjf]r;(v’t:o-JM;w)
collapse/fjpÃm/;qxevzJwk
collar/ftpjh/ftujh
collate/ftpjux/
collateral/ftpjpxhj/rbjf; mckæte
collation
colleague/ftpjed/mnftgofh,ftgocæk tw
collect up-Jwk
collect(ion)/f /
collect/¾ju¾x/yufXwk fhJwk,sbt :Jwk
collective/¾ju¾rxJ/mtbqrnf
college/f /
college/frjs/bntrJ¼tjg
collide/fjtRz/mtb-mtbu y:ztJwk
colliery/ftujeyhe/Fles FtK
collision/frjÍl/y:ztbK,x¾fh,xfhtJ
colloquial/fjturfyj/ctujatjlwk
colloquy
collude/ftuÕgwz/ftJt’tJt fhJt
collusion/ftuÕgwÍl/fvx,ftJt’tJt
colonial/fjturlyj/Jmtn;e
colossal/ftujtuÍj/rJhtx,v{akz,Cgkfh
colossus
colour(ful)/f /
colour/fjh/hkd-fhJtu
column/ftujBt/fxth(Atvtkle)M;kC,f;th
coma/f /
coma/ftubt/cuCtl yJM:t cuCtl
comatose
comb through-Jwk
comb/f /
comb/ftub/’tkr;gtu
combat/ftuBcpx/jztR,mtbltu fhJtu
combatant/ftuBcpxLx/jzJigtu
combative/ftuBcprxJ/jztgf,frsgtFtuh
combination/f /
combination/fturBcluNl/rb©K,mkgtusl
combine/f /
combine/fBctRLt/rb©K fhJwk
combing dwLnudthtu lemVtR fhJe
combustible/fBcwrMxçj/m¤de WXu ;uJwk
come across b¤Jwk,vrhag ntuJtu
come across with-Jwk

come across/f /
come along-Jwk
come apart-Jwk
come at-Jwk
come away-Jwk
come back-Jwk
come by-Jwk
come down on-Jwk
come down with-Jwk
come down-Jwk
come forward-Jwk
come in for/f /
come in for-Jwk
come in on-Jwk
come in-Jwk
come into-Jwk
come off/f /
come off-Jwk
come of-Jwk
come on-Jwk
come out with-Jwk
come out-Jwk
come over-Jwk
come round/f /
come round-Jwk
come through-Jwk
come to-Jwk
come up against-Jwk
come up to-Jwk
come up with-Jwk
come up-Jwk
come what may su :Jwk ntug ;u :tg
come/f /
come/fb/ytJJwk
comely/ftubrj/stshbtl,CÔg
comestible
comet/fturbx/ætqbfu;w
comeuppance
comfort(able)/f /
comfort/fbVxo/mwF,ail,yt¹Jtml
comfortable/fbVxouRçj/ythtb’tgf
comical/fturb¾j/hbqS
comity/fturbrx/mtisLg,rN»x;t,rJJuf
comma/f /
comma/ftubt/cuCtl yJM:t
command/f /
command/fbtLz/nwfb,;tctbtk
commandeer
commando/fbtLztu/rJrN»x ;tjebe miirlf
commemorate/ftububtuhux/Mb]r; WðmJ fhJtu
commemorative
commence/fbuLm/NY fhJwk
commendable/fbuLzuçj/JFtKJtjtgf
commensurate/fbuLMgwhuRx/lu ylwYv
comment(ary)/f /
comment/ftubuLx/xeft-xeÃvK fhJe
commercial/fbo~gj/Ôgtvthef
commercialise/fbo~gjtRÍ/JgtvthefhK fhJkw
commiserate mntlwCq;e ntuJe

By. Richin Patel

23

commit(ment)/f /
commitment/frbxBtLx/Jalcææt;t
committed/frbxuz/mbrvo;,Jalcææt
committee/f /
committee/frbxe/mrb;e
commodious/fbturzym/btuf¤tN Jt¤wk
commodity/ftubturzrx/aesJM;w,Ft¼v’t:o
common/f /
common/ftubl/mtbtLg
commotion/fbtuNl/ftujtnj,ættkætj,Wðvt;
communal/fBgwlj/ftube,ftublwk
commune/fBgwl/fwxwkc sq:
communicate/f /
communicate/fBgwrlfuRx/mk’uN
communication/f /
communiqué/fBgwrlfu/stnuh gt’e
communist/fBgwrlMx/mtBgJt’e
commute/ftuBgwx/ytJ-st fhJe
commuters/ftuBgwxmo/
compact/ftuBvp¾x/fhth,mkrûtÃ;,xqkfw
companion/f /
company/f /
company/fBvle/mkd;,vuZe
compare/¾Bvpyh/mhFtJJwk
compare/f /
comparison/f /
comparison/fBvprhÍl/mhFtbKe
compartment/¾BvtxobLx/Ftlw,rJCtd
compassion/fBvpNl/’gt,f]vt
compassionate/fBvpNlux/’gt¤w,f]vt¤w
compatible/fBvprxçj/mwmkd;,ckæt cum;wk
compeer/fturBvyh/chtuchegtu,mt:e
compel/fBvuj/Vhs vtzJe
compelling
compendium/fturBlrzgb/mkûtuv,mth
compensate/f /
compensate/ftuBvpLtmux/Ôt¤;h aqfJJwk
compensation/ftuBvpLtmuNl/J¤;h(lwfNtle)
compensatory
compere/fBveyh/mwºtætth
compete/f /
compete/fBvex/Mvætto-nheVtR fhJe
competent/fBvexLx/mûtb,yrætf];
competition/f /
competition/frBvtxeNl/Mvætto
competitive/fBverxxeJ/Mvætto•bf
competitor/f /
competitor/fBverxxh/nheV,Mvætof
compilation
compile/fBvtRj/mkd{n-mkfjl fhJwk
complacent/fBÃjoNLx/mk;w»X
complain(t)/f /
complain/fBvjuRl/Vrhgt’ fhJe
complainant/fBvjuRlLx/Vrhgt’e
complaisant
complement/ftuBvrjbLx/vqhf clJwk(ltb-rÄgt)
complementary/ftuBvrjbuLxrh/vqhf (rÔtNu»tK)
complete/f /
complete/fBÃjex/vqKo,vwYk fhJwk

completely/f /
complex/f /
complex/ftubÃjuût/yxvxwk,rb©
complex/ftuBvjuût/mkfwj,yxvxwk,bltudk{:e
complexity/ftuBvjurûtrx/sxej;t,ytkxeDqkxe
compliance/ftuBvjtgLm/yrætl;t,lt ylwmth
compliant
complicate(d)/f /
complicate/ftuBvrjfux/dqkaJJwk
complicated/ftuBÃjefuRxuz/dqZ,yxvèwk
complicity/ftuBÃjermrx/dqZ,yxvèwk
compliment/ftuBvrjbLx/NwCuåAt,yrClk’l
complimentary/ftuBvrjbuLxrh/NwCuåAtYv
comply with/fBÃjtg/ylwmhJwk-btLg fhJwk
comport
compose/f /
compose/fBvtuWÍ/haJwk,dtuXJJwk
composite/ftuBvÍex/mkgwf;
composure
compound/f /
compound/fBvtWLz/rb©K fhJwk,vxtkdK
comprehend/fBv{enpLz/mbsJwk,d{nK fhJwk
comprehensive/ftuBv{enrpLmJ/mJod{tne
compress/fBv{um/Xtkme lu ChJwk
comprise/fBv{tRÍ/lwk clujwk ntuJwk
compromise/fBv{tubtRÍ/mwjun,mbtættl
compulsion/fBvÕÍl/bscqhe,sch’M;e
compulsive/ftuBvjrÍJ/sch’M;e Jt¤wk
compulsory/¾Bvjmhe/Vhrsgt;
compulsory/f /
compunction/fBvkfNl/hks,Fxftu
compute
computer/f /
computer/fBÃgwxh/mkdKfgkºt
computernik
con/f /
con/ftul/Au;hJwk
concatenate
concatenated
concatenating
concave
conceal/f /
conceal/fLmej/AwvtJJwk
concede/fLmez/bksqh fhJwk,MJefthJwk
conceit/fLmex/rbÚgtrCbtl,ynkfth
conceited/fLmexuz/drJo»X,ynkfthe
conceive/fLmeJ/ætthJwk,dCoætthK fhJtu
concentrate/f /
concentrate/ftuLmLx[ux/yuftd{ :Jwk
concentration//yuftd{;t,sbtJx
concentric
concept/ftuLmLx[uNl/vrhfÕvlt
conception
conceptual/flmuÃxgwyj/fÕvltðbf
concern/f /
concern/fLmlo/juJt’uJt/rak;t/ctc;/rlMc;/vuZe
concert/f /
concert/ftuLmxo/mkde;-sjmtu,yufb;
concerted
concession

By. Richin Patel

24

conch/ftuLa/NkF
conciliation/frLmrjyuNl/mbtættl,bu¤,mwjun
conciliatory/frLmrjyuxhe/mbtættlfthe
concise/fLmtRÍ/mkrûtÃ;
conclave
conclude/fLfjwz/rl»f»to ftZJtu,mbtÃ; fhJwk
conclusion/fLfjwÍl/rl»f»to,mbtÃ;e
conclusive
concoct
concoction
concoction/fptLftpfNl/mkrkb©K,WvstJujwk
concomitant
concord/fptLftpzo/mwbu¤,yufhtd
concrete/ftUkrÄx/l¾fh,JtM;rJf
concubine/fL¾gwctRl/hFt;
concupiscent/fL¾gwrvNLx/ftbwf
concur/fL¾h/mkbr; juJe
concurrence/fL¾hLm/mkbr;,bkswhe
concurrent
condemn/fLzuBl/JFtuzJwk,’tu»te; XhtJJwk
condemnation/fLzuBluNl/r;hMfth,©tv
condescend/fLzuLNLz/leau W;hJwk (J;olbtk)
condign/fLztRl/gtuøg c’jtu-mst
condiments
condition/f /
condition/frLzNl/vrhrM:r;,Nh;,ylwfq¤ fhJwk
conditional/frLzNlj/Nh;e
condole
condole/fLztuj/yt¹Jtml ytvJwk
condolence/ftuLztujLm/Ntuf mk’uN,r’jtmtu
condominium/ftuLzturbLgb/mkgw¾; m•tt
condone
condone/fLztul/btV fhJwk
conducive
conducive/fLzgwrmJ/v{uhf,vtu»tf
conduct/f /
conduct/fLz¾x/mkatjl fhJwk,J;ol
conduit/frLzx/lnuh,l¤
cone/f /
cone/ftul/Nkfw,’uJ’th,aez
confabulation/ftulVpçgwjuNl/ykd; Jt;ra;
confer(ence)/f /
confer/ftuLVh/cûtJwk,rJath rJbNo fhJtu
confess(ion)/f /
confess/flVum/yufhth-fcqjt; fhJe
confidant/ftulrVzLm/rJ¹Jtmw btKm
confide(nce)/f /
confide/flVtRz/rJ¹Jtm bqfJtu
confidence/fturLVzLm/rJ¹Jtm,©æætt
confident/f /
confident/fturLVzLx/ytðbrJ¹Jtmw
confidential/fturLVzuLNj/Ftlde,dtuvleg
configured
confine/f /
confine/fLVtRl/bgto’tbt khtFJwk,fu’ fhJwk
confines
confirm(ation)/f /
confirmation/fturLVzLx/vwr»x,mb:ol
confirmed/fLVoBz/ytætthCw;,v{btrK;
confiscate/fturLVmfux/sÃ; fhJwk

conflagration/fturLVdhuNl/’tJtl¤,ytd
conflict/f /
conflict/fturLVrÕfx/jztR,y:ztbK,mkD»to
confluence/fturLVÕtwyLm/rºtJuKe mkdb
conform/f /
conformity
confound
confound/fLVtWLz/dqkaJJwk
confront
confront/fLV{Lx/mtbltu fhJtuu
confuse/f /
confuse/fLVgwÍ/bwkÍtJwk
confusion/fLVgwÍl/bqkÍÔtK,dtuxt¤tu
congeal/fLSj/:esJJwk
congenial/fLSleyj/ylwf¤
q
congenital/ftuLSluxj/sLbst;
congested/fLsuMxuz/dea,ChtJtu :guj
conglomeration/ftuLdjtubhuNl/sbtJ,ChtJtu
congratulate on/forcongratulate/f /
congratulate/ftUd{uågwjuRx/yrClk’l ytvJt
congregate/ftuLd{eduRx/ætbomCt btxu b¤Jwk
congregation/ftuLd{eduNl/ætbomCt
congruence
conifer
conjecture/ftuLsufah/ylwbtl,yxf¤
conjugal/ftuLswdj/’tkvðg,jølmkckæt
conjunction
conjure/ftuLsgwh/nt: atjtfe fhJe(st’w)
conk
conk out-Jwk
connect(ion)/f /
connect/¾lufx/stuzJwk
connivance
connive at/fLttRJ yux/yktFrbatbKtk fhJt
connoisseur/ftultumh/fjtbbo¿t
connotation/ftultuxuRNl/y:o
connubial
conquer/ftuLfh/S;e juJwk
conquest/ftuL¾JuMx/rJsg,S;
consanguinity
conscience/f /
conscience/fturLmyLm/yk;ht•bt
conscientious/fturLmyuLNm/mkrl»X
conscious/f /
conscious/ftuLmN/mCtl,MJM:
conscript
consecrate/fturLmÄuRx/vrJºt cltJJwk
consecutive/fturLm¾gwrxJ/ytlwÄrbf
consensus/ftuLmuLm/mJomkbr;,mJtolwbr;
consent/fLmuLx/mkbr;,bkswhe
consequence/fturLm¾JLm/vrhKtb,bn•J
consequential
conservancy/ftuLÍJorLm/mVtR,MJåA;t
conservative/ftuLÍJourxJ/YrZawM;
conservatory
conserve/ftUÍJo/st¤JKe-ca; fhJe
consider(ate)/f /
consider/fkrmzh/ægtlbtk juJwk
considerate/fkrmzhuRx/rJJufvqKo,rJathNej

By. Richin Patel

25

consign/flmtRl/mtUvJwk,btj btufjJtu,nJtju fhJwk
consignee/fLmtRle/btj julth
consignor/fLmtRlh/btj btufjlth
consist/f /
consist/fkrmMx/lwk clujw ntuJwk
consistency
consistent rM:h,yufYv,yufættYk
consolation yt¹Jtml,Ntk•Jlt
console
consolidate bscq; fhJwk,yufºt fhJwk
consonance
consonant/f /
consonant/ftuLmtulLx/Ôgksl
consort
consortium mgkw¾; vuZe
conspicuous/ftULmrv¾gwym/’uFe;wk
conspiracy/ftuLmrvhme/ftJ;hwk,»tzgkºt
conspire/ftuLmvtgh/ftJ;hwk-»tzgkºt DzJw
constant/f /
constant/ftuLMxkx/m;;,rM:h
constellation
consternation/ftuLmxhluNl/rak;t,ytDt;
constituency/frLMxxgwyrLm/b;rJM;th
constituent
constitution/f /
constitution/fLmrègwNl/ckætthK,ctkættu
constraint/fLmx[uRLx/mgkb,rld{n
constraints
construct/fLmx[fx/aKJwk
constructive/fLmx[frxJ/halt•bf
construe/ftuLmxw[/mbsJwk
construed
consulate/ftuLMgwjux/htsîthe v{r;rlræt
consult/f /
consult/flmÕx/mjtn juJe
consultant
consume/fLÍgwb/WvCtud fhJtu,FtR sJwk
consumer/fLÅgwbh/d{tnf,WvCtu¾;t
consummate/fLÅgwbuRx/vrhvqKo
contact/ftuLxu¾x/mkvfo
contagion
contagious/fLxprsgm/auve(htud)
contain/f /
contain/fLxuRl/ftcwbtk htFJwk,æthtJJwk
container/f /
contaminate
contaminated/fLxurbluxuz/v{’wr»t;
contamination
contemplate/fLxuBÃjux/rJathJwk
contemporary/fLxubÃthhe/mbftjel
contempt/fLxuBÃx/r;hMfth
contemptible/fLxuBÃxeçj/D]Ktslf
contemptuous/f /
contemptuous/fLxuBÃTgwym/ræt¾fthvqKo
contend
contender/fLxuLzh/’tJu’th
content/f /
contention/fLxuLNl/rJJt’,’jej
contentious
contest/f /

contest/fLxuMx/Mvætto,nheVtR
context/ftuLxufMx/mk’Co
contiguity
contiguous
continence
continent/ftprLxLtLx/Fkz
contingency/fLxesrLm/ytfrMbf
contingent/fLxesLx/j~fhe xwfze,yrlrù;
continual/fLxeLgwj/yrJh;,ºtwxf-ºtwxf
continue/f /
continue/fLxeLgw/atjw htFJwk
continuous/f /
continuous/fLxeLgwym/JK:kÇgwk,m;;
contortions
contour/fLxwh/mvtxe ’Nof huFt
contraband/ftpLx[tcpLz/v{r;ckræt; btj-JM;w
contraceptive/ftpLx[tmurÃxJ/dCorlhtuætf
contract/f /
contract/ftpLx[ufx/fhth,mkftuatJwk
contradict/ftpLx[trz¾x/rJhtuætlwk,rJmdk; :Jwk
contradictory/ftpLx[trz¾xhe/rJhtuættCt»te
contrary/ftuLx[he/WÕxtlwk,rJmkd;,rJhtuæte
contrast/f /
contrast/ftpLx[tMx/rJhtuættCt»t,rJmkd;;t
contravene/ftpLx[trJl/WÕjkDl fhJwk
contretemps/ftpLx[uBÃm/yKætthe ’wDoxlt
contribute/f /
contribute/ftpLx[eçgwx/Vt¤tu-gtud’tl ytvJwk
contrite/ftpLx[tRx/vM;tJtu fhlthwk
contrive/ftpLx[tRJ/Ntuæte-Dze ftZJwk
contrived
control/f /
control/fkx[tuj/rlgkºtK,ftcq
controversial/ftuLx[tuJrmoyj/rJJt’tMv’
controversy/ftpLx[tuJmeo/rJJt’
controvert
contumacious
contume/fLxgwb/yvbtlslf Ct»tt-J;ol
contusion
conundrum/ftpLgwlz[b/ftugztu,WFtKwk
convene/fLJel/mCt ctujtJJe
convenient/f /
convenient/fLJerlgLx/ylwfq¤
convenor
convent/ftpLJuLx/mtætJeytu ltu bX
convention
conventional
converge/ftpLJso/fuL÷ ;hV dr;fhJe
conversant/ftpLJmoLx/mwvrhra;,stKfth
conversation/f /
conversation/fLJmomuNl/Jt;ra;
converse/fLJmo/Jt;ra; fhJe
conversion/fLJoÍl/Yvtk;h,ætbtO;h
convert
convertible/fLJrxoçj/Yvtk;heg
convex
convey/fLJu/vtXJJwk,btufjJwk
conveyance
convict/f /
convict/fLJefx/mstfhJe,fu’e

By. Richin Patel

26

conviction/fLJefNl/v{r;r;,’TZ btLg;t,mst
convince/f /
convince/frLJLm/Ft;he fhtJJe
convivial/fLJtgJj/btuSjwk,ytlk’e
convocation/fLJtpfuNl/v’Je’tl mbthkC
convoke
convoluted
convoy
convoy/ftpLJtug/J¤tJeytytu ltu ftVjtu
convulse/fLJÕÍ/ytkafe-;tK ytJJwk
convulsion/fLJÕÍl/ytkafe,;tK
cook/f /
cook/fwf/hmutR fhlth,htkætJwk
cool down/fqj ztWl/Xkzw vzJwk-vtzJwk
cool the heels/fqj æt neÕjm/htn stuJe
cool/f /
cool/fwj/rN;¤,Xkzwk,btus
cooped
co-operate/f /
cooperate/ftpytpvhux/mnfth ytvJtu
co-operative/f /
co-ordination/ftpytrzoluNl/mbLJg,mkfjl
cop/ftpv/vtujembul,rmvtR
cope with/ftuWv rJ:/lu vntkuae J¤Jwk
cope/f /
copious/ftpveym/rJvwj,yluf
copped
copper/f /
copper/fptvh/;tkcw
copy/f /
copy/ftprv/lfj
coquetry/ftufux[e/Mºte lt lFhtk
coquette
cord/f /
cord/fptzo/’tuhzwk,;th
cordial/ftprzoyj/mtjm,yuFjtm
cordon/ftpzol/Duhtu-DuhJwk (mjtb;e)
corduroy/ftpzohtug/mw;htW,bFbj
core/ftph/fuL÷,mth,dCo
cork/f /
cork/ftpfo/NeNelwk ZtkfKwk,cwa
corn/f /
corn/ftplo/bftR
corner/f /
corner/ftploh/FwKtu
corner-stone
cornice
cornucopia/ftplowftprvyt/yûtgvtºt
corollary
corona/ftphtult/ak÷lwk ;ustuJjg
coronation/ftphtuluNl/htsTgtrC»tuf
coronet/ftphtplux/ltltu bwdx
corporate/ftphvtpohux/yluf sw:tulwk rldb
corporeal/ftphvtuoheyj/Ctir;f,Ntherhf
corps/f /
corps/fpth/j~fhe ’¤,xwfze,’M;tu
corpse/f /
corpse/ftpÃmo/bz’wk,jtN,Nc
corpulent
corpus/ftpvom/jFtK ltu mkd{n

correct(ion)/f /
correct/fhu¾x/mtawk
correlate/f /
correlation
correspond(ence)/f /
correspondence/ftphMvtpLzLm/vºtÔgJnth
corroborate
corroboration/ftphtpctphuNl/vrhvwr»x,mbo:l
corrode/ftphtuz/ftx-mztu jtdJtu
corronary
corrosion/ftphtuÍl/fxtJwk,mztu
corrosive
corrugated
corrupt/f /
corrupt/fhÃx/C{»x,jtkragwk
corset/ftphMtux/fkawfe
cortege/ftprxos/MbNtlgtºtt
cosines
cosmetic/ftpMburxf/mtI’go lu jd;wk
cosmic/ftpmrbf/c{ñtkzlwk
cosmopolitan/ftpMbtpvtprjxl/rJ¹Jltdrhf,vahk
de
cosmos/ftpÍbtpm/c{ñtkz,rJ¹J
cosp/ftpMv/
cosset/ftpMtux/vkvt¤Jwk
cost(ly)/f /
cost/ftpMx/rfb;,bwÕg
costly
costume/ftpmågqb/rJrN»x vtu»ttf
cosy
cot/f /
cot/ftpx/Ftxjtu,vjkd
coterie/ftpxuhe/awlk’t dturXgtytu
cottage
cotton on-Jwk
cotton/f /
cotton/ftpxl/Y,mw;h
couch/f /
couch/ftWa/
cough up/fV yv/vhtKu vimt fZtJJt
cough/f /
cough/fV/Wæthm FtJe,FtkmJwk
could/f /
could/fwz/NfGtt Cq.ft.
council/f /
council/ftWrLmj/mrbr;
counsel/ftpLmj/mjtn ytvJe
count in-Jwk
count on-Jwk
count out/f /
count out-Jwk
count up-Jwk
count/f /
count/ftWLx/dKJwk,ytætth htFJtu
countdown/ftWLxztWl/Dzeytu dKtJe
countenance/ftWrLxlLm/anuhtu
counter productive Wjxe ymh
counter/ftWLxh/:ztu,mtbltu fhJtu
counterfeit/ftWLxhrVx/stje,lfje,ZtUd
countermand/ftWLxhbuLz/h’ fhJwk

By. Richin Patel

27

counterpart/ftWLxhvtxo/mbtuJrzgtu,v{r;Yv
country(side)/f /
country/frLx[/’uN,’uNe,d{tBg
coup/fq/c¤Jtu(htsfeg)mV¤ atj
couple
couple/f /
courage/f /
courage/frhs/rnb;,cnt’whe
courageous/frhSym/rnkb;Jtl,cnt’wh
courier/fqheyh/’q;,mk’uNJtnf
course/f /
course/ftumo/btdo,hM;tu,yÇgtm,FtKwk
court(eous)/f /
court/ftuxo/mkJll fhJwk,bu’tl,Lgtgtjg
courteous/frxoym/mtisLgNej
courtesy/fxome/mtisLg,rJlgrNj;t
courtier/fturxogh/’hctheytu,S nswheyt
court-martial/ftuxobtNoj/j~fhe y’tj;
courtship/ftuxorNv/v{ubtytjtv,mkJll
cous cous
cousin/f /
cousin/fÍl/rv;htR
covenant/ftuJultLx/fhth,ctuje
cover/f /
cover/fJh/ZtkfJwk,AtJhJwk,ZtkfJwk
coverage/fJhus/Ôgtv,ytJhK,mbtJuN
covert
cover-up/fJhyv/ZtkfrvAtuztu
coveted/ftuJuxuz/RåAe;,ÍkFltlwk
covetous/ftuJuxm/jtjaw
cow down/ftWztWl/
cow/f /
cow/ftW/dtg
coward(ly)/f /
coward/ftJzo/zhvtuf,ctgjwk
cowardice
cower
coy/ftug/Nhbt¤,lb{;t ltu ztu¤
cozen/ftuÍl/VtumjtJJwk,Au;hJwk
crabbed
crack down on-Jwk
crack down-Jwk
crack up-Jwk
crack/Äpf/r;htz,Cztftu,Vztftu
crack/f /
crackdown/ÄpfztWl/Atvtu bthJtu,;wxe vzJwk
cradle/Äpzj/vthKwk,Dturzgwk
craft/ÄtVTx/fti~tÕg
craft/f /
crafted/ÄtVTxuz/
crafty/ÄtVTrx/jwåawk
cram/Äpb/dtuFJwk,XtkmJwk
cram/f /
cramp/ÄpBv/baftuz
cramp/f /
cranky/Äkprf/aÄb,;hkde
crap/Äpv/fahtu,cfJtm
crash intocrash out
crash/ÄpN/;qxe vzJwk fztftu

crash/f /
crass/Äpm/sz,y¿ttle ylu bntbqFo
crate/ÄuRx/FtuFwk
crate/f /
crater/ÄuRxh/Ftztu
crave/ÄuRJ/ÍkFJw,k ;jvtvz :Jwk
craven/ÄuRJl/ctgjwk,njfx
crawl/Äptj/DqkxrKgu atjJwk
crawl/f /
craze/ÄuRÍ/DujAt
craze/f /
crazy/ÄuRÍe/ætqle,vtdj
crazy/f /
creak/Äef/
cream off-Jwk
cream/Äeb/bjtR
cream/f /
crease/ÄeÍ/fhaje,m¤
crease/f /
create/ÄeyuRx/msoJwk,WCwkfhJwk
create/f /
creation
creative/ÄeyurxJ/msolt•bf,haltðbf
creature/Äeah/v{tKe
creature/f /
creche
credence/ÄuzLm/Chtumtu,rÔt¹Jtm
credentials/ÄuzurLNyj/ytu¤Fvºt
credibility/Äurzrcrjrx/rJ¹Jrlg;t
credible/Äurzçj/btle Nftg;uJwk
credit/Äurzx/NtF,sbt,ytcY
creditable/Äurzxuçj/v{kNm
k tvtºt
credo/Äuztu/btLg;t,rmæættk;
credulity
credulous/ÄuzgT j
w m/Ctu¤JtR stg ;uJwk
creed/Äez/vk:,ætbo
creek/f /
creep/Äev/vuxu atjJwk
creep/f /
cremate/rÄbuRx/ykr;brJræt fhJe
cremation/ÄebuNl/ykr;brJræt
crematorium/Äebuxturhyb/MbNtl
crescendo
crescent/ÄemuLx/rcs ltu ak’[bt
crestfallen/ÄuMxVtujl/ÍkFJtKwk,rlhtN
crevice/ÄurJm/
crew/Äq/atjfdK(rJbtl)
crew/f /
crib/f /
crib/rÄc/
cribb
cribbing/rÄrckd/
cribbling/rÄrcrjkd/
cricket/f /
cricket/rÄrfx/rÄfux hb;,;bYk
crime/ÄtRb/dwLntu
crime/f /
criminal/f /
criminal/rÄrblj/dwLntFtuh,yvhtæte

By. Richin Patel

28

cringe/rÄLs/xqkqrxgt Jt¤Jt,mkftuatJwk
crink
crinkle/rÄL¾j/
cripple/rÄÃvj/vtkd¤wk cltJJwk
crisis/Ätgrmm/fxtufxe,dkCehrM:r;
crisp(py)/f /
crisp/rÄMv/(crisy
p ) fhfhwk,fzfz;wk
criss-cross/rÄmÄtum/fhajeytu
criteria/Ätgxurhyt/btv’kz(c.J.)
criterion/Ätgxurhyl/btv’kz(yu.J.)
critical/f /
critical/rÄrx¾j/dkCeh,xeft•bf,ltswf
criticise/f /
criticise/rÄrxmtRÍ/xeft-rJJual fhJwk
criticism/f /
criticism/rÄrxrmÍb/xeft-rJJual
critique
crocodile/ÄtufztRj/bdh
crocodile/f /
crone
cronk/Ätukf/
crony/Äturl/ dturXgtu,Sdhe rbºt
crooked/Äqfzu / ’w»x,Jtkfw
crop up/Ätuvyv/W’TCJJwk,WCwk :Jwk
crop/Ätpv/vtf,Vtj,vu’tN,ahJwk
crop/f /
cropper/Ätpvh/btuxe rl»V¤;t,lwfNtl
cross off-Jwk
cross out/f /
cross out-Jwk
cross/Ätum/atufze,ytu¤kdJwk
cross/f /
cross-hold
crotchety/Ätpaurx/;hkde-;tuhe
crow/Ätu/ftdztu
crow/f /
crowd/ÄtWz/xtu¤wk
crowd/f /
crown/ÄtWl/bwdx,;ts
crown/f /
crowned/ÄtWLz/bwdx,;ts
crucial/f]rmyj/rlKttogf,yr;bn•Jlwk
crucible/f]rmçj/
crucify/f]rmVtg/Ätum vh aztJJwk
crud
crude/Äqz/chAx
crude/f /
cruel(ty)/f /
cruel/Ä]yj/Ä]h
cruet/f]yux/
cruise/ÄwRÍ/nkfthJwk
cruise/f /
crumble/ÄBçj/fzzCqm-xwfztk-Cwftu :Jtu
crummy/Ärb/Ckdth,fahtu
crunch/ÄLa/atJJwk,rlKogtðbf Dze
crusade/ÄwÍpRz/ætbogwææt
crusader/ÄwÍpEzh/ætbogtuæættu,jzJigtu
crush/ÄN/fazJwk
crush/f /

crux/Äût/ftugztu,dqa
k ,fuL÷
cry off-Jwk
cry out-Jwk
cry wolf/ÄtgJqÕV/
cry/Ätg/hzJwk,htz vtzJe
cry/f /
crypt
cryptic
crystal/rÄMxj/MVrxf
crystllise/rÄMxjtRÍ/MVrxf-vtmt’th :Jwk
cub/f /
cub/fc/rNfthe v{tKelwk cåawk
cube/f /
cubes/¾gwçÍ/atumjt
cubicle
cuckoo/f /
cuckoo/fwfw/ftugj
cucumber/f /
cucumber/ffwBch/ftfze
cuddle
cuddle up-Jwk
cudgel
cue/f /
cue/fgw/mkfu;,RNthtu
cuisine
cul-de-sac/fwj’emu/ckætdje
culinary
cull/fj/;tuzJwk
culminated
culmination/fjrbluNl/ahbmebt
culpability
culpable
culprit/fÕtrv{x/dwludth
cult/fÕx/vk:,mkv{’tg
cultivate
cultivate/f /
culvert
cumbersome
cumulate/¾gwBgwjux/mkd{n :Jtu,yufXwk :Jwk
cumulative
cunning
cup/f /
cup/fv/fv
cupboard/f /
cupboard/fczo/fctx
Cupid/¾gwrvz/ftb’uJ
cupidity/fgwrvrzrx/ætljtjmt,jtuC
curator
curb/fco/rlgkºtK-ykfwNbtk htFJwk
cure/f /
cure/fgtuh/Rjts,mtst fhJwk
curfew/fVTgow/mkathckæte
curiculam/frh¾gwjb/yÇgtmÄb
curios/fgwrhytpÍ/
curiosity/f /
curiosity/fgwrhyturmxe/S¿ttmt
curious/f /
curious/fgwrhym/S¿ttmw,rJraºt
curl up-Jwk
curl/f /

By. Richin Patel

29

curl/fjo/dqka¤wk
curly/fjeo/Jtkfrzgt Jt¤,dqka¤tJt¤wk
curmudgeon
currant/fhLx/rfmrbm
current/f /
current/fhLx/atjw,mtkv{;,v{Jtn
currently/fhLxrj/ntjbtk,yðgthu
curriculum/frh¾gwjb/yÇgtmÄb
curry/frh/htkætujwk Ntf
curse/f /
curse/fmo/©tv,yvNç’,dt¤
cursive
cursory/fmorh/WvhAÕjwk,AeAhwk
curt/fxo/;tuAzwk,atuÏFwk ax
curtail/fxpuj/ftv bqfJtu
curtain/f /
curtain/fxol/vz’tu
curvaceous/fJoru Nym/lstf;Cgwo
curve/f /
curve/fJo/J¤tkf
cussed/fMmz/fZkdw,nXejwk,yJ¤akzw
custodial/fMxturzyj/nJtjt;lwk,fçstbtklwk
custody/fMxrz/nJtjtu,fçstu
custom/f /
custom/fMxb/YrZ
customary/fMxbhe/YrZd;,htursk’w
customer/f /
customer/fMxbh/d{tnf
customise
customs/fMxBm/sft;,mebtNwÕf
cut across-Jwk
cut back-Jwk
cut caper
cut down-Jwk
cut in/f /
cut in-Jwk
cut off-Jwk
cut out/f /
cut out-Jwk
cut up-Jwk
cut/f /
cut/fx/ftvJwk,ftv,ftvtu
cut-back/fxcpf/Dxtztu,ftv bqfJtu
cute/f /
cute/fgwx/ytf»tof,ltswf,bstlwk
cut-out/fxytWx/Dxtztu fhJtu,ytfth v{btKuftvujwk
raºt
cut-throat/fx:{tux/d¤tftv
cyber
cybernetics/mtgchlurx¾m/MJgk mk’uNtÔgJnth
cycle/f /
cycle/mtgfj/mtgfj,aÄ
cyclist/f /
cyclist/mtgfrjMx/mtgfjMJth
cyclone/mtgfjtul/JtJtÍtuzwk
cyclopean/mtg¾jtuveyl/rJhtx
cymbal/ /
cymbal/rmBcj/
cynic/rmrlf/Jtkf’uFw,’tu»t’Neo
cynical/rmrlfj/Wvntm fh;wk

cynosure/rmLÍgwyh/rJÏgt; Ôgrf;
da capo/rzftvtu/
dab/z /
dab/zpc/
dabble/zpçj/AcArcgtk fhJtk,bt:wk bthJwk
dad/z /
dad/zpz/rv;tS,vÃvt
daft/zpVTx/
dag/zpd/
dagger/zpdh/Fksh,Ahtu
daily/z /
daily/zuRje/htus,’hhtus
dainty/zpRLxe/mwDz ylu mwk’h
dairy/z /
dairy/zpRhe/’qætWðvt’l fuL÷
dais/ztgm/bka,ÔgtmveX
dalliance/zprjyLm/rlhtk;ltu mbg
dally
dam/z /
dam/zpb/s¤ckæt
damage/z /
damage/zprbs/lwfNtl
dame/z /
dame/zpRb/Mºte(yltuvatrhf) madam
damn(ed)/z /
damn/zpBl/(dammit) lhfltu Ntv ’uJtu
damned
damp/z /
damp/zpBv/CusJt¤wk
dampen/zpBvl/rlYðmtn fhJwk
damper/zpBvh/rlYðmtn fhlth
damp-squib/zpBvrMfc/mqhmqrhgwk
damsel/zpBÍj/gwJ;e,Mºte,jjlt
dance/z /
dance/ztLm/l]ðg
dander/zpLzh/
dandruff/zpLz[V/bt:tltu Ftuztu
dandy/zprLz/JhKtrdgtu,AujAcejtu
danger(ous)/z /
danger/zLpsh/Cg
dangerous/zpLshm/Cgslf
dangle/zpLdj/jxfJwk,x´dtJwk
dank/zpLf/Celwk,Cus Jt¤wk
danseuse
dapper/zpvh/btuSjwk,xtvxervgwk
dapple/zpvj/
dappled
darbies/zthceÍ/
dare/z /
dare/zph/rnkb; fhJe
dare-devil/zph-zurJj/bhSJtu btKm,stkctÍ
daresay
darg/ztdo/
dark horse/ztfntumo/Awvtu YM;b
dark(ness)/z /
dark/ztfo/ft¤wk,ykættrhgwk
darn/ztlo/hVq fhJwk
dash off-Jwk
dash/z /

By. Richin Patel

30

dash/zpN/ætme sJwk,’tux bqfJe,y:ztJwk
dastardly/ztMxzorj/ftgh;tvqKo
data/zuRxt/btrn;e vqx-mkd{n
database
date/z /
date/zuRx/;theF,Fsqh,mkJll
daub/ztuWc/atuvzJwk,jvuztbthJt
daughter/z /
daughter/ztpxh/vwºte
daunt/ztpWLx/zh,Cg
daunting
dauntless/ztpWLx/cnt’wh,rlCgo
dawdle/ztpzj/JuX-hb;ht¤tk fhJtk
dawn/z /
dawn/ztpl/vhtuZ,¿ttl :Jwk
day/z /
day/zuR/r’Jm
daybreak/zuRc{uf/vhtuZ
day-dream/zuRz[eb/r’JtMJÃl
dayy
dazzle/zpÍj/ytkS’uJwk
de facto/rzVu¾xtu/nrff;btk
dé jà vu/zust Jw/vwJtolwCwr; ytCtm
de jure
de luxe
dead(ful)/z /
dead/zuz/bhujwk,b];,MJdoM:
deadline/zuzjtRl/mbgbgto’t mehtal
deadlock/zuzjtpf/bztdtkX
deadly/zuzrj/Dt;f,F;hltf
deadpan
deaf/z /
deaf/zuV/cnuhwk
deafen/zuV/cnuhkw cltJJwk
deal with/ze /
deal with/zejrJ:/mtu’tu-ftb vth vtzJwk
deal/z /
deal/zej/mtu’tu,fhth,ju Jua fhJe
dear/z /
dear/zeyh/Jntjwk,btUDw,
dearth/z:o/;kde,fbe
death/z /
death/zu:/btu;,b]ðgw
debacle/rzct¾j/hftm,Dtuh vhtsg
debar
debase
debatable/rzcuRxuçj/aatovtºt
debate/rzcuRx/aato,vrhmkJt’
debate/z /
debauchery/rzctpahe/ÔgrCath
debaunch
debenture/rzcuLah/}Kvºt
debilitate/zurcrjxuRx/ssTrh; :Jwk
debility/zurcrjxe/lc¤tR
debit/zurcx/Ft;u WætthJwk
debonair/zuctuluh/FwNrbsts,btuf¤t bllwk
debrief/zerc{V/btrn;e ytvJe
debris/zuçhe/Ckdth,ftxbt¤
debt/z /
debt/zux/fhs,’uKwk

debug
debunk/zecLf/WDtzt vtzJwk,vtuj FtujJe
debut/zuçgw/lJtdk;qf,v{:b v{JuN
debutante
débutante/zuçgwxLx/v{:b v{JuN fhlth
decade/zufuz/’Nftu,’NJ»to
decadence
decalogue’N yt¿tt/yt’uNtu(ætbo)
decamp/rzfpBv/ltme sJwk
decandence
decanence
decant/rzfu/’kC,ztu¤
decapitate
decay/rzfu/mzJwk,ftunJtJwk
decay/z /
deceased/rzrmÍz/b];f,dwshe slth
deceit/rzrmx/Au;hvk´ze
deceit/z /
deceive/rzmeJ/Au;hJwk
deceive/z /
decelerate
decent/rzmLx/Cjwk,mhm,bstlwk,bltudBg
decent/z /
decentralise/rzmuLx[jtRÍ/rJfuL÷efhK fhJwk
deception/rzmuÃNl/Au;hv´ze
deceptive/rzmuÃxeJ/Au;htbKwk,C{tbf
decide/rzmtRz/rlKog fhJtu
decide/z /
decidous
decimal/z /
decimate/zumebuRx/JM;e ltN vtbJe
decipher/rzmtRVh/mtkfur;f Ct»tt WfujJe
decision/rzmeÍl/rlKog
decision/z /
decisive/zemtRrÍJ/rlKogt•bf
deck/z /
deck/zuf/;q;f(JntK)
declaim/ze¾juRb/ytJu»tbg Ct»tK
declaration/z /
declaration/zpfjphpNl/Dtu»tKt,stnuhltbwk
declare/z /
decline/rz¾jtRl/DxJwk,lfthJwk
declivity/zu¾rjrJxe/Ztu¤tJ
decode/rzftuz/mkf;u tu WfujJt
decollete
decompose/rzfBvtuÍ/mzJwk,ftunJtJwk
decomposed/rzfBvtuÍz/
decomposition/rzfBvturÍNl/mztu
decorate/z /
decorate/zufhuRx/NKdthJwk
decoration/z /
decorative/zufhurxJ/htuaf,mwNturC;
decorum/zuftuhb/rN»xtath,ytiraðg
decoy/zuftug/v{jtuCl,Axfwk
decrease/rzÄeÍ/DxtzJwk,ytuAw fhJwk
decrease/z /
decree/rzÄe/awft’tu,nwfb
decree/z /
decrepit
decrepitude

By. Richin Patel

31

decry/rzÄtg/JFtuzJwk
dedicate/zurzfux/mbrvo; fhJwk
dedicated/zurzfuxuz/mbrvo;
deduce/rzzTgwm/;thK ftZJwk
deduce/z /
deducible
deduct/z /
deduct/zezT¾x/ylwbtl ;thJJwk,ct’ fhJwk
deed/z /
deed/zez/f]ðg,’M;tJus
deem/zeb/btlJwk,dKJwk
deemed to
deep/z /
deep/zev/Qzwk
deepen/zevl/Duhwk-dkCeh clJwk
deer/z /
deer/zeyh/nhK
de-escalation/rzyumfujuNl/cuftcw vrhrM:;e
deface/rzVuRm/Fhtc fhJwk,f’Yvwk cltJJwk
defalcate/rzVtjfux/nzv fhJwk
defamation/rzVuRbuNl/c’ltbe,c’lûte
defame/rzVuRb/c’ltbe
default/rzVptÕx/rlg;,Ftbe,Vhs awfJe
defeat/rzVex/vhtsg-ytvJtu,nhtJJJwk
defeat/z /
defeatist/rzVerxMx/vhtsgJt’e,rlhtNtJt’e
defecate/rzVufuRx/b¤ðgtd fhJtu
defection/rzVu¾Nl/vûttk;h,vûtvÕtxtu
defective/rzVu¾rxJ/FtbeJt¤wk
defector/rzVu¾xh/vûtvÕtxw
defence/rzVuLm/mkhûtK,catJ
defence/z /
defend/rzVuLz/hûtK fhJwk,catJ fhJtu
defend/z /
defendant/rzVuLzLx/catJ fhlth
defensive/rzVurLmJ/hûtKtðbf
defer/zuVh/bwj;Je htFJwk,lbJwk
deference
deferential/zuVhuLNeyj/bgto’tNej
defiant/zeVtâLx/FwÕje yJdKlt fh;wk
deficiency/zurVmeyrLm/Ftbe
deficient/zurVmeyLx/yvqh;wk
deficit/zurVmex/Ftæt,yætqhv
defile/rzVtRj/C{»x fhJwk
define/rzVtRl/ÔgtÏgt,rlrù; fhJwk
definite(ly)/z /
definite/zurVlux/rlrù;,atu¾fm
definitive
deflate/rzVÕtuRx/nJt ftZe ltFJe
deflect
deflower/rzVTjtJh/
defoliate
deform/rzVtubo/MJYv cdtzJwk,f’Yvwk fhJwk
defray/rzV{u/awfJKwk fhJwk
defrock
deft/zuVx/rlvwK,fwN¤
defunct/rzVL¾x/ftjd{M;,h’ct;j
defy/rzVtR/vzfthJwk,mtbu :Jwk
degenerate/rzslhux/v;l :Jwk
degrade/rzd{uz/vz;e :Je,njfwk vzJwk

degraded/rzd{uzuz/v;l :gujwk,
degree/rzd{e/btºtt,v{btK,Wvtæte
degree/z /
dehydrate
deify/zuRVtg/
deign/zuRl/bnuhctle fhJe,dKJwk
dejected/zusu¾xuz/dbdel,W’tm
dejection
dekko/zuftu/
delay/rzjuR/Zej fhJe,btuzwk fhJwk
delay/z /
delectation
delegate/zujedux/v{r;rlræt,m•tt ytvJe
delegation/zujeduNl/v{r;rlrætbkz¤
delete/zejex/h’T fhJwk,ftZe ltFJwk
deleterious/zurjxurhym/ntrlfthf
deliberate(ly)/z /
deliberate/zujec{uRx/Rht’tvqJof,rJathJwk
delicate/z /
delicate/zujefuRx/ltswf,mkJu’lNej
delicious/rzrjNm/MJtr’»x
delicious/z /
delight/zujtRx/ytlk’
delineate/zurjleyux/huFtkrf; fhJwk
delinquency
delinquency/zurjL¾JrLm/yvhtæt,dwLntFtuhe
delinquent/zurjL¾JLx/yvhtæt fhlthwk
delirious/rzrjrhym/dtkzvKbtk jJthtu fh;wk
delirium/rzrjrhyb/ra;C{b,mkrlvt;
deliver/rzrjJh/;thJwk,vntUatzJwk
deliver/z /
deliverance/rzrjJhLm/bwrf;,Awxfthtu
delivery/rzrjJrh/v{mwr;,JnUaKe
delta
delude/rzÕgwz/Au;hJwk
deluge/rzÕgws/s¤ckctfth,vqh
delusion/rzÕgwsl/FtuxtuC{b,Au;hrvkze
delusive
delve
delve into/zuÕJ Rlxw/zqcfe bthJe
demagogue/zubudtud/xtu¤t lu W~fuh;tu lu;t
demand/rzbtLz/btdKe,btdJwk
demand/z /
demean
demeanor
demeanour/rzbelh/he;Ct;,ytahK
demented
demine
demirep
demise/zebtRm/yJmtl,b]ðgw
demit charge
democracy/rzbtuÄrm/jtufNtne
democratic/rzbtuÄprxf/jtufNtnelwk
demographic/zubtpd{trVf/JM;e lu jd;wk
demolish/rzbturjN/sbel’tuM;-ÎJkN fhJtu
demolition/rzbturjNl/ÎJkN,sbel’tuM;e
demon/rzbl/(daemon) Ni;tl,htûtm
demoniac
demonstrate/zubtLMx[urxJ/’uFtJtu-v{’Nol fhJwk
demonstration

By. Richin Patel

32

demonstrative/zubtuLMx[uRx/rl’ouNltðbf
demoralise/rzbtuhtjtRÍ/
demotic/rzbturxf/
demotion/zebtuNl/v’-vtghe Dxtztu
demur/rzbh/Jtk"tu WXtJJtu yaftJwk
demure/zebh/Nhbt¤,dkCeh,’kCe btuCt’th
demurrage/zubhes/rJjkc NwÕf
den/z /
den/zul/skdje v{tKele ctuz-dwVt
denial/zultyj/hr’gtu,RLfth
denigrate/zurld{xu /c’ltb fhJwk
denizen/zurLtÍl/hnuJtme,JmJtx fh;wk
denomination/rzlturbluNl/bqÕgtkf,mk¿tt
denotation
denote/zultux/mqaJJwk
denouement/zulqbtkk/hnMgMVtux
denounce/rzltWLm/ELfth fhJtu,rlk’t fhJe
dense/z /
dense/zuLm/Dtxwk,DlDtuh
density/zurLmxe/Dè;t
dent/zuLx/Dtuctu,Ftka,xtuatu
dented/zuLxuz/DtuctJt¤wk,FtkatJt¤wk
denture/zuLah/’tk;lwk atufXwk
denundiate/rzLlrzyux/lølfhJwk
deny/rzltg/RLfth fhJtu
deoderise/rzytuzhtgÍ/ ’wdOæt nxtJJe
depart(ment)/z /
depart/rzvtxo/rJ’tg juJe,hJtlt :Jwk
departure
depend ondepend on/rzvuLz/ytætth htFJtu
depend/z /
dependant/rzvuLzLx/vhtJjkce,vhtuvSJe
dependent/z /
depends/z /
depict/rzrv¾x/Nç’raºtK fhJwk
deplete/rzÃjex/Dxtztu fhJtu
deplore/rzÃjtuh/Fu’ Ôgf; fhJtu
deploy/rzÃjtug/Ôgqntðbf he;u dtuXJJwk(NMºttu)
deport/rzvtpxo/’uNvth-rlftj fhJwk
deportment/rzvtpxobLxo/J;ol,atj
depose/rzvtuÍ/v’C{»x fhJwk,mtûte ytvJe
deposit/rzvturÍx/sbt fhJwk,:tvK
deposit/z /
deposition/rzvturÍNl/swctle,rlJu’l
depot/rzvtu/fuL÷,b:f
depot/z /
depravity
deprecate/zurv{fux/JFtuze ftZJwk
depress/rzv{um/’ctJJwk
depress/z /
depressed
depression/rzv{uNl/rlhtNt,bk’e,mkfwal
deprive/rzv{tRJ/:e Jkra; htFJwk
deprive/z /
deprivity
depth/z /
depth/zuÃ:/ôztK
deputy/zuÃgwrx/ltgc,b’’leN

derail/rzhuRj/vtxt vh:e Fze sJwk
derailed
derange/rzhUs/dtkzw :Jwkw,yÔgJrM:; fhJwk
dereliction/zrjofNl/Vhsbtk cu’hfthe
deribs/rz[c/fxfu fxfu
deride/rzhtRz/Wvntm- Xêt b~fhe fhJe
derision/rzrhRÍl/rJzkclt,ntkme,Wvntm
derisory
derivative/rzhtRJprxJ/btk :e W’TCJ;wk
derive/rzhtRJ/Ôgwðvr•t-W’TCJ :Jtu(Nç’)
derive/z /
derogatory/rzhtudpxrh/W;the vtz;wk
derring do
dervish/zhrJN/
descend/rzmuLz/W;h;wk
descend/z /
descendent/rzmuLzLx/JkNs,Jthm’th
descent/rzmLx/Zt¤,JkN,W’TCJ
descent/z /
describe/rzmÄtRc/ÔtKol fhJkw
describe/z /
description/z /
descriptive/rzmrÄÃxeJ/JKoltðbf
descriptive/z /
descry/rzMÄtg/’wh :e ytu¤Fe ftZJwk
desecration/zemuÄpNl/C{»x fhJwk
desert/z /
desert/zuÍxo/;hAtuzJwk,hK,ðgsJwk
deserve/rzÍJo/lu jtgf ntuJwk
deserve/z /
design/rzÍtRl/Ôgwn,ftJºtw
design/z /
designate/rzÍeølux/rlgwf;-fhJwk
desirable/rzÍtghuçj/RåAleg
desirable/z /
desire/rzÍtgh/RåAt
desire/z /
desirous/z /
desist from/zurÍMx/ :e ’qh hnuJwk
desk/z /
desk/zuMf/bus
desolate/rzÍtujux/Juhtl,yJtJhwk,mqbmtb
despair/rzmvph/rlhtNt,n;tuðmtn
despatch/rzMvpa/hJtlt fhJwk
despatch/z /
desperado/zuMvhuztu/dwkztu
desperate/zuMvhuRx/bhrKgtu,DtkDtu
despicable/zuMvefuçj/ræt¾fthvtºt
despise/zuMvtRÍ/ræt¾fthÔtkw
despite/zuMvtRx/;ub A•ttkk,btlntrl
despoil/rzMvtuRj/jqkxVtx fhJe
despondent/rzMvtuLzLx/rlhtN
despotic/rzMvtrxf/mhbwFðgth-rlhkfwN Ntmf
dessert/z /
dessert/zeÍxo/Ctusl yk;ule Jtlde
destabilise/rzMxurcjtRÍ/yrM:h fhJwk
destination/zuMxeluNl/bkrÍj,dk;Ôg M:¤
destine/zuMxel/rlrb•t clJwk
destiny/zuMxele/rJætt;t,Ctøg,rfMb;

By. Richin Patel

33

destitute/zuMxexgwx/cuntj,rlhtætth
destroy/rzMx[tug/ltN fhJtu
destroy/z /
destruction/rzMx[¾Nl/rJltN,vtgbtje
destruction/z /
destructive/rzMx[¾xeJ/rJltNf,;tuzVturzgwk
desultory/rzMtÕtx[e/ytzuætz,sub;ub
detach/rzxua/yjd-Awxkw vtzJwk
detail/rzxuRj/rJd;
detail/z /
detain/rzxuRl/yxftg; fhJe,htufe vtzJwk
detect/rzxu¾x/Ntuæte ftZJwk
détente/zuxtkx/;kdr’je DxtzJe
detention/rzxuLNl/yxftg;,Dhvfz
deter/rzxh/htufJwk,rlhw•mtn fhJwk
deteriorate/rzxeheytuhux/ÔtKmJwk
determination/z /
determine/rzxhbtRl/rlùg fhJtu
determine/z /
deterrent/rzxhLx/v{r;ckætf
detest/rzxuMx/ræt¾fthJwk
dethrone/rz:{tul/dt’e vh:e nxtJJwk
detonate/rzxtulux/ætztftu fhJtu
detour/rzxqh/xwkftu hM;tu juJtu
detract/rzx[ufx/ct’ fhJwk,VkxtJwk,JFtuzJwk
detract/z /
detractor/rzx[ufxh/Vtkxtcts
detrimental/rzx[ebuLxj/lwfmtlfthf
deuce/zTgwm/xurlm btk mhFt ykf
devastate/rzJtMxux/rJltN-vtgbtje JuhJe
devastating/rzJtMxurxkd/rJltNf
develop/rz¥JuÕtv/rJfmJwk
develop/z /
deviate/zurJyuRx/rJ»tgtk;h fhJwk,aje; :Jwk
deviation/zurJyuNl/rJajl
device/rzJtRm/gwrf;,;hfec (ltb)
devil/z /
devil/zurJj/Nu;tl,’iðg
devil’s dozen ;uhle mkÏgt
devious/rzrJym/ZtUde,fvxe
devise/rzJtRÍ/Dze ftZJwk,halt fhJe(rÄgt)
devoid of/rzJtuRz-yutV/lt :e Jkra;-hrn;
devote/rzJtux/mbrvo; fhJwk
devote/z /
devotional/rzJtuNlj/Crf;CtJlwk
devour/rzJtWh/nzv fhJwk,MJtnt fhe sJwk
devoured
devout/rzJtWx/CtrJf,©æætt¤wk
dew/z /
dew/zTgq/Ítf¤
diabetic/ztgtrcrxf/bætwv{bun htude
diabolical/ztgtcturjf/’w»x,ytmwhe
diadem/ztgzub/bwfwx,mh;ts
diagnose/ztytuøltRÍ/rl’tl fhJwk
diagnosis/ztytuølturmm/rl’tl
diagnostic
diagram/z /
dial/z /
dial/ztgj/afhzwk,anuhtu

dialect/ztgtjufx/M:trlf ctuje
dialogue/ztgjtud/Jt;ra;,JtxtDtxtu
diametrically/ztgtburx[fje/mkvK
q ohe;u
diamond/z /
diary/z /
diary/ztghe/ltUætvtu:e
diatribe/ztgx[tRc/mF; xeftgw¾; Ct»tt
dicey
dicky/rzfe/z[tRJh mex
dictate/rzfxuRx/VhbtJJwk,nqfb ajtJJtu
dictate/z /
dictatorial ytvFq’,mhbwÏtðgth
dictionary/rzfNlhe/NçftuN
dictionary/z /
dictum
dicty
didactic/ztgzu¾rxf/Wv’uNtðbf
diddle/rzzj/
die away-Jwk
die down-Jwk
die of/fromdie off-Jwk
die out-Jwk
die/z /
die/ztR/b]ðgw vtbJwk,cecwk,vtmtu
die-hard/ztRntzo/YrZawM;,S’e,l mwæthu ;uJwk
diesel/z /
diesel/zeÍj/
dietician
differ from :e sw’t vzJwk
differ(ence)/z /
difference/rzVhLm/
different/z /
differentiate/rzVhrLmyux/Cu’ vtzJtu-vthFJtu
difficul(ty)/z /
difficult/rzVefÕx/
difficulty withdiffuse/rzVgwÍ/rJFuhe ltFJwk,’wh fhJwk
dig at/rzd yux/fxtût fhJtu
dig in-Jwk
dig into-Jwk
dig out/rzd ytWx/Ftu’e ftZJwk,Ntuæte ftZJwk
dig out-Jwk
dig up-Jwk
dig/rzd/Ftu’Jwk,at¤tu fhJtu
dig/z /
digest/ztgsuMx/mthtkN,vatJJwk
dignitary/rzdrlxhe/bntlwCtJ,©u»Xe
dignity/rzdrlrx/btuCtu,MJbtl
dignity/z /
digress/ztgdu{m/rJ»tgtk;h fhJwk,VkxtJwk
diktat/rzfxtx/stunw¾be
dilapidated/rzjurvzpxuz/sTsrh;
dilemma/ztgjubt/ætbomkfx,yJZJ,rîætt
dilettante/rzjuxtkx/AeAÁk fjthrmf
diligent/rzrjsLx/Fk;ejwk,ætdN-aeJxJt¤wk
diligent/z /
dillydally
dilute/ztRÕgwx/n¤Jwk fhJwk,v{Jtne vt;¤wk fhJwk

By. Richin Patel

34

dim/rzb/ÍtkFwk,
dim/z /
dimension/ztgbuLNl/vrhbtK,btv,vtmwk
diminance
diminish/rzrbrlN/Dx;wk sJwk
diminutive/rzBgwrlrxJ/Jtbl,rXkdwS
dimple/rzbÃj/dtjltu Ftztu,Fksl
din/rzl/ftujtnj,DtUDtx
dinder/rzLzh/
dine/z /
dine/ztRl/sbJwk
dinkum/rzLfb/ymj,mtawk
dinky/rzLfe/Yvt¤wk,’uFtJzwk,bstlwk
dinner/rzlh/htºteCtusl
dinner/z /
dint/rzLx/Vxftu,lt stuhu
dip down
dip into-Jwk
dip/rzv/ctu¤Jwk,zqcfe bthJe,DxJwk
dip/z /
diphthong/rzv:tuLd/rîMJh
diplomacy chankya-niti
diplomat/rzÃjtubux/hts’q;
diplomatic
dipsomania/rzÃmtuburlypf/’tYle j;
dire/ztgh/’tYK,mF;
direct(ion)/z /
direct/ztghufx/meætwk,mqalt ytvJe
direction/ztghufNl/r’Nt,mqalt
directional/ztghufNlj/r’Ntmqaf
directive/ztghufrxJ/mqalt,yt’uN
directrorate/ztghufxhuRx/
dirge/zso/bhrNgw,k Ntufde;
dirt(y)/z /
dirt/zxo/ætq¤,dk’fe
disagree/z /
disappear/rzmypveyh/y’T~g :Jwk,jwÃ; :Jwk
disappear/z /
disappoint(ment)/z /
disappoint/rzmyvtpRLx/rlhtN fhJwk
disappointed with/at/aboutdisapprove/z /
disarray yM;ÔgM;,JuhrJFuh
disaster/rzÍtMxh/ntulth;
disastrous/rzÍtMxhm/ntulth;
disavow
disburse/rzMcmo/awfJKwk fhJwk
discard/rzMftzoo/Vufe ’uJwk
discern/rzMtol/Cu’ vthFJtu
discharge/rzMatsoo/hst ytvJe
disciple/rzmtRvj/rN»g,aujtu
disciplinary/rzmeÃjeLthe/rNM; ykdulwk
discipline/rzmeÃjeLt/rNM;
disclose/rzmfjtuÍ/stnuh fhJwk
discontent/rzmfLxuLx/ymk;tu»t
discord/rzmftpzo/rJmkJt’,ykxN
discordant/rzmftpzoLx/rJmkJt’e
discourage/z /
discover/rzMfJh/NtuætJwk
discoverable

discovery/z /
discreet/rzmÄex/rJJufe,J;ol mCtl
discrepancy/rzmÄevrLm/ûtr;,Ftbe
discretion/rzmÄeNl/blMJevKwk
discriminate/rzmÄebelux/Cu’CtJ htFJtu
discrimination/rzmÄerbluNl/Cu’CtJ,vûtvt;
discursive/rzmfÍeoJ/hmt¤
discuss(ion)/z /
discuss/rzm¾m/
discussion aboutdisdain/rzmzuRl/D]Kt,r;hMfth
disease/rzÍeÍ/htud
disease/z /
disentangle/rzMyuLxUdj/dqka WfujJe
disfigure/rzmrVdh/f’Yvwk cltJJwk
disgrace/rzmd{um/btlntrl,Nhb,ltbtuNe
disgraceful/rzmd{umVwj/Nhbslf,cuNhb
disguise/rzmdtgÍ/JuN vjxtu fhJtu
disgust/rzmdMx/mqd,fkxt¤tu,ra;he
disgust/z /
dish out/rzm-ytWx/JnUae ytvJwk
dish out-Jwk
dish up-Jwk
dish/rzN/:t¤e
dish/z /
dishearten/rzmntxol/lt-rnkb; fhJwk
dishevelled/rzmneJÕz/yM;ÔgM;
dishonour/rzmytulh/ylt’h fhJtu
disillusion/rzmRÕgwÍl/C{bbwrf;,mðg mbstJwk
disintegrate/rzmRLxed{ux/Awèwk-yjd vze sJwk
disinter/rzmRLxh/Ftu’e ftZJwk
dislocate/rzmjtufux/Awèwk vzJwk,Fme sJwk
dislodge/rzmjtps/yrM:h fhJwk
dismal/rzÍTbj/Cukfth,W’tm
dismantle/rzmbpLxj/
dismay/rzmbu/ltrnkb;-ltme vtm :Jwk
dismember/rzmbuBch/ykd Au’Jwk,Ctdjtk fhJt
dismiss/rzmrbm/nftjvxe fhJe,LtfthJwk
dismiss/z /
disobedient/rzmyrcrzâLx/ylt¿ttrfkk;
disobey/rzmytuc/u yJ¿tt fhJe
disobey/z /
disorderly/rzmÃju/yM;ÔgM;
disown/rzmÃju/yrMJfth fhJtu,;hAtuzJwk
disparage/rzMvphps/rlk’t fhJe
disparate/rzMvphxp /
disparity/rzmÃtprhrx/ymbtl;t
dispassionate
dispatch/rzmvpa/(despatch) hJtlt fhJwk
dispatch/z /
dispel/rzMvpj/
dispense with-Jwk
disperse/rzMÃtmp/rJFuhe ltFJwk,Awèkw vtzJwk
disphoria/rzMVturhyt/yr; cuaule-;ltJ
displace/rzmÃjum/rlJtorm; :Jwk
display/rzmÃju/’uFtzJwk,rl’Nol fhJwk
display/z /
displease/z /
disposable/rzMvptsuçj/rlftj :R Nfu ;uJwk

By. Richin Patel

35

disposal/rzMvptsj/rlftj
dispose off-Jwk
dispose/rzMvtuÍ/rlftj fhJtu
dispose/z /
dispute/rzMÃgwx/rJJt’
disquiet yNtkr;
disquiet/rzMfÔttyux/yNtkr;
disregard/rzMhedtzo/yJdKlt-fhJe
disrespect/rzMheMvu¾x/ylt’h,yrJJuf
disrupt/rzMhÃx/Awèwk vze sJwk,yM;ÔgM; :Jwk
dissect/ztgMtu¾x/ftvfqv îtht v]Ú:¾fhK fhJwk
dissension
dissent/rzmuLx/b;Cu’,ymk;tu»t
dissent/z /
dissident/rzrmzLx/ymk;w»X
dissimilar/rzrmrbjh/rCLl
dissolve/rzmtuÕJ/rJFuhJwk,ytudt¤Jwk
dissuade/rzmgwyuz/l fhJt mbstJJwk
distaff/rzMxtV/;fje,ºttf
distance/z /
distant/rzMxkx/’qhlwk
distant/z /
distantce/rzMxkm/yk;h
distill/rzrMxj/Nwææt fhJwk (htmtgrKf)
distinct/rzrMxk¾x/Mv»x,ytdJwk
distinctive
distinguish/rzrMxk¾x/Cu’ vthFJtu
distinguished/rzrMxøJe~z/dKbtLg,rJrN»x
distort/rzMxtuxo/rJf]; hsqyt; fhJe
distract/rzMx[p¾x/cuctf¤-cuægtl fhJwk
distract/z /
distraught/rzMx[tux/Fqc yMJM:
distribute/rzMx[eçgwx/JnkUaKe fhJe
distribute/z /
district/rzMx[e¾x/SÕjtu
district/z /
distrust/rzMx[Mx/yrJ¹Jtm
disturb(ance)/z /
disturb/rzMxco/Fjuj-yNtkr; fhJe
ditch/rza/Ftztu,;hAtuzJwk,æt¾ftu ’uJtu
ditch/z /
dither/rzæth/Cg:e ftkvJwk
ditty/rzrx/mh¤-xqkfw de;-ftÔg
diurnal/ztRgwhlj/r’Jmlwk
diva/ztRJp/mkde;mtb{t¿te,dtgeft
dive/z /
dive/ztRJ/FtcfJwk,Cqmftu bthJtu
diverge/ztRJso/VkxtJwk
divergent/ztRJsoLx/Vkxt;wk,rJrJæt,rCLl
divers/ztRJmo/vhawhK
diverse/ztRJmo/rÔtrJæt
diversification/ztRJmorVfuNl/JirJægfhK
divert/ztRJxo/ceS r’Ntbtk Jt¤Jwk
divest/ztRJuMx/AelJJwk,htuftK vtAwk FuaJwk
divide Ctdjt
divide intodivide out-Jwk
divide up-Jwk
divide(d)/z /

divide/rzJtRz/Ctdjtk fhJt
dividend/rzrJzLz/lVt lt Ctdle hfb
divine/rzJtRl/r’Ôg,yjtirff,’iiJe
divine/z /
divisible/rzrJrÍçj/rJCtsTg
division/rzrJrÍl/rJCtsl
division/z /
divisional/rzrJÍlj/rJCtdeg
divorce/zeJtumo/AqxtAuzt
divulge
divulge/ztRJÕs/WDtzwk vtzJwk,fne ’uJwk
do =ditto yus
do away with
do away with Ôg:o cltJJwk
do away with/z /
do by-Jwk
do down-Jwk
do for/z /
do for-Jwk
do in-Jwk
do out of-Jwk
do out-Jwk
do over-Jwk
do up-Jwk
do with-Jwk
do without-Jwk
do/z /
do/zq/fhJwk
docile/ztumtRj/lb{,lhb,dheczwk
dock/z /
dock/ztpf/ythtuvelwk vtkshwk,ck’h,ftvfqv fhJe
doctor/z /
doctor/zptfxh/’tf;hverb
doctrine/ztpfx[el/rmæætkt;,ctuæt
document(ary)/z /
document/ztu¾gwbLx/’M;tJus
documentary/ztu¾gwbuLx[e/’M;tJuS
dodge/z /
dodge/ztus/’tJvua hbJt,xt¤Jwk
doff/z /
doff/ztuV/xtuve W;thJe
dog(ged)/z /
dog/ztud/fq;htu,
dogged/ztuduz/nXejwk,aeJxJt¤wk
dogma/ztuøbt/btLg;t,rmæætkt;
do-gooder/zq øtwzh/Cjwk,Wvfth fhltY
doldrums/ztujz[Bm/W’tm,rFLl
doleful/ztujVwj/dbdel,W’tm
doles/ztuÕm/mhfthe htn;,cufthe CÚ:wk
doll/z /
doll/ztuj/Z´dje
dollar/z /
dollar/ztpjh/yburhfl ajK
dollop/ztujtuv/jtU’tu
dolorous/ztujhm/Ntufbøl
domain/ztubul/stdeh,bwjf,v{’uN
domestic/zburMxf/DhdÚ:w,Dhlwk
domicile/zturbmtRj/ftgbe JmJtxlwk M:¤
dominance/zturblLm/JaoMJ,v{CwðJ

By. Richin Patel

36

dominant
dominant/zturblLx/JaoMJJt¤wk
dominate/zturbluRx/v{CwðJ ntuJwk,AJtR sJwk
don/z /
don/zptl/dwkztltu mh’th,ætthK fhJwk
donate/z /
donate/zptluRx/’tl ytvJwk
done up
done/z /
done/zl/fhujwk,:gujwk
donkey/z /
donkey/ztUfe/dætt
donor/ztulh/’t;t
doodle/zqzj/y:onel jext ’tuhJt
doom/zqb/ltN,rJltN
doomsday/zqBmzu/fgtb;ltu r’Jm
door/z /
door/zpth/cthKwk
doorway/z /
dormant/zpthBtLx/mwÃ;,rlr»Äg
dorsal/zpthÍj/vtA¤lwk (v{tKe-ykd)
dose/z /
dose/ztuWÍ/btºtt,v{btK
dossier/zptrmyh/’M;tJustule VtRj
dot/z /
dot/ztux/xvfwk,b´zw
dotage/zptrxs/J]ææt ylu lc¤wk
doting/zptrxkd/Fqc Jntj JhmtJ;wk
double back-Jwk
double up-Jwk
double/over/up-Jwk
double/z /
double/zçtTj/cuJzwk,
double-cross/zcjÄtum/’dtu fhJtu
double-entendre/’cjyu;tk’Th/rîy:eo
doublespeak/zcjMvef/cu btuZtle Jt;
doubt/z /
doubt/ztWx/Nkft
dough/zJ/ctkætujtu jtux
doughty/ztWxe/cnt’wh,NqhJeh
dour/ztWh/mF;
douse/ztWÍ/yutjJJwk
dove/z /
dove/zJ/fcq;h,CeÁ
dowdy/ztWrz/VqJz,jDhJDh,jctz
down to earth JtM;rJf,ÔgJnthwk
down v
down/z /
down/ztWl/leau,vhtrs;
downfall/ztWlVtpj/vz;e,v;l,J¤;t vtKe
downpour/ztWlvtph/ættuætbth Jhmt’
down-trodden ’rj;-faztgujJdo
dowry/ztWhe/’nus
doyen/ztugul/yd{Ke,rC»brv;tbn
doze/z /
doze/ztuWÍ/Ítufwk FtJwk
drab/z[pc/fkxt¤tslf,Nw»f
draconian/z[pfturlyl/Äqh,yr;fzf
draft doctrine bwm’tu

draft/z /
draft/z[tVTx/YvhuFt,cPf zt[Vx
drag behind-Jwk
drag on-Jwk
drag out-Jwk
drag up-Jwk
drag/z /
drag/z[d
u /ætmzJwk
dragin-Jwk
dragnet/z[pdlux/jal
dragon/z /
dragon/z[pdl/ysdh (ael)
drain/z /
drain/z[uRl/Jne-JuzVtR sJwk
drama(tist)/z /
drama/z[tbt/ltxf
dramatist/z[bprxMx/ltxgtfth
drastic/z[tMxef/fXtuh,fzf
draught/z /
draught/zt[VTx/;tK,jnuh
draw along side-Jwk
draw away-Jwk
draw back-Jwk
draw in-Jwk
draw on-Jwk
draw out/z /
draw out-Jwk
draw up
draw up/z /
draw up-Jwk
draw/z /
draw/z[pt/FukaJw,’uthJwk,nthS; rJlt
drawback/z[ptcpf/ºtwr;,Ftbe
dread/z /
dread/z[uz/ættf,Cg
dreadful/z[uzVTj/F;hltf,Cgtlf
dream away -Jwk
dream of/aboutdream up -Jwk
dream/z /
dream/z[eb/MJÃl
dredge up-Jwk
dregs/z[uøÍ/fahtu,yJNu»t
drench/zu[La/;hctu¤ :Jwk
dress indress up-Jwk
dress/z /
dress/z[m
u /fvztk -vnuhJtk
dribble/rz[çj/xvfJwk,’zt:e hb; fhJe
drift/rz[VTx/;KtJwk,Ítuf,JjK
drift/z /
drill/rz[j/fJtg;,ftKwk vtzJwk
drill/z /
drink down-Jwk
drink in-Jwk
drink up-Jwk
drink/rz[kf/veKwk-veJwk
drink/z /
drip/rz[v/xvfJwk

By. Richin Patel

37

drip/z /
drive at-Jwk
drive back-Jwk
drive home-Jwk
drive intodrive off-Jwk
drive on-Jwk
drive up-Jwk
drive/z /
drive/z[tRJ/ÍwkcuN,btdo,swMmtu
drizzle/rz[Íj/Íhbh Jhmt’
drone/z[utl/dwksthJ
drool/z[qj/jt¤ xvfJe
drop back-Jwk
drop behind-Jwk
drop in-Jwk
drop off-Jwk
drop out-Jwk
drop/z[tuv/vz;wk bqfJwk,v{Jtnelwk xevwk
dropsy/z[utÃme/sjtu’h(htud)
dross/z[utm/lftbwk,Vtj;wk
drought/z /
drought/z[tWx/yA;
drove/z[tuJ/
drown/z /
drown/z[tWl/zqce sJwk
drowsy/z[tWrÍ/³D-Dul fu ;k÷tbtk
drudge/z[s/Ji;hwk fhJwk
drudgery
drug/z /
drug/z[d/’Jt,lNejtu v’t:o
drum into-Jwk
drum up-Jwk
drum/z /
drum/z[b/Ztujf
drunk/z /
drunk/z[kf/veætujwk
drunkard/z[kfzo/’tYrzgtu
dry off-Jwk
dry out-Jwk
dry up-Jwk
dry/z /
dry/z[tR/mwfwk-mwfJJwk
dual/z /
dual/zgwyj/rîM;heg,cuJzwk
dubious/zTgwrcgm/NkftMv’
duck/z /
duck/zf/c;f,leau cume sJwk
ductile/zfxtRj/fÌgtdhwk
dud/zz/Vjtpv,rl»V¤,mqhmqrhgwk
dude/zgwz/JhKtrdgtu,AujAcejtu
dudgeon/zsl/Ätuæt,dwMmtu
due/z /
due/zgw/fhs,gtuøg,yvurût;
due/zgw/ytJJtle ætthKt
duel/z /
duel/zgwyj/îkîgwææt,bÕjgwææt
duet/zgwyux/gwdj
duff/zV/lftbwk,cufth,Vtj;wk

duffer/zVh/sz,bk’cwrææt
dull/z /
dull/zj/XtuX,rlM;us
duly
dumb/zb/bqkdw
dummy/zbe/lfje,cltJxe,Ftuxwk
dump/z /
dump/zBv/XtjJJwk,Zdjtu fhJtu,rJ»tt’
dun/zl/ytfhe WDhtKe fhlth
dunce/zLm/XtuX rlNtr¤gtu
dunderhead/zLzhnuz/bqFo
dung/zLøÍ/AtK
dungeon/zksl/suj
dupe/zgwv/Au;hJwk
duplicate/zwÃjefux/cuJzwk
durable/zgwhçu j/xftW,bscq;
duress/zgwhum/’ctK,c¤sche
during/z /
during/zgptrhkd/’hBgtl
dusk/z /
dusk/zMf/mkægt xtKwk
dust/z /
dust/zMx/ætq¤
dutiable/zgwrxyuçj/fhvtºt
dutiful/zgwrxVwj/Vhsrl»X
duty/z /
duty/zgwrx/Vhs,sft;,fh
dwarf/z /
dwarf/zJtpVo/rXkdS
w ,Jkur;gtu
dwarfish/zJtpVo/rXkdwS,Jkur;gwk
dwell (up/on)-Jwk
dwell/z /
dwell/zJuj/hnuJwk,JmJtx fhJtu
dwindle/zrJLzj/Dx;wk sJwk
dye/ztg/fvztlu hkdJwk
dying/ztrgkd/hkdlu jd;wk,bh;wk
dynamic/ztglurbf/stubJt¤wk,;hJrhgwk
dynamics
dynastic/ztglpMrxf/JkN-Jthmtd;
dynasty/ztglruMx/htsJkN
dysfunction
dyslexia
dyspepsia/ztgvurÃmyt/
dysphasia/ztgVurmyt/Ct»tt rJfth(rcbthe)
each/ /
each/Ra/’huf,v{ðguf
eager/ /
eager/Rdh/yt;wh,;jvtvz
ear/ /
ear/Ryh/ftl
earlier/ /
early/ /
early/y&je/Jnujwk
earn/ /
earn/ylo/fbtJwk
earnest/ /
earnest/ylouMx/mkrl»X
earth/ /
earth/y:o/v]ÚJe

By. Richin Patel

38

earthen/yætol/btxelwk
earthly/yætorj/’wLgJe,vtr:oJ
ease off/up-Jwk
ease/ /
ease/EÍ/n¤JtN,htn;
easements/EÍbLx/mwFtftheltu n¾f
east(ern)/ /
east/EMx/vqJo
eastern/EMxlo/vqJolwk
easy/ /
easy/EÍe/mnujwk
easy-going/EÍe dutRkd/
eat away -Jwk
eat in -Jwk
eat into -Jwk
eat out-Jwk
eat up-Jwk
eat/ /
eat/Ex/FtJwk
eaten/Exl/Ftætujwk
eavesdrop/EÔÍz[tuv/ AwvtRlu Jt; mtkC¤Je
ebb/yuc/ytux,J¤;tk vtKe,v;l
ebullient/Eçgwrjykx/Qf¤;wk
eccentric/EfmurLx[f/;hkde,aÄb
ecclesiastic/yfjuÍeytMxef/ætbtuov’uNf
echelon/yuNjl/ÔgwnctS,Wzgl halt
echo/yuftu/vzDtu,v{r;æJrl
éclat/R¾ju/ͤn¤;e V;un,v{r;»Xt
eclipse/ /
eclipse/R¾rjÃm/d{nK-AJtR sJwk
ecology/RfptjS/vrhrM:r;rJ¿ttl
economic(al)/ /
economic/Rflturbf/mM;wk,ytr:of
economical/Rfutlturbfj/fhfmhgw¾;
ecosystem/RfutrmMxb/vgtoJhK vhtJjkcl
ecstasy/RfMxrm/n»ttuoLbt’,ytlk’-rJCtuh
ecstatic/RfMxuxef/WLbtr’;,d’dr’;
edge out-Jwk
edge/ /
edge/yuRs/ætth,ftuh,ætebe ætebu FmJwk
edgy/yuRrs/aerzgwk
edible/ /
edible/yurzçj/Ft¼,FtJtjtgf
edicts/yurzfxm/rNjtjuF,htst¿tt,Vhbtl
edifice/yurzVem/bftl,Rbth;
edition/ /
edition/yurzNl/ytJ]r•t
editorial/yrzxutrhyj/mkvt’feg
educate(ed)/ /
educate/yusTgwfR
u x/rNrût; fhJwk
education/ /
eerie/Eyhe/ysc,rJraºt,Cgv{uhf
effect(ive)/ /
effect/RVu¾x/ybj,vrhKtb,ymh,Atv
effective/EVurxJ/ymhfthf
effects/RVu¾xm/btj,aes JM;w
effeminate ctgjwk,Mºtemns
effervescent QCht;wk
effete/yuVex/FFze dgujwk,lc¤wk

efficacy vrhKtbsLg;t,ymhfthf;t
efficient ftgofqN¤,ftgo’ût
efficient(ly)/ /
effigy/yurVS/vq;¤wk
effluent/EVjwyLx/ v{’qr»t; v{Jtn,v{Jtne cdtz
effort/ /
effort/RVxo/v{gðl
effrontery/EV{rLx[/lVxtE
egg on -Jwk
egg/ /
egg/yud/#zw
egghead/yudnuz/ cwræætSJe,rl»Ktk;
ego ynBtT,nwk vKwk
egoist MJt:eo
egotist ytvJztR fh;wk
egregious/Rd{esm/ytDt;slf,Fhtc
eight/ /
eight/yuRx/ytX
eighty–six verb
either/ /
either/ytRæth/
eject cnth ætfujJwk
eke out
elaborate
elaborate/ /
elaborate//rJM;];,jkctKCgow
élan/RjU/Ntk;ra•t,swMmtu,v{mLl;t
elapse mhfJwk,
elaque
elastic rM:r;M:tvf
elastic/ /
elate W•turs;,CtJrJCtuh
elbow/ /
elbow/yujctu/ftuKe
elder(ly)/ /
elder/yuÕzh/Jrzj,btuxwk
eldorado/yuÕzhtzut/frÕv; mwJKoCqrb
eldritch/yuÕzrha/rJfht¤,Cgtlf
elect/ /
elect/Rju¾x/aqkxJwk
election/ /
electoral
electorate b;’t;t
electric(ity)/ /
electric/Rjufrx[f/rJs¤e
electricity/Rjufrx[rmrx/
electrify W•turs; fhJwk
electrocute Jes¤e :e btu;
electronic/ /
electronic/Rjufxtu[rlf/
eleemosynary ’tl vh lC;wk
elegant CÔg,Fqcmwh;
elegy/yurjrs/Ntufde;
elementary/ /
elementary/yurjbuLx[e/vtgtlwk bq¤Cq;
elephant/ /
elephant/yujeVLx/nt:e
elevate/yujeJuRx/³aw fhJwk
elevator/yujeJuxh/rjVTx (bftl)

By. Richin Patel

39

elicit/ /
elicit/Rrjrmx/btrn;e fZtJJe
eligible/yurjSçj/jtgf
eliminate/yurjrblux/ctft; htFJwk-fhJwk
elipsis
elite/yujex/WåaJdolwk,awlk’t
elitist/yurjrxMx/JaoMJJt¤wk
elixir/Rrjfmh/mkSJle,yb];
elliptical/RrjrÃx¾j/jkcdtu¤
elope/Rjtuv/vu{be mt:u ltme sJwk
eloquence/Rjtu¾JLm/Jf;]ðJ
eloquent/Rjtu¾JLm/Jtfvxw,Jtat¤
else/ /
else/yuÕm/ceswk
elucidate/RÕgwrmzuRx/v{ftN vtzJtu
elude/ /
elude/RÕgwz/mhfe-’qh s;wk
elusive/ /
elusive/RÕgwrÍJ/mhfe s;wk
emaciate/Rbprmyux/lc¤wk cltJJwk
emanate/yublux/btk:e ytJJwk,W’TCJJwk
emancipate/RburLmvuRx/Awxfthtu-bwrf; ytvJe
emasculate/RbpM¾gwjux/Fme fhJwk,ctgjwk cltJJwk
embalm
embankment/ypBcpLfbLx/vt¤,ckæt
embargo/yuBctdtpo/v{r;ckæt
embark/yuBctdtuo/mtnm-gtºtt NY fhJe
embarrass(ment)/ /
embarrass/ypBcphpm/bqkÍJJwk
embassy/ypBcprm/yujaefauhe
embedded
embellish/yuBcurjN/abftJJwk
embezzle/yuBcuÍj/Watv; fhJe
emblazon/yubçjuÍl/jtûtrKf NKdth fhJt
emblem/yubçjb/v{r;f,raLn
embodiment/yuBcturzbLx/MJYv,yJ;th
embody/yuBcturz/bq;oMJYv ntuJwk
embolden/yuBctuÕzl/rnkb; ytvJe
embonpoint y’tu’hwk Nheh
emboss/yuBctuÍ/WvmtJJwk
embrace/yuBc{um/ytrjkdl ytvJwk
embroiled/yuBc{utRzÕz/rJJt’btk Vmtgujwk
embryo/yuBç{gtu/dCo-v{t:rbf yJM:t
emend/ /
emend/RbuLz/mwætthJwk
emerge/Rbso/cnth ytJJwk
emergency
emergent
emerging
emigrant/yurbd{kx/’uNcnth slth
eminent/yurBtlLx/©u»X,rJÏgt;
emissary/yurBtmtrh/Ftm’q;,stmqm
emission/yurBtNl/Wðmsol,rlftj
emolument/EBttpÕgwbLx/J¤;h,vdth
emotion/ /
emotion/RbtuNl/jtdKe
emotional/RbtuNLtj/jtdKemCh
emotive/RbturxJ/CtJlt•bf
emperor/yuBvphh/NnulNtn
emphasis/yuBVprmm/Cth,Jsl

emphasise/ /
emphasise/yuBVpmtRÍ/Cth bqfJtu
emphatically
empirical/yuBvurhfj/v{M:trv; rmæættk;
employ(ee)/ /
employ(er-ment)/ /
employ/RbÃjtpg/ftb-ltufhe ytvJe
empower/yuBvtJh/m•tt ytvJe
empty/ /
empty/yubÃxe/Ftje
emulate/yuBgwjux/ylwfhK fhJwk
enable/Rluçj/Nrf;btl-mb:o cltJJwk
enact kaaydo ghadvo
encamp/yuLfpBv/bwftb-vztJ ltFJtu
encircle/yuLmfoj/DqbhtJwk,DuhJwk
enclave/yuLfjuJ/vh’uNe m•ttltu v{’uN
enclose/ /
enclose/yuL¾jtpÍ/mt:u cezJwk,DuhJwk
enclosure/ /
encomium/yuLfptrbgb/JFtK,v{Nm
k t
encompass/yulfBvtm/DuhtJtu ju;wk DuhJwk
encore/ytUft/JLm btuh
encounter/yuLftLWxh/bwftcjtu,y:ztbK
encourage(ment)/ /
encourage/yuLfhus/v{tuðmtnl ytvJwk
encroach/yulÄtua/vuNf’be fhJe
encyclopaedia/ /
encyclopaedia/yulmtg¾jtuurvrzgt/¿ttlftu»t
end up-Jwk
end/ /
end/yuLz/yL;,vwYk :Jwk,
endeavour/yuLzuJh/v{g•l
endemic/yuLzurbfJ/ftgbe htud
endgame/yuLzduRb/yk;tûthe
endogamy/yuLztudbe/mdtuºt rJJtn
endorse/yuLzutmo/mbo:l ytvJwk,mne fhJe
endow/yuLztW/mkvLl fhJwk,:tvK bqfJe
endued/yuLzgwz/
endurable/yuLzgwhpçj/mÌg,xftW
endurance/yuLzgwhLm/mnlNej;t,ûtb;t
endure/ /
endure/yuLzgwh/xfJwk,mnl fhJwk
enemy/ /
enemy/yulerb/’w~bl,Nºtw
energetic/yulhsurxf/MVqr;oJt¤wk
energy/ /
energy/yuloS/Nrf;,;tft;,Wsto
enervate/yulJouRx/y~tf; cltJJwk
enfant terrible
enforce/yuLVtumo/ybj fhJtu
enfranchise/yuLVu{katRÍ/b;trætfth ytvJtu
engage(ment)/ /
engage/yuLdus/btk htufJwk,mdtR fhJe
engaged/yuLduRs/ÔgM;,mdtR :gujwk
engagement
engine(er)/ /
engine/yuLSl/
engineer/yurLsrlyh/
engrave/yuLd{uRJ/ftu;hJwk

By. Richin Patel

40

engross/yuLd{utm/;Õjel :Jwk
engulf/ypLdÕV/DuhJwk,d¤e sJwk
enhance/ypLnuLm/ytd¤ JætthJwk
enigma/yprløbt/ftugztu,dqZ hnMg
enjoy(able)/ /
enjoy/RLstpg/btKJwk
enjoyment/ /
enlarge/yuLjtso/btuxkw fhJwk
enlighten/yuLjtRxl/¿ttl:e std]; fhJwk
enlist/yurLjMx/gt’e fhJe
enliven/yurLjJl/SJk; cltJJwk
enmeshed/yuLbu~z/st¤btk VmtJJwk
ennui/ytpLJe/:tf,fkxt¤tu,mwM;e
enormous/ /
enormous/RLtuthbm/rJhtx,bntftg,v{akz
enough/ /
enough/RlV/vqh;wk vgtoÃ;
enquire/ /
enquire/RL¾Jtgh/;vtm,vqAvhA fhJe
enrage/yulhuRs/ºttzqfJwk,ftuvtgbtl :Jwk
enrich/yulrha/mb]ææt cltJÔtwk
enrol(ment)/ /
enrol/yuLhutj/ltb-v{JuN ltUætKe fhJe
ensconced/yuLMftuLmz/ytr©;,M:trv;
ensemble/yuLMutBcj/
enslave/ypLMjuJ/dwjtb cltJJwk
ensue/yuLMgw/ytlwmkrdf
ensure/ /
ensure/RLMgtph/vtfwk fhJwk,FtºtefhJe
entail/yuLxuEj/ylwmhJwk
entangle/yLuxuLdj/dqkaJtJwk,yxJtJwk
entanglement/yuxuLdjBlx/dqa
k Jtztu,ætbomkfx
enter (up/on)-Jwk
enter into -Jwk
enter/ /
enter/yuLxh/’tFj fhJwk,v{JuNJwk
enterprise/yuLxhvhtRÍ/mtnm
entertain(ment)/ /
entertain/yuLxhxuRl/ægtl ’uJwk,bltuhkslfhJwk
enthrall/yuL:{tuj/bkºtbwøæt fhJwk,bturn; fhJwk
enthuse
enthusiasm/yuLÚgwrsypsb/Wðmtn,Wbkd
enthusiast
enthusiastic/ypLÚgwrsyprMxf/Wðmtne
entice/RLxtRm/jjatJJwk,jtuCtJJwk
entire/ /
entire/RLxtgh/mbd{,mkvqKo
entitle/yuLxtgxj/nf’th ntuJkw,yrætfth ntuJtu
entourage/yuLxqhus/
entrance/ /
entrance/yuLx[Lm/v{JuN
entrap/x[pv/st¤,Axfwk,VmtJJwk
entrap/yuLx[vp /st¤btk VmtJJwk
entreat/yuLx[ex/ftjtJtjt,ytSS fhJe
entrench/yuLx[uLa/Chtg hnuJwk
entrepreneur/ytkºv{wlh/W¼tud mtnrmf
entrust/yuLx[pMx/Chtumtu bqfJtu
enumerate
envelop/yuLJujv/jvuxJwk

envelope/ /
envelope/yuLJjv/
envious/ /
envious/yprLJym/R»gto¤wk
environ/yuLJehtul/vgtoJhK
environment/ /
environment/yulJtghbLx/vgtoJhK
envisage/yuLJemus/fÕvlt,ytNt fhJe
envoy/yuLJtpg/hts’q;,yujae,Ftm v{r;rlræt
envy/ /
envy/yurLJ/R»gto fhJe,y’uFtR
ephemeral/RVubhj/ûtKCkdwh,ûtrKf
epic/ /
epic/yurvf/bntftÔg,Jeharhºt dt:t
epicenter/yurvmuLxh/æth;efvklw W’Tdb rck’w
epicurean/yurv¾gwheyl/CtudJt’e-rJjtme
epidemic/yurvzurbf/htudat¤tu
epigram/yurvd{tb/bbo Jt¤e xqkfe Jt;
epilepsy/yurvjurÃm/JtR,bqAto
epilogue/yurvjtpd/Wvmknth
episode/yurvmtuz/v{mkd,nÃ;tu
epitome/yurvxb/mthtkN
epoch/Rvtpf/sbtltu,gwd
equal(ity)/ /
equal/R¾Jj/mbfût,chtuchegwk,chtch
equality/RfJprjrx/mbtl;t
equanimity/R¾Jurlrbrx/MJM:;t,Ntkr;
equation/R¾JuNl/mbefhK,mhFtbKe
equator/R¾JuNl/rJ»twJJ];
equestrian/R¾JuMx[eyl/DtuzuMtJthe
equidistance
equilibrium/R¾Jejerc{yb/mb;wjt
equinox/R¾Jeltuût/mhFt r’Jm ylu ht;
equip with/R¾JeÃt rJ:/:e msTs fhJwk
equip(ment)/ /
equipment/R¾JeÃtbLx/mtætl,mhkstb
equipped/R¾JeÃz/msTs :gujwk
equity/R¾Jexe/fkvle Nuh,JtscevKwk,Lgtg
equivocal/R¾JeJtu¾j/NkftMv’
equivocate/R¾JeJtufux/dtu¤dtu¤ Jt; fhJe
era/Rht/gwd
eradicate/RhprzfuRx/ltcq’ fhJwk
erase/RhpRÍ/AufJwk,ftZe ltfJkw
ere/ /
erect/Rhpfx/QCwk fhJwk
erection/RhpfNl/QCwk fhJtle rÄgt
ergonomics/yphdtulturb¾m/gkºtytfthNtMºt
erode/Rhptz/ættuJtK-vz;e :Je
Eros/RhptÍ/ftb’uJ
erosion/RhptÍl/ættuJtK,Dmthtu,vz;e
erotic/ /
erotic/Rhtprxf/ftbtu•tusf,
err(atic)/ /
err/yuh/Cqj fhJe
errand/yuhtLz/’tuzt’tuzelwk ltlwk btuxwk ftb
errant/yuhtLx/Cqjfhlth,Cxf;wk
erratic/Rhprxf/yrlgrb;,Ftbe Jt¤wk,jnuhe
erring/yph´d/cusJtc’th
erroneous/Rhturlym/Cqj Chujwk,Ftuxwk

By. Richin Patel

41

error/ /
error/yuhh/Cqj,Ftbe
ersatz/yuyÍtuxm/lfje,f]rºtb
erstwhile/yMxoJtRj/;u mbglwk,vqJuolwk
erudite/yuhwztRx/rJîtl,vkrz;
erupt/RhÃx/CCqfJwk,VtxJwk (sTJt¤tbwFe)
eruption/RhÃxNl/Czftu,VtxJtle rÄgt
escalate/yuMfujux/ftcq cnth sJwk,JfhJwk
escalating/yuMfpjurxkd/ftcw cnth s;wk
escalation/yuMfpjuNl/yuf’b Jætthtu,WAt¤tu
escapades/RMfuRvuz/MJihJ;ol,;tuVtl
escape/ /
escape/RMfuRv/Axfe-ltme AwxJwk,Awxfthtu
escheat/yuMaex/Ftjmt fhJwk,vztJe juJwk
eschew/RmTaq/:e ’qh hnuJwk,xt¤Jwk
escort/yuMfutxo/J¤tJlth hûtf,ykdhûtf
esculent FtJtjtgf
esoteric/yumtpxurhf/rJrN»x jtufCtuøg
especially/ /
especially/RMvu~grj/Ftm fhelu
espionage/yurMvlts/stmqme
espouse/yuMvtWÍ/rnbtg; fhJe,xuftu ’uJtu
essay/ /
essay/ypmu/rlckæt
essential/ /
essential/RmuLNj/ytJ~gf
establish(ment)/ /
establish/RMxtçjeN/M:tvJwk,v{m:trv; fhJwk
establishment/RMxtçjeNBlx/mkM:tl,M:tvlt
estate/RMxuRx/rbjf;,stdeh
esteem/RMxeb/btl,btuCtu
estimate/yuMxebuRx/yk’ts
etc.= et cetera/yuxmuèhT/Jduhu
eternal/Rxloj/ftgb,Nt¹J;
ethereal/Rr:heyj/yjtirff,n¤Jwk
ethical/yur:fj/lir;f
ethics/Rr:fm/ler;NtMºt,ler;b•tt
ethnic/yu:rlf/JkNeg,str;g
ethnicity
ethos/yu:tum/v{f]r;,MJCtJ J;ol
etiquette/yxefux/ytiraðg,rN»xtath
etymology/RxebtpjS/Ôgwðvr•t,W’TCJ
eulogise/gwjtustRs/M;wr; fhJe
eunuch/gqlf/lvwm
k f,ltb’o
euphemism/gwVTgbeÍb/n¤Jtu vgtog
euphonious
euphoria/gwVTturhyt/FwNtje,FwNe le jnuh
eureka/ghuft/b¤e dgwk! (W’Tdth)
evacuate/RJp¾gwyux/M:¤-søgt Ftje fhJe
evade/RJuz/xt¤Jw,k WÕjkDl fhJwk
evaluate/RJuÕgwyux/bqÕgtkfl fhJwk
evaluation/RJpÕgwypNl/bqÕgtkfl
evanescent/RJpluNLx/y’T~g :;wwk
evaporate/RJtvtuhux/ct»veCJl :Jwk
evasion/RJpRÍl/WÕjkDl,atuhe
evasive/RJprÍJ/WztW,xt¤;wk
eve/RJ/(evening) mtks,Mºte
even
even out-Jwk

even up -Jwk
even/ /
even/RJl/A;t vK,mb;¤,Ôgtsce
evening/ /
evening/RJlekd/mtks
event/ /
event/RJLx/cltJ,Dxlt,v{mkd
eventful/RJLxVwj/cltJvqKo
eventually/RJuLagwyje/ytFhu,yk;u
ever/ /
ever/yuJh/fgthug,ftuR r’Jm
every/ /
every/yuJhe/’huf
everyone/ /
everything/ /
everywhere/ /
eve-teasing Auz;e,vsJKe
evict/RrJ¾x/;dze-CdtzJwk bwfJwk
eviction/ErJfNl/nftjvxe,;dze
evidence/ErJzLm/vwhtJtu,mtrc;e
evident/ErJzLx/Mv»x
evil/ /
evil/EJj/yrl»x,’w»x
evince/RrJLm/mqaJJwk,’NtoJJwk
evocative/RJtpfurxJ/ytJtnl-mt’ fh;wk
evoke/RJtuf/v{r;CtJ bu¤JJtu
evolution/RJtuÕgwNl/W•Ätkr;
evolve/RJtpÕJ/DzeftZJwk
ex gratia/yufm-dp{Nu/bnuhctleYv
ex nihilo
ex officio/yufm-yrVrNgtu/ntu’tle Yyu
exacerbate/RøÍtmhcux/Ju’lt Wd{:Je
exact/ /
exact/RøÍp¾x/JmwjJwk,atu¾fm
exactly/ /
exaggerate/RøÍtshux/yr;~tgturf; fhJe
exalted/RøÍtpÕxuz/WLl;,v{r;r»X;
examination/ /
examine/ /
examine/RøÍtrbl/;vtmJwk,vheûtt fhJe
example/ /
example/RøÍpBÃj/’tFjtu,W’tnhK
exasperating/RøÍtMvhurxkd/razJ;wk
excavate/yufmfuJuRx/Ftu’e ftZJwk
excavator/yufmfuJuxh/Ftu’lth
exceed/ /
exceed/Rfmez/:e Jæte sJwk
excel(lent)/ /
excel/Rfmuj/arzgt;wk ntuJwk
excellence/R¾TmujLm/©u»X;t
excellent/EfmjuLx/W•tb,©u»X
except(ion)/ /
except/RfmuÃx/rmJtg,lt rJlt
exception/RfmuÃNl/yvJt’
exceptional/RfmuÃNlj/yvJt’Yv
excerpts/yufmÃxom/ykN,Ctd
excess(ive)/ /
excess/Rfmum/yr;huf,Jætthtlwk
excessive/RfmurmJ/Jætthu vz;wk

By. Richin Patel

42

exchange/ /
exchange/RfmaUs/rJrlbg,y’jtc’je
exchequer/Rfmaufh/;uswhe,ltKtkFt;wk
excite(ment)/ /
excite/RfmtRx/W~fuhJwk
exclaim/ /
exclaim/R¾mfjuRb/W’Tdth-htz vtzJe
exclude/R¾mfjwz/ctft; htFJwk
exclusive/R¾mfjwrÍJ/rJr~t»x-Ftm v{fthlwk
excommunicate lt; cnth bqfJwk
excrete/yufMÄex/ b¤bwºt rJmsol fhJwk
excruciate/R¾mÄwrNyux/;eJ{ Ju’lt :Je
exculpate/R¾M¾jvux/’tu»tbw¾; fhJwk
excursion/R¾M¾Íol/ v{Jtm,mnuj
excuse/ /
excuse/R¾m¾gqÍ/btV fhJwk,cntlwk
exeat/yurfmyux/hst,Awxe
execrate/yurfm/©tv ytvJtu,CtkzJwk
execute/R¾Íe¾gwx/ybj fhJtu,b]ðgw’kz ’uJtu
executioner/R¾Íe¾gwNlh/sÕjt’
executive/RfÍu¾gwrxJ/ftgovtjf,fthtucthe,yrætft
he
exemplary/RøÍuBÃjrh/’tFjtYv
exemplify/RøÍuBÃjeVtg/W’tnhK ytvJwk
exempt/ /
exempt/RøÍuBÃx/bwrf;-Awx ytvJe
exequies/yufrmrfJÍ/W;hrÄgt
exercise/ /
exercise/yufmhmtÍ/bntJhtu,Ôgtgtb,fmh;
exert/RøÍxo/JtvhJwk,bnul; fhJe
exhale/R¾ÍuRj/WåATJtm,¹Jtm cnth ftZJtu
exhaust/RøÍtpMx/cnth ftZJwk,:tfJwk,Fjtm :Jwk
exhaustive/RøÍtprMxJ/rJM;];,Ôgtvf
exhibit(ion)/ /
exhibit/yurøÍrcx/v{’rNo; fhJwk
exhilarate/RøÍejhux/ytlkr’; fhJwk
exhorbitant/EdÍtuhrcxLx/Jætthu vz;wk,yr;Ng
exhort/EøÍtoxo/ fhJt v{uhJwk
exhortation/EøÍtpxouNl/ fhJtle v{uhKt
exhuberance SJk;,stub Chujwk
exhume Ftu’e ftZJwk
exigencies ;tfe’le sYrhgt;
exigent//fzf,mF; ftb fhtJlth
exile/EøÍtRj/ ’uNJxtu,MJ’uNðgtd
exist(ence)/ /
exist/EøÍeMx/yrM;•J æthtJJwk
existence/EøÍeMxkm/yrM•t•J
existent/EøÍeMxkx/ rJ¼btl,yrM;ðJ æthtJ;wk
exit/RøÍex/rlftj,v{M:tl
exnihilo
exodus/R¾Ítpzm/ mtdbxu-v{M:tl-rnsh;
exonerate/R¾Ítplhux/ rl’tuo»t AtuzJwk
exorbitant yr;Cthu,Fato¤
exorcist/RøÍturMtoMx/ bujerJ¼t Wvtmf,CqJtu
exordium/RøÍtuhrzgb/v{M;tJlt
exoteric/RøÍtuxurhf/jtufCtuøg
exotic/RøÍturxf/Ct;ed¤,’uN rJ’uNlwk
expand/RfMvtLz/rJM;hK fhJwk
expansion/R¾MvtLÍl/rJM;hK

expatiate/yufMvprNyux/rJd;Jth fnuJwk
expatriate/yufMvprx[yux/’uNrlftj fhJtu
expect(ation)/ /
expect/R¾Mvu¾x/ytNt htFJe
expectant/R¾Mvu¾xLx/yvuûtt htF;wk
expedient/R¾MvurzyLx/zntvKCgwko,ylwfw¤
expedite/R¾MvuztRx/W;tJ¤:e fhJwk
expedition/R¾rMvzeNl/mtnmgtºtt
expeditious/R¾rMvzeNm/;tfe’lwk,Ízve
expel/R¾Mvuj/ftZe bqfJwk,nftjvxe fhJe
expend/R¾MvuLz/FaoJwk,JtvhJwk
expenditure/R¾MvurLzah/Fao
expensive/ /
expensive/R¾MvuLmeJ/btUDw,Fato¤
experience/ /
experience/R¾MvuyrhyLm/ylwCJ
experiment/ /
experiment/R¾MvurhbLx/v{gtud,yF;htu
expert/yu¾Mvxo/rl»Ktk;,rlvqK,;sT¿t
expertise/yu¾mvxeoÍ/;kºt¿ttl,fwN¤;t
expiate/yufrMvyuRx/v{tgrù; fhJwk
expire b]ðgw vtbJwk,vwYk :Jwk
explain away-Jwk
explain toexplain/ /
explain/R¾vjuRl/mbstJJwk,Fwjtmtu fhJtu
explanation/ /
expletive/R¾mÃjprxJ/ Nv:,;tuAze Ct»tt
explicable/R¾mrÃjfuçj/ mbstJe Nftg ;uJkw
explicit/R¾mrÃjrmx/ Mv»x,atuÏFwk
explode/ /
explode/R¾MÃjtpz/ætztftu-rJMVtux :Jtu
exploit/R¾mÃjtpRx/ Ntu»tK fhJwk,vhtÄb
exploitation/R¾mÃjtpxuNl/ Ntu»tK
exploration/R¾mÃjthpNl/ mkNtuætl
exploratory/R¾mÃjtphptxrh/mkNtuætlt:o
explore/R¾mÃjtpÍl/ Vhelu NtuætJwk
explosion/ /
explosion/R¾mÃjtpÍl/ ætztftu,rJMVtux
explosive/ /
explosive/R¾mÃjtprÍJ/ MVtuxf
export/ /
export/R¾mvtuxo/rlftm
expose/RfMtvtuWÍrJrÍx/ FwÕjwk fhJwk
expostulate rJhtuæt fhJtu
exposure v’toVtm,DxMVtux
expound/R¾mvtWLz/hswfhJkw,mrJM;h mbstJJwk
express(ion)/ /
express/R¾v{m
u /yrCÔgf; fhJwk
expressive yrCÔgrf;Jt¤wk
expropriate/yufMv{turv{yux/ AelJe juJwk
expulsion/RfMvÕÍl/ nftjvxe,vtKeawk
expunge/yufMvks/ ftZe ltFJwk
exquisite/yufMfrJrÍx/©{u»X,W•f]»X
extempore/RfMxuBvhe/NeD{ Jf;]ðJ
extend/RfMxuLz/jkctJJwk
extensive/RfMxurLmJ/mætl,Drl»x
extent/RfMxuLz/n’,mebt,rJM;th
extenuate/RfMxuLgwyux/dkCeh;t Dxtz;wk

By. Richin Patel

43

exterior/RfrMxhyh/cnthlwk
exterminate/RfMxrbolux/mkvqKo ltN fhJtu
external/RfMxloj/ctÌg,cnthlwk
externment/RfmxuLz/ n’vthe,;zevth
extinct/RfrMxkfx/jwÃ;,y’~g,ltbNu»t
extinction/RfrMxkfNl/ltN,ltcw’e
extinguish/RfMtTrxkrøJN/cqÍtJJwk,ytujJtJwk
extirpate/R¾Mxvuox/mkvqKo ltN fhJtu
extol/RfMxtuj/rch’tJJwk,dwKdtJt
extort/RfMxtpxo/ættf-ætbfe:e vztJJwk
extortion/RfMxtppNol/ ættf_ætbfe,c¤sche
extortionist/RfMxtpNorlx/ættf-ætbfe ytvlth
extra/ /
extra/yufMx[t/Jætthtlwk
extract/RfMx[p¾x/yfo,rlatuz ftZJtu
extradite/RfMx[pztRx/dwld
u thtule ytvju
extradition/RfMx[przNl/dwldthtu ytvju/v{ðgtvoK
extraordinary/RfMx[ptrzlrh/W•tb,ymtætthK
extravagant/RfMx[pJpdLx/WztW,Fato¤
extravaganza/RfMx[pJd
p LÍp/WztW,rJraºt J;ol
extreme(ly)/ /
extreme/R¾Mx[eb/ykr;b,n’ JxtJlthwk
extremist/R¾Mx[erbMx/ykr;bJt’e,Wd{Jt’e
extricate/R¾Mx[efux/Fuaelu cnth ftZJwk
extrinsic/R¾rMx[krmf/ctÌg
extrovert/R¾Mx[tuJxo/crnbwoFe
extrude/R¾Mx[qz/cnth FuaJwk-ætfujJwk
exuberance/RøÍchLm/WÕjtm
exuberant/RøÍchLx/WÕÕttmvqKo
exult/RøÍÕx/ytlk’ rJCtuh :Jwk
eye up -Jwk
eye(lid)/ /
eye/ytR/ytkF,stuJwk
eyeful/ytRVwj/ytfo»tf-ymtætthK-Ôgrf;
eyesore/ytRmtph/ytkFlwk fKwk,Fxflthwk
eyewash/ytRJtpN/ZtUd,Au;hrvkze
eye-witness/ytRrJxrlm/mtnu’,lshu stulth
fab/Vpçt/ftÕvrlf,ytùgoslf
Fabian/Vpceyl/mtJau;,Fk;ejwk
fable/Vucj/Wv’uNf:t,ctuætf:t
fabricate/Vprc{fux/haJwk,WvstJe ftZJwk
fabrication/Vprc{fuNl/blDzk; halt,
fabulous/Vpçgwjm/ftÕvrlf,ytùgofthf
façade/Vmt’/ytbwF,bwFzwk,bntuYk,Ct{bf ’uFtJ
face the music vrhKtb CtudJJwk
face up to-Jwk
face/ /
face/VpRm/anuhtu,mtbltu fhJtu,Cgbtk,lVxtR
face-lift mstJx fhJe,ytuv ytvJtu
facet/Vprmx/vnuj,ctswk
facetious/VmeNm/xeF¤,xtu¤
facia/Vpmeyt/btuxhlwk vtrxgwk(yk’h)
facial/Vpmeyj/anuhtlwk Wvath,btuZtlwk
facile/VpmtRj/mnujwk,mh¤
facilitate/VrmrjxuRx/mh¤ cltJJwk
facsimile/Vprfmrbrj/v{r;f]r;
fact(ual)/ /
fact/Vp¾x/nrff;
faction/Vp¾Nl/vût,sq:,xwfztu

factor/Vp¾xh/’jtj,fthK,vtmwk
factory/ /
factory/Vp¾xhe/fthFtlwk
factotum/Vp¾xtuxb/su ;u ftb fhlth ltufh
factual/Vp¾xgwyj/JtM;rJf,mtawk
faculty/Vp¾Õxe/NtFt,rJCtd,btlrmf Nrf;
fad/ /
fad/Vpz/DujAt,VuNl,j;
fade away-Jwk
fade in-Jwk
fade out-Jwk
fade/ /
fade/VuRz/ÍtkFw :Jwk,fhbtJwk,hkd Wze sJtu
faded/VpRrzz/ÍtkFwk,rlM;us
fag/Vpd/Jiu;Yk,rmdhux
fail(ure)/ /
fail/VpRj/rl»V¤ :Jwk,Wvuûtt fhJe
failure/VpRÕgtph/rl»V¤;t
fain/VpRl/htS-FwNe:e
faint/ /
faint/VpRj/ÍtkFw,bqrAo; :Jwk
fair(ly)/ /
fair/ /
fair/Vpyh/Lgtge,Ôgtsce,dtuhwk,bu¤tu
fait accompli/VpRxy¾tpBtrÃj/nrff; ytb cle
faith(ful)/ /
faith/VpR:/vk:,rJ¹Jtm,©æætt
fake/VpRf/lfje,ZtUd fhJtu
falcon/VtpÕfl/cts,Nfhtu
fall about-Jwk
fall away-Jwk
fall back on-Jwk
fall back-Jwk
fall behind-Jwk
fall down-Jwk
fall for-Jwk
fall in with/ /
fall in with-Jwk
fall off/ /
fall off-Jwk
fall on-Jwk
fall out with/ /
fall out-Jwk
fall over-Jwk
fall through/ /
fall through-Jwk
fall upon/ /
fall upon/Vtpj yvtul/ytJe vzJwk
fall/ /
fall/Vtpj/vtlFh,Dxtztu,vz;e,v;l,vzJwk
fallacious/Vtpjpr~gm/ C{tbf,Cqj Chujwk
fallacy/VptÕtprm/C{b,Ftuuxe btLg;t
false(hood)/ /
false/VtpÕm/fvxe,sqXwk,Ftuxwk,lfje
falsehood/VtpÕmnqz/fvx,sqXwktKwk
falter/VptÕxh/yaftJwk
fame/ /
fame/VuRb/rfr;o,Ïgt;e
familiar/ /

By. Richin Patel

44

familiar/Vrbjeyh/vrhra;,btrn;dth
family/ /
family/Vprbrj/fwxwkc,sw:
famine/Vpbel/’w»ft¤
famish/VprbN/CqFu bhJwk
famous/ /
fan/ /
fan/Vpl/vkFtu ltFJtu,atnf
fanaticism/VpLtprxrmÍb/ætbtOæt;t
fancy/ /
fancy/VprLm/fÕvlt,dbe sJwk,C{trL;
fanfare
fanfare/VplVuyh/ætqbættb,ntu-nt
fang/ /
fangs/VpLdÍ/Íuhe ’tk;(mtkv)
fantasise/VpLxMttRÍ/fÕvltbtk htaJwk
fantastic/VpLxprMxf/ysc dsc,y’TCq;
fantasy/VpLxrm/fÕvlt,r’JtMJÃl
far/ /
far/Vth/’qh
farcical/VtrMfoj/ntMgtMv’
fare/ /
fare/Vpyh/Ctzwk,ajtJJkw,’uFtJ fhJtu
far-fetched yr; fÕvltmCh
farm out-Jwk
farm(er/ /
farm/Vtbo/Fu;h,FuzJwk
farther/Vtætoh/ytd¤,’qh(yk;h)
farthing/Vtrætokd/ftuze,’bze
fascinate/VprMtlux/bturn;-bkºtbwøæt fhJwk
fascinating/ /
fascination/VprMtluNl/bturnle,
fascist/VprmMx/mhbwFðgth
fashion(able)/ /
fashion/VpNl/Zc,he;,ajK
fast(en)/ /
fast/VtMx/WvJtm,Ízve,vt¾fw(hkd)
fasten/Vtml/ctkætJwk
fastidious yr;ytd{ne
fastner/VtMtlh/
fat/ /
fat/Vpx/ahce,Ítzwk
fatal/ /
fatal/VuRxj/Dt;f,dbÏJth
fatalist/VpxrjMx/v{thçætJt’e
fatality/Vpxprjrx/FwJth
fate/ /
fate/VuRx/Ctøg,rJætt;t
fateful/VuRxVTj/Dt;f,fblmec
father(ly)/ /
father/Vtæth/rv;t,rv;t clJwk
fathom/Vpætb/³ztK,;td juJtu
fatigue/Vrxd/:tf
fatigues/VrxøÍ/ftb,j~fhe dKJuN
fatuous/Vuègwym/
faucet/Vutmux/l¤
fault(y)/ /
fault/VtpÕx/Ftuxftu,Ftbe
faulty/VtpÕxe/FtbeJt¤wk

fauna/VtuWlt/v{tKeytu
faux pas/Vtuvt/yrJathe f]ðg-Cqj
favour(able)/ /
favour/VuRJh/vûtvt;,bnuhctle
favourable/VuRJhuçj/mtlwfq¤
favourite/ /
fawn/Vtpl/nhKlkw cåawk
fear/ /
fear/Veyh/zh,Cg,’nuN; ntuJe
fearful/ /
feasible/VerÍçj/N¾g,ÔgJnthwk
feast/ /
feast/VeMx/rbsctle,sTgtV;
feat/Vex/vhtÄb,rmrÎæt
feather/ /
feather/Vuæth/v´Aw
feature/ /
feature/Veah/jûtK,bwÏg-juF,ctc;
feckless
fecund/Vu¾Lz/V¤÷wv
fecundity/Vu¾rLzxe/
feeble/Veçj/lc¤wk,yN¾;
feed in -Jwk
feed up-Jwk
feed/ /
feed/Vez/FJztJJwk
feel up to-Jwk
feel up-Jwk
feel/ /
feel/Vej/jtdJwk,ylwCJJwk
fees/ /
fees/Vem/bnul;tKwk
feet/ /
feet/Vex/vd (c.J.)
feign/VuEl/ZtUd fhJtu
feint/VuELx/Vxftu
felicitate/Vrujmexux/yrClk’l ytvJt
felicitation/VurjrmxuNl/yrClk’l
felicity/Vurjrmrx/vhbmwF
feline/Vurjl/rcjtze lu jd;wk
fell/Vuj/Ítz ftvJwk,fall (Cq.ft)
fellow/ /
felony/Vujrl/yr; dkCeh dwltu-rnkmt
female/ /
female/rVbuRj/Mºte,lthest;e
feminine/VurbltRl/lthe mns,Mºtestr;
feminism/VurbrlÍb/Mºteytult n¾ftu-MJt;kºt;t
feminist/VurbrlMx/Mºteytule lu;t
fence/ /
fence/VuLm/Jtz,;jJthctS
ferment/VhbLx/yt:tu clJtu
ferocious/VhturNym/rJfht¤,Äqh
ferret out/Vuhux ytWx/Dze ftZJwk
ferry/Vurh/Vuhtk-ytJ st fhJe
fertile/VxtoRj/V¤÷wv
fertilise/VrxojtRÍ/V¤÷wv cltJJwk
fervent/VJoLx/WðMttne,jtdKe mCh
fervid/VrJoz/yt;wh
fervour/VJoh/n»ttuoÕjtm

By. Richin Patel

45

festival/ /
festival/VurMxJj/WðmJ,WstKe
festivity/VuMxerJxe/WðmJ,WsJKe
fetch up-Jwk
fetch/ /
fetch/Vua/sR lu jtJJwk
fete/ /
fete/VuRx/bu¤tJztu,ytlk’bu¤tu
fetid/Vurxzx/dkætt;wk
fetish/VurxN/y;trfof rmæættk;
feud/VTgwz/fju»t,ÍDztu
feudal/VTgwzj/stdeh mkckæte
fever/ /
fever/VeJh/;tJ,WLbt’
feverish/VeJrhN/btk’jwk,rV¾fwk
few/ /
few/VTgw/yufug lkrn
fiancée/VeypLme/Jtø’;t,bkdu;h
fiasco/VeytMftu/hftm,ætczftu,mtJ rl»V¤;t
fiat/Vtgx/nwfb,V;Jtu
fib/rVc/swXtKwk
fibrous/VtRchm/humtJt¤kw
fickle/rVfj/lc¤w,k aka¤
fictional/rVfNlj/fÕvltlwk
fictitious/rVfrxNm/ftÕvrlf
fiddle about/around-Jwk
fiddle/rVzj/Au;hJwk,mthkde JdtzJe
fidelity/VtRzurjrx/JVt’the
fidgety/rVsurx/cuail
field/ /
field/rVÕz/Fu;h,bu’tl,ûtuºt,bu’tlbtk W;thJwk
fiend/rVyLz/Nu;tl
fierce/ /
fierce/rVymo/ftr;j,Äqh,Ce»tK,Wd{
fiesta/rVyuMxt/W•mJ
fifth/ /
fifth/rVVT:/vtkabw
fig/ /
fight back-Jwk
fight down-Jwk
fight off-Jwk
fight on-Jwk
fight out-Jwk
fight withfight/ /
fight/VtRx/jztR,bthtbthe
figment/rVdbLx/ftÕvrlf Ntuæt
figurative/rVdhrxJ/v{r;ftðbf,yjkftrhf
figure on-Jwk
figure out-Jwk
figure/ /
figure/rVdh/abfJwk,mkÏgt,ytfth,raºt Ôgrf;,
filch/rVÕa/atuhe-WXtk;he fhJe
file/ /
file/VtRj/ftlm,f;th,VtRj
filial/rVrjyj/vwºt fu vwºte btxule jtdKe
filibuster/rVrjcMxh/lz;h WCwk fhlth
fill in/ /
fill in-Jwk

fill out-Jwk
fill up-Jwk
fill/ /
fill/rVj/ChJwk
fillip/rVrÕtv/v{uhKt,avxe,xftuhtu
film/ /
film/rVÕb/ytJhK,vz
filter out-Jwk
filter/ /
filter/rVÕxh/dt¤Jwk,d¤Ke
filth(y)/ /
filth/rVÕ:/dk’fe,fahtu
filthy/rVÕæte/dkætthwk,y¹jej,bujwk
final(ly)/ /
final/VtRlj/ykr;b
finale/rVltje/vqKtonwr;
finalise/VtRljtRÍ/ykr;bYv ytvJwk
finance/ /
finance/VtRltLm/ltKwk
financial/ /
financial/VtRltrLmyj/ltKtkfeg
find out/ /
find out-Jwk
find/ /
find/VtRLz/NtuætJwk,jtdJw
fine/ /
fine/VtRl/mwk’h,bstlwk,ÍeKwk,’kz
finery/VtRlrh/NKdth,rN»x;t
finesse/rVlum/Axt,fwN¤;t
finger crossed
finger/ /
finger/rVkdh/ytkd¤e
finicky/rVrlrf/atu¾fmtRJt¤wk
finish off-Jwk
finish up-Jwk
finish/ /
finish/rVrlN/vqÁk fhJwk
finite/VtRltRx/bgtor’;,rlrù;
fire away-Jwk
fire/ /
fire/Vtgh/ytd,dtu¤ecth,ftZe bwfJwk
fireplace/ /
firm/ /
firm/Vbo/b¾fb,yzd,vuZe
firmament/VbtobLx/ytftN
firmly/Vborj/b¾fb;t:e
first/ /
first/VMxo/vnujtu,v{:b
fiscal/rVMtfj/ltKtkfeg
fish out-Jwk
fish up-Jwk
fish(erman)/ /
fish/rVN/btAje,baAebthe fhJe
fissile/rVMttRj/rJCtslûtb yKw
fission/rVÍl/yKwkcesf
fissure
fist/ /
fist/rVMx/bqXe
fistful/rVMxVwj/bqêeCh

By. Richin Patel

46

fisticuff/rVrMxfV/
fit in -Jwk
fit/ /
fit/rVx/gtuøg,ytkafe-;tK
fitness/rVxlum/gtuøg;t,mûtb;t
five/ /
five/VtRJ/vtka
fix on -Jwk
fix up-Jwk
fix/ /
fix/rV¾m/mbw fhJwk,dtuXJJwk,lffe fhJwk
fizzle out-Jwk
fizzle/rVÍÕt/rmmfthJwk,mhwmwrhgkw :Jwk
flab/VTÕtpc/btuxwk vux,ahce lt :h
flabbergasted/VTÕtpchDtMxuz/bqkÍtR dgujwk
flaccid/Vjufrmz/Zejwk,lc¤wk
flag down-Jwk
flag/ /
flagitious
flagrant/VTÕtpøhLx/Nhbslf
flair/ /
flair/Vjph/Axt,Ftm ytJz;
flak/ /
flak/VTÕtpf/mF; xeft,;tuvbthtu
flake out-Jwk
flake/ /
flake/VjuRf/
flamboyant/VjpbcptgLx/Cvft’th
flame/ /
flame/Vjub/ydlsJt¤t,v{sJT rj; fhJwk
flammable/VjuRbpçj/m¤de WXu ;uJwk
flank/VjpLf/vzFkt,ctswk vhlwk
flap/ /
flap/Vjuv/Íwj;wk
flare up/ /
flare up/Vjphyv/Vtxe lef¤Jwk(nwÕjz-;tuVtl)
flare/ /
flare/Vjph/;tuVtlle NYyt;
flash/ /
flash/VjpN/abfthtu,Ícfthtu
flash-back/VjpNcpf/vùt’ Cqbeft
flash-point/VjpvptkEx/vùt’ Cqbeft
flask/ /
flask/VjtMf/
flat(ten)/ /
flat/Vjpx/mvtx,cnwbt¤e hnuXtK
flatten/Vjpxl/mb;¤ cltJJwk
flatter/Vjpxh/FwNtb; fhJe
flaunt/VjtpLx/’uFtzJwk,v{’rNo; fhJwk
flavour/VjpJh/MJt’, Fw
flawless/Vjtpjum/Nwææt,Ftbe hrn;
flay/VjpR/mF; xeftfhJe,ÍtxfJwk
flea/ /
flea/Vje/atkaz
fleck/VTjuf/ztD
fled/Vjuz/ltme dgw flee Cq.ft
fledgling/Vjpsrjkd/rNFtW,rclylwCJe
flee/ /
flee/VTje/ltme sJwk

fleece/Vjem/Wl-W;thJwk,Ntu»tK fhJwk
fleet/ /
fleet/Vjex/ftVjtu(Jtnl,ltift)
flesh/ /
flesh/VjuN/btlJ btkm
flew/VTÕgw/WzTgwk fly Cw.ft.
flexible/VjurfMçj/rM:r;M:tvf
fliberti-gibbet/Vrjçtrxorscux/Jt;turzgwk,ctrjN
flick/Vrjf/xtvje bthJe
flicker/Vrjfh/xbxbJwk
flight/ /
flight/VjtRx/Wztl
flimsy/VrjBÍe/lSJwk,lc¤wk
fling/ /
fling/Vrjkd/VufJwk,btus,bM;e,Vkdtu¤Jwk
flip over-Jwk
flip/Vrjv/xvje bthJe
flip-flop/VrjvVjtuv/veAunX fhJe
flippant/Vrjvkx/Atufhb;,WAtkkA¤wk
flirt/Vjxo/jVhwk fhJwk
flirtion/VjxouNl/v{ublwk jVhwk
float(a)round-Jwk
float/ /
float/Vjtux/;hJwk,;h;wk bqfJwk
flock/ /
flock/Vjtpf/xtu¤u b¤Jwk
flog/Vjptd/VxfthJwk
flood in-Jwk
flood out-Jwk
flood/ /
flood/VÕz/vqh,v{jg,ættuæt
floor/ /
floor/Vjtph/CtU;r¤gwk,vAtzJwk
flop/Vjtpv/hftm,rl»V¤;t
flora & fauna JLgm]r»x
flounder/VjtWLzh/;hVzJwk
flour/ /
flour/VjtJh/jtux
flourish/VjrhN/Axt,VtjJwk
flout/VjtWx/;hAtuzJwk,ylt’h fhJtu
flow/ /
flow/VTjtu/JnuJwk,v{Jtn
flower/ /
flower/VTjtJh/Vqj,Jmk; ytJJe
fluctuate/VTj¾ågwyux/azW;h :Je
flue/ /
flue/VTjq/
fluent/ /
fluent/VTjyLxq/v{Jtne,yMFrj;
fluid/ /
fluid/VTÕgwz/v{Jtne
fluke/ /
fluke/VÕgqf/lmecltu ;w¾ftu,Fuj,yêudêu
flummox/Vjbtufût/bqkÍJJwk,M;çæt fhJwk
flunk/VjLf/rl»V¤-ltvtm fhJwk
flunky/VjLfe/FwNtb;egwk,’hJtl
flurry/VÕhe/F¤C¤tx,mvtxtu,W~fuhtx
flush/ /
flush/VTÕN/mVtgtu fhJtu,nwfb(v•ttk)

By. Richin Patel

47

fluster/VjMxh/bqkÍtJwk
flute/ /
flute/VTÕgqx/Jtkm¤e
flutter/VTjxh/vtkFtu VVztJJe,dChtx
flux/VTjfût/
fly in-Jwk
fly off-Jwk
fly out-Jwk
fly past-Jwk
fly/ /
fly/VTjtg/WzJwk,btFe
foam/ /
foam/Vtub/vhvtuxt,VeK
fob/Vtuc/Au;hJwk
focus/Vtufm/fuL÷,fuL÷e; fhJwk
fodder/Vtpzh/Dtmathtu,bmtjtu
foe/Vtp/’w~bl,nheV,v{r;Mvæteo
foetus/Vexm/dCo
fog/ /
fog/Vtpd/ætqBbm
foggy/Vtpde/ætqkæt¤wk,ætqBbmJt¤wk
foible/VtpRçj/
foil/VtpRj/ytJhK,JhF,Ôg:o cltJJwk
foist/VtpRMx/Ftuxe JM;w væthtJe ’uJe
fold away-Jwk
fold/ /
fold/VtuÕz/vz-dze Jt¤Je
folk/ /
folk/Vtuf/jtuftu,jtuf mkckæte
follow on-Jwk
follow out-Jwk
follow through-Jwk
follow up-Jwk
follow/ /
follow/Vtpjtu/ylwmhJwk,mbsJwk
folly/Vtprj/bwFtoR
foment/ /
foment/VtubuLx/W~fuhJwk,Wd{ cltJJwk
fomenting/VtuburLxd/c¤;wk,m¤d;wk
fond of/VtuLz ytuV/NtuF ntuJtu
fond/ /
fondle/VtuLzj/jtz jztJJt
font/VtuLx/yûth ltu v{fth,vÚ:hle fqkze
food/ /
food/Vwz/Ftuhtf
fool around-Jwk
fool(ish)/ /
fool/Vwj/bwFo
foolhardy/Vwjntrzo/bntbwFo
foolish/VqrjN/bwFotRCgwo
foolproof/Vqjvq{V/msTsz
foolscap/VqjMfuv/ftd¤lwk btv
foot(ball)/ /
foot/Vwx/vd,aqfJJwk
footage/Vwxus/v{rmææte
footstep/ /
foppish/VturvN/AujAcejtu,JhKtdegwk
for/ /
for/Vtuh/btxu,lt nu;w :e

forage
foray/Vtuhu/ytÄbK,aztR
forbear/Vtuhceyh/ætehs htFJe
forbid/ /
forbid/Vhrcz/bltR fhJe
forbidden/Vhrczl/v{r;ckæte;
force/ /
force/Vtumo/Nrf;,;tft;,’¤
forcible/Vturmoçj/’ctKgw¾;,bscw;
ford/Vtuzo/ytuJthtu,l’ebtk AeAhe søgt
forecast/ /
forecast/VtuhftMx/J;tohtu,ytdtne
forefather/VtuhVtæth/JzJt,vqJos
forefront/VtuhV{Lx/yd{eb btuhau
forehead/ /
forehead/Vtuhez/fvt¤
foreign(er)/ /
foreign/Vtuhul/rJ’uNe
foremost/VtuhbtuMx/v{:b nhtu¤lwk
forensic/VtuhurLmf/dwltn-;vtm rJ¿ttl
forerunner/Vtuh hlh/yrd{b,v{:b nhtu¤
foresee/Vtuhme/ytd¤ ’uFtJwk
foresight/VtuhmtRx/r’Do’r»x
forest/ /
forest/VturhMx/skdj
foretell/Vtuhxuj/ydbau;e fhJe
foreword/VtuhJzo/v{M;tJlt
forex(foreign exchange)rJ’uNe bw÷t
forfeit/VtuhVex/sÃ; fhJwk
forge/ /
forge/Vtuso/xevJwk,ytd¤ JætJwkauztfhJtk
forgery/Vtusorh/Au;hrvkze
forget/ /
forget/Vhdux/Cqje sJwk
forgive/ /
forgive/VhrdJ/btV fhJkw
forgo/Vtuhdtu/s;kw fhJwk
fork out/Vtpfo ytWx/
fork/ /
fork/Vtufo/ftkxt
forlorn/Vtpjtoul/’gtslf,rlhtætth
form/ /
form/Vtubo/haJwk,DzJwk,MJYv
formal/ /
formal/Vtuhbj/ytivatrhf
formation/VtuhbpNl/mkhalt,MJYv
former(ly)/ /
former/Vtpboh/Cq;vwJo
formidable/Vturbozpçj/stuhtJh,zhtbKwk
formula/VtuBgowjt/he;,
formulate/ /
formulate/VtuBgoj
w uRx/Dze ftZJwk
forray/Vtuhu/
forsaken/Vmuofl/ðgstgujwk,;hAtuztgujwk
fort/ /
fort/Vtuxo/rfÕjtu
forte/Vtuxou/rJNu»t ytJz;
forth/Vtu:o/atu:wk
forthcoming/Vtu:ofrbkd/ytdtbe/:lth/cllth

By. Richin Patel

48

forthright/Vtu:ohtRx/mh¤,rlFtjm
fortified/VturxoVtRz/rfÕjuckæt,hrût;
fortitude/Vturxoxgwz/mkfx,ætugo
fortnight/ /
fortress/Vturxo[m/rfÕjtu
fortuitous/VtuxgwR
o xm/ytfrMbf
fortunate/ /
fortunate/Vtuågol
w ux/lmec’th
fortune/ /
fortune/Vtuågowl/Ctøg,rfMb;
forum/Vtuhb/mkM:t
forward/ /
forward/VtuhJzo/ytd¤,ytd¤lwk
fossil/Vturmj/yr~b,yJNu»ttu
foster/VtuMxh/WAuhJwk,vtjl fhJwk
fought/Vtux/jzgt,ÍDzTgt
foul/ /
foul/VtWj/fvxe,C{»x,duhftg’umh
found/ /
founder/VtWLzh/M:tvf,Ntuætf
fountain/ /
fountain/VtWrLxl/VwJthtu
four(th)/ /
four/Vtuh/ath
four–letter word
four-line/Vtuh/athbtdeog
fourth/Vtu:o/atu:wk
fowl/ /
fowl/VtWj/
fox/ /
fox/Vtu¾m/rNgt¤
foyer
fracas/V{uft/Ídztu,;tuVtl
fragile/V{{stRj/ltswf,lc¤wk
fragment/V{d
u BtLx/xwfztu
fragrance/ /
fragrance/V{udhLm/mwdkæt
fragrant/V{udhLx/mwdkæte
frail/ /
frail/V{uRj/ltswf,;fjt’e
frame/ /
frame/V{uRb/DzJwk,bt¤Fwk,ctkættu
franchise/V{uLatRÍ/b;trætfth
frank(ly)/ /
frank/V{pLf/rlFtjm
frantic/V{prLxf/cuctf¤wk
fraternal/V{uxhlj/CtRathtlwk
fraternity/V{uxhrlrx/CtRathtu
fraud/V{tpz/Au;hrvkze
fraught/V{tux/rak;t,rlhtNtbg
fray/V{u/jztR,skd,bu’tl (aqkxKe)
freak out-Jwk
freak/ /
freak/V{ef/;hkd,;tuuh,rJraºt;t
free/V{e/bwf;,lJhw,k bV;
freed(om)/ /
freelance bw¾;/Awxf he;u ftb fhlth
free-loader/V{ejtuzh/vthft vimu btus fhlth
freeze/ /

freeze/V{eÍ/M:rd;,:eS sJwk,:estJJwk
freight/ /
freight/V{tRx/btjJnl Ctzwk
frenetic stuh’th,Ílqle,cuftcq
frenzied/V{prLÍz/
frenzy/V{prLÍ/ WLbt’,Ílql
frequent/ /
frequent/V{e¾JLx/JthkJthlwk
fresco/V{uMftu/C´;rNÕv
fresh/ /
fresh/V{uN/;tswk,lJwk
fret over/V{uxytuJh/ætwJtk vwJk t :Jwk
fret/V{ux/
fretful/V{uxVwj/rhmt¤,aerzgwk
friars
friend(ly)/ /
friend/V{uLz/rbºt,mt:e
frieze/V{eÍ/raºtvxtu
fright(en)/ /
fright/V{tRx/zh,Cg
frighten away-Jwk
frighten/V{tgxl/ceJztJJwk,ættf cumtzJe
frigid/rV{Sz/lehm,bk’
fringe/rV{Ls/Ítjh,rflth,ytlwmkrdf
frisky/rV{Mfe/btuSjwk
frisson/rV{Mtl/Wrbo ytJuN
frivolous/rV{Jtujm/WAtkA¤wk,Atufhb•t
frog/ /
frog/V{tud/’uzftu
from/ /
from/V{utb/:e
front/ /
front/V{Lx/ytd¤
frontiers/V{Lxeymo/mebtytu
frost/ /
frost/V{tuMx/Ítf¤
froth/V{tu:/VeK
frown on-Jwk
frown/ /
frown/V{tWl/CJtk aztJJtk
frozen/V{tpÍl/:estJujwk
fructify/V{[w¾rxVtg/V¤ ytJJtk
frugal/V{w[dj/fhfmrhgwk
fruit/ /
fruit/V{wx/V¤
fruitful/V{wxVwj/V¤’tge
frustrate/V{Mx[uRx/rlhtN fhJkw
frustration/V{Mx[uNl/rlhtNt
fry/ /
fry/V{tg/;¤Jwk
fudge/Vs/
fuel/ /
fuel/VgwTj/c¤;K
fugitive/VgwSxeJ/ltm;wk Vh;wk,Ctduzwk
fugue/Vgwd/mkde; halt
fulcrum/VwjÄb/xuftu,ytjkc
fulfil/ /
full swing/VwjrMJkd/vwhstumbtk
full(y)/ /

By. Richin Patel

49

full/Vwj/mkvqKo,Chujwk,ytFwk
full-fledged vqKofûttlwk,mkvqKo
fulsome/Vwjmb/yr;Ng,Jætw vz;wk
fumble/VBçj/VtkVt bthJtk,:tu:JtJwk
fumigate/Vgwrbdux/Nwî fhJwk
fuming/Vgwrbkd/ætqkJt VqkJt
fun(ny)/ /
fun/Vl/bstf,btus
functionary/VkfNlrh/fboathe,yrætfthe
fund/ /
fundamental/VLztbuLxj/vtgtlwk bq¤Cq;
fundamentalist/VLztbuLxrjMx/fxh-YrZJt’e
funds/Vkz/Vt¤tu,ltKwk
funeral/ /
funeral/VgwTlhTj/ykr;brJræt-rÄgt
fungi/VwrLd/Vqd (c.J.)
fungus Vqd(yu.J.)
funky/VrLf/mh¤,v{akz,VpNluçj
funnel/Vlj/d¤Ke,lt¤awk
funny/Vrl/rJraºt,hbwS,rJltu’e
fur/ /
fur/Vh/ÁkJtxe,humt
furious/Vgqrhym/ætqkJtVqkJt
furl/Vjo/mkfujJw
furnish/ /
furnish/VrloN/mstJJwk,vqhwk vtzJwk,ytvJwk
furniture/ /
furniture/Vleoah/htahaejwk
furore/Vgtuhtuhe/ætktætj,nkdtbtu
furrow/Vhtu/atm(Fu;h)
further/ /
further/Vhæth/ytd¤-JætthJwk
furtherance/VhæthLm/v{d;e,v{tuðmtnl
furtive/VrxoJ/AtlwkAvlwk
fury/Vgwhe/ftuv,htu»t
fuse/ /
fuse/VgwTÍ/Jtx,ytud¤Jwk,stbdhe,mwhkd
fuselage/VgwTÍjtÍ/rJbtllwk Ckzrfgwk
fusillade/VgwrÍjuz/m;; ;tuvbthtu-dtu¤ecth
fusion/VgwTÍl/yufefhK,rbjl,stuztK
fuss(y)/ /
fuss/VTm/jÃvl AÃvl,raftm
fussy/VTrm/jrvgwk,aefKwk
fustian/VrMxyl/ytzkche Ct»tt,yuf ftvz
futile/VTgwxtRj/Ôg:o,rlh:of,lftbwk
futility/VTgwrxrjrx/Ôg:o;t,rlh:of;t
future/ /
future/VTgwah/CrJ»g
futuristic/VTgwarhrMxf/CrJ»gjûte
fuzz/VÍ/VeK,ÍeKt fK,vturjmbpl
fuzzy/VrÍ/ÍtkFwk,Vqjtgujwk,ætqkæt¤wk
ga ga
gabble/dpçtj/ccztx-jJthtu fhJtu
gad about/dpz yctWx/CxfJwk,hFzJw
gadgetory
gaffe/dpV/Achztu,jtuatu bthJtu
gag/dpd/xwkvtu,dwkd¤tJJwk
gage/ /
gage/dus/

gaily
gain on -Jwk
gain/ /
gain/duRl/jtC,v{tÃ; fhJwk,bu¤JJwk,jtC
gainsay/duRlmu/hr’gtu ytvJtu
gait/ /
gait/duRx/atjJtle he;
gaity/duRrx/ytlk’,btus
gala/dtjt/CÔg
gale/duRj/JtJtÍtuzwk
gall/dtpj/lthts fhJwk
gallant/dpjpLx/Ntl’th,cnt’wh,R~fcts
gallantry/dpjpLx[e/Jeh;t,Ntigo
gallop/dpjv/Ajtkd bthJe,Dtuztle atj
gallows/dpjptÍ/Vtkme ltu btkaztu
galore/dpjtuh/bcjf,rJvwj,v{aqh
galvanise/dpÕJultRÍ/v{uhJwk,std]; fhJwk
gambit/dprBcx/gwrf;,atj
gamble/ /
gamble/duBcj/swdth
gambol/ /
gambol/duBctuj/duj fhJe
game/ /
game/duRb/hb;,atj
gamin
gammy
gamut/dpbx/ytFe halt
gang/ /
gang/dpd
k /xtu¤fe
gangster/dpkdMxh/dwkztu
gap/ /
gap/dpv/Ftje søgt,yJftN
gape at
gape/ /
gape/duRv/JftmJwk,cdtmkw
garage/ /
garage/duhts/
garb/dtco/JMºttu
garbage/dtcous/fahtu
garden/ /
garden/dtzol/cdeatu
gargantuan/dtduoLxwytl/rJhtx,f’tJh
gargle (gurgle) ftud¤tk fhJt
garish/dprhNo/Cvft’th,XMmtJt¤wk
garment/ /
garrison/dprhml/j~fhe ’¤ (rfÕjtu)
garrulous/dphwjm/Jt;turzgwk
gas/ /
gas/dpm/cztR,dÃvtk bthJt,Jtgw
gashed/dp~z/fvtgujwk-Dt :gujwk
gasp/ /
gasp/dpMv/ntkVJwk
gate/ /
gate/duRx/’hJtstu
gather/ /
gather/dpæth/yufXt :Jwk-fhJwk
gauche/dtpN/fZkdwk
gaudy/dtprz/Cvft’th,abfejwk
gauge/ /

By. Richin Patel

50

gauge/duRs/btv-;td juJtu
gauntlet/dtpLxjux/jtuFkzltu vtUatu
gauze
gave/duRJ/ytÃgwk give Cq.ft.
gavel/duRJj/nhtS fhlth,LgtgæteNle n:tuze
gawky/dtprf/cuztu¤,mkftuaNej
gay/ /
gay/dug/btuSjwk,mbrjkde vwY»t
gaze/ /
gaze/duRÍ/;tfelu stuJwk
gazebo/duÍuctu/mwk’h ’T~g M:tl
gazette/duÍux/mhfthe bwFvºt
gazump/duÍBv/Au;hJwk
gear up/deyh yv/msTs :Jwk,;igth :Jwk
gear/ /
gear/degh/’tk;t-aÄ
geisha/duRNt/l]ðg bltuhksl fhlth Mºte
gems/suBm/hðltu
gender/suLzh/j´d,st;e
general(ly)/ /
general/sulhj/mtbtLg,mhmultv;e
generate/slhux/W•vt’l fhJwk
generation/slhuNl/vuZe,W•vt’l
generic/slrhf/v{fth fu Jdo lwk
generous/ /
generous/sulhm/W’th
genesis/rslurmm/Wðvr;,bq¤
genetic/rslurxf/ytlwJkrNf
genial/rsrlyj/mtiBg
genius/rsrlym/bntv{r;CtNt¤e
genocide/rsltumtRz/str; mknth,lhmknth
genteel/surLxj/’kCe he;Ct;
gentle(man)/ /
gentle/suLxj/lb{,rJlge
gently/ /
gently/suLxje/n¤Ju:e,lb{;t:e
gentry/suLx[e/C÷ jtuftu
genuflect/suLgwVju¾x/DwkxrKgu vzJwk
genuine/suLgwRl/ymje,mtawk
genus/Slm/Jdo,str;
geographical/Sytud{trVfj/Ctidtturjf
geology/SytujS/CqM;hNtMºt
germane/sbuoRl/v{M;w;,mkckræt;
germinate/srbplux/ykfwh VqxJtk
gerrymander/suhebuLzh/bqFo cltJJwk,Au;hJwk
gestation/suMxuNl/dCotJM:t
gesticulate/suMxefgwjuRx/ntJ CtJ mt:u
gesture/suMah/RNthtu,mkfu;
get about-Jwk
get across/ /
get across-Jwk
get along/ /
get along//ytd¤ ajtJJwk
get along-Jwk
get around-Jwk
get at-Jwk
get away with/ /
get away with-Jwk
get away-Jwk

get back at-Jwk
get back to-Jwk
get back-Jwk
get behind-Jwk
get by/ /
get by-Jwk
get down to/ /
get down to-Jwk
get down/ /
get down-Jwk
get in on-Jwk
get in with-Jwk
get in-Jwk
get into-Jwk
get off with -Jwk
get off/ /
get off-Jwk
get on for-Jwk
get on with-Jwk
get on/ /
get on/ofget on-Jwk
get onto-Jwk
get out ofget out of-Jwk
get out-Jwk
get over with-Jwk
get over-Jwk
get round to-Jwk
get round-Jwk
get through-Jwk
get together-Jwk
get to-Jwk
get tough/dux xV/mF;tR-fzftR fhJe
get up-Jwk
get upto-Jwk
get/ /
get/dux/bu¤JJwk
gew gaw/rddtp/;fjt’e
geyser/duRÍh/dhb vtKeltu Íhtu
ghastly/DtMxje/Cgtlf
ghetto/Duxtu/atixtu-atuhtu
ghost/ /
ghost/DtuMx/Cw;-vrj;
ghostly/DtuMxrj/Cq;v{u;ltu ytCtm
giant/ /
giant/stgLx/htûtm,rJhtx
gibberish/ScrhN/cfJtm,jJthtu
giddy/rdrz/a¾fh-Vuh ytJu ;uJwk
gift/ /
gift/rdVTx/Cux-ytvJe
gigantic/stgdprLxf/rJhtx,bntftg
giggle/rddj/ntnt-nene ntMg
gilt/rdÕx/mtulu bZJwk
gimcrack/rdbÄpf/;fjt’e
gimmick/rdrbf/gwrf;,atj,d;kfzw
gimmicky/rdrbrf/atjtfe Jt¤wk
gin/ /
gin/rsl/ahFtu,yuf Nhtc

By. Richin Patel

51

gingerly/rsLsrjo/mtJau;e vqJof
girl/ /
girl/d&jo/Atufhe
gist/SMx/mthtkN,xqkfmth,yfo
give away/ /
give away-Jwk
give in/ /
give in/rdJRl/lb;wk stuFJwk
give off/ /
give off-Jwk
give onto -Jwk
give out/ /
give out-Jwk
give over-Jwk
give up/ /
give up/rdJyv/Atuze ’uJwk,ðgtdJwk
give up-Jwk
give upon-Jwk
give way-Jwk
give/ /
give/rdJ/ytvJwk
given/rdJl/ytvujwk
glad/ /
glad/øjpz/FwN,htS
gladden/øjpzl/FwN fhJwk
glamorous/øjpbhm/btunf,CÔg
glamour/øjpbh/btunf;t,abf-’bf
glance/ /
glance/øjpLm/Íjf,’Tr»xvt;,lsh fhJe
glare/ /
glare/øjpyh/a¤ftx,abf,;usMJe;t
glaring/øjpyrhkd/a¤f;wk,ͤn¤;wk
glasnost/øjpMltuMx/bw¾; ÔgJnth
glass/ /
glass/øjtm/fta,Ãgtjtu
glaze/øjuRÍ/abf
glazed/øjuRÍz/afarf;
gleam/ /
gleam/øjeb/v{ftNlwk rfhK,abf
glee/øje/ytlk’,nhF
glib-talker/røjcxtpfh/JtatfwN¤,Jtfat;wgo Jt¤wk
glide/ /
glide/øjtRz/mhfJwk,jvmJwk
glimmer/røjBth/abf,abfJwk
glimpse/ /
glimpse/røjBÃm/Íjf,ÍtkFe
glint/røjLx/abf
glitch/røja/Ftuxftu
glitter/røjxh/a¤ftx,abfJwk
glitzy/røjxrÍ/Cvft’th,Ntl’th
gloat/øjtux/ftbwf-jtuCe ’]r»x :e stuJwk
global/øjtuçj/Jir¹Jf
globe/ /
globe/dÕtutc/dtu¤tu,’wrlgt
gloomy/øjqrb/ykætfthbg,ætqkæt¤wk,n;tN
glorify/ /
glorify/øjturhVtg/brnbt-CÔg;t JætthJe
glorious/øjturhym/CÔg,rfr;obtl
gloss over AwvtJJwk,xt¤Jwk

glossary/øjtumhe/rJrN»x Nç’tu
glossy/øjturÍ/jemwk-abf’th
glotto/øjtuxtu/Ct»tt
glove/ /
glove/øjJ/nt:lwk btuswk
glow/ /
glow/djtuW/abfJwk,abf
glue/ /
glue/øjq/dwk’h,atuxe sJwk
glum/ /
glum/øjb/W’tm,dbdel
glut/øjx/AjtuAj,Chvqh
glutton/øjxl/FtWæthwk
gnash/lpN/’tk; fafatJJt
gnat/lpx/bhAh
gnaw/ /
gnaw/øltu/ftuhe FtJwk,rhctJJwk
gnome/ltub/Fstlthûtf Cw;
go - ga ga
go about-Jwk
go after-Jwk
go ahead-Jwk
go along-Jwk
go astray yJ¤tbtduo J¤Jwk
go at-Jwk
go back on-Jwk
go back-Jwk
go bad/ /
go by-Jwk
go down with/ /
go down-Jwk
go for//JuatJwk,le vmk’de fhJe
go in for/ /
go in for-Jwk
go into-Jwk
go off/ /
go off-Jwk
go on atjw htFJwk
go out-Jwk
go over-Jwk
go round/ /
go round-Jwk
go through with-Jwk
go through/ /
go through-Jwk
go together-Jwk
go towards-Jwk
go under-Jwk
go up
go up-Jwk
go with-Jwk
go without-Jwk
go/ /
go/dW/sJwk
goad/ /
goad/øtutz/ykfwNbtk htFJwk,rJlr; fhJe
goal/ /
goal/dtuj/ægug,jûg
goat/ /
goat/dtux/cfhe

By. Richin Patel

52

gobble/øttuçtj/d¤e sJwk,MJtnt fhe sJwk
gobbledygook/øttuçjrzdqf/y»xkv»x Ct»tt
go-between/dptrcxJel/bægM:e
god/ /
god/dptz/CdJtl
godfather/dptz/ ætborv;t,dwkztltu mh’th
gold(en)/ /
gold/dtuÕz/mtulwk
gone/dtul/dgujwk
gonna = going to
good/ /
good/dwz/mtht,mthe,
goodbye/ /
goods/ /
goods/dwzÍ/btj,mtbtl
gooey/dwge/rafKwk
goof up/øtqV/dtuxtu-Achztu fhJtu
goof/øtqV/bk’cwrææt,bqFo
goofy/øtqrV/y¾fj rJltlwk,bk’cwrææt
goon/øtql/Ctzqr; dwkztu,bqFo,cwræætrnl
gorge/øttpso/ftu;h,FeK
gorgeous/øttursoym/Cvft’th,CÔg
gorilla/ /
gorilla/dtuhejt/btlJ suJtu Jtk’htu
gormandise/øttuhbpLztRÍ/Fqcs FtJwk
gory/øtturh/jturngt¤,h¾;hkrs;
gospel/øttuMvuj/Wv’uN,mwJt;to
gossamer/øttumtbh/;k;w suJwk
gossip/øtturmv/dÃvtk bthJtk
got/dptx/bu¤Ôgwk,bégwk
gourmet/dqhbu/MJt’hrmf-NtuFel
govern(ment)/ /
govern/dJlo/Ntml-JrnJx fhJtu
governance/dJolLm/Ntml-JrnJx
grab/ /
grab/d{uc/FqkaJe,ÍqkxJe juJwk
grace(ful)/ /
grace/d{m
u /f]vt,lstf;
graceful/d{umVwj/f]vt¤w,lstf;Cgwo
gracious/d{m
p eym/’gt¤wk
grade/ /
grade/d{uz/ykf,fûtt,Jdo
gradient/d{przyLx/
gradual/ /
gradual/d{usgwyj/Ärbf,ætebwk,W•thtu;h
graduate/ /
graduate/d{uswyux/Mlt;f-:Jwk
graffiti/d{trVrx/r’Jtj vhlwk v{athraºt
graft/d{uVTx/fxfe,dtujbtj,Atuzle fjb
grain/ /
grain/d{uRl/’tKtu,ylts,fK
gram/ /
gram/d{tb/aKt,rfjtultu nsthbtu Ctd
grammar/ /
grammar/d{pbh/ÔgtfhK
granary/d{plrh/ yltslt Ckzth-ftuXth
grand/ /
grand/d{tkz/ÇtÔg,mJodtne
grandeur/d{kush/CÔg;t

grandfather/ /
grandiloquence/d{tkzRjtu¾ÔtLm/ytzkche Ct»tt
grandiose/d{tkzeytuÍ/btuxt vtgu,CÔg,rlættohe;
grandmother/ /
grandparent/ /
grant/ /
grant/d{tkx/btLg;t,ylw’tl,bkswhe
granular/d{Lp gwyj/’tKt’th,fKe’th
grape/ /
grape/d{uRv/’[tût
grapevine/d{uvJtRl/stKfth mwºttu
graph(ic)/ /
graph/d{tV/ytjuF,raºt
graphic/d{trVf/ytcunwc,ftu;hftb
grapple/dpvj/ct: CezJe,b:Jwk
grasp/ /
grasp/d{tMv/vfzJwk,d{nK fhJwk
grass/ /
grass/d{tm/Dtm
grassroots/d{tmYx/vtgtu,bq¤,b;’t;tytu
grate/ /
grate/d{ux/FbKJw,k mdze
grateful/ /
grateful/d{uxVwj/ytCthe,Wvf];
gratification/d{ru xrVfuNl/;]rÃ;,ytlk’,mk;tu»t
gratify/d{urxVtg/mk;tu»t :Jtu,ytlk’ :Jtu
gratis/d{t;e/bV;
gratuitous/d{uxgwRxm/Vtudxlwk,MJiråAf
grave/ /
grave/d{Ju /dkCeh,fch,ftu;hJwk
graveyard/d{uJgtzo/fc{M;tl
gravity/d{urJrx/dtkCego,dwhwðJtf»toK,Dè;t
gray matter cwrææt at;wgo
graze/ /
graze/d{uÍ/ahJ,AtujtJwk
grease/ /
grease/d{em/ôsK(gkºt)raftmJt¤wk v{Jtne
greasy/d{erÍ/FwNtbr;gwk,aefKwk,jvmKwk
greasy-palms jtkragwk
great(ly)/ /
great/d{ux/bntl,btuxwk
greed/ /
greed/d{ez/jtuC
greedy/d{erz/jtuCe
green/ /
green/d{el/jejwk,;tswk
greet/ /
greet/d{ex/yrCJt’l fhJwk
gregarious/rd{durhym/b¤;tJzwk
grenade/d{uluz/nt:dtu¤tu
grey/ /
grey/d{u/CqFhwk
grey-matter/d{ubpxh/bds,btlrmf Nrf;
grid/rd{z/st¤e,bt¤Fwk
grief/ /
grief/d{eV/’w&F,
grievance/d{eÔtLm/ymk;tu»t
grieve/ /
grieve/d{eJ/Ntuf fhJtu

By. Richin Patel

53

grievous/d{eJeym/bntÔg:t,Cthu Rst
grill/ /
grill/d{ej/NufJwk,st¤e,Wjx ;vtm fhJe
grim/ /
grim/rd{b/centbKwk,dkCeh,dbdel
grimace/rd{bum/btU Jtkfw fhJwk
grime/d{tRb/
grime/d{tRb/buj
grin/ /
grin/rd{l/’tkr;gt fhJt,ntMg
grind/ /
grind/d{tkRz/’¤Jw,k Cwftu fhJtu
grip/ /
grip/rd{v/vfz-vfzJwk
grisly/rd{Íje/Cgtlf,rJfht¤
grist/rd{Mx/’¤Kwk
grit/rd{x/fvae,mnlNrf;
grizzle/rd{Íj/zqmft ChJtk
grizzly/rd{Írj/h´A,CwYk
groan/ /
groan/d{tuWl/fKmJwk
grocer/d{tumh/frhgtKt Jt¤tu
grocery/ /
grocery/d{tumrh/frhgtKwk
groggy/d{turd/veætujwk,j:rzgtFt;wk
groom/d{qb/Jhhtst,Dz;h fhJwk
groomsmate/d{qBmbux/yKJh
groove/d{qJ/Ftkatu,ftvtu
grope/ /
grope/d{tuv/VtkVtk bthJt
gross/d{tum/yufk’h,yr;Ng,12 zÍl
grotesque/d{tuxuMf/f’Yvwk,rJraºt
grotty/d{turx/f’Yvwk,l dbu ;uJwk
grouchy/d{tWra/ccztx fh;wk
ground/ /
ground/d{tWLz/bu’tl,ytætth
grounds/d{tWLzÍ/bw’T’t,ytætth
group/ /
group/d{vw /sq:,xwfze
grouse/d{tWÍ/hks,htu’Ktk htuuJt
grove/d{Jq /J]ûtDxt,JlhtS
grow apart-Jwk
grow in-Jwk
grow out of-Jwk
grow up-Jwk
grow/ /
grow/d{tu/JætJwk,WdJwk
growl/ /
growl/d{tWj/DwhfJwk
grown-up btuxuhtk,Dhztk,vwÏ;
growth/d{tu:/rJftm,W’Tdb
grudge/d{s/hks,htu»t ntuJtu
gruel/d{qyuj/:fJe ltFu ;uJwk
grueling/d{qyurjkd/
gruesome/d{qmb/yhuhtxe vwKo
gruff/d{V/;tuAzwk
grumble/d{Bçj/cczTgt fhJwk
grunt/ /
grunt/d{Lx/Cqkzltu yJts

guarantee/dphrLx/ctkgæthe,stbel
guard against-Jwk
guard/ /
guard/dtzo/hûtK,atufe,hûtf
gubernatorial/dchlpxturhyj/htsTgvtjlwk
guerrilla/dprhjt/Atvtbth mirlftu
guess/ /
guess/dum/ylwbtl-fhJwk
guest/ /
guest/duMx/bnubtl,yr;:e
guffaw/dVtp/jtuatu-Achztu Jt¤Jtu
guidance/ /
guide/ /
guide/dtRz/btdo’Nof
guided/dtRzuz/rlættohe;,lt jûte
guideline/dtRz/btdo’Nof,mt:e
guilt(y)/ /
guilt/deÕx/dwLntu-vtv fgto le jtdKe
guitar/rdxth/
gulf/ /
gulf/dÕV/Ftze,yFt;,yk;h
gullible/drÕtçj/Ctu¤wkCè,btle ju ;uJwk
gulp/dÕv/d¤e sJwk,MJtnt
gum/ /
gum/db/vuZtk,dwk’h
gumption/dBvNl/mtætl-mkvLl;t,mqÍ
gun down/dl ztWl/Cztfu ’uJwk
gun/ /
gun/dl/ck’wf
gung-ho/dkd ntu/yr; Wðmtne
gurgle/ddoj/ftud¤t fhJtk,F¤F¤ yJts
gush/dN/F¤F¤ JnuJwk,ættuæt JnuJtu
gust/ /
gust/dMx/bst,rjsTs;
gusto/dMxtu/bst,rjsTs;,MJt’
gut/ /
guts/dxm/rnkb;,ytk;hzt
gutted/dxuz/Ftf,MJtnt
gutter
guy/dtg/Ôgrf;,sK
guzzle/dÍj/Z´aJwk
gypsy (gipsy) SÃme,Cxf;e st;e
gyration/stghuNl/aÄtJtu,C{bK
gyves
habeas corpus fu’elu hsq fhJtltu nwfb
haberdasher/npchzpNh/mejtR ltu btjJualth
habiliments/nprcrjbuLx/fvztkk,rJrN»x vtu»ttf
habit(ual)/ /
habit/nucex/xuJ,yt’;
habitual/nprcågwyj/yt’; v{btKulwk
habituate/nprcågwyux/yt’; vzJe,xuJtJwk
habitue/nprcågwyux/yt’;e bwjtft;e
hack/npf/btrn;e atuhJe,ftve lu nðgt fhJe
hacked
hackle/npfj/jztgf rbstsbtk
hackneyed/npfrlz/Ctzq;e juFf,ftb fhlth
had/nuz/n;wk,ylwCÔgwk,fgow
hades/npzeÍ/lhf,vt;t¤
haemorrhage ytk;rhf h¾;MºttJ

By. Richin Patel

54

hag/npd/ztfK
haggard/npdtzo/aeb¤tR dgujwk,rlM;us
haggle/npdj/hfÍf,fafa
hail/ /
hail/nuuRj/JættJe juJwk,ytJfthJwk,chV lt fhtk
hair(y)/ /
hair/npyh/Jt¤
halberd/npÕczo/Vhme,Ctjtu
halcyon/nujrmgl/mb]ræætJt¤wk
hale & hearty FwNe bstbtk
hale/ /
hale/npj/
half/ /
half/ntV/yæto
halitosis/nprjytuxturxm/btuZtk le ’wdkoæt
hall/ /
hall/ntpj/fbhtu,ytuhztu
hallelujah/npÕgwjwst/sgsgfth ntu
hallmark/nptjbtfo/
hallow/npjtu/vrJºt
hallucination ytCtm,C{bKt
halo
halt/ /
halt/ntpÕx/yxfJwk,htuftK,htuf,Yf stJ
halve/ /
halve/ntÕJ/cu Ctd fhJt
hamlet/npbjux/ltlwk dtbzwk,lumztu
hammer home-Jwk
hammer out-Jwk
hammer/ /
hammer/npbh/n:tuze :e xevJwk
hammock rnkaftu,Íwjtu
hamper yJhtuætJwk,ctMfux
hamstrung
hamstrung
hand back-Jwk
hand down-Jwk
hand in glove mtkXdtkX
hand in-Jwk
hand out-Jwk
hand over-Jwk
hand/ /
hand/npLz/nt:
handicap/nprLzfpv/ yvkd,yk;htg
handiwork/nprLzJfo/nt::e fhujwk
handkerchief/ /
handle/ /
handle/npLzj/nt:tulmkCt¤Jwk
handout/npLzytWx/atuvtrlgwk
hand-picked aqlk’t,aqkxujw
handy/nprLz/nt:Jdwk
hang about/ /
hang about/around-Jwk
hang back/ /
hang back-Jwk
hang down-Jwk
hang in-Jwk
hang on to/ /
hang on to-Jwk
hang on/ /

hang on-Jwk
hang out-Jwk
hang together-Jwk
hang up/ /
hang up-Jwk
hang/ /
hang/npLd/jxftJJwk,rxkdtzJwk
hangar/ /
hangar/npLdh/rJbtl htFJtlwk M:¤
hanger/ /
hanger/npLdh/jxfKegwk
hang-over/npLd ytuJh/vùt’ ymh
hanker after
hanker/npLfh/x¤J¤Jwk
hanky-panky/nprLfvprLf/dtujbtrjgwk,jVhtkcts
haphazard/npVpÍtzo/sub;ub,ytzuætz
haphazardly
hapless/npvjum/fblmec
happen along-Jwk
happen/ /
happen/npvl/clJwk,:Jwk
happy/ /
happy/nprv/FwN,bstbtk,htS
haptic/nprÃxf/MvNo lu jd;wk
harangue/nphpLd/cfJtm,cVtx
harass/nphm/m;tJJwk,nuhtl fhJwk
harbinger/ntrcoLsh/Aze’th
harbour/ntcho/ck’h,yt©g ytvJtu
hard up/ /
hard/ /
hard/ntzo/mF;,fXK,yDY
hardcore/ntzofptyh/vuæte dgujwk,yXkd,heZwk
hardly/ /
hardly/ntzorj/Ctøgus
hardship/ /
hardware/ntzoJuyh/gkºt-mtbtl,NMºttu
hare/ /
hare/nph/mmjwk
hark back-Jwk
hark/ntfo/mtkC¤tu
harlot/ntjox/Ju~gt
harm(ful-less)/ /
harm/ntbo/Rst
harmony/ntborl/mkJt’e;t
harness/ntlum/o stu;hJwk,lt:Jwk
harp/ntvo/;th ÍKÍKtJJt
harried
harrow/nphtu/aehJwk
harrowing ordeal
harrowing/nphtu$d/yr; veztslf
harsh/ /
harsh/ntNo/fXtuh
harvest/ntJuoMx/vtf,jKKe fhJe
has/npÍ/lu Au
hash/npN/
hassle/npmj/bt:tfwx
haste/ /
haste/npRMx/W;tJ¤
hasten/npRMxl/W;tÔt¤ fhJe
hasty/ /

By. Richin Patel

55

hasty/npRMxe/W;tJ¤egwk
hat/ /
hat/npx/
hatch/ /
hatch/npa/$zt muJJt,ftJ;hwk fhJwk
hate/ /
hate/npRx/rætffthJwk
hatred/ /
hattrick Wvht Wvh ºtKJth rJfux fu dtuj
haughty/ntprx/ynkfthe
haul up
haul/ /
haul/ntWj/’Õjtu nt: jtdJtu,atuhtJw,k FUaJwk
haunt/ /
haunt/ntWLx/CbJwk,ͤwkcJwk
haute couture
have around-Jwk
have back-Jwk
have in-Jwk
have off-Jwk
have on-Jwk
have out-Jwk
have up-Jwk
have/ /
have/npJ/
haven/ /
haven/npJl/ck’h,yt©gM:tl
havoc/npJtuf/rJltN,vtgbtje,chct’e
hawk(er)/ /
hawk/ntpf/cts,atjelu JuaJwk
hawker/nptfh/Vurhgtu
hawkish
hay/ /
hay/npg/
haywire/npJtgh/yM;ÔgM;-dtkzw :Jwk
hazard/npÍzo/F;htu,stuFb
hazardous/npÍtzom/F;hltf
haze/ /
haze/npRÍ/ÍtkFw
hazel/npRÍj/c’tbe
hazy/npRrÍ/ÍtkFwk,ætqkæt¤wk
he/ /
head for ytd¤ JætJwk
head off-Jwk
head on mtbu mtbt,bt:tCuh
head up-Jwk
head/ /
head/npz/’tuhe sJwk
head/nuz/
headstrong
heal/ /
heal/nej/mtst fhJwk
health(y)/ /
health/nuÕ:/
healthy/nuÕæte/;k’whM;
heap/ /
heap/nev/Zdjtu
hear of -Jwk
hear out-Jwk
hear/ /

hear/neyh/mtkC¤Jwk
heard/ /
heard/nzo/mtkCégwk
hearsay/rnyhmuR/Wz;e Jt;,yVJt
hearse NcJtrnle
heart(ty)/ /
heart/ntxo/Ì’g
heart-rending Ì’g÷tJf
heart-throb r’jltu NnulNtn
hearty/ntrxo/ntr’of,scYk
heat up-Jwk
heat/ /
heat/nex/dhbe
heathen skdje btKm
heave WA¤Jwk,rlmtmt ltFJt
heaven/ /
heaven/nuJl/MJod
heavy/ /
heavy/nuJe/Cthu,yr;
heckle J¾;tlu CezJJwk
hectic ’tuzættbJt¤wk,ytJuNbg,hDJtgwk
hector ’dzt
hedge/ /
hedge/nus/Jtz,Ítze
hedging
hedonist CtudJt’e
heed/ /
heed/nez/ægtl ’uJwk
heel/ /
heel/nej/yuze
hefty/nuVrx/Y»xvw»x,f’tJh,schwk,;dzwk
hegemony/nursbrl/JaoMJ,lu;tdehe
height/ /
height/ntRx/ôatR
heighten/ntRxl/JætJwk,m;us :Jwk
heinous/nelym/Dtuh,D]KtMv’
heir/ /
heir/yuyh/Jthm’th
held/ /
held/nuÕz/gtustgkw,æthvfz :R
hell/ /
hell/nuj/lhf
hello/ /
hello/nujtu/
helm/ /
helm/nuÕb/mwftl
helmsman/nuÕbmbpl/mwftle
help(ful)/ /
help/nuÕv/b’’,htn;,mntg
helter-skelter ykættætqkrætbg,hDJtgkw
hem/ /
hemlock/nubjtuf/Íuhltu Dwkxztu
hemorrhage/nubrhs/ytk;&h¾;MºttJ
hen/ /
hen/nul/bhDe
hence/nuLm/;u:e
henceforth/nuLmVtp:o/ nJu vAe-ytd¤
henchman/nuLabpl/xufu’th,mtdhe;,b¤r;gtu
henna/nuLtt/bnU’e

By. Richin Patel

56

henpecked/nuLvpfz/stuYft dwjtb
her(s)/ /
her/nh/;uKelwk
herald/nuhtÕz/Aze vtufthlth
herbal/ncoj/yti»trætg,ytumrzgwk
herbivorous/nrcoJtphm/yrnkmf v{tKe
Herculean/nfgwro jyl/bntbw~fuj,Cdeh:
herd/ /
herd/nzo/vNwætK
here/ /
here/rnyh/ykrn
heredity/nurhrzrx/ ytlwJkN
heretic/nuhurxf/ltrM;f
heretical/nuhurxfj/ vtFkze
heritage/nuhuxus/mktMf]r;f Jthmtu
hernia/nuhorlyt/ykt;hdtkX
heroic/rnhtuRf/NtigovqKo
heroin/rnhtuRl/ltrgft
heroine/nuhtuRl/fuVe ÷Ôg
hers/nmo/;uKelwk
herself/ /
herself/nhmuÕV/
hesitant/nurÍxLx/yaft;wk
hesitate/ /
hesitate/nurÍxux/yaftJwk
hetaerism hFt;v{:t
heterogeneous rJrCLl;tJt¤wk
het-up excited
hexagonal »tèftuK
hey/ /
hey/nug/(ntfj)
heyday vwhcnth-gwJtle ft¤
hiatus/rnyuxm/Ftjevtu,Vtkfw
hibernation mwM;e,rlrȀg;t
hiccup/rnfÃv/nuzfe
hidalgo/rnztÕdtu/
hide out-Jwk
hide/ /
hide/ntRz/AwvtJJwk,ftawk atbzwk
hideous/rnzeym/rcntbKwk,Cgtlf
hideout/ntRzytWx/yt©gM:tl,Awvwk M:tl
hierarchy/ntRhtfeo/mkdXl,mkM:t-bt¤Fwk
Hi-Fi/ntRVtg/(high-fidelity) atufmtRJt¤wk
high/ /
high/ntR/ôaw
high-handed
high-profile/ntRv{tuVtRj/btuxtR-ztu¤Jt¤wk
hijack/ntRspf/Jtnl mt:u yvnhK fhJwk
hike/ntRf/Jætthtu,jtkcwk atjJwk
hilarious/rnjprhym/rJltu’e,ntMgv{ættl
hill/ /
hill/rnj/xufhe
him(self)/ /
him/rnb/;ulu
himself/rnbmuÕV/;u vtu;u-st;u
hinder/rnLzh/yJhtuætJwk
hinderance/rnLzhLm/rJDl,yk;htg
hindsight
hinge/ /

hinge/neLs/bestdhtu,yJjkcJwk
hint/ /
hint/rnLx/mkfu;,RNthtu
hinterland ’rhgt ftkXt yk’hltu bwjf
hip/ /
hip/rnv/stkD
hire/ /
hire/ntgh/Ctzu ’uJwk-juJwk
hireling/ntgorjkd/Ctzw;e btKm,JurXgtu
hirsute/rnmoqx/YkJtxeJt¤wk
his/ /
his/rnÍ/;ulwk
hiss/ /
hiss/rnm/VkqVtztu,memfthtu,mqmJtxtu
historic gt’dth-yir;ntrmf v{mkd
historic(al)/ /
historical/rnMxhe/yir;ntrmf M:¤/ctc;
history/ /
history/rnMxhe/Rr;ntm,Cq;ft¤
histrionic/rnMx[eyturlf/ltxrfg Ju¤t-Axt
hit back-Jwk
hit off-Jwk
hit on-Jwk
hit out at/rnxytWx ypx/mF; xeft/ÍtxfKe ftZJe
hit out-Jwk
hit/ /
hit/rnx/VxfthJwk,:e ymhd{M; :Jwk,mV¤
hitch/rna/yzaK,ytkfztu bthJtu
hitch-hike/rnantRf/jeVx btdelu v{Jtm fhJtu
hitherto/rnæthxw//yðgth mwæte
hive off/ntRJ ytpV/
hive off-Jwk
hive/ /
hive/ntRJ/
hoard/ /
hoard/ntuz/o mkd{n fhJtu
hoarder/ntuzoh/mkd{tnFtuh
hoarding
hoarse/ /
hoarse/ntumo/DtuDhtu yJts
hoary vwhtKwk,Wkbh :e yt’hvtºt
hoax/ /
hoax/ntu¾m/vtuf¤-vtuje ætbfe,b~fhe
hobble/ntucj/jkdztJwk
hobby/ /
hobby/ntuce/NtuF
hobnobbing/ntuçlturckd/btuxtRbtk bntjJwk
hobo/ntuctu/lJhwk,hFzuj
hockey/ /
hockey/ntufe/hb;
hocus-pocus lshck’e
hog/ntud/zw¾fh
hoggish/nturdN/
hoi-poloi/ntugvtujtug/mtbtLg sl;t
hoist/ /
hoist/ntuRMx/ôau aztJJwk,VhftJJwk
hoity-toity/ntugrxxtugxe/Dbkze,ytv JztR fh;wk
hokum/ntufb/jtdKe Juztk
hold against-Jwk

By. Richin Patel

57

hold back/ /
hold back/ntuÕz cpf/yJhtuætJwk
hold back-Jwk
hold down-Jwk
hold forth/ /
hold forth-Jwk
hold in-Jwk
hold off-Jwk
hold on/ /
hold on/ /
hold on/ntuÕz yptl/:tuCJwk
hold out on-Jwk
hold out/ /
hold out/ntuÕz ytWx/v{r;fth :e xfJwk
hold out-Jwk
hold to-Jwk
hold up/ /
hold up-Jwk
hold with-Jwk
hold XuhJJwk
hold/ /
hold/ntuÕz/æthvfz fhJe
hold/ntuÕz/gtusJwk,ætthK fhJwk,æthvfz fhJe
holding htuftK,Ctd,fçstu
hole up-Jwk
hole/ /
hole/ntuWj/ftKwk
holiday/ /
holiday/ntujezu/hst
holistic/nturjrMxf/yufYv
holler/ntuujh/cqb vtzJe
hollow/ /
hollow/ntujtu/vtujwk,FtuFjwk
holocaust/ntujtuftuMx/mJoltN,rJltN
holy/ /
holy/ntuje/vrJºt
homage/nturbs/©æættksje
home in on-Jwk
home/ /
home/nWb/Dh,ytNhtu
homely/ntubrj/Dh suJwk
homosexuality
honcho/nktuatu/cttpm,bwÏg,fÃ;tl
hone up/ntul yv/ætth ftZJe
honest(y)/ /
honest/yturlMx/v{btrKf
honorary/ytulhrh/btl’T
honour(able)/ /
honour/ytulh/yt’h,btl
honourable/ytulhuçj/btlleg,yt’hKeg
hooch/nqa/jêtuu,’uNe ’tY
hood/ /
hood/nqz/Atvhwk,ZtkfKwk,VuK
hoodlum/nqzjb/xvtuhe,bJtje
hoodwink/nqzrJkf/ytkFu vtxt ctkætJt,Au;hJwk
hook up-Jwk
hook/ /
hook/nqf/ytkfztu-ChtJJtu
hooked
hooligan/nqrjdl/dwkztu,c’btN,xvtuhe

hooliganism dwkztdehe,bJtjeJuztk
hoot out/nqx ytWx/nzætq; fhJwk
hoot/ /
hoot/nqx/nqrhgtu ctujtJJtu
hop/ /
hop/ntpv/fw’Jkw,XufJwk
hope(less-full)/ /
hope/ntuv/ytNt-htFJe
horde/ /
horde/ntuzo/ætK,xtu¤wk
horizon/ /
horizon/nhtRÍl/rûtr;s
horizontal/nturhÍtuLxj/ytzwk
horn/ /
horn/ntulo/N´dzw,Jtnllwk ntulo
hornet’s nest(Cbhe)bætvqztu AkAuzJtu
horrendous
horrible/ /
horrible/ntuhecj/zhtbKwk,Cgtlf,Cgkfh
horrified
horrify zhtJJwk,CgCe; fhJwk
horse sense mtbtLgcwrææt
horse/ /
horse/ntumo/Dtuztu
horse-trading/ntumx[urzkdo/m•tt le mtu’tctS
horticulture/nturxofÕah/ctdtg;
hose/ /
hose/ntum/hçchlwk Cqkd¤w,l¤e
hospice/nturMvm/ætboNt¤t
hospitable/nturMvxuçj/ytr;Úg mðfthJt¤wk
hospital/ /
hospital/nturMvxj/RMve;tj
hospitality/nturMvxprjrx/ytr;Úg,vhtuKtd;
host/ /
host/ntuuMx/gsbtl-:Jwk
hostage/ntprMxs/ckr’Jtl,ctl
hostel/ /
hostel/ntuMxuj/rJ¼t:eo rlJtm
hostile/ /
hostile/ntpMxtRj/Nºtw;tCgwo,rJhtuæte
hostility/ntprMxerjrx/’w~bltJx,JuhCtJ
hot potato/ntpxvxpxtu/fZkde-rJraºt vrhrM:r;
hot up/ntpxyv/dhbe ytJJe
hot/ /
hot/ntpx/dhb,bt’f,;eFwk
hotel/ /
hotel/ntuxuj/JeNe
hound/ntWLz/rNfthe fq;htuv
hour/ /
hour/yh/fjtf
hourly/ /
house/ /
house/ntWm/bftl,hnuXtK
hover nJtbtk CbJwk,ͤwkcJwk
how come/ntW fb/yub fub
how much/ /
how/ /
how/ntW/fub,fuJe he;u
however/ /

By. Richin Patel

58

however/ntWyuJh/;ub A•ttk,;tu vK
howitzer/ntrJðÍh/hK;tuv
howl/ /
howl/ntWj/DqhfJwk
howler/ntWjh/Achztu,dtuxtu,dkCeh Cqj
hub/nc/fuL÷,æthe
hubbub/ncc/ftujtnj,dhcz,ætbtj
hubby/nce/vr;’uJ
hubris/nrc{m/Wææt;,;tuAzwk
huckster/nfMxh/Ctzwr;btKm,Vurhgtu
huddle/nzj/ltmCtd-Cez fhJe
hue and cry vtufth,cwbhtK,’ufthtu
hues/ngwÍ/hkdtu
hug/nd/d¤u jdtzJwk
huge/ /
huge/ngqs/rJhtx
hull/ /
hull/nj/sntslwk ;r¤gwk
hum/ /
hum/nb/mk’un,dKdKtx
human/ /
human/Ìgwbl/
humane
humanitarian/Ìgwbprlxprhyl/btlJ;tJt’e
humanities
humble lftbwk cltJe ’uJwk
humble/nBçj/lb{,dheczwk
humbug/nBcd/sqXwk,cfJtm
humid/Ìgwrbz/Cus Ôtt¤wk
humiliate/Ìgwrbrjyux/yvbtrl; fhJwk
humorous/ /
humorous/Ìgwbhm/hbwS,rJltu’e
humour/ /
humour/Ìgwbh/hbqs,ntMg
hunchback/nLacpf/ZqkZtu,(ôae veX)
hundred/ /
hundred/nLz[uz/mtu,100
hunger/ /
hunger/nLdh/CqF
hungry/ /
hungry/nLd{e/CqÏgwk
hunk/nLf/FFzæts-f’tJh btKm
hunky-dory/nkrfzturh/©{u»X,mJtuo;b
hunt down/ /
hunt down-Jwk
hunt out/ /
hunt out-Jwk
hunt(er)/ /
hunt/nLx/rNfth fhJtu,NtuætJwk
hurl VufJwk,Dt fhJtu
hurly-burly ættkætj-ætbtj,’ufthtu
hurricane/nrhfuRl/JtJtÍtuzwk,ÍkÍtJt;
hurriedly
hurry along-Jwk
hurry up-Jwk
hurry/ /
hurry/nhe/W;tJ¤-fhJe
hurt/ /
hurt/ /

hurt/nxo/Rst fhJe-:Je
hurtling/nxorjkd/le Wvh VukfJwk
husband/ /
husband/nmcLz/vr;
husbandry
hush/ /
hush/nN/awv:Jwk,aqvfe’e
husk/ /
husk/nMf/Vtu;htk,Atj
hustings/nrMxkdÍ/awkxKe le anjvnj
hustle/nmj/ættkætj,anuj vnuj
hustler/nmjh/Ju~gt
hut/ /
hut/nx/Íqkvze
hutments/nxbLx/Íwkvzvèe
hybrid/ntRrc{z/JKoNkfh
hydrophobia/ntz[tuVturcyt/nzfJt
hygiene/ /
hygiene/ntgSl/ythtuøg
hygienic/ntgSrlf/MJtM:gv{’,ythtuøgv{’
hype/ntgSl/Fqc v{ath
hyperbole/ntgvhçje/yr;~tgturf;
hypnotise/ntgSl/bkºtbwøæt fhJwk
hypochondria/ntgSl/htudC{b
hypocrisy ’kC,vtFkz,ZtUd
hypocrite ’kCe
hypocritical ZtUde,’kCe,vtFkze
hypothecate/ntgvtur:fux/dehtu bqfJwk
hypothermia/ntgvtu:rboyt/Nheh
lwk
leawk
;tvbtl
hypothesis/ntgvtur:rmm/ylwbtl
hypothetical btle jeætujwk
hysteria/rnMxerhyt/;tK,ytkafe,JtR
hysterics/rnMxrh¾m/Jt;tuLbt’
ice over-Jwk
ice up-Jwk
ice/ytRm/chV
ice-cliff
icon/ytRfl/bqr;o,v{r;bt,raLn
iconoclast/ytRftultu¾jtMx/bqr;o Fkzl fhlth
icy/ /
idea(l)/ /
idea/ytRrzyt/rJath,Wvtg
ideal/ytRrzyj/yt’No,©u»X
identical/ytRzurLx¾j/mbYv,yuf mhFwk
identified/ /
identify/ /
identikit/ytRzurLxrfx/J;kkl
o
vh:e huFtraºt
(dwLnt)
identity/ytRzurLxrx/ytu¤F,vrhag
ideological/ytRzeytujturs¾j/rJathætthtlwk
ideology/ytRzeytujrs/rJathættht,b;
idiomatic/Rzeytujturs¾j/YrZv{gtudJt¤wk
idiosyncrasy/RzeytumelÄprm/;hkd,Dqhe,ætql
idiotic/Rzeyturx¾/;tuhe,;hkde,;DjFe
idle/ /
idle/ytRzj/lJhwk,ftb Jdhlwk
idol/ /
idol/ytRztuj/bqr;o
idyllic/Rzerjf/hBg,Ntkr; mCh

By. Richin Patel

59

if/ /
if/RV/stu,f’ta
iffy/RrV/
igh down-Jwk/ /
igneous/Røleym/jtJtltu vÚ:h
ignite/RøltRx/v{sJ rj; fhJwk
ignoble/RøltuçjR/rla,yætb
ignominious/Rølturblm/jsstMv’
ignominy/Rølturbrl/ltbtuNe,c’ltbe
ignorant/RølhLx/y¿ttle,ystK
ignore/ /
ignore/Eøltuh/yJdKlt-Wvuûtt fhJe
ignormous/Røltuhbm/y¿ttle btKm
ilk/RÕf/fwxwkc fu Jdolwk
ill withill(ness)/ /
ill/Rj/rcbth
illegal/ /
illegal/RÕjedj/duhftlqle,duhftg’u
illegible/RÕjuSçj/yJtåg
illegitimate/RÕjuSxbux/yltihm
ill-fated/RÕjVuRxuz/fblmec
illicit/RrÕjrmx/duhftg’umh
ill-informed/RrÕjRLVtuBzo/ftl CkCuhKe :gujwk
illiterate/RÕjexhux/yCK,rlhûth
illogical/RÕjtuSfj/y;trfof
illude/RÕjgwz/ChbtJJwk,Au;hJwk
illuminate/RÕjgwrblux/v{ftrN; fhJwk
illusion/RÕjgÍl/C{bKt,ytCtm
illusionary/RÕjgÍlrh/C{tbf
illusive/illusory/C{tbf,Au;htbKkw
illustrate/RÕjMx[ux/mraºt mbstJJwk
illustrious/RÕjrMx[ym/’tFjtYv
im promptu/RBv{tuBvxgw/NeD{ Jf;]ðJ
image/ /
image/RbuRs/v{r;f]r;,Atv
imaginary/ /
imaginary/Rbprslrh/ftÕvlef
imagination/ /
imaginative/RbprslrxJ/fÕvltNej
imagine/ /
imagine/RbuSl/fÕvlt fhJe
imbecile/RBcumtRj/rlco¤,szcwrææt,bk’cwwrææt
imbibe/RBctRc/ytðbmt; fhJwk,Ntu»tJwk
imbroglio/RBc{tuÕgtu/rJxkcKt
imbue/RBçgw/;hctu¤-mk;wÃ; :Jwk
imitate/RrBtxuRx/ylwfhK fhJwk
imitative/RrBtxurxJ/ylwfhK fh;wk
immanent/RBtplLx/yL;do;,rJ¹JÔgtve
immediate/RBterzyux/;t•ftrjf,;trf’lwk
immediately/ /
immediately/Rberzyuxrj/
immense/RBtuLm/v{akz,yr;Ng,rJNt¤,rJvwj
immersion/RBtmol/væthtJJwk,zqctzJwk
immigrant/Rbted{Lx/Jmtn;e
immigrate/Rbed{uRx/JmJtx fhJt ytJJwk
immigration/Rbed{uRNl/Jmtn;,’uNtdbl
imminent/RrblLx/;tu¤tR hnujwk,yKevh
immodest/RBbtuzuMx/;tuAzwk,cuNhb

immolation/Rb/crj’tl
immoral/ /
immoral/Rbbtuhj/ylir;f,ÔgrCathe
immortal/RBbtuxoj/ybh,mt¹J;
immortalise/RBbtuxojtRÍ/ybh cltJJwk
immovable/RBbqJuçj/M:tJh,yzd,ya¤
immune/RBbqgl/:e hrût;,bw¾;
immunity/RBgwrlrx/ftg’t-htud mtbu v{r;hûtt
imp/Rb/Nu;tllwk cåawk
impact/Rbvp¾x/ytDt;,ymh,mkDt;
impair/Rbvph/lc¤wk vtzJwk
impart/Rbvtxo/fu¤JKe,btrn;e ytvJe
impartial/RBvtNoj/rl»vût
impasse/ypBvtm/bztdtkX
impatient/ /
impatient/RBvuNLx/yætehwk
impeach/RBvea/ythtuv-VhbtJJtu
impeachment/RBveabLx/bntrCgtud/ythtuvlt
bwk
impecunious/Rbvu¾gwlm/rlætol,dhec
impede/RBvez/yzaK-yJhtuæt QCtu :Jtu
impediment/RBvurzbLx/yzaK,rJÎl
impel/RBvuj/v{uhJwk,ytd¤ JætthJwk
impending/RBvuj/;tu¤tR hnujwk,yKevh
imperative/RBvuj/Vhrsgt;
imperceptible/RBvuj/y’T~g
imperil
imperious/RBvuj/blMJe,;tfe’lwk
impersonator/RBvuj/cnwhYve,JuNætthe
imperturbable/RBvuj/æteh,dkCeh
impetus/RBvuj/stuh,æt¾ftu
impinge/RBvuj/ymh WCe fhJe,stuh:e vAtzJwk
impious/RBvuj/’w»x,yætbe o
implant/RBvuj/htuvJwk,XmtJJwk,mtætl
implement/RBvuj/ybj fhJtu,mtætl
implementation/RBvuj/ybjefhK
implicate/RBvuj/mkztuJJwk
implication/RBvuj/mkztuJKe,mqra;t:o
implicit/RBvuj/drCo;,rl:Nkf
implore/RBvuj/ytSS fhJe
imply/Rb/ytzf;htu mkfu; fhJtu
import(ed)/ /
import/Rb/ytgt; fhJwk
importance/ /
important/ /
important/RBvtuxoLx/ydðglwk
imported/RBvtuxuoz/ytgt;e
importune/Rb/ftjt Jtjt fhJtk
impose upon/ /
impose/RbvtuÍ/jt’Jwk,Xtufe cumtzJwk
imposing/RbvturÍkd/Xtufe cumtz;wk
imposition/RbvturÍNl/Juhtu,Au;hrvkze,CthK
impossible/ /
impossible/RBvturmçj/yN¾g
impostor/RBvtuMxh/ætw;thtu,Xd
impotent/RBvtuxLx/ltb’o,lvwkmf,fbstuh
impound/RBvtWLz/sÃ; fhJwk
impoverish/RbvtuJrhN/dhec cltJJwk
imprecation/RBv{efuNl/©tv,c’’wJt

By. Richin Patel

60

impregnable/RBv{uøluçj/ysug,’wdob
impregnate/RBv{uølux/mdCto cltJJwk,Cu’Jwk
impresario/RBv{umtrhytu/bltuhksl
ftgoÄb
ÔgJM:tvf
impress/ /
impressed with/byimpressive/ /
impressive/RBv{umeJ/ymhfthf,v{CtJe
imprint/RrBv{Lx/v{r;f]r;,Atv vtzJe
imprison/RrBv{Íl/sujbtk ltFJwk,fu’ fhJwk
improbable/RBv{tucpçj/ymkCrJ;
improve(ment)/ /
improve/RBv{qJ/mwætthJwk
improvement/ /
improvise/RBvtuJtRÍ/vqhwk vtzJwk,Ftux vqhJe
imprudent/RBv{zq Lx/yrJJufe
impugn/RBÃgwl/Jtkættu juJtu,vzfthJwk
impulsive/RBvjrÍJ/ytJude,blbtuS
impure/RBÃgwyh/yNwææt,Cu¤mu¤gw¾;
impute/RbÃgwx/ythtuv bqfJtu
in accordance lt v{btKu
in all
in camera ckætcthKu,Ftldebtk
in in-Jwk
in situ bq¤M:tlu
in spite of/ /
in the red fhsbtk
in the red fhsbtk,’uKtbtk
in/ /
inaccessible/Ry¾murmçj/vntUa cnth,ydBg
inactive/RLypfrxJ/mwM;,yt¤mwk
inadvertently/RLypzJxoLxrj/ystK;t,Cqj:e
inanimate/Rlyprlbux/yau;l,rlSoJ
inanition/RLyurlNl/ûteK;t(vtu»tKlt yCtJu)
inappropriate/Rlypv{turv{yux/ygtuøg
inaudible/RLyturzçj/mkC¤tg lrn ;uJwk
inaugural
inauguration/RlytuøgwhpNl/W’TDtxl
inauspicious/RLytprMvNm/yNwC,fblmec
incandescent/RLfplzumLx/dhbe:e v{ftN;wk
incapable/RLfpvuçj/yNrf;btl,ymb:o
incarcerate/RLftomhuRx/fu’btk vqhJwk
incarnate/RLftoluRx/yJ;th ætthK fhJtu
incendiary/RLmurLzyhe/ytd jdtz;wk
incense/RLmuLm/ftuvtgbtl,mwdkæt
incentive/RLmuLxeJ/v{tuðmtn,v{jtuCl
inception/RLmuÃNl/ythkC,NYyt;
incessant/RLmuÍLx/m;;,JthkJth
inch/ /
inch/Rka/
inchoate/RLftuyxu /yvqKo,v{t:rbf,NYyt;lwk
incidence/RrLmzLm/cltJ,yJftN,ymh
incident/ /
incident/RrLmzLx/Dxlt,cltJ
incidental/RrLmzuLxj/v{tmkrdf,ytlw»tkrdf
incinerate/RrLmrvyLx/ct¤e ltFJwk,Ftf :R sJwk
incipient/RrLmzLx/NYyt;lwk,v{thkrCf
incisions/RlrmÍl/³ztu Dt
incite/RLmtRx/W~fuhJwk,v{uhJwk

inclement/RrfjbLx/rJ»tb(nJtbtl)
inclination/ /
incline/RlfÕttRl/le ;hV ÍwfJwk-lbJwk
inclivity/Rl¾jerJrx/;tuAztR,Wææt;tR
include/ /
include/Rl¾jwz/mbtJuN fhJtu
inclusive/Rl¾jwrÍJ/mbtJuN fh;wk,mrn;
incognito/Rl¾turølxtu/Ju»tætthe,AwvtJu»tu
income/ /
income/Rlfb/ytJf,fbtKe
incommunicado/Rl¾tuBgwrlfuztu/mkvfoJkra;
incomparable/Rl¾Bvphpçj/ystuz,yrîr;g
incompatible/Rl¾turBvrxçj/
incompetent/Rl¾turBvxLx/rclftgoûtb,duhjtgf
incomplete/Rl¾BÃjex/yvqKo
incomprehensible/Rlftubrv{nuLm7çj/yf¤
inconclusive/RlftuLfjwrÍJ/yrlKtogf,yætqhwk
incongruent
incongruous/RlftuLd{y
w m/ymkd;
inconsequential/RlfturLmfuL~gj/ld½g
inconsistent/RlfrLmmxLx/rJmkd;
inconvenient/RlflrJrlyLx/ydJzCgowk
incorrigible/RlfturhSçj/J;ol mwæthu lrn ;uJwk
increase/ /
increase/RlÄeÍ/JætthJwk,JætJwk,Jætthtu
incredible/RLÄurzçj/l btle Nftg ;uJwk
incredulous/RlÄuzgwjm/btle l ju ;uJwk
incriminate/RrLÄrblux/dwLntbtk mkztuJJwk
inculcate/RLfjfux/fu¤JJwk,rFjJJwk XmtJJwk
incumbency
incumbent/RLfbcLx/ntu’tuT ætthK fhlth
incurable/RLfgtuhuçj/ymtæg
incurred/RLfzo/JntuhJwk,CtudJJwk
incursion
indecency
indecent/RrLzmLx/ymÇg,y¹jej
indecisive/RlrzmtRrÍJ/yrlKtogf
indeed/ /
indeed/RrLzz/FhuFh,mtaus
indefatigable :tfu lkrn ;uJwk
indefinite/RLzurVlux/yrlrù;
indelible/RLzurjçj/Cqkme l Nftg ;uJwk
indent/RLzuLx/btdKe
indented/RLzuLxuz/FtkatJt¤wk,Ftkaujwk
independent/ /
independent/RrLzvuLzLx/MJ;kºt
indescribable/RrLzMÄtgcuçj/yJKoleg
indestructible/RrLzMx[¾rxJ/yrJltNe
indication/RrLzfuNl/mkfu;,RNthtu
indicative/RrLzfurxJ/mqaf,’NtoJ;wk
indict/RLztRx/ythtuve XhtJJwk
indictment/RLztRxbLx/ythtuvltbwk
indifference/RrLzVhLm/Wvuûtt,’wjoût
indigence/RrLzsLm/dhstW,dheczwk
indigenous/RrLzSlm/MJ’uNe
indignant/RrLzdLtLx/r;hMfthvqKo
indignation
indirect/RLztghufx/ytzf;hwk
indiscriminate/RrLzSlm/yættkætqæt,yrJathe

By. Richin Patel

61

indispensable/RrLzMvuLmçj/yrlJtgo
indisposed/RrLzMvtuÍz/btk’w,yN¾;
indistinct/RrLzrMxLfx/yMv»x,ÍtkFwk
individual/ /
individual/RrLzrJsgwyj/Ôgrf;,Ôgrf;d;
indivisible/RrLzrJÍçj/yrJCtsTg
indoctrinate/Rlzutfxelux[/rJathmKe huzJe
indolent/RLzutjLx/mwM;,yt¤mw
indomitable/RLzutrbxçj/yKlb,ysug
indoor(s)/ /
indoor/RLztuh/
induce/RLzgqm/fhJt v{uhJwk- jjatJJwk
induct/RLz¾x/mbtJuN fhJtu
indulge/RLzjs/btk vzJwk,’tY Z´aJtu
indurate/RLzgqhxu /mF;-heZwk cltJJwk
industrial/ /
industrial/RLzÍx[eyj/yti¼utdef
industrious/RLzÍx[eym/W¼be,bnul;w
industry/ /
industry/RLzÍx[e/W¼tud
inebriate/Rlyurc{yux/Atfxwk,lNtbtk afaqh
inedible/Rlyuzçj/yFt¼
ineffable/RlyuVpçj/ydBg,dqZ
inefficiency/RlyurVmrLm/rclftgoûtb;t
inept ygtuøg,yM:tlu
ineptly
inert rlr»Äg,mwM;,bk’
inertia sz;t,rlrȀg;t
inescapable xt¤e l Nftg ;uJwk
inevitable yrlJtgo,yxj
inexhaustive yFqx
inexorable /RLttu¾Ítphuçj/
inexorable rl’og,fXtuh
inexperienced rNFtW,lJtKegtu
infallible yaqf,Ft;heJt¤wk
infamous fwÏgt;,ltbael
infanticide ct¤nðgt,rNNwnðgt
infantry
infatuation yr;jdtJ-btun
infect(ion)/ /
infect/RlVu¾x/auv jtdJtu
infectious auve
infectious/ /
infer ylwbtl fhJwk-;thJJwk
inference ylwbtl,;fo
inferior njfwk,leajwk
infernal lhf mbtl
inferno lhf
infertile WsTsz
infested with
infidel ftVh,ltrM;f
infiltration DqmKFtuhe
infiltrator DqmKFtuh
infinite ylk;
infinitive/ /
infirm btk’w,y~tf;
inflame m¤dtJJwk,sÔjlNej
inflammable m¤de WXu ;uJwk
inflammation mtustu

inflammatory W~fuhKeslf
inflate VwjtJJwk,nJt ChJe
inflation VwdtJtu
influence/ /
influence/RLVjwyLm/ymh,jtdJd
influential/ /
influx yk’h ytJ;tu v{Jtn-ætmthtu
inform(ation)/ /
inform/RLVutbo/btrn;e ytvJe,stK fhJe
informative btrn;ev{’
infrared vth¾; rfhKtu
infrastructure bt¤Fkw
infringement WÕjkDl
infructious rl»V¤,rlh:of
infuriate Ätuæt aztJJtu
infuriated
infuse XmtJJwk,huzJwk,blbtk W;thJwk
infusion
ingenious fwN¤
ingenuous mh¤,Ctu¤wk,rlFtjm
ingot dêtu,jrXgtu
ingredient Dxf,;ðJ
inhabited
inhale ¹Jtmbtk juJtu
inherent sLbst;,v{f]r;,MJCtJsLg
inherit Jthmtbtk bu¤JJwk
inherited
inhibitions rl»tuæt,bltR,m’tath
inhospitable yt©grJltlwk(M:¤)
inhuman vtNJe,ybtlJeg
inimical Juhe,Nºtw;tJt¤wk
inimitable ylwvb
iniquitous yLgtgfthe,duhÔgtsce
initial v{thkrCf,NYyt;lwk
initially
initiate NYyt; fhJe,vnuj fhJe
initiative/RleNerxJ/vnuj,mtnm,vdjtk
inject btk v{Jtne ’tFj fhJwk-huzJwk
injunction bltR yt’uN
injure/ /
injure/RLsh/Rst fhJe
injurious/RLsrhym/lwfNtlfthf
injury/ /
injury/RLshe/Rst
injustice/RLsrMxm/yLgtg
ink/ /
ink/RLf/Ntne
inkling/RLfrjkd/bltumkfu;,yKmth
inlay/Rljug/ftu;hKe:e szJwk,cumtzJwk
inmate/RlbuRx/mt:u Jmlthtu
inn/ /
inn/Rl/ntuxuj,ætboNt¤t
innate/RLluRx/sLbst;
inner/ /
inner/Rlh/yk’hlwk
innocent/ /
innocent/RLtmLx/rl’tuo»t
innocuous/Rltu¾gwym/rlYv÷Je
innovate ltrJLg msoJwk

By. Richin Patel

62

innovation lJel;t
innovative ltrJLgvqKo
innuendo yvbtl,fxtût,JÄturf;,
innumerable ymkÏg,ydrK;
inordinate yvrhrb;,yr;Ng
inquest/RL¾JuMx/ytfrMbfb]ðgw ltUæt
inquire/ /
inquire/RLfJtgh/;vtm fhJe
inquiry/ /
inquisition/RL¾JeÍeNl/vqAvhA,Wjx ;vtm
inquisitive/RL¾JeÍerxJ/rs¿ttmw
insane/ /
insane/RlmuRl/vtdj
insatiable/RLmprxyuçj/yr;jtuCe
insatiate/RLmprNyux/y;]Ã; hnuJwk
inscribe/RLmÄtRc/ftu;hJwk
inscrutable dqZ,dnl
insect/ /
insect/RLmufx/
insensate mkJu’lt rJrnl
insensitive mkJu’lt hrn;
insensitivity
inseparable yrJCtsTg
insert ’tFj fhJwk
inside/ /
inside/RlmtRz/
insideous ’dtFtuh,v{vkae
insight r’Do’r»x,ytk;hmqÍ
insignia raLn,mk¿tt
insignificant rcl bn•Jlwk
insipid cuMJt’,rV¾fwk
insist on/for lu btxu ytd{n fhJtu
insist(ence)/ /
insists
insobriety/Rlmtuc{uRrx/ymgkb
insolent Dbkze,yvbtlfthf,;tuAzwk
insolvent lt’th,’uJtr¤gwk
insomnia yrlk÷t
insouciance curVfhtR,btuSjtvKwk
inspect(ion)/ /
inspect/RLMvu¾x/;vtmJwk,rlheûtK fhJwk
inspire/ /
inspire/RLMvtgh/v{uhKt ytvJe
install M:tvJwk,cumtzJwk(gkºt)
installation M:tvlt
instance ’tFjtu,W’tnhK
instant/ /
instant/RLmxkx/;tðftrjf,ðJrh;
instantaneous ;tfe’lwk
instead/ /
instead/RLMxpz/
instigate W~fuhJwk
instigated
instill btk W;thJwk,v{uhJwk
instinct sLbst; J]r•t,MJCtJ jûtK
instinctive MJgkMVqrh;,mtnrsf
institution/ /
institution/RLMxexgwNl/mkM:t
institutional /RLMxexgwNlj/mkM:td;

instruct(ion)/ /
instruct/RLMx[¾x/NeFJJwk/mwalt-ctuæt ytvJtu
instrument /RLMxw{buLx/mtætl/ytusth/’M;tJus
instrument/ /
instrumental/RLMxw{buLxj/Jt¼lwk,fthKYv
insubordinate/RLmctoprzlux/ nwfb l btlJtu
insulate/RLMgwjxu /fJa aZtJJwk
insult/ /
insult/RLmÕx/yvbtl fhJwk
insurance/ /
insurance/RLmutghLm/Jebtu
insure/ /
insure/RLMguth/Jebtu W;thJtu
insurgence/RLMmhsLm/
insurgency/RLMmhsrLm/ ckz,rJ÷tun,CtkdVtuz
insurgent/RLMmhsLx/ckzFtuh,rJ÷tune,CtkdVturzgt
insurmountable fXel,ysug
insurrection c¤Jtu,nwÕjz
intact yfckæt
intangible yd{tÌg,ybq;o
integral ytJ~gf
integrated
integration
integrity nishtha.ekta
intellect/RLxju¾x/cwrææt
intellectual/RLxju¾ågyj/ ctiræætf,cwræætSJe
intelligence/ /
intelligence/RLxujesLm/cwrææt
intelligent/ /
intelligent/RLxurjsLx/cwræætNt¤e
intelligentsia/RLxj/ cwræætSJe Jdo
intelligible/RLxrjrsçj/mbstg ;uJwk
intend/ /
intend/RLxuLz/Rht’tu htFJtu,ytNt muJJe
intense mF;,;eJ{,mDl,Juætf
intensify ;eJ{ :Jwk,stuh JætthJwk
intensity ;eJ{;t,Drl»x;t,Juætf;t
intensive/RLxurLmJ/mDl,yuftd{
intent/RLxuLx/Rht’tu,nu;w
intention/ /
intentional/RLxuLNlj/Rht’t vqJof lwk
intentions/RLxuLNl/Rht’tytu,’tl;
inter/RLxh/ ’VltJJwk,yhmvhmlwk
inter-act yt’tlv{’tl-ytvju fhJe
interaction/RLxhpfNl/yt’tlv{’tlytvju,vhMvh ÔgJnth
intercede bægM:e-’hBgtldehe fhJe
intercept ytk;hJwk
interchange vhMvh c’jJwk
interdict bltR fhJe
interest(ing)/ /
interest/RLx[Mx/hm,Ôgts,rn;,hwra
interested ininterfere(nce)/ /
interfere/RLxhVeyh/’Fj ’uJe,bt:wk bthJwk
interference/RLxVeyhLm/’Fjdehe
interim/RLxeheb/Jadt¤tlwk
interior/RLxeheyh/ykt;rhf
interlocutor/RLxhjtu¾gwxh/JtxtDtx fhlth

By. Richin Patel

63

interloper/RLxhjtuvh/nM;ûtuv fhlth
intermediate/RLxhrbrzyux/bægbfûttlwk
intermittent/RLxhrbxLx/JthkJth :;wk
internal/RLxhlj/ytk;rhf,ytðbjûte
international/ /
international/RLxhluNlj/ytk;hhtr»x[g
internecine/RLxhlurNl/vhMvh ltN fhlthwk
internment/RLxhLbLx/lshfu’
interpolate/RLxhvtujux/jFtKbtk mwætthtu fhJtu
interpret/RLxhrv{x/y:oDxl fhJwk
interpretation/RLxhrv{xuNl/y:oDxl
interrogation/RLx[tuduNl/vqAvhA
interrogative/ /
interrupt(ion)/ /
interrupt/RLx[Ãx/rJûtuv-Ckd vtzJtu
interruption/RLx[ÃNl/rJûtuv,Fjuj,Ckd,
inter-se/RLxhrm/yk’htu yk’h
intersect/RLxh mu¾x/Au’Jwk,ftvJwk
intervene/RLxhJel/’hBgtldehe fhJe
intervention/RLxhJuLNl/’hBgtldehe
intimate/ /
intimate/RrLxbuRx/dtZ,;’Tl ykd;
intimidate/RrLxrbzuRx/ætbftJJwk,zhtJJwk
intimidation/RrLxrbzuNl/zhtbKe,ztxe
into/ /
into/Rlxw/btk-yk’h
intolerable/RLxtuujhuçj/ymÌg
intolerant/ /
intoxicate/RLxturfmfux/lNtu fhJt,fuV azJtu
intra vires/RLxt[Jtgmo/m;t ylwmth
intractable/RLx[p¾xçj/nXejwk,rs’’e
intransigence/RLx[trLmsLm/fèh
intrepid/RLx[urvz/rlCog,cnt’wh
intricacies
intricate/RrLx[fxu /dqkaJKCgowk,srxj
intrigant/RrLx[dxk /ftJºtkw fhlth
intrigue/RrLx[d/ftJ;hwk,fthM;tl,fw;qnj :Jwk
intriguing jwåatR fh;kw
intrinsic/RrLxLÍef/yL;do;
intro
introduce/ /
introduce/Rlxu[tzgwÍ/hsq fhJwk,vrhag ytvJtu
introduction/ /
introspect/RrLx[tuMvu¾x/ytðbrlheûtK
introspective/RrLx[tuMvur¾xJ/ytðbrlheûtK fh;wk
introvert/RrLx[tuJxo/yL;bwoFe
intrude/RLx[qz/DqmKFtuhe fh;wk
intruder/RLx[qzh/DqmKFtuh
intruders
intruding
intrusion/RrLx[wÍl/DqmKFtuhe
intrusive/RrLx[wrÍJ/DqmKFtuhe fh;wk
intuition/RlxgwNl/MVqhKt
inundate/RLlzuRx/vqh ytJJwk,AjtuAj :Jwk
inutile
invade/RlJuRz/nwbjtu-aZtR fhJe
invaiaja
invalid/RlJprjz/ybtLg,h’T,yvkd :gujwk
invaluable/RlJpÕgwypçj/ybqÕg
invasion/RLJpÍl/aZtR,ytÄbK

invasive/RLJprÍJ/ytÄbf
invective/RlJpfrxJ/dt¤tdt¤e,CtkzKjejt
inveigle/ElJuRj/Au;hJwk,jjatJJwk
invent(ion)/ /
invent/RJuLx/Ntuæt fhJe
invention/RJuLNl/Ntuæt
inventory/RlJuLxrh/rJd;Jth gt’e
invert/RlJxo/WjxtJJwk
invest/ /
investigate/RLJuMxedux/Ntuæt-;vtm fhJe
investiture v’-ntu’tu d{nK rJræt
investment/RLJuMxBtLx/bqze-htuftK
invidious R»gto vu’t fhu ;uJwk
invincible ysug
inviolable hallowed
invisible/RLJe/ y’T~g
invitation/ /
invite/ /
invite/RLJtRx/ytbkºtK ytvJwk
invocation ytJtnl,std];e
invoke/RLJtuf/ytJtnl-jtdw fhJwk
involve/ /
involve/RLJtuÕJ/mkztuJJwk,mbtJJwk
involvement/RLJtuÕJbLx/mkztuJKe
inward(s)/ /
inwards/RLJzoÍ/yk’hle ;hV
ion/ytgl/yKw
iota/ytgtuuxt/ykN,yKwk
ipso facto ytvtuytv
irascible aerzgwk
irate/ytRhux/Ätuæte,ætqkJt VqkJt
ire/ytgh/dwMmtu,Ätuæt
iridescent rJrJæthkd’Ne o
irk/yfo/fkxt¤tu ytvJtu
iron out-Jwk
iron/ /
iron/ytgol/
ironical JÄtur¾;-fxtûtJt¤wk
irony/ytRhle/fxtût,JÄtur¾;e
irrational/RhhuNlj/;fonel
irrectaimable
irrefutable/RhhuVgwxuçj/Fkzl l :R Nfu ;uJwk
irregular/ /
irregular/Rhhuøgwjh/yrlgrb;
irregularity/Rhhuøgwjprhrx/duhrh;e,yrlgrb;;t
irrelevance
irrelevant/RhhujJLx/yv{tmkrdf,ymkcæt
irrepressible/Rhrv{meçj/y’Bg
irresistible/RhhurÍMxeçj/yv{r;fh,y’Bg
irrevocable/EhheJtufçj/yxj,yVh
irritable aerzgwk,FesfKwk
irritation
island/ /
island/ytRjLz/xtvw
isolation/ytRmtujuNl/yjdtJ,mkvforJnel;t
issue/R~gw/ctc;,ct¤f,ykf,hJtlt fhJwk
isthmus mtkfztu stuz;tu Cqbtdo
it/ /
it/Rx/

By. Richin Patel

64

it’s/Rxm/
italic ºttkmwk
itch FsJt¤Jwk,Ftu;hJwk
itch/ /
itch/Ra/
item/ /
item/ytRxub/
itinerant Vh;wk,v{Jtme
itinerary/ytRxeluhhe/v{Jtm-mwra
its/ /
it's/ /
its/Rxm/
itself/ /
jab/ /
jab/sc/nr:gth:e ftvtu fhJtu
jack in-Jwk
jack up-Jwk
jackal/ /
jackal/sufj/
jackpot ;dztu jtC,btuxwk Rltb
jail (gaol) /suRj/
jail/ /
jalopy swle fth/ÃjuRl
jam in(to)-Jwk
jam on-Jwk
jam up-Jwk
jam/ /
jam/stb/
jamboree bntmkbujl,bu¤tJztu
jammed
jam-packed
jangle ;eKtu yfKorv{g æJrl
janissary mkrl»X-ÔtVt’h xufu’th
Janus-faced cu-bwFu Jt; fh;wk
jar on-Jwk
jar/ /
jar/sth/
jargon/stdol/rJr~t»x Jdolt Ftm ~tç’tu-Ct»tt
jarring fbfbtxe Jt¤tu yJts
jaundice/sptLzem/fb¤tu
jaunt btusgtºtt
jaunty/sptLxe/btuSjwk
jaw/ /
jaw/spt/szcwk
jazz up-Jwk
jazz/ /
jazz/stÍ/
jealous(y)/ /
jealous/sujm/R»tto¤w,y’uFwk
jeer Wvntm fhJtu
jelly/ /
jelly/suje/
jeopardise Cgbtk bqfJwk
jeremiad htu’Ktk htulth,htu;j
jerk ytkaftu,Íxftu bthJtu
jest
jester/ /
jester/suMx&/
jet/ /

jet/sux/rA’[ btk:e Wz;tu VqJthtu
jettison Jsl DxtzJt Vufe ’uJwk
jewel/ /
jewel/sTJuj/hðl
jewellery/ /
jig
jigsaw raºt ftugztu
jilt v{ubbtk ;hAtuzJwk
jingle hKfth,FKFKtx
jingoistic gwæættYZ,jztgf rbsts
jink nt: ;t¤e ytvJe
jinx
jittery hDJtgwk
job/ /
job/stuc/ftb,ltufhe
jobbery/stuche/stnuh ftbbtk C{»xtath
jockey for-Jwk
jockey humltu DtuzuMJth
jockey into-Jwk
jocular rJltu’e,hbwS
jocund btuSjwk,ytlk’e
jog along-Jwk
jog/ /
jog/stud/
join in-Jwk
join on-Jwk
join up-Jwk
join(t)/ /
join/stuRl/stuztJw,k stuzJwk
joint/stuRLx/mtkættu,stuz
joke/ /
joke/stuWf/bstf,b~fhe,xwaftu
jolly/ /
jolly/stuje/btuSjwk,ytlk’e
jolt Íxftu,yktaftu
jostle/stumj/æt¾ft bthelu ytd¤ JætJwk
jot down xvftJJwk,ltUæte juJwk
journal(ist)/ /
journalist/slorjMx/vºtfth
journey/ /
journey/sleo/bwmtVhe,gtºtt,v{Jtm
jovial btuSjwk,v{mLlra•t
joy(ful)/ /
joy/stug/ytlk’,btus
joyous/stugm/btusbtk,btuSjwk
jubilant/sgwcejLx/ytlk’rJCtuh
jubilation/sgwcejpNl/n»ttuoWÕÕttm
jubilee/sgwceje/sgk;e,bntuðmJ
judge(ment)/ /
judge/ss/LgtgæteN,bqÕg yktfJwk
judicial Lgtgtjglwk,lu jd;wk
judiciary Lgtg;kºt
judicious zntvKCgowk,rJJufvqKo
jug/ /
jug/sd/
juggernaut rJhtx c¤,sdLlt:
juggler/ /
juggler/sdjh/st’wdh/nt:atjtfe fhlth
jugglery nt:atjtfe,st’wdhe

By. Richin Patel

65

jugglery of words Nç’Aj-v{vka
juice/ /
juice/sgwm/hm
juicy/ /
juicy/sgwme/hm’th
jump at-Jwk
jump down-Jwk
jump on-Jwk
jump/ /
jump/sBv/fq’Jwk,fq’ftu
juncture/skfah/;c¾ftu
jungle/ /
jungle/skdj/
junior most
junior/ /
junior/swlegh/
junk Ckdth,fahtu
junkie fuVe÷Ôgltu ltu ckættKe
junta j~fhe m•tt-bkz¤,akzt¤ atufze
jurisdiction ftgoûtuºt
just(ice)/ /
just/sMx/Lgtge,Ôgtsce
justice/sMxeÍ/
justification Jiætf;t,gtuøg;t
justify Ôgtsce-Jiæt XuhJJwk
jut out cnth ’uFtJwk
jute/sTgwx/NK
juvenile/swJultRj/mdeh
juxtapose ctsw ctswbtk bqfJwk
kaleidoscopic rJrJæt ’]~gtJje
kamikaze//ytðbDt;e Jðtol-ÔgJnth
karaoke mt:u dtJwk
keel over-Jwk
keen
keen/ /
keen/fel/yt;wh,Wðmwf
keep abreast
keep at/ /
keep at-Jwk
keep away-Jwk
keep back-Jwk
keep down-Jwk
keep from-Jwk
keep in with-Jwk
keep off
keep off :e ’qh hnuJwk
keep off-Jwk
keep on/ /
keep on//atjw htfJwk
keep on-Jwk
keep out-Jwk
keep to-Jwk
keep up-Jwk
keep/ /
keep/fev/htFJwk
ken/ful/¿ttlle mebt
kerfuffle/fVoVj/ættkætj
kernel/floj/V¤ltu dCo
kerosene/ /
kerosene/fuhtumel/

kettle/ /
kettle/fuxj/fexje
key/ /
key/fe/bwÏg ctc;,atJe,Wfuj
keyed up/ /
kibosh/rfctpN/cfJtm
kick about/around-Jwk
kick in-Jwk
kick off-Jwk
kick out-Jwk
kick up
kick up-Jwk
kick/ /
kick/rff/jt;
kick-back/rffcpf/fxfe,jtka,’jtje
kick-off/rffytpV/hb; NY fhJe
kid/ /
kid/rfz/ct¤f
kidding bstf,ctrjN;t
kidnap yvnhK fhJwk
kill/ /
kill/rfj/nðgt fhJe
killjoy rJÎlmk;tu»te
kiln/rfÕl/$xtultu Cêtu
kilo/ /
kilo/rfjtu/1000,nsth
kilogram/ /
kilometre/ /
kilometre/rfjtubexh/
kin/ /
kin/rfl/mdtk
kind tokind/ /
kind/ftRLz/btgt¤w
kindle/feLzj/v{uhJwk
kindred mdtmckæte
king(dom)/ /
king/rfkd/htst
kingpin/rfkdrvl/cu;ts ct’Ntn,mJuomJto
kinsman/rfLmbl/mdwk
kiosk/rfytuMf/Atvhe,fprcl,btkzJtu
kiss/ /
kit/ /
kit/rfx/mtbtl,aesJM;w
kitchen/ /
kitchen/rfal/hmtuzwk
kite/ /
kite/ftRx/v;kd
kith and kin mdtkJntjt
kitsch/rfa/fjtbtk ytzkch-’kC
klaxon mtghl
kleptomania atuhe le y’BgJ]r•t
knack/lpf/fwln
u ,fmc
knave/lpRJ/Xd,c’btN
knead/lez/bm¤Jwk
knee(l)/ /
knee/le/DqkxK
kneel/lej/DqkxrKgu vzJwk
knell/luj/b]ðgwDkx

By. Richin Patel

66

knew/Lgw/st½gw,Fch n;e
knife/ /
knife/ltRV/Ahe,a¾fw
knit/ /
knit/lex/dqk:Jwk
knock about/around-Jwk
knock back-Jwk
knock down/ /
knock down-Jwk
knock off/ /
knock off-Jwk
knock out/ /
knock out-Jwk
knock over-Jwk
knock together-Jwk
knock up-Jwk
knock/ /
knock/ltuf/xftuhtk bthJt
knoll/ltuj/xufhe,zwd
k h
knot(ty)/ /
knot/lptx/dtkX
knotty/ltuuxe/yxvèwk,dtkXtuJt¤wk
know of-Jwk
know/ /
know/ltu/stKJwk,Fch ntuJe,ytu¤FJwk
know-how/ltu-ntW/stKfthe
knowledge(able)/ /
knowledge/lturjus/¿ttl,stlfthe
known/ltul/stKe;wk
knuckle under-Jwk
knuckle/lfj/ytkd¤e lt JuZtk
kosher rJ¹Jtmvtºt,yMmj
kow-tow dwjtbe fhJe
ktrip dtu:wk FtJwk,dtuxtu fhJtu,Vuhtu
kudos JFtK,Ntctme
kulak hrNgl Fuzq;
kymograph ’ctK btvf gkºt
label/ /
label/jucj/
laboratory/ /
laboratory/juctuhuxrh/
laborious bnul;w
labour bswhe
labour/ /
labourer/ /
labourer/juchh/
labourpains//v{mJJu’lt
labyrinth/ju/CwjCwjtbKe
lace/ /
lace/jum/
lacerate/jurmhuRx/aehJwk,sÏtbe fhJwk
lachrymose JuJjwk,htu;j
lack inlack oflack/ /
lack/jpf/WKv-Ftux ntuJe
lackadaisical mwM;,rlhwðmtne
lacklustre rlhm,rlM;us
lacky//htsfthKe FwNtbr;gt,abat

laconic
laconic xqkfw lu xa,ymhfthf Axt
lacuna Fwx;wk,Ftjevtu,ºtwrx
lad/ /
lad/jpz/Atufhtu
ladder/ /
ladder/juzh/
laden
ladi-da he;Ct; lwk ztu¤-’kCe
lady/ /
lady/juze/
lag
lag/ /
lag/jud/
lager ceyh le yuf st;
lagging vtA¤ hne s;wk
laissez-faire/juRmu Vuyh/bw¾;Ôgtvth
lake/ /
lake/juf/
lamb/ /
lamb/juBc/
lambast/e/jpBcpMx/ÍtxfKe ftZJe
lame duck ’uJtr¤gtu,lt’th
lame/ /
lame/juRb/jkdzw
lament rJjtv,ytÄk’ fhJtu
lamina vz,:h
lamp/ /
lamp/juBv/r’Jtu,c;e
lampoon Xêt-b~fhe
lance/ /
lance/juLm/
land/ /
land/juLz/sbel
landmine sbelbtk dtuXJuje mwhkd
landslide sch’M; S;,CqMFjl
lane/ /
lane/jul/dje,Nuhe
language/ /
language/jUdJus/
languid sz,mwM;,bk’
languish mczJwk
languor
lanky ³aw lu vt;¤wk,;tz suJwk
lantern Vtlm
lap/ /
lap/juv/Ftu¤tu
lapidary rnhtW¼tud
lapse Ftjmt :Jwk,h’ :Jwk
laptop Ftu¤tbtk htFe Nftg ;uJwk ftuBÃgwxh
larceny/jtmuole/atuheltu dwltu
large/ /
large/jtso/
largesse W’th Cux,’tl
lark/ /
lark/jtfo/
lascivious jkvx,ftbe
lash down-Jwk
lash into-Jwk

By. Richin Patel

67

lash mF; xeft,Ítvxwk (Jhmt’)
lash out ÍtxfKe ftZJe,VxfthJwk
lash out/ /
lash out-Jwk
lashing Chvqh,rJvwj
lass Atufhe
lassitude v{bt’,yt¤m,mwM;e,:tf
lasso dtr¤gtu
last out-Jwk
last/ /
last/jtMx/xfJwk,AuÕjwk
late(ly)/ /
late/juRx/
latent mwÃðt,dwÃ;,y’T~g
later/ /
lateral ctswlwk
lather VeK
latitude
latter/ /
latter/jpxh/cu btk:e AuÕjwk
laud/jtuWz/JFtKJwk
laugh aboutlaugh atlaugh off-Jwk
laugh(ter)/ /
laugh/jtV/
launch ;h;wk bqfJwk,v{thkC fhJtu
launch into-Jwk
launch out-Jwk
launch/ /
launch/jtuLa/
launder ættujtR fhJe
laureate htsfrJ
laurel JFtK,v{Nkmt
lave V¤÷wv
lavish WztW
lavitate
law/ /
law/jtp/
lawn/ /
lawns/jtpl/jejwk Dtm
lawyer/ /
lawyer/jtpgh/Jfej
laxitive//huaf
laxity ZejtN
lay about-Jwk
lay by/ /
lay by//ca; fhJe
lay down/ /
lay down//nuXwk bqfJwk
lay down-Jwk
lay in/ /
lay in-Jwk
lay off/ /
lay off-Jwk
lay on-Jwk
lay out/ /
lay out-Jwk
lay up/ /
lay up-Jwk

lay/ /
lay/ju/bqfJwk
layer/ /
layer/jugh/:h,vz
layman mtbtLg btKm
lay-off AxKe,ftgoAwèe
layout ytjuF,halt,lfNtu
lazy/ /
lazy/juÍe/yt¤mw
lead on-Jwk
lead up-Jwk
lead/ /
lead/jez/rJ;tJJwk,ytduJtle juJe,mwhtd
lead/jpz/memwk
leaf/ /
leaf/jeV/vtk’zw,vtlwk
leaflet/jeVjux/vrºtft
league
league/jed/mkD,vtka rfjtubexhlwk yk;h
leak/ /
leak/jef/aqJtf :Jtu,d¤;h,cnth vzJwk
lean on-Jwk
lean/ /
lean/jel/Z¤Jwk,’qc¤wk-vt;¤wk,ÍwfJwk
leap fq’ftu bthJtu
leap/ /
learn/ /
learn/jlo/NeFJwk
lease of life SJ;’tl
lease vètvh Ctzu ytvJwk
leash
least/ /
least/jeMx/
leather/ /
leather/ju:h/
leave behind-Jwk
leave off/ /
leave off-Jwk
leave out-Jwk
leave/ /
leave/jeJ/hst,AtuzJwk
lecher
lectern vwM;f JtkaJtle Dtuze
led
ledger Ft;tJne
lee ytu:-ytNhtu
leech jtune aqm;e s¤tu
leer ftbwf;t:e stuJwk
leeway AwxAtx,vJl:e Wjxe r’Nt
left/ /
left/juVx/ztcwk,Atuze ’eætwk
leg/ /
leg/jud/vd
legacy Jthmtu
legal(ly)/ /
legal/jedj/ftlqle,ftg’umh
legatee
legend/ /
legend/jesLz/’k;f:t
legendary

By. Richin Patel

68

legendary mwv{rmææt,’k;f:tlwk
legible Jtkae Nftg ;uJwk
legion j~fhe ’¤
legislate ftg’tu DzJtu
legislation//ftg’tu,ætthtu
legislative
legislator ætthtmÇg
legislature
legitimate ftg’umh
leisure rlhtk;
leitmotif/juRxbtuxeV/;rfgtfjtb
lemon/ /
lemon/jubl/
lend/ /
lend/juLz/WAelwk ytvJwk
length(en)/ /
length/juL:/
lengthen/juLætl/jkctJJwk
leopard/ /
leopard/juvzo/
leprosy/juv{rm/h¾;rv;
leptopirosis
lesbian/juMceyl/mbj´de Mºteytu ltu mnJtm
less/ /
less/jum/lt fh;t ytuAwk
lessen/juml/DxtzJwk,ytuAwk fhJwk
lesson/ /
lesson/juml/vtX
lest/ /
lest/juMx/hFulu,f’ta lu
let Awx ytvJe
let down/ /
let down//njft vt’JwkvtzJwk
let in for-Jwk
let in-Jwk
let off Ctde sJt ’uJwk,Ctzu ytvJwk
let off/ /
let off-Jwk
let on-Jwk
let out fne ’uJwk,sJt ’uJwk
let out-Jwk
let up htn;-Awxfthtu :Jtu
let up-Jwk
let/ /
let/jux/
lethal Dt;f
lethargy yt¤m,v{bt’
letter/ /
letter/juxh/
leukaemia jtunelwk fpLmh
level/ /
level/juJj/
leviathan htûtme,v{akz
levitate
levity bstf,n¤JtN
levy fh
lewd/Õgqz/jkvx,ÔgCeathe
lex ftg’tu
lexicon Nç’ftuN
liable ytrætl,sJtc’th

liaison/rjyuÍptk/vhMvh ÔgJnth,slmkvfo
liar/ /
liar/jtgh/
libel/jtRcj/c’lûte
libellous/jtRrcjm/c’lûte Chujwk
liberal W’th
liberalization W’thefhK
liberty/ /
liberty/rjcrxo/
libido ftbJtmlt
library/ /
library/jtRc{uhe/
licence/ /
licence/jtRmLm/vhJtltu(ltb)
license vhJtltu ytvJtu (rÄgtv’)
licentious/jtmurLmym/jkvx
lick/ /
lick/rjf/atxJwk
lid/ /
lid/rjz/
lie back-Jwk
lie down/ /
lie in-Jwk
lie up-Jwk
lie/ /
lie/jtR/sqXwk ctujJwk,vzgt hnuJwk
lien fçstu fu ætthK yrætfth
lies/jtRm/
lieu of/ÕgwytuV/lu c’ju
lieutenant/juVxulLx/j~fhe ntu’T’tu
life/ /
life/jtRV/SJl
life-long ytSJl
lifer ytSJl fu’
lift/ /
lift/rjVTx/
light up-Jwk
light/ /
light/jtRx/
lighten n¤Jwk fhJwk
lightening v{ftNbg fhJwk
lightning ytftNe rJs¤e
lightning/ /
like(ly)/ /
like/jtRf/
likely Nfg,mkCrJ;
likewise
limb/ /
limb/rjBc/
limber
limbo yrlrù; rM:r;,jxf;wk
lime light
lime/ /
lime/jtRb/
limelight
limelight v{ftN,jtufrv{g
limit/ /
limit/rjrbx/bgto’t,mebt
limn raºtK fhJwk
limousine/jebwÍel/btuxhdtze

By. Richin Patel

69

limp/ /
limp/rjBv/jkdztJw
limpid
line up-Jwk
line/ /
line/jtRl/
lineage JkN
linen chAx ftvz
liner nJtR snts,
linger jkctJwk,Zej fhJe,ͤwkcJwk
lingerie/j´kdhe/Mºte ytult ykd; fvztk
lingo rJ’u»te-Ftm Ct»tt
linguistically
link/ /
link/rjLf/
lion/ /
lion/jtgl/rmkn
lip service
lip/ /
lip/rjv/
liquefy v{Jtne btk VuhJJwk
liquid/ /
liquid/rjr¾Jz/
liquidate awfJe ’uJwk,bthe ltFJwk
liquidity htufz,;hj;t
liquor/jefh/Nhtc,’tY
lisp/ /
lisp/rjMv/;tu;ztJwk
lissome/rjmb/av¤
list/ /
list/rjMx/
listen in-Jwk
listen to/rjml xw/
listen/ /
listless W’tmel mwM;,rlhwðmtn
literacy/rjxhrm/mtûth;t
literal/ /
literal/rjxhj/Nç’N&
literary/ /
literary/rjxhrh/mtrnðg lu jd;wk
literate/rjxhuRx/mtûth
literati/rjxhtrx/mtrnðgfth
literature/ /
literature/rjxhuah/
lithe/jtRæt/av¤,;hJrhgwk
litigate ’tJtu ajtJJtu
litigation y’tj;btk rJJt’
litmus-test yrølvheûtt,fmtuxe
litre/ /
litre/rjxh/
litter/rjxh/dk’Jtz,djwrzgtk,fahtu
litterateur/rjxhuxh/mtrnðgfth
litterbug stnuhbtk fahtu Vkuflth
little/ /
little/rjxj/
littoral ftkXt ltu v{’uN
live down-Jwk
live in/out-Jwk
live off-Jwk

live on-Jwk
live up to-Jwk
live/ /
live/jtRJ/SJk;
live/rjJ/SJ;wk,SJe;,hnuJwk,JmJwk
livery rJrN»x vtu»ttf
live-wire ;hJrhgtu
livid ætqJtk VqkJt
lizard/ /
lizard/rjÍzo/
lo mtkC¤tu
lo/jtu/mtkC¤tu
load down-Jwk
load up-Jwk
load/ /
load/jtuWz/
loaf/ /
loaf/jtuWV/CxfJwk,vtkô-htuxe
loan/ /
loan/jtuWl/WAelwk ytvJwk
loathsome ræt¾¾thvqKo
lobbying ;hVuK-xuftu bu¤JJtu
local/ /
local/jtuuWfj/
locale DxltM:¤
locate M:vtJwk,Ftu¤e ftZJwwk,JmJwkw
lock away-Jwk
lock horn rNkdzt ChtJJt
lock in-Jwk
lock out-Jwk
lock up-Jwk
lock/ /
lock/jtpf/;t¤wk
lockout ;t¤tckæte
loco/jtuftu/vtdj
locomotive ytddtzelwk yUrsl
locus standi btLgrM:r;
lodge/ /
lodge/jtps/JeNe,bqfJwk,’tFj fhJwk
lodgings/ /
loft/ /
lofty ôawk,WLl;
log in
log/ /
log/jptd/jtfzwk
loggerheads/jtudhnuz/;kd mkckættu
logical ;trfof
logistics vwhJXtu vntUatzJtu
logorhhoea
loin fbh
loiter C{bK fhJw,k hFzJwk
lonely/ /
lonely/jtuurLj/
long for-Jwk
long/ /
long/jtuLd/
longevity ’eættog»w g,jtkce ytJh’t
longitude
loo mkztm-ct:Yb

By. Richin Patel

70

look aboutlook after/ /
look after/ /
look after-Jwk
look atlook at-Jwk
look back-Jwk
look down on/ /
look down on-Jwk
look for/ /
look for//NtuætJwk
look for-Jwk
look forward to/ /
look forward yt;wh;t:e htn stuJe
look in/ /
look in-Jwk
look into/ /
look into-Jwk
look on to-Jwk
look on-Jwk
look out for-Jwk
look out-Jwk
look over-Jwk
look to-Jwk
look up to/ /
look up to-Jwk
look up/ /
look up-Jwk
look/ /
look/jwf/
loom ͤwc
k Jwk,CbJwk,Nt¤ (ftvz)
loophole Axfcthe,ûtr;
loose/ /
loose/jwm/Zejwk,Awèkw
loosen up-Jwk
loot jqxJwk
loquacious Jtat¤,Jt;turzgwk
lord/ /
lord/jtuzp/sbel’th.btrjf,CdJtl,ltb’th
lore//mtrnðg,rJî;t
lose out-Jwk
lose/ /
lose/jwm/dwbtJJwk,nthJwk,ltN vtbJwk
loss/ /
loss/jtuum/lwfNtle
lost/jtuuMx/dqb,FtuJtguj
lot/ /
loud(ly)/ /
loud/jtWz/cwjk’,btuxut yJts
lounge/ /
lounge/jtWLs/
louse up-Jwk
lousy F’c’;wk,D]KtMv’
love(able)/ /
love/jJ/v{ub,jdtJ
low pitch
low(ly)/ /
low/jtuu/leawk
lower/ /
loyal(ty)/ /

loyal/jtugj/JVt’th
lubricate ³sKvqhJwk
lucid Mv»x,hmt¤
luck(y)/ /
luck/jf/
lucrative Fqc vimt b¤u ;uJwk
ludicrous ntMgtMv’
luggage/ /
luggage/jdus/
lugubrious Ntufbøl
lukewarm Xkzwk,lJNufwk ntUN rJltlw,k lJNufwk
lull mbe sJwk,Ntk; vzJwk
lullaby/jjtrc/ntjhzwk
lumber
lump/ /
lump/jBv/jtU’tu,mnl fhJwk
lumpsum cæte hfb mt:u
lunar
lunatic vtdj
lunch/ /
lunch/jLa/
lung/ /
lung/jLd/
lunge ytd¤ ætme sJwk
lurch
lure jjatJJwk
lurid rJrJæt,c’jt;wk,’~gtJje
lurk ͤwc
k Jwk
luscious
lust ;eJ{ ftbJtmlt,jkvx;t
luxuriant rJvwj,yr; v{aqh
luxurious rJjtme,btusNtuFlwk
lymphatic lc¤e-rV¾fe Ôgrf;
lynch xtu¤t îtht nðgt :Je
lyric//WrboftÔg-de;
lyrical WrboftÔglwk,CtJltbg
macabre rcntbKwk,rJfht¤
machiavellian/bpfegtJujeyl/fvxe
machinations ftJt’tJt,ftJ;hwk,»tzgkºt
machine(ry)/ /
machine/brNl/gkºt,mkatu
machismo/bprfÍbtu/b’toldevqKo
macho/bpatu/vtihw»tðJJt¤wk
mad/ /
mad/bpz/vtdj,dtkzw
madam/ /
madam/bpzb/
made/buRz/
madonna Jrsol bprh
maestro/bpMx[tu/WM;t’,vkrz;(mkde;)
Mafia ytk;hhtr»x[g dwLntxtu¤fe
magazine/ /
magazine/bpduSl/mtbrgf,dtu¤elwk FtuFwk
Magi/bpstR/lt;tj mbgu Cux jtJlth
magic(al)/ /
magic/bprsf/st’w
magician/ /
magnanimity/bpølprlrbrx/ btuxkw bl,W’th;t
magnanimous/bpølprlbm/btuxt bllwk W’th

By. Richin Patel

71

magnate/bpøluRx/ætlvr;
magnet/bpølux/jttunawkcf
magnificent/bprølrVMtLx/ CÔg,v{CtJNt¤e
magnify/bprølVtg/btuxwk fhJwk
magnitude/bprølxgwz/vrhbtK,Ôgtv,btºtt
mahout/ /
mahout/bntW;/bntJ;
maid/ /
maid/buRz/ltufhtKe,fwbtrhft
maiden/buRzl/ v{:b,fwbthe
mail/ /
mail/buRj/xvtj
maim/bpRb/yvkd-rJf]; cltJJwk
main/ /
main/bpRl/bwÏg
mainstay/bpRlMxu/bwÏgytætth-xuftu
mainstream bwÏg-htr»x[g ættht
maintainrlJton,st¤JJwk,mb:ol ytvJwk
maintenance//st¤JKe,ChKvtu»tK
maize/ /
maize/bpRÍ/bftR
majestic/ /
majestic/bprsrMxf/CÔg,htsJe XtX
major/ /
major/bush/bwÏg,vwÏ;,bn•Jlwk
make for/ /
make for-Jwk
make good
make of/frommake off with-Jwk
make off/ /
make off-Jwk
make of-Jwk
make out/ /
make out//mbsJwk
make out-Jwk
make over/ /
make over-Jwk
make up for/ /
make up for-Jwk
make up to-Jwk
make up vntkuae Ôt¤Jwk
make up/ /
make up//J¤;h-c’jtu Jt¤Jtu vntkuae Ôt¤Jwk
make up-Jwk
make way søgt ytvJe,btdo fhJtu
make/ /
make/buRf/cltJJwk,cltJx
make-believe bl bltJJwk,ytCtme
make-shift ftbajtW
malady/bpjprz/ btk’de,htud
malafide/bpjtVtRz/ bjel,’wT»x
malaise/bpjpRÍ/ymwF,cual
u e
male/ /
male/buRj/vwhw»t,lh
malediction Ntv,c’’wJt
malevolence/bprjJtpjLm/ îu»t
malevolent/bprjJtpjLx/ îu»tgw¾;
malicious ’w»x,nhtbe
malign/bjtRLt/ ltjuNe-c’ltbe fhJe

malignant/bprjølLx/ SJjuK,Dt;f(fpLmh)
malinger/bprjLsh/ftbatuh,yt¤mwk
malleable/bprjyuçj/xeve Nftg ;uJe ætt;w
malpractice/bpjv{pfrxm/duhhe;e,dtujbtj
mammal/bpbj/mM;l v{tKe
mammoth/bpb:/rJhtx,skde
man(ly)/ /
man/bpl/btKm,bl»wg
manage(r)/ /
manage/bplus/ÔgJM:t-v{cLæt fhJtu
mandarin/bpLzprhl/mwctytu
mandate/bpLzpRx/ Vhbtl,jtuft’uN,slt’uN
mandatory/bpLzpxrh/ yt’uNbqjf,Vhrsgt;
mane/ /
mane/buRl/fuNJt¤e (v{tKe)
mangle/bpLøj/ aqk:e ltFJwk
mango/ /
mango/bpLdtu/fuhe,ytb{V¤
manhandle/bplnpLzj/ æt¾fu aztJJwk
manhole/bpLtntpj/ dxhctfwk
mania/bprlyt/DujAt,rJf]r;,dtkzvK
maniac/bprlypf/dtkztu,vtdj
manifest/bprlyt/ v{dx-A;wk fhJwk
manifesto/bprlVuMxtu/ Dtu»tKtvºt,ZkZuhtu
manipulate/bprlÃgwjux/ Dtjbuj-dtujbtj fhJe
manned/bpLz/btlJ mrn;
manner/ /
manner/bplh/he;,Zc
mannikin(mannequin) vq;¤wk
manoeuvre/blwJh/’tJvua,ÔgqnctS
manor/bpltph/
mansion/bpLml/ bftl,Dh
mantle
manual/bpLgwyj/ ltle vwrM;ft,nt:lwk ftb
manufacture/bpLgwVpfah/ Wðvt’l fhJwk
manumit dwjtb lu bwf; fhJtu
manuscript/bpLgwrMÄÃx/ nM;v{;
many/ /
many/bprl/DKt,DKe
map out rJd;Jth dtuXJJwk
map/ /
map/bpv/lfNtu
mar/ /
mar/bth/FhztJwwk,Fhtc fhJwk-:Jwk
marathon jtkce ’tuz (42rf.be.)
marauder jqkxthtu
march/ /
march/btao/fqa fhJe
mare/ /
mare/bpyh/Dttuze
marginal lSJwk,ætthtu ætth
marginalise bnðJ ætxtzJwk-ytuAwk fhJwk
marigold/ /
marigold/bprhdtuÕz/
marijuana ahm,dtkstu
marine mbw÷,ltift mckæte
maritime
maritime ck’hlw,k ’rhgtlwk
mark up-Jwk

By. Richin Patel

72

mark/ /
mark/btfo/rlNtle,raLn,
market/ /
market/btrfox/ntx
maroon mkvfo Jkra;-Juhtl :Jwk
marriage tomarriage/ /
marriage/bprhs/jøl,rJJtn
married tomarried/ /
marry off-Jwk
marry/ /
marry/bprh/vhKJwk
marsh/ /
marsh/btNo/leae sbel
marshal/btNoj/Äbcæt dtuXJJwk
marshy/btrNo/leatK Jt¤e sbel
martial/btNoj/j~fhe,MJhûtK fmh;
Martian/btrNoyl/bkd¤Jtme
martinet fzfrNM;lwk ytd{ne
martyr/btrxoh/Nne’,nw;tðbt
martyrdom Nnt’;,Nne’e
marvel(lous)/ /
marvellous y’TCw;
marvellous/btJuojm/
mascot//NwCraLn,v{r;f
mash/ /
mash/bpN/
mask/ /
mask/bpMf/bntuhwk,cwftle,cwhFtu
mason frzgtu
mass apeal smooh
mass/ /
mass/bpm/sÚ:tu,mbqn,Ôgtvf,mkdXl
massacre fðjuytb,nðgtftkz
massage btrjN
mass-appeal
masses sl;t,mbqntu
massive Cthu,Ôgtvf,btuxuvtgu
mast M;kC,æJs M;kC
master/ /
master/btMxh/
mastiff
mat/ /
mat/bpx/
match/ /
match/bpa/
mate/ /
mate/bpx/
material/ /
material/bxerhgj/Ctir;f,v’t:o
materialise/bxerhgjtRÍ/mtfth :Jwk
maternal bt;]vûtlwk,bt;tlwk
matey b¤;tJzwk
mathematics/ /
maths/ /
maths/bpÚm/
matriarch/bprx[ytfo/bt;]rJNu»t
matrimonial jølrJ»tgf

matter/ /
matter/bpxh/
mattoid bntv{r;Ct ylu bqFo
mature vrhvfJ,v{tiZ
maturity vrhvfJ;t
maudlin JuJjwk,htu;j
maul Aqk’Jwk,rALlrCLl fhJwk
maunder Vh;e Vh;e Jt; fhJe
maven rl»Ktk;,fjtvthFw
maverick lJtu aejtu vtzlth
mawkish Jur’gkw,yr; jtdKeNej
maxim/bp¾Íeb/mqºt,rmæættk;
maximum/ /
maximum/bprûtbb/
may be/ /
may/ /
may/bu/f’ta
maybe/bugce/f’ta
mayhem/bugnpb/rnkmtath,fðjuytb
maze/ /
maze/buÍ/CwjCwjtbKe,dqkaJtztu
me/ /
meadow/ /
meadow/buztuW/jejtdtkmlw bu’tl
meagre/bedh/yÕv,sqs,lSJwk
meal/ /
meal/bej/FtKwk
mean/ /
mean/bel/njfx,lea,y:o ntuJtu
meander/beyoLzh/Jtkfwaqkfwk JnuJwk
means mtætl,Wvtg
means/ /
measles//yAcztk,yturh
measure up-Jwk
measure/ /
measure/bpÍh/btºtt,vdjwk,btvJwk
measurement/ /
meat/ /
meat/rbx/v{tKelwk btkm
mechanical gtkrºtf
mechanism
medal/ /
medal/buzj/ak÷f
meddle/ /
meddle/buzj/bt:wk bthJwk
media//mbtath//btægbtu
mediaperson//mbtath//btægbtu
mediator bægM:e,Jaurxgtu
medical/ /
medical/burzfj/
medicinal/buzrmlj/yti»tæte,’Jtlu jd;wk
medicine/ /
medicine/buzrml/’Jt,yti»tæte
medico buzefj rÔt¼t:eo-ztufxh
medieval/buzeytRJj/bæggwdel
mediocre/rbzeytufh/ njfe,bægb ftuxelwk
mediocrity/rbzeyturÄrx/bægbJdo,;wåA
meditate ægtl,rak;l fhJwk
meek dheczwk,cefK

By. Richin Patel

73

meet up-Jwk
meet with-Jwk
meet/ /
meet/rbx/
megalomania yr; ynkfthe
melancholic rJ»tt’vqKo
melange rb©K,JirJæg
melee ’kdj,æt¾ftbqfe
mellifluous
mellow hm’th,bætwh,btVf,
melodious fKorv{g,mwbwæth
melt away-Jwk
melt down-Jwk
melt/ /
melt/buÕx/ytud¤Jwk
member/ /
member/buBch/
memento/rbbuLxtu/Mb]r;raLn
memoirs/buBJth/mkMbhKtu
memorable mkMbhKeg,gt’dth
memorandum ytJu’lvºt
memorise gt’fhJkw,dtuFJwk
memorise/ /
memory/ /
memory/bubrh/gt’Nrf;,Mb]r;,mkMbhK
men/ /
men/bul/btKmtu(c.J.)
menace/bulum/Wv÷J-ºttmslf JM;w
menagerie/bulusrh/v{tKemkd{ntjg
mend/ /
mend/buLz/mbkw fhJwk
mendacity/buLzurmrx/swXtKwk
mendicant
menial/burLyj/ltufh-atfh
mental/ /
mental/buLxj/btlrmf
mention/ /
mention/buLNl/WÕjuF fhJtu,’NtoJJwk
mentor/buLxh/btdo’Nof,rNûtf,dwhw
mercenary/bhrmolrh/Ctzq;e/vimt btxu ftb fhlth
merchandise/bauoLztRÍ/btjmtbtl
merchant/ /
merchant/bhaLx/Juvthe
mercurial/bh¾gorhyj/c’jt;wk
mercy-killing Ju’ltbwrf; b]ðgw
mere/ /
mere/rbyh/btºt
merge/bso/Cu¤JJwk,stuze ’uJwk
merger/bsoh/stuztK,rJrjlefhK
meritocracy/burhxtuÄrm/dwKe-¿ttle sltulwk Ntml
meritorious/burhxturhym/dwKJtl,v{Nkmtvtºt
mermaid/bubuoz/bðMg fLgt
merry/ /
merry/burh/ytlk’e
mesh/buN/st¤e,Awk’tu,
mesmerise/buMbuhtRÍ/JNefhK fhJwk
mesomorphic/buMbtuhrVf/l¾fh Mltgw Jt¤wk
mess about/around-Jwk
mess up/bum/

mess/ /
mess/bum/dtuxt¤tu,yÔgJM:t,ykuXJtz
message/ /
message/bumus/mk’uNtu,fnuK,Wv’uN
messenger/ /
messiah/burmytn/;thKnth
messy/bume/dk’wk,dtuxt¤egwk,VqJzegwk
metabolism/buxtcturjÍb/vtu»tf ÷Ôglwk,;kºt-halt
metal/ /
metal/buxj/ætt;w
metamorphosis/buxtbtuhVturmm/st’wR Yvtk;h
metaphor/buxtVhV/Yvf yjkfth
mete out/rbx-ytWx/mtxwk Jt¤Jwk,gtuøg c’jtu juJtu
meteor/rbrxyuth/WÕft
meteorite/rbrxytuhtRx/ytkS ’u;wk
meteorologists/rbrxheytujSMx/nJtbtlNtMºte
meteorology/rbrxheytujS/nJtbtlNtMºt
meter/ /
meter/rbxh/btvlgkºt
method/ /
method/bu:z/he;,vææ;e
methodical/bu:rzfj/ÔgJrM:;
meticulous/burxfgwjm/mkvwKo;tlwk ytd{ne
metier/rbrxyh/ætkættu,htusdth
metre/ /
metre/rbxh/btv mtu mu.be.
metric/ /
mettle/ /
mettle/buxj/’b,swMmtu,vtKe
mew/Bgq/Bgtkô
mewl/Bgqj/ytô Jtô Y ’l
mezzanine v{:b bt¤ leaultu bt¤
miasma/rbytÍbt/Íuhe nJt,Jht¤
mice/ /
mice/btRm/ô’h(c.J.)
microcosm/btRÄtuftuÍb/cñtkzlt jDw Yvu SJ
microscope/ /
mid/ /
middle/ /
middle/rbzj/bæg,btægrbf
midget/rbsux/rXkdwS
midst/ /
midst/rbzMx/le Jåau
mid-term/rbz xbo/ bægmºt
midwife daayan
mien/rbyl/mtrnðg-fjtfthlwk J;ol
miff/rbV/lthts fhJwk,Ídztu fhJtu
might/ /
might/btRx/Nrf;,c¤
mighty/btRxe/c¤Jtl,Nrf;btl
migraine/btR/ytættNeNe
migrate JmJtx btxu M:¤tk;h fhJwk
milch/rbÕa/’qÍKwk
mild/ /
mild/btRÕz/lhb,mtiBg
mile/ /
mile/btRj/
milestone/btRj/mebtraLn
milieu/rbrÕgw/mbftjel vrhrM:r;

By. Richin Patel

74

militant jztRFtuh
militarism
military/ /
military/rbrjx[e/j~fh,mult
militia/rbjerNyt/j~fhe ’¤
milk/ /
milk/rbÕf/’qæt
mill/ /
mill/rbj/gkºt,a¾fe,fthFtlwk,’¤Jwk
millennium mwJKogwd,mnMºtm’e
miller/ /
miller/rbjh/fthFtlu’th
millet/rbjux/ ctshe
million/ /
million/rbrjgl/’NjtF
millionaire/rbrjgutluh/ ’N-jtFvr;
mince/rbLm/ fqatu fhJtu,n¤Jwk cltJJwk
mind/ /
mind/btRLz/bl,ægtlbtk juJwk
mindset/btRLz/bltu’Nt,bltuJ]r•t
mine/ /
mine/btRl/FtK,mwhkd,bt
mineral/ /
mineral/rblhj/Fles
mingle/rbLdj/btk C¤Jwk,rb©K :Jwk
mingy/rbkS/rakdm
q ,fksqm
miniature/rbrlyuah/jDwraºt
minimise/rbrlbtRÍ/ytuAwk fhJwk
minimum/rbrlbb/yÕv;b,jDw;b
minister/ /
minister/rbrlMxh/v{ættl,bkºte
ministered/rbrlMxhzo/
ministerial/rbrlMxurhyj/ bkºtelu jd;wk
mink/ /
mink/rbLf/YkJtxe-atbzw (v{tKe)
minnowing
minor/btRLttuh/mdeh,dtiK,lSJwk
minority/btRLtturhrx/jDwb;e
minstrel/rbLMx[j/athK,frJ,dtgf
mint/ /
mint/rbLx/xkfNt¤,rm¾¾t vtzJt,Vw’eltu
minute/ /
minute/btRLgwx/mqûb
minute/rbrlx/rbrlx
minutes/rbrlxm/ftgoJtne ltUæt
minx/rbLfût/jwåae Atufhe
miracle/behp¾j/abðfth
miraculous/rbhp¾gwjm/abðftrhf
mirage/rbhts/b]ds¤
mire/btgh/ft’J,mkfx
mirror/ /
mirror/rbhh/yhemtu
misappropriate/rbmypv{turv{yux/dtujbtj fhJe
miscellaneous/rbmjprLtym/vhaqhK,rJrJæt
mischief/ /
mischievous ;tuVtle,Nhth;e
misconception/rbMfLNuÃNl/Ftuxe btLg;t,b;
misdemeanour/rbmzebelh/’whtahK
miser/ /

miser/btRÍh/fksqm,jtuCe
miserable/rbÍhçj/’w:Fe
misery/rbÍhe/fkdt¤ rM:r;
misgivings/rbmrdrJkd/Nkft,mk’un
misguide duhbtduo ’tuhJwk
mishap ’wDoxlt,yfMbt;
misjoinder/rbmstuRLzh/Ftuxwk y:oDxl
mislead/rbmjez/duhbtduo ’tuhJwk
misnomer/rbmltubh/Ftuxwk ltb-Wvgtud
misogamist/rbmtudprbMx/jølræt¾¾th;wk
misogynist/rbmtursrlMx/Mºtelu ræt¾¾th;wk
misplaced/rbmÃjuMz/
miss out-Jwk
miss/ /
miss/rbm/fwbthe,awfe sJwk
missing/rbrmkd/dqb,
mission/rbNl/ mkD,SJlbkºt-W’uN
missionary/rbNlrh/ætbov{athf,muJtmborv;
missive/rbrmJ/ftd¤,vºt
mist/ /
mist/rbMx/Ítf¤
mistake/ /
mistake/rbMxuRf/Cqj,duhmbs
mistier
mistress/ /
mistress/rbMx[um/btmwft
misty/rbrMx/ÍtkFw,k ætqkæt¤wk,yMv»x
misuse/ /
misuse/rbmgwm/’whwvgtud(m;t-ntu’tu)
mite/ /
mite/btRx/ WætR,ykN,vtkFze
mitigate/rbrxduRx/Ntk; vtzJwk,Nbl fhJwk
mitigation/rbrxduNl/Nbl
mix up-mu¤Cu¤ :Jwk
mix/ /
mix/rb¾m/Cu¤JJwk
mixture/ /
mizzle/rbÍj/Íhbh Jhmt’
moan/ /
moan/btuWl/rJjtv fhJtu
mob/ /
mob/btuc/rnkmf xtu¤wk
mobile/btuctRj/nh;wk Vh;wk
mobilisation/bturcjtEÍuNl/d;eNej;t,miLgsbt
Jx
mobility/bturcrjrx/njlajl
mobocracy
mock/ /
mock/bptf/Xêtb~fhe-Wvntm fhJtu
modal/btuzj/y:o fu he; c;tJ;wk
modalities/btuztrjrxÍ/he;hmb
mode/ /
mode/btuz/he;
model/ /
model/btuzj/lbwltu
moderate/btuzhux/lhb-btVf cltJJwk
moderator/btuzhuxh/W’th-lhb b•tJt¤wk
modern/ /
modern/btuuzol/ytætwrlf,yJtoael

By. Richin Patel

75

modes/btuzÍT/he;Ct;
modest/btuzuMx/yÕv,lb{,btVf
modesty/btuzurMx/lb{;t,dhJtR
modicum/bturzfb/shtf,yÕv
modify/bturzVtg/mwættht Jættht fhJt
modish/bturzN/AujAcejwk,VpNl Jt¤wk
modus
vivendi/btuzm
rJJurLz/ftbajtW
;zstuz,SJlv{:t
modus-operandi/btuzmytuvhrLz/ftgovæætr;
moffusil/btuVwrmj/d{tBg rJM;th
moiety/btugrx/yætoCtd
moist/ /
moist/btuRMx/CusJt¤wk,Celwk
mole/ /
mole/btuj/Nheh vhltu ;j,stmqm
molecule/btuju¾gwj/yKwk ltu jDw ykN
molest/btujuMx/m;tJJwk,Auz;e fhJe
molestation
molestation/btujuMxuNll/m;tbKe,Auz;e
mollify/bturjVtg/lhb,Nt;k vtzJwk
mollycoddle/bturjftuzj/yt¤vkvt¤ fhJe
moment/ /
moment/btubuLx/ûtK,v¤
momentous/btubuLxm/ydðglwk
monarchy/btultfeo/htstNtne
monastery/btultMx[e/ctiæætbX
monetary/btulexhe/ltKtkfeg,ytr:of
money/ /
money/ble/ætl,vimt
monitor/ /
monitor/bturlxh/’uFhuF mkfjl,Jdolu;t
monitoring/bturlxrhkd/’uFhuF mkfjl
monk/ /
monk/bLf/mtætw,mLgtme
monkey/ /
monkey/bkfe/Jtk’htu
monoecious hermaphrodite
monogamy/btultudprb/yufvrðlv{:t
monopoly/btultuvturj/Rsthtu,yuftrætfth
monotheism/btuL:uRÍb/yufu¹JhJt’
monotonous/btultuxtulm/yufættYk,fkxt¤tslf
monotony/btultuxturl/rlhm;t,fkxt¤tslf
monsieur/bMgwk/©ebtl(V{Ua)
monsoon/ /
monsoon/bLmql/atubtmw
monstrance/btuLMx[Lm/snts
monstrous htûtme,v{akz
month/ /
month/bk:/brnltu,btm
monument/btuLgwbLx/Mbthf,yJNu»t
mooch/bqa/hFzJwk,CxfJwk
mood/ /
mood/bqz/rbsts,bl&rM:;e
moon/ /
moon/bql/atk’tu,ak÷
moonstruck/bqlMx[f/amfujwk,dtkzw,vtdj
moor/ /
moor/bqyh/me’e,ncme
moorings/bqrhkøÍ/jtkdhJwk

moot point/bqx vtuRLx/rJJt’tMv’ bw’tu
moot/bqx/aato btxu ’hFtM; hsw fhJe
mope/ /
mope/btuv/vtu;kw fhJwk,mtV fhJwk
moped/ /
moped/btuvuz/yuLSl mt:u vuzj
mopping-up
moraine//rnb l’ebtk ;Ktgujt Fzftu
moral/ /
moral/btuhj/lir;f,rlr;b;t
morale/ /
morale/btuhtj/swMmtu,bltuc¤
morass rJÎl
moratorium btufqVe,rJjkce; aqfÔtKwk
morbid/btuhrcz/bltuhtude
morbidity/btuhrcrzrx/htude bltuJ]r;
mordant
mordant/btuhztLx/’tnf,bboCu’e,ytfYk
more/ /
more/btuh/Jætthu
mores/bptheÍ/mtbtrsf YrZytu
morgue/btpdo/NcDh
moribund/bturhçtL’/ bhKtuLbwF
morning/ /
morning/bturlkod/mJth
moron/btuhtul/bqFo,bk’ cwrææt
morose/btuhtuÍ/W’tm,aerzgwk
morphine/bturVol/yVeKltu yfo
morrow/ /
morsel/btumoj/ftur¤gtu
mortal/btuxoj/blw»g,bhKtrætl
mortar/btuxtoh/
mortgage/btuhdus/dehtu bqfJwk
mortified/bturxoVtRz/Nhrbk’w/AtuCejwk
mosque/ /
mosque/btpMf/bMS’
mosquito/ /
mosquito/brMfxtu/båAh
most(ly)/ /
most/btuMx/btuxt Ctdlt,mti:e Jætw
moth/ /
moth/btu:/SJtk;
mother/ /
mother/bæth/bt;t,btk
mother-tongue/bæthxLd/bt;]Ct»tt
motif/bturxV/f:tDxf,rJ»tgJM;w
motion/ /
motion/btuWNl/dr;,’hFtM;,v{M;tJ
motivate/bturxJux/v{uhJwk,v{J]; fhJwk
motivation/bturxJuNl/v{uhfc¤
motivator/bturxJuxh/v{uhf
motley/btpxje/vahkde,cnwhkde,rJrJæt
motor/ /
motor/btuxh/yurLsl
mottled/btpxÕz/axtvxt Jt¤wk(mtv)
motto/btpxtp/bw÷tjuF,rmæættk;
mould/ /
mould/btuWÕz/Dz;h fhJwk ytuXwk,Vqd jtdJe
moulting/btuÕxekd/lJvÕjrJ; fhJwk

By. Richin Patel

76

mound/ /
mound/btWLz/xufhtu
mount/ /
mount/btWLx/mJth :Jwk,le Wvh dtuXJJwk
mountain/ /
mountain/btWLxl/vJo;,vntz
mountainous/btWLxurlym/vntze,vJor;g
mountebank/btWLxcpLf/³xJi’/vtFkze
mourn/ /
mourn/btplo/Ntuf-rJjtv fhJtu
mournful/btploVwj/Ntuft;wh
mouse/ /
mouse/btWm/ô’h
moustache/bMxtN/bqA
mouth/ /
mouth/btW:/btuZwk
move along-Jwk
move in-Jwk
move on-Jwk
move out-Jwk
move up-Jwk
move(ment)/ /
move/bqJ/FmuzJkw/atj/arj; :Jwk
movement rnjatj/a¤J¤/dr;
movie/ /
movie/bqJe/ajraºt
mow/ /
mow/btuW/Dtkm ftvJwk
much/ /
much/ba/DKwk(sÚ:tu)
muck
muck up
muck up
mucus bujtuu-rafKtu v’t:o
mud slinging/bzMj´d´Ld/ft’J WAt¤Jtu
mud(dy)/ /
mud/bz/ft’J
muddle along/on-Jwk
muddle up-Jwk
muddle/bzj/
muddleheaded/bzjnurzz/CqjfKwk
mug/ /
mug/bd/
mugged
mugger/bdh/
muggy/bde/Wf¤tx-cVthtu :tg ;uJwk
mugwump/bdJBv/ætqhkæth,bnth:e
mulct/bÕfx/Jkra; fhJwk,Au;hJwk
mule/ /
mule/Bgqj/Fåah
mull over bll fhJwk,rJathJwk
multilateral
multiple/brÕxÃj/yluf,cnw
multiply/ /
multiply/brÕxÃjtg/
multi-pronged cnwvtkrFgtu
multitude ymkÏg jtuftu-xtu¤tytu
mum/ /
mum/bb/bt;t

mumble/bBçj/cfJtm fhJtu
mumbo-jumbo rlh:of fboftkz
mummy/ /
mummy/bBbe/bt;t
mumps/ /
mumps/bBm/dtjvaturjgt
munch/bLa/atJJtltu yJts
mundane/bLzuRl/’wLgJe,vtr:oJ
munificent
murder/ /
murder/bzoh/Fql,nðgt
murky/brfo/ykætfthbg,ft¤wk,rcntbKwk
murmur/bboh/dKdKtx fhJtu
muscle in-Jwk
muscle/ /
muscle/bmj/Mltgw
muscular/BtMfgwjh/vnujJtl,Mltgwlwk
muse/BâwÍ/bll fhJwk,fjtle ’uJe
museum/ /
museum/BâwÍegb/mkd{ntjg
mushroom/bNYb/rcjtzelt xtuv-Vqxe rlf¤Jwk
mushy
music(ian)/ /
music/ /
music/BgwÍef/mkde;
musical/BgwÍefj/mkde;bg
musician/BgwÍeNl/mkde;fth
musk/ /
musk/bMf/fM;whe
must/ /
must/bMx/yJ~g,stuRyu
mustang/bMxtkd/skdje Dtuztu
muster/bMxh/yufXwk fhJwk,vºtf
mutation/BgwxuNl/VuhVth,rJrJæt;t
mute/ /
mute/Bgwx/bqkdw,aqv
mutinous/Bgwrxlm/c¤JtFtuh
mutter/Btxh/cczJwk
mutual/Bgwågwyj/yLgtuLg,ytvmbtk
muzzy/bÍe/bk’’]r»x,Atfxwk
my/ /
myopia/btgturvyt/xqkfe’]r»x
myopic/btgturvf/xqkfe’]r»x Jt¤wk
myriad/rbrhyz/yluf,ymkÏg
mysterious/ /
mysterious/rbrMxheym/hnMgbg,dqZ
mystery/ /
mystery/rbrMxhe/hnMg
mystic/rbrMxf/ytægtrðbf
mystics
mystique/rbrMxf/hnMgbg Dxlt-cltJ
myth/ /
myth/rb:/’k;f:t,Jt;to
mythological
mythological/btg:tujtursfj/’k;f:t lwk,vtihtrKf
nab/lpc/Ízve-vfze juJwk
nabbed
nadir/ltr’h/;r¤gu,mti:e leau
nagging m;; ’tu»t ftZ;wk,ÍDz;wk

By. Richin Patel

77

nail/ /
nail/luRj/lF,rFjtu,fcwjtJJwk
naïve/ /
naïve/ltRJ/Ctu¤wk
naked/Lturfz/løl,FwÕjwk
namby-pamby lc¤wk,mwM;
name/ /
nap/lpv/Ítufwk
napping/lprvkd/³D;wk,mq;wk
narcissism/lthrmrmÍb/ytðb¹jtDt-v{ub
narcotic/lthfptrxf/fuVe÷Ôg
narcotics
nark/ltfo/ct;be’th
narrate/lhuRx/JKol fhJwk
narrow down-Jwk
narrow/ /
narrow/luhtu/mtkfzw
nasty/ /
nasty/lpMxe/
natal/lpxj/sLb mckæte
natality/lpxj/sLb’h
nation(al)/ /
nation/luNl/ht»x[
national/luNlj/ht»x[eg
nationalise/luNltjtRÍ/ht»x[egfhK fhJwk
native/ /
native/lurxJ/bw¤ hnuJtme,J;le
natty/lprx/xtvxevJt¤wkw
natural/ /
natural/luahj/fw’h;e
nature/ /
nature/luah/fw’h;e
naught/ /
naught/ltpx/NqLg,Íehtu
naughty/ltprx/;tuVtle,Nhth;e
nausea/ltuÍeyt/yKdbtu,mqd
nauseate/ltumeypxk/mqd-D]Kt vu’t :Je
naval/ /
navigate/lprJduRx/nkfthJwk,r’Ntmqal fhJwk
navvy/lprJ/ctkætftb bswh
navy/ /
navy/lpJe/ltimult
naxalite/lufûtpjtRx/lûtjJt’e
near(ly)/ /
near/leyh/lSf
neat/ /
neat/lex/MJåA,atuÏFwk
necessary/ /
necessary/lumumhe/sYhe,ytJ~gf
necessities/lumurmrx/ytJ~gf JM;wytu
neck/ /
neck/luf/dh’l
necropolis/luÄtuvturjm/MbNtl,fc{M;tl
nectar/lufxh/yb];
need(y)/ /
need/lez/sYrhgt;
needle/ /
needle/lezj/mtug
needy/lerz/sYrhgt;Jt¤wk

nefarious/lVprhym/’w»x,yætb
negative/ /
negative/luduxeJ/lfthtðbf
negativision
neglect(ful)/ /
neglect/rløju¾x/Wvuûtt fhJe
negligent/luøjesLx/cu’hfth
negligible lSJwk,mtbtLg
negotiable JtxtDtx gtuøg,nM;tk;rhg
negotiate/rldtuNeyux/JtxtDtxtu fhJe
neigh/luR/nKnKtx
neighbour(hood)/ /
neighbour/luRch/vztume
neither/ /
neither/ltRæth/yufug lkrn
nemesis/lurbrmm/fw’h;e Lgtg,gtuøgmst
neologism/leytujtuSsb/lJtu Nç’ v{gtud
neophyte/leyutVtRx/rNFtW,lJtrKgw
nephew/ /
nephew/luVTgw/CtKus,Cºtestu
nepotism/luvturxÍb/mdtkJt’,btbftJt’
nerve/ /
nerve/lJo/¿ttl;k;w
nervous/ /
nervous/lJom/dChtgujwk,cuaul
nescience ¿ttlrJnel
nest/ /
nest/luMx/bt¤tu
nestle/luMtj/nqkVbtk vzgt hnuJwk
net/ /
net/lpx/S;Jwk,bu¤JJwk,st¤e
nettle/luxj/FesJJwk,atbze ltu mtustu
network/ /
network/luxJof/N]kFjt
neutral/ /
neutral/Lgwx[j/rl»vût,;xM:
neutralise/Lgwxj
[ tRÍ/lftbwk cltJe ’uJwk
neutrality
never never nÃ;t:e fhuje Fhe’e
never/ /
never/luJh/f’tve lkrn
neverthless
new/ /
newfangled/LgwVpLdjz/lJtu VKdtu
news(paper)/ /
news/LgwÍ/mbtath
newshound/LgwÍntWLz/mbtath CqÏgt vºtfthtu
next/ /
next/lu¾Mx/vAelw,k ctswlkw
nexus/lu¾Mtm/mtkXdtkX,dXckætl,lt;tu
nibble/rlçj/fhze FtJwk
nice/ /
nice/ltRm/bstlw,k mwk’h
niche/rla/ylwfq¤ M:tl,r’Jtjbtk Ftztu
nicks/rl¾m/
niece/ /
niece/lem/CºteS,CtKus
niggard/rldtzo/fksqm,jtuCe
niggle/rldj/yr; ytd{ne,aefKwk,jvegwk

By. Richin Patel

78

night/ /
night/ltRx/ht;,htºte
nightingale/ltRrxLduj/cwjcwj
nightmare/ltRxbpyh/’w:MJÃl
nihilism/rlrnrjÍb/rJltNJ]r;,æJkmjejt
nil/ /
nil/lej/NwLg,ftkR lrn
nimble/rlBçj/av¤
nimbus/rlBçm/;ustuJjg
nincompoop/rlLftuBvqv/bqFo,szCh;
nine/ /
nine/ltRl/lJ
ninth/ /
ninth/ltRL:/lJbwk
nip/rlv/yxftJJwk,’tce ’uJwk
nippy
nisi/rlrm/v{thkrCf
nitty-gritty/rlrxrd{rx/ytkxeDqkxeytu?
nix
no one/ /
no/ /
no/ltu/lt,lkrn
noble/ /
noble/ltucj/Wb’t,dwKJtl
nobleman/ /
nocturnal rlNtah
nod off-Jwk
nod/ /
nod/ltuz/bt:wk njtJJwk,nt vtzJe
nodal mdhysth
noddle mathu
noise/ /
noise/ltuRm/DtUDtxk,ætbtj
noisome/ltuRmb/Fhtc,yYrafh(dkæt)
noisy/ltuRrÍ/DtUDtxegwk,ætbtrjgwk
nomad Cxf;e str;
nomadic Cxf;wk
nomenclature ltbfhK,ltbtrCættl
nominal/lturblj/ltb vqh;wk
nominate/lturbluRx/lebJwk
nomination/lturbluNl/Wbu’Jthe
nominee umedvar
non sequitur/ltul me¾Juxh/ymkd; rJættl
non/ /
non-aligned/ltulyjtRLz/yrjÃ;
nonce/lLm/ntj vwh;wk
nonchalant
nonchalant/lptLNjLx/W’tmel
nonconformist
nondescript/lptLtrzmrÄÃx/rlhm,fkxt¤tslf
none/ /
none/ll/ftuR lkrn,ftkR lkrn
non-entity/lptl yurLxrx/ld½g
nonetheless
nonetheless/lLætjum/;ub A;tk
non-pareil/ltulvhj/ystuz,culbql
nonplus/ltulÃjm/bwkÍtgujwk
nonsense/ /
nonsense/ltulmuLm/cfJtm
non-violent/ltuLJtgtujLx/yrnkmf

noodle bholo,moorkho
noon/ /
noon/lql/cvtuh
noose/lqÍ/Vtkmtu,dtr¤gtu
nor/ /
norm/ /
norm/ltubo/ættht ættuhK,rlgb
normal/ /
normal/ltuboj/mtbtLg
normalcy mtbtLg rM:r;
normalise mtbtLg cltJJwk
norms ættht-ættuhK,rlgb
north/ /
north/ltu:o/W•th
northern/ /
nose/ /
nose/ltuÍ/ltf
nosedive/ltuÍ/ltf
nosh/lptN/FtJwk,ÍtvxJwk
nostalgia/LttuMxtjrsyt/Cq;ft¤le ÍkFlt
nostrum/LttuMx[b/³xJi’w
not(e)/ /
not/ltux/lkrn,l:e
notable/lptxpçj/rJÏgt;
notary/lptxrh/rJjuF v{btKf Jfej
notch up/lpta yv/-Jwk
notch/lpta/Ftka,ftvtu
note/lptx/ltUæt-gt’e fhJe
noteworthy/lptxJæteo/ltUætvtºt
nothing/ /
nothing/l:´d/ftkR lkrn
notice/ /
notice/ltuxem/stnuht;,ægtl btk juJwk
noticeable/ /
notification/lturxrVfuNl/stnuhltbwk
notify/ /
notify/lturxVtg/stnuht; fhJe
notion/ltuWNl/Ïgtj,btLg;t
notorious/lxtprhym/fwÏgt;,ltbael
notwithstanding/ltuxrJætMxprLzkd/;ub A•ttkk
noun/ /
noun/ltWl/ltb
nourish/lrhN/vtu»tK ytvJwk
nous/Ltq/mtbtLg cwrææt,JnuJthwk ¿ttl
nouveau riche/ltuJqhem/;tswk DlJtl
nova/ltuJt/Fqcs ;usMJe ;thtu
novelist/ /
novelist/ltpJrjMx/lJjf:tfth
novice/lturJm/rNFtW,lJtrKgtu
now/ /
now/ltW/yðgthu,nbKtk,nJu
nowadays/ /
nowadays/ltJtzuRÍ/ytsftj,ntjbtk
nowhere/ /
noxious/lturûtym/ntrlfthf
nuances/lwytrLmÍ/mwûbt:oCu’
nubile/LgwctRj/rJJtn gtuøg
nuclear/Lgw¾jeyh/yKwkNrf;
nucleus/Lgw¾jeym/cesf,bq¤

By. Richin Patel

79

nude/Lgwz/løl
nudge/ls/ftuKe:e ægtl FuaJwk
nugatory/ldpxrh/lftbq,Ôg:o,rl»V¤
nuisance/LgwmLm/ºttm,Wv÷J
nukes/Lgfm/(nuclear)yKwkNMºttu
null & void/lj yoLz JtpRz/h’Tct;j
nullify/lrjVtg/h’ct;j fhJwk,lftbwk cltJJwk
numb/lBc/sz,mkJu’ltNqLg
number/ /
number/lBch/mkÏgt,ytkf,Äb
numerous
numerous/Lgwbhm/ymkÏg
numinous
numismatics/Lgwrbmbprxf/rm¾ftmkd{n
nun/ /
nun/ll/mtæJe
nuptial jøllwk,JiJtrnf
nurse/ /
nurse/lmo/YÍJJwk,atfhe fhJe,lmo
nurture/laoh/vtjl vtu»tK fhJwk
nut/ /
nut/lx/ftsw,atfe,bwFo
nutrition/Lgwrx[Nl/vtu»tK
nutritious/Lgwrx[Nm/vtir»xf
nylon/ /
nymphomania/rLtBVtubprlyt/yr; ftbJtmlt
o’clock/y¾jtuf/
oaf sz,cwræætnel,y¾fjbXtu
oar/ /
oar/ytuyh/njumwk
oasis/ytuyurmm/bhwCqrb
oath/ /
oath/ytuW:/mtudl
obedience/ /
obedient/ /
obedient/yrcrzyLx/yt¿ttrfk;
obeisance/ytucuWmtLm/lbl,v{Ktb
obeisant/ytucumtLx/rN»xtath
obese/ytuçteÍ/M:q¤
obesity/ytucurmrx/M:q¤;t,ahce lt :h
obey/ /
obey/ytucu/yt¿ttvtjl fhJwk
obituary/yturcågwyrh/©æættksje
object(ion)/ /
object/ytuçsu¾x/v’t:o,Jtkættu WXtJJtu
objection/ytuçsu¾Nl/Jtkættu
objective/ytuçsu¾rxJ/jûg,nu;w,JM;wrl»X
oblation/ytuçjuNl/’uJ;t lu yvoK Cux
obligatory/ytuçjeduxhe/ckætlfthf
oblige/ytuçjtRÍ/Wvfth fhJtu,ckætlbtk ntuJwk
oblique/yutçjef/ºttkme jexe,ytzf;hwk
oblivion/yturçjJeyl/rJMb]r;
oblivious/yturçjJeym/ Cqjeslthwk
obloquy/ytuçjtu¾Je/ltbtuNe
obnoxious/ytuçltpfûteym/ ºttm’tgf,lwfNtlfthf
obscene/ytuçmel/y¹jej
obscure/ytucMfgtuh/yMv»x,yst½gwk
obsequious/ytucme¾Jeym/FwNtbr;gwk
observance/ytuçÍhJLm/vtjl

observatory/ytuçÍJuoxrh/JuætNtt¤t
observe/ /
observe/ytuçÍJo/rlheûtK fhJwk,vt¤Jwk
obsessed with
obsession/yçmuNl/DujAt,J¤dK
obsessive/ytuçmurmJ/DujAtJt¤wk
obsolete/ycmjex/v{tael,ajK l ntuJwk
obstacle/ytuçMxu¾j/rJÎl,yk;htg
obstinate/ytçMxelux/nXejwk
obstreperous ’ufthtu batJ;wk
obstruct/ytuçMx[¾x/yJhtuDJwk
obstude/ytuçMx[wz/ ’Fjdehe fhJe
obtain/ /
obtain/ytuçxuRl/bu¤JJwk,v{tÃ; fhJwk
obtainable/yçxluçj/v{tÃg,bu¤Je Nftg ;uJwk
obtrusive/ytucMx[wrÍJ/Dwmtzlthwk
obtuse/ytucMxwgÍ/cqXwk
obviate/ytucrJyuRx/xt¤Jwk
obvious(ly)/ /
obvious/yturçJgm/’uFe;wk
obviously/yturçJgmrj/’uFe;e he;u
occasion/ /
occasion/ytufuÍl/v{mkd
occidental/yturfmzuLxj/vrùblkw
occult/yfÕx/dnl,hnMgbg
occupant/ytp¾gwvLx/fçsu’th
occupation/yfhLm/fçstu,ÔgJmtg
occupied/ytp¾gwvtRz/fçstd{M;,ÔgM;
occupy/yptfgwvtg/fçstu juJtu,søgt htufJe
occur(rence)/ /
occur/yfh/clJwk,mqÍJwk
occurrence/yfhLm/Dxlt,cltJ
ocean/ /
ocean/ytuNl/’rhgtu,mbw÷,mtdh
ochre/ytufh/duhw hkdlwk
o'clock/ /
octogenarian/yptfxtuslurhyl/yUme J»tolwk
odd/ /
odd/yptz/yufe ykf,rJraºt,rJ»tb
oddity/ytprzrx/rJraºt;t
oddment/ytpzbLx/ctfe Jætujwk,hÌgwk mÌgwk
odds/yptzÍ/rJ»tb;t
odds/ytpzÍ/rJ»tb;t
odious/ytprzym/r;hMfthvtºt
odium/ytprzyb/rVxfth,r;hMfth
odyssey/ytprzrm/bntv{gtK
oeuvre/ytpJh/msol,f]r;
of/ /
off/ /
off/yptV/btk:e cnth-leau-yjd
offal/ytpVj/Jægwk Dxgwk,fahtu
off-day/ytpVzug/Fhtc r’Jm,hstltu r’Jm
offence/ /
offence/yptVuLm/dwLntu,bgto’tCkd
offend/ /
offend/ytuVLz/lthts fhJwk
offending
offensive/ /
offensive/ytpVurLmJ/ytÄbK,yvbtslf

By. Richin Patel

80

offer/ /
offer/ytuVh/ytd¤ æthJwk,v{M;tJ,’hFtM;
off-hand ;igthe rJlt,;h;
office(r)/ /
office/yptrVm/
office-bearers/yptrVmcuhhm/ntu’u’thtu
official/ /
official/yptrV~gj/m•ttJth,yrætfthe
officious/yptrV~gm/’Fj ’ulthwk
offing/yptrVLd/ lSf btk :lthwk
off-set/yptVmux/
offspring ct¤f,Vhsk’
often/ /
often/ytuVl/JthkJth
ogle/ytudj/ftbwf lshu stuJwk
ogre/ytpdh/ lhCûte htûtm
oh/ /
oh/ytun/yhu!
oil/ /
oil/ytpRj/;uj-ltFJwk
okay/ytpfu/chtch,Xef,btLg fhJwk
old/ /
old/ytuÕz/swlwk,J]ææt,ôbhlwk
oligarchy/ytprjdtrfo/yÕvsl-WåaJdolw Ntml
ombudsman/ytpBcwzÍbl/Vrhgt’
rlJthf
mkM:t
omen/ytpbul/mkfu;
ominous/ytprblm/yNwC
omit/ /
omit/ytprbx/ctft; htFJwk
omlette/ytpBjux/#ztle Jtlde
omnibus/ytprBlcm/mJod{tne+
omnipotent/yptbrlmtgLx/mJoNrf;btl(E¹Jh)
omnipresent/yptbrlmtgLx/mJoÔgtve
omniscient/yptbrlmtgLx/mJo¿t
omnivorous/ytpbrlJtphm/mJoCûte
on cards nt:JU;bt
on the brink
on the wake
on/ /
once/ /
once/JLm/yufJth
one
up-manship
maintain
psych
advantage
one/ /
one/Jl/yuf
onerous/ytulhm/CthYv
oneself/ /
onion/ /
onion/yrlgl/zqkd¤e
only/ /
only/yturLj/btºt
onomatopoeia/ytplbpxtuvtuRyt/æJrl yjkfth
onset/ytplMtux/nwbjtu,stuh’th NYyt;
onslaught/ytplMjtpx/ytÄbK,ytDt;
onto/ /
ontology/ytpLxtpjS/mðJ-MJYv bebktmt
onus/ytplm/sJtc’the,ctus
ooze/QÍ/v{Jtne cnth JnuJwk

opaque/ytuvpf/yvth’Nof
open on to-Jwk
open out-Jwk
open up-Jwk
open/ /
open/ytuvl/FwÕjwk,rlFtjm
operate mkatjl-NMºtrÄgt-ftgo fhJwk
operate onoperate/ /
operation/ /
operative/ytuvhurxJ/ybje,NMºtrÄgtlwk
opinion/ /
opinion/yvelegl/b;,yrCv{tg,rJath
opium/yturvgb/yrVK
opponent/ /
opponent/ytpvtulLx/rJhtuæte,Juhe
opportune/ytuvågwol/mbgmhlwk,gtuøg mbg
opportunist/ytuvågwoleMx/;fmtætw
opportunity/ /
opportunity/ytuvågwolexe/;f,btuftu
oppose/ /
oppose/ytuvtuÍ/rJhtuæt fhJtu
opposite/ /
opposite/ytuvtuÍex/le mtbu,lt :e QÕxwk
opposition/ /
opposition/ytuvÍeNl/rJhtuæt,v{r;fth
oppress/ytuv{um/’bl,yLgtg fhJtu
oppression/ytuv{uNl/stuh,swjb
opprobrium/ytuv{turc{yb/ltbtuNe,rlk’t,fjkf
opt for
opt out-Jwk
opt/ytuÃx/rJfÕv vmk’ fhJtu
optative/ytuÃxprxJ/RåAt’Nof
optimal/yturÃxbj/Jætwbtk Jætw
optimise/yturÃxbtRÍ/Jætwbtk Jætw fhJwk
optimism/yturÃxrbÍb/ytNtJt’
optimistic/ /
optimistic/yturÃxrbrMxf/ytNtJt’e
optional/ytuÃNlj/JifrÕvf
opulence/ytuÃgwjLx/mb]ææte,JiuCJ
opulent/ytuÃgwjLx/mb]ææt,JiCJNt¤e
opus
oracle/ytuhu¾j/’uJJtKe
oracular/ytuhu¾gwjh/’uJJtKe suJwk,dqZ
oral/ /
oral/ytuhj/btirFf
orange/ /
orange/ytuhuLs/
orb/ytpco/d{n
orbit/ytprcox/C{bKfûtt
orchard/ytpazo/Vjtu¼tl
orchestrate/ytpfuoMx[ux/Atle gtuslt DzJe
ordain/ytpzouRl/’eûtt ytvJe
ordeal/ytprzoyj/yrøl vheûtt
order/ /
order/ytpzoh/nwfb,yt¿tt
orderly/ytpzohrj/ÔgJrM:;,ltufh
ordinal/ytprzolj/Ärbf
ordinance/ytprzltLm/Jxnwfb

By. Richin Patel

81

ordinary/ /
ordinary/ytprzolrh/mtbtLg
ordination/ytprzoluNl/’eûtt
ordnance/ytpzoltLm/NMºtmhkstb
ore/ /
ore/ytph/
organ/ /
organ/ytpdol/ykd,Jtswk
organic/ytpdourlf/ftcolgw¾;
organisation/ /
organise/ /
organise/ytpdoultRÍ/gtusJwk
organization/ytpdoultRÍuNl/mkM:t,mkdXl
orgies/ytpdeoÍ/WLb;-lNtgw¾; WðmJ
oriental/yturhyuLxj/vqJolwk
orientation/yturhyuLxuNl/lt
jûte
yrCdb,mkMfhK
origin(al)/ /
origin/yturhrsl/bq¤,W’TCJM:tl
original/ytprhrslj/ymje
originality/ytprhrsltrjrx/ymjeg;,FhtvKwk
originate/ytprhrslux/btk :e W’TCJJwk
orion/ytprhytpl/nhKe lûtºt,;tht bkz¤
ornament/ /
ornament/ytplotbuLx/ytCw»tK
ornate/ytpluoRx/yjkf];,Nkdthujwk
orotund/ytphtuxLz/CÔg
orphan/ytpVol/ylt:
orthodox/ytp:tuoztu¾m/YrZaqM;,swlJtKe,
oscillate/ytprmjux/ÍwjJwk
osculate/ytpM¾gwjuRx/aqkcl fhJwk
ostensible/ytprMxrLMtçj/;:tfr:;,’uFe;wk
ostentatious/ytpMxulxu~gym/ytzkche
ostracise/ytpMx[pmtRÍ/lt; cnth bqfJwk
ostrich/ /
ostrich/ytprMx[a/Ntnb]d
other/ /
other/yæth/cesw-st
otherwise/ /
otherwise/yæthJtRÍ/
otiose/ytprxytpÍ/lftbkw,rcl sYhe
ought to/ /
ought to/ytpx xw/stuRyu
ouja-board/ytpWstctpzo/v{u;tðbt mkvfo vwkXwk
our(s)/ /
our/yh/ybtYk,ytvKwk
ourselves/ /
oust/ytWMx/nxtJJwk,nftjvxe fhJe
oustee/ytWMxe/rJM:tve;
out to/ytWx xw/ Ju;hKbtk
out/ /
out/ytWx/cnth
outburst/ytWxcMxo/WChtu
outcome/ytWxfb/vrhKtb,ymh
outcry/ytWxÄtg/cwbhtK,vtufth,dtufehtu
outdoor(s)/ /
outer/ /
outface/ytWxVuRm/ztu¤t ftZJtk
out-fit/ytWxrVx/yufb,mtætl mhkstb

outlandish/ytWxjprLzN/rJraºt-Axt’th VpNl
outlast
outlast/ytWxjtMx/
outlaw/ytWxjtp/cnthJrxgtu,crn»f];
outlay/ytWxju/Fao
outlet/ytWxjux/rlftj
outline/ytWxjtRl/YvhuFt
out-of whack
output/ytWxvwx/Wðvt’l
outrage/ytWxhuRs/yðgtath,swÕb
outrageous/ytWxhuSym/yðgtathe,swÕbe
outre/ytpxh/rÔtraºt,ætqle
outside/ /
outskirts/ytWxMfxom/mebt,n’,vt’h,Ctdtu¤
outspoken/ytWxMvtufl/ytFtctujwk
outwit/ytWxrJx/bnt; fhJwk
oval/yutJj/ykztfth,jkcdtu¤
over play/yutJhÃju/ adtJJwk,JætthJwk
over/ /
over/yutJh/le ctc;u,vwYk :gujwk
overbear/yutJhcuyh/’ctJe ’uJwk
overcome/yutJhfb/ftcw bu¤JJtu,vntUae J¤Jwk
overcrowded/yutJhÄtWzuz/FeatuFea,Chaf
overhaul/yutJhntpj/mkvqKo bhtb;-;vtm
overhear/yutJhneyh/mtkC¤Jwk
overlap/yutJhjpv/
overlook/yutJhjwf/Wvh:e stuJwk
overrule/yutJhYj/h’T fhJwk
overseas/yutJhmes/rJ’uN,vh’uN
oversee/yutJhme/’uFhuF htFJe
overstate/yutJhMxuRx/yr;Ngturf; fhJe
overt/yutJxo/FwÕjtu mkfu;
overtake/ /
overtake/yutJhxuRf/ytd¤ rlf¤e sJwk
overthrow/yutJh:{tu/W:jtJJwk,Dt fhJtu
overture/yutJaoh/ytivatrhf btdKe
overturn/yutJxol/vjxtJJwk,W:jtJJwk
overwhelm/yutJhÔtuÕb/d’dr’; :Jwk,faztJwk
overwrought/yutJhhtux/y;e cual
u ,rakr;;
ovrcome/yutJhfb/S;Jwk,rlgkºtK bu¤JJwk
owe/ /
owe/yut/lt ’uJt’th ntuJwk,lt }Ke ntuJwk
owing to/ /
owl/ /
owl/ytWj/DqJz
own up-Jwk
own/ /
own/ytpl/btrjfe æthtJJe
owner(ship)/ /
owner/ytplh/btrjf
ox/ /
ox/ytp¾m/c¤’
oxygen/ /
oxygen/ytpr¾msl/v{tKJtgw
pace/ /
pace/vuRm/dr;,cu zdjt Jåaulwk yk;h
pachyderm/vurfzbo/nt:e,dUzt,u stze atbze Jt¤wk
pacifist Ntkr;Jt’e
pacify Ntk; vtzJwk

By. Richin Patel

82

pack
pack away-Jwk
pack in-Jwk
pack -Jwk
pack off-Jwk
pack out-Jwk
pack up-Jwk
pack/ /
pack/v/mtbtl ctkDJtu,sÚ:tu
package/ /
package/vprfs/vzefwk,vtuxjwk
packet/ /
pact/vp¾x/fhth,mbsw;e
pad/ /
pad/vpz/dt’e,xuftu
paddle/vpzj/vd:e mkatjl fhJwk
paddy/vprz/ættl atuFt
paean/vpgl/M;wr;,rJsgde;
paedophile/veztuVtRj/ct¤v{ube(rJf];e)
pagan/vpdl/ftVh,bqr;ovqsf
pagans
page/ /
page/vuRs/vtlwk,ltufh
pageant/vpsLx/Ntl’th ’uFtJ
paid/ /
pail/ /
pail/vuRj/ctj’e,ztuj
pain(ful)/ /
pain/vuRl/vezt,’w&F,Ju’lt
painless
painstakingly/vuRlMxurfkørj/yr; vrh©b fhlthwk
paint/ /
paint/vuRLx/raºtftb,hkdftb fhJwk
pair/ /
pair/vpyh/stuze
palace/ /
palace/vprjm/bnuj
palatable/vpjpxpçj/htuaf,blCtJf
palate/ /
palate/vpjux/MJt’,;t¤Jwk
palatial/vpjumeyj/ytjeNtl,CÔg
pale/ /
pale/vpRj/Vefwk,rlM;us
palette/vpjpx/
palindrome/vprjLz[tub/ytd¤ vtA¤ mhFtu Nç’
pall/ /
pall/vtpj/ytJhK,fVl
palliative/vprjyprxJ/stuh DxJwk,:tdz :edz
pallid/vprjz/Vefwk
palm off/vtb yptV/ættczJwk,Au;he ’uJwk
palm/ /
palm/vtb/n:u¤e
palpable/vtÕvpçj/Mv»x
palpitate/vtrÕvxuRx/ætzfJwk
paltry/vtprÕx[/btbqje
pamper/vpBvh/vkvt¤Jwk
pan/ /
pan/vpl/
panacea/vplpmeyt/htbctK Rjts

panache/vlpN/Axt,cztRlwk v{’Nol
panachromatic/vplpÄtpbprxf/mJoJKo-hkde
pandemonium/vpLzpbtprlgb/ættkætj,Ntuhcftuh
pander/vpLzh/CzJtR fhJe,CzJtu
Pandora’s box/vpLztuhtÍ ctuût/;fjeVlwk vtuxjwk
pane/ /
pane/vuRl/
panel/vplj/vka,;f;e
pangs/vpLøÍ/Ju’lt,Nq¤
panic/vprlf/dChtx,æt{tmftu,CgCe;
pannier/vprlyh/Dtuzt-dætuzt vhlt xtuvjtk
panoply/vpltuÃjtg/vqKocÏ;h
panorama/vpltuhbt/’]~gtJje
pant/vpLx/ntkVJwk
pant/vpLxm/vtxjwl
pantheon/vpL:eypl/ ’uJ;tdK, moJætb-WLl;
bkr’h
panther/ /
panther/vpL:h/ra;tu
pantry/vpLx[e/ftuXth,hmtuRDh
pants/ /
paparazzi/vtvthtrÍ/rJÏgt; jtuftultu veAtu
Vtuxtud{tVh
paper/ /
paper/vuvh/ftd¤,vºt
paperback/vuRvhcpf/ftatvqkXtle atuvze
par/vth/mbfût,chtch
parable/vphpçj/ctuDf:t,Wv’uNf:t
parade/vphpRz/fJtg;,’uFtztu
paradigm/vuhztRb/W’tnhK,lbqltu
paradox/vphpztuût/rJhtuDtCtm
paradoxical/vphpzturût¾j/rJhtættCtme
paragon/vphpdtpl/©u»X;tltu lbwltu
parallel/ /
parallel/vphpjj/mbtk;h
paralyse/vphpjtRÍ/vûtDt;e-yM;ÔgM; :Jwk
paralytic/vphprjrxf/vûtDt;lwk htude
parameter/vphtrbxh/vrhbtK,vtmtkytu
paramilitary/vphtrbrjxrh/ yætoj~fhe ’¤
paramount/vphb
p tWLx/mJtuovhe
paramour/vphpbh/gth,btmwft,hFt;
paranoia/vphpltpRyt/vezt WLbt’,rJf]r;
paranoid/vphpltpRz/ yr;mkJu’lNej,rJC{be
paraphernalia/vphpVlporjyt/mhmtbtl
paraplegic/vphptÃjursf/
parasite/vphpmtRx/vhtJjkce,vhtuvSJe
parcel/ /
parcel/vtmoj/vtuxjwk,’tdeltu,btj
parch/vtao/mwftJwk,NuftJwk
pardon/ /
pardon/vtzol/btV fhJwk,btVe
pare/ /
pare/vph/
parent/ /
parenthesis/vphrp L:rmm/ftIm
parents/vphLxm/bt;t-rv;t
pariah/vprhyt/str;crn»f];,yAq;
parity//mhFtbKe
park/ /

By. Richin Patel

83

park/vtfo/
parlance/vtjoLm/Ct»tt Zc
parleys/vtrjo/JtxtDtx
parliament/ /
parliament/vtrjoytbLx/mkm’
parliamentary mkm’eg
parlour/vtjoh/cuXfYb
parochialism/v/vk{t;Jt’,mkfwra;vKwk
parody/v/Xêt-b~fhe ftÔg
parole/ /
parole/v/Nh;e bwrf;,Jal
paroxysm/v/ytJuN,WChtu
parried/v/
parrot/ /
parrot/v/vtuvx
parry/v/xt¤Jwk,htufJwk
parsimonious/v/fksqm
part & parcel yrlJtgoykd
part/ /
part/vtxo/Ctd
partake/vtxouRf/btk stuztJwk
partial/vtrNoyj/ytkrNf,vûtvt;e
partiality/vtrNoyrj/vûtvt;
participate/ /
participate/v/btk Ctd juJtu
participle/ /
particular/ /
particular/v/Ftm,rJrN»x
partisan/vtrxoÍl/vûtlt ftgofhtu
partition/v/Ctdjtk,xwzt
partly/vtxorj/ytkrNf he;u
partner/ /
party/ /
party/vtrxo/xwfze,vût,bnuVej,vûteg
parvenu/vthJLgq/juCtdw
pass away dwshe sJwk,b]ðgw vtbJwk
pass away/ /
pass away-Jwk
pass by-Jwk
pass off/ /
pass off-Jwk
pass on-Jwk
pass out/ /
pass out-Jwk
pass over-Jwk
pass the buck cest vh Ztu¤e ’uJwk
pass up-Jwk
pass/ /
pass/v/vmth fhJwk
passage MJef]r;,btLg;t,vmth
passage/ /
passage/v/Vfhtu,btdo,bwmtVhe
passe mbg:e vtA¤
passenger/ /
passion//yr;Wrbo
passionate yr;bltuCtJe,ftbwf
passive Ntk;,rlrȀg
passport/ /
passport/v/

past/ /
past/ /
past/v/Cq;ft¤,Cw;vqJo
paste/ /
paste/v/vtuawk rb©K,jwd’e
pastiche/vtuMxN/rJrJæt mkde; halt
pastor
pastoral dtuJt¤tu lwk
pastry/ /
pastry/v/
pasture/vpMah/ Dtmle Jeze,arhgtK
pat/ /
pat/vpx/veX :tczJe
patch up-/vpayv/:edzwk BtthJwk
patch/ /
patch/vpa/:edzwk,vèe
patch-up/vpa/ mbtættl,:tdz :edz
patent/ /
patent/vpxLx/ MJrlbtoK-ætthKnf
paternal/vpxloj/ rv;tlwk,rv;t;wÕg
path/ /
path/vt:/hM;tu,btdo
pathetic/v/’gtslf
pathology/v/htudNtMºt
patience/ /
patient/ /
patient/v/ætehsJtl,’’eo
patriarch/v/fwxwc
k ltu Jztu
patriarchal/v/rv;]v{ættl
patriot/v/’uNC¾;
patriotic/v/’uNCr¾;Jt¤wk
patriotism ’uNCr¾;
patron yt©g’t;t,vtjlnth
patronise yt©g ytvJtu
pattern/ /
pattern/vpxol/
patting
paucity yA;,;kde
pauper/vtpvh/fzftu,’rh÷{
pause/ /
pause/v/:tuCJwk,yxfJwk
pave/ /
pave/v/btdo cltJJtu,ctkkætJwk,cltJJwk
paving
paw/ /
paw/vtp/
pawn/ /
pawn/vtpl/Ãgt’wk
paws/vtpÍ/v{tKeltu vkstu
pay back-Jwk
pay forpay off-Jwk
pay out-Jwk
pay up-Jwk
pay/ /
pay/vu/aqfJJwk
payment/ /
pea/ /
pea/ve/

By. Richin Patel

84

peace/ /
peace/vem/Ntkr;
peaceful
peaceful/ /
peach/ /
peach/vea/
peacock/ /
peacock/veftpf/
peak/ /
peak/vef/rNFh,mwfjfze
pear/ /
pear/veyh/
pearl/ /
pearl/vjo/btu;e
peasant/rvÍtLx/Fuzw;
peccadillo ûtr;,ºtwrx,lSJtu dwltu
peck/ /
peck/vuf/
peculiar/rv¾gwjh/rJraºt
pecuniary ltKtkfeg
pedagogical vtkrzðgvqKo
pedagogue vk;wS,’kCe rJættl
pedantic rJææt;tltu ztu¤ fhlth
pederasty/v/fw’h; rJYæætlwk ftgo
pedestrian/ /
pedestrian/v/v’gtºte,htn’the
pedigree/v/st;,JkN,ytujt’
peek/ /
peek/v/AwvtRlu stuJwk
peel/ /
peel/v/Atj WFtzJe
peep/ /
peep/v/ftKtbtk:e stuJwk
peer/ /
peer/v/mbfût,nrhV,ÍeKe ytkFu stuJwk
peeve/v/ºttm jtdJtu
peevish/v/rhmt¤,rbstS
peg/ /
peg/v/st¤Je htFJwk.Feje,yuf btv
peg/v/stKJe htFJwk
pelf/v/mb]rææt
pelican/ /
pelican/v/
pellet//fhatu,Aht
pell-mell ytzuætz,mbsTgt Jdhlwk
pelt VkufJkw,Dt fhJtu
pelted
pen/ /
pen/vul/fjb,Jtztu
penal/rvlj/mstvtºt,rNûttðbf
penalise/rvljtRÍ/mst fhJe
penance/rvltLm/;v
pence/ /
pence/vuLm/
pencil/ /
pencil/vurLmj/
pending/vurLzd/vz;h,rlftj :gtrJltlwk
penetrate DqmJwkw,v{JuNJwk
pen-friend

peninsula îevfÕv
penitent v{tgrù; fh;wk
penny/ /
penny/vurl/
pension
pent up ’ctJuje,yÔg¾;
penumbra/vuLgwBc{t/vzAtgtu
penurious/vuLgwrhym/’rh÷,dhec
penury/vuLgwrh/’trh÷g,’tÁK dhece
peon/ /
peon/Ãgwl/vxtÔtt¤tu
people/ /
people/rvvj/jtuftu
pep talk/vuvxtpf/
pep up/vuv yv/swMmtu JætthJtu
pepper/ /
pepper/vuvh/
peptic/vurÃxf/vtaf
per cent/ /
per se MJgk,ytvbu¤u
per/ /
per/vh/
perceive
perceive/vhmeJ/mbsJwk,stuJwk
perceived
percent/vmoLx/xft
percept/vhmuÃx/ætthKt,fÕvlt
perceptible/vrmoÃxeçj/d{tÌg
perception/vmuoÃNl/ætthKt,d{nKNrf;
perceptive/vmuoÃrxJ/d{nKNrf;Jt¤wk
perch/v/savari
perched/v/
percolate/vftuojxu /btk:e xvfJwk,ÍbJwk
perdition/vrzoNl/rJltN,Nt¹J; vezt,©tv
peregrination/v/bwmtVhe,v{Jtm
peremptory/vrh/rlùgtðbf
perennial/vhurlgj/mlt;l,ylk;
perestroika/rvyhMx[tuRft/vwl&halt(hrNgt)
perfect/ /
perfect/vrVo¾x/mkvqKo,vthkd;
perfidious/vrVorzym/rJ¹JtmDt;e,’dtcts
perforate/vuhVtuhux/ftKtk vtzJt
perform/ /
perform/vVtpbo/CsJJwk,fhJwk
performance/ /
perfunctory/vhVkfxrh/WvhAÕj,AeAYk
perhaps/ /
perhaps/vnouÃm/f’ta
peril/vurhj/mkfx,stuFb
period/ /
period/rvheyz/dt¤tu,;çcftu
periodic/rvrhytprzf/rlg; mbgu :;wk
periodical/rvrhytprz¾j/mtbrgf,rlg;ftrjf
peripatetic/vurhvxurxf/Cxf;wk
peripheral/vurhVhj/dtiK,vrhDlwk
peripherally/vurhVhrj/dtiK,vrhDYvu
periphery/vurhVrh/vrhmh
periscope/vurhMftuv/mcbrhllwk ’qhcel
perishable/vurhNuçj/ltNJk;,cdze stg ;uJwk

By. Richin Patel

85

perished/vurhNz/ltN vtBgwwk
perjury/vhsrh/Ftuxe swctle
perky/vhrfo/y¾fz,rbstS
permanent/ /
permanent/vbol
u Lx/ftgbe,Nt¹J;
permeate/vhrbyux/btk DqmJwk,W;he sJwk
permissible/vhrbrmçj/Awxvtºt
permission/ /
permission/vhrbx/Awx,hst
permit/ /
permit/vhrbx/vhJtltu,Awx-hst ytvJe
permutation/vhBgwxuNl/
pernicious/vrlorNgm/’w»x,D{]Ktvtºt
pernickety/vhrlfurx/yr; aeftmJt¤wk(he; Ct;)
perntinacious/vrLxolu~gym/
perpendicular/vvuorLz¾gwjh/QCwk,meætwk
perpetrate/vrvox[uRx/ytahJwk
perpetrator/vrvox[pxh/ftbt-fh;q; fhlth
perpetual/vvuåo gwyj/Nt¹J;,ftgbe
perpetuate/vvuoågwyux/Nt¹J; cltJJwk
perplex/vÃjou¾m/bkqÍtJw
perquisite(perks)vdth+ yLg jtC
persecute/vrmo¾gwx/ºttm dwsthJtu
persecution/vrmo¾gwNl/ºttm,swjb
persevere/vÍeoJeyhLm/Fk;vqJof b:Jwk
persiflage/vrmoVjps/bstf,b~fhe
persist/vrmoMx/Ôt¤de hnuJwk
persistent/vrmoxkx/ytd{ne
person/ /
person/vmol/Ôgrf;,sK
persona non grata yrlåArlg btKm
personal/ /
personification/vmtuorlrVfuNl/mSJthtuvK
yjkfth
personify/vmtuorlVtg/
personnel/vmoluj/fboatheytu
perspective/vMtovufrxJ/vrhvuûg,g:t:o
perspicacious/vrMvofpr~gm/mwMv»x,mwdb fwNtd{
perspire/vhMvtgh/vhmuJtu :Jtu
persuade/ /
persuade/vhMgwyuz/mbstJJkwk
persuasive/vhMgwyurÍJ/mbstJJtle fwlun
pert/ /
pert/vxo/Wææt;,yrJlge
pertaining/vxourlkd/le ctc;u
perturb/vxoc/yMJM: cltJJwk
pervade/vJouRz/VujtJwk,AJtJwk
perverse/vJom/rJf];,rJfthd{M;
pervert/vJox/rJf];,rJfthe
pessimism/vurMtrbÍb/rlhtNtJt’
pessimistic/ /
pessimistic/vurMtrbrMxf/rlhtNtJt’e
pest/ /
pest/vuMx/SJtk;,Wv÷Je
pester/vuMxh/
pestilence/vurMxÕtLm/©tv,bntbthe,Ãjud
pet/ /
pet/vux/btle;wk,vt¤ujwk
petite/vrxx/ltswf,ltlwk

petition/rvrxNl/yhs,yhS,gtaeft
petrify/vurx[Vtg/CgCe;,M;çæt :Jwk
petrol/ /
petrol/vux[tuj/vux[utj
pettifogger/vurxVtudh/yv{btrKf Jfej
pettish/vurxN/aerzgwk,rhmt¤
petty/vurx/vhaqhK,lSJwk
petulant/vuxgwjLx/aerzgwk
phase/ /
phase/VpRÍ/;çcftu
phenomenon/rVltubull/Dxlt
sd;,mtûtt;
rJ»tg
phial/Vtgj/btºtt
philander/v/v{b
u lt jtht atJJtk
philanthropic/rVjpL:{trvf/btlJ;tv{ube-Jt’e
philately/rVjpxrj/vtuMx,rxrfx mkd{n
philistine/rVrjMxel/ymkMfthe,skdje
Phlegm/Vjub/kfV
phlegmatic/Vjubprxf/bk’,ætebwk,sz
phobia/Vtprcyt/btlrmf lc¤tR,Cg
phone/ /
phone/Vtul/yJts
phonetics/Vlurx¾m/æJrlNtMºt,WåathrJ¿ttl
photo-finish/VtuxturVrlN/fxtufx
photograph(y-er)/ /
photograph/Vtuxtud{tV/;mJeh
phrase/ /
phrase/V{uRÍ/Nç’mbqn
phrentic/V{urLxf/vtdj,r’Jtltu,WLbt’e
physical/ /
physical/rVrÍfj/Ctir;f,Ntherhf
physiognomy/rVrÍytulrb/Nheh halt,ctkættu
physique/rVrÍf/Nhehltu ctkættu-Dtx
piano/ /
piano/veytltu/
picaresque sahs,prakram ktha
pichheht
pick off-Jwk
pick on-Jwk
pick out-Jwk
pick up/ /
pick up-Jwk
pick/ /
pick/rvf/vmk’ fhJwk
pictorial/rv¾xtuheyj/mraºt
picture/ /
picture/rv¾ah/raºt
picturesque/vefåhMf/ytcunqc,’]~gtJje
pie-bald/vtRctÕz/ftchae;hkw
piece/ /
piece/vem/xwfztu,fxftu
piecemeal/vembej/chhutk
pied/vtRz/ftchra;Yk
pier/vtgh/
pierce/ /
pierce/veymo/CtUfJw,Cu’Jwk
pietism/vtRrxÍb/ætbo ltu yr;huf
pig/ /
pig/rvd/zw¾fh,Cqkz

By. Richin Patel

86

pigmy/rvrøb/rXkdwS,Jtbl
pike/ /
pike/vtRf/
pile up/vtRjyv/Fzfjtu :Jtu,sbt :Jwk
pile/ /
pile/vtRj/Zdjtu,nhm
piled
pilfer/rvÕVh/atuhJwk
pilferage/rvÕVhus/atuhe
pilgrim/rvÕtrd{b/gtºtt¤w
pilgrimage/rvÕtrd{bus/gtºtt
pill/ /
pill/rvj/dtu¤e(’Jtle)
pillage/rvjus/jqkxVtx fhJe,jqkxltu btj
pillion/rvrÕgl/vtAje mex
pillory/rvjtuhe/jtfztbtk szelu Vsu;e fhJe
pilot/ /
pilot/vtRjx/rJbtlatjf
pimp/rvBv/CzJtu,Ju~gtltu ’jtj
pin down-Jwk
pin hope/v/
pin point/v/
pin/ /
pin/rvl/xtkaKe
pincers/rvLmmo/
pinch/ /
pinch/rvLa/FqkaJw,’wFJwk,FxfJwk
pine for/vtRl Vtuh/rJjtv fhJtu
pine/ /
pingpong/rvLdvtuLd/xucj xurlm
pinion/rvrLtgl/’tk;t,degh
pink/ /
pink/rvLf/dwjtce
pinnacle/rvLtu¾j/rNFh,xtua,ahbmebt
pinned down htufe htFJwk
pint/ /
pint/vtRLx/yuf v{btK (v{Jtne)
pioneer/vtgtuleyh/vtgtu ltFlth,M:tvf
pious/ /
pious/vtgm/vrJºt,ættrbof
pip up cZ;e ytvJe
pip/rvv/V¤lt ces++
pipe down-Jwk
pipe dream
pipe/ /
pipe/vtRv/l¤e,Cqkd¤wk
piquant/rvfÔtLx/axtfu’th
pique/rvf/ytÄtuN,Ätuæt
piracy/vtghrm/mtrnðg fu fjtle atuhe
pirate/vtghux/atkaegtu
pit/ /
pit/rvx/Ftztu
pitch/rva/ztbh,VufJwk,btºtt,xÃvtu FtJtu
pitch++ pit v
pitfall/rvxVtpj/Ftbe,ºtqrx
pithy mkrûtÃ;,fm’th
pittance/rvxtLm/yÕv sÚ:tu
pitted W;thJwk,dtuXJJwk(aqkxKe)
pity/ /

pity/rvrx/’gt
pivotal/rvJtpxj/æthe Yv
placard/Ãjpftzo/vtrxgwk,v;tfzwk
placate/Ãjpfux/Ntk; vtzJwk
place/ /
place/Ãjum/M:¤,bqfJwk,søgt
placebo/Ãjprmctu/bltuNbl,Rjts (’Jt)
placid/Ãjprmz/Ntk;,v{mLl
plagiarism/ÃjprsgtrhÍb/mtrnðg-fjtle atuhe
plague/ÃjuRd/bhfe,bntbthe
plaguing htudd{M;
plain/ /
plain/ÃjuRl/ftuYk,mt’wk
plaintiff/ÃjuRlrxV/Jt’e,Vrhgt’e
plait/ /
plait/Ãjux/atuxjtu
plan/ /
plan/ /
plan/Ãjpl/gtuslt
planchette v{u;tðbt mkvfo vwkXwk
plane/ /
plane/ÃjuRl/mb;¤,hk’tu,rJbtl
planet/ /
planet/Ãjulux/d{n
planetarium ;thtd]n
plangent ³ztu btuxtuu yJts
plank/ /
plank/ÃjpLf/vtrxgwk
plankton mbw÷le SJtk;-JlMvr;
plant/ /
plant/Ãjtkx/Atuz,gkºt mtbd{e,cltJx fhJe
plaque/Ãjpf/;f;e,ætt;wvºt
plastic/ /
plastic/ÃjtrMxf/
plate/ /
plate/Ãjux/:t¤e
plateau/Ãjuxtu/mvtx v{’uN-bu’tl
platform/ /
platform/ÃjpxVtpbo/ytuxtu,
platitudes/Ãjprxègwz/aJtR dgujkw,;wåA,lehm
platonic/Ãjuxtprlf/rl»ftb,Jtmlt hrn;
plaudit/ÃjutWrz;/sgsgfth,JtnJtn,v{NM;e
plausible/ÃjutWrÍçj/Ôgtsce,Mv»x
play about/around-Jwk
play along-Jwk
play back-Jwk
play down AqvtJJwk,ytuAwk ’uFtzJwk
play down-Jwk
play off-Jwk
play on-Jwk
play out-Jwk
play up-Jwk
play/ /
play/Ãju/hb;,ltxf,hbJwk,bÍtfbhajvvu
play-boy/Ãjuctpg/AujcxtW,rclættM;
plaza/ÃjtÍt/atuf,mtJosrlf M:¤
plea/Ãje/b’’ btxu ntfj,rJlk;e,cntlwk
plead/ /
plead/Ãjez/’jej fhJe

By. Richin Patel

87

pleasant/ /
pleasant/ÃjuÍLx/bstlwk,ytlk’’tgf
pleasantries/ÃjuÍLx[eÍ/
please/ /
please/ÃjeÍ/FwN :Jwk,bnuhctle fhJe
pleasure/ /
pleasure/ÃjuÍh/ytlk’,btus
plebeian/Ãjurcyl/mtbtLg sl;t-Jdo
plebiscite/ÃjurcmtRx/jtufb;
pledge/Ãjus/Jal mbvoK fhJwk,mtudk’ juJt
plenary/Ãjulrh/mkvK
q o ntsheJt¤wk
plenipotentiary/ÃjulevtpxurLNyrh/mJo m•ttætthe
plenty/ /
plenty/v/ymkÏg,ydrK;,vw»f¤
plethora/Ãje:tuht/ydrK;,vw»f¤
pliable/Ãjtguçj/rM:r;M:tvf
pliant/ÃjtgLx/b]’w,vhdsw
plight/ÃjtRx/Ju’lt,’w&F’’o
plinth/ /
plinth/rÃjk:/
plod/Ãjtpz/:tfujt-Cthu vdu atjJwk
plonk/ÃjtpLf/Cth:e leau vzJwk
plot/ /
plot/Ãjtpx/ftJºtw fhJwk,xfztu
plough back-Jwk
plough/ /
plough/v/FuzJwk
ploy/Ãjtpg/cntlwk
pluck/ /
pluck/Ãjf/
plug in-Jwk
plug up-Jwk
plug/ /
plug/Ãjd/
plum/ /
plum/Ãjb/
plumage/Ãjbus/v´At
plummet
plummet/Ãjrbx/FtcfJwk,Cqmftu bthJtu
plump for-Jwk
plump/ /
plump/Ãjkv/
plumpy/Ãjkrv/Y»xvw»x
plunder/Ãjkzh/jqxk ajtJJe
plunge/ /
plunge/Ãjks/FtcfJwk,Cqmftu bthJtu
plural/ /
plural/Ãjwyhj/cnwJal
pluralistic/ÃjwyhtrjMf/cnwsl
plus/ /
plus/Ãjm/
ply/Ãjtg/Vuhtk fhJt
pnuematic/Lgwbprxf/
poach/vtua/atuhe,rNfth fhJtu
pock/vtpf/Dt lwk rlNtl,atXwk
pocket vistar
pocket/ /
pocket/vtprfx/FeMmwk,rJM;th
podium/vtprzgb/bka

poem/ /
poem/vtpRb/ftÔg
poet/ /
poetic/vtpRrxf/ftÔgtðbf
poetry/ /
poetry/vtpRrx[/frJ;t
pogrom/vtpd{tpb/btlJmknth,nðgtftkz
poignant/vtuRLlx/axtfu’th,Ì’g÷tJf
point blank ;’Tl lSf:e,Mv»x
point out c;tJJwk,’NtoJJwk
point up-Jwk
point/ /
point/vtpRLx/rck’w,bw’T’tu
pointed/ /
poise/vtpRÍ/le yKevh,mb;wjt
poison/ /
poison/vtpRÍl/Íuh,rJ»t
poisonous/ /
poisonous/vtpRÍLtm/Íuhe,rJ»tfthf
poke about/around-Jwk
poke out-Jwk
poke/vutf/CtukfJwk
polarity
polarization æt{wJefhK
polarize æt{wJefhK:Jwk
pole/ /
pole/vutj/æt{wJ,:tkCjtu
polemic/vutj/rJJt’
police/ /
police/vturjm/vturjm
policing/vturjrmkd/vturjm
polish off-Jwk
polish up-Jwk
polish/ /
polish/vtprjN/abftJJwk
politburo mJtuoååtmrbr;(mtBgJt’e)
polite(ness)/ /
polite/vtujtRx/lb{,rJJufe
politicisation
politicise
politics(al)/ /
politics/vtprjrx¾m/htsfthK
poll/ /
poll/vtuj/aqkxKe,b;’tl
pollute/vÕgwx/v{’»q te; fhJwk
pollution/ /
pollution/vÕgwNl/v{’w»tK
poltergeist c’btN-Nhth;e Cq;
polyandry/vtprjypLz[e/cnwvrðt v{:t
polygamy/vtprjdprb/cnwvrðl v{:t
polyglot/vtprjøjtpx/cnwCt»ttrJ’
pomell/vtpLz/;jJthle bqX
pompous/vtpBvm/Cvft’th
pond/ /
pond/vtpLz/;¤tJ
ponder/vtpLzh/rak;l-bltubk:l fhJwk
pontificate/vtprLxrVfux/yr;rmæættkk; ZtUde ntuJwk
pool/ /
pool/vqj/Ftctuaegwk,afhzwk,

By. Richin Patel

88

poor/ /
poor/vqyh/dhec
pop off-Jwk
pop/ /
pop/vtpv/v{arj; de;
popinjay/vtprÃtLsu/yrCbtle btKm
poppadam
populace/vtpÃgwjm/sl;t,jtuftu
popular/ /
popular/vtuÃgwjh/jtufrv{g
popularity/ /
populated/vtpÃgwjpxuz/deaJMtJtx
population/ /
population/vtpÃgwjpNl/Jm;e,slmkÏgt
populous/vtpÃgwjm/deaÔtM;eJt¤wk
pore over-Jwk
pore/ /
pore/vtph/ÍeKtk rA÷
pork/ /
pork/v/zw¾fhlwk btkm
pornographic/vptltuod{trVf/y¹jej-rcCðm
pornography/vptltuod{trV/rcCðm mtrnðg
port/ /
port/vtpxo/ck’h,
portable/vtpxçjo/mt:u VuhJe Nftg ;uJwk
portal/vptxoj/
portent/vptxuLx/CtrJ mqaf Dxlt
porter/ /
porter/vtpxoh/bswh,btj ôaflth
portion/vtpNol/Ctd,ykN
portrait/vptrx[x/Ôgrf;raºt
portray/vptxp[/Ôgrf;raºt-ytjuF ’tuhJtu
ports/ /
pose/ /
pose/vtuÍ/ ztu¤ fhJtu,ytd¤æthJwk
posh/vtpN/WåaJdolwk,Cvft’th
position/ /
position/vtuÍeNl/rM:;e,
positive/ /
positive/vturÍrxJ/nfthtðbf
posse/vturMt/’¤,xwfze,’M;tu
possess(ion)/ /
possess/vÍuÍ/æthtJJwk,fçstbtk ntuJwk
possibility/ /
possible/ /
possible/vtprmçj/Nfg
possibly/ /
post/ /
post/vtpMx/vùt’,v’,:tkCjtu,xvtj
posterior/vtpMxerhyh/vtA¤lwk
posterity/vtuMxurhrx/CtrJ vuZe
postgraduate/vtuMxd{psgT wyux/ylwMlt;f
posthumous/vtuMxgwbm/bhKtu•th
postmortem/vtuMxbtuxob/NcvheûtK
postpone/vtuMxvtul/bwj;Je htFJwk
postulant/vtuMxgwjux/mtawk,mtrc; fh;wk
postulate/vtuMxgwjux/btdKe fhJe
posture/vtuMah/bw÷t,JjK
pot/ /

pot/vtpx/Dztu,btxjwk
potable/vtpxçj/veJt jtgf
potato/ /
potato/vxpxtu/cxuxt
potboiler
potent/vtuxuLx/Fqcs ymhfthf
potentate/vtoxuLxux/ytvFw’
potential/ /
potential/vxuLNgj/mkCrJ; ûtb;t-Nrf;Jt¤wk
pother/vtuæth/dhcz
pothole
potion/vutNl/Íuh fu ’Jtltu Dqkxztu
pot-pourri/vtuvwhe/rFaztu,mu¤Cu¤
potter/ /
potter/vtuxh/fwkCth
pouch/ /
pouch/vtWa/ftu:¤e
poultry/vtprÕx[/bhDtk WAuh fuL÷[
pounce/vtWLm/;htv bthJe
pound/ /
pound/vtWLz/FtkzJwk,æthcJwk,Ztuh ltu zçctu
pounding/vtWrLzd/
pour in
pour out-Jwk
pour/ /
pour/vtuh/huzJwk
pout/vtWx/WÕxe fhJe
powder/ /
powder/vtWzh/Cw¾fe,
power/ /
power/vtJh/Nrf;,m•tt
power-broker/vtJh c{tufh/m•ttlt ’jtj
powerful/ /
practicable/v{pfrx¾pçj/ÔgJntY
practical/ /
practical/v{pfrx¾j/ÔgJntY,v{gtud,v{ðgût
practice/ /
practice/v{pfrxm/bntJhtu(ltb)rhJts
practise/ /
practise/v/bntJhtu fhJtu(rÄgt)
pragmatic/v{pdbprxf/ÔgJnthwk
pragmatism/v{d
p bprxÍb/ÔgJntYvKwk
praise/ /
praise/v{uRÍ/JFtK-Jwk
praiseworthy/v{uRÍJræto/v{Nkmleg
pram/ /
pram/v{pb/ctctdtze
prance/v{Lp m/;htv bthJe
prank
prattle/v{pxj/cfJtm fhJtu
pray/ /
pray/v{p/v{t:olt fhJe,rJlJKe fhJe
prayer/ /
prayer/v{pyh/v{t:lto,gtalt
pre/ /
preach/ /
preach/v{ea/Wv’uN ytvJtu
preacher/v{eah/Wv’uNf
preamble/rv{yuBçj/v{tM;trJf,ytbwF

By. Richin Patel

89

precarious/rv{frp hym/stuFbfthf
precautionary/rv{ftpNlrh/ydbau;e Yv
precede/rv{mez/vnujtk/ydtW :Jwk-clJwk
precedence/rv{mezLm/rNhM;tu,atj(ltb)
precedent/rv{mezLx/rNhM;tu,atj (rJ»tuNK)
preceding/rv{merzLd/ytd¤lwk,vqJo
precept/rv{muÃx/Wv’uN
precinct/rv{rmk¾x/vrhmh,rlfx;t
precious/ /
precious/v{uNm/rfb;e
precipice/rv{rmrÃtm/CuFz,vJ;olwk rNFh
precipitate/rv{rmrvxux/yrJathe
precipitous fhtz suJwk,QCwk :;wk
precise atu¾fm,rlrù;
precisely
precision/rv{rmÍl/atufmtR
precocious ltle Wkbhu v{tuZ;tJt¤wk
precursor yd{’q;,Aze’th
predator vhCûte,jqkxthtu
predecessor vqJodtbe,vqhtudtbe
predicament/rv{rz¾tbLx/ætbomkfx
predict/rv{rz¾x/CrJ»g CtFJwk
pre-emptive v{:b v{nth fh;wk
preen/v{eLt/fvztk,Jt¤ Xef fhJt
prefer/ /
prefer/v{uVh/Jætthu vmk’ fhJwk
preferential/v{uVhrL~gj/rJNu»t vmk’deJt¤wkw
prefix/ /
pregnant/v/mdCto,y:ovK
q o
prehensile/rv{nuLmtRj/d{nKûtb,d{tÌg
prejudice/v{usgT wrzm/vqJd
o {n,vûtvt;
prelates
premier/v/v{bwF,v{ættlbkºte
premiere/v/v{:bFuj
premonition/v/vqJtoCtm
preoccupied vqJoÔgM;,fcstbtk
preordained
preparation/ /
preparatory v{thkrCf
prepare/ /
prepare/rv{vpyh/;igth fhJwk
preposition/ /
preposterous bqFtobe Cgwo
prerequisite vqJoNh;
prerogative rJrN»x-vhbtrætfth
presage/rv{mus/mkfu;,vqJoCtm,yUættK
prescribe/rv{MÄtRc/Wvtg mqaJJtu
presence/ /
present/ /
present/v{uÍLx/ntsh,Cux,J;obtl,hsw fhJwk
presentiment mkfu;,vqJoCtm,yUættK
preserve/ /
preserve/rv{ÍJo/xftJe htFJwk
preside(nt)/ /
preside/rv{ÍtRzm/v{bwF-yægût :Jwk
president/v{urÍzLx/v{bwF
press for/v{umVtuh/’ctK fhJwk,btdKe fhJe
press(ure)/ /
press/vu{m/’ctJJwk,

pressed on/ /
pressure/v{uNh/’ctK
prestigious/vu{rMxsm/v{r;»X
presto/v{uMxtu/Íxvx (st’wdhltu W’Tdth)
presume/rv{Ígwb/ætthJwk,Awx juJe
presumption/rvÍBÃNl/ynkfth,ætthKt
presumptuous/rvÍBtÃågwym/ynkfthe,yrCbtl
e
pretend/ /
pretend/rv{xuLz/ZtUd fhJtu,cntlwk c;tJJwk
pretentious/rv{xuL~gm/ZtUde,ytzkche
pretext/rv{xufMx/cntlwk
pretty/ /
pretty/rv{rx/Yvt¤wk,XefXef
prevail/rv{JuRjLx/JaoMJ-v{CwðJ ntuJwk
prevalent/rv{JujLx/v{arj;
prevaricate/rv{JrhfuRx/duhhM;u ’tuhJwk
prevent from-/rv{JuLx/yxftJJwk,htufJwk
prevent(ion)/ /
preventive/rv{JurLxJ/yxftg;e
previous/ /
previous/rv{rJym/ytdjwk,vnujtlwk
prey/ /
prey/v{u/rNfth,Ctud
price/ /
price/v{tRm/rfb;,bwÕg
prick/ /
prick/rv{f/CtUfJwk
prickly/rv{f/Fqkau ;uJwk
pride/ /
pride/v{tRz/dJo-juJtu
priest/ /
priest/v{eMx/vt’he,vwhturn;
prima donna/v{tRbt ztult/bwÏg dtgeft
prima facie/v{tRbt Vprm/v{:b’Neo
primary/ /
primary/v{tRbrh/v{t:rbf,NYyt;lwk
prime/ /
prime/v{tRb/bwÏg
primeval/v{tRBteJj/ytr’ft¤lwk,yt¼,ytr’b
primitive/rv{rbrxJ/v{tael,ytr’ft¤lwk
prince(ss)/ /
prince/rv{Lm/htsfwbth
princess/rvLmum/htsfwbthe
principal/rv{rLmÃj/v{bwF,bwÏg,bw’j,ytatgo
principle/ /
principle/rv{rLmÃj/rmæættk;,rlgb
print out-Jwk
print/rv{Lx/AtvJwk,Atv,lfj
printed/ /
prison(er)/ /
prison/rv{Íl/fthtJtm,suj
prissy/rv{rm/JhKtrdgwk,xtvxevJt¤wk
pristine/rv{MxtRl/Nwææt,vrJºt
private/ /
private/v{tRJux/Ftlde,dwÃ;
privation/v{tRJuNl/;kde,yCtJ,ntjtfe
privatize/v{tRJuxtRÍ/FtldefhK fhJwk
privilege/rv{rJjus/rJNu»ttrætfth

By. Richin Patel

90

privy/rv{rJ/dwÃ;,Ftlde
prize/ /
prize/v{tRÍ/Rltb,bwÏg
pro rata/v{tu hpxt/Ctdu vz;wk,v{btKtlwmth
pro tem/v{tuxub/nkdtbe
proactive initiative to control the
situation
probability/ /
probability/v{tucprçtrjrx/mkCrJ;t
probable/ /
probable/v{tucuçj/mkCrJ;
probably/ /
probate/v{tucx/b]ðgwltu ’tFjtu ytvJtu
probationary/v{tucuNlrh/ysbtgNe,rNFtW
probe/ /
probe/v{tuc/ôze ;vtm fhJe
probity/v{turcrx/MtåatR,Rbtl’the
problem/ /
problem/v{tuçjb/mbMgt
procedure/v{rmsh/ftgovæætr;,ftgoher;
proceed/v{tumez/ytd¤ JætJwk
proceedings/v{tumerzkøÍ/ftgoJtne
proceeds/v{tumezÍ/Jfhtu,yufXe :guje ytJf
process(ion)/ /
process/v{tumum/v{rÄgt-fhJe,væætr;
proclaim/v{tu¾jpRb/Jxnwfb cnth vtzJtu
proclaiming/v{tu¾juRrbkd/Jxnwfb fh;wk
proclamation/v{tu¾jpbpNl/stnuhltbwk
proclivity/v{tufjerJrx/jdtJ,JjK
procrastinate/v{tuÄprMxluNl/Zej fhJe
procreate/v{turÄyux/v{stuðv;e fhJe
procure/v{tu¾gwyh/v{tÃ; fhJwk,bu¤JJwk
prodigal/v{turzdj/WztW
prodigy/v{turzS/ymtætthK ct¤f
produce/ /
produce/v{zTgm
w /Wðvt’l fhJwk,levs
product(ion)/ /
product/v{tuz¾x/Wðvt’l,V¤
productive/v{tuz¾rxJ/W•vt’f
proem/v{tuRb/v{M;tJlt
profane/v{tuVuRl/yvrJºt,ætborlk’f
profess(ion)/ /
profess/v{tuVum/rNF-Wv’uN ’uJtu
professional/v{VuNlj/ætkætt’the,ÔgJmtge
professor/ /
proffer/v{tuVh/ytvJwk,hsw fhJwk
proficient/ /
proficient/v{turVmeyLx/rl»Ktk;,;sT¿t
profile/v{tuVtRj/huFtf]r;,arhºt
profit/ /
profit/v{turVx/lVt,Vtg’tu
profitable/v{turVxuçj/lVtfthf
profiteering/v{turVxeyrhkd/lVtFtuhe
profligacy/v{turVx/’whtath,jkvx;t
profound/v{tuVtWLz/ôzw,dnl
progeny/v{tusurl/mk;r;,v{st
prognosis/v{tuølturMtm/vqJtolwbtl-rl’tl
prognosticate/v{tuølturMxfux/CrJ»gJtKe fhJe
programme/ /

programme/v{tud{pb/ftgoÄb,mbgcææt fhJwk
progress(ive)/ /
progress/v{tud{um/v{d;e
progressive/v{tud{urmJ/v{dr;jûte,ytd¤ Jæt;wk
prohibit(ed)/ /
prohibit/v{turnrcx/bltR fhJe
projection/v{tusu¾Nl/
projector/ /
projector/v{tusu¾xh/
proletarian/v{turjxprhyl/mtbtLgJdolwk
pro-liberation ytÍt’e ;hVe
proliferate/v{turjVhux/Ízv:e v{mth :Jtu
prolific/v{turjrVf/Vjv{’,Wðvt’f
prolix/v{turjût/jtkcw Ct»tK fu jFtK
prologue/v{tujtud/v{M;tJlt
prolong/v{tujtUd/jkctJJwk
promiscuity
promiscuous/v{trbMfgwym/yJiæt
promise/ /
promise/v{turbm/Jal-ytvJwk
promissory/v{turbmhe/Jalraêe
promote/v{btux/ytd¤ ÔtætthJwk
promotional/v{btuNlj/v{athtðbf
prompt/v{tuBÃx/ðJrh;,v{J]; fhJwk,fnuJt v{uhJwk
promptly/ /
promulgate/v{tBu gwjdux/stnuht;-Jxnwfb fhJtu
promulgation
prone/ /
prong/v{tuLd/ftkxtu,’tk;tu
pronoun/ /
pronounce(ment)/ /
pronounce/v{tultWLm/WååtthJwk
pronunciation/ /
pronunciation/v{LlrmyuNl/WååtthK,Wåath
proof/ /
proof/v{qV/mtrc;e
prop up
prop up-Jwk
prop/v{tuv/ytætth,xuftu,yJjkcl
propaganda/v{tuvdpLzt/v{ath
propagate/v{tuvd
u ux/v{ath fhJtu
propel/v{tuvu¥j/ætfujJwk,ntkfJwk
proper/ /
proper/v{tvu h/gtuøg,sYhe
property/ /
property/v{tvu rxo/rbjf;
prophesy/v{tuVurMt/CrJ»gJtKe fhJe
prophetic/v{tuVurxf/CrJ»g CtF;wk
propinquity/v{turvrLfrJrx/mbev;t,rlfx;t
propitiate/v{turvrMtyux/Nbl fhJwk
propitious/v{trv~gm/m’TCtJJt¤wk,ylwfq¤,NwC
proponent/v{tuvtuLlx/rnbtg;e,vwhMf;to
proportionate/v{vtuoNlux/v{btKmh
proposal/ /
proposal/v{vtuÍj/’hFtM;,v{M;tJ
propose/ /
propose/v{vtuÍ/’hFtM;-v{M;tJ bqfJtu
propound/v{tuvtWLz/ytd¤ æthJwk-hsw fhJwk
propping up

By. Richin Patel

91

propriety/v{tuv{tRrx/gtuøg;t,ÔgtscevKwk
proroatagate/v{tuvtWLz/mºt mbtÃ; fhJwk
prorogue/v{htud/mºt bwj;Je htFJwk
prosaic/v{ÍuRf/lehm,aejtatjwk
proscribe/v{tuMÄtRc/bltR VhbtJJe
prose/ /
prose/v{tuÍ/d¼juFl
prosecute/v{turm¾gwx/ftpxobtk fum btkzJtu
proselytize/v{tuÍrjxtRÍ/;tswk ætbtO;h :gujwk
prospect/v{tuMvu¾x/yvuûtt,fÕvlt raºt
prospective/v{tMu vu¾rxJ/:lth,CrJ»Gtlwk
prospectus/v{tuMvu¾xm/btrn;e vwM;eft
prosperity/v{tuMvurhrx/mb]rææt,Wðf»to
prosperous/v{tuMvhm/mb]ææt
prostitute/v{turMxxgwx/Ju~gt
prostitution/v{turMxxgwNl/Ju~gtdehe
prostrate/v{turMx[x/sbel vh ytzwk vzujwk,vhtCw;
:gujwk
protagonist/v{turm¾gwx/bwÏgvtºt,ltgf
protean/v{tuxeyl/cnwbwFe,vrhJ;oNej
protect(ion)/ /
protect/v{tuxu¾x/hûtK fhJwk
protective/ /
protégé/v{turxS/hrût; Ôgrf;,ytr©;
protest/ /
protest/v{tuxuMx/rJhtuæt fhJtu
protocol/v{tuxutftuj/rN»xtath,fhth,’hFtM;
prototype/v{tuxutftuj/lbwltu
protract/v{tux[u¾x/Zejbtk ltFJwk
protruding/v{tux[wrzkd/cnth ytJ;wk
protuberant/v{tuxgwchLx/cnth ’uFt;wk
proud/ /
proud/v{tWz/yrCbtle,ynkfthe
prove/ /
prove/v{qJ/mtrc; fhJwk
proven/v{Jq l/mtrc; :gujwk
proverbial/v{tuJceoyj/ltbael,fnuJ;lwk
provide(d)/ /
provide/v{tuJtRz/vqhwk vtzJwk
provided/v{tuJtRzuz/stu (Nh;),vwYk vtzuj
providence/v{turJzLm/Ctøg
providential/v{turJzurLNj/’uJgturdf
provincial/v{turJrLmyj/v{t’uNef,v{tk;eg
provision/ /
provision/v{turJÍl/vwhJXtu,studJtR,ÔgJM:t
provisional/v{turJÍlj/ftbajtW
proviso/v{turJÍtu/
provocative/v{tuJtufurxJ/W~fuhKe slf
provoke/v{tuJtuf/W~fuhJwk
prow
prowess/v{tuJum/Jeh;t,cnt’whe
prowl/ /
prowl/v{tWj/;htv bthJe
proximity/v{turûtrbrx/rlfx;t
proxy/v{turût/yvhtuût,lt J;e
prude/v{wz/
prudence/v{wzLm/zntvK
prudent/v{wzLx/NtKwk,zntvK Cgowk
pruient

prune/v{wl/ftvfqv :e mbthJwk
prurient/v{wheyLx/ftbt;wh,,ftbjtujwv
pry into/v{tg Rl xw/btk zturfgwk fhJwk
pseudo/Mgwztu/lfje,’kCe,ytCtme
pseudonym/Mgwzturlb/Wvltb
psyche/mtgfe/bl,ra;,btlrmf;t
psychedelic/mtgfezurjf/C{bKt vu’t fh;wk
psychological/mtgftujturs¾j/bltuJi¿ttrlf
pub/ /
pub/vc/’tYlwk veXwk
puberty/Ãgwcrxo/rfNtuhtJM:t
pubic/Ãgwrcf/rfNtuhtJM:t
public/ /
public/vçjef/sl;t,stnuh
publish/ /
publish/vrçjN/v{ftrN; fhJwk,v{rmææt fhJwk
pudgy/ÃtS/stzwk,Y»xvw»x
puerile/ÃgwyuhtRj/ctrjN,lSJwk
puff/vV/ntkVJwk,fm,vJl le jnuh
puffins
pugilist/vgwsrjMx/ætkætt’the bw¾ftcts
pugmark
pugnacious/vølpr~ym/frsgtFtuh,bt:tCthe
puissance mc¤;t,Nrf;
puke/Ãgwf/ytufJwk
pull away-Jwk
pull down-Jwk
pull in-Jwk
pull off-Jwk
pull out/vwj ytWx/vtAw Fukae juJwk
pull out-Jwk
pull over-Jwk
pull through/ /
pull through-Jwk
pull together-Jwk
pull up/ /
pull up/vwj yv/;;ztJJwk
pull/ /
pull/vwj/Fka
u Jwk
pulp/vÕv/btJtu,hdztu
pulsate/ÃtÕmux/ætcfJwk
pulse/ /
pulse/vÕm/ltz,Ì’glt ætcftht,hd
pulses/ÃtÕmes/fXtu¤
pulverize/ÃtÕJhtRÍ/aqhtu-Cwftu fhJtu
pump/ /
pump/vBv/nJt ChJe,XtjJJwk
pun/vl/¹ju»t yjkfth,rîy:eo
punch/ /
punch/vLa/bw¾ftu bthJtu,ftKwk vtzJwk
punctilious/vLfrxrjym/yr;rN»xtath ytd{ne
punctual/vLfågwyj/mbgcææt
punctuate/vLfågwyux/fxfu fxfu,rJhtb rJl ntu
bqfJt
punctuation/vLfågwypNl/yÕvrJhtb
Jduhu,yxfJwk
puncture/vLfah/ftKwk
pungent/vLsLx/axtfu’th,;b;b;wk
punish(ment)/ /
punish/vrlN/mst fhJe

By. Richin Patel

92

punitive/ÃgwrlrxJ/mstYv,’kzrlg
punk/vkf/cfJtm,JkXuj Just
puny/Ãgwrl/lc¤w,k ltswf
pupil/ /
pupil/Ãgwrvj/rJ¼t:eo,fefe
puppet/vrvx/fXvq;¤e
purchase/ /
purchase/vauoÍ/Fhe’Jwk
pure/ /
pure/Ãgwyh/Nwææt,atuÏFwk
purgation/vhdpNl/rJhtual,hua,swjtc
purify/ÃgqrhVtg/Nwææt fhJwk
puritanical/Ãgqrhxprlfj/Nwææt;tJt’e
purloin/vjtuoRl/atuhe fhJe
purple/ /
purple/vvoj/stbje
purport/vvox/y:o fu ;tðvgo fu ntuJwk
purpose/ /
purpose/vvoÍ/nu;w,ytNg,Eht’tu
purse/ /
purse/vmo/vtrfx,viumtle ftu:¤e
purser/vmoh/ftuXthe
pursue/vMgwo/ylwmhJwk
pursuing/vMgow$d/ylwmh;wk
pursuit/vMgwox/veAtu,ylwmhK
purveyor
purview/vÔgwo/ftgoûtuºt,bgto’t
push ahead-Jwk
push along-Jwk
push around-Jwk
push for-Jwk
push off-Jwk
push on-Jwk
push through-Jwk
push up-Jwk
push/ /
push/vwN/æt¾¾tu bthJtu
pusillanimous/vrmjprlbm/cefK,zhvtuf,ltb’o
pustule
put about-Jwk
put across/ /
put across/vwx yÄtum/le mtbu hsw fhJwb
put across-Jwk
put away-Jwk
put by/ /
put down ’tce ’uJwk,ltUæt fhJe
put down/ /
put forward-Jwk
put in-Jwk
put off bwj;Je htFJwk,xt¤Jwk
put off/ /
put off-Jwk
put on to-Jwk
put on/ /
put on/vwx yptl/vnuhJwk
put out/ /
put out/vwx ytWx/ntujJe ltFJwk
put through-Jwk
put up with mnl fhJwk
put up with/ /

put up/ /
put up/vwx yv/hsq fhJwk,WCwk fhJwk
put/ /
put/vwx/bwfJwk
putrefied/vwx[eVtRz/mzujwk
putsch/vwa/rJ÷tun,c¤Jtu
putty/vwrx/vtjem btxule btxe
puzzle/ /
puzzle/vÍj/ftugztu
pyre/vtgh/ra;t
Pyrrhic/rvrhf/yr; rfkkb;e
python/ /
python/vtg:l/ysdh
quack/¾Jpf/³xJi’,c;fltu yJts
quaff/¾JtpV/ZeaJwk
quagmire/¾Jtpdbtgh/ft’J,rfaz
quaint/ /
quaint/¾JpRLx/swlJtKe,rJjûtK,rJraºt
quake/¾JpRf/æt{wsthe,fkvl,æth;efkv
qualify/ /
qualify/¾JptrjVtg/jtgft; bu¤JJe
quality/ /
quality/¾Jtprjrx/dwKJ;t
qualm/¾Jptb/Fxftu,hks
quandary/¾JptLz[e/bqkÍJK,rîætt
quantity/ /
quantity/¾JptrLxrx/sÚ:tu,btºtt
quantum/¾JptLxb/vrhbtK,btºtt
quarantine/¾JpthrLxl/sk;w ytNkft :e sw’wk htFJwk
quarrel/ /
quarrel/¾Jpthj/Íætztu fhJtu
quarry/¾Jptrh/vÚ:h-FtK,rNfth
quarter/ /
quarter/¾Jptxh/a;wo:tkN
quash/¾JptN/h’T fhJwk
quasi/fJuÍtR/yæto,jdCd
quay/¾e/f]rºtb æt¾ftu
queasy/¾JerÍ/vtvCehw
queen/ /
queen/¾Jel/htKe
queer/ /
queer/¾Jeyh/rJraºt
quell/¾Juj/Ntk; vtzJwk,ftcwbtk juJwk
quench/¾JuLa/rAvtJJwk
query/¾Jurh/;vtm
quest/¾JuMx/Ntuæt,Ftus
question/ /
question/¾Ju¹al/v¹l-fhJtu
questionnaire/¾Ju¹aluh/v{¹ltu;he
queue/ /
queue/¾gq/f;th,jtRl
quibble Nç’A¤,WztW sJtc
quick/ /
quick/¾rJf/Ízve,VxtVx
quicken/¾rJfl/Ízve :Jwk-fhJwk
quickie/¾rJfe/Ízve,VxtVx,xwkfw,W;tJ¤u
quicksand/¾rJfmpLz/f¤K,’j’j
quicksilver/¾rJfrmÕJh/vthtu
quick-witted/¾rJfrJxuz/ntsh sJtce

By. Richin Patel

93

quid pro quo J¤;h,c’jtu
quienten down-Jwk
quiet/ /
quiet/fJtyux/Ntk;,aqv Ntk;e
quietus-end -exit
quill/ /
quill/¾Jej/v´Awk
quilt/ /
quilt/¾JeÕx/hstR,dtu’zwk
quintessence/¾rJLxmLm/mth;ðJ,yfo
quip/frJv/xtuKtu bthJtu
quirky/fJofe/ctujJtbtk atjtf
quisling/frJÍrjkd/’w~bl mt:u C¤e slth
quit/ /
quit/frJx/AtuzJwk,ðgtd fhJtu
quite/ /
quite/¾JtRx/;’l
quittance/frJxLm/Aqxfthtu
quiver/fJeJh/Ct:tu,æt{wsJwk
quixotic/frJ¾mturxf/;hkde,Dwrhgj
quiz/ /
quiz/¾rJÍ/v¹lfhJtu,bqkÍJJwk
quorum/¾Jtphb/sYhe ntshe
quota/¾Jtuxt/rlg; rnMmtu,Ctd
quotable/¾Jtuxuçj/xtkfJt gtuøg,yJ;hK
quotation/ /
quote/ /
quote/¾JtuWx/xtkfJwk,W;thtu ytvJtu
quotes/¾JtuWxm/yJ;hKtu,mwJt¾gtu
rabbit/ /
rabbit/hprcx/mmjwk
rabble/hpcj/ættzwk,xtu¤wk
rabid/hprcz/nzftgwk,dtkzw
rabies/hpceÍ/nzfJt
race/ /
race/huRm/nrhVtR st;,JkN,Nh;,ytujt’
racial/hprmyj/str;g,JkNeg,ftube
racist/hprmMx/str;Jt’e,hkdCu’e
rack/ /
rack/hpf/swjb fhJtu
racket/hprfx/»tzTgºk t,ftiCtkz
racketeer/hprfxeyh/ftiCtkrzgwk,dtujbtrjgwk
rackish/hprfN/
radiant/hprzyLx/;usMJe,abf;wk,v{VwrÕj;
radiate/hprzyuRx/rfhKtu VUfJt
radiation/hprzyuNl/rJrfhK,rfhKtuðmdo
radical/hprzfj/ytbqj,Wd{-mwætthtJt’e
radio/ /
radio/hprzytp/hprzgtu
radius/hprzym/rºtsgt
raffish/hprVN/JkXe dgujwk,cuytcY
raft/hpVTx/vtKebtk ;h;tu ;htvtu
rag/ /
rag/hpd/dtCtu,vsJJwk,b~fhe fhJe
ragamuffin/hpdtbrVl/a´:huntj
rage v
rage/ /
rage/huRs/fuh J;toJJtu,dtkz;w qh
raid/ /

raid/huRz/nwbjtu,’htuztu,ættz
rail/ /
rail/huRj/dt¤tu ’uJe,CtkzJwk,vtxtu
railway/ /
raiment/huRbLx/vtu»ttf
rain off-Jwk
rain(y)/ /
rain/huRl/JhmJwk,Jhmt’
raise/ /
raise/huRs/WXtJJw,k WAuhJwk,JætthJwk,yufºt fhJwk
raisonne mwÔgJrM:;
rake/ /
rake/huRf/WmuzJwk
rally Xufze WztJJek,’tux bqfJe,mhDm ftZJwk
ram into btk ætme sJwk,y:ztJwk
ram/ /
ram/hpb/Duxtu
ramble/hpBçj/hFzJkw,hFzvèe
ramification/hprbrVfuml/srxj;t,vrhKtb
ramify/hprbVtg/ NtFtytu :Je
rammed/hpBz/ btk ætme dgwk,y:ztgwk
ramp/hpBv/XdtR,;htvtu ltu btdo
rampage/hpBvuRs/;tuVtlu azJwk
rampant/hpBvLx/cuVtb,cumwbth
rampart/hpBvtxo/ythrût; r’Jtj
ramrod/hpBthtpz/
ramshackle/hpBNpfj/ntjfztujf,FFze dgujwk
ran/hpl/’tuzTgt
ranch/hpLa/ZtuhJtztu
rancid/hprLmz/Ftuhwk
rancour/hpLfh/ntzJuh,îu»t,Fth,ykxN
random/hpLzb/ytzuætz,yÔgJrM:;,VtJu ;ub
randy/hprLz/ftbt;qh
rang/hpLd/JdtzTgwk
range/ /
range/huLs/bgto’t,
rank/ /
rank/h/f;th,Jdo,fûtt
ransack/hpLmpf/jqkxVtx-;tuzVtz fhJe
ransom/hpLmb/ctl AtuzJt le hfb
rant/hpLx/Nç’tzkch,Ct»tKctS
rant/hpLx/ytzkche Ct»tK
rap/hpv/xeft fhJe,xftuhtu
rapacious/hpvprNym/FtWæthwk,jtuCe,jqkxthw
rape/huRv/c¤tðfth
raphers
rapid(ly)/ /
rapid/hprvz/Ízve
rappochement/htv{ptNbtk/mwjun,mkæte
rapport/hvtpxo/yufhtd,mbCtJ
rapscallion/hpMfj/nhtbFtuh,c’btN
rapture/hpvåth/WLbt’,yr; ytlk’
rare/ /
rare/hph/rJhj,yjÇg,y’TC;w
rarefied/hprhVtRz/vt;¤e nJt Jt¤wk
raring/hprhkd/ÍkF;wk,yt;wh
rascal/htMfj/nhtbFtuh,c’btN
rash/ /
rash/hpN/VtuÕjtu,W;tJ¤egwk

By. Richin Patel

94

rasp/hpMv/AtujJwk,DmJtltu yJts
rat/ /
rat/hpx/ô’h
rate/ /
rate/huRx/’h,CtJ,btºtt
rather than/htæth ætpl/lt fh;tk
rather/ /
ratification
ratify/hprxVtR/bksqh fhJwk,cntje ytvJe
rating/hprxkRd/btv,ykfl
ratio/hprNytp/v{btK,btºtt
ration/hpNl/Ft¼mtbd{e
rational/hpNlj/;fomd
k ;,rJathNej
rattle off/hpxj ytpV/mzmztx ctuje sJwk
rattle through-Jwk
rattle/hpxj/FFztJJwk,DqDhtu,FFztx
raunchy/hptrLa/
ravage/hpJuRs/vtgbtj fhJwk,
rave/huRJ/jJthtu fhJtu,VqkftJwk,sjmtu,ytjtualt
raven/huRJl/rNfth-jkqx fhJe,yturngt fhJwk
ravine/hJtRl/ftu;h,FeK
raving/huRrJkd/VqkftJwk,cfJtm fhJtu
ravish/huRrJN/c¤tðfth fhJtu,bwøæt fhJwk
raw deal/hpt/yLgtg,’wÔgoJnth
raw/ /
raw/hpt/ftawk,yKDz,
ray/ /
ray/hug/rfhK
raze/ /
raze/hpRÍ/sbel’tuM;,æJkN fhJtu
razzle-dazzle/hpÍj zpÍj/ÍtfbÍtu¤,ætbtj
razzmatazz/hpÍbpxpÍ/ÍtfbÍtu¤,cfJtm
reach/ /
reach/ /
reach/hea/vntUaJwk
react(tion)/ /
react/rhyufx/v{ðgtDt; ytvJt
reactionary/rhypfNlrh/Wd v{ðgtDt;e
read out-Jwk
read upon-Jwk
read/ /
read/hez/JtkaJwk
ready/huze/;igth
reaffirmed
real(ly)/ /
real/heyj/ymje,mtawk,bq¤
realise/ /
realise/heyjtRÍ/mbsJwk,JmwjJwk,v{tÃ; fhJwk
realistic/heyrjMxef/JtM;rJf,g:t:o
realms/heytÕb/v{’uN,rJ»tg,htsTg
reap/ /
reap/hev/vtf jKJtu
re-appraisal/rh yv{tRÍj/vwl&bwÕgtkfl
rear/ /
rear/heyh/WAuhJwk,vtA¤lwk
reason(able/ /
reason/heÍl/’jej fhJe,;fo,fthK,
reasonable/heÍlçj/Ôgtsce,btVfmh
reassure/rhy~gtuh/nigtætthK ytvJe

rebel/hucpj/c¤Jtu fhJtu,ckz vtufthJwk
rebellion/hucprjyl/ckz,c¤Jtu
rebellious/rhcurjym/c¤JtFtuh
rebuff/rhcV/ætwðfthJwk,nzætq; fhJwk
rebuke/rhçgwf/Xvftu ytvJtu
rebut/rhcx/Fkzl fhJwk,hr’gtu ytvJtu
rebuttal/rhcx/Fkzl,hr’gtu
recalcitrant/rhfprÕMtx[tkx/nXejwk,S’T’e
re-call/he ftpj/vtAt ctujtJJwk
recall/rhftpj/gt’ fhJwk,
recapitulate(recap) mkûtuvbtk fnuJwk
recce/hufe/reconnaissance stmqme rlheûtK
nJtR snts
recede/rhmez/Dxtztu :Jtu,ytumhJwk
receipt/ /
receipt/rhmex/hme’,vtJ;e,vntUa
receive/ /
receive/rhmeJ/bu¤JJwk,MJefthJwk
recent(ly)/ /
recent/rhmLx/;tsu;hlwk
recently/rhmLxrj/;tsu;hbtk
receptacle/rhmuÃxufj/’tlvuxe
reception/ /
receptive/rhmurÃxJ/d{nKfh;wk
recess/ /
recess/rhmum/rJ©tb,bk’e,rJhtb
recession/rhmuNl/bk’e,veAunX
recidivism/rhrmrzrJÍb/vtv fu yvhtæt J]r;
recipient/rhrmveyLx/bu¤Jlth,d{nKfhlth
reciprocal/rhrmv{tufj/vhMvh,ytvmlwk
recital/rhmtxj/Jt’l
recite/rhmtRx/ftÔg vXl fhJwk
reckless/hu¾jum/cu’hfth
reckon with ægtlbtk juJwk
reckon/hu¾l/dK;he fhJe,DthJwk
reclamation lJv{trÃ;
recline/rhfjtRl/vtA¤ lbJwk
recognise/ /
recognition/ /
recognize/huføltRÍ/ytu¤FJwk,f’h fhJe,MJefthJwk
recoil/rhftpRj/dqa¤wk J¤Jwk,vtAwk nxJwk
recollect/rhfju¾x/gt’ ytJJwk-fhJwk
recommend(ation)/ /
recommend/rhfbuLz/CjtbK-mqal fhJwk
reconcile/rhfLmtRj/mbtættl-mbsw;e fhJe
reconciliation mbtættl
recondite dqZ,dnl,dwÃ;
reconnaissance(recce)/hufe/stmqme
rlheûtK
nJtR snts
reconstruct/rhfLMx[fNl/vwl&halt
record/ /
record/huftpzo/rJÄb,ltUæt,vºtf nondhvu
recoup/rhfqv/ChvtR fhJwk
recourse/rhftp»to/Wvtg
recover(ry)/ /
recover/rhfJh/mtst :Jwk,Ntuæte ftZJwk,JmqjJwk
recovery/h/Jmwjt;,htudbwrf;,mwætthtu
recreant/rhrÄyLx/
recrimination/rhrÄrbluNl/v{ðgthtuv

By. Richin Patel

95

recrudesence/h/
recruit/rhÄqx/Ch;e fhJe(ltufhe)
rectangle/hufxpLdj/jkcatuhm
rectify/hufrxVtg/mwætthJwk,Nwææt fhJwk
rectitude/hufrxxgwz/mååttR
rector/hufxh/d]nvr;
recuperate/rh¾gwvhux/mtst :Jwk
recur/rh¾h/JthkJth clJwk
recurrence/rh¾hLm/JthkJth le Dxlt
red/ /
red/huz/jtj
redact/huzp¾x/
red-alert/huzypjxo/yr; m;of;t,mtJættle
reddish/hurzN/jtjtN vz;wk
redeem/rhzeb/vrhvqKo fhJwk,y’t fhJwk
redemption/rhzubÃNl/Wæætth,bwrf;,y’tgde
red-handed/huznpLzuz/hkdunt:,mcq; mt:u
redolent/rhztujLx/;eJ{Jtm-dkætJt¤wk
redound/rhztWLz/
redress/rhz[um/J¤;h awfJJwk,rlJthK fhJwk
redressal/rhz[m
u j/rlJthK
red-tapism/huzxprvÍb/;wbthNtne
reduce/ /
reduce/rhzTgwm/DxtzJwk,ytuAwk fhJwk
reduction/ /
redundant/rhzkzLx/Vtsj,rclsYhe,lftbwk
reef/ /
reef/heV/
reek/hef/dkættJwk
reeling/herjkd/
re-entry
refer(ence)/ /
refer/huVh/WÕjuFfhJtu,mk’Co y
u tvJtu
referee/huVhe/rlKtogf,bægM:
referendum/huVhLzb/jtufb;
refine/rhVtRl/Nwææt fhJwk
reflect/rhVju¾x/rJath fhJtu,v{r;rckc vtzJwk
reflex
reflexive
reform/rhVtubo/mwættht fhJtu,DzJwk (ftg’tu)
ref-raff
refrain/rhV{uRl/’qh hnuJwk
refresh(ment)/ /
refresh/rhV{uN/;tswk fhJwk
refrigerator/ /
refrigerator/hurV{shuxh/
refuel/huVgwj/c¤;K ChJwk
refuge/huVgws/yt©g,NhK
refugee/huVgwS/rlhtr©;
refund/rhVLz/vtAwk Jt¤Jwk
refurbish/rhVrcoN/vwl&mstJJwk,abftJJwkw
refusal/ /
refuse/ /
refuse/rhVTgÍ
w /lt vtzJe
refute/huVTgwx/Fkzl fhJwk
regain/rhduRl/vwl&v{tÃ; fhJwk
regale/rhduRj/
regard(s)/ /
regard/rhdtzo/dKJwk,btlJwk,ctc;

regardless/rhdtzojum/curVfh,lt rJlt
regards/rhdtzoÍ/
regatta/rhdtxt/ltiftMvætto
regime/huSb/htsTgNtml
regimen/huSbl/
regiment/huSbLx/vÕxl,’¤
region/rhSyl/v{’uN
regional/rhSylj/v{t’uNef
regress/rhd{um/veAunX,vthtuX lt vdjtk
regret/rhd{ux/r’jdehe,yVmtum
regrettable/hud{uxuçj/yVmtumslf
regular/ /
regular/huøgjh/rlgrb;
regularize/huøgwjhtRÍ/rlgrb; fhJwk
regulate/huøgwjuRx/rlgkrºt; fhJwk
regulation/ /
rehabilitation/rhnprcrjxuNl/vwl&JmJtx
rehearsal/rhnmoj/vqJtoÇgtm
rehotric/huxrhf/Ct»tKctS,ytzkche v{Jal
reign/ /
reign/huRl/Ntml,le Wvh ftcw ntuJtu
reimburse/rhBcmo/awfJJwk
rein in/huRLm/jdtb,ftcw
rein/ /
reinforce/heRlVtpmo/Jætthu bscq; cltJJwk
reinforcements/rhRLVtumo/Jætw-b’’-bscq;e
reins/huRLm/jdtb,ftcw,Ntml
reinstate/rhRLMxuRx/Vhe:e M:tvJwk-rlbJwk
reiterated/rhRxehuRx/Cth bqfgut
reiteration
reject/ /
reject/rhsu¾x/lfthJwk,VUfe ’uJwk
rejoice/rhstuRm/btus fhJe
rejoin/rhstuRl/v{ðgw•h Jt¤Jtu
rejuvenate/rhswrJluRx/Vhe gwJtl/au;lJk;w fhJwk
relapse/rhjpÃm/W:jtu (htudltu)
relate/ /
relate/rhjux/ÔtKoJJwk,jtdw vzJwk
relation(ship)/ /
relation/rhjuRNl/mckæt,mdwk
relative/ /
relative/hujrxJ/mtvuût,mdwk
relax/ /
relax/rhjpfût/n¤Jwk fhJwk- :Jwk
relaxation/rhjpfûtuNl/AwxAtx,ythtb
release/rhjeÍ/Awxfthtu,Awxwk-bw¾; fhJwk
relegate jtuv fhJtu,’uNJxtu ytvJtu
relentless/rhjuLxjum/fXtuh,rl’og
relevance/hujÔtLm/mckæt
relevant/hujJLx/mckæte;
reliable/rhjtguçj/Chtumtvtºt,ytætthCq;
reliance/rhjtgLm/Chtumtu,ytætth
relics/hurjf/
relief/ /
relief/rhjeV/htn;,Awxfthtu
relieve/rhjeJ/:e Awxfthtu bu¤JJtu
religion/ /
religion/rhjeSyl/ætbo
religious/ /

By. Richin Patel

96

religious/rhjesm/ættrbof
relinquish/hurjrL¾JN/ðgsJwk
relish/hurjN/MJt’ btKJtu
reluctance/rhjfxLm/ltFwNe,yrlåAwf;t
reluctant/rhjfxLx/ltFwN,yrlåAwf
rely/ /
rely/rhjtg/le vh ytætth htFJtu
remain/ /
remain/rhbuRl/ctfe hnuJwk
remains/rhbuRLm/hÌgwk mÌgwk,yJNu»ttu,yrM:
remand/hubtLz/vtujemlu mtkuvJkw
remark(able)/ /
remark/rhbtfo/ltUæt,xeft,yJjtufl fhJwk
remedial/huburzyj/Wvathtðbf
remedy/huburz/Wvath
remember(ance)/ /
remember/rhbuBch/gt’ fhJwk-htFJwk
remind(of)/rhBttRLz/gt’ yvtJJwk
remind/ /
reminiscences/hurbrlmrLmÍ/mkMbhKtu
reminiscent/hurbrlmLx/mqaf
remis/hubem/cuvhJt
remission/hubeNl/btVe,Dxtztu
remit/hurbex/DxtzJwk,btufjJwk
remonstrate/hubtuLMx[ux/;fhth fhJe
remorse/rhbtumo/v{ùt;tv
remote/rhbtux/’qhlwk
remove/ /
remove/rhbqJ/nxtJJwk,’qh fhJwk
remunerate/huBgwlhux/ J¤;h ytvJwk
remuneration/huBgwlhuNl/vdth,bnul;tKwk
renaissance/huLtumtk/vwlYo ð:tl
renal/huLtj/bqºtrvkzlwk
rend/huLz/aehJwk,VtzJwk
render/huLzh/cltJe ’uJwk,hsq fhJwk,Ct»ttk;h fhJwk
rendezvous/hturL’eJq/rbjl
rendition/hurLzNl/y:oDxl
renegade/hurlduz/Vtkxtcts,jVkdtu,hFzwk
renew/rhLgw/vwl&M:tvlt fhJe
renounce/rhltWLm/lfthJwk,ðgtdJwk
renovate/rhltuJux/Vhe:e lJwk cltJJwk
renowned/rhltWLz/rJÏgt;,v{{r;r»X;
rent/ /
rent/huLx/Ctzwk
repair/ /
repair/rhvph/mbkw fhJwk,J¤;h
repartee/rhvtxeo/ntsh sJtc,mtbwk buKwk
repast/rhvtMx/WsJKe
repatriate/rhvtxorx[yux/MJ’uN vtAwk btufje ’uJwk
repeal/rhvej/vtAwk FkuaJwk,h’T fhJwk
repeat/ /
repeat/rhvex/vwlhtJ;ol fhJwk
repel/rhvuj/bthe nXtJJwk,yKdbtu :Jtu
repellent/rhvujLx/yKdbtu-mwd vu’t fh;wk
repent/rhvuLx/v{ùt;tv fhJtu
repercussion/rhvfoNl/v{ðgtDt;
repertoire/huvxJtk/ltxg mkde;
replace/ /
replace/rhÃjum/c’jtJJwk

replenish/rhÃjurlN/vwl& ChJwk
replete/rhÃjex/Chvqh
replica/huÃjeft/raLn,v{r;f];e
reply/ /
reply/rhÃjtg/sJtc ytvJtu
report/ /
report/rhvtuxo/ynuJtj
repose/rhvtpÍ/rJ¹Jtm htFJtu
reprehend/rhv{enuLz/Xvftu ytvJtu
reprehensible/rhv{enurLmçj/Xvftvtºt
represent(ative)/ /
represent/rhv{eÍuLx/v{r;rlrætðJ fhJwk
representation/rhv{eÍuLxuNl/hswyt;-v{r;rlætðJ
representative/huv{ÍLxrxJ/v{r;rlræt
repression/rhÃt{uNl/’ctbKe,swjb,gt;lt
reprieve/rhÃt{eJ/b]ðgw-’kz btk :e Awxfthtu
reprimand/ /
reprimand/huÃt{ebtLz/Xvftu ytvJtu
reprisal/rhv{tRÍj/Juh Jt¤Jwk
reproachment/rhÃt{tuabLx/Xvftu
reproductive/rhÃt{tuzrfxJ/v{slllwk
reprove/rhÃt{qJ/Xvftu ytvJtu
republic/rhÃtçjef/v{stm;tf htsTg
repudiate/rhÃgwrzyux/RLfth fhJtu,h’ fhJwk
repudiation/rhÃgwrzyuNl/RLfth
repugnant/rhÃtdlLx/yKdb;wk,ra;he azu ;uJwk
repulse/rhÃjÍ/bthe nXtJJwk
repulsive/rhÃjÍeJ/ra;he-mqd azu;Ju wk
reputation/huÃgwxuNl/ v{Ïgt;e,v{r;»Xt
reputed/huÃgwxuz/v{Ïgt;
request/ /
request/rh¾JuMx/rJlk;e-fhJe
require(ment)/ /
require/rh¾Jtgh/sYh ntuJe
requisite/hufJerÍx/sYhe,yvurût;
rescind/rhmeLz/h’ fhJwk
rescue/huMfgw/catJ,catJe juJwk
resemble/rhÍubçj/mtBg ntuJwk,b¤;t ytJJwk
resent(ful)/ /
resent/rhmuLx/fzJtm-lthtsde fu hks ntuJtu
reservation/ /
reserve/rhÍJo/ythrût; fhJwk
reservoir/rhÍoJtph/s¤tNg,sjmkd{n
reshuffle/rhNVj/vwl&halt,Vuhc’j
reside/rhÍtRz/hnuJwk,JmJtx fhJtu
residence/ /
residence/hurÍzLm/rlJtm,hnuXtK
residential/hurÍzurLNj/hnuXtKlu jd;wk
residual/hurÍzTgwyj/ctfe hnu;wk,Jægwk Dxgwkw
residue/hurÍzTgw/yJNu»t
resign/ /
resign/rhÍtRl/htSltbwk ytvJwk
resilent/huÍejeLx/ MJM:
resilience/hurÍjeyLm/MJM: v{r;rÄgt
resist/hurÍMx/v{r;fth fhJtu
resistance/hurÍMxLm/v{r;fth,mtbltu
resolve/rhÍtpÕJ/rlKog,Wfuj ytKJtu
resonance
resonance/rhÍtulLm/

By. Richin Patel

97

resonant/rhÍtulLx/vzDt vtz;wk
resort/ /
resort/rhÍtpxo/ytNhtu,M:¤,Wvtg,mtætl
resounding vzDt vtz;wk
resource/rhmtumo/Nkmtætl,Mºttu;
resourceful/rhmtumoVwj/ftuXtmqÍ-nigtWfj; Jt¤wk
resources/rhmtumeoÍ/mtætl-mkvr•t,Mºttu;tu
respect(ful)/ /
respect/rhMvu¾x/btl ytvJwk,ctc;,y’c
respective/rhMvu¾rxJ/mckræt;,su ;u Ôgrf;
respite/huMvtRx/htn;,rJmtbtu
resplendent/h/abf;wk
respond/rhMvtuLz/sJtc-v{r;CtJ ytvJtu
respondent/rhMvtuLzLx/v{r;Jt’e
responsible/ /
responsible/rhMvtprLmçj/sJtc’th
responsive/rhMvtUrÍJ/v{r;CtJ ytvlthwk
rest up-Jwk
rest/ /
rest/huMx/ythtb,ctfelwk
restaurant/ /
restaurant/huMxtuhtk/
restive/hurMxJ/yrM:h,hDJtgwk
restiveness
restoration/huMxtuhuNl/vwl&M:tvlt
restore/rhMxtuh/vqJoJ; fhJwk,M:tvJwk
restrain/rhMx[uRl/mkgb-ftcw htFJtu
restraint/rhMx[ukRx/mkgb-ftcw,’tc,rlgkºtK,jdtb
restrict/ /
restrict/rhMx[e¾x/bgtor’;-mebe; htFJwk-fhJwk
result/ /
result/rhÍÕx/vrhKtb
résumé/huÍgq bu/mkûtuv,mth
resume/rhÍgqb/NY fhJwk
resurgence/rhmsoLx/Vhe :e QCwk :;wk
resurgent/rhmsoLx/
resurrection/rhmhufNl/vwlhwð:tl
retailer/rhxuRjh/Awxf Jualth
retain/rhxuRl/ftb btxu htufJwk,st¤Je htFJwk
retaliate/rhxtjeyuRx/J¤;tu Dt bthJtu
retaliation/rhxtjeyuNl/J¤;tu Dt,v{ðgtDt;
retard/rhxtzo/lc¤wk-bk’vtzJwk
retardation/rhxtzouNl/bk’;t,mwM;e
retarded/rhxtozN
u l/bk’,lc¤wk
retention/rhxuLNl/v{r;ætthK
reticent/hurxmLx/b´Ztu,aqv,btil
retinue/hurxLgw/ltufh-atfh,hmtjtu
retire/ /
retire/rhxtgh/rlJ]; :Jwk
retort/rhxtpxo/bnuKwk,xtuKtu
retraction
retreat/rhx[ex/veAunX,rJ©tb,ythtb
retrench/rhx[uLa/ftv bqfJtu,AxKe fhJe
retrenchment/rhxu[LabLx/AxKe,ftv
retribution/rhrx[çgwNl/gtuøg,c’jtu,mst
retrieve/rhx[eJ/Vhe :e bu¤JJwk
retrospect/rhx[tuMvu¾x/v{ùt’
retrospective
retrospective/rhx[tuMvu¾rxJ/vùt’Cwrbftlwk

return/ /
return/rhxlo/vh; :Jwk -fhJwk
revamp/rhJpBv/vwl&halt,ytbqj VuhVth
reveal/rhJej/cnth vtzJwk,vtuj FtujJe
reveille//hKN´dw,çgdj
revelation/huJejuNl/FwÕjwk,stnuht;
reveller/huJjh/btusbtKlth
revenge/rhJuLs/c’jtu juJtu
revenue/huJLgw/mhfthe ytJf
reverberate/huJhc{ux/vzDtk-v{ðgtDt; vzJtk
revere/rhJegh/btl ytvJwk
reverend/huJhLz/yt’hKeg
reverent/huJhLx/yt’hgw¾;
reverie/huJhe/r’Jt MJÃl
reverse/rhJmo/Qkæte r’Ntbtk,veAunX
review/ /
review/rhÔgw/yJjtufl
revise/rhJtRÍ/Vhe:e fhJwk
revitalise/rhJtxjtRÍ/Vhe:e au;lJk;w fhJwk
revival/rhJtRJj/vwl& SJl
revive/rhJtRJ/vwl& SrJ; fhJwk
revoke/rhJtuf/vtAw FUaJwk
revolt/rhJtuÕx/c¤Jtu-fhJtu
revolutionary/rhJtpÕgwNlrh/Ätkr;Jt’e
revolve/rhJtpÕJ/dtu¤ VhJwk
reward/ /
reward/rhJtpzo/c’jtu,rNhvtJ
rhetoric/huxrhf/Jf;]ðJ,Jt¾Axt
rhino/htgltu/dUztu
rhyme/ /
rhyme/htRb/v{tm
rhythm/rhætb/;tj,jg
rib/ /
rib/rhc/vtkm¤e
rice/ /
rice/htRm/atuFt
rich(ness)/ /
rich/h/mb]ææt,ætlJtl
riches/rhaeÍ/mkvr•t
ricochet/rhfNu/y:ztJwk
rid(den)/ /
rid/rhz/Awxfthtu,bwrf;
riddance/rhztLm/:e Awxfthtu,htn;
ridden/rhzl/:e d{M;
riddle/rhzj/hnMg,ftugztu
riddled/rhzÕz/at¤Ke,ftKt Jt¤wk,bqkÍtgujwk
ride out/ /
ride/ /
ride/htRz/mJthe,ythtunK fhJwk
ridge/ /
ridge/rhs/vJo;le ætth
ridicule/rhze¾gwj/ntkme WztJJe
ridiculous/rhze¾gwjm/ntMgtMv’
rife/htRV/stuh ntuJwk,Chbth ntuJe
riffle/rhVj/Ízv:e vtltk W:jtJJt
riff-raff/rhVhpV/njft-juCtdw btKmtu
rift/rhVTx/;ztk;z,;ehtz,;ztk
rigging/rhrdkd/Dtjbuj,auztk
right(eous)/ /

By. Richin Patel

98

right/htRx/mtawk,sbKwk,n¾f
righteous/htRrxym/m’TdwKe
rigid/rhrsz/mF;,y¾¾z
rigmarole/rhøBtphtuj/jJthtu,cfJtm
rigorous/rhøthm/mF;
rile/htRj/
rim/rhb/ætth,ftuh
ring back/ /
ring back-Jwk
ring in-Jwk
ring off/ /
ring off-Jwk
ring out-Jwk
ring up/ /
ring up-Jwk
ring/ /
ring/rhkd/
rinse/heLÍ/vtKe le;the ltFJwk
riot/ /
riot/htgx/nwÕjz
rip off-Jwk
rip/ /
rip/rhv/aehJwk,JkXuj
ripe/ /
ripe/htRv/vtfujwk
ripen/htRvl/vtfJwk (V¤)
riposte/rhvtuMx/mtbtu-J¤;tu Dt(fxtût)
ripple/rhvj/jnuh,btuswk
rise/ /
rise/htRÍ/W’Tg:Jtu,aZJwk,az;e
risible/rhÍçj/ntMgtMv’
risk/ /
risk/rhMf/stuFb,ntuz
risky/rhMfe/stuFbe
risqué/rhMf/y¹jej
rite/ /
rites/htRx/ættrbof rJræt
rituals/rhågwyÕm/rÄgtftkz,ytivatrhf;t
ritzy/rhxrÍ/hsJtze,rJjtme
rival/ /
rival/htRJj/nheV
rivalry/htRJÕhe/nheVtR
river/ /
river/rhJh/l’e
road/ /
road/htuz/hM;tu,Bttdo
roam/ /
roam/htub/hFzJwk
roan/htul/ftchae;Ák
roar/ /
roar/htuh/dsolt fhJe
roast/ /
roast/htuMx/NufJwk,CqksJwk
rob/ /
rob/htuc/jqkxJwk
robber(y)/ /
robber/htuch/jqkxthtu
robbery/htucrh/jqkx
robot/ /

robot/htuctux/gkºtbtlJ
robust/htucMx/Fz;j
rock/ /
rock/htpf/Fzf,nabatJJwk
rocky/htprf/Fzft¤
rococo/htpftu/yr;NKdth :e fZkdw
rod/ /
rod/htpz/mr¤gtu
rode/ /
rode/htuz/mJthe fhe (ride Cq.ft.)
rodomontade/htpztubtuLxuz/cztRFtuh
roger/htush/;bthtu mk’uNtu bégtu(Jtghjum)
rogue/ /
rogue/htud/c’btN,nhtbFtuh
roguish/htpdeN/jwåawk
role/ /
role/htuj/vtºt,
roll/ /
roll/htuj/Äb,rJkxJw,k rJkxtu,dtu:wk FtJwk
romantic/ /
romantic/htubprLxf/N]kdthhm-v{ubtytjtvbg
romp
romp/htuBv/fw’tfw’ fhJwk,ætbtafze batJJe
roof/ /
roof/YV/AtvYk
room(y)/ /
room/Yb/ytuhztu,søgt,yJftN
roomy/Ybe/rJNt¤
root for-Jwk
root out/Yx/ltcq’ fhJwk
root/ /
root/Yx/btdo,hM;tu
rope in/htuv Rl/bu¤JJwk,yufXwk fhJwk
rope/ /
rope/htuv/’tuhzwk
rosary/htuÍrh/bt¤t
rose/ /
rose/htuÍ/dwjtc
rosy/htpÍe/dwjtce
rot/ /
rot/htux/dtuFJwk
rote/htux/dtuFKvxe
rotten/htuxl/mzujwk
rotter/htuxh/C{»x-ltjtgf,dtu¤ Vh;wk aÄ
rotting/hturxkd/mz;wk
rough out-Jwk
rough up/hV/nwbjtu fhJtu,VxfthJwk
rough/ /
rough/hV/Fhcazwk,;tuAzwk
roughshod
round down-Jwk
round off-Jwk
round on-Jwk
round up/htWLz yv/æthvfz fhJe
round/ /
round/htWLz/dtu¤
rouse/ /
rouse/htWÍ/sdtzJwk,W~fuhJwk
roust/ /

By. Richin Patel

99

rout/ /
rout/htWx/mVtgtu-msTsz nth ytvJe
route/ /
route/Yx/btdo,r’Nt
routine/Yx/Dhuz,htcu;t bwsclwk,mtbtLg
roving/hturJkd/hFz;wk
row/ /
row/htuW/rJJt’,nth,f;th
rowdy/htWze/ætbtrjgwk,DtUDtrxgwk
royal/ /
royal/htugj/hsJtze,Ntne
rub down-Jwk
rub in-Jwk
rub off-Jwk
rub/ /
rub/hc/atu¤Jwk
rub-a-dub/hc-yu-zc/Ztujf-;cjtk ltu yJts
rubato/hctxtu/AwxAtx
rubber/ /
rubber/hch/
rubbish/hrcN/fahtu,cfJtm
rubble/hçj/Ckdth,ftxbt¤,hdztu
Rubicon/Yceftul/veAu l nXe Nftg;uJwk Jal
rubric/Ycrhf/ættrbof he;-hmb
ruction/hfNl/’kdj,;fhth
rude/ /
rude/hgwz/;tuAzwk,yrJJufe
rudimentary/hwrzbuLxrh/vtgtlwk,v{t:rbf
rueful/hgwVwj/yVmtum fh;wk
ruff/hV/nwfblwk v••twk W;hJwk
ruffian/hVeyl/c’btN,xvtuhe,bJtje
rug/ /
rug/hd/dtjeatu
rugged/hrdz/mF;,l¾fh
ruin/ /
ruin/hwRl/rJltN
ruinous/hwRleym/rJltNf
rule out/ /
rule out/hwj ytWx/lfthe ftZJwk
rule the roost/ftcw-rlgkºtK/ctujctjt ntuJe
rule(r)/ /
rule/Yj/ytkfJwk,Ntml,rlgb
ruler/Yjh/Ntmf,ytkfKe
ruling/Yrjkd/XhtJ,rlKog
rumble/hBçj/ætKætKtx
ruminate/Yrblux/Jtdtu¤Jwk,bll fhJwk
rummage VtkVt bthJt,NtuætJwk
rumour/ /
rumours/Ybh/yVJt
rumpus/hBvm/æt´dtKwk,;tuVtl,dzcz
run about-Jwk
run across-Jwk
run at-Jwk
run away with-Jwk
run back-Jwk
run down/ /
run down-Jwk
run in-Jwk
run into/ /

run into-Jwk
run off-Jwk
run out of/ /
run out off-Jwk
run out/ /
run out-Jwk
run out-Jwk
run over/ /
run over/hl ytpJh/vh:e vmth :R sJwk
run over-Jwk
run riot æt´dtKwk-;tuVtl batJJwk
run through/ /
run through-Jwk
run up-Jwk
run/ /
run/hl/’tuz,’tuzJw,k d;e
rung/hkd/mezelwk vdwk
rural/ /
rural/Yhj/d{tBg
ruse/hgwÍ/atjtfe
rush through-Jwk
rush/ /
rush/hN/ætmthtu
rust(y)/ /
rust/hMx/ftx
rustic/ /
rustic/hMxef/dtbrzgwk
rusticate ftZe bwfJwk
rustle up-Jwk
rusty/hMxe/fxtgujkw
rut/hx/Dhuz
ruthless/Y:jum/rl’og
ryots Fuzq;Jdo
sabotage CtkdVtuz
saboteur/mpctuxh/CtkdVtuzflth
sabre rattling Ftkzt FFztJ;wk
sabre/much/;jJth
sac ftu:¤e (v{tKe)
saccharine
sachet/MtuNu/ltle ftu:¤e
sack/ /
sack/mpf/vtKeawk,jqkxVtx,ftu:¤tu YFm’
sacred/mprÄz/vrJºt
sacrifice/mprÄVtRm/crj’tl
sacrilegious/mprÄjursym/ætbo÷tune
sacrosanct/mpÄtmpLfx/yr;vrJºt
sad(ness)/ /
sad/mpz/W’tm,rFLl
saddle/mpzj/Sl,mex
sadistic/mprzrMxf/vhvezl fhlthwk
safe(ty)/ /
safe/muRV/mjtb;
safeguard/muRVdtzo/mkhûtK ÔgJM:t
safety/muRVrx/mjtb;e
saffron/mpVhl/fumrhgtu
saga/mpdt/dt:t,gNtudt:t
sagacious/mpddprmym/zntvKJt¤wk
sagacity/mpdprmrx/zntvK
sage/muRs/ztÌgwk

By. Richin Patel

100

sagging/mprdkd/leau ytJ;wk-vz;wk
said/muz/fÌgwk
sail/ /
sail/muRj/mZ,mVh fhJe
saint(ly)/ /
saint/muRLx/mk;
sake/ /
sake/muRf/ft;h
salacious/mpjprmgm/jkvx
sale/ /
sale/muRj/JuatK
saleable/mujuçj/JuatKgtuøg
salient/mprjyLx/ytdJwk,rJrN»x
saline/mjtRl/Fthwk
saliva/mjtRJt/:wkf,jt¤
salt/ /
salt/mtpÕx/beXwk
salubrious/mpÕgwrc{ym/ythtudgv{’-Jætof
salutary/mpÕgwxrh/jtC’tgf
salutation/mpÕgwxpNl/yrCJt’l
salute/mpÕgwx/mjtb fhJe
salvage/mpÕJus/catJ,catJujtu btj
salvation/mpÕJNLt/
salvo/mpÕJtp/;tuvbthtu,xeft,
same/ /
same/muRb/;u s,ybwf
sanctimonious/mpLfrxbturlym/vrJºt
sanction/mpLfNLt/bkswh fhJwk
sanctions/mpLfNLm/rlgkºtKtu
sanctity/mpLfrxrx/vrJºt;t
sanctuary/ /
sanctuary/mpLfågwyrh/mjtb; M:¤,yrCgthK
sanctum
sanctorum/mpLfxb
mpLfxtuhb/dCoîth-bkr’h
sand/ /
sand/mpLz/hu;e
sand-dunes hKbtk hu;elt ZwJt
sandwich/ /
sandwich/mpLzrJa/
sane/ /
sane/muRl/NtKwk,zntvK Jt¤wk
sang/mpLd/dtgwk
sanguine/mpLdJel/jtj
sanitarium/mplpxturhyb/ythtuøgCJl
sanitary/mprlxrh/MJåA;t,ythtuøgjûte
sans/mtk/rJlt
sarcasm
sarcastic/mtfuorMxf/Ôgkdtðbf,fxtûtgw¾;
sarcophagus/mtftuoVudm/ythmle Ncvuxe
sardonic/mtztuorlf/Wvntm,Xêt-b~fhe
sartorial/mtxtuorhyj/rmjtRftblwk
sash/mpN/vètu
sass/mpm/ymÇg-;tuAzwk J;ol
sassy/mpme/ymÇg-;tuAzwk
sat/ /
sat/mpx/cuXt
satanic/mpxprlf/Ni;trlf,Nu;tllwk
sate/mpRx/æthtR-ytuatR sJwk
satellite/mpxujtRx/Wvd{n

satiate/mprNyuRx/mk;w»x :Jwk,æthtR sJwk
satiated/mprNyuRxuz/mk;]Ã; :gujwk
satirical/mpxtRrhfj/fxtûtCgwo
satirize/mpxhtRÍ/fxtût fhJtu
satisfaction/ /
satisfactory/ /
satisfactory/mprxmVpfrh/mk;tu»tfthf
satisfy/ /
satisfy/mprxmVtR/mk;tu»tJwk
satrap/mpx[v/mwctu
saturate/mpågwhux/;hctu¤ :Jwk
Saturday/ /
satyromania/mprxhtubprlyt/nJmFtuhe
sauce/ /
sauce/mtpm/axKe,Ítxftu ’ulth,Wææt;tR
saucy/mptrm/atjtf,Wææt;,Vtxuj
sauna/mtuWlt/ct»vMltl
saunter/mtuWLxh/jxth
savage/mpJps/skdje,Äwh
savant/mtJLx/rÔtîtl
save up-Jwk
save/ /
save/muRJ/batJJwk,rmJtg
saviour/muJegh/;thKnth
savoir faire/muJh Vpyh/fwln
u ,zntvK
savour/muJh/MJt’ btKJtu,mqaJJwk
savoury/muJhe/MJtr’»x
savvy/mpJe/stKfthe,mbsK
saw/ /
saw/mtp/JuhJwk,fhJ;,stugwk
say/ /
say/mu/fnuJwk,sKtJJwk
scabbard/Mfpctzo/Bgtl,DYk
scaffold/MfpVtuÕz/vtjF,btkaztu
scald(heat)verb
scale/ /
scale/MfuRj/btv/ftkxt suJt ntzftk(btAje) azJwk
scallywag c’btN,nhtbFtuh
scam/Mfpb/ftiCtkz
scamster/MfpbMxh/ftiCtkzegtu
scan/Mfpl/;tdJwk,ytkfJwk
scandal/MfpLzj/ftiCtkz
scandalous/MfpLzjm/ftiCtkrzgwk
scansion/ /
scanty/MfprLx/AwèwkAJtgwk,yvwh;wk
scapegoat/MfpRvdtux/cjeltu cfhtu
scar/ /
scar/Mfth/Dt,Rstlwk rlNtl
scarce/ /
scarce/Mfpmo/yjÇg,yA;Jt¤wk
scarcely/Mfpmorj/Ctøgus
scarcity/Mfphrmrx/yA;
scare monger Cg VujtJlth
scare/ /
scare/Mfpyh/Cgmkfu;,zh zhJwk-zhtJJwk
scare/Mfpyh/Cgmkfu;,zhtJJwk
scaremonger/MfpyhbtpLdh/Cg VujtJlth
scarf/ /
scarf/MftVo/bt:tltu Ybtj

By. Richin Patel

101

scarlet/Mftojux/jtjtN vz;wk
scarred/Mfpzo/zhe dgujwk
scathing/Mfprætkd/mF;,ytfÁk xeft
scatter(ed)/ /
scatter/Mfpxh/rJFhtJwk
scavenger/MfpJLu sh/mVtR ftb’th
scenario/Mteltrhytp/’T~gtJje
scene(ry)/ /
scene/mel/’~g
scenic/merlf/v{f]r; ’~glwk
scent/ /
scent/muLx/mwdkæt,dkæt
sceptic(skeptic) mkNgJt’e
sceptre/muÃxh/’kz-jtfze(m;tlwk v{r;f)
schedule vrhrN»x,gt’e,mbgvºtf
schematic
schism VtxVwx
schismatic VtxVwx fhtJlth
schizophrenia/MfeÍtuV{uleyt/blturJfth
schmaltz/~btpÕxÍ/jtdKek-JuJjtJuztk
scholar(ship)/ /
scholar/Mfptjh/rJîtl
scholarly/Mfptjhrj/rJî;tvqKo
school/ /
school/Mfqj/rlNt¤,rJathbka,rNûtK ytvJwk
science/ /
science/mtgLm/rJ¿ttl
scientific/ /
scientific/mtgrLxrVf/Ji¿ttrlf
scientist/ /
scintillating/rmrLxjurxkd/a¤f;wk,;usMJe
scion/cion/mtgl/
scissors/ /
scissors/meÍmo/ft;h
scoff/ /
scoff/MftpV/
scold/ /
scold/MftpÕz/Xvftu ytvJtu
scooge/Mfqs/fksqm
scoop
scoop/Mfqv/mbtathltu ætztftu
scooter/ /
scooter/Mfqxh/
scope/ /
scope/MftuWv/;f,
scorch/MftuWv/ct¤Jwk,ztb’uJtu,’Ítz;wk
score off-Jwk
score out/ /
score out-Jwk
score/ /
score/Mftph/
scores/Mftpmo/yluf
scorn/ /
scorn/Mftplo/r;hMfth fhJtu
scotch
scot-free ’ut»tbw¾;,rl’tou»t
scoundrel c’btN,
scour out/ /
scourge/Mfso/©tv,:vtx,atcFtu

scout around//
scout/ /
scouting
scowl/MftWj/ztu¤t ftZJtk
scrambled/MÄpBçj/Zdjtu :Jtu,’tux bwfJe
scrap/ /
scrap/MÄpv/h’ fhJwk,ÍDztu,Ckdth,fahtu
scrape along-Jwk
scrape by/through-Jwk
scrape together/up-Jwk
scrape/ /
scrape/MÄpRv/AtujJwk
scratch/ /
scratch/MÄpa/jemtuxt
scrawl/MÄptj/Ízv:e jFJwk,jextk fhJt
scrawny/MÄptrl/
scream out-Jwk
scream/ /
scream/MÄeb/aem vtzJe
screaming/MÄerbkd/aem vtz;wk
screed/rMÄz/jtkcw fkxt¤tslf jFtK
screen/ /
screen/MÄel/vh’tu,st¤e
screw up Achztu Jt¤Jtu,cdtzJwk
screw/ /
screw/MÄgw/mkCtud fhJtu(y¹jej)cdtzJwk
scribble/rMÄçj/y:onel jext ’tuhJt
scribe/MÄtRc/vºtfth
scrimmage/rMÄbus/ÍvtÍve
scrimpy/rMÄkBve/
scrimshank/rMÄbNpLf/Vhs aqfJe
scrip/rMÄv/bqÕgvºt
script/rMÄÃx/nM;v{;
scriptures/rMÄÃamo/ætbod{:k tu
scrivener/rMÄJlh/’M;tJsu ;igth fhlth
scrounge/MÄtôs/
scrub/MÄçt/DmJwk
scruples/MÄwvÕm/m’tath,f;oÔgrl»Xt
scrupulous/MÄwvÕm/m’tathe,Rbtl’th
scrutinize/MÄwrxltRÍ/ÍeKJx :e ;vtmJwk
scrutiny/MÄwrxrl/ÍeKJx :e ;vtm-aftmKe
scuffle/MfVj/ÍvtÍve,æt¾ftbw¾fe
sculpted/MfjÃxuz/Dze ftZgwk,ftu;gow
sculpture/MfÕÃah/M:tvðg
scupper
scurrilous/Mfrhjm/CtkzKjejt
scurry
scuttle/Mfxj/nze ftZJe,Cdtze bqfJwk
sea/ /
sea/me/’rhgtu,mbw÷,mtdh
seal/mej/raLn,rm¾ftu,ckæt fhJwk
seam/meb/rmjtR,xtkft
seamy
seamy/mebe/weak
search forsearch/ /
search/mao/NtuætJwk,;vtm
season/ /
season/meÍl/};w,DztJwk

By. Richin Patel

102

seasoned/meÍLz/Dztgujwk,heZwk
seat/ /
seat/mex/cuXf,ytml
secede/mumez/Awxt vzJwk,xwfztk fhJt
second/ /
second/mufLz/ceswk,ûtK
secrecy/ /
secret/ /
secret/rmÄux/Ftlde,dwÃ;
secretariat/ /
secretariat/muÄuxrhgux/maeJtjg
secretary/ /
secretary/muÄuxrh/maeJ,bkºte
sectarian/mufxprhyl/yjd;tJt’e
sectarianism/mufxprhyrlÍb/yjd;tJt’
section/ /
section/mufNl/rJCtd,Ctd,xwfztu
sector/ /
sector/mufxh/Ctd
secular/mufgwjh/ætborlhvuût,rclmtkv{’trgf
secularism/mufgwjtrhÍb/ætborlhvuût;t
secure/mefgtuh/mjtb; cltJJwk
security/mufgturhrx/stbeldehe,mjtb;e
sedantary/rmzuLxhe/cuXtzwk
sedate/rmzuRx/dkCeh,MJM:
sediments/murzBtLx/:h,vz
sedition/rmrzNl/hts÷tun,ckz
seduce/rmzgwm/’w»fbo btxu vxtJJwk-Ctu¤JJwk
seduction/rmzfNl/VtumjtJe fhuj C{»x f]ðg
seductive/rmzfrxJ/vxtJ;wk,btunf
see about-Jwk
see across-Jwk
see in-Jwk
see off/ /
see off-Jwk
see out-Jwk
see over/round-Jwk
see through/ /
see through//xfe hnuJwk,mV¤ :Jwk
see to/ /
see to-Jwk
see up-Jwk
see/ /
see/me/stuJwk
seed/ /
seed/mez/ces,rcgthK
seek/ /
seek/mef/btdKe fhJe,NtuætJwk
seekers/mefmo/btdKe fhltht
seem/ /
seem/meb/jtdJwk,’uFtJwk
seemingly
seen/mel/
seepage/me/ÍbJwk,xvfJwk
seer/meyh/vgdkch,’]»xt
see-saw/memtp/ôaf-leaf
seethe/meæt/czcrzgtk ctujJt
segment/mudbuLx/Ctd,xwfztu
segregate/murd{duRx/yjd vtzJwk

seismologist
seize (up)on-Jwk
seize up-Jwk
seize/ /
seize/meÍ/sÃ; fhJwk,vfze vtzJwk
seized/rmÍz/sÃ; fgwko
seizure/meÍh/sÃ;e,vfz
seldom/ /
seldom/muÕzb/Ctøgus
select(ion)/ /
select/rmju¾x/vmk’ fhJwk,awlk’t
self/ /
self/muÕV/MJgk,st;u
self-exile/muÕV yufÍtRj/’uNJxtu
selfish/murÕVN/MJt:e o
self-reliant/muÕVhejtgLx/ytðbrlCoh
self-styled/muÕVMxtRÕz/cle cuXujwk,fnuJt;wk
sell off-Jwk
sell out-Jwk
sell up-Jwk
sell/ /
sell/muj/JuaJwk
sell-out
semantics/rmburLxf/Nç’t:orJ¿ttl
semblance/mubçjkm/mtBg
seminal
send away for-Jwk
send away-Jwk
send down-Jwk
send for ;uztJJwk
send for/muLz Vtuh/;uztJJwk
send in-Jwk
send off-Jwk
send on-Jwk
send out for-Jwk
send out-Jwk
send up-Jwk
send/ /
send/muLz/btufjJwk
senescent
senile DzvKlwk
senior most
senior/rmrlyh/Jrh»X,v{Jh,sTgu»X
sensation/ /
sensation/muLmuNl/htubtka
sense(less)/ /
sense/muLm/
sensex(sensitive index)Nphcsth
sensible/ /
sensible/murLmçj/mbs’th,ztÌgwk
sensitising
sensitive/ /
sensitive/murLmrxJ/mkJu’lNej
sensual/muLÍgwyj/ftbe,rJjtme
sensuous/muLmgwym/RrL÷gsLg,ErL÷gdtbe
sent/muLx/btufÕgwk
sentence/ /
sentence/muLxuLm/mst,Jt¾g
sentimental/murLxbuLxj/jtdKev{ættl
sentinel/murLxlj/mkºte,attufe’th

By. Richin Patel

103

separable yjd vtze Nftg;uJwk
separate/ /
separate/muvhuRx/yjd,sw’wk
separatist/muvhurxMx/yjd;tJt’e
septic/ /
septic/muÃxef/’qr»t;,sk;wgw¾;
septuagenarian
sepulture fch
sequel ylwCtd
sequence/rmfJLm/Äb,htul ghtna kram
sequester
serenade v{ube btxu dtgujwk de;
serendipity ytfrMbf Ntuæt
serene Ntk;
serenity/rmherlrx/Ntkrk;
serf
serial/ /
serial/meheyj/ætthtJtrnf,Äbef
sericulture/murhfÕah/huNbW¼tud
series/ /
series/meheÍ/©uKe,fûtt,f;th
serious/ /
serious/rmyrhym/dkCeh
serpentine/mvourLxl/mvtofth
serrated/muhuxzu /fhJ; suJe ætth Jt¤wk
servant/ /
servant/mJoLx/ltufh,dwjtb,muJf
serve out-Jwk
serve/ /
serve/mJo/muJt fhJe,vehmJwk
service/ /
service/mrJom/ltufhe,muJt,mtVmwVe fhJe
servile/mJtoRj/lea,’w»x,yætb
sesame/mumuRb/;jltu Atuz
sesquipedalian jtkcw-fkxt¤tslf
session/muNl/yrætJuNl,mºt
set about-Jwk
set against-Jwk
set apart-Jwk
set aside-Jwk
set back/ /
set back-Jwk
set down-Jwk
set forth-Jwk
set in/ /
set in/mux Rl/cumJwk,NY :Jwk
set off(out)/ /
set off/ /
set off/mux ytpV/WvzJwk
set on-Jwk
set out/ /
set out-Jwk
set to yKe vh,fhJtle ;igthe btk
set up WCwk fhJwk
set up won/ /
set/ /
set/mux/dtuXJJwk,stuze
set-back veAunX,vthtuX lt vdjtk
settle down-Jwk
settle dtuXJJwk,XefXtf fhJwk

settle in-Jwk
settle on-Jwk
settle the score Juh Jt¤Jwk
settle up-Jwk
settle/ /
settle/muèj/
seven/ /
seven/muJl/
sever/muJh/ftve ltFJwk
several/ /
several/muJhj/yluf,:tuzt DKt
severe/ /
severe/meJeyh/mÏ;
sew/ /
sew/mpt/meJJwk,mejtR fhJe
sewage
sewerage//dxhÔgJM:t
sex/ /
shabby/Nprc/dk’w
shackles/NpfÕm/nt:fze
shade/ /
shade/NuRz/Atkgtu,hkdle Atkx
shadow/ /
shadow/Npztu/vzAtgtu
shady/ /
shady/NuRze/AtkgtJt¤wk
shake off
shake off-Jwk
shake up ZkZtu¤Jwk
shake up-Jwk
shake/ /
shake/NuRf/njtJJwk
shall/ /
shall/Npj/
shallow/Npjut/AeAhwk
sham/Npb/’kC,ztu¤,ytzkch
shambles/NpBçtÕm/yM;ÔgM;,JuhrJFuh
shame(ful)/ /
shame/NpRb/Nhb,jtkAl,fjkf
shananigans
Shanghai/NtkdntR/yvnhK fhJwk
shape/ /
shape/NpRv/ytfth,DzJwk
share/ /
share/Npyh/Ctd vtzJtu
sharp/ /
sharp/Ntvo/;eûK,ytfhtu
sharpen/Ntvol/ætth ftZJe
shatter/Npxh/Cwfft ctujtJJt
shave/ /
shave/NpRJ/nstb; fhJe
she/ /
shear/Neyh/ftvJwk,aehJwk
shed/Nuz/Awxfthtu bu¤Jjtu,ðgtdJwk
sheep/ /
sheep/Nev/Duxtk
sheer/ /
sheer//;’Tl,fuJ¤,btºt
sheet/ /

By. Richin Patel

104

sheet/Nex/
shelf/ /
shelf/NuÕV/yCuhtR,Atsje
shell out-Jwk
shell/ /
shell/Nuj/
shelling/NurÕtkkd/;tuvbthtu
shelter/ /
shelter/NuÕxh/yt©g,hûtK
shelve/muÕJz/yCuhtRyu aztJJwk
shepherd/NuVzo/dtuJt¤,ChJtz
shibboleth ftgbe rmæættk;
shield/ /
shield/rNÕz/Ztj,hûtK,
shift/ /
shift/rNVTx/c’jtJJwk,vt¤e
shiftless
shiftly
shilly shally/rNrÕj Nurj/Zejwk vtuawk,Zawk vawk
shimmer/rNbh/Wf¤Jwk,F’F’Jwk
shine/ /
shine/NtRl/abfJwk,ͤfJwk
shiny/ /
shiny/NtRrl/abf’th
ship(ment)/ /
ship/rNv/snts
shipment/rNvbLx/btj le hJtlde
shirk/Nfo/sJtc’thebtk:e AxfJwk
shirt/ /
shirt/Nxo/vnuhK,Fbem
shit/ /
shiver/rNJh/æt{wsJwk,ftkvJwk
shock at/byshock/ /
shock/Ntpf/ytkaftu,Íxftu
shocked
shoe/Nq/stuzwk,vdhFwk
shoes/ /
shook/ /
shook/Nqf/njtÔgwk
shoot down-Jwk
shoot out-dtu¤ecth
shoot up-Jwk
shoot/ /
shoot/Nqx/dtu¤e bthJe,Vtuxtu juJtu
shop around-Jwk
shop(keeper)/ /
shop/Nptv/’wftl,Fhe’e fhJe
shore/ /
shore/Npth/’rhgt ftkXtu
shorn/Nptlo/mVtax
short/ /
short/Nptxo/xwkfw,ytuAwk
shortage/ /
shortage/Nptxous/;kde
short-list
shortly/ /
shortly/Nptxorj/:tuze s Jthbtk
shot/ /
shot/Nptx/Cztftu,dttu¤e bthe

should/ /
should/Nqz/stuRyu
shoulder/ /
shoulder/NptÕzh/FCtu,sJtc’the WvtzJe
shout atshout down-Jwk
shout toshout/ /
shout/NtWx/htztu vtzJe,ntfj bthJe
shove/NptJ/Xtkme lu ChJwk
shovel
show off ’uFtztu,v{’Nol
show off/ /
show up/ /
show up/Npt yv/Jwk
show/ /
show/Npt/’uFtzJwk,v{’Nol,Fuj
showbiz =show business
show-down c¤v{’Nol,’uFtJtu
shower zaptu
shower/NtJh/Jhmt’lwk Ítvxwk,JhmtJJwk
shred/©uz/jeht,xwfzt
shrewd/ /
shrewd/©qz/rJaûtK,a;wh
shriek/ /
shriek/©ef/ram vtzJe
shrift/©eVx/yufhth
shrill/©ej/;eKtu yJts,aem
shrine/©tRl/ættrbof M:tl
shrink/ /
shrink/r©kf/mkftuatJwk
shroud/©tWz/fVl,AwvtJJwk
shrug off/©d/FkFuhe ltFJwk (sJtc’the)
shrug/ /
shrugs
shudder/Nzh/zh:e ætw{sJwk-ftkkvJwk,
shuffle/NVj/aevJwk,Vuhc’j
shuk/Nf/Vtu;Yk,VtujJwk
shun/Nl/ðgtdJwk,:e ’wh hnuJwk
shunt/NLx ytRx/ftZe bqfJwk
shut away-Jwk
shut down-Jwk
shut in-Jwk
shut off-Jwk
shut/ /
shut/Nx/ckæt fhJwk
shuttle/Nxj/ytJ-st,Vuhtk fhJt
shy away from-Jwk
shy awayNhb:e ytDwk hnuJwk
shy/ /
shy/Ntg/Nhbt¤
Shylock
sibilant/rmrcjLx/N,m,»t lt yJts Jt¤wk
sibling/rmcrjLd/CtR fu cnul (ct¤f)
sick/ /
sick/rmf/btk’w,rcbth
sicken
sickening
side burns/mtRz cLmo/:turCgtk,fjb(Jt¤)
side(ways)/ /

By. Richin Patel

105

side/mtRz/vzFwk,vût,;hV’the fhJe
side-kick dwkztltu mtdhe;,b¤;egtu
siege/ /
siege/mes/Duhtu DtjJtu
siesta/meyuMxt/Jtbfwûte
sieve/meJ/at¤Jwk,at¤Ke
sift out-Jwk
sift/rmVTx/at¤Jwk
sigh/ /
sigh/mtg/rlmtmt ltFJt
sight/ /
sight/mtRx/’]r»x,stuJwk,lsh
sign away-Jwk
sign for-Jwk
sign in-Jwk
sign off-Jwk
sign on-Jwk
sign up-Jwk
sign/ /
sign/mtRl/mne fhJe,rlNtle
signal/ /
signal/rmdLj/Rnthtu,mkfu;
signatories/rmøluxrhÍ/mne fhlth
signature/ /
significance/rmrølrVfLm/bn•J
significant/ /
significant/rmrølrVfLx/bn•Jlwk,ydðglwk
silence/ /
silence/mtgjLm/Ntkr;,
silent/ /
silent/mtgjLx/aqv,Ntk;,bqf
silhouette/rmÕgwyux/Atgtraºt
silk(y)/ /
silk/rmÕf/huNb
silky/rmrÕf/huNbe
silly/ /
silly/rmrj/bwFo
silt/ /
silt/rmÕx/ft’J,rfaz
silver/ /
silver/rmÕJh/atk’e
similar/ /
similar/rmrbjh/mhFwk,mbYv
simmer down-Jwk
simmer/rmbh/Wf¤;wk,czcrzgt ctujJtk
simple/ /
simple/rmBÃj/mh¤,mt’w
simulation/rmBgwjuNl/lbwlt Yv,btuzuj
simultaneous/rmbÕxuleym/mt:u cl;wk
sin(ful)/ /
sin/rml/vtv
since/ /
since/rmLm/:e
sincere/ /
sincere/rmrLmyh/mkrl»X,Fhtr’jlwk
sine die/mtgluztR/yrlrù; mbg btxu
sine qua non/rmlu ¾Jtu ll/yrlJtgo Nh;
sinecure/rmlufgtuh/ytuAwk ftb Jætthu vdth
sinewy/rmLgwR/MltgwJt¤wk

sinful/rmlVwj/vtve,’w»x
sing/ /
sing/rmkd/dtJwk
single out-sw’w ;thJJwk
single/ /
single/rmkdj/yuf,yufJzwk
singular/ /
sinister/rmrlMxh/F;hltf,yNwC,’w»x,bjel
sink in-Jwk
sink/ /
sink/rmkf/zqcJwk
sip/ /
sip/rmv/Dqkxztu
siphon off l¤e:e cnth ftZJwk
sir/ /
sir/m&/mtnuc,nswh
siren/mtghl/btunf Mºte,Cqkd¤wk
sister/ /
sister/rmMxh/çnul,lmo
sit about/around-Jwk
sit back-Jwk
sit down-Jwk
sit in-Jwk
sit on-Jwk
sit out-Jwk
sit up-Jwk
sit/ /
sit/rmx/cumJwk
sitcom/rmxftub/ntMg ltrxft
site/ /
site/mtEx/M:¤,søgt
sitting duck
situated/ /
situated/rmågwyuxuz/rM:;,ytJujwk
situation/ /
sit-ups/rmx yvm/WX-cum
six/ /
sixth/ /
sixty/ /
sixty/rm¾rMx/mtRX
size up-Jwk
size/ /
size/mtEÍ/btv,btuxwk
sizeable
sizzling
skedaddle/Mfuzuzj/ltme sJwk
skein/MfuRl/dqka¤wk,rVkzjw
skeleton/ /
skeleton/Mfurjxl/ntzrvksh
skeptic(sceptic)/MfuÃxef/mkNgJt’e
sketch/ /
sketch/Mfua/YvhuFt
skew/Mfgw/ºttkmw,ymbtk;h
skilful/ /
skilful/rMfjVwj/fwN¤
skill/ /
skill/rMfj/fti~tÕg,fwN¤;t
skim off-Jwk
skim over/through-Jwk

By. Richin Patel

106

skin/ /
skin/Mfel/atbze
skip fw’e-Xufe sJwk,Atuze sJwk,
skipper/rMfvh/fÃ;tl
skirmish/M¾orbN/y:ztbK,bthtbthe
skirt/ /
skirt/Mfxo/ctswbtk,le ftuh vh
skit/rMfx/ltle hbwS ltrxft
skivvy/rMfJe/vhaqhK ftbtu fhlth ltufh
skull/ /
skull/M¾j/Ftuvze
sky/ /
sky/Mftg/ytftN
slab/Mjpc/vÚ:hltu btuxtu xwfztu
slack/ /
slack/Mjpf/Zejw,yu’e,bk’e
slacks/Mjp¾m/
slain/MjpRl/nðgt :guj,b];
slake/MjpR¾/c’jtle ytd mk;tu»tJe
slam/Mjpb/mF; xeft-stuh:e ckætfhJwk-’ctJJwk
slammer/Mjpbh/suj,fthtJtm
slander/MjpLzh/awdje fhJe,cwhtR fhJe
slang/MjpLd/Jt;ra;lt Ftm Nç’tu
slant/MjpLx/ºttkmwk
slap on-Jwk
slap/ /
slap/Mjpv/jtVtu-bthJtu
slapdash/Mjpv/W;tJr¤gwk lu cu’hfth
slash/MjpN/ftv bqfJtu,xeft,Vxftu,
slashed
slate/ /
slate/MjuRx/xeft fhJe,vtxe
slated
slatern/Mjpxlo/VqJz,jDhJDh Mºte
slaughter/Mjtpxh/f;j
slave/ /
slave/MjuRJ/dwjtb,ckr’Jtl
slavery/MjuRJrh/dwjtbe
slavish/MjuRrJN/dwjtbevqKo
slay/Mju/nðgt fhJe,Jæt fhJtu
sleazy/MjeÍe/yr;,dkætt;w,bjel
sleek/Mjef/mwkJt¤w,jemwk
sleep around-Jwk
sleep in-Jwk
sleep off-Jwk
sleep on-Jwk
sleep together-Jwk
sleep with-Jwk
sleep/ /
sleep/Mjev/mwJwk
sleeve/ /
sleeve/MjeJ/ctkg
sleigh/ /
sleigh/MjuR/
sleight/MjuRx/;hfec,gwrf;,atjtfe
slept/ /
slept/MjuÃx/mw;t
sleuth/MÕgw:/Awve vtujem
slice/ /

slice/MjtRm/v;he,ft;he
slide/ /
slide/MjtRz/mhfJwk
slight/ /
slight/MjtRx/shtf,:tuzwkf
slim/rMjb/vt;¤wk
slime/MjtRb/btxe
slimming
sling/ /
sling/rMjkd/x´dtzJwk,jxftJJwk
slink Awvt;t-jvt;t sJwk
slip away-Jwk
slip by-Jwk
slip in-Jwk
slip off-Jwk
slip on-Jwk
slip out-Jwk
slip up-Jwk
slip/ /
slip/rMjv/ftvje,jvmJwk,Cqj,nt:;t¤e
slippery/ /
slit/ /
slit/rMjx/ftv,
slob/Mjtpc/bqFo,skdje btKm
slog/Mjtpd/Zmhzt fhJt,ytkFtu beae bthJwk
slogan/ /
slogan/Mjtudl/lthtu,mwºt
slope/ /
slope/MjtuWv/Zt¤
sloppy/Mjturv/JuJjwk,Zkdætzt Jdhlwk,htu;j
slot/ /
slot/Mjtupx/ftKwk,Ftkatu
slothful/Mjpt:Vwj/yt¤mwk,yu’e
slouge
slough
slough/MjtV/f¤K,mtkvle ftka¤e
sloven/MjJl/WAtkA¤wk,WvhAÕjwk
slow down-Jwk
slow/ /
slow/MjtuW/ætebwk
slug
slug/Mjd/dtu¤e,VxfthJwk
sluggard/Mjdzo/yt¤mwltu veh
sluggish/MjrdN/sz,bk’,ætebwk
slum/Mjb/dk’tu JmJtx,Íwkvzvxe
slumberous/MjBchm/QkD;wk,Dtuh;wk,Dulbtk
slump/ /
slump/MjBv/bk’e,Ftztu
slur/Mjh/fjkf,Cqj
slurp/Mjvo/mczft bthJt
slurry/Mjrh/htudtu,hdztu
slush/MjN/ft’J,hcze
slut/Mjx/VqJz Mºte,fwÕxt
sly/MjtR/fvxe,Atlwk Atlwk,ftJºttcts
smack/ /
smack/Mbpf/jtVtu,Ítvx,ahm,dtkstu
small/ /
small/Mbtpj/ltlwk
smart aleck
smart/ /

By. Richin Patel

107

smart/Mbtxo/av¤,achtf,;igth,vezt :Je
smash/ /
smash/MbpN/Cw¾ft ctujtJJt,
smashing/MbprNkd/Cw¾ft ctujtJ;wk
smatter
smatter
smear/Mbeyh/atuvzJwk
smell/ /
smell/Mbuj/dkæt-ytJJe
smile atsmile/ /
smile/MbtRj/
smirk/Mbof/yèntMg
smog/Mbtpd/ætqbtzt+ætqBbm
smoke/ /
smoke/MbtuWf/ætwb{vtl fhJwk,ætwbtztu
smooth down-Jwk
smooth out-Jwk
smooth over-Jwk
smooth(ly)/ /
smooth/Mbqæt/
smother/Mbtpæth/ntujJe ltFJwk
smoulder/Mbtpjzh/ætqkætJtJwk
smug
smuggle/Mbdj/’tKatuhe fhJe
snack/ /
snack/Mlpf/ltM;tu
snafu/MltVw/ykættætkqræt,yhtsf;t
snag/Mlpd/Ftuxftu,gtkrºtf Ftbe
snail/ /
snail/MluRj/dtuf¤dtg,ætebwk
snake/ /
snake/MluRf/mtkv
snap out off-Jwk
snap out-Jwk
snap up-Jwk
snap/ /
snap/Mlpv/;;ztJJwk,Vtuxtu juJtu,;tuze ltFJwk,ðJrh;
snapped
snapshot
snarl DqhfJwk,rJxkcKt
snarl up-Jwk
snatch/ /
snatch/Mlpa/jwkx,FwkaJe juJwk,vztJe juJwk
sneak/Mlef/atuheAwve,Atlwk,atze FtJe
sneer/ /
sneer/Mleyh/
sneeze/ /
sneeze/MleÍ/A´f FtJe
snickers//bqFotR vqKo ntMg,vtuatk stuztk
snide
sniff out mqkDJwk,;tdJwk
sniff/ /
sniff/rMlV/mqkDJwk,;tdJwk
snipe at
snippet ltlt W;tht,ftvjeytu
snob/Mltpc/ytzkche Wåa Jdo
snooty/Mlqrx/Dbkze
snooze/MlqÍ/Ítufwk FtJwk,ôDJwk
snore lmftuhtk ctujtJJt

snort/ /
snort//A´ftuxt ltFJt
snotty/Mltprx/Dbkze
snow
snow under-Jwk
snow/ /
snow//chV fw’h;e
snowball Ízv:e JætJwk
snub W;the vtzJwk,ætwðfthJwk
so/ /
so/mtu/;u:e,su:e fhelu
soak/ /
soak/mtuf/Celwk fhJwk,C´sJJwk
soap/ /
soap/mtuv/mtcw,jtkce xe.Je meheyj
soar/ /
soar/mtuh/Wvh aZJwk
sob/ /
sob/mtpc/zqmftk ChJtk
sober/ /
sober/mtuch/MJM:,lNtbwf;
soberiety/mtuc{uRrx/æteh dkCeh;t
sobriquet/mturc{fux/Wvltb
so-called/mtu ftpÕz/ fnuJt;wk,ltb btºtlwk
soccer/mtufh/Vwxcptj le hb;
social/ /
social/mtu~j/
society/ /
society/mtumtgrx/mbts
sock/ /
sock/mtpf/btuswk(vd)
soft peddle/mtpVTx vuzj/ :tczCtKtk fhJt
soft/ /
soft/mtpVTx/lhb
soften up/mtpVTxl yv/lhb vtzJwk lftbk cltJJwkw
softened/mtpVTxLz/lhb vtzgwk
software/mtpVTxJph/fBÃgwxh v{tudtb
soggy/mtprd/ vtKe:e Fwc Celwk
soigné/MJptluR/ÔgJrM:; dtuXJtgujwk-Dztgujwk
soil/ /
soil/mtuRj/sbel
soiree/MJtghu/mkde; bnuVej
sojourn/mtustulo/hFzJwk,CbJwk
solace/mtujum/yt¹Jtml
solar/ /
solar/mtujh/mwgolw,k mtih
solastic/mtpjtrMxf/
sold/mtpÕz/Juatgwk
solder/mtpÕzh/ætt;wytulu mtkætJe
soldier on-Jwk
soldier/ /
soldier/mtpÕsh/mirlf
sole/ /
sole/mtuj/mkvqKo,vdlwk;r¤gwk
solecism/mtujrmÍb/Ct»ttle Cqj
solemn/ /
solemn/mtujuBt/dkCeh
solemnised/mtujuBltRÍz/
solicitor/mturjrmxh/Jfej

By. Richin Patel

108

solicitous/mturjrmxm/rJlJKe fh;wk
solid/ /
solid/mturjz/l¾fh
solidarity/mturjzprhrx/yuf;t,mntlwCqr;
soliloquy/mturjjtu¾Je/MJd;turf;
solitary/mturjxrh/yufjwk,yxwjwk
soluble/mtuÕgwçj/ytudt¤e Nftg ;uJwk
solution/ /
solve/ /
solve/mtuÕJ/WfujJwk
somber/mtuBçth/dkCeh,dbdel
sombre/mtuBçth/dbdel,W’tm
some/ /
some/mb/:tuzwk,:tuztf
somebody/ /
somehow/ /
someone/ /
somersault/mbhmtpÕx/dtu:wk
something/ /
sometimes/ /
somewhat/mbJtpx/:tuzwk DKwk
somewhere/ /
somnambulism/mtuBltbçgwrjÍb/
³Dbt
atjJtltu htud
somnolent/mtuBltujLx/³D;wk
son/ /
son/ml/vwºt
sonar/mtplth/yJts :e ³ztK btvf gkºt
song/ /
song/mtUd/de;
sonorous/mtpltphm/ v{akz yJts Ôtt¤wk
soon/ /
soon/mql/;wh;s
soothing/mqrætkd/ Ntbf
soothsayer CrJ»gJu;t
sop/Mttpv/:tuze htn;,lSJtu jtC
sophisticated/mtprVrMxfuxuz/yr; ytætwrlf
sophistry/mtprVrMx[/ mwrVgtKe Jt;tu
sophomore/mtuVtubtuh/gwrl.ltu rJ¼t:eo
soporific/mtuvturhrVf/DulaztJ;wk
sordid/mtuh/dkætt;wk,yætb,lea
sore/ /
sore/mtph/verz;,mtusujwk
sorrow/ /
sorrow/mtphtu/’w&F
sorry about/forsorry/ /
sorry/mptrh/r’jdeh
sort out v;tJx fhJe,rlJuztu jtJJtu
sort out/ /
sort/ /
sort/mtuxo/st;,sq’wk vtzJwk,JrdofhK fhJwk
sortie/mtuxeo/nJtR nwbjtu,Fuv
SOS/yum ytu yum/ mkfx mk’uN-vtufth(rJbtlsnts)
so-so/mtu mtu/Xef-Xef
sot/mtux/’tYle j;:e v;e dgujwk
sought/mtpx/btdKe fhe
soul searching
soul/ /

soul/mtuWj/ytðbt
sound off-Jwk
sound out-Jwk
sound/ /
sound/mtWLz/l¾fh,yFkz,;tdJwk
soup/ /
soup/mqv/
soupcon mqal
sour/ /
sour/mtJh/Ftxwk
source/ /
source/mtumo/
south/ /
south/mtW:/
southern/ /
souvenir/mwJrlyh/mkCthKwk
sovereign/mtuJhuRl/mtJoCtub
sow/ /
sow/mtuW/JtJJwk
sozzled/mtuÍÕz/Fqc veætujwk
space/ /
space/Mvpm/
spacecraft/ /
spacious/MvpNeym/rJNt¤
spacum
spade/ /
spade/MvpRz/Ftu’Jtlwk ytusth
spadework/MvpRz Jfo/;igthe Yvu fhujw kftb
span/Mvpl/dt¤tu,yJræt
spangle/MvpLdj/NKdthle xevfe-c´’e
spank/MvpLf/Vztftu,Ítvx
spanking/MvprLfd/DbDtufth,Axt’th
spanner/Mvplh/
spar/Mvth/
spare baakaat
spare/ /
spare/Mvpyh/Jætthtlwk
spark/ /
spark/Mvtfo/NY fhJwk
sparkle/Mvtfoj/abfJwk,;KFtk ÍhJt
sparrow/ /
sparrow/Mvphtu/afje
sparse/Mvtmo/Awxwk AJtgwk
Spartan/Mvtxol/Fz;j,mt’de Jt¤wk
spasm/MvtÍb/;tK,ytkafe
spasmodic/MvpMbturzf/yatlf ytkafe Yv
spasmodically/MvpMbturzfrj/
spastic/MvprMxf/jfJt :e yvkd
spate/MvuRx/WAt¤tu,vqh
spatial
spawn/Mvtpl/cåatk,#zt
speak to/withspeak/ /
speak/Mvef/ctujJwk
speakeasy/MvefÍe&/Nhtc ltu yztu
spear/ /
spear/Mveyh/
spearhead/Mveyhnuz/ytduJtle juJe
special/ /

By. Richin Patel

109

special/MvuNj/Ftm,rJrN»x
specialise/ /
specialist/ /
species/MvemeÍ/st;,Jdo
specific/ /
specific/MvumerVf/rJrN»x
specious/Mvumeym/
speck/Mvuf/fKwk,’tk;btk Cht;tu fahtu
spectacle/Mvuxufj/v{’Nol,’]~g,lÍthtu
spectacles/ /
spectacles/MvuxufÕm/a~bt
spectacular/Mv/’Noleg,stuJt suJwk
spectre/Mvufxh/Cq;
spectrum/Mvufx[b/
speculate/Mvu¾gwjux/yk’ts,ætthKt,mètu fhJtu
speculation/Mvu¾gwjuNl/ætthKt,mètu,yxf¤
speculative/Mvu¾gwjurxJ/mètfeg,ætthKtd;
speculators sttakhoro
speech/ /
speech/Mvea/Jtat,Ct»tK
speed(y)/ /
speed/Mvez/d;e
spell out-Jwk
spell(ing)/ /
spell/Mvuj/bkºt,yJræt
spellbound/MvujctWLz/bkºtbwøæt
spend/ /
spend/MvuLz/FaoJw,k rJ;tJJwk
spent/MvuLx/
spices/MvtRrmm/bhe-bmtjt
spicy/ /
spicy/MvtRrm/
spill/ /
spill/rMvj/Ztu¤tJwk
spillage/rMvjus/Ztu¤Vtu¤
spin out-Jwk
spin/ /
spin/rMvl/VuhJJwk,ftk;Jwk
spinach/rMvlta/humtJt¤e NtfCtS
spinal/MvtRlj/fhtuzhsTswlwk
spine
spinster/rMvlMxh/fwbtrhft
spiralling/rMvhrjkd/Wvh az;wk
spirit/ /
spirit/rMvrhx/swMmtu,
spiritual/rMvrhågwyj/ytægtrðbf
spirituality/rMvrhågwytrjrx/ytægtrðbf;t
spit/ /
spit/rMvx/:qkfJwk
spite/ /
spite/MvtRx/
spiv/rMvJ/dtuhFætkætt fhelu bntj;wk
splash down-Jwk
splash out-Jwk
splash/ /
splash/Mv/FtcfJwk,Cqmftu bthJtu
splendid/ /
splendid//CÔg,mhm,bstlwk
splendour/MvjuLzh/CÔg;t

splice/MvjtRm/dq:k Jwk,jøl fhJt
splinter/MvjeLxh/fha,xwfzt,Aht
split up-Jwk
split/ /
split/MÃÕtex/Ctdjt-xwfzt :Jtk
splutter/MÃjxh/W~fuhtxbtk cczJwk
spoil/ /
spoil/MvtuRj/cdtzJwk,cdtztu
spoiltsport
spoke/MvtuWf/ctuÕgwk
spoken/MvtuWfl/ctujt;wk,btiFef
spokesman/MvtufMbpl/v{J¾;t
spokesperson/MvtufMvmol/v{J¾;t
sponge/ /
sponge/MvtUs/
spongy/MvtUS/vtuawk,dt’e suJwk
sponsor/Mvtmh//xufu’th,v{uhlth
spontaneous/MvtPxprlym/MJgkMVqrh;
spoof/MvqV/Au;hv´ze,XdrJ¼t
spook/Mvqf/Cq;,rvNta
spoon/ /
spoon/Mvql/abae,abatu
spoonerism/MvqlrhÍb/WÕxt mwÕxtu dtuxtu (Nç’tu)
sporadic/Mvhprzf/ytzuætz,Awxwk AJtgwk
sport/Mvtpxo/htFJwk,hb;,bstf
sportive/MvtprxoJ/Fujr’j
sports/ /
sports/Mvtuxo/hb; db;,Fujfw’
spot/ /
spot/Mvtux/M:¤,lshu azJwk,ztD
spotlight/Mvtux/v{ftNfuL÷
spotted
spotted/Mvtprxz/xvftkJt¤wk,’uFtKwk,lshu azgwk
spouse/MvtWÍ/SJlmt:e
sprawl/Mv{ptj/v:htJwk,jtkct :Rlu mwJwk
spray/Mv{u/AtkxJwk,fwb¤e zt¤e
spread/ /
spread/Mv{zu /VujtJJwk,VujtJtu,vt:hJwk
spree/ /
spree/Mv{e/WstKe,WLbt’,stuN
spring up-Jwk
spring/ /
spring/rMv{kd/yatlf WA¤Jwk,Ajtkd,Jmk;};w
sprinkle/rMv{Lfj/AtkxJwk
sprint/rMv{Lx/’tux,nze
sprite/Mv{tRx/vhe,Cq;
sprout/Mv{tWx/VKdtu_ftUxtu VqxJtk
spruce/Mv{qm/
sprun/Mvo&l/ætw;fthJwk
spry/Mv{tR/;hJhtx Jt¤wk
spunk/Mvkf/rnkb;,swMmtu
spur/Mvh/yuze,W•tusl,fuze
spurious/MÃgwrhym/cu lkche,lfje
spurt/ /
spurt/Mv&xo/VqJthtu,;uS,WAt¤tu
sputter/MÃxh/;z;z :Jwk,
sputum/MÃgwxb/fV,:wkf
spy/Mvtg/stmwme fhJe,dqÃ;ah
sqeamishness

By. Richin Patel

110

squabble/Mfptçj/ctujtatje,Ídztu
squad/Mfptz/’¤,xwfze
squalid/Mfptrjz/dk’w
squalor/Mfptjh/dk’de,’trh÷;t
squander/MfptLzh/JuzVJkw
square up-Jwk
square/ /
square/MfJpyh/atuf,atuhm
squash/MfptN/h’ct;j,rlatuJJwk,hb;
squat/ /
squat/Mftpx/cumJwk
squeamish/MferbN/btk’jwk
squeeze/ /
squeeze/M¾JeÍ/rlatuJJwk
squiggle/j/y:onel jext ’tuhJt
squint/MfJ´x/ºttkme ytkF
squirm/Mfob/ feztle sub bhztJwk
squirmish/MforbN/y:ztbK,xfhtJ
squirt/MfrJxo/veafthe,VqJthtu
stab/Mxpc/Aqhtu CtUfJtu
stabbing/Mxprkckd/AwhtCtukf,AwhtctS
stabilize/MxurcjtRÍ/rM:h cltJJwk
stacked
staff/ /
staff/MxtV/M;kC,fboathedK
stage/ /
stage/MxuRs/gtusJwk-hsw fhJwk,;çcftu,rM:r;
stagger/Mxpdh/j:zegtk,a¾fh FtJt
stagnant/MxpdLtLx/ckrDgth,rM:h
stagnation/MxpdLtuNl/M:rd;;t
stain/ /
stain/MxuRl/ztD
stair/ /
stair/Mxuyh/’t’htu
stake/MxuRf/ytr:of rn;,ntuz-stuFbbtk bqfJwk
stale/ /
stale/MxuRj/mzujwk,vz;h
stalemate/MxuRjbuRx/bztdtkX,z[tu
stalk/Mxptf/’btbCuh atjJwk,ætbhtu¤Jwk
stalker/Mxptfh/Atltvdu veAtu fhlth
stall/ /
stall/Mxptj/ctswbtk htFJwk,ntx
stallion/Mxprjyl/ÔtAuhtu,Dtuztu
stalwart/MxptjJxo/r’øds,bnth:e,FuhFtk
stammer/MxpBth/;tu;ztJwk
stamp out/MxpBvytWx/ltcw’ fhJwk
stamp out-Jwk
stamp/ /
stamp/MxpBv/Atv,rxrfx,vd vAtzJt
stampede/MxuBvez/æt¾ftbwfe
stance/MxpLm/JjK,rl;e
stand by/ /
stand by-Jwk
stand down-Jwk
stand for/ /
stand for-Jwk
stand in-Jwk
stand out/ /
stand out-Jwk

stand up for/ /
stand up for-Jwk
stand up to-Jwk
stand up-Jwk
stand/ /
stand/ /
stand/MxpLz/JjK,rJmtbtu
standard/ /
standard/Mxtkzzo/btv,gtuøg;t,mtbtLg
stand-by ;igth,le vzFu WCwk hnuJwk
stand-off Yfm’,’qh hnuJwk bztdtkX
stand-offish/MxpLzytprVm/Dbkze
standstill/MxpLzMxej/yNf;,rM:h
stanza/MxpLÍt/fze,¹jtuf
staple/MxpÃj/bwÏg,mt:u stuzJwk
star/ /
star/Mxth/;thtu,rm;thtu
stardom/Mxthzb/yrClu;tlwk rJ¹J
stare/ /
stare/Mxpyh/;tfe lu stuJwk
stark/Mxtfo/løl,WsTsz
start off-Jwk
start up-Jwk
start/ /
start/Mxth/NYyt;-fhJe
startle/Mxtoxj/ytDt;,ytùgo vtbJwk
starve/ /
starve/MxtJo/CwFu bhJwk
state of the art yr; ytætwrlf
state/ /
state/Mxux/sKtJJw,k htsg,ntj;
stately/MxuRxje/CÔg
statement/ /
statesman/MxuRxmbl/bwðm’e
static/Mxprx¾/rM:h
station/ /
station/MxuRNl/b:f,htuftK M:¤
stationary/MxuNlhe/rM:h,QCujwk
stationery/MxuNlhe/juFlmtbd{e
statistics/MxprxrMx¾m/ytkfztNtMºt
statue/ /
statue/Mxpågq/vq;¤qk
status quo/Mxpxm¾Jtu/g:trM:r;
status/Mxpxm/rM:r;,btuCtu,v{r;»Xt
statute/ /
statute/Mxuågwx/ftg’tu
statutory/Mxuågwxhe/ftg’tfeg-v{btKu
staunch/Mxptka/fèh,JVt’th
stave off
stay off-Jwk
stay out-Jwk
stay/ /
stay/Mxu/htuftJwk,bltR yt’uN
stead/Mxuz/M:¤
steadfast/MxuzVtMx/ya¤,yzd
steady/ /
steady/Mxurz/rM:h
steal/ /
steal/Mxej/atuhJwk

By. Richin Patel

111

stealth/MxuÕ:/atuhe
steam/ /
steam/Mxeb/Jht¤,Wsto
steel/ /
steel/Mxej/vtujt’,jtuFkz
steep/ /
steep/Mxev/ytfYk,yr; aZtK
steer/ /
steer/Mxeyh/J¤tkf Jt¤Jtu,r’Ntbtk Jt¤Jwk
stein/MxuRl/dqka¤w,k ftufzwk
stem/ /
stem/Mxub/:z,Ft¤Jwk,W’TCJJwk
stemming/Mxurkbkd/btk:e Vqx;wk,W’TCJ;wk
stench/MxuLa/’wdOæt
stentorian vzAk’ yJts
step in-Jwk
step up/Mxuyv/Jætthe ’uJwk
step/ /
steps/MxuÃm/vdjtk,vd:egtk
sterile/MxhtRj/sk;whrn;,JtkrÍgwk
stern/ /
stern/Mxol/fzf,mF;
sternutation/MxoLgwxuNl/A´fltu nwbjtu
stevedore/MxeJztph/sntS ytzr;gtu
stewardship/rMxgwJzorNv/lu;tdehe,JzvKwk
stick to-Jwk
stick/ /
stick/rMxf/atuxtzJwk,jtfze
stiff/ /
stiff/rMxV/y¾fz,s¾fe,S’T’e
stigma/rMxøbt/fjkf,jtkAl,ztD
stigmatise/rMxdbpxtRÍ/
still/ /
still/Mxej/rM:h,nsw
stimulant/MxeBgwjLx/W•tusf
stimulate/rMxBgwjuRx/W•turs; fhJwk
stimulated
stimulus/rMxBgwjm/v{tuðmtnl,W•tusf,W’Tevl
sting/ /
sting/rMxkd/zkF,zkN,fhzJwk
stingy/rMxkS/fksm
w
stink/ /
stink/Mv/dkættJwk,’wdkoæt
stint/rkMxkx/fksm
w e fhJe,Wvh AÕjtu ylwCJ
stipulate/MxeÃgwjux/fhth fhJtu,rlættohe; fhJwk
stipulation/MxeÃgwjuNl/fhth,XhtJ le Nh;tu
stir/ /
stir/Mx&h/ytk’tujlfhJwk,njtJJwk
stir-up/Mxh yv/njaj
stitch/ /
stitch/rMxa/xtkft juJt,meJJwk
stock phrase
stock/ /
stock/Mxtuf/Nuh,sÚ:tu
stoic/MxtuRf/;vMJe,DigoJtl
stole/ /
stole/Mxtuj/atugwo
stolid/Mxturjz/mwM;,CthuFb
stomach/ /

stomach/Mxbf/vux,ntushe
stone/ /
stone/Mxtul/vÚ:h,V¤lt ce,vÚ:he
stood/Mxqz/QCwk hÌgwk
stooge/Mxqs/skcqhtu,stufh
stool/ /
stool/Mxqj/
stoop/ /
stoop/Mxqv/Jtkfw J¤Jwk(J;ol)
stop by-Jwk
stop off-Jwk
stop over-Jwk
stop/ /
stop/Mxtpv/yk;,ckætfhJwk
store/ /
store/Mxtph/’wftl
storey/ /
storey/Mxtphe/bt¤,bsjtu
storm/ /
storm/Mxtpbo/nÕjt fhJtu,JtJtÍtuzwk
stormy peterel ÍkÍtJt;e Jf;t
story/ /
story/Mxturh/Jt;to
stout/ /
stout/MxtWx/vzAkz,bscq;
stove/ /
stove/MxJ/aqjtu
stow/MxtuJ/Xtkmelu ChJwk
strafing/Mx[urVkd/
straight/ /
straight/Mx[uRx/meæætwk
straighten out-Jwk
strain/ /
strain/Mx[uRl/;tK,©b,xqkfe frJ;t
strait/ /
strait/Mx[uRx/;kde,mkfx,mtbw÷Dwle
stranded/Mx[ULzuz/hͤe-hFze vzgt
strange/ /
strange/Mx[Us/rJraºt
stranger/ /
stranger/Mx[Ush/yst½gwk,vhtgw
strangle/Mx[Udj/d¤wk ’tcJwk
strangulation/Mx[UøgwjuNl/dwkd¤tbK
strap/ /
strap/Mx[vp /vxtu-ctkætJtu
strata/Mx[uxt/:h,vz (c.J.)
stratagem/Mx[xs
p pb/Au;hJtle gwrf;
strategic/Mx[xursf/Ôgqntðbf
strategy/Mx[prxrs/Ôgqn,’tJvua,gwæætrl;e,ftgoÄb
stratosphere/Mx[pxtpmrVyh/JtgwytJhK
straw/ /
straw/Mx[tp/;KFjw,k l¤e
stray/Mx[u/hFz;wk-Cxf;w,nhtgwk Ztuh
streak/ /
streak/Mx[ef/jemtuxtu
stream/ /
stream/Mx[eb/v{Jtn,ÍhKwk
streaming/Mx[erbkd/
streamline/Mx[ebjtRl/nJtlwk D»tKo rlJthJwk

By. Richin Patel

112

street/Mx[ex/Nuhe,dje
strength/Mx[uL:/;tft;,Nrf;
strengthen/Mx[Uætl/bscq; fhJwk
strenuous/Mx[uLgwym/©b vzu ;uJwk
stress/Mx[m
u /’ctK,©b,f»x,Cth bqfJtu
stretch/Mx[ua/jtkcw fhJwk,vxtu
strew/Mx/JuhJwk,v:htJwk
strewn
strict/ /
strict/Mx[¾x/fzf,mF;
stricture Xvftu,ythtuvltbwk
stride/ /
stride/Mx[tRz/atjJwk
strife/ /
strife/Mx[tRV/mkD»to
strike back-Jwk
strike chord
strike/ /
strike/Mx[tRf/nz;tj,VxfthJwk,ºttxfJwk
strindent/rMx[LzLx/ffoN yJtsJt¤wk
string along-Jwk
string/ /
string/rMx[kd/’tuhe
stringent/ rMx[ksLx/fzf,atu¾fm
strip down-Jwk
strip off FqkaJe juJwk
strip/ /
strip/rMx[v/vèe
stripe/ /
stripe/Mx[tRv/vèt,jemtuxt
strive/ /
strive/Mx[tRJ/Fqc v{gðl fhJtu
stroke/ /
stroke/Mx[tuf/Vxftu,xftuhtu
stroll/Mx[tuj/jxth bthJe
strong/ /
strong/Mx[tUd/bscq;
stronghold/Mx[tUd ntuÕz/rfÕjtu,ftcwltu v{’uN
struck/ /
struck/Mx[f/ºttx¾gwk,Vxftgow
structure/ /
structure/Mx[¾ah/halt,ckætthK
struggle withstruggle/ /
struggle/Mx[dj/mkD»to
strum/Mx[b/;th ÍKÍKtJJt
strutter/Mx[xh/’btbCuh atjlth
stub/Mxc/
stubborn/Mxc&lo/rs’T’e,y¾fz
stuck/Mxf/
student/ /
student/MxgwzLx/rJ¼t:eo
studies/ /
studious/Mxwrzym/W¼be,Fk;ejwk
study/ /
study/Mxrz/yÇgtm fhJtu
stuff/ /

stuff/MxV/
stuffy/Mx/dea,FeatuFea,ckrætgth
stultify/MxÕxeVtg/cdtzJwk
stumble/MxBçj/dtu:wkFtJwk,Xucwk FtJwk
stumps/ /
stumps/MxBÃm/ztkze(rÄfux) XwkXt
stun/Mxl/ytkaft ’uJtu,M;çæt fhJwk
stunned/MxLlz/CgCe;
stunning/MxrLld/M;çæt fh;wk
stunt/Mxkx/Ftuxwk vhtÄb-mtnm
stupefied/MxgwrvVtRz/sz-cuJfqV cltJJwk
stupendous/MxgwvuLzm/v{akz ysc,ytùgoslf
stupid/ /
stupid/Mxgwrvz/bwFo
stupour/Mxgwvh/
sturdy/Mxrzo/Fz;j
sty/Mxtg/ytksKe
stygian lfo suJwk,ykætfthbg,
style/ /
style/Mxtgj/Axt,y’t,Nije
stylus/Mxtgjm/nehtfKe,juFK
stymie/MxtRrb/rl»V¤ cltJJwk
suave/MJtJ/lb{,rJJufe{
sub judice/mc sTgwrzm/LgtgtrDl
sub rosa/mçt htuÍt/dwÃ;he;u
subcontinent/mçtfturLxlLx/WvFkz
subdue/mçtzgw/’ctJJwk,Dxtztu :Jtu
subject to/mçsufx xw/le Nh;u,lu ytrætl
subject/ /
subject/mçsufx/v{st,rJ»tg
subjective/mçsufrxJ/Ôgrf;jûte,ytðbjûte
subjugate/mçswdux/S;Jwk,’ctJJwk
sublime/mçjtRb/W’t;,³aw
submarine/mcbhel/vlzwce
submerge/mcbso/dhf :Jwk
submission/mcrbNl/NhKtd;e,hswyt;
submissive/mcrbrmJ/NhKtd;e MJefth;wk
submit/mcrbx/hsq fhJwk,NhKu :Jwk
subordinate
subordinate/mcytprzolux/leault fboatheytu
subpoena/mcvtuyult/ftuxo lwk ;uzwk
subscribe/mcMÄtRc/mkb; :Jwk,jJtsb ChJwk
subsequent/mcmefÔtLx/ytlwmkrdf
subservient/mcmrJoyLx/FwNtbr;gwk
subside/mcmtRz/DxJwk,lhb vzJwk
subsidiary/mcrmrzyrh/dtiK
subsidise/mcrmztRÍ/htn; ytvJe
subsidy/mcrMtrz/ytr:of htn;
subsist/mcrMtMx/xfe hnuJwk
substance/ /
substance/mcMxLm/
substantial/mcMxprLmyj/
substantially
substitute/mcrMxxgwx/yJus,rJfÕv
subsume
subterfuge/mcxh Vgws/cntlwk
subtle/mèj/mqûb,ltswf,atjtf
subtlity/mèrjrx/mqûb;t,ctheftR(y:o)
subtract/ /

By. Richin Patel

113

subtract/mcx[u¾x/ct’ctfe fhJe
suburb/mcyco/yætoNnuhe,vhwk,Wvldh
subversion/mcJÍol/ht»x[ rJhtuæte CtkdVtuz
subversive/mcJrmoJ/CtkdVturzgtu
succeed/ /
succeed/mfmez/mV¤ :Jwk,ylwmhJwk
success(ful)/ /
success/Mtfmum/mV¤;t
succession/mfmuÍl/Jthmtu,ylwÄb
successive/mfÍurmJ/ytlwmkrdf,m;;
successor/mfmuÍh/Jthm’th,ylwÄb
succinct/mfrm¾TLx/matux,mkrûtÃ;
succour/mfh/fwbf,b’’,htn;
succumb/mfb/NhKu :Jwk
such/ /
such/Mta/ytJwk,
suck/ /
suck/mf/aqmJwk
suckle/mfj/ætJztJJwk
sudden(y)/ /
sudden/mzl/yuftyuf
sue/Mgw/ftuxo fum btkzJtu
suffer fromsuffer/ /
suffer/mVh/CtudJJwk
suffered
suffice/mVtRm/vqh;wk ntuJwk
sufficient/mrVmLx/vqh;wk,vgtoÃ;
suffocate/mVtufuRx/dwkd¤tJwk
suffrage/mVhus/b;trDfth
sugar/ /
sugar/Mgwdh/Ftkz
sugarcane/ /
sugarcane/Mgwdhful/Nuhze
suggest/ /
suggest/msuMx/mqaJJwk
suggestion/msumål/mqal,mkfu;
suggestive/msurMxJ/mqaf
suicidal
suit(able)/ /
suit/Mgwx/ckD cumJwk,ylwfq¤ ntuJwk
suitable/Mgwxuçj/gtuøg,jtgf
suite/ /
suite/MJex/Ngl Fkz+bwjtft;e Fkz
suitor/Mgwxh/bwhr;gtu,Wbu’Jth
sulk/ /
sulk/mÕf/hemtJwk
sulking/mrÕfkd/hemt;wk
sullen/mjl/W’tm,dbdel
sully/mje/brjl,Fhtc fhJwk
sultry/mÕx[e/mwfwk-dhb (nJtbtl)
sum up-Jwk
sum/ /
sum/mb/’tFjtu
summer/ /
summer/Mtbh/
summit/mrbx/rNFh,xtua
summon up-Jwk
summon/Mtbl/;uzwk-fnuK btufjJwkw

sumptuous/MtBvågwym/Cvft’th,CÔg
sun(ny)/ /
sun/Mtl/mqhs
sundry/mrLz[/vhaqhK
sunny/MtrLl/;usMJe,v{ftrN;
suo moto/Mgwytp btuxtp/MJgk,ytvbu¤u
superb/ /
superb/mwvco/W•tb,©u»X
supercillous/Mtwvhrmjm/rbstS,r;hMfth fh;wk
superficial/MtwvhrVrNyj/WvhAÕjwk,AeAhwk
superfluous/MtwvhVÕgwym/Jætthtlwk,Vtsj
superhuman/Mtwvhnwbl/bntbtlJ
superior/ /
superior/Mtwverhyh/arzgt;wk,Wvhe
supersede/Mtwvhmez/le WvhJx sJwk,h’ fhJwk
superstition/MtwvhMxeNl/ykæt©æætt
superstitious/MtwvhrMxNm/ykæt©æættJt¤wk
supervise/MtwvhJtRÍ/rlheûtK fhJwk
supine/MtÃttRl/a•;wk,JtkmtCuh
supper/ /
supper/MtÃvh/mtkslwk Ctusl
supplement/MtrÃjbuLx/vqr;o,vqhJKe fhJe
supplicate/MtrÃjfux/yhs-rJlJKe fhJe
supply/ /
supply/MtÃjtg/vwhJXtu,vqhwk vtzJwk
support/ /
support/Mtvtpxo/xuftu-mb:ol,vtjl vtu»tK
suppose/ /
suppose/MtvptÍ/ætthJwk,btle juJwk
suppress/Mtv{um/’ctJe-faze ltFJw,k AwvtJJwk
supremacy/mwv{ebrm/mJtuovrh;t
supreme/mwv{eb/mJtuoåa
supremo/mwv{ebut/mJum
o Jtko
sure/ /
sure/Mgwyh/atu¾fm,yJ~g,rlrù;
surf/mVo/mvtxe-btustk vh rJnth fhJtu
surface/ /
surface/MthVum/mvtxe,cnth ytJJwk
surfeit/MthVex/yr;huf(FtJt veJtbtk)
surge/mso/ytd¤ ætme sJwk,WAt¤tu
surly/mrjo/;tuAzwk
surmise/mhbtRÍ/ylwbtl,yxf¤
surmount/mhbtWLx/JxtJJwk,vth fhJwk
surpass/mhvtm/:e azegt;t ntuJwk
surplus/mhÃjm/vwhtk;,Vtsj,JDthtlwk
surprise/ /
surprise/Mthv{tRÍ/ytùgo
surrender NhKtdr;,mbovK,ðgtd
surreptitiously/mrhrÃxMgmrj/Awve he;u
surrogate/Mthtudux/le c’jebtk
surround/ /
surround/MthtWLz/DuhJwk,ytswctsw
surveillance/mJuojLm/stÃ;tu,vnuhtu,stmqme
survey/mJuo/yk’ts-ftZJut
survival/mJotRJj/catJ,SJl mkD»to
survive/mJoJtRJ/xfe,SJe sJwk
survivor/mJtoJh/ngt;,SJe;,cae slth
susceptible/mmurÃxçj/mkJu’lNej
suspect/ /

By. Richin Patel

114

suspect/mMvu¾x/Nkft fhJe,Nkfbk’
suspected/mMvu¾xuz/NkftMv’
suspend/mMvuLz/rJjkce; fhJwk,jxftJJwk
suspense/mMvuLm/Wðmw¾;t,rîætt,fw;qnj
suspension/mMvuL~tl/rJjkce;
suspicion/mrMv~tl/Nkft,Nf
suspicious/mrMv~tm/NkftNej
sustain
sustain/mMxuRl/st¤JJwk,mb:ol ytvJwk
hnuJw,CtudJJwk
sustained/mMxuRLz/yufætthwk,m;;, Ctud
svelte/MJpÕx/ bltunh,vt;¤wk,btunf,jtJ½bg
swab/MJtpc/dtCtu
swagger/MJpdh/dJoCuh-’btbCuh atjJwk
swallow up-Jwk
swallow/ /
swallow/MJtpjtu/d¤e sJwk,afjtu
swamp/ /
swamp/MJtpBv/leatKJt¤e sbel
swank/MJpLf/Axt’th,zkVtm bthJe
swankey/MJprLf/Axt’th,cztRFtuh
swap/MJtpv/y’jtc’je-fhJe
swashbuckling NuFeFtuh,bJtje
swath/MJtpæt/ftvujtu vw¤tu
sway ;hV ÍwfJwk
sway/ /
sway/MJuR/v{CtJ ntuJtu,mbstJJwk,ÍwjJwk
swear in-/MJprhkd Rl/Jwk
swear/ /
swear/MJpyh/Nv: juJt,dt¤tu ’uJe
sweat out-Jwk
sweat/MJpx/vhmuJtu :Jtu-vtzJtu
sweep/ /
sweep/ /
sweep/MJev/mvtxtu,Jt¤Jwk
sweet/ /
sweet/MJex/beXwk,dégwk (MJt’)
sweetheart/MJexntxo/ra•tatuh
swell/ /
swell/MJuj/vqh ytJJwk,dJo,mtustu azJtu
swerve back-mtbtu W;h Jt¤Jtu
swerve/ /
swerve/MJoJ/dtu¤ VhJwk
swift/ /
swift/MJeVx/Ízve
swim/ /
swim/rMJb/;hJwk,LntJwk
swindle/rMJLzj/Au;hJwk,XdJwk
swing/ /
swing/MJ´d/ÍwjJwk,rnkaJwk
swish/MJeN/yJts (fvztkltu)
switch back-Jwk
switch off/on-Jwk
switch over/MJea ytuJh/VuhJJwk,c’jtJJwk
switch over-Jwk
switch round-Jwk
switch/ /
switch/MJea/c’jtJJwk,atkv
switched/MJeåz/
swollen/MJtujl/mtusujwk,AjtuAj

,xfe

swoon/MJql/bqAeo;-cuCtl :Jwk
swoop/MJqv/mvtxtu,’htuztu-;htv bthJe
swop/MJtpv/stuh’th Vxftu-bthJtu
sword/ /
sword/Mttpzo/;jJth
sybarite/rmchtRx/rJjtme,btusNtuFejwk
sycophant/rmfVLx/FwNtb;Ftuh,Snswrhgt
syllabi
syllabus/rmjpcm/yÇgtmÄb
sylvan (silvan) d{tbeK,JLg
symbol/ /
symbol/rmBçtj/raLn,v{r;f
symbolic/rmBctprjf/raLnYv,v{r;ftðbf
symmetrical/rmburx[¾j/mwztu¤,mwhF
u ,Dtxejwk
symmetry/rmrbrx[/mbYv;t,Dtx
sympathetic/ /
sympathetic/meBv:urxf/mntlwCwr;Jt¤wk
sympathize/rmBv:tRÍ/mntlwCwr; ’NtoJJe
sympathy/ /
sympathy/rmBv:e/mntlwCwr;
symposium/rmBvtprÍgb/aato,vrhmkJt’
symptom/rmBtÃxb/raLn,mkfu;,jûtK
synchronise/rmLÄLttRÍ/mt:u clJwk
syndicate/rmrLzfuRx/bkz¤e,mkD
syndrome/rmLz[b/raLntu,jûtKtu
synonym/rmlrlb/vgtog,mbtlt:e
synonymous/rmltprlbm/vgtog,mbtlt:e o
synopsis/rmltprÃmm/YvhuFt,xqkfmth
syntax/rmLxp¾m/Jt¾ghalt
synthetic/rmL:urxf/f]rºtb humtlwk
system/ /
system/rMtMxb/vææt;e
systematic/rMtMxbprxf/væDr;mh
table/ /
table/x/vºtf,bus
tableau/xpçjtp/raºt,btuzuj
tabloid jDw yFcth-J;obtlvºt
taboo rl»tuD,v{r;ckæt,bltR
tabular ftuXtJt¤wk
tacit/xprmx/bqf,Atlwk,aqv
taciturn/xurmxlo/bqf,yÔgf;,rb;Ct»te
tack/xpf/stuzJwk,mtætJwk
tackle/xpfj/mkCt¤Jwk,ftcwbtk juJwk
tactical/xpfrxfj/Ôgqntðbf
tactics/xpfrx¾m/’tJvua,ÔgqnctS
tad/xpz/:tuzwkf,yÕv
tail away/off-Jwk
tail/ /
tail/x/vqkAze,veAtu fhJtu
tailback/xuRjcpf/deatudea x[trVf stb
taint/xuRLx/ztDtu,jtkAl
tainted
tainted/xuRLxuz/fjkrf;,c’ltb
take aback-Jwk
take after/ /
take after-Jwk
take apart-Jwk
take around-Jwk
take away-Jwk

By. Richin Patel

o

115

take back-Jwk
take down/ /
take down-Jwk
take home-Jwk
take in/ /
take in/xuRf Rl/
take in-Jwk
take off/ /
take off-Jwk
take on/ /
take on/xuRf ytpl/mtb mtbu ytJJwk-xfhtJwk
take on-Jwk
take over/ /
take over/xuRf ytpJh/mkCt¤e juJwk,nt:btk juJwk
take/ /
take/xuRf/juJwk
tale/ /
tale/xuRj/Jt;to
talent/ /
talent/xpjuLx/cwrææt,
talisman/xprjÍbl/;tJes,bt’r¤gwk
talk at talk-Jwk
talk away-Jwk
talk back-Jwk
talk down-Jwk
talk over-Jwk
talk round-Jwk
talk(ative)/ /
talk/xtpf/Jt;-fhJe
talks/xpt¾m/JtxtDtxtu
tall/ /
tall/xtpj/ôawk,
tallow/xpjtp/v{tKele ahce
tally/xprj/mhFtJJwk,;t¤tu bu¤JJtu,vtrxgwk
tame/ /
tame/xuRb/vt¤ujwk
tamgle up-Jwk
tamper with-Jwk
tamper/xpBvh/auztk fhJt (jFtK)
tan/ /
tan/xpl/atbzt suJtuu hkd
tandem/xpLzub/yufle vtA¤ ceswk
tangential
tangible/xpLSçj/bq;o,$r÷gd{tÌg
tangle/xpLdj/dqkaJtztu,mbMgt
tango/xpLdtp/dance
tank/ /
tank/xpLf/hKdtze,;tuv,xtkfe
tantalize/xpLxpjtRÍ/xx¤tJJwk
tantamount/xpLxpbtWLx/mbfût,mbtl,lt chtch
ntuJwk
tantrum/xpLx[b/;hkd,Dqhe
tap/ /
tap/xpv/Wvgtudbtk juJwk,l¤,xftuht bthJt
tape/ /
tape/xuRv/vèe
tarantella Rxtrjgl l]ðg
tardy
tare/ /
tare/xpyh/

target rlNtl-cltJJwk,jûgtkf,jûg
target/ /
tariff/xprhV/CtJvºtf
tarmac/xthbpf/ztbh
tarnish/xtrloN/jtkAl jdtzJwk,fjkrf; fhJwk
tarragon/xphtdtpl/’JtR JLtMvr;
tart/xtxo/Ftxwk,njfx Mºte
tartar/xtxoh/Athe(’tk;)
task
task/ /
task/xtMf/ftgo
taskmaster/xtMfbtMxh/ftb,©b fhtJlth
tassel/xpmj/Vqbfwk
taste/ /
taste/xuRMx/MJt’
tasty/xuRMx/MJtr’»x
tatterdemalion rak:hu ntj
tattered/xpxzo/rak:huntj
tattle
tattoo ºttsJt-Aq’Ktk ºttuVtJJt,fJtg;
taunt/xtpLx/buKt-xtuKtk bthJt
taut/xtWx/Fuaelu ;kd-mF; fhJwk
tautology/xtpxtpjS/vwlwhwrf;
tavern/xpJlo/’tYlwk veXwk
tawdry/xptrz[/Cvft’th ’uFtJ
tax/ /
tax/xpût/fh,ctus-ltFJtu
tax-evasion/xp¾m RJpÍl/fhatuhe
taxi/ /
taxi/xprût/Ctztle btuxh
tea/ /
tea/xe/atg
teach/ /
teach/xea/rNFJJwk,CKtJJwk
teacher/xeah/rNûtf
teak/ /
teak/xef/mtdlwk jtfzwk
team/ /
team/xeb/xtu¤e,mkD,xwfze
tear apart-Jwk
tear away-Jwk
tear/ /
tear/xeyh/ytkmw,VtzJwk,aehtu
tease/ /
tease/xeÍ/aezJJw,k vsJJwk
technical/ /
technical/xufrlfj/;tkrºtf
technique/xufrlf/gwrf;,rfrbgtu
technocrat/xufltpÄpx/;kºt¿t
technology/xufltpjS/;kºt¿ttl
techy razegwk
tedious/rxzeym/fkxt¤tslf
tedium/rxzeyb/fkxt¤tu
teem/xeb/Chvqh,AjtuAj ntuJwk
teeny/xerl/ltlwk
teeny-bopper/xelectpvh/xtvxev fh;e Atufhe
teeny-weeny/xerlJerl/ltlwk,xaje ytkd¤e
teeter/xeæth/zdwbdw
teeth/ /

By. Richin Patel

116

teeth/xe:/’tk;,’tk;t
teetotaller/xextpxjh/Nhtc:e ’qh hnu;kw
teetotum/xextpxb/lmec lwk hbfzwk
telegenic/xurjSlef/xeJe btxu ytfo»tf anuhtu
telepathy/xurjv:e/’qhtlwCqr;,rJath-mkÄbK
telephone/ /
televise/xurjJtRÍ/xeJe v{mthK fhJwk
television/ /
tell off-Jwk
tell/ /
tell/xuj/ftuRlu fnuJwk
temericious/rxburhrNym/Wææt;,æt]»x
temerity/rxburhrx/Wææt;tR,æt]»x;t
temper/ /
temper/xuBvh/rbsts
temperament/xuBvuhtbuLx/v{f]r;,MJCtJ
temperamental/xuBvuhtbuLxj/v{f]r;sLg
temperance/xuBvhLm/mkgb
temperate/xuBvhux/mkgbe
temperature/ /
temperature/xuBvhuah/;tvbtl
tempest/xuBvuMx/ÍkÍtJt;,JtJtÍtuzwk
tempestuous/xuBvuMxgwym/ÍkÍtJt;e,;tuVtle
temple/ /
temple/xuBtÃj/bkr’h
temporal/xuBÃttphj/’wLgJe,vt:eoJ
temporary/ /
temporary/xuBvhrh/ftbajtW,nkdtbe
tempt/xuBÃx/jjatJJwk
temptation/xuBÃxpNl/jtja
tenable/xulpçj/MJeftgo,mb:orlg
tenacious/xulprNym/b¾fb,rM:h
tenament
tenancy/xuLtrLm/Ctzwyt;
tend/ /
tend/xuLz/b;-JjK ntuJwk,
tendency/ /
tendency/xuLzrLm/JjK,J]r;
tendentious/xuLzurLNym/vûtvt;e
tender/ /
tender/xuLzh/ltswf,v{M;tJ,ajK,vtjl
tenebrous murky
tenets/xuluxm/rmæættk;tu,b;,btLg;tytu
tennis/ /
tennis/xurlm/hb;
tenor/xulh/nu;w,b;jc
tense/ /
tense/xuLm/ft¤,;kd ntuJwk-fhJwk-;tKJwk
tension/xuLNl/;tK,mk;tv,mF;
ten–strike
tent/ /
tent/xuLx/;kcw,zuht
tentacles/xuLxufÕm/ytkfztytu (rJkAe-fhtur¤gtu)
tentative/xuLxurxJ/yk’tS;,ftbajtW
tenterhooks/xuLxhnqfm/yææth¹Jtmu,jxf;wk
tenure/xuLgtph/yJræt,bw’;,dt¤tu
tepid/xurvz/lJNufwk
teraacotta/xuhtftpxt/ve¤e btxelt JtmK
termagant/xhbpdLx/ÍdztFtuh Mºte

terminal/xrbolj/yk;lwk,mºttk;
terminate/xhrblux/yk;ytKJtu
terra firma/xuhtVbto/l¾fh sbel
terrace/ /
terrace/xuhpm/A;,ydtme
terrain/xhuRl/Cqv{’uN,sbel
terrene vtr:oJ,’wLgJe
terrestrial/xuhuMx[eyj/æth;elwk,vtr:oJ
terrible/ /
terrible/xurhçj/Cgtlf,rcntbKwk
terrific/xurhrVf/Cgkfh,v{azk
terrified/xurhVtgz/CgCe;
terrify/ /
terrify/xurhVtg/CgCe; fhJwk
territorial/xurhxtprhyj/v{t’urNf
territory/xurhxrh/v{’uN,bwjf
terror/ /
terrorise/xuhhtRÍ/Cg VujtJJtu
terrorist/xuhheMx/yt;kfJt’e,Wd{Jt’e
terse/xmo/mkrûtÃ;,xwkfw
tertiary/xNorh/ºteS nhtu¤lwk
test/ /
test/x/fmtuxe,vheûtK
testament/xuMxtbLx/ fhth,’M;tJus
test-fire/xuMxVtgh/v{ûtuvK-vheûtK fhJwk
testify/xurMxVtg/mtûte- vwhtJtu ’uJtu
testimony/xurMxbrl/vwhtJtu,mtrc;e
tether
tether
textile/xufMxtRj/ftvz
than/ /
than/ætpl/lt fh;tk
thank(s)/ /
thank/:pLf/ytCth btlJtu
that/ /
that/Dpx/;u(yu.J.)
thatched/:påz/
thaw out-Jwk
thaw/:pt/ved¤Jwk,ytud¤Jwk
the/ /
theatre/ /
theatre/:eyuxh/ltxgd]n
theft/:uVTx/atuhe,DhVtuze
their(s/ /
their/ /
their/ætuyh/;uytulwk
theist/:eEMx/©æætt¤wk,R¹Jhbtk btllth
them(selves/ /
them/ætub/;uytulu
thematic/:ebprxf/rJ»tgJM;w lwk
theme/ /
theme/:eb/rJ»tg-f:t JM;w
then/ /
then/ætul/vAe,ðgthu
theoretical/:eytuhurxfj/NtMºteg,miæættkr;f
theosophy/:eytumVe/Crf;btdo,R¹Jh¿ttl
therapy/:uhtrv/
there/ /
there/ætuh/ðgtk

By. Richin Patel

117

therefore/ /
therefore/ætuhVh/;u:e
thesaurus/:emuthm/mbtlt:eo/rJYæætt:eo Nç’ftu»t
these/ /
these/æteÍ/yt(c.J.)
thesis/:ermm/bntrlckæt,
Thespian/:urMvyl/ltxgfjtlwk,lx-lxe
thew Mltgwc¤
they/ /
they/ætu/;uytu
thick/ /
thick/r:f/Dtxwk,stzwk
thief/ /
thief/:eV/atuh
thieve/:eJ/atuhe fhJe
thin out-Jwk
thin/ /
thin/r:l/vt;¤wk,ytAwk
thing/ /
thing/r:kd/JM;w,ctc;
thingummies/r:LdbeÍ/VjtKwk-VjtKwk,ybwf
think about-Jwk
think out/ /
think/ /
think/r:Lf/rJathJwk,btlJwk,b; ntJtu
thinktank/r:LfxpLf/rJathv{uhf c¤
third/ /
third/:zo/ºteswk
thirst(y)/ /
thirst/:Mxo/;hm,;]»tt
thirsty/:rMxo/;hMgwk
this/ /
this/rætm/yt(yu.Ôt.)
thither
thong/:tukd/Jtæthe,vèe
thorax/:tuhufût/At;eltu Ctd
thorn/ /
thorn/:tulo/ftkxtu
thorny/:tuleo/ftkxt¤wk
thorough/ /
thorough/:h&/mkvqKo
thoroughfare/:h&Vph/btdo,hM;tu
those/ /
those/ættuÍ/;u-vujt(c.J.)
though/ /
though/ætutW/A;tk vK
thought(ful)/ /
thousand/ /
thousand/:tWÍLz/yuf nsth
thrall/:p{tj/dwjtb
thrash/ /
thrash/:p{N/VxfthJwk
thread/ /
thread/:{uz/’tuhtu,ytkxt
threadbare/:{uzcpyh/SKo,ssorh;
threat(en)/ /
threat/:{ux/ætbfe,Cg
threaten/:{uxl/ætbfe ytvJe,Cg VujtJJtu
three/ /

three/:{e/ºtK
thresh/:{uN/Vxfthe lu ylts Awxwk vtzJwk
threshold/:{uNtuÕz/ôkchtu,ætth
threw/ /
threw/:{egw/VU¾gw
thrice/ /
thrice/:{tRm/ºtKJth
thrifty/r:{Vrx/fhfmhegwk
thrill/ /
thrill/:{ej/æt{wsthe,fkvthe,ÍKÍKtx
thrilling/r:{rjkd/æt{wsthe,fkvthe,ÍKÍKtx
thrive/ /
thrive/:{tRJ/mb]ÎD:Jwk
throat/ /
throat/:{tux/d¤wk,dh’l
throb/:{tuc/ætcfJwk
throes/:{tuÍ/;eJ{J’u lt
throne/:{tul/rmkntml,htsdt’e
throng/ /
throng/:{tkd
u /Cez :Je,ætme sJwk
throttle/:{tuxj/dkqd¤tJJwk
through/ /
through/:h&/mkvqKo
throw atthrow away-Jwk
throw/ /
throw/:{tu/VkufJwk,Dt-fhJtu
thrum/:{b/ytzuætz JdtzJwk
thrush/:{N/btuZwk ytJe sJwk
thrushes
thrust/:{Mx/stuh,æt¾ftu
thud/ /
thud/:z/æt{wsthe,ætz ætz yJts
thug/Xd/jqkxthtu,
thumb/ /
thumb/:b/nt:ltu ykdwXtu
thumbnail/:BmluRj/xwkfw,Fejtu
thumbs–up/:Bm yv/bkswh htFJwk
thumping/:rBvd/mF; Vxftu
thunder/ /
thunder/:kzh/buDdsolt
thurible/:rhçj/ætqv’tle
thus/ /
thus/ætm/yt he;u,ytb
thwart/ÚJtxo/³ætwk Jt¤Jwk,lbJwk
thyroid/:tghtuz/fkXbt¤
tiara/rxyuht/bt:tltu ;ts,bwfwx
tick off-Jwk
tick over-Jwk
tick/ /
tick/rxf/xf yJts,3rlNtle
ticket/ /
ticket/rxrfx/rxrfx
tickle/rxfj/djdrjgtk fhJt
tidal/xtRzj/’rhgtle Ch;e-ytuxlwk
tide over-Jwk
tide/ /
tide/xtRz/’rhgtle Ch;e,ytux
tidings/xtRrzkkd/mbtath

By. Richin Patel

118

tidy/ /
tidy/xtgze/ÔgJrM:;
tie/ /
tie/xtR/ctkætJwk
tier/ /
tier/xeyh/M;h,©uKe
ties/xtRÍ/mkckDtu,stuztK
tie-up/xtR yv/stuztK
tiff/ /
tiff/rxV/Ídztu,rJJt’
tiffin/rxrVl/Ct;wk
tiger/ /
tiger/xtRdh/JtD
tight/ /
tight/xtRx/mF;,;kd
tighten/xtRxl/mF; cltJJwk
tight-lipped aqv,btuZw ckæt htF;wk
tile/ /
tile/xtRj/l¤egwk,ZtkfKwk
till/ /
till/rxj/ðgtk mwæte FuzJwk,’wftlltu dÕjtu
tilt/rxÕx/lbtJJwk,ÍwftJ
timber/rxBch/jtfzwk
timbrel Ztujfe,Fkshe
time/ /
time/xtRb/mbg
time-frame/xtRb/mbgbgto’t
times/xtRBm/mbg,JF;
timid/rxrbz/CeY,zhvtuf
timorous/rxbhm/cefK
timpano/rxBvtltu/ldtY
tin/ /
tin/rxl/v;Y,zcjwk
tinge/rxks/Atkx,Atgt,ytCtm
tinged/rxLsz/ AtkxJt¤wk
tinkle/rxLfj/FKFKtx
tinsel/rxLmj/abf;wk,;fjt’e
tint/rxLx/Atkx,Atgt
tiny/ /
tiny/xtgrl/ltlwk,ltswf
tip off/rxvytuV/ct;be ytvJe
tip/ /
tip/rxv/crûtm,xuhJwk,xtua
tips/rxÃm/mqalt,btdo’Nol
tipsy/rxrÃm/veætujwk,Atfxwk
tirade/rxhuz/cfJtN
tired/ /
tired/xtgzo/:tfujwk
Titan
titanic/xtgxprlf/rJhtx
titbits/rxxrcxm/hrmf mbtath
titillate/rxrxjuRx/djdrjgtk fhJtk
titivate/rxrxJuRx/xtvxev fhJe,NKdthJwk
title/ /
title/xtRxj/ntu’tu,b:t¤wk,nff
tits/rxx/rzkxze
titter/rxxh/blbtk nmJwk
tittle/rxxj/dÃvt bthJt
tittle-tattle/rxxj-xpxj/dvmv

tizzy/rxÍe/ûttuC,dChtbK,W~fuhtx:e ra;C{b
tobacco/ /
tobacco/xcpftu/;btfw
today/ /
toddler/xtuzjh/vt-vt vdje atj;wk ct¤f
toddy/xptrz/;tze
toe/ /
toe/xpt/vdltu vkstu
together/ /
together/xwduæth/mt:u,Cudt,yufXt
toil/ /
toil/xtpRj/©b fhJtu,Ji;hwk fhJwk
toilet/ /
tolerable/xtujhçj/mnl :R Nfu ;uJwk
tolerance/xtpjhLm/mnlNrf;
tolerant/xtpjhLx/mnlNej
tolerate/xtujhuRx/mnlfhJwk
toll/ /
toll/xtuj/FwJthe,Ctud,ltfwk,Dkx
tomato/ /
tomato/xbtxtu/xbuxtk
tomb/xqBt/fch
tombola/xBctujt/FtltJt¤e jtuxhe
tomorrow/ /
tomorrow/xwbtphtp/ytJ;eftj
ton/xl/Ízv,nsth rfjtu
tone down-Jwk
tone/ /
tone/xtul/
tonge-tied/xLd xtRz/bqkdw,JtatrJnel
tongue/ /
tongue/xLd/SC,Ct»tt
tonight/ /
tonight/xw ltRx/ytsu htºtu
tonne/ /
tonne/xl/nsth rfjtu
tonsure/xtpLNh/bqzk l fhJwk,xftu fhJtu
too/ /
too/xq/J¤e,vK
took/ /
tool/ /
tool/xqj/ytusth,mtætl
tooth/ /
tooth/xq:/’tk;,’tk;tu
top most/xtuvbtpMx/mJtpåa
top/ /
top/xtuv/Wåa,Ôtæte sJwk,Cbhztu
topbrass/xtuvc{tm/Wåa vtujem-j~fhe yrætfthe
topography/xtpvtud{tVe/Ctidturjf jûtKtu
topple/xtpvj/W:jtJJwk
topsy-turvy/xtuÃmexJeo/³ætwka;wk,bwkstgujwk
torch/ /
torch/xtuao/bNtj,ytd atkvJe
tore/ /
torment/xtubuoLx/ºttm-vezt ytvJe
torn/ /
torn/xtulo/Vtxujwk,aehtgujwk
tornado/xtuluoztu/ÍkÍtJt;,JtJtÍtuzwk
torpedo/xturvztuo/mbw÷ le ;tuv,Ôg:o cltJJwk

By. Richin Patel

119

torpid soosupt
torpor/xtuhvth/sz;t
torrent/xtuhLx/ættuæt
torrential/xtuhuLNj/ættuætbth
torrid/xtuhLm/c¤e dgujwk
torso/xtumtuo/btlJætz-Nheh
torts/xtuxoÍ/yvf]ðg
torture/xtuaoh/swjb-vezt ytvJe
torturous/xtuaohm/swjbe
tosh/xtpN/cfJtm
toss/xtum/WAt¤Jwk
total/ /
total/xtuxj/fwj,mkvqKo
totalitarian/xtpxprjxprhyl/yufnÚ:w
totalitarian/xtuxprjxprhyl/yufnÚ:w Ntml
totems/xtuxub/v{r;ftðbf M;kC
totter/xtuxh/zdbd :Jwk
totting/xturxkd/nt:bt jRluVh;wk
touch off/ /
touch/ /
touch/xa/MvNo,mkvfo,XefXtf fhJwk
touchable MvNe o Nftg ;uJwk
touchy/xra/yr; jtdKeNej,JuJjwk
tough/ /
tough/xV/bscq;,fXK,mF;
toughen up-Jwk
tour/ /
tour/xqyh/v{Jtm,gtºtt
tourist/ /
tourist/xwrhMx/v{Jtme,gtºtt¤wk
tourney/xleo/xwltobuLx
tousel/xtumuj/VU’Jw
tout/ /
tout/xtWx/’jtj(d{tnf Ntuæte jtJlth)
tow/ /
toward
toward(s/ /
towards/xwyzoÍ/le ctc;u,;hV
tower/ /
tower/xtJh/ôatu M;kC
town/ /
town/xtWl/fmctu
townee/xtWle/Nnuhesl
toxic/xturûtf/Íuhe
toy/ /
toy/xtug/hbfzwk,hBb; fhJe
trace/x[uRm/rlNtle,raLn,NtuDe ftZJwk
track down
track down/x[pfztWl/Ntuæte ftZJwk
track/ /
track/x[pf/btdo,hM;tu
tractor/ /
tractor/x[p¾xh/x[p¾xh
trade/ /
trade/x[uRz/Juvth,ju Jua
tradition(al/ /
tradition/x[przNl/YrZ,v{Ktje
traditional/x[przNlj/YZed;,v{Ktjeftd;
traduce/x[uzgwm/rlk’t fhJe

traffic/ /
traffic/x[trVf/Jtnl ÔgJnth
trafficking/x[trVrfkd/nuhtVuhe
tragedy/x[usurz/fYKtkr;ft,fÁK Dxlt-cltJ
tragic/ /
tragic/x[ursf/fÁK,fYKtkr;f
trail/ /
trail/xp[Rj/jemtuxtu,jext
train/ /
train/x[R
u l/;trjb,dtze,ylwÄb,hmtjtu
traitor/x[pRxh/’dtcts
trajectory/x[usufxhe/vz;t v’t:o le btdo huFt
tramp/ /
tramp/x[pBv/hFzwk,CxfJwk
trample/x[pBÃj/vdleau fazJwk
trance/x[pLm/mkbtunl
tranquil/xp[LfrJj/Ntk;,mtiBg
tranquilize/xp[LfrJjtgÍ/Ntk; vtzJwk
transaction/x[tLÍp¾Nl/juJz ’uJz
transcend/x[tLmpLz/Wvh azJwk,vth sJwk-fhJwk
transcendental/x[tLmpLzuLxj/WæJodtbe
transfigure/x[tLmrVdh/MJYv-vrhJ;ol :Jwk
transfix/x[tLmrV¾m/Ctjt :e rJkætJwk
transform/x[tLmVtubo/Yvtk;h fhJwk
transfusion/x[tLmVgwÍl/v{Jtne c’jtu
transgress/x[tLmd{um/rJ»tgtk;h fhJwk
transient/x[trLÍyLx/ûtrKf,ûtKCkdwh
transit/x[trLÍx/btdo,ytd¤ sJwk
transition/x[tLÍeNl/mkÄbKft¤
translate/ /
translate/x[tLmjux/ylwJt’ fhJtu
translucent/x[tLmÕgwmLx/yætovth’Nof
transmit/x[tLmBgwx/mkf;u tu îtht vtXJJwk
transmogrification/x[tLmBttud{erVfuNl/Yvtk;h
transparency/x[tLmvphrLm/vth’Nof;t
transparent/ /
transparent/x[tLmvphLx/vth’Nof
transpire/x[tLmvtgh/A;wk :Jwk,stnuh :Jwk
transport/x[tLvtuxo/cesu btufjJwk
trap/ /
trap/x[pv/st¤,Axfwk,VmtJJwk
trapping
trash/x[pN/fahtu,njfwk,cfJtN
trauma/x[tubt/ytDt;
travail/x[tJuRj/vezt,mF; bnul;
travel/ /
travel/x[tJuj/v{Jtm,gtºtt
travelogue/x[tJujtud/v{Jtm-juF
traverse/x[tJmo/ythvth
travesty/x[tJuMxe/rJzkclt
tray/ /
tray/x[u/:t¤e
treacherous/xua
[ hm/fvxe,’dtcts
treachery/xua
[ rh/A¤,fvx,’dtu
treacle/x[efj/dtu¤,btujtmem
tread/xu[z/ætbætb atjJwk,fazJwk
treadmill/xu[zrbj/fkxt¤tslf ftb,DtKe
treason/x[eÍl/hts÷tun
treasure/x[uÍh/Fstltu

By. Richin Patel

120

treat(ment)/ /
treat/x[ex/dKJwk,J;oJwk,btJs; fhJe
treatise/x[extRÍ/rbbtkmt,mkNtuDl juF
treatment/x[exbLx/mthJth,Rjts,J;ol
treaty/x[erx/fhth,mbsq;e
tree/ /
tree/x[e/Ítz
trek/ /
trek/x[uf/atjJtltu ytfhtu btdo
tremble/ /
tremble/x[ubçj/Dw{sJwk
tremendous/rx[buLzm/sch’M;,Fqc Jdthu
tremolo/x[ubutjut/fkvl MJh
tremor/x[ubh/D{wsthe,ytkaft
trench/x[Lu a/FtR
trend/x[Lu z/JjK,Ítuf
trend-setter/x[Lu zmuxh/aejtu vtzlth
trendy/x[urLz/y¼;l VuNl Jt¤wk
trespass/x[m
u vtm/vuNf’be
triad/x[tgz/ºtuFz,rºtvwxe
trial/ /
trial/x[tgj/Fxjtu,ysbtguN
triangular/x[tgkøgwjh/rºtfturKgwk
tribal/ /
tribal/x[tRçtj/ytr’Jtmeytulwk
tribe/ /
tribe/x[tRc/ytr’Jtme,st;e
tribulations/x[eçgwjuNlm/rJxkcKtytu
tribunal/x[tçgwlj/Ftm Lgtgvka
tributary/rx[çgwxrh/Wvl’e,FkzKe aqfJlth
tribute/rx[çgwx/FkzKe,yksje,JFtK
trick/ /
trick/rx[f/gwrf;,atjtfe
trickle/rx[fj/v{Jtne JnuJwk,xvfJwk
tricolour/x[tgfjh/rºthkdtu
trident/rx[LzLx/rºtNw¤
trifle/x[tgVj/lSJe ctc;
trigger/rx[dh/v{rÄgt NY fhJe,Dtuztu(ck’wf)
triggered/rx[dzo/v{rÄgt NY fhe,Dtuztu ’ctÔgtu
trigger-happy dtu¤e AtuzJt Wðmwf
trim/ /
trim/x/ftvfqvelu Xef fhJwk
trio/x[tgtu/rºtvwxe,ºtK sKt
trip over- dtuXwk FtJw
trip/ /
trip/rx[v/v{Jtm,Vuhtu,dtuXwk FtJw
tripartite/rx[vtxtoRx/rºtvûteg
tripe/x[tRv/cfJtm,fahtu,
trireme/x[tRheb/gwæætsnts
trisect/x[tRmu¾x/ºtKCtd fhJt
trite/x[tRx/aJtR-Dmtge dgujwk
triumph/x[tgBV/rJsg,S;
triumphant/x[tgBVLx/rJsu;t
triumphed/x[tgBVz/S; bu¤Je
triumvirate/x[tgrBJhux/rºtvwxe
trivet/x[tgJux/ºtK vdJt¤e Dtuze
trivia/rx[rJyt/lSJe ctc;tu
trivial/rx[rJyj/lSJwk,AwÕjf
trivialisation/rx[rJyjtÍuNl/

trolley/ /
trolley/x[turj/lSJwk,ûtwÕjf
troop/ /
troops/x[qvm/mult,j~fh,’¤
tropical/ /
tropical/x[turvfj/dhb v{’uN lwk
trot out-Jwk
trot/x[tux/
trotting/x[turxkd/Dtuztle atj
trouble shooter
trouble/ /
trouble/x[çj/bw~fuje,bwrmc;
trough/x[tW/nJtztu,atx
trounce/x[tWLm/msTsznth,fthbtu vhtsg,Xvftu
troupe/ /
troupe/x[vq /fjtfth bkz¤e-J]k’
trousers/ /
trousseau/x[mtu/frhgtJh
truant/x[qytLx/;tuVtle-CKJt:e Ctd;wk ct¤f
truce/x[qm/mkrkæt,gwæætrJhtb
truck/ /
truck/x[f/Fxthtu,stuztK
trudge/x[s/ZmztJwk
trudging/x[rskd/Zmzt;t atjJwk
true/ /
true/x[w/mtawk,ymje
true-blue/x[q çjw/
trump/x[Bv/nwfblwk vtlwk,nkVtJJwk
truncate/x[Lfux/ftvfqv fhJe
truncheon/x[Lal/’kztu,czeftu
trundle/x[zk j/DzDz yJts:e atj;wk
trunk/ /
trunk/x[kf/mqkZ,:z,ætz,bwÏg
trust(worthy)/ /
trust/x[Mx/rJ¹Jtm,Chtumtu
trustworthy/x[MxJræto/rJ¹Jtmvtºt
truth(ful)/ /
truth/x[w:/mðg
try for-Jwk
try on-Jwk
try out-Jwk
try/ /
try/x[tg/fturN»t,ftb ajtJJwk
tryst/rx[Mx/rlættohe; bwjtft;-rbjl
tsunami/mwltrb/CqfkvmSo; btuswk
tub/ /
tub/xc/Mltlfwkze
tube/ /
tube/xgwc/l¤e,Cqkd¤wk
tubectomy/xgwcufxturb/JkægfhK
tuck/ /
tuck/xf/ltM;tu,mkfujelu bqfJwk
tuft/xVTx/Jt¤lwk ÍwbFkw,dwåAtu
tug of war/xd ytuJ Jtph/FuatFUae,JuhÍuh
tug/ /
tug/xd/FUaJw,ctux
tuition/ /
tuition/xgwNl/WvrNûtK,ylwrNûtK
tumble/ /

By. Richin Patel

121

tumble/xBçj/dtu:wk FtJwk
tumour/xgwbh/dtkX
tumultuous/xgwbÕxm/F¤C¤txJt¤wk,;tuVtle
tune/ /
tunnel/xlj/cwd’wk,
turban/xcol/vtDze
turbid/ /
turbid/xrcoz/zntu¤wk,hdzt suJwk
turbulence/xçgwj
o Lm/;tuVtl
turbulent/xçgwojLx/;tuVtle batJlthwk
turgid/ /
turgid/xrsoz/mtusujwk,ytzkche
turmeric/xbuorhf/n¤’h
turmoil/xbtuoRj/ykættætkqæte,yhtsf;t
turn against-Jwk
turn back-Jwk
turn down/ /
turn down/xlo/RLfth fhJtu
turn down-Jwk
turn in/ /
turn in-Jwk
turn off/ /
turn off-Jwk
turn on/ /
turn on-Jwk
turn out/ /
turn out/xlo/cnth ytJJwk,clJwk
turn over/ /
turn over/xlo/³ætw vzJwk
turn round-Jwk
turn turtle/xl xxojo/W:je sJwk,dtu:wk FtJwk
turn up/ /
turn up-Jwk
turn/ /
turn/xlo/Vuhtu,Jthtu
turn-coat/xlo/vût-vtxje c’jw
turnip/xlo/mjdb
turnkey/xlofe/gkºtmtbd{e+mkatjl fhth
turnstile/xloMxtRj/dtu¤ Vh;tu ’hJtstu
turpitude/xrvoxgwzo/C{»x;t,yætb;t
turtle/xxoj/ftactu
tusks/ /
tusks/xMf/nt:e lt ’k;Nq¤
tutorial/xgwxturhyj/
tweak/xJef/
tweedle/xJezj/
tweedledum/x/
twice/ /
twice/xJtRm/cu Jth
twidled/xrJzj/
twilight/xJtRjtRx/mkÎgt
twin/ /
twin/xrJl/stuzfwk,rî,stuzgwk
twinkle/xrJLfj/ÍcwfJwk-abfJwk
twist/ /
twist/xrJMx/bhzJw
twit/xrJx/bnuKwk
two/ /
two/xq/cu(mkÏgt)

two-fold/xqVtuÕz/cuJzwk
tycoon/xtgfql/ætqhkæth Juvthe
type/ /
type/xtRv/lbqltu,yûth
typical oftypical/ /
typical/rxrv¾j/lbqlu’th,jtûtrKf
tyrannical/xehrlfj/swjbe
tyrannize/xeghltgÍ/swjb fhJtu
tyrant/xtghLx/swjbdth
tyre/ /
tyre/xtgh/hçchlwk vizwk
tyro/xtghtu/rNFtW,lJtrKgtu
ubiquitous/gwrcfrJxm/mJoÔgtvf,mtJorºtf
ugly/yøje/f’Yvw,k rcntbKwk
ulcer/yÕmh/atk’w,dwbzwk
ulterior/yÕxeheyh/dwÃ;,yÔgf;,mtbu vthlwk
ultimate/yrÕxbpRx/ytFhe,ykr;b
ultimatum/yrÕxbpxb/ytFheltbwk
ultra vire/yÕx[tJtgh/m;t-yrætfth cnthlwk
ultra/yÕx[t/yt;kfJt’e,Wd{Jt’e
ultrasonic/yÕx[tmturlf/yJts:e Jætw dr; Jt¤wk
umbra/yBc{t/mwgolt ztDtltu bÎgCtd
umbrage/yrBc{s/dwltu,ylt’h,yvbtl
umbrella/ ybc{ujt/ Aºte,hûtK
umpteenth/ybÃxeL:/vw»f¤,btuxe mkÏgtbtk
umsy/¾jBÍe/fZkdwk
unambiguous/ylyprBcøgwym/Mv»x,atuÏFwkw
unanimity/gwlurlrbrx/mJtolwb;e,yufb;
unanimous/gwlprlbm/mJtolwb;,mJomkb;
unassuming/ylypÍgwrbkd/lb{,rlhtrCbtle
unbearable/ylcphçj/ymÌg
unbeatable/ylrcxpçj/ysug
unbridled/ylrc{zÕz/ybgto’,cuVtb
uncalled for/ylftpÕzVtph/rcl sYhe
uncanny/ylfprl/rJraºt,dqZ,ydtuah
unceremonious/ylmurhbturlym/yrJrætmh
uncle/ykfj/ftft,btbt Jduhu
unconfirmed/ylfLVBzo/rclytætthCw;
unconscious/ylfturLMtym/cuCtl
uncouth/ylfq:/ymkMfthe,;tuAzwk
unction/yLfNl/ctb,bjb
unctuous/yLfxgwym/FwNtb;egwk,’kCe,aefKwk
undaunted/yLzturLxz/cnt’wh,rnkb;Jt¤wk
undemarcated/yLtrzbtfuoxuz/
under/ykzh/leau
underestimate/ykzh yurMxbux/Ftuxtu yk’ts ftZJtu
undergo/ykzhdtu/btk :e vmth :Jwk
underlie/ykzhjtg/drCo;,btk hnuJwk
undermine/ykzhbtRl/bqÕg ytuAwk fhJwk
understand/ykzhMxuLz/mbsJwk
undertake/ykzhxuRf/nt:btk juJwk
undertrial/ykzhx[tgj/ftat ftbltu fu’e
underworld/ykzhJÕzoo/ykætthe ytjb
underwriter/ykzhhtRxh/Jebt-ctknuæthe ’jtj
undesirable/ylrzÍtghuçj/yrlåAleg
undettered/ylrzxzo/JK:kÇgt-yxfgw
undo/ylzw/vqJoJ; fhJwk
unearth/ylyæto/Ntuæte ftZJwk

By. Richin Patel

122

unequivocal/ylRfrJJtufj/Mv»x
unexpected/ylRfMvufrxz/yKættgwo
unfavourable/ylVpJhçj/rJvrh;
unfazed/ylVpRÅz/rJarj; l :gujwk
unforseen/ylVtuhmel/yKættgwo
unfortunate/ylVtuågwolux/fblmec
unfurl/ylVjo/VhftJJwk
uniform/gwrlVtubo/dKJuN,yufYv
unify/gwrlVtg/yuf fhJwk
unilateral/gwrljpxhj/yufvûte
uninhabited/yl Rlnprcxuz/rlsol,WsTsz
union/gwrlyl/yuf;t,htsTg,mkD
unique/gqrlf/custuz,ystuz
unisex/gwrlmu¾m/mJoj´kde
unison/gwrlÍl/yufmwh-htd,mkv
unit/gwrlx/btv,lkd,yufb
unite/gwltRx/yufrºt; :Jwk
universal/gwrlJmoj/mJoÔgtve,rJ¹JÔgtvf
universe/gwrlJmo/c{ñtkz
university/ /
unkempt/ylfuBÃx/yM;ÔgM;
unkind/ylftRLz/Ä]h,rl’go
unknowingly/yLltu$drj/ystK;t
unleash/yljeN/AwèwbqfJwk
unless(if not) stu lrnk ;tu
unmanned/ylbpLz/btKm rJltlwk
unmasked/ylbtMfz/v’toVtm fgtuo
unmistakably/ylrbMxufurçj/yaqfvKu
unmitigated/ylrbrxduxuz/ytuAwk l :gujwk
unnerve/yllJo/rnBb; nthJe,Zejw vzJwk
unparalleled/ylvphpjÕz/custuz
unpardonable/ylvtzoluçj/btVe luygtuøg
unprecedented/ylrv{rmzuLxuz/yCq;vqJo
unravel/ylhpJj/dkqa WfujJe
unrest/ylhuMx/yskvtu,yNtkr;
unruly/ylYrj/cuftcq
unsavoury/ylmpJrh/cuMJt’
unscruplous/ylmÄÃjm/cuRbtl
untenable/ylxulpçj/ymb:oleg,yrMJftgo
until/yrLxj/ðgtk mwæte
unto death/yl xwzu:/ytbhKtk;
untoward
unusual/ /
unveil/ylJuRj/yltJhK fhJwk,FwÕjw bwfJwk
unwarranted/ylJtphLxuz/ylrætf];,celsYhe
unwittingly/ylrJrxkdrj/ystK;t
upbeat/yvrcx/ytNtJt’e
upbraid/yvc{uz/Xvftu ytvJtu
upgraded/yvd{zu uz/
upheal/yvnej/
upheaval/yvneJj/W:jvt:j,rJÃjJ
uphill/yvrnj/fvYk aZtK
uphold/yvntuÕz/vwr»x-mb:ol fhJwk
upkeep
uplift/yvrjVx/Wðf»to fhJtu
upliftment/yvrjVxbLx/Wðf»to,Wæætth
upper/ /
uppermost
uppish/yrvN/ MJb;td{ne

upright/yvhtRx/v{btrKf
uprising/yvhtRrÍkd/c¤Jtu,W:jvt:j
uproar/yvhtuyh/ættkætj,ætbtj
uproarious/yvhturhym/ættkætj,ætbtj
uproot/yvYx/ltcq’ fhJwk
upset/yvmux/cuaul,Qætwk Jt¤Jwk
upshot/yvNtux/vrhKtb
upside down ³ætw,Qjxwk
upside/ /
upstairs/yvMxuymo/Wvhlt bsju
upstart/yvMxtxo/ ;tstu ætlJtl,juCtdw
upsurge/yvMtso/WAt¤tu,W:jvt:j
uptake/yvxuRf/ mbsK-d{nKNrf;
urban/ycol/Nnuhe
urbane/ycouRl/mwmkMf];
urge on-Jwk
urge/yso/ytJud,rJlkr; fhJe
urged/ysoz/rJlkr; fhJe
urgent/ /
urgent/ysoLx/ðttfe’lwk,ðJrh;
usage/gwmus/Wvgtud,he;-hmb
use up-Jwk
use/gwm/Wvgtud
used to/ /
used to/gwÍz xw/xuJtR sJwk
useful/ /
usher/yNh/ytJfthJwk
usual/gwÍyTTj/mtbtLg
usurp/yÍvo/m;t AelJJe,vatJe vtzJwk
usury/yÍrh/Fqc Ôgtsu vimt ytvJt
utensil/gwxurLmj/JtmK
utilize/gwrxjtRÍ/ftbbtk juJwk,JtvhJwk
utmost/yxbtuMx/mti:e Jætw
utopia/gwxturvgt/frÕv; mwJKoCqrb
utter/yxh/;’Tl,WååtthJwk
utterly/yxorj/mkvqKohe;u
u-turn/gw xlo/ytzwk VtxJwk
uxorious/yfÍturhym/JnwDujwk
vacancy/JuR¾Lme/Ftje søgt
vacant/JuRfLx/Ftje
vacate/JfuRx/Ftje fhJwk
vaccinate/JuRrfmlux/htud v{r;htuætf hmebwfJe
vacillate/JurmjuRx/yrM:h ntuJwk
vacuum/Jufgwb/NqLgtJftN
vade-macum/JpRzbtufb/ltltu FeMMttftu»t
vagabond/JpdtctuLz/hFzwk,ytJtht
vagaries/JuRdrhÍ/rJraºt J;ol,;hkdevKwk
vagrant/JpdhLx/hFzwk,ægugnel
vague/JuRd/yMv»x
vain/JuRl/Ôg:o,rbÚgt
vale/JuRj/FeK
valediction/JpjerzfNl/rJ’tg,vqKtonwr;
valiant/JprjyLx/cnt’wh
valid/Jprjz/g:t:o,btLg
validity/Jprjrzrx/Jiætf;t,btLg;t
valley/Jprj/FeK
valorous/JuÕthm/Jeh,cnt’wh
valour/JuÕth/cnt’whe,Jeh;t
valuable/JuÕgyuçj/rfkb;e

By. Richin Patel

123

value/JuÕgw/rfkb;,bwÕg
valve/JtÕJ/Jtj
vamoose/JtbqÍ/yuf’b Ctde sJwk
vampire/JpBvtgh/jtune aqmlth Cq;
van/Jpl/btjJtnf btuxhdtze
vandal/JpLzj/CtkdVturzgtu
vandalism/JpLzrjÍb/CtkdVtuz,rJæJkNJ];e
vane/JuRl/vkFtu
vanish/JprlN/jwÃ;-y’~g :Jwk
vanity/Jprlrx/rbÚgtrCbtl
vanquish/JpLfrJN/vhtM; fhJwk
vantage/JtLxus/jtC
vapid/Jprvz/lehm,btu¤wk
variant/JprhgLx/rCLl
varied/Jphez/rCLl,rJrJæt
variety/JhtRrx/rJrJæt;t
various/Jprhgm/yluf,rJrJæt
varsity/Jrmorx/gwrlJrmorx
vary/Jprh/sw’kw vzJwk
vascular/Jt;gwjh/jtune-h¾;l¤elu jd;wk
vase/JtÍ/Vqj’tle
vasectomy/JtÍu¾xturb/ lmckæte
vast/JtMx/rJNt¤
vaudeville/JtpzrJj/ltxg,dtgl fjtlwk
vault/JtpÕx/fq’ftu,Awvwk Ftlwk
vaunt/JtpLx/NuFe,cztR
vector/Jufxh/sk;Jw tnf
veer/Jeyh/r’Nt c’jtJJe
vegetable/JuSxuçj/NtfCtS
vegetate/Jursxux/rlhm vzgt hnuJwk
vehement/JubLx/stuN-ytJuN Jt¤wk
vehicle/rJfj/Jtnl
veil/JuRj/cwhFtu,ytJhK,Aqvwk
velocity/Jujturmrx/Ízv,Jud
venal/rJlj/jtkragwk
venality/Jultrjrx/
vendetta/JuLzuxt/CtkdVtuz,Fqle JuhÍuh
vendor/JuLzh/rJÄu;t
venerable/Julhuçj/yt’hKeg
venereal/Jurlrhyj/dwÃ;htud
vengeance
venial/rJLteyj/lSJwk,ûtBg
venom/JuLtb/FwLlm,Íuh (mtvlwk)
vent/JuLx/WChtu XtjJJtu,rlftj,aehtu
ventilation/JurLxjuNl/nJtWstm
ventriloquism/JurLx[jturfÍb/ cestlt yJtsbtk
ctujJwk
venture on-Jwk
venture/JuLah/mtnm-fhJwk
venue/JuLgw/M:¤
veracious/Juhprmym/mtawk
veracity/Juhprmrx/FhtvKwk,måatR
verb/Jco/rÄgtv’
verbal/Jcoj/Ntç’ef,btirFf
verbatim/Jcuorxb/yûthN&,Nç’N&
verbiage/Jrcoyus/Nç’tzkch
verdant/JzoLx/jejwkAb
verdict/Jrzo¾x/awft’tu
verge on-Jwk

verge/Jso/ætth,ftkXtu,Auztu,ythu
verify/JurhVtg/aftmJwk,FhtR fhJe
verily/Jurhrj/FhuFh,cuNf
veritable/Jurhxucj/mtûtt;,v{M:trv;
vernacular/Jlto¾gwjh/M:trlf ctuje
versatile/JMutoxtRj/cnwbwFe-ftiNÕgJt¤wk
versed/JMzo/fwN¤,v{trJ½g æthtJ;wk
verses/JmeoÍ/ftÔg haltytu,vkrf;ytu
versimilitude/J/mðgtCtm,C{tk;e
version/JÍol/y:oDxl,ytJ]r;
versus/Jmom/lt rJYææt
vertical/Jrxofj/QCwk
vertigo/JxtoRdtu/a¾fh ytJJtk
verve/JJo/Wðmtn
very/Jurh/cnw,yr;
vest/JuMx/ckze
vested/JurMxz/M:trv;,rn; æthtJ;wk
vestige/JurMxs/rlNtle,raLn
vestigial/JuMx/ckze
veteran/Juxhl/ylwCJe,jçætv{r;»X
veterinary/ /
veterinary/Juxrhlhe/vNwrarfðmt
veto/rJxtu/rl»tuættrætfth
vex/Ju¾m/aezJJwk
vexatious/Ju¾mprmym/ºttm’tgf
viable/Jtyucj/ÔgJntY
viands/rJgLzÍm/
vibrant/JtRc{Lx/ætcf;wk
vibrate/JtRc{ux/ætcfJwk,æt{wsJwk,fkvJwk
vicar/rJfh/vt’he
vicarious/JtRfurhym/ytzf;hwk
vice versa/JtRmuJmto/yu:e Qjxwk,Wjx-mwjx
vice/JtRm/Wv,’wdowK,’q»tK,Ôgml
vicinity/rJrmrlrx/mbev;t
vicious/rJrNym/’w»x
vicissitude/rJrNmexgqz/az;e vz;e,Q:j vt:j
victim/rJ¾rxb/Ctud,cÕte
victimize/rJ¾rxbtRÍ/Ctud cltJJwk
victims/rJ¾rxBm/Ctud cltJJwk
victorious/rJ¾xturhym/rJsu;t
victory/ /
victory/rJ¾xrh/rJsg
victual
vide/JtRz/swytu
vie/JtR/nheVtR fhJe
view/Ôgq/btLg;t,’]r»x,stuJwk
view-point/ÔgqvtuRLx/’]r»x rck’w
vigil/rJrsj/m;of;t,mtJættle
vigilant/rJrsÕtLx/m;fo
vigilante/rJrsÕttLx/cle cuXujtftg’t hûtf
vignette/rJLgux/xwkfw lu xa
vigorous/rJdhm/swMmtu-stub Jt¤wk
vigour/rJdh/swMmtu-stub
vile/JtRj/lea,yætb
vilify/rJrjVtR/c’ltb fhJwk,rlk’t fhJe
villa/rJjt/
village/rJjus/dtbzwk
villain/rJjl/Fjltgf,dwkztu,bJtje
villification

By. Richin Patel

124

villify/rJrjVtg/
vim/rJb/stub,Nrf;
vindicate/rJrLzfux/mb:ol fhJwk,mtce; fhJwk
vindictive rfLLttFtuh,Juhejwk
vintage/rJLxts/swlJtKe,vwhtKwk
violate/Jtgtujux/WÕjkDl fhJwk
violating/JtgtujLx/WÕjkDl fh;wk
violation/JtgtujN
p l/Ckd,WÕjkDl
violence/JtgtujLm/rnkmt
violent/JtgtujLx/rnkmf,;tuVtle
virgin/Jrsol/fwbtrhft
virile/rJhtRj/vwh»w tt;l Jt¤wk
virtual/Jågowyj/yrJrætmh,frÕv;,ytCtme
virtue/Jågwo/m’TdwK
virtuoso/Jågowmtu/WM;t’,mkrd;¿t
virtuous/Jågwoym/m’TdwKe
virulence/JgowÕtLm/Íuh,zkF
virulent/JgowÕtLx/Íuhe,Dt;f
virus/Jtghm/htudlt sk;w
visa/rJÍt/’uNbtk v{JuN le hst
visage/rJrÍs/anuhtu
vis-à-vis/rJÍtrJ/le rJhwææt-mtbu
viscous/rJMftum/aefKwk
visible/rJrÍçj/’]~gbtl
visionary/rJÍlrh/MJÃl’]»xt
visit/ /
visit/rJrÍx/bwjtft;-juJe
vista/rJMxt/btlmvx,’qh:e ’uFt;tu btdo
visualise/rJÍgwyjtRÍ/fÕvlt ’]r»x fhJe
vital/ /
vital/JtRxj/sYhe,ydðglwk
vitiate/rJNeyuRx/’qr»t; fhJwk
vitreous/rJrx[ym/fta suJwk
vitriolic/rJrx[gturjf/mF; xeft
vituperative
viva voce/JtRJtJturm/btirFf vheûtt
vivacious/JtRJu~tm/WÕÕttmbg,SJk;,stubJt¤wk
vivid/rJrJz/;t’T~g,SJk;
viz/luRbrj/namely
VJ/video jockey/ftgoÄb hsq fhlth
vocabulary/Jfpçgwjrh/Nç’tu
vocal/Jtufj/fkXg,Jtat¤
vocational/JtufuNlj/ÔgJmtgjûte
vociferous/JturmVhm/’ufthtu batJlthwk
vogue/Jtud/Zc,ajK
voice vote/JtuRmJtux/btirFf b;’tl
voice/JtuRm/yJts,WChtu XtjJJtu
void/JtuRz/Ftjevtu,h’
volatile/JtujuxtRj/v{Jtne,aka¤,ytlk’e
volcano/JtuÕfpltu/sJt¤tbwFe
volition/JturjNl/RåAt
volte face/JtuÕxVuRm/veAunX
voluble/JtuÕgwçj/yrJh; ctuÕgt fh;wk
voluminous/JtuÕgwrblm/’¤’th,rJM;];,rJvwj
voluntary/JturjLxhe/MJiråAf
volunteer/JturjLxeyh/MJgkmuJf,MJiråAf fhlth
voluptuous/JtpÕgwrÃxym/rJjtme,jkvx
vomit/Jturbx/WÕxe fhJe
voodoo/Jqzq/bkºt;kºt,buje rJ¼t

voracious/JtuhprNym/FtWætÁk
vortex/Jtuxuofût/Jb¤,aÄJt;
votary/Jtuxrh/atnf,v{ube,C¾;
vote down-Jwk
vote in-Jwk
vote on-Jwk
vote/Jtux/b;-ytvJtu
vouch/JtWa/stbel-Ft;he ytvJe
vouchsafe/JtWamuRV/Ft;he ytvJe
vow/JtW/fmb,v{r;¿tt,mtudk’ juJt
vowel/JtuWj/MJh
voyage/Jturgs/mtnmgtºtt-v{Jtm(mtdh)
vulgar/JÕdh/rcC•m,y¹jej
vulnerable/JÕlhpçj/Cu¼,lbtjwk,Íwfe stg ;uJwk
wad/Jpz/ftd¤ Jduhultk zqat
wade in-Jwk
wade into-Jwk
wade/ /
wade/JuRz/Fwk’elu atjJwk
wag/ /
wag/Jpd/vqkAze njtJJe,dhs ’uFtzJe
wage a war/JuRs y Jtph/ytÄbK fhJwk
wage/JuRs/btzkJ,w jt’Jwk
wages/JuRSm/Ju;l,rfkb;
waggish/JprdN/xeF¤e,rJltu’e
wagon/Judl/huÕJu-btjdtze ltu zçctu
waif/JuRV/rclJthme,cuDh,ylt:
wail/JuRj/rJjtv fhJtu
waist/JuRMx/fbh
wait behind-Jwk
wait in-Jwk
wait on-Jwk
wait up-Jwk
wait/ /
wait/JuRx/htn stuJe
waiter/ /
waive/ /
waive/JuRJ/btkze Jt¤Jwk-s;wk fhJwk
wake up-Jwk
wake/JuRf/stdJwk,sdtzJwk
walk into-Jwk
walk off with-Jwk
walk off-Jwk
walk out/JtpfytWx/d]nðgtd
walk over-Jwk
walk through-Jwk
walk up-Jwk
walk/Jptf/atjJwk,atj
wall/ /
wall/Jptj/r’Jtj
wallet/Jptjex/vtrfx
wallow/Jpjtu/yt¤tuxJwk,htaJwk
wallped
wan/Jpl/
wander/ /
wander/JtpLzh/CxfJwk,hFzJwk
wanderlust/JtpLzhjMx/v{JtmCqF
wane/ /
wane/JuRl/Vefwk,rlM;us,ûteK :Jwk

By. Richin Patel

125

wanna = want to
want/JtpLx/sYh ntuJe,sYrhgt;
wanton/JtpLxl/lt’tl,;tuVtle
war/Jtph/gwææt,jztR
warble/Jptcoj/dtJwk,fqsl fhJwk
ward off/Jtpzo ytuV/’qh htFJwk,rlJthK fhJwk
ward/Jptzo/Ftlwk,rJCtd
wardrobe/Jptzohtuc/fvztk ltu fctx
wares/Juymo/mtbd{e,mhkstb
warfare/JpthVuyh/gwæætfti~tÕg-f¤t
warm up-Jwk
warm(th)/ /
warm/Jptbo/dhb,nwkVt¤w
warn off-Jwk
warn/ /
warn/Jtplo/au;JKe ytvJe
warp & woofs ;tKtJtKt(ftvz)
warrant/JtphLx/mhfthe-ftuxoltu nwfb/vºt
warranty/JtphrLx/ctkgæthek,Ft;he
wart/Jtpxo/bmtu(Nheh vhltu)
wary/Jtprh/mtJau;
wash down -Jwk
wash off-Jwk
wash out-Jwk
wash over-Jwk
wash up-Jwk
wash/JtpN/ættuJwk,mtV fhJwk
wasp/JtpMv/Cbhe
waste/JuRMx/chct’ fhJwk,JuzVJwk
watch out-Jwk
watch/Jtpa/atufe,Drzgt¤,;tfelu stuJwk
water borne
water down-Jwk
water/Jtpxh/vtKe,vtKe vtJwk
Waterloo/Jtpxhjq/v;lM:tl
watershed/JtpxhNuz/Ätkr;fthe VuhVth,ætturhgtu
wave down-Jwk
wave on-Jwk
wave/ /
wave/JuRJ/btuswk,nt: njtJJtu
waver/ /
waver/JuRJh/s;wk fhJwk,Aqx
wavering/JuRJrhkd/zdwkbdwk,yrM:h
wax/ /
wax/Jp¾m/beK,jeMmwk fhJwk
way/ /
way/JuR/hM;tu,btdo
waylay/JpRjuR/ytkk;he lu jqkxe juJwk
wayward/JuRJzo/Cxf;wk,hurZgt¤
we/ /
weak(en)/ /
weak/Jef/lc¤wk,yN¾;,lbtjwk
weal/Jej/atXwk,VtuÕjtu
wealth(y)/ /
wealth/JuÕ:/mkvr•t
wealthy/JuÕæte/mb]ææt,ætlJtl
wean/Jel/lc¤wk vzJwk,mwftJwkw
weapon/ /
weapon/Juvl/nr:gth,NMºt

weaponary/Juvlhe/nr:gth,NMºt mtbd{e
wear away-Jwk
wear down-Jwk
wear off-Jwk
wear out/Juyh-ytWx/Dmthtu jtdJtu
wear/J/vnuhJwk,DmtJwk
wearisome fkxt¤tslf
weary/Jeyrh/:tfujw,fkxt¤ujwk
weasel word
weather/Juæth/nJtbtl weather v
weave/JeJ/ftvzJKtx fhJkw
web/Juc/st¤wk,ftd¤ ltu rJkxtu
wed/Juz/vhKJwk
wedded/Jurzz/mborv;
wee hours/JeytJÍo/Jnuje mJth
weed out/JezytWx/rlk’Jwk, mtVmwV fhJwk
weed/Jez/mtVmwV fhJwk,rlk’Jwk
weeds/JezÍ/Ntuf’Nof ft¤t JMºttu
weedy/Jerz/
week/Jef/yXJtrzgwk
week-end
weep /hzJwk,Y’l fhJwk
weepy/Jerv/htu;j
weevil/JerJj/
weigh in-Jwk
weigh up-Jwk
weigh/JuR/Jsl fhJwk,stuFJwk,;tujJwk,;tdJwk
weight/JuRx/Jsl,ctus,Cth
weird/Jeyzo/rJraºt,dqZ
welcome/Jujfb/ytJfthJwk,vætthtu
weld/JuÕz/ætt;wytu lu mtkætJe
welfare/JuÕVuh/mwFtfthe,fÕgtK
well of the house d]nltu bkafût
well/Juj/yåAt,Xef,fqJtu,mthe he;u
well-being/Jujrc$d/mwFtfthe
well-nigh/Jujltg/jdCd,yk’tsu
well-off/Juj-ytuV/mkvLl,mææth
welt/JuÕxh/atXwk,Dtlwk rlNtl
welter/JuÕxh/yt¤tuxJwk,hd’tu¤Jwk
west/JuMx/vrùb
wet blanket/JuxçjuLfpx/rlYðmtn fhlthtu btKm
wet/Jux/Celwk,CusJt¤wk
whack/Jpf/Vztftu-Ítvx bthJe
whale/Ônuj/yuf btAjele st;
what/Jtpx/Nwk,fu su
whatever/ /
wheat/Ônex/Dô
wheel/Ônej/aÄ,vizwk
whelp/ /
when/Jul/fgthu,fu sTgthu
whenever/ /
where/Juh/fgtk,fu sTgtkk
whereabouts/JnuhuctWx/XuftKwk,y;tv•tt
whereas/JuhypÍ/su:e fhelu,lu stu;tk
whereby/Juhctg/su:e fhelu
whether/Juæth/stu fu,f’ta
whey/Ju/Atm
which/rJa/fgwk,fgt,fR,fgtu
whichever/ /

By. Richin Patel

126

whiff/rJV/jnuh,btuswk,Vqkf bthJe
while away-rJ;tJJwk
while/JtRj/’hBgtl,mbg rJ;tJJtu
whim/rJb/;hkd,Dqhe,;tuh
whimper/rJBvh/ônftht fhJt,zwmftk ChJtk
whimsical/rJbr;j/;hkde,ætqle,;tuhe
whine/JtRl/ccztx fhJtu,
whip away-Jwk
whip down-Jwk
whip out-Jwk
whip up-Jwk
whip/rJv/atcqf,ftuhztu,’kzf
whipping-boy ntur¤lwk ltr¤guh
whirl/Jjo/dtu¤dtu¤ VhJwk-Vkdtu¤tJwk
whirlpool/Jjovqj/Jkxtu¤egtu
whisk away-Jwk
whiskers/rJMfmo/:turCgtk,fjb(Jt¤)
whiskey/whisky
whisper/rJMvh/dKdKJwk
whistle/rJmj/mexe,mexe bthJe
white/JtRx/mVu’
white-lie/JtRx/mVu’swX
whittle away-Jwk
whittle down-Jwk
whiz-kid/rJÍrfz/v{Fh cwræætNt¤e gwJtl
who/nq/ftuK,ftulu
whodunit/nqzlRx/bwÏghnMg,hnMgf:t
whoever/ /
whole/ntuj/mkvqKo,ytFwk,mbd{
whom/ /
whom/nqb/ftulu
whoop/Jqv/Wxtkrxgwk
whopper/Jtpvh/btuxwk sqXtKwk,btuxtu lbqltu
whore/npth/Ju~gt
whose/nqÍ/ftulwk-ftuult-ftule
why/Jtg/Nt btxu
wick/rJf/r’Jtle Jtx-r’Jux
wicked/rJrfz/’w»x
wicket/rJfux/’tkrz,ltlwk cthKwk
wide(spread)/ /
wide/JtRz/vntu¤wk,rJNtt¤
widen/JtRzl/vntu¤kw fhJwk
wide-spread/JtRzMv{uz/mtJorºtf
width/rJzT:/vntu¤tR
wield/JeÕz/m•tt JtvhJe,rJkÍJwk
wife/JtRV/vðle
wig/rJd/lfje-f]r;bJt¤
wigwam/rJdJpb/;kcw
wild goose chase/JtRÕz dqÍ auÍ/Ôg:o v{gðl
wild/JtRÕz/skdje,JLg
wilderness/rJÕzhlum/JuhtlCqrb,yh½g
wile/JtRj/jjatJJwk,’tJvua
wilful/rJjVwj/Rht’tvqJoflwk
will/rJj/RåAt,Jrmg;ltbwk
willing
will-o’-the-wisp Cw;lt Czft
willow/rJjtu/rÄfuxlt cpxlwk jtfzwk
willow-artist/rJjtu-ytrxoMx/cpxMtbpl
willowy

willy-nilly/rJrjrlrj/blu fblu
willy-willy/rJrjrJrj/JtJtÍtuzwk
wilt/rJÕx/ûteK :Jw,k :tfe sJwk
wily/JtErj/jqåakw
win back-Jwk
win out/through-Jwk
win over/round-Jwk
win/rJl/S;Jwk,S;
wince/rJLm/vtAt nXJwk,yaftJwk
wind down -Jwk
wind up/JtRLz yv/mkfujtu fhJtu,rJkxe juJwk
wind up-mkfuje juJwk
wind/JtRLz/rJkxJwk,atJe ’uJe
wind/rJLz/nJt,vJl
windfall/rJLzVtpj/yturak;tu jtC
window/rJLztu/cthe
windy/rJrLz/nJt-vJl Jt¤wk
wine/JtRl/yuf n¤Je ’tYle st;
wing/rJkd/vtkkF,fût
wink/rJLf/yktF rbafthJe,
winkle down-Jwk
winner/rJlh/rJsu;t
winnow/rJltu/WvKJwk
winsome/rJLmb/btunf,ytf»tof
winter/rJLxh/rNgt¤ut
wipe off-Jwk
wipe out/JtRv ytWx/mVtgtu fhJtu,jqAJwk
wipe/JtRv/jqAJwk
wire/Jtgh/;th
wired-now
wirily
wisdom/rJÍzb/zntvK,NtKvK
wise/JtRÍ/zntvKJt¤wk,NtKwk,ztÌgwk
wiseacre/JtRÍypfh/’tuZztÌttu
wish/rJN/RåAJwk,RåAt
wishy-washy/rJrNJtprN/Veffwk,’b rJltlwk
wistful/rJMxVwj/yt;wh,WðfkrX;
wit/rJx/ntMg,rJltu’,cwrææt at;wgo
witch/rJa/ztfK
witchcraft/rJaÄtVx/bujerJ¼t,bkºt;kºt
witch-doctor/rJaÄtVx/CqJtu
witch-hunt/rJanLx/hts.rJhtuæteytulu F;b fhJt
with/rJæt/mt:u,îtht,Jzu
withdraw/rJætz[tu/vtAwk FkuaJwk
wither/rJæth/fhbtJwk
withhold/rJætntuÕz/yxftJJw,htufJwk
within/rJrætl/yk’hlwk,yk;htðbt
without/ /
witness/rJxrlm/mtûte:Jwk,v{btK ytvJwk
witticism/rJrxrmÍTb/ntMgrJltu’
wittingly/rJrxkrøj/stKe stuRlu
witty/rJrx/ntMg,rJltu’e,hbwS
wizard/rJÍtzo/st’wdh,y’TCw; Ôgrf;
wizened/rJÍLz/aeb¤tR dgujwk
wobble/Jtuçu j/j:rzgtFtJtk,ntjf ztujf :Jwk
woebegone/Jqcedtul/’w&Fbg,Ju’ltd{M;
woeful/JqVwj/’w&Fbg,Ju’ltd{M;
woes/JqÍ/’w&Ftu,Ju’ltytu
woke/Jtuf/støgtu,WXgtu

By. Richin Patel

127

woman/ /
woman/Jqbl/Mºte
womanise/Jqbl/Mºtedbl fhJwk
womanly/Jqblrj/Mºtemns,MºtiK
won/Jl/Sðgt win
won’t/JtuLx/will not
wonder at/ /
wonder(ful)/ /
wonder/JLzh/ytùgo,y’Cw;;t,ystgce
wonky/JturLf/yrM:h,yrJ¹Jtmvtºt
wont/JtuLx/xuJtgujwk,rhJts,YrZ
woo/Jq/vkvt¤Jwk,heÍJJwk
wood/Jqz/jtfzwk
woods/JqzÍ/skdj
wool/Jqj/Ql
wool-gathering NwLgblMf,r’JtMJÃl stuJwk
word/Jzo/Nç’,Jt;
work in-Jwk
work off/ /
work off-Jwk
work on-Jwk
work out/ /
work out/JfoytWx/DzeftZJwk
work up to-Jwk
work up-Jwk
work/Jfo/ftb,ftgo
workaholic/Jftuorjf/ftbdhwk,ftbZwk
workforce
works/Jfom/fthFtlwk,ctkætftb,f]r;ytu
world/JÕzo/’wrlgt,rJ¹J
world-wide/JÕzoJtRz/rJ¹JÔgtve
worm/Jbo/rfztu
worrisome
worry/Jrh/rak;t
worse/Jmo/Jætthu Fhtc
worsen/Jmol/JKmJwk,Jætthu cdzJwk
worship/JrNov/M;wr; fhJe
worst/JMxo/mti:e Fhtc
worth/J:o/rfb;-lu gtuøg
worthy/Jræto/jtgf,gtuøg
would-be/Jwzce/:lth,CrJ»glwk
wouldn't/ /
wound/JqLz/Dtgj :Jwk,Dt,sFb
wow/JtW/ytùgoltu W’Tdth
wraith/htRæt/Cw; suJtu ytCtm
wrangle/hpLdj/ÍvtÍve
wrap/hpv/jvuxJwk,rJkxt¤Jwk
wrath/htp:/v{ftuv,dwMmtu,htu»t,Ätuæt
wreak/hef/dwMmtu Ntk; fhJtu,Juh juJwk
wreath/heæt/Vwjltu nth (mbtæte vh)
wreck/huf/Ctkde sJwk (JntK)
wreckage/hurfs/Ckdth,ftxbt¤
wrench/hkua/vtlwk,VuhJJwk,ytb¤Jwk
wrest/huMx/ytb¤Jwk,ytkafe-FwkaJe juJw,
wrestle/humj/fwM;e
wretched/huraz/’w&Fe,’rh÷
wriggle out of-Jwk
wriggle/rhdj/mtkv sub mhf;wk
wring/rhkd/bhzJw,k ytb¤Jwk

wrinkle/rhkkfj/m¤,fhajeytu,gwr¾;
wrist/rhMx/ftkzw
writ/rhx/ftuxo lu fhuje yhS
write away for-Jwk
write in-Jwk
write off-btkzJt¤ fhJwk
write out-jFe ftZJwk
write up-Jwk
write/htRx/jFJwk
write-off/htRx ytuV/btkzJt¤
writhe/htRæt/;hVzJwk
wrong/htUd/Ftuxwk,yLgtg
wrote/htux/jÏgwk
wry/htg/rJf];,ÔgkdvqKo
xenodochy/Íultuztuurf/bnubtldr;
xenophobia/ÍultuVturcyt/y¿tt;
M:¤-jtuftultu
Cg
Xerox/Íehtuût/Íehtuût
X-ray/yp¾m-hu/ût-rfhK
yacht/gptx/ltift
yahoo/gtnq/lhvNw,nuJtl,
yammer/gpbh/rJjtv,ccztx,Wkftht
yank off/gpLf /
Yankee/gpLfe/yburhfl v{st
yard/gtzo/Jth,btv’kz
yardstick/gtzorMxf/btv’kz,ds,Jth-vxe
yawn/gptl/cdtmkw FtJwk
yea/gt/nt,btirFf b; W’Tdth
year/gh/J»to
yearn/g&lo/ÍkFJwk
yeast/geMx/yt:tu,Fbeh,Vqd
yell/guj/htz vtzJe
yellow/gjtu/ve¤wk
yes/gMt/
yesterday/gMxhzu/dRftju
yet/gux/A;tk,nsw mwæte
yield/geÕz/levs,W;th,V¤,nth btlJe
yoghurt/gtudxo/htg;w-’kne suJe Jtlde
yoke/gtuf/c¤’le ættUmhe,ckætl
yokel/gtufj/dtbrzgtu,htUatu
yolk/gtuf/$ztltu ve¤tu Ctd
yonder/gtuLzh/ðgtk,vujuvth
yore/gtph/vnujtlt mbgbtk
young/gkd/gwJtl
your/gpth/;bthwk
youth/gq:/gwJtl,gwJtle
Yule/gqj/lt;tj ltu WðmJ
Yuppie/gve/Nnuhe lJe CKuje vuZe
zany/Íprl/dtkztu,vtdj
zap up-Jwk
zap/Ípv/bthe ltFJwk,nwbjtu fhJtu
zeal/Íej/Wbkd,Wðmtn
zealot/Íejtux/ætboÍlqle
zealous/Íejm/ætbo ÍlqlJt¤wk
zebu/Íecw/ytFjtu,dtuættu
zeitgeist/ÍtRxdtRMx/mbftjel rM:;e
zenith/Íurl:/rNFh,vhtft»Xt
zephyr/ÍuVeh/nJtle jnuh
zero in on -Jwk

By. Richin Patel

128

zero/Íehtu/NwLg
zest/ÍuMx/swMmtu,³ztuhm
zestful/ÍuMxVwj/WðmtnvqKo,;hJrhgwk
Zeus/Íeym/d{ef ’uJ;t
zigzag/rÍdÍpd/Jtkfwawkfw
zilch/rÍÕa/NwLg,fNwk lkrn
zinc/rÍkf/sm;
Zion/Íeyl/MJdo
zip up-Jwk
zip/rÍv/auRl,
zombie/ÍtuBce/bk’cwræî,sz
zoo/Íq/v{tKeDh
zoom/Íqb/ôau azJwk

By. Richin Patel

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