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Reinforced Concrete Beam Design
Calculates tensile reinforcement requirements for a singly reinforced rectangular Calculates tensile reinforcement requirements for a singly reinforced T or L concrete Calculates shear reinforcement requirements for a singly reinforced rectangular concrete Calculates torsional reinforcement requirements for a singly reinforced rectangular Calculates deemed-to-comply deflections for a reinforced rectangular concrete beam For rectangular sections or T or L beams only . Fitments are perpendicular only AS3600 - 2009 (Incorporating Amendment 1, 2010 ) Warner, Rangan, Hall & Faulkes, Concrete Structures , Longman, Melbourne, 1999 Foster, Kilpatrick and Warner, Reinforced Concrete Basics 2E , Pearson Australia, 2010 Symbols and notation as generally used in AS3600. Yellow cells require data input by designer For bending in rectangular beams including T and L beams Section geometry including width and depth and for T and L beams dimensions of flange and cover Material properties Bending moment M* at a section Area of reinforcement based on bar diameter and number of bars For shear in beams Section geometry including width and depth, cover and material properties Fitment diameter Area of tensile reinforcement at section where shear is to be checked Ultimate design shear force at cross section being checked Insert value of β1 Cross sectional area of shear reinforcement For torsion in beams Section geometry including width and depth, cover and material properties Ultimate design actions including bending moment, shear force and torsional moment Diameter and spacing of fitments, area and diameter of diameter of longitudinal flexural reinforcement Cross sectional area of torsional reinforcement Insert value of β1 For deemed to comply ratios for deflection for beams Section geometry including width and depth, cover and material properties Area longitudinal tensile reinforcement in compression reinforcement Applied actions Factor k1 for deflection Mean value of the modulus of elasticity of the concrete at 28 days Deflection limitations from table 2.3.2 of AS 3600 Where pink fill is used, it alerts designer to options or information

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Boxed cells with green background calculated automatically using formulae. For flexure in rectangular beams including T and L beams Area of reinforcement required Maximum moment at kuo Minimum tensile reinforcement required For shear in beams Various values for shear parameters including the Vumax, Vuc, Vu.min, and Vuc Spacing of fitments required and the maximum spacing of fitments allowed Checks for minimum reinforcement and spacing For torsion in beams Torsional modulus Jt Various values for torsion parameters including the T u.max, Tuc, Tu.min, and Tuc Various values for shear parameters including the Vu.max, Vuc, Vu.min, and Vuc Requirements or torsional reinforcement and additional longitudinal reinforcement Checks that the diameter and the spacing of fitment is appropriate For deemed to comply ratios for deflection for beams Calculation on the ratio of compression reinforcement to tension reinforcement Reinforcement ratio at the midspan The total deflection ratio The incremental deflection ratio Provides summary of the results

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1.1 7/1/2012

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0 3164 6. Use a minimum of 2 bars (This area of reinforcement is based on interpolation) Design Calculations Maximum Moment Muo at kuo = 0.0.provided Check ØMu = Ø f'c γ ku (1-0.0 3780 2. rounded down to nearest 5mm ) d D 3408 350 30 300 mm mm mm mm b Capacity Reduction Factor & Material Properties 0.36 Ø = (1. Computation Client Project/Job Subject Sheet No Job No By Date: Reinforced Rectangular Concrete Beam Design .36 3.05 .min = 0.0 3060 2.0 2040 40 1260 2.36 OK OK OK 120% 120% 24% Calculations (Table 2.57 7.67 ≤ α2 ≤ 0.2) with kuo=0.29 27.67 ≤ g ≤ 0.78 15.0 2412 36 1020 2.00 1670 MPa mm2 Astmin < Ast provided OK 188% ’ = = = 0.0.fitment size .6 ≤ Ø ≤ 0.5 0.6 ( f'c )0.36 Check ØMuo = Ø α2 f'c γ kuo (1-0.7 mm mm Ultimate Design Moment M* Actual bending capacity Reinforcement ratio Area of steel chosen f Mu p Ast 303.5 γ ku) bd2 for concrete stress block Check ku calculated using provided Ast.0 3051 26.0 363.0 3216 3.1.1.1) f'ctf = Deemed to comply A st.306 γ f'c/fsy b d Check Moment using stress blocks Check ØMu = Ast fsy d (1.0 2520 (Note number of bars rounded up) (Note areas of bars rounded up) (Note bars of number rounded down) (Note areas of bars rounded down) Choose no of bars and area from above table and input it into the yellow box left.2.Bending Design for beams that are under reinforced Data Input Geometry Width of rectangular section b Overall depth D Cover to fitments Effective depth d (Effective depth usually = D .0 − 0.003 f c Initial strength requirements Requirements based on ultimate strength moment M* and d Ast = M* / (Ø *fsy * 0.85 limits 0.0 2712 28 616 4.0 3015 14.85 limits 0.5/α2 (Ast fsy / (b d f'c)) = M* with Ast =Ast.0 3140 9.6.3) g = 1.5 γ kuo) b d2 Ast max= 0.8 f f'c MPa 25 fsy kuo Fitment diameter 500 0.36 10 MPa mm Applied actions Ultimate strength moment at section M* 303 kNm 2.0 2814 mm2 mm2 mm 2 20 314 9.0 3080 4.cover to fitment .Disclaimer: The person using this spread sheet is responsible for its use.distance to the centroid of the tensile reo.09 kNm kNm M* < fMu M* < fMu ku0 ≤ 0.82 5.91 3.36 12 113 26.provided fMuo Ast max= 1351 13.required Minimum Ast.85 *d) Initial calculation of reo Minimum strength requirements (Cl 8.971 1670 mm2 mm 2 Initial Ast required for M* < fMu Nominal Ast.2 0.2 ( D/d )2 f'ctf / fsy bw d = = 3.5 0.085 21.0 2938 3140 2.0 2826 24 452 6.0 2464 32 804 3. This figure is a first approximation of the required reo Iterate as required to get the area of reo required Proposed reinforcement arrangement (use minimum of 2 bars) Suggested bar numbers & sizes for limit state requirement M* < fMu Bar size Area of bar mm2 Theoretical No.8 limits 0.296 16 201 14.provided Minimum Ast for flexure Maximum Ast for flexure kuo=0.80 0.003 3140 kNm kNm mm2 .46 10.85 = 2971 mm2 Results based on tensile reinforcement sizes chosen Depth to neutral axis Neutral axis parameter Depth of compression block dn ku g ku d 25.620 13.85 0. of bars Number of bars required Area of bars mm2 Total Number of bars required Area of bars mm2 Total Ast.296 kNm mm2 M* < fMu OK Percentage 446% fMu fMu ku 363.69 4.007 f'c α2 = 1.2 0.2 363.19 − 13kuo/12) Calculations (Cl 8.

0 3.0 3.140 9.040 40 1260 2. Computation Client Project/Job Subject Sheet No Job No By Date: Reinforced Concrete T.0 2.36 12 MPa MPa mm f'c fsy kuo Fitment diameter 340 1330 270 930 30 875 d D WARNING fsy not to AS 3600 WARNING f'c not to AS 3600 M* Ast. tf Overall depth D Bottom cover to fitments Effective depth d (Effective depth usually = D . Iterate as required to get the area of reo required.0 2.0 3.0 2.provided Minimum Ast for flexure Minimum Ast for flexure 12 113 26.01 16.826 24 452 6.8 15 200 0. For a T or L beam the reo required will probably be lower.0 3.0 3.61 10.0 3.0 2.96 3.520 (Note number of bars rounded up) (Note areas of bars rounded up) (Note bars of number rounded down) (Note areas of bars rounded down) Choose no of bars and area from above table and input it into the yellow box left.0 2.distance to the centroid of the tensile reo.0 2. 3.fitment size . of bars Number of bars required Area of bars mm2 Total Number of bars required Area of bars mm2 Total Ast.0 3.938 4.required 359 3.67 7. Use a minimum of 2 bars For T or L beam with the Stress Block in the Flange Only For T or L beam with the Stress Block in the Flange and Web.051 26.216 3.0 3. rounded down to nearest 5mm ) Applied actions Ultimate strength moment at section Initial Ast required for M* < ØMu b ef tf mm mm mm mm mm mm bw Capacity Reduction Factor & Material Properties f 0.015 mm2 mm2 mm2 20 314 9.164 6.5 ku Check Check M* < fMu ku < 0.080 4.Disclaimer: The person using this spread sheet is responsible for its use.provided ØMu= Ø*T* (d-0.Bending For beams that are under reinforced bef Data Input Geometry Width of web bw Effective width of compression flange Thickness of flange.5 γ dn) .36 OK OK 0.464 32 804 3. If negative do not use this value Design Calculations Check t ≤ Ast * fsy / (α2 * f'c * bw) Depth to neutral axis Check if dn notional= 48 mm dn notional< tf DESIGN AS RECTANGULAR BEAM WITH THE COMPRESSION STRESS BLOCK IN THE FLANGE ONLY Calculations as a Rectangular Beam Maximum Moment Muo at kuo=0.780 2.0 2.430 16 201 15.017 kNm mm 2 Approximate Strength requirements Requirements based on ultimate strength moment M* and d Initial calculation of reo Ast =M* / (Ø *fsy * 0.70 27.or L.5 γ kuo) bw d2 USE THIS CALCULATIONS FOR T OR L BEAM WITH THE COMPRESSION STRESS BLOCK IN THE FLANGE ØMuo M* < ØMuo 688 OK kNm 192% USE THIS CALCULATIONS FOR T OR L BEAM WITH THE COMPRESSION STRESS BLOCK IN THE FLANGE Calculations as T or L Beam with Compression Stress Block in the Flange Only Check Moment using stress blocks assuming a rectangular beam with part of the flange in compression Compression force in flange Cf Tension force in reinforcing assuming it is at yield T Cf = α2 f'c Ύ dn bef T = Ast fsy dn = T α2 f'c γ bw 810 810 56 551.060 2.712 28 616 4.85 *d) This figure is a first approximation of the required reo.cover to fitment .0 3.75 4.39 3.06 154% 561% kN kN mm kNm Calculate Ultimate Moment Check ku calculated using Ast.36 assuming a rectangular beam Check ØMuo = Ø α2 f'c γ kuo (1-0.412 36 1020 2.636 -3.90 5.216 15.Beam Design .050 2.017 mm2 Proposed reinforcement arrangement (use minimum of 2 bars) Suggested bar numbers & sizes for limit state requirement M* < fMu Bar size Area of bar mm2 Theoretical No.

6 ≤ Ø ≤ 0.80 limits 0.075 kN Calculate Ultimate Moment Check ku calculated using Ast.5 0.32 781 MPa mm2 1.1) f'ctf = Deemed to comply A st.USE THIS CALCULATIONS FOR T OR L BEAM WITH THE COMPRESSION STRESS BLOCK IN THE FLANGE Calculations as T or L Beam with Compression Stress Block in the Flange & Web Compression force in flange outstand Tension force in reinforcing assuming it is at yield Compression force in web and flange equal to web width Cf = α2 f'c tf (bef .2.81 -118% -224% Calculations for both types of beam Calculations (Table 2.67 ≤ g ≤ 0.0 − 0.007 f'c 1.bw) T =Ast fsy Cw =( T .Cf ) dn = T-Cf α2 f'c γ bw 3408.2 0.2 ( D/d )2 f'ctf / fsy bw d Astmin < Ast provided = = 2.85 limits 0.provided ØMu= Ø (Cf (d-0.36 FAIL OK -423.2) with kuo=0.9 -0.806 -599.85 limits 0.1 -0.064 47.min = 0.67 ≤ α2 ≤ 0.6 ( f'c )0.19 − 13kuo/12) = 0.5tf) + Cw (d-0.9 0.8 OK 519% Results based on reinforcement arrangement for a T or L Beam when the compression stress block is in the flange only Depth to neutral axis Neutral axis parameter Depth of compression block dn ku g dn 56.8 mm mm Actual bending capacity Reinforcement ratio Area of steel chosen Ø Mu p Ast 551.1.36 Ø= Calculations (Cl 8.3) g = α2 = Minimum strength requirements (Cl 8.85 0.1.5 γ dn)) ku M* < fMu ku< 0.014 4050 mm2 kNm Results based on reinforcement arrangement for T or L beam when the compression stress block is in the flange and web Depth to neutral axis Neutral axis parameter Depth of compression block dn ku g dn -705.3 mm mm Actual bending capacity Reinforcement ratio Area of steel chosen Ø Mu p Ast -423.05 .85 (1.014 4050 mm2 kNm .5 0.075 810 -705 kN kN mm kNm -2598.0.003 f’c = = 0.6.

6 bv do Vu.2.5 Ø Vuc Ø Vu.2 fc′ bv do Vu.min Shear Reo may be Required No Shear Reo Required Shear Reo Required Shear Reo Required Check if V * > Ø Vu.min β1 300 105 mm mm2 For members where the cross-sectional area of shear reinforcement provided (Asv) is equal to or greater than the minimum area specified in Clause 8.min ØVu.1 β1 ≥ 0.12.538 1.max = 0.f 0.084 β1 ≥ 1.2.min however minimum reinforcement shall be provided in accordance with Clause 8.5 Ø Vuc 0.min = = = = = = = = = = = 363.0 MPa kN kN ≤ 4MPa Shear strength of a beam without shear reinforcement Cl 8.Shear Cl 8.0 Contribution of shear reinforcing Vus Cl 8.10√ fc′ bvdo) therefore therefore Vu.f Fitment diameter D Ast.06 √ f′c bv s / fsy.35 bv s / fsy. D Bottom cover to fitments Depth do to centroid of outermost layer of reo (Depth d o usually = D .100 1.2.2 Data Input Geometry Width.9 Vuc + 0.5 (i) Ø Vuc = kN Check if V* ≤ Ø Vuc 125 Check if D does not exceed the greater of 250mm or half the width of the web D = = = 700 250 360 mm mm kN V* < Ø Vuc D > 250 D > Bw/2 Shear Reo Required D > 250 Shear Reo Required V* Check for shallow wide beams if V* ≤ Ø Vuc and D does not exceed the greater of 250mm and half the width of the web Cl 8.min V* > Ø Vu.2 Vus = V*/Ø .2.min Minimum shear reinforcement Cl 8.1(1.5 125.min 500 300 300 Max Spacing mm mm mm 0.6 bv do Ø(Vuc + 0.2.7 fcv = Vuc = ØVuc = 4df or 70mm whichever is the greater Calculate shear strength of a beam with minimum shear reinforcement Cl 8.06 √ f′c bv s / fsy.1.5ØVuc Check if 0.f ≥0.10 Spacing of Fitments Cl 8.2.2 Maximum spacing of fitments 0.distance to the centroid of the outermost layer of tensile reo.min = = = 105 90 105 mm2 mm2 mm2 Check shear capacity of the beam with minimum reinforcement at minimum spacing Ø Vus min = Ø (Asv min fsy.min V* 0.1 360.5 D = = = 525 350 254.2.provided Applied actions Design shear force at a cross section Maximum Transverse Spacing of Fitments Cl 8.8 Asv.5 Ø Vuc D > 750 mm 0.8 β1 = 1.5D or 300 V* < Ø Vu.2.6 bv do) Vuc + 0.6 − do/1000) ≥ 0.f Asv.f do / s) cot θv Adopt θv = 45 deg (for perpendicular shear reinforcement) = kN (1) Ø Vus min 75.3 232. provided the applied loads and the support are orientated so as to create diagonal compression over the length (av) β3 fcv = f ′c 1/3 = 1 2. bv = effective width for shear Cl 8.Disclaimer: The person using this spread sheet is responsible for its use.cover to fitment .2.min Ø Vu.0 254. rounded down to nearest 5mm ) 500 700 50 615 mm mm mm mm (Design shear force at a cross section) Capacity Reduction Factor & Material Properties f f'c do 0.f kN Lesser of 0.35 bv s / fsy.3 Ø Vus = 235.max = = 1.1 332.6 363.5 254. Computation Client Project/Job Subject Sheet No Job No By Date: Reinforced Concrete Beam Design .1 254.75 D 0.5Ag) ≥ 0 for members subject to axial tension.808 360 600 mm2 kN bv V* = mm Single fitments OK Design Calculations Calculate web crushing limit Vu.6 Depth.6 Vu.10√ fc′ bvdo) Ø(Vuc + 0. or may be taken as 2do/av but not greater than 2.2.2.5 Ø Vuc < V * ≤ ØVu.2.max CL 8.min = 0.7 25 500 12 MPa MPa mm fsy.min Shallow Wide Beams Check if D does not exceed the greater of 250mm and half the width of the web Cl 8.75D or 500 Lesser of 0.2.1 mm mm Ø Vu.076 kN kN V* < f Vu.5 Check if V* ≤ 0.92 178.5Ø Vuc < V* V* < Ø Vu.100 1.fitment size . 1.max ØVu.8 For beams with no shear reo Insert value for β1 β2 = β1 = 1.1(1.0 62.1 OTHERWISE β1 = 1.min V* ≤ 0.5 62.10√ fc′ bvdo) ≥ Vuc + 0.7 Vuc= β1 β2 β3 bv do fcv { Ast }1/3 ( bv do) Max Spacing of fitments Asv.max OK 299% Calculate shear strength of a beam without shear reinforcement Cl 8.0 254.8 1. for members subject to pure bending.2.1 kN kN kN kN kN kN kN kN kN kN kN Requirements for shear reinforcing Cl 8.2.min = Vuc + 0.Vuc kN (2) If figure is negative then concrete will take all the shear . or 1 + (N*/14Ag) for members subject to axial compression β2 β3 = = 1 1.5 (i) then minimum shear reinforcement is waived Where V* > Ø Vu.6 − do/1000) ≥ 1. or 1 − (N*/3.

If spacing of fitments greater than the maximum spacing.f do / s) cot θv) Asv = = = 360 360 328 kN kN mm2 at maximum spacing = 300 mm Warning Grade 250 Fitment diameters and areas for 2 legs Fitment Dia (nominal) Grade of Fitment Area of one bar mm2 Area of 2 legs mm2 Area of 4 legs mm2 Area of 6 legs mm2 Area of 8 legs mm2 Area of 10 legs mm2 R6 250 30 R10 250 80 L6 500 28 L8 500 45 L10 500 71 N12 500 113 N16 500 201 N20 500 314 60 120 180 240 300 160 320 480 640 800 57 113 170 226 283 91 182 272 363 454 142 284 425 567 709 = 226 452 678 904 1130 600 402 804 1206 1608 2010 mm 628 1256 1884 2512 3140 Single fitments OK Single fitments Fitments in pairs Fitments in threes Fitments in fours Fitments in fives Maximum Transverse Spacing of Fitments If the beam width is greater than maximum spacing then will need to have fitments in groups fsy.1 360.min Ø Vu = Ø Vuc + Ø Vus Ø Vu .6b Ø bV o vd u.3 kN 125.min = Vuc + 0. reduce area of shear reinforcement Note it is usual to rationalise the spacing down to the nearest 25 mm Input Asv = cross sectional area of shear reinforcement Asv. Use Vus min 105 mm2 Check the design shear strength of the beam including concrete and fitments Ø Vuc + Ø Vus Design = Ø Vu Design shear force at a cross section V* Therefore Asv = Vus/( (fsy.0 kN kN kN { Ast } 1/3 bv do Vu.max = 0.2 fc′ bv do Vuc= β1 β2 β3 bv do fcv V* Ø Vu.10√ fc′ bvdo) ≥ Vuc + 0.max Ø Vuc 360.0 kN 1076.0 254.min Spacing of fitments required Maximum spacing of fitments allowed = = = = 142 105 mm2 mm2 mm mm 130 130 Results based on fitment arrangement with 2 legs Fitment diameter Maximum Spacing 12 130 mm mm Design shear force at the cross section Vu.f Fitment Dia assumed = = 500 12 MPa mm Because of the various combinations. some iteration will be required for shear reinforcement See table above for various areas and diameters of fitments and different numbers of legs Check input of fitment size and grade at top RH part of this sheet is consistent.min with a minimum reinforcement.Take the greater value of Ø Vus and Ø Vus min ie (1) or (2) Ø Vus Design = 235 kN but area must exceed Asv.

max Web Crushing OK OK OK 323% 239% Vu.2.0 ØTus T* + V* ØTuc ØVuc T* ØTus Requirements for torsional reinforcing Cl 8.084 β1 = 1.cover to fitment .6 − do/1000) ≥ 0.1 1.f 2At cot Ɵv/s At = area of a polygon ut = perimeter of the polygon defined for At mm Input cross sectional area of bar forming fitment from the diameter chosen above top RHS of spread sheet See table below for various areas of bar of the fitments of various diameters Fitment diameters and cross sectional areas of bar forming the closed fitment asw Fitment Dia (nominal) Grade Area of one bar mm2 Area of two bars mm2 Area of three bars mm2 R6 250 30 60 120 R10 250 80 160 320 L6 500 28 57 113 L8 500 45 91 182 Asw L10 500 71 142 284 = N12 500 113 226 452 113 N16 500 201 402 804 mm2 N20 500 314 628 1256 at spacing = Single fitments Fitments in pairs Fitments in threes 200 mm (Cross sectional area of bar forming the fitment) Tus = 120.0 700 250 4.775E+07 mm3 Calculate web crushing limit CL 8.7 20 500 500 12 200 24 1.8 For beams with no shear reo OTHERWISE β1 = 1.7 1230.808 MPa MPa MPa mm mm mm mm 2 to the centroid of the outermost layer of tensile reo.3 Data Input Geometry Width.8 Insert value for β1 β2 = 1.Disclaimer: The person using this spread sheet is responsible for its use. or 1 − (N*/3.25ØTuc Check if T* + V* ≤ 0.2 212.max V* <Ø Vu.4 (b) If NOT OK then either revise size and spacing or both in top right-hand corner of spread sheet Requirements for additional longitudinal reinforcing (Cl 8.f / fsy)(Asw / s)( ut cot θv) (in the tensile zone).5 fsy.6) Alt = (0.71 165.2 fc′ bv do ØTu.3.5Ag) ≥ 0 for members subject to axial tension.0 kNm T* < 0.6 4. D Bottom cover to fitments Depth do to centroid of outermost reo (Depth do usually = D .73 kN kN kN kN T* < Ø T u.3.1(1.3.0 0.5 Torsional Reo Required Torsional Reo Required Torsional Reo may be Required Torsional Reo may be Required Torsional Reo Required ØTuc ØVuc The overall depth does not exceed the greater of 250 mm and half the width of the web ØTuc ØVuc Depth Half the Width ØTuc ØVuc If D < 250 D < b/2 T* + V* ≤1.100 1.max = 0.0 161.3.0 Vuc= β1 β2 β3 bv do fcv { Ast } β1 1/3 /(bv do) β1 = 1.4 (b) Check if = 0.100 For members where the cross-sectional area of shear reinforcement provided (Asv) is equal to or greater than the minimum area specified in Clause 8.3.5 54.4 (a) Check if T* ≤ 0.provided Applied actions Ultimate strength moment at section Design shear force at a cross section Design torsional moment at a cross section M* V* T* 1.5 fsy.max T* ØVu.2 kN Calculate shear strength of a beam without shear reinforcement Cl 8.6) Alt = (0.max + V* = = = = = 231. Overall depth.888 kNm kNm mm2 4df or 70mm whichever is the greater With closed fitments Tus = Asw fsy. for members subject to pure bending.1 β1 ≥ 0.0 ØTu.3Jt √f’c Details of closed fitments Tuc ØTuc = = = = 77.0 f cv = f ′c 1/3 ≤ 4MPa fcv = Vuc = Ø Vuc = MPa kN kN Requirements for torsional reinforcing Cl 8. or 1 + (N*/14Ag) for members subject to axial compression β2 = 1 β3 = 1.3.3.3 x = Jt = 500 mm y = 700 mm 5.0 ØTus Check if T* + V* ≤1.808 380 360 50 Flexural Reo mm2 kNm kN kNm Design Calculations Calculate torsional modulus Jt CL 8.6 500 700 40 615 mm mm mm mm Fitment diameter Spacing of fitment Diameter of longitudinal reo bv do D f f'c fsy.2.max = 0. bv (Design torsion at a cross section) Capacity Reduction Factor & Material Properties = effective width for shear Cl 8. or may be taken as 2do/av but not greater than 2.f 2At cot Ɵv/s Adopt θv = 45 deg and cot θv = 1.0 ØTuc ØVuc T* ≤ 1.f fsy s d Ast.5 Without closed fitments and no prestress Tuc = 0.25 Ø T uc T* + V* = = = = = 13.0 ØTuc ØVuc T* ≤1.max Tu.3 Tu.max ØVu. provided the applied loads and the support are orientated so as to create diagonal compression over the length (av) β3 = 1 2.max ØVu. rounded down to nearest 5mm ) Longitudinal Tensile Reinforcement (fully anchored) Ast.8 β1 ≥ 1. 2 = 533 mm2 Requirements for additional longitudinal reinforcing (Cl 8.Torsion Cl 8.2.784 1. Computation Client Project/Job Subject Sheet No Job No By Date: Reinforced Concrete Beam Design .25 Ø T uc T* + V* ≤ 0.2 kN ØTus = 84.distance 0.2Jtf’c T* + V* < 1.max Vu.max Calculate torsional strength of a beam Cl 8.f / fsy)(Asw / s)( ut cot2 θv) (in the compression zone).5 0.7 Tus = Asw fsy.3.0 861.fitment size .7 116.max ØTu.59 Torsional reo is required OK Complies with Cl 8.6 − do/1000) ≥ 1. = 533 mm2 Proposed additional reinforcement arrangement .1(1.

0 1.52 3.0 231.7) Minimum transverse reinforcement shall be the greater of (1) Minimum shear reinforcement required by Clause 8.0 kNm kNm kNm Vu.max = 0.0 603 942 904 616 804 1020 = 40 1260 0.784 1.25 T uc/ (fsy.66 0.max Tuc 50.0 kN 77.0 1260 Maximum spacing of fitments allowed 230 mm Fitment spacing ok If spacing NOT OK then revise in top right-hand corner of spread sheet Requirements for torsional reinforcing (Cl 8.3.2.max Vu.f 0.0 2.min = 0.18 0.5 kNm 116.87 0.f Asv.Bar size Area of bar mm2 Theoretical No.35 bv s / fsy.0 1.42 1.35 bv s / fsy.0 360.72 5.f 0.0 1.0 565 Suggested bar numbers & sizes for limit state requirement M* < fMu 16 20 24 28 32 36 201 314 452 616 804 1020 2.912 26 mm2 mm mm2 OK area less than chosen fitment area If area NOT OK then revise in top right-hand corner of spread sheet Design torsion force at a cross section Design shear force at a cross section Tu.65 1.25 T UC Asv.f 2At cot Ɵv )/ Ø At = area of a polygon ut = perimeter of the polygon defined for At Asw = = = 212. of bars Actual bars required Area of bars mm2 Total 12 113 4.2Jtf’c Results based on fitment arrangement for Torsion Based on 2 legs with closed fitments Fitment Yield Strength fsy.f 500 MPa Fitment diameter 12 mm Maximum Spacing 230 mm Additional tension Reo Additional compression Reo 533 533 mm2 mm2 T* V* Tu.65 2.0 3.f ≥0.min = = = 70 54 70 mm2 mm2 mm2 OK area less than chosen fitment area If area NOT OK then revise in top right-hand corner of spread sheet With closed fitments Asw = s * 0.3Jt √f’c 1230.06 √ f′c bv s / fsy.max = 0.2 fc′ bv do Tuc = 0.0 kN Vuc= β1 β2 β3 bv do fcv { Ast } bv do 1/3 Vuc = Reminder: Do not forget to add the fitments for torsion to those required shear and the additional longitudinal reo to the reo required for flexure .8 in the form of closed ties or fitments and (11) Torsional capacity equal to 0.06 √ f′c bv s / fsy.

00391 CONCRETE PROPERTIES AT 28 DAYS f'c (MPa) Ec (MPa) Input Ec Mean value of the modulus of elasticity at 28 day 20 24 000 25 26 700 32 30 100 40 32 800 50 34 800 65 37 400 80 39 600 100 42 200 MPa = 26.002 where provision is made to minimize the effect of deflection of the transfer member on the supported structure.001 Manufacturer’s specification but not more than 1/500 = 0.1 Short term factor Long term factor See table to the right for values of ψ Lef is the effective span of beam which is the lesser of Ln +D and L for a beam where Ln is the clear span Actual span to depth ratio Lef/d Distributed imposed actions.05 33. taken as— (a) for simply supported beams. Limits for calculated vertical deflections of beams and slabs Deflection limitation (∆/Lef) for spans (Notes 1 and 2) 1/250 = 0. long-term and combination factors y s and y l (after AS 1170.01302. Computation Client Project/Job Subject Sheet No Job No By Date: Reinforced Concrete Beam Design .06 /β2/3 Insert factor k1 Factor k2 When p < 0.002 1/800 = 0.ef)] Results Deflections 1/3 = 0.0320 0.001 1/250 = 0.15 kNm kNm = 0.48 0.004 where provision is made to minimize the effect of movement.4/384 = 0. bef = effective width of compressive width or flange Depth.0010 2.0025 Type of member All members Deflection to be considered The total deflection The deflection that occurs after the addition or attachment of the partitions The deflection that occurs after the addition or attachment of the finish The imposed action (live load and dynamic impact) deflection Members supporting masonry partitions Members supporting other brittle finishes Members subjected to vehicular or pedestrian traffic Transfer members Total deflection 1/500 = 0. otherwise 1/500 = 0.80 0.001 (f'c) /β 1/3 1/3 2/3 2/3 WARNING Do not use this value for k1! OK Use this value for k1 k1(2) Deflection coefficient 0.4 0.002 Manufacturer’s specification but not more than 1/250 = 0.004 Calculated Actual Lef/d 13.001 (f'c) /β For k1 factor use k1 (2) k2 = deflection constant.fitment size . bw Capacity Reduction Factor & Material Properties = width of rectangular beam 400 990 700 30 640 mm mm mm mm mm bw d D f f'c fsy 0.001 (f'c) 1/3 β 2/3) 0.4 kNm kNm Short term and long term actions from AS 1170.00391 in interior spans.4 Lef 8400 mm Roof actions Roofs used for floor-type activities Other roofs Lef/d 13.002 where provision is made to minimize the effect of movement.4 0 g q 26.6 0.Disclaimer: The person using this spread sheet is responsible for its use.ef)]1/3 Total deflection [k1(D/Lef)(befEc)/(k2Fd.1/ β 2/3 = = = 0.004 1/400 = 0.8 20 500 Width.66 Incremental deflection .0 Table 4.1 Design Calculations Asc/Ast kcs Reinforcing ratio p = Ast/bef/d at the midspan β = bef / bw > 1.2 of AS 3600.5/384 = 0.00125 Deflection limitation (∆/Lef) for cantilevers (Note 4) 1/125 = 0. 5/384 = 0.0015 0.2 and where no end span is longer than an interior span— (i) 2. Refer to discussion in RCDH) Data Input Geometry Width. Insert factor k2 See options above for values Effective design load for total deflection Fd.Deemed to comply ratios for beams Cl 8.055(f′c)1/3/ β2/3 − 50 p ≤ 0.000 0.7 0.0 Calculate Asc/Ast Factor = 0.3. Q and domestic Residential structures Offices Parking Retail Storage Other ys yl 0.4 0.13 Beam D 700 = = OK COMPLIES OK COMPLIES 24.provided 628 628 mm 2 mm 2 Short-term. otherwise 1/1000 = 0.700 See options above for values From Table 2.7 0.4 0. where the ratio of the longer to the shorter of two adjacent spans does not exceed 1.7 1 1 0.00625 in an end span.ef Effective design load for incremental deflection Fd.9 11.6 0.001 (f'c) 1/3 = = = = = 1.0 ) Imposed action Short-term factor (y s) 0.1/β2/3 0.004 1/500 = 0.Deflections .7 Long-term factor (y l) 0. D Cover to fitments Effective depth d (Effective depth usually = D .distance to the centroid of the tensile reo.ef = = 60. otherwise 1/1000 = 0.002 1/250 = 0.4 0. rounded down to nearest 5mm ) Longitudinal Tensile Reinforcement (fully anchored) Longitudinal Compression Reinforcement (fully anchored) Applied actions Dead load kN/m Live load kN/m Ast.13 13. or (b) for continuous beams.provided Asc.001 (f'c) β 2/3 ) = For k1 factor use k1 (2) k1(1) Deflection coefficient (5 − 0. for value TO INPUT [k1(D/Lef)(befEc)/(k2Fd.0062 0.004 Input ∆/Lef to be used See options above and to the right.032 When p ≥0.002 ≤ 0.6681 Ratio of p/( 0.5. or (ii) 1.7 0.33 29.04 f′c)p + 0.7 0.06/β 2/3 /β 1/3 2/3 Ratio of p/( 0.cover to fitment .7 0.4 (Please note results may be conservative.

33 29.ef)]1/3 Incremental deflection .Calculated [k1(D/Lef)(befEc)/(k2Fd.1 Span Ast provided Asc provided ∆/Lef used b L 400 8400 628 628 =1/ 250 Total deflection = = OK COMPLIES OK COMPLIES 24.1 13.66 [k1(D/Lef)(befEc)/(k2Fd.ef)] 1/3 Actual Lef/d 13.

Capacity Reduction Factor & Material Properties MPa MPa mm .

mm mm mm2 mm2 .