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Not practice following theory but theory emerging out of successsful practice. First practice, then theory. There are more fresh truths and insights here than what could be learnt from a hundreds of conferences, seminars, TV discussions and Davos type conclaves of the rich and powerful. The experience of one lifetime spent in the successful revival of so many organizations and the consequent conflicts is more than sufficient to draw some conclusions. Most of these are in the nature of revealed hope paths out of the impasses each one of us faces and some describe sterile dead ends which we ought to abandon immediately - the destruction of misleading illusions only after which is the truth grasped, the correct path seen. These illusions are lucrative, so demolishing them will be fiercely resented. I am not an commentator who has gained his knowledge of the world around us from reports, libraries, journals, studies and interviews with the distinguished. No documents are referred to , only my memory spoke to me. My understandings narrated here are forged from a real lived life, which is my own. Action was the drum beat which urged me forwards. I acted first, out of some intuitive beliefs and a general understanding of the world around and never from rule books, and drew my conclusions afterwards. It is these conclusions that are presented on this site. The actions are described in greater length in my memoirs. Both this site and my memoirs are very different from anything you may have read tilll now. This is reason enough to read what is written here. But this is not a feel good book. As I mention repeatedly, doing good is never feel good. I learned directly from life and never took any superfluous advice. When you seek directions autonomously , the measuring instruments and score card of the experienced world directly tells you every second what is happening and also the best way to go, and any corrections can be made in real time by constant feedback. In such situations all advice is superfluous and I made my own decisions. This book is about how this process played out. Here you will find no hackneyed phrases, no buzzwords; everything is freshminted from a real life. The accounts narrated here were played out on the business stages. These are real as you can get, success or failure are splashed in primary colours, of black and red. They cannot be faked or if they are, time will expose them. After every success , I faced opposition from the official stakeholders who benefited the most. The conclusion is damning - ethical success is opposed in India. It logically follows that most of what are shown as successes in public life in our country would have a question mark around them and need to be examined carefully. This implication will multiply manifold the number of those who will be opposed to my conclusions. They are the vested interests who will oppose the ethical. And thereby hangs the tale which I now narrate.
#" Each person at the head of any organization , government or private, must think independently to be ethically effective. The phrase Seeking Directions, which is the title of my Memoirs, in its two opposite meanings covers the entire spectrum of a civil servant's ability to act. One meaning
would be seeking orders or guidance from a higher level. The other meaning refers to a way of thinking and acting which is at the other end of the spectrum. The ethical leader seeks directions autonomously looking to the needs of the organization to grow and flourish. He assumes that the powerful stakeholders of the organization, those who posted him and can remove him, will be satisfied if the organization does well by objective market measurements. He does not try to please the powerful in any other way. Those who experienced my ways of working both in Gujarat and Kerala, will agree I was such an ethical. There is no point in writing about ethical managhement unless one has successfully demonstrated it in the real world of business. I did this." #" Nobody chooses to be a rebel. One can do it in college but that is only a pose and is forgiven provided it stops there. It usually does. In real life it is almost always the weak who rebel and this act is always against some condition which restiricts their freedom or keeps them in a subordinate postion unjustly. The rebel whose postion is weak almost always fails in his effort to win for himself that measure of fairnes and dignity he is entitled to as a human being. The rebellion of the weak can succeed only if it is a social movement on a large scale and is led by charismatic and dedicated leaders. But what about a person in a positon of some limited power and influence? Such a person is not usually a rebel as then he would be pitted against the very establishment from which he draws his power. But the role of a rebel IS THE INEVITABLE CONSEQUENCE for such a person if he decides to SEEK DIRECTIONS AUTONOMOUSLY IN HIS OFFICIAL DUTIES, in other words, if he functions ethically. The weak person rebels against unjust conditions. The strong person positively fights for that which he sees is good and which he feels he can himself achieve in his own organization which he heads, with his own powers, without any outside help. As he succeeds in this, the powerful including the official stakeholders turn against him. He is then engaged in defending his organization's interests and stands up against these persons. Once a person heading any organization takes up an ethical role, then success in the organizational goals and conflict with the powerful is the inevitable consequence. But he rebels not against that which is wrong but for that which is right. Society benefits greatly from such persons.
# This is a digital doorway leading to the memoirs of Alexander K. Luke, who served in Gujarat and Kerala in the Indian Administrative Service for long. He also worked in two private sector organizations in Mumbai. Being posted as CEO to companies when they were in distress, he was able to turnaround or substantially improve nine of them. The corporations he headed were among the biggest and most important in Gujarat and Kerala. He does not complain that he was not given crucial assignments. But they were in a critical state when he took charge and there was no interest among other officers for these assignments because the task was dificult. But he does charge the owners of all these companies of turning against him once he had
revived them. This was understandable as they saw the threat Shri Luke posed. # Perhaps no one in the world has such a record of turnarounds. He shares no similarity with other civil servants. He differs from them in practically every way.
# His academic record was mediocre and he possessed no exceptional personal capabilities.
# He was awarded the Distinguished Alumnus Award by the Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai in 2001
# Because of his serial successes, he was known as the Turnaround Man of Gujarat. Many referred to him as the Man with the Midas Touch and some as Parasmani. His efforts created thousands of crores of new wealth and presented to the world a new model of ethical business success, something which most persons had thought to be nothing more than a utopian fantasy.
# Faced with the choice of maintaining good relations with the powerful and improving the organizations under his charge, he chose the latter. He allowed no interference - political, administrative or of power brokers - in his organizations. This generated intense hostility against him among those excluded who then combined to remove him from his post as soon as the organization had been revived.
# His memoirs highlight the practice and theory of ethical management in the revival of commercial or economic organizations. It is an uncompromising but true account of his professional experiences and provides insights that can be drawn from them.
# He shows how ethical management produces results far superior to existing corporate and civil service models. But it faces intense opposition from those who benefited from an unethical set up. He defines an ethical as a person in a position of power and responsibility who, working for those he does not know and those who cannot pay him back, yet achieves the practical
business goals of the organization even while facing the opposition of the powerful. The ethical is strong, not in the sense of his ability to coerce others or take what he wants, but becasue he creates a sheltering canopy for those who need it. There are so many who do need it. Strength is the ability and desire to nurture others. Strength is also the willingness to face the enimity of the powerful and the grit and stamina to face adversities and setbacks in the running of the organizations, day after day, month after month, without quitting. Honesty and intelligence are such minor qualities that they are not worth mentioning. A commitment to ethics overtops these qualities. An honest and intelligent person can be and is quite often unethical. Being honest he feels he can commit the lesser sins.
# Shri Luke joined the Gujarat State Fertilizers and Chemicals Ltd in May, 2003 and left in November , 2006. When he joined, this company, which was called The Pride of Gujarat, was tottering on its legs and dirges were being sung for it. It was burdened with huge debts, negative cash flow, low production and high stocks, serious technical problems in the new ammonia plant, and large overdues to raw material suppliers.For the three preceding years, 2000-2003the total loss was Rs. 680cr(Rs 6.8billion), including Rs. 392cr. for 2002-03. For the three succeeding years, 2003-6, the profits were Rs 42cr., Rs 251 cr. and Rs. 437cr., before tax, totalling Rs. 730cr. EBIDTA increased form Rs 100cr. in 2002-3 to Rs 670cr in 2005-06 (higher than Tata Chemicals which had a larger turnover). The turnover went up from Rs 1890cr to Rs 2940cr even with lower fertilizer prices. The EBIDTA to sales ratio went up from 5.4 % in 2002-03 to 23.4% in 2005-06 ( Tata Chemicals 19%, Coromandel 11%, and RCF 10% ). The return on capital employed went up from minus 9.8% in 2002-03 to +20.3% in 2005-06( ROCE for Tata Chemicals that year was 14%, for Coromandel 15% and for RCF 13%) . The share price which was around Rs 14 when he joined, reached Rs. 251 three years later in May 2006, an 18 fold increase ( today, more than six years after he left, the share price has gone up to Rs 300); during the same period, the share price of similar private sector companies- Tata Chemicals went up from Rs 68 to Rs 275, Coromandel Fertilizers from Rs 62 to Rs 114 and that of RCF, a similar Central Government company, went up from Rs 22 to Rs 72. GSFC, comatose in beginning 200304, outpaced and overtook all these well known companies. Technical problems were set right. All plants worked at full capacity. These results were achieved without any cash infusion from any source or the retrenchment of a single employee. Shri Luke's salary of Rs 25000 pm was three times the salary of the lowest paid employee of the company. The entire long term debt of the company, of Rs 970 cr including Rs. 90cr. of the state government, was prepaid during 2004-05 and 2005-06 as against the scheduled 10 years. Many business analysts would find it hard to believe these figures. The most imaginative fiction writer would hesitate to project such a successful fightback. It was the most inspiring turnaround ever witnessed in India or even perhaps even the world. No member of any of even the most illustrious private sector business dynasties in India could have a record to rival this intense
For the biggest 100 companies. Among these was the rejuvenation of the giant Sardar Sarovar Project which was in a state of terminal coma when he took charge . for the biggest 250 companies it was lower at 120. The revivals he brought about in eight other companies under him . The Gujarat Alkalies and Chemicals which had run out of cash with cash losses. shares. # The Financial Times of London recently published a ranking of CEOs in UK for the value they deliver to share holders. all these sites. His total salary for the 3 and half years in GSFC was Rs 20 lacs. Such low hanging . that is for one pound paid to him he created 3631 pounds of additional value for share holders. a private. he revived the KMML and TTP which were both sickening. the average ratio was 339. were of the same calibre and quality. though a bit less spectacular. for its 8cr. The profit during this time was Rs.effort. the Fisheries Department convincingly demonstrated brackish water prawn culture. was revived by him in an epic effort. This is a never before witnessed scorecard of turnarounds of sick companies while functioning as CEO. With the EPS going up from minus Rs 48 to + Rs 37. on a large commercial scale. In Kerala. # During a six month period in 2009 -10 as CEO with the Gharda Chemicals. Under his personal direction. The highest score for a CEO was 3631. to entrpreneurs in South Gujarat thereby establishing this practice there. supports the profit claimed above). but very poorly managed. the share value of the company increased by Rs 1200cr. the other works were many times the value of the dam. a swing of Rs 85 which taking it over 8cr shares.when he joined. during the previous year. This figure. His score would be 6000 which is higher than the best in the FT rankings. with an admirable culture of scientific research.there was no work at any of the project sites when he took over. very private. The increase in share value of the company during the CEO's tenure divided by his total compensation is the measure by which CEOs are ranked. and that too for such pitiful rewards and continuing opposition. The GNFC showed substantial improvements under him. and the ratio for him would go beyond 25000! For those For those three and half years. He now feels this to have been his easiest effort. sector company. within three months turning them from loss to profit. were working round the clock the day he left.Taking a conservative share price increase of Rs150 during Shri Luke's time in GSFC. 102 crores against Rs. taking little. comes to an annual postive swing of Rs 680cr which would translate into the net present value of the company going up by Rs 5000cr. probably he was the word's most cost effective CEO. creating a lot. His unprecedented record of serial revivals was based on unselfish love and dedication towards the public interest. ( The working capital utilization with the bank was brought down to Rs 2 cr. 97 cr. except the dam site which had a legal stay. including many new ones taken up. which is verifiable. he doubled the profits in spite of low rainfall and lower prices. the day he left from the Rs 118 cr.
This program was withdrawn from the Agriculure Dept. BJP to CPM. an act for which they drew no rebuke from the State Ministers. 2004-5 and 2005-6. is pro farmer and industry but not if such programs are led by an ethical. the newly formed company. . which was the period of the most intense flowering of the GSFC miracle. The farmers of Gujarat enthusiastically appreciated the way it was done when Shri Luke was at the helm. were communicated to him for two consecutive years. and handed over to GSFC to implement. There was no corruption. But he decided to leave the company when the owner insisted on remaining present in his daily coordination meetings with the officers. approved by the Chief Minister. never control. one day the KMML unions physically prevented his entry into the company premises for 5 days. This leadership. infuriated the state's leadership. His resignation followed immediately and the Industry Minister accepted it in indecent haste the same day. # The drip irrigation program in Gujarat had become bogged down in inefficiency and irregularities. of which he was the founder Chairman. neither of which is given to them if such programs are led by an ethical. bogus reporting or delay and the quality of work satisfied the farmers. While serving as MD in GSFC Shri Luke volunteered to take up this program in a transparent and efficient manner. adverse remarks in Shri Luke's Annual Confidential Reports. leakage. becoming a model for drip programs else where in the country. Under his close supervision. and all political formations in between. The opposition to ethical successes was not imagined by him. control is in the hands of persons who lack the capability of taking the organization to peak performance. Ethical success here too was generating insecurity and resentment in the principal beneficiary. Performance can be sacrificed. and caused him severe personal dislocations. # In Gujarat. They want the leverage and they want the credit for success. Control is preferred to performance. This success. they know how to deal with an ethical who thinks the public interest is a sufficient warrant to act! At these times Shri Luke was isolated and stood alone. This was how the Gujarat and Kerala governments repaid him for his services. In a short time he proved himself to be the greater wealth creator than the owner. which claims to be pro industry and pro farmer.fruit are in plenty in most private sector companies. and precipitated the events which led to his taking early retirement from the IAS and leaving Gujarat. 100% benefits went to the farmers. it was real and formidable. the GGRC. like all other power formations in India. In Kerala. along with the GSFC revival. His success here prevented the company takeover by a private equity giant as the price agreed to by the owner before he joined was now felt to be too low looking to the profits Shri Luke generated. In much of corporate India including the private sector. services which were without equal in the history of these states. after the company revival by him over a period of 18 months. implemented it speedily and effectively.
To illustrate. These turnarounds happened so quickly and almost. It is therefore proper that ethical success like mine also be projected particularly as the unethicals . perhaps for fear I would actually turn it around! The company has some prime lands. additional to what would have been created in his absence. Even those who ousted him began to speak glowingly of his contribution once he was safely out of the way Shri Luke's ways of working and contributions have stood the test of time even in ideologically opposed camps like Gujarat and Kerala. But there are no takers. which is very small and very sick. What's sauce for the goose is not sauce for the gander. with a loss of Rs. nobody. None of his decisions. 84 cr. He estimates his ethical model created real and potential future wealth. All this is accepted as normal.. turnover for the first two quarters of 2012-13 is Rs. # A person who drives an expensive car shows everyone that he has made enough money to have bought one. The Government of India considered my name for heading HMT. It is the ethical baggage I carry that dissuades them. Shri Luke's views # All these revivals and turnarounds under me were achieved without any cash infusiton from outside and without retrenchiing a single worker. but somebody decided against it. that I received some friendly advice not to make it look so easy but to spread it out over a longer period! Today I am confident of turning around any organization which is not yet certified dead. # In all these organizations revived by Shri Luke. including those involving huge financial ones. have been questioned. a fact which is soon known to all. he left behind systems of transparent information flows and structured decision making. It is the same with anyone who attains high office . The owner of a large house is also exhibits his wealth to the world. An industrialist who names his company and even his products after his or his family name is glorifying himself even more audaciously. He who checks in to an expensive hotel likewise shows he has the means to do so. of more than Rs 10000cr. could have revived GSFC the way he did unaided. All of them are loudly exhibiting their wealth and achievements no matter how humble their personal demeanour. In every such organization. This is wealth which would not have been otherwise created. inevitably. not even the brightest star from the private sector from India or abroad. unrewarded and unsung. by all these efforts. as it appeared. Ethical success also needs to stand on that lighted stage where exceptional deeds are celebrated. these systems were retained and constituted the mechanism for day to day functioning after he left. 53cr.The qualities of economic leadership which are now ascribed to the Gujarat leadership were displayed by him in the purest form in the revival of its major corporations.
A huge tidal wave of applause reverberating accross the entire country and even beyond. created wealth for others without doing it proportionately for oneself. The ethical makes great wealth for society and nothing for himself. improved thousands of ordinary lives. and done all this against the opposition of the powerful. The present policy driven administration or even creating a broad highway for the free market can never do this. and remark that what I talked about was something out of cloud cuckoo land. People need to know this. then one must continuously blow one's own trumpet and wave the ethical victory banner from the highest point so that all can see these deeds repeatedly. wealth. It is worth a respectful look. Ethical management can make India a country great in wealth and material prosperity. . was what I visualised in my more sublimely hopeful moments! But the owners of these companies saw the revivals as a danger and me as a threat. It was big.would otherwise prefer to ignore it as it embarrasses them. an existential threat. They all turned their faces away. A person with hubris could not be an ethical. I take pride in what I did. These successes will make clear that ethical management did win astounding victories in their own fields. it was hazardous. # I am presentling my achievements somewhat prominently also because without these my ethics would not be taken seriously at all. If you have made wealth then one must not boast about it as the reward for efforts is already received. or long experience would smile disdainfully. honors and public expression of gratitude by the owners and other stakeholders . it was unique. # In any merit loving society. In fact let me say it without ambiguity. and if those who benefited have not formally acknowledged it. having created less and taken out more. And unlike them I did all this without any possibility of becoming wealthy or personally successful or any sort of reward . They saw looming ahead of them the terrifying prospect of these engines of wealth creation (and wealth destruction) slipping away from their grasp and into an autonomous and ethical mode of functioning. these breakthroughs should have yielded an extraordinary payback of praise. and it was unselfish and altruistic. in fact against opposition. This is my answer to those who feel talking about one's own success is hubris. None of the business and management associations and institutes acknowlegded and praised this rarest of the rare occurrences. Ethical success boldly projected would also encourage others to attempt it. I will myself make it known to all who take some trouble to know these things. A system of values which can do this is surely superior to their money and chair driven exertions. It was an unambiguous thumbs down to practical business ethics of which they all have a visceral fear. But if one has ethically revived organizations. The men of power. Most businessmen/industrialists/ CEOs too would find these figures uncomfortable to read. These persons now appear frequently on TV . If nobody else does it.
I wish everybody would say it out loud and shout it from the roof tops. But they are all aware of an absence of ethics among the powerful because of which they slow down their responses holding back their best. Our human capabilities of brain.wondering why the India growth rate is slipping. using the most powerful megaphone they can find. # It is a tragic scene we behold. than what was achieved in 2007 -2010. every day. with equity. It is a characteristic of our public life which in some form or essence. somewhere or the other in our country. I was stubborn and kept an unwavering ethical keel. Both these are contained in my experiences. The scam induced acceleration in business confidence is losing momentum. imagiantion and sheer intelligence among Indian entrepreneures and managers to take India to an even faster growth path. Great hopes lie suppressed and anger sweeps the land. # There are two fundamental realities that face India today. But it is nothing more than a wish. Mother India distraught and weeping. the easy pickings are over and yet the Indian government and business men resolutely refuse to turn to ethical pathfinders to lead them out of this maze. There is a conspiracy of silence on ethical management. #Everyone wishes to be ethical but most give up when they see the frowning face of Authority. The first reality is that all of our difficulties can be convertd into opportunities by an ethical approach in which success is certain and failure impossible. My book revolves around these. There is enough talent. her children cheated . Ideals die young here. divided and forever hobbled with conflict . controversies and factions. drive capability. middle class angst and grinding poverty of the masses that we now see. is repeated in hundreds and thousands of cases. But ours is no country for bold men. This is the only reason for our economic disappointments. Every thing else follows from these two fundamentals. I can tell them. # There is nothing personal in the hostility I faced. heart and soul entitle India and its people to a far better life than the obscene wealth. The other fundamental reality we face is that the ethical approach will be opposed tooth and nail by today's leadership. If I was the only person who had ever experienced this. then this story would not be worth narrating. This hostility among the powerful towards ethical action is all pervasive in our country and has kept India weak. This is the tragedy India faces. This is why it is so important for every thinking Indian to read or at least know about my experiences.
a brighter better future. To repeat. A heart surgeon will not be called a good heart surgeon if his patients have a high mortality rate. It is not becasue of the personal skills or ability of the leader in performing field tasks better than any of his employees. Except in the rare cases. Moreover the ethical is prepared to to suffer personal setbacks in the defence of his organization's interest. This is essential. His capabilities will increase many fold immediately though he will become more vulnerable to the anger of the powerful unethicals. A gardener will not be called a good gardener if his plants are in a poor shape. just as a seed has within it the capability of a giant oak. a future where we become what we were meant to be. Ethics works on an understanding of human motivation. So when we talk of an ethical leader. Perhaps the most exclusive in the world ! This is not hubris. hopes betrayed. No application form is required to join this club. An ethical leader is one who uses this scientific ethics with courage and single minded dedication towards the organizational peak performance. That is how its amazing victories are won. for without this he cannot be called ethical and will definitely fail. Any person holding any position of power and responsibility can become ethical by just deciding to be so. Such persons could display all those qualities which in society's eyes make him a good person. He only opens the locks that hold us back and brings out the hidden capabilites of eacteam member. It is similar to saying he is not scientific in his professional work. In fact. An ethical leader never fails. They are capable of doing it far better than him. I always knew that many persons. The reader should now click on the Principles of Ethical Management icon and quickly go through it. he may be removed before he completes the task but that is not failure. Even during the time he was there. But ethicals are self appointed. a leader cannot be called ethical if he fails. The same way. An ethical is condemned to walk alone. it is a very exclusive club we are talking about.and deceived. facing the slings and arrows of an outraged elite. No adverse personal judgement is implied by calling a person unethical. Only ethical leadership will do this. Ethical management releases man's suppressed capabilities. promises broken. But within this cathartic scene lie the seeds of a different future. It is not a term describing a traditionally moral person. who being unethical . the ethical leader will find the keys to the organization's revival and make it happen INVARIABLY. it means he has not scientifically applied ethics here. The failure in Indian leadership is largely here. The ethical leader has the courage to face those stronger than him. people will say he was successful. We just have to break the chains which imprison us. an ethical leader NEVER fails in the task alotted to him as long as he remains ethical. He was therefore not ethical in this particular case. It must be repeated that ethical is a term for describing a scientific approach to organizational revival by motivating its employees. Because of powerful opposition. it is very far from it. # The ethical engine is powered forward by a scientific ratio and not traditional morality. If he fails.
So there is a world of difference between a traditionally moral person.and consequently unable to achieve successes like mine. For this he must be creative in his work. Secondly as stated . were inherently more capable than me and could have surpassed mehad they turned ethical. Ethics then tells him what must be done. he should have been successful in improving the health of his organization or that part of the organization that he controls. good family men. is how an ethical is identified. Belief in a moral world is not an option. He must be able to spread his creativity to other memebers of his team and bring out the best in them. unethical. Unlike the traditionally moral person who defines himself as moral by the wrongs he did not commit. This ethical world that he creates around him is successful in all its organizational goals. He assumes that organizational success under him would please them and organization weaknesses would displease them. The unethical does not have to commit any of the deadly sins to qualify. the ethical person sees himself as ethical because of the positive things he did. The ethical goes ahead to do the right things. It is only persons who are powerful who can threaten an organization's interests. never what should not be done. # Being ethical is a description of a person's record in his professional life. hard working. They are like those trace elements in the body which are vital to its health. The ethical does not try to please the powerful and does not even not try not to displease the powerful. This in brief. The only reason for calling them unethical is that they are not ethical as per the above two requirements. decent folk. So the ethical must have a record of conflicts against powerful persons incuding those who appointed him and those who can harm him and even remove him from his post. First and foremost. Most unethicals are pious. Not being ethical is the single failure that damns him. It is a transformational vision which will create a moral world within the radius of his control. Practical success is not at the cost of ethics but because of it. this situation is particularly so in our country. This belief is not a reflection of the world as it exists. He could do this only if he had defended the organization's legitimate interests. in fact law abiding. . And how to identify an unethical? Anyone who is not ethical is. by exclusion. even while being aware of theharm that may result to him personally because of it. do not tell lies except by suppression . very often the pillars of society types. It is in society's interests to maintain a small number of these elements. he should have grown and strengthened his organization's legitimate interests. # The ethical leader continuously seeks ethical directions. Naturally the number of ethicals in any society is minute. The ethical should therefore have defended the organizational interests against these powerful persons. as revealed to him by ethical direction seeking. on the one hand . The fact that this is not so does not change his behaviour. The traditionally moral person rejects wrong doing because of the fear of adverse consequences to him personally including lower self esteem. otherwise known as the honest and intelligent person. and the true ethical. honest.
Nothing that is worth doing is impossible. But this improvement requires the ethical and does not happen by itself. This simple filter will keep out all the advisory experts. some of these Secondary Ethicals will turn into Primary Ethicals. The number of Primary Ethicals in any society is directly proportional to the desire of that society to progress ethically. provided it is an intelligent wish.# The ethical is identified by his record of what he has done and not by what he intends to do or what he feels is worthwhile doing. The ethical . looking at the matter more closely."Mankind always takes up only such problems as it can solve. The forces that shape this world have an intelligence that pose only those problems to us that we can tackle. This philosophic insight is one of the profoundest in philosophy. we will always find that the problem itself arises only whenthe material conditions necessary for its solution already exist or are at least in the proceess of formation. The Hegelian dialectic of thesis. chemistry and thermodynamics but the scientific approach of pursuing cause and effect relationships. These Secondary Ethicals turn ethical only if someone in a position of power over them behaves ethically. The conditions for its success already exist. We are judged harshly for failure. It has to be sought ethically. But courage is required. History is a pitiless judge. Nothing we wish to do. He is able to influence and convert to ethical behaviour those over whom he is in some position of authority. and stamina. In time. What is even more heartening is that the revived organization is different and better than what it was before the crises. antithesis and synthesis is at work." We never take up a problem that cannot be solved. # A philosopher had said . that is scientifically. thinkers and policy planners and other busy bodies who keep talking about what should be done. lost and directionless. is impossible. They should be asked.What did you do/are doing when you occupied/are occupying a seat of authority? # There is the Primary Ethical who pursues the ethical path regardless of opposition and personal setbacks. even while searching for human motivations. By scientific I do not mean exclusivley physics. Nobody tries to revive a man who has been dead for a month. Today it is impossible to turnaround a factory which used to make tape recorders except if some new technology has developed which produces a superior product. since. In any society the number of Primary Ethicals is very small but almost everyone is potentially a Secondary Ethical. This applies with greater force where a new plant is set up. After a thing is done it will be added to his tally. It is a trumpet of hope to rouse those who are dejected and tired. Consequently any failure to achieve success is entirely becuase of the limitations of the person leading the effort. The world we live in is potentially capable of infinite improvement. That is why any organization which is capable or was once capable of serving a useful social or economic purpose can be revived. But the solutions will not come to us on a plattter.
between forst conservation or coal and mineral extraction. Earlier this term was used for those who had earned it fighting for others on behalf of some cause. He obliged no one personally. between fiscal prudence or pro poor programs or any of the involved debates which occupy the time of our leadership. Each one of them knows that they will get whatever is rightly due to them so there is no need to cultivate him. an ethical role in the running of business would invite ridicule.will be in charge only if society has faith in the transforming power of ethics. # The choices decision makers in India face is not between agriculture or industry . # In a society where succcess itself is defined as winning the goodwill of the powerful. These golf players and frequent flyers will never fight for the weak. He walks alone because this is the way to deliver the maximum benefits to those he leads. The ethical effort will reveal solutions that will propel us into perpetual and meaningful actions. between social equity or material progress. Most of the present discussions on policies are pointless and gives precedence to the talkers. between tribal rights or development. A conversion to ethics will liberate the energies and potential of millions of people. As the freindships between the men and women of influence usually begins and is sustained by the giving and taking material favors. It is between taking an ethical path or persisting with the unethical practices of least resistance. He is passionately interested in improving the real world around him. That is why the ethical role has so few supporters except among the weak and the vulnerable who benefit most from it. Those who benefited under him did so because of ethical environment he created in the organization. Today management literature reserves its highest accolades for those exhibiting a quality called 'leadership'. making symbolic concessions to corporate social . definitely not for the weak. so how do they call themselves leaders? This term is now nothing but a euphemism for a sugar coated aggression and greed. who have no intention of taking risks on behalf of anyone. A leader was seen as someone who took risks for those he led. they will never get what they are not entitled to. But this 'leadership' is by the strong and for the strong. have jumped in and have appropriated this term. Thus only societies which believe in ethics can progress. the ethical has no friends among the powerful and influential. But he is no mystic or a lotus eater who has withdrawn from life. though rarely of a directly monetary nature. Quite the contrary. # It is a difficult path the ethical walks on and he always walks alone. pen pushers and seat warmers who are the least productive agents. This is the real choice. The unethical approach will see problems that will tie us into perpetual debates. so let us keep clear of him. Now the businessmen and executives. the rich and the well connected. Let each decision maker choose ethics and then the solutions will follow.
Lost because abandoned. Porter or Peters . must be rediscovered. # The material in this book is not Prahlad. the . which is what ethical leadership is. And if you fight for a lost cause. The management field is crawling with leaders for the strong and well off. To them such leadership is reserved for the trade unions. I would agree with her on that. # Lost causes are the only ones worth fighting for. Chetan Bhagat. A leadership for the weak and vulnerable. In fact they made men of wealth and power feel good about themselves portraying them as historical agents of modernization and change or even heroic Ayn Rand characters . There is a vacancy for good men here. None of them actually turned around a corporation and were far too intelligent to have worked against powerful interests. It is not. They are lost. They are excluded from the benefits due to them. not destroyed. would be dismissed without comment among today's business heads and management thinkers.the man of destiny silhouetted against a dull. The arrangements he sets up benefit the organization and all its stakeholders fairly. he too became rich preaching of the mystical loner who shuns wealth and comfort. (To Ayn Rand I would say. To use a term our business experts will understand. so that leaves your philosophy in shambles! There can be altruism among the powerful. The real corporate responsibility is for the management to be ethical. NGOs and the Mother Theresas. In an ethical arrangement. having no one else to lead them and so many to mislead them. you do not have to fight off others who are after that chair. But the weak and the vulnerable need the ethical in their daily economic life. I did more than what your heroes did but did it for altruistic reasons. they would get their dues without discrimination and treated as complete human beings entitled to respect. disinterested and greedy world. It is not Paul Coelho though there may be a superficial resemblance. On the contrary! In fact. They will stake a claim. To me that was good enough reason to be ethical.responsibility. God forbid. # The ethical leader sets up systems wherein all are treated fairly and their strengths utilized. the returns here are far greater. ) There are no management terms here in the book. but only after the organization has come back to health and your work is over. But perhaps Ayn Rand would have replied that doing a good deed increases our self worth and so it too is a selfish act. So I decided to pitch my tent here. but being yet worthy. In a socially unjust set up the weak and the vulnerable find themselves patronized at best and marginalized usually. They worked for rich corporations and in the process became rich. But the ethical leader is not a spokesman for sectional interests. There is a shortage of leaders for the weak and the vulnerable. This is not even a self help book.
What is written here would destroy their self image which has been so carefully built up on such ratioanalizations. It will not help you in your career. A small part of this Liittle India is within his control. A thespian. A doctor too by treating his patients with the utmost deication improves that . This is the only way he can show his patriotism. This he/she can improve and this is the only real expression of patriotism for any individual. Who never to himself hath said. then read on. Let me explain. This book will appear foolish to those who have done well materially in their lives or wish to do well and even to those drones who are without any driving ambitions and just desire to live pleasantly and safely. This book may be for you. It would taste of gall and wormwood to them. get ahead in life or even get along with people. Most of these he cannot remove but he does not see or even experience the whole country. though it may liberate your soul from a meaningless existence. my native land? Every one loves his country but the real patriot recognizes there are blemishes and imperfections. A mother looks after her children the best she can. The poet had asked Breathes there a man with a soull so dead. He sees only that Little India which he experiences and sees daily. His love is expressed in wanting to improve that whixch he loves. This is her Little India which she can influence and improve. and are a patriot in the true sense of being "one who tries to make his country worthy of his love". But if you are different and relish the whiff of danger in the pursuit of a good cause and feel thought intoxicated by a " possibility beyond already existing reality ". and accept losses and personal defeats on the way. A school teacher has with her those thirty or so children for a few hours every day whose minds she tries to open up. This is my own. can recall to us those qualities we the audience had forgotten and fortify our resolve to live better lives with courage. # What is in this book is heady stuff and not for them. The steps outlined here will align powerful persons against you.book may convince you to act in a manner prejudicial to your own material self interest. This is the finest definition of a patriot. The soldier guards that bit of the border he is asked to defend. This belief is wrong and the book will show why. A company CEO cannot improve the entire country but he has power to strengthen his company. if he is good at his craft. read on. They espouse the self serving belief that a person holding a position of power and influence can be ethical without coming into conflict with the powerful and without making any sacrifice in one's career. # A patriot is one who tries to make his country worthy of his love. and are prepared to fight for those who cannot pay you back and those you do not know.
The ethical would now have greater freedom to act within the government. I only defended myself against the enraged attacks of the unethical powers. This inevitably leads to adopting ethical principles as this is how the optimum results are obtained. The governments can be reformed only by more efforts like mine. preferring to clean up and then prevent further wrongs. you are a patriot and nothing more is to be done to show your patriotism. It is not a victory but a defeat for them. I was a rebel within the government and displayed more courage than those who left the government and now speak from public platforms. Each one of us can be a patriot regardless of what is happening in the rest of the country. The powerful forces who earlier were in the vanguard in attacking an ethical like me will now be under attack themselves. from within and not from outside." For them the price paid by the powerful is too high. The ethical will find his main foe considerably weakened. In fact it may slow down enterprise. an ethical success is a cure worse than the desease. against powerful opposition. Looking at an ethical success they would. My journey was different but perhaps more hazardous and lonely. The agitations on the street will create not one additional grain of food or an extra unit of industrial production. The left . If you are ethical in your professional life. It was victors I created. they will be exposing each other which is a very good thing. The agitations are being waged in the Indian streets and maidans to win the heart and mind of every Indian. It is only persons like me working and taking risks for the public interest within the fortifications of power who have brought about real change in institutions. including nine commercial ones. But patriotism has to be exhibited in your main professional field by doing your best to improve that little patch of land you nurture. # But there is one positive aspect to what the movement against corruption is doing. My successedid not require me to atttack anyone. In addition. But it is more thrilling to attack people and this attracts more support than what I did. # The Indian middle class is angry with the corruption within the government. # Ethical leadership and management are not being proposed anywhere as alternative paths out of the country's ills. I left no victims in my wake. I accused none of wrongdoing. To a patriot one has to be professional in one's professional life.Little India he has control over. now that the convention among the corrupt of not attacking each other is also not in place. Being ethical is a necessary and sufficient condition for patriotism. I worked for thirty five years within the government and." A few more victories like this and we shall be utterly ruined. like King Pyrrhus say . To most men of power and influence in India. revived more than a dozen organizations.
lacking the courage required. Only ethical persons benefit society. Their motions not only help cover up corruption but more important. They have a squeeky clean image. This is a sort of partnership! Such honest and intelligent persons insist only on one thing . then ethical functioning would create an additional benefit of 10x.hand side of the ethical menu delivered wonderful fare but the right hand side payment bankrupted them. Unlike the corrupt. The number of corrupt persons in the government is comparatively small. An honest and intelligent officer is capable of being unethical and siding with the powerful without taking any material benefits. If removing corruption. He frequently does this and that is how the government functions because a government composed 100% of the corrupt could not possibly function. I am unknown while the anti corruption campaigners are folk heroes. They cause more damage than the corrupt . They need the honest. The identity of the corrupt officers and staff is known to those who make payments. the uethicals are never identified. # Contrary to the common understanding. They would cheat each other and the illegal work could not be done. allows the predominantly unethical acts which are done in government offices to go ahead. They are the mainframe or flywheel which keeps things happening and gives an air of normalcy and business as usual. do the paper work and defend the decision. It is not illiogical but a carefully thought out reaction of those in power. saves the organization x amount. with a bonus of zero corruption thrown in free. but without bringing in ethical functioning. An ethical person is prepared to stand up against the powerful on behalf of the public interest. The rest of the employees are the ones who are honest and intelligent but unethical. The benefits of ethical functioning would go to the organization but it would stop their cash flow and leverage completely and that is why they oppose it. It is these persons who are the real stars in government non functioning. hardworking and intelligent officers to provide the justification and respectability. For this very reason the common people must support it. the middlemen who arrange it and also to the honest officials in that office even if they are not officially caught. Similarly those who expose scams are rated higher than the ethical who may have revived an organization creating huge additional wealth and. Most persons in the government are honest and intelligent but not ethical. as a biproduct. He covers up the wrongdoings of the powerful or he pretends he does not see it even though it looms up in front of him like the Himalayas. Yet everyone froths at the mouth against corruption but no one is championing ethical leadership. They do not do so because the common man mistakenly equates mere honesty and intelligence to ethics. # Let me give a logical demonstration of this absurdity.that the proposed action has the tacit approvel at the top. A benefit of x is preferred to 11x! It appears illogical beyond belief. I would put it at 5% though in some notorious offices it may be higher. wiping out corruption completely. or exposed. the proportion of the actively corrupt in government organizations overall is not high.
Corruption is nothing. That is why instead of trying to remove corruption. # More than corruption. his opposition will come not from inside the organization but from the outside. the nation should encourage ethical leaders. he is toast. Compared to these. The corrupt and even more . CAG. see the ethical in their midst as the common foe. Is the CEO supposed to watch this while twidddling his thumbs. I could remove it as easily as swatting a slow moving fly. merely because he wants to avoid unpleasantness which may align some powerful persons against him? Raging against corruption in general provides a vicarious satisfaction but we are hitting out at a straw man. frankly. It is in effect. The real failure in India society which contains within itself all other failures is the intolerance towards the ethical action in the public field. Merely trying to remove corruption is like spraying an overdose of pesticide on a flowering field. The present national upsurge against corruption leaves me a little uneasy. The organizations I handled were the most cash rich in Gujarat and Kerala. # The honest unethical does not see any danger from the corrupt elements in the office provided these corrupt elements observe decencies and are outwardly respectful to the honest unethicals. It may kill the pests but . theft of the organization's resources. the real damage in the government is the wastage in unproductive schemes and worse. But as the chief. As a CEO and Department Head. if he is not the chief. This requirement is always met as the corrupt are usually most friendly and respectful. from the powerful who are thus excluded. Corruption headed for the exits and caught the first bus out of town the day I joined. it was not much of a fight. This is false. the loss because of corruption is negligible. The corrupt are stupid and apt to scare easily. May I remind such persons that there is already a law against corruption whcih is a criminal offence. The ethical can control the organization if he heads it and then the corrupt and the unethicals will fall in line. the honest unethical. I tackled corruption and. It was no contest. CBI and Right to Information activist within the organization. # In all my asignments as CEO or Head of Department. It pretends that senior officers like me can do little to fight corruption in their organizations with the existing laws. in not taking advantage of the great opportunities which an ethical eye would spot and convert into practical achievements. I also functioned as the de facto CVC.officials. Today there is an impassioned talk of a life and death fight against corruption. An ethical organization head like me can convert both these groups into ethical functioning within days at the helm.
The objective oriented dynamism is being lost. coast. it is far more dangerous. This movement assumes that removing corruption is enough. The ethical approach would be a casualty in a system of mindless rule bound compliance which is what the movement will lead to. what is worse. but in the form of having to pay for . The tail cannot wag the dog. preferably by the person who is to implement it. A similar effect is seen in tightly controlled near dictatorial regimes with surveillance by the party cadre and/or police. it is mechanical work. "Based on the relevant opinions. Only then should the procedure be followed to implemnment it should be gone through. # The techno solution providers. the process is acceptable. New and even more deadly pests will emege against which the normal pesticides ( or anti corruption measures )will have no effect. Information technology will be effective but only at the cutting edge level. Ministers defend a decision by narrating all the steps which were taken and how everybody was consulted. Morality would be reduced to a method. water . The citizen ends up paying. This movement will seriously crimp decision making and slow it down in the sands of procedures. Bureaucratic rigidity would be established and and following a methodology of decision making would vindicate the effort. It will sap initiative in organizations just as excessive pesticides kill the micro organisms in the soil. Follow the laid down procedures and. air. the electro magnetic spectrum. At present corruption provides some incentive to work. what is under the land. or rather. Corruption and wrongdoing which was earlier more democratically spread among the subalterens will now be the preserve of higher functionaries. No decision should be justified by the procedure followed to arrive at it. and yet the skill in this is what is accorded the highest respect in the government. access to common paths and other misappropriation of public interests. wrongdoing would appear to have vanished. sensing good business opportunities. Aided and covered up by technology. But it may have just travelled upwards and become invisible. The results would be secondary. The ethical incentive is a thousand times more powerful than that of corruption. Here too corruption and wrongdoing moves upwards and the citizen experiences corruption free and efficient functioning of public services. things will come to a stand still as people sit back and play safe. This is already happening. The decision must first be arrived at. The procedural aspect requires the least brains. sea. It is also likely to get much bigger. The corruption.will also remove the fertility of the soil. a state business nexus. whatever the out come. so what is wrong with it?" they ask plaintively. With this also gone. not in the form of bribes. the Committee met and took the decision and all laid down procedures were followed. will suggest IT as a painless way to cut corruption and wrongdoing. takes the form of giving away the public rights to the commonwealth of land. This is what needs to be brought in. But it has merely But it has merely expanded and become invisible to public scrutiny. beaches. They never give the logic of the decision and explain the benefits of it. Rules and procedures would be paramount. To the customer or beneficiary.
As my experience in Gujarat showed. All the conflicts I faced grew out of this choice. All development has to be of the people. and curtailment of fundamental rights. the ethical leader should press on regardless. Even if. wherever they occur are individual failures of character and not policy failures. This model cannot accept this. Similarly. it is the fault of the system! Please do not point the finger at me even though I head the organization which is underperforming ! This is an attempt to shirk one's own responsibility which requires one to act independently while esponsibility which requires one to act independently while sitting in a seat of authority. and serves the interests of the economically dominant classes. the fiscal deficit is the amount by which the government's income falls short of its expenditure. it may win elections but this model is anti democratic in spirit. By leadership is meant potentially every one of those who hold positions of authority/control over organizations.what was earlier nominally priced. But . unfair working conditions and low wages. All those who have some control over an organization's or a nation's resources are a part of the leadership I talk about. # Most failures in the public field are the result of ethical failures by the leadership. We frequently see the grave and anxious faces of our finance boffins as they srtruggle with this problem. For the common man's understanding. the politician opposes such measures for improvement. all achievements are ascribed to The Leader who thereby acquires the status of a economic wizard. One such measure that is frequently talked about now is the fiscal deficit. Chief Minister and other Ministers but also the higher civil service and those in decision making positions in the public and private sectors.5%. The Prime Minister or Chief Minister or other Ministers. police surveillance etc. What is the point in changing policy? Yet in every discussion one hears of. it is intolerant of an ethical functioning within it. Today it is high at around 5. In other words. These failures. In every organization there are unnecessary costs and neglected opportunities for benefits which is the duty of the CEO to exploit and the politician has nothing to do with it. the ethical approach is immeasurably superior to this model. As I proved in Gujarat itself. In this group are included the Prime Minister. Chief Secretary cannot be blamed for my failure to run my organization properly. # Very often individual failures of our functional leadership are aggregated and shown as a new entity. Like many autocracies. the talk is about what policy changes are required to deal with organizational failures and corruption. This model will fail as people realise the corruption and exploitation from which it draws its fuel. as a collective failure. This fiscal deficit is treated as some mysterious economic or monetary force which which springs up independently. ethical leadership ensures successes. and particularly if. Cabinet Secretary. I saw myself as working not for the political leader but for the people he led. cutting back of social services and higher prices for essentials including power.
It is an unpleasant reality every one expereiences. # For a government to ask its citizens to tighten the belt of iscal discipline. This was perhaps the most comprehensive cull. It must be repeated ad nauseum that removing corruption alone is not the answer and that honesty and intelligence is not the same as ethics. # The fiscal deficit is not a real independent condition but is the manifestation on the public finances of the ethics deficit among the powerful. in Indian administrative history. And so on . Yet no economist or management thinker talks about ethics as the solution. something disreputable and always hidden.. like the stink of untreated sewage never talked about and countered by burning agarbatties. a large number of bogus handloom societies were weeded out. A thousand ethicals like me in positions of functional leadership in the field could bring down India's fiscal deficit to a level consistent with future growth and social objectives. The fiscal deficit is the counterpart of the ethics deficit among leadership. And that something is the ethics deficit. without the government subjecting itself to ethical discipline . They should be asked not to follow whispered sugggestions but to seek direections independently like I did. Not only does ethics deficit explain our failures but ethical management could show us the way out into greater economic well being and greater equity for all our people.the fiscal deficit is not their creation and the solution is also not in their hands. the elephant in the room. is immoral. The poor who benefit from pro poor programs. 955 0f them. Let me show how. Out of 1050 societies. but which in economic terms has such a massive impact on people's lives. are being asked tp pick up the tab for the waste and corruption by the powerful. it should ask all important leaders and officials and also the private sector to become more ethical. only 95 survived our field inspections. The profits of all my companies rose. which is what the fiscal deficit is. a sort of mask. The rest. The amount saved was comparatively small compared to the huge scams now reportedly happening in the more 'advanced' sectors of the economy. an alias for something never admitted . During my time as Commissioner Cottage Industies. found to be fictitious. adding to the government's income.. At the same time income due to the government and profits of companies too would rise with coresponding increase in inflow into official treasuries. # The fiscal deficit is a respectable term. and the middle calss who use public services. were derecognized and barred from further assistance. of those zombie units which consume development funds. The wastage and corruption which bloat up government expenditure would vanish. If the government wants the fiscal deficit to reduce. If the .
Much of what is discussed is reality converted to a high level of abstraction with many acronyms and other esoteric terms having only the vaguest resemblance to reality. This is the intention and not accidental. The discussions which now take place are too complex to be understood by an ordinary person. It is the heart and not the brain that is required to tackle the challenges that we face. A real concrete situation. This would b OK if they were out in the field successfully tackling these ills. The solutions are difficult but not complex. corruption fiscal deficit and a host of other ills that beset mankind. A willingness to struggle continouously in the field with all its . arising out of some human weakness. It is this reified thing which is now talked about. But they sit in Delhi and other state capitals making presentations in conferences. There are today experts on drinking water. An entire school of expertise grows around these abstract issues and they guard their turf furiously. is seen as something real through a proces of reification. This ends up convincing the common people that "The Problems Facing the Nation" are very complex indeed which is beyond their understanding. The real work to be done in the field is given a makeover to show it cannot be tackled in the field but must have "a wholistic approach which recognizes backward and forward linkages etc". Policies need to be framed for which a whole battery of policy makers arrive in town. just as farming is difficult but not complex and financial jugglery is complex but not difficult. Nothing could be further from the truth. take it over and they will talk about it in a language nobody in the real world will understand. Instead it is handed over to academicians and experts who make a living talking about it. "the problem'. he would not understand a thing. Once this happens there is now a new national abstract problem which justifies the creation of a new department at the national or state level and this creates opening for experts to move in. poverty. forests . environment. there would have been no need for fiscal discipline and the fiscal deficit would vanish. develops in the field from a leadership weakness. This purely abstract entity. # These challenges are shown as complex. But their ethical origin and solution is deliberatly hidden. # Most of what are seen as macro issues or Problems Facing the Nation is a shorthand to describe the conditions which result from innumerable ethical failures in the field. If an intelligent villager were to walk into one of the chambers of the government planners where his situation was being discussed. The experts and the joint secretaries who can do nothing about it. It is then agggregated over an entire region by mindless statisticians and presented as a brand new abstract entity which then becomes "a problem" existing only at the national macro level.government had been ethically disciplined. Something in the field which should have directly been solved in the first instance has now become a full blown national problem which will be unrecognizable to those who experiences it at first hand.
Its leaders are looking at screens and pressing buttons which are not connected to the real world. The person who implements it will have the motivation for it only if he/she is the person crafting it. The person at the spot must be the one who designs the schemes. into a facile and facetious skill. who respect that which they cannot understand. Our government is an entity whose head has grown very large but whose limbs are withered for lack of use. The person who plans must also implement it with accountability for success or failure. In hunting this would be equivalent to insisting that the person must eat whatever he shoots. Only the very broad directional strategies and policies should radiate from the centre.uncertainties can find solutions to these challenges. The problem of implementation will vanish. Those who sit in the country's over centralized capitals looking so intelligent. Making field problems into abstract entities allows them to be discussed in a relaxed environment where solutions are found in centralized establishments. Here analytical and verbal skills are more important than nerve. These old fashioned virtues are needed by an ethical who functions in the field. crafting all these elaborate schemes with convincing presentaions and talks. It will create panic among those who look so smug today. must be given the task of implementing whatever they have formulated. This reification of complex real world situations into elegant cerebral entities makes it seem all so easy. Our countrymen. It is this determination to ignore the ethical way that is stunting our nation. made that which calls for the highest ethical dedication and risk taking commitment . bemoaning the lack of implementation. But this move will turn upside down the hierarchy which governs us which is built on the principle that the man of intelligence does not get his hands dirty with stuff in the field. This belief is what makes possible the exploitation in our society. This huge head which is a malevolent presence shadowing the exuberance of forces in the field must be drastically shrunk. I am not making the trite observation that our schemes and plans are good but the implementation is where we are weak.the revival of our country. # But the difficulties for those sitting in those Bhavans in Delhi and their equivalent in state capitals would grow to their proper size. assume that the convoluted phrases emanating from our officials must be an accurate description of the complex . Which is why this suggestion will be savagely ridiculed. Development of this great country is made to look so easy by those who have the symbolic and analytical skills and the administrative footwork to get postings in the capital ciites of our country. It is that planning and devising schemes cannot be a separate activity from implementing it. guts and character. They have. asssuming it is at all taken seriously. It also explains why the government consistently underperforms. My book describes a field oriented method to find solutions by seeking directions autonomously which is the polar opposite of the centralised system now prevailing. with a clever and dishonest trick. subject to this . I am saying something else entirely. There needs to be a massive decentralization of functioanl powers. you can shoot anything! In one stroke you will make the Indian government machinery accountable.
and a thousand other misfortunes. The qualities required for a doer are guts. Can anyone tell me what that huge Krishi Bhavan and other similar establishments are doing in Delhi ? Just creating work for each other. If there are uncertainties. This quality of endurance in the field is almost absent in office bound civil servants. and the cold assault the farmer. This is how 99% of the innovation in the field takes place. But it is only the person in the field mode who gets things done. and we try to do it from a study table or office.state of affairs. Farming is difficult but not complex. TRIES IT OUT. these will not be solved by discussions and 'further studies' (a phrase beloved by time wasters and bureacrats) but by taking the first approximate steps and making changes with the 'eye on the ball'. mosquitoes bite him. While solutions are not complex ie they do not require analytical skill. making thing happen in the field is difficult. No detailed discussions are required. . after visiting that field. Let me tell them there is nothing complex about field and organizational development. If they were all to be wound up. If we at any time try to look at the entire world. the muscles ache. Thinking follows action and not the other way round. wasps sting. We are not dealing with the entire macro picture but with a situation which our instinctive knowledge allows us to understand. its complexity will defeat us. the solution is obvious. not the glib phrases of a financial analyst. Character is required. courage and commitment. These Bhavans could be converted into hotels for the middle classes. the sweat pours into his eyes or perhaps it is tears. At any particualr time. he comes to know of a new practice elsewhere and then. snakes slither in front. the sun. Yet it is the policy framers who are seen as the doers and not the actual doers in the field. But in our real indivdual lives we are not required to do this. or with a bumper crop the prices may crash. What needs to be done stands with a demanding clarity before us. It is difficult but not complex. # Let me explain what I mean by saying situations in the field are difficult but not complex. It does not need so many office workers in Delhi . The difficulties are not conceptual or intellectual but of human muscle and thought endurance. things are difficult and the difficulties are in the fileld. Sitting in the office we see problems. his crop may fail. when we stand facing a specific situation in the field. or a country or a state or even a village and try to propose solutions. in the field we see solutions. How does the peson in the field mode innovate? He does it in two ways. not the policy formulator.. We must think on our feet and not on our seat. First when he instinctively feels some new practice may give a better result. The rain. The top bureaucrats and policy framers would guffaw helplessly at this assertion. In this action mode. the quality of our effort improves incrementally. There are too many policy framers in the government and not many willing to work in the farmer mode. Things are not complex. Second. national development would not only not suffer but would actually speed up. the may be no one to buy. HE TRIES IT OUT in a limited scale and then proceeds ahead looking to the results.
the country's revival would be my achievements multiplied a thousand times. may beget more trust in the common people. # As implementation of government schemes are done by lower level functionaries who may be subject to unbearable pressures. Very rarely would a senior official go to the field. they detect falsehood quickly and it signals them to hold back their best.# There is too much knowledge. The mistake which the finance policy planners make is in assuming it is only confined to business entrpreneurs and the animal spirits of only the business community needs to be unleashed. There is no deliberate intention to mislead but they rely entirely on documents supplied to them from the field. confidence. This explains the performance of organizations.F Stone. and as nations are collections of organizations. They are quite often misleading where the facts are controversial and cannot be independently verified by a common man. to physically verify a fact. government reports would be more trustworthy. most field report should be looked at sceptically. spa and gym habitue. They end up swearing by falsehoods believing them to be true. These will surge up when Indians all over the country perceive ethical functioning in the organizations they work. Some emotion. akin to the neighing of horses or the baying of hounds or " the brokers roaring like beasts on the floor of the bourse". The country's leaders should try to unleash the animal spirits of the entire country. a housewife. This term refers to the native sense of optimism. But those in governments do speak falsehooods in a convincing manner. an American journalist. a school teacher or a jawan on the border. I would not go so far as I. the harshest charge is answered with a complacent good natured smile and a first name chumminess with the inteviewer. not confined to the businessmen but inherent in every human being whether he/she is a farmer. as I did with the handloom societies. Conceptually. the government needs to do little and the creative engine of development will move ahead on its own. who said that all governments are run by liars and nothing they say should be believed. honestly conveyed. a weaver. These are made up in a way as to be most convenient to the authority supplying them. When this is established. . If they just visited the field more often independently. The people respond to the truth no matter how clumsily stated and this truth releases their capabilities. of nations as well. This is how I achieved all the turnarounds narrated in this book. # Keynes' term "Animal Spirits" is not an immoral or even an amoral force. It can work for the country as well. even anger. an industrial worker. a mother.cleverness and cold calculation in our leadership. intelligence. risk taking and the desire for achievement . Many of them have the smooth. well fed and manicured look of the luxury hotel.
cautious and calibrated but timid and selfish responses which are failing spectacularly. does not work in real life. This is the only one big policy issue facing the country.# Perhaps. All good things will fall into place and follow. All solutions are local and specific and will become visible through an ethical lens at the site. experienced practical men and women dominating the government and private sector would be able to convinvcingly say that the sort of ethics I talk about . These could be seen as problems by those who do not like to act but prefer to analyze. What will work is ethical leadership at that particualr time in that particular organization. There are issues at the micro level all across the country exisiting in various organizations. This is the biggest issue facing the country and is systematically being ignored. Without these successs being narrated here. The top leaders of the country are silent on bringing in ethical functioning at the top as a reform. He knows that a policy based leadership is a fraud on the people. So the only true big national issue or since I am an optimist. A curious fact is that the reform of its own functioning appears to be off the agenda.while being most admirable. They just need to take one step. # But my acting ethical is not ruled out even if every other leader or person of importance decided to remain unethical. Become ethical . I can still act ethical and "win marvellous victories' even in an otherwise unethical world. or they could be perceived as challenges with built in opportunities to the ethical leader operating at the spot. Every person who wishes to be ethical can act independently even if the whole world were to scowl. the national opportunity and sure fire solution. I would have no right to preach ethics if I had not achieved practical business victories with it. The government is countering with a battery of " reforms". there are no big canvass national problems just as there are no macro solutions for our country. Ethics is the most practical way to real success in the field. I have shown that it is in real life that it actually works and it is their careful. What will definitely fail is the absence of ethical leadership there and its sustitution by a centralized policy driven functioning. Without these astonishing business successes my views would be hard to distinguish from any of the hundreds of business books that have been written. not in your policy pronouncements which are today meaningless though they raise the most strident reactions - . The ethical leader always operates at the spot and only from the spot and never from the centralized policy making establishments. # The Indian economy is slowing down as the government is under attack on the major issue of having taken wrong decisions. No nationally prescribed policy solution is going to work because the precise mix of factors is different in each situation. with one exception. It is being lost sight of by every one. is for all leaders wherever they are to begin acting ethical and advising all around them around them and down the line to do the same. the hard headed. This is what I continuously did.
if you are in a position of . domination and control which have allowed otherwise worthless but clever persons to corner so much material wealth and opportunities while denying them to the more deserving. Their record is unlikely to show any creative and ethical effort in the field. In general. not to mention the entire phalanx of experts ever ready to comment on any public issue. in any bureaucracy. This reform would add more wealth and voter satisfaction than anything else.20% we could be looking at. The trouble is that in the government these persons are over represented and that is a reason for our failures. are precisely those who have have not been particularly successful in the field and are better at deciding policy than working in the field under uncertain conditions. The Indian growth rate would shoot by 10%. And ask all officers in a decision making level to act independently and not ask for guidance from above. It would ovethrow the present lucrative patterns of deception. My success in widely different assignments shows that an ethical can handle complex field level challenges better than the usual civil service and corporate models though the corporates and civil servants can talk far better. but in your day to day actions. just as Harsha Bhogle or even Navjot Sidhu talks better than Tendulkar or Dravid. The number of ethicals in the government whose actions are autonomously generated is miniscule in the country and most persons need to see the person at the top setting an example. Persons down the line will get the message and they too will act acccordingly. But any bright civil servant in Delhi or even the state capitals will outshine me in a debate on the subject of "Corporate Revivals in India". ever suggest ethics as a solution? Why do they find ethics so scary? # They correctly see it as a deadly danger to the existing way of doing things. The much vaunted dynamism of some of them is nothing more than the skill to guide a favored few through the thicket of obstructions and fences which they themselves have erected. it is a GDP growth rate of 15 . Today I am the foremost practitioner of corporate revivals in the country. But they give a good impersonation of competence because of their verbal fluency and this is the basis of the inflated reputation of the Indian bureaucracy. the articulates.witness the FDI in Retail debate -. Why dont the government and opposition parties. That is why they are all united in not allowing ethical functioning in any of their establishmments. And better still. no one looks at his actual score card of organizatinal field successes. All patriotic Indians must support ethical leadership wherever they see it becasue the ethical is busy enlarging your capabilities and fighting for your family's future. They come up with too many policies as a way to assert themselves and most of which are nothing more than logical word games in their minds. including an increasing number of business men and women who would never talk about their own organizational weaknesses. This is the only reason for all our country's ills. Yes. An educated Indian watching this exchange would point to the civil servant as more capable than me in corporate revivals! Though no one would rate Sidhu higher than Tendulkar. a civil servant is judged by how well he talks and makes presentations. the smooth talkers.
Creativity too . But the rest of the power elite and other stakeholders must defend and respect the ethicals because the ethical is fighting for the organization . can rejuvenate society and save the country. The realization that the organization is manipulating you and others in some way or the other will convince you to hold back your total commitment to the common effort. There is no need for FDI to create fresh investment in the country. which is not being done today. Society is not required to defend a person who fails in the task allotted to him even though he may claim to be ethical. # If the number of ethicals is so miniscule today. a percentage that is now rapidly silipping to sub 5%. and a bit of yeast make the dough rise. in the same way a few ethicals. But such attacks . from where where will all these ethicals be forthcoming. The ethicals should be seen as the advance guard of the society and an expression of the nation's will to develop its full potential. Just as a small amount of sugar can sweeten the milk. then at least do nor oppose the ethical. Within every person there is an ethical being struggling to emerge. No one is able to give his best when he works in an unethical set up. is released in an ethical effort. unmindful of his own interests. which is the ability to find new ways to solve problems. If you are unable to become ethical or even positvely support the ethical.power and authority. The ethical fights for those whom no one else fights for. Release this submerged potential and see the growth rate shoot up. But even this prohibition is unbearable to the powerful. Every person.5 % ? This additional 10% will be the capabiliites that are freed when persons work in an ethical set up. Unethical leadership prevents the potential within persons from emerging. Potentailly there is no shortage. But please do not attack a person who succeeds beyond expectation in his work while keeping his hands clean and winning the trust of the stakeholders. can turn ethical overnight. That is why the number of ethicals is so small. It is repeated here that an ethical is one who succeeds in the practical task given to him. say a thousand individuals. is a question that could be asked. Such a person is not ethical. # The number of ethicals can never be large. a pinch of salt savor the dish. Yet no one fights for the ethical when he comes under attack. All my successes were because of this incremental release of new and vital energy at the realization of ethical direction seeking by the leadership. no matter how unethical today. a few grams of catalyst ignite a reaction. All the investment we need is lying incactive because of our unethical leadership. become ethical yourself. say less than 5% of the power elite. with the Q3 2012-13 reported around 4. How will this additional 10% growth rate emerge when the best efforts of the government have taken us only onto 8% . It would also help if people created a demand for them by honoring the ethical wherever they are found.
then the society will have a leadership where the ethicals. not by how much they took but by how much they gave. politicians and civil servants. Their present high profile is entirely because of the build up by the commercial media which needs their monetary ad support and other help. made money but made it for others. having been hunted out ruthlessly. and no further credit for these is required. he does not even have around him the virtuous glow of being a philanthropist! Every society gets the kind of leadeship it deserves. time and again. If he has been successful in business. actually speak. The Ambani. enriching those who help them. # A good society would place the ethical above the person of wealth. fought but in the defence of the common wealth. no matter how creative. We are doing the job of destroying our future hopes quite well ourselves. of how much material wealth a person created and how much of that he took for himself and his associates. He had power but used it for empowering others. then its leadership will comprise men and women who pursue their own interests. . have been rewarded monetarily. If it values the ethical who works for those he does not know and those who cannot pay him back or help him in any way. In attacking the ethical. the Birla have already been rewarded with wealth by the market. Not surprisingly. The members of the elite would be valued. intellectuals and others who can be heard in seminars. If that society values wealth and power. The ethical is acraftsman who creates a future vision for the country through individual organizations. the ethical is practically extinct. Further respect by the society is not justified. Their successful business ventures. They have no further claim on society's estimation unless they go out of their way to be ethcial and expose themselves to danger for the public interest. (My efforts at GSFC created a ratio of 6000 as explained above. the market has already rewarded the person of wealth. He is even better than the rich philanthropist who gave away a part of the wealth he made whereas the ethical put into the public exchequer the entire wealth he made. A nation which does not honor its ethicals does not efffectively have a reality based vision of the future no matter how well its economists. as the opposition to me was never personal. We do not need enemies. higher than India's billionaires. even in a small number. very high. conferences etc. he fights at his own risk and cost even after having benefited society.) By this yardstick the ethical would stand very. which is perhaps the highest any Indian corporate chief has achieved. should be the measure by which society judges a person and bestows her honors. With none to defend him. politicians. will be the direction setting and dominant voice over the others. businessmen. Today in India wealth and power are deferred to and the ethical is slighted and attacked. the Tata.happened to me. And this is what will happen to any ethical. we in India are atttacking our common future. This ratio.
But both of them would turn more effective and achieve better results if they used an ethical direction finder frequently. There appear to be no answers other than more laws and punitive hunts. We see the world in a grain of sand. I write of new opportunities which were leveraged and the benefits harvested. and then standing by those . And how corruption was tackled and routed is narrated. and how instead of analysing them or asking for new laws or seeking help from others. those who could help or harm me and who did end up harming me. pious and religious and suffer no addictions to mood altering liquids and powders. I point out the weaknesses and wrongdoings in the organizations I headed. Far from it. # Our power elite lack character. So many wise men and women engage in this pointless activity. They do it for just one reason. unlike the TV experts. Our decision makers are unwilling to take decisions independently and face up to the consequences. Most of them are good family men. It is a feel good activity with no downside. But please start the book only if you are in sympathy with what is written here. What I mean by character is something else. This is the real answer to what ails our nation.By this I do not mean they have bad moral character. Today the TV screens bring us endless exposes of scams and discussions on what ails the country and new laws that are required. The confrontations I had with the powerful.# The stories narrated in this book provide the key to the country's potential greatenss. are described in detail. this is a right fully earned and paid for. None of them talk about the wrongdoings in their own organizations or even criticize them. I would not presume to advise the CMD of Tata Steel or Air India on what they should do. I set them right. and the number of powerful persons I took on. In a microcosm are found the answers that elude us. the great wealth I created for our legitimate stakeholders. But the true answer is staring us in the face. though perhaps not always. My book revolves around this concept of autonomous direction seeking. They would never agree to a open Tv discussion with shareholders and other stakeholders of the kind they subject the government to. but considering the number of organizations I turned around. It means grit and conviction in the pursuit of some moral search. It is a labour of love. They are all intelligent and work hard to please or atleast not to displease those who determine their life fortunes. In this book . The language is harsh at times and even damning. I never hid behind the self serving argument that one can do good in the public service without having it out with the powerful and getting a bloody nose now and then. # I urge you to read this book which was written over two years of bleary eyed efforts. I have little interest in analyzing the weaknesses of other organizations except to say they probably arise from ethcial weaknesses. brought to your screen without cost or obligation. It is a personal quality that forces us into making those promises which every individual is required to make depending on his position.
defend and honor the ethicals. that most men are too cowardly to be wicked and too weak to be good. so will a school teacher. possessing a belief in an abstract good which may be opposed to one's own material interests and safety. It requires a leap of faith to imagine them building that great country which Gandhi. of crores. a football player. even hundreds of thousands. They fear freedom and think they cannot make it on their own. It is a crises of character among our elite that we are now becoming aware of. telling themselves they will do it the next time when the odds are better. Patel. Bose and countless other freedom fighters and patriots hoped for. But when a country's elite behave this way. it means having an emotional understanding of human expectations. Whatever serves these needs. and a willingness to walk alone. India cannot attain its true potential. The fist is clenched but always in the pocket. Ethical leadership in the field will remove corruption far more efficiently than a prosecutorial program against the corrupt. This higher valuation will be monetarily cost free as the ethical accepts only respect and honor and not material rewards. Bloch's statement. Nehru. a doctor. We need women and men who are different. They will never get around to actually taking that leap. an engineer will be a better engineer. a mason and everyone else . displaying courage against the strong. an industrialist. a gardener. safety and survival. Without the elites showing the way ahead. They will run down the ethical amongst them. They will fight for nothing. The crises India is facing is not economic slowdown and weakening government authority which are but consequences of the rot. then the possible paths ahead close. an economist. Daring. moral stamina and the ability to inspire others to believe in what one believes in. Our power elites today defer to too many authority figures and unexamined beliefs. In any case why fight for the weak and the vulnerable? One wrong step and one could go hurtling down from the perch one has so carefully climbed on to. There is something else. An admininistrator will become better at his job. This is how they justify themselves and feel good. The corrupt persons under an ethical leader would turn clean overnight just as so many Indians turned bitterly against the Emergency once it was all over. India's elites lack courage to risk anything. Their number will increase at no cost but this increased number will benefit society by thousands. # So how to remove corruption in the government and elsewhere? Support. An ethical in the field will multiply the number of other ethicals to grow exponentially. This is perhaps becasue of India's long history of subjection to despotic forces and the elite know that standing up for what is right rather than standing with the strong will leave one exposed and isolated as happened to me. applies to them. Ethics is not a vocational skill but a moral striving. they will show as being good for all. Create a demand for them by putting a proper value on their contributions.promises. The citizen will get the services he is entitled to by an alert and motivated staff. they will defend nothing because deep down they believe in nothing except their own welll being. noble and dangerous things they wish to do but will turn back at the last minute.
Falsehoods and wild allegations died down.you can think of. of morality by brute force. of angels by demons. once I had established myself. scary men among the powerful. In every organization . Yatha Raja Thatha Praja. great gusts of anguish and grief shook me. But they see this future is turning to a nightmare and this scares them as they have longer to live. Women particularly will feel safe in ethical rule as ethics will replace force as the decisive principle. is more effective than any deliberate malign intention. It is weak . That is this great hurt and anger being felt palpably on the TV screens. unprincipled men who insist on sitting in positions of power but who do not care to equip themselves with an ethical direction finder who have caused this state of despair. or rather a moral blankness descends. Many of them including private businessmen vowed to follow ethical principles in their businesses. a reversion to that darkness from which we have only just escaped. Today they pour their scorn at the unethicals who are destroying their future. They deserved better. To destroy a country. and saw these young girls running up the Raisna Hill with no one to listen to them. That incident in the bus was just the spark. Women were treated with greater respect and they felt more free and confident about themselves. As I watched the screens during the last few days. The young girls shout this as an expression of pain and rage and are asking for ethical rule. then crime will come down in society. When the common man knows that ethicals are ruling in government and other organizations . It is through this magic process the country will be rejuvenated. # There is another effect which emerges from the rule of the ethicals in society. Rape is not a crime of passion or even of lust. particularly those crimes which arise out of injustice as there will be less injustice. the level of moral decency improved. An ominous wind is blowing over our land and over those magnificent stone structures of power on Raisna Hill a moral darkness. And many other good things began to happen. When it happens on a large scale and is a part of a general breakdown of values. # 'We want Justice!' This cry seeks not the outcome of a judicial process which in a technical sense is justice. It is against a leadership that has systematically deceived and lied to the common people and treated them as as mental defectives talking to us in a language we do not . It is a repudiation of our common humanity. Promises given in day to day transactions were kept. and of light by darkness and this they see happening all around them. They had sought assurances but were met by silence and water cannons. That daily mobilization in Delhi is not against a specific rape. There was greater courtesy between employees and stakeholders as also trust. This good feeling spread even to those who were dealing with the organization. I make this claim hesitantly but I make it as I am sure of it. arising from lack of ethics. incompetence. The young have the greatest stake in the future. I do not see any evil. Self confidence increased. If you look for villains you may not find them. it rings alarm bells. It is a cry of horror against the subjugation of right by might.
In the Indian government . Ethicals in power dispersed all over the country are the pathfinders for those who search for this India. That is why they must be branded as incompetent. Ethical successes would strip away the alibis for inaction which are useful to so many now. just do not work in the field. Where is my India. 12. None of them would be prepared to run organizations like I did. I call them incomptetent for one damning reason. in that official sense they are competent. discussions. cosying up to the powerful when it suits them and then blaming them when things go wrong. The ethical leader would prevent corruption from taking root. the other benefits would be far greater. We do not need big powerful national leaders whom we can blame when things go wrong. howsoever well meaning they are. As explained. they ask. They are not the answer and their efforts. But it would set far higher standards of conduct for those who are not corrupt. 12 after the girl's death ) # An ethical effort would asphixiate corruption and devastate its operations in that organization where an ethical sits at its head. Things will go wrong when important persons stop seeking directions autonomously. The limitations and shortcomings of too many luminaries and "men and women of eminence" would become painfully evident to others and to themselves when they are judged on the scorecard of field action and objective results instead of notings. These policies obviously work for them because we see them rise in the hierarchy. speeches and ability to get along with fellow incompetetents. The organization would perform better and it would satisfy both the Auditor and the anti corruption activists. Corruption in such organizations with an ethical at its head would be routed so easily that it would embarrass the anti corrruption crusaders who today fight corruption from outside. Failure is admittted only long after the event and then it is ascribed to poor implementation .12. this is why elsewhere it was said that policy prescriptions do not work in the absence of an ethical leader "at the spot". As I have repeatedlty said.understand and having created a society that allows such assaults on a human being to occur with increasing frequency. the criteria for competence is never whether the policies succeed or not. If anyone is to be blamed. Our civil servants have not not delivered. He cannot improve the working of an organization over which he does not have direct operational control. Its message would be a call to action which would dissipate the present complacencies.12 and revised on 29. it is the Indian elite. that is why I succeeded."we will look into it and will take steps to tone up implementation and plug the loopholes" and then the whole policy making starts again. The anti corruption activists fight corruption fom outside after it has happened and all the damage is caused. Let us take it in our own hands. a country where morality. It is an ethical India they ask for. . would rule. The limitation is that an ethical can do this only in his own organization. bureucrats and power brokers and used my powers. ( I have written this para today on 22. I ignored politicians. The policies they frame so impressively and with such transparent intelligence and after detailed discussions and analyses in the elevated and dignified forums of the governmant. Our future is too important to be decided by these persons. not force. The Auditors too point out wastage and loss post facto. will cause only more finger pointing and controversy.
Some were huge. Lokpal is a very distant second best to what I propose which is ethical leadership of the kind I exhibited. housing. would have even a fraction of such successful field experience. presenting documents have become faint. conviction and courage could not cleanse the dirty stables. the hints I received from the powerful was to go slow! The reader is invited to verify my assertion by asking those who worked under me. A management which needs such advisory experts is incompetent and must be replaced. The reverberations from almost all of Shri Kejriwal's exposes on TV . practicing experts are sometimes essential and we did use them. Nobody has to remind him or follow up. which the organization hiring him lacks. In all my successes I never used advisory experts but thought out the revival strategy inhouse. No expert sitting in Delhi or the state capitals. No outside prodding was required. after successfully completing which .# Let me state clearly that no Lokpal is required. fertilizers. Ethical action is superior to corruption fighting. definitely not the economists. # An ethical heading an organization will cleanse and revive it. # During my working years I did not ask for new laws or any outside support. producing facts . fisheries. artisan development. court litigation. which is required to set right a specific problem or perform a task. as sure as day follows night. This route is therefore impossible to cross. some medium. an advisory expert is one who prepares a report advising the customer how he should act to set right an organizational or some other deficiency. The rule of Occam's Razor tells us to use the simplest and minimum measures to achieve what we want. some small and covering all areas from civil engineering. dam construction and irrigation . I not only eradicated corruption but also generated undreamt of benefits though profits. ( A practicing expert is someone with a specific skill. I recently read that the Air India is asking . Honor us and there will be a lot more like me. But corruption fighting is more emotion laden and entertaining to the man in the street. yet these are the experts who diagnose and prescribe curative policies and strategies for the country . naming names. Maintaining the indignation which arises after important persons are accused of coruption needs a determination and persistence which an average citizen cannot summon up. Corruption will vanish like rats against the light. On the other hand I was able to clean up and revive every organizations entrusted to me within months. None of those shouting against corruption ever mention and recommend what I did. he collects his fee and leaves. pesticides. minerals etc. Their efforts have done nothing but strengthened our sense of cynicism and depressed morale. chemical engineering. or even the financial centres of the world. The public is not aware of any corrective steps taken by the government and none is even agitating for it. Shri Kejriwal with his rare sense of mission. I turned around the organizations which were handed over to me in a sick condition. Lokpal will create a Kafkaesque bureucracy which will be worse than corruption.
This book urges every Indian in a position of power and authority to stop looking at others and act independently but ethically. breaking many icons. the heart will tell us what we want. Not doing that which they were ethically required to do is not counted as a transgression by them. the head will tell us how to get it. No advisory expert will ever suggest this. or even worse. It is the heart and not the head that is called upon to show the way when there is an ethical collapse which is what has happened now. and they have no intention of taking a single step beyond this. They genuinely see themselves as good persons.an IIM professor to suggest ways to cut costs. The sunk costs of the Indian elite in the present ways of working are substantial and have a long cultural and historical lineage. autonomous direction seeking. It radiates hope and faith in that future which each one of us can create around oneself. # Think of thousands of such revivals and you are looking at a rejuvenated and self confident India. my words are that of a prophet crying in the wilderness and would invite snide smiles. using my powers. allowed no interference even from the mighty. They are clad in an unbreachable armour of self approval. Together we can realize our yet unclaimed future. They will not hear that which is not convenient and they will not change. but unethical. # I am not hopeful of anything like this happening to a significant extent. Or to put it better. Our problems are not so complex as are being made out. I could succeed because I acted independently . The head can never tell us what we want. This is the core role of the management and an outside expert should not be necessary. Why should they change this winning stategy? Having done nothing wrong. untainted by any wrong. The book you are about to read will enlarge your thinking and you will see the world around you differently and as being fundamentally alterable by individual action. All the real misery and failures in the field have been . The Indian elite is called upon to act. The label of expert will be torn off from his lapel. Acting intelligently and honestly . they suffer from no guilt feelings. comfort and prestige of office. They are never held accountable for the failureof policies in the field. "Thou shalt not act ethically! " Their ethical impulses which they have suppressed lifelong is now a faint inner voice hardly audible. Failure is OK but any deviation from procedure.) My analyses and prescription for cure is unerringly accurate but compared to the appeal of advisory experts . They work very hard in offices attending an unending series of meetings and after that the files! The look on their faces suggests they are carrying burdens the common man cannot imagine. They are seen by all as Men and Women of Integrity. frequently coming into conflict with the powerful and personally losing out but only after having turned around the organizations under my care. has worked well for them and given them full security. The large majority of them are honest and intelligent. is seen as an unforgivable sin. but unethically. The trust between the leadership and the people will be restored. This call will be heard by those whose antennae are tuned to receive it. this only the heart can do.
It is best and most easily obtained by an ethical leadership operating in the decisive sectors of the economy and influencing other areas too. then it is guile. If the 10% growth rate is not achieved. The daily reality will be seen as the new normal. If our leadership is determined to brazen it out with the same mixture of soothing words and weak. Bangalore is stinking with uncollected garbage. My turnarounds at least benefited tens of thousands of persons materially. lies. can provide the answer. We need a growth rate of 10% continuously to take care of the pressure of the rising expectations of our people. malnutrtion and fever among millions of Indians causes no guilt. Already almost 20% of the land area of the country is under some form of control by the extreme left wing groups and they could choke off the supply of vital raw material like coal. This book will do nothing of the sort. as is already happening. not centralized but dispersed over the entire country. Their rations could be reduced. It will strip away the alibis for their compromises and inaction which enabled them to climb onto their present comfortable and secure positions. Only ethical leadership like mine. It looks like a stable equilibrium. This cannot be ruled out as a study of our leadership shows that it is quite capable of this and in fact may prefer this. our police forces and even the Army may not remain disciplined for ever. So ethical leadership may no longer be a choice but a necessity. #My words are likely to remain little more than "the vain breath of a common man". But it will be seen as a necessity only in the eyes of an intelligent leadership. the whip cracked a little bit harder with the blood flowing a bit more. My book will face the same opposition as my practice of ethical management did. deception and force which will rule which they could feel is their core competence. Abstraction of real life hardship. It will happen. unprincipled actions. water or even highways and railways. Their suffering will provide a shock absorber to smoothen out all the jolts of an unethical leadership. The barbarians are already at the gate. then we will have serious civil unrest and a breakdown of the state. perennial hunger. Such actions will be bitterly resented and opposed and there will be gridlock in national decision making as is the case now. This growth rate can come in one of the two ways. # But this assumption may turn out to be wrong. They will hear the accusing voice of . But such an engine will not have sustainable power for long. The costs of unethical leadership will not be paid personally by them.reified into abstract scholastic entities. Or it can happen by the outright plunder of our natural resources and the common wealth through corruption as happened in Russia and also in our country till now under " bold dynamic leadership and reforms". then the country will descend into some form of anarchy. not by a sickening jolt but by incremental degrees which make it appear things are being managed. With the perception of venality and incompetence at the top. It is the poorer and powerless Indians who will pay. There are more than 500 million of them. Those among the well placed who have no intention of changing into an ethical mode will find the contents of this book personally offensive. They will never change and will reserve their indignation for those who advise them to do so.
and does not even want to. intellectuals and other sparkling achievers. will be the blunt message. its artists. You can be ethical in your private life but do not try it within organizations . engineering structures. singers. is a country that does not wish to reach its full potential. # Being ethical means acting this way in our professional sphere. We lost them because we made them feel unwelcome. will point to its successful businessmen and women. Great human worth is going to waste. signing on line petitions. It means devoting all our energies to the well being and growth of our organization and being willing to stand up against those who work against the organizational interest as seen objectively. 500 million Indians will remain as hewers of wood and drawers of water. weekend social work and. nobler deeds. It does not mean feel good symbolic acts such as talking indignantly on TV panel discussions. None of the awardees are known to have taken a stand on behalf of the weak and the vulnerable and against the powerful within their own establishments.their youthful and idealistic self which died long ago. in fact as good as the best in the world. daring future images of a finer world bring out a polite agreement. They are following the example set by their counterparts in the West and also in other parts of the world with whom they find more in common. glamorous film stars. Dont get me wrong . followed by a speedy exit. But this plethora of awards generates a rotten optimism which is far worse than a realistic pessimism which could motivate us to act. singing songs. software whizz kids. There was a time when men and women of wealth and power did fight for the weaker side. elite and the common man. most popularblaming politicians while never attacking any business or professional figure. It looks pretty hopeless to me. candle light vigils. all of whom have made their private adjustments with the powerful. The large majority of Indians who feel powerless and in no position to influence events. Big. to show that we are not bad. technology innovators. eyes dulling. during 9 to 5. an advance guard of path finders to a better world. Thet will feel previleged if they have someone weaker than them to order around. Many persons make this self serving error and feel good about it. finance analysts. the power elite. Better to make an accommodation with those who are powerful and survive instead of coming out in favor of ethical change. Not only will they not become ethical but they will not allow an ethical subgroup. that is during our working hours. A country which does not produce ethicals in a sufficiently large number. find my indignation and hopes pointless. to exist within them. dancers. and a quick change of topic. That is it. That dead youth had imagined daring. It. They have lobotomized their better selves. They have achieved everything the award citation gushingly describes. The Indian elite will not change. all as a compensatory mechanism for deferring to power and wealth and denigrating the unarmed truth during the 9 to 5 period. filing PILs. The power elite in India has effectively abandoned those who need their help and feel good about it. Most people love the feel good . Most persons. technology and management institutes. will feel what is written in this book to be none of their concern. Awards for professional excellence are regularly handed over on well lit stages by by a co-opted panel of ever smiling humbugs and watched by an audience of preening attention seekers.
# India's real capacity . shopping malls. nuclear power. the steps he took to speed up the works of the court and things like that. But obviously he is too intelligent for that. this warm. to justify the essential soundness of our efforts. as opposed to what is merely feel good. particularly the weak and vulnerable who would be shortchanged in an unethical setup as is happening now in most places. They will be the greatest beneficiaries of an ethical leadership so that is the route to help them realise their full potential. is huge. that emotional and lyrical sensation generated while performing symbolic acts. But the Indian elite is satisfied with this fake pose as the cost is so low and does not alarm the powerful. I am targetting the man of power who substitutes feel good for the do good he should be doing. and other manifestations of our growth. largely unused. An egregious example of this is a film actor who is preaching social reform. otherwise this life is unlivable. It marks you out as person who feels the pain of others. press functioning. factories. sky scrapers. space rockets. This is dangerous stuff but will do real good. Let me point out that there is no harm in doing this now and then and is stress relieving but remember that doing good is never feel good. # The only way to help the weak and vulnerable is to act ethically in our professional area and nurture the oganization in our care. Similarly. If you wish to become ethical. infantile feeling of having performed a virtuous act. The organizations I worked in were fairly . particularly if the 500 million are safely kept out of sight. It is great. such feel good exercises should be done after some stressful real life risky do good acts. So those who defend the present ways of doing things can point to the very impressive collection of airports. no risk. Trying to directly help the weak and vulnerable will fail.experience. or even what he is doing in his present assignment to improve say. so safe it is. Being ethical outside your organization is a meaningless term. All stakeholders will benefit. So even a 20% utilization of this would look impressive. The number of zeros could not be contained in a page. a retired Supreme Court Judge should speak of what he did when he occupied that august chair. and sure beats the real thing. But none of these would be respectable if measured against our actual potential that can be harvested today. act ethical during 9 to 5 in your main occupation from which you earn your living. no danger. highways. For him symbolic acts are a are a sort of prayer and a source of spirtual comfort which is essential. He should focus on his acting and convey truths to us that way. But to make magisterial pronouncements on matters totally outside his present official position is only playing to the gallery. other than your family and friends. agricultural production. dreamy. is interested in how good you are outside your office. the important judgements he gave. My denunciation of feel good indulgence is not aimed at the common man as for him life itself is stressful and of constant hazard. latest model cars. it exposes you to hazard and risks as you walk alone. Nobody. Or he should shine a light on the ills of film industry and suggest improvements.
To clean up the environment we need ethical science and ethical lifestyles which. We will have true secularism where religion will not enter the public sphere at all. then anyone can. could make a difference. sabotaging the country's future growth. creating great wealth. dispersed in the field throughout the country. will be an effective counter to the local authoritarians. The major destabilizing forces globally are environmental degradation and extreme inequalities of wealth and income. where I did not work. # A critical mass of ethicals. turn them around in a jiffy. and confine myself to urging the powerful to become ethical on the one hand and on the other for society to recognize and honor ethicals in the field. They may not know it but they are.representative of the existing state of affairs. The ethical can check mate them quite effectively. dig and drill in environmentlly fragile zones and also displacing people. in a real sense. A dictatorship over the entire country is not possible in India because of cultural reasons. My career has proved beyond a shadow of doubt that an individual can make a difference. It will be a private converstion between man and God. similar space exists for ethical revivals and untapped energies exist to be released. This sort of slash and burn development will leave a scorched earth for our children. I could. Raw material shortages are forcing corporations and countries to cut. This is why those who oppose the ethical are. It is therefore logically probable that elsewhere too. With ethical rule established . But local despots who claim to be answerable only to The People are increasingly flexing their muscles in different parts of the country. not extravagantly endowed with nature's gifts. Ethics is the lever which will open up India's huge treasure of unused capabiliites. But it is clear to anyone of the meanest intelligence that the present trends of economic development world wide are not sustainable. All these will lead to a more dangerous and violent world as the marginalized people fight back in wars where they wear the livery of religious or ideological fanaticism but are in the nature of protests against exploitative systems. # I distrust big canvass analyses and macro policy solutions for the world's ills. People turn to militant religion when they see promises made to them in civil life being broken by perosns they trusted. To borrow from Blake. religion will no longer be a divisive force and the religious merchants of intolerance and hatred will find very limited audience. Nothing more is possible and nothing less will do. using ethical management and without outside help. along with finding new machines . thereby improving the quality of our democracy. The ethical turned away at the gate Predicts the ruin of the state # But each one of us can still act solo and materially improve that part of the world around us which we control. If a person like me.
a perceived absence of ethics in them. It will lead to permanent subjugation of 40% of the population with their leadership bought over. They will not be trusted if they are not ethical. Let us have more and more ethicals in the field. Special interests will take over the government agenda. But there is a third model . It is the absence of this Vitamin E that is making us sick. Leaders cannot govern unless they are trusted. and a free for all democracy on the other. Yet today's leaders are very well informed and make serious effforts to understand their organizations. All freedom loving people must demand ethical leadership. The needs of the weak and underprivileged are the road kill which is shown as being necessary for development. But the promise of freedom bringing in a better life for the people is not fulfilled. doctors. then there is danger of autocracy being seen as the only alternative. Bankers are viewed with open suspicion and so are the military.and better materials. Lawyers and judges. Tunisia and Libya tyranies have been overthrown but the result is disorder in the streets and rapid darkening of the economic horizon. The rich will be its most vociferous supporters. This makes it appear to many that the choice is betwen autocracy or at least a restriction of freedom with economic growth on the one hand. Put in supply side management of this most vital resource. The hatchet men will lurk in the shadows and will convey the menace required. In private sector too it is very rarely that the top man or woman is instinctivelt trusted. the journalists. leaders are distrusted. Not only the political leaders but also those who today head the world's most important institutions are seen to be unreliable persons who will use clever words to hide their unwillingness to stand by any commitment they are required to make. colonies have regained their independence and corrrupt and autocratic regimes have been overthrown. policemen all rank low in a common man's estimate. Inequality can be reduced if the powerful are more ethical and voluntarily reduce their income beyond a reasonable limit. The effort will be then to build a broad highway for the Locomotive of Progress to roll. If the indisciplined democracy we have now does not deliver. # During the last sixty years. . The ethical model is our only lifeline. Ethical direction seeking and leadership will be the guides who will navigate us into paths of safety in this otherwise frightening world and give our children something better to look forward to. The world is becominfg a more violent place and increasingly difficult to govern because of this simple fact. In Gujarat itself I proved it to be superior. They are definitely very intelligent and speak with great conviction. which can ourtstrip the growth promised by the authoritarian model. In Egypt. # All over the world and in every field. Leaders are unable to lead and govern. Bringing down conspicuous consumption will reduce social tensions. stress less consumption and more localised recycling in the backyards of the consumer and polluter. The poor opinion people have of leaders is entirely because of a single deficiency . the ethical one. India too will face this choice in 2014. which it is not likely to .
The only way to show your patriotism if you are in a position of any power or authority. is to function ethically. to put it another way. In such societies. there will be a critical mass of support for the ethical whenever such a person is seen. these will be the better societies in the world to live in and persons from other . # Every person is born with the ethical impulse and it stays with the person his entire life.How many ethicals will India produce in the coming years? Or. Each ethical working this way is a point of light. Only the ethical in the field does that.# Great power and wealth depresses the capability of those who walk past those guarded gates. It is as simple as that. Sudden wealth is almost invaraibly the result of access to resources through some form of crony capitalism or collusive behaviour by the nation's leadership in favor of one or more parties. dangers and career disruptions ? This is the equation. Comparatively. prepared to face hostility. This impulse lies suppressed in most persons. That is the only reason such a leader succeeds in reviving his organizations. An ethical leader develops and brings out this impulse in those he leads. no matter how small or insignificant. but to hundreds of milions in the country. # India will attain its potential if thousands of persons in key positions like mine function ethically and independently. The sight and even the thought of that Rs 5000cr House on the Hill darkens my horizons. risks . how many persons in power and authority today will decide to turn ethical. This will happen not to one person. as I was able to repeatedly demonstrate in the revival of business organizations. In some societies there is a realization that ethical conduct among its leadership is good for all. India can be lit up only by thousands of such dispersed sources of light and never by centralized policy making switches which give power to those without the capability to use it properly. His creative capabilities will decline. pays the price for the success of the rich. We cannot leave India's future solely in the hands of our political and national leaders in Delhi and the state capitals. The sight of such wealth and its display convinces the passerby that the absence of ethics is what get persons ahead and that life is a kind of zero sum game in which people like him . Yet no development economist or management consultant talks of the depressive effect of the sight of great wealth in a vast landscape of poverty and misery. They can oppose but not prevent organizational improvement by an ethical. the common man. This wealth the common man sees is not the reward of a hardworking man or the fruit of creative labour. Will India realize its great potential in the coming years? The answer to this lies in the answer to another question . The nation's capabilities will diminish. an emitter of energy and a store house of unrealized hopes. These societies will be successful in bringing out the best among its people and creating a reality based hope for the future. He will therefore suppress his own ethical impulses and will turn clever and calculating. these societies will always have a small but decisive number of ethicals among its power elite. This support is based on the realization of the material good the ethical is doing and not on a crude one to one give and take calculus or an abstract principled support for morality regardless of results . Because of such recognition and support.
I could have done more if those who appointed me had the wisdom to recognize ethics as a friend and not as an enemy. But the treatment meted outto me would have convinced hundreds of would be ethicals in powerful positions not to take the risk of becoming ethicals. its material resources pale into insignificance. of how to balance the books and the concerns of the rating agencies. They are voting with their feet for an ethical society. This would release such wealth that would provide us with all the investment required to increase our material well being. none of whom are ever at a loss for words. which is available in abundance and which every person has. People risk their lives to get in into such countries. the thousands of employees and stakeholders who benefited. instead of treating him as an enemy and a threat.parts of the world will try to live there if they are allowed to. The turnarounds came without any financial help from others. will abandon the ethical head of their . and talk of numbers and the language of accountants. Seeing the frown on the face of the Leader. But I had to fight off the enraged attacks of the powerful even as I was creating great wealth for them. they are still bettter than the places from where these would be migrants are fleeing. The number of ethicals would grow exponentially. They see no necessity of encouraging the few ethicals when they appear among them. and even though such countries are far from perfect with their racism and contempt . where. They resolutely refuse to seek the solutions in ethical conduct among the powerful. This wont do. would be a cost free investment. at least a small number see themselves as some sort of guardians for the weak and vulnerable and realize the absolute need for ethical direction seeking. As long as this continues. the number of ethicals will be pitifully small and always under attack. Some sort of supply side policy for generating this resource. This supply side policy for ethics would not be a formal or official one but a change in values among India's powerful which will make them recognize and support the ethical as soon as his success becomes evident. among the rich and the powerful. It is a government of wannabe technocrats that we see. India is such a society. fail to see the ethical origin of the problems we face. If such a welcome is given to ethicals . in course of time the country itself would become ethical. #The ethical resource is the greatest wealth any country has. many more will do what I did. all our hopes and expectations would be fulfilled. Its leadership in every field. Compared to this resource. some of whom are intellectually brilliant and some malevolently clever. Instead they seek solutions from those who peddle a value free professional expertise. In societies that lack this understanding of the power of ethical action. mainly economists among whom the monetarists and those swearing by the market and subscribing to the corporate world view dominate.Bringing out this ethical resource in the practical work of nation building is the ONLY task of the country's leadership. who have no understanding of the forces which move a human heart. All my successes were entirely because of the ethical direction seeking I followed. Imagine a thousand ethicals like me working with public and officail applause as successes come like plentiful harvests. If the powerful change their attitudes toward the ethicals. India will continue to draw patronizing looks from the world's wiser societies.
Everything mankind has achieved in its long journey from darkness and savagery to enlightenment. The world around us is a momentary arrangement to which excessive importance should not be given. The direction must always be from the actual to the potential and never should the actual pull down the potential and destroy forward vision and hope. # The objective world of reality that we see and feel around us on the one hand. technology and the pursuit of personal freedom is the result of ethical direction seeking. Ethics points us to that better world towards which we need to go. Yet no one raises this issue in our national debates. this is a great error. It gives us no directional guidance to where we want to go. the imagined future is like a friend pulling you into a moving bus. Societies which abandon ethical direction seeeking are condemned to be blind. Those who do not understand this understand nothing of the real world of possibilities. you cannot derive an 'ought' from an 'is'. But the ideal world of values is inviolate and cannot be altered by what happens in the real world. far more than what the CAG calculated was lost in the various scams and waste. Ethics is the mover and the objective world is that which is moved. The practical. that which lies hidden. It can be changed in an eyeblink by human motives aligned to ethics. India has lost its ethicals. and the world of ethics that we believe in are not isolated from each other. Ethics is not an academic discipline for study alone but an intensely practical key to organizational success. This real world of possibilities. its ethical tradition has taken "Vanvas" from where it will return when times are more virtuous. The virtual world of ethics can influence and alter the world we live in. from what is to what can be. The ethicals are emancipators of human aspirations and must be given the highest status in any society that wishes to prosper. thousands of crores of potential wealth was not even visualized. confining themselves to low risk and low cost private praise. As a result of such behaviour. including business success. All change is led by a few path finders but others must respect and thank them and follow the path finding habits of independent thought which have been successfully demonstrated and materially benefited so many. is superior to whatever present manifestaion of the world we see. revolution.organization without a moment's thought. aligned to wealth. A knowledge of the world as it exists tells where we are. As the philosopher says. This tension between what we are and what we wish to become. I repeat. the world as it is is the reality we have to accept. All my successes were of this nature. The real leaders seek ethical directions to get to this better future. For them the values we deal in can change looking to the circumstances. inferior and second rate where force and guile. But to get from here to there will need material reshaping of the world around us continuously. what the future can be made to yield. The real objective world must not be seen as fixed and never is it a source of values. is what pushes us forward. science. This direction seeking must never be subcontracted to an expert but must be determined by the person at the spot. hardheaded men and women who run our day to day affairs make a great mistake in not realizing this. Life will be nasty and brutish. But values do tell us what needs to be done in the real world. The future we . The real victories are when ethics drives the change. art. will rule.
its latencies. Their only role is to support the ethical in the field when asked for. its possibilities and potential . Unless this changes. These projects or steps must be within the common man's visibility. No one but the ethical agent in the field can discover these. There is no other kind. and praise ethics as long as it is confined to thought and speech. the feet must always be on the ground. Substantial parts of Indian society are contemptuous and even hostile to ethical striving in the practical field. I improved and made it worthy of my love. Different ethical leaders may choose different goals even with identical field conditions. # We must move towards a better future but it must be a future that is common to us all and not one for a few. particularly when it is successful. Not only that but. Only the very broad goals can be laid down from the centralized policy formulators. If any of these centralized policy planners feels he can do a better job. The kind of statements coming from our finance chiefs these days is meaningless. it has to be an ethical future. But this abdication of ethics by leaderships seduced by wealth and power is happening all over the world. The ethical will lack motivation if he is not allowed to choose these tactical goals lying within the broad aspirational expectations of the people. Though the eyes can look ahead. even long term planning is pointless and demoralizing. the steps. But the goal aimed at and the knowledge of process must be united. If we fail in realizing ethical goals. The actual tactical goal is time and location specific. one in which it is the commonwealth rather than private wealth . Indifference to ethics willl lead to exploitation and then to violence and counter violence and to the death of hope. It is the historical role of the elite of this country to realise this future through independent actions. each of which will make life better. that hope gilded future reflected in the pining eyes of its brave. We will move forwards by a series of completed projects. needs ethics more than others. he should offer to replace the field agent. Wishes are not horses. If all are to share . That is patriotism. And whatever part of it I controlled. more important. Handing this process over to centralized policy planners will stop it dead in its track. Perhaps I am too harsh but India is my country and I love it more. ever buoyant people. We will get there by building a path and steps and not by marching hand in hand singing songs of solidarity. that organization I managed. the Indian promise will fade. This is how ethical goals are fashioned and realized. undefeated . But things do look bleak. But India being poor and yet with its extraordinary wealth of human capabilities.work towards is not a sentimental or abstract mind construct. Only ethics "at the spot" can give us this direction and the fuel to drive us onwards. But the India I love is not what it is at present but what it can be. rescuing it from the hold of the unimaginative and smug unethicals. These steps will also build the self confidence and increase the self worth of the individual teams and create new momentums. time frame and understanding. it is specific to that ethical leader operating at that time. Ethical direction seeking is a 100% practical exercise with continuous real time tracking of coordinates. the energies possessed by humans beings will be wasted and its demonic component will seek violent ends.
Now that I have retired. will ever consider ethical functioning within the government as the solution. Expecting to convince persons to turn ethical by well reasoned arguments and spelling out its benefits is a quixotic tilitng at the windmills. only a few who earlier worked under me showed some appreciation of what I had written and done. None of those who lead the debate on government reforms. They will not come down to the fields of controversy and battle with me on the issues and facts I have raised. There is enough intellectual fireworks in what I have written to add sparkle to the dullest afternoon. I piloted the GSFC to the greatest corporate turnaround the world has seen. They have been doing this all their lives. My deeds cast a virtuous glow around them and made men and women look to the future with longing eyes. A dozen like me could change the common man's thinking. They will not do it for two reasons. Persons will behave ethically only if the ethical leader has power over them and heads the organization they work in. Yet none want to know how it was done. There are no stirrings of an ethical revival within them. But even this was was perhaps more out of politeness to the former chief. honest. among the others.that future its poets have sung of and its martyrs have died for. I bounced my views against some of them. They can just walk away. First. that which its revolutionaries sang for ecstatically as they were led to the gallows. But one must loook at the Indian elite today . and well meaning persons in positions of responsibility. So what is most likely as we gaze at the future with illusion free eyes? I see good. It must be a future we make for ourselves and not one into which we travel as spectators or commentators. is that they need not. that which is glimpsed in those waking dreams that animate the young. They can just walk away. The truth is such an annoyance. and more important reason. nothing I say will have any effect. embarrassment or even inconvenience. Mine is a credible message for India. # This is the promise of what can be. India looks to its patriots to realize its future . What I say is irrefutable. The years have burnished them. I showed that the world around each one of us is fundamentally alterable by individual ethical action.that is nurtured. which can safely be avoided. Our elite steps back the moment it senses any personal danger. including some who are most indignant on TV forums . But . and definitely not one into which we move in either as exploiters or are dragged into as passive victims. The second. and that future for which its poor have toiled and perished over the ages. I have earned the right to say what I have said here. A patriot is one who tries to make his country worthy of his love. The ethical content of my exertions stands unchallenged. they cannot answer me. They ignore what I have done and the alternative model I developed. And this in a country crowded with business schools and consultants. I have shown it can turn real. A thousand of us could remake our country in the image of a true lover. My professional accomplishments are still talked of with admiration both in Gujarat and even Kerala. The response has been one of silence. No accusing voice will force them to answer.
They will then be fiercely independent in such unristricted areas and it is this face of sturdy independence which they will show to the world. management professors. Nehru and others fought for and won. There will be fear indoors and violence on the streets. never having experienced it. civil servants. As time passes legitimacy is being stripped away from them. Their accommodations to power will be kept away from public gaze or suitably camouflaged through sufficient paddings of official procedures and sanctions. the hope that india could be governed ethically. But there is no demand for ethical leadership in India from any group of persons. quite a number of whom could be spotted dining at expensive restaurants. They assert their belief in serving the public interest continuously. What Gandhi. Some of them will become well known economists. They will act independently only where there are no demands from the dominant power. blighting lives and turning the future into a cruel joke. I feel. But there will be no collapse. writers and poets. India will revert to the time when it was ruled by hundreds of local chiefs whose only claim was that of superior force. I cannot escape the feeling that the Indian future will be worse than the present. This is better than what was achieved before 2000 but that is scant comfort. and who will convince the world that India's future prospects are still good. auhority cannot defend itself. That low endemic fever and despair that has made our poor into zombies will burn on. the middle class are contemptuous of it and the poor do not understand it.I see none who are ethical. With the elite refusing to adopt ethics. provided some decencies are maintained. But life for the elite and their followers will remain pleasant. billionaires. How could it not be so with such articulate and erudite persons in the team? . Legitimate authority will be challenged frequently accross the country because legitimate authority has abandoned ethics. Our growth rate will move between 4 % and 6 %. In their actual day to day official working they will deploy flexible positions looking at the coordinates of forces and the demands of power. The growth rate under ethical leadership will be between 15% to 20% for the next ten years and then come down to around 10%. But they will accept as public interest whatever is projected as such by their superiors. there will be no ethical revival in India. CEOs . The people at large will see them as upright till the stuff hits the fan and this now happening with greater frequency. nearer 4 than 6. Ethics is the most majestic shield legitimate authority has. artists. Without ethics. The rich and powerful are against it. was lost a long time back.
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