Gujarati- English Learner’s Dictionary

(Second)
Please contact richin.patel@yahoo.com if you have any suggestions to improve this dictionary

By. Richin Patel

6
Content
1. Explanatory notes
2. Abbriviations
3. Dictionary
A
Aa
;
:
w
W
¢
Ae
AE
Ao
AO
k
`
g
3
c
2
j
z
4
5
6
7
t
9
d
0
n
p
f
b
m
y
r
l
v
=
q
s
h

7
10
12
12
20
25
26
26
29
30
30
32
32
33
33
41
46
52
55
62
65
70
73
75
77
79
80
87
88
96
100
111
132
137
146
154
167
168
175
183
200
205
205
229

By. Richin Patel

7
x
}a
4. Gujarati Parts of speech
5. Numerals

235
235
236
255

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Explanatory Notes:
Structure of the entries: Each entry contains five parts in the following order: 1. Headword, 2. Phonetic transcription, 3. Graphemic transcription, 4. Grammatical designation
and 5. Gloss. In addition, some entries may contain example.
1. Head-word: Head-word is the word to be glossed. It is given here in Gujarati script.
Spellings such as gÅga, p¨jo, 5*6I, sNt and sMp are avoided in favor of more traditional
spellings g&ga, p&jo, 5&6I, s&t and s&p.
2. Phonetic transcription: For each head-word phonetic transcription is given here in
Broad transcription. Syllabic division is also marked. This will facilitate the learners in
learning how to pronounce the words and how to relate them with their grapheme
structure. However, stress pattern is left unmarked.
Phonetic transcription is given in International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) which is
given bellow:

Vowels:
Front
Close

Central Back

i

u

Close-mid e

o
\

Open-mid ´
Open

ø

a

By. Richin Patel

9

˜

j
Æ

s

n

l

r

ß

Lateral
approximant

Approximant

p

non-asp.

asp.

Plosive

vl.

Trill

vd.

m

Bilabial

Nasal

vd.
b

Labiodental

v

vl.

vd.

Dental

d

vd.

t

Alveolar

µ

Ô˙

Post alveolar vl.

Fricative

vl.

ˇ

vd.

Î

vl.
Retroflex

Ô

vd.
c

Palatal

¯

k

vl.

vd.

Î˙

Velar

ˇ˙

vl.
g

Pharyngeal

h

Consonants:

By. Richin Patel

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3. Graphemic transcription: For each word graphemic transcription is also given using
the following symbols. This will help students learning the relationship between sound
and later with is not always symmetrical in Gujarati.
Vowels:
A
\

Aa
a

;
i

:
ii

w
u

W
uu

Ae
e

AE
\i

Ao
o

AO
\u

A&
\m


\h

¢
ru≤

Consonants:
k
k\

`
kh\

g
g\

3
gh\

c
c\

2
ch\

j
Ô\

z
Ôh\

4
ˇ\

5
ˇh\

6
Î\

7
Îh\

8
¯\

t
t\

9
th\

d
d\

0
dh\

n
n\

p
p\

f
ph\

b
b\

bh\

m
m\

y
y\

r
r\

l
l\

v
v\

=
ß\

q
s°\

s
s\

h
h\

X
Æ\

x
kß\

}a
gn\

4. Gloss: Gloss illustrates the main sense of the word. In some cases, more than one
meaning are given in the order of their prominence.

By. Richin Patel

11
Abbriviations
adj.
advb.
conj.
fem.
hon.
masc.
neut.
postp
pron.
v.intr.
v.dat.
v.exp.
v.tr.

adjective
adverb
conjunction
feminine
honorific
masculine
neuter
postposition
pronoun
intransitive verb
dative verb
experiencer verb
transitive verb

Symbols:
/./
<.>

syllabic break
boundary of the letter

By. Richin Patel

A

Axy /\k.ß\.j\/ <\.kß\.j\> adj.
1.imperishable. 2. inexhaustible.

Akb&0 /\k.b\n.d˙\/ <\.k\.b\~.dh\> adj. .
1. intact. 2. neither opened nor broken.

Axr /\k.ß\.r\/ <\.kß\.r\> masc. .1. a
letter, 2. a syllable

Ak6avu& /\k.Îa.vu~/ <\.k\.Îa.vu~> v.intr.
to get angry.

Axr /\k.ß\.r\/ <\.kß\.r\> adj. .
indestructible.

Ak6avu& /\k.Îa.vu~/ <\.k\.Îa.vu~> v.intr.
to have cramp.

Axr=Š /\k.ß\.r\.ß\.h\/ <\.kß\.r\.ß\.h\>
adv.. 1.literally. 2. letter by letter. 3.
word by word.

AkmRk /\.k\r.m\.k/ <\.k\.rm\.k\> adj. .
intransitive. a verb that does not take a
direct verb.

Axa&= /\k.ßa~.ß\/ <\.kßa~.s\> masc. a
degree of latitude.

AksIr /\k.sir/ <\.k\.sii.r\> adj. .
effective.

A`&6 /\.k˙\¯.Î\/ <\.kh\~.Î\> adj.
1.unbroken. 2. ceaseless.

AkSmat /\.k\s.mat/ <\.k\.sma.t\> neut.
. accident

A`&&i6t /\.k˙\¯.Îit/ <\.kh\~.Îi.t\> adj. .
1.unbroken. 2. constant.

AkSmate /\.k\s.ma.te/ <\.k\.sma.te>
advb.. accidentally.

A`tro /\.k˙\t.ro/ <\.kh\.t\.ro> masc.
.1. an experiment. 2. a trial

AkXam8 /\k.Æa.m\¯/ <\.k\.Æa.m\.¯\>
fem.
1. perplexity. 2. acute worry.

A`bar /\k˙.bar/ <\.kh\.ba.r\> neut. . a
news paper

AkXavu& /\k.Æa.vu~/ <\.k\.Æa.vu~> v.intr. .
to get angry.
Ak\k6 /\k.k\.Î/ </\.kk\.Î\> adj. 1. stiff.
2. unbending.
Ak\krmI /\k.k\r.mi/ <\.kk\.r\.mii> adj.
unfortunate.

A`a6o /\.k˙a.Îo/ <\.kha.do> masc. . a
gymnasium
A`at /\.k˙at/ <\.kha.t\> masc. .1. a bay.
2. a gulf
Agi8t /\.g\.¯it/ adj. .<\.g\.¯i.t\> 1.
innumerable. 2. uncounable.

Ak\kl /\k.k\l/ <\.kk\.l\> fem. . sense.

Ag8otr /\.g\.¯o.t\r/ <\.g\.¯o.t\.t\>
adj. . sixty nine.

Axt /\k.ß\.t\/ <\.kß\.t\> adj. .1. whole.
2. unbroken.

Ag*ya=I /\.g\.¯ja.ßi/ <\.g\.¯ja.ßii> adj. .
seventy nine.

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AgTy /\.g\t.j\/ <\.g\.tj\> neut.
important.
AgTyta /\.g\t.j\.ta/ <\.g\.tj\.ta> fem. .
importance.
Agm cetI /\.g\m.ce.ti/ <\.g\.m\.ce.tii>
fem.
1.forsight. 2. precaution.
Agm va8I /\.g\m.va.¯i/ <\.g\.va.¯ii>
fem.1. prophecy. 2. mysterious words.

AigyarI /\.gi.ja.ri/ <\.gi.ja.rii> fem. . a
small fire temple in which Parsis keep
their sacred fire.
Agocr /\.go.c\r/ <\.go.c\.r\> adj.
1.beyond senses. 2. imperceptible.
AiGn /\g.ni/ <\.gni> masc. .fire
AiGndah /\g.ni.dah/ <\.gni.da.h\> masc.
. cremation ceremony.

AgMy /\.g\m.j\/ <\.g\.mj\> adj. .1.
mysterious. 2. inaccessible.

AiGns&Skar /\g.ni.sam.ska.r\/
<\.gni.s\~.ska.r\> masc. . cremation
ceremony.

Agrb]aI /\.g\r.b\t.ti/ <\.g\.r\.b\.ttii>
fem. . incense stick.

A3i4t /\.g˙\.ˇit/ adj. improper.

Agv6 /\g.v\Î/ <\.g\.v\.Î\> fem.
inconvenience.

A3ru& /\.g˙\.ru~/ <\.gh\.ru~> adj.
difficult.

Agaw /\.ga.u~/ <\.ga.u> prep.. before.

Ac&bo /\.c\m.bo/ <\.c\~.bo> masc. .1. a
surprise, 2. an astonishment

AgawnI /\.ga.u~.ni/ <\.ga.u.nii> adj. .
previous (in terms of time).

Acank /\.ca.n\k/ <\.ca.n\.k\> advb. .
1.suddenly, 2. accidentally

Agaw9I /\.ga.u.t˙i/ <\.ga.u.thii> advb.
.in advance.

AcUk /\.cuk/ <\.cuu.k\> advb.
.1.without a mistake, 2. sure

AgasI /\.ga.si/ <\.ga.sii> fem. . terrace.

A2t /\.c˙\t/ <\.ch\.t\> fem. .1.scarcity,
2. shortage

Aigyar /\.gi.jar/ <\.gi.ja.r\> adj.
.eleven.
Aigyarmu& /\.gi.jar.mu~/ <\.gi.ja.r\.mu~>
neut. the eleventh day after death.
Aigyars /\.gi.ja.r\s/ <\.gi.ja.r\.s\> fem.
the eleventh day of a fortnight of a
Hindu lunar month.

A2tu& /\.c˙\.tu~/ <\.ch\.tu~> advb.
.1.secret, 2. hidden
A2bDa /\.c˙\b.Îa/ <\.ch\.b\.Îa> masc. .
chicken-pox (honorific).
A2Ut /\.c˙ut/ <\.chu.t\> adj. .
untouchable

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A2o6o /\.c˙o.Îo/ <\.cho.Îo> masc. a
chain of gold or silver

A}aan /\g.na.n\/ <\.gna.n\> neut. .
ignorance

Ajgr /\Ô.g\r/ <\.Ô\.g\.r\> masc. . a
python

A}aanI /\g.na.ni/ <\.gna.nii> adj.
.ignorant

Ajb /\.Ô\b/ <\.Ô\.b\> adj. .1. strange, 2.
surprising

A4k /\.ˇ\k/ <\.ˇ\.k\> fem. .1. surname,
2. a family name. 3. last name.

Ajmavvu& /\Ô.mav.vu~/ <\.Ô\.ma.v\.vu~>
v.tr. 1. to try, 2. to test.

A4kvu& /\.ˇ\k.vu~/ <\.ˇ\.k\.vu~> v.intr. . to
stop.

Ajmo /\Ô.mo/ <\.Ô\.mo> masc. . parsley
AjvaXvu& /\Ô.vaÆ.vu~/ <\.Ô\.va.Æ\.vu~> v.tr.
.to cleanse.

A4kX /\ˇ.k\Æ/ <\.ˇ\.k\.Æ\> fem. . an
inference

AjvaXIyu& /\Ô.va.Æi.Ôu~/ <\.Ô\.va.Æii.ju~>
neut. 1. the bright half of a lunar month,
2. Small holes in the roof foe admitting
sun-light.
AjvaXu& /\Ô.va.Æu~/ <\.Ô\.va.Æu~> neut.
.light
Aj&po /\.Ô\.mpo/ <\.Ô\~.po> masc. .
restlessness
Aja8 /\.Ôa¯/ <\.Ôa.¯\> adj. . ignorant
Aja*yu& /\.Ôa.¯yu~/ <\.Ôa.¯ju~>
adj.1.unknown, 2. stranger
AjaybI /\.Ôa.j\.bi/ <\.Ôa.j\.bii> fem. .1. a
wonder, 2. a surprise
A@8R /\.Ôir.¯\/ <\.Ôii.r¯\> neut.
indigestion
Ajey /\.Ôej/ <\.Ôe.j\> adj. .
unconquerable
Ajo6 /\.Ôo.Î/ <\.Ôo.Î\> adj. . unique

A4p4u& /\ˇ.p\.ˇu~/ adj. <\.ˇ\.p\.ˇu~>
1.intricate, 2. complex
A4vavu& /\ˇ.va.vu~/ <\.ˇ\.va.vu~> v.intr. . to
wander.
A5vai6k /\ˇ˙.va.Îik/ <\.ˇh\.va.Îi.k\>
adj. . weekly
A5vai6yu& /\ˇ˙.va.Îi.ju~/ <\.ˇh\.va.Îi.ju~>
neut. a week
A5&g /\.ˇ˙\˜.g\/ <\.ˇh\~.g\> adj. . out and
out.
A5\5a; /\.ˇ˙ˇ˙a.i/ <\.ˇhˇha.i> fem. . a
religious vows of the Jains. A person
who takes this vow fasts for the period
of eight days.
A5\5a8u& /\.ˇ˙ˇ˙a.¯u~/ <\.ˇhˇha.¯u~> adj. .
ninety eight.
A5\5avn /\.ˇ˙ˇ˙a.v\n/ <\.ˇhˇha.v\.n\>
adj. fifty eight.
A5\yotr /\.ˇ˙jo.t\r/ <\.ˇhjo.t\.r\> adj. .
seventy eight.

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A5\yasI /\.ˇ˙ja.si/ <\.ˇhja.sii> adj. . eighty
eight.

A7I /\.Î˙i/ <\.Îhii> adj. . two and a
half.

A6kvu& /\.Î\k.vu~/ <\.Î\.k\.vu~> v.tr. .to
touch.

A8gmo /\¯.g\.mo/ <\.¯\.g\.mo> masc.
. dislike.

A6`e p6`e /\Î.k˙e p\Î.k˙e/
<\.Î\.khe p\.Î\.khe> adv..1. beside,
2. adjacent to, 3. side by side.

A836 /\¯.g˙\Î/ <\.¯\.gh\.Î\> adj. .
unskilled

A6g /\.Î\g/ <\.Î\.g\> adj. .1.
immovable, 2. unperturbed.
A6c8 /\Î.c\¯/ <\.Î\.c\.¯\> fem. .
obstacle

A80ayuR& /\¯.d˙a.rju~/ <\.¯\.dha.rju~> adj.
& advb. unexpected.
A8manItu& /\¯.ma.ni.tu~/ <\.¯\.ma.nii.tu~>
adj. .unfavorable.

A6talIs /\Î.ta.lis/ <\.Î\.ta.lii.s\> adj.
forty eight.

A8vr /\¯.v\r/ <\.¯\.v\.r\> masc. a
relative of the bridgroom who assists
him during marriage ritual.

A6d /\.Î\d/ <\.Î\.d\> masc. a kind of
pulse

Ai8 /\.¯i/ <\.¯i> fem. sharp point of
anything.

A60u& /\Î.d˙u~/ <\.Î\.dhu~> adj. half.

Aiti9 /\.ti.t˙i/ <\.ti.thi> masc. . a guest
who comes without prior information.

A6plu& /\.Î\p.lu~/ <\.Î\.p\.lu~> neut. .1.a
mischief, 2. a prank
A6vu& /\Î.vu~/ <\.Î\.vu~> v.tr. . to touch.
A6s5 /\Î.s\ˇ˙/ <\.Î\.s\.ˇh\> adj. .sixty
eight.
A6oA6 /\Îo.\Î/ <\.Îo.\.Î\> postp.
.very closely.
A6\6o /\Î.Îo/ <\.ÎÎo> masc. .a meeting
place of unsocial element.
A7Xk /\.Î˙\.Æ\k/ <\.Î\.Æ\.k\> adj. .
plentiful.

Aitrek /\.ti.rek/ <\.ti.re.k\> masc. . an
excess
AtIt /\.tit/ <\.tii.t\> masc. . past.
Atu4 /\.tuˇ/ <\.tu.ˇ\> adj. . unbreakable.
A]ar /\ˇ.ˇ\r/ <\.tt\.r\> neut. .perfume
ATy&t /\t.j\n.t\/ <\.tj\~.t\> adj. .
excessive
ATyacar /\t.ja.car/ <\.tja.ca.r\> masc. .
tyranny
ATyare /\t.ja.re/ <\.tja.re> adv.. just now

A7ar /\.Î˙ar/ <\.Îha.r\> adj. . eighteen.
A{a /\t.r\/ <\.tr\> advb.. at this place

By. Richin Patel

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A96avu& /\t˙.Îa.vu~/ <\.th.Îa.vu~> v.intr.
.1. to collide, 2. to hit against.
A9a8u& /\.t˙a.¯u~/ <\.tha.¯u~> neut. .
pickle

A0Iru& /\.d˙i.ru~/ <\.dhii.ru~> adj. .
impatient.
A0ur&u /\.d˙u.ru~/ <\.dhu.ru~> adj. .
incomplete.

Ada /\.da/ <\.da> fem. . action.

A)0r /\d˙.d˙\r/ <\.dhdh\.r\> advb..1.
unsupported, 2. hanging in mid air.

Adalt /\.da.l\t/ <\.da.l\.t\> fem. . a
judicial court.

An9R /\.n\r.t˙\/ <\.n\.rth\> masc. . a
misinterpretation.

Adavt /\.da.v\t/ <\.da.v\.t\> fem. .
enmity.

An&t /\.n\n.t\/ <\.n\~.t\> adj. .1.endless,
2. infinite.

A±+y /\.dr\ß.j\/ <\.dr\.ßj\> adj. .
invisible.

Anaj /\.naÔ/ <\.na.Ô\> neut. .grain.
Ana9 /\.nat˙/ <\.na.th\> adj. . orphan.

Ade`a; /\.de.k˙ai/ <\.de.kha.i> fem. .
jealously
Ade`u& /\.de.k˙u~/ <\.de.khu~> adj. .
jealous
Ad\-Ut /\d.b˙ut/ <\.d\.bhu.t\> adj. .
wonderful
A0kcru& /\d˙.k\c.ru~/ <\.dh\.k\.c\.ru~>
adj. partly baked or cooked.
A0m /\.d˙\m/ <\.dh\.m\> adj. mean.
A0mUw& /\d˙.mu.u~/ <\.dh\.mu.u> adj. .
half-dead.
A0mR /\.d˙\r.m\/ <\.dh\.rm\> masc. .1.
the reverse of religion, 2. immoral.
A0vc /\d˙.v\c/ <\.dh\.v\.c\> advb..1.
in the middle, 2. midway.
Ai0kar /\.d˙i.kar/ <\.dhi.ka.r\> masc. .
a right.

Ana9a[am /\.na.t˙a.ßr\.m\/
<\.na.tha.ßr\.m\> masc. . an
orphanage.
Anadr /\.na.d\r/ <\.na.d\.r\> masc. .
an insult.
Anamt /\.na.m\t/ <\.na.m\.t\> fem. .
deposit.
AnamI /\.na.mi/ <\.na.mii> adj. .
nameless.
Ainyimt /\.nij.mit/ <\.ni.j\.mi.t\> adj.
irregular.
Aini¾t /\.niß.cit/ <\.ni.ßci.t\> adj. .
uncertain.
AnIit /\.ni.ti/ <\.nii.ti> fem.
immorality.
Anukr8 /\.nu.k\.r\¯/ <\.nu.k\.r\.¯\>
neut.
immitation.

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AnukUX /\.nu.kuÆ/ <\.nu.kuu.Æ\> adj. .
suitable.

Apvad /\p.vad/ <\.p\.va.d\> masc. . an
exception.

Anuk/m /\.nu.kr\m/ <\.nu.kr\.m\>
masc. .1. order, 2. sequence.

Apiv{a /\.p\.vit.r\/ <\.p\.vi.tr\> adj.
unholy.

Anu-v /\.nu.b˙\v/ <\.nu.bh\.v\> masc.
experience.

Ap=Bd /\p.ß\b.d\/ <\.p\.ß\.bd\> masc.
an abuse.

Anu-vI /\.nu.b˙\.vi/ <\.nu.bh\.vii> adj.
experienced.

Ap=ukn /\p.ßu.k\n/ <\.p\.ßu.k\.n\>
masc. . ill-omen.

Anuman /\.nu.man/ <\.nu.ma.n\> neut. .
an inference.

Ap&g /\.p\˜.g\/ adj. . <\.p\~.g\> 1. lame,
2. crippled.

Anuvad /\.nu.vad/ <\.nu.va.d\> masc.
translation.

Apasro /\.pa.s\.ro/ <\.pa.s\.ro> masc. .
a Jain monestry.

Anusrvu& /\.nu.s\r.vu~/ <\.nu.s\.r\.vu~>
v.intr to follow.

ApUj /\.puÔ/ <\.puu.Ô\> adj. . not
worshipped.

AnuSnatk /\.nus.na.t\k/ <\.nu.sna.t\.k\>
adj. post-graduate.

Apexa /\.pek.ßa/ <\.pe.kßa> fem. .
expectation.

AnuSvar /\.nus.var/ <\.nu.sva.r\> neut.
a sign written on the top of a letter that
indicates a nasal sound or nasalization
of a vowel.

Ap/g4 /\.pr\.g\ˇ/ <\.pr\.g\.ˇ\> adj. .
unpublished.

Ane /\.ne/ <\.ne> conj.. and.

Aip/y /\p.ri.j\/ <\.pri.j\> adj. .
disguisting.

Anek /\.nek/ <\.ne.k\> adj. . many.

Afva /\p˙.va/ <\.ph\.va> fem. . a
rumors.

ANyay /\n.jaj/ <\.nja.j\> masc. .
injustice.

Afsos /\p˙.sos/ <\.ph\.so.s\> masc. .1.
repentance, 2. alas.

Apco /\.p\.co/ <\.p\.co> masc. .
indigestion.

Abj /\.b\Ô/ <\.b\.Ô\> adj. . one
thousand millions.

Apj= /\p.Ô\ß/ <\.p\.Ô\.ß\> masc.
.disgrace.

Abjopit /\.b\.Ôo.p\.ti/ <\.b\.Ôo.p\.tii>
adj. a millionaire

Apman /\p.man/ <\.p\.ma.n\> neut. .
an insult

A-8 /\.b˙\¯/ <\.bh\.¯\> adj. .
illiterate.

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A-av /\.b˙av/ <\.bha.v\> masc. .
dislike.
Ai-n&dn /\.b˙i.n\n.d\n/
<\.bhi.n\~.d\.n\> masc. congratulation.
(Honorific)
Ai-neta /\.b˙i.ne.ta/ <\.bhi.ne.ta> masc.
. a male actor.
Ai-p/a.y /\.b˙i.pra.j\/ <\.bhi.pra.j\>
masc. . an opinion.

ArIso /\.ri.so/ <\.rii.so> masc. .a
mirror.
Are /\.re/ <\.re> inter.. an exclamation
expressing surprise, `oh’.
A9R /\r.t˙\/ <\.rth\> masc. 1. meaning,
2. wealth.
Alg /\.l\g/ <\.l\.g\> adj. . separate.
AlI /\.li/ <\.lii> fem. . a female friend
for a female.
Alop /\.lop/ <\.lo.p\> adj. . invisible.

Ai-man /\.b˙i.man/ <\.bhi.ma.n\> neut.
. arrogance.

AlOkIk /\.l\u.kik/ <\.l\u.kii.k\> adj. .
devine.

Ai-manI /\.b˙i.ma.ni/ <\.bhi.ma.nii>
adj. . arrogant.

Avd=a /\v.d\.ßa/ <\.v\.d\.ßa> fem. .
misfortune.

A_yas /\b˙.ja.s\/ <\.bhja.s\> masc. .1.
study, 2. practice.

Avnvu& /\v.n\.vu~/ <\.v\.n\.vu~> adj. .
new.

Amr /\.m\r/ <\.m\.r\> adj. immortal.

Avyv /\.v\.j\v/ <\.v\.j\.v\> masc. .a
limb.

Amaru& /\.ma.ru~/ <\.ma.ru~> pron.. our
(exclusive).
Amas /\.mas/ <\.ma.s\> fem. . the last
day of the dark half of a lunar month.
Amuk /\.muk/ <\.mu.k\> adj. . some.

Avro0 /\v.rod˙/ <\.v\.ro.dh\> masc. .a
hurdle.
Avlokn /\v.lo.k\n/ <\.v\.lo.k\.n\>
neut. . observation.
Av+y /\vß.j\/ <\.v\.ßj\> advb. . surely.

AmULy /\.mul.j\/ <\.muu.lj\> adj.
.priceless.
Ame /\.me/ <\.me> pron.. we
(exclusive).
AyoGy /\.jog.j\/ <\.jo.gj\> adj. .
improper.

Avsr /\v.s\r/ <\.v\.s\.r\> masc. an
occasion.
Avsan /\v.san/ <\.v\.sa.n\> neut.
death.
AvXa; /\v.Æai/ <\.v\.Æa.i> fem. improper
behavior.

By. Richin Patel

19
AvXu& /\v.Æu~/ <\.v\.Æu~> adj. up side
down.
Avaj /\.vaÔ/ <\.va.Ô\> masc. .1.voice, 2.
sound.
Avarnvar /\.var.n\.var/
<\.va.r\.n\.va.r\> advb. .frequently.
AvaXu& /\.va.Æu~/ <\.va.Æu~> neut. . the
gums of teeth.
Aivny /\.vi.n\j/ <\.vi.n\.j\> masc.
.immodesty.
A=kt /\.ß\k.t\/ <\.ß\.kt\> adj. . weak.

As&~y /\.s\¯.k˙j\/ <\.s\~.khj\> adj.
innumerable.
As&toq /\.s\n.toß/ <\.s\~.to.s°\> masc. .
dissatisfaction.
As&-v /\.s\m.b˙\v/ <\.s\~.bh\.v\> adj.
.impossible.
As&mt /\.s\m.m\t/ <\.s\~.m\.t\> adj.
.disagreeing.
As&SkarI /\.sams.ka.ri/ <\.s\~.ska.rii>
adj. . uncivilized.

A=a&t /\.ßa~n.t\/ <\.ßa~.t\> adj. . troubled.

Asa)y /\.sa.d˙j\/ <\.sa.dhj\> adj. .
incurable.

A=u)0 /\.ßud˙.d˙\/ <\.ßu.dhdh\> adj. .
impure.

Asur /\.sur/ <\.suu.r\> masc. . demon.

A=u- /\.ßub˙/ <\.ßu.bh\> adj.
inauspicious.

AiS9r /\.st˙i.r\/ <\.sthi.r\> adj. .
unstable.

Aqa6 /\.ßaÎ/ <\.s°°a.Î\> masc. ninth
month of the Vikram era.

ASpQ4 /\.sp\ß.ˇ\/ <\.sp\.s°ˇ\> adj. .
vague.

AsTy /\.s\t.j\/ <\.s\.tj\> neut. .1. false,
2. untrue.

ASvC2 /\.sv\c.c˙\/ <\.sv\.cch\> adj. .
impure.

Asr /\.s\r/ <\.s\.r\> fem. .effect.

ASvS9 /\.sv\s.t˙\/ <\.sv\.sth\> adj.
1.restless 2. sick.

Asl /\.s\l/ <\.s\.l\> adj. .original.
Ashkar /\.s\h.kar/ <\.s\.h\.ka.r\>
masc. .
non-co-operation.
Ashay /\.s\.haj/ <\.s\.ha.j\> adj. .
helpless.

ASva-aivk /\.sva.b˙a.vi.k\/
<\.sva.bha.vi.k\> adj. . unnatural.
ASvIkar /\.svi.kar/ <\.svii.ka.r\> masc.
1.rejection 2. denial.
Aih&sk /\.him.s\k/ <\.hi~.s\.k\> adj. .
non-violent.

As¬ /\.s\h.j\/ <\.s\.hj\> adj. .
unbearable.

By. Richin Patel

20
Aihsa /\.him.sa/ <\.hi~.sa> fem. . nonvilence.

A&tr /\n.t\r/ <\~.nt\.r\> neut. .1.the
heart 2. the mind. [an abstract notion that
refers to one’s conscience.]

AhI& /\.hi~/ <\.hi~> advb. . here.
A&itm /\n.tim/ <\~.ti.m\> adj. . last.
AhI&ya& /\.hi~.ja~/ <\.hi~.ja~> advb. .same as
AhI&.
Ahoho /\.ho.ho/ <\.ho.ho> excl.. an
exclamation expressing surprise.
AX`am8u& /\Æ.k˙am.¯u~/ <\.Æ\.kha.m\.¯u~>
adj. .1. unfavorable 2. disagreeable.
AXgu& /\Æ.gu~/ <\.Æ\.gu~> adj. .1.detached
2. uncommon.
A&kur /\˜.ku.r\/ <\~.ku.r\> masc. .1. a
sprout 2. an offshoot.
A&g /\˜.g\/ <\~.g\> neut. . the body.
A&grxk /\˜.g\.r\k.ß\.k\/
<\~.g\.r\.kß\.k\> masc. .a body-guard.
A&gU5I /\˜.gu.ˇ˙i/ <\~.guu.ˇhii> fem. . a
finger ring.
A&gU5o /\˜.gu.ˇ˙o/ <\~.gu.ˇho> masc. .a
thumb.
A&g/ej /\˜.g\.reÔ/ <\~.gre.Ô\> masc. . an
Englishman.

A&te /\n.te/ <\~.te> advb. .1. finally 2. at
last.
A&dr /\n.d\r/ <\~.d\.r\> postp. .1. in 2.
within 3. inside 4. into.
A&daj /\n.daÔ/ <\~.da.Ô\> masc. . an
estimate.
A&0a0U&0I /\n.d˙a.d˙u~n.d˙i/
<\~.dha.dhuu~.dhii> fem. . chaos.
A&0apo /\n.d˙a.po/ <\~.dha.po> masc. .
blindness.
A&0arIyu& /\n.d˙a.ri.ju~/ <\~.dha.rii.ju~> neut.
. the dark half of a lunar month.
A&0aru& /\n.d˙a.ru~/ <\~.dha.ri.ju~> neut. .
darkness.
A&bo6o /\m.bo.Îo/ <\~.bo.Îo> masc. . a
knot of plaited hair of a woman.
A&= /\mß/ <\~.ß\> masc. .a part, a section

Aa

A&g/e@ /\˜.g\.re.Ôi/ <\~.gre.Ôii> fem.
.English.

Aa /a/ <a> proun.. this.

A&t /\n.t\/ <\~.t\> masc. . an end.

Aakar /a.kar/ <a.ka.r\> masc. .1. shape
2. form.

A&tr /\n.t\r/ <\~.t\.r\> neut. . distance.

Aaka= /a.kaß/ <a.ka.ß\> neut. . sky.
Aaka&xa /a.ka~.kßa/ <a.ka~.kßa> fem. .
desire.

By. Richin Patel

21

Aak<it /ak.ru.ti/ <a.kru≤.ti> fem. . a
diagram.

Aacrkucr /a.c\r ku.c\r/ neut.
.miscellaneous food or household
articles.

Aak/m8 /ak.r\.m\¯/ <a.kr\.m\.¯\> neut.
. an attack.

Aacar /a.c\r/ <a.ca.r\> masc. .behavior.

Aaxep /ak.ßep/ <a.kße.p\> masc.
.accusation.

AacayR /a.car.j\/ <a.ca.rj\> masc. 1. a
principal 2. a spritual leader. (Honorific)

Aa`re /a.k˙\.re/ <a.kh\.re> advb.
.finally.

Aa2u& /a.c˙u~/ <a.chu~> adj. dim.
Aaj /aÔ/ <a.Ô\> fem. today.

Aa`lo /ak˙.lo/ <a.kh\.lo> masc. . a bull.
Aag /ag/ <a.g\> fem. . fire.

Aa@@ /a.Ôi.Ôi/ <a.Ôii.Ôii> fem. an humble
request.

Aagbo4 /ag.boˇ/ <a.g\.bo.ˇ\> fem. a
steamer.

Aa@vn /a.Ôi.v\n/ <a.Ôii.v\.n\> adj. .
lifelong.

Aagm /a.g\m/ <a.g\.m\> masc.
religious texts of the Jains.

Aaju baju /a.Ôu ba.Ôu/ <a.Ôu.ba.Ôu> adv.
around.

Aaglu& /ag.lu~/ <a.g\.lu~> adj. . previous.

Aa4lu& /aˇ.lu~/ <a.ˇ\.lu~> adj. .this much.

AagX /a.g\Æ/ <a.g\.Æ\> advb. .1. in front
of 2. in future.

Aa4o /a.ˇo/ <a.ˇo> masc. . flour.
Aa5 /aˇ˙/ <a.ˇh\> adj. . eight.

AagamI /a.ga.mi/ <a.ga.mii> advb.
1.ensuing 2. forthcoming.
AagahI /a.ga.hi/ <a.gaa.hii> fem. .a
prediction.
Aaigyo /a.gi.jo/ <a.gi.jo> masc. . 1. a fire
fly, 2. a glowworm, 3. a lightning bug.
Aag/h /ag.r\.h\/ <a.gr\.h\> masc. .a
strong request.

Aa5m /a.ˇ˙\m/ <a.ˇh\.m\> fem. . the
eighth day of bright or dark half of the
Hindu month.
Aa68I /aÎ.¯i/ <a.Î\.¯ii> fem. . a wooden
round stood to shape rotali or puri .
Aa6{aIs /a.Î\t.ris/ <a.Î\.trii.s\> adj. .
thirty eight.
Aa6u& /a.Îu~/ <a.Îu~> adj. . crosswise.

Aa3at /a.g˙at/ <a.gha.t\> masc. a shock.
Aa3u& /a.g˙u~/ <a.ghu~> advb. . distant.

Aa6o=pa6o= /a.Îoß.pa.Îoß/
<a.Îo.ß\.pa.Îo.ß\> masc. neighbours.

By. Richin Patel

22

Aa8vu& /a¯.vu~/ <a.¯\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to fetch
2. to bring.
Aa8u& /a.¯u~/ <a.¯u~> neut. .
AaTma /at.ma/ <a.tma> masc. . soul.

Aan&d /a.n\n.d\/ <a.n\~.d\> masc. .1.
pleasure 2. joy.
AanakanI /a.na.ka.ni/ <a.na.ka.ni> fem.
1.hesitation 2. indecision.
Aap8e /ap.¯e/ <a.p\.¯e> pron.. we
(inclusive).

Aa9m8u& /a.t˙\m.¯u~/ <a.th\.m\.¯u~> adj. .
western.

Aapi]a /a.p\t.ti/ <a.p\.¯e> fem. . trouble.

Aa9mvu& /a.t˙\m.vu~/ <a.th\.m\.vu~> v.intr
.to set.

AapmeXe /ap.me.Æe/ <a.p\.me.Æe> advb. .
atomatically.

Aadr /a.d\r/ <a.d\.r\> masc. .respect.

Aaple /ap.le/ <a.p\.le> fem. . give and
take.

Aad=R /a.d\r.ß\/ <a.d\.rß\> adj. . ideal.
Aada=I=I /a.da.ßi.ßi/ <a.da.ßii.ßii> fem. .
migraine.

AapvItI /ap.vi.ti/ <a.p\.vii.tii> fem. .1.
autobiography 2. good and bad events of
life.

Aaid /a.di/ <a.di> adj. first.

Aapvu& /ap.vu~/ <a.p\.vu~> v.tr. . to give.

Aaid /a.di/ <a.di> advb. . etc.

AapoAap /a.po.ap/ <a.po.a.p\> advb. .
automatically.

AaidvasI /a.di.va.si/ <a.di.va.sii> masc.
.1. aboriginal, 2. tribal.
Aadu& /a.du~/ <a.du~> neut. .green ginger.

Aafro /ap˙.ro/ <a.ph\.ro> masc. . gas
due to indigestion.

Aade= /a.deß/ <a.de.ß\> masc. . an order.

AafUs /a.p˙u:s/ <a.phuu.s\> fem. . a
kind of mango.

Aa0ar /a.d˙ar/ <a.dha.r\> masc. .1. a
support 2. an evidence.

Aab£ /ab.ru/ <a.b\.ruu> fem.
.reputation.

Aa0uink /a.d˙u.nik/ <a.dhu.ni.k\> adj. .
modern.

AabehUb /a.be.hub/ <a.be.hu.b\> adj. .
exact.

Aa0e6 /a.d˙eÎ/ <a.dhe.Î\> adj. . elderly.

Aabohva /a.bo.h\.va/ <a.bo.h\.va> fem. .
climate.

Aa)yaiTmk /a.d˙jat.mik/ <a.dhja.tmi.k\>
adj. spiritual.

Aa- /ab˙/ <a.bh\> neut. . sky.

By. Richin Patel

23
Aa-ar /a.b˙ar/ <a.bha.r\> masc. .
thanks.
Aa-as /a.b˙as/ <a.bha.s\> masc.
.illusion.
Aa-Uq8 /a.b˙u.ß\¯/ <a.bhu.s°\.¯\> neut. .
ornaments.
Aam /am/ <a.m\> advb. .in this manner.
Aamjnta /am.Ô\n.ta/ <a.m\.Ô\.n\.ta>
adj. .1. the common people, 2. laymen.

Aam&{a8 pi{aka /a.m\n.tr\¯ p\.tri.ka/
<a.m\.ntr\.¯\ p\.tri.ka> fem. .an
invitation letter.
Aayno /aj.no/ <a.j\.no> masc. . a mirror.
Aaya. /a.ja/ <a.ja> fem. . a maid servent.
Aayat /a.jat/ fem. . import.
Aayojn /a.jo.Ô\n/ <a.ja.t\> neut. .
management.

Aam8e /am.¯e/ <a.m\.¯e> pron.. these
persons.

AartI /ar.ti/ <a.r\.tii> fem. .1. a sacred
lamp 2. a religious prayer sung with a
sacred lamp.

Aamtem /am.tem/ <a.m\.te.m\> advb.
.here and there.

Aarpar /ar.par/ <a.r\.pa.r\> advb. .
through one end to another.

Aam9I /am.t˙i/ <a.m\.thii> advb. .from
this side.

Aar&- /a.r\m.b˙\/ <a.r\~.bh\> masc. .
beginning.
Aaram /a.ram/ <a.ra.m\> masc. . rest.

AamdanI /am.da.ni/ <a.m\.da.nii> fem.
.income.
AamNya /amn.ja/ <a.m\.nja> fem. .
respect for the elders.
Aamr8 /a.m\.r\¯/ <a.m\.r\.¯\> advb. .
till the end of life.
AamlI /am.li/ <a.m\.lii> fem. .the
tamrid tree.
AamXvu& /a.m\Æ.vu~/ <a.m\.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. . to
twist together.
Aam&{a8 /a.m\n.tr\¯/ <a.m\.ntr\.¯\>
neut. an invitation.

AaroGy /a.rog.j\/ <a.ro.gj\> neut. .
health.
Aarop /a.rop/ <a.ro.p\> masc. .
accusation.
Aalvu& /al.vu~/ <a.l\.vu~> v.tr. .to give.
Aavk /a.v\k/ <a.v\.k\> fem. income.
Aavkar /av.kar/ <a.v\.ka.r\> masc. .
welcome.
Aav6t /av.Î\t/ <a.v\.Î\.t\> fem. . a
skill.
Aav6vu& /a.v\Î.vu~/ <a.v\.Î\.vu~> v.exp..
to
know.

By. Richin Patel

24

Aav6u& /av.Îu~/ <a.v\.Îu~> adj. . of this
size.

Aasn /a.s\n/ <a.s\.n\> neut. . a seat
(formal).

Aavrda /a.v\r.da/ <a.v\.r\.da> fem.
.life-span.

Aas pas /as.pas/ <a.s\.pa.s\> advb.
around.

Aavvu& /av.vu~/ <a.v\.vu~> v.intr. to come.

Aasman /as.man/ <a.s\.ma.n\> neut. .
the sky.

Aavu& /a.vu~/ <a.vu~> advb. .of this kind.
AaiStk /as.ti.k\/ <a.sti.k\> adj. . theistic.
Aaveg /a.veg/ <a.ve.g\> masc. . an
excitement.
Aave= /a.veß/ <a.ve.ß\> masc. . an
emotional excitement.
Aa=y /a.ß\j/ <a.ß\.j\> masc. . an
intention.
Aa=re /aß.re/ <a.ß\.re> advb. .1. about 2.
approximately 3. roughly.

Aaso /a.so/ <a.so> masc. . the last month
of Hindu calander.
AaS9a /as.t˙a/ <a.stha> fem. .1. faith 2.
devotion.
AaSvad /as.va.d\/ <a.sva.d\> masc. .a
tasting.
Aahaha /a.ha.ha/ <a.ha.ha> inter.. an
exclamation signifying surprise.

Aa=ro /aß.ro/ <a.ß\.ro> masc. .shelter.
Aa=a /a.ßa/ <a.ßa> fem. . hope.

Aahar /a.har/ <a.ha.r\> masc. . food
(formal).

Aa=a7 /a.ßaÎ˙/ <a.ßa.Îh\> masc. . the
nine month of the Hindu calendar.

AahIr /a.hir/ <a.hii.r\> masc. . a
shepherd community.

Aai=q /a.ßiß/ <a.ßi.s°\> fem. . a blessing.

Aahuit /a.hu.ti/ <a.huu.ti> fem. .1. an
offering 2. a sacrifice.

Aai=vaRd /a.ßir.vad/ <a.ßi.rva.d\> masc.
a blessing. (honorific)

AaXs /a.Æ\s/ <a.Æ\.s\> fem. .laziness.

Aa¾yR /aß.c\r.j\/ <a.ßc\.rj\> neut. . a
surprise.

AaXo4vu& /a.Æoˇ.vu~/ <a.Æo.ˇ\.vu~> v.intr. . to
wallow.

Aa[am /aß.r\m/ <a.ßr\.m\> masc. .a
hermitage.

Aa&k /a~k/ <a~.k\> masc. . tables of
multiplications.

Aa¼asn /aß.va.s\n/ <a.ßva.ß\.n\> masc.
. consolation.

Aa&k6a=aS{a /a~k.Îa.ßaß.tr\/
<a~.k\.Îa.ßa.str\> neut. . statistics.

By. Richin Patel

25

Aa&k6o /a~k.Îo/ <a~.k\.Îo> masc. .1. a
number 2. a number-sign.
Aa&kvu& /a~k.vu~/ <a~.k\.vu~> v.tr. . to
estimate a price.
Aa&` /a~k˙/ <a~.kh\> fem. . an eye.
Aa&g8u& /a~g.¯u~/ <a~.g\.¯u~> neut. . open
space in front of a house.
Aa&gXIyat /a~.g\.Æi.jat/ <a~.g\.Æi.ja.t\> adj. .
a child of the former husband of a
remarried woman.
Aa&ckvu& /a~.c\k.vu~/ <a~.c\.k\.vu~> v.tr. . to
snatch forcfully.
Aa&ckI /a~c.ki/ <a~.c\.kii> fem. .hiccup.
Aa&cko /a~c.ko/ <a~.c\.ko> masc. . a jerk.
Aa&jvu& /a~Ô.vu~/ <a~.Ô\.vu~> v.tr. . to anoint
eyes with collyrium.
Aa&tr6u& /a~.t\r.Îu~/ <a~.t\.r\.Îu~> neut. .
intestine.
Aa&trraiQ4^y /a~n.t\r. raß.ˇri.ja/
<a~.t\.r\.ra.s°ˇri.j\> adj. . international.
Aa&trvu& /a~.t\r.vu~/ <a~.t\.r\.vu~> v.tr. .to
block.
Aa&trIk /a~t.rik/ <a~.t\.rii.k\> adj. .
internal.
Aa&doln /a~n.do.l\n/ <a~.do.l\.n\> neut. .
agitation.
Aa&08 /a~.d˙\¯/ <a~.dh\.¯\> neut. . water
boild for cooking food.

Aa&bo /a~.bo/ <a~.bo> masc. . a mango tree.
Aa&su& u/a~.su~/ <a~.su~> neut. . a tear.

;
;C2vu& /ic.c˙\.vu~/ <i.cch\.vu~> v.tr. . to
wish.
;C2a /ic.c˙a/ <i.ccha> fem. .1. desire 2.
wish.
;jner /iÔ.ner/ <i.Ô\.ne.r\> masc. . an
engineer.
;jaro /i.Ôa.ro/ <i.Ôa.ro> masc.
.monopoly.
;jjt /iÔ.Ô\t/ <i.ÔÔ\.t\> fem. .1. reputation
2. a woman’s chasity.
;5\5oter /iˇ˙.ˇ˙o.ter/ <i.ˇhˇho.te.r\> adj. .
seventy eight.
;5\yasI /i.ˇ˙ja.si/ <i.ˇhja.sii> adj. . eighty
eight.
;tr /i.t\r/ <i.t\.r\> adj. . another.
;ithas /i.ti.has/ <i.ti.ha.s\> masc.
.history.
;nam /i.nam/ <i.na.m\> neut. .1. a gift
2. a present 3. a prize.
;mam /i:.mam/ <i.ma.m\> masc. . the
chief prise of Muslims (honorific).
;mart /i:.ma.r\t/ <i.ma.r\.t\> fem. . a
big building.

By. Richin Patel

26
;yX /i:.j\Æ/ <i.j\.Æ\> fem. . a kind of
worm.

w

;laj /i:.laÔ/ <i.la.Ô\> masc. .a cure.

wkr6o /u.k\r.Îo/ <u.k\.r\.Îo> masc. .a
dunghill.

;laycI /i:.la.j\.ci/ <i.la.j\.cii> fem.
.cardamom.
;+k /i:ß.k\/ <i.ßk\> masc. . love.
;iSptal /i:s.pi.tal/ <i.spi.ta.l\> fem. . a
hospital.

wkXvu& /u.k\Æ.vu~/ <u.k\.Æ\.vu~> v.intr. . to
boil.
wkXa4 /uk.Æaˇ/ <u.k\.Æa.ˇ\> masc. .
uneasiness and perspiration caused by
heat.

;Slam /is.lam/ <i.sla.m\> masc. . Islam.

wkaXvu& /u.kaÆ.vu~/ <u.ka.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. .to
make something boiled.

;N±Iy /in.dri.j\/ <i.ndrii.j\> fem. . a
sense.

wkel /u.kel/ <u.ke.l\> masc. . a solution.

:

wkelvu& /u.kel.vu~/ <u.ke.l\.vu~> v.tr. .to
read (in the sense of deciphering).

:ja /iŠ.Ôa/ <ii.Ôa> fem. .injury.

wkelvu& /u.kel.vu~/ <u.ke.l\.vu~> v.tr. .to
solve.

:6lI /iŠÎ.li/ <ii.Î\.lii> fem. . a South
Indian food dish.

wkelvu& /u.kel.vu~/ <u.ke.l\.vu~> v.tr. . to
untwined.

:d /iŠd/ <ii.d\> fem. . a festival of
Muslims.

w`a8u& /u.k˙a.¯u~/ <u.kha.¯u~> neut. . a
riddle.

:d6u& /iŠd.Îu~/ <ii.d\.Îu~> neut. . a food
item made out of fermented flour.

wgamvu& /u.gam.vu~/ <u.ga.m\.vu~> v.tr. .
to raise something to strike.

:=an /iŠ.ßan/ <ii.ßa.n\> fem. .north-east.

w3ra8I /ug˙.ra.¯i/ <u.g\.ra.¯ii> fem. .
collection of money due from.

:¼r /iŠß.v\r/ <ii.ßv\.r\> masc. .god.
:sa: /iŠ.sa.iŠ/ <ii.sa.ii> masc. a
Christian.
:&4 /iŠˇ/ <ii~.ˇ\> fem. .a brick.
:&6u& /i~Š.¯du~/ <ii~.Îu~> neut. . an egg.

w3ravvu& /ug˙.rav.vu~/ <u.gh\.ra.v\.vu~>
v.tr. .to collect money by contribution.
wca4 /u.caˇ/ <u.ca.ˇ\> masc. .
restlessness.
wcapt /u.ca.p\t/ <u.ca.p\.t\> fem. .
misappropriation.

By. Richin Patel

27
wCcar /uc.car/ <u.cca.r\> masc. .
pronunciation.

w6avvu& /u.Îav.vu~/ <u.Îa.v\.Îa.v\.vu~>
v.tr. . to use up.

wCcarvu& /u.ccar.vu~/ <u.cca.r\.vu~> v.tr. .
to pronounce.

wtarvu& /u.tar.vu~/ <u.ta.r\.vu~> v.tr. . to
unload. See wtrvu&

wC2vas /uc.c˙\.vas/ <u.cch\.va.s\>
masc. . exhaling.

wtarvu& /u.tar.vu~/ <u.ta.r\.vu~> v.tr. .to
make a copy.

w2Xvu& /u.c˙\Æ.vu~/ <u.ch\.Æ\.vu~> v.intr.
1. to jump, 2. to be tossed.

wtaru& /u.ta.ru~/ <u.ta.ru~> masc. . a
passenger.

w2aXvu& /u.c˙aÆ.vu~/ <u.cha.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. .
to toss up.

wtaro /u.ta.ro/ <u.ta.ro> masc. .1. an
inn. 2. a lodging house.

w2ervu& /u.c˙er.vu~/ <u.che.r\.vu~> v.tr. . to
raise.

wtaro /u.ta.ro/ <u.ta.ro> masc. .1. a
copy. 2. a transcript.

wjagro /u.Ôag.ro/ <u.Ôa.g\.ro> masc. .
abstinence from sleep.

wtavX /u.ta.v\Æ/ <u.ta.v\.Æ\> fem. .
haste.

wja8I /u.Ôa.¯i/ <u.Ôa.¯ii> fem. a picnic.

w]am /ut.t\m/ <u.tt\.m\> adj. . the best.

wjj6 /uÔ.Ô\Î/ <u.ÔÔ\.Î\> adj. barren
(land)

w]ar /ut.t\r/ <u.tt\.r\> masc. . an
answer.

w5m8u& /u.ˇ˙\m.¯u~/ <u.ˇh\.m\.¯u~> neut.
a ritual performed after death.

w]ar /ut.t\r/ <u.tt\.r\> masc. the North.
w]aejk /ut.te.Ô\k/ adj. . stimulating.

w5vu& /uˇ˙.vu~/ <u.ˇh\.vu~> v.intr. . to get
up.
w5a6vu& /u.ˇ˙aÎ.vu~/ <u.ˇha.Î\.vu~> v.tr. .
to wake up.
w5a&trI /u.ˇ˙a~n.t\.ri/ <u.ˇha~.t\.rii> fem. .
a theft.
w6aw /u.Îa.u/ <u.Îa.u> adj. .
extravagant.
w6avvu& /u.Îav.vu~/ <u.Îa.v\.vu~> v.tr. . to
make something fly.

wTpi]a /ut.p\t.ti/ <u.tte.Ô\.k\> fem. .
production.
wTpadk /ut.pa.d\k/ <u.tpa.d\.k\> masc.
1. a producer. 2. a manufacturer.
wTpadn /ut.pa.d\n/ <u.tpa.d\.n\> neut. .
an act of producing.
wTsv /ut.s\v/ <u.ts\.v\> masc. . a
festival.

By. Richin Patel

28
wTsah /ut.sah/ <u.tsa.h\> masc. .1.
enthusiasm. 2. zeal.

wpcar /up.car/ <u.p\.ca.r\> masc. .1. a
remedy. 2. cure.

w9lavvu& /ut˙.lav.vu~/ <u.th\.la.v\.vu~>
v.tr. 1. to depose. 2. to over turn. See
w9lvu&

w pjvu& /u.p\Ô.vu~/ <u.p\.Ô\.vu~> v.intr.
.to grow

wdar /u.dar/ <u.da.r\> adj. . generous.

wpjavvu& /up.Ôav.vu~/ <u.p\.Ôa.v\.vu~>
v.tr. to reproduce.

wdas /u.das/ <u.da.s\> adj.
.1.unconcerned. 2. dejected.

wpde= /up.deß/ <u.p\.de.ß\> masc. .
preaching.

wdahr8 /u.da.h\.r\¯/ <u.da.h\.r\.¯\>
neut. 1. an example. 2. an illustration.

wpngr /up.n\.g\r/ <u.p\.n\.g\.r\>
neut. . a suburb.

wd\3a4n /ud.g˙a.ˇ\n/ <u.d.gha.ˇ\.n\>
neut. . an inauguration.

wpnam /up.nam/ <u.p\.na.m\> neut. . a
nickname.

w¥e= /ud.de.ß\/ <u.dde.ß\> masc. . an
intention.

wpyog /up.jog/ <u.p\.jo.g\> masc. . use.

w)0ar /ud˙.d˙a.r\/ <u.dhdha.r\> masc. .
salvation.
wd\-v /ud.b˙\.v\/ <u.d.bh\.v\> masc.
.1. birth. 2. creation.
wd\yog /ud.jo.g\/ <u.djo.g\> masc. .1. a
vocation. 2. an industry.
w0rs /ud˙.r\s/ <u.dh\.r\.s\> fem. .
cough.
w0ar /u.d˙ar/ <u.da.r\> adj. . given or
taken on credit.
wnaXu& /u.na.Æu~/ <u.na.Æu~> adj. .
pertaining to summer.
wnaXo /u.na.Æo/ <u.na.Æo> masc. .
summer.

wpr /u.p\r/ <u.p\.r\> postp. 1. above.
2. on. 3. over something.
wpra&t /up.ra~t/ <u.p\.ra~.t\> advb. .1.
additionally. 2. besides.
wprI /up.ri/ <u.p\.rii> masc. . a superior
officier.
wpvas /up.vas/ <u.p\.va.s\> masc. . a
fasting.
wps&har /up.sam.har/ <u.p\.s\~.ha.r\>
masc. a summary.
wpa6 /u.paÎ/ <u.pa.Î\> masc. .
withdrawal of money.
wpa6vu& /u.paÎ.vu~/ <u.pa.Î\.vu~> v.tr. . to
lift.
wpay /u.paj/ <u.pa.j\> masc. . a cure.

wpkar /up.kar/ <u.p\.ka.r\> masc. . an
obligation.

By. Richin Patel

29
wmda /um.da/ adj. . <u.m\.da> 1. best.
2. excellent.

W`6vu& /u.k˙\Î.vu~/ <uu.kh\.Î\.vu~>
v.intr. . to be ripped off.

wmr /u.m\r/ <u.m\.r\> fem. . age.

W`a6vu& /u.k˙aÎ.vu~/ <uu.k˙a.Î\.vu~> v.tr.
.1. to tear off, 2. to dismember.

wmXko /u.m\Æ.ko/ <u.m\.Æ\.ko> masc. .
an outburst of warm feeling.
wm&g /u.m\˜.g\/ <u.m\~.g\> masc. zeal.
wmervu& /u.mer.vu~/ <u.me.r\.vu~> v.tr. .to
add.
wmero /u.me.ro/ <u.me.ro> masc. . an
addition.
wl4avvu& /ul.ˇav.vu~/ <u.l\.ˇa.v\.vu~> v.tr. .
to turn up side down.
wlecvu& /u.lec.vu~/ <u.le.c\.vu~> v.tr. . to
raise up water.
wLle` /ul.lek˙/ <u.lle.kh\.vu~> masc. . a
mention.
w+kervu& /uß.ker.vu~/ <u.ßke.r\.vu~> v.tr. .
to instigate.
w&dr /un.d\r/ masc. .<u~.d\.r\> 1. a rat.
2. a mouse.
w&bro /um.b\.ro/ <u~.b\.ro> masc. the
threshold of a door.

W
WkXvu& /u.k\.vu~/ <uu.k\.Æ\.vu~> v.intr. .
to boil.
WkaXvu& /u.ka.Æ\.vu~/ <u.ka.Æ\.vu~> v.tr.
.to boil.

Wgrvu& /u.g\r.vu~/ <uu.g\.r\.vu~> v.intr. .
to escape.
Wgvu& /ug.vu~/ <uu.g\.vu~> v.intr. . to
grow.
Wgvu& /ug.vu~/ <uu.g\.vu~> v.intr. . to
rise.
Wckvu& /u.c\k.vu~/ <uu.c\.k\.vu~> v.tr. .1.
to life. 2. to raise.
W2rvu& /u.c˙\r.vu~/ <uu.ch\.r\.vu~> v.intr.
. to be brought up.
Wjvvu& /u.Ô\v.vu~/ <uu.Ô\.v\.vu~> v.tra.
.to celebrate.
WjXu& /uÔ.Æu~/ <uu.Ô\.Æu~> adj. .1. bright. 2.
shining.
W5vu& /uˇ˙.vu~/ <uu.ˇh\.vu~> v.intr. . to
stand up.
W6vu& /uÎ.vu~/ <uu.Î\.vu~> v.intr. . to fly.
W8p /u.¯\p/ <uu.¯\.p\> fem. .a
deficiency.
Wtrvu& /u.t\r.vu~/ <uu.t\.r\.vu~> v.intr. .
to climb down.
W9lvu& /u.t˙\l.vu~/ <uu.th\.l\.vu~> v.intr. .
to be up-side-down.
W9lo /u.t˙.lo/ <uu.th\.lo> masc. .1. an
upset. 2. an overturning.

By. Richin Patel

30
W0; /u.d˙\.i/ <uu.dh\.ii> fem. . a white
ant.
Wn /un/ <uu.n\> neut. . wool.
Wpj /u.p\Ô/ <uu.p\.Ô\> fem. .1. a farm
product. 2. an income.
Wp6vu& /u.p\Î.vu~/ <uu.p\.Î\.vu~> v.intr.
.1. to be lifted. 2. to set out a journey.
W-aW- /u.b˙a.ub˙/ <uu.bha.uu.bh\>
advb.
hurriedly.
W-u& /u.b˙u~/ <uu.bhu~> adj. . standing
upright.
Wl4I /ul.ti/ <uu.l\.ˇii> fem. . vomiting.
Wl4u& /ul.ˇu~/ <uu.l\.ˇu~> adj. .1. opposite.
2. contrary.
WlXvu& /u.l\Æ.vu~/ <uu.l\.Æ\.vu~> v.intr. .
to be bumped.
Whapoh /u.ha.poh/ <uu.ha.po.h\> masc.
. uproar.
W&3 /u~˜.g\/ <uu~.gh\> fem. . sleep.
W&ckvu& /u~.c\k.vu~/ <uu.c\.k\.vu~> v.tr.
.to lift up.

W&0Iyu& /u~n.d˙i.ju~/ <uu~.dhii.ju~> neut. . a
food made of vegetables, various types
of beans, roots and etc. Popular in South
Gujarat.
W&0u& /u~n.d˙u~/ <uu.dhu~> adj. . bottom
upward.

¢
¢ju /ru.Ôu/ adj. . <ru≤.Ôu> 1.soft. 2.
gentle.
¢8 /ru¯/ <ru≤.¯\> neut. . a debt.
¢tu /ru.tu/ <ru≤.tu> fem. . a season.
¢iq /ru.ßi/ <ru≤.s°i> masc. . a sage.

Ae
Ae /e/ <e> adj. .that.
Aek /ek/ <e.k\> adj. .one.1.
Aek4a8u& /ek.ˇa.¯u~/ <e.k\.ˇa.¯u~> neut. . a
kind of fasting in which a person eats
only once a day.
Aek6o /ek.Îo/ <e.k\.Îo> masc. . the sign
of number 1.
Aekta /ek.ta/ <e.k\.ta> fem. . unity.

W&ca; /u~.cai/ <uu~.ca.ii> fem. . height.
W&cu& /u~.cu~/ <uu~.cu~> adj. . high.
W&4 /u~ˇ/ <uu~.ˇ\> neut. . a camel..
W&6a; /un.Îa.i/ <uu~.Îa.ii> fem. . depth.
W&6u& /u~¯.Îu~/ <uu~.Îu~> adj. . deep.

AektaXIs /ek.ta.Æis/ <e.k\.ta.Æi.s\> adj. .
forty one.
Aek{aIs /e.k\.tris/ <e.k\.trii.s\> adj. .
thirty one.
Aekdm /ek.d\m/ <e.k\.d\.m\> advb. . at
once.

By. Richin Patel

31

Aek0aru& /ek.d˙a.ru~/ <e.k.dha.ru~> adj. .1.
constant. 2. incessant.
AekpxI /ek.p\.kßi/ <e.k\.p\.kßii> adj. .
one sided.
AekpiTn]v /ek.p\t.nit.v\/
<e.k\.p\.tni.ttv\> neut. monogamy.
Aekm /e.k\m/ <e.k\.m\> fem. . fist day
of bright or dark half of Hindu month.
Aekma{a /ek.mat.r\/ <e.k\.ma.tr\> adj. .
the only one of a type.

Aeks5 /ek.s\ˇ˙/ <e.k\.vi.s\> adj. . sixty
one.
Aeksr`u& /ek.s\r.k˙u~/ <e.k\.s\.r\.khu~>
adj. . uniform.
Aek&dr /ekn.d\r/ <e.k\~.d\.r\> advb. .
totally.
AekaAek /e.ka.ek/ <e.ka.e.k\> advb. .
suddenly.
Aeka8u& /e.ka.¯u~/ <e.ka.¯u~> adj. . ninety
one.

Aekmek /ek.mek/ <e.k\.me.k\> advb. .
mutually.

Aekad=I /e.ka.d\.ßi/ <e.ka.d\.ßii> fem. .
the eleventh day of dark or bright half of
a Hindu month.

Aekrag /ek.rag/ masc. . <e.k\.ra.g\> 1.
unity. 2. harmony.

Aeka=I /e.ka.ßi/ <e.ka.ßii> adj. . eighty
one.

Aek£p /ek.rup/ <e.k\.ruu.p\> adj. . of
similar form.

Aeka&kI /e.ka~.ki/ <e.ka~.kii> adj. . one act
play.

Aekl dokl /e.k\l do.k\l/
<e.k\.l\.do.k\.l\> adj. . lonely.

Aeka&t /e.ka~n.t\/ <e.ka~.t\> neut. . lonely.

Aeklpe4u& /e.k\l.pe.ˇu~/ <e.k\.l\./pe.ˇu~>
adj. . selfish.
Aeklvayu& /e.k\l.va.ju~/ <e.k\.l\.va.ju~> adj.
. lonely.
Aekvgu& /ek.v\.gu~/ <e.k\.v\.gu~> adj. . all
together.
Aekvcn /ek.v\.c\n/ <e.k\.v.c\.n\> neut.
. singular.
AekvIs /ek.vis/ <e.k\.vi.s\> adj. . twenty
one.

AekI sa9e /e.ki sa.t˙e/ <e.kii.sa.the> advb.
. all at atime.
Aekek /ek.kek/ <e.ke.k\> advb. . one by
one.
Aekotr /e.ko.t\r/ <e.ko.t\.r\> adj. .
seventy one.
Aekya=I /e.kja.ßi/ <e.kja.ßi> adj. . eighty
one.
Ae4le /eˇ.le/ <e.ˇ\.le> advb. . therefore.
Ae5u& /´.ˇ˙u~/ <e.thu~> neut. . the left over
food.

By. Richin Patel

32
Ae6I /e.Îi/ <e.Îii> fem. . heel.

seventy nine.

AelcI /el.ci/ <e.l\.cii> fem. . cardamom.

Aog8Is /og.¯is/ <o.g\.¯i.s\> adj.
.nineteen.

AelcI /el.ci/ <e.l\.cii> masc. . an
ambassador. (honorific)
Aev6u& /ev.Îu~/ <e.v\.Îu~> advb. . of that
size.
Aevu& /e.vu~/ <e.vu~> advb. . of that
manner.
Aevama& /e.va.ma~/ <e.va.ma~> advb. . in
the mean time.
Ae= /´ß/ <e.ß\> masc. .enjoyment.
.

AE
AEravt /\i.ra.v\t/ <\i.ra.v\.t\> masc. .
Indra’s elephant (with seven trunks).
AE¼yR /\i.ßv\.rj\/ <\i.ßv\.rj\> neut.
godliness.

Ao
Aog8calIs /o.g\¯.ca.lis/
<o.g\.¯\.ca.lii.s\> adj. . thirty nine.
Aog8{aIs /o.g\¯.tris/ <o.g\.¯\.tri.s\>
adj.
.twenty nine.
Aog8pcas /o.g\¯.p\.cas/
<o.g\.¯\.p›.ca.s\> adj. .forty nine.
Aog8sa;5 /o.g\¯. sa.iˇ˙/
<o.g\.¯\.sa.i.ˇh\> adj. .fifty nine.
Aog*yaAe&=I./og.¯ja. ´~ßi/ <o.g\.¯ja.e.ßii>
adj.

AoXgvu& /ø.g\Æ.vu~/ <o.g\.Æ\.vu~> v.intr ..to
melt.
AoicNtu& /ø.cin.tu~/ <o.ci.ntu~> advb. .
suddenly.
AoC2v /oc.c˙\v/ <o.cch\.v\> masc. . a
festival.
Ao2abolu& /o.c˙a.bo.lu~/ <o.cha.bo.lu~> adj.
. reserved.
Ao2u& /o.c˙u~/ <o.chu~> adj. . less than
necessary.
Aojar /o.Ôar/ <o.Ôa.r\> neut. . an
instrument.
Ao4 /oˇ/ <o.ˇ\> masc. . an ebb.
Ao4lo /oˇ.lo/ <o.ˇ\.lo> masc. . a raised
platform adjoining the outer wall of a
building.
Ao4vu& /oˇ.vu~/ <o.ˇ\.vu~> v.tran.. to hem.
Ao7vu& /oÎ˙.vu~/ <o.Îh\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to
wrap over the body. 2. to wear a sari.
Aor6o /or.Îo/ <o.r\.Îo> masc. . a room.
Aorvu& /or.vu~/ <o.r\.vu~> v.tr. . to sow
seeds.
AorI /o.ri/ <o.rii> fem. .1. small-pox 2.
measles.
Aolvvu& /o.l\v.vu~/ <o.l\.v\.vu~> v.tr. . to
extinguish.

By. Richin Patel

33
AosrI /os.ri/ <o.s\.rii> fem. . the front
open part of a house.

kcrape4I /k\c.ra pe.ˇi/ <k\.c\.ra.pe.ˇii>
fem. a dust bin.

Ao=Iku& /o.ßi.ku~/ <o.ßii.ku~> neut. . a
pillow.

kcro /k\c.ro/ <k\.c\.ro> masc. .
garbage.

AoX` /o.Æ\k˙/ <o.Æ\.kh\> fem. . idenitity.

kcva4 /k\c.vaˇ/ <k\.c\.va.ˇ\> masc. .1.
grumbling. 2. dissatisfaction.

AoXvu& /oÆ.vu~/ <o.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. . to comb
(hair).
AoX&gvu& /o.Æ\˜.g\.vu~/ <o.Æ\~.g\.vu~> v.tr. .
to cross over.

AO
AOicTy /\u.ci.tj\/ <au.ci.tj\> adj. .
appropriateness.
AOdICy /\u.diŠ.cj\/ <\u.dii.cj\> masc. . a
sub-caste of Brahmin
AOpcarRIk /\up.ca.rik/ <\u.p\.ca.rii.k\>
adj. . formal.
AOq0 /\u.ß\d˙/ <\u.s°\.dh\> neut. a
medicine.
Aod\yoigk /\u.djo.gik/ <\u.djo.gi.k\>
adj. . industial.

K

kca= /k\.caß/ <k\.ca.ß\> fem.
1.unripenness. 2. imperfection. 3.
deficiency.
kcu&br /k\.cum.b\r/ <k\.cu~,b\.r\> neut.
raw vegetables cut into pieces.
kcorI /k\.co.ri/ <k\.co.rii> fem. . a type
of food.
kijya`or /k\.Ôi.ja.k˙or/ <k\.Ôi.ja.kho.r\>
adj. quarrelsome.
kjo6u& /k\.Ôo.Îu~/ <k\.Ôo.Îu~> neut. . an
unfit match.
k4ko /k\ˇ.ko/ <k\.ˇ\.ko> masc. . a piece.
k4ok4I /k\.ˇo.k\.ˇi/ <k\.ˇo.k\.ˇii> fem. . a
crisis.
k4oro /k\.ˇo.ro/ <k\.ˇo.ro> masc. . a
bowl.
k58 /k\.ˇ˙\¯/ <k\.ˇh\.¯\> adj. . hard.

kk\ko /k\k.ko/ <k\.kko> masc. .
alphabet.

k5In /k\.ˇ˙in/ <k\.ˇhii.n\> adj. .
difficult.

kckc /k\c. k\c/ <k\.c\.k\.c\> fem. .1. a
boring talk. 2. a quarrel.

ki5yaro /k\.ˇ˙i.ja.ro/ <k\.ˇhi.ja.ro> masc.
.a woodcutter.

kc6vu& /k\.c\Î.vu~/ <k\.c\.Î\.vu~> v.tr. to
trample.

k5e6o /k\.ˇ˙e.Îo/ <k\.ˇhe.Îo> masc. . a
railing.

By. Richin Patel

34
k5or /k\.ˇ˙or/ <k\.ˇho.r\> adj. . harsh.

kd£pu& /k\d.ru.pu~/ <k\.d\.ruu.pu~> adj. .
ugly.

k5oX /k\.ˇ˙oÆ/ <k\.ˇho.Æ\> neut. . pulses.
k6ko /k\Î.ko/ <k\.Î\.ko> masc. .1.a
piece
2. penniless.
k6vu& /k\Î.vu~/ <k\.Î\.vu~> adj. . bitter in
taste.

kdavr /k\.da.v\r/ <k\.da.v\.r\> adj.
.huge.
kn6gt /k\.n\Î.g\t/ <k\.n\.Î\.g\.t\>
fem. . harassment.
kNya /k\n.ja/ <k\.nja> fem. .1. an
unmarried girl. 2. Virgo.

k6akU4 /k\.Îa.kuˇ/ <k\.Îa.kuu.ˇ\> fem. .
unnecessary botheration.

kp4 /k\.p\ˇ/ <k\.p\.ˇ\> neut. . deceit.

k6Iyo /k\.Îi.jo/ <k\.Îii.jo> masc. .1. a
mason 2. a brick-layer

kp6a&l]aa& /k\p.Îa~.l\t.ta~/ <k\.p\.Îa~.l\.tta~>
neut. pl.. clothes.

k6I /k\.Îi/ <k\.Îii> fem. .1. a hook 2. an
earring.

kp6u& /k\p.Îu~/ <k\.p\.Îu~> neut. . cloth.
kpru& /k\p.ru~/ <k\.p\.ru~> adj. . tough.

k6u& /k\.Îu~/ <k\.Îu~> neut. . an armlet.
k7&gu& /k\.Î˙\˜.gu/ <k\.Îh\~.gu~> adj. .1.
clumsy 2. awkward in shape.
k7I /k\.Î˙i/ <k\.Îhii> fem. .a food item.
k8 /k\¯/ <k\.¯\> masc. a grain.
k8svu& /k\.¯\s.vu~/ <k\.¯\.s\.vu~> v.intr.
. to groan.
k9Xvu& /k\.t˙\Æ.vu~/ <k\.th\.Æ\.vu~> v.intr.
.to deteriorate.

kpaX /k\.pa/ <k\.pa.Æ\> neut. . the
forehead.
kpas /k\.pas/ <k\.pa.s\> masc. . a
cotton plant.
kpoX /k\.poÆ/ <k\.po.Æ\> adj. . a sub
caste in Bania community.
kf /k\p˙/ <k\.ph\> masc. .cough.
kb@yat /k\.b\.Ôi.jat/ <k\.b\.Ôii.ja.t\>
masc.
constipation.

k9a /k\.t˙a/ <k\.tha> fem. . a stroy.
k9akar /k\.t˙a.kar/ <k\.tha.ka.r\> masc.
. a story teller.

kbjo /k\b.Ôo/ <k\.b\.Ôo> masc. . a
blouse.
kbr /k\.b\r/ <k\.b\.r\> fem. . a grave.

kd /k\d/ <k\.d\> neut. . size.
kba4 /k\.baˇ/ neut. . a cup-board.

By. Richin Patel

35
kbUtr /k\.bu.t\r/ <k\.buu.t\.r\> neut. .
a pigeon.
kmnsIb /k\m.n\.sib/ <k\.m\.n\.sii.b\>
adj. . unfortunate.

kra /k\.ra/ <k\.ra> masc. pl..1. hailstones.
krar /k\.rar/ <k\.ra.r\> masc. . a written
agreement.

kmr /k\.m\r/ <k\.m\.r\> fem. . a waist.
kmX /k\.m\Æ/ <k\.m\.Æ\> neut. . a lotus.
kmXo /k\m.Æo/ <k\.m\.Æo> masc. .
jaundice.
kma; /k\.ma.i/ <k\.ma.ii> fem. .
earnings.
kmavu& /l\.ma.vu~/ <k\.ma.vu~> v.intr. . to
earn.

kirya8u& /k\.ri.ja.¯u~/ <k\.ri.ja.¯u~> neut. .
grocery.
kiryavr /k\.ri.ja.v\r/ <k\.ri.ja.v\.r\>
neut. . a bride’s father’s gift to
bridegroom and his relatives.
kru8 /k\.ru¯/ <k\.ru.¯\> adj. .1.
pathetic 2. tragic.
kru8a /k\.ru.¯a/ <k\.ru.¯a> fem. .
kindness.

kmurt /k\.mu.r\t/ <k\.mu.r\.t\> neut.
inauspicious time or hour.

k£p /k\.rup/ <k\.ruu.p\> adj. . ugly.

kmot /k\.mot/ <k\.mo.t\> neut. .
unnatural death.

kro6 /k\.roÎ/ <k\.ro.Î\> adj. . ten
millions.

kmosm /k\.mo.s\m/ <k\.mo.s\.m\>
fem. .1. bad weather. 2. untimely.

kro6 /k\.roÎ/ <k\.ro.Î\> fem. . a spine.

krksr /k\r.k\.s\r/ <k\.r\.k\.s\.r\> fem.
. economy.
krgrvu& /k\r.g\r.vu~/ <k\.r\.g\.r\.vu~>
v.intr. . to request humbly.
krclo /k\.r\c.lo/ <k\.r\.c\.lo> masc. . a
crab.

kro6rjju /k\.roÎ.r\Ô.Ôu/ <k\.ro.Î\.r\.ÔÔu>
fem. . the spinal cord.
kroiXyo /k\.ro.Æi.jo/ <k\.ro.Æi.jo> masc. .
a spider.
kl&k /k\.l\nk/ <k\.l\~.k\> neut. .1. a blot
2. a blemish.
kla /k\.la/ <k\.la> fem. . art.

krj /k\.r\Ô/ <k\.r\.Ô\> neut. . a debt.
klak /k\.lak/ <k\.la.k\> masc. . an hour.
krmavu& /k\r.ma.vu~/ <k\.r\.ma.vu~>
v.intr..to wither.

klakar /k\.la.kar/ <k\.la.ka.r\> masc. .
an artist.

krvu& /k\r.vu~/ <k\.r\.vu~> v.tr. . to do.

By. Richin Patel

36
kLpna /k\l.p\.na/ <k\.lp\.na> fem. .
imagination.

k;& /k\.i~/ <k\.ii~> advb. .1. where? 2.
some.

kLpvu& /k\l.p\.vu~/ <k\.lp\.vu~> v.tr. . to
imagine.

k;&k /k\.i~k/ <k\.ii~.k\> advb. .
something.

kLya8 /k\l.ja.¯\/ <k\.lja.¯\> neut. .
well-being.

k&kav4I /k\n.ka.vaˇi/ <k\~.ka.v\.ˇii> fem. .
a small bowl to keep k&ku>

kviy{aI /k\.v\.ji.tri/ <k\.v\ji.tri> fem. .a
female poet.
kiv /k\.vi/ masc. . <k\.vi> a male poet.

k&ku /k\n.ku/ <k\~.ku> neut. . a red
powder/ paste used in rituals and certain
social customs such as putting bindi on
the forehead.

k=u& /k\.ßu~/ <k\.ßu~> adj. . whatever
thing.

k&kotrI /k\.nko.t\.ri/ <k\~.ko.t\.rii> fem. .
an invitation letter.

k=u&k /k\.ßu~k/ <k\.ßu~.k\> adj. .
something.

k&jUs /k\n.Ôus/ <k\~.Ôu.s\> adj. . miserly.

ksrt /k\s.r\t/ <k\.s\.r\.t\> fem. . an
exercise.
ksa; /k\.sai/ <k\.sa.ii> masc. . a
butcher.

k&4aXvu& /k\n.ˇaÆ.vu~/ <k\~.ˇa.Æ\.vu~> v.intr. .
to be bored.
k&4aXo /k\n.ˇa.Æo/ <k\~.ˇa.Æo> masc. .
medium.

kso4I /k\.so.ˇi/ <k\.so.ˇii> fem. . a test.

k&5 /k\¯t˙/ <k\~.ˇh\> masc. .1. the throat
2. a vocal tune.

khe8 /k\.he¯/ <k\.he.¯\> neut. . a
message.

k&5I /k\¯.ˇ˙i/ <k\~.ˇhii> fem. . a kind of
necklace.

khevt /k\.he.v\t/ <k\.he.v\.t\> fem. . a
proverb.

k&do; /k\n.doi/ masc. . a confectioner.

khevu& /k\.he.vu~/ <k\.he.vu~> v.tr. . to say.

k&doro /k\n.do.ro/ <k\~.do.ro> masc. . a
waist-band.

k¬agru& /k\h.ja.g\.ru~/ <k\.hja.g\.ru~>
adj. . obedient.

k&parI /k\m.pa.ri/ <k\~.pa.rii> fem. . a
shivering.

kXtr /k\Æ.t\r/ <k\.Æ\.t\.r\> neut. . a
kind of body pain.

k&pvu& /k\mp.vu~/ <k\~.p\.vu~> v.intr. .1. to
shiver 2. to tremble.

kXI /k\.Æi/ <k\.Æii> fem. . a bud.

k&sar /k\m.sar/ <k\~.sa.r\> masc. .a
sweet.

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37
kak6I /kak.Îi/ <ka.k\.Îii> fem. .
cucumber.

ka7vu& /kaÎ˙.vu~/ <ka.Îh\.vu~> v.tr. . to
take out.

kaka /ka.ka/ <ka.ka> masc. hon..
paternal uncle.

ka8u& /ka.¯u~/ <ka.¯u~> adj. .1. a hole, 2.
one-eyed.

kaka@ /ka.ka.Ôi/ <ka.ka.Ôii> masc. . a
brother of the father-in-law.

katr /ka.t\r/ <ka.t\.r\> fem. . scissors.

kakI /ka.ki/ <ka.kii> fem. . a paternal
uncle’s wife.
kakI@ /ka.ki.Ôi/ <ka.ka.Ôii> fem. . the
wife of the brother of the father-in-law.

katrvu& /ka.t\r.vu~/ <ka.t\.r\.vu~> v.tr. . to
cut with scissors.
katrI /kat.ri/ <ka.t\.rii> fem. .a waferthin slice.
kadv /ka.d\v/ <ka.d\.v\> masc. . mud.

kag6o /kag.Îo/ <ka.g\.Îo> masc. . a
crow.
kagX /ka.g\Æ/ <ka.g\.Æ\> masc. .1. paper
2. a letter.
kagaroX /ka.ga.roÆ/ <ka.ga.ro.Æ\> fem. .
rowdism.
kac /kac/ <ka.c\> masc. .1. glass 2.
mirror.

kan /kan/ <ka.n\> masc. . an ear.
kap /kap/ <ka.n\> masc. . reduction.
kap6 /ka.p\Î/ <ka.p\.Î\> neut. . cloth.
kaplI /kap.li/ <ka.p\.lii> fem. . a
clipping of a paper.
kapvu& /kap.vu~/ <ka.p\.vu~> v.tr. . to cut.

kacbo /kac.bo/ <ka.c\.bo> masc. . a
tortoise.

kapo /ka.po/ <ka.po> masc. .1.a cut. 2 a
mark made by cutting.

kaic&6o /ka.ci¯.Îo/ <ka.c\~.Îo> masc. . a
chameleon.

kabr /ka.b\r/ <ka.b\.r\> neut. . a kind
of bird.

kacu& /ka.cu~/ <ka.cu~> adj. .1.unripe 2.
raw.

kabU /ka.bu/ <ka.buu> masc. . control.

kajX /ka.Ô\Æ/ <ka.Ô\.Æ\> neut. .eye-salve.

kam /kam/ <ka.m\> neut. . work

kaju /ka.Ôu/ <ka.Ôu> neut. . a cashew-nut.

kam /kam/ <ka.m\> masc. . sexual
desire.

ka4 /kaˇ/ <ka.ˇ\> masc. . rust.

kamclaw& /kam.c\.lau~/ adj. .tentative.

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38
kamcor /kam.cor/ <ka.m\.co.r\> adj. .
not inclined to work.
kamdar /kam.dar/ <ka.m\.da.r\> masc. .
a manual worker.
kamdev /kam.dev/ <ka.m\.de.v\> masc. .
ther god of love.
kam0&0o /ka.d˙n.d˙o/ <ka.m\.dh\~.dho>
masc. .1. business 2. profession.

kaXju& /kaÆ.Ôu~/ <ka.Æ\.Ôuu> neut. .1.the
lever.
kaXu& /la.Æu~/ <ka.Æu~> adj. . black.
kaXotrI /ka.Æo.t\.ri/ <ka.Æo.t\.rii> fem. . a
letter containg someone’s death’s
message.
ka&krI /ka~k.ri/ <ka~.k\.rii> fem. . a smll
pebble.

kaydo /kaj.do/ <ka.j\.do> masc. . a law.
kaym /ka.j\m/ <ka.j\.m\> adj. . forever.
karkun /kar.kun/ <ka.r\.ku.n\> masc. . a
clerk.
kar`anu& /kar.k˙a.nu~/ <ka.r\.kha.nu~>
neut. . a factory.
kar8 /ka.r\¯/ <ka.r\.¯\> neut. .1. a
reason 2. a cause.
kartk /kar.t\k/ <ka.r\.t\.k\> masc. . the
first month of Hindu year.
kartUs /kar.tus/ <ka.r\.tu.s\> neut. . a
cartridge.
kar-ar /kar.b˙ar/ <ka.r\.bha.r\> masc. .
management.
kal /kal/ <ka.l\> fem. .1.tomrrow 2.
yesterday.
kavtru& /ka.v\t.ru~/ <ka.v\.t\.ru~> neut. .
fraud.

ka&kro /ka~k.ro/ <ka~.k\.ro> masc. . a
pebble.
ka&4aXu& /ka~.ˇa.Æu~/ <ka~.ˇa.Æu~> adj. . throny.
ka&4o /ka~.ˇo/ <ka~.ˇo> masc. . a thorn.
ka&4o /ka~.ˇo/ <ka~.ˇo> masc. . a weighing
machine.
ka&5o /ka~.ˇ˙o/ <ka~.ˇho> masc. .1. a bank 2.
a shore 3 a coast.
ka&6u& /ka~¯.Îu~/ <ka~.Îu~> neut. . a wrist.
ka&do /ka¯.do/ <ka~.do> masc. . onion.
ka&0 /ka~n.d˙\/ <ka~.dh\> fem. . one of the
shoulders.
ka&skI /ka~s.ki/ <ka~.s\.kii> fem. . a small
comb mainly for women.
ka&sko /ka~s.ko/ <ka~.s\.ko> masc. . a
comb.
ikLlo /kil.lo/ <ki.llo> masc. . a fortress.

kaVy /kav.j\/ <ka.vj\> neut. . a poem.
kaX@ /kaÆ.Ôi/ <ka.Æ\.Ôii> fem. . care.

ik=or /ki.ßor/ <ki.ßo.r\> masc. . a minor
boy.

By. Richin Patel

39

ik=orI /ki.ßo.ri/ <ki.ßo.rii> fem. . a minor
girl.
kI4lI /kiˇ.li/ <kii.ˇ\.lii> fem. . a kettle.
kI6I. /ki.Îi/ <kii.Îii> fem. . an ant.

ku&-ar /kum.b˙ar/ <ku~.bha.r\> masc. . a
potter.
ku&varu& /ku~.va.ru~/ <ku~.vaa.ru~> adj. .
unmarried.
kUk6o /kuk.Îo/ <kuu.k\.Îo> masc. . a
cock.

kI6o /ki.Îo/ <kii.Îo> masc. . an insect.
kUk6I /kuk.Îi/ <kuu.k\.Îii> fem. . a hen.
kImt /ki.m\t/ <kii.m\.t\> fem. . price.
kIitR /kir.ti/ <kii.rti> fem. . fame.
ku4u&b /ku.ˇum.b\/ <ku.ˇu~.b\> neut. . a
family.
ku4ev /ku.ˇev/ <ku.ˇe.v\> fem. . a bad
habit.
kuthU l /ku.tu.h\l/ <ku.tu.h\.l\> neut.
curiosity.
kudrt /kud.r\t/ <ku.d\.r\.t\> fem. .
nature.
kUXdev /kuÆ.dev/ <ku.Æ\.de.v\> masc. . a
family deity.

kUtrI /kut.ri/ <kuu.t\.rii> fem. . a female
dog.
kUtru& /kut.ru~/ <kuu.t\.ru~> neut. . a dog.
kUtro /kut.ro/ <kuu.t\.ro> masc. . a male
dog.
kU9lI /kut˙.li/ <ku.th\.lii> fem. . scandal.
kUdvu& /kud.vu~/ <ku.d\.vu~> v.intr. . to
jump.
kudavvu& /ku.dav.vu~/ <ku.da.v\.vu~> v.tr.
see kuda6vu.
kUvo /ku.vo/ <ku.vo> masc. . a waterwell.

kuStI /kus.ti/ <ku.stii> fem. . wrestling.
kuseva /ku.se.va/ <ku.se.vaa> fem. . a
disservice.
kuha6I /ku.ha.Îi/ <ku.ha.Îii> fem. . a
small axe.
kuha6o /ku.ha.Îo/ <ku.ha.Îio> masc. . an
axe.
ku&6X /ku¯.Î\Æ/ <ku~.Î\.Æ\> masc. a kind
of ear ring.

kU&cI /ku~.ci/ <ku~.cii> fem. .1. a key 2. a
clue.
kU&pX /ku.mp\Æ/ <kuu~.p\.Æ\> fem. . a
sprout.
ke4lu& /keˇ.lu~/ <ke.ˇ\.lu~> adj. . how much.
ke6 /k´Î/ <ke.Î\> fem. .a waist.
ked /k´d/ <ke.d\> fem. . a prison.
kem /k´m/ <ke.m\> advb. .why.

By. Richin Patel

40

kedI /k´.di/ <ke.dii> masc. .a prisoner.
kerI /k´.ri/ <ke.rii> fem. .a mango.

kotrvu& /ko.t\r.vu~/ <ko.t\.r\.vu~> v.tr. .1.
to engrave 2. to carve.
ko9mIr /kot˙.mir/ <ko.th\.mii.r\> neut.
coriander.

kev6u& /kev.Îu~/ <ke.v\.Îu~> adj. .how big
kevu& /ke.vu~/ <ke.vu~> adj. .of what kind.
kesr /ke.s\r/ <ke.s\.r\> neut. .saffron.
kesrI /kes.ri/ <ke.s\.rii> adj. .saffron
colored.
keX /keÆ/ <ke.Æ\> fem. .a banana-tree.
keXv8I /ke.Æ\v.¯i/ <ke.Æ\.v\.¯ii> fem. .1.
bringing up. 2. training.

ko9XI /kot˙.Æi/ <ko.th\.Æii> fem. .a purse
of cloth.
ko9Xo /koˇ˙.Æo/ <ko.th\.Æo> masc. .a
large beg of cloth.
kodaXI /ko.da.Æi/ <ko.da.Æii> fem. .1. a
hoe 2. a spade.
konu& /kø.nu~/ <ko.nu~> pron.. whose.
kopru& /kop.ru~/ <ko.p\.ru~> neut. .a kernel
of a coconut.

keXvvu& /ke.Æ\v.vu~/ <ke.Æ\.v\.vu~> v.tr. .to
bring up.

kom /kom/ <ko.m\> fem. .a caste-group.

keXu& /ke.Æu~/ <ke.Æu~> neut. .a banana.

komvad /kom.vad/ <ko.m\.va.d\> masc.
.1. communalism 2. castism.

ko; /ko.i/ <ko.i> prono..someone.
kogXIyu& /kø.g\.Æi.ju~/ <ko.g\.Æii.ju~> neut.
cholera.
kogXo /køg.Æo/ <ko.g\.Æo> masc. .1. a
mouthful of liquid 2. a gargle.
ko5I /ko.ˇ˙i/ <ko.ˇhii> fem. .a large vessel
to stor grain.
ko6Iyu& /ko.Îi.ju~/ <ko.Îii.ju~> neut. .a kind
of earthern lamp.

korvu& /kor.vu~/ <ko.r\.vu~> v.tr. .to bore a
hole.
kolso /kol.so/ <ko.l\.so> masc. .coal.
kolahl /ko.la.h\l/ <ko.la.h\.l\> masc. .a
continuous loud noise.
koi== /ko.ßiß/ <ko.ßi.ß\> fem. .an effort.
kohvu& /koh.vu~/ <ko.h\.vu~> v.intr. .to rot.
koXI /ko.Æi/ <ko.Æii> fem. .a caste.

ko7 /koÎ˙/ <ko.Îh\> masc. .leprosy.
koXu& /ko.Æu~/ <ko.Æu~> neut. .a pumpkin.
ko8I /kø.¯i/ <ko.¯ii> fem. .an elbow.
kO4uiMbk /k\u.ˇum.bik/ <k\u.tu~.mbi.k\>
adj. pertaining to a family.

By. Richin Patel

41

kO-a&6 /k\u.b˙a~nÎ/ <k\u.bha~.Î\> neut.
.a scandal.
kO&s /k\ums/ <k\u~.s\> masc. .a bracket.
Ex. [], {}, ( ).
kyare /kja.re/ <kja.re> advb. .when.
kya& /kja~/ <k\.ja~> advb. .where.

`jU.rI /k˙\.Ôu.ri/ <kh\.Ôu.rii> fem. .a date
tree.
`jUro /k˙\.Ôu.ro/ <kh\.Ôuu.ro> masc. .a
centipede.
`4kvu& /k˙\.ˇ\k.vu~/ <kh\.ˇ\.k\.vu~>
v.exp.. to repent.
`4p4 /k˙\ˇ.p\ˇ/ <kh\.ˇ\.p\.ˇ\> fem. .an
intrigue.

k/ur /kru.r\/ <kru.r\> adj. .cruel.
k/o0 /kro.d˙\/ <kro.dh\> masc. .anger.

`

`4ml /k˙\ˇ.m\l/ <kh\.ˇ\.m\.l\> masc.
.a bug.
`4mI5u& /k˙\ˇ.mi.ˇ˙u~/ <kh\.ˇ\.mii.ˇhu~>
adj. sour and sweet.

``6vu& /k˙\.k˙\Î.vu~/ <kh\.kh\.Î\.vu~>
v.intr. .to rattle.

`4rag /k˙\ˇ.rag/ <kh\.ˇ\.ra.g\> masc. .a
quarrel.

``6avvu& /k˙\k˙.Îav.vu~/
<k˙\.k˙\.Îa.v\.vu~> v.tr. .to knock (on
a door etc.).

`4lo /k˙\ˇ.lo/ <kh\.ˇ\.lo> masc. .a lawsuit.

`ckavu& /k˙\c.ka.vu~/ <kh\.c\.ka.vu~>
v.intr. .to hesitate.
`ca`c /k˙\.ca.k˙\c/ <kh\.ca.kh\.c\>
advb. densely.
`Ccr /k˙\c.c\r/ <kh\.cc\.r\> neut. .a
mule.
`jancI /k˙\.Ôan.ci/ <kh\.Ôa.n\.cii>
masc. .a cashier.
`jano /k˙\.Ôa.no/ <kh\.Ôa.no> masc. .a
treasure.
`jUr /k˙\.Ôur/ <kh\.Ôu.r\> neut. .a date
fruit.

`4vvu& /k˙\.ˇ\v.vu~/ <kh\.ˇ\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
.to make things sour.
`4aro /k˙\.ˇa.ro/ <kh\.ˇa.ro> masc. .a
motor truck.
`4u&b6u& /k˙\.ˇumb.Îu~/ <kh\.ˇu~.b\.Îu~>
adj. slightly sour.
`6k /k˙\.Î\k/ <kh\.Î\.k\> masc. .a
rock.
`6klo /k˙\.Î\k.lo/ <kh\.Î\.k\.lo>
masc. .a pile.
`6kI /k˙\Î.ki/ <kh\.Î\.kii> fem. .a lane.
`6tl /k˙\Î.t\l/ <kh\.Î\.t\.l\> adj. .a
strongly built.

By. Richin Patel

42
`6bc6u& /k˙\Î.b\c.Îu~/
<kh\.Î\.b\.c\.Îu~> adj. .rough.

`ru& /k˙\.ru~/ <kh\.ru~> adj. .correct.

`6ecok /k˙\.Îe.cok/ <kh\.Îe.co.k\>
advb. publicly.

`re`r /k˙\.re.k˙\r/ <kh\.re.kh\.r\>
advb. .1. truly 2. indeed.

`8vu& /k˙\¯.vu~/ <kh\.¯\.vu~> v.tr. .to
scratch.

`cR /k˙\r.c\/ <kh\.rc\> neut. . expense.

`tro /k˙\t.ro/ <kh\.t\.ro> masc.
.danger.
`tvvu& /k˙\.t\v.vu~/ <kh\.t\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
.to make an entry in a ledger.
`dbdvu& /k˙\d.b\d.vu~/
<kh\.d\.b\.d\.vu~> v.intr. .to boil with
a simmering sound.

`las /k˙\.las/ <kh\.la.s\> adj. .1.
exhausted 2. the end.
`lasI /k˙\.la.si/ <kh\.la.sii> masc. .a
sailor.
`lel /k˙\.lel/ <kh\.le.l\> masc.
.disturbance.
`vas /k˙\.vas/ <kh\.va.s\> fem. .name
of a community.

`pvu& /k˙\p.vu~/ <kh\.p\.vu~> v.intr. .to
be sold.

`s /k˙\s/ <kh\.s\> fem. .scabies.

`br /k˙\.b\r/ <kh\.b\.r\> fem. .news.

`s`s /k˙\s.k˙\s/ <kh\.s\.kh\.s\> fem.
.poppy seeds.

`-o /k˙\.b˙o/ <kh\.bho> masc. .the
shoulder.
`m8 /k˙\.m\¯/ <kh\.m\.¯\> neut. .a
food item.
`mvu& /k˙\m.vu~/ <kh\.m\.vu~> v.tr. .to
tolerate.
`mIs /k˙\.mis/ <kh\.mi.s\> neut. .a
shirt.
`rpvu& /k˙\.r\p.vu~/ <kh\.r\.p\.vu~> v.tr.
.to hoe.
`rvu& /k˙\r.vu~/ <kh\.r\.vu~> v.intr. .to
fall (fruit, leaves etc.)

`se6vu& /k˙\.seÎ.vu~/ <kh\.se.Î\.vu~> v.tr.
.to move.
`X`X /k˙\Æ. k˙\Æ/ <kh\.Æ\.kh\.Æ\> advb.
.the rippling sound of a water flow.
`&`re vu& /k˙\n.k˙er.vu~/ <kh\~.khe.r\.vu~>
v.tr. .to pluck down.
`&jrI /k˙\µ.Ô\.ri/ <kh\~.Ô\.rii> fem. .a
small tambourin.
`&jvaXvu& /k˙\µ.Ô\.vaÆ.vu~/
<kh\~.Ô\.va.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. .to seratch.
`&6 /k˙\¯.Î\/ <kh\~.Î\> masc. .1. a part
2. a room. 3. a continent.

`rab /k˙\.rab/ <kh\.ra.b\> adj. .bad.

By. Richin Patel

43
`&i6yer /k˙\¯.Îi.jer/ <kh\~.Îi.je.r\> neut.
.a ruin.

`atr /k˙a.t\r/ <kha.t\.r\> neut. .housebreaking (by theif)

`a; /k˙a.i/ <kha.ii> fem. .1. a ditch 2. a
trench.

`atrI/k˙at.ri/ <kha.t\.rii> fem. .trust.

`aw0ru& /k˙a.u.d˙\.ru~/ <kha.u.dh\.ru~>
adj. . gluttonous.

`atavhI /k˙a.ta.v\.hi/ <kha.ta.v\.hii>
fem. a ledger.

`ajlI /k˙aÔ.li/ <kha.Ô\.lii> fem. .a food
item.

`atu& /k˙a.tu~/ <kha.tu~> neut. .an account.

`aju /k˙a.Ôu/ <kha.Ôu> neut. .a food item.
`a4kI /k˙aˇ.ki/ <kha.ˇ\.kii> masc. .a
butcher.
`a4lo /k˙aˇ.lo/ <kha.ˇ\.lo> masc. .a cot.

`a0a`orakI /k˙a.d˙a.kho.ra.ki/
<kha.dha.kho.ra.kii> fem. .1.
maintenance 2. livelihood.
`angI /k˙an.gi/ <kha.n\.kii> adj.
.secret.
`anu& /k˙a.nu~/ <kha.nu~> neut. .a drawer.

`a4vu& /k˙aˇ.vu~/ <kha.ˇ\.vu~> v.tr. .to be
benefited.
`a4u& /k˙a.ˇu~/ <kha.ˇu~> adj. .sour.

`aboicyu& /k˙a.bo.ci.ju~/ <kha.bo.ci.ju~>
neut. .a puddle.
`amI /k˙a.mi/ <kha.mii> fem. .a defect.

`a6I /k˙a.Îi/ <kha.Îii> fem. .a creek.
`aru& /k˙a.ru~/ <kha.ru~> adj. .salty.
`a6o /k˙a.Îo/ <kha.Îo> masc. .a pit.
`a8 /k˙a¯/ <kha.¯\> fem. .a mine.
`ai8yo /k˙a.¯i.jo/ <kha.¯i.jo> masc. .a
miner.
`a8u& /k˙a.¯u~/ <kha.¯u~> neut. .a dinner.
`atmurt /k˙at.mu.r\t/ <kha.t\.mu.r\.t\>
neut. .a ceremony of laying a foundation.
`atr /k˙a.t\r/ <kha.t\.r\> fem.
.hospitality.
`atr /k˙a.t\r/ <kha.t\.r\> neut.
.fertilizer.

`arek /k˙a.rek/ <kha.re.k\> fem. .a dry
date.
`al /k˙al/ <kha.l\> fem. .skin.
`alI /k˙a.li/ <kha.lii> adj. .1. empty 2.
poor 3. purposelessly.
`avu& /k˙a.vu~/ <kha.vu~> v.tr. .to eat.
`as /k˙as/ <kha.s\> adj. .1.special 2.
personal. Ex. Aa maro `as ma8s 2e.
`as /k˙as/ <kha.s\> advb. .specially.
Ex. hu& `as tmara 3er AavI=.

By. Richin Patel

44
`aisyt /k˙a.si.j\t/ <kha.si.j\.t\> fem. .a
special quality.

clarification.
`uLlu& /k˙ul.lu~./ <khu.llu~> adj. .open.

`aX /k˙aÆ/ <kha.Æ\> fem. .a drain.
`u= /k˙uß/ <khu.ß\> adj. .joyful.
`a&co /k˙a~.co/ <kha~.co> masc. .1. a turn
2. a lane.
`a&6 /k˙a~Î/ <kha~.Î\> fem. .sugar.
`a&6vu& /k˙a~¯Î.vu~/ <kha~.Î\.vu~> v.tr. .to
pound.
`a&sI /k˙a~.si/ <kha~.sii> fem. .cough.
i`skolI /k˙is.ko.li/ <khi.s\.ko.lii> fem.
.a squirrel.
`Ic6I /k˙ic.Îi/ <khii.c\.Îii> fem. .a
food.
`Ico`Ic /k˙i.co.k˙ic/ <khii.co.khii.c\>
advb. densely.
`Ijvvu& /k˙i.Ô\v.vu~/ <khii.Ô\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
.to tease.
`I8 /k˙i¯/ <khii.¯\> fem. .1. a valley 2.
a rift.
`Ir /k˙ir/ <khii.r\> fem. .a food item.
`Il /k˙il/ <khii.l\> masc. .a pimple.
`Ilvu& /k˙il.vu~/ <khii.l\.vu~> v.intr. .to
blossom.
`ISsu& /k˙is.su~/ <khii.ssu~> neut. .a
pocket.
`ur=I /k˙ur.ßi/ <khu.r\.ßii> fem. .a chair.

`u=numa /k˙uß.nu.ma/ <khu.ß\.nu.ma>
adj. .pleasant (climate).
`u=amt /k˙u.ßa.m\t/ <khu.ßa.m\.t\>
fem..flattery.
`u=I /k˙u.ßi/ <khu.ßii> fem. .pleasure.
`UjlI /k˙uÔ.li/ <khu.Ô\.lii> fem. .itching
sensation.
`U4vu& /k˙uˇ.vu~/ <khu.ˇ\.vu~> v.intr. .1. to
be used up 2. to run out.
`U8o /k˙u.¯o/ <khuu.¯o> masc. .1. an
angle 2. a corner.
`Un /k˙un/ <khuu.n\> neut. .1. blood 2.
murder.
`Ub /k˙ub/ <khu.b\> adj. .1. plentiful 2.
much.
`UbI /k˙u.bi/ <khu.bii> fem. peculiar
quality.
`Ulvu& /k˙ul.vu~/ <khuu.l\.vu~> v.intr. .to
open.
`U&cvvu& /k˙u~.c\v.vu~/ <khuu.c\.v\.vu~>
v.tr. .to snatch away.
`U&cvu& /k˙u~c.vu~/ <kh\.c\.vu~> v.intr. .to
prick.
`U&0 /k˙u~d˙/ <khuu~.dh\> fem. .a hump.

`ulaso /k˙u.la.so/ <khu.la.so> masc. .a

By. Richin Patel

45
`e6vu& /k˙eÎ.vu~/ <khe.Î\.vu~> v.tr. .to
plow.

`o6 /k˙oÎ/ <kho.Î\> fem. .1. a defect 2.
a deficiency.

`e6tU /k˙e.Îut/ <khe.Îuu.t\> masc. .a
farmer.

`o6vu& /k˙oÎ.vu~/ <kho.Î\.vu~> v.tr. .to
erect.

`etr /k˙e.t\r/ <khe.t\.r\> neut. .a farm.

`otrvu& /k˙o.t\r.vu~/ <kho.t\.r\.vu~> v.tr.
.1. to scratch 2. to dig by scrapping.

`etI /k˙e.ti/ <khe.tii> fem. .farming.
`erat /k˙e.rat/ <khe.ra.t\> fem. .1. almsgiving 2. charity.
`el /k˙el/ <khe.l\> masc. .1. a sport.2. a
show (of play, cinema etc.)
`elvu& /k˙el.vu~/ <khe.l\.vu~> v.intr. to
play.
`ela6I /k˙e.la.Îi/ <khe.la.Îii> masc. .a
player.
`evna /k˙ev.na/ <khe.v\.naa> fem. .care.
`e&ca8 /k˙´~.ca¯/ <khe~.ca.¯\> neut.
.attraction.
`o`ru& /k˙ok˙.ru~/ <kho.kh\.ru~> adj. .1.
dull 2. broken.
`o`u& /k˙o.k˙u~/ <kho.khu~> neut. .an
empty box.
`oja /k˙o.Ôa/ <kho.Ôa> masc. .a Muslim
caste.

`odvu& /k˙od.vu~/ <kho.d\.vu~> v.tr. .to
dig.
`oda8 /k˙o.da¯/ <kho.da.¯\> neut. .a
digging.
`oprI /k˙op.ri/ <kho.p\.rii> fem. .the
skull.
`obo /k˙o.bo/ <kho.bo> masc. .the shape
formed by the joined palms.
`orvavu& /k˙or.va.vu~/ <kho.r\.va.vu~>
v.intr. .to be disrupted.
`orak /k˙o.rak/ <kho.ra.k\> masc. .food.
`olvu& /k˙ol.vu~/ <kho.l\.vu~> v.tr. .to
open.
`ovu& /k˙o.vu~/ <kho.vu~> v.tr. .to miss.
`osvu& /k˙os.vu~/ <kho.s\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to
drive into 2. to penetrate 3. to pierce.

`o4 /k˙oˇ/ <kho.ˇ\> fem. .loss.

`oXa-r8u& /kho.Æa.b˙\r.¯u~/
<kho.Æa.bh\.r\.¯u~> neut. .the
celebration of first pregnancy.

`o4kavu& /k˙oˇ.ka.vu~/ <kho.ˇ\.k\.vu~>
v.intr. to stop functioning.

`oXIyu& /k˙o.Æi.ju~/ <kho.Æii.ju~> neut. .1. a
bed or pillow cover 2. the body.

`o4u& /k˙o.ˇu~/ <kho.ˇu~> adj. .1.wrong. 2.
false.

`oXo /k˙o.Æo/ <kho.Æo> masc. .the lap.

By. Richin Patel

46

g
g;kal /g\i.kal/ <g\.ii.ka.l\> fem.
yesterday.
gg6vu& /g\.g\Î.vu~/ <g\.g\.Î\.vu~> v.intr.
.to roll down.
gjro /g\Ô.ro/ <g\.Ô\.ro> masc. .a
bouquet of flowers.
gjvu& /g\Ô.vu~/ <g\.Ô\.vu~> neut. .a pocket.
gzl /g\.z\l/ <g\.Ôh\.l\> fem. .a type of
poem.
g4g4avvu& /g\ˇ.g\.ˇav.vu~/
<g\.ˇ\.g\.ˇ\.vu~> v.tr. .to swallow
quickly.
g4r /g\.t\r/ <g\.ˇ\.r\> fem. .a gutter.
g5\5o /g\ˇ˙.ˇ˙o/ <g\.ˇhˇho> masc. .a
lump.
g6da pa4u& /g\Î.da.pa.ˇu~/
<g\.Î\.da.pa.ˇu~> neut. .blows by hand
and feet.
g6do /g\Î.do/ <g\.Î\.do> masc. .a
punch.
g6b6 /g\Î.b\Î/ <g\.Î\.b\.Î\> fem. .1.
a rowdyism 2. misappropriation.
g6m9l /g\Î.m\.t˙\l/ <g\.Î\.m\.th\.l\>
fem. .hard work.
g6I /g\.Îi/ <g\.Îii> fem. .a fold (of
cloth, paper etc.).
g7 /g\Î˙/ <g\.Îh\> masc. .a fortress.

g7vI /g\Î˙.vi/ <g\.Îh\.vii> masc. .a
keeper of a fortress.
g7vI /g\Î˙.vi/ <g\.Îh\.vii> fem. .a
community.
g8karvu& /g\¯.kar.vu~/ <g\.¯\.ka.r\.vu~>
v.tr. .to care for.
g8g8vu& /g\¯.g\¯.vu~/ <g\.¯\.g\.¯\.vu~>
v.intra..1. to murmur 2. to grumble.
g8trI /g\.¯\t.ri/ <g\.¯\.t\.rii> fem. .1.
calculation 2. counting
g8pit /g\¯.p\ti/ <g\.¯\.p\.ti> masc.
hon..the god Ganpati.
g8vu& /g\¯.vu~/ <g\.¯\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to
count 2. to calculate.
g8ve= /g\¯.veß/ <g\.¯\.ve.ß\> masc. .a
uniform.
gi8t /g\.¯it/ <g\.¯i.t\> neut.
.mathematics.
g8e= /g\.¯eß/ <g\.¯e.ß\> masc. the god
Ganesh.
g*yu&ga&5yu& /g\.¯ju~. ga~.ˇ˙ju~/
<g\.¯ju~.ga~.ˇhju~> adj. .a little.
gtagm /g\.ta.g\m/ <g\.ta.g\.m\> fem. .
understanding.
git /g\.ti/ <g\.ti> fem. .1. motion 2.
speed.
gd\y /g\.dj\/ <g\.dj\> neut. .prose.
g0e6u& /g\.d˙e.Îu~/ <g\.dhe.Îu~> neut. .s
donkey.

By. Richin Patel

47

gpgoXo /g\p.go.o/ <g\p.go.Æo> masc.
.a rumor.

gmar /g\.mar/ <g\.ma.r\> adj. .manner
less.
gr /g\r/ <g\.r\> masc. .pulp.

gpsp /g\p.s\p/ <g\.p\.s\.p\> fem.
.gossip.
gPpIdas /g\p.pi.das/ <g\.ppii.da.s\>
masc. a rumor-monger.
gflt /g\p˙.l\t/ <g\.ph\.l\.t\> fem. .1. a
mistake 2. carelessness.
gb6vu& /g\.b\Î.vu~/ <g\.b\.Î\.vu~> v.intr.
.to roll down.
gbI /g\.bi/ <g\.bii> fem. .a foolish girl
or woman.
gbo /g\.bo/ <g\.bo> masc. .a foolish
boy or man.
g-ra4 /g\b˙.raˇ/ <g\.bh\.ra.ˇ\> masc.
.frightful confusion.

grj /g\.r\Ô/ <g\.r\.Ô\> fem. .need.
grju /g\r.Ôu/ <g\.r\.Ôu> adj. .needy.
grjvu& /g\.r\Ô.vu~/ <g\.r\.Ô\.vu~> v.intr.
.to thunder.
grdn /g\r.d\n/ <g\.r\.d\.n\> fem. .the
neck.
grnaXu& /g\r.na.Æu~/ <g\.r\.na.Æu~> neut. .a
culvert.
grbI /g\r.bi/ <g\.r\.bii> fem. .a kind of
poem.
grbo /g\r.bo/ <g\.r\.bo> masc. .1. a
kind of poem 2. a pot with holes that
used during Navaratri festival.

g-ravu& /g\b˙.ra.vu~/ <g\.bh\.ra.vu~>
v.intr.
.to get frightened.

grm /g\.r\m/ <g\.r\.m\> adj. .hot.

g-ru& /g\b˙.ru~/ <g\.bh\.ru~> adj. .simplehearted.

grmagrm /g\r.ma.g\.r\m/
<g\.r\.ma.g\.r\.m\> adj. .fresh and
hot.

gm /g\m/ <g\.m\> masc. .sadness.
gmgIn /g\m.gin/ <g\.m\.gii.n\> adj.
.sad.
gMmt /g\m.m\t/ <g\.mm\.t\> fem.
.merriment.
gmvu& /g\m.vu~/ <g\.m\.vu~> v.exp.. to
like.

grmI /g\r.mi/ <g\.r\.mii> fem. .heat.

grvu& /g\r.vu~/ <g\.r\.vu~> v.intr. .to fall
slowly (of leaves, flowers, dew etc.)
grIb /g\.rib/ <g\.rii.b\> adj. .poor.
grIba; /g\.ri.bai/ <g\.rii.ba.i> fem.
.poverty.
gru6 /g\.ruÎ/ <g\.ru.Î\> neut. .an eagle.

By. Richin Patel

48
groXI /g\.ro.Æi/ <g\.ro.Æii> fem. .a lizard.
g-aR0an /g\r.b˙a.d˙an/ <g\.rbha.dha.n\>
neut. .impregnation.
g-aR=y /g\r.b˙a.ß\j/ <g\.rbha.ß\.j\>
neut. .the uterus.

gX8I /g\.Æ\.¯i/ <g\.Æ\.¯ii> fem. .a
funnel.
gXp8 /g\Æ.p\¯/ <g\.Æ\.p\.¯\> neut.
.sweetness.
gXvu& /g\Æ.vu~/ <g\.Æ\.vu~> v.intr. .to ooze.

gvR /g\r.v\/ <g\.rv\> masc. .proud.
glkI /g\l.ki/ <g\.l\.kii> fem. .a kind of
creeper (vegetable).
glgo4o /g\l.go.ˇo/ <g\.l\.go.ˇo> masc. .a
kind of flower plant.

gXa4U&po /g\.Æa.ˇu~.po/ <g\.Æa.ˇu~.po>
masc. .a strangling.
gXafa&so /g\.Æa.p˙a~.so/ <g\.Æa.pha~.so>
masc. .a strangulation.
gXu& /g\.Æu~/ <g\.Æu~> neut. .the throat.

glI /g\.li/ <g\.lii> fem. .a street.
gâyu& /g\.Æju~/ <g\.Æju~> adj. .sweet.
glU6I/yu& /g\.lu.Îi.ju~/ <g\.luu.Îii.ju~> neut.
.a pup.
glofu& /g\.lo.p˙u~/ <g\.lo.phu~> neut. .the
inside of the cheek.
gLla&tLla& /g\l.la~.t\l.ta~/ <g\.lla~.t\.lla~>
masc. pl. .pretexts.
gLlo /g\l.lo/ <g\.llo> masc. .a cash-box.

g&@ /g\µ.Ôi/ <g\~.Ôii> fem. .a stack of
hay.
g&dkI /g\nd.ki/ <g\~.d\.kii> fem .filth.
g&du /g\n.du~/ <g\~.du> adj. .dirty.
g&0 /g\n.d˙\/ <g\~.dh\> fem. .smell.

gvn /g\.v\n/ <g\.v\.n\> neut. .a kind
of sari.

g&0avu& /g\n.d˙a.vu~/ <g\~.dha.vu~> v.intr.
.to
stink.

gvEyo /g\.v\i.jo/ <g\.v\i.jo> masc. .a
songster.

g&-Ir /g\m.b˙ir/ <g\~.bhii.r\> adj. .1.
deep 2. cool-minded 3. serious.

gXc4u& /g\Æ.c\.ˇu~/ <g\.Æ\.c\.ˇu~> adj.
.sweetish.

gaj /gaÔ/ <ga.Ô\> neut. .a button-hole.
gajr /ga.Ô\r/ <ga.Ô\.r\> neut. .a carrot.

gXcvu& /g\.Æ\c.vu~/ <g\.Æ\.c\.vu~> v.tr. .to
over eat.
gXcI /g\Æ.ci/ <g\.Æ\.cii> fem. .1. the
neck 2. the throat.

gajvIj /gaÔ.viÔ/ <ga.Ô\.vii.Ô\> fem.
.lightening and thunder together.

By. Richin Patel

49
gajvu& /gaÔ.vu~/ <ga.Ô\.vu~> v.intr. .to
thunder.
ga6I /ga.Îi/ <ga.Îii> fem. .a vehicle.

ga&5 /ga~ˇ˙/ <ga~.ˇh\> fem. .a knot.
ga&6u& /ga~.Îu~/ <ga~.Îu~> adj. .1. mad 2.
lunatic.

ga6u& /ga.Îu~/ neut. .a cart.
gIc /gic/ <gii.c\> adj. .overcroweded.
ga7 /gaÎ˙/ <ga.Îh\> adj. .thick.
gIt /git/ <gii.t\> neut. .a song.
ga8u& /ga.¯u~/ <ga.¯u~> neut. .a song.
gI0 /gid˙/ <gii.dh\> neut. .a vulture.
ga9a /ga.t˙a/ <ga.tha> fem. .a moral or
religous story.

gIrvI /gir.vi/ <gii.r\.vii> adj. .on
mortgage.

gadlu& /gad.lu~/ <ga.d\.lu~> neut. .a
mattress.

gIro /gi.ro/ <gii.ro> adj. .on mortgage.

gadI /ga.di/ <ga.dii> fem. .1. a throne, 2.
a cushion.

gujrvu& /gu.Ô\r.vu~/ <gu.Ô\.r\.vu~> v.intr.
.1. to pass by 2. to die.

gab6u& /gab.Îu~/ <ga.b\.Îu~> neut. .1. a
hole 2. a pit.

gujran /guÔ.ran/ <gu.Ô\.ra.n\> neut.
.livelihood.

gam /gam/ <ga.m\> neut. .a village.

gujarvu& /gu.Ôar.vu~/ <gu.Ôa.r\.vu~> v.tr. .to
pass time.

gayk /ga.j\k/ <ga.j\.k\> masc. .a male
singer.
gaiyka /ga.ji.ka/ <ga.ji.ka> fem. .a female
singer.
galIco /ga.li.co/ <ga.lii.co> masc. .a
carpet.
gavu& /ga.vu~/ <ga.vu~> v.tr. .to sing.
gaX /gaÆ/ <ga.Æ\> fem. .a curse word.
gaXvu& /gaÆ.vu~/ <ga.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to
filter 2. melt 3. to pass time.

gu4ko /guˇ.ko/ <gu.ˇ\.ko> masc. .a small
booklet.
gu8 /gu¯/ <gu.¯\> masc. .quality.
gu8gan /gu¯.gan/ neut. .an eulogy.
gu8doq /gu¯.doß/ <gu.¯\.do.s°\> masc.
.merits and demerits.
gu8vu& /gu¯.bv~/ <gu.¯\.vu~> v.tr. .to
multiply.
gu8akar /gu.¯a.kar/ <gu.¯a.ka.r\> masc.
.multiplication.

ga&g6o /ga~g.Îo/ <ga~.g\.Îo> masc. .a
solid lump.

By. Richin Patel

50
gu8o]ar /gu.¯o.tt\r/ <gu.¯o.tt\.r\> masc.
.a ratio.
gunegar /gu.ne.gar/ <gu.ne.ga.r\> adj.
.criminal.

gU7 /guÎ˙/ <guu.Îh\> adj. .secret.
gU8 /gu¯/ <guu.¯\> fem. .a sack.

guno /gu.no/ <gu.no> masc. .a crime.

gUm6u& /gum.Îu~/ <guu.m\.Îu~> neut. .a
skin-boil.

gupcUp /gup.cup/ <gu.p\.cu.p\> advb.
.quietly.

gU&gXavu& /gu˜.g\.Æa.vu~/ <guu~.g\.Æa.vu~>
v.intr. .to be suffocated.

guPt /gu.pt\/ <gu.pt\> adj. .secret.

gU&c /gu~c/ <guu~.c\> fem. .1.a twisting of
threads 2. intricacy.

gufa /gu.p˙a/ <gu.pha> fem. .a cave.
gumavvu& /gu.mav.vu~/ <gu.ma.v\.vu~>
v.tr. .to lose.
guru /gu.ru/ <gu.ru> masc. . a teacher.
guru /gu.ru/ <gu.ru> adj. .1. big 2. large.
gulmor /gul.mør/ <gu.la.mo.r\> neut. .a
tree.
gulab /gu.lab/ <gu.la.b\> neut. .1. the
rose plant. 2. a rose flower
gulam /gu.lam/ <gu.la.m\> masc. .a
slave.

gU&9vu& /gu~t˙.vu~/ <guu~.th\.vu~> v.tr. .to
knit.
gU&dvu& /gu~d.vu~/ <guu~.d\.vu~> v.tr. .to
trample.
gerkayde /ger.kaj.de/ <ge.r\.ka.j\.de> adj.
and advb. .illegal.
gerkaydesr /ger.kaj.de.s\r/
<ge.r\.ka.j\.de.s\.r\> advb. .illegally.
gerrSte /ger.r\s.te/ <ge.r\.r\.ste> advb.
.wrongly.
gerla- /ger.lab˙/ <ge.r\.la.bh\> masc.
.loss.

guSso /gu.sso/ <gu.sso> masc. .anger.
gu&jvu& /guµÔ.vu~/ <gu~.Ô\.vu~> v.intr. .1. to
hum 2. to buzz.
gu&6o /gu¯.Îo/ <gu~.Îo> masc. .a bully.
gu&dr /gun.d\r/ <gu~.d\.r\> masc. .1.
glue 2. gum.

gervLle /ger.v\.lle/ <g\.r\.v\.lle> advb.
.at a wrong place.
gervvu& /ge.r\v.vu~/ <ge.r\.v\.vu~> v.tr. .to
make things (fruits, leaves) fall.
gervhIv4 /ger.v\.hi.v\ˇ/
<ge.r\.v\.hii.v\.ˇ\> masc.
mismanagement.

gu&bj /gum.b\Ô/ <gu~.b\.Ô\> masc. .a
dome.

By. Richin Patel

51
gersmj /ger.s\.m\Ô/ <ge.r\.s\.m\.Ô\>
fem. . misunderstanding.
gokXgay /go.k\Æ.gaj/ <go.k\.Æ\.ga.j\>
fem. .a snail.
go`lo /gok˙.lo/ <go.kh\.lo> masc. .a
small recess in a wall.
go`vu& /gok˙.vu~/ <go.kh\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to
cram 2. to memorize.
gozaru& /go.Ô˙a.ru~/ <go.Ôha.ru~> adj.
.sinful.
go4lI /goˇ.li/ <go.ˇ\.lii> masc. .a mango
seed (usually soft)
go4lo /goˇ.lo/ <go.ˇ\.lo> masc. .a mango
seed (usually hard)

goma&s /go.ma~s/ <go.ma~.s\> neut. .beef.
gor /gør/ <go.r\> masc. .a priest
(normally a Brahmin)
gora8I /gø.ra.¯i/ <go.ra.¯ii> fem. .a
priest’s wife.
gorI /go.ri/ <go.rii> adj. .a whiteskinned woman.
golmal /gol.mal/ <go.l\.ma.l\> fem. .
misappropriation.
govaX /go.vaÆ/ <go.va.Æ\> masc. .a cowherd.
govaX8I /go.va.Æ\.¯i/ <go.va.Æ\.¯ii> fem.
.a cow-herd’s wife.
goX /goÆ/ <go.Æ\> adj. .round.

go4lo /goˇ.lo/ <go.ˇ\.lo> masc. .a hard
muscle.
go58 /go.t˙\¯/ <go.ˇh\.¯\> masc. .one
of the knees.

goX /goÆ/ <go.Æ\> masc. .a sub-group of
a caste.
goX /gøÆ/ <go.Æ\> masc. .jiggery.

go5vvu& /go.ˇ˙\v.vu~/ <go.ˇh\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
.to arrange.

goXgoX /goÆ.goÆ/ <go.Æ\.go.Æ\> adj.
.evasive.

goi5y8 /go.ˇ˙i.j\¯/ <go.ˇhi.j\.¯\> fem. .a
female friend.

goXpap6I /goÆ.pap.Îi/ <go.Æ\.pa.p\.Îii>
fem. .a sweet food itm.

god /god/ <go.d\> fem. .the lap.

goXm4oX /goÆ.m\.ˇoÆ/ <go.Æ\.m\.ˇo.Æ\>
adj. .pulpy.

god6I /god.Îi/ <go.d\.Îii> fem. .a kind
of mattress.
godam /go.dam/ <go.da.m\> neut. .a
store house.
gobo /go.bo/ <go.bo> masc. .a hollow
on a metallic surface.

goXI /go.Æi/ <go.Æii> fem. .1. a pill 2. a
bullet.
goXo /go.Æo/ <go.Æo> masc. .1.a globe 2.
a round lamp 3. a bulb.
gO8 /g\u¯/ <g\u.¯\> adj. .secondary.

By. Richin Patel

52

gOrv /g\u.r\v/ <g\u.r\.v\> neut. .pride.
g/h /gr\h/ <gr\.h\> masc. .a planet.
g/h8 /gr\.h\¯/ <g\.h\.¯\> neut. .an
eclipse.
g/&9 /gr\nt˙/ <g\~.th\> masc. .a book.
g/ahk /gra.h\k/ <gra.h\.k\> masc. .a
customer.

3

34a4op /g˙\.ˇa.ˇop/ <gh\.ˇa.ˇo.p\> masc.
.1. thick clods 2. false show.
34a6vu& /g˙\.ˇaÎ.vu~/ <gh\.ˇa.Î\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to lessen 2. to reduce.
34a6o /g˙\.ˇa.Îo/ <gh\.ˇa.Îo> masc.
decrease.
34avvu& /g˙\.ˇav.vu~/ <gh\.ˇa.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to interpret.
36tr /g˙\Î.t\r/ <gh\.Î\.t\.r\> neut. .1.
a thing made 2. training.

3w& /g˙\.u~/ <gh\.u~> masc. .wheat.

36p8 /g˙\Î.p\¯/ <gh\.Î\.p\.¯\> neut.
.old age.

3w&v8uR& /g˙\.u~.v\.r¯u~/ <gh\.u.v\.r¯u~>
adj. .of whitish color.

36vu& /g˙\Î.vu~/ <gh\.Î\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to
shape 2. to mould 3. to manufacture.

34 /g˙\ˇ/ <gh\.ˇ\> fem. .a shortage.

36a; /g˙\.Îa.i/ <gh\.Îa.ii> fem. .wages
for shaping, molding or manufacturing.

34k /g˙\.ˇ\k/ <gh\.ˇ\.k\> adj.
component.
34tu& /g˙\ˇ.tu~/ <gh\.ˇ\.tu~> advb.
.properly.
34na /g˙\ˇ.na/ <gh\.ˇ\.na> fem. .event.
34maX /g˙\ˇ.ma/ <gh\.ˇ\.ma.Æ\> fem. a
series of events.
34vu& /g˙\ˇ.vu~/ <gh\.ˇ\.vu~> v.intr. .to
dcrease.

3i6yaX /g˙\.Îi.jaÆ/ <gh\.Îi.ja.Æ\> fem. .1.
a watch 2. a clock.
3i6yaXI /g˙\.Îi.ja.Æi/ <gh\.Îi.ja.Æi> masc.
.a match maker.
36o /g\.Îo/ <gh\.Îo> masc. .a pot.
38 /g˙\¯/ <gh\.¯\> masc. .a large
heavy hammer.
38u& /g˙\.¯u~/ <gh\.¯u~> adj. .1. much 2.
very.

34Sfo4 /g˙ˇ.sp˙oˇ/ <gh\.ˇ\.spho.ˇ\>
masc. .a revealing of secret.

3n /g˙\n/ <gh\.n\> adj. .solid.

34a /g˙\.ˇa/ <gh\.ˇa> fem. .a dense
formation of trees, clouds etc.

3m&6 /g˙\.m\¯Î/ <gh\.m\~.Î\> masc. .a
false pride.

By. Richin Patel

53
3m&6I /g˙\.m\¯.Îi/ <gh\.m\~.Îii> adj.
arrogant.

3vavu& /g˙\.va.vu~/ <gh\.va.vu~> v.intr. .to
be wounded.

3r /g˙\r/ <gh\.r\> neut. .a home.

3s3sa4 /g˙\s.g˙\.saˇ/ <gh\.s\.g\.sa.ˇ\>
advb. .to sleep soundly.

3rkam /g˙\r.kam/ <gh\.r\.ka.m\> neut.
1. a household work 2. a homework.
3r`cR /g˙\r.k˙\r.c\/ <gh\.r\.kh\.rc\>
neut. household expenses.
3rg(9u /g˙\r.g\t˙t˙u/ <gh\.r\.g\.ththu>
adj. produced at home.
3rcoXu& /g˙\r.co.Æu~/ <gh\.r\.co.Æu~> neut.
1.a silk bodies for women.
3rjma; /g˙\r.Ô\.mai/ <gh\.r\.Ô\.ma.ii>
masc. .a married man living with his
father-in-law’s family.
3r6u& /g˙\r.Îu~/ <gh\.r\.Îu~> adj. .old.
3rbar /g˙\r.bar/ <gh\.r\.ba.r\> neut.
members of the family.
3rv`rI /g˙\r.v\.k˙.ri/
<gh\.r\.v\.kh\.rii> fem. . household
things such as furniture, utensils etc.
3rs&sar /g˙\r.sam.sar/ <gh\.r\.s\~.sa.r\>
masc. . worldly life.
3rs&sarI /g˙\r.sam.sa.ri/
<gh\.r\.s\~.sa.rii> adj. .a person
leading a worldly life.
3rak /g˙\.rak/ <gh\.ra.k\> masc. .1. a
customer 2. a client.
3re8u& /g˙\.re.¯~/ <gh\.re.¯u~> neut. .an
ornament.

3s6vu& /g˙\.s\Î.vu~/ <gh\.s\.Î\.vu~> v.tr.
.to drag.
3s6avu& /g˙\s.Îa.vu~/ <gh\.s\.Îa.vu~>
v.tr. to be dragged.
3srko /g˙\.s\r.ko/ <gh\.s\.r\.ko> masc.
1. a cut 2. a scratch.
3savu& /g˙\.sa.vu~/ <gh\.sa.vu~> v.intr.
.1.to be rubbed 2. to be worn out 3. to
sacrifice for others.
3&4 /g˙\¯ˇ/ <gh\~.ˇ\> masc. .a bell.
3&46I /g˙\¯ˇ.Îi/ <gh\~.ˇ\.Îi> fem. ..a
small bell.
3&4I /g˙\.¯ˇi/ <gh\~.ˇii> fem. .a grinding
hand-mill or machine.
3a /g˙a/ <gha> adj. .two dozen papers.
3a /g˙a/ <gha> masc. .a wound.
3a3ro /g˙\g˙.ro/ <gha.gh\.ro> masc. .a
petticoat.
3a3rI /g˙ag˙.ri/ <gha.gh\.rii> fem. .a
small petticoat.
3a4 /g˙aˇ/ <gha.ˇ> masc. . a shape.
3a4Ilu& /g˙a.ˇi.lu~/ <gha.ˇi.lu~> adj. .well
built.

By. Richin Patel

54
3a8 /g˙a¯/ <gha.¯\> masc. .a unit of
production.

3U&48 /g˙u~.ˇ\¯/ <ghuu~.ˇ\.¯\> masc. .the
knee.

3ayl /g˙a.j\l/ <gha.j\.l\> adj. .wounded.

3U&4I /g˙u~.ˇi/ <ghuu~.ˇii> fem. .the shinbone.

3arI /g˙a.ri/ <gha.rii> fem. .a kind of
sweet.
3alvu& /g˙al.vu~/ <gha.l\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to
thrust into 2. to penetrate.

3U&4I /g˙u~.ˇi/ <ghuu~.ˇii> fem. .a puzzle.
3e4u& /g˙e.ˇu~/ <ghe.ˇu~> neut. .a sheep.
3en /g˙en/ <ghe.n\> neut. .intoxication.

3as /g˙as/ <gha.s\> neut. .grass.
3I /g˙i/ <ghii> neut. .ghee (refined
butter).
3uv6 /g˙u.v\Î/ <ghu.v\.Î\> masc. .an
owl.
3U3rI /g˙ug˙.ri/ <ghuu.gh\.rii> fem. .a
small mealic balls (usually of
ornaments).
3U3vvu& /g˙u.g˙\v.vu~/ <ghuu.gh\.v\.vu~>
v.intr. .to roar (of sea)
3Umravu& /g˙um.ra.vu~/ <ghuu.m\.ra.vu~>
v.intr. .to turn or move around.

3ebr /g˙e.b\r/ <ghe.b\.r\> neut. .a kind
of sweet.
3er /g˙er/ <ghe.r\> masc.
.circumference.
3ervu& /g˙er.vu~/ <ghe.r\.vu~> v.tr. .to
surround.
3eru& /g˙e.ru~/ <ghe.ru~> adj. .deep or dark
(usually a color).
3el2a /g˙el.c˙a/ <ghe.la.cha> fem. .a
craze.
3elu& /g˙e.lu~/ <ghe.lu~> adj. .craziness.

3UmrI /g˙um.ri/ <ghuu.m\.rii> fem. .a
whirlpool.

3o /g˙o/ <gho> fem. .a kind of lizard.

3Umvu& /g˙um.vu~/ <ghuu.m\.vu~> v.intr.
.to move around.

3o6aga6I /g˙o.Îa.g˙a.Îi/
<gho.Îa.gha.Îii> fem. .a horsecarriage.

3Urkvu& /g˙u.r\k.vu~/ <ghuu.r\.k\.vu~>
v.intr. .1. to roar angrily 2. to snarl.

3o6apUr /g˙o.Îa.pur/ <gho.Îa.puu.r\>
neut. .a sudden flood.

3Usi8yu& /g˙u.s\.¯i.ju~/ <ghu.s\.¯i.ju~> adj.
.a person with intruding nature.

3o6Iyu& /g˙o.Îi.ju~/ <gho.Îii.ju~> neut. .a
cradle.

3Usvu& /g˙us.vu~/ <ghuu.s\.vu~> v.intr. .1.
to thrust into 2. to enter forcefully or
withour prior permission.

3o6I /g˙o.Îi/ <gho.Îii> fem. .a mare.

By. Richin Patel

55
3o6o /g˙o.Îo/ <gho.Îo> masc. .a horse.

ckkr /c\k.k\r/ <c\.kk\.r\> neut. .a
circle.

3or /g˙or/ <gho.r\> adj. .terrible.
3orvu& /g˙or.vu~/ <gho.r\.vu~> v.intr. .to
snore.
3oXvu& /g˙oÆ.vu~/ <gho.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. .to
soften by pressing on all sides.

c
ckckvu& /c\k.c\k.vu~/ <c\.k\.c\.k\.vu~>
v.intr. .1.to shine 2. to glitter.
ckckIt /c\k.c\.kit/ <c\.k\.c\.kii.t\>
adj. .shining.
ck6oX /c\k.ÎoÆ/ <c\.k\.Îo.Æ\> masc.
.marry-go-round.
cktI /c\k.ti/ <c\.k\.tii> fem. .a name
plate.

ck/m /c\k.r\m/ <c\.kr\.m\> masc. .a
senseless person.
ck/v<i)0 /c\k.r\.vrud˙.d˙i/
<c\.kr\.vr≤.dhdhi> adj. . compound
interest.
ck/akar /c\k.ra.kar/ <c\.kra.ka.r\> adj.
.circular.
cgdvu& /c\.g\d.vu~/ <c\.g\.d\.vu~> v.tr.
.1. to trample 2. to crush.
cgXvu& /c\.g\Æ.vu~/ <c\.g\.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. .1.
to chew slowly 2. to munch.
cc8vu& /c\.c\¯.vu~/ <c\.c\.¯\.vu~> v.exp.
.to feel a burning pain.
c4kvu& /c\.ˇ\k.vu~/ <c\.ˇ\.k\.vu~> v.tr. .to
string.

cklo /c\k.lo/ <c\.k\.lo> masc. .a male
sparrow.

c48I /c\ˇ.¯i/ <c\.ˇ\.¯ii> fem. .ketchup.

cklI /c\k.li/ <c\.k\.lii> fem. .a female
sparrow.

c4p4 /c\ˇ.p\ˇ/ <c\.ˇ\.p\.ˇ\> advb.
.instantly.

ckXivkX /c\.k\Æ.vi.k\Æ/
<c\.k\.Æ\.vi.k\.Æ\> adj. . frightened and
puzzled.

c4p4I /c\ˇ.p\.ˇi/ <c\.ˇ\.p\.ˇii> fem.
.uneasiness.

ckamu& /c\.ka.mu~/ <c\.ka.mu~> neut. .1.
sun-burn 2. sore.
ckasvu& /c\.kas.vu~/ <c\.ka.s\.vu~> v.tr. .to
examine.
ckor /c\.kor/ <c\.ko.r\> adj. .alert.

c4a; /c\.ˇai/ <c\.ˇa.i> fem. .a mat.
c6wtr /c\Î.u.t\r/ <c\.Î\.u.t\.r\> fem.
.1. rise and fall 2. ascent and descent.
c6c6vu& /c\Î.c\Î.vu~/ <c\.Î\.c\.Î\.vu~>
v.intr. .to burn with a creaking sound.
c6tI /c\Î.ti/ <c\.Î\.tii> fem. .1. rise 2.
increase.

By. Richin Patel

56

c6tI p6tI /c\Î.ti p\Î.ti/
<c\.Î\.tii.p\.Î\.tii> fem. . rise and fall.

cp4I /c\p.ˇi/ <c\.p\.ˇii> fem. .a snap of
fingers.
cpX /c\.p\Æ/ <c\.p\.Æ\> adj. .skilful.

c6tu& /c\Î.tu~/ <c\.Î\.tu~> adj. .rising.
cpa4I /c\.pa.ˇi/ <c\.pa.ˇii> fem. .a bread.
c6vu& /c\Î.vu~/ <c\.Î\.vu~> v.intr. .1. to
climb 2. to rise.
c6sac6sI /c\Î.sa. c\Î.si/
<c\.Î\.sa.c\.Î\.sii> fem. . intense
rivalry.
c6a; /c\.Îai/ <c\.Îa.i> fem. .an
invasion.
c6\6I /c\Î.Îi/ <c\.ÎÎii> fem. .shorts.
c8 /c\¯/ <c\.¯\> masc. .grains for
birds.
c8vu& /c\¯.vu~/ <c\.¯\.vu~> v.tr. .to
construct.
c8vu& /c\¯.vu~/ <c\.¯\.vu~> v.tr. .to eat
(by birds).
ci8yo /c\.¯i.jo/ <c\.¯i.jo> masc.
.petticoat.
c8o /c\.¯o/ masc. <c\.¯o> a grain of
gram.
ctur /c\.tur/ <c\.tu.r\> adj. .clever.
ctura /c\.tu.ra/ <c\.tu.ra> fem. .a clever
woman (used mainly in literary
language)
ctura; /c\.tu.rai/ <c\.tu.ra> fem.
.cleverness.

cpocp /c\.po.c\p/ <c\.po.c\.p\> advb.
.quickly.
cPpu /c\p.pu/ <c\p.pu> neut. .a knife.
cbr`I /c\.b\r.k˙i/ <c\.b\.r\.khii> fem.
.a small piece of paper (mainly hand
written)
cbrak /c\b.rak/ <c\.b\.ra.k\> adj.
.1.clever 2. talkative.
cbUtro /c\.but.ro/ <c\.buu.t\.ro> masc.
.a public bird feeder.
cmk /c\.m\k/ <c\.m\.k\> fem.
.brightness.
cmco /c\m.co/ <c\.m\.co> masc. .a
spoon.
cmTkar /c\.m\t.kar/ <c\.m\.tka.r\>
masc. .a miracle.
cmelI /c\.me.li/ <c\.me.lii> fem. .a kind
of flower plant.
crk /c\.r\k/ <c\.r\.k\> fem. .a bird’s
excrement.
cr`o /c\r.k˙o/ <c\.r\.kho> masc. .a
spinning wheel.
cr8 /c\.r\¯/ <c\.r\.¯\> masc. .legs
(formal).

By. Richin Patel

57
crbI /c\r.bi/ <c\.r\.bii> fem. .fat.

c&dn /c\n.d\n/ <c\~.d\.n\> neut. .a
sandal-tree.

crvu& /c\r.vu~/ <c\.r\.vu~> v.tr. .to graze.
c&± /c\n.dr\/ <c\~.dr\> masc. .the moon.
cir{a /c\.rit.r\/ <c\.ri.tr\> neut.
.character.
cru /c\.ru/ <c\.ru> masc. .a pot with
broad mouth.
ccRvu& /c\rc.vu~/ <c\.rc\.vu~> v.tr. .to
discuss.
ccaR /c\r.ca/ <c\.rca> fem. .discussion.

c&pl /c\m.p\l/ <c\~.p\.l\> masc.
.sleeper.
c&po /c\m.po/ <c\~.po> masc. .a flower
plant.
ca /ca/ <ca> fem. .tea.
cakI /ca.ki/ <ca.kii> fem. .a small metal
bolt.

cl8 /c\.l\¯/ <c\.l\.¯\> neut. .currency.
caku /ca.ku/ <ca.ku> neut. .a knife.
cva8u& /c\.va.¯u~/ <c\.va.¯u~> neut. .a
type of
food.
cskvu& /c\.s\k.vu~/ <c\.s\.k\.vu~> v.intr.
.1.to slip 2. to escape 3. to be lostminded.
csko /c\s.ko/ <c\.s\.ko> masc.
.1.mascular pain 2. addiction.
chero /c\.he.ro/ <c\.he.ro> masc. .a face.
cX /c\Æ/ <c\.Æ\> fem. .itching sensation.
cXvX /c\.v\Æ/ <c\.Æ\.v\.Æ\> fem. .a
movement.

ca`vu& /cak˙.vu~/ <ca.kh\.vu~> v.tr. .to
taste.
ca4vu& /caˇ.vu~/ <ca.ˇ\.vu~> v.tr. .to lick.
ca5u& /ca.ˇ˙u~/ <ca.ˇhu~> neut. .1. a scar 2. a
skin-burn.
caplUsI /cap.lu.si/ <ca.p\.lu.sii> fem.
.flattery.
cab`o /cab.k˙o/ <ca.b\.kho> masc. .1. a
whip 2. a kind of poem that criticizes
social evils.
cabUk /ca.buk/ <ca.buu.k\> masc. .a
whip.

cXvu& /c\Æ.vu~/ <c\.Æ\.vu~> v.intr. .1. to
move 2. to break a promise.

cam6I /cam.Îi/ <ca.m\.Îii> fem. .skin.

cXam8 /c\.Æa.m\¯/ <c\.Æa.m\.¯\> neut.
.leftover after sifting.

cam6u& /cam.Îu~/ <ca.m\.Îu~> neut.
.leather.

c&cX /c\µ.c\Æ/ <c\~.c\.Æ\> adj. .unsteady.

camacI6Iyu& /ca.ma.ci.Îi.ju~/
<ca.ma.cii.Îii.ju~> neut. .a bat.

By. Richin Patel

58

car /car/ <ca.r\> fem. .1. fresh grass 2.
fodder.

caX8I /ca.Æ\.¯i/ <ca.Æ\.¯ii> fem. .a sieve.
caXvu& /caÆ.vu~/ <ca.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. .to sift.

car8 /ca.r\¯/ <ca.r\.¯\> masc. .1. a
bard 2. a name of a caste/ community.

calIs /ca.lis/ <ca.li.s\> adj. .forty.

carpa; /car.pai/ <ca.r\.pa.i> fem. .a cot.

co&c /cø~c/ <co~.c\> fem. .a beak.

cair{a /ca.rit.r\/ <c\.ri.tr\> neut.
.character.

ca&c6 /ca~.c\Î/ <co~.c\.Î\> masc. .a flea.

caro /ca.ro/ <ca.ro> masc. .fodder.
cal /cal/ <ca.l\> fem. .style of walking.
cal /cal/ <ca.l\> fem. .a strategy.
cal /cal/ <ca.l\> masc. .1. a tradition 2.
a custom.
calclgt /cal.c\l.g\t/ <ca.l\.c\.l\.g\.t\>
fem. . behavior.
calba@ /cal.ba.Ôi/ <ca.l\.ba.Ôii> fem.
cleverness.

ca&d /ca~d/ <co~.d\> masc. .the moon.
ca&dnI /ca~d.ni/ <co~.d\.nii> fem.
.moonlight.
ca&dlo /ca~d.lo/ <ca~.d\.lo> masc. .an
auspicious mark done on the forehead.
ca&dI /ca~.di/ <ca~.dii> fem. .silver.
ca&dI /ca~.di/ <ca~.dii> fem. .syphilis.
ca&du& /ca~.du~/ <ca~.du~> neut. .an ulcer.
ca&do /ca~.do/ <ca~.do> masc. .the moon.

calvu& /cal.vu~/ <ca.l\.vu~> v.intr. .to walk.

ca&p /ca~p/ <ca~.p\> fem. .a switch.

calak /ca.lak/ <ca.la.k\> adj. .1.clever 2.
skilful.

ca&plu& /ca~p.lu~/ <ca~.p\.lu~> adj. .over
wise.

calakI /ca.la.ki/ <ca.la.kii> fem. .1. a
trick 2. cleverness.

ickar /ci.kar/ <ci.ka.r\> adj. .full.

calu /ca.lu/ <ca.lu> adj. .1.moving 2. a
person with loose character.
cavvu& /cav.vu~/ <ca.v\.vu~> v.tr. .to chew.
cavI /ca.vi/ <ca.vii> fem. .a key.
cas /cas/ <ca.s\> masc. .a furrow.

iccyarI /cic.ja.ri/ <ci.c\.ja.rii> fem. .a
shrilling cry.
ic5\5I /ciˇ˙.ˇ˙i/ <ci.ˇhˇhii> fem. .1. a note
2. a small informal letter.
ic6avu& /ci.Îa.vu~/ <ci.Îa.vu~> v.intr. .to be
vexed.
icta /ci.ta/ <ci~.ta> fem. .a funeral-pyre.

By. Richin Patel

59
cIj /ciÔ/ <ci.Ô\> fem. .a thing.
ictar /ci.tar/ <ci.ta.r\> masc. .1.a picture
2. a detail narration.
ic]a /cit.t\/ <ci.tt\> neut. .the mind.
ic]ao /cit.to/ <ci.tto> masc. .1.a panther
2. a leopard.
ic{a /cit.r\/ <ci.tr\> neut. .1. a picture 2.
a drawing.

cI6 /ciÎ/ <cii.Î\> fem. .disgust.
cItrvu& /ci.t\r.vu~/ <cii.t\.r\.vu~> v.tr. .1.
to sketch 2. to draw.
cItXo /cit.Æo/ <cii.t\.Æo> masc. .a kind of
serpent.
cInI /ci.ni/ <cii.nii> adj. .Chinese.

icbavlu& /ci.bav.lu~/ <ci.ba.v\.lu~> adj.
1.overwise 2. childish.

cIp /cip/ <cii.p\> fem. .1. a strip 2. a
deal in the card game.

icbuk /ci.buk/ <ci.buu.k\> fem. .the
chin.

cIipyo /ci.pi.jo/ <cii.pi.jo> masc.
.pincers.

icr&@vI /ci.r\n..Ôi.vi/ <ci.r\~.Ôii.vii> adj.
1. having longevity 2. also used to
address a son, a daughter or any person
who is younger to the addresser.

cIbu& /ci.bu~/ <cii.bu~> adj. .flat-nosed.

icrag /ci.rag/ <ci.ra.g\> masc. .a lamp.

cIrvu& /cir.vu~/ <cii.r\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to tear
2. to split.

ich\.n /cih..n\/ <ci.hn\> neut. .1. a mark
2. a trait.
ic&tk /cin.t\k/ <ci~.t\.k\> masc. .thinker.
ic&tn /cin.t\n/ <ci~.t\.n\> neut. .1. deep
thinking 2. meditation.
ic&ta /cin.ta/ <ci~.ta> fem. .worry.
cIk8u& /cik.¯u~/ <ci.k\.¯u~> adj. .1. sticky
2. greasy.

cImXvu& /ci.m\Æ.vu~/ <ci.m\.Æ\.vu~> v.tr.
.1. to pinch 2. to twist.

cIrI /ci.ri/ <cii.rii> fem. .a slice of fruit
or pickle.
cIro /ci.ro/ <cii.ro> masc. .1. a cut 2. a
long piece of cloth.
cIv4 /ci.v\ˇ/ <cii.v\.ˇ\> fem. .care.
cIs /cis/ <cii.s\> fem. .a scream.
cI&9ru& /ci~t˙.ru~/ <cii.th\.ru~> neut. .a arg.

cIkI /ci.ki/ <cii.kii> fem. .a kind of
sweet.

cI&9rehal /cith˙.re.hal/ <cii.th\.re.ha.l\>
adj. 1. dressed in rags 2. extremely poor.

cIku /ci.ku/ <cii.ku> neut. .1. a tree 2. a
fruit of the cIku tree.

cI&0vu& /ci~d˙.vu~/ <ci~.dh\.vu~> v.tr. .to
point with a finger.

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60
cUkado /cu.ka.do/ <cuu.ka.do> masc. .a
judgment.
cu6el /cu.Îel/ <cu.Îe.l\> fem. .a kind of
female ghost.
cup /cup/ <cuu.p\> adj. .quite.
cUpkIdI /cup.ki.di/ <cu.p\.kii.dii> fem.
.silence.

cUnI /cu.ni/ <cuu.nii> fem. .a nose ring.
cUmvu& /cum.vu~/ <cuu.m\.vu~> v.tr. .to
kiss.
cUlo /cu.lo/ <cuu.lo> masc. .a fire-place
for cooking.
cUvu& /cu.vu~/ <cuu.vu~> v.intr. .to ooze.
cUsvu& /cus.vu~/ <cuu.s\.vu~> v.tr. .to suck.

cUpcap /cup.cap/ <cuu.p\.ca.p\> advb.
.stealthily.
cUSt /cus.t\/ <cu.st\> adj. .1. tight 2.
staunch.
cu&gal /cu˜.gal/ <cu~.ga.l\> fem. .1. a
claw 2. a trap.
cu&gI /cu˜.gi/ <cu~.gii> fem. .a smokingpipe.
cu&bn /cum.b\n/ <cu~.b\.n\> neut. .a
kiss.

cU&k /cu~k/ <cu~.k\> fem. .stomach pain.
cU&k /cu~k/ <cuu~.k\> fem. .a nail.
cU&9vu& /cu~t˙.vu~/ <cuu~.th\.vu~> v.tr. .to
ransack.
cU&d6I /cu~nd.Îi/ <cu~.d\.Îii> fem. .a kind
of sari.
cekvu& /cek.vu~/ <ce.k\.vu~> v.tr. .to erase.
cetn /ce.t\n/ <ce.t\.n\> adj. .animate.

cu&maXIs /cu~.ma.Æis/ <cu~.ma.Æii.s\> adj.
.forty four.

cetna /cet.na/ <ce.t\.na> fem.
.consciousness.

cu&moter /cu~.mo.ter/ <cu~.mo.te.r\> adj.
.seventy four.

cetv8I /ce.t\v.¯i/ <ce.t\.v\.¯ii> fem.
.1.a warning 2. caution.

cUkvvu& /cu.k\v.vu~/ <cuu.k\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
.to make the payment.

cetvvu& /ce.t\v.vu~/ <ce.t\.v\.vu~> v.tr. .to
warn.

cUkvu& /cuk.vu~/ <cuu.k\.vu~> v.intr. .to
miss.

cetvu& /cet.vu~/ <ce.t\.vu~> v.intr. .to be
alert.

cUgvu& /cug.vu~/ <cuu.g\.vu~> v.tr. .to eat
(by birds).

cen /cen/ <ce.n\> neut. .peace.

cU6I /cu.Îi/ <cuu.Îii> fem. .a bangle.

cep /cep/ <ce.p\> masc. .infection.

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61
celo /ce.lo/ <ce.lo> masc. .a male
disciple.
celI /ce.li/ <ce.lo> fem. .a female
disciple.
cev6o /cev.Îo/ <ce.v\.Îo> masc. .a food
item.

co36Iyu& /co.g˙\.Îi.ju~/ <co.gh\.Îio.ju~>
neut. .a unit of time divided to determine
auspicious and inauspicious period.
co4 /coˇ/ <co.ˇ\> fem. .a blow.
co4vu& /cøˇ.vu~/ <co.ˇ\.vu~> v.intr. .to stick.
co6vu& /cøÎ.vu~/ <co.Î\.vu~> v.tr. .to strike.

ceh /ceh/ <ce.h\> fem. .a funeral pyre.
cEtNy /c\i.t\n.j\/ <c\.t\.nj\> neut. .1.
life-spirit 2. the supreme being.

cotrf /co.t\.r\p˙/ <co.t\.r\.ph\> advb.
.on
all sides.

cE{a /c\it.r\/ <c\.tr\> masc. .the sixth
month of the Vikram year.

co{aIs /cøt.ris/ <co.trii.s\> adj. .thirty
four.

cok /cøk/ <co.k\> masc. .a square.

co9 /cot˙/ <co.th\> fem. .fouth day of
both of the fortnights of a lunar month.

cok6I /cøk.Îi/ <co.k\.Îii> fem. .1. a
washing place in house 2. a place where
four roads
cross.
cok\ks /cok.k\s/ <co.kk\.s\> advb.
.surely.
coksI /cøk.si/ <co.k\.sii> masc. .1. a
surname 2. a dealer in gold and silver.

co0ar /co.d˙ar/ <co.dha.r\> adj.
.immense (tears and rain)
copgu& /co.p\.gu~/ <co.p\.gu~> adj.
quadruped.
cop6vu& /co.p\Î.vu~/ <co.p\.Î\.vu~> v.tr.
.1. to lubricate 1. to grease.
cop6I /cop.Îi/ <co.p\.Îii> fem. .a book.

cokI /cø.ki/ <co.kii> fem. .1. a police
station 2. a watch-gate.
co`a /co.k˙a/ <co.kha> masc. .rice.
co~`a.; /cok˙.k˙a.i/ <co.khkha.ii> adj.
.cleanliness.
co~`u& /cok˙.k˙u~/ <co.khkhu~> adj. .clean.
cogan /co.gan/ <co.ga.n\> neut. .a plain.

cop6o /cop.Îo/ <co.p\.Îo> masc. .an
account book.
copn /co.p\n/ <co.p\.n\> adj. .fifty
four.
copanIyu& /co.pa.ni.ju~/ <co.pa.nii.ju~> neut.
.a pamphlet.
comasu& /co.ma.su~/ <co.ma.su~> neut.
monsoon.

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62
cor /cor/ <co.r\> masc. .a thief.
corvu& /cor.vu~/ <co.r\.vu~> v.tr. .to steal.
cors /co.r\s/ <co.r\.s\> masc. .1. a
square figure 2. a square.
cora=I /co.ra.ßi/ <co.ra.ßii> adj. .eighty
four.

2 /c˙\/ <ch\> adj. .six.
2kvu& /c˙\k.vu~/ <ch\.k\.vu~> v.intr. .to go
astray.
2kko /c\k.ko/ <ch\.kko> masc. .the six
in a suit of playing cards.

corI /co.ri/ <co.rii> fem. .a theft.

22u&dr /c˙\.c˙un.d\r/ <ch\.chu~.d\.r\>
neut. .a mole.

corI /cø.ri/ <co.rii> fem. .a square
structure where marriage ritaul is
performed.

24kvu& /c˙\.ˇ\k.vu~/ <ch\.ˇ\.k\.vu~> v.intr.
.1. to slip away 2. to escape.

coro /cø.ro/ <co.ro> masc. .a public
meeting
place in villages.
covIs /co.vis/ <co.vii.s\> adj. .twenty
four.
cos5 /co.s\ˇ˙/ <co.s\.ˇh\> adj. .sixty
four.
coslu& /cos.lu~/ <co.s\.lu~> neut. .a thick
block or slice.
coXvu& /coÆ.vu~/ <co.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. .to rub.
coXa /co.Æa/ <co.Æa> masc. .a kind of
pulse.
coXI /co.Æi/ <co.Æii> fem. a woman’s
bodies.
co&kvu& /co~k.vu~/ <co.k\.vu~> v.intr. .to be
startled.
cOd /c\ud/ <c\u.d\> adj. .fourteen.

2

24ku& /c˙\ˇ.ku~/ <ch\.ˇ\.k\.vu~> neut. .a
trap.
25 /c˙\ˇ˙/ <ch\.ˇh\> fem. .sixth day of
the fortnight of the Hindu month.
26vu& /c˙\Î.vu~/ <ch\.Î\.vu~> v.tr. .to
thrash.
26a /c˙\.Îa/ <ch\.Îa> masc. .anklets.
28kvu& /c˙\.¯\k.vu~/ <ch\.¯\.k\.vu~>
v.intr. .to speak angrily.
28ko /c˙\¯.ko/ <ch\.¯\.ko> masc. .a
rude angry uterance.
2t /c˙\t/ <ch\.t\> fem. .availability.
2t /c˙\t/ <ch\.t\> fem. .a ceiling.
2ta& /c˙\.ta~/<ch\.ta~> advb. .however.
2{aI /c˙\t.ri/ <ch\.trii> fem. .an
umbrella.
2{aIs /c˙\t.ris/ <ch\.trii.s\> adj. .thirty
six.

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63
2apru& /c˙ap.ru~/ <cha.p\.ru~> neut. .a hut.
2br6o /c˙\.b\r.Îo/ <ch\.b\.r\.Îo>
masc. .a fiasco.
2bI /c˙\.bi/ <ch\.bii> fem. .1. a picture
2. a portrait.
2m2m /c˙\m.c˙\m/ <ch\.m\.ch\.m\>
advb. .with a jingling sound.
2l&g /c˙\.l\˜.g\/ <ch\.l\~.g\> fem. .a
long leap.
2la2l /c˙\.la.c˙\l/ <ch\.la.ch\.l\> advb.
.over flowing.
2VvIs /c˙\v.vis/ <ch\.vvii.s\> adj.
.twenty six.
2X /c˙\Æ/ <ch\.Æ\> neut. .a fraud.
2&26e vu& /c˙\.nc˙eÎ.vu~/ <ch\~.che.Î\.vu~>
v.tr. .to enrage.
2&d /c˙\n.d\/ <ch\~.d\> masc. .an
addiction.
2&d /c˙\n.d\/ <ch\~.d\> masc. .a poetic
meter.
2a8 /c˙a¯/ <cha.¯\> neut. .a dung of
buffalo, cow, bullock and oxen.
2a8u& /c˙a.¯u~/ <cha.¯u~> neut. .a dungcake used as fuel.
2atI /c˙a.ti/ <cha.tii> fem. .the chest.
2anu& /c˙a.nu~/ <cha.nu~> adj. . secret.
2ap /c˙ap/ <cha.p\> fem. .1. an
impression 2. a print.

2apvu& /c˙ap.vu~/ <cha.p\.vu~> v.tr. .to
print.
2apu& /c˙a.pu~/ <cha.pu~> neut. .a
newspaper.
2ab /c˙ab/ <cha.b\> fem. a bamboo
basket.
2ab6I /c˙ab.Îi/ <cha.b\.Îii> fem. a
bamboo basket.
2aya /c˙a.ja/ <cha.ja> fem. .a shadow.
2al /c˙al/ <cha.l\> fem. .a bark.
2alk /c˙a.l\k/ <cha.l\> fem. .a splash.
2ala& /c˙a.la~/ <cha.la~> neut. pl..1. husks
2. peels.
2av8I /c˙av.¯i/ <cha.v\.¯ii> fem. .a
camp.
2avrvu& /c˙a.v\r.vu~/ <cha.v\.r\.vu~> v.tr.
.to conceal.
2a= /c˙aß/ <cha.ß\> fem. .butter milk.
2as5 /c˙a.s\ˇ˙/ <cha.s\.ˇ\> adj. .sixty
six.
2a&4o /c˙a~.ˇo/ <cha~.ˇo> masc. .a drop.
2a&6vu& /c˙a~Î.vu~/ <cha~.Î\.vu~> v.tr. .to
leave surplus food in the dining plate.
2I /c˙i/ <chii> fem. .excretion.
2I /c˙i/ <chii> advb. .an expression
showing hatred.

By. Richin Patel

64

2Invvu& /c˙i.n\v.vu~/ <chii.n\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
.to snatch.

2e6o /c˙e.Îo/ <che.Îo> masc. .the end.

2Ip /c˙ip/ <chii.p\> fem. .a shell.

2etrpI&6I /c˙e.t\r.pi¯.Îi/
<che.t\.r\.pi~.Îii> fem. .a cheating.

2U4 /c˙uˇ/ <chuu.ˇ\> fem. .1. leave 2.
speciousness.

2etrvu& /c˙e.t\r.vu~/ <che.t\.r\.vu~> v.tr.
.1. to cheat 2. to deceive.

2U4k /c˙u.t\k/ <chuu.ˇ\.k\> adj. .retail.

2etram8 /c˙et.ra.m\¯/ <che.t\.ra.m\.¯\>
fem. .cheating.

2U4k /c˙u.t\k/ <chuu.ˇ\.k\> advb. .by
retail.
2U42a4 /c˙uˇ.c˙aˇ/ <chuu.ˇ\.cha.ˇ\> fem.
a concession.
2U4vu& /c˙uˇ.vu~/ <chuu.ˇ\.vu~> v.intr. .1.to
be free 2. to be relieved.
2U4a2e6a /c˙u.ˇa.c˙e.Îa/ <chuu.ˇa.che.Îa>
masc. .a divorce.
2U4u& /c˙u.tu~/ <chuu.ˇu~> adj. .free.
2Upu& /c˙u.pu~/ <chuu.pu~> adj. .1.
concealed 2. secret.
2U&d8u& /c˙u~n.d\.¯u~/ <chuu~.d\.¯u~> neut.
.tattoo.
2U&do /c˙u~.do/ <chu~.do> masc. .minced
pickle.
2ek /c˙ek/ <che.k\> advb. .entirely.
2ekvu& /c˙ek.vu~/ <che.k\.vu~> v.tr. .to
strike.

2etram8u& /c˙et.ram.¯u~/
<che.t\.ra.m\.¯u~> adj. .deceitful.
2etaXIs /c˙e.ta.Æi.s/ <che.ta.Æii.s\> adj. .
forty six.
2ed /c˙ed/ <che.d\> masc. .a cut.
2edvu& /c˙ed.vu~/ <che.d\.vu~> v.tr. .to cut.
2eLlu& /c˙el.lu~/ <che.llu~> adj. .last.
2ev4e /c˙e.v\.ˇe/ <che.v\.ˇe> advb. .at
last.
2okrmt /c˙o.k\r.m\t/ <cho.k\.r\.m\.t\>
adj. . childish.
2okrI /c˙ok.ri/ <cho.k\.rii> fem. .a girl.
2okru& /c˙ok.ru~/ <cho.k\.ru~> neut. .a
child.
2okro /c˙ok.ro/ <cho.k\.ro> masc. .a
boy.

2e6tI /c˙eÎ.ti/ <che.Î\.tii> fem. .a prank.

2o6vu& /c˙oÎ.vu~/ <cho.Î\.vu~> v.tr..1. to
release 2. to free 3. to untie.

2e6vu& /c˙eÎ.vu~/ <che.Î\.vu~> v.tr. .to
tease.

2otru& /c˙ot.ru~/ <cho.t\.ru~> neut. .a peel.

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65
2ol /c˙ol/ <cho.t\.ru~> masc. .woodscraping
2olvu& /c˙ol.vu~/ <cho.l\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to
scrape 2. peel.
2oter /c˙o.ter/ <cho.te.r\> adj. .seventysix.

j8 /Ô\¯/ <Ô\¯> neut. .1. an individual 2.
a person.
j8vu& /Ô\¯.vu~/ <Ô\.¯\.vu~> v.tr. .to give a
birth.
j8avvu& /Ô\.¯av.vu~/ <Ô\.¯a.v\.vu~> v.tr.
.to inform.

2\yasI /c˙ja.si/ <chja.sii> adj. .eighty-six.
jtn /Ô\.t\n/ <Ô\.ka.t\> neut. .care.

j

jNm /Ô\n.m\/ <Ô\.nm\> masc. .birth.

j /Ô\/ <Ô\> part.. emphasis marker.

jnm /Ô\.n\m/ <Ô\.n\.m\> masc. .birth.

jkat /Ô\.kat/ <Ô\.ka.t\> fem. .custom
duty.

jNmku&6XI /Ô\.nm\.ku¯.Î\.Æi/
<Ô\.nm\.ku~.Î\.Æii> fem. .a horoscope.

jk\kI /Ô\k.ki/ <Ô\.kkii> adj. .stubborn.

jNm4Ip /Ô\n.m\.ˇip/ <Ô\.nm\.ˇii.p\>
fem. .a life time imprisonment.

j`m /Ô\.k˙\m/ <Ô\.kh\.m\> masc. .a
wound.
jgt /Ô\.g\t/ <Ô\.g\.t\> neut. .the world.

jNmaQ4mI /Ô\n.maß.ˇ\.mi/
<Ô\.nma.s°ˇ\.mii> fem. .Lord Krishna’s
birth day.

j6 /Ô\Î/ <Ô\.Î\> adj. .inanimate.

jnmojnm /Ô\n.mo.Ô\.n\m/
<Ô\.n\.mo.Ô\.n\.m\> advb. .in each
birth.

j6bato6 /Ô\Î.ba.toÎ/ <Ô\.Î\.ba.to.Î\>
adj. . irrefutable.

jp /Ô\p/ <Ô\.p\> masc. .1. a muttering
of a deity’s name, 2. recition.

j6bu& /Ô\Î.bu~/ <Ô\.Î\.bu~> neut. .the jaw.

jpvu& /Ô\p.vu~/ <Ô\.p\.vu~> v.tr. .to mutter
s deity’s name as a part of some ritual.

jGya /Ô\.gja/ <Ô\.gja> fem. .a place.

j6-rt /Ô\Î.b˙\.r\t/ <Ô\.Î\.bh\.r\.t\>
adj. stupid.
j6vu& /Ô\Î.vu~/ <Ô\.Î\.vu~> v.tr. .to fix
things with nails etc.
j6vu& /Ô\Î.vu~/ <Ô\.Î\.vu~> v.dat.. to
regain a lost thing.

jm8 /Ô\.m\¯/ <Ô\.m\.¯\> neut. .a
formal dinner.
jm8var /Ô\.m\¯.var/ <Ô\.m\.¯\.va.r\>
masc. .a formal community dinner.
jm8u& /Ô\m.¯u~/ <Ô\.m\.¯u~> adj. .right.

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66

jmvu& /Ô\m.vu~/ <Ô\.m\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to
eat, 2. dine (formal).

jvab /Ô\.vab/ <Ô\.va.b\> masc. .answer.
jvu& /Ô\.vu~/ <Ô\.vu~> v.intr. .to go.

jma /Ô\.ma/ adj. .<Ô\.ma> 1. of the
credit side 2. accumulated.

j= /Ô\ß/ <Ô\.ß\> masc. .reputation.

jma; /Ô\.ma.i/ <Ô\.ma.ii> masc. .a sonin-law.

jhaj /Ô\.haÔ/ <Ô\.ha.Ô\> neut. .a large
ship.

jmat /Ô\.mat/ <Ô\.ma.t\> fem. .a body of
monks.

j&gl /Ô\˜.g\l/ <Ô\~.g\.l\> neut. .a forest.

jmadar /Ô\.ma.dar/ <Ô\.ma.da.r\> masc.
.a head of a small police unit.
jmano /Ô\.ma.no/ <Ô\.ma.no> masc. .an
age or era.
jmIn /Ô\.min/ <Ô\.mii.n\> fem. .land.
jr /Ô\r/ <Ô\.r\> neut. .wealth.
jr` /Ô\.r\k˙/ <Ô\.r\.kh\> neut. .a wild
animal.

j&tu /Ô\n.tu/ <Ô\~.tu~> neut. .an insect.
j&p /Ô\m.p\/ <Ô\~.p\> masc. ..ease 2.
peace.
jagr8 /Ôag.r\¯/ <Ôa.g\.r\.¯\> neut. .1.
sleeplessness 2. a religious vow of the
women.
jagvu& /Ôag.vu~/ <Ôa.g\.vu~> v.intr. .to
wake from sleep.
jajm /Ôa.Ô\m/ <Ôa.Ô\.m\> fem. .a carpet.

jra /Ô\.ra/ <Ô\.ra> advb. .a little.

jajru& /ÔaÔ.ru~/ <Ôa.Ô\.ru~> neut. .a latrine.

jldI ~ jLdI /Ô\l.di/ <Ô\.l\.dii> ~ <Ô\.ldii>
advb. .quickly.

jajrman /Ôa.Ô\r.man/ <Ôa.Ô\.r\.ma.n\>
adj. .glorious.

jlso /Ô\l.so/ <Ô\.l\.so> masc. .a meeting
for entertainment.

ja6a; /Ôa.Îai/ <Ôa.Îa.ii> fem. .thickness.

jlebI /Ô\.le.bi/ <Ô\.le.bii> fem. .a kind of
sweet.
jLlad /Ô\l.lad/ <Ô\.lla.d\> masc. .an
executioner.
jv /Ô\v/ <Ô\.v\> masc. .barley.
jvLle /Ô\.v\l.le/ <Ô\.v\.lle> advb. .rarely.

ja6u& /Ôa.Îu~/ <Ôa.Îu~> adj. .1. fat 2. thick.
ja8 /Ôa¯/ <Ôa.¯\> fem. .information.
ja8vu& /Ôa¯.vu~/ <Ôa.¯\.vu~> v.tr. .to know.
ja8Itu& /Ôa.¯i.tu~/ <Ôa.¯ii.tu~> adj. .famous.
ja8e /Ôa.¯e/ <Ôa.¯e> advb. .as if.

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67
jat /Ôat/ <Ôa.t\> fem. .1.a tribe 2. a caste
3. a community.

jamIn /Ôa.min/ <Ôa.mii.n\> masc. .a
surety.

jatkma; /Ôat.k\.ma.i/ <Ôa.t\.k\.ma.ii>
fem. self-earned income.

javk /Ôa.v\k/ <Ôa.v\.k\> fem. .being
dispatched.

jait /Ôa.ti/ <Ôa.ti> fem. .1. a caste 2. a
group 3. a community.

jasUs /Ôa.sus/ <Ôa.suu.s\> masc. .1. a
spy 2. a detective 3. a secret agent.

jatIy /Ôa.ti.j\/ <Ôa.tii.j\> adj. .sexual.

jaso /Ôa.so/ <Ôa.so> masc. .a threatening
letter written anonymously.

jate /Ôa.te/ <Ôa.te> advb. .personally.
ja{aa /Ôat.ra/ <Ôa.tra> fem. .a pilgrim.
jadu /Ôa.du/ <Ôa.du> masc. .a magic.
jan /Ôan/ <Ôa.n\> fem. .a marriage party
of the bridegroom.

jaher /Ôa.her/ <Ôa.he.r\> adj. .1. open 2.
public.
jaherat /Ôa.he.rat/ <Ôa.he.ra.t\> fem.
.1.an advertisement 2. a notification 3.
an announcement.

jan /Ôan/ <Ôa.n\> masc. .the jiva (life).

jaX /ÔaÆ/ <Ôa.Æ\> fem. .a net of a hunter
or a fisherman.

janmal /Ôan.mal/ <Ôa.n\.ma.l\> masc.
.life and property.

jaXv8I /Ôa.Æ\v.¯i/ <Ôa.Æ\.v\.¯ii> fem.
.preservation.

janvr /Ôan.v\r/ <Ôa.n\.v\.r\> neut. .an
animal.

jaiXyu& /Ôa.Æi.ju~/ <Ôa.Æi.ju~> neut. .a kind of
ventilator.

janEyo /Ôa.n\i.jo/ <Ôa.n\i.jo> masc. .a
member of the bride groom’s marriage
party.

ja&3 /Ôa~˜.g\/ <Ôa~.gh\> fem. .the thigh.

jap /Ôap/ <Ôa.p\> masc. .recitation.

ja&bu /Ôa~m.bu/ <Ôa~.bu> neut. .a kind of
berry.

jam /Ôam/ <Ôa.m\> masc. .a glass.

ij@ivqa /Ôi.Ôi.vi.ßa/ <Ôi.Ôii.vi.s°a> fem. .a
desire for life.

jamfX /Ôam.p\Æ/ <Ôa.m\.ph\.Æ\> neut. .a
guava.

ij}aasa /Ôi.gna.sa/ <Ôi.gna.sa> fem.
.curiosity.

jamvu& /Ôam.vu~/ <Ôa.m\.vu~> v.intr. .1. to
be solidify 2. to congeal 3. to get
assembled.

ijd /Ôid/ <Ôi.d\> fem. .obstinacy.
ij¥I /Ôid.di/ <Ôi.ddii> adj. obstinate.

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ijLlo /Ôil.lo/ <Ôi.llo> masc. .a district.
ij&dgI /Ôind.gi/ <Ôii~.d\.gii> fem. .life.

@v-xI /Ôiv.b˙\k.ßi/ <Ôii.v\.bh\.kshii>
adj. . carnivorous.
@vle8 /Ôiv.le¯/ <Ôii.v\.le.¯\> adj. .fatal.

@t /Ôit/ <Ôii.t\> fem. .victory.
@tvu& /Ôit.vu~/ <Ôii.t\.vu~> v.intr. .to win.
@n /Ôin/ <Ôii.n\> neut. .a kind of ghost.
@n /Ôin/ <Ôii.n\> neut. .a saddle.

@vvu& /Ôiv.vu~/ <Ôii.v\.vu~> v.intr. .1. to be
alive 2. to exist.
@vs4os4 /Ôiv.s\.ˇo.s\ˇ/
<Ôii.v\.s\.ˇo.s\.ˇ\> advb. .at the risk of
the life.

@- /Ôi.b˙/ <Ôii.bh\> fem. .the tongue.

@va8u& /Ôi.va.¯u~/ <Ôii.va.¯u~> masc. .a
bacterium.

@-ajo6I /Ôi.b˙a.Ôo.Îi/ <Ôii.bha.Ôo.Îii>
fem. .a quarrel.

@vat /Ôi.vat/ <Ôii.va.t\> fem. .insects.

@rvvu& /Ôi.r\v.vu~/ <Ôii.r\.v\.vu~> v.tr. .to
digest.

@vaTma /Ôi.vat.ma/ <Ôii.va.tma> masc.
.embodied soul.

@ru& /Ôi.ru~/ <Ôii.ru~> neut. .cumin seed.

jugl /Ôu.g\l/ <Ôu.g\.l\> neut. .1. a pair
2. a couplet.

@v /Ôiv/ <Ôii.v\> masc. .embodied soul.
@vj&tu& /Ôiv.Ô\n.tu~/ <Ôii.v\.Ô\~.tu~> neut.
.insects.
@v6u& /Ôiv.Îu~/ <Ôii.v\.Îu~> neut. .a small
insect.

jugar /Ôu.gar/ <Ôu.ga.r\> masc.
.gambling.
jugarI /Ôu.ga.ri/ <Ôu.ga.rii> masc. .a
gambler.

@vtr /Ôiv.t\r/ <Ôii.v\.t\.r\> neut. .life.

juguPsa /Ôu.gup.sa/ <Ôu.gu.psa> fem.
.nausea.

@vtu& /Ôiv.tu~/ <Ôii.v\.tu~> adj. .living.

ju5\5u /Ôuˇ˙.ˇ˙u~/ <Ôu.ˇhˇhu~> adj. .lie.

@vdya /Ôiv.d\.ja/ <Ôii.va.d\.ja> fem.
.kindness to all living beings.

juda; /Ôu.da.i/ <Ôu.da.ii> fem.
.separation.

@vn /Ôi.v\n/ <Ôii.v\.n\> neut. .life.

ju\du& /Ôu.du~/ <Ôu.du~> adj. .separate.

@vncir{a /Ôi.v\n.c\.rit.r\/
<Ôii.v\.n\.c\.ri.tr\> neut. .biography.

junva8I /Ôun.va.ni/ <Ôu.n\.va.¯ii> adj.
.orthodox.

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jubanI /Ôu.ba.ni/ <Ôu.ba.nii> fem. .oral
testimony.

jev6u& /Ôev.Îu~/ <Ôe.v\.Îu~> adj. .as large
as.

jumlo /Ôum.lo/ <Ôu.m\.lo> masc. .total
Ex. total runs in criket.

jev&u /Ôe.vu~/ <Ôe.vu~> adj. .similar.

julab /Ôu.lab/ <Ôu.la.b\> masc.. laxative.
juvar /Ôu.var/ <Ôu.va.r\> fem. .a kind of
corn.

jehad /Ôe.had/ <Ôe.ha.d\> fem. .a
crusade.
jEn /Ôain/ <Ô\i.n\> masc. .a Jain.
jEn /Ô\in/ <Ô\i.n\> masc. .Jain religion.

juSso /Ôus.so/ <Ôu.sso> masc. .energy.
jU /Ôu/ <Ôuu> fem. .a louse.

jEn /Ô\in/ <Ô\i.n\> adj. .pertaining to
Jain
religion.

jU; /Ôu.i/ <Ôu.ii> fem. .a kind of flower
plant.

jo /Ôo/ <Ôo> advb. .1. if 2. provided that.

jU5 /Ôuˇ˙/ <Ôu.ˇh\> neut. .a lie.

jo;Ý /Ôoi-/ <Ôo.ii> v.dat.. to need. (the
only verb in Gujarati which does not
have infinitive -vu)& .

jU5u& /Ôu.ˇ˙u~/ <Ôu.ˇhu~> adj. .untrue.

jo`m /Ôo.k˙\m/ <Ôo.kh\.m\> neut. .risk.

jU5u& /Ôu.ˇ˙u~/ <Ôhu.ˇhu~> adj. .the left out
food.

jo`mavu& /Ôo.k˙\.ma.vu~/ <Ôo.kh\.ma.vu~>
v.intr. .to be at risk.

jU9 /Ôut˙/ <Ôuu.th\> neut. .a group.

jo`vu& /Ôok˙.vu~/ <Ôo.kh\.vu~> v.tr. .to
weigh.

jUj /ÔuÔ/ <Ôuu.Ô\> adj. .little.

jUnu& /Ôu.nu~/ <Ôuu.nu~> adj. .old.
je5 /Ôeˇ˙/ <Ôe.ˇh\> masc. .the eight month
of Vikram samvat.
je5 /Ôeˇ˙/ <Ôe.ˇh\> masc. .the husband’s
elder brother.

jogva; /Ôog.va.i/ <Ôo.g\.va.ii> fem.
.provision.
joganu&jog /Ôo.ga.nu~.Ôog/ <Ôo.ga.nu.Ôo.g\>
advb. . incidentally.
jogI /Ôo.gi/ <Ôo.gii> masc. .a sadhu.

je5a8I /Ôe.ˇ˙a.¯i/ <Ôe.ˇha.¯ii> fem. .the
husband’s elder brother’s wife.

jo6 /ÔoÎ/ <Ôo.Î\> fem. .a pair.

jel /Ôel/ <Ôe.l\> fem. .jail.

jo68I /ÔoÎ.¯i/ <Ôo.Î\.¯ii> fem. .spelling.

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70
jo68Iko= /ÔoÎ.¯i.koß/ <Ôo.Î\.¯ii.ko.ß\>
masc. . spelling dictionary.

zgmgvu& /Ô˙\g.m\g.vu~/
<Ôh\.g\.m\.g\.vu~> v.intr. to glitter.

jo6vu& /ÔoÎ.vu~/ <Ôo.Î\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to
connect 2. to join.

zgmga4 /Ô˙\g.m\.gaˇ/ <Ôh\.g\.m\.ga.ˇ\>
masc. . glaring light.

jo6axr /Ôo.Îa.kß\r/ <Ôo.Îa.kß\.r\> masc.
.a conjunct consonant.

z36a`or /Ô˙\g.Îa.k˙or/
<Ôh\.g\.Îa.kho.r\> adj. . quarrelsome.

jo6ajo6 /Ôo.Îa.ÔoÎ/ <Ôo.Îa.Ôo.Î\> advb.
.side by side.

z36az36I /Ô˙\g.Îa.Ô˙\g.Îi/
<Ôh\.g\.Îa.Ôh\.g\.Îii> fem. quarreling.

jo6a8 /Ôo.Îa¯/ <Ôo.Îa.¯\> neut. .1. a
connection 2. a joint.
jo6Iyu& /Ôo.Îi.ju~/ <Ôo.Îii.ju~> adj. .twin.
jo6I /Ôo.Îi/ <Ôo.Îii> fem. .a pair.
jo6o /Ôo.Îo/ <Ôo.Îo> masc. .a shoe.
jor /Ôor/ <Ôo.r\> neut. .strength.
jovu& /Ôo.vu~/ <Ôo.vu~> v.tr. .to look.
jyar9I /Ôjar.t˙i/ <Ôja.r\.thii> advb. .since.
jyare /Ôja.re/ <Ôja.re> advb. .when.
jya& /Ôja~/ <Ôja~> advb. .where.
jyot /Ôjot/ <Ôjo.t\> fem. .a flame.

z36o /Ô˙\g.Îo/ <Ôh\.gh\.Îo> masc. .a
quarrel.
zzUmvu& /Ô˙\.Ô˙um.vu~/ <Ôh\.Ôhuu.m\.vu~>
v.intr. .1. to hand over 2. to struggle on.
z4 /Ô˙\ˇ/ <Ôh\.ˇ\> advb. .quickly.
z4kvu& /Ô˙\.ˇ\k.vu~/ <Ôh\.ˇ\.k\.vu~> v.tr.
.to jerk.
z4ko /Ô˙\ˇ.ko/ <Ô\.ˇ\.ko> masc. .a sharp
blow.
z4p4 /Ô˙\ˇ.p\ˇ/ <Ôh\.ˇ\.p\.ˇ\> advb.
.hurriedly.
z6tI /Ô˙\Î.ti/ <Ôh\.Î\.tii> fem. .a
confiscation.
z6p /Ô˙\.Î\p/ <Ôh\.Î\.p\> fem. .speed.

jyoitqI /Ôjo.ti.ßi/ <Ôjo.ti.s°ii> masc. .an
astrologer.
jvaXamu`I /Ôva.Æa.mu.k˙i/
<Ôva.Æa.mu.khii> masc. .a volcano.

z

z6pvu& /Ô˙\.Î\p.vu~/ <Ôh\.Î\.p\.vu~> v.tr.
.to seize.
z6pI /Ô˙\Î.pi/ <Ôh\.Î\.pii> adj. .speedy.
z8z8 /Ô˙\¯.Ô˙\¯/ <Ôh\.¯\.Ôh\.¯\>
masc. .a tinkling sound.

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71
zpazpI /Ô˙\.pa.Ô˙\.pi/ <Ôh\.pa.Ôh\.pii>
fem. .a scuffle.

zXzXIya& /Ô˙\Æ.Ô˙\Æ.i.ja~/ <Ôh\.Æ\.Ôh\.Æii.ja~>
neut. pl.. tears welled up in the eyes.

zbkvu& /Ô˙\.b\k.vu~/ <Ôh\.b\.k\.vu~>
v.intr. .1. to flash 2.to twinkle.

zXu&zXu& /Ô˙\.Æu~.Ô˙.Æu~/ <Ôh\.Æu~.Ôh\.Æu~> neut.
.twilight.

zbkaro /Ô˙\b.ka.ro/ <Ôh\.b\.ka.ro> masc.
.a flash of light.

zXhXvu& /Ô˙\Æ.h\Æ.vu~/ <Ôh\.Æ\.h\.Æ\.vu~>
v.intr. .to shine brightly.

zbkoXvu& /Ô˙\b.koÆ.vu~/ <Ôh\.b\.ko.Æ\.vu~>
v.tr. .to soak in a liquid.

z&`na /Ô˙\˜.k˙\.na/ <Ôh\~.kh\.na> fem.
.an intense desire.

zbUkvu& /Ô˙\.buk.vu~/ <Ôh\.buu.k\.vu~>
v.intr.
1. to flash 2. to twinkle.

z&`vavu& /Ô˙\˜k˙.va.vu~/ <Ôh\~.kh\.va.vu~>
v.intr. .to be crestfallen.

z-lu& /Ô˙\.b˙lu~/ <Ôh\.bh\.lu~> neut. .a
child’s frock.
z_-o /Ô˙\.b˙b˙o/ <Ôh\.bhbho> masc. .a
long loose gown.
zmvu& /Ô˙\m.vu~/ <Ôh\.m\.vu~> v.intr. .to
ooze.
zr8u& /Ô˙\r.¯u~/ neut. .1. a stream 2. a
rivulet.
zrmr /Ô˙\r.m\r/ <Ô\.r\.m\.r\> advb. .a
type of slow rain.
zrvu& /Ô˙\r.vu~/ <Ôh\.r\.vu~> v.intr. .to
dribble.

z&`vu& /Ô˙\˜k˙.vu~/ <Ôh\~.kh\.vu~> v.tr. .to
desire something eagerly.
z&z4 /Ô˙\µ.Ô˙\ˇ/ <Ôh\~.Ôh\.ˇ\> fem.
.useless discussion.
z&zavat /Ô˙\µ.Ô˙a.vat/ <Ôh\~.Ôha.va.t\>
masc. .a cyclone.
z&6o /Ô\.¯Îo/ <Ôh\~.Îo> masc. .a flag.
z&plavvu& /Ô˙\mp.lav.vu~/
<Ôh\~.p\.la.v\.vu~> v.intr. .to start some
work without considering risk factors.
zakX /Ô˙a.k\/ <Ôha.k\.Æ\> fem. .dew.
zazu& /Ô˙a.Ô˙u~/ <Ôha.Ôhu~> adj. .plentiful.

zru`o /Ô˙\.ru.k˙o/ <Ôh\.ru.kho> masc. .a
balcony.

za4kvu& /Ô˙a.ˇ\k.vu~/ <Ôha.ˇ\.k\.vu~> v.tr.
.1. to winnow 2. to scold.

zro /Ô˙\.ro/ <Ôh\.ro> masc. .a stream.

za6 /Ô˙aÎ/ <Ôha.Î\> neut. .a tree.

zverat /Ô˙\.ve.rat/ neut. .jewelry.

za6vu& /Ô˙aÎ.vu~/ <Ôha.Î\.vu~> v.tr. .to
clean by sweeping.

zXkvu& /Ô˙\.Æ\k.vu~/ <Ôh\.Æ\.k\.vu~> v.intr.
.to shine.

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72
za6I /Ô˙a.Îi/ <Ôha.Îii> fem. .a dense
bush.
za6u& /Ô˙a.Îu~/ <Ôha.Îu~> neut. .a broom.
za6o /Ô˙a.Îo/ <Ôha.Îo> masc. .excretion.
zap4vu& /Ô˙a.p\ˇ.vu~/ <Ôha.p\.ˇ.vu~> v.tr. .to
clean by striking a piece of cloth.
zap4vu& /Ô˙a.p\ˇ.vu~/ <Ôha.p\.ˇ\.vu~> v.tr.
.to eat speedily.
zap4u& /Ô˙ap.ˇu~/ <Ôha.p\.ˇu~> neut. .a
sudden rain that comes for a short time.

zIlvu& /Ô˙il.vu~/ <Ôii.l\.vu~> v.tr. .to catch.
zUkvu& /Ô˙uk.vu~/ <Ôhuu.k\.vu~> v.intr. .to
bow.
zUzvu& /Ô˙uÔ˙.vu~/ <Ôhuu.Ôh\.vu~> v.intr. .to
fight desperately.
zU&4vvu& /Ô˙u~.ˇ\v.vu~/ <Ôhu~.ˇ\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
.to snatch.
zU6vu& /Ô˙uÎ.vu~/ <Ôhuu.Î\.vu~> v.tr. .to
thrash.
zU6I /Ô˙u.Îi/ <Ôhuu.Îii> fem. .a small
bunch or bundle.

zar8 /Ô˙a.r\¯/ <Ôha.r\.¯\> neut. .solder.
zarvu& /Ô˙ar.vu~/ <Ôha.r\.vu~> v.tr. .to
solder.
zalr /Ô˙a.l\r/ <Ôha.l\.r\> masc. .a kind
of pulse.
zalvu& /Ô˙al.vu~/ <Ôha.l\.vu~> v.tr. .to hold
with hands.
zaX /Ô˙aÆ/ <Ôha.Æ\> fem. .a flame (of
fire).
za&`ru& /Ô˙a~k˙.ru~/ <Ôa~.kh\.ru~> neut. .a
thorny shrub.
za&zr /Ô˙a~.Ô\r/ <Ôha~.Ôh\.r\> neut. .a
jingling anklet.

zU6o /Ô˙u.Îo/ <Ôuu.Îo> masc. .a big
bunch or bundle.
zu&be= /Ô˙um.beß/ <Ôhu~.be.ß\> fem. .a
movement.
zUmvu& /Ô˙um.vu~/ <Ôuu.m].vu~> v.intr. .to
hand over.
zUrvu& /Ô˙ur.vu~/ <Ôhuu.r\.vu~> v.intr. .to
grieve for some thing or some person.
zUlvu& /Ô˙ul.vu~/ <Ôuu.l\.vu~> v.intr. .to
swing.
zulavvu& /Ô˙u.lav.vu~/ <Ôhu.la.v\.vu~> v.tr.
.1. to swing 2. to rock.
zU&p6u& /Ô˙u~p.Îu~/ <Ôhu~.p\.Îu~> neut. .a hut.

za&zrI /Ô˙a~Ô˙.ri/ <Ôha~.Ôh\.rii> fem. .a
jingling anklet for children.

zer /Ô˙er/ <Ôhe.r\> neut. .poison.

za&po /Ô˙a~.po/ <Ôha~.po> masc. .a gate.

zerI /Ô˙e.ri/ <Ôhe.rii> adj. .poisonous.

zI8u& /Ô˙i.¯u~/ <Ôhii.¯u~> adj. .small (in
size).

zerIlu& /Ô˙e.ri.lu~/ <Ôhe.rii.lu~> adj.
.1.jealous 2. envious.

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73

zokvu& /Ô˙ok.vu~/ <Ôho.k\.vu~> v.intr. .to
doze.
zoku& /Ô˙o.ku~/ <Ôho.ku~> neut. .a dozing.

4
4kvu& /ˇ\k.vu~/ <ˇ\.k\.vu~> v.intr. .1. to
survive 2. to last.
4kaw /ˇ\.ka.u/ <ˇ\.ka.u> adj. ..durable 2.
lasting.
4kavarI /ˇ\.ka.va.ri/ <ˇ\.ka.va.rii> fem.
.percentage.

4cko /ˇ\c.ko/ <ˇ\.c\.ko> masc. .a mild
stroke to cut a piece of wood.
4clI /ˇ\c.li/ <ˇ\.c\.lii> fem. .the last
finger.
4cUk6u& /ˇ\.cuk.Îu~/ <ˇ\.cuu.k\.Îu~> adj.
.very small.
44ar /ˇ\.ˇar/ <ˇ\.ˇa.r\> adj. .stiff.
44\4u /ˇ\ˇ.ˇu/ <ˇ\.ˇˇu> neut. .1. a pony 2. a
lean horse.
4pkvu& /ˇ\.p\k.vu~/ <ˇ\.p\.k\.vu~> v.intr.
.to drip.

4ko /ˇ\.ko/ <ˇ\.ko> masc. .percentage.

4pkavvu& /t\p.kav.vu~/ <ˇ\.p\.ka.v\.vu~>
v.tr. 1. to write down briefly 2. to copy
out.

4kor /ˇ\.kor/ <ˇ\.ko.r\> fem. .1. a
suggestion, 2. a mild scolding.

4pku& /ˇ\p.ku~/ <ˇ\.p\.ku~> neut. .1. a drop
2. a dot.

4korvu& /ˇ\.kor.vu~/ <ˇ\.ko.r\.vu~> v.tr. .1.
to suggest 2. to scold mildly.

4p4p /ˇ\p.ˇ\p/ <ˇ\.p\.ˇ\.p\> advb. .to
prattle.

4k\kr /ˇ\k.k\r/ <ˇ\.kk\.r\> fem. .1. a
collision 2. a resistance.

4p/lI /ˇ\p.li/ <ˇ\.p\.lii> fem. .1. a light
stroke with a finger 2. a light slap.

4ko /t\.ko/ <ˇ\.ko> masc. .a shaved off
head.

4po4p /ˇ\.po.ˇ\p/ <ˇ\.po.ˇ\.p\> advb.
.one by one.

4gr 4gr /ˇ\.g\r ˇ\.g\r/
<ˇ\.g\.r\.ˇ\.g\.r\> advb. . with a fixed
gaze.

4pa4pI /ˇ\.pa.ˇ\.pi/ <ˇ\.pa.ˇ\.pii> fem. .a
hot exchange of words.

4gumgu /ˇ\.gu.m\.gu/ <ˇ\.gu.m\.gu>
advb. .1. shaking 2. shaking.
4ckavvu& /ˇ\c.kav.vu~/ <ˇ\.c\.ka.v\.vu~>
v.tr. .to cut with a stroke.

4parvu& /ˇ\.par.vu~/ <ˇ\.pa.r\.vu~> v.tr. .to
warn in a mild language.
4pal /ˇ\.pal/ <ˇ\.pa.l\> fem. .1. post 2.
mail.
4palI /ˇ\.pa.li/ <ˇ\.pa.lii> masc. .a
postman.

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74

4bUk6u& /ˇ\.buk.Îu~/ <ˇ\.bu.k\.Îu~> adj. .a
very small.
4mkvu& /ˇ\.m\k.vu~/ <ˇ\.m\.k\.vu~> v.intr.
.to twinkle slowly.
4hU&ko /ˇ\.hu~.ko/ <ˇ\.huu~.ko> masc. .a
bird’s cooing.

4a&kI /ˇa~.ki/ <ˇa~.kii> fem. .a tank (of some
liquid).
4a&ko /ˇa~.ko/ <ˇa~.ko> masc. .a stitch.
4a&g /ˇa~˜g/ <ˇa~.g\> fem. .a leg
(derogatory use).
4a&gvu& /ˇa~˜g.vu~/ <ˇa~.g\.vu> v.tr. .to hang.

4XvXvu& /ˇ\Æ.v\Æ.vu~/ <ˇ\.Æ\.v\.Æ\.vu~>
v.intr. .to wail.

4a&c8 /ˇa~.c\¯/ <ˇa~.c\.¯\> neut. .a short
note.

4Xvu& /ˇ\Æ.vu~/ <ˇ\.Æ\.vu~> v.intr. .to be
removed.

4a&i4yo /ˇa~.ˇi.jo/ <ˇa~.ˇi.jo> masc. .a leg
(derogatory).

4&k=aX /t\˜.k\.ßaÆ/ <ˇ\~.k\.ßa.Æ\> fem. .a
mint.

i4cavu& /ˇi.ca.vu~/ <ˇi.ca.vu~> v.intr. .1.to be
collided 2. to run errands vainly.

4&4o /ˇ\¯.ˇo/ <ˇ\~.ˇo> masc. .a quarrel.

i44o6I /ˇi.ˇo.Îi/ <ˇi.ˇo.Îii> fem. .a kind of
bird.

4a7 /ˇaÎ˙/ <ˇa.Îh\> fem. .cold.
4a7u& /ˇa.Î˙u~/ <ˇa.Îhu~> adj. .1. cold 2.
stale.

i4Pp8I /ˇip.p\.¯i/ <ˇi.pp\.¯ii> fem. .a
commentary.
4Ik6I /ˇik.Îi/ <ˇi.k\.Îii> fem. .a pill.

4a8u& /ˇa.¯u~/ <ˇa.¯u~> neut. .occasion.
4Ika /ˇi.ka/ <ˇii.ka> fem. .criticism.
4ap4Ip /ˇap.ˇip/ <ˇa.p\.ˇii.p\> fem. .an
external pomp.

4I`X /ˇi.k˙\/ <ˇii.kh\.Æ\> neut. .a quip.

4apu /ˇa.pu/ <ˇa.pu> masc. .an island.

4Icvu& /ˇic.vu~/ <ˇii.c\.vu~> v.tr. .to forge.

4al /ˇal/ <ˇa.l\> fem. .baldness.

4Ipvu& /ˇip.vu~/ <ˇii.p\.vu~> v.tr. .to strike.

4aXvu& /ˇaÆ.vu~/ <ˇa.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to avoid
2. to avert.

4Ipu& /ˇi.pu~/ <ˇii.pu~> neut. .a drop.

4a&k8I /ˇa~k.¯i/ <ˇa~.k\.¯ii> fem. .a pin.

4Il6I /ˇil.Îi/ <ˇii.l\.Îii> fem. .a small
mark on the forehead.

4a&kvu& /ˇa~k.vu~/ <ˇa~.k\.vu~> v.tr. .to chisel.

4IlI /ˇi.li/ <ˇi.li> fem. .a blot of disgrace.

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75
4I&6oru& /ˇi¯.Îo.ru~/ <ˇi.Îo.ru~> neut. .a kind
of vegetable.

4oc /ˇoc/ <ˇo.c\> fem. .1. a peak 2. a top
part.

4uk6I /ˇuk.Îi/ <ˇuu.k\.Îii> fem. .a team.

4ocvu& /ˇoc.vu~/ <ˇo.c\.vu~> v.tr. .to prick.

4uk6o /ˇuk.Îo/ <ˇu.k\.Îo> masc. .a piece.

4oplI /ˇop.li/ <ˇo.p\.lii> fem. .a small
basket.

4Ucko /ˇuc.ko/ <ˇu.c\.ko> masc. .1. a
black art 2. a joke.

4oplo /ˇop.lo/ <ˇo.p\.lo> masc. .a big
basket.

4uval /ˇu.val/ <ˇu.vo> masc. .a towel.
4opI /ˇo.pi/ <ˇo.pii> fem. .a cap.
4U&kavvu& /ˇu~.kav.vu~/ <ˇu~.ka.v\.vu~> v.tr. .1.
to shorten 2. to abridge.
4U&pvu& /ˇu~p.vu~/ <ˇu~.p\.vu~> v.tr. .to
remove grass.

4opo /ˇo.po/ <ˇo.po> masc. .a hat.
4oXkI /ˇoÆ.ki/ <ˇo.Æ\.kii> fem. .a gang.
4oXI /ˇo.Æi/ <ˇo.Æii> fem. .a small group.

4U&po /ˇu~.po/ <ˇu~.po.> masc. .a strangling.
4oXu& /ˇo.Æu~/ <ˇo.Æu~> neut. .a crowd.
4ekrI /ˇek.ri/ <ˇe.k\.rii> fem. .a hill.
4ekvvu& /ˇe.k\v.vu~/ <ˇe.k\v.vu~> v.tr. .to
prop.
4ekvu& /ˇek.vu~/ <ˇe.k\.vu~> v.intr. .1. to
lean on 2. to be propped.
4eko /ˇe.ko/ <ˇe.ko> masc. .1. a support 2.
a prop.
4ervu& /ˇer.vu~/ <ˇe.r\.vu~> neut. .a tip (of
finger).

5
5g /ˇ˙\g/ <ˇh\.g\> masc. . a cheat.
5gvu& /ˇ˙\g.vu~/ <ˇh\.g\.vu~> v.tr. .to
cheat.
5ga; /ˇ˙\.ga.i/ <ˇh\.ga.ii> fem. .cheating.
5garu& /ˇ˙\.ga.ru~/ <ˇh\.ga.ru~> adj.
deceitful.

4ev /ˇev/ <ˇe.v]> fem. .a habit.
4evavu& /ˇe.va.vu~/ <ˇe.va.vu~> v.intr. .to be
acquainted with.
4okvu& /ˇok.vu~/ <ˇ\.ko.vu~> v.tr. .to blame
a person for his or her fault.

5p/ko /ˇ˙\p.ko/ <ˇh\.p\.ko> masc. .a
scolding.
5rvu& /ˇ˙\r.vu~/ <ˇh\.r\.vu~> v.intr. .to
become cold.
5rvu& /ˇ˙\r.vu~/ <ˇh\.r\.vu~> v.intr. .to be
stabilized.

By. Richin Patel

76

5rav /ˇ˙\.rav/ <ˇh\.r\.vu~> masc. .1.a
proposal 2. a resolution.

5alvvu& /ˇ˙a.l\v.vu~/ <ˇha.l\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
.to empty.
5alu& /ˇ˙a.lu~/ <ˇha.lu~> adj. empty.

5ravvu& /ˇ˙\.rav.vu~/ <ˇh\.ra.v\.vu~>
v.tr..1. to fix 2. to decide.
5rel /ˇ˙\.rel/ <ˇh\.re.l\> adj. .1.coolminded 2. wise.
5lvavu& /ˇ˙\l.va.vu~/ <ˇh\.l\.va.vu~> v.intr.
.to be emptied.
5svu& /ˇ˙\s.vu~/ <ˇh\.s\.vu~> v.intr. .to be
convinced.
5so5s /ˇ˙\.so.ˇ˙\s/ <ˇh\.so.th\.s\> advb.
full to the mouth.
5iXyo /ˇ˙\.Æi.jo/ <ˇh\.Æi.jo> masc. .the
stone of a fruit.
5&6k /ˇ˙\¯.Î\k/ <ˇh\~.Î\.k\> fem.
.coldness.
5&6I /ˇ˙\¯.Îi/ <ˇh\~.Îii> fem. .cold.
5&6u& /t˙\¯.Îu~/ <ˇh\~.Îu~> adj. .cold.
5akor /ˇ˙a.kor/ <ˇha.ko.r\> masc. .a
community.
5akor@ /ˇ˙a.kor.Ôi/ <ˇha.ko.r\.Ôii> masc.
.a name of Lord Vishnu.
5a5 /ˇ˙aˇ˙/ <ˇha.ˇh\> masc. .pomp.
5a56I /ˇ˙aˇ˙.Îi/ <ˇha.ˇh\.Îii> fem. .a
funeral bier.
5arvu& /ˇ˙ar.vu~/ <ˇha.r\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to
cool 2. to freeze 3. to pacify.

5avku& /ˇ˙av.ku~/ <ˇha.v\.ku~> adj. .1.
serious 2. cool-minded.
5a&svu& /ˇ˙a~s.vu~/ <ˇha~.s\.vu~> v.tr. .to fill
closely.
5Ik /ˇ˙ik/ <ˇhii.k\> advb. .1. o.k. 2.
suitable.
5I&gravu& /ˇ˙i˜g.ra.vu~/ <ˇhi~.g\.ra.vu~>
v.intr. .to suffer heavy cold.
5U&5vavu& /ˇ˙u~ˇ˙.va.vu~/ <ˇhu~.ˇh\.va.vu~>
v.intr. .to be troubled by heavy cold.
5U&5u& /ˇ˙u~.ˇ˙u~/ <ˇhu~.ˇhu~> neut. .1. the
stump of a tree 2. a stump of cigarette
etc.
5ek6I /ˇ˙ek.Îi/ <ˇhe.k\.Îii> fem.
.mockery.
5ek5eka8e /ˇ˙ek.ˇ˙e.ka.¯e/
<ˇhe.k\.ˇhe.ka.¯e> advb. . everywhere.
5ek6o /ˇ˙ek.Îo/ <ˇhe.k\.Îo> masc. .a
jump.
5ekvu& /ˇ˙ek.vu~/ <ˇhe.k\.vu~> v.intr. .to
jump or peap over.
5eka8u& /t˙e.ka.¯u~/ <ˇhe.ka.¯u~> neut. .1.an
address 2. a place 3. a location.
5er 5er /ˇ˙er.ˇ˙er/ <ˇhe.r\.ˇhe.r\> advb.
everywhere.

By. Richin Patel

77
5ervvu& /ˇ˙e.r\v.vu~/ <ˇhe.r\.v\.vu~> v.intr.
.to fix the price.

6gvu& /Î\g.vu~/ <Î\.g\.vu~> v.intr. .to
become unstable.

5elvu& /ˇ˙el.vu~/ <ˇhe.l\.vu~> v.tr. .to puch
forward.

6gXu& /Î\g.Æu~/ <Î\.g\.Æu~> neut. .1. a big
slice of fruit 2. a piece of wood.

5elo /ˇ˙e.lo/ <ˇhe.lo> masc. .a puch.

63avu& /Î\.g˙a.vu~/ <Î\.gha.vu~> v.intr. .to
be stunned.

5e= /ˇ˙eß/ <ˇhe.ß\> fem. .a light kick.
64\4o /Î\ˇ.ˇo/ <Î\.ˇˇo> masc. .a cork.
5okr /ˇ˙o.k\r/ <ˇho.k\.r\> fem. .a
stumbling.
5okvu& /ˇ˙ok.vu~/ <ˇho.k\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to
strike against 2. to hammer.
5ok&5ok /ˇ˙o.k\m.ˇ˙ok/ <ˇho.k\~.ˇho.k\>
advb.
an act of striking repeatedly.
5o5 /ˇ˙oˇ˙/ <ˇho.ˇh\> adj. stupid.
5o&so /ˇ˙o~.so/ <ˇha~.so> masc. .a fist blow.

6

68kvu& /Î\.¯\k.vu~/ <Î\.¯\.k\.vu~> v.intr.
.to roar.
6f8u& /Î\p˙.¯u~/ <Î\.ph\.¯u~> neut. .a
short thick staff.
6blu& /Î\b.lu~/ <Î\.b\.lu~> neut. .a tin
box.
6bI /Î\.bi/ <Î\.bii> fem. .a small
metalic, wooden or ivory box.
6bo /Î\.bo/ <Î\.bo> masc. .a large tinbox.

6`o /Î\.k˙o/ <Î\.kho> masc. .1.
confusion 2. a dispute 3. a quauurel.

6mro /Î\m.ro/ <Î\.m.ro> masc. .a kind
of fragrant plant.

6gmg /Î\g.m\g/ <Î\.g\.m\.g\> adj.
unstable.

6r /Î\r/ <Î\.r\> masc. .fear.

6gmgvu& /Î\g.m\g.vu~/ <Î\.g\.m\.g\.vu~>
v.intr. .to become unstable.
6glu& /Î\g.lu~/ <Î\.g\.lu~> neut. .a jacket.
6glu& /Î\g.lu~/ <Î\.g\.lu~> neut. .a
footstep.
6glo /Î\g.lo/ <Î\.g\.lo> masc. .a coat.

6rpok /Î\r.pok/ adj. . craven.
6rvu& /Î\r.vu~/ <Î\.r\.vu~> v.intr. .to fear.
6ram8u& /Î\.ra.m\.¯u~/ <Î\.ra.m\.¯u~>
adj. . frightening.
6svu& /Î\s.vu~/ <Î\.s\.vu~> v.tr. .to bite
(of serpent etc).
6hap8 /Î\.ha.p\¯/ <Î\.ha.p\.¯\> neut.
wisdom.

By. Richin Patel

78

6hoXvu& /Î\.hoÆ.vu~/ <Î\.ho.Æ\.vu~> v.tr.
.to dirty liquid by shaking.
6hoXu& /Î\.ho.Æu~/ <Î\.ho.Æu~> adj. .dirty
(water).
6&` /Î\¯.k˙\/ <Î\~.kh\> masc. .a sting.
6&`vu& /Î\˜k˙.vu~/ <Î\~.kh\.vu~> v.intr. .to
sting.
6&`Ilu& /Î\¯.k˙i.lu~/ <Î\~.khii.lu~> adj.
vindictive.
6&fa= /Î\m.p˙aß/ <Î\~.pha.ß\> fem.
boastfulness.
6ak8 /Îa.k\¯/ <Îa.k\.¯\> fem. .a witch.

6am /Îam/ <Îa.m\> masc. .a burn given
as a part of a ritual or a custom.
6amvu& /Îam.vu~/ <Îa.m\.vu~> v.tr. .to
give a burn as a part of a ritual or a
custom.
6ama6oX /Îa.ma.ÎoÆ/ <Îa.ma.Îo.Æ\> adj.
.1. unsteady 2. chaotic.
6aX /ÎaÆ/ <Îa.Æ\> fem. .a branch of a
tree.
6a&`XI /Îø~k˙.Æi/ <Îa~.kh\.Æii> fem. .1. a
tender offshoot 2. a thin branch.
6a&gr /Îa~.g\r/ <Îa~.g\.r\> fem. .peddy.
6a&6 /Îa~Î/ <Îa~.Î\> adj. .1. shameless 2.
bullying.

6aku /Îa.ku/ <Îa.ku> masc. .robber.
6a3 /Îag˙/ <Îa.gh\> masc. .1. a blot 2. a
stain 3. a spot.

6a&i6yo /Îa~.Îi.jo/ <Îa~..jo> masc. .1. a
drumstick 2. a small stick used to play a
Raas - a kind of collective dance.

6ai3yu& /Îa.g˙i.ju~/ <Îa.ghi.ju~> adj. .wild
(usually used to modify a dog.).

6a&6I /Îa~¯.Îi/ <Îa~.Îii> fem. .a small thin
stick.

6a3u& /Îa.g˙u/ <Îa.ghu~> masc. pl..a
member of a funeral procession.

6uk\kr /Îuk.k\r/ <Îu.kk\.r\> neut. .a
pig.

6a3o /Îa.g˙o/ <Îa.gho> masc. .a spot.

6U&gr /Îu˜.g\r/ <Îuu~.g\.r\> masc. .a
small mountain.

6acu& /Îa.cu~/ <Îa.cu~> neut. .the mouth
(derogatory).
6abu& /Îa.bu~/ <Îa.bu~> adj. .left.
6aberI /Îa.be.ri/ <Îa.be.rii> adj. .leftist.
6abo6I /Îa.bo.Îi/ <Îa.bo.Îii> adj. .lefthanded.

6&ugraX /Îu˜g.raÆ/ <Îuu~.g\.ra.Æ\> adj.
mountainous.
6u&grI /Îu˜g.ri/ <Îu~.g\.rii> fem. .a hill.
6u&gXI /Îu˜g.Æi/ <Îu~.g\.Æii> fem. .an
onion.
6Uco /Îu.co/ <Îuu.co> masc. .a roll of
rags or papers.

By. Richin Patel

79

6UbkI /Îub.ki/ <Îuu.b\.kii> fem. .a dive.

7glo /Î˙\g.lo/ <Îh\.g\.lo> masc. .1. a
pile 2. a heap.

6Ubvu& /Îub.vu~/ <Îu.b\.vu~> v.intr. .1. to
sink 2. to drown.

7glab&0 /Î˙\g.la.b\nd˙/
<Îh\.g\.la.b\~.dh\> adj. . abundant.

6Umo /Îu.mo/ <Îu.mo> masc.
.suffocation caused by sobbing.

7cupcu /Î˙\.cu.p\.cu/ <Îh\.cu.p\.chu>
advb. .1. wavering 2. hesitating.

6Usku& /Îus.ku~/ <Îu.s\.ku~> neut. .a sob.

7b /Î˙\b/ <Îh\.b\> fem. .1.a style 2. a
method.

6U&4I /Îu~.ˇi/ <Îuu~.ˇii> fem. .the navel.
6U&6U& /Îu¯.Îu~/ <Îuu~.Îuu~> neut. .an ear
of corn.

7s6vu& /Î˙\.s\Î.vu~/ <Îh\.s\.Î\.vu~> v.tr.
.to drag.

6ok /Îok/ <Îo.k\> fem. .the neck.

7Xvu& /Î˙\.vu~/ <Îh\.Æ\.vu~> v.intr. .1. to
come out (of liquid) 2. to incline.

6oikyu& /Îo.ki.ju~/ <Îo.ki.ju~> neut. .a
glance.

7&kavu& /Î˙\˜.ka.vu~/ <Îh\~.ka.vu~> v.intr.
.to be covered.

6oku& /Îo.ku~/ <Îo.ku~> neut. .the head.

7&g /Î˙\˜g/ <Îh\~.g\> masc. .manners.

6o6o /Îo.Îo/ <Îo.Îo> masc. .a spike of
maize.

7&7ero /Î˙\¯.Î˙e.ro/ <Îh\~.Îhe.ro> masc.
proclamation.

6obu& /Îo.bu~/ <Îo.bu~> neut. .a buffalo.

7&7oXvu& /Î˙\¯.Î˙oÆ.vu~/ <Îh\~.Îho.Æ\.vu~>
v.tr. to shake soneone to awake him or
her.

6obu& /Îo.bu~/ <Îo.bu~> adj. 1.dull 2.
stupid.
6ol /Îol/ <Îo.l\> fem. .a bucket.
6olvu& /Îol.vu~/ <Îo.l\.vu~> v.intr. .1. to
swing 2. to oscillate.

7ak7oX /Î˙ak.Î˙oÆ/ <Îha.k\.Îho.Æ\>
masc. outward appearance.
7al /Î˙al/ <Îha.l\> fem. .a shield.
7aX /Î˙aÆ/ <Îha.l\> masc. .a slpoe.

6o=I /Îo.ßi/ <Îo.ßii> fem. .an old woman.
6oXo /Îo.Æo/ <Îo.Æo> masc. .the eyeball.

7

7aXvu& /Î˙aÆ.vu~/ <Îha.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. .1.to
lower 2. to let incline downwards 3. to
mould with a die.
7a&k8 /Î˙a~.k\¯/ <Îha~.k\.¯\> neut. .a
cover.

By. Richin Patel

80

t

7a&k8u& /Î˙a~k.¯u~/ <Îha~.k\.¯u~> neut. .a
cover.

tk /t\k/ <t\.k\> fem. .opportunity.

7a&kvu& /Î˙a~k.vu~/ <Îha.k\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to
cover 2. to shut with a lid.

tktkvu& /t\k.t\k.vu~/ <t\.k\.t\.k\.vu~>
v.intr. to glitter.

7Il /Î˙il/ <Îhii.l\> fem. .a delay.

tkrar /t\k.rar/ <t\.k\.ra.r\> fem. .a
quarrel.

7Ilu& /Î˙i.lu~/ <Îhii.lu~> adj. .loose.
7I&glI /Î˙i˜g.li/ <Îhii~.g\.lii> fem. .a doll.
7I&c8 /Î˙i~.c\¯/ <Îhii~.c\.¯\> masc.
.knee.
7I&cvu& /Î˙i~c.vu~/ <Îhii~.c\.vu~> v.tr. .to
drink excessively.
7ebru& /Î˙eb.ru~/ <Îhe.b\.ru~> neut. .a food
item.
7okXI /Î˙ok.Æi/ <Îho.k\.Æii> fem. .a food
item.
7okXu& /Î˙ok.Æu~/ <Îho.k\.Æu~> neut. .a
food item.
7or /Î˙or/ <Îho.r\> neut. .cattle.
7ol /Î˙ol/ <Îho.Æ\> masc. .a kind of
drum.
7olI /Î˙o.li/ <Îho.lii> masc. .a drummer.
7oX /Î˙oÆ/ <Îho.Æ\> masc. .metalplating.
7oXvu& /Î˙oÆ.vu~/ <Îho.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. .to
spill.
7o&g /Î˙ø~˜.g\/ <Îho~.g\> masc. .1.false
show 2. disguise.

tkladI /t\k.la.di/ <t\.k\.la.dii> adj.
.fragile.
tklIf /t\k.lip˙/ <t\.k\.lii.ph\> fem.
trouble.
tkIyo /t\.ki.jo/ <t\.kii.jo> masc. .a
pillow.
tkedarI /t\.ke.da.ri/ <t\.ke.da.rii> fem. .a
watch.
t`to /t\k˙.to/ <t\.kh\.to> masc. .the
stage.
tg6o /t\g.Îo/ <t\.g\.Îo> masc. .the
figure 3.
tgtgvu& /t\g.t\g.vu~/ <t\.g\.t\.g\.vu~>
v.intr. to glitter.
tgaru& /t\.ga.ru~/ <t\.ga.ru~> neut. .a broad
mouthed bucket.
tge6vu& /t\.geÎ.vu~/ <t\.ge.Î\.vu~> v.tr. .to
cause to run away.
tj /t\Ô/ <t\.Ô\> masc. .cinnamon.
tjvIj /t\Ô.viÔ/ <t\.Ô\.vii.Ô\> fem.
.planning.
tjvu& /t\Ô.vu~/ <t\.Ô\.vu~> v.tr. .to
renounce.

By. Richin Patel

81

tj}a /t\.Ô\.gn\/ <t\.Ô\.gn\> adj. .expert.
t4 /t\ˇ/ <t\.ˇ\> masc. .a shore.
t4S9 /t\.ˇ\s.t˙\/ <t\.ˇ\.sth\> adj.
.neutral.
t6 /t\Î/ <t\.Î\> fem. .a crack.
t6 /t\Î/ <t\.Î\> neut. .a subdivision of
a caste.
t6ko /t\Î.ko/ <t\.Î\.ko> masc.
.sunshine.
t6ko2a&y6o /ˇ\Î.ko.c˙a~j.Îo/
<t\.Î\.ko.cha~.j\.Îo> masc. .a cycle of
happiness and unhappiness.
t6kI.2a&y6I /ˇ\Î.ki.c˙a~j.Îi/
<t\.Î\.kii.cha~.j\.Îii> fem. ..a cycle of
happiness and unhappiness.
t6f6 /t\Î.p˙\Î/ <t\.Î\.ph\.Î\> advb.
instantly.
t6f6vu& /t\Î.p˙\Î.vu~/ <t\.Î\.ph\.Î\.vu~>
v.intr. .to struggle hard hopelessly.
t6amar /t\.Îa.mar/ <t\.Îa.ma.r\> advb.
nonstop.
t8`lu& /t\.¯\.k˙\.lu~/ <t\.¯\.kh\.lu~>
neut. .a straw.
t8`o /t\¯.k˙o/ <t\.¯\.kho> masc. .a
spark.
t8avu& /t\.¯a.vu~/ <t\.¯a.vu~> v.intr. .to be
dragged.

ttkal /t\t.kal/ <t\.t\.ka.l\> advb. .at
once.
tt6avvu& /t\t.Îav.vu~/ <t\.t\.Îa.v\.vu~>
v.tr. to rebuke.
t]v /t\t.v\/ <t\.tv\> neut. .an element.
t]v}aan /t\t.v\.gna.n\/ <t\.tv\.gna.n\>
neut. .philosphy.
t]v}aanI /t\t.v\.gna.ni/ <t\.tv\.gna.nii>
masc. .a philosopher.
t9a /t\.t˙a/ <t\.tha> conj.. and.
t9aip /t\.t˙a.pi/ <t\.tha.pi> advb. .even
then.
tdupra&t /t\.dup.ra~t/ <t\.d\.u.p\.ra~.t\>
advb. .1. in addition 2. moreover.
tn /t\n/ <t\.n\> neut. .the body
(human).
tp`Ir /t\p.k˙ir/ <t\.p\.khii.r\> fem.
.snuff.
tpvu& /t\p.vu~/ <t\.p\.vu~> v.intr. .1. to be
heated 2. to become angry.
tpas /t\.pas/ <t\.pa.s\> fem. .1.an
examination 2. a check up 3. an
investigation.
tpasvu& /t\.pas.vu~/ <t\.pa.s\.vu~> v.tr. .1.
to examine 2. to investigate.
tpelI /t\.pe.li/ <t\.pe.lii> fem. .a
cooking vessel.
tf6&cI /t\p˙.Î\µ.ci/ <t\.ph\.Î\~.cii> fem.
1. misappropriation 2. theft 3.
plagiarism.

By. Richin Patel

82

tf6avvu& /t\p˙.Îav.vu~/ <t\.ph\.Îa.v\.vu~>
v.tr. .1. to misappropriate 2. to steal 3. to
plagiarize.
tfavt /t\.p˙a.v\t/ <t\.pha.v\.t\> masc.
.difference.
tbk\ko /t\.b\k.ko/ <t\.b\.kko> masc. .a
stage (in development).
tibyt /t\.bi.j\t/ <t\.bi.j\.t\> fem.
.health.
tbIb /t\.bib/ <t\.bii.b\> masc. .a
doctor.
tbelo /t\.be.lo/ <t\.be.lo> masc. .a
stable.
tmru& /t\m.ru~/ <t\.m\.ru~> neut. .cricket
(insect).
tm&co /t\.m\µ.co/ <t\.m\~.co> masc. .a
country made pistol.
tmaku& /t\.ma.ku~/ <t\.ma.ku~> fem.
.tobacco.
tmaco /t\.ma.co/ <t\.ma.co> masc. .a
slap.
tmam /t\.mam/ <t\.ma.m\> adj. .all.
tmaru& /t\.ma.ru~/ <t\.ma.ru~> adj. .yours.
tma=o /t\.ma.ßo/ <t\.ma.ßo> masc. .a
public show.
tme /t\.me/ <t\.me> pron.. you.
tr2o6vu& /t\r.c˙oÎ.vu~/ <t\.r\.cho.Î\.vu~>
v.tr. to renounce.

trt /t\.r\t/ <t\.r\.t\> advb. .. 1. at once
2. promptly.
trfe8 /t\r.p˙e¯/ <t\.r\.phe.¯\> fem.
.partiality.
trvra4 /t\r.v\.raˇ/ <t\.r\.v\.ra.ˇ\>
masc. .intense zeal.
trvu& /t\r.vu~/ <t\.r\.vu~> v.intr. .to swim.
trvu& /t\r.vu~/ <t\.r\.vu~> v.intr. .to float.
tr&g /t\.r\˜.g\/ masc. . <t\.r\~.g\> 1. a
ripple 2. imagination.
tr&gI /t\.r\˜.gi/ <t\.r\~.gi> adj.
.whimsical.
trap /t\.rap/ <t\.ra.p\> fem. .a sudden
attack.
trIke /t\.ri.ke/ <t\.rii.ke> advb. .in the
manner of.
tru8 /t\.ru¯/ <t\.ru.¯\> masc. .young.
tkR /t\r.k\/ <t\.rk\> masc. .1. an
inference 2. a hypothesis.
tkR=aS{a /t\r.k\.ßas.tr\/ <t\.rk\.ßa.str\>
neut. .logic.
tl /t\l/ <t\.l\> masc. .sesame.
tlp /t\.l\p/ <t\.l\.p\> fem. .a frenzied
desire.
tlpvu& /t\.l\p.vu~/ <t\.l\.p\.vu~> v.intr.
.to desire something or someone
intensely.

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83
tlvar /t\l.var/ <t\.l\.va.r\> fem. .a
sward.

<ta.g\.Î\.dhi.nna> masc. .to spend
money carelessly.

tlsa&kXI /t\l.sa~k.Æi/ <t\.l\.sa~.k\.Æii> fem.
.a kind of sweet made of sesame.

tagvu& /tag.vu~/ <ta.g\.vu~> v.intr. .to
estimate.

tvarI` /t\.va.rik˙/ <t\.va.rii.kh\> fem.
.a chronicle.

taj /taÔ/ <ta.Ô\> masc. .a crown.

tsvIr /t\s.vir/ <t\.s\.vii.r\> fem. .a
photograph.

tajaklm /ta.Ôa.k\.l\m/ <ta.Ôa.k\.l\.m\>
fem. a postscript.
taju /ta.Ôu/ <ta.Ôu> adj. .fresh.

tXpdu& /t\Æ.p\.du~/ <t\.Æ\.p\.du~> adj. .1.
regional 2. local.
tXvu& /t\Æ.vu~/ <t\.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. .to fry.

tajetrma& /ta.Ôe.t\r.ma~/ <ta.Ôe.t\.r\.ma~>
advb. .recently.

tXa; /t\.Æa.i/ <t\.Æa.ii> fem. .a mattress.

ta8 /ta¯/ <ta.¯\> fem. .1. scarcity 2.
shortage.

t&tu /t\n.tu/ <t\~.tu> masc. .a fiber.

ta8 /ta´/ <ta.¯\> fem. .a muscle strain.

t&{a /t\n.tr\/ <t\~.tr\> neut. .1.
management 2. administration.

ta8vu& /ta¯.vu~/ <ta.¯\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to
stretch 2. to drag.

t&{aI /t\n.tri/ <t\~.trii> masc. .editor.

taTkailk /tat.ka.lik/ <ta.tka.li.k\> advb.
immediately.

t&durSt /t\n.du.r\st/ <t\~.du.r\.st\> adj.
healthy.
t&durStI /t\.ndu.r\s.ti/ <t\.du.r\.stii>
fem. health.
t&bU /t\m.bu/ <t\~.bu> masc. .a tent.
t&bUro /t\m.bu.ro/ <t\~.buu.ro> masc. .a
kind of musical instrument.
takvu& /tak.vu~/ <ta.k\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to aim
at 2. to take a target.
takat /ta.kat/ <ta.ka.t\> fem. .strength.

tai]vk /tat.tvik/ <ta.tvi.k\> adj.
philosophical.
tap /tap/ <ta.p\> masc. .sunshine (refers
to the heat and not the light).
tap8u& /tap.¯u~/ <ta.p\.¯u~> neut. .a
bonfire.
tapvu& /tap.vu~/ <ta.p\.vu~> v.intr. .to
warm up by sitting beside a fire place.
tab6tob /ta.b\Î.tob/ <ta.b\.Î\.to.b\>
advb. at once.

tag6i0NNaa /ta.g\Î.d˙in.na/

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84
tar /tar/ masc. . <ta.r\> 1. a fiber 2. a
string 3. a thread.

ta&i{ak /ta~.trik/ <ta~.tri.k\> adj. .pertaining
to occultism.

tar /tar/ <ta.r\> masc. .a telegram.

ta&i{ak /ta~.trik/ <ta~.tri.k\> masc. .an
occultist.

tarvvu& /ta.r\v.vu~/ <ta.r\.v\.vu~> v.tr. .1.
to summarize 2. to prepare a balancesheet.

ta&bu& /ta~.bu~/ <ta~.bu~> neut. .copper.

taraj /ta.raÔ/ <ta.ra.Ô\> adj. .ruined.

itjorI /ti.Ôo.ri/ <ti.Ôo.rii> fem. .1. a safe
2. a wardrobe.

tarI` /ta.rik˙/ <ta.rii.kh\> fem. .a date.

iti9 /ti.t˙i/ <ti.thi> fem. .a date according
to Hindu calander.

taru& /ta.ru~/ <ta.ru~> adj. .your (sing).
taro /ta.ro/ <ta.ro> masc. .a star.
taikRk /tar.kik/ <ta.rki.k\> adj. .logical.
talavelI /ta.la.ve.li/ <ta.la.ve.lii> fem. .a
strong facination.
talIm /ta.lim/ <ta.lii.m\> fem. .training.
taluko /ta.lu.ko/ <ta.lu.ko> masc. .a subdistrict.
tav /tav/ <ta.v\> masc. .fever.
tavvu& /tav.vu~/ <ta.v\.vu~> v.tr. .to purify
a thing by heating.
tavIj /ta.viÔ/ <ta.vii.Ô\> neut. .1.
talisman 2. an amulet.
taXvu& /taÆ.vu~/ <ta.Æ\.vu~> neut. .the
palate.
taXI /ta.Æi/ <ta.Æii> fem. .a clapping.
ta&t8o /ta~t.¯o/ <ta~.t\.¯o> masc. .1.a
sting 2. a fiber 3. a thread.

itrSkar /ti.r\s.kar/ <ti.r\.ska.r\> masc.
.hatred.
itlk /ti.l\k/ <ti.l\.k\> neut. .an
auspicious mark on the forehead.
tI`u& /ti.k˙u~/ <tii.khu~> adj. .1. hot 2.
acrid 3. bitter.
tI6 /tiÎ/ <tii.Î\> neut. .a locust.
tI8u& /ti.¯u~/ <tii.¯u~> adj. .sharp.
tItI3o6o /ti.ti.g˙o.Îo/ <tii.tii.gho.Îo>
masc. a grasshopper.
tIr /tir/ <tii.r\> neut. .an arrow.
tI9Rya{aa /tirt˙.ja.tra/ <tii.rth\.ja.tra> fem.
.a pilgrimage.
tI9RS9an /tirt˙.st˙an/ <ti.rth\.stha.n\>
neut. a pilgrimage place.
tIv/ /ti.vr\/ <tii.vr\> adj. .1. intense 2.
actuate.
tuC2 /tuc.c˙\/ <tu.cch\> adj.
.insignificant.

By. Richin Patel

85

tuma`I /tu.ma.k˙i/ <tu.ma.khii> fem.
.hot-tempered.

te6vu& /teÎ.vu~/ <te.Î\.vu~> v.tr. .1.to invite
2. to carry a child.
te6u& /te.Îu~/ <te.Îu~> neut. .an invitation.

turt /tu.r\t/ <tu.r\.t\> advb. .at once.
tulna /tul.na/ <tu.l\.na> fem. .a
comparison.

te8I /te.¯i/ <te.¯ii> pron.. she. (mainly
in legal language)

tula /tu.la/ <tu.la> fem. .Libra.

tetalIs /te.ta.lis/ <te.ta.lii.s\> adj. .forty
three.

tuver /tu.ver/ <tu.ve.r\> fem. .a kind of
pulse.

te{aIs /te.tris/ <te.trii.s\> adj. .33 (thirty
three).

tu& /tu~/ <tu~> pron.. you (singular).

te9I /te.ˇ˙i/ <t\.thii> advb. .1. therefore
2. so 3. hense.

tU4vu& /tuˇ.vu~/ <tu.ˇ\.vu~> v.intr. .to be
destroyed.

tem /tem/ <te.m\> advb. .in that manner.

tUt /tut/ <tu.t\> neut. .1. a lie 2. a hoax.

ter /ter/ <te.r\> adj. .thirteen,

tUtk /tu.t\k/ <tuu.t\.k\> neut. .a deck.

termu& /ter.mu~/ <te.r\.mu~> adj.
.thirteenth.

tUru& /tu.ru~/ <tu.ru~> adj. .astringent.
te /te/ <te> pron.. Third person singular
pronoun (He, She, It).
tej /teÔ/ <te.Ô\> adj. .1. speedy 2. intense
3. sharp-edued 4. active.
tej /teÔ/ <te.Ô\> neut. .light.
tejSvI /te.Ô\.svi/ <te.Ô\.svii> adj.
1.brilliant 2. shining.
tejab /te.Ôab/ <te.Ôa.bii> masc. .acid.

termu& /ter.mu~/ <te.r\.mu~> neut. .the
religious ritual performed on the 13th day
after a person’s death.
ter= /te.r\ß/ <te.r\.ß\> fem. .thirteenth
day of a bright or dark fortnight of the
Hindu calendar.
tel /tel/ <te.l\> neut. .oil.
te&talIs /t´~.ta.lis/ <te.ta.lii.s\> adj. .forty
three.

te@ /te.Ôi/ <te.Ôii> fem. .good business.

te&s5 /t´~.s\ˇ˙/ <te~.s\.ˇh\> adj. .sixty
three.

te4lu& /teˇ.lu~/ <te.ˇ\.lu~> adj. .of a certain
proportion.

tEyar /t\i.jar/ <t\i.ja.r\> adj. .ready to
use.

By. Richin Patel

86
tEyarI /t\i.ja.ri/ <t\i.ja.rii> fem.
.readiness.

tolo /to.lo/ <to.lo> masc. .an unit of
weight.

to /to/ <to> advb. .1.then 2. in that case.

toXvu& /toÆ.vu~/ <to.l\.vu~> v.tr. .to weigh.

to26a; /toc˙.Îai/ <to.ch\.Îa.ii> fem.
rudeness.

Tyjvu& /tj\Ô.vu~/ <tj\.Ô\.vu~> v.tr. .to
abandon.

to26u& /toc˙.Îu~/ <to.ch\.Îu~> adj. .blunt.

Tyag /tja.g\/ <tja.g\> masc.
.renunciation.

to4o /to.ˇo/ <to.ˇo> masc. .shortage.
to6 /toÎ/ <to.Î\> masc. .1. a settlement
2. a compromise.
to6vu& /toÎ.vu~/ <to.Î\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to
break 2. to pluck.
tot6u& /tot.Îu~/ <to.t\.Îu~> neut.
.stammering.
toit&g /to.ti˜.g\/ <to.ti~.g\> adj. .huge.

Tyagvu& /tjag.vu~/ <tja.g\.vu~> v.tr. .to
renounce.
TyagI /tja.gi/ <tja.gii> adj. .one who has
renounced material comforts.
TyagI /tja.gi/ <tja.gii> masc. .an ascetic.
Tyare /tja.re/ <tja.re> advb. .1. at taht time
2. then.
Tya=I /tja.ßi/ <tja.ßii> adj. .eighty three.

toter /to.ter/ <to.te.r\> adj. .seventy
three.

Tya& /tja~/ <tja~> advb. .there.

top /top/ <to.p\> fem. .a cannon.

{a8 /tr\¯/ <tr\.¯\> adj. .three.

to p8 /to p\¯/ <to p\.¯\> advb. .even
then.

{aa4kvu& /tra.ˇ\k.vu~/ <tra.ˇ\.k\.vu~> v.intr.
.to raid or attack suddenly.

tofan /to.p˙an/ <to.pha.n\> neut. .1.riot
2. disturbance.

{aa6 /traÎ/ <tra.Î\> fem. .a roar.
{aa8u& /tra.¯u~/ <tra.¯u~> adj. .ninety three.

tofanI /to.p˙a.ni/ <to.pha.nii> adj.
mischievous.
tor8 /to.r\¯/ <to.r\.¯\> neut. .an arch
of a gate.
tol /tol/ <to.l\> masc. .1.weight 2.
value.

{aas /tras/ <tra.s\> masc. .1. terror 2.
nuisance.
{aasvad /tras.vad/ <tra.s\.va.d\> masc.
terrorism.
{aaiht /tra.hit/ <tra.hi.t\> adj. .third
party.

By. Richin Patel

87

i{ako8 /tri.kø¯/ <tri.ko.Î\> masc. .a
triangle.
i{a-e4o /tri.b˙e.ˇo/ <tri.bhe.ˇo> masc. .a
meeting place of three roads.
i{ar&gI /tri.r\˜.gi/ <tri.r\~.gii> adj.
.tricolor.
{aIj /tri:Ô/ <trii.Ô\> fem. .the third day...
{aIju /tri:.Ôu/ <trii.Ôu> adj. .third.

99rvu& /t˙\.t\r.vu~/ <th\.th\.r\.vu~> v.intr.
.to shiver.
9ngnvu& /t˙\n.g\n.vu~/ <th\.n\.g\.n\.vu~>
v.intr. .to be very excited for soemthing.
9PpI /t˙\p.pi/ <th\.ppi> fem. .an orderly
pile or stack.
9r /t˙\r/ <th\.r\> masc. .1. a layer 2. a
crust.
9r9r /t˙\r.t˙\r/ <th\.r\.th\.r\> advb.
shivering manner.

{aIs /tris/ <trii.s\> adj. .thirty.
{aepn /tre.p\n/ <tre.p\.n\> adj. .53 (fifty
three).
{aevIs /tre.vis/ <tre.vii.s\> adj. .twenty
three.
{aes5 /tre.s\ˇ˙/ <tre.s\.ˇh\> adj. .sixty
three.
{aEmaisk /tr\i.ma.sik/ <tr\i.ma.si.k\> adj.
quarterly.
{aofvu& /trop˙.vu~/ <tro.ph\.vu~> v.tr. .to
tattoo.
]vca /tv\.ca/ <tv\.ca> fem. .skin.

9
96 /t˙\Î/ <th\.Î\> neut. .the trunk of a
tree.
96kvu& /t˙\Î\k.vu~/ <th\.Î\.k\.vu~> v.intr.
.1. to stammer 2. to tremble with fear.

9vu& /t˙\.vu~/ <th\.vu~> v.intr. .1.to be 2. to
happen 3. to occur.
9ak /t˙ak/ <tha.k\> masc. fatigue.
9ag69Ig6 /t˙a.g\Î.t˙i.g\Î/
<tha.g\.Î\.thi.g\.Î\> neut. .1. a
repairing 2. a patching.
9a\8u& /t˙a.¯u~/ <tha.¯u~> neut. .1. a center
2. a post.
9ank /t˙a.n\k/ <tha.n\.k\> neut. .a place
of worship.
9ap4 /t˙a.p\ˇ/ <tha.p\.ˇ\> fem. .a light
blow.
9ap8 /t˙a.p\¯/ <tha.p\.¯\> fem.
.capital.
9apo /t˙ap/ <tha.po> masc. .the hip.
9ab6vu& /t˙a.b\Î.vu~/ <tha.b\.Î\.vu~> v.tr.
.1. to pat 2. to encourage.
9aX /t˙aÆ/ <tha.Æ\> masc. .a large plate.

By. Richin Patel

88
9aXI /t˙a.Æi/ <tha.Æii> fem. .a dinner plate.
9a&-lo /t˙a~b˙.lo/ <tha~.bh\.lo> masc. .a
small pillar.
9Ig6u& /t˙ig.Îu~/ <thii.g\.Îu~> neut. .a
patch.
9Ijvu& /t˙iÔ.vu~/ <thii.Ô\.vu~> v.intr. .to be
froze.
9UlI /t˙u.li/ <thuu.lii> fem. .half
grounded wheat.
9Ulu& /t˙u.lu~/ <thuu.lu~> neut. .husks
separated from flour.
9U&k /t˙u~k/ <thu~.k\> neut. .1. saliva 2.
spittle.
9eplu& /t˙ep.lu~/ <the.p\.lu~> neut. .a kind
of bread.
9elI /t˙e.li/ <the.lii> fem. .a small bag.

9o-vu& /t˙ob˙.vu~/ <tho.bh\.vu~> v.intr. .to
stop.
9or /t˙or/ <tho.r\> masc. .a throny plant.

d
dix8 /d\k.ßi¯/ <d\.kßi.¯\> fem. .the
south.
dix8a /d\k.ßi.¯a/ <d\.kßi.¯a> fem. .alms
(given to the Brahmins).
dga`or /d\.ga.k˙or/ <d\.ga.kho.r\> adj.
treacherous.
dgabaj /d\.ga.baÔ/ <d\.ga.ba.Ô\> adj.
treacherous.
dga`orI /d\.ga.k˙o.ri/ <d\.ga.kho.rii>
fem. . treachery.

9elo /t˙e.lo/ <the.lo> masc. .a big bag.

dgaba@ /d\.ga.ba.Ôi/ <d\.ga.ba.Ôii> fem.
treachery.

9ok6I /t˙ok.Îi/ <tho.k\.Îii> fem. .a small
bundle.

dgo /d\.go/ <d\.go> masc. .treachery.

9ok6o /t˙ok.Îo/ <tho.k\.Îo> masc. .a big
bundle.

d6 d6 /d\Î d\Î/ <d\.Î\.d\.Î\> advb. .a
sound like that of water falling
incessantly.

9okb&0 /t˙ok.b\nd˙/ <tho.k\.b\~.dh\>
adj. wholesale.
9o6u& /t˙o.Îu~/ <tho.Îu~> adj. .little.
9o9vavu& /t˙ot˙.va.vu~/ <tho.th\.va.vu~>
v.intr. to stammer.
9o9u& /t˙o.t˙u~/ <tho.thu~> neut. .a book
(derogatory).

d6 b6 /d\Î b\Î/ <d\.Î\.b\.Î\> advb.. a
sound like that of running of a human
being.
d6bu& /d\Î.bu~/ <d\.Î\.vu~> neut. .a slice
of solid food (not of a fruit).
d6o /d\.Îo/ <d\.Îo> masc. .a ball.

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89
ddU6I /d\.du.Îi/ <d\.duu.Îii> fem. .a
thin current of water falling down.
dbdbo /d\b.d\.bo/ <d\.b\.d\.bo> masc.
pomp.
dba8 /d\.ba¯/ <d\.ba.¯\> neut. .1.
pressure 2. force.
dbavu& /d\.ba.vu~/ <d\.ba.vu~> v.intr. .to
be pressed.

dr@ /d\r.Ôi/ <d\.r\.Ôii> masc. .a tailor.
drj8 /d\r.Ô\¯/ <d\.r\.Ô\.¯\> fem. .1. a
tailor’s wife, 2. a woman tailor.
drjjo /d\.r\Ô.Ôo/ <d\.r\.ÔÔo> masc. .a
rank.
drd /d\.r\.d/ <d\.r\.d\> neut. .1.
disease 2. pain.
drdI /d\r.di/ <d\.r\.dii> masc. .patient

dm /d\m/ <d\.m\> masc. .asthma.
dm /d\m/ <d\.m\> masc. .stamina.
dmkvu& /d\.m\k.vu~/ <d\.m\.k\.vu~>
v.intr. to glow.
dmda4I /d\m.da.ˇi/ <d\.m\.da.ˇii> fem.
.a threatening.
dmn /d\.man/ <d\.m\.n\> neut.
.tyranny.
dmam /d\.mam/ <d\.ma.m\> masc.
grandeur.

drdagIno /d\r.da.gi.no/ <d\.r\.da.gii.no>
masc. . money, ornaments, valuables etc.
together.
dpR8 /d\r.p\¯/ <d\.rp\.¯\> neut. .a
mirror.
drbar /d\r.bar/ <d\.r\.ba.r\> masc. .a
royal court.
drbar /d\r.bar/ <d\.r\.ba.r\> masc.
Rajput- a community.
drimyan /d\r.mi.jan/ <d\.r\.mi.ja.n\>
advb. meanwhile.

dya /d\.ja/ <d\.ja> fem. .compassion.
dr /d\r/ <d\.r\> masc. .rate.

drroj /d\r.roÔ/ <d\.r\.ro.Ô\> advb.
everyday.

dr /d\r/ <d\.r\> masc. .1. a burrow 2. a
hole.

drvajo /d\r.va.Ôo/ <d\.r\.va.Ôo> masc.
.1. a gate 2. an entrance.

drkar /d\r.kar/ <d\.r\.ka.r\> fem. .care.

drvan /d\r.van/ <d\.r\.va.n\> masc. .a
gate-keeper.

dr`aSt /d\r.k˙as.t\/ <d\.r\.kha.st\>
fem. proposal.
drgah /d\r.gah/ <d\.r\.ga.h\> fem. .the
tomb of a Muslim saint.

drve= /d\r.veß/ <d\.r\.ve.ß\> masc. .a
Muslim saint.
d=Rn /d\.rß\n/ <d\.rß\.n\> neut. .1.
seeing 2. viewing, 3. a form of
worshiping

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90
d=Rn /d\.rß\n/ <d\.rß\.n\> neut.
philosophy.

d= /d\ß/ <d\.ß\> adj. .ten.

d=aRvvu& /d\r.ßav.vu~/ <d\.rßa.v\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to show 2. to suggest.

d=k /d\.ß\k/ <d\.ß\.k\> masc. .the tenth
part.

draj /d\.raÔ/ <d\.ra.Ô\> fem. .ringworm
(a skin disease).

d=m /d\.ß\m/ <d\.ß\.m\> fem. .tenth
day of the Hindu fortnight.

dirya; /d\.ri.ja.i/ <d\.ri.ja.ii> adj.
.marine.

d=/mu& /d\ß.mu~/ <d\.ß\.mu~> neut. .tenth
day after a person’s death.

diryo /d\.ri.jo/ <d\.ri.jo> masc. .the sea.

d=a /d\.ßa/ <d\.ßa> fem. .condition.

drek /d\.rek/ <d\.re.k\> adj. .1.each 2.
every.

d=a&= /d\.ßa~ß/ <d\.ßa~.ß\> adj. decimal.

dro6o /d\.ro.Îo/ <d\.ro.Îo> masc. .a
raid.

d=I /d\.ßi/ <d\.ßi> fem. .1. hem of a
garment 2. wick.

dlal /d\.lal/ <d\.la.l\> masc. .a broker.

d=era /d\.ße.ra/ <d\.ße.ra> masc. .the
tenth day of the bright half of the Aso
month.

dlalI /d\.la.li/ <d\.la.lii> fem.
.brokerage.

ds /d\s/ <d\.s\> adj. .10 (ten).

dilt /d\.lit/ <d\.li.t\> adj. .1. oppressed
2. down-trodden.

d=ko /d\ß.ko/ <d\.s\.ko> masc. a
decade.

dlIl /d\.lil/ <d\.lii.l\> fem. .an
argument.

dStavej /d\.sta.veÔ/ <d\.sta.ve.Ô\> masc.
a document.

dv /d\v/ <d\.v\> masc. .a wild-fire.

dha6o /d\.ha.Îo/ <d\.ha.Îo> masc. a
day.

dva /d\.va/ <d\.va> fem. .a medicine.
dva`anu& /d\.va.k˙a.nu~/ <d\.va.kha.nu~>
neut. .1. a hospital 2. a clinic.
dvada£ /d\.va.da.ru~/ <d\.va.da.ru~>
neut. pl.. medicines in general.
dvapa8I /d\.va.pa.ni/ <d\.va.pa.¯i>
neut. medicines in general.

dhI& /d\.hi~/ <d\.hii~> neut. 1. yogurt 2.
curd.
dhI&tru& /d\.hi~.t\.ru~/ <d\.hii.t\.ru~> neut.
a food item.
dhI&v6u& /d\.hi~.v\.Îu~/ <d\.hi.v\.Îu~>
neut. a food item.

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dhej /d\.heÔ/ <d\.he.Ô\> neut. dowry.
dhe=t /d\.he.ß\t/ <d\.he.ß\.t\> fem.
apprehension.
dXdar /d\.dar/ <d\.Æ\.da.r\> adj. 1.
thick 2. heavy.
dXvu& /d\Æ.vu~/ <d\.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. to grind.
d&gl /d\˜.g\l/ <d\~.g\.l\> neut. a
quarrel.
d&6 /d\¯.Î\/ <d\~.Î\> masc.
punishment.
d&6vu& /d\¯Î.vu~/ <d\~.Î\.vu~> v.tr. to
punish.
d&tk9a /d\nt.k\.t˙a/ <d\.t\.k\.tha> fem.
1. a legend 2. a fable.
d&tm&jn /d\nt.m\µ.Ô\n/
<d\.nt\.m\~.Ô\.n\> neut. 1. toothpowder 2. tooth-paste.
d&t=UX /d\nt.ßuÆ/ <d\~.t\.ßu.Æ\> masc. an
elephant’s tusk.

da`lo /da.k˙.lo/ <da.kh\.lo> masc. 1.
an example 2. an illustration 3. a
mathematical problem.
dagIno /da.gi.no/ <da.gii.no> masc. an
ornament.
da3 /dag˙/ <da.gh\> masc. 1. a spot 2.
burning.
daz /daÔ˙/ <da.Ôh\> fem. feeling.
dazvu& /daÔ˙.vu~/ <da.Ôh\.vu~> v.intr. to
get burn.
da4vu& /daˇ.vu~/ <da.ˇ\.vu~> v.tr. to bury.
da6m /da.Î\m/ <da.Î\.m\> neut. a
pomegranate.
da7 /daÎ˙/ <da.Îh\> fem. a molar
tooth.
da7I /da.Î˙i/ <da.Îhii> fem. 1. the chin
2. the beard.
da8o /da.¯o/ <da.¯o> masc. a grain.

d&ptI /d\m.p\.ti/ <d\~.p\.tii> neut. a
couple (husband and wife).

dat8 /da.t\¯/ <da.t\.¯\> neut. a small
piece of a branch of a tree or a plant used
to clean teeth.

d&- /d\mb˙/ <d\~.bh\> masc.
hypocrisy.

dadr /da.d\r./ <da.d\.r\> masc. a
staircase.

d&-I /d\m.b˙i/ <d\~.bhii> adj.
hypocritical.

dadro/dad.ro./ <da.d\.ro> masc. a
staircase.

d&= /d\mß/ <d\~.ß\> masc. 1. a biting
(of a serpent or scorpian) 2. a sting.

dadagIrI /da.da.gi.ri/ <da.da.gii.rii>
fem. bullying.
dadI /da.di/ <da.dii> fem. grandmother.

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dado /da.do/ <da.do> masc.
grandfather.

das /das/ <da.s\> masc. a male servant.

dan /dan/ <da.n\> neut. 1. a gift 2. a
donation.

dasI /da.si/ <da.sii> fem. a male
servant.

dant /da.n\t/ <da.n\.t\> fem.
intention.

daX /daÆ/ <da.Æ\> fem. 1. pulses
grounded into two parts 2. a food item
prepared from
such pulses.

danv /da.n\v/ <da.n\.v\> masc. a
monster.

da&t /da~t/ <da~.t\> masc. tooth.

dane=rI /da.ne.ß\.ri/ <da.ne.ß\.rii>
masc. a liberal donor.

da&ityo /da~.ti.jo/ <da~.ti.jo> masc. a comb.

dab6I /dab.Îi/ <da.b\.Îii> fem. a very
small box.

idGd=Rk /dig.d\r.ß\k/ <di.gd\.rß\.k\>
masc.

dabvu& /dab.vu~/ <da.b\.vu~> v.tr. to
press.

a director (of a film or a drama).

dayko /daj.ko/ <da.j\.ko> masc. a
decade.
day8 /da.j\¯/ <da.j\.¯\> fem. a midwife.
da£ /da.ru/ <da.ruu> masc. 1. wine 2.
liquor.
da£`anu& /da.ru.k˙a.nu~/ <da.ruu.kha.nu~>
masc. fire-works.
da£i6yo /da.ru.Îi.jo/ <da.ru.Îii.jo>
masc. a drunkard.
da=Rink /da.rß\.nik/ <da.rß\.ni.k\> adj.
philosophical.
dav /dav/ <da.v\> masc. a person’s turn
in a game.

idGmU7 /dig.muÎ˙/ <di.gmu.Îh\> adj. 1.
stunned 2. wonderstruck.
idncyaR /din.c\.rja/ <di.n\.c\.rja> fem. a
daily routine activities.
idnrat /din.rat/ <di.n\.ra.t\> advb. day
and night.
idmag /di.mag/ <di.ma.g\> neut. the
brain.
idyr /di.j\r/ <di.j\.r\> masc. a
husband’s younger brother.
idl /dil/ <di.l\> neut. the heart.
idlgIr /dil.gir/ <di.l\.gi.r\> adj.
dejected.
idlgI.rI /dil.gi.ri/ <di.l\.gii.rii> fem.
dejection.

davo /da.vo/ <da.vo> masc. 11. a right
2. a claim 3. a law-suit 4. a demand.

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idlcSp /dil.c\ß.p\/ <di.l\.c\.ßp\> adj.
fascinating.

dIpavlI /di.pav.li/ <dii.pa.v\.lii> fem.
the Diwali festival.

idlcSpI /dil.c\ß.pi/ <di.l\.c\.ßpii> fem.
fascination.

dI3R /dir.g\/ <dii.rgh\> adj. long.

idldar /dil.dar/ <di.l\.da.r\> adj. 1.
beloved 2. liberal.

dIvada&6I /di.va.da~.Îi/ <dii.va.da~.Îii>
fem. a light-house.
dIval /di.val/ <dii.va.l\> fem. a wall.

idlaso /di.la.so/ <di.la.so> masc.
consolation.
idvs /di.v\s/ <di.v\.s\> masc. a day.

dIvasXI /di.va.s\.Æi/ <dii.va.s\.Æii> fem.
a matchstick.
dIvI /di.vi/ <dii.vii> fem. a lamp-stand.

idvaso /di.va.so/ <di.va.so> masc. a
festival.
idvaXI /di.va.Æi/ <di.va.Æii> fem. the
Hindu festival on the last day of the
Hindu year.
idve4 /di.veˇ/ <di.ve.Î\> fem. a wick.
idvel /di.vel/ <di.ve.l\> neut. castor-oil.
idVy /div.j\/ <di.vj\> adj. divine.
dIkrI /dik.ri/ <dii.k\.rii> fem. a
daughter.
dIkro /dik.ro/ <dii.k\.ro> masc. a son.
dIdI /di.di/ <dii.dii> fem. elder sister.
dIn /din/ <din> adj. poor (literary).

dIvo /di.vo/ <dii.vo> masc. a lamp.
dukan /du.kan/ <du.ka.n\> fem. a shop.
dukaX /du.kaÆ/ <du.ka.Æ\> masc. a
famine.
du`vu& /duk˙.vu~/ <du.kh\.vu~> v.intr. 1.
to pain 2. to ache.
du`avo /du.k˙a.vo/ <du.kha.vo> masc.
1. pain 2. ache.
dui`yaru& /du.k˙i.ja.ru~/ <du.khi.ja.ru~> adj.
unhappy.
du8avu& /du.¯a.vu~/ <du.¯a.vu~> v.intr. to
be burnt (of food).
duinya /du.ni.ja/ <du.ni.ja> fem. 1. the
world 2. the universe.

dIp /dip/ <dii.p\> masc. a lamp.
dIpk /di.p\k/ <dii.p\.k\> masc. lamp.

dup4\4o /du.p\.ˇˇo/ <du.p\.ˇˇo> masc. a
scarf.

dIp6o /dip.Îo/ <dii.p\.Îo> masc. a
lamp.

du-agvu& /du.b˙ag.vu~/ <du.bha.g\.vu~>
v.tr. to divide by two.

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du-avvu& /du.b˙av.vu~/ <du.bha.v\.vu~>
v.tr. to displease.

dusa)y /du.sad˙.j\/ <du.sa.dhj\> adj.
difficult to achieve.

du-avu& /du.b˙a.vu~/ <du.bha.vu~> v.intr.
to be displeased.

duzvu& /duÔ˙.vu~/ <du.Ôh\.vu~> v.intr. to
ooze.

du-aiqyo /du.b˙a.ßi.jo/ <du.bha.s°i.jo>
masc. an interpreter.

dU0 /dud˙/ <du.dh\> neut. milk.

durag/h /du.ra.gr\h/ <du.ra.gr\.h\>
masc. excessive and undue insistence.
duracr8 /du.ra.c\.r\¯/ <du.ra.c\.r\.¯\>
neut. immoral behavior.

dUi0ya /du.d˙i.ja/ <du.dhi.ja> adj. milkwhite.
dU0I /du.d˙i/ <du.dhii> fem. a kind of
gourd.
dUbXu& /dub.Æu~/ <du.b\.Æu~> adj. weak.

duracr8I /du.ra.c\.r\.¯i/
<du.ra.c\.r\.¯ii> adj. a person who
behaves immorally.

dU-vvu& /du.b˙\v.vu~/ <du.bh\.v\.vu~>
v.tr. to afflict.

duracar /du.ra.car/ <du.ra.ca.r\> neut.
immoral behavior.

dU-avu& /du.b˙a.vu~/ <du.bha.vu~> v.intr.
to be afflicted.

duracarI /du.ra.ca.ri/ <du.ra.ca.rii> adj.
a person who behaves immorally.

dUr /dur/ <du.r\> adj. far away.

dugiR t /dur.g\.ti/ <du.rg\.tii> fem.
spiritual degeneration.
dugR&0 /dur.g\nd˙/ <du.rg\~.dh\> fem.
unpleasant smell.
dubRX /dur.b\Æ/ <du.rb\.Æ\> adj. weak.

dUr/bIn /dur.bin/ <du.r\.bii.n\> neut. 1.
a telescope 2. a binocular.
±7 /dr\Î˙/ <dr\.Îh\> adj. 1. firm 2.
strong.
±iQ4 /dr\.ߡi/ <dr\.s°ˇi> fem. sight.

dulR- /dur.l\b˙/ <du.rl\.bh\> adj. rare.

de`re` /dek˙.rek˙/ <de.kh\.re.kh\> fem.
1. watch 2. guardianship.

duva /du.va/ <du.va> fem. blessing.

de`vu& /dek˙.vu~/ <de.kh\.vu~> v.tr. to see.

du+mn /duß.man/ <du.ßm\.n\> masc. an
enemy.

de`ade`I /de.k˙a.de.k˙i/ <de.kha.de.khii>
fem. senseless imitation.

duŠ` /duk˙/ <duŠ.kh\> neut. 1.
unhappiness 2. pain.

de`av /de.k˙av/ <de.kha.v\> masc.
appearance.

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de`av6u& /de.k˙av.Îu~/ <de.kha.v\.Îu~>
adj. 1. attractive 2. handsome
3.beautiful.
de`avu& /de.k˙a.vu~/ <de.kha.vu~> v.tr. to
appear.
de`Itu& /de.k˙i.tu~/ <de.khii.tu~> adj.
obvious.
de6kI /deÎ.ki/ <de.Î\.kii> fem. a
(female/ small) frog.

devu& /de.vu~/ <de.vu~> v.tr. to give.
de= /deß/ <de.ß\> masc. 1. a country 2. a
region.
de=kaX /deß.kaÆ/ <de.ß\.ka.Æ\> masc.
time and space.
de=daz /deß.daÔ˙/ <de.ß.da.Ôh\> fem.
patriotism.

de6ku& /deÎ.ku~/ <de.Î\.ku~> neut. a frog.

de=a4n /de.ßa.ˇ\n/ <de.ß\.ˇ\.n\> neut.
traveling in foreign country.

de6ko /deÎ.ko/ <de.Î\.ko> masc. a
(male) frog.

de=ai-man /de.ßa.b˙i.man/
<de.ßa.bhi.ma.n\> neut. patriotism.

dera8I /de.ra.¯i/ <de.ra.¯ii> fem.
husband’s younger brother’s wife.

de=I /de.ßi/ <de.ßii> masc. 1. native 2.
indigenous.

derasr /de.ra.s\r/ <de.ra.s\.r\> neut. a
Jain temple.

de=I /de.ßi/ <de.ßii> adj. a villager.

derI /de.ri/ <de.rii> fem. a small temple.

deh /deh/ <de.h\> masc. body.

dev /dev/ <de.v\> masc. a deity (male).

dehTyag /deh.tjag/ <de.h\.tja.g\> masc.
death.

devta /dev.ta/ <de.v\.ta> masc. a fire.

dEink /d\i.nik/ <d\i.ni.k\> adj. daily.

devnagrI /dev.nag.ri/ <de.v\.na.g\.rii>
adj. the Sanskrit script.

dEvI /d\i.vi/ <d\i.vii> adj. devine.

devX /de.v\Æ/ <de.v\.Æ\> neut. a church.

do4 /doˇ/ <do.ˇ\> fem. an act of
running.

devadar /de.va.dar/ <de.va.da.r\> adj.
indebted.

do6 /doÎ/ <do.Î\> fem. an act of
running.

devaXIyu& /de.va.Æi.ju~/ <de.va.Æii.ju~> adj.
bankrupt.

do60am /doÎ.d˙am/ <do.Î\.dha.m\>
fem. turmoil

devI /de.vi/ <de.vii> fem. 1. a deity
(female) 2. goddess.

do6vu& /doÎ.vu~/ <do.Î\.vu~> v.intr. to
run.

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do6ado6 /do.Îa.doÎ/ <do.Îa.do.Î\> fem.
1. hurry 2. haste.

±ax /drakß/ <dra.kßha> fem. a grape.

do7 /ÎoÎ˙/ <do.Îh\> adj. one and half.

±oh /droh/ <dro.h\> masc. a betrayal.

do76a¬u& /doÎ˙.Îahju~/ <do.Îh\.Îa.hju~>
adj. over wise.

µIp /dvip/ <dvi.pa> masc. an island.

do7u& /do.Î˙u~/ <do.Îhu~> adj. one and
half time.
dodXu& /dod.Æu~/ <do.d\.Æu~> adj. weak.
dor6I /dor.Îi/ <do.r\.Îii> fem. a string.
dor6u& /dor.Îu~/ <do.r\.Îu~> neut. a rope.
dorv8I /do.r\v.¯i/ <do.r\.v\.Îii> fem.
guidance.
dorvu& /dor.vu~/ <do.r\.vu~> v.tr. to draw
(picture, figure etc.)
dorvu& /dor.vu~/ <do.r\.vu~> v.tr. to guide
a person or any other animal.
dorI /do.ri/ <do.rii> fem. a string.
doro /do.ro/ masc. <do.ro> 1. a thread 2.
a kind of necklace.
doq /doß/ <do.s°\> masc. 1. mistake 2.
fault.

µEmaisk /dv\i.ma.sik/ <dw\i.ma.si.k\.>
adj. bi-monthly.

0
0kelvu& /d˙\.kel.vu~/ <d\.ke.l\.vu~> v.tr.
to push.
0k\k&0k\ka /d˙\.kk\m.d˙\k.ka/
<d\.kke.dh\.kka> masc. intensely
crowded state.
0k\ka0k\kI /d˙\.kka.d˙\k.ki/
<dh\.kka.mu.kkii> fem. . intensely
crowded state.
0k\kamuk\kI /d˙\.kka.muk.ki/
<dh\.kka.mu.kkii> fem. a crowd
marked with pushes and blows.
0kko /d˙\k.ko/ <dh\.kko> masc. a
push.
0kko /d˙\k.ko/ <dh\.kko> masc. an
errand.

doSt /dost/ <dos.t\> masc. a friend.
dohvu& /doh.vu~/ <do.h\.vu~> v.tr. to milk.
doih{a /do.hi.tr\/ <do.hi.tr\> masc. a
daughter’s son.

0g0gvu& /d˙\g.d˙\g.vu~/
<dh\.g\.dh\.g\.vu~> v.intr. to burn
intensely.
0g= /d˙\.g\ß/ <dh\.g\.ß\> fem. 1. zeal
2. enthusiasm.

doih{aI /do.hi.tri/ <do.hi.trii> fem. a
daughter’s daughter.

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0ja /d˙\.Ôa/ <dh\.Ôa> fem. 1. a flag 2. a
banner.
06 /d˙\Î/ <dh\.Î\> neut. the human
body without head.

0nuQy /d˙\.nu.ßj\/ <dh\.nu.ßj\> neut. a
bow.
0Ny /d˙\.nj\/ <dh\.nj\> adj. 1.
fortunate 2. praiseworthy.

06k /d˙\.Î\k/ <dh\.Î\.k\> fem.
throbbing of the heart due to fright,
shock etc.

0b6ko /d˙\.b\Î.ko/ <dh\.b\.Î\.ko>
masc. a fiasco.

06kvu& /d˙\.Î\k.vu~/ <dh\.Î\.k\.vu~>
v.intr. to throb.

0mkvu& /d˙\.m\k.vu~/ <dh\.m\.k\.vu~>
v.intr. to tremble.

06ako /d˙\.Îa.ko/ <dh\.Îa.ko> masc. an
exploding sound.

0mkavvu& /d˙\m.kav.vu~/ <dh\.m\.ka.vu~>
v.tr. to scold.

06a06 /d˙\.Îa.d˙\Î/ <dh.Îa.dh\.Î\>
advb. quickly and violently.

0mkI /d˙\m.ki/ <dh\.m\.kii> fem. a
threat.

06a06I /d˙\.Îa.d˙\.Îi/ <dh\.Îa.dh\.Îii>
fem. commotion.

0m0okar /d˙\m.d˙o.kar/
<dh\.m\.dho.ka.r\> advb. at full
speed.

08 /d˙\¯/ <dh\.¯\> neut. a herd of
cattle.
0808vu& /d˙\¯.d˙\¯.vu~/
<dh\.¯\.dh\.¯\.vu~> v.intr. to quake
(of earth etc).
08I /d˙\.¯i/ <dh\.¯ii> masc. 1. a
master 2. an owner 3. the husband.
08Iya8I /d˙\.¯i.ja.¯i/ <dh\.¯ii.ja.¯ii>
fem.1. master’s wife 2. owner’s wife 3. a
female owner.

0min /d˙\m.ni/ <dh\.m\.ni> fem. an
artery.
0mp2a6a /d˙\m.p\.c˙a.Îa/
<dh\.m\/p\.cha.Îa> masc. vain
efforts made impatiently.
0mal /d˙\.mal/ <dh\.ma.l\> fem.
commotion.
0rtI /d˙\r.ti/ <dh\.r\.tii> fem. 1. the
earth 2. the soil.

0it&g /d˙\.ti˜.g\/ <dh\.ti~.g\> neut. 1. a
sham 2. phoniness.

0rpk6 /d˙\r.p\.k\Î/ <dh\.r\.p\.k\.Î\>
fem. an arrest.

0n /d˙\n/ <dh\.n\> neut. 1. money 2.
wealth.

0rbvu& /d˙\.r\b.vu~/ <dh\.r\.b\.vu~> v.tr.
to over fill.

0nter= /d˙\n.te.r\ß/ <dh\.n\.te.r\.ß\>
fem. a Hindu festival.

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98
0rmUX /d˙\r.mu/ <dh\.r\.muu.Æ\>
neut. the very beginning.

0sms /d˙\s.m\s/ <dh\.s\.m\.s\> fem.
excitement.

0rvu& /d˙\r.vu~/ <dh\.r\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
hold by hand 2. to assume 3. to offer.

0svu& /d˙\s.vu~/ <dh\.s\.vu~> v.intr. to
rush forcefully.

0ravu& /d˙\.ra.vu~/ <dh\.ra.vu~> v.intr. to
be satisfied.

0saro /d˙\.sa.ro/ <dh\.sa.ro> masc.
rush.

0rI /d˙\.ri/ <dh\.rii> fem. an axle.

0&0o /d˙\n.d˙o/ <dh\~.dho> masc. a
business.

0ro /d˙\.ro/ <dh\.ro> masc. a deep pit
in a river.
0mR /d˙\r.m\/ <dh\.rm\> masc. 1.
religion 2. duty.
0mRguru /d˙\r.m\.gu.ru/ <dh\.rm\.gu.ru>
masc. a spiritual teacher.

0ak /d˙ak/ <dha.k\> fem. fright.
0a6 /d˙aÎ/ <dha.Î\> fem. robbery.
0a6pa6u /d˙aÎ.pa.Îu/ <dha.Î\.pa.Îu>
masc. a robber.
0a8I /d˙a.¯i/ <dha.¯ii> fem. popcorn.

0mRg/&9 /d˙\r.m\.gr\nt˙/
<dh\.rm\.gr\~.th\> masc. a religious
book.

0atu /d˙a.tu/ <dha.tu> fem. a metal.
0an /d˙an/ <dha.n\> neut. grain.

0mRs&k4 /d˙\r.m\.s\m.k\ˇ/
<dh\.rm\.s\~.k\.ˇ\> neut. a moral
dilemma.

0ap /d˙ap/ fem. a cheating.
0abu& /d˙a.bu~/ <dha.bu~> neut. a terrace.

0maRTma /d˙\r.mat.ma/ <dh\.rma.tma>
masc. a man with a holy soul.

0abu& /d˙a.bu~/ <dha.bu~> neut. a blot.

0maRda /d˙\r.ma.da/ <dh\.rma.da> adj.
pertaining to religious charity.

0am /d˙am/ <dha.m\> neut. a dwelling
place.

0maRNtr /d˙\r.man.t\r/ <dh\.rma.nt\.r\>
neut. an act of adopting another’s
religion.

0am0Um /d˙am.d˙um/ <dha.m\.dhu.m\>
fem. grandeur.

0maR&0 /d˙\r.man.d˙\/ <dh\.rma~.dh\>
adj. fanatic.
0imRQ4 /d˙\r.miߡ/ <dh\.rmi.s°ˇ\> adj.
religious minded.

0amo /d˙a.mo/ <dha.mo> masc.
unexpected stay.
0ar /d˙ar/ <dha.r\> fem. 1. the edge of
a weapon 2. a thin current of falling
water.

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99

0ar8a /d˙ar.¯a/ <dha.r\.¯a> fem.
inference.

0Ime9I /d˙i.me.t˙i/ <dhii.me.thii> advb.
slowly.
0Irj /d˙i.r\Ô/ <dhi.r\.Ô\> fem. patience.

0arvu& /d˙ar.vu~/ <dha.r\.vu~> v.tr. to
infer.
0ara0or8 /d˙a.ra.d˙o.r\¯/
<dha.ra.dho.r\.¯\> neut. 1. rules and
regulations 2. code and conduct.
0ara=aS{aI /d˙a.ra.ßaß.tri/ <dha.ra.ßa.ßtrii>
masc. a lawyer.
0aras-a /d˙a.ra.s\.b˙a/ <dha.ra.sa.bha>
fem. a legislative assembly.
0aro /d˙a.ro/ <dha.ro> masc. 1. a
custom 2. a tradition.
0aimRk /d˙ar.mik/ <dha.rmi.k\> adj.
religious.
0av8 /d˙a.v\¯/ <dha.v\.¯\> neut.
mother’s milk.
0avvu& /d˙av.vu~/ <dha.v\.vu~> v.intr. to
suck milk from mother’s breasts.
0a&0l /d˙a~.d˙\l/ <dha~.dh\.l\> fem.
commotion.
i0kavvu& /d˙i.kav.vu~/ <dhi.kka.r\.vu~>
v.tr. to burn intensely.
i0k\kar /d˙i.kkar/ <dhi.kka.r\> masc.
hatred.
0Imu& /d˙i.mu~/ <dhii.mu~> adj. slow.
0Ime /d˙i.me/ <dhii.mu~> advb. slowly.

0Ir0ar /d˙ir.d˙ar/ <dhi.r\.dha.r\> fem.
money-landing.
0Irvu& /d˙ir.vu~/ <dhii.r\.vu~> v.tr. 1.to
give on credit 2. to lend money on
interest.
0utarI /d˙u.ta.ri/ <dhu.ta.rii> fem. a
deceitful woman.
0utaro /d˙u.ta.ro/ <dhu.ta.ro> masc. a
deceitful man.
0upel /d˙u.pel/ <dhu.pe.l\> neut. hairoil.
0umai6yu& /d˙u.ma.Îi.ju~/ <dhu.ma.Îi.ju~>
neut. a chimney.
0uma6o /d˙u.ma.Îo/ <du.ma.Îo> masc.
smoke.
0U8vu& /d˙u¯.vu~/ <dhuu.¯\.vu~> v.intr. to
shake or swing head under the influence
of black art.
0Utvu& /d˙ut.vu~/ <dhuu.t\.vu~> v.intr. to
cheat.
0Un /d˙un/ <dhuu.n\> fem. a strong
addiction.
0Up /d˙up/ <dhuu.p\> masc. a kind of
fragrant substance.
0UpsXI /d˙up.s\.Æi/ <dhu.p\.s\.Æii> fem.
an incense stick.
0UX /d˙uÆ/ <dhuu.Æ\> fem. dust.

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100

0U&AapU&Aa /d˙u~.a.pu~.a/ <dhuu~.a.puu~.a>
adj.
burning with anger.
0U&0vavu& /d˙u~nd˙.va.vu~/ <dhu~.dh\.va.vu~>
v.intr. to grudge silently.
0U&0Xu& /d˙u~d˙.Æu~/ <dhu~.dh\.Æu~> adj. 1.
misty 2. dim.

0ova8 /d˙o.va¯/ <dho.va.¯\> neut.
attrition.
0ovu& /d˙o.vu~/ <dho.vu~> v.tr. 1. to wash
2. to clean.
0oX /d˙oÆ/ <dho.Æ\> neut. a kind of
devotional song.
0oXu& /d˙o.Æu~/ <dho.Æu~> adj. white.

0U&srI /d˙u~s.ri/ <dhu~.s\.rii> fem. a yoke.

)yan /d˙ja.n\/ <dhj.n\> neut. attention.

0oka4vu& /d˙o.kaˇ.vu~/ <do.ka.ˇ\.vu~> v.tr.
to beat with a club.

)yey /d˙jej/ <dhje.j\> masc. goal.

0oko /d˙o.ko/ <dho.ko> masc. a short
tick staff.
0oko /d˙o.ko/ <dho.ko> masc. 1. harm
2. betrayal.
0oityu& /d˙o.ti.ju~/ <dho.ti.ju~> neut. a big
scarf-like lower garment of Hindu males.
0otI /d˙o.ti/ <dho.tii> fem. a big scarflike lower garment of Hindu males.
0o0 /d˙od˙/ <dho.dh\> masc. a waterfall.
0ob8 /d˙o.b\¯/ <dho.b\.¯\> fem. 1. a
washer man’s wife 2. a washer-woman.
0obI /d˙o.bi/ <dho.bii> masc. a washer
man.
0or8 /d˙o.r\¯/ <dho.r\.¯\> neut. a
grade (first, second etc) of a school.
0ola; /d˙o.la.i/ <dho.la.ii> fem. 1.
washing 2. remuneration for washing.

0/ujarI /d˙ru.Ôa.ri/ <dhru.Ôa.rii> fem.
trembling.
)vj /d´v\Ô/ <dhv\.Ô\> masc. a flag.
)vin /d˙va.ni/ <dhv\.ni> masc. sound.

n
nkl /n\.k\l/ <n\.k\.l\> fem. 1. a copy
2. a transcript.
nklI /n\k.li/ <n\.k\.lii> adj. 1.
artificial 2. unoriginal.
nk=Ikam /n\k.ßi.kam/ <n\.k\.ßii.ka.m\>
neut. carving.
nk=o /n\k.ßo/ <n\.k\.ßo> masc. 1. a
map 2. an outline.
nkamu& /n.ka.mu~/ <n\.ka.mu~> adj.
useless.
nkar /n\.kar/ <n\.ka.r\> masc.
negation.

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101
nkUco /n\.ku.co/ <n\.kuu.co> masc. a
hook for locking.

ngd /n\.g\d/ <n\.g\.d\> adj. in cash.
ngr /n\.g\r/ <n\.g\.r\> neut. a city.

nkor6o /n\.kor.Îo/ <n\.ko.r\.Îo> adj.
without food and water (fasting).
nkkr /n\k.k\r/ <n\.kk\.r\> adj. 1.
solid 2. authentic.
nkkI /n\k.ki/ <n\.kki> adj. 1. sure 2.
certain 3. fixed.
nx{a /n\.kß\.tr\/ <n\.kß\.tr\> neut. a
constellation.
n` /n\k˙/ <n\.kh\> masc. a nail.
n`raXu& /n\k˙.ra.Æu~/ <n\.kh\.ra.Æu~> adj.
1. prudish 2. coquettish.
n`ra`or /n\k˙.ra.k˙or/
<n\.kh\.ra.kho.r\> adj. 1. prudish 2.
coquettish.

ngrI /n\g.ri/ <n\.g\.rii> fem. a small
city.
ngru& /n\g.ru~/ <n\.g\.ru~> adj. 1. a
person who has no guru 2. shameless.
nGn /n\g.n\/ <n\.gn\> adj. 1. naked 2.
nude 3. shameless.
nic&t /n\.ci~nt/ <n\.ci~.t\> adj. free from
worries.
n2U4ke /n\.c˙uˇ.ke/ <na.chuu.t\.ke>
advb. 1. compulsorily 2. helplessly.
njdIk /n\Ô.dik/ <n\.Ô\.dii.k\> advb. 1.
near 2. beside.
njr /n\.Ô\r/ <n\.Ô\.r\> fem. sight.

n`rabaj /n\k˙.ra~.baÔ/ <n\.kh\.ra.ba.Ô\>
adj. 1. prudish 2. coquettish.

njra8u& /n\Ô.ra.¯u~/ <n\.Ô\.ra.¯u~> neut. a
gift.

n`ru& /n\k˙.ru~/ <n\.kh\.ru~> neut. 1.
prudery 2. coquetry.

njravu& /n\Ô.ra.vu~/ <n\.Ô\.ra.¯u~> v.intr.
to be the victim of evil sight.

n`lI /n\k˙.li/ <n\.kh\.lii> fem. a nailpolish.

njronjr /n\Ô.ro.n\.Ô\r/
<n\.Ô\.ro.n\.Ô\.r\> advb. in front of.

n`i=` /n\k˙.ßik˙/ <n\.kh\.ßi.kh\> adj.
from the toe to the head.

n@k /n\.Ôik/ <n\.Ôii.k\> postp. 1. near
2. beside.

n~`od /n\k˙.k˙od/ <n\.khokho.d\>
neut. 1.end of a family generation 2.
complete destruction.

n@vu& /n\.Ôi.vu~/ <n\.Ôii.vu~> adj.
insignificant (in amount and quantity).

ng8u& /n\.g\.¯u~/ <n\.g\.¯u~> adj.
ungrateful.

n4 /n\ˇ/ <n\.ˇ\> masc. a male actor.
n4I /n\.ˇi/ <n\.ˇii> fem. a female actor.

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n5aru& /n\.ˇ˙a.ru~/ <n\.ˇha.ru~> adj. 1.
wicked 2. harmful.
n5or /n\.ˇ˙or/ <n\.ˇho.r\> adj. 1.
heartless 2. cruel.
n6tr /n\Î.t\r/ <n\.Î\.t\.r\> neut. 1. an
obstruction 2. troubles assumed to be
created by ghosts and evil spirits.
n8dl /n\¯.d\l/ <n\.¯\.d\.l\> fem.
husband’s sister.
n8dI /n\¯.di/ <n\.¯\.dii> fem.
husband’s sister.
n8do; /n\¯.do.i/ <n\.¯\.do.ii> fem.
husband’s sister’s husband.
ntIjo /n\.ti.Ôo/ <n\.tii.Ôo> masc. 1.
result 2. an outcome.
n8&d /n\.¯\nd/ <n\~.¯\.d\> fem.
husband’s sister.
n9 /n\t˙/ <n\.th\> fem. a nose-ring.
n9I /t\.t˙i/ <n\.thii> neg. is not.
ndI /n\.di/ <n\.dii> fem. a river.
n0i8yatu& /n\.d˙\.¯i.ja.tu~/
<n\.dh\.¯i.ja,tu~> adj. 1. unguarded 2.
stray.

npas /n\.pas/ <n\.pa.s\> adj. fail.
npu&sk /n\.pu~m.s\k/ <n\.pu~.s\.k\> adj.
1. impotent 2. neuter gender.
nfkru& /n\.p˙\k.ru~/ <n\.ph\.k\.ru~> adj.
careless.
nf\f4 /n\p˙.p˙\ˇ/ <n\.phph\.ˇ\> adj.
1.shameless 2. rude.
nfa`or /n\.p˙a.k˙or/ <n\.pha.kho.r\>
adj. inclined to profiteering.
nifkru& /n\.p˙ik.ru~/ adj. careless.
nfo /n\.p˙o/ <n\.pho> masc. profit.
nbXa; /n\b.Æa.i/ <n\.b\.Æa.ii> fem.
weakness.
nbXu& /n\b.Æu~/ <n\.b\.Æu~> adj. weak.
nbapu& /n\.ba.pu~/ <n\.ba.pu~> adj.
fatherless.
n- /n\b˙/ <n\.bh\> neut. the sky.
n-vu& /n\b˙.vu~/ <n\.bh\.vu~> v.intr. to
last.
nmk /n\.m\k/ <n\.m\.k\> neut. salt.
nm8u& /n\m.¯u~/ <n\.m\.¯u~> adj.
humble.

nnamI /n\.na.mi/ <n\.na.mii> fem. a
bier.

nmn /n\.m\n/ <n\.m\.n\> neut. a
bowing in reverence.

nnamu& /n\.na.mu~/ <n\.na.mu~> adj.
nameless.

nmvu& /n\m.vu~/ <n\.m\.vu~> v.intr. to
bend down.

nNno /n\n.no/ <n\.nno> masc.
negation.

nmaj /n\.maÔ/ <n\.ma.Ô\> fem. prayer
to god (in Islam).

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103

nmayu& /n\.ma.ju~/ <n\.ma.ju~> adj.
orphan.
nmUi2yu& /n\.mu.c˙i.ju~/ <n\.muu.chi.ju~>
adj. having no mustache.
nmUnedar /n\.mu.ne.dar/
<n\.mu.ne.da.r\> adj. ideal.
nmUno /n\.mu.no/ <n\.muu.no> masc.
1. a sample 2. a model.
nm/ /n\m.r\/ <n\.mr\> adj. humble.
nyn /n\.j\n/ <n\.j\.n\> fem. am eye.
nr /n\r/ <n\.r\> masc. a male.

nvjot /n\v.Ôot/ <n\.v\.Ôo.t\> fem. the
sacred-thread ceremony of the Parsi
comunity.
nvtr /n\v.t\r/ <n\.v\.t\.r\> adj. novel.
nv0a /n\v.d˙a/ <n\.v\.dha> fem. nine
types of Bhakti.
nvra= /n\v.raß/ <n\.v\.ra.ß\> fem.
leisure.
nvru& /n\v.ru~/ <n\.v\.ru~> adj.
unemployed.
nvlk9a /n\.v\l.k\.t˙a/ <n\.v\.l\.k\.tha>
fem. novel.

nrk /n\.r\k/ <n\.r\.k\> neut. hell.

nvilka /n\v.li.ka/ <n\.v\.li.ka> fem.
short story.

nrjait /n\r.Ôa.ti/ <n\.r\.Ôa.ti> fem. the
male class.

nvv0U /n\v.v\.d˙u/ <n\.v\.v\.dhuu>
fem. a bride.

ntRk /n\r.t\k/ <n\.rt\.k\> masc. a male
dancer.

nv=eku& /n\v.ße.ku/ <n\.v\.ße.ku~> adj.
lukwarm.

ntRkI /n\r.t\.ki/ <n\.rt\.kii> fem. a
female dancer.

nvS{au& /n\.v\s.tru~/ <n\.v\.stru~> adj.
undressed.

nXakar /n\.Æa.kar/ <n\.Æa.ka.r\> adj.
cylindrical.

nva; /n\.va.i/ <n\.va.ii> fem. a wonder.

nv /n\v/ <n\.Æa.ka.r\> adj. nine.

nvajvu& /n\.vaÔ.vu~/ <n\.va.Ô\.vu~> v.tr.
to honor.

nvjuvan /n\v.Ôu.van/ <n\.v\.Ôu.va.n\>
masc. a blooming youth.

nvajUnI /n\.va.Ôu.ni/ <n\.va.Ôuu.nii>
fem. a new development.

nv@vn /n\v.Ôi.v\n/ <n\.v\.Ôii.v\.n\>
neut. new life.

nvIn /n\.vin/ <n\.vii.n\> adj. new.
nvu& /n\.vu~/ <n\.vu~> adj. new.

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104
nvesr9I /n\.ve.s\r.t˙i/ <n\.ve.s\.r\.thii>
advb. to start a work again from the
beginning.

naku& /na.ku~/ <na.ku~> neut. 1. the eye of
a needle 2. an entrance or end of a road
3. a hole.

nVva8u& /n\v.va.¯u~/ <n\.vva.¯u~> adj.
ninety nine.

na`vu& /nak˙.vu~/ <na.kh\.vu~> v.tr. to
throw.

n=o /n\.ßo/ <n\.ßo> masc. intoxication.

nag /nag/ <na.g\> masc. a male cobra.

ns /n\s/ <n\.s\> fem. a vein.

nag8 /na.g\¯/ <na.g\.¯\> fem. a
female cobra.

nskoru& /n\s.ko.ru~/ <n\s.ko.ru~> neut. 1.
a nostril 2. the nose.
nsIb /n\.sib/ <n\.sii.b\> neut. 1. fate
2. fortune.

nagr /na.g\r/ <na.g\.r\> masc. a
community of that name.
nagrvel /na.g\r.vel/ <na.g\.r\.ve.l\>
fem. the betel plant.

nih /n\.hi/ <n\.hi> advb. 1. no 2. not.
nihvt\ /n\.hi.v\t/ <n\.hi.v\.t> adj.
slightly.
nher /n\.her/ <n\.he.r\> fem. a canal.
nhor /n\.hor/ <n\.ho.r\> masc. a claw.
niXyu& /n\.Æi.ju~/ <n\.Æi.ju~> neut. a roof
tile.
nXI /n\.Æi/ <n\.Æii> fem. a tube.
n&g /n\˜.g\/ <n\~.g\> neut. a unit of a
thing.
na /na/ <na> advb. 1. no 2. not.
na;laj /na.i.laÔ/ <na.i.la.Ô\> adj.
incurable.
nak /nak/ <na.k\> neut. the nose.

nagirk /nag.rik/ <na.g\.ri.k\> masc. a
citizen.
nagrI /nag.ri/ <na.g\.rii> adj. 1. related
to the Nagar community, 2. civilized, 3.
urban.
nagu& /na.gu~/ <na.gu~> adj. 1. naked 2.
nude.
nac /nac/ <na.c\> masc. a dance.
nacvu& /nac.vu~/ <na.c\.vu~> v.intr. to
dance.
na2U4ke /na.c˙uˇ.ke/ <na.chuu.ˇ\.ke>
advb. helplessly.
najuk /na.Ôuk/ <na.Ôu.k\> adj. tender.
na4k /na.ˇ\k/ <na.ˇ\.k\> neut. 1. a
drama 2. a play.
na4kkar /na.ˇ\k.kar/ <na.ˇ\.k\.ka.r\>
masc. 1. a playwright 2. a dramatist.

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105
na4kIyu& /na.ˇ\.ki.ju~/ <na.ˇ\.kii.ju~> adj. 1.
dramatic 2. not real.

nadan /na.dan/ <na.da.n\> adj.
childish.

nai4ka /na.ˇi.ka/ <na.ˇi.ka> fem. a short
play.

nadar /na.dar/ <na.da.r\> adj. bankrupt.

na6a26I /na.Îa.c˙\.Îi/ <na.Îa.ch\.Îii>
fem. a many colored cotton string used
in various rituals.
na6I /na.Îi/ <na.Îii> fem. 1. a vain 2. an
artery.
na6u& /na.Îu~/ <na.Îu~> neut. a string of a
garment.
na8vu& /na¯.vu~/ <na.¯\.vu~> v.tr. to
examine.
na8akIy /na.¯a.kij/ <na.¯a.kii.j\> adj. 1.
monetary 2. financial.
na8abjar /na.¯a.b\.Ôar/
<na.¯a.b\.Ôha.r\> neut. moneymarket.
na8a-I6 /na.¯a.b˙iÎ/ <na.¯a.bhii.Î\>
fem. financial stringency.
na8u& /na.¯u~/ <na.¯u~> neut. money.
nat /nat/ <na.t\> fem. a caste.
natvro /nat.v\.ro/ <na.t\.v\.ro> masc.
a caste-dinner.

nan`4a; /nan.k˙\.ˇa.i/ <na.n\.kh\.ˇa.ii>
fem. a kind of sweet.
nanp /na.n\p/ <na.n\.p\> fem.
inferiority complex.
nanm /na.n\m/ <na.n\.m\> fem.
inferiority complex.
nanp8 /nan.p\¯/ <na.n\.p\.¯\> neut.
childhood.
nanu& /na.nu~/ <na.nu~> adj. small.
napas /na.pas/ <na.pa.s\> adj. failed.
nai- /na.b˙i/ <na.bhi> fem. the navel.
nam /nam/ <na.m\> neut. a name.
namcIn /nam.cin/ <na.m\.cii.n\> adj.
infamous.
nam5am /nam.ˇ˙am/ <na.m\.ˇha.m\>
neut. a person’s name and address.
namdar /nam.dar/ <na.m\.da.r\> adj.
honorable.
namna /nam.na/ <na.m\.na> fem. fame.

natal /na.tal/ <na.ta.l\> fem. the
Christmas.

namu& /na.mu~/ <na.mu~> neut. a credit
and debit account.

nato /na.to/ <na.to> masc. relation.

nayk /na.j\k/ <na.j\.k\> masc. a hero of
a novel, a play etc.

na9 /nat˙/ <na.th\> masc. 1. a master 2.
the husband.

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106
naiyka /na.ji.ka/ <na.ji.ka> fem. a
heroine of a novel, a play etc.

nahvu& /nah.vu~/ <na.h\.vu~> v.intr. to
bathe.

nar&gI /na.r\˜.gi/ <na.r\~.gii> fem. an
orange.

naX /naÆ/ <na.Æ\> fem. a horse shoe.
naXcu& /naÆ.cu~/ <na.Æ\.cu~> neut. a funnel.

naraj /na.raÔ/ <na.ra.Ô\> adj.
displeased.

naXu& /na.Æu~/ <na.Æu~> neut. a rivulet.

nairyeX /na.ri.jeÆ/ <na.ri.je.Æ\> neut. 1. a
coconut 2. a coconut tree.

inkal /ni.kal/ <ni.ka.l\> masc. 1.
disposal 2. judgment.

narI /na.ri/ <na.rii> fem. a woman.

inkas /ni.kas/ <ni.ka.s\> fem. export.

nalayk /na.la.j\k/ <na.la.j\.k\> adj.
unworthy.

inkah /ni.kah/ <ni.ka.h\> masc. Muslim
marriage.

nav /nav/ <na.v\> fem. a small boat.

in`als /ni.k˙a.l\s/ <ni.kha.l\.s\> adj.
open-hearted.

naivk /na.vik/ <na.vi.k\> masc. 1. a
sailor 2. a boatman.
na= /naß/ <na.ß\> masc. destruction.
nas /nas/ <na.s\> masc. inhalation of
vapor for curing a disease.
naspit /nas.p\.ti/ <na.s\.p\.ti> neut. a
pear fruit or tree.
nas-ag /nas.b˙ag/ <na.s\.bha.g\> fem.
a retreat.

ingU7 /ni.guÎ˙/ <ni.guu.Îh\> adj.
mysterious.
incovvu& /ni.cov.cu~/ <ni.cho.v\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to squeeze 2. to extract.
injan&d /ni.Ôa.n\nd/ <ni.Ôa.n\~.d\> masc.
the joy caused by self-realization.
intarvu& /ni.tar.vu~/ <ni.ta.r\.vu~> v.tr. to
filter.
inTy /ni.tj\/ <ni.tj\> adj. eternal.

nasvu& /nas.vu~/ <na.s\.vu~> v.intr. to run
away.
naSto /nas.to/ <na.sto> masc. a
breakfast.
nahk /na.h\k/ <na.h\.k\> advb.
unnecessarily.

inTykmR /nit.j\.k\r.ma/ <ni.tj\.k\.rm\>
neut. daily worship.
indan /ni.dan/ <ni.da.n\> neut.
diagnosis.
in0n /ni.d˙\n/ <ni.dh\.n\> neut. death.
inpu8 /ni.pu¯/ <ni.pu.¯\> adj. expert.

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107

inb&0 /ni.b\nd˙/ <ni.b\~.dh\> masc. an
essay.

inr&tr /ni.r\n.t\r/ <ni.r\~.t\.r\> adj.
1incessant.

in-avvu& /ni.b˙av.vu~/ <ni.bha.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to maintain.

inrakrr8 /ni.ra.k\.r\¯/ <ni,ra.k\.r\.¯\>
neut. 1. settlement 2. disposal.

inm8U&k /nim.¯u~k/ <ni.m\.¯u~.k\> fem.
an appointment.

inrakar /ni.ra.kar/ <ni.ra.ka.r\> adj.
shapeless.

inm&{a8 /ni.m\n.tr\¯/ <ni.m\~.tr\.¯\>
neut. an invitation.

inra0ar /ni.ra.d˙ar/ <ni.ra.dha.r\> adj.
1. orphan 2. support less.

inm&{avu& /ni.m\n.tr\.vu~/ <ni.m\~.tr\.vu~>
v.tr. to invite.

inra= /ni.raß/ <ni.ra.sh\> adj.
disappointed.

inma6o /ni.ma.Îo/ <ni.ma.Îo> masc. a
potter’s kiln.

inraXu& /ni.ra.Æu~/ <ni.ra.Æu~> adj. 1.
peculiar 2. distinct 3. different.

inym /ni.j\m/ <ni.j\.m\> masc. a rule.

inra&t /ni.ra~t/ <ni.ra~.t\> fem. 1. peace 2.
repose.

inymn /ni.j\.m\n/ <ni.j\.m\.n\> neut.
controlling.
inyimt /ni.j\.mit/ <ni.j\.mi.t\> adj.
regular.
inyamk /ni.ja.m\k/ <ni.ja.m\.k\> masc.
1. director 2. controller.
inyuikt /ni.juk.ti/ <ni.ju.kti> fem.
appointment.
inrxr /ni.r\.kß\r/ <ni.r\.kß\.r\> adj.
illiterate.
inrpex /nir.pek.ß\/ <ni.r\.pe.kß\> adj.
independent.
inr9Rk /ni.r\r.t˙\k/ <ni.rth\.k\> adj.
useless.
inr&ku= /ni.r\˜.kuß/ <ni.r\~.ku.ß\> adj.
uncontrolled.

inrIxk /ni.ri.kß\k/ <ni.ri.kß\.k\> masc.
1. an observer 2. an inspector.
inru]ar /ni.ru.tt\r/ <ni.ru.tt\.r\> neut. 1.
un-answering 2. silent, 3. speechless in
response.
inrupyogI /ni.rup.jo.gi/ <ni.ru.p\.jo.gii>
adj. useless.
in£p8 /ni.ru.p\¯/ <ni.ruu.p\.¯\> neut.
narration.
in£pvu& /ni.rup.vu~/ <ni.ruu.p\.vu~> v.tr.
to narrate.
injRn /nir.Ô\n/ <ni.rÔ\.n\> adj.
uninhabited.
injRX /nir.Ô\Æ/ <ni.rÔ\.Æ\> adj. 1. dry 2.
waterless.

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108

in@Rv /nir.Ôiv/ <ni.rÔii.v\> adj. lifeless.

invaR8 /nir.va¯/ <nir.va.¯\> neut.
salvation.

in8Ry /nir.¯\j/ <ni.r¯\.j\> masc.
decision.

invaRist /nir.va.sit/ <ni.rva.si.t\> adj.
refugee.

in8aRyk /nir.¯a.j\k/ <ni.r¯a.j\.k\> adj.
decisive.

invaRh /nir.vah/ <nir.va.h\> masc.
maintenance.

indRy /nir.d\j/ <ni.rd\.j\> adj. cruel.

inivR#n /nir.vign/ <ni.rvi.ghn\> adj. free
from obstacles.

indeR= /nir.deß/ <ni.rde.ß\> masc. an
indication.
indoRq /nir.doß/ <ni.rdo.s°\> adj.
innocent.
in0Rn /nir.d˙\n/ <ni.rdh\.n\> adj.
moneyless.
in0aRr /nir.d˙ar/ <ni.rdha.r\> masc.
determination.
inbRX /nir.b\/ <ni.rb\.Æ\> adj.
powerless.
in-Ry /nir.b˙\j/ <ni.rbh\.j\> adj.
fearless.
in-eRX /nir.b˙e/ <ni.rbhe.Æ\> adj.
unadulterated.
inmRX /nir.m\Æ/ <ni.rm\.Æ\> adj. without
dirt.
inmaR8 /nir.ma¯/ <ni.rma.¯\> neut. a
creation.
inmaRLy /nir.ma.lj\/ <ni.rma.lj\> adj.
powerless.
inmURX /nir.muÆ/ <ni.rmuu.Æ\> adj.
rootless.

invarvu& /ni.var.vu~/ <ni.va.r\.vu~> v.tr. to
prevent.
invas /ni.vas/ <ni.va.si> masc.
residence.
invasI /ni.va.si/ <ni.va.sii> masc. a
resident.
inv<]a /ni.vru.tt\/ <ni.vr≤u.tt\> adj.
retired.
inv<i]a /ni.vrut.ti/ <ni.vr≤u.tti> fem.
retirement.
inve6o /ni.ve.Îo/ <ni.ve.Îo> masc.
.settlement 2. verdict.
invedn /ni.ve.d\n/ <ni.ve.d\.n\> neut. a
statement.
in=an /ni.ßan/ <ni.ßa.n\> neut. 1. target
2. a mark.
in=anI /ni.ßa.ni/ <ni.ßa.nii> fem. a mark.
in=aX /ni.ßaÆ/ <ni.ßa.Æ\> fem. a school.
in=aiXyo /ni.ßa.Æi.jo/ <ni.ßa.Æi.jo> masc.
1. a school boy 2. a student.

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109
in¾y /niß.c\.j\/ <ni.ßc\.j\> masc. a
determination.

inStej /nis.teÔ/ <ni.ste.Ô\> adj. 1. dim 2.
dull.

ini¾t /niß.cit/ <ni.ßci.t\> adj. decided.

inSbt /nis.b\t/ <ni.sb\.t\> fem. 1.
relation 2. concern.

in¼as /niß.vas/ <ni.ßva.s\> masc. a
sigh.
inqe0 /ni.ßed˙/ <ni.s°e.dh\> masc.
prohibition.
inQkl&k /niß.ka.la˜k/ <ni.s°k\.l\~.k\> adj.
1. free from blamsih.
inQk/Iy /niß.kri.j\/ <ni.s°krii.j\> adj.
inactive.
inQ5a /niß.ˇ˙a/ <ni.s°ˇha> fem.
faithfulness.
inQ5ur /niß.ˇur/ <ni.s°ˇhu.r\> adj. 1. cruel
2. merciless.
inQ8at /niß.¯at/ <ni.s°¯a.t\> adj. an
expert.
inQpx /niß.p\k.ß\/ <ni.s°p\.kß\> adj.
impartial.
inQpap /niß.pap/ <ni.s°pa.p\> adj.
sinless.
inQp/a8 /niß.pra¯/ <ni.s°pra.¯\> adj. 1.
weak 2. spiritless.

inhairka /ni.ha.ri.ka/ <ni.ha.ri.ka> fem.
a nebula.
inhaXvu& /ni.haÆ.vu~/ <ni.ha.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. to
see with full attention.
in&dvu& /nind.vu~/ <ni~.d\.vu~> v.tr. . to
backbite.
in&da /nin.da/ <ni~.da> fem. backbiting.
inŠ=Bd /ni.ß\b.d\/ <ni:.ß\.bd\> adj.
silent.
inŠ=S{a /ni.ß\s.tr\/ <ni:.ß\.str\> adj.
unarmed.
inŠ=uLk /ni.ßul.k\/ <ni:.ßu.lk\> adj. free
of charge.
inŠs&tan /ni.s\n.tan/ <ni:.s\~.ta.n\> adj.
childless.
inŠs&deh /ni.s\n.deh/ <ni:.s\~.de.h\> adj.
without any doubt.
inŠSva9R /ni.svar.th\/ <ni:.sva.rth\> adj.
unselfish.
nIk /nik/ <nii.k\> fem. a drain.

inQfX /niß.p˙\l/ <ni.s°ph\.Æ\> adj.
unsuccessful.
insr8I /ni.s\r.¯i/ <ni.s\.r\.¯ii> fem. a
ladder.
insaso /ni.sa.so/ <ni.sa.so> masc. a
sigh.

nIkXvu& /ni.k\Æ.vu~/ <nii.k\.Æ\.vu~> v.intr.
1. to come out 2. to go out 3. to appear.
nIc /nic/ <nii.c\> adj. 1. wicked 2.
mean.

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110
nIcajo8u& /ni.ca.Ôo.¯u~/ <nii.ca.Ôo.¯u~>
neut. shameful condition.

nIl /nil/ <nii.l\> adj. dark-blue.

nIca8 /ni.ca¯/ <nii.ca.¯\> neut.
descent.

nIv6vu& /ni.v\Î.vu~/ <nii.v\.Î\.vu~> v.intr.
to be accomplished.

nIcu& /ni.cu~/ <nii.cu~> adj. 1. low 2. vile.

nI&d8 /nin.d\¯/ <nii~.d\.¯\> neut. the
act of removing weeds.

nI6r /ni.Î\r/ <nii.Î\.r\> adj. fearless.
nItrvu& /ni.t\r.vu~/ <nii.t\.r\.vu~> v.intr.
1. to ooze 2. to be filtered.

nI&dvu& /nind.vu~/ <nii~.d\.vu~> v.tr. to
weed.

nItyuR& /nit.rju~/ <nii.t\.rju~> adj. filtered.

nuksan /nuk.san/ <nu.k\.sa.n\> neut.
damage.

nIit /ni.ti/ <nii.ti> fem. morality.

nUtn /nu.t\n/ <nuu.t\.n\> adj. new.

nIit=aS{a /ni.ti.ßas.tr\/ <nii.ti.ßa.str\>
neut. ethics.

nUr /nur/ <nuu.r\> neut. fright.
n<Ty /nrut.j\/ <nr≤u.tj\> neut. a dance.

nIpj /ni.p\Ô/ <nii.p\.Ô\> fem. product.
nek /nek/ <ne.k\> adj. honest.
nIpjvu& /ni.p\Ô.vu~/ <nii.p\.Ô\.vu~> v.intr.
to be produced.

neta /ne.ta/ <ne.ta> masc. a leader.

nIm /nim/ <nii.m\> masc. a religious
vow.

netagIrI /ne.ta.gi.ri/ <ne.ta.gii.rii> fem.
leadership.

nImvu& /nim.vu~/ <nii.m\.vu~> v.tr. to
appoint.

nevu& /ne.vu~/ <ne.vu~> adj. ninety.

nIr`vu& /ni.r\k˙.vu~/ <nii.r\.kh\.vu~> v.tr.
to observe.
nIr8 /ni.r\¯/ <nii.r\.¯\> neut. fodder.
nIrv /ni.r\v/ <nii.r\.v\> adj. noiseless.
nIrvu& /nir.vu~/ <nii.r\.vu~> v.tr. to feed
cattle fodder.

neVya=I /nev.ja.ßi/ <ne.vja.ßii> adj.
eighty nine.
nEitk /n\i.tik/ <n\i.ti.k\> adj. 1. ethical
2. moral.
nE¢Ty /n\i.rut.j\/ <n\i.ru≤.tj\> adj.
south-west (direction).
nEved /n\i.ved/ <n\i.ve.d\> masc. the
food offered to a god or deity.

nIrogI /ni.ro.gi/ <nii.ro.gii> adj.
healthy.

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111
nEsigRk /n\i.s\r.gik/ <n\i.s\r.gi.k\> adj.
natural.
nokr /no.k\r/ <no.k\.r\> masc. a male
servant.

Nyay /njaj/ <nja.j\> masc. justice.
Nyaya0I= /nja.ja.d˙iß/ <nja.ja.dhii.ß\>
masc. a judge.
NyayI /njaji/ <nja.jii> adj. righteous.

nokr=ahI /no.k\r.ßa.hi/ <no.k\.r\.ßa.hii>
fem. a bureaucracy.
nokiryat /no.k\.ri.jat/ <no.k\.ri.ja.t\>
adj.
salaried (person).
notrvu& /no.t\r.vu~/ <no.t\.r\.vu~> v.tr. to
give a formal invitation on an auspicious
occasion.
notru& /not.ru~/ <no.t\.ru~> neut. a formal
invitation.
no0aru& /no.d˙a.ru~/ <no.dha.ru~> adj.
support less.
nobt /nob\t/ <no.b\.t\> fem. a big
drum used normally in temples.
nom /nom/ <no.m\> fem. ninth day of
the bright or dark half of a Hindu month.
noiXyo /no.Æi.jo/ <no.Æi.jo> masc. a
mongoose.
no&0 /nø~d˙/ <no~.dh\> fem. a noting
down.
nOka /n\u.ka/ <n\u.ka> fem. a boat.
nOkadX /n\u.ka.d\Æ/ <n\u.ka.d\.Æ\>
neut. navy.
Nyat /njat/ <nja.t\> fem. a caste.
NyatIlu& /nja.ti.lu~/ <nja.tii.lu~> adj. a
person from the same caste.

p
pk6 /p\.k\Î/ <p\.k\.Î\> fem. an act of
holding or gripping.
pk6vu& /p\.k\Î.vu~/ <p\.k\.Î\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to hold 2. to catch 3. to grasp.
pkvvu& /p\.k\v.vu~/ <p\.k\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to ripen 2. to cook 3. to produce
pkvan /p\k.van/ <p\.k\.va.n\> neut.
sweets.
px /p\k.ß\/ <p\.kß\> masc. 1. side 2. a
party (political).
pxa3at /p\k.ßa.g˙at/ <p\.kßa.gha.t\>
masc. paralysis.
pxpat /p\k.ß\.pat/ <p\.kß\.pa.t\>
masc. partiality.
pxapxI /p\k.ßa.p\k.ßi/ <p\.kßa.p\.kßii>
fem. discord.
pxI /p\k.ßi/ <p\.kßii> neut. a bird.
p`vaj /p\k˙.vaÔ/ <p\.kh\.va.Ô\> fem. a
kind of drum.
p`vai6yu& /p\k˙.va.Îi.ju~/
<p\.kh\.va.Îi.ju~> neut. a fortnight.
p`vai6k /p\k˙.va.Îik/ <p\.kh\.va.Îi.k\>
adj. fortnightly.

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112

p`aXvu& /p\.k˙aÆ.vu~/ <p\.kha.Æ\.vu~> v.tr.
to wash (formal).

pCcIs /p\c.cis/ <p\.ccii.s\> adj. 25
(twenty five).

pg /p\g/ <p\.g\> masc. 1. a leg 2. a
foot.

p26a4 /p\ch.Îaˇ/ <p\.ch\.Îa.ˇ\> fem.
an act of being knocked.

pgi9yu& /p\.g\.t˙i.ju~/ <p\.g\.thi.ju~> neut.
a footstep.

p2a6vu& /p\.c˙aÎ.vu~/ <p\.cha.Î\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to throw 2. to defeat .

pgpaXu& /p\g.pa.Æu~/ <p\.g\.pa.Æu~> adj.
pedestrian.

p2at /p\.c˙at/ <p\.cha.t\> adj.
backward.

pgpesaro /p\g.pe.sa.ro/ <p\.g\.pe.sa.ro>
masc. intrusion.

p2I /p\.c˙i/ <p\.chii> postp.
afterwards.

pg-r /p\g.b˙\r/ <p\.g\.bh\.r\> adj.
self-reliant.

p2It /p\.c˙it/ <p\.chii.t\> fem. a rear
wall of a building.

pgr`u& /p\.g\r.k˙u~/ <p\.g\.r\.khu~> neut.
a shoe.

p2e6I /p\.c˙e.Îi/ <p\.che.Îii> fem. a
kind of shawl.

pgrv /p\g.r\v/ <p\.g\.r\.v\> masc.
the sound of foot-steps.

pjv8I /p\.Ô\v.¯i/ <p\.Ô\.v\.¯ii> fem.
harassment.

pglu& /p\g.lu~/ <p\.g\.lu~> neut. a
footprint.

pjvvu& /p\.Ô\v.vu~/ <p\.Ô\.v\.vu~> v.tr. to
harass.

pgar /p\.gar/ <p\.ga.r\> masc. 1. pay
2. salary.

p4ko /p\ˇ.ko/ <p\.ˇ\.ko> masc. a small
piece of cloth used to wra round the
waist or
the head.

pgI /p\.gi/ <p\.gi> masc. 1. a foot-print
reader 2. a village watchman.
pgeru& /p\.ge.ru~/ <p\.ge.ru~> neut. a
foortprint.
pcr&gI /p\c.r\˜.gi/ <p\.c\.r\~.gii> adj.
colorful.
pcvu& /p\c.vu~/ <p\.c\.vu~> v.intr. to be
digested.

p4p4 /p\ˇ.p\ˇ/ <p\.ˇ\.p\.ˇ\> advb.
quickly.
p4p4avvu& /p\ˇ.p\.ˇav.vu~/
<p\.ˇ\.p\.ˇa.v\.vu~> v.tr. to wag.
p4la; /p\ˇ.lai/ <p\.ˇ\.la.ii> fem. a
village headman’s duty.

pcas /p\.cas/ <p\.ca.s\> adj. fifty.

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113
p4la8I /p\ˇ.la.¯i/ <p\.ˇ\.la.¯ii> fem. 1.
the wife of the village headman 2. the
wife of a Patel.
p4abaj /p\.ˇa.baÔ/ <p\.ˇa.ba.Ô\> adj.
skilled in swordsmanship.
p4aba@ /p\.ˇa.ba.Ôi/ <p\.ˇa.ba.Ôii> fem.
skill in swordmanship.
p4am8I /p\.ˇam.¯i/ <p\.ˇa.m\.¯ii> fem.
deceit by flattering.

p6tI /p\Î.ti/ <p\.Î\.tii> fem. a fall.
p6tu& /p\Î.tu~/ <p\.Î\.tu~> adj. 1.
decaying 2. falling.
p6do /p\Î.do/ <p\.Î\.do> masc. a
curtain.
p6pU2 /p\Î.puc˙/ <p\.Î\.puu.ch\> fem.
inquiry.
p6vu& /p\Î.vu~/ <p\.Î\.vu~> v.intr. to fall.

p4avvu& /p\.ˇav.vu~/ <p\.ˇa.v\.vu~> v.tr. to
cheat by flattery.
p4avaXo /p\.ˇa.va.Æo/ <p\.ˇa.va.Æo> masc.
a peon.
p4\4I /p\ˇ.ˇi/ <p\.ˇˇii> fem. a strip.
p4el /p\.ˇel/ <p\.ˇe.l\> masc. 1. the
headman of a caste 2. the headman of a
village 3. a surname so named 4. the
name of a community.
p4\4o /p\ˇ.ˇo/ <p\.ˇˇo> masc. a belt.

p6vo /p\Î.vo/ <p\.Î\.vo> masc. the
first day of the first or second fortnight
of a Hindu month.
p6av /p\.Îav/ <p\.Îa.v\> masc. a
camp.
pi6yo /p\.Îi.jo/ <p\.Îi.jo> masc. a bowl
made of leaves.
p6I /p\.Îi/ <p\.Îii> fem. a small
packet.

p6 /p\Î/ <p\.Î\> neut. a layer.

p6IkI /p\.Îi.ki/ <p\.Îii.kii> fem. a very
small packet.

p6kar /p\Î.kar/ <p\.Î\.ka.r\> masc. a
challenge.

p6Iku& /p\.Îi.ku~/ <p\.Îii.ku~> neut. a
small packet.

p6`u& /p\Î.k˙u~/ <p\.Î\.khu~> neut. a
side.

p8 /p\¯/ <p\.¯\> conj. 1. but 2. stll 3.
yet.

p62ayo /p\Î.c˙a.jo/ <p\Î.cha.jo> masc.
a shadow.

p82 /p\.¯\c˙/ <p\.¯\.ch\> fem. the
string of a bow.

p6tr /p\Î.t\r/ <p\.Î\.t\.r\> adj. a
base price.

pt /p\t/ <p\.ˇ\> neut. laprosy.

p6tr /p\Î.t\r/ <p\.Î\.t\.r\> adj.
uncultivated (land).

ptn /p\.t\n/ <p\.ˇ\.n\> neut. 1. a fall
2. a defeat.

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114
ptrI /p\t.ri/ <p\.t\.rii> fem. a small
thin metal piece.

p{akar /p\.tr\.kar/ <p\.tr\.ka.r\> masc.
a journalist.

ptru& /p\t.ru~/ <p\.t\.ru~> neut. a sheet of
metal.

p{akar]v /p\tr.ka.r\t.r\/
<p\.tr\.ka.r\.tv\> neut. journalism.

ptvu& /p\t.vu~/ <p\.t\.vu~> v.intr. 1. to be
settled (account), 2. to end 3. to be
concluded.

p{aVyvhar /p\.tr\.vj\v.har/
<p\.tr\.vj\.v\.ha.r\> masc.
correspondance.

pt&g /p\.t\˜.g\/ <p\.t\~.g\> masc. a
kite.

pi{aka /p\.tri.ka/ <p\.tri.ka> fem. a
pamphlet.

pt&igyu& /p\.t\˜.gi.ju~/ <p\.t\~.gi.ju~> neut.
a butterfly.

p9raX /p\t˙.raÆ/ <p\.th\.ra.Æ\> adj.
stony.

ptak6u& /p\.tak.Îu~/ <p\.ta.k\.Îu~> neut.
a small piece of paper.

p9rI /p\t˙.ri/ <p\.th\.rii> fem. a small
stone.

ptav4 /p\.ta.v\ˇ/ <p\.ta.v\.ˇ\> fem. a
settlement.

p9ro /p\t˙.ro/ <p\.th\.ro> masc. a
stone.

ptavvu& /p\.tav.vu~/ <p\.ta.v\.vu~> v.tr. 1.
to settle 2. finalise.

p9arI /p\.t˙a.ri/ <p\.tha.rii> fem. a bed.

ptasu& /p\.ta.su~/ <p\.ta.su~> neut. a kind
of cookie.
pit /p\.ti/ <p\.ti> masc. the husband.
pityu& /p\.ti.ju~/ <p\.ti.ju~> adj. suffering
from leprosy.
p]au /p\t.tu~/ <p\.ttu~> neut. 1. a leaf 2. a
playing card.
p]ao /p\t.to/ <p\.tto> masc. 1.
whereabouts 2. address.
pTnI /p\t.ni/ <p\.tnii> fem. the wife.
p{a /p\t.r\/ <p\.tr\> masc. a letter.

p(9r /p\t˙.t˙\r/ <p\.thth\.r\> masc. a
stone.
pd /p\d/ <p\.d\> masc. a rank.
pd /p\d/ <p\.d\> neut. a sentential
phrase.
pdvI /p\d.vi/ <p\.d\.vii> fem. 1. a title
2. a rank.
pda9R /p\.dar.t˙\/ <p\.da.rth\> masc. 1.
a substance 2. an object.
pda9R /p\.dar.t˙\/ <p\.da.rth\> masc. a
meaning of phrase.
pdavil /p\.dav.li/ <p\.da.v\.li> fem.
diction.

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115
pdavvu& /p\.dav.vu~/ <p\.da.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to cause work hard.

prgju /p\r.g\.Ôu~/ <p\.r\.g\.Ôu> adj.
benevolent.

p(9it /p\.d˙d˙\.ti/ <p\.dhdh\.ti> fem.
a method.

prgam /p\r.gam/ <p\.r\.ga.m\> neut.
another’s village.

pd\y /p\.dj\/ <p\.dj\> neut. verse.

prcUr8 /p\r.cu.r\¯/ <p\.r\.cu.r\.¯\>
neut. 1. change (coins), 2. miscellaneous.

p0ram8I /p\d˙.ram.¯i/
<p\.dh\.ra.m\.¯ii> fem. a formal
visit.

prco /p\r.co/ <p\.r\.co> masc. a
miracle.

p0ravvu& /p\d˙.rav.vu~/ <p\.dh\.ra.v\.vu~>
v.tr. to offer respectfully.

pr@vI /p\r.Ôi.vi/ <p\.r\.Ôii.vii> adj.
parasite.

p0arvu& /p\.0˙ar.vu~/ <p\.dha.r\.vu~>
v.intr. to come or go respectfully.

pr8vu& /p\.r\¯.vu~/ <p\.r\.¯\.v~> v.tr. to
marry.

pno /p\.no/ <p\.no> masc. breadth of
cloth.

prt /p\.r\t/ <p\.r\.t\> advb. in return.

pnotI /p\.no.ti/ <p\.no.tii> fem.
misfortune.
pnotu& /p\.no.tu~/ <p\.no.tu~> adj.
auspicious.
ppEyu& /p\.p\i.ju~/ <p\.p\i.ju~> neut.
papaya.
pr /p\r/ <p\.r\> postp. 1. on 2. over 3.
above.
prkIy /p\r.kij/ <p\.r\.kii.j\> adj. 1.
belonging to others 2. belongingto
foreign.
pr` /p\.r\k˙/ <p\.r\.kh\> fem. 1. a test
2. an examination.
pr`avvu& /p\r.k˙av.vu~/ <p\.r\.kha.v\.vu~>
v.tr. to tell unscrupulously.

prt&{a /p\r.t\n.tr\/ <p\.r\.t\~.tr\> adj.
dependence.
prdado /p\r.da.do/ <p\.r\.da.do> masc.
a great grand-father.
prduŠ` /p\r.duk˙/ <p\.r\.duŠ.kh\> neut.
other’s misery.
prde= /pre.deß/ <p\.r\.de.ß\> masc. a
foreign country.
prdo /p\r.do/ <p\.r\.do> masc. a
curtain.
pr0n /p\r.d˙\n/ <p\.r\.dh\.n\> neut.
other’s money or wealth.
pr0mR /p\r.d˙\r.ma/ <p\.r\.dh\.rm\>
masc. other’s religion.
prnatIlu& /p\r.na.ti.lu~/ <p\.r\.na,tii.lu~>
adj. belonging to others’ caste.

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116
prpuruq /p\r.pu.ruß/ <p\.r\.pu.ru.s°\>
masc. a man other than one’s husband.

prv= /p\r.v\ß/ <p\.r\.v\.ß\> adj.
dependent.

prpo4I /p\r.po.ˇi/ <p\.r\.po.ˇii> fem. a
small bubble.

prvX /p\r.v\/ <p\.r\.v\.Æ\> neut. a
kind of vegetable.
prva /p\r.va/ <p\.r\.va> fem. care.

prpo4o /p\r.po.ˇo/ <p\.r\.po.ˇo> masc.
a big bubble.
prb /p\.r\b/ <p\.r\.b\> fem. a public
water house.
prbI6Iyu& /p\r.bi.Îi.ju~/ <p\.r\.bii.Îii.ju~>
neut. an envelope.
pr-v /p\r.b˙\v/ <p\.r\.bh\.v\> masc.
a previous or the next birth.
prm /p\.r\m/ <p\.r\.m\> adj. highest.
prma8u /p\r.ma.¯u/ <p\.r\.ma.¯u~>
neut. an atom.
prmaTma /p\r.mat.ma/ <p\.r\.ma.tma>
masc. 1. the supreme being 2. god.
prman&d /p\r.ma.nand/
<p\.r\.ma.n\~.d\> masc. supreme
bliss.

prvangI /p\r.van.gi/ <p\.r\.va.n\.gii>
fem. permission.
prvano /p\r.va.no/ <p\.r\.va.no> masc.
a licence.
prsevo /p\r.se.vo/ <p\.r\.se.vo> masc.
perspiration.
prS{aI /p\r.stri/ <p\.r\.strii> fem. other
than one’s wife.
prSpr /p\.r\s.p\r/ <p\.r\.sp\.r\> advb.
1. mutually 2. reciprocally.
pr&t u/p\.r\n.tu/ <p\.r\~.tu> advb. but.
pr&pra /p\.r\m.p\.ra/ <p\.r\~.p\.ra> fem.
a tradition.
pr&pragt /p\.r\m.p\.ra.g\t/
<p\.r\~.p\.ra.g\.t\> adj. traditional.

prma9R /p\r.mar.t˙\/ <p\.r\.ma.rth\>
masc. 1. the highest aim 2. benevolence.

prakaQ5a /p\.ra.kaß.t˙a/ <p\.r\.ka.s°ˇa>
fem. 1. climax 2. extremity.

prme¼r /p\r.meß.v\r/ <p\.r\.me.ßv\.r\>
masc. god.

prak/m /p\.ra.kr\m/ <p\.ra.kr\.m\>
neut. 1. an adventure 2. heroism.

prlok /p\r.lok/ <p\.r\.lo.k\> masc. the
other world where the soul is believed o
be going after death.

prak/mI /p\.ra.kr\.mi/ <p\.ra.kr\.mii>
adj. enterprising.

prv6vu& /p\r.v\Î.vu~/ <p\.r\.v\.Î\.vu~>
exp. to afford.

prajy /p\.ra.Ô\j/ <p\.ra.Ô\.j\> masc. a
defeat.

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117
pra8e /p\.ra.¯e/ <p\.ra.¯e> advb. 1.
unwillingly 2. forcibly.

pirml /p\.ri.m\l/ <p\.ri.m\.l\> fem.
fragrance.

pra0In /p\.ra.d˙in/ <p\.ra.dhii.n\> adj.
dependent.

pirvtRn /p\.ri.v\r.t\n/ <p\.ri.v\.rt\.n\>
neut. a change.
pirvar /p\.ri.var/ <p\.ri.va.r\> neut. a
family.

pram=R /p\.ra.m\r.ß\/ <p\.ra.m\.rß\>
masc. contact.
prayu& /p\.ra.ju~/ <p\.ra.ju~> adj. other’s

piri=Q4 /p\.ri.ßiß.ˇ˙\/ <p\.ri.ßi.s°ˇ\> adj.
an appendix.

pir3 /p\.rig˙/ <p\.ri.dh\> masc.
circumference.

pir=Iln /p\.ri.ßi.l\n/ <p\.ri.ßii.l\.n\>
neut. deep study.

pircy /p\.ri.c\j/ <p\.ri.c\.j\> masc.
familiarity.

pir[am /p\.ri.ßr\m/ <p\.ri.ßr\.m\> masc.
hard work.

pircairka /p\.ri.ca.ri.ka/ <p\.ri.ca.ri.ka>
fem. a maid-servant.

pirqd /p\.ri.ß\d/ <p\.ri.s°\.d\> fem. an
assembly.

pirict /p\.ri.cit/ <p\.ri.ci.t\> adj.
knowing.

piriS9it /p\.riß.t˙i.ti/ <p\.ri.sthi.ti> fem.
circumstances.

pirC2ed /p\.ric.c˙ed/ <p\.ri.cche.d\>
masc. a paragraph.

prI /p\.ri/ <p\.rii> fem. a fairy.

pir8am /p\.ri.¯am/ <p\.ri.¯a.m\> neut.
1. result 2. outcome.
pir8It /p\.ri.¯it/ <p\.ri.¯ii.t\> adj.
married.
pir0an /p\.ri.d˙an/ <p\.ri.dha.n\> neut.
clothing.

prIxk /p\.rik.ß\k/ <p\.rii.kß\.k\> masc.
an examinar.
prIx8 /p\.rik.ß\¯/ <p\.rii.kß\.¯\> neut.
a testing.
prIxa /p\.rik.ßa/ <p\.ri.kßa> fem.
examination.
pru /p\.ru/ <p\.ru> neut. pus.

pirpkv /p\.ri.p\k.v\/ <p\.ri.p\.kva>
adj. mature.
pirbX /p\.ri.b\/ <p\.ri.b\.Æ\> neut. 1.
force 2. a factor.
pir-aqa /p\.ri.b˙a.ßa/ <p\.ri.bha.s°a>
fem. terminology.

pru& /p\.ru~/ <p\.ru~> neut. a suburban
area.
pre=an /p\.re.ßan/ <p\.re.ßa.n\> adj.
perplexed.

By. Richin Patel

118
prox /p\.rok.ß\/ <p\.ro.kß\> adj.
indirect.

pl&g /p\.l\˜g/ <p\.l\~.g\> masc. a big
cot.

pro7 /p\.roÎ˙/ <p\.ro.Îh\> neut.
daybreak.

pla&5I /p\.la~.ˇ˙i/ <p\.la~.ˇhii> fem. a
posture of sitting with crossed-legs.

pro8o /p\.ro.¯o/ <p\.ro.¯o> masc. a
guest.

plIt /p\.lit/ <p\.lii.t\> neut. an evil
spirit.

propkar /p\.rop.kar/ <p\.ro.p\.ka.r\>
masc. benevolence.

plo4vu& /p\.loˇ.vu~/ <p\.lo.ˇ\.vu~> v.tr. to
train animals.
pvn /p\.v\n/ <p\.v\.n\> masc. wind.

propkarI /p\.rop.ka.ri/ <p\.ro.p\.ka.rii>
adj. benevolent.

piv{a /p\.vit.r\/ <p\.vi.tr\> adj. sacred.

provvu& /p\.rov.vu~/ <p].ro.v\.vu~> v.tr. 1.
to thread a needle 2. to string beads.

p=u /p\.ßu/ <p\.ßu> neut. a quadruped
animal.

pyaRPt /p\.ri.jap.t\/ <p\.rja.pt\> adj.
sufficient.

p¾atap /p\ß.ca.tap/ <p\.ßca.ta.p\>
masc. repentance.

pyuRq8 /p\r.ju.ß\¯/ <p\.rju.s°\.¯\> neut.
a festival of the Jains.

pi¾m /p\ß.cim/ <p\.ßci.m\> adj.
western.

plk /p\.l\k/ <p\.l\.k\> fem. a moment.

pi¾m /p\ß.cim/ <p\.ßci.m\> fem. the
west (direction).

plk /p\.l\k/ <p\.l\.k\> fem. a
twinkling of the eye.

ps&d /p\.s\nd/ <p\.s\~.d\> fem. choice.

plkaro /p\l.ka.ro/ <p\.l\.ka.ro> masc. a
twinkling.

pStavu& /p\s.ta.vu~/ <p\.sta.vu~> v.intr. to
repent.

pl48 /p\l.ˇ\¯/ <p\.l\.ˇ\.¯\> fem. a
battalion.

pStI /p\s.ti/ <p\.stii> fem. paper scrap.

pl4vu& /p\.l\ˇ.vu~/ <p\.l\.ˇ\.vu~> v.tarns.
to change.
pl4o /p\l.ˇo/ <p\.l\.ˇo> masc. a big
change.
plXvu& /p\.l\Æ.vu~/ <p\.l\.Æ\.vu~> v.intr.
to be drenched.

pha6 /p\.haÎ/ <p\.ha.Î\> masc. a
mountain.
pha8o /p\.ha.¯o/ <p\.ha.¯o> masc. a
stone.
pher8 /p\.he.r\¯/ <p\.he.r\.¯\> neut. a
kind of shirt.

By. Richin Patel

119
phervu& /p\.her.vu~/ <p\.he.r\.vu~> v.tr. to
wear.

p&gt /p\˜.g\t/ <p\~.g\.t\> fem. a row of
diners.

pherve= /p\.her.veß/ <p\.he.r\.ve.ß\>
masc. dress.

p&c /p\µ.c\/ <p\~.c\> neut. a arbitrator
(traditionally a body of five arbitrators).

phero /p\.he.ro/ <p\.he.ro> masc. a
watch.

p&ca8u& /p\µ.ca.¯u~/ <p\~.ca.¯u~> adj.
ninty five.

phel /p\.hel/ <p\.he.l\> fem. an
initiation.

p&cat /p\µ.cat/ <p\~.ca.t\> fem. a body
of arbitrators.

phelvan /p\.hel.van/ <p\.he.l\.va.n\>
masc. a wrestler.

p&cam<t /p\µ.ca.mrut/ <p\~.ca.mru≤.t\>
neut. a mixture of milk, yogurt, ghee,
honey and sugar.

phelu& /p\.he.lu~/ <p\.he.lu~> adj. first.
pho&c /p\.ha~c/ <p\.ho~.c\> fem. a
receipt.
pho&c /p\.ha~c/ <p\.ha~.c\> fem. a power
affecting a person, thing, or course of
events.
pho&cvu& /p\.ha~c.vu~/ <p\.ha~.c\.vu~> v.intr.
1. to reach 2. to arrive.

p&cayt /p\µ.ca.j\t/ <p\~.ca.j\.t\> fem. an
executive body of a caste or village.
p&cal /p\µ.cal/ <p\~.ca.l\> masc. a
blacksmith.
p&cavn /p\µ.ca.v\n/ <p\~.ca.v\.n\> adj.
fifty five.
p&ca=I /p\µ.ca.ßi/ <p\~.ca.ßii> adj. eighty
five.

phoXu& /p\.ho.Æu~/ <p\.ho.Æu~> adj. broad.
pho&cI /p\.ha~.ci/ <p\.ha~.cii> fem.
wristler.
pho&co /p\.ha~.co/ <p\.ha~.co> masc. the
wrist.
pX /p\Æ/ <p\.Æ\> fem. 1. aperiod of
twenty four second 2. a moment.
p&ikt /p\˜.ki/ <p\~.kti> fem. a line.
p&`I /p\˜.k˙i/ <p\~.khii> neut. a bird.

p&ca&g /p\µ.ca~.˜g\/ <p\~.ca~.g\> neut. an
almanac.
p&coter /p\µ.co.ter/ <p\~.co.te.r\> adj.
seventy five.
p&jo /p\µ.Ôo/ <p\~.Ôo> masc. 1. a paw 2.
a claw.
p&6 /p\¯.Î\/ <p\~.Î\> neut. the human
body.
p&i6t /p\¯.Îit/ <p\~.¯i.t\> masc. a
scholar.

p&`o /p\˜.k˙o/ <p\~.kho> masc. a fan.

By. Richin Patel

120
p&9 /p\n.t˙/ <p\~.th\> masc. 1. a road, 2.
a sect 3. a cult.

pagl /pa.g\l/ <pa.g\.l\> adj. 1. mad 2.
lunatic.

p&dr /p\n.d\r/ <p\~.d\.r\> adj. fifteen.

pa36I /fem./ <pa.gh\.Îii> fem. turban.

p&paXvu& /p\m.paÆ.vu~/ <p\~.pa.Æ\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to pat 2. to fondle.

pa36I /fem./ <pa.gh\.Îii> fem. bribe.

pa /pa/ <pa> adj. one forth.

pa36I /fem./ <pa.gh\.Îii> fem. an
illegal payment for having tenancy rights
of a house, place etc.

pak /pak/ <pa.k\> masc. crop.
pak /pak/ <pa.k\> masc. pus.
pakvu& /pak.vu~/ <pa.k\.vu~> v.intr. to be
produced.
pakvu& /pak.vu~/ <pa.k\.vu~> v.intr. to
ripen.
pakvu& /pak.vu~/ <pa.t\.vu~> v.intr. the
formation of pus.

pacn /pa.c\n/ <pa.c\.n\> neut.
digestion.
pacn=ikt /pa.c\n.ß\k.ti/
<pa.c\.n\.ß\.kti> fem. digestive
power.
pa2lu& /pac˙.lu~/ <pa.ch\.lu~> adj. 1.
former 2. later.
pa2X /pa.c˙\Æ/ <pa.ch\.Æ\> postp.
behind.

pak=aS{a /pak.ßaß.tr\/ <pa.k\.ßa.ßtr\>
neut. the science of cooking.

pa2u& /pa.c˙u~/ <pa.chu~> adj. again.

paku& /pa.ku~/ <pa.ku~> adj. ripened.

pa@ /pa.Ôi/ <pa.Ôii> adj. mean.

paku& /pa.ku~/ <pa.ku~> adj. properly
cooked.

pa4 /paˇ/ <pa.ˇ\> masc. a plank of
wood.

paku& /pa.ku~/ <pa.ku~> adj. 1. skillful 2.
shrewd.

pa4ngr /paˇ.n\.g\r/ <pa.ˇ\.n\.g\.r\>
neut. the capital of a country, state etc.

paixk /pak.ßik/ <pa.kßi.k\> adj.
fortnightly.

pa4lUn /paˇ.lun/ <pa.ˇ\.luu.n\> neut.
trousers.

pa`&6 /pa.k˙\¯Î/ <pa.kh\~.Î\> neut.
deceit.

pai4yu& /pa.ˇi.ju~/ <pa.ˇi.ju~> neut. 1. a
board 2. a black-board.

pa`&6I /pa.k˙\¯.Îi/ <pa.kh\~.Îii> adj.
deceitful.

pa4Idar /pa.ˇi.dar/ <pa.ˇi.da.r\> masc. a
name of a caste.

By. Richin Patel

121
pa4u /pa.ˇu~/ <pa.ˇu> neut. a kick.
pa5 /paˇ˙/ <pa.ˇh\> masc. a reading.

pa8Icu& /pa.¯i.cu~/ <pa.¯ii.cu~> neut.
discharge from a position of
employment:

pa5 /paˇ˙/ <pa.ˇh\> masc. a
punishment.

pa8Idar /pa.¯i.dar/ <pa.¯ii.da.r\> adj.
sharp.

pa5 /paˇ˙/ <pa.ˇh\> masc. a school
lesson.

patXu& /pat.Æu~/ <pa.t\.Æu~> adj. thin.

pa5vvu& /pa.ˇ\v.vu~/ <pa.ˇh\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to send.

pa9r8u& /pa.t˙\r.¯u~/ neut. a carpet.
padrI /pad.ri/ <pa.d\.rii> masc. a
Christian priest.

pa6vu& /paÎ.vu~/ <pa.Î\.vu~> v.tr. to
cause to fall.

pan /pan/ <pa.n\> neut. a leaf.

pa6vu& /paÎ.vu~/ <pa.Î\.vu~> v.tr. to
draw.

pan`r /pan.k˙\r/ <pa.n\.kh\.r\> fem.
the fall (season).

pa6I /pa.Îi/ <pa.Îii> fem. a female calf
of a buffalo.

panI /pa.ni/ <pa.nii> fem. the heel.

pa6u& /pa.Îu~/ <pa.Îu~> neut. a calf of a
buffalo.
pa6o /pa.Îo/ <pa.Îo> masc. a male calf
of a buffalo.
pa6o= /pa.Îoß/ <pa.Îo.ß\> masc.
neighborhood.
pa6o=I /pa.Îo.ßi/ <pa.Îo.ßii> masc. a
neighbor.

panu& /pa.nu~/ <pa.nu~> neut. 1. a leaf of a
book 2. a playing card.
panetr /pa.ne.t\r/ <pa.ne.t\.r\> neut. a
wedding sari.
pap6 /pa.p\Î/ <pa.p\.Î\> masc. a food
item.
pap6I /pap.Îi/ <pa.p\.Îii> fem. a pod
of a kind of pulse.
papI /pa.pi/ <pa.pii> adj. sinful.

pa6o=8 /pa.Îo.ß\¯/ <pa.Îo.ß\.¯\> fem.
a female neighbor.
pai8yaru& /pa.¯i.ja.ru~/ <pa.¯i.ja.ru~> neut.
a water room in a house.
pa8I /pa.¯i/ <pa.¯ii> neut. water.

pamr /pa.m\r/ <pa.m\.r\> adj.
miserable.
pamvu& /pam.vu~/ <pa.m\.vu~> v.dat. to
gain.
payjamo /paj.Ôa.mo/ <pa.j\.Ôa.mo> masc.
trousers.

By. Richin Patel

122

paymal /paj.mal/ <pa.j\.ma.l\> adj. 1.
ruined 2. destroyed.
payl /pa.j\l/ <pa.j\.l\> neut. a tinkling
anklet.
payo /pa.jo/ <pa.j\.l\> masc. a
foundation.

pairjat /pa.ri.Ôat/ <pa.ri.Ôa.t\> neut. a
kind of flower plant.
pairtoiqk /pa.ri.to.ßik/ <pa.ri.to.s°i.k\>
neut. a prize.
parevu& /pa.re.vu~/ <pa.re.vu~> neut. a
pegion.

parku& /par.ku~/ <pa.r\.ku~> adj. others’

palk /pa.l\k/ <pa.l\.k\> adj. a
guardian.

par`vu& /pa.r\k˙.vu~/ <pa.r\.kh\.vu~> v.tr.
to test.

pal`I /pal.k˙i/ <pa.l\.khii> fem. a
palanquin.

par`u& /par.k˙u~/ <pa.r\.khu~> neut. a test.

palvvu& /pa.l\v.vu~/ <pa.l\.v\.vu~> v.tr. to
rear.

par8u& /par.¯u~/ <pa.r\.¯u~> neut. a
cradle.
par8u& /par.¯u~/ <pa.r\.¯u~> neut. a
dinner after completation of a fast.

palvvu& /pa.l\v.vu~/ <pa.l\.v\.vu~> v.exp.
to afford.
palo /pa.lo/ <pa.lo> masc. green
foliage.

pard=Rk /par.d\r.ß\k/ <pa.r\.d\.rß\.k\>
adj. transparent.

pavtI /pav.ti/ <pa.v\.tii> fem. a receipt.

par3I /par.g˙i/ <pa.r\.ghii> masc. a
hunter.

pavr0u& /pa.v\r.d˙u~/ <pa.v\.r\.dhu~> adj.
proficient.

parsmi8 /pa.r\s.m\.¯i/
<pa.r\.s\.m\.¯ii> masc. a
mythological stone that turnn iron
into gold.

pasu& /pa.su~/ <pa.su~> neut. a side.

parsI /par.si/ <pa.r\.sii> masc. a name
of a community.
par&gt /pa.r\m.g\t/ <pa.r\~.g\.t\> adj.
expert.
paray8 /pa.ra.j\¯/ <pa.ra.j\.¯\> neut. a
recitation of a religious text.

pase /pa.se/ <pa.se> postp. near.
paX /paÆ/ <pa.Æ\> fem. an edge of a
water form.
paXvu& /paÆ.vu~/ <pa.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
foster 2. to bring up.
paiXyo /pa.Æi.jo/ <pa.Æi.jo> masc. a
memorial stone.
pa&` /pa~k˙/ <pa~.kh\> fem. a wing.

By. Richin Patel

123
ip]a /pit.t\/ <pi.tt\> neut. bile.
pa&`6I /pa~k˙.Îi/ <pa~.kh\.Îii> fem. a
petal.

ip]aX /pit.t\Æ/ <pi.tt\.Æ\> neut. brass.

pa&`u& /pa~.k˙u~/ <pa~.khu~> adj. 1. not
dense 2. thinly catered.

ip{aa; /pit.rai/ <pi.tr\.ii> masc. a
cousin.

pa&grvu& /pa~.g\r.vu~/ <pa~.g\.r\.vu~> v.intr.
to blossom.

iptra; /pi.t\.rai/ <pi.t\.ra.ii> masc. a
cousin.

pa&c /pa~c/ <pa~.c\> adj. five.

ippU6I /pi.pu.Îi/ <pi.puu.Îii> fem. a
pipe-like whistle.

pa&cm /pa~.c\m/ <pa~.c\.m\> fem. the
fifth day of either of the fortnight of the
Hindu calander.

ipyr /pi.j\r/ <pi.j\.r\> neut. the paternal
house of a married woman.

pa&jrapoX /pa~Ô.ra.poÆ/ <pa~.Ô\.ra.po.Æ\>
fem. a charitable aylum for domestic
animals and birds.

ipyu /pi.ju/ <pi.ju> masc. a lover.

pa&jru& /pa~Ô.ru~/ <pa~.Ô\.ru~> neut. a cage.

ip=ac /pi.ßac/ <pi.ßa.c\> neut. ghost.

pa&{aIs /pa~t.ris/ <pa~.trii.s\> adj. thirty
five.

ipStaXIs /pis.ta.Æis/ <pi.sta.Æii.s\> adj.
forty-five.

pa&9I /pa~.t˙i/ <pa~.thii> fem. the line
caused by combed hair.

ip&6I /pi¯.Îi/ <pi~.Îii> fem. the calf of
the leg.

pa&d6I /pa~d.Îi/ <pa~.d\.Îii> fem. a small
tender leaf.

pIgXvu& /pi.g\Æ.vu~/ <pii.g\.Æ\.vu~> v.intr.
to melt.

pa&p8 /pa~.p\¯/ <pa~.p\.¯\> fem. the eyelash.

pI2u& /pi.c˙u~/ <pii.chu~> neut. a feather.

pa&s5 /pa~.s\ˇ˙/ <pa~.s\.ˇh\> adj. sixty
five.
pa&sXI /pa~.s\.Æi/ <pa~.s\.Æii> fem. a rib.
ipckarI /pic.ka.ri/ <pi.c\.ka.rii> fem. a
kind of water-gun.
ipta /pi.ta/ <pi.ta> masc. the father.

ipLlu& /pil.lu~/ <pi.llu~> neut. a skein.

pI2eh5 /pi.c˙e.h\ˇ˙/ <pii.che.h\.ˇh\>
fem. a retreat.
pI2o /pi.c˙o/ <pii.cho> masc. a pursuit.
pI4vu& /piˇ.vu~/ <pii.ˇ\.vu~> v.tr. to beat
severely.
pI5 /piˇ˙/ <pii.ˇh\> fem. the back (of the
body).

By. Richin Patel

124

pI5Ika /pi.ˇ˙i.ka/ <pii.ˇhii.ka> fem. a
background.
pI5I /pi.ˇ˙i/ <pii.ˇhii> fem. fragrant
yellow mixture applied to the bodies of
the bridegroom and the bride.
pI6a /pi.Îa/ <pii.Îa> fem. pain.
pI8u& /pi.¯u~/ <pii.¯u~> neut. drink.

pu~t /puk˙.t\/ <pu.kht\> adj. mature.
pu*y /pu¯.j\/ <pu.¯j\> neut.
righteousness.
pu{a /put.r\/ <pu.tr\> masc. a son.
pu{av0U /put.r\.v\.d˙u/ <pu.tr\.v\.dhuu>
fem. a son’s wife.
pU{aI /put.ri/ <pu.trii> fem. a daughter.

pIp /pip/ <pii.p\> neut. a barrel.
punr\ /pu.n\r/ <pu.n\.r> advb. again.
pIpX /pi.p\Æ/ <pii.p\.Æ\> fem. a kind of
tree.
pIpXo /pip.Æo/ <pii.p\.Æo> fem. a kind of
tree.
pIrsvu& /pi.r\s.vu~/ <pii.r\.s\.vu~> v.tr. to
serve food (formal).
pIlvu& /pil.vu~/ <pii.l\.vu~> v.tr. to crush.
pIlu& /pi.lu~/ <pii.lu~> neut. a baby
chicken.
pIvu& /pi.vu~/ <pii.vu~> v.tr. to drink.
pIsvu& /pis.vu~/ <pii.s\.vu~> v.tr. to grind.
pIXa= /pi.Æaß/ <pii.Æa.ß\> fem.
yellowness.
pIXu& /pi.Æu~/ <pii.Æu~> adj. yellow.
pI&`vu& /pi~k˙.vu~/ <pi~.kh\.vu~> v.tr. to
ransack.
pI&jvu& /pi~µÔ.vu~/ <pi~.Ô\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
card 2. to comb 3. to lengthen a talk etc.
unduly.

punravlokn /pun.rav.lo.k\n/
<pu.n\.ra.v\.lo.k\.n\> neut. a
revision.
puravtRn /pun.ra.v\r.t\n/
<pu.n\.ra.v\.rt\.n\> neut. a
repetition.
punrav<i]a /pun.ra.vrut.ti/
<pu.n\.ra.vr≤u.tti> fem. a reprint.
punruikt /pu.n\.ru.kti/ <pu.n\.ru.kti>
fem. a repetition (of an expression).
punjRNm /pu.n\r.Ô\n.m\/
<pu.n\.rÔ\.nm\> masc. a rebirth.
punlRGn /pu.n\r.l\g.n\/ <pu.n\.rl\.gn\>
neut. a remarriage.
puint /pu.nit/ <pu.ni.t\> adj. holy.
purbhar /pur.b\.har/ <pu.r\.b\.ha.r\>
adj. at the climax.
purv5o /pur.v\.ˇ˙o/ <pu.r\.v\.ˇho> masc.
supply.

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125
purv8I /pu.r\v.¯i/ <pu.r\.v\.¯ii> fem. a
supplement.

puiStka /pus.ti.ka/ <pu.sti.ka> fem. a
booklet.

purvar /pur.var/ <pu.r\.va.r\> adj.
proved.

puiLl&g /pul.ling/ <pu.lli~.g\> neut.
masculine.

purSktaR /pu.r\s.k\r.ta/ <pu.r\.sk\.rta>
masc. an originator.

pU2pr2 /puc˙.p\.r\c˙/
<puu.ch\.p\.r\.ch\> fem. a verbal
inquiry.

purSkar /pu.r\s.kar/ <pu.r\.ska.r\>
masc. a prize.

pura8 /pu.ra¯/ <pu.ra.¯\> neut. Purana.
pura8u& /pu.ra.¯u~/ <pu.ra.¯u~> adj. 1.
ancient 2. old.
puratn /pu.ra.t\n/ <pu.ra.t\.n\> adj.
ancient.
puravo /pu.ra.vo/ <pu.ra.vo> masc. 1. a
proof 2. an evidence 3. a testimony.
pura&t /pu.ra~nt/ <pu.ra~.t\> fem. balance
(in account).
puruq /pu.ruß/ <pu.ru.s°\> masc. 1. a
man 2. a husband.
puroiht /pu.ro.hit/ <pu.ro.hi.t\> masc. a
family prist.
pulav /pu.lav/ <pu.la.v\> masc. a food
item (made of rice).
puQkX /puß.k\/ <pu.s°k\.Æ\> adj.
plentiful.

pU2vu& /puc˙.vu~/ <puu.ch\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
ask 2. to inquire.
pUjvu& /puÔ.vu~/ <puu.Ô\.vu~> v.tr. to
worship.
pUja /pu.Ôa/ <puu.Ôa> fem. worship.
pUjapo /pu.Ôa.po/ <puu.Ôa.po> masc.
articles of worship.
pUjar8 /pu.Ôa.r\¯/ <puu.Ôa.r\.¯\> fem.
a female worshiper.
pUjarI /pu.Ôa.ri/ <puu.Ôa.rii> masc. a
male worshiper.
pUjy /puÔ.j\/ <puu.Ôj\> adj. worth
worshiping (lit. meaning). Used to
address
the elders in letter writing.
pU5 /puˇ˙/ <puu.ˇh\> fem. the back.
pUtXI /put.Æi/ <puu.t\.Æii> fem. 1. a doll
2. the pupil of the eye.

puQp /puß.p\/ <pu.s°p\> neut. a flower.

pUrk /pu.r\k/ <pu.r\.k\> adj.
supplementary.

puStk /pus.t\k/ <pu.st\.k\> neut. a
book.

pUrtu& /pur.tu~/ <puu.r\.tu~> adj.
sufficient.

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126
pUrpa4 /pur.paˇ/ <puu.r\.pa.ˇ\> advb.
at full speed.

pUXo /pu.Æo/ <puu.Æo> masc. a bundle of
grass.

pUrvu& /pur.vu~/ <puu.r\.vu~> v.tr. to fill
up air etc.

pU&26u& /pu~c˙.Îu~/ <puu~.ch\.Îu~> neut. a
tail.

pUrI /pu.ri/ <puu.rii> fem. a food item.

pU&@ /pu~.Ôi/ <puu~.Ôii> fem. wealth.

pUru& /pu.ru~/ <puu.ru~> adj. complete.

pU&jo /pu~.Ôo/ <puu~.Ôo> masc. dirt.

pUrepUru& /pu.re.pu.ru~/ <puu.re.pu.ru~> adj.
absolutely complete.

p<(9kr8 /pru.t˙\k.k\.r\¯/
<pr≤u.thth\.k\.r\.¯\> neut. analysis.

pU8R /pur.¯\/ <puu.r¯\> adj. complete.

p<(vI /pru.t˙vi/ <pr≤uth\.vii> fem. the
earth.

pU8Rivram /pur.¯\.vi.ram/
<puu.r¯\.vi.ra.m\> neut. a full-stop.
pU8aR&k /pur.¯a~k/ <puu.r¯a~.k\> masc. an
integer.
pUi8Rma /pur.¯i.ma/ <puu.r¯i.ma> fem. a
full moon day.

pe4 /peˇ/ <pe.ˇ\> neut. 1. the stomach 2,
the belly.
pe4-ru& /peˇ.b˙\.ru~`/ <pe.ˇ\.bh\.ru~> adj.
self-centered.
pe4avvu& /pe.ˇav.vu~/ <pe.ˇa.v\.vu~> v.tr. 1.
to light 2. to ignite 3. to kindle.

pUvR /pur.v\/ <puu.rv\> adj. east.
pe4I /pe.ˇi/ <pe.ˇii> fem. a box.
pUvRg/h /pur.v\.gr\.h\/ <puu.rv\.gr\.h\>
masc. prejudice.
pUvRj /pur.v\Ô/ <puu.rv\.Ô\> masc. an
ancestor.
pUvRjNm /pur.v\.Ô\n.m\/
<puu.rv\.Ô\.nm\> masc. a previous
birth.

pe7I /pe.Î˙i/ <pe.Îhii> fem. a business
house.
pe7u& /pe.Î˙u~/ <pe.Îhu~> neut. the gum of
a tooth.
pe8I /p´.¯i/ <pe.¯ii> fem. a frying pan.
pelu& /pe.lu~/ <pe.lu~> pron. that.

pUvRpx /pur.v\.p\k.ß\/ <puu.rv\.p\.kß\>
masc. an initail argument.

pe=ab /pe.ßab/ <pe.ßa.b\> masc. urine.

pUvaRpr /pur.va.p\r/ <puu.rva.p\.r\>
adj. contextual.

pesvu& /pes.vu~/ <pe.s\.vu~> v.intr. to
eneter.

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127
pe&6o /pe¯.Îo/ <pe~.Îo> masc. a kind of
sweet.
pe&tro /p´~t.ro/ <pe~.t\.ro> masc. a
stratagem.

pote /po.te/ <po.te> pron. self.
po9I /po.t˙i/ <po.thii> fem. an unbound
book.

pE6u& /p\i.Îu~/ <p\i.Îu~> neut. a wheel.

podXo /pod.Æo/ <po.d\.Æo> masc. a lump
of fresh dung.

pEsadar /p\i.sa.dar/ <p\i.sa.da.r\> adj.
rich.

popcu& /pop.cu~/ <po.p\.cu~> neut. the
eye-lid.

pEso /p\i.so/ <p\i.so> masc. 1. money
2. a one paisa coin.

pop4 /po.p\ˇ/ <po.p\.ˇ\> masc. a
parrot.

pok /pok/ <po.k\> fem. a lod cry of
wailing.

pop6o /pop.Îo/ <po.p\.Îo> masc. a thin
crust.

pokX /po.k\Æ/ <po.k\.Æ\> adj. hollow.

poy8u& /poj.¯u~/ <po.j\.¯u~> neut. a white
lotus.

pokar /po.kar/ <po.ka.r\> masc. a loud
cry.

polad /po.lad/ <po.la.d\> neut. steel.

pocu& /po.cu~/ <po.chu~> adj. soft.

polu& /po.lu~/ <po.lu~> adj. hollow.

po4lI /poˇ.li/ <po.ˇ\.lii> fem. a small
bundle.

po=ak /po.ßak/ <po.ßa.k\> masc.
apparel.

po5 /poˇ˙/ <po.ˇh\> fem. a caravan.

poq /poß/ <po.s°\> masc. the third
month of the Vikram samvat.

po7vu& /poÎ˙.vu~/ <po.Îh\.vu~> v.intr. to
sleep (literary, formal).

poqk /po.ß\k/ <po.s°\.k\> adj. nutritive.

po8u& /po.¯u~/ <po.¯u~> adj. equal to
three quarters.

poq8 /po.ß\¯/ <po.s°\.¯\> neut. 1.
nourishment 2. nutrition.

po8oso /po.¯o.so/ <po.¯o.so> adj. 3/4th
of hundred.

poX /poÆ/ <po.Æ\> fem. a street
(originally with a gate).

pot /pot/ <po.t\> neut. texture.

po&k /pø~k/ <po~.k\> masc. roasted green
grains of ceratin corns such as wheat,
etc.

potu& /po.tu~/ <po.tu~> neut. a wet piece of
cloth used for cleaning various surfaces.

By. Richin Patel

128
po&`vu& /pø~k˙.vu~/ <po~.kh\.vu~> v.tr. the
formal ritual of receiving bride and
bridegroom.
pO{a /p\ut.r\/ <p\u.tr\> masc. a
grandson.
pO{aI /p\ut.ri/ <p\u.trii> fem. a
granddaughter.
pOrai8k /p\u.ra.¯ik/ <p\u.ra.¯i.k\> adj.
related to the Puranas.
pOiQ4k /p\uß.ˇik/ <p\u.s°ˇi.k\> adj.
nutritious.
pOAa /p\u.a/ <p\u.a> masc. a kind of
rice flake.

p/g4vu& /pr\.g\ˇ.vu~/ <pr\.g\.ˇ\.vu~>
v.intr. to come into existence.
p/git /pr\.g\.ti/ <pr\.g\.ti> fem.
progress.
p/cilt /pr\.c\.lit/ <pr\.c\.li.t\> adj.
prevalent.
p/c&6 /pr\.c\¯.Î\/ <pr\.c\~.Î\> adj.
terribly huge.
p/car /pr\.car/ <pr\.ca.r\> masc.
propaganda.
p/cur /pr\.cur/ <pr\.cu.r\> adj.
excessive.

p/k4 /pr\.k\ˇ/ <pr\.k\.ˇ\> adj. open.

p/C2Nn /pr\.c˙\nn/ <pr\.ch\.nn\> adj.
covered.

p/kr8 /pr\k.r\¯/ <pr\.k\.r\.¯\> neut.
1. a chapter 2. a subject.

p/jnn /pr\.Ô\.n\n/ <pr\.Ô\.n\.n\> neut.
biological reproduction

p/kar /pr\.kar/ <pr\.ka.r\> masc. 1. sort
2. kind.

p/jXvu& /pr\.Ô\Æ.vu~/ <pr\.Ô\.Æ\.vu~> v.intr.
to burn.

p/ka= /pr\.kaß/ <pr\.ka.ß\> masc. light.

p/ja /pr\.Ôa/ <pr\.Ôa> fem. people.

p/ka=vu& /pr\.kaß.vu~/ <pr\.ka.ß\.vu~>
v.intr. 1. to shine 2. to glow.

p/jas]aak /pr\.Ôa.s\t.tak/
<pra.Ôa.s\.tta.k\> adj. republic.

p/k<it /pr\.kru.ti/ <pr\.kr≤u.ti> fem.
nature.

p/8am /pr\.¯am/ <pr\.¯a.m\> masc. 1.
a bow 2. a salutation.

p/kop /pr\.kop/ <pr\.ko.p\> masc.
anger.

p/8alI /pr\.¯a.li/ <pr\.¯a.mii> fem. 1. a
custom 2. a tradition.

p/k/Iya /pr\.kri.ja/ <pr\.krii.ja> fem. a
method.

p/8alIka /pr\.¯a.li.ka/ <pr\.¯a.lii.ka>
fem. 1. a custom 2. a tradition.

p/~yat /pr\k˙.jat/ <pr\.khja.t\> adj.
renowned.

p/8eta /pr\.¯e.ta/ <pr\.¯e.ta> masc. 1.
the author 2. the originator.

By. Richin Patel

129

p/t /pr\t/ <pr\.t\> fem. a copy of a
book.

p/itvad /pr\.ti.vad/ <pr\.ti.va.d\> masc.
refutation.

p/it /pr\.ti/ <pr\.ti> postp. towards.

p/itQ5a /pr\.tiß.ˇ˙a/ <pr\.ti.s°ˇha> fem.
reputation.

p/itkar /pr\.ti.kar/ <pr\.ti.k\.r\> masc.
resistance.
p/itkaVy /pr\.ti.kav.j\/ <pr\.ti.ka.vj\>
neut. a parody.
p/itkUX /pr\.ti.kuÆ/ <pr\.ti.kuu.Æ\> adj.
unsuitable.
p/itik/ya /pr\.ti.kri.ja/ <pr\.ti.kri.ja> fem.
reaction.
p/it3oq /pr\.ti.g˙oß/ <pr\.ti.gho.s°\>
masc. an echo.
p/it}aa /pr\.tig.na/ <pr\.ti.gna> fem. 1. a
vow 2. a promise.
p/it)vin /pr\.ti.d˙v\.ni/ <pr\.ti.dhv.ni>
masc. an echo.
p/itini0 /pr\.ti.ni.d˙i/ <pr\.ti.ni.dhi>
masc. a representative.
p/itpx /pr\.ti.p\k.ß\/ <pr\.ti.p\.kß\>
masc. an opposite argument.
p/itb&0 /pr\.ti.b\n.d˙\/ <pr\.ti.b\~.dh\>
masc. 1. prohibition 2. restriction.
p/itib&b /pr\.ti.bim.b\/ <pr\.ti.bi~.b\>
neut. a reflection.
p/it-a /pr\.ti.b˙a/ <pr\.ti.bha> fem.
natural or extraordinary mental faculty.
p/itro0 /pr\.ti.rod˙/ <pr\.ti.ro.dh\>
masc. resistance.

p/itSp0IR /pr\.ti.sp\r.d˙i/
<pr\.ti.sp\.rdhii> masc. a rival.
p/ithar /pr\.ti.har/ <pr\.ti.ha.r\> masc.
a gate-keeper.
p/tIk /pr\.tik/ <pr\.tii.k\> neut. a
symbol.
p/tIxa /pr\.tik.ßa/ <pr\.tii.kßa> fem. a
waiting for.
p/tIit /pr\.ti.ti/ <pr\.tii.ti> fem.
conviction.
p/Tyx /pr\.tj\k.ß\/ <pr\.tj\.kß\> adj. 1.
visible 2. the knowledge gain through
senses.
p/Tyy /pr\.tj\.j\/ <pr\.tj\.j\> masc. an
affix.
p/Ty&Cya /pr\.tj\n.ca/ <pr\.tj\~.ca> fem.
the string of a bow.
p/Tyagmn /pr\t.ja.g\.m\n/
<pr\.tja.g\.m\.n\> neut. a return.
p/Tyu]ar /pr\t.u.tt\r/ masc. 1. a reply 2. a
rejoinder.
p/Tye /pr\t.je/ <pr\.tje> postp. 1. at 2.
towards.
p/Tyek /pr\t.jek/ <pr\.tje.k\> adj. every
one.

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130

p/9m /pr\.t˙\m/ <pr\.th\.m\> adj. 1.
first 2. fundamental 3. initial.

p/-av /pr\.b˙av/ <pr\.bha.v\> masc. 1.
effectiveness 2. influence.

p/9ma /pr\.t˙\.ma/ <pr\.th\.ma> fem. a
nominative case.

p/-u /pr\.b˙u/ <pr\.bhu> masc. god.

p/9a /pr\.t˙a/ <pr\.tha> fem. 1. a custom
2. a tradition.
p/dix8a /pr\.d\k.ßi.¯a/ <pr\.d\.kßi.¯a>
fem. moving circular (left to right)
motion round a person or thing as a part
of a religious ritual.

p/-u]v /pr\.b˙ut.v\/ <pr\.bhu.ttv\>
neut. mastery.
p/m]a /pr\.m\t.t\/ <pr\.m\.tt\> adj.
excited.
p/ma8 /pr\.ma¯/ <pr\.ma.¯\> neut. 1.
norm 2. standard 3. proof (in logic).

p/d=Rk /pr\.d\r.ß\k/ <pr\.d\.rß\.k\>
masc. exhibitor.

p/ma8-Ut /pr\.ma¯.b˙ut/
<pr\.ma.¯\.bhuu.t\> adj. reliable.

p/d=Rn /pr\.d\r.ß\n/ <pr\.d\.rß\.n\>
neut. exhibition.

p/mai8k /pr\.ma.¯ik/ <pr\.ma.¯i.k\>
adj. honesty.

p/dan /pr\.dan/ <pr\.da.n\> neut.
contribution.

p/mad /pr\.mad/ <pr\.ma.d\> masc.
laziness.

p/de= /pr\.deß/ <pr\.de.ß\> masc. 1. a
region 2. territory.

p/mu` /pr\.muk˙/ <pr\.mu.kh\> masc.
1. chief 2. president.

p/doq /pr\.doß/ <pr\.do.s°\> masc. dusk.

p/mey /pr\.me.j\/ <pr\.me.j\> masc. a
theorem.

p/0an /pr\.d˙n/ <pr\.dha.n\> masc.
minister.
p/p&c /pr\.p\µc/ <pr\.p\~.c\> masc.
deceit.
p/bX /pr\.b\Æ/ <pr\.b\.Æ\> adj. very
strong.
p/-at /pr\.b˙at/ <pr\.bha.t\> neut.
dawn.
p/-aityu& /pr\.b˙a.ti.ju~/ <pr\.bha.ti.ju~>
neut. a devotional song that sung at
dawn.

p/yTn /pr\.j\t.n\/ <pr\.j\.tn\> masc. an
effort.
p/ya8 /pr\.ja¯/ <pr\.ja.¯\> neut. a
departure.
p/yas /pr\.jas/ <pr\.ja.s\> masc. an
effort.
p/yog /pr\.jog/ <pr\.jo.g\> masc. 1. an
experiment 2. a trial.

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131
p/yojk /pr\.jo.Ô\k/ <pr\.jo.Ô\.k\> masc.
an organizer.

p/s&=a /pr\.ß\m.ßa/ <pr\.s\~.ßa> fem.
eulogy.

p/ly /pr\.l\j/ <pr\.l\.j\> masc.
destruction of the creation by a deluge.

p/½ /pr\ß.n\/ <pr\.ßn\> masc. a
question.

p/lap /pr\.lap/ <pr\.la.p\> masc. 1.
lamentation 2. prattle.

p/½p{a /pr\ß.n\.p\t.r\/ <pr\.ßn\.p\.tr\>
neut. a question paper.

p/lo-n /pr\.lo.b˙\n/ <pr\.lo.bh\.n\>
neut. a temptation.

p/sNn /pr\.s\n.n\/ <pr\.s\.nn\> adj. 1.
pleased 2. satisfied.

p/vcn /pr\.v\.c\n/ <pr\.v\.c\.n\> neut.
a lecture.

p/srvu& /pr\.s\r.vu~/ <pr\.s\.r\.vu~> v.intr.
to spread.

p/vah /pre.vah/ <pr\.va.h\> masc. 1. a
flow 2. a current.

p/s&g /pr\.s\˜g/ <pr\.s\~.g\> masc. 1. an
occasion 2. an event.

p/vahI /pr\.va.hi/ <pr\.va.hii> fem.
liquid.

p/sad /pr\.sad/ <pr\.sa.d\> masc. 1.
grace 2. favor.

p/vahI /pr\.va.hi/ <pr\.va.hii> adj.
liquid.

p/sadI /pr\.sa.di/ <pr\.sa.dii> fem. 1a
thing or etable offered to a deity.

p/vI8 /pr\.vi¯/ <pr\.vii.¯\> adj. expert.

p/sa0n /pr\.sa.d˙\n/ <pr\.sa.dh\.n\>
neut. equipment.

p/v<i]a /pr\.vrut.ti/ <pr\.vr≤u.tti> fem.
activity.
p/ve= /pr\.veß/ <pr\.ve.ß\> masc.
entrance.
p/ve=k /pr\.ve.ß\k/ <pr\.ve.ß\.k\> masc.
introduction of a book or a play etc.
p/vei=ka /pr\.ve.ßi.ka/ <pr\.ve.ßi.ka> fem.
an introductory book.
p/=iSt /pr\.ß\s.ti/ <pr\.ß\.sti> fem.
eulogy.
p/s&=k /pr\.ß\m.ß\k/ <pr\.s\~.ß\.k\>
masc. admirer.

p/sar /pr\.sar/ <pr\.sa.r\> masc.
spread.
p/is)0 /pr\.sid˙.d˙\/ <pr\.si.dhdh\> adj.
famous.
p/Stav /pr\s.tav/ <pr\.sta.v\> masc. a
proposal.
p/S9an /pr\s.t˙an/ <pr\.stha.n\> neut. a
departure.
p/hsn /pr\.h\.s\n/ <pr\.h\.s\.n\> neut.
a comical play.
p/har /pr\.har/ <pr\.ha.r\> masc. 1. a
blow 2. a striking.

By. Richin Patel

132

p/acIn /pra.cin/ <pra.cii.n\> adj.
ancient.

p/exk /prek.ß\k/ <pre.kß\.k\> masc. 1.
an onlooker 2. a member in audience 3. a
spectator.

p/a8 /pr\¯/ <pra.¯\> masc. breath.

p/et /pret/ <pre.t\> neut. a ghost.

p/a8I /pra.¯i/ <pra.¯ii> neut. an animal.

p/em /prem/ <pre.m\> masc. love.

p/a9imk /prat˙.mik/ <pra.th\.mi.k\> adj.
primary.

p/erk /pre.r\k/ <pre.r\.k\> adj. 1.
inspiring 2. causal (form).

p/adei=k /pra.de.ßik/ <pra.de.ßi.k\> adj.
1. regional 2. territorial.

p/er8a /pre.r\.¯a/ <pre.r\.¯a> fem.
inspiration.

p/a0aNy /pra.d˙an.j\/ <pra.dha.nj\> neut.
priority.

p/ervu& /prer.vu~/ <pre.r\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
inspire 2. to encourage.

p/a)yapk /pra.d˙ja.p\k/ <pra.dhja.p\.k\>
masc. a professor.

p/oTsahn /prot.sa.h\n/ <pro.tsa.h\.n\>
neut. encouragement.

p/ayi¾t /pra.j\ß.cit/ <pra.j\.ßci.t\> neut.
repentance.

p/O7 /pr\uÎ˙/ <pr\u.Îh\> adj. mature.

p/ayoigk /pra.jo.gik/ <pra.jo.gi.k\> adj.
experimental.

f

p/arB0 /pra.r\b.d˙\/ <pra.r\.bdh\> neut.
1. fate 2. destiny.

fkro /p˙\k.ro/ <ph\.k\.ro> masc. a
paragraph.

p/as /pras/ <pra.s\> masc. rhyming.

fkIr /p˙\.kir/ <ph\.kii.r\> masc. a
Muslim ascetic.

p/as&igk /pra.s\m.gik/ <pra.s\~.gi.k\>
adj. 1. unusual 2. incidental.
p/a&t /prant/ <pra~.t\> masc. a province.
ip/y /pri.j\/ <pri.j\> adj. 1. dear 2.
beloved.
p/It /prit/ <prii.t\> fem. 1. love 2.
affection.

fkIrI /p˙\.ki.ri/ <ph\.kii.rii> fem.
saintly life.
fKt /p˙\k.t\/ <ph\.kt\> advb. only.
fgavvu& /p˙\.gav.vu~/ <ph\.ga.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to reject (little rudely).
fjetI /p˙\.Ôe.ti/ <ph\.Ôe.tii> fem.
disgrace.
f4 /p˙\ˇ/ <ph\.ˇ\> advb. `shame shame’

By. Richin Patel

133

f4k6I /p˙\.ˇ\k.Îi/ <ph\.ˇ\.k\.Îii> fem.
alum.
f4kvu& /p˙\.ˇ\k.vu~/ <ph\.ˇ\.k\.vu~> v.intr.
to go astray.

f8sI /p˙\¯.si/ fem. a kind of vegetable
pod.
ftvo /p˙\t.vo/ masc. a religious
command (in Islam).
fteh /p˙\.teh/ <ph\.te.h\> fem. victory.

f4karvu& /p˙\ˇ.kar.vu~/ <ph\.ˇ\.ka.v\.vu~>
v.tr. 1. to beat 2. to give a blow 3. to hit
(a ball).

ffXtu& /p˙\.p˙\Æ.tu~/ <ph\.ph\.Æ\.tu~> adj.
boiling.

f4kIyu& /p˙\.ˇ\k.(i).ju~/ <ph\.ˇ\.kii.ju~> adj.
easily breakable.

frk /p˙\.r\k/ <ph\.r\.k\> masc.
difference.

f4ko /p˙\ˇ.ko/ <ph\.ˇ\.ko> masc. loss
(in business).

frkvu& /p˙\.r\k.vu~/ <ph\.r\.k\.vu~>
v.intr. to flutter.

f4ko /p˙\ˇ.ko/ <ph\.ˇ\.ko> masc. a
young beautiful girl. (slang).

frj /p˙\.r\Ô/ <ph\.r\.Ô\> fem. duty.

f4ak6o /p˙\.ˇak.Îo/ <ph\.ˇ\.k\.Îo> masc.
a fire-cracker.
f4a8u& /p˙\.ˇa.¯u~/ <ph\.ˇ\.¯u~> neut. an
abusive marriage song.
f6k /p˙\.Î\k/ <ph\.Î\.k\> fem. a flap
of a garment.
f6ko /p˙\Î.ko/ <ph\.Î\.ko> masc.
sudden terror.
f6co /p˙\Î.co/ <ph\.Î\.co> masc. 1.
disposal 2. liquidation of debts.
f4af4 /p˙\.ˇa.p˙\ˇ/ <p\.ˇa.ph\.ˇ\> advb.
non-stop.
f8go /p˙\¯.go/ <ph\.¯\.ko> masc. a
shoot (of a plant, etc.).
f8s /p˙\.¯\s/ neut. a kind of fruit.

frijyat /p˙\r.Ôi.jat/ <ph\.r\.Ôi.ja.t\> adj.
compulsory.
frtaram /p˙\r.ta.ram/ <ph\.r\.ta.ra.m\>
masc. a wandering man.
frtu& /p˙\r.tu~/ <ph\.r\.tu~> adj.
surrounding.
frfiryu& /p˙\r.p˙\r.(i).ju~/
<ph\.r\.ph\.ri.ju~> neut. a pamphlet.
frman /p˙\r.man/ <ph\.r\.ma.n\> neut.
an order.
frvu& /p˙\r.vu~/ <ph\.r\.vu~> v.intr. to
move.
frsa8 /p˙\r.sa¯/ <ph\.r\.sa.¯\> neut.
fried tasty food items.
frak /p˙\.rak/ <ph\.ra.k\> neut. a
frock.

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fraX /p˙\.raÆ/ <ph\.ra.Æ\> masc. light
food taken while fasting.
firyad /p˙\.ri.jad/ <ph\.ri.ja.d\> fem. a
complain.
firyadI /p˙\.ri.ja.di/ <ph\.ri.ja.dii>
masc. a complainant.

f&6 /p˙\nÎ/ <ph\~.Î\> masc. fund.
f&fosvu& /p˙\m.p˙os.vu~/ <ph\~.pho.s\.vu~>
v.tr. to search minutely.
fakvu& /p˙\k.vu~/ <pha.k\.vu~> v.tr. to
have a mouthful of a powdery thing.

frI /p˙\.ri/ <ph\.rii> advb. again.

fakI /p˙a.ki/ <pha.kii> fem. powdered
medicine.

fla8u& /p˙\.la.¯u~/ <ph\.la.¯u~> neut. 1.
some one 2. some thing.

fako /p˙a.ko/ <pha.ko> masc. an act of
placing a mouthful of a powdery thing.

flahar /p˙\.la.har/ <ph\.la.ha.r\> masc.
fruit diet.

fag8 /p˙a.g\¯/ <pha.g\.¯\> masc. the
fifth month of the Vikram year.

fskvu& /p˙\.s\k.vu~/ <ph\.s\.k\.vu~>
v.intr. to burst down with the sound of
tearing.

facr /p˙a.c\r/ <pha.c\.r\> fem. a wage.

fsavu& /p˙\.sa.vu~/ <ph\.sa.vu~> v.intr. to
entrapped.

fa4 /p˙aˇ/ <pha.ˇ\> fem. a splitting.

fX /p˙\Æ/ <ph\.Æ\> neut. a fruit.

fa4k /p˙a.ˇ\k/ <pha.ˇ\.k\> neut. a
railway crossing.

fXdayk /p˙\Æ.da.j\k/ <ph\.Æ\.da.j\.k\>
adj. fruitful.

fa4fU4 /p˙aˇ.p˙uˇ/ <pha.ˇ\.phu.ˇ\> fem.
disunity.

fXvu& /p˙\Æ.vu~/ <ph\.Æ\.vu~> v.exp. 1. to
bear fruit 2. to be benefitted.

fa4vu& /p˙aˇ.vu~/ <pha.ˇ\.vu~> v.intr. to be
torn.

fXaw /p˙\.Æa.u~/ <ph\.Æa.u~> adj. fruit
bearing (plants, trees etc).

fa6 /p˙aÎ/ <pha.Î\> fem. a splitting.

fiXyu& /p˙\.Æi.ju~/ <ph\.Æi.ju~> neut. a
street.
f&goXvu& /p˙\˜.goÆ.vu~/ <ph\~.go.Æ\.vu~>
v.tr.
to throw.
f&4avu& /p˙\¯.ˇa.vu~/ <ph\~.ˇa.vu~> v.intr. to
change direction.

fajl /p˙a.Ô\l/ <pha.Ô\.l\> adj. surplus.

fat6o /p˙at.Îo/ <pha.t\.Îo> masc. a
eunuch.
fans /p˙a.n\s/ <pha.n\.s\> fem. a
lantern.
faydakark /p˙a.j\.da.ka.r\k/
<pha.j\.da.ka.r\.k\> adj. beneficial.

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faydo /p˙aj.do/ <pha.j\.do> masc.
benefit.
fargtI /p˙ar.g\.ti/ <pha.r\.g\.tii> fem.
a divorce.

fa&s /p˙a~s/ <pha~.s\> fem. a splinter.
fa&sI /p˙a~.si/ <pha~.sii> fem. gallows.

fars /p˙a.r\s/ <pha.r\.s\> neut. a farce.

fa&sIgr /p˙a~.si.g\r/ <pha~.sii.g\.r\>
masc. an executioner.

fal /p˙al/ <pha.l\> masc. crop.

fa&so /p˙a~.so/ <pha~.so> masc. noose.

faltu& /p˙al.tu~/ <pha.l\.tu~> adj.
unnecessary.

ifkr /p˙i.k\r/ <phi.k\.r\> fem. anxiety.

falvu& /p˙al.vu~/ <pha.l\.vu~> v.intr. to
bloom.
fav4 /p˙a.v\ˇ/ <ph.v\.ˇ\> fem.
adaptability.
favvu& /p˙av.vu~/ <pha.v\.vu~> v.exp. 1. to
suit 2. to succeed.
faXv8I /p˙a.Æ\v.¯i/ <pha.Æ\.v\.¯ii> fem.
1. distribution 2. allotment.

ifKku&/p˙ik.ku~/ <phi.kku~> adj. pale.
if4kar /p˙iˇ.kar/ <phi.ˇ\.ka.r\> masc.
hatred.
iflsUf /p˙il.sup˙/ <phi.l\.suu.ph\>
masc. a philosopher.
iflsUfI /p˙il.su.p˙i/ <phi.l\.suu.phii>
fem. philosophy.
fI8 /p˙i¯/ <phii.¯\> neut. foam.

faiXyu& /p˙a.Æi.ju~/ <pha.Æi.ju~> neut. a
turban.

fI8vu& /p˙i¯.vu~/ <phii.¯\.vu~> v.tr. to
froth.

faXo /p˙a.Æo/ <pha.Æo> masc. an allotted
share.

fIfu& /p˙i.p˙u~/ <phii.phu~> neut. 1. a husk
2. an empty pod.

fa&k6u& /p˙a~k.Îu~/ <pha~.k\.Îu~> adj.
praiseworthy.

fugavo /p˙u.ga.vo/ <phuu.ga.vo> masc.
inflation.

fa&ko /p˙a~.ko/ <pha~.ko> masc. vain pride.

fuTkarvu& /p˙ut.kar.vu~/ <phu.tka.r\.vu~>
v.tr. to hiss.

fa&4o /p˙a~.ˇo/ <pha~.ˇo> masc. 1. a branch
2. a diverging part.
fa&d /p˙a/ <pha~.d\> fem. a pot-belly.
fa&fa& /p˙a~.p˙a~/ <pha~.pha~> masc. vain
efforts.

fudIno /p˙u.di.no/ <phu.dii.no> masc.
mint.
fursd /p˙ur.s\d/ <phuu.r\.s\.d\> fem.
leisure.

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136
fulke &u /p˙u.le.ku~/ <phuu.le.ku~> neut. a
marriage procession.

fer /p˙er/ <phe.r\> masc. difference.
fer /p˙er/ <phe.r\> masc. vertigo.

fuvaro /p˙u.va.ro/ <phuu.va.ro> masc. a
fountain.
fUg /p˙ug/ <phuu.g\> fem. mould.
fUgvu& /p˙ug.vu~/ <phuu.g\.vu~> v.intr. to
become moldy.
fU4vu& /p˙ut.vu~/ <phuu.ˇ\.vu~> v.intr. to
break with a loud sound.
fUd&u /p˙u.du~/ <phuu.du~> neut. a
butterfly.
fUmtu& /p˙um.tu~/ <phuu.m\.tu~> neut. a
tassel.

ferIyo /p˙e.ri.jo/ <phe.rii.jo> masc. 1. a
hawker 2. a peddler.
ferI /p˙e.ri/ <phe.rii> fem. 1. a turn 2. a
trip.
fero /p˙e.ro/ <phe.ro> masc. 1. a turn 2.
a trip.
felavu& /p˙e.la.vu~/ <phe.la.vu~> v.intr. to
spread.
felavo /p˙e.la.vo/ <phe.la.vo> masc.
circulation.

fUl /p˙ul/ <phuu.l\> neut. a flower.

fe&kvu& /p˙´~k.vu~/ <phe~.k\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
throw 2. to hurl.

fUl8@ /p˙u.l\¯.Ôi/ <phuu.l\.¯\.Ôii> adj.
vain and boastful because of praise.

fe&4o /p˙´~.ˇo/ <phe~.ˇo> masc. a kind of
turban.

fUlf4ak /p˙ul.p˙\.ˇak/
<phu.l\.ph\.ˇa.k\> adj. foppish.

fe&dvu& /p˙´~d.vu~/ <phe~.d\.vu~> v.tr. to
search.

fUlvvu& /p˙u.l\v.vu~/ <phuu.l\.v\.vu~>
v.tr. to cause to swell

fe&slo /p˙´~s.lo/ <phe~.s\.lo> masc.
disposal.

fUlvu& /p˙ul.vu~/ <phuu.l\.vu~> v.intr. . to
swell 2. to blossom.

fo: /p˙oi/ <pho.ii> fem. father’s sister.

fU&k /p˙u~k/ <phuu~.k\> fem. a puff.
fU&kvu& /p˙u~k.vu~/ <phuu~.k\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
blow 2. to puff.
fe8 /p˙e¯/ fem. a serpent’s hood.
fefsu& /p˙ep˙.su~/ <phe.ph\.su~> neut. a
lung.

fok /p˙ok/ <pho.k\> adj. meaningless.
foj /p˙oÔ/ <pho.Ô\> fem. army.
fo6vu& /p˙oÎ.vu~/ <pho.Î\.vu~> v.tr. to
break
violently.
fotrI /p˙ot.ri/ <pho.t\.rii> fem. husk.

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137
foru& /p˙o.ru~/ <pho.ru~> neut. a drop.
folvu& /p˙ol.vu~/ <pho.l\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
peel
2. to husk.
foLlI /p˙ol.li/ <pho.llii> fem. a skin
boil.
foslavvu& /p˙os.lav.vu~/ <pho.s\.la.v\.vu~>
v.tr. to coax.

bg6vu& /b\.g\Î.vu~/ <b\.g\.Î\.vu~> v.intr.
1. to be spoiled 2. to be polluted.
bg6o /b\g.Îo/ <b\.g\.Îo> masc. the
symbol for 2.
bgl /b\.g\l/ <b\.g\.l\> fem. the
armpit.
bga6 /b\.gaÎ/ <b\.ga.Î\> masc.
wastage.

b

bga6vu& /b\.gaÎ.vu~/ <b\.ga.Î\.vu~> v.tr.
to waste.

bk bk /b\k b\k/ <b\.k\.b\.k\> neut. a
prattle.

bgasu& /b\.ga.su~/ <b\.ga.Î\.vu~> neut. a
yawn.

bkrI /b\k.ri/ <b\.k\.rii> fem. a female
goat.

bgIco /b\.gi.co/ <b\.gi.co> masc. a
garden.

bkru& /b\k.ru~/ <b\.k\.ru~> neut. a goat.

bcku& /b\c.ku~/ <b\.c\.ku~> neut. a bite.

bkro /b\k.ro/ <b\.k\.ro> masc. a male
goat.

bct /b\.c\t/ <b\.c\.t\> fem. a saving.

bkvu& /b\k.vu~/ <b\.k\.vu~> v.intr. to
prattle.
bixs /b\k.ßiß/ <b\.kßi.s\> <b> fem. a
gift.
b`tr /b\k˙.t\r/ <b\.kh\.t\.r\> neut. an
armor.
bi`yo /b\.k˙i.jo/ <b\.khi.jo> masc. a
stitch.
b`e6o /b\.k˙e.Îo/ <b\.khe.Îo> masc. a
quarrel.

bcp8 /b\c.p\¯/ <b\.c\.p\.¯\> neut.
childhood.
bcvu& /b\c.vu~/ <b\.c\.vu~> v.intr. to be
saved.
bcav /b\.cav/ <b\.ca.v\> masc. a
protection, a defense.
bCcu& /b\c.cu~/ <b\.ccu~> neut. a child.
bjar /b\.Ôar/ <b\.Ôa.r\> neut. market.
bza6vu& /b\.Ô˙aÎ.vu~/ <b\.Ôha.Î\.vu~> v.tr.
to thrust upon skillfully.

b`ol /b\.k˙ol/ <b\.kho.l\> fem. a cavelike hollow.

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138
b4ako /b\.ˇa.ko/ <b\.ˇa.ko> masc. a
potato.
b6b6vu& /b\Î.b\Î.vu~/ <b\.Î\.b\.Î\.vu~>
v.intr. to prattle.

bdam /b\.dam/ <b\.da.m\> fem. an
almond.
bdI /b\.di/ <b\.dii> fem. viciousness,
corruption.

b6a: /b\.Îai/ <b\.Îa.ii> fem. boasting.
b6a= /b\.Îaß/ <b\.Îa.ß\> fem. boasting.

b0u& /b\.d˙u~/ <b\.dhu~> adj. all, whole,
entire, total.

b8gu& /b\¯.gu~/ <b\.¯\.gu~> neut. 1. selfpraise, 2. boasting.

bnvu& /b\n.vu~/ <b\.n\.vu~> v.intr. 1. to
become, 2. to take shape.

btk /b\.t\k/ <b\.t\.k\> neut. a duck.

bnav /b\.nav/ <b\.na.v\> masc. an
event.

btavvu& /b\.tav.vu~/ <b\.ta.v\.vu~> v.tr. 1.
to show, 2. to guide.
b]aI /b\t.ti/ <b\.ttii> fem. a lamp.
b{aIs /b\t.ris/ <b\.trii.s\> adj. thirty
two, 32.
bdn /b\.d\n/ <b\.d\.n\> neut. the
body.
bdnxI /b\d.n\k.ßi/ <b\.d\.n\.kßii> fem.
defamation.
bdnam /b\d.nam/ <b\.d\.na.m\> adj.
notorious.
bdbu /b\d.bu/ <b\.d\.bu> fem. bad
smell.
bdma= /b\d.maß/ <b\.d\.ma.ß\> adj.
wicked.
bdlo /b\d.lo/ <b\.d\.lo> masc. an
exchange.
bdsUrt /b\d.su.r\t/ <b\.d\.suu.r\.t\>
adj. ugly (face).

bnav4 /b\.na.v\ˇ/ <b\.na.v\.ˇ\> fem. 1.
construction, 2. cheating.
bnevI /b\.ne.vi/ <b\.ne.vii> masc.
sister’s husband.
bNne /b\n.ne/ <b\.nne> adj. both.
bpor /b\.por/ <b\.po.r\> fem. noon,
mid-day.
bfaro /b\.p˙a.ro/ <b\.pha.ro> masc.
sultry weather.
bbUck /b\.bu.c\k/ <b\.buu.c\.k\> adj.
stupid.
bm8u& /b\m.¯u~/ <b\.m\.¯u~> adj.
double.
byan /b\.jan/ <b\.ja.n\> neut. 1.
description, 2. narration.
brkt /b\r.k\t/ <b\.r\.k\.t\> fem. 1.
profit, 2. benefit.
br24 /b\r.c˙\ˇ/ <b\.r\.ch\.ˇ\> adj.
rough.

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139

br6o /b\r.Îo/ <b\.r\.Îo> masc. the
back.
br8I /b\r.¯i/ <b\.r\.¯ii> fem. a jar.
brf /b\.r\p˙/ <b\.r\.ph\> masc. 1. ice,
2. snow.
brfI /b\r.p˙i/ <b\.r\.phii> fem. a kind
of sweet.
brbad /b\r.bad/ <b\.r\.ba.d\> adj.
ruined.
brabr /b\.ra.b\r/ <b\.ra.b\.r\> adj. 1.
equal, 2. similar, 3. right, 4. proper.
brobr /b\.ro.b\r/ <b\.ro.b\.r\> adj. 1.
equal, 2. similar, 3. right, 4. proper
broX /b\.roÆ/ <b\.ro.Æ\> fem. the
spleen.
blke /b\l.ke/ <b\.l\.ke> advb. not only
that.
bla /b\.la/ <b\.la> fem. 1. a ghost, 2. a
person who harasses like a ghost.

bhar /b\.har/ <b\.ha.r\> postp.
outside.
bihQkar /b\.hiß.kar/ <b\.hi.s°ka.r\>
masc. 1. rejection, 2. excommunication,
3. boycott.
bhu /b\.hu~/ <b\.hu~> adj. 1. many, 2.
much.
bhucra /b\.hu.c\.ra/ <b\.hu.c\.ra> fem.
a goddess of that name.
bhumit /b\.hu.m\.ti/ <b\.hu.m\.ti> fem.
majority.
bhu£pI /b\.hu.ru.pi/ <b\.huu.ruu.pii>
adj. assuming various forms with an
intention to hide an original one.
bhu£pI /b\.hu.ru.pi/ <b\.huu.ruu.pii>
masc. 1.a person who assumes various
forms with an intention to hide his/ her
original one. 2. a person who assume
various forms to entertain people.
bhu&vcn /b\.hu~.v\.c\n/ <b\.hu~.v\.c\.n\>
neut. plural.
bhen /b\.hen/ <b\.he.n\> fem. sister.

bil /b\.li/ <b\.li> masc. offering to a
deity.

bheru& /b\.he.ru~/ <b\.he.n\> adj. deaf.

bs /b\s/ <b\.s\> advb. enough.

bhera= /b\.he.raß/ <b\.he.ra.ß\> fem.
deafness.

bs /b\s/ <b\.s\> fem. bus.
bhadUr /b\.ha.dur/ <b\.ha.duu.r\> adj.
brave.
bhanu& /b\.ha.nu~/ <b\.ha.nu~> neut. an
excuse.

bX /b\Æ/ <b\.Æ\> nuet.1.power, 2.
strength.
bXt8 /b\Æ.t\¯/ <b\.Æ\.t\.¯\> neut.
fuel.
bXtra /b\.\.t\.ra/ <b\.Æ\.t\.ra> fem.
pain caused by burning.

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140

bXd /b\.Æ\d/ <b\.Æ\.d\> masc. 1. oxen,
2. bullock 3. an idiot.

b&0bestu& /b\nd˙.bes.tu~/
<b\~.dh\.be.s\.tu~> adj. suitable.

bXva`or /b\Æ.va.k˙or/ <b\.Æ\.va.kho.r\>
adj. rebellious.

b&0besvu& /b\nd˙.bes.vu~/
<b\~.dh\.be.s\.vu~> v.intr. to be fitting.

bXvu& /b\Æ.vu~/ <b\.Æ\.vu~> v.intr. to burn.

b&0ar8 /b\n.d˙a.r\¯/ <b\~.dha.r\.¯\>
neut. 1. constitution 2. construction.

bXvo /b\Æ.vo/ <b\.Æ\.vo> masc. revolt.
bXaTkar /b\.Æat.kar/ <b\.Æa.tka.r\> masc.
a rape.
biXya /b\.Æi.ja/ <b\.Æi.ja> masc. hon.
small-pox.
biXyu& /b\.Æi.ju~/ <b\.Æi.ju~> adj. strong.
bXev /b\.Æev/ <b\.Æe.v\> fem. a festival.
b&g6I /b\˜.gÎi/ <b\~.g\.Îii> fem. a
bangle.
b&6I /b\˜.Îi/ <b\~.Îii> fem. a waistcoat.

b&0ar8Iy /b\n.d˙a.r\.¯ij/
<b\~.dha.r\.¯i.j\> adj. constitutional.
b&i0yar /b\n.d˙i.jar/ <b\~.dhi.ja.r\> adj.
1. unventilated, 2. stagnant.
b&0I /b\n.d˙i/ <b\~.dhii> fem.
prohibition.
b&0u /b\n.d˙u/ <b\~.dhu> masc. 1.
brother, 2. a co-worker.
b&ba`anu& /b\m.ba.k˙a.nu~/
<b\~.ba.kha.nu~> neut. a fire-brigade
station.

b&dr /b\n.d\r/ <b\~.d\.r\> neut. 1. a
port, 2. a harbor.

b&bavaXo /b\m.ba.va.Æo/ <b\~.ba.va.Æo>
masc. a fireman.

b&dkU /b\n.duk/ <b\~.du.k\> fem. a gun.

b&bo /b\m.bo/ <b\~.bo> masc. a fire
engine.

b&dUk6I /b\n.duk.Îi/ <b\~.du.k\.Îii> fem.
a small gun.
b&dobSt /b\n.do.b\s.t\/ <b\~.do.b\.st\>
masc. arrangement.
b&0 /b\n.d˙\/ <b\~.dh\> adj. closed.
b&0 /b\n.d˙\/ <b\~.dh\> masc. a dam.
b&0n /b\n.d˙\n/ <b\~.dh\.n\> neut. 1.
prohibition, 2. captivity.

b&srI /b\ns.ri/ <b\~.s\.rii> fem. a flute.
b&sI /b\ns.ri/ <b\~.sii> fem. a flute.
ba /ba/ <ba> fem. mother.
ba: /ba.i/ <ba.ii> fem. a maid-servant.
bakI /ba.ki/ <ba.kii> adj. 1. residua, 2.
balance, 3. surplus, 4. wanting.

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141
ba`6vu& /ba.k˙\Î.vu~/ <ba.kh\.Î\.vu~>
v.intr. to quarrel.

babaga6I /ba.ba.ga.Îi/ <ba.ba.ga.Îii>
fem. a hand-driven vehicle for children.

bag /bag/ <ba.g\> masc. a garden.
ba3u& /ba.g˙u~/ <ba.ghu~> adj. idiotic.

babo /ba.bo/ <ba.bo> masc. 1. a son, 2.
a boy.

baj /baÔ/ <ba.Ô\> masc. a hawk.

bar /bar/ <ba.r\> adj. 1. twelve, 2. 12.

baj5 /ba.Ô\ˇ˙/ <ba.Ô\.ˇh\> masc. a footstool.

bar8u& /bar.¯u~/ <ba.r\.¯u~> neut. a door.
barmu& /bar.mu~/ <ba.r\.mu~> adj. twelfth.

bajrI /baÔ.ri/ <ba.Ô\.rii> fem. millet.
ba@ /ba.Ôi/ <ba.Ôii> fem. a game.
ba@gr /ba.Ôi.g\r/ <ba.Ôii.g\.r\> masc. a
juggler.
bazvu& /ba.Ô˙.vu~/ <ba.Ôh\.vu~> v.intr. 1. to
embrace, 2. to quarrel.

barmu& /bar.mu~/ <b\.r\.mu~> neut. a
religious rite performed on the twelfth
day after a person’s death.
bar= / bars /ba.r\ß, ba.r\s/
<ba.r\.ß\/ ba.r\.s\> fem. twelfth day
of either of the fortnights.
barsa` /bar.sak˙/ fem. frame of a door.

ba4lI /baˇ.li/ <ba.ˇ\.lii> fem. a bottle.
ba8 /ba¯/ <ba.¯\> neut. an arrow.
ba8avXI /ba.¯a.v\.Æi/ <ba.¯a.v\.Æii>
masc. an expert archer.

bara`6I /ba.ra.k˙\.Îi/ fem. a series of
simple syllables organized in a particular
order.

batl /ba.t\l/ <ba.t\.l\> adj. cancelled.

baraxrI /ba.ra.kß\.ri/ fem. a series of
simple syllables organized in a particular
order.

bap /bap/ <ba.p\> masc. father.

barI /ba.ri/ fem. a window.

bap6u& /bap.Îu~/ <ba.p\.Îu~> adj.
extremely helpless.

baru& /ba.ru~/ neut. an entrance.

bapdada /bap.da.da/ <ba.p\.da.da> masc.
pl. forefathers.
bafvu& /bap˙.vu~/ <ba.ph\.vu~> v.tr. to
cook by boiling.

barEya /ba.r\i.ja/ masc. a community sonamed.
baro4 /ba.roˇ/ masc. a community sonamed.
barobar /ba.ro.bar/ advb. directly.

babt /ba.b\t/ <ba.b\.t\> fem. an issue.

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baldI /bal.di/ fem. a bucket.

baXvu& /baÆ.vu~/ <ba.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. to burn.

bav6u& /bav.Îu~/ neut. the upper arm.

ba&k6o /ba~k.Îo/ <ba~.k\.Îo> masc. a
bench.

bavn /ba.v\n/ adj. 1. fifty two, 2. 52.
bavlu& /bav.lu~/ neut. a statue.
bavX /ba.v\Æ/ masc. a kind of thorny
tree.

ba&0vu& /ba~d˙.vu~/ <ba~.dh\.vu~> v.tr. 1.to
tie 2. to wrap.
ba&0o /ba~.d˙o/ <ba~.dho> masc. a
physical construction.
ba&y /ba~j/ <ba~.j\> fem. a sleeve.

bavI /ba.vi/ fem. a female mendicant.
bavIs /ba.vis/ adj. twenty two, 22.

ba&y0rI /ba~j.d˙\.ri/ <ba~.j\.dh\.rii> fem.
security.

bavu& /ba.vu~/ neut. a cobweb.

ibcaru& /bi.ca.ru~/ <bi.ca.ru~> adj. poor.

bavo /ba.vo/ masc. a mendicant.

ib2anu& /bi.c˙a.nu~/ <bi.cha.nu~> neut. 1. a
bed. 2. a mattress.

bas5 /ba.s\ˇ˙/ adj. sixty six.
basmtI /bas.m\.ti/ masc. a kind of rice.
basUdI /ba.su.di/ fem. a kind of sweet.
baho= /ba.hoß/ adj. skilful.
baXk /ba.\k/ neut. a child.
baXp8 /baÆ.p\¯/ neut. a childhood.
baXpo9I /baÆ.po.t˙i/ <ba.Æ\.po.thii> fem.
a primer.
baXbo0 /baÆ.bod˙/ <ba.Æ\.bo.dh\> adj.
a variety of Devanagari script.
baXm&idr /baÆ.m\n.dir/ <ba.Æ\.m\~.di.r\>
neut. a nursery.
baXlGn /baÆ.l\g.n\/ <ba.Æ\.l\.gn\> neut.
a child-marriage.

bI2avvu& /bi.c˙av.vu~/ <bii.cha.v\.vu~>
v.tr. to spread.
ibnAnu-vI /bin.\.nu.b˙\.vi/
<bi.n\.\.nu.bh\.vii> adj.
inexperienced.
ibnj£rI /bin.Ô\.ru.ri/ <bi.n\.Ô\.ruu.rii>
adj. unnecessary.
ibn=rtI /bin.ß\r.ti/ <bi.n\.ß\.r\.tii> adj.
unconditional.
iblkul /bil.kul/ <bi.l\.ku.l\> advb. 1.
wholly, 2. in the least.
ibla6I /bi.la.Îi/ <bi.la.Îii> fem. a cat
(female).
ibla6o /bi.la.Îo/ <bi.la.Îo> masc. a cat
(male).

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ibLlo /bil.lo/ <bi.llo> masc. 1. a badge,
2. a medal.

bIbI /bi.bi/ <bii.bii> fem. wife (mainly
in Muslim dialect).

ibv6avvu& /biv.Îav.vu~/ <bi.v\.Îa.v\.vu~>
v.tr. to frighten.

bIbu& /bi.bu~/ <bii.bu~> neut. 1. a die, 2. a
printing block.

ibham8u& /bi.ha.m\¯u~/ <bi.ha.m\.¯u~>
adj. frightful.

bI-Ts /bi.b˙\t.s\/ <bi.bh\.ts\> adj.
disgusting.

ib&dI /bin.di/ <bi~.dii> fem. an
ornamental dot on the forehead.

bImar /bi.mar/ <bi.ma.r\> adj. sick

ib&du /bin.du/ <bi~.du> neut. a drop.

bImarI /bi.ma.ri/ <bi.ma.rii> fem.
sickness.

ib&b /bimb/ <bi~.b\> neut. a reflection.

bIvu& /bi.vu~/ <bii.vu~> v.intr. to fear.

bI /bi/ <bii> neut. a seed.

bu5\5u& /buˇ˙.ˇ˙u~/ <bu.ˇhˇhu~> adj. blunt.

bIk /bik/ <bii.k\> fem. fear.

bu69l /buŒ.t˙\l/ <bu.Î\.th\.l\> adj.
idiotic.

bIcaru& /bi.ca.ru~/ <bii.ca.ru~> adj. 1. poor,
2. helpless.

bu6vu& /buÎ.vu~/ <bu.Î\.vu~> v.intr. 1. to
sink, 2. to drown

bIj /biÔ/ <bii.Ô\> neut. a seed.
bIj /biÔ/ <bii.Ô\> fem. a second day of
either of the fortnight of a lunar month.
bIjvr /biÔ.v\r/ <bii.Ô\.v\.r\> masc. a
man marrying for the seond time.
bIju& /bi.Ôu~/ <bii.Ôu~> adj. 1. second, 2.
another.
bI6vu& /biÎ.vu~/ <bii.Î\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
close (envelop etc.), 2. to wrap.
bI6I /bi.Îi/ <bii.Îii> fem. a kind of
cigar.
bIna /bi.na/ <bii.na> fem. . fact.

bui)0 /bud˙.d˙i/ <bu.dhdhi> fem.
intelligence.
bu0var /bud˙.var/ <bu.dh\.va.r\> masc.
Wednesday.
bumra8 /bum.ra¯/ <bu.m\.ra.¯\> fem.
loud shouts.
bur`o /bur.k˙o/ <bu.r\.kho> masc. a
mask.
bulbul /bul.bul/ <bu.l\.bu.l\> neut. a
nightingale.
bul&d /bu.l\nd/ <bu.l\~.d\> adj. 1.
grand, 2. loud and deep sound.
bu&d /bund/ <bu~.d\> neut. a drop.

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be5k /be.ˇ˙\k/ <be.ˇh\.k\> fem. a seat.
bU /bu:/ <buu> fem. odor.
bUc /buc/ <buu.c\> masc. a cork.

be5a6u& /be.ˇ˙a.Îu~/ <be.ˇha.Îu~> adj.
inactive (life).

bUc&u /bu.cu~/ <buu.cu~> adj. a flat-nosed.

be6I /be.Îi/ <be.Îii> fem. shackles.

bU4 /buˇ/ <buu.ˇ\> fem. ear-lobe.

be6u& /be.Îu~/ <be.Îu~> neut. a pair of
water-pot.

bUm /bum/ <buu.m\> fem. a shout.
bUmlu& /bum.lu~/ <buu.m\.lu~> neut. a
kind of fish.
be /be/ <be> adj. two.
beAab£ /be.ab.ru/ <be.a.b\.ruu> fem.
disgrace.
be:man /be.i.man/ <be.ii.ma.n\> adj.
dishonest.
bew /beu/ <be.u~> adj. both.
bekI /be.ki/ <be.kii> adj. an even
number.
be`br /be.k˙\.b\r/ <be.kh\.b\.r\> adj.
ignorant.
begm /be.g\m/ <be.g\.m\> fem. a
queen (Muslim).

be6oX /be.ÎoÆ/ <be.Îo.Æ\> adj.
misshaped.
be7g
& &u /be.Î˙\˜.gu~/ <be.Îh\~.gu~> adj.
disorderly.
betaXa& /be.ta.Æa~/ <be.ta.Æa~> masc. pl.
dimness of the eyes acquired around the
age of 42.
betaXIs /be.ta.Æis/ <be.ta.Æii.s\> adj.
forty-two.
bedrkar /be.d\r.kar/ <be.d\.r\.ka.r\>
adj. careless.
be06k /be.d˙\.Î\k/ <be.dh\.Î\.k\>
advb. fearlessly.
be0aru& /be.d˙a.ru~/ <b\.dha.ru~> adj.
double-edged.

becne /be.cen/ <be.ce.n\> adj. restless.

be)yan /be.d˙jan/ <be.dhj.n\> adj.
inattentive.

becne I /be.ce.ni/ <be.ce.nii> fem.
restlessness.

benmUn /ben.mun/ <be.n\.muu.n\> adj.
unparalleled.

be4 /beˇ/ <be.ˇ\> masc. an island.
be4I /be.ˇi/ <be.ˇii> fem. a daughter.

bepgu& /be.p\.gu~/ <be.p\.gu~> adj. biped.

be4o /be.ˇo/ <be.ˇo> masc. a son.

bebakXu& /be.bak.Æu~/ <be.ba.k\.Æu~> adj.
perplexed.

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be-an /be.b˙an/ <be.bha.n\> adj.
unconscious.

bErI /b\i.ri/ <b\i.rii> fem. wife (now a
derogatory word, particularly in urban
and educated class).

berojgar /be.roÔ.gar/ <be.ro.Ô\.ga.r\>
adj. unemployed.

bo`u& /bo.k˙u~/ <bo.khu~> adj. toothless.

bel6I /bel.Îi/ <be.l\.Îii> adj. a pair (of
two persons).

bogdu& /bog.du~/ <bo.g\.du~> neut. a
tunnel.

bevkUf /bev.kup˙/ <be.v\.ku.ph\> adj.
stupid.

bocI /bo.ci/ <bo.cii> fem. the neck.

bev6 /be.v\Î/ <be.v\.Î\> adj. folded.

boj /boÔ/ <bo.Ô\> masc. 1. burden 2.
weight.

be=k /be.ß\k/ <be.ß\.k\> advb.
undoubtedly.

bo6vu& /boÎ.vu~/ <bo.Î\.vu~> v.tr. to
shave the head entirely.

be=rm /be.ß\.r\m/ <be.ß\.r\.m\> adj.
shameless.

bo6u& /bo.Îu~/ <bo.Îu~> adj. a shaved off
head.

be=)u 0 /be.ßudd˙/ <be.ßu.dhdh\> adj.
swooned.

bo8I /bo.¯i/ <bo.¯ii> fem. the first
cash-sale of the day.

be=mu ar /beßu.mar/ <be.ßu.ma.r\> adj.
limitless.

bodu& /bo.du~/ <bo.du~> adj. dull.
bo0 /bod˙/ <bo.dh\> masc. sermon.

bes8u& /bes.¯u~/ <be.s\.¯u~> neut. a
mourning ritual.

bor /bor/ <bo.r\> neut. a kind of berry.

besvu& /bes.vu~/ <be.s\.vu~> v.intr. to sit.

bol /bol/ <bo.l\> masc. a speech.

besvu& /bes.vu~/ <be.s\.vu~> v.intr. to
begin (of a month, a year or a season
etc.). Ex. mne gya mihne p&drmu& vrs be5u&.

bolvu& /bol.vu~/ <bo.l\.vu~> v.intr. to
speak.

beSvad /be.svad/ <be.sva.d\> adj.
tasteless.
behal /be.hal/ <be.ha.l\> adj. ruined.
behdU I /be.hu.di/ <be.huu.dii> adj.
irrational.

bolacalI /bo.la.ca.li/ <bo.la.ca.lii> fem.
a verbal quarrel.
bolI /bo.li/ <bo.lii> fem. a dialect.
bovu& /bo.vu~/ <bo.vu~> v.tr. to sow.

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146
boXvu& /boÆ.vu~/ <bo.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to dip,
2. to soak.

-c6vu& /b˙\.c\Î.vu~/ <bh\.c\.Î\.vu~> v.tr.
to eat recklessly.

Bya=I /bja.ßi/ <bja.ßii> adj. eighty two.

-jn /b˙\.Ô\n/ <b\.Ô\.n\> neut.
1. devotional song, 2. hymn

b/a−8 /brah.m\¯/ <bra.hm\.¯\> masc.
Brahmin.

-kt /b˙\k.t\/ <bh\.kt\> masc.
worshiper (male)
-kta8I /b˙\k.ta.¯i/ <bh\.kta.¯ii> fem.
1. worshiper (female), 2. wife of a
worshiper.
-ikt /b˙\k.ti/ <bh\.kti> fem. devotion.
-gt /b˙\.g\t/ <bh\.g\.t\> masc.
worshiper (male)
-gta8I /b˙\g.ta.¯i/ <bh\.g\.ta.¯ii> fem.
1. worshiper (female), 2. wife of a
worshiper.
-gvtI /bg.v\.ti/ <bh\.g\.v\.tii> adj.
divine.
-gvan /b+\g.van/ <bh\.g\.va.n\>
masc. god.
-gvu& /b˙\g.vu~/ <bh\.g\.vu~> adj.
reddish.
-ignI /b.gi.ni/ <bh\.gi.nii> fem. sister.
-gIr9 /b.gi.r\t˙/ <bh\.dii.r\.th\> adj.
extremely difficult.
-Gn /b˙\g.n\/ <bh\.gn\> adj. broken.

-jvvu& /b˙\.Ô\v.vu~/ <bh\.Ô\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to perform (a play etc.)
-jvu& /b˙\Ô.vu~/ <bh\.Ô\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
worship through singing, 2. to recite.
-ijyu& /b˙\.Ôi.ju~/ <bp\.ji.yu~> neut. a kind
of fried food made of gram flour.
-4kvu& /b˙\.ˇ\k.vu~/ <bh\.Ôi.ju~> v.intr. to
roam.
-4kavu& /b˙\ˇ.ka.vu~/ <bh\.ˇ\.ka.vu~>
v.intr. to collide.
-4Uiryu& /b˙\.tu.ri.ju~/ <bh\.ˇuu.ri.ju~>
neut. puppy.
-4\4 /bh\ˇ.ˇ\/ <bh\.tt\> masc. a
surname.
-i5yar`anu& /b˙\.ˇ˙i.jar.kha.nu~/
<bh\.ˇhi.ja.r\.kha.nu~> neut. a
bakery.
-5\5I /b˙\ˇ˙.ˇ˙i/ <bh\.ˇhˇhii> fem. 1. an
oven, 2. a furnace, 3. a kiln.
-6 /b˙\Î/ <bh\.Î\> adj. brave
(person).
-6vIr /b˙\Î.vir/ <bh\.Î\.vii.r\> adj.
brave
-6kI /b˙\Î.ki/ <bh\.Î\.kii> fem.
porridge.

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147
-6ko /b˙Î.ko/ <bh\.Î\.ko> masc. a big
flame.

-mrI /b˙\m.ri/ <bh\.m\.rii> fem. a
wasp (female).

-6ako /b˙\.Îa.ko/ <bh\.Îa.ko> masc.
an explosive sound.

-mro /b˙\m.ro/ <bh\.m\.ro> fem. a
wasp (male).

-8kar /b˙\¯.kar/ <bh\.¯\.ka.r\> masc.
a sound indicating a future event.

-mvu& /b˙\m.vu~/ <bh\.m\.vu~> v.intr. 1.
to rotate, 2. to wander.

-8tr /b˙\¯.t\r/ <bh\.¯\.t\.r\> neut.
education.

-Mmr /b˙\m.m\r/ <bh\.mm\.r\> fem.
the eyebrow.

-8vu& /b˙\¯.vu~/ <bh\.¯\.vu~> v.tr. to
study.

-y&kr /b˙\.jan.k\r/ <bh\.j\~.k\.r\> adj.
frightful.

-8I /b˙\.¯i/ postp. towards.

-yank /b˙\.ja.n\k/ <bh\.ja.n\.k\> adj.
frightful.

-{aI@ /b˙\t.ri.Ôi/ <bh\.trii.Ôii> fem. a
niece.
-± /b˙\d.r\/ <bh\.dr\> adj.
auspicious.
-pko /b˙\p.ko/ <bh\.p\.ko> masc. 1. a
grand appearance, 2. a grand show.
--k /b˙\.b˙\k/ <bh\.bh\.k\> fem.
luster.

-r6vu& /b˙\.r\Î.vu~/ <bh\.r\.Î\.vu~> v.tr.
to grind.
-rt /b˙\.r\t/ <bh\.r\.t\> neut.
embroidery.
-rtgU&98 /b˙\.r\t gu~.t˙\¯/
<bh\.r\.t\.gu~.th\.Î\> neut.
embroidery.
-rtI /b˙\r.ti/ <bh\.r\.tii> fem. tide.

-ravvu& /b˙\b˙.rav.vu~/
<bh\.bh\.ra.v\.vu~> v.tr. to sprinkle
powder.

-rpUr /b˙\r.pur/ <bh\.r\.puu.r\> adj.
abundant.

--Ukvu& /b˙\.b˙uk.vu~/ <bh\.bhuu.k\.vu~>
v.intr. to blaze suddenly.

-r-a&`Xu& /b˙\r.b˙a~k˙.Æu~/
<bh\.r\.bha~.kh\.Æu~> neut. the dawn.

--Ut /b˙\.b˙ut/ <bh\.bhuu.t\> fem.
ashes.

-rm /b˙\.r\m/ <bh\.r\.m\> masc.
illusion.

--UtI /b˙\.b˙u.ti/ <bh\.bhuu.tii> fem.
ashes.

-rmavu& /b˙\r.ma.vu~/ <bh\.r\.ma.vu~>
v.intr. to be deceived.

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148
-rvvu& /b˙\.r\v.vu~/ <bh\.r\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to hang.
-rva6 /b˙\r.vaÎ/ <bh\.r\.va.Î\> masc.
a shepherd.

-va6o /b˙\.va.Îo/ <bh\.va.Îo> masc.
fiasco.
-vanI /b˙\.va.ni/ <bh\.va.nii> fem. the
goddess Parvati.

-rvu& /b˙\r.vu~/ <bh\.r\.vu~> v.tr. to fill.
-rvu& /b˙\r.vu~/ <bh\.r\.vu~> v.tr. to
measure.
-raw /b˙\.ra.u/ <bh\.ra.u> adj. 1.
plump, 2. chubby.
-rosapa{a /b˙\.ro.sa.pat.r\/
<bh\.r\.sa.pa.tr\> adj. trustworthy.
-roso /b˙\.ro.so/ <bh\.ro.so> masc.
trust.
-yuR&-adyuR& /b˙\.rju~.b˙ad.rju~/ adj.
prosperous.

-vayo /b˙\.va.jo/ <bh\.va.jo> masc. the
actor of a -va: - a folk-drama.
-ivQy /b˙\.viß.j\/ <bh\.vi.s°j\> neut.
future.
-vu& /b˙\.vu~/ <bh\.vu~> neut. the
eyebrow.
-vo-v /b˙\.vo.b˙\v/ <bh\.vo.bh\.v\>
advb. in each birth.
-Vy /b˙\.vj\/ <bh\.vj\> adj. grand.
-svu& /b˙\s.vu~/ <bh\.s\.vu~> v.intr. to
brak.

-lmnsa: /b˙\l.m\n.sai/
<bh\.l\.m\.n\.sa.ii> fem. goodness.

-Xtu& /b˙\Æ.tu~/ <bh\.Æ\.tu~> adj. similar.

-la: /b˙\.la.i/ <bh\.la.ii> fem. 1.
goodness, 2. gentleness.

-Xvu& /b˙\Æ.vu~/ <bh\.Æ\.vu~> v.intr. to
mix with.

-lam8 /b˙\.la.m\¯/ <bh\.la.m\.¯\>
fem. recommendation.

-&ga8 /b˙\˜.ga¯/ <bh\~.ga.¯\> neut. a
break.

-lu& /b˙\.lu~/ <bh\.lu~> adj. good.

-&gar /b˙\˜.gar/ <bh\~.ga.r\> masc.
scrap.

-le /b˙\le/ <bh\.le> advb. well.
-v /b˙\v/ <bh\.v\> masc. life.

-&6ar /b˙\¯.Îar/ <bh\~.Îa.r\> masc. 1. a
granary 2. a store-house.

-vn /b˙\.v\n/ <bh\.v\.n\> neut. a big
house.

-&6aro /b˙\¯.Îa.ro/ <bh\~.Îa.ro> masc. a
collective dinner for community given as
a part of social custom or religious ritual.

-va: /b˙\.va.i/ <bh\.va.ii> fem. 1. a
folk-drama, 2. fiasco.

-&6oX /b˙\¯.Îo/ <bh\~.Îa.ro> neut.
fund.

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149

-&-re vu& /b˙\m.b˙er.vu~/ <bh\~.bhe.r\.vu~>
v.tr. to incite.

-aGyu&tU4yu& /b˙a.gju~.tu.ˇju~/ <bha.gju~.tu.ˇju~>
adj. broken.
-aGye /\b˙ag.je/ <bha.gje> advb. rarely.

-a /b˙a/ <bha> masc. an honorable
term used for elders.
-a: /b˙a.i/ <bha.ii> masc. brother.
-a:caro /b˙a.i.ca.ro/ <bha.ii.ca.ro>
masc. brotherhood.
-a:b&0I /b˙a.i.b\n.di/ <bha.ii.b\~.dhii>
fem. friendship.
-a:-a&6u /b˙a.i.b˙a~¯.Îu/ <bha.ii.bha~.Îu>
masc. pl. brothers and sisters of the same
presents.
-a`rI /b˙ak˙.ri/ <bha.kh\.rii> fem. a
kind of bread.
-ag /b˙ag/ <bha.g\> masc. 1. share, 2.
part.
-agvu& /b˙ag.vu~/ <bha.g\.vu~> v.intr. to
run away.
-agakar /b˙a.ga.kar/ <bha.ga.ka.r\>
masc. division (in maths).
-agIdar /b˙a.gi.dar/ <bha.gii.da.r\>
masc. partner (normally in business).
-agIdarI /b˙a.gi.da.ri/ <bha.gii.da.rii>
fem. partnership.
-agoX /b˙a.goÆ/ <bha.go.Æ\> fem. an
outskirt of a village/ a small town.
-aGy /b˙ag.j\/ <bha.gj\> neut. 1.fate, 2.
destiny.

-a@ /b˙a.Ôi/ <bha.Ôii> fem. vegetables
(leafy).
-a@mUXa /b˙a.Ôi.mu.Æa/ <bha.Ôii.muu.Æa>
masc. pl. an insignificant person or
thing.
-a4 /b˙aˇ/ <bha.ˇ\> masc. a bard.
-a4a: /b˙a.ˇa.i/ <bha.ˇa.ii> fem. 1. the
function of a bard, 2. excessive flattery.
-ai4yo /b˙a.ˇi.jo/ <bha.ˇi.jo> masc. a
community so-named.
-a6u& /b˙a.Îu~/ <bha.Îu~> neut. 1. rent, 2.
fair, 3. freight.
-a6Ut /b˙a.Îut/ <bha.Îu.t\> masc. a
tenant.
-a8aVyvhar /b˙a.¯a.vj\v.har/
<bha.¯a.vj\.v\.ha.r\> masc. relation
permitting joint meals.
-ai8yo /b˙a.¯i.jo/ <bha.¯i.jo> masc. a
sister’s son.
-a8I /b˙a.¯i/ <bha.¯ii> fem. a sister’s
daughter.
-a8u& /b˙a.¯u~/ <bha.¯u~> neut. a dish
served.
-a8ej /b˙a.¯eÔ/ <bha.¯e.Ô\> masc. a
sister’s son.

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150
-a8o /b˙a.¯o/ <bha.¯o> masc. a sister’s
son.

-avvu& /b˙av.vu~/ <bha.v\.vu~> v.exp. to
like in taste.

-at /b˙at/ <bha.t\> fem. design.
-at /b˙at/ <bha.t\> masc. pl. cooked
rice.
-adrvo /b˙a.d\r.vo/ <ba.d\.r\.vo> masc.
eleventh month of the Vikram year.
-an /b˙an/ <bha.n\> neut.
consciousness.
-a-I /b˙a.b˙i/ <bha.bhii> fem. a
brother’s wife.
-ar /b˙ar/ <bha.r\> masc. 1. weight, 2.
burden.
-ar8 /b˙a.r\¯/ <bha.r\.¯\> neut. 1.
weight, 2. burden.
-art /b˙a.r\t/ <bha.r\.t\> neut. India.
-artIy /b˙ar.ti.j\/ <bha.r\.tii.j\> adj.
Indian.

-ava9R /b˙a.var.t˙\/ <bha.va.rth\> masc.
implied meaning.
-aiv /b˙a.vi/ <bha.vi> neut. 1. future, 2.
fate.
-aivk /b˙a.vik/ <bha.vi.k\> adj.
emotional.
-aq8 /b˙a.ß\¯/ <bha.s°\.¯\> neut. 1. a
speech, 2.a lecture, 3. a discourse.
-aqa /b˙a.ßa/ <bha.s°a> fem. language.
-aqa&tr /b˙a.ßa~n.t\r/ <bha.s°a~.t\.r\> neut.
translation.
-aqa&trkar /b˙a.ßa~n.t\r.kar/
<bha.s°a~.t\.r\.ka.r\> masc. translator.
-aQy /b˙aß.j\/ <bha.s°j\> neut.
commentary.
-as /b˙as/ <bha.s\> masc. an illusion.

-are /b˙a.re/ <bha.re> adj. 1. heavy, 2.
weighty.
-aro /b˙a.ro/ <bha.ro> masc. a bundle
of grass or wood.
-alo6u& /b˙a.lo.Îu~/ <bha.lo.Îu~> neut. an
arrow.
-av /b˙av/ <bha.v\> masc. rate.
-av /b˙av/ <bha.v\> masc. feeling.
-avna /b˙av.na/ <bha.v\.na> fem. 1.
desire 2. sentiment.

-aX /b˙aÆ/ <bha.Æ\> fem. whereabouts.
-aXvu& /b˙aÆ.vu~/ <bha.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. to see.
-a&g /b˙a~˜.g\/ <bha~.g\> fem. 1. hemp,
2. a drink containing hemp.
-a&gfo6 /b˙a~g.p˙oÎ/ <bha~.g\.pho.Î\>
fem. breakage.
-a&gro /b˙a~˜g.ro/ <bha~.g\.ro> masc. a
kind of herb.

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-a&gvu& /b˙a~g.vu~/ <bha~.g\.vu~> v.tr. to
break.

-I&g6u& /b˙i~g.Îu~/ <bhii~.g\.Îu~> neut. 1. a
dead skin, 2. a scale.

-a&jg6 /b˙a~Ô.g\Î/ <bha~.Ô\.g\.Î\> fem.
1. negotiations, 2. quarrel.

-I&jvvu& /b˙i~.Ô\v.vu~/ <bhii.Ô\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to soak.

-a&jg6Iyu& /b˙a~Ô.g\.Îi.ju~/
<bha~.Ô\.g\.Îii.ju~> adj. 1. quarrelsome,
2. negotiator.

-I&6o /b˙i¯.Îo/ <bhi.Îo> masc. okra.

-a&6vu& /b˙a~¯Î.vu~/ <bha~.Î\.vu~> v.tr. to
revile.

-Ulk8u& /b˙u.l\k.¯u~/ adj. absent-minded.

-a&-rvu& /b˙a~.b˙\r.vu~/ <bha~.bh\.r\.vu~>
v.intr. to bellow.
i-`ar8 /b˙i.k˙a.r\¯/ <bhi.kha.r\.¯\>
fem. a female beggar.
i-`arI /b˙i.k˙a.ri/ <bhi.kha.rii> masc. a
male beggar.

-I&t /b˙i~t/ <bhi~.t\> fem. a wall.

-Ul-ulam8I /b˙ul.b˙u.lam.¯i/
<bhu.l\.bhu.la.m\.¯ii> fem. a
labyrinth.
-USko /b˙us.ko/ <bhuu.sko> masc. a
jump downward.
-Ukp& /b˙u.k\mp/ <bhuu.k\~.p\> masc.
an earthquake.

i-Nn /b˙in.n\/ <bhi.nn\> adj. different.

-UkI /b˙u.ki/ <bhuu.kii> fem. fine
powder.

-I` /b˙ik˙/ <bhii.kh\> fem. begging.

-Uko /b˙u.ko/ <bhuu.ko> masc. powder.

-I6 /b˙iÎ/ <bhii.Î\> fem. crowdedness.

-U` /b˙uk˙/ <bhuu.kh\> fem. hunger.

-I6vu& /b˙iÎ.vu~/ <bhii.Î\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
shut up, 2. to fasten.

-U`ru& /b˙uk˙.ru/ <bhuu.kh\.ru~> adj.
grey.

-Itr /b˙i.t\r/ <bhii.t\.r\> neut. within.

-U~yu& /b˙u.k˙ju~/ <bhuu.khju~> adj.
hungry.

-Ina= /b˙i.naß/ <bhii.na.ß\> fem.
moisture.
-Inu& /b˙i.nu~/ <bhii.nu~> adj. 1.wet, 2.
soaked, 3. moist.
-Il /b˙il/ <bhii.l\> masc. a community
so named.

-UgoX /b˙u.goÆ/ <bhu.go.Æ\> fem.
geography.
-Ucr /b˙u.c\r/ <bhu.c\.r\> adj.
terrestrial.
-Ut /b˙ut/ <bhuu.t\> neut. a ghost.

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-UtavX /b˙u.ta.v\Æ/ <bhuu.ta.v\.Æ\> fem.
a group of ghosts.

-U&kvu& /b˙u~k.vu~/ <bhu~.k\.vu~> v.intr. to
bray.

-Udve /b˙u.dev/ <bhuu.de.v\> masc. a
Brahman.

-U&gX /b˙u˜.g\/ <bhu~.g\.Æ\> fem. a
long-tube like trumpet.

-Uim /b˙u.mi/ <bhuu.mi> fem. land.

-U&gXI /b˙u~˜.g\.Æi/ <bhu~.g\.Æii> fem. a
small pipe or a small tube.

-Uimka /b˙u.mi.ka/ <bhuu.mi.ka> fem.
an introduction.
-Uimit /b˙u.mi.ti/ <bhuu.mi.ti> fem.
geometry.

-U&gXu& /b˙u~˜.g\.Æu~/ <bhu~.g\.Æu~> neut. a
big pipe or a big tube.
-U&jvu& /b˙u~Ô.vu~/ <bhu~.Ô\.vu~> v.tr. to
roast.

-Uimdah /b˙u.mi.dah/ <bhuu.mi.da.h\>
masc. burial.

-U&6 /b˙u¯Î/ <bhuu~.Î\> neut. a pig.

-UrkI /b˙ur.ki/ <bhuu.r\.kii> fem. a
spell.

-U&6a: /b˙u¯.Îai/ <bbhuu~.Îa.ii> fem.
wickedness.

-Uiryu& /b˙u.ri.ju~/ <bhuu.ri.ju~> adj.
bluish.

-U&6u& /b˙u¯.Îu~/ <bhuu.Îu~> adj. wicked.

-Ur&u /b˙u.ru~/ <bhuu.ru~> adj. blue.
-Ul /b˙ul/ <bhuu.l\> fem. 1. mistake, 2.
error.
-Ulvu& /b˙ul.vu~/ <bhuu.l\.vu~> v.intr. to
forget.

-U&svu& /b˙u~s.vu~/ <bhuu~.s\.vu~> v.tr. to
erase.
-eg /b˙eg/ <bhe.g\> masc. admixture.
-eg&u /b˙e.gu~/ <bhe.g\> adj. 1. mixed, 2.
collected.
-ej /b˙eÔ/ <bhe.Ô\> masc. humidity.

-Ul&u /b˙u.lu~/ <bhuu.lu~> adj. astray.
-Uvo /b˙u.vo/ <bhuu.vo> masc. a
remover of ghosts.

-eju& /b˙e.Ôu~/ <bhe.Ôu~> neut. 1.the brain,
2. intellect.
-e4 /b˙eˇ/ <bhe.ˇ\> fem. a meeting.

-Usko /b˙us.ko/ <bhuu.s\.ko> masc. a
jump downward.

-e4 /b˙eˇ/ <bhe.ˇ\> fem. a gift.

-UStrivd\ya /b˙us.t\r.vi.dja/
<bhuu.st\.r\.vi.dja> fem. geology.

-e4vu& /b˙eˇ.vu~/ <bhe.ˇ\.vu~> v.intr. to
embrace.
-e4o /b˙e.ˇo/ <bhe.ˇo> masc. a meeting.

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-ed /b˙ed/ <bhe.d\> masc. difference.

-ogvvu& /b˙o.g\v.vu~/ <bho.g\.v\.vu~>
v.tr. to enjoy (the ownership,
possession).

-ed /b˙ed/ <bhe.d\> masc. mystery.
-ed-av /b˙ed.b˙av/ <bhe.d\.bha.v\>
masc. discrimination.
-edvu& /b˙ed.vu~/ <bhe.d\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
pierce, 2. to thurst.
-edI /b˙e.di/ <bhe.dii> adj. mysterious.

-ogivlas /b˙og.vi.las/ <bho.g.vi.la.\s>
masc. luxury.
-ogI /b˙o.gi/ <bho.gii> adj. a person
who enjoys or suffers.
-oGy /b˙og.j\/ <bho.gj\> adj. worth
enjoying.

-edu /b˙e.du/ <bhe.du> masc. mystic.

-ojn /b˙o.Ô\n/ <bho.Ô\.n\> neut. a
mean (formal).

-ervvu& /b˙e.r\v.vu~/ <bhe.r\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to hang.

-o4 /b˙oˇ/ <bho.ˇ\> adj. idiotic.

-eX /b˙eÆ/ <bhe.Æ\> fem. a mixture.

-o4vo /b˙oˇ.vo/ <bho.ˇ\.vo> masc. an
earthen jug.

-eXvvu& /b˙e.Æ\v.vu~/ <bhe.Æ\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to mix.
-eXseX /b˙eÆ.seÆ/ <bhe.Æ\.se.Æ\> fem.
adulteration.

-omyo /b˙o.mi.jo/ <bho.mi.jo> masc. a
guide.
-oir&g /b˙o.ri˜g/ <bho.ri~.g\> masc. a
big serpent.

-eXseXIyu& /b˙eÆ.se.Æi.ju~/ <bhe.Æ\.se.Æii.ju~>
adj. 1. adulterated, 2. miscellaneous.

-olu& /b˙o.lu~/ <bho.lu~> neut. a monkey.

-e&= ~ -e&s /b˙´~s ~ b˙´~ß/ <bhe~.ß\ ~ bhe~.s\>
fem. a buffalo.

-oXvvu& /b˙o.Æ\v.vu~/ <bho.Æ\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to cheat.

-o: /b˙o.i/ <bho.ii> masc. a community
so named.

-oXu& /b˙o.Æu~/ <bho.Æu~> adj. a simplehearted.

-og /b˙og/ <bho.g\> masc. 1. a
sacrifice, 2. an offering to the god.

-o&kvu& /b˙ø~k.vu~/ <bho.k\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
pierce, 2. to bore.

-ogv4o /b˙og.v\.ˇo/ <bho.g\.v\.ˇo>
masc. ownership.

-o&5p /b˙ø~.ˇ˙\p/ <bho.ˇh\.p\> fem.
crestfallen.
-o&5u& /b˙ø~.ˇ˙u~/ <bho.ˇhu~> adj.
crestfallen.

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-o&y /b˙ø~j/ <bho.\> fem. 1. land, 2.
ground.

mk\km /m\k.k\m/ <m\.kk\.m\> adj.
firm.

-o&ytXIyu& /b˙ø~j.t\.Æi.ju~/ <bho.j\.t\.Æi.ju~>
neut. a ground-floor.

m`ml /m\k˙.m\l/ <m\.kh\.m\.l\>
neut. velvet.

-o&yru& /b˙ø~j.ru~/ <bho.j\.ru~> neut. a
tunnel.

m~`IcUs /m\k˙.k˙i.cus/
<m\.khkhii.cuu.s\> adj. extremely
miser.

-Ogoilk /b˙\u.go.lik/ <bh\u.go.li.k\>
adj. geographical.
-Oitk /b˙\u.tik/ <bh\.ti.k\> adj. 1.
physical, 2. materialistic, 3. mundane.
-/m /b˙r\m/ <bhr\.m\> masc. illusion.
-/Q4 /b˙r\ß.ˇ\/ <bhr\.s°ˇ\> neut. 1.
polluted, 2. degenerated.
-/Q4acar /b˙r\ß.ˇa.car/ <bhr\.s°ˇa.ca.r\>
masc. corruption.
-/amk /b˙ra.m\k/ <bhra.m\.k\> adj.
deceptive.

mg /m\g/ <m\.g\> masc. pl. a kind of
pulse.
mgj /m\.g\Ô/ <m\.g\.Ô\> neut. the
brain.
mgj /m\.g\Ô/ <m\.g\.Ô\> masc. a kind
of sweet.
mgtru& /m\.g\t.ru~/ <m\.g\.t\.ru~> neut.
a mosquito.
mgfXI /m\g.p˙\.Æi/ <m\.g\.ph\.Æii>
fem. groundnut.

-/a&it /b˙ra~n.ti/ <bra~.ti> fem. illusion.

mgr /m\.g\r/ <m\.g\.r\> masc.
alligator.

-<8 /b˙ru¯/ <br≤u.¯\> masc. an
undeveloped embryo.

mck /m\.c\k/ <m\.c\.k\> fem. giving
in.

m
mkr /m\.k\r ra.ßi/ <m\.k\.r\> fem. the
Capricorn, the tenth sign of the zodiac.

mcko6 /m\c.koÎ/ <m\.c\.ko.Î\> fem.
muscle stratch.
mc6vu& /m\.c\Î.vu~/ <m\.c\.Î\.vu~> v.tr.
to twist.

mka: /m\.ka.i/ <m\.ka.ii> fem. maize.

mC2r /m\c.c˙\r/ <m\.cch\.r\> neut. a
mosquito.

mkan /m\.kan/ <m\.ka.n\> neut. a
house.

m2vo /m\c˙.vo/ <m\.ch\.vo> masc. a
small boat.

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mjnU /m\Ô.nu/ <m\.Ô\.nuu> adj.
lovelorn.

m5o /m\.ˇ˙o/ <m\.ˇho> masc. a food
made of yogurt.

mjbUt /m\Ô.but/ <m\.Ô\.buu.t\> adj.
strong.

m6du& /m\Î.du~/ <m\.Î\.du~> neut. a
dead body.

mjbUtI /m\Ô.bu.ti/ <m\.Ô\.buu.tii> fem.
strength.

m6aga&5 /m\.Îa.ga~ˇ˙/ <m\.Îa.ga~.ˇh\>
fem. a deadlock.

mjbUr /m\Ô.bur/ <m\.Ô\.buu.r\> adj.
helpless.

m7vu& /m\Î˙.vu~/ <m\.Îh\.vu~> v.tr. to
frame (a photo for example).

mjbUrI /m\Ô.bu.ri/ <m\.Ô\.buu.rii> fem.
helplessness.

mi8 /m\.¯i/ <m\.¯i> masc. a gem.

mja /m\.Ôa/ <m\.Ôa> fem. pleasant.

mi8yar /m\.¯i.jar/ <m\.¯i.ja.r\> masc.
a professional bangle-maker.

mjUr /m\.Ôur/ <m\.Ôuu.r\> masc. a
labor.

mt /m\t/ <m\.t\> masc. 1. an opinion,
2. a vote.

mjUs /m\.Ôus/ <m\.Ôuu.s\> masc. a big
wooden box carving on it.

mtdar /m\t.dar/ <m\.t\.da.r\> masc. a
voter.

mjja /m\Ô.Ôa/ <m\.ÔÔa> fem. the
marrow of bone.

mtp{a /m\t.p\t.r\/ <m\.t\.p\.tr\> neut.
a voting paper.

m4ku& /m\ˇ.ku~/ <m\.ˇ\.ku~> neut. a wink.

mt-ed /m\t.b˙ed/ <m\.t\.bhe.d\> masc.
difference of opinion.

m4m4avvu& /m\ˇ.m\.ˇav.vu~/
<m\.ˇ\.m\.ˇa.v\.vu~> v.tr. to wink.
m4vu& /m\ˇ.vu~/ <m\.ˇ\.vu~> v.exp. to be
cured.
m5 /m\ˇ˙/ <m\.ˇh\> masc. pl. a kind of
pulse.
m5 /m\ˇ˙/ <m\.ˇh\> masc. a monastery.
m5arvu& /m\.ˇ˙ar.vu~/ <m\.ˇha.r\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to repair, 2. to fix error in a writing.

mtlb /m\t.l\b/ <m\.t\.l\.b\> fem. 1.
purpose, 2. intention.
mtlibyu& /m\t.l\b.i.ju~/ <m\.t\.l\.bi.ju~>
adj. selfish.
mtai0kar /m\.ta.d˙i.kar/
<m\.ta.dhi.ka.r\> masc. the right to
vote.
mit /m\.ti/ <m\.ti> fem. intellect.
mtu& /m\.tu~/ <m\.tu~> neut. signature.

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156
m9vu& /m\t˙.vu~/ <m\.th\.vu~> v.intr. to
churn.

mna: /m\.nai/ <m\.na.ii> fem. 1.
prohibition, 2. forbidding.

m9am8 /m\.t˙a.m\¯/ <m\.tha.m\.¯\>
fem. hard work.

mnam8u& /m\.nam.¯u~/ <m\.na.m\.¯u~>
neut. reconciliation.

m9aXu& /m\.t˙a.Æu~/ <m\.tha.Æu~> neut. 1. a
heading, 2. a top.

mnavvu& /m\.nav.vu~/ <m\.na.v\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to pursue, 2. to pacify.

mdd /m\.d\d/ <m\.d\.d\> fem. help.

mnIqa /m\.ni.ßa/ <m\.nii.s°a> fem.
desire.

mdinyu& /m\.d\n.i.ju~/ <m\.d\.ni.ju~> neut.
a young one of an elephant.
mdarI /m\.da.ri/ <m\.da.rii> masc. a
jugglar.
midra /m\.di.ra/ <m\.di.ra> fem. wine.

mnuQy /m\.nuß.j\/ <m\.nu.s°j\> masc. a
human being.
mne /m\.ne/ <m\.ne> pron. to me.
mnobX /m\.no.b\Æ/ <m\.no.b\.Æ\> neut.
willpower.

m0 /m\.d˙/ <m\.dh\> neut. honey.
m0ur /m\.d˙ur/ <m\.dhu.r\> adj.
sweet.
m)y /m\d˙.j\/ <m\.dhj\> adj. 1.
middle, 2. central.
m0rat /m\d˙.rat/ <m\.dh\.ra.t\> fem.
mid-night.
mn /m\n/ <m\.n\> neut. an organ of
desire.
mnn /m\.n\n/ <m\.n\.n\> neut. deepthinking.
mnsUbo /m\n.su.bo/ <m\.n\.su.bo>
masc. motive.
mnSvI /m\.n\s.vi/ <m\.n\.svii> adj. 1.
self-willed, 2. whimsical.

mnor9 /m\.no.r\t˙/ <m\.no.r\.th\>
masc. desire.
mnor&jk /m\.no.r\n.Ô\k/
<m\.no.r\~.Ô\.k\> adj. entertaining.
mnor&jn /m\.no.r\n.Ô\n/
<m\.no.r\~.Ô\.n\> neut. entertainment.
mnoiv}aan /m\.no.vig.nan/
<m\.no.vi.gna.n\> neut. spychology.
mnohr /m\.no.h\r/ <m\.no.h\.r\> adj.
attractive.
mft /m\.p˙\t/ <m\.ph\.t\> advb. free
of cost.
mbl` /m\b.l\k˙/ <m\.b\.l\.kh\> adj.
abundant.
mmt /m\.m\t/ <m\.m\.t\> fem.
insistence.

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157
mrvu& /m\r.vu~/ <m\.r\.vu~> v.intr. to die.
mmra /m\m.ro/ <m\.m\.ra> masc. a
type of rice flake.
mmXavvu& /m\m.Æav.vu~/
<m\.m\.Æa.v\.vu~> v.tr. to chew.
mrkvu& /m\.r\k.vu~/ <m\.r\.k\.vu~> v.intr.
to smile.

mrvo /m\r.vo/ <m\.r\.vo> masc. a small
unripe mango.
mrisyo /m\.r\.si.jo/ <m\.r\.si.jo> masc.
a mourning song.
mrhUm /m\r.hum/ <m\.r\.huu.m\> adj.
1. deceased, 2. late.

mr3I /m\r.g˙i/ <m\.r\.ghii> fem. a hen.
mrjad /m\r.Ôad/ <m\.r\.Ôa.d\> fem.
decency.
mrjadI /m\r.Ôa.di/ <m\.r\.Ôa.dii> adj.
observing strict untouchablility (a
religious practice found mainly among
the Vaishnava. This untouchability has
nothing to do with social
untouchablility).
mrijyat /m\r.Ôi.jat/ <m\.r\.Ôi.ja.t\> adj.
voluntary.
mr@ /m\r.Ôi/ <m\.r\.Ôii> fem. desire.
mr@vo /m\r.Ôi.vo/ <m\.r\.Ôii.vo> masc.
diver.
mr6avu& /m\r.Îa.vu~/ <m\.r\.Îa.vu~>
v.intr. to be twisted.
mr6o /m\r.Îo/ <m\.r\.Îo> masc.
dysentery.

mramt /m\.ra.m\t/ <m\.ra.m\.t\> fem.
1. repair, 2. mending.
mrI /m\.ri/ <m\.rii> fem. black or white
pepper.
mrImsalo /m\.ri.m\.sa.lo/
<m\.rii.m\.sa.lo> masc. spices.
mro6 /m\.roÎ/ <m\.ro.Î\> masc. a
shape (of a letter for example).
mmR /m\r.m\/ <m\.rm\> masc. deep
meaning.
myaRda /m\r.ja.da/ <m\.rja.da> fem. 1.
limit, 2. border.
myaRidt /m\r.ja.dit/ <m\.rja.di.t\> adj.
limited.
mlkvu& /m\.l\k.vu~/ <m\.l\.k\.vu~> v.intr.
to smile.

mr8 /m\.r\¯/ <m\.r\.¯\> neut. death.

mlm /m\.l\m/ <m\.l\.m\> masc.
ointment.

mri8yu& /m\.r\.¯i.ju~/ <m\.r\.¯i.ju~> adj.
desperate.

mlml /m\l.m\l/ <m\.l\.m\.l\> neut.
muslin.

mrd /m\.r\d/ <m\.r\.d\> masc. male.

mla: /m\.lai/ <m\.la.ii> fem. cream.

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mvalI /m\.va.li/ <m\.va.lii> masc. a
scoundrel.

mhamarI /m\.ha.ma.ri/ <m\.ha.ma.rii>
fem. an epidemic.

m=£ /m\ß.ru/ <m\.ß\.ru~> neut. cotton
and silk mixed yarn.

mhar9I /m\.ha.r\.t˙i/ <m\.ha.r\.thii>
masc. an extremely powerful warrior.

m=hUr /m\ß.hur/ <m\.ß\.huu.r\> adj.
renowned.

mharaj /m\.ha.raÔ/ <m\.ha.ra.Ô\> masc.
1.an emperor, 2. a temple priest, 3. a
cook.

m+krI /m\ß.k\.ri/ <m\.ßk\.rii> fem. 1. a
joke, 2. a jest.
mslt /m\s.l\t/ <m\.s\.l\.t\> fem.
consultation.
msXvu& /m\.s\Æ.vu~/ <m\.s\.Æ\.vu~> v.tr.
to knead.
msa8 /m\.sa¯/ <m\.sa.¯\> neut. a
burial-place.

mharaja /m\.ha.ra.Ôa/ <m\.ha.ra.Ôa>
masc. an emperor.
mhara8I /m\.ha.ra.ni/ <m\.ha.ra.¯ii>
fem. an empress.
mhaly /m\.ha.l\j/ <m\.ha.l\.j\> masc.
a palace.
mhavro /m\.hav.ro/ <m\.ha.v\.ro>
masc. practice.

msai8ya /m\.sa.¯i.jo/ <m\.sa.¯i.ja>
masc. a mourner accompanying a
funeral procession.

mhasagr /m\.ha.sa.g\r/
<m\.ha.sa.g\.r\> masc. an ocean.

msalo /m\.sa.lo/ <m\.sa.lo> masc.
spices.

mihno /m\.hi.no/ <m\.hi.no> masc. a
month.

mso /m\.so/ <m\.so> masc. a wart.

mihla /m\.hi.la/ <m\.hi.la> fem. a
woman.

mStk /m\s.t\k/ <m\.st\.k\> neut. the
head.
mhiqR /m\.h\r.ßi/ <m\.h\.rs°i> masc. a
great sage.
mh&t /m\.h\nt/ <m\.h\~.t\> masc. the
head of a monastery.
mha /m\.ha/ <m\.ha> masc. forth
month of the Vikram year.
mhakaVy /m\.ha.kav.j\/ <m\.ha.ka.vj\>
neut. epic.

mhuvr /m\.hu.v\r/ <m\.huu.v\.r\>
neut. a snake charmer’s flute.
mhe&k /m\.h´~k/ <m\.he~.k\> fem.
fragrance.
mheC2a /m\.hec.c˙a/ <m\.he.ccha> fem.
an ambition.
mhe8u& /m\.he.¯u~/ <m\.he.¯u~> neut. a
taunt.

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mhetl /m\.he.t\l/ <m\.he.t\.l\> fem. a
time limit.

like ornament usually presented by the
bridegroom to the bride.

mhetI /m\.he.ti/ <m\.he.tii> fem. 1. a
teacher’s wife, 2. a female teacher.

m&gXacr8 /m\˜g.Æa.c\.r\¯/
<m\~.g\.Æa.c\.r\.¯\> neut. invocation
of a divine being at the bringing of an
auspicious work.

mheto /m\.he.to/ <m\.he.to> masc. 1.
teacher, 2. an accountant.
mhent /m\.he.n\t/ <m\.he.n\.t\> fem.
mental or manual work.
mhenta8u& /m\.hen.ta.¯u~/
<m\.he.n\.ta.¯u~> neut. remuneration.
mheman /m\.he.man/ <m\.he.ma.n\>
masc. hon. a guest.
mhel /m\.hel/ <m\.he.l\> masc. a
palace.
mXtr /m\Æ.t\r/ <m\.Æ\.t\.r\> neut. 1.
remuneration 2. profit.
mXvu& /m\Æ.vu~/ <m\.Æ\.vu~> v.intr. to
meet.
mXvu& /m\Æ.vu~/ <m\.Æ\.vu~> v.intr. to
gain.
m&ko6o /m\˜.ko.Îo/ <m\~.ko.Îo> masc. a
kind of black ant.
m&gXfero /m\˜.\Æ.p˙e.ro/
<m\~.g\.Æ\.phe.ra> masc. a marriage
ritual in which bride and bridegroom
move around the marriage platform.
m&gXvar /m\˜.g\Æ.var/ <m\~.g\.Æ\.va.r\>
masc. Tuesday.
m&gXsU{a /m\˜.g\Æ.sut.r\/
<m\~.g\.Æ\.su.tr\> neut. a necklace-

m&@ra /m\µ.Ôi.ra/ <m\~.Ôii.ra> masc. pl. a
pair of cymbals.
m&jUr /m\µ.Ôur/ <m\~.Ôuu.r\> adj.
approved.
m&jUrI /m\µ.Ôu.ri/ <m\~,Ôuu.rii> fem.
approval.
m&6p /m\¯.Î\p/ <m\~.Î\.p\> masc. a
decorated platform.
m&6vu& /m\¯Î.vu~/ <m\~.Î\.vu~> v.intr. .to
begin, 2. to start.
m&trvu& /m\n.t\r.vu~/ <m\~.t\.r\.vu~> v.tr.
to bind by a spell.
m&tVy /m\n.t\.vj\/ <m\~.t\.vj\> neut.
opinion.
m&{a /m\nt.r\/ <m\~.tr\> masc. a spell.
m&{aI /m\n.tri/ <m\~.trii> masc. a
minister.
m&9n /m\n.t˙\n/ <m\~.th\.n\> neut. a
churning.
m&d /m\nd/ <m\~.d\> adj. slow.
m&dva6 /m\nd.vaÎ/ <m\~.d\.va.Î\> fem.
sickness.
m&idr /m\n.dir/ <m\~.di.r\> neut. a
temple.

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m&dI /m\n.di/ <m\~.dii> fem. 1. scarcity,
2. trade depression.
ma /ma/ <ma> fem. 1. mother, 2.
grandmother.

ma5u& /ma.ˇ˙u~/ <ma.ˇhu~> adj. .bad, 2.
wrong.
ma6I /ma.Îi/ <ma.Îii> fem. 1. mother,
2. goddess.
ma8 /ma¯/ <ma.¯\> fem. a metallic pot.

ma:ka&glu& /mai.ka˜g.lu~/ <ma.ii.ka~.g\.lu~>
adj. physically weak.

ma8vu& /ma¯.vu~/ <ma.¯\.vu~> v.tr. to
enjoy.

mak6 /ma.k\Î/ <m> masc. a bug.

ma8s /ma.¯\s/ <ma.¯\.s\> masc. a
human being.

ma` /mak˙/ <ma.kh\> fem. a fly.
ma`8 /ma.k˙\¯/ <ma.kh\.¯\> neut.
butter.

ma8sa: /ma¯.sai/ <ma.¯\.sa.ii> fem.
humility.

mag /mag/ <ma.g\> fem. demand.

ma8ek /ma.¯ek/ <ma.¯e.k\> neut. a
ruby.

magvu& /mag.vu~/ <ma.g\.vu~> v.tr. to ask
for.

mata /ma.ta/ <ma.ta> fem. 1. mother, 2.
goddess.

magu& /ma.gu~/ <ma.gu~> neut. a proposal
for betrothal.

ma{a /mat.r\/ <ma.tr\> advb. 1. only, 2.
merely.

ma28 /ma.c˙\¯/ <ma.ch\.¯\> fem. a
fisherwoman.

ma{aa /mat.ra/ <ma.tra> fem. a unit of
measure.

ma2lI /mac˙.li/ <m> fem. a fish.

ma9akU4 /ma.t˙a.kuˇ/ <ma.tha.kuu.ˇ\>
fem. unnecessary discussion.

ma2I /ma.c˙i/ <ma.chii> masc. a
fisherman.

ma9afrel /ma.t˙a.p˙\.rel/
<ma.tha.ph\.re.l\> adj. hot-tempered.

ma@ /ma.Ôi/ <ma.Ôii> adj. former.
ma@ /ma.Ôi/ <ma.Ôii> fem. hon. 1. a
grandmother, 2. a goddess.

ma9a-are /ma.t˙a.b˙a.re/ <ma.tha.bha.re>
adj. 1. challenging, 2. uncontrollable.
ma9u& /ma.t˙u~/ <ma.thu~> neut. head.

ma4I /ma.ˇi/ <ma.ˇii> fem. clay.
ma4e /ma.ˇe/ <ma.ˇe> postp. for

madiXyu& /ma.d\Æ.ju/ <ma.d\.Æi.ju~> neut.
an amulet.
mada /ma.da/ <ma.da> adj. female.

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ma)ym /mad˙.j\m/ <ma.dhj\.m\> adj.
medium.
man /man/ <ma.n\> neut. fame.
manta /man.ta/ <ma.n\.ta> fem. 1. a
pledge, 2. a religious vow.
mand /ma.n\d/ <ma.n\.d\> adj.
honorary.

mamUlI /ma.mu.li/ <ma.muu.lii> adj.
insignificant.
mamo /ma.mo/ <ma.mo> masc. mother’s
brother.
mayka&glu& /maj.ka˜g.lu~/ <ma.j\.ka~.g\.lu~>
adj. very weak (in terms of physical
construction).
maya /ma.ja/ <ma.ja> fem. illusion.
mar /mar/ <ma.r\> masc. beating.

mannIy /ma.n\.ni.j\/ <ma.n\.nii.j\> adj.
honorable.
manpan /man.pan/ <ma.n\.pa.n\> neut.
respect.
manvu& /man.vu~/ <ma.n\.vu~> v.tr. to
believe.
manisk /man.sik/ <ma.n\.si.k\> adj.
mental.
manItu& /ma.ni.tu~/ <ma.nii.tu~> adj.
favorite.
maNy /man.j\/ <ma.nj\> adj. acceptable.
map /map/ <ma.p\> neut. measure.

marpI4 /mar.piˇ/ <ma.r\.pii.ˇ\> fem.
repeated or severe beating.
marft /mar.p˙\t/ <ma.r\.ph\.t\> postp.
1. with, 2. by, 3. through.
marvu& /mar.vu~/ <ma.r\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
beat, 2. to strike.
maramarI /ma.ra.ma.ri/ <ma.ra.ma.rii>
fem. a violent clash.
magR /marg/ <ma.rg\> masc. a road.
maimRk /mar.mik/ <ma.rmi.k\> adj.
subtle.
mal /mal/ <ma.l\> masc. goods.

mafI /ma.p˙i/ <ma.phii> fem.
forgiveness.
mabap /mabap/ <ma.ba.p\> neut. pl.
parents.
mama /ma.ma/ <ma.ma> masc. hon.
mother’s brother.
mamI /ma.mi/ <ma.mii> fem. mother’s
brother’s wife.

maldar /mal.dar/ <ma.l\.da.r\> adj.
rich.
malmta /mal.m\.ta/ <ma.l\.m\.ta> fem.
property.
malimlkt /mal.mil.k\t/
<ma.l\.mi.l\.k\.t\> fem. property.
mailk /ma.lik/ <ma.li.k\> masc. 1.
owner, 2. a master, 3. a boss, 4. god.

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maXa /ma.Æa/ <ma.Æa> fem. a garland.
mailkI /ma.li.ki/ <ma.li.kii> fem.
ownership.
mail= /ma.liß/ <ma.li.ß\> fem.
massaging.
mavjt /mav.Ô\t/ <ma.v\.Ô\.t\> fem.
care.
mav5u& /mav.ˇ˙u~/ <ma.v\.ˇhu~> neut.
unseasonable rain.
mavi6yu& /ma.v\Î.ju~/ <ma.v\.Îi.ju~> adj.
too much obedient of mother.
mavtr /mav.t\r/ <ma.v\.t\.r\> neut. pl.
parents.
mavo /ma.vo/ <ma.vo> masc. 1. solid
cream of milk, 2. kernel of fruits etc.
ma=I /ma.ßi/ <ma.ßii> fem. mother’s
sister.
mas /mas/ <ma.s\> masc. a month.
maisk /ma.sik/ <ma.si.k\> adj.
monthly.
maisk /ma.sik/ <ma.si.k\> neut.
women’s menses.
maso /ma.so/ <ma.so> masc. mother’s
sister’s husband.
maihtI /ma.hi.ti/ <ma.hi.tii> fem.
knowledge.
maX /maÆ/ <ma.Æ\> masc. a storey.
maX`u& /maÆ.k˙u~/ <ma.Æ\.khu~> neut. 1. a
structure, 2. a frame.

maiXyu& /ma.Æi.ju~/ <ma.Æi.ju~> neut. a
storey.
maXI /ma.Æi/ <ma.Æii> masc. a gardener.
maXo /ma.Æo/ <ma.Æo> masc. a nest.
ma&jvu& /ma~Ô.vu~/ <ma~.Ô\.vu~> v.tr. to
cleanse a pot and etc.
ma&6vu& /ma~Î.vu~/ <ma~.Î\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
begin, 2. to start.
ma&6vu& /ma~Î.vu~/ <ma~.Î\.vu~> v.tr. to
close.
ma&dgI /ma~d.gi/ <ma~.d\.gii> fem.
sickness.
ma&dlu& /ma~d.lu~/ <ma~.d\.lu~> adj. always
sick.
ma&du& /ma~.du~/ <ma~.du~> adj. sick.
ma&s /ma~s/ <ma~.s\> neut. flash.
ma&sahar /ma~.sa.har/ <ma~.sa.ha.r\>
masc. meat or mutton food.
ma&saharI /ma~.sa.ha.ri/ <ma~.sa.ha.rii>
adj. non- vegetarian.
imjagru& /mi.Ôa.g\.ru~/ <mi.Ôa.g\.ru~> neut.
a hinge.
imjaj /mi.ÔaÔ/ <mi.Ôa.Ô\> masc.
temperament.
imja@ /mi.Ôa.Ôi/ <mi.Ôa.Ôii> adj. hottempered.

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im{a /mit.r\/ <mi.tr\> masc. a friend.

mI&7X /mi~.Î˙\Æ/ <mii~.Îh\.Æ\> neut. a
kind of fruit.
mI&7u& /mi~¯.Î˙o/ <mii~.Îhu~> adj. shrewd.

im{ata /mit.r\.ta/ <mi.tr\.ta> adj.
friendship.

muk¥mo /mu.k\d.d\.mo/
<mu.k\.dd\.mo> masc. a law suit.

im(ya /mit˙.ja/ <mi.thja> adj. 1. illusory,
2. unreal.

mukablo /mu.kab.lo/ <mu.ka.b\.lo>
masc. a comparison.

imlkt /mil.k\t/ <mil.k\.t\> fem.
property.

mukt /muk.t\/ <mu.kt\> adj. free.

imit /mi.ti/ <mi.ti> fem. a date.

imln /mi.lan/ <mi.l\.n\> neut. 1.
meeting, 2. union.
imlav4 /mi.la.v\ˇ/ <mi.la.v\.ˇ\> fem.
adulteration.
imlavvu& /mi.lav.vu~/ <mi.la.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to mix.
imS{aI /mis.tri/ <mi.strii> masc. a skilled
craftsman.

muikt /muk.ti/ <mu.kti> fem. freedom.
mu`vas /muk˙.vas/ <mu.kh\.va.s\>
masc. a sort of mouth cleaning food
taken after a meal.
mu`I /mu.k˙i/ <mu.khii> masc. chief of
a village or a community.
mu~y /muk˙.j\/ <mu.khj\> adj. 1. chief,
2. foremost.

mI5a: /mi.ˇ˙a.i/ <mi.ˇha.ii> fem. sweet.

mug4 /mu.g\ˇ/ <mu.g\.ˇ\> masc. a
crown.

mI5a= /mi.ˇ˙aß/ <mii.ˇha.ß\> fem.
sweetness.

mu55\ I /muˇ˙.ˇ˙i/ <mu.ˇhˇhii> fem. a fist.

mI5u& /mi.ˇ˙u~/ <mii.ˇhu~> neut. salt.

mutr6I /mu.t\r.Îi/ <mu.t\.r\.Îii> fem. a
urinal.

mI5u& /mi.ˇ˙u~/ <mii.ˇhu~> adj. sweet.
mI8 /mi::¯/ <mii.¯\> neut .wax.
mI8b]aI /mi:Î.b\t.ti/ <mii.¯\.b\.ttii>
fem. candle.

mudt /mu.d\t/ <mu.d\.t\> fem. a fixed
time.
mu¥l /mud.d\l/ <mu.dd\.l\> fem. the
principal amount.
mu¥o /muddo/ <mu.ddo> masc. issue.

mI&6u& /miÎ.Îu~/ <mii.Îu~> neut. a figure
of zero.

mu±k /mud.r\k/ <mu.dr\.k\> masc.
printer.

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mu±a /mud.ra/ <mu.dra> fem. a stamp.
muin/mu.ni/ <mu.ni> masc. a sage.
munIm /mu.nim/ <mu.ni.m\> masc. 1.
an accountant, 2. a manager.
mufils /mup˙.lis/ <mu.ph\.li.s\> adj.
penniless.

mus¥o /mu.s\d.do/ <mu.s\.ddo> masc.
a draft.
muslman /mu.sal.man/
<mu.s\.l\.ma.n\> masc. a follower of
Islam.
musafr /mu.sa.p˙\r/ <mu.sa.ph\.r\>
masc. a traveller.

mur3I /mur.g˙i/ <mu.r\.ghii> fem. hen.
murityo /mu.r\.ti.o/ <mu.r\.ti.jo> masc.
a would-be-son-in-law or bridegroom.
murBbI /mu.r\b.bi/ <mu.r\.bbii> adj.
elderly.
murBbo /mu.r\b.bo/ <mu.r\.bbo> masc.
a kind of conserved food.

musafrI /mu.sa.p˙\.ri/ <mu.sa.ph\.rii>
fem. 1 a travel, 2. a journey.
musIbt /mu.si.b\t/ <mu.sii.b\.t\> fem.
trouble.
muiSlm /mus.lim/ <mu.sli.m\> masc. a
follower of Islam.
mUkvu& /muk.vu~/ <mu.k\.vu~> v.tr. to put.

murad /mu.rad/ <mu.ra.d\> fem. desire.
mulk /mu.l\k/ <mu.l\.k\> masc. a
territory.
multvI /mu.l\t.vi/ <mu.l\.t\.vii> adj.
postponed.
mulv8I /mu.l\v.¯i/ <mu.l\.v\.¯ii> fem.
valuation.
mulakat /mu.la.kat/ <mu.la.ka.t\> fem.
a visit.
mulaym /mu.la.j\m/ <mu.la.j\.m\> adj.
soft.

mU&gu& /mu˜.gu/ <muu~.gu~> adj. 1.
speechless, 2. silent.
mU2 /muc˙/ <mu.ch\> fem. the
moustache.
mU5 /muˇ˙/ <mu.ˇh\> fem. the hilt of a
sword.
mU6I /mu.Îi/ <muu.Îii> fem. 1. capital,
2. investment.
mUtr /mu.t\r/ <muu.t\.r\> neut. urine.
mUtrvu& /mu.t\r.vu~/ <muu.t\.r\.vu~>
v.intr. to urinate.

mu+kel /muß.kel/ <mu.ßke.l\> adj.
difficult.

mU{aip*6 /mut.r\.pi¯.Î\/ neut. the kidney.

mu+kelI /muß.ke.li/ <mu.ßke.lii> fem.
difficulty.

mU{aa=y /mut.ra.ß\j/ <muu.tra.ß\.j\>
masc. the bladder.

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165

mUr` /mu.r\k˙/ <muu.r\.kh\> adj. fool.
mUtR /mur.t\/ <muu.rt\> adj. 1.
corporeal, 2. concrete.

me9I /me.t˙i/ <me.tii> fem. 1. a kind of
seed used for seasoning, 2. a plant used
as vegetable.
me9Ipak /me.t˙i.pak/ <me.thii.pa.k\>
masc. a sweet made of me9I.

mUitR /mur.ti/ <muu.rti> fem. an idol.
mUlvvu& /mu.l\v.vu~/ <muu.l\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to ascertain the price, 2. to assay.
mULy /mul.j\/ <muu.lj\> neut. 1. value,
2. price.
mUX /muÆ/ <muu.lj\> neut. 1. origin, 2.
root, 3. fundamental.
mUXaxr /mu.Æak.ß\r/ <muu.Æa.kß\.r\>
masc. pl. the letters of an alphabet.

me9Iyu& /met˙.ju~/ <me.thii.ju~> neut. a kind
of pickles seasoned with me9I.
med /med/ <me.d\> masc. fat.
mednI /med.ni/ <me.d\.nii> fem.
congregation.
medan /me.dan/ <me.da.n\> neut. 1. a
plain, 2. a playground.
mena /me.na/ <me.na> fem. a kind of
song-bird.

mUXo /mu.Æo/ <muu.Æo> masc. a radish.
mel /m´l/ <me.l\> masc. 1. filth, 2. dirt.
mU&gu& /mu˜.gu~/ <muu~.gu~> adj. 1.
speechless, 2. dumb.
mU&zv8 /mu~Ô˙.v\¯/ <muu~.Ôh\.v\.¯\>
fem. uneasiness.

mel`aw& /m´l.k˙a.u~/ <me.la.kha.u~> adj. a
cloth that conceals dirt.
mel6I /m´l.Îi/ <me.l\.Îii> fem. a female
ghost.

mU&zavu& /mu~.Ô˙a.vu~/ <muu.Ôha.vu~> v.intr.
to be perplexed.

melvu& /mel.vu~/ <me.l\.vu~> v.tr. to put.

mU&6vu& /mu¯Î.vu~/ <mu~.Î\.vu~> v.tr. to
shave the head entirely.

melu& /m´.lu~/ <me.lu~> adj. 1. dirty, 2.
filthy.

m<Tyu& /mrut.ju~/ <mr≤u.tju~> neut. death.

me&= /m´~ß/ <me.ß\> fem. soot.

m<d&g /mru.d\˜g/ <mr≤u.d\~.g\> neut. a
kind of drum.

meXv8 /meÆ.v\¯/ <me.Æ\.v\.¯\> neut. a
mixture.

me6I /me.Îi/ <me.Îii> fem. an upper
storey.

meXvvu& /me.Æ\v.vu~/ <me.Æ\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to mix.

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meXap /me.Æap/ <me.Æa.p\> masc. 1. a
meeting, 2. a union.

moj=o` /moÔ.ßok˙/ <mo.Ô\.ßo.kh\>
masc. luxury.

meXav6o /me.Æav.Îo/ <me.Æa.v\.Îo>
masc. a public function.

moju& /mo.Ôu~/ <mo.Ôu~> neut. a wave.
moju& /mo.Ôu~/ <mo.Ôu~> neut. a glove.

meXo /me.Æo/ <me.Æo> masc. a fair.
me& /m´~/ <me~> pron. I.

mojUd /mo.Ôud/ <mo.Ôu.d\> adj.
existing.

moklvu& /mok\l.vu~/ <mo.k\.l\.vu> v.tr.
to send.

mo4u& /mo.ˇu~/ <mo.ˇu~> adj. 1. big, 2.
large, 3. adult, 4. elder.

mokXa= /mok.Æaß/ <mo.k\.Æa.ß\> fem. 1.
roominess, 2. freedom, 3. comfort.

mo6u& /mo.Îu~/ <mo.Îu~> adj. late.

mokXu& /mok.Æu~/ <mo.k\.Æu~> adj. 1.
spacious, 2. open.
moka8 /mo.ka¯/ <mo.ka.¯\> fem. a
condolence ritual.
moko /mø.ko/ <mo.ko> masc. a
favorable opportunity.
mox /mok.ß\/ <mo.kß\> masc.
liberation.
mogro /mog.ro/ <mo.g\.ro> masc. a
kind of flower plant.
moc8 /mo.c\¯/ <mo.c\.¯\> fem. a
female of the cobbler community.
mocI /mo.ci/ <mo.cii> masc. 1. a
cobbler, 2. a name of a community.
moj6I /moÔ.Îi/ <mo.Ô\.Îii> fem. a kind
of light, embroidered shoe.
mojmja /moÔ.m\.Ôa/ <mo.Ô\.m\.Ôa> fem.
1 luxury, 2. comfort.

mo7amo7 /mø.Î˙a.moÎ˙/
<mo.Îha.mo.Îh\> advb. fact to face.
mo7u& /mø.Î˙u~/ <mo.Îhu~> neut. the
mouth.
mo8 /mo¯/ <mo.¯\> neut. lubricant
mixed with flour.
mot /møt/ <mo.t\> neut. death.
moityo /mo.ti.jo/ <mo.ti.jo> masc.
cataract.
motI /mo.ti/ <mo.tii> neut. a pearl.
modI /mo.di/ <mo.dii> masc. a grocery.
mo- /mob˙/ <mo.bh\> masc. a beam
supporting a roof.
mo-adar /mo.b˙a.dar/ <mo.bha.da.r\>
adj. 1. respected, 2. having high status.
mor /mor/ <mo.r\> masc. peacock.
morco /mor.co/ <mo.r\.co> masc. front.

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167
morlI /mor.li/ <mo.r\.lii> fem. a flute.

mohvu& /moh.vu~/ <mo.h\.vu~> v.tr. to be
fascinated or deluded.

mors /mo.r\s/ <mo.r\.s\> fem. granular
sugar.

moXu& /mø.Æu~/ <mo.Æu~> adj. tasteless.

moiryo /mor.(i).jo/ <mo.ri.jo> masc. a
kind of wild corn.

mo& /mø~/ <mo~> neut. 1. the mouth, 2.
face.

morI /mø.ri/ <mo.rii> fem. a drain.

mo&3varI /mø~g˙.va.ri/ <mo~.gh\.va.rii>
fem. 1. dearness, 2. allowance.

mol /mol/ <mo.l\> masc. a standing
crop.
movu& /mo.vu~/ <mo.vu~> v.tr. to lubricate
flour with oil, ghee etc.
mosm /mo.s\m/ <mo.s\.m\> fem. a
season.
mosmI /mos.mi/ <mo.s\.mii> adj.
seasonal.
mos&bI /mo.s\m.bi/ <mo.s\~.bii> fem. a
kind of fruit.
mosaX /mo.saÆ/ <mo.sa.Æ\> neut. the
maternal side of relation.
mosaXu& /mo.sa.Æu~/ <mo.sa.Æu~> neut. 1.
gifts given by the parents to their
daughter on her first pregnancy, 2. gifts
given by the maternal side of the
relatives.

mo&3u& /mø~˜.gu~/ <mo~.ghu~> adj. extremely
dear.
mOn /m\un/ <m\u.n\> neut. selfimposed dumbness.
mOlvI /m\ul.vi/ <m\ul.vii> masc. 1. a
learned Muslim, 2. an expert in Islamic
laws.
mOlIk /m\u.lik/ <m\u.lii.k\> adj.
original.
Myan /mjan/ <mja.n\> neut. a scabbard.

y
yk<t /j\k.rut/ <j\.kr≤u.t\> neut. the liver.
yjman /j\Ô.man/ <j\.Ô\.ma.n\> masc. a
host.

moh /moh/ <mo.h\> masc. fascination.
mohk /mo.h\k/ <mo.h\.k\> adj.
charming.
mohn9aX /mo.h\n.t˙a/
<mo.h\.n\.tha.Æ\> masc. a kind of
sweetmeets.

y}a /j\g.n\/ <j\.gn\> masc. a religious
performance.
ymdUt /j\m.dut/ <j\.m\.duu.t\> masc. a
servant of the god of death.
y= /j\ß/ <j\.ß\> masc. fame.
y&{a /j\n.tr\/ <j\~.tr\> neut. a machine.

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168
yogI /jo.gi/ <jo.gii> masc. an ascetic.
yatna /jat.na/ <ja.t\.na> fem. suffering.
ya{aa /jat.ra/ <ja.tra> fem. a pilgrim.
yad /jad/ <ja.d\> fem. memory.

yoGy /jog.j\/ <jo.gj\> adj. 1. proper, 2.
needful.
yojk /jo,Ô\k/ <jo.Ô\.k\> masc. an
organizer.

yadI /ja.di/ <ja.dii> fem. a note.
yojna /joÔ.na/ <jo.Ô\.na> fem. a plan.
yan /jan/ <ja.n\> neut. a vehicle
(formal)
yar /jar/ <ja.r\> masc. friend.
ya&i{ak /ja~t.rik/ <ja~.tri.k\> adj. machinelike.
yuikt /juk.ti/ <ju.kti> fem. 1. skill, 2.
trick.
yug /jug/ <ju.g\> masc. an age.

yojvu& /joÔ.vu~/ <jo.Ô\.vu~> v.tr. to plan.
yoin /jo.ni/ <jo.ni> fem. a female’s
generative organ.
yOvn /jau.ban/ <j\u.v\.n\> neut. youth.

r

yu)0 /jud˙.d˙\/ <ju.dhdh\> neut. war.

rkm /r\.k\m/ <r\.k\.m\> fem. a thing.

yuvk /ju.v\k/ <ju.v\.k\> masc. a young
man.

rkabI /r\.ka.bi/ <r\.ka.bii> fem. 1. a
plate, 2. a saucer.

yuvtI /juv.ti/ <ju.v\.tii> fem. a young
women.

rkt /rk.t\/<r\.kt\> neut. blood.

yuvraj /juv.raÔ/ <ju.v\.ra.Ô\> masc. a
crown prince.
yuvra}aI /juv.rag.ni/ <ju.v\.ra.gnii> fem.
the wife of a crown prince.

rxk /r\k.ß\k/ <r\.kß\.k\> masc. a
guard.
rxa /r\k.ßa/ <r\.kßa> fem. a protection.

yog /jo.g\/ <jo.g\> masc. union.

r`6p4\4I /r\.k˙\Î.p\ˇ.ˇi/
<r\.kh\.Î\.p\.ˇˇii> fem. 1. wandering,
2. roaming.

yoganuyog /jo.ga.nu.jog/ <jo.ga.nu.jo.g\>
advb. 1. by chance, 2. incidently.

r`6vu& /r\.k˙\Î.vu~/ <r\.kh\.Î\.vu~>
v.intr. 1. to wander, 2. to roam.

yoignI /jo.gi.ni/ <jo.gi.nii> fem. a
female ascetic.

r`6u& /r\k˙.Îu~/ <r\.kh\.Îu~> adj. 1.
wandering, 2. roaming.

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169
r`at /r\.k˙at/ <r\.kha.t\> fem. an illicit
wife.
r`e /r\.k˙e/ <r\.khe> advb. by chance.
r`evaX /r\.k˙e.vaÆ/ <r\.khe.va.Æ\> masc.
1. guardian, 2. a protector.

rja: /r\.Ôai/ <r\.Ôa.ii> fem. a quilt.
rjaic5\5I /r\.Ôa.ciˇ˙ˇ˙i/ <r\.Ôa.ci.ˇhˇhii>
fem. a written permission.
r4vu& /r\ˇ.vu~/ <r\.ˇ\vu~> v.tr. to speak the
same thing repeatedly.

rg /r\g/ <r\.g\> fem. a vein.
rgi=yu& /r\.g\.ßi.ju~/ <r\.g\.ßi.ju~> adj.
slow and tedious.
r3va4 /r\g.vaˇ/ <r\.gh\.va.ˇ\> masc.
bewilderment.
rcna /r\c.na/ <r\.c\.na> fem. 1.
construction, 2. composition.

r6vu& /r\Î.vu~/ <r\.Î\.vu~> v.intr. to
weep.
r6aroX /r\.Îa.roÆ/ <r\.Îa.ro.Î\> fem.
weeping.
ri7yaXu& /r\.Î˙i.ja.Æu~/ <r\.Îhi.ja.Æu~> adj.
fascinating.
r8 /r\¯/ <r\.¯\> neut. a desert.

rciyta /r\c.ji.ta/ <r\.c\.ji.ta> masc. 1. a
constructor, 2. a composer.

r8 /r\¯/ <r\.¯\> neut. a battle-field.

rcvu& /r\c.vu~/ <r\.c\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
construct, 2. to compose.

r8kvu& /r\.¯\k.vu~/ <r\.¯\.k\.vu~> v.intr.
to tinkle.

rj /r\Ô/ <r\.Ô\> fem. 1. a molecule, 2. a
particle.

r8kar /r\¯.kar/ <r\.¯\.ka.r\> masc. a
tinkling sound.

rjk8 /r\Ô.k\¯/ <r\.Ô\.k\.¯\> masc. a
particle of dust.

r82o6 /r\¯.c˙oÎ/ masc. Lord Sri
Krishna.

rjko /r\Ô.ko/ <r\.Ô\.ko> masc. a kind of
grass.

r8z8vu& /r\¯.Ô˙\¯.vu~/ <r\.¯\.Ôh\.¯\.vu~>
v.intr. to tinkle repeatedly.

rjt /r\.Ô\t/ <r\.Ô\.t\> neut. silver.

rtn /r\.t\n/ <r\.t\.n\> neut. the pupil
of the eye.

rjnI /r\Ô.ni/ <r\.Ô\.nii> fem. night.
rjpUt /r\Ô.put/ <r\.Ô\.pu.t\> masc. a
man belonging to Rajput community.
rja /r\.Ôa/ <r\.Ôa> fem. 1. a holiday, 2. a
leave.

rtl /r\.t\l/ <r\.t\.l\> masc. a measure
of weight.
rtva /r\t.va/ <r\.t\.va> masc. a kind of
skin disease.

By. Richin Patel

170
rta= /r\.taß/ <r\.ta.ß\> fem. redness.

rmUj /r\.muÔ/ <r\.mu.Ô\> fem. 1.
humor, 2. fun.

rtaXu& /r\.ta.Æu~/ <r\.ta.Æu~> neut. yam.
rta&0Xu& /r\.ta~n.d˙\.Æu~/ <r\.ta~.dh\.Æu~>
adj. night-blind.
rTn /r\t.n\/ <r\.tn\> neut. a gem.
r9 /r\t˙/ <r\.th\> masc. a chariot.
r¥I /r\d.di/ <r\.ddii> fem. 1. useless, 2.
scrap papers and etc.

rvrvvu& /r\v.r\v.vu~/ <r\.v\.r\.v\.vu~>
v.intr. to occur a biting sensation on the
tongue.
rivvar /r\.vi.var/ <r\.vi.va.r\> masc.
Sunday.
rvo /r\.vo/ <r\.vo> masc. granular flour
of wheat.
rs /r\s/ <r\.s\> masc. juice.

rbarI /r\.ba.ri/ <r\.ba.rii> masc. a
shepherd.

rs /r\s/ <r\.s\> masc. interest.

rmk6u& /r\.m\k.Îu~/ <r\.m\.k\.Îu~> neut.
a toy.

rsaksI /r\.sa.k\.si/ <r\.sa.k\.sii> fem.
an intense contest.

rm`a8 /r\m.k˙a¯/ <r\.m\.kha.¯\> neut.
a riot.

rsadar /r\.sa.dar/ <r\.sa.da.r\> adj.
juicy.

rmjan /r\m.Ôan/ <r\.m\.Ôha.n\> masc.
the ninth and the holy month of the Hijri
era.

rsay8 /r\.sa.j\¯/ <r\.sa.j\.¯\> neut.
chemical.

rmz4 /r\m.Ô˙\ˇ/ <r\.m\.Ôh\.ˇ\> fem. the
climax and the higest tempo of dancing,
singing etc.

risk /r\.sik/ <r\.si.k\> adj. romantic.
rsI /r\.si/ <r\.sii> fem. a vaccine.
rsId /r\.sid/ <r\.sii.d\> fem. a receipt.

rmt /r\.m\t/ <r\.m\.t\> fem. 1. a
game, 2. a play. 3. a sport.
rmityaX /r\.m\.ti.jaÆ/ <r\.m\.ti.ja.Æ\>
adj. 1. playful, 2. joyful.
rmrmvu& /r\m.r\m.vu~/ <r\..m\.r\.m\.vu~>
v.intr. 1. to jingle, 2. to tinkle.
rmvu& /r\m.vu~/ <r\.m\.vu~> v.intr. 1. to
play, 2. to sport.

rso /r\.so/ <r\.so> masc. thick juice of
cooked vegetables.
rso;yo /r\.so.i.jo/ <r\.so.ii.jo> masc. a
male cook.
rso;8 /r\.so.i.j\¯/ <r\.so.ii.j\.¯\> fem.
a female cook.

By. Richin Patel

171
rso: /r\.so.i/ <r\.so.ii> fem. 1. cooking,
2. cooked food.

r&g-ed /r\˜.b˙ed/ <r\~.g\.bhe.d\> masc.
racism.

rso6u& /r\.so.Îu~/ <r\.so.Îu~> neut. a
kitchen.

r&glo /r\˜g.lo/ <r\~.g\.lo> masc. a
clown.

rsoXI /r\.so.Æi/ <r\.so.Æii> fem. a buglike tumor.

r&gvu& /r\˜g.vu~/ <r\~.g\.vu~> v.tr. to color.

rSto /r\s.to/ <r\.sto> masc. 1. a road, 2.
a cure, 3. a solution.
rSsI /r\s.si/ <r\.ssii> fem. a thick
string.
rhSy /r\.h\s.j\/ <r\.h\.sj\> neut. secret.
rhe5a8 /r\.he.ˇ˙a¯/ <r\.he.ˇha.¯\> neut.
1. a house, 2. an abode, 3. a residence.

r&gIn /r\˜.gin/ <r\~.gii.n\> adj. colorful.
ra: /ra.i/ <ra.ii> fem. 1. mustard plant,
2. mustard.
raxs /rak.ß\s/ <ra.kß\.s\> masc. 1. a
monster, 2. a demon, 3. a devil.
raxsI /rak.ß\.si/ <ra.kß\.sii> adj. 1.
devilish, 2. monstrous.
ra` /ra.k˙/ <ra.kh\> fem. ashes.

rhe8Ikr8I /r\.he.¯i.k\r.¯i/
<r\.he.¯ii.k\.r\.¯ii> fem. 1. life style,
2. manners.
rhevu& /r\.he.vu~/ <r\.he.vu~> v.intr. 1. to
live, 2. to dwell, 3. to reside.

ra`6I /rak˙.Îi/ <ra.kh\.Îii> fem. a
thread that sisters tie on the arm of the
brothers for their protection.
ra`vu& /rak˙.vu~/ <ra.kh\.vu~> v.tr. to
keep.

rXvu& /r\Æ.vu~/ <r\.Æ\.vu~> v.intr. to earn.
riXyam8u& /r\.i.ja.m\.¯u~/
<r\.Æi.ja.m\.¯u~> adj. 1. beautiful, 2.
pleasant.

ra`o6Iyu& /ra.k˙o.Îi.ju~/ <ra.kho.Îii.ju~>
adj. grey.
rag /rag/ <ra.g\> masc. tune.

r&k /r\˜k/ <r\~.k\> adj. poor.

raj /raÔ/ <ra.Ô\> neut. a kingdom.

r&g /r\˜g/ <r\~.g\> masc. color.

rajku&vr /raÔ.ku~.v\r/ <ra.Ô\.ku~.v\.r\>
masc. a prince

r&g-Uim /r\˜.g\.b˙u.mi/ <r\~.g\.bhuu.mi>
fem. a theatre.
r&g7&g /r\˜g.Î˙\˜g/ <r\~.g\.Îh\~.g\>
masc. manners.

rajku&vrI /raÔ.ku~v.ri/ <ra.Ô\.ku~.v\.rii>
fem. a princess.
rajkar8 /raÔ.ka.r\¯/ <ra.Ô\.ka.r\.¯\>
neut. politics.

By. Richin Patel

172

rajkIy /raÔ.ki.j\/ <ra.Ô\.kii.j\> adj.
political.

ratidvs /rat.di:.v\s/ <ra.t\.di.v\.s\>
adj. day and night.

rajkumar /raÔ.ku.mar/ <ra.Ô\.ku.ma.r\>
masc. prince.

ratpaXI /rat.pa.Æi/ <ra.t\.pa.Æii> fem. a
night-shift.

rajgadI /raÔ.ga.di/ <ra.Ô\.ga.dii> fem. a
throne.

ratvaso /rat.va.so/ <ra.t\.va.so> masc. a
halt for a night.

raj0anI /raÔ.d˙a.ni/ <ra.Ô\.dha.nii> fem.
a state’s capital.

ratu& /red/ <ra.tu~> adj. red.
rai{a/rat.ri/ <ra.tri> fem. night.

rajnIit /raÔ.ni.ti/ <ra.Ô\.nii.ti> fem.
politics.

ranI /ra.ni/ <ra.nii> adj. wild.

rajnEitk /raÔ.n\i.tik/ <ra.Ô\.n\i.ti.k\>
adj. political.

raf6o /rap˙.Îo/ <ra.ph\.Îo> masc. 1. an
ant-hill, 2. a serpent’s burrow.

rajrmt /raÔ.r\.m\t/ <ra.Ô\.r\.m\.t\>
fem. diplomacy.

rab /rab/ <ra.b\> fem. gruel.

raja /ra.Ôa/ <ra.Ôa> masc. the king.

ram7ol /ram.Î˙ol/ <ra.m\.Îho.l\> masc.
a big drum.

ra@ /ra.Ôi/ <ra.Ôii> adj. pleased.
rajy /raÔ.j\/ <ra.Ôj\> neut. a state.
rajyai-qek /raÔ.ja.b˙i.ßek/
<ra,Ôja,bhi.s°e.k\> masc. 1.
enthronement, 2. coronation.

rampatr /ram.pa.t\r/ <ra.m\.pa.t\.r\>
neut. a begging-bowl.
ramfX /ram.p˙\Æ/ <ra.m\.ph\.Æ\> neut.
a kind of fruit.
ramba8 /ram.ba¯/ <ra.m\.ba.¯\> neut.
infallible.

ra6 /raÎ/ <ra.Î\> fem. a shout.
ra8I /ra.¯i/ <ra.¯ii> fem. queen.
ra8Ivas /ra.¯i.vas/ <ra.¯ii.va.s\> masc.
a harem.
ra8o /\ra.¯o/ <ra.¯o> masc. a Rajput
king.
rat /rat/ <ra.t\> fem. night.

ram-roso /ram.b˙\.ro.so/
<ra.m\.bh\.ro.so> masc. faith in god.
ram-rose /ram.b˙\.ro.se/
<ra.m\.bh\.ro.so> postp. 1. things left
on the faith in god, 2. things left
unattended.
ramrajy /ram.raÔ.j\/ <ra.m\.ra.Ôj\> neut.
an ideal state.

By. Richin Patel

173

ramlIla /ram.li.la/ <ra.m\.lii.la> fem. a
folk drama.
ramI /ra.mi/ <ra.mii> masc. a gardener.
ramo /ra.mo/ <ra.mo> masc. a domestic
servant.

ra&0vu& /ra~d˙.vu~/ <ra~.dh\.vu~> v.tr. to
cook.
irbavvu& /ri.bav.vu~/ <ri.ba.v\.vu~> v.tr. 1.
to persecute, 2. to tyrannize.
irvaj /ri.vaÔ/ <ri.va.Ô\> masc. a custom.

ray8 /ra.j\¯/ <ra.j\.¯\> fem. a tree.

irsavu& /ri:sa.vu~/ <ri.sa.vu~> v.intr. to be
displeased.

ray8 /ra.j\¯/ <ra.j\.¯\> neut. fruits of
ray8 tree.

rIzvvu& /ri.Ô˙\v.vu~/ <rii.Ôh\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to please.

rav8h(9o /ra.v\¯.h\t˙.t˙o/
<ra.v\.¯\.h\.ththo> masc. a kind of
musical instrument.

rI7u& /ri.Î˙u~/ <rii.Îhu~> adj. seasoned.

ravi8yo /ra.v\.¯i.jo/ <ra.v\.¯i.jo> masc.
a village-watchman.
raQ4^ /raß.ˇr\/ <ra.s°ˇr\> neut. a nation.
raQ4^Iy /raß.ˇri.j\/ <ra.s°ßˇri.j\> adj.
national.
ras /ras/ <ra.s\> masc. a kind of
collective dance.
rasayi8k /ra.sa.j\.¯ik/ <ra.sa.j\.¯i.k\>
adj. chemical.

rIt /rit/ <rii.t\> fem. 1. method, 2.
style.
rIt-at /rit.b˙at/ <rii.t\.bha.t\> masc. pl.
manners.
rItirvaj /rit.ri.vaÔ/ <rii.t\.ri.va.Ô\>
masc. pl. customs.
rI&g8 /ri˜.g\¯/ <rii~.g\.¯\> neut. an
eggplant.
rI&2 /ri~c˙/ <rii~.ch\> neut. a bear.
ruAab /ru.ab/ <ru.a.b\> masc. 1. pomp,
2. grandeur.

raht /ra.h\t/ <ra.h\.t\> fem. relief.
rucvu& /ruc.vu~/ <ru.c\.vu~> exp. to like.
rahdarI /rah.da.ri/ <ra.h\.da.rii> masc.
a traveler on a foot.

ruic /ru.ci/ <ru.ci> fem. liking.

rahbr /rah.b\r/ <ra.h\.b\.r\> masc. a
guide.

ruickr /ru.ci.k\r/ <ru.ci.k\.r\> adj. 1.
tasteful, 2. likable.

rahu /ra.hu/ <ra.huu> masc. a planet of
that name.

rudn /ru.d\n/ <ru.d\.n\> neut.
weeping.

By. Richin Patel

174
rui0r /ru.d˙ir/ <ru.dhi.r\> neut. blood.

£mal /ru.mal/ <ruu.ma.l\> masc. 1.
towel, 2. handkerchief.

£ /ru/ <ruu> neut. cotton.
£zvu& /ruÔ˙.vu~/ <ruu.Ôh\.vu~> v.intr. to
be healed.
£5vu& /ruˇ˙.vu~/ <ruu.ˇh\.vu~> v.intr. to be
enraged because of displeasure.

£&0vu& /ru~d˙.vu~/ <ruu~.dh\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
restrict 2. to stop.
re`a /re.k˙a/ <re.kha> fem. a line.
re`a&= /re.ka~mß/ <re.kha~.ß\> masc. a
longitude.

£6u& /ru.Îu~/ <ruu.Îu~> adj. graceful.
rec /rec/ <re.c\> masc. a purgative.
£7 /ruÎ˙/ <ruu.Îh\> adj. traditionally
established.

re6 /reÎ/ <re.Î\> fem. a raid.

£i7 /ru.Î˙i/ <ruu.Îhi> fem. a custom.

re6vu& /reÎ.vu~/ <re.Î\.vu~> v.tr. to pour.

£p /rup/ <ruu.p\> neut. 1. appearance,
2. form.

rei7yaX /re.Î˙i.jaÆ/ <re.Îhi.ja.Æ\> adj. 1.
stray, 2. ownerless and wandering.

£pk /ru.p\k/ <ruu.p\.k\> neut. a
metaphor.

re7u& /re.Î˙u~/ <re.Îhu~> adj. uncared for
by any one.

£pre`a /rup.re.k˙a/ <ruu.p\.re.kha>
fem. an outline.

re8 /re¯/ <re.¯\> neut. a substance for
soldering metals.

£paXu& /ru.pa.Æu~/ <ruu.pa.Æu~> adj.
beautiful.

retI /re.ti/ <re.tii> fem. sand.

£pa&tr /ru.pa~n.t\r/ <ruu.pa~.t\.r\> neut.
transformation.

rebzeb /reb.Ô˙eb/ <re.b\.Ôhe.b\> adj.
wet with perspiration.
rel /rel/ <re.l\> fem. flood.

£ipyo /ru.pi.jo/ <ruu.pi.jo> masc.
India’s currency.
£p&u /ru.pu~/ <ruu.pu~> neut. silver.
£b£ /rub.ru/ <ruu.b\.ruu> advb. in the
presence of.
£mzUm /rum.Ô˙um/ <ruu.m\.Ôhuu.m\>
advb. with the sounds of jingling
anklets.

relm2el /re.l\m.c˙el/ <re.l\.m\.che.l\>
fem. an overflow.
relavu& /re.la.vu~/ <re.la.vu~> v.intr. to
spread like a stream.
relo /re.lo/ <re.lo> masc. a small thin
flow.
re=m /re.ß\m/ <re.ßh\.m\> neut. silken.

By. Richin Patel

175

resadar /re.sa.dar/ <re.sa.da.r\> adj.
fibrous.

ronk /ro.n\k/ <ro.n\.k\> fem. beauty.

reso /re.so/ <re.so> masc. fiber.

ropvu& /rop.vu~/ <ro.p\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
plant, 2. to sow.

re&kvu& /r´~k.vu~/ <re~.k\.vu~> v.intr. to
bellow (of cow, buffalo).

roma&c /ro.ma~µc/ <ro.ma~.c\> masc. a
thrill.

rok6 /ro.k\Î/ <ro.k\.Î\> fem. cash.

rovu& /ro.vu~/ <ro.vu~> v.intr. to cry.

rok6Iyu& /ro.k\.Îi.ju~/ <ro.k\.Îii.ju~> adj.
dealing in cash.

ro=nI /roß.ni/ <ro.Ô\.nii> fem.
illumination.

rokvu& /rok.vu~/ <ro.k\> v.tr. to stop.

roq /roß/ <ro.s°\> masc. 1. anger, 2.
wrath.

roka8 /ro.ka¯/ <ro.ka.¯\> neut. delay.
rog /rog/ <ro.g\> masc. disease.
roigyu& /ro.gi.ju~/ <ro.gi.ju~> adj. sick.
roj /roÔ/ <ro.Ô\> masc. 1. a day, 2. a
date.
roj /roÔ/ <ro.Ô\> masc. a daily wage.
rojnI=I /roÔ.ni.ßi/ <ro.Ô\.nii.ßii> fem. a
diary.
rojbroj /roÔ.b\.roÔ/ <ro.Ô\.b\.ro.Ô\>
advb. everyday.
ro@ /ro.Ôi/ <ro.Ôii> fem. maintenance.
rojo /ro.Ôo/ <ro.Ôo> masc. a fast-day for
Muslim.
ro4lI /roˇ.li/ <ro.ˇ\.lii> fem. a thin, soft
circular bread of wheat flour.
rotl /ro.t\l/ <ro.t\.l\> adj. apt to weep
over trifles.

rO± /r\u.dr\/ <r\u.dr\> adj. 1. terrible,
2. horrible.

l
lkvo /l\k.vo/ <l\.k\.vo> masc.
paralysis.
lx8 /l\k.ß\¯/ <l\.kß\.¯\> neut. 1. a
sign, 2. a symptom, 3. quality.
låmI /l\k.ßmi/ <l\.kß\.mii> fem. the
wide of lord Vishnu and the goddess of
wealth.
l`pit /l\k˙.p\.ti/ <l\.kh\.p\.ti> masc.
a millionaire.
l`lU4 /l\k˙.luˇ/ <l\.kh\.luu.ˇ\> adj.
abundant.
l`vu& /l\k˙.vu~/ <l\.kh\.vu~> v.tr. to
write.

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176
l`a8 /l\.k˙a¯/ <l\.kha.¯\> neut.
written material.

lckvu& /l\.c\k.vu~/ <l\.c\.k\.vu~> v.intr.
to bend down because of burden.

l`av4 /l\.k˙a.v\ˇ/ <l\.kha.v\.ˇ\> fem.
writing.

lcko /l\c.ko/ <l\.c\.ko> masc. a lump
of a viscous substance.

l`o4I /l\.k˙o.ˇi/ <l\.kho.ˇii> fem. a
marble.

lcpc /l\c.p\c/ <l\.c\.p\.c\> adj.
viscous and doughy.

lg6I /l\g.Îi/ <l\.g\.Îii> fem. a bar of
gold.

ljam8I /l\.Ôam.¯i/ <l\.Ôa.m\.¯ii> fem. a
kind of plant whose leaves contract
when we touch.

lgn /l\.g\n/ <l\.g\.n\> neut. marriage.
lg-g /l\g.b˙\g/ <l\.g\.bh\.g\> advb.
approximately.
lgatar /l\.ga.tar/ <l\.ga.ta.r\> advb.
nonstop.

ljavvu& /l\.Ôav.vu~/ <l\.Ôa.v\.vu~> v.tr. to
disgrace.
ljja /l\Ô.Ôa/ <l\.ÔÔa> fem. modesty.
l4 /l\ˇ/ <l\.ˇ\> fem. a thin string of
hair.

lgam /l\.gam/ <l\.ga.m\> fem. 1. the
bit of bridle, 2. control.

l4kvu& /l\.ˇ\k.vu~/ v.intr. to hang.

lgavvu& /l\.gav.vu~/ <l\.ga.v\.vu~> v.tr. 1.
to smear with, 2. to join.

l4kaXu& /l\ˇ.ka.Æu~/ <l\.ˇ\.ka.Æu~> adj. apt
to walk.

lgI /l\.gi/ <l\.gii> advb. 1. till, 2. up to.

l4ku& /l\ˇ.ku~/ <l\.ˇ\.ku~> neut. a graceful
expression or physical attitude.

lgolg /l\.go.l\g/ <l\.go.l\.g\> postp.
very near.
lGn /l\g.n\/ <l\.gn\> neut. marriage.

l6t /l\.Î\t/ <l\.Î\.t\> fem. a fight.
l6vu& /l\Î.vu~/ <l\.Î\.vu~> v.intr. 1. to
fight, 2. to quarrel.

l3rv3r /l\.g˙\r.v\.g˙\r/
<l\.g\.r\.v\.g\.r\> adj. tattered.

l6a: /l\.Îai/ <l\.Îa.ii> fem. a battle.

l3u /l\.g˙u/ <l\.ghu> adj. small.

l6ayk /l\.Îa.j\k/ <l\.Îa.j\.k\> adj. 1.
warlike, 2. inclined to fight.

l3utm /l\.g˙u.t\m/ <l\.ghu.t\.m\> adj.
minimum.

l78 /l\.Î˙\¯/ <l\.Îh\.¯\> fem.
manner.

l3umtI /l\.g˙u.m\.ti/ <l\.ghu.m\.tii>
fem. minority.

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177
l8vu& /l\¯.vu~/ <l\.¯\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
reap, 2. to harvest.

lpavu& /l\.pa.vu~/ <l\.pa.vu~> v.intr. to
hide oneself.

lt /l\t/ <l\.t\> fem. habit.

lpe4vu& /l\.peˇ.vu~/ <l\.pe.ˇ\.vu~> v.tr. 1.
to wrap, 2. to involve someone.

l]ao /l\t.to/ <l\.tto> masc. 1. a locality,
2. a street.
l96vu& /l\.t˙\Î.vu~/ <l\.th\.Î\.vu~> v.intr.
1. to stumble, 2. to deteriorate.
l96Iyu& /l\.t˙\.Îi.ju~/ <l\.ˇh\.Îii.ju~> neut.
stumbling.
lpkvu& /l\.p\k.vu~/ <l\.p\.k\.vu~> v.intr.
to be scorched.
lpkaro /l\p.ka.ro/ <l\.p\.ka.ro> masc.
repeated scorching or stinging pain.
lp2p /l\p.c˙\p/ <l\.p\.ch\.p\> fem.
underhand maneuvering.
lp4 /l\.p\ˇ/ <l\.p\.ˇ\> fem. . a swoop,
2. a pouncing upon.
lp4vu& /l\.p\ˇ.vu~/ <l\.p\.ˇ\.vu~> v.tr. to
trap someone.

lpe6vu& /l\.peÎ.vu~/ <l\.pe.Î\.vu~> v.tr. to
besmear thickly.
lpe6o /l\.pe.Îo/ <l\.pe.Îo> masc. a
thick layer.
lPp6 /l\p.p\Î/ <l\.pp\.Î\> fem. a slap.
lPpn2Ppn /l\p.p\n.c˙\p.p\n/
<l\.pp\.n\.ch\.pp\.n\> fem. useless
worry or discussion.
lf6ff6 /l\.p˙\Î.p˙\.p˙\Î/
<l\.ph\.Î\.ph\.ph\.Î\> advb. with
disorderly clothing.
lfru& /l\p˙.ru~/ <l\.ph\.ru~> neut. a lump
of the nose-mucus.
lb6vu& /l\.b\Î.vu~/ <l\.b\.Î\.vu~> v.intr.
to hand.

lp6ak /l\p.Îak/ <l\.p\.Îa.k\> fem. a
slap.

lbaco /l\.ba.co/ <l\.ba.co> masc. a
disorderly collection of cloths, broken
things and etc.

lplp /l\p.l\p/ <l\.p\.l\.p\> fem.
prattle.

lba6 /l\.baÎ/ <l\.ba.Î\> adj. roguish.

lpvu& /l\p.vu~/ <l\.p\.vu~> v.intr. to hide.

lm8azI&k /l\m.¯a.Ô˙i~k/ <l\.m\.¯a.Ôhi.k\>
fem. a tedious and useless discussion.

lpsvu& /l\.p\s.vu~/ <l\.p\.s\.vu~> v.intr.
to slip.

lm8u& /l\m.¯u~/ <l\.m\.¯u~> neut. the
temple.

lps8u& /l\.p\s.vu~/ <l\.p\.s\.vu~> adj.
slippery.

ly /l\j/ <l\.j\> masc. rhythm.

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178
llkar /l\l.kar/ <l\.l\.ka.r\> masc. a
loud singing or utterance.

lso4vu& /l\.soˇ.vu~/ <l\.so.ˇ\.vu~> v.tr. to
mash.

llkarvu& /l\l.kar.vu~/ <l\.l\.ka.r\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to sing in a lingering tune, 2. to
challenge someone.

lha8I /l\.ha.¯i/ <l\.ha.¯ii> fem. gift
distributing among the relatives.

llcavu& /l\l.ca.vu~/ <l\.l\.ca.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to be enticed.

lhavo /l\.ha.vo/ <l\.ha.vo> masc. a
chance.
lihyo /l\.hi.jo/ <l\.hi.jo> masc. a scribe.

llna /l\l.na/ <l\.l\.na> fem. a beautiful
woman.
lvro /l\v.ro/ <l\.v\.ro> masc. a bruise
caused by the nail etc.
lvvu& /l\v.vu~/ <l\.v\.vu~> v.intr. 1. to
prate, 2. to chatter.
lvajm /l\.va.Ô\m/ <l\.va.Ô\.m\> neut. a
periodic subscription.
lvadI /l\.va.di/ <l\.va.dii> fem.
pertaining to arbitration.
lvaru& /l\.va.ru~/ <l\.va.ru~> neut. 1. a kid
(of goat) 2. a lamb.
lvaro /l\.va.ro/ <l\.va.ro> masc. prattle.
liv&g /l\.vi˜g/ <l\.vi~.g\> neut. a clove.
liv&igyu& /l\.vi˜.gi.ju~/ <l\.vi~.gi.ju~> adj. as
big as or shaped like a clove.
l+kr /l\ß.k\r/ <l\.ßk\.r\> neut. army.

lher /l\.her/ <l\.he.r\> fem. a wave.
lherI /l\.he.ri/ <l\.he.rii> adj. joyful.
lXvu& /l\Æ.vu~/ <l\.Æ\.vu~> v.intr. to bend
down.
l&g6u& /l\˜g.Îu~/ <l\~.g\.Îu~> adj. 1. lame,
2. cripple.
l&g6o /l\˜g.Îo/ <l\~.g\.Îo> masc. a type
of a mango.
l&gr /l\˜.g\r/ <l\~.g\.r\> neut. an
anchor.
l&gUr /l\˜.gur/ <l\~.guu.r\> masc. a
monkey.
l&go4Iyu& /l\˜.go.ˇi.jo/ <l\~.go.ˇi.ju~> masc.
childhood (friend).
l&p4 /l\m.p\ˇ/ <l\~.p\.ˇ\> adj.
adulterous.

ls8 /l\.s\¯/ <l\.s\.¯\> neut. garlic.

l&bcors /l\mb.co.r\s/ <l\~.b\.co.r\.s\>
adj. rectangular.

lsrko /l\.s\r.ko/ <l\.s\.r\.ko> masc. a
scratch.

l&bodr /l\m.bo.d\r/ <l\~.bo.d\.r\> adj.
pot-bellied.
lak6I /lak.Îi/ <la.k\.Îii> fem. a stick.

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179

lak6u& /lak.Îu~/ <la.k\.Îu~> neut. 1. wood,
2. timber.
laxi8k /lak.ß\.nik/ <la.kß\.¯i.k\> adj.
1. peculiar, 2. typical.
la` /lak˙/ <la.kh\> fem. sealing-wax.
la` /lak˙/ <la.kh\> adj. one hundred
thousand.
la`u& /la.k˙u~/ <la.khu~> neut. a birthmark.

la6kvayu& /la.Î\k.va.ju~/ <la.Î\.k\.va.ju~>
adj. beloved (child).
la6vo /laÎ.vo/ <la.Î\.vo> masc. a kind
of sweet.
la6u /la.Îu~/ <la.Îu> masc. a kind of
sweet.
lat /lat/ <la.t\> fem. a kick.
lad /lad/ <la.d\> fem. excretion of
some quadrupeds such as horse.
ladvu& /lad.vu~/ <la.d\.vu~> v.tr. to load.

lag /lag/ <la.g\> masc. 1. a support, 2.
an opportunity.

ladI /la.di/ <la.dii> fem. flooring tile.

lag8I /lag.¯i/ <la.g\.¯ii> fem.
sentiment.

la0vu& /lad˙.vu~/ <la.dh\.vu~> v.exp. 1. to
find, 2. to get.

lagt /la.g\t/ <la.g\.t\> fem. local
taxes.

lap4 /la.p\ˇ/ <la.p\.ˇ\> fem. a slap.

lagvg /lag.v\g/ <la.g\.v\.g\> fem.
influence (for getting gain illegally).

laprva /la.p\r.va/ <la.p\.r\.va> adj.
careless.

lagvu& /lag.vu~/ <la.g\.vu~> v.exp. to feel.

lap=I /lap.ßi/ <la.p\.ßii> fem. a sweet of
that name.

lagvu& /lag.vu~/ <la.g\.vu~> v.intr. to
kindle.

lafo /la.p˙o/ <la.pho> masc. a slept.

lacar /la.car/ <la.ca.r\> adj. helpless.

la- /lab˙/ <la.bh\> masc. 1. advantage,
2. benefit.

laj /laÔ/ <la.Ô\> fem. 1. credit, 2.
reputation.

layk /la.j\k/ <la.j\.k\> adj. suitable.

la4I /ma.ˇi/ <la.ˇii> fem. timber-market.
la5I /la.ˇ˙i/ <la.ˇhii> fem. a thick stick.
la6 /laÎ/ <la.Î\> masc. pl. endearment.

lal /lal/ <la.l\> adj. red.
lalc /la.l\c/ <la.l\.c\> fem. greed.
lalcu& /lal.cu~/ <la.l\.cu~> adj. greedy.

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180
lalsa /lal.sa/ <la.l\.sa> fem. intense
desire.

il&g /li˜.g\/ <li~.g\> neut. 1. a sign, 2.
the idol of Lord Shiva, 3. the generative
organ of the male.

lala= /la.laß/ <la.la.ß\> fem. redness.
il&bu /lim.bu~/ <li~.bu~> neut. a lemon.
lailma /la.li.ma/ <la.li.ma> fem.
redness.

il&bu6I /lim.bu.Îi/ <li~.bu.Îii> fem. a
lemon-tree.

lalI /la.li/ <la.lii> fem. redness.
lavrI /lav.ri/ <la.v\.rii> fem. a kind of
bird.
lavvu& /lav.vu~/ <la.v\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
bring, 2. to fetch, 3. to buy.
la= /laß/ <la.ß\> fem. a corpse.
laX /laÆ/ <la.Æ\> fem. 1. saliva, 2.
spittle.
laXo /la.Æo/ <la.Æo> masc. a burning
coal.

il&boXI /lim.bo.Æi/ <li~.bo.Æii> fem. the
fruit of a neem tree.
lI` /lik˙/ <lii.kh\> fem. 1. an egg of a
louse, 2. a nit.
lIcI /li.ci/ <lii.cii> fem. a kind of fruittree or its fruit.
lI4I /li.ˇi/ <lii.ˇii> fem. a line.
lIm6I /lim.Îi/ <lii.m\.Îii> fem. a kind
of neem tree.

la&38 /la~˜.g\¯/ <la~.g\.¯\> fem. fasting.

lIm6o /lim.Îo/ <lii.m\.Îo> masc. a
neem tree.

la&c /la~c/ <la~.c\> fem. a bribe.

lIlm /li.l\m/ <lii.l\.m\> neut. emerald.

la&bu& /la~.bu~/ <la~.bu~> adj. long.

lIla /li.la/ <lii.la> fem. play.

ili`t /li.k˙it/ <li.khi.t\> adj. written.

lIlalher /li.la.l\.her/ <lii.la.l\.he.r\>
fem. complete happiness.

iljjt /liÔ.Ô\t/ <li.ÔÔ\.t\> fem. keen joy.
ilip /li.pi/ <li.pi> fem. script.
illam /li.lam/ <li.la.m\> neut. auction.
ilso4o /li.so.ˇo/ <li.so.ˇo> masc. 1. a thin
line 2. a bruise.

lIla= /li.laß/ <lii.la.ß\> fem. greenness.
lIlu& /li.lu~/ <lii.lu~> neut. green.
lIsu& /li.su~/ <lii.su~> adj. smooth.
lI&4 /li~ˇ/ <lii~.ˇ\> neut. nasal mucus.
lI&6I& /li~¯.Îi/ <lii~.Îii> fem. excrement of
goat etc.

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181
lU4 /luˇ/ <luu.ˇ\> fem. robbing.
lI&p8 /li~.p\¯/ <lii~.p\.¯\> neut. daubing
with cow-dung, clay etc.
lI&pvu& /li~p.vu~/ <lii~.p\.vu~> v.tr. to daub
with cow-dung, clay etc.
luCca: /luc.cai/ <lu.cca.ii> fem.
cunningness.
luCcu& /luc.cu~/ <lu.ccu~> adj. cunning.
lu2i8yu& /lu.c˙\.¯i.ju~/ <lu.ch\.¯i.ju~> neut.
jute cloth for wiping.
lu4aru /lu.ˇa.ru/ <lu.ˇa.ru> masc. a
robber.
luhar /lu.har/ <lu.ha.r\> masc. a
blacksmith.
lu&gI /lu˜.gi/ <luu~.gii> fem. a cylindrical
garment worn round the waist and
covering the legs.

lU4vu& /luˇ.vu~/ <luu.ˇ\.vu~> v.tr. to rob.
lU8 /lu¯/ <luu.¯\> neut. salt.
lU8o /lu.¯o/ <luu.¯o> masc. the effects
of combination with salt.
lUm /lum/ <luu.m\> fem. a bunch.
lUlI /lu.li/ <luu.lii> fem. the tongue
(derogatory).
lUlu& /lu.lu~/ <lu.lu~> adj. lame.
le` /lek˙/ <le.kh\> masc. 1. an article,
2. a writing.
le`k /le.k˙\k/ <le.kh\.k\> masc. a
writer (male)
le`n /le.k˙\n/ <le.kh\.n\> neut.
writing.

lU /lu/ <luu> fem. sunstroke.

le`&u /le.k˙u~/ <le.khu~> neut. account.

lU`s /lu.k˙\s/ <luu.kh\.s\> fem. a kind
of skin-disease.

le`e /le.k˙e/ <le.khe> advb. at the rate.

lU`&u /lu.k˙u~/ <luu.khu~> adj. dry
(without oil, ghee etc.).
lug6a&l]aa& /lug.Îa~.l\t.ta~/
<luu.g\.Îa~.l\.tta~> neut. pl. clothes and
similar other things.
lUg6u& /lug.Îu~/ <luu.g\.Îu~> neut. 1. a
garment, 2. a sari, 3. an article of dress.
lU2vu& /luc˙.vu~/ <lu.ch\.vu~> v.tr. to
wipe.

le8dar /l´¯.dar/ <le.¯\.da.r\> adj. a
creditor.
le8de8 /le¯.de¯/ <le.¯\.de.¯\> fem.
relation of financial transaction.
lep /lep/ <le.p\> masc. coating.
lepvu& /lep.vu~/ <le.p\.vu~> v.tr. to coat.
lebas /le.bas/ <le.ba.s\> masc.
costume.

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182
le-agu /le.b˙a.gu/ <le.bha.gu~> adj.
unreliable (person).

loko]ar /lo.kot.t\r/ <lo.ko.tt\.r\> adj.
super-human.

levadeva /le.va.de.va/ <le.va.de.va> fem.
1. relation, 2. concern.

lo`&6 /lo.k˙\¯Î/ <lo.kh\~.Î\> neut. iron.

lev&u /le.vu~/ <le.vu~> v.tr. 1. to take, 2. to
purchase, 3. to accept.

locn /lo.c\n/ <lo.c\.n\> neut. the eye
(poetic).
loco /lo.co/ <lo.co> masc. a lump.

lok /lok/ <lo.k\> masc. 1. people, 2. a
mythological region of the universe.
lokk9a /lok.k\.t˙a/ <lo.k\.k\.tha> fem.
a folktale.
lokgIt /lok.git/ <lo.k\.gii.t\> neut. a
folksong.
lokccaR /lok.c\r.ca/ <lo.k\.c\.rca> fem.
popular talk.
lok@vn /lok.Ôi.v\n/ <lo.k\.Ôii.v\.n\>
neut. social life.
lokip/y /lok.pri.j\/ <lo.k\.pri.j\> adj.
popular.
lok-oGy /lok.b˙og.j\/ <lo.k\.bho.gj\>
adj. capable of being understood by the
masses.
lokmt /lok.m\t/ <lo.k\.m\.t\> masc.
public opinion.
lok=ahI /lok.ßa.hi/ <lo.k\.ßa.hii> fem.
democracy.
lokiht /lok.hit/ <l> neut. public welfare.
lokacar /lo.ka.car/ <lo.ka.ca.r\> masc.
social customs.
lokoikt /lo.kok.ti/<lo.ko.kti> fem. a
proverb.

lo4 /loˇ/ <lo.ˇ\> masc. 1. flour, 2. fine
powder.
lo4vu& /loˇ.vu~/ <lo.ˇ\.vu~> v.intr. to roll
on around.
lo7I /lo.Î˙i/ <lo.Îhii> fem. an iron pan.
lo7u& /lo.Î˙u~/ <lo.Îhu~> neut. iron.
lop /lop/ <lo.p\> masc. 1. merger, 2.
assimilation.
lopvu& /lop.vu~/ <lo.p\.vu~> v.intr. to
hide.
lofr /lo.p˙\r/ <lo.ph\.r\> adj. a
vagabond.
lo- /lob˙/ <lo.bh\> masc. greed.
lo-am8u& /lo.b˙am.¯u~/ <lo.bha.m\.¯u~>
adj. enticing.
lo-I /lo.b˙i/ <lo.bhii> adj. greedy.
lohcu&bk /loh.cum.b\k/ <lo.h\.cu~.b\.k\>
neut. a magnet.
lohIyaX /lo.hi.jaÆ/ <lo.hii.ja.Æ\> adj. 1.
bloody, 2. violent, 3. stained with blood.
lohI /lo.hi/ <lo.hii> neut. blood.

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183
lohIwkaXo /lo.hi.u.ka.Æo/ <lo.hii.u.ka.Æo>
masc. quarrel.

v`a8 /v\.k˙a¯/ <v\.kha.¯\> masc.
praise.

lohIluha8 /lo.hi.lu.ha¯/ <lo.hii.lulha.¯\>
adj. bleeding heavily.

v`a8vu& /v\.k˙a¯.vu~/ <v\.kha.¯\.vu~>
v.tr. to praise.

lohIva /lo.hi.va/ <lo.hii.va> masc. a
kind of disease related to blood.

v`ar /v\.k˙ar/ <v\.kha.r\> fem. a store
house.

loiXyu& /lo.Æi.ju~/ <lo.Æi.ju~> neut. earornament for women.

v`o6vu& /v\.k˙oÎ.vu~/ <v\.kho.Î\.vu~>
v.tr. 1. to find faults, 2. to criticize.

lo&do /lø~.do/ <lo~.do> masc. a lump of
sticky.

vg6aw /v\g.Îau/ <v\.g\.Îa.u~> adj.
pertaining to wood.

lOikk/l\u.kik/ <l\u.ki.k\> adj. worldly.

vg6o /v\g.Îo/ <v\.g\/Îo> masc.
barren region.

v
vkrvu& /v\.k\r.vu~/ <v\.k\.r\.vu~> v.intr.
1. to deteriorate 2. to worsen.
vkro /v\k.ro/ <v\.k\.ro> masc. sale.
vkIl /v\.kil/ <v\.kii.l\> masc. a
lawyer.
vkIlatnamu& /v\.ki.lat.na.mu~/
<v\.kii.la.t\.na.mu~> neut. power of
attorney.

vgr /v\.g\r/ <v\.g\.r\> postp. without.
vga6vu& /v\.gaÎ.vu~/ <v\.ga.Î\.vu~> v.tr.
to cause to sound (of musical
instrument).
vga6vu& /v\.gaÎ.vu~/ <v\.ga.Î\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to harm, 2. to injure.
vgere /v\.ge.re/ <v\.ge.re> advb. et
cetera.
vgo /v\.go/ <v\.go> masc. a locality.

vktVy /v\k.t\v.j\/ <v\.kt\.vj\> neut. a
speech.

vgovvu& /v\.gov.vu~/ <v\.go.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to defame.

vkta /v\k.ta/ <v\.kta> masc. a speaker.

v3ar /v\.g˙ar/ <v\.gha.r\> masc. the
act of sizzling a liquid dish with boiled
mixture of ghee or oil and spices.

v`t /v\.k˙\t/ <v\.kh\.t\> masc. time.
v`tov`t /v\.k˙\.to.v\.k˙\t/
<v\.kh\.to.v\.kh\.t\> advb. 1. often,
2. frequently.

v3arvu& /v\.g˙ar.vu~/ <v\.gha.r\.vu~> v.tr.
to sizzle a liquid dish with boiled ghee or
oil and spices.

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184
vcgaXo /vc.ga.Æo/ <v\.c\.ga.Æo> masc.
in middle part of time.
vcn /v\.c\n/ <v\.c\.n\> neut.
promise.
vcn /v\.c\n/ <v\.c\.n\> neut. number
(grammatical).
vclu& /v\c.lu~/ <v\.c\.lu~> adj. 1. middle,
2. intermediate.
vCce /v\c.ce/ <v\.cce> postp. in the
middle.
v2U4vu& /v\.c˙uˇ.vu~/ <va.chu.ˇ\.vu~>
v.intr. to go off suddenly.
v2eru& /v\.c˙e.ru~/ <va.che.ru~> neut. a
colt.

v4avvu& /v\.ˇav.vu~/ <v\.ˇa.v\.vu~> v.tr. 1.
to exchange a big coin/ bill for smaller
ones, 2. to encash a draft, note or checks
etc.
v4avvu& /v\.ˇav.vu~/ <v\.ˇa.v\.vu~> v.tr. to
pass by or cross safely.
v4emaguR /v\.ˇe.mar.gu/ <v\.ˇe.ma.rgu>
masc. a traveler.
v6 /v\Î/ <v\Î> masc. a banyan tree.
v6vo /v\Î.vo/ <v\.Î\.vo> masc. an
ancestor.
v6ssro /v\Î.s\s.ro/ <v\.Î\.s\.s\.ro>
masc. father of a father-in-law.
v6sasu /v\Î.sa.su~/ <v\.Î\.sa.su> fem.
mother of a father-in-law.

v2erI /v\.c˙e.ri/ <v\.che.rii> fem. a filly.
v2o6vu& /v\.c˙oÎ.vu~/ <v\.cho.Î\.vu~> v.tr.
to separate.
vjn /v\.Ô\n/ <v\.Ô\.n\> neut. 1.
weight, 2. burden.
v4 /v\ˇ/ <v\.ˇ\> masc. reputation.
v4lavu& /v\ˇ.la.vu~/ <v\.ˇ\.la.vu~> v.tr. 1.
to become a religious/ caste convert, 2.
to be polluted because of food, drinks
etc.
v4hukm /v\ˇ.hu.k\m/ <v\.ˇ\.hu.k\.m\>
masc. an ordinance.
v4a8a /v\.ˇa.¯a/ <v\.ˇa.¯a> masc. a
kind of beans.
v4av /v\.ˇav/ <v\.ˇa.v\> masc.
discount.

v6Il /v\.Îil/ <v\.Îii.l\> adj. elder
person in a family.
v6IlopaijRt /v\.Îi.lo.par.Ôit/
<v\.Îi.lo.pa.rÔi.t\> adj. acquired or
erned by ancestors.
v6e /v\.Îe/ <v\.Îe> postp. 1. by, 2.
with.
v7vu& /v\Î˙.vu~/ <v\.Îh\.vu~> v.intr. to
quarrel.
v8kr /v\¯.k\r/ <v\.¯\.k\.r\> masc. a
weaver.
v8jar /v\¯.Ôar/ <v\.¯\.Ôha.r\> fem. a
craven.
v8vu& /v\¯.vu~/ <v\.¯\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
weave, 2. to intertwine and make, 3. to
roll bread, 4. to pick or gather crops.

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v8svu& /v\.¯\s.vu~/ <v\.¯\.s\.vu~> v.intr.
1. to worsen, 2. to deteriorate.
v8a4 /v\.¯aˇ/ <v\.¯a.ˇ\> masc. texture.
vtn /v\.t\n/ <v\.t\.n\> neut. native
place.

v0are /v\.d˙a.re/ <v\.dha.re> adj. 1.
more, 2. additional.
v0avvu& /v\.d˙av.vu~/ <v\.dha.v\.vu~>
v.tr. to welcome gladly.
v0u /v\.d˙u/ <v\.dhu> adj. more.
v0U /v\.d˙u/ <v\.dhuu> fem. a wife.

vtnI /v\t.ni/ <v\.t\.ni> adj. a native.
vtI /v\.ti/ <v\.tii> postp. on behalf of.
vd /v\d/ <v\.d\> fem. the dark half of a
lunar month.
vdn /v\.d\n/ <v\.d\.n\> neut. the face
(poetic).
v¥I /v\d.di/ <v\.ddii> fem. reminder
(in mathematics).

v0ervu& /v\.d˙er.vu~/ <v\.dhe.r\.vu~> v.tr.
to offer as a sacrifice.
vn /v\n/ <v\.n\> neut. forest.
vnraj /v\n.raÔ/ <v\.n\.ra.Ô\> masc. the
king of the forest- lion.
vnSpit /v\.n\s.p\.ti/ <v\.n\.sp\.ti>
fem. 1. trees, plants, etc. 2. vegetation.

v0 /v\d˙/ <v\.dh\> masc. a slaughter.

vpra= /v\p.raß/ <v\.p\.ra.ß\> masc. 1.
use, 2. consumption.

v0vu& /v\d˙.vu~/ <v\.dh\.vu~> v.intr. 1. to
grow, 2. to increase.

vfadar /v\.p˙a.dar/ <v\.pha.da.r\> adj.
faithful.

v0vu& /v\d˙.vu~/ <v\.dh\.vu~> v.intr. to
remain as a residue.

vmn /v\.m\n/ <v\.m\.n\> neut.
vomiting.

v0a: /v\.d˙a.i/ <v\.dha.ii> fem. good
news.

vmX /v\.m\Æ/ <v\.m\.Æ\> masc.
whirlpool.

v0am8u& /v\.d˙am.¯u~/ <v\.dha,m\.¯u~>
neut. a ceremonial worship of goddess
on an auspicious event.

vy /v\j/ <v\.j\> fem. age.

v0arvu& /v\.d˙ar.vu~/ <v\.dha.r\.vu~> v.tr.
to increase.
v0arvu& /v\.d˙ar.vu~/ <v\.dha.r\.vu~> v.tr.
to save.

vyov<)0 /v\.jo.vrud˙.d˙\/
<v\.jo.vr≤u.dhdh\> adj. 1. old, 2.
elderly.
vr /v\r/ <v\.r\> masc. a bridegroom.
vr` /v\.r\k˙/ <v\.r\.kh\> masc. a very
thin layer of gold or sliver.

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186

vr3o6Iya& /v\r.g˙o.Îi.ja~/
<v\.r\.gho.Îii.ja~> neut. pl. people
accompanying a marriage procession.
vr3o6o /masc./ <v\.r\.gho.Îo> masc. a
marriage procession.
vr8 /v\.r\¯/ <v\.r\.¯\> fem. 1. a caste,
2. a social class.

vraX /v\.raÆ/ <v\.ra.Æ\> fem. 1. steam,
2. vapor.
viryaXI /v\.ri.ja.Æi/ <v\.ri.ja.Æii> fem.
fennel seed.
virQ5 /v\.riß.ˇ˙\/ <v\.ri.s°ˇh\> adj. chief.
vru /v\.ru/ <v\.ru> neut. a wolf.
vre6u& /v\.re.Îu~/ <v\.re.Îu~> neut. a rope.

vr8aigyu& /v\r.¯a.gi.ju~/ <v\.r\.¯a.gi.ju~>
adj. 1. foppish, 2. vainly showy.
vr8I /v\r.¯i/ <v\.r\.¯ii> fem. selection.

vro /v\.ro/ <v\.ro> masc. a caste
dinner.
vgR /v\r.g\/ <v\.rg\> masc. a class.

vrtvu& /v\.r\t.vu~/ <v\.r\.t\.vu~> v.intr.
to behave.
vrtaro /v\r.ta.ro/ <v\.r\.ta.ro> masc. 1.
a prediction, 2. a forcast.
vrdan /v\r.dan/ <v\.r\.da.n\> neut.
blessing from a god, a saint etc.
vrmaXa /v\r.ma.Æa/ <v\.r\.ma.Æa> fem.
the garland that bride puts round the
neck of the bridegroom.
vrraja /v\r.ra.Ôa/ <v\.r\.ra.Ôa> masc. a
bridegroom.
vrvu& /v\r.vu~/ <v\.r\.vu~> adj. 1. ugly, 2.
misshaped, 3. wicked.
vrsI /v\r.si/ <v\.r\.sii> fem. ceremony
performed on the first anniversary of
someone’s death.
vrs /v\.r\s/ <v\.r\.s\> neut. year.
vrsad /v\r.sad/ <v\.r\.sa.d\> masc.
rain.

vgRivg/h /v\rg.vig.r\h/
<v\.rg\.vi.gr\.h\> masc. a class-war.
vcRs /v\r.c\s/ <v\.rc\.s\> neut.
controlling power.
vcRSvI /v\r.c\s.vi/ <v\.rc\.svii> adj.
powerful.
v8R /v\r.¯\/ <v\.r¯\> masc. color.
v8R /v\r.¯\/ <v\.r¯\> masc. letter.
v8R /v\r.¯\/ <v\.r¯\> fem. caste.
v8Rn /v\r.¯\n/ <v\.r¯\.n\> neut. 1.
description, 2. narration.
v8Rvvu& /v\r.¯\v.vu~/ <v\.r¯\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to describe, 2. to narrate.
v8Rs&kr /v\r.¯\.s\˜.k\r/
<v\.r¯\.s\~.k\.r\> adj. born of parents
of different castes or religion.

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v8aRnuk/m /v\r.¯a.nu.kr\m/
<v\.rna.nu.kr\.m\> masc.
alphabetical order.
vtR8U&k /v\r.t\.¯u~k/ <v\.rt\.¯u~.k\> fem.
1. behavior, 2. conduct.
vtRn /v\r.t\n/ <v\.rt\.n\> neut. 1.
behavior, 2. conduct.

vsva4 /v\s.vaˇ/ <v\.s\.va.ˇ\> masc. 1.
residing, 2. dwelling, 3. stay.
vsvu& /v\s.vu~/ <v\.s\.vu~> v.intr. 1. to
dwell, 2. to reside.
vs&t /v\.s\nt/ <v\.s\~.t\> fem. the
spring season.

vtRman /v\r.t\.man/ <v\.rt\.ma.n\> adj.
1. present, 2. current.

vsa8u& /v\.sa.¯u~/ <v\.sa.¯u~> neut. a
food item made of various spices and
eaten normally in winter.

vtRmankaX /v\r.t\.man.kaÆ/
<v\.rt\.ma.n\> masc. present tense.

vsavvu& /v\.sav.vu~/ <v\.sa.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to cause to live.

vtRmanp{a /v\r.t\.man.p\t.r\/
<v\.rt\.ma.n\.p\.tr\> neut. a
newspaper.

vsavvu& /v\.sav.vu~/ <v\.sa.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to purchase durable things.

vtuRX /v\r.tuÆ/ <v\.rtu.Æ\> neut. a circle.

vsaht /v\.sa.h\t/ <v\.sa.h\.t\> fem. a
settlement.

vqR /v\r.ß\/ <v\.rs°\> neut. an year.

visyt /v\.si.j\t/ <v\.si.j\.t\> fem.
inheritance.

vqaR¢tu /v\r.ßa.ru.tu/ <vv\.rs°a.r≤u.tu>
fem. the rainly season.

visytnamu& /v\.si.j\t.na.mu~/ <v\.si.j\.t\>
neut. a will.

vl8 /v\.l\¯/ <v\.l\.¯\> neut. mental
inclination.

vsUkvu& /v\.suk.vu~/ <v\.su.k\.vu~> v.intr.
to cease yielding milk.

vlo8u& /v\.lo.¯u~/ <v\.lo.¯u~> neut. a
churning rod.

vsUlat /v\.su.lat/ <v\.su.la.t\> fem. an
act of recovering money.

vlopat /v\.lo.pat/ <v\.lo.pa.t\> masc.
restlessness and dejection.

vStI /v\s.ti/ <v\.stii> fem. population.

vlopaityu& /v\.lo.pa.ti,ju~/ <v\.lo.pa.ti.ju~>
adj. inclined to be restless and deject.
vsit /v\s.ti/ <v\.s\.ti> fem. population.
vsvso /v\s.v\.so/ <v\.s\.v\.so> masc.
1. remorse, 2. grudge.

vStIg8trI /v\s.ti.g\.¯\t.ri/
<v\.stii.g\.¯\.t\.rii> fem. census.
vStIp{ak /v\s.ti.p\t.r\k/
<v\.stii.p\.tr\.k\> neut. a census
record.

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188
vStu /v\s.tu/ <v\.stu> fem. a thing.
vS{a /v\s.tr\/ <v\.str\> neut. a garment.
vha8 /v\.ha¯/ <v\.ha.¯\> neut. a ship.
vhal /v\.hal/ <v\.ha.l\> neut.
affection.
vhI /v\.hi/ <v\.hii> fem. an accountbook.
vhIv4 /v\.hi.v\ˇ/ <v\.hii.v\.ˇ\> masc.
an administration.
vhIv4I /v\.hi.v\.ˇi/ <v\.hii.v\.ˇii> adj.
administrative.

vheXo /v\.he.Æo/ <v\.he.Æo> masc. a
stream.
vhe&c8I /fem./ <v\.he~.c\.¯ii> fem.
distribution.
vhe&cvu& /v\.h´~c.vu~/ <v\.he~.c\.vu~> v.tr. to
distribute.
vhorvu& /v\.hor.vu~/ <v\.ho.r\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to purchase 2. to undertake a risk
thoughtlessly.
vX /v\Æ/ <v\.Æ\> masc. a twist.
vXg8 /v\Æ.g\¯/ <v\.Æ\.g\.¯\> neut. 1.
a relation, 2. a connection.

vhIv&co /v\.hi.v\µ.co/ <v\.hii.v\~.co>
masc. a bard keeping the record of
genealogical tree.

vXgvu& /v\.Æ\g.vu~/ <v\.Æ\.g\.vu~> v.intr.
1. to cling, 2. to stick to.

vhu /v\.hu/ <v\.hu> fem. a wife.

vXga6 /v\Æ.gaÎ/ <v\.Æ\.ga.Î\> masc. 1.
ghost, 2, an evil spirit.

vhem /v\.hem/ <v\.he.m\> masc. 1.
suspicion, 2. doubt.
vhemI /v\.he.mi/ <v\.he,mii> adj.
suspicious.
vhelu& /v\.he.lu~/ <v\.he.lu~> adj. early.
vhevar /v\.he.var/ <v\.he,va.r\> masc.
day to day interaction.
vhevaru& /v\.he.va.ru~/ <v\.he.va.ru~> adj.
honest in day to day interaction.

vXtr /v\Æ.t\r/ <v\.Æ\.t\.r\> neut. 1.
profit, 2. remuneration.
vXvu& /v\Æ.vu~/ <v\.Æ\.vu~> v.intr. 1. to be
twisted, 2. to be bent.
vXvu& /v\Æ.vu~/ <v\.Æ\.vu~> v.intr. to
return.
vXavvu& /v\.Æav.vu~/ <v\.Æa.v\.vu~> v.tr. to
see one off.
vXa&k /v\.Æa~˜k/ <v\.Æa~.k\> masc. a turn.

vhevu& /v\.he.vu~/ <v\.he.vu~> v.intr. to
flow.

vXI /v\.Æi/ <v\.Æii> advb. besides.

vheiXyu& /v\.he.Æi.ju~/ <v\.he.Æi.ju~> neut. a
small stream.

v&4oX /v\¯.ˇoÆ/ <v\~.ˇo.Æ\> masc.
whirlwind.

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v&4oXIyo /v\¯.ˇo.Æi.jo/ <v\~.ˇo.Æii.jo> masc.
whirlwind.

va38 /va.g˙\¯/ <va.gh\.¯\> fem.
tigress.

v&trI /v\n.t\.ri/ <v\~.t\.ri> fem. a female
ghost.

vack /va.c\k/ <va.c\.k\> masc. reader.

v&dn /v\n.d\n/ <v\~.d\.n\> neut. a
respectful bow.
v&dna /v\n.da.na/ <v\~.d\.na> fem. 1. a
bowing, 2. a salutation, 3. a prayer.

vacn /\va.c\n/ <va.c\.n\> neut.
reading.
vacnaly /va.c\.na.l\j/ <va.c\.na.l\.j\>
neut. a library.
vaca /va.ca/ <va.ca> fem. a speech

v&do /v\n.do/ <v\.ndo> masc. a
cockroach.
v&= /v\mß/ <v\~.ß\> masc. descendents.
v&=pr&pra /v\mß.p\.r\m.p\.ra/
<v\~.ß\.p\.r\~.p\.ra> fem. a femily-tree.

vaCya9R /vac.jar.t˙\/ <va.cja.rth\> adj.
literal meaning.
va26I /vac˙.Îi/ <va.ch\.Îii> fem. a
female calf.
vaj /vaÔ/ <va.Ô\> adj. tired.

va /va/ <va> advb. or.
va /va/ <va> masc. wind.
va /va/ <va> masc. rheumatism.
vaky /vak.j\/ <va.kj\> neut. a sentence.

vajape4I /va.Ôa.pe.ˇi/ <va.Ôa.pe.ˇii> fem.
a harmonium.
vaij&{a /va.Ôin.tr\/ <va.Ôi~.tr\> neut. a
musical organ.
va4 /vaˇ/ <va.ˇ\> fem. a road.

vagvu& /vag.vu~/ <va.g\.vu~> v.exp. 1. to
be injured, 2. to be wounded.

va4 /vaˇ/ <va.ˇ\> fem. a wick.

vagvu& /vag.vu~/ <va.g\.vu~> v.intr. to be
struck.

va4vu& /vaˇ.vu~/ <va.ˇ\.vu~> v.tr. to pound
or crush with a muller.

vagvu& /vag.vu~/ <va.g\.vu~> v.intr. to
strike (of a clock).

va4a3a4 /va.ˇa.g˙aˇ/ <va.ˇa.gha.ˇ\> fem.
negotiations.

vagoXvu& /va.goÆ.vu~/ <va.go.Æ\.vu~> v.intr.
1. to ruminate, 2. to chew and cud.

va6 /vaÎ/ <va.Î\> fem. 1. a hedge, 2. a
fence, 3. a railing.

va3 /va˙/ <va.gh\> masc. tiger.

va6kI /vaÎ.ki/ <va.Î\.kii> fem. a cuplike small vessel.

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va6ab&0I /va.Îa.b\n.d˙i/ <va.Îa.b\~.dhii>
fem. group-ism.

vadiXyu& /va.d\.Æi.ju~/ <va.d\.Æi.ju~> adj.
cloudy.

va6I /va.Îi/ <va.Îii> fem. a farm of
nursing fruit or flower plants.

vadXu& /va.d\Æ/ <va.Î\.Æu~> neut. a cloud.
van /van/ <va.n\> masc. complexion.

va6o /va.Îo/ <va.Îo> masc. a backyard.
vangI /van.gi/ <va.n\.gii> fem. an item.
va7 /vaÎ˙/ <va.Îh\> masc. 1. a cut, 2. a
wound.
va7vu& /vaÎ˙.vu~/ <va.Îh\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
cut, 2. to reap.
vai8jy /va.¯iÔ.j\/ <va.¯i.Ôj\> neut. 1.
trade, 2. commerce.
vai8y8 /va.¯i.j\¯/ <va.¯i.j\.¯\> fem. 1.
a woman belonging to the Vania caste,
2. a Vani’s wife.
vai8yo /va.¯i.jo/ <va.¯i.jo> masc. a man
of the Vania caste.
va8I /va.¯i/ <va.¯ii> fem. speech.
vat /vat/ <va.t\> fem. 1. a story, 2. a
narrative.

vanr /va.n\r/ <va.n\.r\> masc. a
monkey.
vam8u& /vam.¯u~/ <va.m\.¯u~> adj.
inferior.
vamn /va.man/ <va.m\.n\> adj.
dwarfish.
vay6a: /vaj.Îai/ <va.j\.Îa.ii> fem. over
wisdom.
vay6u& /vaj.Îu~/ <va.j\.Îu~> adj. causing
gas in the body.
vaydo /vaj.do/ <va.j\.do> masc. 1.
promise, 2. a forward transaction.
vayro /vaj.ro/ <va.j\.ro> masc. wind.

vatcIt /vat.cit/ <va.t\.ci.t\> fem.
conversation.
vatavr8 /va.ta.v\.r\¯/ <va.ta.v\.r\.¯\>
neut. atmosphere.
vaTsLy /vat.s\l.j\/ <va.ts\.lj\> neut.
affection.
vad /vad/ <va.d\> masc. 1. debate, 2.
ism.
vadX /va.d\Æ/ <va.d\.Æ\> neut. a cloud.

vayro /vaj.ro/ <va.j\.ro> masc. a
popular or current trend.
vayVy /va.j\v.j\/ <va.j\.vj\> adj. NorthWest.
vayu /va.ju/ <va.ju~> masc. 1. wind, 2.
air.
vayu /va.ju/ <va.ju> masc. 1. gas, 2.
indigestion.
varvu& /var.vu~/ <va.r\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
restraint, 2. to prohibit.

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191

vars /va.r\s/ <va.r\.s\> masc. an
inheritor.
varsagt /var.sa.g\t/ <va.ra.sa.g\.t\>
adj. hereditary.

vavu& /va.vu~/ <va.vu~> v.tr. to give a birth
to a calf.
vavetr /va.ve.t\r/ <va.ve.t\.r\> neut. 1.
sowing, 2. planting.
vas /vas/ <va.s\> masc. a locality.

varso /var.so/ <va.r\.so> masc. 1.
legacy, 2. heritage, 3. inheritance.

vas /vas/ <va.s\> fem. smell.

var&var /va.r\m.var/ <va.r\~.va.r\> advb.
1. repeatedy, 2. now and again.

vas8 /va.s\¯/ <va.s\.¯\> neut. 1. a
vessel, 2. a utensil.

varafrtI /va.ra.p˙\r.ti/ <va.ra.ph\.r\.tii>
advb. one after another.

vas8kUs8 /va.s\¯.ku.s\¯/
<va.s\.¯\.kuu.s\.¯\> neut. pl. kitchen
utensils.

vare36Iye /va.re.g˙\.Îi.je/
<va.re.gh\.Îii.je> advb. frequently.
varo /va.ro/ <va.ro> masc. turn.

vasna /vas.na/ <va.s\.na> fem. 1. desire
for worldly happiness, 2. passion.
vasvuU& /vas.vu~/ <va.s\.vu~> v.tr. to close.

vataR /var.ta/ <va.rta> fem. 1. a stroy, 2.
a narrative.

vasI /va.si/ <va.sii> adj. stale.

vaiqRk /var.ßik/ <va.rs°i.k\> adj. 1.
yearly, 2. annual.

vaStv /vas.t\v/ <va.st\.v\> neut. a
reality.

val /val/ <va.l\> masc. a kind of pluse.

vaStivk /vas.t\.bik/ <va.st\.vi.k\> adj.
real.

valoX /va.loÆ/ <va.lo.Æ\> fem. a green
pod of kind of pulse used as a vegetable.
vav /vav/ <va.v\> fem. a step-well.
vav4o /vav.ˇo/ <va.v\.ˇo> masc. a flag.
vav6 /va.v\Î/ <va.v\.Î\> masc. 1.
whereabouts, 2. news.
vav8I /vav.¯i/ <va.v\.¯ii> fem. a
sowing.

vaStu /vas.tu/ <va.stu> neut. a ritual
performed before occupying a house.
vaStupUja /vas.tu. pu.Ôa./ <va.stu.puu.Ôa>
fem. a ritual performed before
occupying a house.
vah /vah/ <va.h\> advb. 1. well-done,
2. bravo.
vahn /va.h\n/ <va.h\.n\> neut. a
vehicle.

vavu& /va.vu~/ <va.vu~> v.intr. to blow.

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vaihyat /va.hi.jat/ <va.hi.a.t\> adj. 1.
hollow, 2. bogus.

va&cvu& /va~c.vu~/ <va~.c\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
read, 2. to decipher.

vaX /vaÆ/ <va.Æ\> masc. hair.

va&z8u& /va~Ô˙.¯u~/ <va~.Ôh\.¯u~> adj. 1.
barren, 2. childless.

vaXvu& /vaÆ.vu~/ <va.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
bend, 2. to roll.
vaXvu& /vaÆ.vu~/ <va.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
repay, 2. to return.

va&7o /va~.Î˙o/ <va~.Îho> masc. a
bachelor on compusion.
va&dro /va~d.ro/ <va~.d\.ro> masc. a male
monkey.

vaXvu& /vaÆ.vu~/ <va.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. to sweep.
vaXvu& /vaÆ.vu~/ <va.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. to
change the direction of a vehicle, water
etc.
vaX&d /va.Æ\nd/ <va.Æ\~.d\> masc. a
barber.

va&drI /va~d.ri/ <va~.d\.rii> fem. a female
monkey.
va&dru& /va~d.ru~/ <va~.d\.ru~> neut. a
monkey.
va&0o /va~.d˙o/ <va~.dho> masc. 1.
opposition, 2. objection, 3. dispute.

vaXI /va.Æi/ <va.Æii> fem. a nose-ring.
va&s /va~s/ <va~.s\> masc. a bamboo.
vaXo /va.Æo/ <va.Æo> masc. a metallic
wire.
va&k /va~k/ <va~.k\> masc. 1. fault, 2.
defect.
va&k6o /va~k.Îo/ <va~.k\.Îo> masc. dowry
given to the bridegroom by the bride
side.
va&ku& /va~.ku~/ <va~.ku~> adj. 1. crooked, 2.
bent, 3. curved.
va&ku&cUku& /va~.ku~.cu~.ku~/ <va~.ku~.cuu.ku~>
adj. zigzag.
va&3u& /va~.g˙u~/ <va~.ghu~> neut. a ravine.
va&cn /va~.c\n/ <va~.c\.n\> neut. a
reading.

va&sl6I /va~.s\l.Îi/ <va~.s\.l\.Îii> fem. a
flute.
va&sXI /va~s.Æi/ <va~.s\.Æii> fem. a flute.
va&so /va~.so/ <va~.so> masc. the back.
ivk4 /vi.k\ˇ/ <vi.k\.ˇ\> adj. 1. tough, 2.
difficult.
ivkraX /vik.raÆ/ <vi.k\.ra.Æ\> adj.
terrible.
ivkLp /vi.k\l.p\/ <vi.k\.lp\> masc. an
alternative.
ivksvu& /vi.k\s.vu~/ <vi.k\.s\.vu~> v.intr.
1. to grow, 2. to develop, 3. to increase.
ivkist /vik.sit/ <vi.k\.si.t\> adj.
developed.

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ivkar /vi.kar/ <vi.ka.r\> masc.
deterioration.

ivcrvu& /vi.c\r.vu~/ <vi.c\.r\.vu~> v.intr.
to loiter.

ivkarI /vi.ka.ri/ <vi.ka.rii> adj. apt to
change.

ivcar /vi.car/ <vi.ca.r\> masc. thought.

ivkas /vi.kas/ <vi.ka.s\> masc. 1.
growth, 2. development.
ivk<t /vik.rut/ <vi.kr≤u.t\> adj.
distorted.
ivxep /vik.ßep/ <vi.kße.p\> masc.
obstruction.

ivcark /vi.ca.r\k/ <vi,ca.r\.k\> masc. a
thinker.
ivcar8a /vi.car.¯a/ <vi.ca.r\.¯a> fem. 1.
thinking, 2. consideration.
ivcarvu& /vi.car.vu~/ <vi.ca.r\.vu~> v.tr. to
think.
ivic{a /vi.cit.r\/ <vi.ci.tr\> adj. strange.

iv`vad /vik˙.vad/ <vi.kh\.va.d\> masc.
1. discord, 2. dispute.
iv`U4u& /vi.k˙u.ˇu~/ <vi.khuu.ˇu~> adj.
separated and lonely.

ivC2ed /vic.c˙ed/ <vi.cche.d\> masc. a
cut.
ivjy /vi.Ô\j/ <vi.Ô\.j\> masc. victory.

iv`ervu& /vi.k˙er.vu~/ <vi.khe.r\.vu~> v.tr.
to scatter.

ivjatIy /vi.Ôa.ti.j\/ <vi.Ôa.tii.j\> adj. of
different sex, caste, class or race.

iv~yat /vik˙.jat/ <vi.khja.t\> adj.
famous.

ivjeta /vi.Ôe.ta/ <vi.Ôe.ta> masc. a victor.

ivgt /vi.g\t/ <vi.g\.t\> fem. 1. past, 2.
gone.

ivjog /vi.Ôog/ <vi.Ôo.g\> masc.
suffering from a separation from the
beloved one.

ivg/h /vi.gr\.h\/ <vi.gr\.h\> masc. a
battle.

iv}aan /vig.nan/ <vi.gna.n\> neut.
science.

iv34n /vi:.g˙\.ˇ\n/ <vi.gh\.ˇ\n\> neut.
deconstruction.

iv}aapk /vig.na.p\k/ <vi.gna.p\.k\> adj.
1. declaring, 2. advertising.

iv3atk /vi.g˙a.t\k/ <vi.gha.t\.k\> adj.
destructive.

iv4&b8a /vi.ˇ\mb.¯a/ <vi.ˇ\~.b\.¯a> fem.
1. misery, 2. grief, 3. difficulties.

iv#n /vig.n\/ <vi.ghn\> neut. obstacle.

iv6&bn /vi.Îam.b\n/ <vi.Î\~.b\.n\> neut.
mockery.

ivcx8 /vi.c\k.ß\¯/ <vi.c\.kß\.¯\> adj.
1. intellegent, 2. shrewd.

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ivtr8 /vit.r\¯/ <v> neut. distribution.
ivta6vu& /vi.taÎ.vu~/ <vi.ta.Î\.vu~> v.tr. to
harass.
ivday /vi.daj/ <vi.da.j\> fem. a
departure.

ivd\van /vid.van/ <vi.dva.n\> masc. 1. a
learned man, 2. a scholar.
iv0va /vid˙.va/ <vi.dh\.va> fem. a
widow.

ividt /vi.dit/ <v> adj. known.

iv0vaivvah /vid˙.va.vi.vah/
<vi.dh\.va.vi.va.h\> masc. a widow’s
re-marriage.

ivduqI /vi.du.ßi/ <vi.du.s°ii> fem. a
learned woman.

iv0ata /vi.d˙a.ta/ <vi.dha.ta> fem. the
creator of the universe.

ivdUqk /vi.du.ß\k/ <vi.duu.s°\.k\> masc.
a clown.

iv0a{aI /vi.d˙at.ri/ <vi.dha.trii> fem. the
goddess of destiny.

ivde= /vi.deß/ <vi.de.ß\> masc. a foreign
country.

iv0an /vi.d˙an/ <vi.dha.n\> neut. a
statement.

ivde=I /vi.de.ßi/ <vi.de.ßii> adj. foreign.

iv0ayk /vi.d˙a.j\k/ <vi.dha.j\.k\> adj.
constructive.

ivd\yman /vid.j\.man/ <vi.dj\.ma.n\>
adj. 1. existing, 2. present.

ivi0 /vi.d˙i/ <vi.dhi> fem. the god of
destiny.

ivd\ya /vid.ja/ <vi.dja> fem. knowledge.
ivi0 /vi.d˙i/ <vi.dhi> fem. ritual.
ivd\yapI5 /vid.ja.piˇ˙/ <vi.dja.pii.ˇh\>
fem. an educational institution.
ivd\ya9IR /vid.jar.t˙i/ <vi.dja.rthii> masc.
a male student.
ivd\ya9IRnI /vid.jar.t˙i.ni/ <vi.dja.rthii.nii>
fem. a female student.
ivd\yut /vid.jut/ <vi.dju.t\> fem. 1.
lightning, 2. electricity.

iv0ur /iv.d˙ur/ <vi.dhu.r\> adj.
widower.
ivny /vi.n\j/ <vi.n\.j\> masc.
humbleness.
ivnv8I /vi.n\v.¯i/ <vi.n\.v\.¯i> fem. a
request.
ivn&tI /vi.n\n.ti/ <vi.n\~.tii> fem. a
request.

iv±oh /vid.roh/ <vi.dro.h\> masc. a
mutiny.

ivna /vi.na/ <vi.na> postp. except.

ivd\vta /vid.v\.ta/ <vi.dv\.ta> fem.
knowledge.

ivna= /vi.naß/ <vi.na.ß\> masc. 1.
destruction, 2. extinction.

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ivna=I /vi.na.ßi/ <vi.na.ßii> adj.
destructive.
ivinmy /vi.ni.maj/ <vi.ni.m\.j\> masc.
1. exchange, 2. barter.

ivi-Nn /vi.b˙in.n\/ <vi.bhi.nn\> adj. 1.
different, 2. separate.
iv-Uit /vi.b˙u.ti/ <vi.bhuu.ti> fem. a
superman.
ivml /vi.m\l/ <vi.m\.l\> adj. pure.

ivnod /vi.nod/ <vi.no.d\> masc. joy.
ivpi]a /vi:.p\t.ti/ <vi.p\.tti> fem. 1. a
calamity, 2. misery, 3. trouble.

ivman /vi.man/ <vi.ma.n\> neut. an
aircraft.

ivp9 /vi.p\t˙/ <vi.p\.th\> masc. wrong
path.

ivmanm9k /vi.man.m\.t˙\k/
<vi.ma.n\.m\.th\.k\> neut. an
airport.

ivprIt /vip.rit/ <vi.p\.rii.t\> adj.
opposite.

ivmu` /vi.muk˙/ <vi.mu.kh\> neut.
unfavorable.

ivpul /vi.pul/ <vi.pu.l\> adj. abundant.

ivyavu& /vi.ja.vu~/ <vi.ja.vu~> v.intr. (of
beasts) to give birth.

ivp/ /vip.r\/ <vi.pr\> masc. a Brahmin.
ivPlv /vip.l\v/ <vi.pl\.v\> masc. a
revolt.
iv-kt /vi.b˙\k.t\/ <vi.bh\.kt\> adj.
divided.
iv-ikt /vi.b˙\k.ti/ <vi.bh\.kti> fem. a
case.
iv-ag /vi.b˙ag/ <vi.bha.g\> masc. a
section.
iv-ajk /vi.b˙a.Ô\k/ <vi.bha.Ô\.k\> adj.
dividing.
iv-ajn /vi.b˙a.Ô\n/ <v> neut. division.
iv-ajy /vi.b˙aÔ.j\/ <vi.bha.Ôj\> adj.
divisible.

ivrmvu& /vi.r\m.vu~/ <vi.r\.m\.vu~> v.intr.
to stop.
ivrh /vi.r\h/ <vi.r\.h\> masc.
separation from dear ones.
ivragI /vi.ra.gi/ <vi.ra.gii> adj. a
hermit.
ivra4 /vi.raˇ/ <vi.ra.ˇ\> adj. 1. huge, 2.
magnificent.
ivram /vi.ram/ <vi.ra.m\> masc. 1. rest,
2. pause.
ivro0 /vi.rod˙/ <vi.ro.dh\> masc. 1. an
objection, 2. opposition.
ivro0a-as /v.ro.d˙a.b˙as/
<vi.ro.dha.bha.s\> masc. mere
apparent opposition.

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196
ivlx8 /vi.l\k.ß\¯/ <vi.l\.kß\.¯\> adj.
peculiar.
ivly /vi.l\j/ <vi.l\.j\> masc.
dissolution.
ivlsvu& /vi.l\s.vu~/ <vi.l\.s\.vu~> v.intr. 1.
to shine, 2. to glitter.
ivlap /vi.lap/ <vi.la.p\> masc.
lamentation.
ivlayt /vi.la.j\t/ <vi.la.j\.t\> neut.
England.
ivlaytI /vi.la.j\.ti/ <vi.la.j\.tii> adj. 1.
made in England, 2. foreign.

ivveck /vi.ve.c\k/ <vi.ve.c\.k\> masc. a
critic.
ivvecn /vi.ve.c\n/ <vi.ve.c\.n\> neut.
criticism.
ivvecna /vi.ve.c\.na/ <vi.ve.c\.na> fem.
interpretation.
iv=d /vi.ß\d/ <vi.ß\.d\> adj. clear
(argument etc.)
iv=aX /vi.ßaÆ/ <vi.ßa.Æ\> adj. large.
ivi=Q4 /vi.ßiß.t\/ <vi.ßi.s°ˇ\> adj. peculiar.
iv=e /vi.ße/ <vi.ße> postp. about.

ivlavu& /vi.la.vu~/ <vi.la.vu~> v.intr. to
wither.

iv=eq /vi.ßeß/ <vi.ße.s°\> adj. additional.

ivlas /vi.las/ <vi.la.s\> masc.
merriment.

iv=eqtŠ /vi.ßeß.t\h/ <vi.ße.s°\.t\:> advb.
especially.

ivvr8 /viv.r\¯/ <vi.v\.r\.¯\> neut. 1.
criticism, 2. commentary.

iv=eqta /vi.ßeß.ta/ <vi.ße.s°\.ta> fem.
difference.

ivvad /vi.vad/ <vi.va.d\> masc. a
controversy.

iv[aam /vis.ram/ <vi.ßra.m\> masc. rest.

ivvadaSpd /vi.va.da.sp\d/
<vi.va.da.sp\.d\> adj. controversial.

iv¿leq8 /viß.le.ß\¯/ <vi.ßle.ß\.¯\> neut.
analysis.
iv¼ /viß.v\/ <vi.ßv\> neut. the universe.

ivvah /vi.vah/ <vi.va.h\> masc. 1.
betrothal, 2. marriage.
iviv0 /vi.vid˙/ <vi.vi.dh\> adj. various.
iviv0ta /vi.vid˙.ta/ <vi.vi.dh\.ta> fem.
variety.
ivvek /vi.vek/ <vi.ve.k\> masc.
politeness.

iv¼as /ivß.vas/ <vi.ßva.s\> masc. 1.
trust, 2. confidence.
iv¼as3at /viß.vas.g˙at/
<vi.ßva.s\.gha.t\> masc. betrayal.
iv¼as3atI /viß.vas.g˙a.ti/
<vi.ßva.s\.gha.tii> adj. a betrayer
person.

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197

ivq /viß/ <vi.s°\> neut. poison.
ivq0r /viß.d˙\r/ <vi.s°\.dh\.r\> masc. a
serpent.

ivSmy /vis.m\j/ <vi.sm\.j\> neut. 1. a
wonder, 2. a surprise, 3. an
astonishment.

ivqm /vi.ß\m/ <vi.s°\.m\> adj. unequal.

ivSmr8 /vis.m\.r\¯/ <vi.sm\.r\.¯\>
neut. forgetting.

ivqy /vi.ß\j/ <vi.s°\.j\> masc. 1. a
perceivable object, 2. subject

ivhrvu& /vi.h\r.vu~/ <vi.h\.r\.vu~> v.intr.
1. to stroll, 2. to walk for a pleasure.

ivqyaNtr /vi.ßa.jan.t\r/ <vi.s°\.ja.nt\.r\>
neut. digression.

ivhar /vi.har/ <vi.ha.r\> masc. 1. a
stroll, 2. a leisurely walk.

ivqad /vi.ßad/ <vi.s°a.d\> masc. 1.
dejection, 2. grief.

ivhIn /vi.hin/ <vi.hii.n\> adj. devoid
of.

ivqe /vi.ße/ <vi.s°e> postp. about.

ivh\vX /vih.v\Æ/ <vi.h.v\.Æ\> adj.
puzzled and upset.

ivsgR /vi.s\r.g\/ <vi.s\.rg\> masc. the
sign (:).

vI`rvu& /vi.k˙\r.vu~/ <vii.kh\.r\.vu~>
v.intr. to dispersed.

ivsjRn /vi.s\r.Ô\n/ <vi.s\.rÔ\.n\> neut.
dissolution.

vIgt /vi.g\t/ <vii.g\.t\> fem. details.

ivsamo /vi.sa.mo/ <vi.sa.mo> masc. a
halt for resting.

vI2Xvu& /vi.c˙\Æ.vu~/ <vii.ch\.Æ\.vu~> v.tr.
to cleanse (utensils etc.)

ivStrvu& /vis.t\r.vu~/ <vi.st\.r\.vu~> v.intr.
to spread out.

vIjXI /viÔ.Æi/ <vii.Ô\.Æii> fem. 1.
lightening, 2. electricity.

ivStar /vis.tar/ <vi.sta.r\> masc. 1. an
area, 2. extension.

vI8vu& /vi¯.vu~/ <vii.¯\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
pick, 2. to pluck.

ivStarpUvRk /vis.tar.pur.v\k/
<vi.sta.r\.puu.rv\.k\> adj. 1. at
length, 2. in detail.

vI8a /vi.¯a/ <vii.¯a> fem. a lute.

ivStarvu& /vis.tar.vu~/ <vi.sta.r\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to extend, .2 to expand.
ivSfo4 /vis.p˙oˇ/ <vi.spho.ˇ\> masc.
explosive.

vInvvu& /vi.n\v.vu~/ <vii.n\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to entreat, 2. to request.
vIfrvu& /vi.p˙\r.vu~/ <vii.ph\.r\.vu~>
v.intr. to become uncontrolled because
of anger.
vImo /vi.mo/ <vii.mo> masc. insurance.

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198

vIr /vir/ <vii.r\> adj. brave.

ve5vu& /veˇ˙.vu~/ <ve.ˇh\.vu~> v.tr. to
suffer.

vIrta /vir.ta/ <vii.r\.ta> fem. bravery.
vIyR /vir.j\/ <vii.rj\> neut. semen.
vI=I /vi.ßi/ <vii.ßii> fem. an inn.
vI&2I /vi~.c˙i/ <vii~.chii> masc. a scorpian
(male).
vI&28 /vi~.c˙\¯/ <vii~.ch\.¯\> fem. a
scorpian (female).
vI&j8o /vi~Ô.¯o/ <vii.Ô\.¯o> masc. a fan.
vI&4vu& /vi~ˇ,vu~/ <v> v.tr. to wrap.vI&4I /vi~.ˇi/
<vii~.ˇii> fem. an ornamental ring.
vI&4o /vi~.ˇo/ <vii~.ˇo> masc. a roll.

ve6fvu& /ve.Î\p˙.vu~/ <ve.Î\.ph\.vu~> v.tr.
to waste.
ve6vu& /veÎ.vu~/ <ve.Î\.vu~> v.tr. to pluck
fruits.
ve7o /ve.Î˙o/ <ve.Îho> masc. one of the
cuts on a finger-joint.
ve8I /ve.¯i/ <ve.¯ii> fem. a braid of
hair.
vetn /ve.t\n/ <ve.t\.n\> neut. salary.
vetrvu& /ve.t\r.vu~/ <ve.t\.r\.vu~> v.tr. to
cut cloth for tailoring.
vetaX /ve.taÆ/ <ve.ta.Æ\> masc. a ghost.

vI&0vu& /vi~d˙.vu~/ <vii~.dh\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
bore, 2. to pierce, 3. to prick.

vedna /ved.na/ <ve.d\.na> fem. pain.

v<x /vruk.ß\/ <vr°u.kß\> neut. a tree.

ve0k /ve.d˙\k/ <ve.dh\.k\> adj. 1.
piercing, 2. sharp.

v<)0 /vrud.d˙\/ <vr°u.dhdh\> adj. old.
v<i)0 /vrud˙.d˙i/ <vr°u.dhdhi> fem.
growth.
v<q8 /vru.ß\¯/ <vr°u.s°\.¯\> neut. a
testicle.

ve0vu& /ved˙.vu~/ <vve.dh\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
bore, 2. to pierce.
ve0=aXa /ved˙.ßa.Æa/ <ve.dh\.ßa.Æa> fem.
an observatory.

veg /veg/ <ve.g\> masc. speed.

vepar /ve.par/ <ve.pa.r\> masc. 1. trade,
2. commerce, 3. business.

vegXu& /veg.Æu~/ <ve.g\.Æu~> adj. at a
distance.

veparI /ve.pa.ri/ <ve.pa.rii> masc. 1.
trader, 2. a businessman, 3. a shopkeeper.

vecvu& /vec.vu~/ <ve.c\.vu~> v.tr. to sell.

ver /v´r/ <ve.r\> neut. hostality.

veca8 /ve.ca¯/ <ve.ca.¯\> neut. sale.

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199
ver82er8 /ve.r\¯.c˙e.r\¯/
<ve.r\.¯\.che.r\.¯\> advb. scattered.

vE0Vy /v\i.d˙\v.j\/ <v\i.dh\.vj\> neut.
widowhood.

vervu& /ver.vu~/ <ve.r\.vu~> v.tr. to scatter.

vE=a` /v\i.ßak˙/ <v\i.ßa.kh\> masc. the
seventh month of the Vikram year.

veragI /ve.ra.gi/ <ve.ra.gii> masc. an
ascetic.
veran /ve.ran/ <ve.ra.n\> adj. 1.
desolate, 2. uninhabitated.

vEQ8v /v\iß.¯\v/ <v\i.s°¯\.v\> masc. a
sect of Hinuism so named.
Vyikt /vj\k.ti/ <vj\.kti> fem. 1. an
individual, 2. a person.

vero /ve.ro/ <ve.ro> masc. 1. a tax, 2. a
toll.

Vyg/ /vjg.r\/ <vj\.gr\> adj. puzzled.

vel8 /ve.l\¯/ <ve.l\.¯\> neut. a rollingpin.

Vyg/ta /vj\.gr\.ta/ <vj\.gra.ta> fem.
uneasiness.

velo /ve.lo/ <ve.lo> masc. a creeper.

Vy9a /vj\.t˙a/ <vj\.tha> fem. pain.

vevla: /vev.lai/ <ve.v\.la.ii> fem. overwisdom.

Vyi-car /vj\.b˙i.car/ <vj\.bhi.ca.r\>
masc. immoral sexual relation.

veva: /ve.vai/ <ve.va.ii> masc. the
father-in-law of one’s son or daughter.

Vyi-carI /vj\.b˙i.ca.ri/ <vj\.bhi.ca.rii>
adj. an immoral man.

veiv=aX /ve.vi.ßaÆ/ <ve.vi.ßa.Æ\> neut.
betrothal.

Vyi-carI8I /vj\.b˙i.ca.ri.¯i/
<vj\.bhi.ca.rii.¯ii> adj. an immoral
woman.

ve= /veß/ <ve.ß\> masc. 1. dress, 2.
costume.

Vy9R /vj\r.t˙\/ <vj\.rth\> adj. useless.

ve+ya /veß.ja/ <ve.ßja> fem. prostitute.
vEkiLpk /v\i.k\l.pik/ <v\i.k\.lpi.k\> adj.
optional.
vE}aaink /v\ig.na.nik/ <v\i.gna.ni.k\>
masc. a scientist.
vE}aaink /v\ig.na.nik/ <v\i.gna.ni.k\>
adj. scientific.

Vyvsay /vj\v.saj/ <vj\.v\.sa.j\> masc.
activity.
VyvS9a /vj\.v\s.t˙a/ <vj\.v\.stha> fem.
1. a proper arrengement, 2, a proper
management.
Vyvhar /vj\v.har/ <vj\.v\.ha.r\> masc.
a social interaction.

vEd /v\id/ <v\i.d\> masc. a doctor.

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200
Vyvharku=X /vj\v.har.ku.ß\Æ/
<v\.v\.ha.r\.ku.ß\.Æ\> adj. 1.
practical, 2. good at social interaction.
Vyvharu /vj\v.ha.ru/ <vj\.v\.ha.ru> adj.
feasible.
Vysn /vj\.s\n/ <vj\.s\.n\> neut. a bad
habit.
VySt /vj\s.t\/ <vj\.st\> adj. dispersed.
Vy&g /vj\˜.g\/ <vj\~.g\> masc. satirical.
Vy&jn /vj\µ.Ô\n/ <vj\~.Ô\.n\> masc. a
consonant.
Vyakr8 /vjak.r\¯/ <vja.k\.r\.¯\> neut.
grammar.
Vya~ya /vja.k˙ja/ <vja.khja> fem.
definition.
Vya~yata /vjak˙.ja.ta/<vja.khja.ta> masc.
a lecturer.
Vya~yan /vjak˙.jan/ <vja.khja.n\> neut. a
lecture.

Vyayam /vja.jam/ <vja.ja.m\> masc.
exercise.
VyuTpi]a /vjut.p\t.ti/ <vju.tp\.tti> fem.
etymology.
v/t /vr\t/ <vr\.t\> neut. a moral or
religous vow.

=
=k /ß\k/ <ß\.k\> masc. 1. doubt, 2.
suspicion.
=kdar /ß\k.dar/ <ß\.k\.da.r\> adj.
suspected (person).
=km&d /ß\k.m\nd/ <ß\.k\.m\~.d\> adj.
suspicious.
=kro /ß\k.ro/ <ß\.k\.ro> masc. 1. a
hawk, 2. a falcon.
=kvu& /ß\k.vu~/ <ß\.k\.ro> v.intr. 1. to be
able, 2. to be possible.
=kkiryu& /\ß\k.k\.ri.ju~/ <ß\.kk\.ri.ju~>
neut. a sweet potato.

Vyaj /vjaÔ/ <vja.Ô\> neut. interest (on
money).

=kkl /ß\k.k\l/ <ß\.kk\.l\> fem. face.

Vyai0 /vja.d˙i/ <vja.dhi> masc. 1. a
disease, 2. a sickness.

=ikt /ß\k.ti/ <ß\.kti> fem. 1. strength, 2.
force.

Vyap /vjap/ <vja.p\> masc. spreed.

=iktpUjk /ß\k.ti.pu.Ô\k/
<ß\.kti.puu.Ô\.k\> adj and masc. a
worshipper of the goddess.

Vyapk /vja.p\k/ <vja.p\.k\> adj.
widespread.
Vyapar /vja.par/ <vja.pa.r\> masc.
business.

=iktpUja /ß\k.ti.pu.Ôa/ <ß\.kti/puu.Ôa>
fem. worship of the goddess.
=ky /ß\k.j\/ <ß\.kj\> adj. possible.

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=rdI /ß\r.di/ <ß\.r\.dii> fem. cold.
=kyta /ß\k.j\.ta/ <ß\.kj.ta> fem.
possibility.
=8 /ß\¯/ <ß\.¯\> neut. a plat of jute.
=8gar /ß\¯.gar/ <ß\.¯\.ga.r\> masc.
beauty-aids.
=taBdI /ß\.tab.di/ <ß\.ta.bdii> fem. 1. a
century, 2. a centenary.

=rbt /ß\r.b\t/ <ß\.r\.b\.t\> neut. cold
drink.
=rm /ß\.r\m/ <ß\.r\.m\> fem. 1.
modesty, .2 shame.
=rmavu& /ß\r.ma.vu~/ <ß\.r\.ma.vu~> v.intr.
1. to blush, 2. to crestfallen.
=rmaX /ß\r.maÆ/ <ß\.r\.ma.Æ\> adj. shy.

={au /ß\t.ru/ <ß\.tru> masc. an enemy.
=p9 /ß\.p\t˙/ <ß\.p\.th\> masc. 1. oath,
2. vow.
=b /ß\b/ <ß\.b\> neut. a corpse.
=Bd /ß\b.d\/ <ß\.bd\> masc. a word.
=Bdkoq /ß\b.da.koß/ <ß\.bd\.ko.s°\>
masc. a dictionary.
=mvu& /ß\m.vu~/ <ß\.m\.vu~> v.intr. to be
pacified.
=ytan /ß\j.tan/ <ß\.j\.ta.n\> masc.
Satan.

=raf /ß\.rap˙/ <ß\.ra.ph\> masc. a
banker.
=rafI /ß\.ra.p˙i/ <ß\.ra.phii> adj.
related to banking.
=rab /ß\.rab/ <ß\.ra.b\> masc. 1. wine,
2. liquor.
=rabI /ß\.ra.bi/ <ß\.ra.bii> adj. and
masc. a drunkard.
=rIf /ß\.rip˙/ <ß\.ri.ph\> adj.
respectable.
=rIr /ß\.rir/ <ß\.rii.r\> neut. the body.

=r8 /ß\.r\¯/ <ß\.r\.¯\> neut. shelter.
=r8agit /ß\r.¯a.g\.ti/ <ß\.r\.¯a.g\.ti>
fem. 1. submission, 2. surrender.

=rIrrcna /ß\.rir.r\c.na/
<ß\.rii.r\.r\.c\.na> fem. anatomy.

=r8a9IR /ß\r.¯ar.t˙i/ <ß\.r\.¯a.rthii> adj.
and masc. a refugee.

=rIrs&b&0 /ß\.rir.s\m.ban.d˙\/
<ß\.rii.r\.s\~.b\~.dh\> masc. sexual
relation.

=r8a: /ß\r.¯ai/ <ß\.r\.¯a.ii> fem. a
musical instrument.

=£Aat /ß\.ru.at/ <ß\.ruu.a.t\> fem. a
beginning.

=rt /ß\.r\t/ <ß\.r\.t\> fem. 1. a bet, 2. a
condition.

=S{a /ß\ß.tr\/ <ß\.str\> neut. a weapon.

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=S{aik/ya /ß\ß.tr\.kri.ja/ <ß\.str\.kri.ja>
fem. 1. surgery, 2. surgical operation.

=ayr /ßa.j\r/ <ßa.j\.r\> masc. a poet.

=hId /ß\.hid/ <ß\.hii.d\> adj. and masc.
martyr.

=arvu& /ßar.vu~/ <ßa.r\.vu~> v.tr. to make a
hole.

=hIdI /ß\.hi.di/ <ß\.hii.dii> fem.
martyrdom.

=arIirk /ßa.ri.rik/ <ßa.rii.ri.k\> adj.
bodily.

=hen=ah /ß\.hen.ßah/ <ß\.he.n\.ßa.h\>
masc. an emperor.

=al /ßal/ <ßa.l\> fem. a shawl.
=ask /ßa.ß\k/ <ßa.s\.k\> masc. a ruler.

=her /ß\.her/ <ß\.he.r\> neut. a city.
=&ka /ß\˜.ka/ <ß\~.ka> fem. 1. suspicion,
2. doubt.

=asn /ßa.s\n/ <ßa.s\.n\> neut.
governance.
=aS{a /ßas.tr\/ <ßa.ßtr\> neut. a scripture.

=&ka=Il /ß\˜.ka.ßil/ <ß\~.ka.ßi.l\> adj. 1.
doubting, 2. suspicious.
=&kaSpd /ß\˜.ka.sp\d/ <ß\~.ka.sp\.d\>
adj. 1. doubtful, 2. uncertain.

=aS{aa9R /ßas.tra.rt˙\/ <ßa.stra.rth\> masc.
interpretation of scriptures.

=&` /ß\˜k˙/ <ß\~.kh\> masc. a conch.

=ahm<g /ßah.mrug/ <ßa.h\.mr≤u.g\> neut.
an ostrich.

=ak /ßak/ <ßa.k\> neut. edible
vegetable.

=ahukar /ßa.hu.kar/ <ßa.hu.ka.r\> masc.
an honest person.

=akaharI /ßa.ka.ha.ri/ <ßa.ka.ha.rii> adj.
vegetarian.

=ahu6I /ßa.hu.Îi/ <ßa.hu.Îii> fem. a
porcupine.

=a` /ßak˙/ <ßa.kh\> fem. 1. credit, 2.
reputation.

=aXa /ßa.la/ <ßa.Æa> fem. a school.

=a`a /ßa.k˙a/ <ßa.kha> fem. a branch.

=a&t /ßa~nt/ <ßa~.t\> adj. .1quite, 2.
peaceful.

=a8u& /ßa.¯u~/ <ßha.¯u~> adj. wise.

i=kar /ßi.kar/ <ßi.ka.r\> masc. hunting.

=ap /ßap/ <ßa.p\> masc. a curse.

i=karI /ßi.ka.ri/ <ßi.ka.rii> masc. a
hunter.

=aba= /ßa.baß/ <ßa.ba.ß\> excl. 1. bravo,
2. well-done.

i=xk /ßik.ß\k/ <ßi.kß\.k\> masc. a male
teacher.

=aiBdk /ßab.dik/ <ßa.bdi.k\> adj. verbal.

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i=x8 /ßik.ß\¯/ <ßi.kß\.¯\> neut. 1.
education, 2. teaching.
i=xa /ßik.ßa/ <ßi.kßa> fem. 1. teaching, 2.
education, 3. punishment.
i=ixka /ßik.ßi.ka/ <ßi.kßi.ka> fem. a
female teacher.

i=Lp /ßil.p\/ <ßi.lp\> neut. a sculpture.
i=Lp=aS{a /ßil.p\.ßas.tr\/ <ßi.lp\.ßa.str\>
neut. architecture.
i=Lp=aS{aI /ßil.p\.ßas.tri/ <ßi.lp\.ßa.strii>
masc. an architect.
i=LpI /ßil.pi/ <ßi.lpii> masc. a sculptor.

i=ixt /ßk.ßit/ <ßi.kßi.t\> adj. educated.
i=`r /ßi.k˙\r/ <ßi.kh\.r\> neut. a peak.

i=vra{aI /ßiv.rat.ri/ <ßi.v\.ra.trii> fem.
the night of Lord Shiva’s festival.

i=`&6 /ßi.k˙\¯Î/ <ßi.kh\.r\> masc. a
kind of sweet.

i=i=r /ßi.ßir/ <ßi.ßi.r\> fem. the later half
of winter.

i=`a /ßi.k˙a/ <ßi.kha> fem. 1. a tuft, 2. a
pigtail, 3. a crest, 3. a flame of a lamp.

i==u /ßi.ßu/ <ßi.ßu> neut. 1. a child, 2. an
infant.

i=`aw /ßi.k˙a.u/ <ßi.kha.r\> adj.
learning.

i=¿n /ßiß.n\/<ßi.ßn\> masc. the penis.

i=`am8 /ßi.k˙a.m\¯/ <ßi.kha.m\.¯\>
fem. instruction.

i=Q4acar /ßiß.ta.car/ <ßi.s°ˇa.ca.r\> masc.
politeness.

i=i9l /ßi.t˙il/ <ßi.thi.l\> adj. loose.

i=Qy /ßiß.j\/ <ßi.s°j\> masc. 1. a male
student, 2. a male disciple.

i=ibr /ßi.bir/ <ßi.bi.r\> masc. 1. a tent,
2. a camp.

i=Qya /ßiß.ja/ <ßi.s°ja> fem. 1. a female
student, 2. a female disciple.

i=yaX /ßi.jaÆ/ <ßi.ja.Æ\> neut. a fox.

i=St /ßis.t\/ <ßi.st\> fem. discipline.

i=yaXu& /ßi.ja.Æu~/ <ßi.ja.Æu~> adj. grown or
produced in winter.

i=&g /ßi˜g/ <ßi~.g\> fem. a pod.

i=yaXo /ßi.ja.Æo/ <ßi.ja.Æo> masc. winter.

i=&g6u& /ßi˜g.Îu~/ <ßi~.g\.Îu~> neut. a horn.
=I` /ßik˙/ <ßii.kh\> fem. advice.

i=r /ßir/ <ßi.r\> neut. the head.
i=ra /ßi.ra/ <ßi.ra> fem. a bllod-vessel.
i=la /ßi.la/ <ßi.la> fem. a slab of stone.

=I` /ßik˙/ <ßii.kh\> masc. a community
so named.
=I`vu& /ßik˙.vu~/ <ßii.kh\.vu~> v.tr. to
learn.

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204

=ItXa /ßit.Æa/ <ßii.t\.Æa> fem. smallpox.
(honorific)
=Iro /ßi.ro/ masc. <ßii.ro> a kind of
sweet.

=<&gar /ßru˜.gar/ <ßr≤u~.ga.r\> masc. 1.
decoration, 2. ornamentation.
=ekvu& /ßek.vu~/ <ße.k\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
bake, 2. to roast.
=e5 /ßeˇ˙/ <ße.ˇh\> masc. a master.

=I=I /ßi.ßi/ fem. <ßii.ßii> a small bottle.
=I=o /ßi.ßo/ masc. <ßii.ßo> a big bottle.

=e5a8I /ße.ˇ˙a.¯i/ <ße.ˇha.¯ii> fem. a
mistress.

=IXva /ßiÆ.va/ <ßii.Æ\.va> masc. pl. a kind
of skin disease.

=etr&@ /ßet.r\n.Ôi/ <ße.t\.r\~.Ôii> fem. a
carpet.

=ukn /ßu.k\n/ <ßu.k\.n\> masc. hon. an
omen.

=er6I /ßer.Îi/ <ße.r\.Îii> fem. sugarcane.

=uk/var /ßuk.r\.var/ <ßu.kr\.va.r\> masc.
Friday.

=erI /ße.ri/ <ße.rii> fem. 1. a lane, 2. a
street.

=u)0 /ßud˙.d˙\/ <ßu.dhdh\> adj. 1.
clean, 2. pure.

=ero /ße.ro/ <ße.ro> masc. a remark.

=ui)0 /ßud˙.d˙i/ <ßu.dhdhi> fem.
purification.
=u- /ßub˙/ <ßu.bh\> adj. auspicious.
=u-eC2k /ßu.b˙ec.c˙\k/ <ßu.bhe.cch\.k\>
adj. a well-wisher.
=u-eC2a /ßu.b˙ec.c˙a/ <ßu.bhe.ccha> fem.
a well-wishing.
=UNy /ßun.j\/ <ßuu.nj\> neut. 1. zero, 2.
nothingness.
=UrvIr /ßur.vir/ <ßuu.r\.vii.r\> masc. a
brave person.
=UX /ßuÆ/ <ßuu.Æ\> fem. dry thorn.

=eq /ßeß/ <ße.s°\> adj. residual.
=Eil /ß\i.li/ <ß\i.li> fem. style.
=E=v /ß\i.ß\v/ <ß\i.ß\.v\> neut.
childhood.
=ok /ßok/ <ßo.k\> masc. melancholy.
=o` /ßok˙/ <ßo.kh\> masc. a hobby.
=o0 /ß˙od˙/ <ßo.dh\> fem. . search, 2.
inquiry.
=o-vu& /ßob˙.vu~/ <ßho.bh\.vu~> v.intr. to
look beautiful.
=o-a /ßo.b˙a/ <ßo.bha> fem. 1. beauty,
2. charm.
+yam /ßjam/ <ßja.m\> adj. black.

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205

+yam /ßjam/ <ßja.m\> masc. The Lord
Krishna.
[a)0a /ßr\d.d˙a/ <ßr\.dhdha> fem. 1.
trust, 2. faith, .3 belief.
[a)0aXu& /ßr\d.d˙a.Æu~/ <ßr\.dhdha.Æu~> adj.
devotional.

q6\d=Rn /ß\Î.d\r.ß\n/ <s°\. [.d\.rß\.n\>
neut. pl. the six different systems of
Vedic philosophy.
qiQ4 /ß\ß.ˇi/ <s°\.s°ˇi> adj. sixty.

s

[av8 /ßr\.v\¯/ <ßr\.v\.¯\> neut. an act
of hearing.

s: /s\i/ <s\.ii> masc. a tailor

[aav8 /ßra.v\¯/ <ßra.v\.¯\> masc. the
tenth month of a Vikram year.

skmRk /s\.k\r.m\k/ <s\.k\.rm\.k\> adj.
a transitive verb.

[aI /ßri/ <ßrii> masc. an auspicious word
used in the beginning of a writing.

skX /s\.k\Æ/ <s\.k\.Æ\> adj. fortunate.

[aeiQ5 /ßreß.ˇ˙i/ <ßre.s°ˇhi> masc. a great
merchant.
[aota /ßro.ta/ <ßro.ta> adj. 1. a hearer, 2.
a listener.
¿lok /ßlo.ka/ <ßlo.k\> masc. a stanza.
¿van /ßva.na/ <ßva.n\> masc. a dog.

sk&jo /s\.k\µ.Ôo/ <s\.k\~.Ôo> masc. 1. a
gripping machine, 2. a grip.
sik/y/s\k.ri.j\/ <s\.kri.j\> adj. active.
s`8u& /s\k˙.¯u~/ <s\.kh\.¯u~> adj. 1.
quiet, 2. tranquil.
s`X6`X /s\.k˙\Æ.Î\.k˙\Æ/
<s\.kh\.Æ\.Î\.kh\.Æ\> adj. loose.

¿vas /ßva.s\/ <ßva.s\> masc. breathing.
¿vet /ßve.ta/ <ßve.t\> adj. white.

q

s`avt /s\.k˙a.v\t/ <s\.kha.v\.t\> fem.
donation.
s`I /s\.k˙i/ <s\.khi> fem. a female
friend.
s`ed /s\.k˙ed/ <s\.khe.d\> advb. sadly.

q4\kmR /ß\ˇ.k\r.m\/ <s°\.ˇ.k\.rm\> masc.
pl. the six duties of Brahmins.

s~t /s\k˙.t\/ <s\.kht\> adj. hard.

q4\ko8 /ß\ˇ.ko¯/ <s°\.t.ko.¯\> masc.
hexagonal.

s~ta: /s\k˙.ta.i/ <s\.khta.ii> fem.
hardness.

q4\pd /ß\ˇ.p\d/ <s°\.t.p\.d\> adj. six
footed.

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206
sg6 /s\.g\Î/ <s\.g\.Î\> masc. 1. footprints etc. 2. traces.

sjvu& /s\Ô.vu~/ <s\.Ô\.vu~> v.tr. to put on
clothes, ornaments.

sgp8 /s\g.p\¯/ <s\.g\.Î\> neut.
relation.

sja /s\.Ôa/ <s\.Ôa> fem. punishment.

sg-aR /s\.g\r.b˙a/ <s\.g\.rbha> fem.
pregnant.
sgv6 /s\g.v\Î/ <s\.g\.v\.Î\> fem. 1.
provision, 2. comfort.

sjatIy /s\.Ôa.ti.j\/ <s\.Ôa.tii.j\> adj. of
the same sex.
sjav4 /s\.Ôa.v\ˇ/ <s\.Ôa.v\.ˇ\> fem.
decoration.
s@v /s\.Ôiv/ <s\.Ôii.v\> adj. animate.

sgIr /s\.gir/ <s\.gii.r\> adj. minor
(age)
sgu8 /s\.gu¯/ adj. <s\.gu.¯\> 1.
attributes, 2. qualities.

s@vn /s\.Ôi.v\n/ <s\.Ôii.v\.n\> adj.
living.
sjj /s\Ô.Ô\/ <s\.ÔÔ\> adj. equipped.

sgu&vhalu& /s\.gu~.v\.ha.lu~/
<s\.gu~.v\.ha.lu~> neut. relative.

sjjn /s\Ô.Ô\n/ <s\.ÔÔ\.n\> masc. a
gentleman.

sgu&s&b&0I /s\.gu.s\m.b\n.d˙i/
<s\.gu~.s\~.b\~.dhii> neut. relatives etc.

s4Ik /s\.ˇik/ <s\.ˇii.k\> adj. with
commentary.

sgo{a /s\.got.r\/ <s\.go.tr\> adj.
having a common ancestor.

s4oi6yo /s\.ˇo.Îi.jo/ <s\.ˇo.Îi.jo> masc.
a speculator.

s3n /s\.g˙\n/ <s\.gh\.n\> adj. 1.
dense, 2. solid.

s4os4 /s\.ˇo.s\ˇ/ <s\.ˇo.s\.ˇ\> advb.
repeatedly.

s3Xu& /s\g˙.Æu~/ <s\.gh\.Æu~> adj. entire.

s4\4o /s\ˇ.ˇo/ <s\.ˇˇo> masc. a risky
transaction in forward market.

sic{a /s\.cit.r\/ <s\.ci.tr\> adj.
illustrated.
sco4 /s\.coˇ/ <s\.co.ˇ\> adj. unfailing.
sCca: /s\c.cai/ <s\.cca.ii> fem. honesty.
sjnI /s\Ô.ni/ <s\.Ô\.nii> fem. a female
friend.

s6k /s\.Î\k/ <s\.Î\.k\> adj.
wonderstruck.
s6k /s\.Î\k/ <s\.Î\.k\> fem. a wellbuilt road.
s6vu& /s\Î.vu~/ <s\.Î\.vu~> v.intr. to rot.
s6s5 /s\Î.s\ˇ˙/ <s\.Î\.s\.ˇh\> adj.
sixty seven.

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207

s6s6a4 /s\Î.s\.Îaˇ/ <s\.Î\.s\.Îa.ˇ\>
advb. non-stop.

s]aavIs /s\t.ta.vis/ <s\.tta.vi.s\> adj.
twenty seven.
s]v /s\t.v\/ <s\.tv\> neut. essence.

s6o /s\.Îo/ <s\.Îo> masc. 1. rot, .2
moral degeneration.
s7 /s\Î˙/ <s\.Îh\> masc. a ship’s sail.

sTpuruq /s\t.pu.ruß/ <s> masc. a virtuous
man.
sTy /s\t.j\/ <s\.tj\> neut. truth.

s8ko /s\¯.ko/ <s\.¯\.ko> masc. a
shooting pain.
stt /s\.t\t/ <s\.t\.t\> advb. non-stop.
stam8I /s\.ta.m\.¯i/ <s\.ta.m\.¯ii>
fem. 1. harassment, 2. teasing.
stej /s\.teÔ/ <s\.te.Ô\> adj. shining
brightly.
sTkmR /s\t.k\r.m\/ <s\.tk\.rm\> neut. a
benevolent work.
sTkar /s\t.kar/ <s\.tka.r\> masc. 1.
welcome, 2. reception.
sTkarvu& /s\t.kar.vu~/ <s\.ta.r\.vu~> v.tr.
to welcome.

sTy /s\t.j\/ <s\.tj\> adj. true.
sTyvadI /s\.tj\va.di/ <s\.tj\.va.dii> adj.
truthful.
sTyag/h /s\.tja.gr\h/ <s\.tja.gr\.h\>
masc. insistence on truth or
righteousness.
sTyana= /s\.tja.naß/ <s\.tja.na.ß\> neut.
annihilation.
sTs&g /s\t.s\˜g/ <s\.ts\~.g\> masc.
company of saints.
sd&tr /s\.d\n.t\r/ <s\.d\~.t\.r\> advb.
absolutely.
sda /s\.da/ <s\.da> advb. always.

s]ar /s\t.t\r/ <s\.tt\.r\> adj. seventeen.
s]aa /s\t.ta/ <s\.tta> fem. 1. authority,
2. power.
s]aavar /s\t.ta.var/ <s\.tta.va.r\> adj. 1.
officially, 2. authentic.
s]aa8u& /s\t.ta.¯u~/ <s\.tta.¯u~> adj. ninety
seven.

sdakaX /s\.da.kaÆ/ <s\.da.ka.Æ\> advb.
forever.
sdacr8 /s\.da.c\.r\¯/ <s\.da.c\.r\.¯\>
neut. moral conduct.
sdacar /s\.da.car/ <s\.da.ca.r\> masc. a
moral conduct.
sdI /s\.di/ <s\.dii> fem. a century.

s]aavn /s\t.ta.v\n/ <s\.tta.v\.n\> adj.
fifty seven.

sd\gt /s\d.g\t/ <s\d.g\.t\> adj. having
attained salvation.

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208

sd\git /s\d.g\.ti/ <s\d.g\.ti> fem.
salvation.
sd\gu8 /s\d.gu¯/ <s\d.gu.¯\> masc. a
virtue.
sd\g<hS9 /s\d.gru.h\s.t˙\/
<s\d.gr≤u.h\.sth\> masc. a gentleman.
sd\bui)0 /s\d.bud.d˙i/ <s\d.bu.dhdhi>
fem. constructive understanding.
sd\-agI /s\d.b˙a.gi/ <s\d.bha.gii> adj.
fortunate.
sd\-aGy /s\d.b˙a.gj\/ <s\d.bha.gj\>
neut. good fortunate.
sd\-av /s\d.b˙av/ <s\d.bha.v\> masc.
constructive sentiment.

sNmagR /s\n.marg/ <s\.nma.rg\> masc.
a moral path.
siNm{a /s\n.mit.r\/ <s\.nmi.tr\> masc.
a virtuous friend.
sp6avvu& /s\p.Îav.vu~/ <s\.p\.Îa.v\.vu~>
v.tr. to entrap.
spnu& /s\p.nu~/ <s\.p\.nu~> neut. a
dream.
sprmu& /s\.p\r.mu~/ <s\.p\.r\.mu~> adj.
auspicious.
spa4 /s\.paˇ/ <s\.pa.ˇ\> adj. flat.
spa4ab&0 /s\.pa.ˇa.b\nd˙/
<s\.pa.ˇa.b\~.dh\> advb. 1. at once, 2.
promptly.
spa4I /s\.pa.ˇi/ <s\.pa.ˇii> fem. surface.

sd\v<i]a /s\d.vrut.ti/ <s\d.vru≤.tti> fem.
constructive intention.
s)0r /s\d˙.d˙\r/ <s\.dhdh\.r\> adj.
wealthy.
snm /s\.n\m/ <s\.n\.m\> fem. a
sweetheart.
snsna4I /s\n.s\.na.ˇi/ <s\.n\.s\.na.ˇii>
fem. 1. a widespread feeling of dismay,
2. a thrill.

spUcu& /s\.pu.cu~./ <s\.puu.cu~> adj.
entire.
spUt /s\.put/ <s\.puu.t\> masc. a
virtuous son.
sPtko8 /s\p.t\.kø¯/ <s\.pt\.ko.¯\>
masc. a heptagon.
sPtah /s\p.tah/ <s\.pta.h\> neut. a
week.

snatn /s\.na.t\n/ <s\.na.t\.n\> adj.
eternal.

sp/ma8 /s\.pr\.ma¯/ <s\.pr\.ma.¯\>
adj. with proof.

snepat /s\.ne.pat/ <s\.ne.pa.t\> masc.
delirious fever.

sp/ma8 /s\.pr\.ma¯/ <s\.pr\.ma.¯\>
advb. proportion.

sNman /s\n.man/ <s\.nma.n\> neut. 1.
reception, 2. honor.

sp/em /s\.prem/ <s\.pre.m\> advb.
lovingly.

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s_y /s\b˙.j\/ <s\.bhj\> adj. polite.
sfr /s\.p˙\r/ <s\.ph\.r\> fem. 1. a
travel, 2. a journey.

sm /s\m/ <s\.m\> masc. an oath.

sfrjn /s\.p˙\r.Ô\n/ <s\.ph\.r\.Ô\.n\>
neut. an apple.

smx /s\.m\k.ß\/ <s\.m\.kß\> advb. in
the presence of.

sfX /s\.p˙\Æ/ <s\.ph\.Æ\> adj. 1.
fruitful, 2. successful.

smg/ /s\.m\g.r\/ <s\.m\.gr\> adj. 1.
whole, 2. entire.

sfa: /s\.p˙a.i/ <s\.pha.ii> fem.
cleanliness.

smcors /s\m.co.r\s/ <s\.m\.co.r\.s\>
masc. a square.

sfac4 /s\.p˙a.c\ˇ/ <s\.pha.c\.ˇ\> advb.
totally used up.

smj /s\.m\Ô/ <s\.m\.Ô\> fem.
understanding.

sfaXu& /s\.p˙a.Æu~/ <s\.pha.Æu~> adj.
stunned.

smj8 /s\.m\.Ô\¯/ <s\.m\.Ô\.¯\> fem.
understanding.

sfed /s\.p˙ed/ <s\.phe.d\> adj. white.

smj8u& /s\.m\Ô.¯u~/ <s\.m\.Ô\.¯u~> adj.
wide.

sbk /s\.b\k/ <s\.b\.k\> masc. a moral.
sb6ko /s\.b\Î.ko/ <s\.b\.Î\.ko> masc.
a sound made when eating a liquid food
with hand.

smjvu& /s\.m\Ô.vu~/ <s\.m\.Ô\.vu~> v.intr.
1. to understand, 2. to comprehend.
smju /s\m.Ôu/ <s\.m\.Ôu> adj. wise.

sb6vu& /s\.b\Î.vu~/ <s\.b\.Î\.vu~> v.intr.
to suffer for a long time.

smjUtI /s\m.Ôu.ti/ <s\.m\.Ôu.tii> fem. 1.
understanding, 2. compromise.

sbX /s\.b\Æ/ <s\.b\.Æ\> adj. strong.

smtl /s\m.t\l/ <s\.m\.t\.l\> neut. an
even surface.

s-r /s\.b˙\r/ <s\.bh\.r\> adj. plenty.
s-a /s\.b˙a/ <s\.bha> fem. a meeting.
s-asd /s\.p˙a.sad/ <s\.bha.s\.d\>
masc. a member (of an association or
organization).
s_y /s\b˙.j\/ <s\.bhj\> masc. a
member (of an association or
organization).

smtula /s\m.tu.la/ <s\.m\.tu.la> fem.
balance.
smtol /s\m.tol/ <s\.m\.to.l\> adj. of
equal weight.
smd=IR /s\m.d\r.ßi/ <s\.m\.d\.rßii> adj.
impartial.

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sm±iQ4 /s\m.dr\ß.ˇi/ <s\.m\.dr\.s°ˇi>
adj. impartial.

smSya /s\.m\s.ja/ <s\.m\.sja> fem. 1. a
riddle, 2. a puzzle.

sm-av /s\m.b˙av/ <s\.m\.bha.v\>
masc. impartiality.

smagm /s\.ma.g\m/ <s\.ma.g\.m\>
masc. 1. an act of meeting, 2. union.

smy /s\.m\j/ <s\.m\.j\> masc. time.

smacar /s\.ma.car/ <s\.ma.ca.r\> masc.
news.

smysUck /s\.m\j.su.c\k/
<s\.m\.j\.suu.c\.k\> adj. sharpminded.
smysUckta /s\.m\j.su.c\k.ta/
<s\.m\.j\.suu.c\.k\.ta> fem. presence
of mind.
smrvu& /s\.m\r.vu~/ <s\.m\.r\.vu~> v.tr.
to remember someone or something with
devotion.
sm£p /s\m.rup/ <s\.m\.ruu.p\> adj.
1. of the same form, 2. similar.
sm9R /s\.m\r.t˙\/ <s\.m\.rth\> adj.
powerful.
smpR8 /s\.m\r.p\¯/ <s\.m\.rp\.¯\>
neut. 1. an offering, 2. a surrendering, 3.
dedication.
smpRvu& /s\.m\r.p\.vu~/ <s\.m\.rp\.vu~>
v.tr. to offer, 2. to dedicate, .3 to
surrender.
smvySk /s\m.v\.j\s.k\/
<s\.m\.v\.j\.sk\> adj. of the same
age.
sm=er /s\m.ßer/ <s\.m\.ße.r\> fem. a
sword.
smSt /s\/m\s.t\/ <s\.m\.st\> adj. 1.
entire, 2. whole.

smacarp{a /s\.ma.car.p\t.r\/
<s\.ma.ca.r\.p\.tr\> neut. a
newspaper.
smaj /s\.maÔ/ <s\.ma.Ô\> masc. 1.
society, 2. an association.
smajvad /s\.maÔ.vad/ <s\.ma.Ô\.va.d\>
masc. socialism.
smaj=aS{a /s\.maÔ.ßaß.tr\/
<s\.ma.Ô\.ßa.ßtr\> neut. sociology.
smaj=aS{aI /s\/maÔ.ßaß.tri/
<s\.ma.Ô\.ßa.ßtrii> masc. a sociologist.
sma0an /s\/ma/d˙an/ <s\.ma.dha.n\>
neut. 1. compromise, 2 settlement.
smai0 /s\.ma.d˙i/ <s\.ma.dhi> fem. 1.
deep meditation, 2. a death of an ascetic,
3. a shrine, etc. constructed over the
spot where an ascetic’s corpse is buried.
sman /s\.man/ <s\.ma.n\> adj. 1.
similar, 2. equal.
smanta /s\.man.ta/ <s\.ma.n\.ta> fem.
1. similarity, 2. equality.
smapn /s\.ma.p\n/ <s\.ma.p\.n\> neut.
an act of completion.

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smaPt /s\.map.t\/ <s\.ma.pt\> adj. 1.
completed, 2. finished.

smu± /s\.mud.r\/ <s\.mu.dr\> masc. an
ocean.

smarvu& /s\.mar.vu~/ <s\.ma.r\.vu~> v.tr.
to repair.

sm<)0 /s\m.rud˙.d˙\/ <s\.mr≤.dhdh\>
adj. prosperious.

smar&- /s\.ma.r\m.b˙\/ <s\.ma.r\~.bh\>
masc. a grand celebration.

sm<i)0 /s\m.rud˙.d˙i/ <s\.mr≤.dhdhi>
fem. prosperity.

smave= /s\.ma.veß/ <s\.ma.ve.ß\> masc.
1. accomodation, 2. inclusion.

sme4vu& /s\.meˇ.vu~/ <s\.me.ˇ\.vu~> v.tr.
to wind up.

smas /s\.mas/ <s\.ma.s\> masc. a
compound.

smov6u& /s\.mo.v\.Îu~/ <s\.mo.v\.Îu~>
adj. equal.

sma&tr /s\.ma~n.t\r/ <s\.ma~.t\.r\> adj.
parallel.

srk8u& /s\.r\k.¯u~/ <s\.r\.k\.¯u~> adj.
slippery.

simit /s\.mi.ti/ <s\.mi.ti> fem. a
committee.

srkvu& /s\.r\k.vu~/ <s\.r\.k\.vu~> v.intr.
1. to slip, 2. to slide.

smIkr8 /s\.mi.k\.r\¯/ <s\.mii.k\.r\.¯\>
neut. equation.

srkar /s\r.kar/ <s\.r\.ka.r\> fem.
government.

smIxa /s\.mik.ßa/ <s\.mi.kßa> fem.
criticism.

srkarI /s\r.ka.ri/ <s\.r\.ka.rii> adj.
governmental.

smIp /s\.mip/ <s\.mii.p\> adj. 1. near,
2. close.

srko /s\r.ko/ <s\.r\.ko> masc. vinegar.

smIpta /s\.mip.ta/ <s\.mii.p\.ta> fem.
1. nearness, 2. proximity.
smIsa&j /s\.mi.sa~Ô/ <s\.mii.sa~.Ô\> fem.
the dusk.
smUict /s\.mu.cit/ <s\.muu.ci.t\> adj.
proper.
smuCcy /s\.muc.c\.j\/ <s\.muu.cc\.j\>
masc. a collection.
smUday /s\.mu.daj/ <s\.muu.da.j\>
masc. a group.

sr`am8I /s\r.k˙am.¯i/
<s\.r\.kha.m\.¯ii> fem. comparision.
sr`avvu& /s\r.k˙av.vu~/ <s\.r\.kha.v\.vu~>
v.tr. to compare.
sr`u& /s\r.k˙u~/ <s\.r\.khu~> adj. equal.
srgvo /s\r.g\.vo/ <s\.r\.g\.vo> masc.
a tree or its fruit like stick that can be
used as vegetable.
sr3s /s\r.g˙\s/ <s\.r\.gh\.s\> neut. a
procession.

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srdar /s\r.dar/ <s\.r\.da.r\> masc. 1.
leader, 2. chief.

srhd /s\r.h\d/ <s\.r\.h\.d\> fem. 1.
frontier, 2. border.

srdarI /s\r.da.ri/ <s\.r\.da.rii> fem.
leadership.

srX /s\.r\Æ/ <s\.r\.Æ\> adj. easy.

srnamu& /s\r.na.mu~/ <s\.r\.na.mu~> neut.
address.

srXta /s\.r\Æ.ta/ <s\.r\.Æ\.ta> fem.
simplicity.

srp&c /s\r.p\µc/ <s\.r\.p\~.c\> masc.
the president of a village assembly.

sravvu& /s\.rav.vu~/ <s\.ra.v\.vu~> v.tr. to
offer food and other things om the death
anniversary of a relative.

srpav /s\r.pav/ <s\.r\.pa.v\> masc. 1.
a gift, 2. an award.

srera= /s\.re.raß/ <s\.re.ra.ß\> fem.
average.

sr-r /s\r.b˙\r/ <s\.r\.bh\.r\> adj. 1.
neither more nor less, 2. equal.

srera= /s\.re.raß/ <s\.re.ra.ß\> advb. on
an average.

sr-ra /s\r.b˙\.ra/ <s\.r\.bh\.ra> fem.
hospitality.

sroj /s\.roÔ/ <s\.ro.Ô\> neut. lotus.

srmu`TyarI /s\r.muk˙.tja.ri/
<s\.r\.mu.kh\.tja.rii> fem.
dictactorship.
srmu`Tyar=ahI /s\r.muk˙.tjar.ßa.hi/
<s\.r\.mu.kh\.tja.r\.ßa.hii> fem.
dictatorship.
srvaXo /s\r.va.Æo/ <s\.r\.va.Æo> masc.
1. addition, 2. total.
srvEy&u /s\r.v\i.ju~/ <s\.r\.v\i.ju~> neut. a
balance-sheet.
sri=yu& /s\.r\.ßi.ju~/ <s\.r\.ßi.ju~> neut.
rapeseed oil.

sroijnI /s\.ro.Ôi.ni/ <s\.ro.Ôi.nii> fem.
lotus plant.
srovr /s\.ro.v\r/ <s\.ro.v\.r\> neut.
lake.
sjRk /s\r.Ô\k/ <s\.rÔ\.k\> masc. creator.
sjRn /s\r.Ô\n/ <s\.rÔ\.n\> neut.
creation.
sjRnaTmk /s\r.Ô\.nat.m\k/
<s\.rÔ\.na.tm\.k\> adj. creative.
sjRvu& /s\rÔ.vu~/ <s\.rÔ\.vu~> v.tr. to
create.
svR /s\r.v\/ <s\.rv\> adj. all.

srs /s\.r\s/ <s\.r\.s\> adj. good.
srsaman /s\r.sa.man/ <s\.r\.sa.ma.n\>
masc. household things.

AvRkalIn /s\r.v\.ka.lin/
<s\.rva.ka.lii.n\> adj. eternal.

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svRg/ahI /s\r.v\.gra.hi/ <s\.rva,gra.hii>
adj. comprehensive.

slamt /s\.la.m\t/ <s\.la.m\.t\> adj.
free from fear.

svR}a /s\r.v\g.n\/ <s\.rva.gn\> adj.
omniscient.

slamtI /s\.la.m\.ti/ <s\.la.m\.tii> fem,
safety.

svR{a /s\r.v\t.r\/ <s\.rva.tr\> advb.
everywhere.

slah /s\.lah/ <s\.la.h\> fem. advice.

svRna= /s\r.v\.naß/ <s\.rv\.na.ß\> masc.
total destruction.
svRnam /s\r.v\.nam/ <s\.rv\.na.m\>
neut. pronoun.
svR-xI /s\r.v\.b˙k.ßi/ <s\.rv\.bh\.kßii>
adj. omnivorous.
svRmaNy /s\r.v\.man.j\/ <s\.rv\.ma.nj\>
adj. accepted by all.
svRVyapk /s\r.v\.vja.p\k/
<s\.rv\.vja.p\.k\> adj. omnipresent.

slahkar /s\.lah.kar/ <s\.la.h\.ka.r\>
adj. advisor.
sv8R /s\.v\r.¯\/ <s\.v\.r¯\> adj.
higher caste people.
svlt /s\v.l\t/ <s\.v\.l\.t\> fem.
convenience.
svXu& /\s\v.Æu~/ <s\.v\.Æu~> adj.
clockwise.
sva /s\.va/ <s\.va> adj. one and a
quarter.
svayu& /s\.va.ju~/<s\.va.ju~> adj. superior.

svR=iktman /s\r.v\.ß\k.ti.man/
<s\.rv\.ß\.kti.ma.n\> adj.
omnipotent.
svaRnmu t /s\r.va.nu.m\t/
<s\.rva.nu.m\.t\> adj. unnimous.
svaRnmu it /s\r.va.nu.m\.ti/
<s\.rva.nu.m\.ti> fem. unanimity.
svoRCc /s\r.vo.cc\/ <s\.rvo.cj\> adj.
highest.
sla4 /s\.laˇ/ <s\.la.ˇ\> masc. stonemason.
slam /s\.lam/ <s\.la.m\> fem.
salutation.

svar /s\.var/ <s\.va.r\> fem. morning.
svarI /s\.va.ri/ <s\.va.rii> fem. a
passenger.
sval /s\.val/ <s\.va.l\> masc. 1.
question, 2. inquiry.
sivny /s\.vi.n\j/ <s\.vi.n\.j\> adj. 1.
courteous, 2. modest.
siv=eq /s\.vi.ßeß/ <s\.vi.ße.s°\> adj.
peculiar.
sivStr /s\.vis.t\r/ <s\.vi.st\.r\> adj. 1.
detailed, 2. extensive.

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sveXa /s\.ve.Æa/ <s\.ve.Æa> advb. in
time.

shyog /s\h.jog/ <s\.h\.jo.g\> masc. cooperation.

s=kt /s\.ß\k.t\/ <s\.ß\.kt\> adj.
strong.

shi=x8 /s\h.ßik.ß\¯/ <s\.h\.ßi.kß\.¯\>
neut. co-education.

ssro /s\s.ro/ <s\.s\.ro> masc. fatherin-law.

shsa /s\h.sa/ <s\.h\.sa> advb.
suddenly.

sslu& /s\s.lu~/ <s\.s\.lu~> neut. 1. rabbit,
2. hare.

shanu-av /s\.ha.nu.b˙av/
<s\.ha.nu.bha.v\> masc. sympathy.

sStu& /s\s.tu~/ <s\.stu~> adj. cheap.

shanu-Uit /s\.ha.nu.b˙u.ti/
<s\.ha.nu.bhuu.ti> fem. sympathy.

sSneh /s\.sneh/ <s\.sne.h\> adj. with
love.
sh /s\h/ <s\.h\> advb. with.
shkar /s\h.kar/ <s\.h\.ka.r\> masc. cooperation.
shkarI /s\h.ka.ri/ <s\.h\.ka.rii> adj.
co-operative.
shj /s\.h\Ô/ <s\.h\.Ô\> adj. 1. innate,
2. natural.
shjan&d /s\h.Ôa.n\nd/ <s\.h\.Ôa.n\~.d\>
masc. bliss natural to the soul.
shn /s\.h\n/ <s\.h\.n\> neut.
suffering.
sh-agI /s\h.b˙a.gi/ <s\.h\.bha.gii> adj.
partner.
shmt /s\h.m\t/ <s\.h\.m\.t\> adj.
agreeing with.
shmit /s\h.m\.ti/ <s\.h\.m\.ti> fem.
agreement.

shay /s\.haj/ <s\.ha.j\> fem. help.
sihyr /s\.hi.j\r/ <s\.hi.j\.r\> fem.
female friend (of a female)
sihyaru& /s\.hi.ja.ru~/ <s\.hi.ja.ru~> adj.
jointly owned.
sihQ8u /s\.hiß.¯u/ <s\.hi.s°¯u> adj.
tolerant.
sihQ8uta /s\.hiß.¯u.ta/ <s\.hi.s°¯u.ta>
fem. tolerance.
shI /s\.hi/ <s\.hii> fem. signature.
shej /s\.heÔ/ <s\.he.Ô\> adj. a little.
shetuk /s\.he.tuk/ <s\.he.t\.k\> adj.
intentional.
shel /s\.hel/ <s\.he.l\> fem. a pleasuretrip.
shelu& /s\.he.lu~/ <s\.he.lu~> adj. easy.
shodr /s\.ho.d\r/ <s\.ho.d\.r\> adj.
brother (born of the same mother).

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s¬ /s\h.j\/ <s\.hj\> adj. endurable.

s&kl
u /s\˜.kul/ <s\~.ku.l\> adj. complex.

sX /s\Æ/ <s\.Æ\> fem. wrinkle (on bed
shit etc.)

s&kte /s\˜.ket/ <s\~.ke.t\> masc. 1. sign,
2. gesture.

sXgvu& /s\.Æ\g.vu~/ <s\.Æ\.g\.vu~> v.intr.
to burn.

s&kelvu& /s\˜.kel.vu~/ <s\~.ke.l\.vu~> v.intr.
to wind up.

sXvXvu& /s\Æ.v\Æ.vu~/ <s\.Æ\.v\.Æ\.vu~>
v.intr. to move slowly.

s&koc /s\˜.koc/ <s\~.ko.c\> masc.
contraction.

sX&g /s\.Æ\˜g/ <s\.Æ\~.g\> adj.
unbroken.

s&kocvu& /s\˜.koc.vu~/ <s\~.ko.c\.vu~>
v.intr. to contract.

siXyo /s\.Æi.jo/ <s\.Æi.jo> masc. rod or
bar (of metal).

s&korvu& /s\˜.kor.vu~/ <s\.ko.r\.vu~> v.tr.
to ignite.

sXI /s\.Æi/ <s\.Æii> fem. a thin round
stick.

s&ixPt /s\˜.kßip.t\/ <s\~.kßi.pt\> adj.
abridged.

sXe`m /s\.Æe.k˙\m/ <s\.Æe.kh\.m\> fem.
cold.

s&~ya /s\˜.k˙ja/ <s\~.khja> fem. 1.
number, 2. figure.

s&k4 /s\˜.k\ˇ/ <s\~.k\.ˇ\> neut. misery.

s&~yab&0 /s\˜.k˙ja.b\nd˙/
<s\~.khja.b\~.dh\> adj. numerous.

s&k6am8 /s\˜k.Îa.m\¯/
<s\~.k\.Îa.m\.¯\> fem. crowdedness.

s&g /s\˜g/ <s\~.g\> masc. association.

s&kln /s\˜.k\.l\n/ <s\~.k\.l\.n\> neut.
collection.

s&g5n /s\˜.g\.ˇ˙\n/ <s\~.g\.ˇh\.n\> neut.
1. association, 2. organization.

s&kLp /s\˜.k\l.p\/ <s\~.k\.lp\> masc.
determination.

s&gm /s\˜.g\m/ <s\~.g\.m\> masc.
meeting.

s&kLp=ikt /s\˜.k\l.p\.ß\k.ti/
<s\~.k\.lp\.ß\.kti> fem. will-power.

s&ga9 /s\˜.gat˙/ <s\~.ga.th\> masc.
company (in travel).

s&kXavu& /s\˜k.Æa.vu~/ <s\~.k\.Æa.vu~> v.intr.
to be associated with.

s&gIt /s\˜.git/ <s\~.gii.t\> neut. music.

s&kuict /s\˜.ku.cit/ <s\~.ku.ci.t\> adj.
narrow (minded).

s&gIn /s\˜.gin/ <s\~.gii.n\> adj. 1. solid,
2. durable.

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216
s&gme rmr /s\˜.ge.m\r.m\r/
<s\~.ge.m\.r\.m\.r\> masc. marble.

s&}aavack /s\˜.gna.va.c\k/
<s\.gna.va.c\.k\> adj. proper noun.

s&g/h /s\˜.gr\h/ <s\~.gr\.h\> masc. 1.
collection, 2. hoard.

s&6as /s\¯.Îas/ <s\~.Îa.s\> neut. latrine.

s&g/h`or /s\˜.gr\h.k˙or/
<s\~.gr\.h\.kho.r\> adj. hoarder.

s&6ovvu& /s\¯.Îov.vu~/ <s\~.Îo,v\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to involve, 2. to implicate.
s&t /s\nt/ <s\~.t\> masc. saint.

s&g/h`orI /s\˜.gr\h.k˙o.ri/
<s\~.gr\.h\.kho.rii> fem. hoarding.
s&g/hvu& /s\˜.gr\h.vu~/ <s\~.gr\.h\.vu~>
v.tr. to collect.

s&tva8I /s\nt.va.¯i/ <s\~.t\.va.¯i> fem.
teaching of saints.
s&tru /s\nt.ru~/ <s\~.t\.ru> neut. orange.

s&g/hS9an /s\˜.gr\h.st˙an/
<s\~.gr\.h\.stha.n\> neut. museum.

s&takUk6I /s\n.ta.kuk.Îi/ <s\~.ta.ku.k\.Îii>
fem. a game of hide and seek.

s&3 /s\˜.g\/ <s\~.gh\> masc. 1. group of
pilgrims, 2. association, 3. union.

s&ta6vu& /s\n.taÎ.vu~/ <s\~.ta.Î\.vu~> v.tr.
to hide.

s&3rvu& /s\˜.g\r.vu~/ <s\~.gh\.r\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to collect, 2. to hoard.

s&tan /s\n.tan/ <s\~.ta.n\> neut.
offspring.

s&3qR /s\m.g˙\rß/ <s\~.gh\.rs°\> masc. 1.
clash, 2. conflict.

s&tap /s\n.tap/ <s\~.ta.p\> masc. 1.
distress, 3. misery.

s&calk /s\µ.ca.l\k/ <s\~.ca.l\.k\> masc.
manager (male).

s&tavu& /s\n.ta.vu~/ <s\~.ta.vu~> v.intr. to
hide (oneself).

s&cailka /s\µ.ca.li.ka/ <s\~.ca.li.ka> fem.
manager (female).

s&tuln /s\n.tu.l\n/ <s\~.tu.l\.n\> neut.
balance.

s&caln /s\µ.ca.l\n/ <s\~.ca.l\.n\> neut.
management.

s&toq /s\n.toß/ <s\~.to.s°\> masc.
satisfaction.

s&co /s\µ.co/ <s\~.co> masc. machine.

s&toqkark /s\n.toß.ka.r\k/
<s\~.to.s°\.ka.r\.k\> adj. satisfactory.

s&jog /s\µ.Ôog/ <s\~.Ôo.g\> masc.
meeting.
s&}aa /s\˜.gna/ <s\~.gna> fem. sign.

s&toqI /s\n.to.ßi/ <s\~.to.s°ii> adj. having
happy disposition.
s&d-R /s\n.d\rb˙/ <s\~.d\.rbh\> masc. 1.
context, 2. reference.

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217

s&idG0 /s\n.dig.d˙\/ <s\~.di.gdh\> adj.
doubtful.
s&de= /s\n.deß/ <s\~.de.ß\> masc.
message.
s&d=e vahk /s\n.deß.va.h\k/
<s\~.de.ß\.va.h\.k\> adj. 1. messenger,
2. courier.
s&deh /s\n.deh/ <s\~.de.h\> masc. 1.
doubt, 2. suspicion.

s&pkR /s\m.p\rk/ <s\~.p\.rk\> masc.
contact.
s&padk /s\m.pa.d\k/ <s\~.pa.d\.k\>
masc. editor.
s&padkIy /s\m.pa.d\.ki.j\/
<s\~.pa.d\.kii.j\> adj. editorial.
s&padn /s\m.pa.d\n/ <s\~.pa.d\.n\>
neut. 1. editing, .2 acquiring.
s&p8
U R /s\m.pur.¯\/ <s\~.puu.r¯\> adj.
1. entire, 2. whole.

s&i0 /s\n.d˙i/ <s\~.dhi> fem. 1. a joint, 2.
conjunction, 3. treaty, 4. euphonic
coalition of sounds (in grammar).

s&p/day /s\m.pr\.daj/ <s\~.pr\.da.j\>
masc. 1. a religious sect, 2. a cult.

s&i0kaX /s\n.d˙i.kaÆ/ <s\~.dhi.ka.Æ\>
masc. period of transition.

s&b&0 /s\m.b\n.d˙\/ <s\~.b\~.dh\> masc.
relation.

s&)ya /s\n.d˙ja/ <s\~.dhja> fem. 1.
evening, 2. evening prayer.

s&b0& I /s\m.b\n.d˙i/ <s\~.b\~.dhii> adj. 1.
related, 2. relative.

s&inpat /s\n.ni.pat/ <s\~.ni.pa.t\> masc.
delirium.

s&bo0vu& /s\m.bod˙.vu~/ <s\~.bo.dh\.vu~>
v.tr. to address.

s&inQ5 /s\n.niߡ˙/ <s\~.ni.s°ˇh\> adj. 1.
honest, 2. devoted.

s&-v /s\m.b˙\v/ <s\~.bh\.v\> masc.
likelihood.

s&inQ5a /s\n.niß.ˇ˙a/ <s\~.ni.s°ˇha> fem. 1.
honesty, 2. devotion.

s&-Xavvu& /s\mb˙.Æav.vu~/
<s\~.bh\.Æa.v\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to make
someone hear, 2. to speak in insulting
manner.

s&Nyas /s\m.njas/ <s\~.nja.s\> masc.
asceticism.
s&NyasI /s\m.ja.si/ <s\~.nja.sii> masc.
hermit.

s&-arvu& /s\m.b˙ar.vu~/ <s\~.bha.r\.vu~>
v.tr. 1. to remember, 2. to recollect.

s&p /s\mp/ <s\~.p\> masc. unity.

s&-avna /s\m.b˙av.na/ <s\~.bha.v\.na>
fem. probability.

s&pi]a /s\m.p\.tti/ <s\~.p\.tti> fem.
wealth.

s&-aX /s\m.b˙aÆ/ <s\~.bha.Æ\> fem. care.

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s&-og /s\m.b˙og/ <s\~.bho.g\> masc.
sexual intercourse.

s&vad /s\m.vad/ <s\~.va.d\> masc.
conversation.

s&mt /s\m.m\t/ <s\~.m\.t\> adj. agreed.

s&vaidta /s\m.va.di.ta/ <s\~.va.di.ta> fem.
harmony.

s&mit /s\m.m\.ti/ <s\~.m\.ti> fem. 1.
approval, 2. agreement.
s&meln /s\m.me.l\n/ <s\~.me.l\.n\> neut.
gathering.

s&vadI /s\m.va.di/ <s\~.va.dii> adj.
harmonious.
s&vde n /s\m.ve.d\n/ <s\~.ve.d\.n\> neut.
sensation.

s&ym /s\i~.j\m/ <s\~.j\.m\> masc. 1.
restraint, 2. control.

s&=y /s\m.ß\j/ <s\~.ß\.j\> masc.
suspicion.

s&yku t /s\m.juk.t\/ <s\~.ju.kt\> adj. 1.
joined, 2. united.

s&=o0k /s\m.ßo.d˙\k/ <s\~.ßo.dh\.k\>
adj. researcher.

s&yog /s\m.jog/ <s\~.jo.g\> masc. 1.
union, 2. meeting.

s&=o0n /s\m.ßo.d˙\n/ <s\~.ßo.dh\.n\>
neut. 1. research, 2. purification.

s&yojk /s\m.jo.Ô\k/ <s\~.jo.Ô\.k\> adj.
uniting.

s&=oi0t /s\m.ßo.d˙it/ <s\~.ßo.dhi.t\> adj.
1. purified, 2. searched out.

s&yojk /s\m.jo.Ô\k/ <s\~.jo.Ô\.k\> masc.
organizer.

s&sgR /s\m.s\rg/ <s\~.s\.rg\> masc. 1.
contact, 2. association.

s&yojn /s\m.jo.Ô\n/ <s\~.jo.Ô\.n\> neut.
the act of joining.

s&sar /s\m.sar/ <s\~.sa.r\> masc. 1. the
universe, 2. the world.

s&rxk /s\m.r\k.ß\k/ <s\~.r\.kß\.k\> adj.
protector.

s&sarI /s\m.sa.ri/ <s\~.sa.rii> adj.
worldly.

s&rx8 /s\m.r\k.ß\¯/ <s\~.r\.kß\.¯\>
neut. protection.

s&Skar /s\m.skar/ <s\~.ska.r\> masc.
purification.

s&vt /s\m.v\t/ <s\~.v\.t\> masc. the
Vikram era that begun in 56 B.C.

s&SkarIta /s\m.sa.ri.ta/ <s\~.ska.rii.ta>
fem. civility.

s&vTsrI /s\m.v\t.s\.ri/ <s\~.v\.ts\.rii>
fem. death anniversary.

s&Sk<t /s\m.skut/ <s\~.skr≤.t\> fem.
Sanskrit language.

s&vnn /s\m.v\.n\n/ <s\~.v\.n\.n\> neut.
1. wooing, 2. courting.

s&Sk<it /s\m.skru.ti/ <s\~.skr≤.ti> fem.
civilization.

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219
s&S9a /s\ß.t˙a/ <s\~.stha> fem. institution.
s&S9apk /s\m.st˙a.p\k/ <s\~.stha.p\.k\>
adj. founder.
s&har /s\m.har/ <s\~.ha.r\> masc.
destruction.
sakr /sa.k\r/ <sa.k\.r\> fem. suger.
saxr /sak.ß\r/ <sa.kß\.r\> adj. 1.
literate, 2. learned.
saxat\ /sak.ßat/ <sa.kßa.t> advb. in
physical presence.

sa6{aIs /sa.Î\t.ris/ <sa.Î\.trii.s\> adj.
thirty-seven.
sa6lo /saÎ.lo/ <sa.Î\.lo> masc. sari.
sa6I /sa.Îi/ <sa.Îii> fem. sari.
sa6asatI /sa.Îa.sa.ti/ <sa.Îa.sa.tii> fem.
malicious influence of Saturn that
remains over a period of seven years.
sa7u /sa.Î˙u/ <sa.Îhu> masc. husband
of wife’s sister.
sa8sI /sa¯.si/ <sa.¯\.sii> fem. pair of
pincers.

saxaTkar /sak.ßat.kar/ <sa.kßa.tka.r\>
masc. 1. devine realization, 2. spiritual
perception.

sat /sat/ <sa.t\> adj. seven.

saxI /sak.ßi/ <sa.kßii> fem. testimony.

satTy /sa.t\t.j\/ <sa.t\.tj\> neut.
continuity.

saxI /sak.ßi/ <sa.kßii> masc. eyewitness.

satm /sa.t\m/ <sa.t\.m\> fem. seventh
day of a lunar fortnight.

sag /sag/ <sa.g\> masc. 1. teak-tree, 2.
teak-wood.

satmu& /sat.mu~/ <sa.t\.mu~> adj. seventh.
sa9 /sat˙/ <sa.th\> masc. company.

sagr /sa.g\r/ <sa.g\.r\> masc. ocean.
sa9X /sa.t˙\Æ/ <sa.th\.Æ\> fem. thigh.
sacvvu& /sa.c\v.vu~/ <sa.c\.v\.vu~> v.tr. .
to take care of, 2. to preserve.
sacu& /sa.cu~/ <sa.cu~> adj. 1. true, 2.
right.
saju& /sa.Ôu~/ <sa.Ôu~> adj. healthy.
sa4u& /sa.ˇu~/ <sa.ˇu~> neut. bargain.
sa4e /sa.ˇe/ <sa.ˇe> postp. in exchange.

sai9yo /sa.t˙i.jo/ <sa.ˇhi.jo> masc.
auspicious figure of Swastik.
sa9I /sa.t˙i/ <sa.kßii> masc. companion.
sa9Idar /sa.t˙i.dar/ <sa.thii.da.r\> masc.
companion.
sad /sad/ <sa.d\> masc. 1. voice, 2.
shout.

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sadgI /sad.gi/ <sa.d\.gii> fem.
simplicity.
sadr /sa.d\r/ <sa.d\.r\> advb.
respectfully.
sada: /sa.da.i/ <sa.da.ii> fem.
simplicity.
sadu& /sa.du~/ <sa.du~> adj. 1. simple, .2
plain.

sap /sap/ <sa.p\> masc. a male serpent.
sap8 /sa.p\¯/ <sa.p\.¯\> fem. a female
serpent.
sapex /sa.pek.ß\/ <sa.pe.kß\> adj.
relative.
sapoilyu& /sa.po.li.ju~/ <sa.po.li.ju~> neut.
young serpent.

sa0k /sa.d˙\k/ <sa.dh\.k\> masc.
spiritual discipline.

saPtaihk /sap.ta.hik/ <sa.pta.hi.k\> adj.
weekly.

sa0n /sa.d˙\n/ <sa.dh\.n\> neut. 1.
tool, .2 instrument.

saf /sap˙/ <sa.ph\> adj. clean.

sa0ns&pNn /sa.d˙\n.sam.p\n.n\/
<sa.dh\.n\.s\~.p\.nn\> adj. possessing
sufficient resources.
sa0na /sad˙.na/ <sa.dh\.na> fem.
spiritual practice.
sa0vu& /sad˙.vu~/ <sa.dh\.vu~> v.tr. to
undergo a spiritual practice.

safsUf /sap˙.sup˙/ <sa.ph\.suu.ph\>
adj. cleaning.
safo /sa.p˙o/ <sa.pho> masc. a kind of
turban.
sabdu& /sab.du~/ <sa.b\.du~> adj. alert.
sabr /sa.b\r/ <sa.b\.r\> neut. stag.
saibtI /sa.bi.ti/ <sa.bi.tii> fem. proof.

sa0ar8 /sa.d˙a.r\¯/ <sa.dha.r\.¯\> adj.
1. ordinary, 2. common.
sa0u /sa.d˙u/ <sa.dhu> adj. good.
sa0u /sa.d˙u/ <sa.dhu> masc. 1. ascetic,
2. hermit.
sa)vI /sad˙.vi/ <sa.dhvii> fem. 1. a
female ascetic, 2. a female hermit.
san /san/ <sa.n\> fem. . sign, 2. sense.
sanukUX /sa.nu.kuÆ/ <sa.nu.kuu.Æ\> adj.
favorable.

sabu /sa.bu/ <sa.bu> masc. soap.
sa-ar /sa.b˙ar/ <sa.bha.r\> adj.
thankful.
sa-ar /sa.b˙ar/ <sa.bha.r\> advb.
gratefully.
samg/I /sa.m\g.ri/ <sa.m\.grii> fem.
materials.
sam4u& /sam.ˇu~/ <sa.m\.ˇu~> adj.
collected.

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221
samno /sam.no/ <sa.m\.no> masc.
resistance.

sarvar /sar.var/ <sa.r\.va.r\> fem. 1.
nursing, 2. attendance.

samiyk /sa.m\.jik/ <sa.m\.ji.k\> neut.
periodical.

sars /sa.r\s/ <sa.ra.s\> neut. crane.

sam(yR /sa.m\r.t˙j\/ <sa.m\.rthj\> neut.
capability.
sama@k /sa.ma.Ôik/ <sa.ma.Ôii.k\> adj.
social.
saman /sa.man/ <sa.ma.n\> masc.
luggage.

sar&gI /sa.r\˜.gi/ <sa.r\~.gii> fem.
stringed musical instument.
sarasarI /sa.ra.sa.ri/ <sa.ra.sa.rii> fem.
cordial relations.
sara&= /sa.ra~mß/ <sa.ra~.ß\> masc. 1.
essence, 2. gist.
saru& /sa.ru~/ <sa.ru~> adj. good.

samaNy /sa.ma.nj\/ <sa.ma.nj\> adj.
general.
samaNytŠ /sa.ma.nj\.t\h/ <sa.ma.nj\.t\:>
advb. usually.
samudaiyk /sa.mu.da.jik/ <sa.mu.da.ji.k\>
adj. collective.
samUihk /sa.mu.hik/ <sa.muu.hi.k\> adj.
collective.
same /sa.me/ <sa.me> postp. in front of.
samEyu& /sa.m\i.ju~/ <sa.m\i.ju~> neut.
procession going to receive a dignitary.
saMy /sam.j\/ <sa.mj\> neut. similitude.
sam/ajy /sam.raÔ.j\/ <sa.mra,Ôj\> neut.
empire.
sayujy /sa.juÔ.j\/ <sa.ju.Ôj\> neut.
merging together.
sar /sar/ <sa.r\> masc. 1. essence, 2.
gist, 3. summary.

sa9Rk /sar.t˙\k/ <sa.rth\.k\> adj.
successful.
savRjink /sar.v\.Ô\.nik/ <sa.rv\.Ô\.ni.k\>
adj. public.
savRi{ak /sar.v\.trik/ <sa.rv\.tri.k\> adj.
ubiquitous.
savR-Om /sar.v\.b˙\um/
<sa.rv\.bh\u.m\> adj. sovereign.
sal /sal/ <sa.l\> neut. year.
sal-r /sal.b˙\r/ <sa.l\.bh\.r\> advb.
through out the year.
salvu& /sal.vu~/ <sa.l\.vu~> v.intr. to feel a
pricking pain.
salosal /sa.lo.sal/ <sa.lo.sa.l\> advb.
every year.
saLlo /sal.lo/ <sa.llo> masc. sari.
sav /sav/ <sa.v\> advb. completely.

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savku& /sav.ku~/ <sa.v\.ku~> adj. of a
step-relation.

saheba /sa.he.ba/ <sa.he.ba> fem.
respectable woman.

savcet /sav.cet/ <sa.v\.ce.t\> adj.
cautious.

sahebI /sa.he.bi/ <sa.he.bii> fem.
prosperity.

savcetI /sav.ce.ti/ <sa.v\.ce.tii> fem.
caution.

sahelI /sa.he.li/ <sa.he.lii> fem. a
female friend.

savj /sa.v\Ô/ <sa.v\.Ô\> masc. lion.

saXavelI /sa.Æa.ve.li/ <sa.Æa.ve.lii> fem.
wife of wife’s brother.

savr8I /sa.v\r.¯i/ <sa.v\.r\.¯ii> fem. a
small broom.

saXI /sa.Æi/ <sa.Æii> fem. wife’s sister.

savr8o /sa.v\r.¯o/ <sa.v\.r\.¯o> masc.
a big broom.

saXo /sa.Æo/ <sa.Æo> masc. wife’s
brother.

sasiryu& /sa.s\r.(i)ju~/ <sa.s\.ri.ju~> adj. a
relative of father-in-law.

sa&k6u& /sa~k.Îu~/ <sa~.k\.Îu~> adj. narrow.

sasrI /sas.ri/ <sa.s\.rii> fem. home or
family of father-in-law.
sasu /sa.su/ <sa.su> fem. mother-in-law.
sahijk /sah.Ôik/ <sa.h\.Ôi.k\> adj. 1.
natural, 2. instinctive.

sa&kX /sa~.k\Æ/ <sa~.k\.Æ\> fem. chain.
sa&kXvu& /sa~.k\Æ.vu~/ <sa~.k\.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. to
link to gether.
sa&kXI /sa~k.Æi/ <sa~.k\.Æii> fem. necklace.
sa&kXu& /sa~k.Æu~/ <sa~.k\.Æu~> neut. anklet.

sahs /sa.h\s/ <sa.h\.s\> neut. 1.
adventure, 2. enterprise.

sa&`vu& /sa~k˙.vu~/ <sa~.kh\.vu~> v.tr. to
endure.

sahisk /sah.sik/ <sa.h\.si.k\> adj.
adventurous.

sa&j /sa~Ô/ <sa~.Ô\> fem. evening.

saihTy /sa.hit.j\/ <sa.hi.tj\> neut.
literature.
saihiTyk /sa.hit.jik/ <sa.hi.tji.k\> adj.
literary.
saheb /sa.heb/ <sa.he.b\> masc. 1.
master, 2. boss, 3. reputed person.

sa&5o /sa~.ˇ˙o/ <sa~.ˇho> masc. stalk of
sugar cane.
sa&0vu& /sa~d˙.vu~/ <sa~.dh\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
sew, 2. to join, 3. to solder.
sa&0o /sa~.d˙o/ <sa~.dho> masc. joint.
sa&p/t /sa~m.pr\t/ <sa~.pr\.t\> adj.
contemporary.

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sa&p/daiyk /sa~p.r\.da.jik/ <sa~.pr\.da.ji.k\>
adj. sectarian.
sa&belu& /sa~.be.lu~/ <sa~.be.lu~> neut. a
wooden pestle.

isfars /si.p˙a.r\s/ <si.pha.r\.s\> fem.
recommendation.
islk /si.l\k/ <si.l\.k\> fem. amount
remaining after expenditure.

sa&-Xvu& /sa~.b˙\Æ.vu~/ <sa~.bh.Æ\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to hear, 2. to listen.

islislab&0 /sil.si.la.b\nd˙/
<si.l\.si.la.b\~.dh\> adj. in orderly
manner.

sa&sairk /sa~.sa.rik/ <sa~.sa.ri.k\> adj.
mundane.

isla: /si.la.i/ <si.la.ii> fem. sewing.

sa&Skairk /sa~ns.ka.rik/ <sa~.sa.ka.ri.k>
adj. pertaining to culture.
sa&Sk<itk /sa~s.kru.tik/ <sa~.skr≤.ti.k\> adj.
cultural.
iskko /sik.ko/ <si.kko> masc. 1. seal, 2.
stamp, 3. coin.
istm /si.t\m/ <si.t\.m\> masc. tyranny.
istar /si.tar/ <si.ta.r\> fem. a musical
instrument.
istaro /si.ta.ro/ <si.ta.ro> masc. star.
is]aer /sit.ter/ <si.tte.r\> adj. seventy.
isTyoter /sit.jo.t\r/ <si.tjo.te.r\> adj.
seventy seven.
isTya=I /sit.ja.ßi/ <si.tja.ßii> adj. eighty
seven.
is)0aNt /sid˙.d˙an.t\/ <si.dhdha.nt\>
masc. 1. principle, 2. doctrine, 3.
theorem.
ispa: /si.pai/ <si.pa.ii> masc. soldier.

isv6am8 /siv.Îa.m\¯/ <si.v\.Îa.m\.¯\>
fem. wages for sewing.
isskarvu& /sis.kar.vu~/ <si.s\.ka.r\.vu~>
v.intr. to hiss.
isskaro /sis.ka.ro/ <si.s\.ka.ro> masc.
hissing sound.
isso4I /si.so.ˇi/ <si.so.ˇii> fem. whistle.
is&cvu& /siµc.vu~/ <si~.c\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
sprinkle, 2. to water (plant and etc.).
is&dUr /sin.dur/ <si~.du.r\> neut.
vermilion.
is&0v /sin.d˙\v/ <si~.dh\.v\> neut. rocksalt.
is&0I /sin.d˙i/ <si~.dhii> fem. a
community so named.
is&0I /sin.d˙i/ <si~.dhii> fem. Sindhi
language.
is&h /simh/ <si~.h\> masc. lion.
is&h8 /sim.h\¯/ <si~.h\.¯\> fem. lioness.

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is&hasn /sim.ha.s\n/ <si~.ha.s\.n\> neut.
throne.
sIzvvu& /si.Ô˙\v.vu~/ <sii.Ôh\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to cook by moderate heat.
sIzvu& /siÔ˙.vu~/ <sii.Ôh\.vu~> v.intr. to be
cooked by moderate heat.
sI4I /si.ˇi/ <sii.ˇii> fem. a whistle.
sI6I /si.Îi/ <sii.Îii> fem. 1. ladder, 2.
staircase.

su` /suk˙/ <su.kh\> neut. happiness.
su`6 /su.k˙\Î/ <su.kh\.Î\> neut.
sandalwood.
su`6I /su.k˙.Îi/ <su.kh\.Îii> fem. a
kind of sweet.
su`I /su.k˙i/ <su.khii> adj. 1. happy, 2.
well-to-do.
sugm /su.g\m/ <su.g\.m\> adj. easy.

sI0u& /si.d˙u~/ <sii.dhu~> adj. straight.

sug0& /su:.g\nd˙/ <su.g\~.dh\> fem.
fragrance.

sIm /sim/ <sii.m\> fem. land on the
border of a village.

su36 /su.g˙\Î/ <suu.gh\.Î\> adj. neat
and clean.

sIm&t /si.m\nt/ <sii.m\~.t\> neut. a ritual
performed at the time of the first
pregnancy of a woman.

su6taXIs /suÎ.ta.lis/ <su.Î\.ta.Æii.s\>
adj. forty seven.

sIma /si.ma/ <sii.ma> fem. 1. border, 2.
boundary.
sIimt /si.mit/ <sii.mi.t\> adj. limited.
sIv8 /si.v\¯/ <sii.v\.¯\> neut. sewing.
sIvvu& /siv.vu~/ <sii.v\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
sew, 2. to stitch.
sI&ca: /siµ.cai/ <sii~.ca.ii> fem.
irrigation.

su6oX /su.ÎoÆ/ <su.Îo.Æ\> adj.
handsome.
sutraw /sut.ra.u/ <su.t\.ra.u~> adj. made
of cotton yarn.
sud /sud/ <su.d\> fem. bright half of a
lunar month.
su0rvu& /su.d˙\r.vu~/ <su.dh\.r\.vu~>
v.intr. t o improve.
su0ra: /sud˙.ra.i/ <su.dh\.ra.ii> fem.
municipality.

sukan /su.kan/ <su.ka.n\> neut. helm.
su0a /su.d˙a/ <su.dha> fem. nectar.
sukanI /su.ka.ni/ <su.ka.nii> masc.
helmsman.

su0arvu&/su.d˙ar.vu~/ <su.dha.r\.vu~> v.tr.
to improve.

sukavu& /su.ka.vu~/ <su.ka.vu~> v.intr. to
become dry.

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225
su0aro /su.d˙a.ro/ <su.dha.ro> masc.
improvement.

sulehnamu& /su.leh.na.mu~/
<su.le.h\.na.mu~> neut. peace treaty.

su0I /su.d˙i/ <su.dhii> postp. 1. up to, 2
until.

suvaky /su.vak.j\/ <su.va.kj\> neut. a
maxim.

sunav8I /su.na.v\.¯i/ <su.na.v\.¯ii>
fem. hearing of a case in a court.

suvav6 /su.va.v\Î/ <su.va.v\.Î\> fem.
childbirth.

supa{a /su.pat.r\/ <su.pa.tr\> adj.
deserving.

suvas /su.vas/ <su.va.s\> fem.
fragrance.

sup/is)0 /su.pr\.sid˙.d˙\/
<su.pr\.si.dhdh\> adj. 1. renowned,
2. well-known.

suiv~yat /su.vik˙.jat/ <su.vi.khja.t\> adj.
well-known.

subo0 /su.bod˙/ <su.bo.dh\> adj. easy
to understand.
sumn /su.m\n/ <su,m\.n\> neut.
flower.
surixt /su.r\k.ßit/ <su.r\.kßi.t\> adj.
safe.
surIlu& /su.ri.lu~/ <su.rii.lu~> adj. 1. welltuned, 2. melodious.
suriu c /su.ru.ci/ <su.ru.ci> adj. refined
taste.
sur`
e /su.rek˙/ <su.re.kh\> adj.
proportionate.
sul- /su.l\b˙/ <su.l\.bh\> adj. easily
available.
sule`n /su.le.k˙\n/ <su.le.kh\.n\> neut.
good handwriting.
suleh /su.leh/ <su.le.h\> fem. peace.

suividt /su.vi.dit/ <su.vi.di.t\> adj.
well-known.
suiv0a /su.vi.d˙a/ <su.vi.dha> fem.
convenience.
sui=ixt /su.ßik.ßit/ <su.ßi.kßi.t\> adj.
well-educated.
su=Il /su.ßil/ <su.ßi.l\> adj. of a good
character.
su=o-n /su.ßo.b˙\n/ <su.ßo.bh\.n\>
neut. decoration.
su=oi-t /ßu.ßo.b˙it/ <su.ßo.bhi.t\> adj.
well-decorated.
susjj /su.s\Ô.Ô\/ <su.s\.ÔÔ\> adj. wellequipped.
susva4o /sus.va.ˇo/ <su.s\.va.ˇo> masc.
a wind-blow.
susg
& t /su.s\˜.g\t/ <su.s\~.g\.t\> adj. 1.
consistent.
suSt /sus.t\/ <su.st\> adj. lazy.

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suStI /sus.ti/ <su.stii> fem. laziness.
su&dr /sun.d\r/ <su~.d\.r\> adj.
beautiful.

sUmsam /sum.sam/ <suu.m\.sa.m\> adj.
utterly silent.
sUr /sur/ <suu.r\> masc. musical tune.
sUrj /su.r\Ô/ <suu.r\.Ô\> masc. the sun.

suvaXu& /su.wa.Æu~/ <su.va.Æu~> adj.
smooth.
sUkvvu& /su.k\v.vu~/ <suu.k\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to dry.
sUk&u /su.ku~/ <su.ku~> adj. dry.
sUåm /suk.ßm\/ <suu.kßm\> adj.
minute.

sUr8 /su.r\¯/ <suu.r\.¯\> neut. a name
of an edible root.
sUyR /sur.j\/ <suu.rj\> masc. the sun.
sUyg
R /h8 /sur.j\.gr\.h\¯/
<suu.rj\.gr\.h\.¯\> neut. solar
eclipse.

sUg /sug/ <suu.g\> fem. nausea.

sUyRmu`I /sur.j\.mu.k˙i/
<suu.rj\.mu.khii> neut. sun-flower.

sUck /su.c\k/ <suu.c\.k\> adj. 1.
suggestive, 2. indicative.

sUyaRSt /sur.jas.t\/ <suu.rja.st\> masc.
sunset.

sUcn /su.c\n/ <suu.c\.n\> neut. 1.
suggestion, 2. indication.

sUyoRdy /sur.jo.d\j/ <suu.rjo.d\.j\> masc.
sunrise.

sUcvvu& /su.c\v.vu~/ <suu.c\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to indicate,2 to suggest.

sUvr /su.v\r/ <suu.v\.r\> neut. pig.

sUic /su.ci/ <suu.ci> fem. list.
sUict /su.cit/ <suu.ci.t\> adj. 1.
suggested, 2. indicated.
sUjvu& /suÔ.vu~/ <suu.Ô\.vu~> v.intr. 1. to
swell, 2. to be swollen.
sUz /suÔ˙/ <suu.Ôh\> fem. deeper
understanding.
sUtk /su.t\k/ <suu.t\.k\> neut.
ceremonial untouchablility observed
after a death of a family member.

sUvu& /su.vu~/ <suu.vu~> v.intr. to sleep.
sU&3vu& /su˜g.vu~/ <suu~.gh\.vu~> v.tr. to
smell.
sU&5 /su~ˇ˙/ <suu~.ˇh\> fem. dry ginger.
sU&7 /su~Î˙/ <suu~.Îh\> fem. trunk.
s<iQ4 /sruß.ˇi/ <sr≤.s°ˇi> fem. the universe.
sena /se.na/ <se.na> fem. army.
sevk /se.v\k/ <se.v\.k\> masc. servant.
seva /se.va/ <se.va> fem. service.

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sevacakrI /se.va.cak.ri/ <se.va.ca.k\.rii>
fem. nursing.
se&k6o /s´~k.Îo/ <se~.k\.Îo> masc. a
hundred.

sonerI /so.ne.ri/ <so.ne.rii> adj. golden.
soparI /so.pa.ri/ <so.pa.rii> fem. betel
nut.
sobt /so.b\t/ <so.b\.t\> fem. company.

se&9I /s´~.t˙i/ <se~.thii> fem. line formed
by the parting of hair on two sides.
sE)0aiNtk /s\i.d˙an.tik/
<s\i.dhdha.nti.k\> adj. theoretical.

somvar /som.var/ <so.m\.va.r\> masc.
Monday.
soml /so.m\l/ <so.m\.l\> masc.
extreme poisonous object.

sEink /s\i.nik/ <s\i.ni.k\> masc. soldier.
soy /soj/ <so.j\> fem. a needle.
sENy /s\i.nj\/ <s\i.nj\> neut. army.
so /sø/ <so> adj. hundred.

soyo /so.jo/ <so.jo> masc. a large and
thick needle.

sogn /so.g\n/ <so.g\.n\> masc. an
oath.

sohag /so.hag/ <so.ha.g\> masc. welladorned.

sogat /so.gat/ <so.ga.t\> fem. gift.

soham8u& /so.ha.m\.¯u~/ <so.ha.m\.¯u~>
adj. good-looking.

sojo /so.Ôo/ <so.Ôo> masc. swelling.
so4I /so.ˇi/ <so.ˇii> fem. a cane.
so6 /soÎ/ <so.Î\> fem. a side of the
body.
so6m /so.Î\m/ <so.Î\.m\> fem.
fragrance.
sodagr /so.da.g\r/ <so.da.g\.r\> masc.
a merchant doing large scale business.
sodo /so.do/ <so.do> masc. trade.
sonamhor /so.na.m\.hor/
<so.na.m\.ho.r\> fem. guinea.
sonu& /so.nu~/ <so.nu~> neut. gold.

soX /soÆ/ <so.Æ\> adj. sixteen.
so&3varI /sø~˜g.va.ri/ <so~.gh\.va.rii> fem.
cheapness.
so&pvu& /sø~p.vu~/ <so~.p\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
hand over. 2. to entrust.
sO /s\u/ <s\u> adj. all.
sOjNy /s\u.Ô\n.j\/ <s\u.Ô\.nj\> neut.
gentlemanliness.
sO-aGy /s\u.b˙ag.j\/ <s\u.bha.gj\> neut.
good fortune.
sOr- /s\u.r\b˙/ <s\u.r\.bh\> neut.
fragrance.

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sO&dyR /s\u~.d\r.j\/ <s\u~.d\.rj\> neut.
beauty.

S9avr /st˙a.v\r/ <stha.v\.r\> adj.
immovable.
iS9it /st˙i.ti/ <sthi.ti> fem. a condition.

S`ln /sk˙\.l\n/ <skh\.l\.n\> neut. 1.
an error, 2. a mistake.

iS9r /st˙ir/ <sthi.r\> adj. immovable.

Stn /st\n/ <st\.n\> masc. female
breast.

Snatk /sna.t\k/ <sna.t\.k\> masc.
graduate.

Str /st\r/ <st\.r\> neut. a layer.

Snan /snan/ <sna.n\> neut. a bath.

Stvn /st\.v\n/ <st\.v\.n\> neut. praise.

Snayu /sne.h\/ <sna.ju> masc. a muscle.

Stuit /stu.ti/ <stu.ti> fem. praise.

Sneh /sneh/ <s> masc. 1. love, 2.
affection.

StuTy /stut.j\/ <stu.tj\> adj.
praiseworthy.
Sto{a /stot.r\/ <sto.tr\> neut. a hymn of
praise.
S{aI /stri/ <strii> fem. a woman.
S{aE8 /str\i.¯\/ <stri.¯\> adj. womanly.
S9pit /st˙\.p\.ti/ <sth\.p\.ti> masc. an
architect.
S9X /st˙\Æ/ <sth\.Æ\> neut. 1. a place, 2.
a location.
S9aink /st˙a.nik/ <stha.ni.k\> adj. local.
S9apk /st˙a.p\k/ <stha.p\.k\> adj.
founder.
S9apTy /st˙a.p\t.j\/ <stha.p\.tj\> neut.
1. sculpture, 2. architecture.

Sp0aR /sp\r.d˙a/ <sne.h\> fem.
competition.
Sp=R /sp\r.ß\/ <sp\.rß\> masc. touch.
SpQ4 /sp\ß.ˇ\/ <sp\.s°ˇ\> adj. 1. clear, 2.
plain.
Sf4Ik /sp˙\.ˇik/ <sph\.ˇii.k\> masc.
crystal.
Smr8 /sm\.r\¯/ <sm\.r\.¯\> neut.
recollection.
Smrvu& /sm\r.vu~/ <sm\.r\.vu~> v.tr. to
remember.
Sm=an /ßm\.ßan/ <sm\.ßa.n\> neut.
funeral place.
Smark /sma.r\k/ <sma.r\.k\> neut. 1. a
monument, 2. a memorial.
iSmt /smit/ <smi.t\> neut. smile.

S9ayI /st˙a.ji/ <stha.jii> adj. stable.
Sm<it /smru.ti/ <smr≤.ti> fem. Hindu
scriptures.

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Sm<it /smru.ti/ <smr≤.ti> fem. memory.
Sv. /sv\/ <sv\.> adj. a short form of
SvgRS9, deceased.
SvgRS9 /sv\r.g\s.t˙\/ <sv\.rg\.sth\> adj.
deceased.
SvC2 /sv\c.c˙\/ <sv\.cch\> adj. clean.
Svjn /sv\.Ô\n/ <sv\.Ô\.n\> masc. a
relative.
Svt&{a /sv\.t\n.tr\/ <sv\.t\~.tr\> adj.
free.
Svt&{ata /sv\.t\n.tr\.ta/ <sv\.t\~.tr\.ta>
fem. freedom.
Svde= /sv\.deß/ <sv\.de.ß\> masc. 1.
motherland, 2. native land.

Svraj /sv\.raÔ/ <sv\.ra.Ô\> neut. selfgovernment.
Sv£p /sv\.rup/ <sv\.ruu.p\> neut. 1.
shape, 2. form.
SvgR /sv\r.g\/ <sv\.rg\> neut. heaven.
SvgRvasI /sv\r.g\.va.si/ <sv\.rg\.va.sii>
adj. deceased.
SvgRS9 /sv\r.g\.st˙\/ <sv\.rg\.sth\> adj.
deceased.
SvgIRy /sv\r.gi.j\/ <sv\.rgii.j\> adj.
deceased.
SvamI /sva.mi/ <sva.mii> masc. 1.
husband, 2. lord, 3. master, 4. owner.
Sva9R /svar.t˙\/ <sva.rth\> masc. selfinterest.

Svde=ai-man /sv\.de.ßa.b˙i.man/
<sv\.de.ßa.bhi.ma.n\> neut.
patriotism.

SvaS(y /svas.t˙j\/ <sva.sthj\> neut.
health.

Svde=ai-manI /sv\.de.ßa.b˙i.ma.ni/
<sv\.de.ßa.bhi.ma.nii> neut. patriotic.

SvIkar /svi.kar/ <svii.ka.r\> masc. 1.
recognition, 2. acceptance.

Svde=I /sv\.de.ßi/ <sv\.de.ßii> adj. of
one’s own country.

SvIkayR /svi.kar.j\/ <svii.ka.rj\> adj.
acceptable.

SvPn /sv\p.n\/ <sve.pn\> neut. a
dream.

H

Sv-av /sv\.b˙av/ <sv\.bha.v\> masc.
nature.

hk /h\k/ <h\.k\> masc. 1. right, 2.
claim.

Svman /sv\.man/ <sv\.ma.n\> neut.
self-respect.

hkar /h\.kar/ <h\.ka.r\> masc.
affirmation.

Svr /sv\r/ <sv\.r\> masc. voice.

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hkIkt /h\.ki.k\t/ <h\.kii.k\.t\> fem. a
fact.
hkIm /h\.kim/ <h\.kii.m\> masc. a
physician.
hcmcvu& /h\c.m\c.vu~/ <h\.c\.m\.c\.vu~>
v.intr. to become unsteady.
hj /h\Ô/ <h\Ô> fem. pilgrimage to
Mecca.
hjam /h\.Ôam/ <h\.Ôa.m\> masc. a
barber.

h8vu& /h\¯.vu~/ <h\.¯\.vu~> v.tr. to kill.
hta= /h\.taß/ <h\.t.aß\> adj.
disappointed.
hTya /h\t.ja/ <h\.tja> fem. 1. an
assassination, 2. a massacre.
hTyaro /h\t.ja.ro/ <h\.tja.ro> masc. an
assassin.
hi9yar /h\.t˙i.jar/ <h\.ˇhi.ja.r\> neut. a
weapon.
h9eXI /h\.t˙e.Æi/ <h\.ˇhe.Æii> fem. palm.

hjar /h\.Ôar/ <h\.Ôa.r\> adj. thousand.
h9o4I /h\.t˙o.ˇi/ <h\.ˇho.ˇii> fem. skill.
h@ /h\.Ôi/ <h\.Ôii> advb. 1. yet, .2 even
now.

h9o6I /h\.t˙o.Îi/ <h> fem. a hammer.

hju /h\.Ôu/ <h\.Ôu> advb. 1. yet, 2. even
now.

hd /h\d/ <h\.d\> fem. boundary.

h5 /h\ˇ˙/ <h\.ˇh\> fem. stubbornness.

hm8a& /h\m.¯a~/ <h\.m\.¯a~> advb. 1.
now, 2. presently.

h5vu& /h\ˇ˙.vu~/ <h\.ˇh\.vu~> v.intr. to
move away.
h6kva /h\.Î\k.va/ <h\.Î\.k\.va> masc.
rabies.
h6tal /h\Î.tal/ <h\.Î\.ta.l\> fem. a
strike.
hD0Ut /h\Î.d˙ut/ <h\.Î\.dhuu.t\> adj.
insulted or condemned everywhere.
h6pcI /h\Î.p\.ci/ <h\.Î\.p\.cii> fem.
the chin.
h6selvu& /h\Î.sel.vu~/ <h\.Î\.se.l\.vu~>
v.tr. to push away.

hmddIR /h\m.d\r.di/ <h\.m\.d\.rdi>
fem. sympathy.
hmal /h\.mal/ <h\.ma.l\> masc. a
porter.
hme= /h\.meß/ <h\.me.ß\> advb.
always.
hyat /h\.jat/ <h\.ja.t\> adj. living.
hrkt /h\r.k\t/ <h\.r\.k\.t\> fem.
obstruction.
hr` /h\.r\k˙/ <h\.r\.kh\> masc. joy.
hrigj /h\r.giÔ/ <h\.r\.gi.Ô\> advb. 1.
(not) at all, 2. (not) ever.

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hr36I /h\r.g˙\.Îi/ <h\.r\.gh\.Îii> advb.
every moment.

hlncln /h\.l\n.c\.l\n/
<h\.l\.n\.c\.l\.n\> fem. movement.

hr8 /h\.r\¯/ <h\.r\.¯\> neut. a deer.

hlvo /h\l.vo/ <h\.l\.vo> masc. a sweet.

hrtu&frtu& /h\r.tu~.p˙\r.tu~/
<h\.r\.tu~.ph\.r\.tu~> adj. healthy.

hlavvu& /h\.lav.vu~/ <h\.la.v\.vu~> v.tr. 1.
to stir 2. to shake.

hrs /h\.r\s/ <h\.r\.s\> masc. piles.

hlesu& /h\.le.su~/ <h\.le.su~> neut. an oar.

hra@ /h\.ra.Ôi/ <h\.ra.Ôii> fem. auction.

hvn /h\.v\n/ <h\.v\.n\> neut. a
ceremonial sacrifice.

hram`or /h\.ram.k˙or/
<h\.ra.m\.kho.r\> adj. wicked.

hva /h\.va/ <h\.va> fem. air.

hrayu& /h\.ra.ju~/ <h\.ra.ju~> adj. 1.
ownerless (cattles etc.), 2. strayed.

hvaman /h\.va.man/ <h\.va.ma.n\>
neut. 1. climate, 2. weather.

hir /h\.ri/ <h\.rii> masc. Lord Vishnu.

hvaldar /h\.val.dar/ <h\.va.l\.da.r\>
masc. a police constable.

hiryaXI /h\.ri.ja.Æi/ <h\.ri.ja.Æii> fem.
greenery.

hvalo /h\.va.lo/ <h\.va.lo> masc. 1.
possession, 2. reference.

hirhr /h\.ri.h\r/ <h\.ri.h\.r\> masc.
Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva.

hve /h\.ve/ <h\.ve> advb. now.

hrIf /h\.ri˙p/ <h\.rii.ph\> masc.
competitor.

hve9I /h\.ve.t˙i/ <h\.ve.thii> advb. 1.
henceforth, 2. now onward, 3. hereafter.

hrIfa: /h\.ri.p˙a.i/ <h\.ri.pha.ii> fem.
competition.

hvelI /h\.ve.li/ <h\.ve.lii> fem. 1. a big,
majestic building, 2. a Vaishnava
temple.

hrek /h\.rek/ <h\.re.k\> advb. 1. each,
2. every one.
hroX /h\.roÆ/ <h\.ro.Æ\> fem. a row.
hlka: /h\l.kai/ <h\l.ka.ii> fem.
meanness.
hlku& /h\l.ku~/ <h\.l\.ku~> adj. light.

h=e /h\.ße/ <h\.ße> advb. 1. never mind,
2. let it be, 3. it does not matter (to me).
hsvu& /h\s.vu~/ <h\.s\.vu~> v.intr. to
laugh.
hsam8u& /h\.sa.m\.¯u~/ <h\.sa.m\.¯u~>
adj. that which provokes laughter.

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hStkXa /h\s.t\.k\.Æa/ <h\.st\.k\.Æa> fem.
handicraft.

h&s /h\ms/ <h\~.s\> masc. swan.
ha /ha/ <ha> advb. yes.

hStxep /h\s.t\.kßep/ <h\.st\.kße.p\>
masc. undue interference.
St0Unn /h\s.t\.d˙u.n\n/
<h\.st\.dhuu.n\.n\> neut. a handshake.
hStp/t /h\s.t\.pr\t/ <h\.st\.pr\.t\> fem.
manuscript.
hStmeXap /h\s.t\.me.Æap/ <h\.st\.pr\.t\>
masc. the act of joining hands of bride
and bridegroom in a marriage ceremony.
hStaxr /h\s.ta.kß\r/ <h\.sta.kß\.r\>
masc. 1. hand writing, 2. signature..

hak /hak/ <ha.k\> fem. a shout.
hajr /ha.Ô\r/ <ha.Ô\.r\> adj. present.
hajrjvabI /ha.Ô\r.Ô\.va.bi/
<ha.Ô\.r\.Ô\.va.bii> adj. quick-witted.
hajrI /haÔ.ri/ <ha.Ô\.rii> fem. presence.
ha6ku& /haÎ.ku~/ <ha.Î\.ku~> neut. a bone.
ha6vEd /haÎ.v\id/ <ha.Î\.v\i.d\> masc.
a bone-setter.

hX /h\Æ/ <h\.Æ\> neut. a plough.

ha6marI /haÎ.ma.ri/ <ha.[a.ma.rii> fem.
difficulties.

hXdr /h\Æ.d\r/ <h\.Æ\.d\.r\> fem.
turmeric.

ha6oha6 /ha.Îo.haÎ/ <ha.Îo.ha.Î\>
advb. 1. up to the bone, 2. affecting very
deeply.

hXvu& /h\Æ.vu~/ <h\.Æ\.vu~> adj. light.

ha9 /hat˙/ <ha.th\> masc. hand.

hXve /h\Æ.ve/ <h\.Æ\.ve> advb. slowly.

ha9k6I /hat˙.k\.Îi/ <ha.th\.k\.Îii> fem.
handcuffs.

hXve9I /h\Æ.ve.t˙i/ <h\.Æ\.ve.thi> advb.
1. slowly, 2. gently.
h&karvu& /h\˜.kar.vu~/ <h\~.ka.r\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to drive, 2. to sail.
h&gamI /h\˜.ga.mi/ <h\~.ga.mii> adj.
temporary.

ha9calakI /hat˙.ca.la.ki/
<ha.th\.ca.la.kii> fem. jugglery.
ha98I /hat˙.¯i/ <ha.th\.¯ii> fem. female
elephant.
ha9I /ha.t˙i/ <ha.thii> masc. elephant.

h&m=e /h\m.meß/ <h\~.me.ß\> advb.
always.

ha9o /ha.t˙o/ <ha.tho> masc. handle.

h&m=e a& /h\m.meß/ <h\~.me.ßa~> advb.
always.

ha9oha9 /ha.t˙o.hat˙/ <ha.tho.ha.th\>
advb. a handle.

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ha na /ha na/ <ha na> fem. hesitation.

ha&ja /ha~.Ôa/ <ha~.Ôa> masc. pl. the joints
of the body.

hain /ha.ni/ <ha.ni> fem. damage.
ha&f /ha~p˙/ <ha~.ph\> fem. panting.
hainktaR /ha.ni.k\r.ta/ <ha.ni.k\.rta> adj.
damaging.
har /har/ <ha.r\> masc. 1. garland, 2.
necklace.

ha&fvu& /ha~p˙.vu~/ <ha~.ph\.vu~> v.intr. to
pant for breath.
ha&isyo /ha~s.(i)jo/ <ha~.si.jo> masc. a
margin.

har /har/ <ha.r\> fem. defeat.
harvu& /har.vu~/ <ha.r\.vu~> v.intr. to be
defeated.
hal /hal/ <ha.l\> masc. 1. condition, 2.
circumstances.
halk6olk /hal\k.Îo.l\k/
<ha.l\.k\.Îo.l\.k\> advb. unsteady.
halcal /hal.cal/ <ha.l\.ca.l\> masc.
condition.
halt /ha.l\t/ <ha.l\.t\> fem. 1.
condition, 2. circumstances.
halvu& /hal.vu~/ <ha.l\.vu~> v.intr. to
move.
ha= /haß/ <ha.ß\> interjection. shows a
sense of ease or gratification.

ha&sI /ha~.si/ <ha~.sii> fem. 1. a jest, 2. a
joking.
ihckaru& /hic.ka.ru~/ <hi.c\.ka.ru~> neut.
cowardly.
ihjravu& /hiÔ.ra.vu~/ <hi.Ô\.ra.vu~> v.intr. to
languish in someone’s memory.
iht /hit/ <hi.t\> neut. welfare.
ihteC2u /hi.tec.c˙u/ <hi.te.cchu> adj. and
masc. a wel-wisher.
ihna /hi.na/ <hi.na> fem. myrtle.
ihm /him/ <hi.m\> masc. frost.
ihlcal /hil.cal/ <hi.l\.ca.l\> fem. 1.
movement, 2. activities.

haSy /has.j\/ <ha.sj\> neut. smile.

ihsab /hi.sab/ <hi.sa.b\> masc. 1.
account, .2 calculation.

haSyaSpd /has.ja.p\d/ <ha.sja.sp\.d\>
adj. rediculous.

ihsabnI= /hi.sab.niß/ <hi.ha.b\.nii.ß\>
masc. accountant.

hahakr /ha.ha.kar/ <ha.ha.ka.r\> masc.
widespread feeling of sorrow or terror.

ihSso /his.so/ <hi.sso> masc. a share.
ih&g /hi˜.g\/ <hi~.g\> fem. asafetida.

ha&kvu& /ha~k.vu~/ <ha~.k\.vu~> v.tr. to drive.

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ih&mt /him.m\t/ <hi~.m\.t\> fem.
courage.

hU&f /hu~p˙/ <huu~.ph\> fem. warmth.
®dy /r\.d\j/ <hr\.d\.j\> neut. heart.

ih&sk /him.s\k/ <hi~.s\.k\> adj. violent.
ih&sa /him.sa/ <hi~.sa> fem. violence.
hIj6o /hiÔ.Îo/ <hii.Ô\.Îo> masc.
eunuch.
hIbkvu& /hi.b\k.vu~/ <hii.b\.k\.vu~> v.intr.
to sob.
hIbku& /hib.ku~/ <hii.b\.ku~> neut. a sob.
hIro /hi.ro/ <hii.ro> masc. diamond.
hI&cvu& /hi~c.vu~/ <hii~.c\.vu~> v.intr. to
swing (oneself).
hukm /hu.k\m/ <huu.k\.m\> masc. an
order.
hukko /huk.ko/ <hu.kko> masc. a
smoking pipe.
humlo /hum.lo/ <hu.m\.lo> masc. an
attack.
huLl6 /hul.l\Î/ <hu.ll\.Î\> neut. a riot.

®dy±avk /r\.d\j.dra.v\k/
<hr\.d\.j\.dra.v\.k\> adj. stronly
affecting to the heart.
®dypirvtRn /r\.d\j.p\.ri.v\r.t\n/
<hr\.d\.j\.p\.ri.v\.rt\.n\> neut. a
change of heart.
®dy=UNy /r\.d\j.ßun.j\/ <hr\.d\.j\.ßu.nj\>
adj. feelingless.
het /het/ <he.t\> neut. 1. affection, 2.
love.
hetu /he.tu/ <he.tu> masc. 1. motive, 2.
intention.
herangit /he.ran,g\.ti/ <he.ra.n\.g\.ti>
fem. 1. trouble, 2. difficulty.
helI /he.li/ <he.lii> fem. heavy rain.
hevainyt /he.va.ni.j\t/ <he.va.ni.j\.t\>
fem. 1. brutality, 2. cruelty.
heval /he.val/ <h> masc. an account.

hu& /hu~/ <hu~> pron. I, first person
singular.
hUko /hu.ko/ <huu.ko> masc. a smoking
pipe.
hU&i6yam8 /hu~.Îi.ja.m\¯/
<huu~.Îi.ja.m\.¯\> neut. rate of
exchange.

heisyt /hes.j\t/ <he.si.j\.t\> fem.
capacity.
hoj /hiÔ/ <ho.Ô\> masc. a water
reservoir.
hojrI /hoÔ.ri/ <ho.Ô\.rii> fem. stomach.
ho5 /hoˇ˙/ <ho.ˇh\> masc. a lip.

hU&6I /hu~¯.Îi/ <huu~.Îii> fem. a bill of
exchange.

ho6I /ho.Îi/ <ho.Îii> fem. a boat.

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ho¥o /hod.do/ <ho.ddo> masc. 1. a
rank. 2. a position.

xmapa{a /kß\.ma.pat.r\/ <kß\/ma.pa.tr\>
adj. forgivable.

honhar /hon.har/ <ho.n\.ha.r\> adj.
promising.

xy /kß\.j\/ <kß\.j\> masc. .tuberculosis.

honart /ho.na.r\t/ <ho.na.r\.t\> fem. a
big accident.
hom /hom/ <ho.m\> masc. a ceremonial
sacrifice.

xar /kßar/ <kßa.r\> adj. 1. saltiest, 2.
saline.
ixitj /kßi.tiÔ/ <kßi.ti.Ô\> fem. the
horizon.
xe{a /kßet.r\/ <kße.tr\> neut. a place.

holo /ho.lo/ <ho.lo> masc. a dove\line
bird.
hovu& /ho.vu~/ <ho.vu~> v.intr. 1. to be, 2.
to take place.
hoi=yar /ho.ßi.jar/ <ho.ßi.ja.r\> adj. 1.
clever, 2. brillient.

xe{afX /kßet.r\.p˙\Æ/ <kße.tr\.ph\.Æ\>
neut. area
xo- /kßob˙/ <kßo.bh\> masc. hesitation
arising from bashfulness.

}a

hoi=yarI /ho.ßi.ja.ri/ <ho.ßi.ja.rii> fem. 1.
cleverness, 2. intelligence.

}aait /gnja.ti/ <gna.ti> fem. a caste.

hoha /ho.ha/ <ho.ha> fem. uproar.

}aan /gnan/ <gna.n\> neut. knowledge.

hoXI /ho.Æi/ <ho.Æii> fem. the Holi
festival.

}aanI /gna.ni/ <gna.nii> adj. intelligent.

x
x8 /kß\¯/ <kß\.¯\> fem. .a moment.
xit /kß\.ti/ <kß\.ti> fem. 1. loss, 2.
injury.
xi{ay /kß\t.ri.j\/ <kß\.tri.j\> masc. a
community so named.
xma /kß\.ma/ <kß\.ma> fem.
.forgiveness.

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A Brief Outline of Gujarati Parts-of-Speech
Babu Suthar
bsuthar@sas.upenn.edu
(Work in progress)
Department of South Asia Studies
University Of Pennsylvania
820 Williams Hall
36th and Spruce
Philadelphia PA 19104

By. Richin Patel

237
Content
1. Introduction
2. Open class
2.1. Nouns
2.2. Adjective
2.3. Verbs
2.4. Adverbs
3. Closed class
3.1. Pronouns and other Pro-Forms
3.2. Noun adjuncts
3.2.1. Role markers
3.2.1.1 Case markers
3.2.1.2 Postpositions
3.2.2. Quantifiers
3.3. Verb adjuncts
3.3.1. Auxiliaries
3.3.1.1.
Simple auxiliaries
3.3.1.2.
Modal auxiliaries
3.4. Connectives
3.4.1. Coordinating connectives
3.4.2. Subordinating connectives
3.4.3. Correlative connectives
3.4.4. Adversative connectives
3.4.5. Explicative connectives
3.4.6. Causal connectives
3.5. Other closed classes
3.5.1. Emphasis markers
3.5.2. Interjections
3.5.3. Negators
3.5.4. Politeness markers
3.5.5. Tag-marks
4. Conclusion

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1. Introduction
Gujarati words can be divided into: (1) Open class and (2) Closed class. Open class
consists of nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs, while closed class consists of pronouns
and other pro-forms, noun adjuncts, verb adjuncts, conjunctions and others.
2. Open Class
2.1 Nouns
Nouns have the following properties:
• gender,
• number
• case.
Genders are three: masculine, feminine and neuter. All three genders are marked
and unmarked. Masculine is marked with -Ao, feminine with -:, and neuter is marked with
Ýw&. Examples:
Nouns with unmarked gender
Masculine
-a:
sap
ha9
pvRt
ivcar

b˙ai
sap
hat˙
p\rv\t
vicar

'brother'
'serpent'
'hand'
'mountain'
'thought'

Feminine
bhen
-e&s
Aa&`
vel
pX

b\hen
b˙´~s
ø~k˙
vel
p\Æ

'sister'
'buffalo'
'eye'
'creeper'
'moment'

ß\rir
nak
p˙ul
man
m\n

'body'
'nose'
'flower'
'respect'
'organ of desire'

Neuter
=rIr
nak
fUl
man
mn

Nouns with marked gender
Masculine

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2okro
kUtro
36o
Aa&bo
p9ro

c˙okr.o
kutr.o
g˙\Îo
ø~bo
p\t˙r.o

'boy'
'dog (male)'
'pot'
'mango tree'
'stone'

Feminine
2okrI
kUtrI
ndI
za6I
Aa&gXI

c˙okr.i
kutr.i
n\d.i
j˙aÎ.i
ø~gÆ.i

'girl'
'dog (female)'
'river'
'bush'
'finger'

c˙okr.u~
kutr.u~
taÆ.u~
mø~Î˙.u~
ka¯.u~

'child'
'dog'
'lock'
'mouth'
'whole'

Neuter
2okru&
kUtru&
taXu&
mo7u&
ka8u&

Gujarati has many nouns that end in ÝAo and Ý:, but they are not masculine or
feminine respectively. Most traditional grammars treat them as exception. In fact, they
are not. The ÝAo and Ý: of these nouns are not gender markers, they are the indivisible part
of their stem, and therefore it is wrong to treate them as gender markers and then list
them as exceptions. Consider 3o and pa8I, for example. Traditional grammars analyzed
them as follow:
Ë. 3o
g˙.o
stem-Gender marker.
'a kind of reptile'
Ì. pa8I
pa¯.i
stem-Gender marker
'water'
As Ë and Ì show, they treat ÝAo and Ý: as gender markers, which is not a correct
analysis. The correct analysis is given bellow in Í and Î:

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Í. 3o
g˙o.∅
stem-Gender marker
'a kind of reptile'
Î. pa8I
pa¯i-∅
stem-Gender marker
'water'
This analysis shows that 3o and pa8I are nouns with unmarked gender and their -Ao
and -: are not the gender markers.
Numbers are two: singular and plural. Singular is unmarked, while plural is
marked with ÝAo. Examples:
Singular

Plural

2okro
2okrI
idvs
ma8s

2okraAo
2okrIAo
idvso
ma8so

c˙okr.o
c˙okr.i
div\s
ma¯\s

c˙okra.o
c˙okr.i.o
div\s.o
ma¯\s.o

'boys'
'girls'
'days'
'men'

Case markers are ∅ (nominative), -e (agentive/ergative), -∅ or -ne (accusative/
absolutive), -ne (dative/experiencer), -thi or -e (instrumental), -nu~ (genitive), and
-ma~ (locative). Consider the following paradigm:
Nominative
Agentive/Ergative
Accusative/Absolutive
Dative/Experiencer
Locative

2okro
2okraAe
2okro
2okrane
2okrane
2okrama&

c˙okrro.∅
c˙okra.e
c˙okrro.∅
c˙okrra.ne
c˙okra.ne
c˙okra.ma~

Genitive case inflects for gender and number as the following paradigm shows:
Singular

Plural

Masculine

2okrano
c˙okra.no

2okrana
c˙okra.no

Feminine

2okranI
c˙okra.ni

2okranI
c˙okra.ni

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Neuter

2okranu&
c˙okra.nu~

2okrana&
c˙okra.na~

2.2 Adjectives
Gujarati adjectives fall into two categories: (1) variable and (2) invariable. Variable
adjectives vary in terms of the gender and number of the nouns they modify, whereas the
invariable adjectives do not vary. Consider the examples of saru& and su&dr, variable and
invariable adjectives respectively.
É. saro
sar-o
good-MSASC.SG
'a good boy'

2okro
c˙okr-o
boy-MASC.SG.

Ê. sarI
sar-i
good-FEM.SG
'a good girl'

2okrI
c˙okr-i
boy-FEM.SG.

Ë. saru&
sar-u~
good-NEUT.SG
'a good child'

2okru&
c˙okr-u~
boy-NEUT.SG.

Ì. sara
sar-a
good-MSASC.PL
'good boys'

2okraAo
c˙okr-a-o
boy-MASC.PL.

Í. sarI
sar-i
good-FEM.
'a good girl'

2okrIAo
c˙okr-i-o
boy-FEM.PL.

Î. sara&
sar-a~
good-NEUT.PL.
'a good child'

2okra&Ao
c˙okr-a~-o
boy-NEUT.PL.

In É - Î the adjective saru& varies in terms of the gender of the noun it modifies. For
example, in É, the noun is masculine and singular therefore the adjective saru& agrees with
the noun in masculine and singular. In Ê the noun is feminine and singular and therefore
the adjective is also feminine and singular and so on. In Í, however, the noun is feminine
and plural the adjective does not show a plural marker. We can say that adjectives in
Gujarati remain unaffected in number when the noun they modify is feminine and plural.
Now consider the example of su&dr an invariable adjective:

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Ï. su&dr
2okro
sundar
chhokr-o
beautiful
boy-MASC.SG.
'a beautiful boy'
Ð. su&dr
2okrI
sunder
chhokr-i
beautiful
boy-FEM.SG.
'a beautiful girl'
Ñ. su&dr
2okru&
beautiful
chhokr-uN
beautiful
boy-NEUT.SG.
'a beautiful child'
ÉÈ. su&dr
2okraAo
sundar
chhokr-a-o
good
boy-MASC.PL.
'beautiful boys'
ÉÉ. su&dr
2okrIAo
sunder
chhokr-i-o
beautiful
boy-FEM.PL.
'a beautiful girl'
ÉÊ. su&dr
2okra&Ao
sundar
chhokr-aN-o
beautiful
boy-NEUT.PL.
'beautiful child'
In Ï - ÉÊ, su&dr is an invariable adjective and therefore it does not agree with the noun it
modifies.
2.3 Verbs
Gujarati verbs (non-inflected) have the following structure: verb stem + infinitive.
Example:
É. hsvu&
h\s-vu~
verb stem + infinitive
'to laugh'
Ê. r6vu&
r\Î-vu~
verb stem + infinitive

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'to cry'
A verb root may be intransitive, transitive or double transitive. It may be also simple or
causative. É and Ê are the examples of intransitive root. Ë - Ì and Í- Î are the examples of
transitive and double transitive roots respectively.
Ë. kapvu&
kap-vu~
verb stem + infinitive
'to cut'
Ì. pIvu&
pi-vu~
verb stem + infinitive
'to drink'
Í. Aapvu&
ap-vu~
verb stem + infinitive
'to give'
Î. moklvu&
mok\l-vu~
verb stem + infinitive
'to send'
É to Î are also the examples of simple verbs, while ÏÝ Ð bellow are the examples of
causative verbs. These are the verbs that are derived from simple verbs.
Ï. hsavvu&
h\s.av.-vu~
verb stem +CAUS1+ INFINITIVE
'to make someone laugh'
Ð. hsav6avvu&
has.av.Îav-vu~
verb stem + CAUS1 + CAUS2 + INFINITIVE
'to make someone laugh through some another person'
Gujarati inflected verbs have the following pattern: verb stem + inflectional material.
Inflectional material may consists of various features such as tense, person,
gender and number. Following table summaries some of the major inflections for the verb
hsvu&Š
Present (verb stem + tense, person, number)
Singular

Plural

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First Person

hsu&
h\s.u~

hsIAe
h\si.ie

Second Person

hse
h\s.e

hso
h\s.o

Third Person

hse
h\s.e

hse
h\s.e

Future (verb stem + tense, person, number)
Singular

Plural

First Person

hsI=
h\s.iß

hsI=u&
h\s.ißu~

Second Person

hs=e
h\s.ße

hs=o
h\s.ßo

Third Person

hs=e
h\s.ße

hs=e
h\s.ße

Past Progressive (verb stem + progressive marker + gender, number)
Singular

Plural

Masculine

hsto
h\s.t.o

hsta
h\s.t.a

Feminine

hstI
h\s.t.i

hstI
h\s.t.i

Neuter

hstu&
h\s.t.u~

hsta&
h\s.t.a~

Past Perfective (verb stem + perfective + gender, number)
Singular
Plural
Masculine

hSyo
h\s.y.o

hSya
h\s.y.a

Feminine

hsI
h\s.y.i

HsI
h\s.y.i

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Neuter

hSyu&
h\s.y.u~

hSya&
h\s.y.a~

Past Plu-perfective (verb stem + pluperfect marker + gender and number)
Singular

Plural

Masculine

hselo
h\s.el.o

hsela
h\s.el.a

Feminine

hselI
h\s.el.i

hselI
h\s.el.i

Neuter

hselu&
h\s.el.u~

hsela&
h\s.el.a~

Verbs also inflect for imperative (present and future), desiderative, obligatory,
conditional, and infinitive constructions. Examples:
Imperative
Present
Second Person
Singular

Plural/Hon.

rm
`av

rmo
`aAo

r\m
k˙av

r\m.o
k˙ao

'play'
'eat'

Third Person
rmje (future)
Desiderative rmvu&
Obligatory
rmvanu&
Conditional rmt
Infinitive
rmvu&
Excluding desiderative, all verb forms inflect for gender and number. However,
conditional verb forms inflect optionally.
2.4 Adverbs
Like adjective, adverbs are also variable and non-variable in Gujarati. Variable adverbs
agree with the noun with which the verb agrees. There are various types of adverbs.
Some of them are adverb of time, adverb of place, adverb of manner, adverb of order,

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adverb of quantity, adverb of doubt, adverb of frequency, adverb of negative and
connecting adverbs.
Time
Aaje
kale
prmidvse
svare
bpore
sa&je...
etc.

aje
'today'
kale
'tomorrow'
p\r\m divse 'day after or
day before tomorrow.'
s\vare
'in morning'
b\pore
'at noon, in the
afternoon'
sa~je
'in evening'

Place
AhI&
Tya&
n@k9I
pase
dUr9I
etc.

\hi~
tya~
n\jik.t˙i
pase
dur.t˙i

'here'
'there'
'from near'
'near'
'from a distance'

´~m
j´~m
t´~m
j´~m t´~m
p˙\ˇap˙\ˇ
d˙\ÎaÎ˙\Î
\can\k
ekaek

'in that way'
‘as’
‘in that manner’
’by hook or crook'
‘one after the other’
‘one after the other’
‘accidently’
‘suddenly’

p\helu~
p\c˙it˙i
ak˙\re
\gaut˙i
badma~

‘first, before’
‘later, after’
‘finally, at last’
‘in advance’
‘afterward’

Manner
Aem
jem
tem
jem tem
f4af4
06a06
Acank
AekaAek
Order
phelu&
p2I9I
Aa`re
Agaw9I
badma&

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A&te

\nte

‘finally, at the end’

g˙\¯u~
t˙oÎu~
pur.tu~
b\rob\r
ˇ\koŠ\k

‘plenty, much, many’
‘small, less’
‘sufficient’
‘equal’
‘full’

k\dac
k\dacit
moˇe b˙age
g˙\¯u~k˙\ru~
kjarek

‘perhaps’
‘hardly’
‘mostly’
‘mainly’
‘sometime’

roj
kjarek
\varn\var
var\mvar

‘everyday’
‘sometime’
‘frequently’
‘repeatdly’

ma
na
n\hi~

‘not’ (colloquial)
‘not’
‘not’

p\¯
p\ri¯ame
v\d˙uma~
jo ke
t\dupra~t

‘but’
‘as a result, consequently’
‘in addition’
‘however’
‘morover’

Quantity
08u&
9o6u&
pUrtu&
brobr
4ko4k
Doubt
kdac
kdaict
mo4e -age
38u&`ru&
kyarek
Frequency
roj
kyarek
Avarnvar
var&var
Negative
ma
na
nhI&
Connecting
p8
pir8ame
v0uma&
joke
td\wpra&t

3. Closed class
3.1 Pronouns and other Pro-forms
Personal Pronouns

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Gujarati personal pronouns differentiate three persons (first, second and third) and two
numbers (singular, plural). They have also inclusive and exclusive contrast in third person
plural. In addition, their second person plural form is also used as honorific.
Following table summarize regular and agentive pronouns:
Singular
Plural
Fist Person

hu&

Ame
Aap8e
tme
teAo

Second Person tu&
Third Person
te

(Exclusive)
(Inclusive)

Personal pronouns take various cases, which include nominative, ergative,
accusative/ dative, genitive and locative and instrumental. From these genitive forms
distinguish among three genders and two numbers. Following table summaries their
forms:
1st.sg 1st.pl 2nd.sg 2nd.pl 3rd.sg 3rd.pl
---------------------------------------------------------------------------Nominative

hu&

Ame
Aap8e

tu&

tme

te

teAo

Ergative

me&

Ame
Aap8e

te&

tme

te8e

teAoAe
tem8e

Accusative

mne

Amne tne
Aap8ne

tmne

tene

teAone
temne

Locative

marama&

Amarama& tarama&
Aap8ama&
Amara9I tara9I
Aap8a9I

tmarama& tenama&

Amaro taro
Aap8o

tmaro

teno

teAono
temno

Fem. marI

AmarI tarI
Aap8I

tmarI

tenI

teAonI
temnI

Neut. maru&

Amaru&
Aap8u&

tmaru&

tenu&

teAonu&
temnu&

Instrumental mara9I
Genitive
Masc. maro

taru&

tmara9I tena9I

teAonama&
temnama&
teAo9I
temna9I

Non-personal Pronouns

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249
Gujarati non-personal pronouns include demonstrative pronouns, interrogative pronouns,
relative pronouns, indefinite pronouns and reflexive pronouns.
Demonstrative Pronouns
Aa, pelu& and te / Ae are the demonstrative pronouns. From these pel&u is variable. Aa is the
near demonstrative pronoun, pelu& is the far demonstrative pronoun, while te / Ae are deictic
pronouns.
Interrogative Pronouns
Interrogative pronouns are =u& and ko8. From these =u& is variable. We use =u& to ask
question about non-human things, while ko8 to ask question about humans.
Relative Pronouns
Relative pronouns are je......te. These pronouns are used to connect two sentences.
Indefinite Pronouns
ko:, ka&:/ k&: and k=u& are the Indefinite pronouns. ko: used for human, while k&:k/ ka&:k
and k=u&k are used for non-human. From these pronouns, k=u& is variable.
Reflexive Pronouns
pote is the Reflexive pronoun.
In addition to these, Gujarati has also distributive pronouns (je je, te te, ko8 ko8, =u& =u&
etc.), reciprocal pronouns (prSprSpr, ANyoNy, Arsprs), indefinite pronouns (Amuktmuk, fla8u7& I&k8u,&
k&:k etc.).
Non-personal pronouns also inflect for ergative, accusative/dative, locative,
genitive and instrumental cases.
3.2 Noun adjuncts
3.2.1 Role markers
Case markers and postpositions are the role markers in Gujarati.
3.2.1.1 Case markers
Gujarati nouns distinguish seven types of cases: subjective, ergative, objective/dative,
agential, ablative, genitive, locative and vocative. From these, genitive inflects for gender
and number of the noun it takes. Following table summarizes the case markers:
Nominative 2okro
2okro AaVyo.
-∅
-Ae
Ergative
2okraAe
2okraAe kerI kapI.
Objective
2okrane
rme=e 2okrane mayoR.
-ne
-ne
Dative
2okrane
rme=e 2okrane kerI AapI.
Experiencer 2okrane
2okrane p(9r vaGyo.
-ne
Ablative
bgIca9I
maru& 3r bgIca9I 9o6ek j dUr 2e.
-9I
Instrumental rme=9I
rme=9I bhu& kam 9tu& n9I.
-9I
Genitive
2okrano
2okrano kagX
-no, -nI, -nu&, etc.
2okraAono kagX
etc.
Locative
3re
rme= ATyare 3re j h=e.
-Ae
-ma&
bgIcama&
rme= ATyare bgIcama& h=e.
Vocative
he 2okra
he 2okra, AhI& Aav.
-∅
3.2.1.2 Postpositions
Gujarati postpositions fall in two classes: invariant and variant. The variant postpositions
agree with noun in gender and number. Examples:

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Invariant postpositions:
trf, bad, lgI, pEkI, v6e, vgr...
Variant postpositions:
jevo, sr`o...
3.2.2 Quantifiers
Quantifiers are the words that refers to quantity. Following are some of the Gujarati
quantifiers:
1. È %, Í%, Î%.....
2. É/Ì, É/Ê, Ë/Ì...
3. É,Ê, Ë, Ì, Í...
4. Aek, be, {a8, car, pa&c....
5. Aekad, beAek, {a8ek, carek, pa&cek
6. pa, A60u&, po8u&, do7u&, bm8u&...
7. b0u&, 9o6u&, 9o6&uk, ke4lu&k, pUrtu&, ApUrtu&, v0are...
...
3.3 Verb adjuncts
3.3.1 Auxiliaries
3.3.1.1 Simple auxiliaries
Gujarati has two auxiliaries: 2- and ho-. Of these, 2- is used in present tense, while ho- is
used in past tense and future tense. 2Ý and hoÝ both differentiate three person and two
number in present tense and future tense, while hoÝ differentiates three gender and two
numbers only in past tense. Consider the following tables:

2Ý Present tense
Singular

Plural

First Person

2u&

2IAe

Second Person

2e

2o

Third Person

2e

2e

Singular

Plural

First Person

ho:=

ho:=u&

Second Person

h=e

h=o

Third Person

h=e

h=e

Singular

Plural

hto

hta

hoÝ Future tense

hoÝ Past tense

Masculine

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Feminine

htI

htI

Neuter

htu&

hta&

3.3.1.2 Modal auxiliaries
Modal auxiliaries are the verbs that are used as auxiliaries. Such verbs are small in
number and they occur with many restrictions. One such restriction is on the combination
of the verbs. We can not combine all the modal auxiliary verbs with all the non-modal
auxiliary verbs. In such verbal sequences, the first verb takes some linking element while
the second verb takes inflectional material. Examples:
Verb
`a:
na`vu&
kapI
sm@
s&-XavI
wtrI
-rI
hsI
bolI
ka7I

Modal
verb
levu&
na`vu&
ka7vu&
jvu&
devu&
jvu&
ra`vu&
p6vu&
w5vu&
mUkvu&

Example
me& kerI `a: lI0I.
me& je khevu& htu& te khI na~yu&
me& kerI kapI ka7I.
hu& AemnI vat sm@ gyo.
me& Aemne be vat s&-XavI dI0I.
hu& f4af4 pg9Iya& wtrI gyo.
saru& 9yu& ke me& pa8I -rI ra~yu&. nhI& to Aap8e =u& krt?
te jor jor9I hsI p6yo.
te AekaAek bolI w5yo.
me& rme=ne Aoifsma&9I ka8I mUkyo.

3.4 Connectives
3.4.1 Coordinating connectives
Gujarati distinguishes between conjunctive (Ane) and disjunctive (ke, A9va). In disjunctive it
distinguishes between inclusive (ke) and exclusive (A9va). Examples:
Conjunctive sentences:
É. rme= Ane mhe= kale 3er j=e.
Ê. mne lal Ane lIlo r&g gme 2e.
Ë. rme= Aav=e Ane mIna j=e.
Disjunctive sentences:
Ì. marI sa9e ko8 Aav=e? mIna ke lIla? (mIna Aav=e / lIla Aav=e / mIna Ane lIla bNne Aav=e.)
Í. marI sa9e mIna A9va lIla Aav=e. (mIna Aav=e / lIla Aav=e / *mIna Ane lIla bNne Aav=e.)
3.4.2 Subordinating connective
Subordinating conjunction is ke. Examples:
É. te8e k¬u& ke hu& AavI=.
Ê. rme=ne khejo ke Ae kale mare 3er Aave.
Ë. mne htu& j ke Aek be idvsma& mne tav Aav=e.
3.4.3 Correlative connectives
je ...te is a correlative connective, which decline for all the cases. Consider the following
table:
Nominative
Ergative

je...te
je8e...te8e

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Dative
Genitive
Locative
Instrumental

jene...tene
jenu&...tenu&
jema&...tema&, jenama&...tenama&
jena9I....tena9I

Correlative also inflects for comparative to express size, quantity, etc.: Examples.
jev6u&...tev6u&.
je4lu&..te4lu&
jem...tem
jya&...Tya&

(size)
(quantity)
(manner)
(place)

3.4.4 Adversative connectives
p8 and prNtu are adversative conjunctions. prNtu is more formal than p8. Examples:
É. hu& ca nhI&, p8 kofI pI=.
Ê. tme gme Tya& jav. p8 Aa 2okrane AhI& mUkta jav.
Ë. rme=ne khejo ke -le kam kre. p8 tibyt p8 jaXve.
3.4.5 Explicative connectives
ke and Ae4le are the explicative conjunctions. Examples:
É. hu& Ae4lo b0o 9akI gyelo ke na pu2o vat.
Ê. lIla Ae4le lIla. AenI vat 9ay?
3.4.6 Causal connective
kemke/ kar8ke is a causal connective. Examples:
É. hu& kale Skule n hto gyo kemke/ kar8 ke marI tibyt sarI n htI.
Ê. mare `Ub va&cvu& p6=e kem ke / kar8 ke mare kale pirxa 2e.
3.5 Other Closed classes
3.5.1 Emphasis marker
Gujarati distinguishes between two types of emphasis markers: (1) inclusive and (2)
exclusive. Inclusive marker is y / p8 and exclusive marker is j : Examples:
Inclusive
É. lIla y/p8 kale sa&je rsro4lI `a=e.
Ê. lIla kale sa&je y/p8 rsro4lI `a=e.
Ë. lIla kale sa&je rsro4lI y/p8 `a=e.
Exclusive
É. lIla j kale sa&je rsro4lI `a=e.
Ê. lIla kale sa&je j rsro4lI `a=e.
Ë. lIla kale sa&je rsro4lI j `a=e.
Ì. lIla kale sa&je rs ro4lI `a=e j.
Besides there are also sentential emphasis word `ru&, that agree with object > subject.
Examples:
Í. rme= AaVyo `ro?
Î. rme=e cop6I va&cI `rI?
3.5.2 Interjections
Gujarati has two types of interjections: primary (which do not have any lexical meaning)
and secondary (which have some lexical meaning associated with them). Ahha, Aho, Aoho,
A0000, h&A are the examples of primary interjections while vah, =aba=, ALya, etc. are the

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253
examples of secondary interjections. In terms of function, they can be divided into
expressive, conative and phatic types. Expressive interjections can be further divided into
emotive and cognitive interjections. Following is a rough and very preliminary
classification of the Gujarati interjections:
Expressive interjections:
Emotive
1. hay, hay hay, hay re, bapre, ma re, Ao...
Express pain
2. Aoho, Aha, A000, Ahha...
Exclamatory
3. h4\, 2I, 24\, 9U, i0k...
Express hate.
Cognitive
4. vah, =aba=, Aaha, 0Ny...
Express joy
Conative
5. Ao, ALya, AlI....
Address terms (informal).
6. hay, hlo,
Express greeting.
7. Aav, Aavo, p0aro
Express reception (informal sg. informal plural and
honorific, formal respectively).
8. Aavje, Aavjo
Express good-bye.
9. cal / calo Tyare
Express parting
Phatic
10. h&, =u&
Express question.
11. h&A, ha,...
Express permission.
12. W&h&u
Expresses negation.
3.5.3 Negators
na, nhI&, n and n9I are the negators in Gujarati. We use negators to prohibit an action and
also to negate a sentence or a phrase. Examples:
Prohibitative Negation
É. tme kerI na `ata.
Ê. tme bIju b0u& j `ajo, p8 kerI nhI& `ata.
Ë. tme kerI n `aAo to saru&.
Sentential/Phrasal negation
É. p/½Š rme= AaVyo?
(Ramesh did not come.)
jvabŠ na.
Ê. rme= rmto n9I.
(Ramesh may be doing something else.)
Ë, rme= rm=e nhI&.
(Ramesh will not play. He will do something else).
Ì. rme= Aavu& na kre.
(Ramesh would not do such thing. Some another person must have
done it).
Í. rme= pakI kerI n laVyo. (Ramesh brought a mango but it was not ripe.)
3.5.4 Politeness marker
@ is the politeness marker that is used with verb and nouns. Examples:
É. kagXno jvab AapvanI k<pa kr=o@.
Ê. bapu@ bhar gam gya 2e. kale Aav=e.
3.5.5 Tag-marks
Gujarati has two types of tag-marks:(1) Sentence initial tag-marks, and (2) Sentence final
tag-marks. Examples:
Sentence Initial tag-marks

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É. to tme kyare pa2a Aav=o?
Ê. te tme kyare Amdavad jvana?
Ë. to to tu& Aa nokrI krvano `ro, kem?
Ì. Tyare to t u& 3er jvano Aemke?
Sentence Final tag-marks
Í. tme ca pI=o ke?
Î. Aa cop6I lw& ke?
Ï. jra Aa kagX va&cI btav to.
Ð. me& Aa4lu& kam to kyuRne?
4. Conclusion
This is a very brief outline of the Gujarati parts-of-speech I have prepared for the
Beginning Gujarati and Intermediate Gujarati class. I am more concerned with specifying
general properties of these parts of speech and listing sample words belonging to them.

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Gujarati Numerals
Gujarati has three types of numerals: cardinals, ordinals, and fractions.
Cardinal

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31

†å‘
ËÜå
µÜ±Ü
œÜÜÓ
ÆÜÜØœÜ

ôÜÜ´Ü
†Ü«
ÃÜíÜ
¹ôÜ
†ÝÄÜÑÜÜÓ
ËÜÜÓ
´ÜåÓ
œÜÜæ¹
ÆÜعÓ
ôÜÜåì
ôܶÜÓ
†°ÜÓ
†ÜåÄÜݱÜôÜ
íÜßôÜ
†å‘íÜßôÜ
ËÜÜíÜßôÜ
´ÜåíÜßôÜ
œÜÜåíÜßôÜ
ÆÜœœÜßôÜ
“ííÜßôÜ
ôܶÜÜíÜßôÜ
†¬ÜíÜßôÜ
†ÜåÄܱܵÜßôÜ
µÜßôÜ
†å‘µÜßôÜ

32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63

32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63

ËܵÜßôÜ
´ÜåµÜßôÜ
œÜÜåµÜßôÜ
ÆÜÜصÜßôÜ
“µÜßôÜ
ôÜܲµÜßôÜ
†Ü²µÜßôÜ
†ÜåÄܱܜÜÜêÜßôÜ
œÜÜêÜßôÜ
†å‘´ÜÜêÜßôÜ
ËÜå´ÜÜêÜßôÜ
´Üå´ÜÜêÜßôÜ
œÜàÏÜÜêÜßôÜ
ÝÆÜô´ÜÜêÜßôÜ
“å´ÜÜêÜßôÜ
ôÜ಴ÜÜêÜßôÜ
†²´ÜÜêÜßôÜ
†ÜåÄܱÜÆÜœÜÜôÜ
ÆÜœÜÜôÜ
†å‘ÜíÜÃÜ
ËÜÜíÜÃÜ
µÜåÆÜÃÜ
œÜÜåÆÜÃÜ
ÆÜØœÜÜíÜÃÜ
“ÆÆÜÃÜ
ôܶÜÜíÜÃÜ
†¬ÜíÜÃÜ
†ÜåÄܱÜôÜ܇«
ôÜ܇«
†å‘ôÜ«
ËÜÜôÜ«
µÜåôÜ«

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256

64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82

64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82

œÜÜåôÜ«
ÆÜÜØôÜ«
“ÜôÜ«
ôܲôÜ«
†²ôÜ«
†ÄܱÜÜåôÜ߶ÜåÓ
ÝôܶÜåÓ
‡‘Üå´ÜåÓ
ËÜÜå´ÜåÓ
´ÜÜÇ´ÜåÓ
œÜàÏÜÜå´ÜåÓ
ÆÜØœÜÜå´ÜåÓ
“Üå´ÜåÓ
ÝôܶÜÜå´ÜåÓ
‡«ÖÑÜÜå´ÜåÓ
†ÄܱÑÜ܆åïÜß
†åïÜß
†åÑÜÜïÜß
ËÑÜÜïÜß

83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100

83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100

´ÑÜÜïÜß
œÜÜåÑÜÜÚïÜß
ÆÜØœÜÜïÜß
“ÖÑÜÜïÜß
ôÜ´ÑÜÜïÜß
†«ÖÑÜÜïÜß
ÃÜíÑÜÜïÜß
ÃÜåíÜàØ
†å‘ܱÜàØ
ËÜܱÜàØ
µÜܱÜàØ
œÜÜåÓܱÜàØ
ÆÜØœÜܱÜàØ
“ÅÜàØ
ôܶÜܱÜàØ
†¬Ü±ÜàØ
ÃÜííÜܱÜàØ
ôÜÜå

In counting 100 is †å‘ ôÜÜå, 200 is ËÜôÜÜå, 300 is µÜ±Ü ôÜÜå, 400 is œÜÜÓ ôÜÜå and so on. Similarly,
1000 is ÷¡Ó, which is once again †å‘ ÷¡Ó, ËÜå ÷¡Ó, µÜ±Ü ÷¡Ó and so on. One hundred
thousand is called êÜÜƒÜ in Gujarati. There is no concept of million in Gujarati. We
describe it as ¹ôÜ êÜ܃Ü. One hundred êÜÜƒÜ is called ‘ÓÜå² and one hundred ‘ÓÜå² is called

†ËÜè.
Remember:
In Gujarati each number symbol has its own name. They are †å‘²Üå, ËÜÄܲÜå, ´ÜÄܲÜå, œÜÜåÄܲÜå,
ÆÜÜ؜ܲÜå, “ÄܲÜå, ôÜܴܲÜå, †Ü«²Üå, ÃÜíܲÜå and ÏÜß²àØ for 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 0 respectively.
Ordinals:
The ordinals for 1, 2, 3, 4 and 6 are ÆÜ÷åêÜàØ, ËÜßèàØ, µÜßèà, œÜÜå³ÜàØ, “¬àØ, respectively. For rest of the
numbers, we use –ÏÜàØ. Examples: ÆÜÜØœÜÏÜàØ, ôÜÜ´ÜÏÜàØ, †ÜÜ«ÏÜàØ, ÃÜíÜÏÜàØ ¹ôÜÏÜàØ and so on. The ordinals
must agree with noun in gender. Example:

ÆÜ÷åêÜÜå “Üå‘ÓÜå

first boy

ÆÜ÷åêÜß “Üå‘Óß

second boy

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ÆÜ÷åêÜàØ “Üå‘ÓàØ

third boy

Fractions:
Following is the list of the fractions:
¼
½
¾








...

ÆÜÜ
†²ÁÜàØ
ÆÜÜå±ÜàØ
ôÜíÜÜ
¹Üå°
ÆÜÜå±ÜÜ ËÜå
ôÜíÜÜ ËÜå
†°ß
ÆÜÜå±ÜÜ µÜ±Ü
...
...
...

THANKS
By. Richin Patel

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