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Band and loop space maintainer - Made Easy .

NAYAK U. A.“, LOWS J.b, SAJEEV R.“, PETER J.d

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ABSTRACT
Space maintainers haoe been used in Pediatric Dentistry for many

l.lt requires a minimum of two appointments. 2,lmpression making is required which may be difficult in a young or an uncooperative child or those with severe gag reflex. 3.lt requires more laboratory time. 4.lt is a technique sensitive procedure, as band displacement during pouring of the cast is common. Considering the above limitations, a new technique called the “Direct technique or Single sitting technique” has been devised, which is discussed below. DIRECT TECHNIQUE OR SINGLE SITTING TECHNIQUE STEPS IN FABRICATION

years. The use of these appliances, however, in terms of indications, contraindications, design and construction has gained little attention from researchers. This paper highlights the construction of a new technique of fabrication of band and loop space maintainer. The advantages of this new Direct technique or Single sitting technique
ouer the conventional technique are discussed.

Key words Band and loop space maintainer, Direct technique or Single sitting technique.

INTRODUCTION
The most important function of space maintainers is to maintain the mesio-distal relationship in a given arch’. The premature loss of primary teeth may reduce the arch length required for the alignment of underlying permanent teeth, hence predisposing to crowding, rotation and impaction of the permanent teeth. An appropriate use of space maintainer is advocated to hold the space until the eruption of the permanent teeth’. About 51% of the prematurely lost first primary molars and 70% of prematurely lost second primary molars result in a loss of space and a consequent malposition of a permanent tooth in that quadrant3. Children with loss of primary molars before 71/2 years of age developed more crowding than children with no loss. If the loss of teeth occurs after 71/2 years, impact on the relative space is minima14. The band and loop space maintainer is indicated for the premature loss of single, unilateral or bilateral maxillary or mandibular primary molars. Band and loop space maintainer adjusts easily to accommodate changing dentition. However, it does not aid in mastication and will not prevent the continued eruption of the opposing teeth 5,6. The conventional technique of band and loop space maintainer fabrication has the following limitations. a. Associate Professor and In-charge, b. Lecturer, c. Post graduate student, cl. Post graduate student, Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry Rajah Muthiah Dental College & Hospital, Annamalai University J Indian Sot Ped Prev Dent September (2004) 22 (3) 134- 136

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The band is pinched. (Fig. 1) The prefabricated loop is selected Loops are made priorly in order to reduce chair side and laboratory time. (Fig. 2) The loop is then tried in position intraorally and minor adjustments are carried out. A horizontal mark is made on the band using a marking pencil at the site where the loop contacts the band. Vertical markings are made both on the loop and the band at the anterior most point of contact of the loop with the band. These markings are done both buccally and lingually. (Fig. 3) The band is then removed from the tooth. Using the above mentioned markings as reference points, the loop is placed in position on the band and spot welded. (Fig. 4)

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The band and loop is then tried intraorally to confirm its accurate position.(Fig. 5) It is taken out of the mouth, excess wire trimmed and again spot welded for better stability. (Fig. 6) It is then invested and soldered as usual. (Fig. 7) The appliance is trimmed and polished.

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10) It is cemented using luting cement. (Fig. 8)

DISCUSSION
The premature loss of teeth is an unfortunate occurrence. Each situation needs to be assessed thoroughly to provide

6: Second spot welding done for stability. Fig. 1: Band Adaptation. 3: Marking on the Band and Loop. Fig. 7: Invested and soldered Band and loop. 8: Polished and cemented. 5: Try-in to check for fit. 2: Prefabricated Loops. SDace Maintainer Fig. J Indian Sot Ped Prev Dent September (2004) 22 (3) Fig. Fig. 4: Spot welding of Loop on the Band. Fig. 135 . Fig. Fig.Band And loor.

6. No impression making As the impression making and cast preparation are avoided. Single sitting procedure The entire procedure can be completed in a single appointment. 46. Anterior space maintainer and regainer. which may be difficult and time consuming in young children 4. 29. Indian. Jan-Feb 1979. 5. 30(9). J Indian Sot Ped Prev Dent September (2004) 22 (3) 136 . 3. INDIA. 2. Modified space maintainers. Lesser laboratory time The time required for the transferring and positioning of band on the impression made.B. Dent. The average time taken for the entire procedure from band pinching to cementation of the space maintainer is approximately 20 minutes. Indian. Annamalai Nagar . Ullal Anand Nayak Faculty Quarters No. The selection of prefabricated loops which are made prior to the patient’s appointments can further reduce the laboratory working time. and repeatedly confirmed for their correct position. Am. Saunders Company 1980. J. Mar 1985. 453-455. Management of space problems in the primary and mixed dentitions. 47-50. and the removal and trimming of cast is saved.Assoc. The patient’s acceptance was more as the procedure was single sitting without any impression making. 5.608 002 Tamil Nadu. Physiological tooth migration and its significance for the development of occlusion. Pediatr. 6. Baume C. Castaldi C. 2. Erik Kisling and Jesper Hoffding. there are no chances of error related to them such as band dislodgement on the cast. Nagan P. J Dent Child..E. 34-38. Chawla H. Sot. 1. Goyal A. 1996. Dentistry for the adolescent. Space maintainer effects on intercanine arch width and length. Sept 1999. We have utilized this technique in a many as 50 cases and found it to be successful without any technical errors.S and Kaur P. Better Accuracy The technique is accurate as markings are made intra orally. as it is less technique sensitive. J. 49-51. *. Pedo. 7. 1986. Prev. This technique can be adopted by the dental practitioners as a routine chair side technique as it offers more advantages over the conventional technique. J. 18. Prev. Modified space maintainer. Dincer M and Hayder S. H.J.Band And Loop Space Maintainer the best treatment. Dent 3(l).after loss of adjoining teeth. which is acceptable by patients and also by dentists. the pouring of cast. 331-337. W. First edition. REFERENCES 1. Bayardo R. 4. unlike the conventional technique which has errors related to impression making and band dislodgement on the cast. Reprint Requests to : Dr. J Dent Child. et al. 123-I 32. et al. Clin.R. Sot.S. 34-35. Pedo. 1330-I 339. 53. the waiting period for its setting.G. Easy fabrication This method can be easily mastered. 1950. J. 1984. 21(l). The knowledge of using the appropriate appliance at the right time is an important aspect of space maintenance treatment planning 7. Lesser chair side time This is again related to the avoidance of impression making. This Direct technique or Single sitting technique can be aptly said to be ‘Space maintenance in its simplest form’ as it offers the following advantages. The biogenetic course of deciduous dentition. J Dent Res. Chawla. 2. et al. Premature loss of primary teeth . Dent . Dent. Alkire R. 3. 8.