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CONFINED SPACE TYPES CHART Rescue Training, Practice and Preplanning
Compliance Tips for Rescue Teams and Employers

Restricted (24‐inches or less) Bottom Portal. Unrestricted (greater than 24‐inches) Bottom Portal. Unrestricted (greater than 24‐inches) Top Portal.146 Confined Space Regulation. Restricted (24‐inches or less) CS TYPE 5 Bottom Portal Restricted (24‐inches or less) CS TYPE 1 Side Portal Restricted (24‐inches or less) CS Type 1 CS Type 2 CS Type 3 CS Type 4 Side Portal. Restricted (24‐inches or less) Top © 1996-2011 Roco Rescue. . practice and preplanning purposes Roco’s Confined Space Types Chart illustrates six types of confined spaces that encompass all of the criteria for representative spaces as referenced in OSHA’s 1910. Unrestricted (greater than 24‐inches) 800-647-7626 CS Type 5 CS Type 6 RocoRescue.confined space types chart CS TYPE 3 Top Portal for rescue training. Inc. Restricted (24‐inches or less) Side Portal.

REPRESENTATIVE SPACES FOR RESCUE PRACTICE (1910. . INTERNAL CONFIGURATION • Open – no obstacles. elevation. barriers. and portal size. use of special rope techniques or patient packaging may be required) CS TYPE 2 Side Portal Unrestricted (greater than 24‐inches) Roco’s legacy Types Practice Chart is included in NFPA 1006 Technical Rescuer Professional Qualifications Standard. or obstructions (ex: water tank) • Obstructed – contains obstructions that a rescuer would have to maneuver around ELEVATION • Elevated – entrance to opening or portal is above grade by 4 feet or more (usually requires high angle rescue capabilities in packaging and transporting patient to the ground) • Non‐Elevated – less than 4 feet above grade CS TYPE 6 Bottom Portal Unrestricted (greater than 24‐inches) PORTAL SIZE • Restricted – portal of 24‐inches or less (too small for SCBA and normal spinal immobilization) • Unrestricted – portal greater than 24‐inches (allows for relatively free movement) SPACE ACCESS • Horizontal – portal is located on side of space (use of retrieval lines could be difficult) • Vertical – portal is located on top or bottom of space (rescuers must climb up or down to enter.146 App F) CS TYPE 4 Top Portal Unrestricted (greater than 24‐inches) Teams may practice in representative spaces that are “worst case” or most restrictive with respect to internal configuration.

2. Answering the questions below will assist employers in determining whether the rescue service is capable of performing rescues in the permit spaces at the employer’s workplace. Merely posting the service’s number or planning to rely on 911 would not comply with paragraph (k)(1). ■ What is the availability of the rescue service? Is it unavailable in certain situations? Can immediate notification be provided to abort the entry? ■ Does the rescue service meet all requirements of paragraph (k)(2)? If not. arrive at scene. limited internal space. can the rescue service properly perform entry rescues? ■ Does the service have the technical knowledge and equipment to perform rope work or elevated rescue? ■ Does the service have the necessary skills in medical evaluation. from which rescue may be needed? Can team members recognize signs. Note: Representative spaces shall. Note: OSHA’s Respiratory Standard (1910. etc. and accessibility. equipment. PERFORMANCE EVALUATION 1. ■ Training to perform the assigned rescue duties. set‐up and be ready for entry) • IDLH (or potential IDLH) atmospheres require on‐site stand‐by rescue services. and MSDS? ■ Has the rescue service been informed of any hazards that may arise from outside the space? ■ If needed. ■ How quickly can the rescue team or service get from its location to rescue scene? (must consider travel time. traffic congestion. Refer to Appendix F for more details on the required evaluations. • For lesser injuries (broken bones. does the rescue service have an ample supply? Are procedures in place for rescuers to enter/exit/be retrieved within air supply limits? ■ If a vertical entry over 5 feet in depth is required. patient packaging and emergency response? ■ Does the service have the necessary equipment to perform rescues.) . is the service willing to perform rescues at your workplace? ■ Is an adequate (and timely) method of communication between the attendant. A. 3.134) requires stand‐by rescuer(s) capable of immediate action when making IDLH entries or when IDLH atmospheres could quickly develop. abrasions). training or number of personnel. ■ Rescue practice at least once every 12 months. can the team properly package and retrieve victims from a permit space that has a limited size opening (less than 24‐inches or 60.9cm in diameter). ■ What are the needs of the employer regarding rescue response times? (time for rescue service to receive notification. This checklist will highlight key rescue compliance points. RESCUE TEAM EVALUATION CRITERIA (Non‐Mandatory Appendix F) OSHA Note: Non‐mandatory Appendix F contains examples of criteria which employers can use in evaluating prospective rescuers as required by paragraph (k)(1). INITIAL EVALUATION 1. ■ Are all members trained as permit space entrants (at minimum) including training in potential hazards of permit spaces. ■ Proficiency with rescue‐related tasks and equipment and ability to function appropriately while rescuing entrants from the types of spaces identified. or must the equipment be provided by the employer or another source? EMPLOYER REQUIREMENTS – 1910. or internal obstacles or hazards? ■ Can the rescue service safely perform an elevated (high angle) rescue? ■ Does the rescue service have a plan for each of the kinds of permit spaces on site? Is the plan adequate for all types of rescue operations that may be needed? 4. the employer must contact the service to plan and coordinate the evaluations required by the standard.OSHA COMPLIANCE CHECKLIST OSHA‘s Permit‐Required Confined Space Regulation requires employers to provide rescue services when employees must enter permit spaces. Can the rescue service respond in a timely manner? Note: If an off‐site service is being considered. 2. simulate the types of permit spaces from which rescue is to be performed. FACILITATE the selected rescue service: ■ Inform rescue service of hazards that may be confronted. PROVIDE for employees assigned rescue duties: ■ Personal protective equipment (PPE) and training for use. how soon? (Ref: #4 in previous checklist. Critique of practice session can be used to identify and correct deficiencies in procedures. a response time of 10 or 15 minutes might be adequate. Is the rescue service adequately trained and equipped to perform permit space rescues of the kind needed at your facility? 2. hot work permits. ■ Provide access to all permit spaces so that the rescue service can develop appropriate rescue plans and practice rescue operations.) ■ For off‐site services.146 (k) 1. SELECT a rescue service that is: ■ Capable of reaching the victim(s) within a time frame that is appropriate for hazards identified. Used to measure the rescue performance capabilities of the service or team and to determine if training/preparedness is adequate to affect a timely and effective rescue at the employer’s facility. with respect to opening size. symptoms and consequences of exposure? ■ Is every team member provided and equipped to use the appropriate PPE. ■ Equipped for and proficient in performing the needed rescue services. can the rescue service properly test the atmosphere to determine if IDLH? ■ Can personnel identify pertinent information such as entry permits. B. such as air equipment (SCBA/SAR) or fall protection equipment? Is every team member properly trained to perform required functions and make rescues? Trained to use any required rescue equipment such as ropes and backboards? ■ Are team members trained in first aid and medical skills to treat victims overcome or injured by the types of hazards in the permit spaces on site? ■ Can all team members perform their functions safely and efficiently? Are rescue personnel trained to focus on their own safety before considering the victim? ■ If needed. configuration. by means of simulated rescue operations from the actual permit spaces or from representative permit spaces. or representative spaces. employer and rescue service available? How soon can the rescue service be dispatched to the site? ■ If breathing air equipment is required. ■ Basic first‐aid and CPR training. EVALUATE the rescue service: ■ Ability to respond in a timely manner considering the hazards identified.