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Product Information Note

Fault Tolerant Ethernet (FTE)

September, 2002

Outstanding features and benefits for robust networking!

Honeywell systems with FTE:
Industrial network robustness at all levels
The evolution of open Ethernet technology has introduced high-performance, low-cost networking to industrial plants. In the past, providing robust industrial control networks with commercial-off-theshelf (COTS) Ethernet equipment was a major hurdle. Now, Honeywell is able to link the benefits of Ethernet technology with their expertise in designing robust networks in order to deliver the patented Fault Tolerant Ethernet (FTE) solution. The FTE design is an advanced networking solution using COTS equipment—delivering increased system availability while reducing commissioning and maintenance costs.

• 4 communication paths between FTE

• Tolerates a variety of multiple failures in
cables and electronics

• Rapid (~1 sec) detection and recovery • Transparent to PC applications • Allows normal (non-FTE) Ethernet nodes • Online addition/removal of nodes • COTS network hardware • Minimal overhead—no duplicate

• Fully distributed—no “master” node • Easy configuration • Fast 100 Mbps performance • STP or fiber cable for noise protection • CE-Mark compliant • Full suite of services available for network
engineering, installation, and management

• Available with the Honeywell family of

automation systems-- Experion PKS™, © PlantScape , and TPS.

FTE components

single-connection nodes on different trees/networks 1 4 2 1 1 FTE A B FTE provides more communication paths with one network than conventional dual LAN redundancy. FTE is also transparent to higher-level application programs in FTE nodes. The separate identity of each tree is maintained by color-coding and tagging of cables. Rapid response to faults. Analytical and diagnostic tools can access all equipment from a single connection. In conventional dual-network redundancy schemes.dual-connection nodes . If a communication failure occurs. As a result. single-connection nodes on different networks cannot communicate. Ethernet nodes can connect to either tree. Switches Outstanding Networking Benefits Offered Only by Honeywell Fault tolerance for Ethernet using commercial equipment. switches and FTE node ports. FTE tolerates more faults—all single faults. Since two independent networks will inevitably have some differences in configuration and performance. In this way. Nodes in an FTE community continually check the status of each path. as well as many multiple faults. its configuration and performance are consistent. Honeywell’s FTE solution employs a single network and does not require a server or station to reestablish its network connection. all nodes can communicate—wherever they are connected. without requiring additional software configuration. switches and cables are fully redundant within a single network. the elapsed time for a particular node to switch to the other network can be over 30 seconds. depending upon the network complexity and the equipment used. The parallel tree topology provides multiple paths between an FTE node and any other node. the key to its multiple-path capability is its unique topology: two parallel trees of switches and cabling—A and B— linked at the top in order to form one fault-tolerant network. and can readily provide a perspective of the entire communication system. There may be one or more levels of switches. -. And since a single network is simpler to manage. This means the Ethernet nodes also enjoy a more available communications environment. as well as multiple pairs of switches at each level. with each node (a server or station) connected to both networks. Switches A B A B FTE Ethernet FTE FTE Ethernet FTE FTE’s parallel tree topology provides full redundancy in a single network. By providing more communication paths between nodes than dual LANs. And nodes can typically switch much faster between ports on the same network than between ports on different networks. Engineering is easy.2 -- . according to the needs of the application. Each FTE node has 2 ports that connect to a switch in each tree. the FTE nodes are aware of the Ethernet nodes and support two communication paths to each of them. Conventional Ethernet redundancy schemes commonly employ two separate Ethernet networks. Those applications benefit from the high network availability that FTE provides. In the FTE redundancy approach. the single network approach of the FTE offers significant advantages. Even Ethernet nodes with no FTE hardware or software can benefit from being in an FTE network.dual-connection and single-connection nodes . 2002 Fault Tolerant Ethernet (FTE) PN03-103 Full hardware redundancy in a single network.Product Information Note September. dual 2 2 1 1 0 Connectivity Number of networks Number of communication paths between: . Though such nodes are not aware of the FTE community. In an FTE network. as well as allowing every Ethernet node to communicate with every other Ethernet node—no matter where in the network the nodes may be connected. the switchover time is typically one second! Multiple communication paths to tolerate multiple faults.single-connection nodes on the same tree/network .

2002 Switches Fault Tolerant Ethernet (FTE) PN03-103 Switches A A B B Switches Switches A A B A B B A B FTE FTE Ethernet FTE FTE Ethernet FTE Ethernet FTE FTE Ethernet FTE Switches FTE provides 1 path between Ethernet nodes A B Switches Switches A A B B A B Switches FTE Ethernet FTE FTE Ethernet FTE A B A B A Switches B FTE Ethernet FTE FTE Ethernet FTE Switches Switches A B A B A B Switches FTE Ethernet FTE FTE Ethernet FTE Switches A B A B A B FTE Ethernet FTE FTE Ethernet FTE Switches FTE provides 2 paths between an FTE node and an Ethernet node A B A B FTE Ethernet FTE FTE Ethernet FTE FTE provides 4 paths between FTE nodes -.Product Information Note September.3 -- .

Besides the fault-tolerant communications driver. Advanced Control Backbone Switches Plant Information Network (PIN) A B Cluster Switches A B A B A B UNIT #1 CLUSTER UNIT #2 CLUSTER UNIT #3 CLUSTER FTE expandable network architecture -.4 -- . A cluster is a group of nodes with high intercommunication. history servers. up to 511 Ethernet (non-FTE) nodes can have a single connection to Fault Tolerant Ethernet (FTE) PN03-103 the FTE network in order to join the FTE community. Nodes in a cluster are typically involved with the same process unit. installation and support services for firewalls and routers. FTE can operate under either Windows 2000 workgroups or domains. Keep in mind that the FTE network must be a separate subnet. Then. FTE software includes management modules for reporting the status of an FTE node to other nodes. The status of these nodes can be reported to FTE nodes and is displayed along with the status of FTE nodes by the System Management Display software. These FTE management modules can also be installed on Ethernet nodes to create monitored Ethernet nodes. FTE software can also be installed on any other node that is a Windows 2000 PC— provided that the PC and its Network Interface Controllers have been certified together for FTE. An FTE node contains Honeywell FTE software and two Network Interface Controllers (NIC) —one to connect to each tree. The maximum number of FTE nodes in a community is 511. while a very large FTE network might have an additional level of switches between the cluster and backbone switches. An example of this is the Plant Information Network (PIN). FTE is an option for most Honeywell system nodes (see their respective specifications). Examples include control servers. A firewall or router is not needed if the FTE community is isolated. A small FTE network might consist entirely of one set of cluster switches.Product Information Note September. Firewall History. operator workstations. The FTE nodes form a fault-tolerant community whose members can communicate as long as a minimum of one path exists between each of them. An FTE network interconnects clusters of nodes. The Domain Controller must be an Ethernet node since that function executes on a PC with a single Ethernet port. as well as for other network components. 2002 Expandable network architecture yields flexibility and growth potential. Honeywell’s network services organization can provide consulting services. They also certify additional PCs and network equipment that may be used in an FTE network application. the FTE nodes detect these Ethernet nodes and use any available path to communicate with them. Additionally. A firewall or router is recommended to connect an FTE community to any other network. and supervisory controllers. A typical FTE network contains several pairs of cluster switches interconnected at the next level by a pair of backbone switches (as shown below).

Additionally. for multiple fault tolerance – Fast switchover to minimize system disruption – Extensive diagnostics to reduce maintenance costs and troubleshooting time – Network status and node status displays Network Interface Controller (NIC) – 2 single-port cards or 1 dual port card per PC – Single-port cards for application flexibility – Dual port card for performance and minimal PCI slot consumption Switches – 10/100 Mbps ports – Powerful multiple processors for high performance operation – Runtime diagnostics to detect and isolate noisy cables and jabbering nodes – Remote management functions for remote diagnostics and configuration – STP copper and multi-mode fiber optic models Media Converters – Convert between copper and multimode fiber optic media – Provide flexibility for varied application requirements Cables – Copper STP for reliable operation under plant electrical noise – 62. FTE network equipment is available with the corresponding copper or fiber optic interfaces. can be used when certified for FTE. in order to meet the specifications of communication equipment suppliers for reliable operation of their equipment in high-noise industrial environments. alternative equipment. or equipment for special applications such as long distance links. and a copper cable can reach up to 100 m (300 ft). and supports. Fault Tolerant Ethernet (FTE) PN03-103 FTE Software – Patented fault tolerance logic – Multiple communication paths between nodes.2 mi). A certification is valid for the specific releases tested—subsequent revisions require re-certification. or a combination of the two. Honeywell offers only fiber optic and STP (shielded twisted pair) copper cables. A multimode fiber optic cable can reach up to 2 km (1. While cluster cabling is normally copper. media converters can be used when a longer distance fiber optic link is required from a switch to a node. We also test Honeywell releases with the revisions of that equipment by their suppliers.5 -- . and to meet CE Mark requirements where applicable.Product Information Note September. You can implement an FTE network with copper or fiber optic cabling.5/125 multimode fiber optic for complete electrical isolation and longer distances TYPICALLY FIBER OPTIC -up to 2km Backbone Switches Media Converters Cluster Switches SOFTWARE CD CAT5 WIRE -up to 100m Fiber optic media converters can be used for long distances FTE Ethernet FTE FTE Ethernet FTE NIC CARD Single or dual Basic FTE Network Equipment -. Honeywell offers. the finest network equipment—ensuring reliable network operation. the connections to the backbone switches will be multimode fiber optic. 2002 FTE network components provide application flexibility. Typically. although copper cables and switches can also be used.

and cabling for as many as 12 FTE and Ethernet nodes.Product Information Note September. Small FTE Network All cable lengths < 100 m Backbone Switches STP crossover cable A STP cables B Cluster Switches STP A STP cables B A B A B FTE Ethernet FTE FTE Ethernet FTE FTE Ethernet FTE Network Interface Controllers -. they are linked by a pair of backbone switches. Small: A small FTE network might consist of three clusters—each with 12 or fewer FTE and Ethernet nodes.6 -- . so STP equipment and cabling can be used throughout.) Network Interface Controllers Minimum: The minimum FTE network consists of one cluster with a pair of switches. as shown in the large system example. a crossover cable. Minimum FTE Network All cable lengths < 100 m crossover cable Cluster Switches A STP cables B FTE Ethernet FTE (Note: This example assumes that all the distances from nodes to switches are less than 100 meters. totaling 20-30 nodes of all types. Fault Tolerant Ethernet (FTE) PN03-103 In the minimum example. all the distances from nodes to switches are less than 100 meters. Since there are multiple clusters. so STP equipment and cabling can be used throughout. that connection can be accomplished using multimode fiber optic cables and Ethernet media converters. If a few nodes must be located more than 100 meters from the switches. These examples are intended to illustrate some basic configurations— certainly many variations are possible. 2002 Topology examples.

such as to link a copper switch to a fiber optic switch. Large FTE Network Some cluster switch cables > 100 m Some node cables > 100 m 15-20 clusters.Product Information Note September. And because the cluster switches have STP interfaces. In the large network example. This is accomplished by “stacking” additional switches on top of one another. Also shown is a remote FTE node that is connected to the backbone switches via a pair of Ethernet media converters located close to the node. The uplink slot houses an adapter to link that switch to a higher-level switch of a different type. The switches are designed for easy expansion of both the switch and the network. a better solution might be to add fiber optic expansion switches to the cluster switches in order to connect the remote nodes.7 -- . and connect the remote nodes to those switches. The stack of switches then functions as one logical switch. 2002 Large: This example is one illustration of the flexibility of FTE topology. Ethernet media converters are an economical solution for a remote node. Then only one pair of fiber optic cables would be needed to connect the remote switches into the cluster switches. Each switch has uplink and cascade slots. in addition to the base switches. If there were several nodes in the same remote location. Connecting the remote node to STP switches would require another pair of media converters at the switches. Connecting several remote nodes in scattered locations to a cluster would require mounting several pairs of media converters near the cluster switches. The distance from the nodes to the cluster switches is less than 100 meters—enabling the use of STP cabling. Since some of the clusters are located more than Fault Tolerant Ethernet (FTE) PN03-103 100 meters from the backbone switches. and copper or fiber optic switches can be mixed in any combination. and the cabling from the cluster switches is also fiber optic. The cascade slot houses a module that enables a switch to be expanded beyond its 12 ports. and interconnecting their cascade modules. The diagram describes an FTE network with 15-20 clusters of various sizes. This means that those clusters have expansion switches. there are also expansion switches at the backbone level. To accommodate a network of this size. the backbone switches have fiber optic ports. one solution would be to install at the remote location a pair of STP switches with fiber optic uplink adapters. each switch has a fiber optic uplink adapter connecting it to the fiber optic cable. In that case. Up to eight switches of 12 ports each can be stacked. some with 15-20 nodes fiber optic cables crossover cable Media Converters Backbone Switches fiber optic STP cables A fiber optic cables B FTE Remote Node Cluster Switches STP A STP cables B A B A B FTE Ethernet FTE FTE Ethernet FTE FTE Ethernet FTE Network Interface Controllers -. some clusters have more than 12 FTE and Ethernet nodes. three of which are shown.

The System Management Display can show not only FTE status but also many other types of system information. a “1” in the column Num Interfaces indicates an Ethernet node with a single connection. The FTE status reporting software is available free of charge in order to facilitate providing the status of all nodes in the FTE network. Since node FTE-APP59 has been selected. so some communication paths to it are shown as “N/A” (not applicable). B->A. the FTE status reporting software can be loaded into it so that it too can send heartbeat messages and report the status of its communication paths. which can be loaded onto any node in the FTE network. and B->B show the status of FTE-APP59’s communication paths to every other node (A and B refer to the A and B trees of the FTE network). It is a software package separate from FTE. It is also possible for the FTE Status Display to monitor the status of the communication paths from an Ethernet node to other nodes. The status of each node’s paths can be viewed from the FTE Status Display. the columns A->A. Even though an Ethernet node has no FTE hardware or operating software. as determined by short “heartbeat” messages that are regularly sent along each path.Product Information Note September. 2002 See the status of the FTE network from any node. -. which operates within the Microsoft Management Console (MMC) environment of Windows 2000. the FTE Status Display would change to show the status of FTE-GUS34’s paths to other nodes. Each FTE node contains software that reports the status of its 4 communication paths to each other node. Fault Tolerant Ethernet (FTE) PN03-103 The FTE Status Display can monitor not only the communication paths from an FTE node to other FTE nodes but also to Ethernet (non-FTE) nodes. The FTE Status Display is an HCI-managed component of the Honeywell System Management Display software. A->B.8 -- . In the FTE Status Display. Below is an example of an FTE Status Display. If another node such as FTE-GUS34 were selected.

and routers Procurement and support of PCs and network equipment in order to provide consistent operation There are two specific services available to support FTE. Firewalls for larger networks can be quoted on request. using Honeywell’s experienced network engineers and testing laboratory facilities. routers. and integration—including all cabling. configuration. Examples include: Network planning. authentication. servers. Fault Tolerant Ethernet (FTE) PN03-103 Remote Network Administration—ensuring correct installation of updates and configuration changes for components such as servers. PHD. Honeywell’s extensive expertise in firewall technology provides a firewall that is completely engineered and tested to meet project requirements for small networks of up to 20 nodes. racks. ♦ Firewall Design Service—a firewall secures and controls access to an FTE network from other networks. including: – – – networks (switches. Device Certification Service—this service certifies network components for use in FTE networks. intrusion detection.9 -- . design. testing. Honeywell has an outstanding network services organization that manages all aspects of Ethernet systems—from a small process control system to a total enterprise. any type of PC) PC applications (running and responding). switches.Product Information Note September. firewalls. and virus protection Firewall engineering. and documentation Security assessment and engineering— including authorization. TPS. testing. ♦ Network Performance Management -supporting optimum operation by proactive tracking of network component performance Honeywell’s network services organization can meet all your needs for FTE. activity logging. encryption. 2002 Outstanding Network Services. training. and management—providing secure remote access to a customer’s network from anywhere in the world Remote monitoring of customer networks around the clock—ensuring all components are operating properly. installation. as well as for all other networks in your plant! -. firewalls) systems (PlantScape.

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