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Works Cited Primary Sources: Balzac, Horne.“ Splendeurs et misères des courtisanes.” France, 1838-1847.

This gives good insight into the specific stories of Vidocq’s criminal law enforcement career. It tells stories about how Vidocq captured many criminals using his revolutionary tactics. Vidocq is shown as the character of Vautrin in this book written by a well known author who was alive while Vidocq was head of the Surete. This book was although originally written in French. Bar, Temple. "Article 6 -- no Title." New York Times (1857-1922), Aug 17, 1890. <> (2 March 2013.) I used this article because it was written during Vidocq’s position as a leader in the Surete. It spoke more about Vidocq’s life specifically. This also wrote about his first arrest, which was interesting information to gain. "The Capture of St Germain." New York Times (1857-1922), Aug 10, 1890. <> (1 March 2013) I used this article in my section of my website which was about the immediate effect of Vidocq’s work on France. It talked a lot about his arrest of Saint Germain and how he used his tactics to pull this off. I put an excerpt into my website as a graphic. Conan, Neil. Interview with Frank Bender and William Fleisher. NPR. Talk of the Nation. February 02, 2009. This interview was a very valuable resource. I used an excerpt of the audio in my website. This is a primary resource because it is an interview with two of the founders of the Vidocq Society. They talk about how they have used Vidocq’s tactics. Davies, Dave. Interview with Richard Walter. NPR. Fresh Air. August 12, 2010. Richard Walter was the third founder of the Vidocq Society, which makes this source primary. He discusses his experience as part of the society. I used a quote from him in my website. Edward Dion, interview by Audrey Dombro, March 2, 2013.

I interviewed a former police officer and current FBI agent, Ed Dion. This was a very useful resource. I used excerpts from my interview in multiple places in my website. This is a primary source because Mr. Dion is in the police force and currently using Vidocq’s tactics. "French Police Get Alleged Gem Thief." New York Times (1923-Current File), Jul 21, 1929. < (2 March 2013.) This was a newspaper article from 1929. It was useful in the section about the continuation of Vidocq’s work. This article explained how people used Vidocq’s tactics more than 100 years after his death in order to solve a crime. Geringer, Joseph. “Vidocq: Convict Turned Detective Magnifique — Master Criminologist.” Not Reality. Actuality. < library/crime/gangsters_outlaws/cops_others/vidocq/1.hml> (10 December 2012.) This source was helpful in getting me other sources, which were primary, since it listed all the characters in books Vidocq was based on. This also gave a link to one of Vidocq’s early memoirs, another useful source. It also includes a primary source engraving of a young Vidocq escaping from what one may assume is a prison. This photograph shows Vidocq’s criminal past as a juvenile and as a young adult. Vidocq was known as a great escape artist from jails, so this photograph shows this side of the great crime solver. Hugo, Victor. “Les Misérables.” France: 1862. In this famous book, Vidocq represents two characters. Victor based Jean Valjean and Police Officer Javert on Vidocq and his famous history. This is a good source because it was written while Vidocq was alive and cheif of the Surete. It accurately describes both his role as a criminal, and as a law enforcer. This book is also written in French. “La Vie De Monsieur Vidocq.” The Vidocq Society. <> (18 November 2012.) This is a website written by the members of the Vidocq Society, a group that writes accurately about the history of Vidocq and the Surete. This makes it a primary source, because the founders wrote it. This gave me good information on Vidocq’s life and different exploits in his crime- solving career. Vidocq, Eugène François. Histoire complète de F.- E. Vidocq. Bailly, 1858

This memoir was very helpful. Because it was written under the name of Vidocq, I am considering it a primary resource. It also included several pictures of Vidocq capturing criminals that I used in my website. Vidocq, Eugène François. Memoirs of Vidocq: Master of Crime. 1858. This book was written by Vidocq and it was his personal memoir. This was useful since it gave lots of good, firsthand views and many cases. It also showed a personal account of everything. I used many quotes from this book in my memoirs. Vidocq, Eugène François. Memoirs of Vidocq, the Principal Agent of the French Police. T.B. Peterson, 1859. This book was very helpful because it was also written by Vidocq about his life. It went even further into describing more of Vidocq’s most famous tales of catching criminals. Specifically, it gave insight onto the capture of Saint-Germain, an important thieve and swindler of the time. Vidocq, Eugène François. The Memoirs of Vidocq: The Head Chief of the French Police; an autobiography. T.B. Peterson. This memoir was written by Vidocq. It filled in gaps where his other memoirs did not discuss. This included his work in Le Bureau des Renseignements and his crime solving there. Vidocq, Eugène François. Memoirs of Vidocq, Written by Himself. 1829. < %C3%A7ois_Vidocq_Memoirs_of_Vidocq_written_b?id=l3ADAAAAQAAJ#? t=W251bGwsMSwyLDUwMSwiYm9vay1sM0FEQUFBQVFBQUoiXQ.> (18 Feb 2013) This memoir was very old and written by Vidocq himself, which made it a valuable resource and a primary resource. Vidocq mentioned a lot about his conquests of crime during the time and when he caught criminals. I used quotes from this memoir in my website. “The Vidocq Society: Solving Murders Over Lunch” NPR. Interview. <http://>. (9 Feb 2013.) This interview was helpful because it showed many long term effects of Vidocq’s crime solving techniques. It shows the continued legacy of Vidocq through the Vidocq Society of crime solvers.

Vidocq, the father of detectives. (1872, Apr 14). New York Times (1857-1922). <> This was an old newspaper article from the New York Times in the 1800s. It discussed Vidocq’s life and his work. I will include an image of the paper in my project. Secondary Sources: Ashley, Mike.“ The Great Detectives: Vidocq.” Strand Magazine. <> (10 December 2012). This article mentioned the crime rates that changed between before Vidocq’s crime work and after. These numbers were very useful and they represent the effect that Vidocq had on all of France. This article also talked about Vidocq’s early life in Arras, Northern France. A+E Networks Digital. "Allan Pinkerton Biography.” Bio. True Story. <> (2 February 2013). I used this source to research Pinkerton and Vidocq’s effect on his work. I used an image from this source, but nothing else. A+E Networks Digital. "J. Edgar Hoover ." Bio. True Story. <> (2 February 2013). I used this source for information of J Edgar Hoover. I included a picture of him in my website. I learned more about his creation of the FBI. Callender, Newgate. "The World's First Detective." New York Times (1923-Current File), Mar 27, 1977. < I used this article for an image of Vidocq. This source was also useful for a long history of Vidocq. It had a specific list of all his achievements, which was very useful. Capuzzo, Michael. The Murder Room: The Heirs of Sherlock Holmes Gather to Solve the World's Most Perplexing Cold Cases. New York: Penguin, 2010. This book has not yet been delivered at the library, so I will complete the annotation when it is delivered. However, it seems like this book will talk a lot about the modern legacy of Vidocq, as well as stories from his past. Fisher, Jim. “Eugene-Francois Vidocq: The World’s First Detective.” Jim Fisher The

Official Website. <> (21 November 2012). This website was written by the retired FBI agent, Jim Fisher, who also writes many other books on crime. This was a very good and informative source because it gave some personal opinions about Vidocq and his impact on modern crime solving, which may be useful later in the project. “Francois Vidocq (French detective).” Britannica Online Encyclopedia. <> (10 December 2012). The article was helpful because it gave me more insight into the life of Vidocq. It also mentioned Vidocq’s childhood involvement in the military. In addition to this, the article mentioned many more books with characters based on Vidocq. "Gen. Upton's Death." Minneapolis Tribune (1867-1908), May 10, 1881. <> (2 March 2013.) This article was from 1881. It didn’t talk much of Vidocq, so it didn’t play a huge role in my project. It was amainly about Allan Pinkerton and it referred to him as American Vidocq. I used this as an image on my website to prove Vidocq’s influence on Pinkerton. Hale, T.J. Great French Detective Stories. New York: Vanguard Press, 1983. This book focused on some specific stories involving Vidocq. It was useful since it was very informative and clear. This also told the story of Hotot, a thief. This book was useful since it showed me some tactics that Vidocq used to capture his criminals. "History of Private Investigation." Kentucky Private Investigators. <> (2 February 2013). This source was very helpful since it gave a solid list of all of Vidocq’s accomplishments and all the innovations he created in his time. It also went on to talk about Pinkerton’s life and work. It intertwined both these and described Vidocq’s effect of Pinkerton, which was extremely useful. Miller, Dennis. “Conversations: the Murder Room.” (2010 video) <from> (2 February 2012).

This was a youtube video. It was an interview with Michael Capuzzo, the author of The Murder Room, a book about the Vidocq Society. I did not put a clip from this in my project, as I had originally intended. Morton, James. The First Detective: The Life and Revolutionary Times of Vidocq; Criminal, Spy, and Private Eye. Great Britain: Edbury Press, 2004. This book was a very informative source because it was about Vidocq’s entire life. It was a very thorough examination of his importance and the effect he has had on the world. This book caused me to clearly see the direct turning point in history that Vidocq spurred. “One of Modern History’s First Forensic Experts.” Criminal Justice School Info. <> (10 December 2012). This source was helpful because it went into more detail on the specific methods used by Vidocq to catch criminals, like undercover investigation, footprints, and record keeping. This article showed how truly innovative Vidocq was as a person and a head of the Surete. Ramsland, Katherine. Francois Eugene Vidocq: World's First Undercover Detective. The Forensic Examiner. American College of Forensic Examiners: 2006. This was an extrememly unseful source. It focused a lot of Vidocq’s early life and had an overview of everything until his death. It also discussed Vidocq’s impact on France and on crime fighting as a whole. Robb, Graham. Parisians: An Adventure History of Paris. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2010. This book devted an entire chapter to Vidocq and his accomplishments. It was very well written so it was a good place from which to pull quotes. I used the section about pre-Vidocq France in my project. Siegel, Robert. Interview with James Morton. NPR. All Things Considered. July 01, 2011. This interview, though not a primary source, was still very helpful. Robert Siegel interviewed Michael Capuzzo, author of The Murder Room, a book about the Vidocq Society. He discussed how the Society is carrying on Vidocq’s legacy. I included an audio clip with part of the interview in my website. Smitha, Frank. “France in the mid-1700s." MacroHistory : World History.

<>(accessed April 12, 2013). This website, written by historian Frank Smitha was very helpful when I began researching the time period in France before Vidocq made changes in the French police. It provided some nice quotes and allowed me to set up a scene about what was going on in France during Vidocq’s time. Stead, Philip John. Vidocq: Picaroon of Crime ( Eugène François Vidocq - Creator of the Surete ). London Staples, 1953. This book was very detailed and in depth. I used a quote from this source in my project to back up my ideas about Vidocq’s instigation of the turning point of crime fighting. The book had a lot of ideas about Vidocq’s work. "The French Police System." Encyclopedia Britannica. <> (accessed April 12, 2013). This site was a useful source because it gave an overview of all the historical French police systems. It gave an explanation of the flaws in the early French police. I used much information from this source when writing up my early France police portion of my project. “Vidocq (François-Eugène).” La France Pittoresque.” 1858. <http://www.france> (25 November 2012.) This source was originally written in French, so I had to translate it. It was a document form 1858. This told about Vidocq’s early life, before he became an important detective. I will probably not use this is my website. However, it also discussed his later life and conquests as a detective. "WHICH THE JUSTICE WHICH THE THIEF? THE LIFE AND INFLUENCE OF EUGÈNE-FRANÇOIS VIDOCQ." Legal Studies Forum 29, no. 2 (April 2005): 825-837. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (21 January 2013). This was an interesting source. It was an academic journal about Vidocq. It went in depth into his yearly life and criminal background. It also mentioned a lot about his impact on literature, especially with Edgar Allen Poe. Williams, Valentine. "A Famous Master of Sleuthing." New York Times (1923-Current File), Mar 31, 1935. < accountid=13996> (3 March 2013.) This was an old newspaper article that I was able to access from 1923. aI used this article because it talked more about the specific impact that Vidocq’s Memoirs had on people all over. I used a picture of the article as a graphic on my website.