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4/12/13 Objective: TLW be able to find the roots of a quadratic equation by completing the square.

Review: To complete the square: 1. Check to make sure coefficient on the first term is 1. 2. Move the constant

x - 6x – 40 = 0
2

3. Use the middle termcut in half and square it. 4. Add this number to both sides. This creates a perfect square that we can use to solve.

Ex.

3x - 18x + 10 = 0
2

If the first term does not have a coefficient of 1 – you need to divide everything by that number before you can complete the square. Homework: p. 288 #22, 25, 28, 31, 42, 47, 48

4/15/13

Objective: TLW be able to graph parabolas.

I.

Parabola – is a curve consisting of a set of all points in a plane that are the same distance from a given point called the focus and a given line called the directrix. 2. Focus - point 3. Directrix - line 4. Axis of symmetry 5. Vertex – midway between the focus and the directix. 6. Regular parabola – vertical: up/down 7. Sideways parabola – horizontal: right/left 8. P – represents the distance between the vertex and the focus or the vertex and the directrix.
1.

Vocabulary

II. Equations • General o y = ax 2 + bx + c o x = ay 2 + by + c • Vertex o y = a ( x − h) 2 + k o x = a( y − k )2 + h • Conics o 4 p ( y − k ) = ( x − h) 2 o 4 p ( x − h) = ( y − k ) 2

III.

Examples 2 1. ( y − 3) = 8 ( x − 5 )

Vertex/focus/axis of Symmetry/directrix

2.

( x + 3) 2 = −20 ( y − 1)

IV.

Graphing parabolas - process

1. Determine which parabola it is.

y = x2

y = −x2

x = y2

x = − y2

2. Write in vertex and/or conics form • Complete the square y = a ( x − h)2 + k • VF
x = a( y − k )2 + h • CF squared term by itself 4 p ( y − k ) = ( x − h) 2
4 p ( x − h) = ( y − k ) 2

3. Find the vertex (h, k) • h always goes with x • k always goes with y

4. Set 4p = coefficient on unsquared term

• p is the distance from the vertex to the focus and the distance from the vertex to the directrix 5. Find the focus – point inside the parabola 6. Find the directrix – line 7. Create an xy/yx table or use transformations to find remaining points.

V.

Examples 1. x = −8 y 2

2. 0 = y 2 − 14 y − x + 25

Homework: parabola ws #1,

4/16/13 Objective: TLW be able to write equations of parabolas.

Activity I. Parabola equations: 4 p ( y − k ) = ( x − h) 2
4 p ( x − h) = ( y − k ) 2

II.

Examples 1. Focus: (0, -2)

Directrix: x = 2

2. Vertex: (3, 1)

Focus: (3, 5)

3. Vertex: (5, -2)

Directrix: y = -5

III.

Homework: parabolas ws #2

4/17/13 Objectives: TLW be able to write equations for circles. TLW be able to graph circles from the equations.

I. Review: Diameter Radius Center Circumference Area II. Definition: Circle is the set of all points in a plane that are equidistant from a given point in the plane, called the center.
2 2 Equation of a circle: ( x − h ) + ( y − k ) = r 2

Center is (h, k) III.

r is the radius.

Write the equation of a circle. • We put in the values for the center and the radius. Ex. center (3, 0) r = 7

IV.

Graph • Find and graph the center

• Move the distance of the radius in each direction • Shape the circle

V.

Find the equation of a circle and graph Ex. Need to complete the square.

x 2 + y 2 − 10 x + 8 y + 16 = 0

(

x 2 − 10 x + y 2 + 8 y = − 16

x 2 − 10 x + 25 + y 2 + 8 y + 16 = − 16 + 25 + 16
2 2

) (

)

( x − 5) + ( y + 4 ) = 25
Center: (5, -4) Radius: r=5

VI. Homework: Circles ws 4/18/13 Objective:

TLW be able to graph ellipses.

I.

Vocabulary 1. Ellipse

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. II.

Focus/Focus Vertices Major Axis Minor Axis Co-Vertices Center (h, k)

Definition: An ellipse is the set of all points P in a plane such that the sum of the distances between P and 2 fixed points (foci) is constant.
http://www.mathopenref.com/constellipse1.html

For an ellipse there are 2 axes of symmetry. The longer axis is called the major axis. The shorter axis is called the minor axis. The intersection of the 2 axes is the center (h, k) III. To graph an ellipse 1. Put into conics form 2. Determine direction of ellipse

a. Horizontal/vertical, major/minor axes 3. Find center, vertices, co-vertices a. Center (h, k) b. Vertices/Co-vertices i. a – distance from center to vertex on major axis ii. b – distance from center to vertex on minor axis 4. Find foci – major axis a. c 2 = a 2 − b2 5. Sketch curve IV. Equations: 1. Horizontal ellipse
( x − h)
a
2 2

+

( y − k)
b
2

2

=1

when a 2 > b 2 major axis is

horizontal

x2 y 2 + =1 ex. 25 9

a=

b=

center ( , )
c2 = a 2 − b2

2. Vertical ellipse
( x − h)
a
2 2

+

( y − k)
b
2

2

=1

when b 2 > a 2 major axis is vertical

x − 3) y + 2) ( ex. ( + =1 9 16
2 2

a=

b=

center ( , )

If your center is not at (0, 0) then you mark your center and then move a units and b units from that point. How are these equations similar/different from the circle equation?

What if it is not in vertex/conics form to begin with? Ex.
x 2 + 4 y 2 − 2 x − 16 y + 1 = 0

Will need to reorganize, complete the square and make sure it is equal to 1.

V. Homework: Graphing and writing ellipses ws 4/19/13 Objective: TLW be able to graph hyperbolas.

I.

Vocabulary 1. Hyperbola 2. Foci 3. Vertices 4. Co-vertices 5. Center 6. Transverse Axis 7. Conjugate Axis 8. Asymptotes

II.

Definition: Hyperbola is the set of all points P such that the difference of the distances between P and 2 fixed points (foci) is a constant.

III.

To graph a hyperbola

For a hyperbola there are 2 axes. The transverse axis and the conjugate axis. The intersection of the 2 axes is the center (h, k) IV. To graph a hyperbola 1. Put into conics form 2. Determine direction of hyperbola a. Horizontal/vertical, transverse/conjugate axes 3. Find center, vertices, co-vertices a. Center (h, k) b. Vertices/Co-vertices i. a – distance from center to vertex on transverse axis ii. b – distance from center to co-vertex on conjugate axis 4. Find foci – transverse axis a. c2 = a2 + b2 5. Draw asymptotes/box 6. Sketch curve V. Equations

1. Horizontal hyperbola
( x − h)
a2
2

( y − k) −
b2

2

=1

a=

b=

center ( , )
m=± b a

c2 = a 2 + b2

2. Vertical hyperbola
( y −k)
a2
2

( x − h) −
b2

2

=1

a=

b=

center ( , )
m=± b a

VI.

Example

x2 y 2 − =1 16 4

VII.

Homework – graphing hyperbolas ws

4/26/13 Objective:

TLW be able to write equations in standard form and identify which conic section it is. Standard Form:

Ax 2 + Bxy + Cy 2 + Dx + Ey + F = 0
2 Example: ( x + 3) + 2( y − 6)2 = 6

Ellipse – A and C have the same sign, A≠C Circle – A and C have the same sign, A=C Parabola – A=0 or C=0, both are not squared Hyperbola – A and C have different signs

Homework : Identifying Conics ws