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8:00:00 AA1 1 began takeoff roll 8:04:55 Boston issued taxi instruction to UAL1 75 8:09:18 Neward Control issued taxi instructions to UAL93 8:09:17 AA11 established radio contact with Boston Traffic Control 8:12:29 Dulles Airport Traffic Control Tower issued taxi instructions to AA77 8:13:47 AA1 1 instructed to climb and maintain flight level. There was no acknowledgement 8:14:00 UAL175 began takeoff roll 8:17:59 Brief unknown sound (possibly a scream) from an unknown origin 8:20:00 AA77 began takeoff roll 8:20:48 Transponder information was lost on Boston radar displays. AA1 1 was then a primary radar target only 8:23:01 UAL1 75 established contact with Boston Center 8:24:38 "we have some planes just stay quiet and you'll be ok we are returning to the airport", unknown origin heard by Boston. 8:24:57 Second unknown transmission, "nobody move everything will be ok if you try to make any moves you'll endanger yourself and the airplane just stay quiet" 8:24:53 By now Boston made several transmissions attempting to contact AA1 1 .

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8:25:00 Boston began notification that suspected hijack was in progress. New England ROC, ATCSCC and Boston facility manager notified. Controllers began inter-facility coordination with New York Center 8:25:49 AA77 established radio contact with Washington Air Route Traffic Control 8:26:00 AA1 1 began southbound turn over Albany, New York

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Third transmission of unknown origin, "nobody move please we are going back to the airport don't try to make any stupid moves" 8:34:00 Boston contacted Cape Terminal Radar Approach Control (at Otis) and requested they notify the military of events regarding AA1 1 8:35:00 New England ROC advised Washington Operations Center of suspected hijack of AA11 8:36:00 Washington Operations Center notified Civil Aviation Security Intelligence (ACI) and conferenced New England ROC and ATCSCC Wpns Trans: 8:37:37-41 , Alright, Boston Center TMU, we have a problem here, we 8:37:53 FAA recorded same conversation have a hijacked aircraft headed towards New York and we need you guys to, we need someone to scramble some F16's or something to help us out. Is this real world or an exercise. No, this is real world, this is not an exercise, not a test

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NEAD MCC OP Trans: 8:38:09-20 "MCC" Major Nasypany your [sic] needed in Ops 8:38:00 Boston notified New York Room, MAJ Nasypany your [sic] needed pronto, to ops room. Northeast Air Center of possible hijacking of AA11 Defense, (garbled) can I help you. Yes SGT Kelly from Otis, how are you doing today. Yeah, good ahead. I'm getting reports from my TRACON, there might be a hijack. Uh, huh, I'm hearing the same thing, we're working it right now. Okay. Thanks. ID Trans: 8:38:23-58 "ID1" what, your kidding, real world "ID1" who Boston ("background" call Boston) Open Line. Boston Center Military. Uh Yeah, Huntress calling in reference to the hijacked aircraft we're checking to get some information if we could. Okay, Okay, what do ya need. Call sign, type aircraft. Its American One One. American One One? Uh, Huh, type aircraft, is a uh, Seven Sixty Seven Wpns Trans: 8:39:00 Hi this is Maj Deskins. Hi, Joe Cooper, Boston center we have a hijacked aircraft headed towards the New York metro area, wondering if you could, umm, send someone up there, some F16s maybe out of Otis. 8:39:25 FAA recorded same conversation

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Wpns Trans: 8:39:13-37 Okay, do yo have a Mode 3 on it, do you have a mode 3 code. Nope, it is just a primary target only, we lost, umm, we lost the umm mode, mode C on it, so you would have to get up in the air and we would have to vector you towards the aircraft. OK, OK, so you would want to control the intercept because you. We have to yes, until you guys can pick him up on primary radar. OK, so you have a general location to where he is. We're still tracking him right now. Your still tracking him right now, can you, can you give us a Lat. Lon. where you think he is for our S A. ID Trans: 8:39:02-55 And number of soles on board, do you know that. Umm I don't know that, hold on, hey Dave do you know soles on board and all that information. No we don't have that information. You don't have nay of that. No, right now his position is about forty miles north of Kennedy. Forty miles north of Kennedy. Right. You have a Mode three. No we don't. He's a primary target only. A primary target only, okay, an you don't know where he's coming from or destination. No idea, he took off out of Boston originally heading for, uh, Los Angelos[sic]. Boston to Los Angelos. That was his original destination Yeah. And where are they going now, do you know. No idea. He's heading towards Kennedy, it looks like his speed is decreasing, umm, I'm not exactly sure, nobody really. Are you the controlling agency or is New York. No, no, right now we are but he's heading right for New York center. And is there any military assistance requested. Oh yes, we're actually trying to get some F15's to. Yes do you want F15s our. Yeah Ft 5s out of Otis, I think. 8:40:00 NEADSlogTindicate™11" MCC OP Trans: 8:40:22 "MCC" Find out where he's at, get a heading (garbled) they were notified by the FAA of monitoring Major Deskins from CH 13. events concerning AA11

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8:40:14 AA77 established radio contact with ZID (Indianapolis) MCC/T Log: Possible hijack AA1 1 Fit ID Trans: 8:40:00-48 But you do have uh, you don't have any modes or codes on him. Umm, nope, right now, right now we don't have, just uh, any Mode C. Is he inbound to JFK. We, we don't know at all. You don't know where he is at all. He's being hijacked, the pilots having a hard time talking to the, I mean, we don't know, we don't know where he's going. He's heading toward Kennedy, He's uh, like I said, He's like thirty five miles North of Kennedy now at 367 knots, I have no idea where he's going whatsoever. If you could please give us a call, let us know uh, any information that would be great. Okay, I guess right now we're trying to work on, I guess there has (sic) been some threats in the cockpit, the problem we'll call you right back as soon as we know some more information, thank you. MCC OP Trans: 8:41 :06 "Background" Ahh, that determination hasn't been made yet umm, let me if could just hold on just a moment, I'm gonna get, uh, we've got some coordination going on, I think that they're going to put Otis on battle stations, that's who I would anticipate going especially if they continue to head towards JFK. They would be are [sic] closest asset, [later at 8:41 :25 name Joe Cooper is mentioned.] Surv Log: Real world highjack aircraft American Flight AA77 (sic) Fm H (sic) Battle MCC OP Trans: 8:41 :51 "Background" Dawn we got Otis on battle stations "background" 1241. AST Trans: 8:42:10 "AST" what base, 1241Z battle stations Otis ID Trans: 8:42:00-38 Boston Center. Yeah, Hunteress ID again, real quick, did you guys have Mode 3 on American One One. Last uh, last uh altitude we had him at was descending to flight level two nine zero. Do you have uh, I'm sorry do you have a prior mode three for American One One. Umm. File anything, uh, any information for Mode three, because we can locate him on the scope if so.. Well uh last known altitude was uh, two nine zero, the last thing he requested was three five zero. Okay, all we're asking is your mode three, your mode three. Did you assign any code to that aircraft. Uh, the original was uh, the original, hold on, umm, we don't have any mode three, he's primary only, that's all we have. MCC OPTrans: 8:42:04-28 What time did we go battle stations. "MCC" twelve forty-one battle stations. "MCC" (garbled) (garbled) 1241 battle stations Otis. "MCC" we gotta get a Mode 3, that's gonna help us out bigtime. 8:41 :00 Military Command issued scramble order on AA1 1 8:42:00 UAL93 began takeoff roll 8:41 :32UAL1 75 "We figured we'd wait to go to your center, we heard a suspicious transmission on our departure out of Boston. Someone keyed the mike and said everyone stay in your seats." 8:40:32 UAL1 75 established contact with New York Center

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NEAD ID Trans: 8:46:06-8:47:36 (NY) Umm, 1, umm am not, hold on one second. "ID1" 8:46:31 Primary radar tracking of keep tring (sic) to locate that mode three "ID1" New York told me to hold on, you AA1 1 was lost heard that right "ID1" hmm, come on New York, "ID1" you know what, let's get a tail number off of it, call Boston Center, lets get a tail number. Right now he's primary only. You have no mode three. You have a lat. Ion. Umm, I can get a lat. Ion. "ID1" we're gonna get an updated lat. Ion;, a updated lat. Ion., we called Boston his original, his filed one is one four four three, he's not working that, he's primary only we're getting an update position now. Okay showing four zero three nine north, sever four zero three west. MCC/T Log: Fm H (sic) scrambled @ TT on A1 1 8:46:35 Impact at World Trade Center MCC OP Trans: 8:46:22 Background time 12:46, authenticate, Delta, X-Ray 8:46:48 UAL175 transponder Scramble immediately, Panto 45, 46 heading 290, flight level 290. Contact code of 1470 changed, first indicating 3020, then changing Huntress, 228 point niner (garbled). again to 3321 . Consequently, secondary radar return began to coast and was no longer associated with primary return ID Trans: "ID1" Okay there it is. That's where she said it was. Surv Log: Fm H (sic) Scrambled 1246 MCC OP Trans: 8:47:23 "MCC" I have scrambled Otis, and already, as per your direction, we're sending them in that general direction, we're send them right to that Z point, and then we can maneuver them, un, as deemed uh right. AST Trans: "AST" I just hear a twelve four six scramble, scramble Otis. "AST" ICC, Otis has been scrambled. 46 MCC OP Trans: 8:48:29 Okay sir this is SGT (garbled) at CONR <yeah> uh, the General [Arnold] would like uh, do you have radar coverage on this guy. ID Trans: 8:49:22-28 Huntress, good morning, this is New York millitary calling at New York Center. Yeah how are you doing. Good, Good, are you, watch supervisor needs a number for a possible hijacking, uh.he wants to call somebody in case they need some assistance your, uh fighter jets. 8:50:51 AA77 acknowledged clearance to Falmouth. This was the last radio communication with this flight

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8:50:00 Washington Operations Center activated a Tactical Net at request of Civil Aviation Security Intelligence (ACI) Neward Airport Traffic Control Tower advised New York Traffic Control of possible aircraft crash into the World Trade Center

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ID Trans; 8:51:22. (Background voice) Who are you talking to, a plane just hit the 8:51:43 New York to UAL 175 world trade center "recycle transponder1 no response was received. Controller made several attempts, repeatedly trying to contact UAL175 for the next four minutes. During this time, the aircraft was also observed making a left turn and descending MCC/T Log: Fm H (sic) A/B @ TT on A11 ID Trans: 8:52:01-23 (Background voice) God save Ney (sic) York. New York AMIS, Huntress ID (Background voice) See if they lost alititude on that plane all together. New York. Yes Maam, did you just hear the information regarding the world trade center <no> being hit be an aircraft. Your kidding. No, it's on world news, umm, do you still have altitude on that aircraft you have. No, like I, no, like I said I don't work a radar here. Yeah you said you lost radar through (sic) MCC OP Trans: 8:52:15-53 "MCC" No, did yo say something just hit the world trade center, or someone reports, okay, okay. "MCC" No keep on going with it. "Background" talkin with IG [sic ID??]and we had a phone call that came down to us, an saying, they had a possible hijack out of Boston, an uh, I just flipped around and uh, we are always wind upon the new, and uh a 737 just hit the WTC and I was just curious, at the same time was that the aircraft the last I knew they had a primary on it and the track was not squawking 7500 but it was, it was under duress. "MCC" send them to New York City, still consider go. NOTE: At this time there are comms difficulty and NEAD ID gives impression that aircraft that hit the world trade center was "apparently, it was not that guy. NY responded, "not that guy."

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8:53:24 New York controller coordinated internally asking other controllers if they saw UAL175. None replied in the affirmative

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NEAD MCC OP Trans: 8:54:16-34 "MCC" Okay this is what I got so far, possible news that a 737 hit the WTC this is real world, an we're trying to confirm this, "background" Okay continue taking the fighters down to the New York City areas, JFK area, best that we can, make sure the FAA clears your route all the way through, just do what we gotta do, okay, just press with it. [Note, in context, the time is likely a typo and should be 8:53:16-34 MCC OP Trans: 8:54:04 "MCC" Until its confirmed it's gonna be a lot easier to get down to this area [holding area], if I bring them out like this, rather than through all the crap, until it's confirmed, do you want me to bring down this way at least. "Background" work with FAA, just tell them to clear ya a route, clear ya a route. MCC OP Trans: 8:54:57 "MCC" Alright our last actual reported position, if he didn't crash into the world trade center is 20 miles south of JFK, so I want you to take them down into this area, hold as needed, whatever altitude they need to go to, for center to make that work, is fine by me, but uh, thaf's the area I want them to go and hold, right in that little gap right there MCC OP Trans: 8:55:26 "MCC" Alright this is what we're doing, we're taking them down here to hold for now "Background" right. Whatever altitude they need for center to do that is fine. So you want me to have center to have them hold. Weapons should pass that, the fighters hould [sic] be talking to center, there gonna pass that through the fighters. Exactly what we want them to do, now. Surv Log: Boston confirmed hijack aircraft hit world trade center

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8:54:53 AA77 began a left turn towards the south without authorization. Shortly after the turn, the aircraft was observed descending 8:55:00 New York controller was busy trying to turn other aircraft away from UAL175. The flight track had changed and was now headed southeast bound

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8:55:00 [time approximate] a controller-in-charge advised the Operations manager that she believe UAL175 was also hijacked... The controler returned to the OM position and heard a request for military aircraft to scramble. ID Trans: 8:55:29-50 "ID1" you can try the black phone 631. (Background voice) 8:55:00 [time approximate] A controller reported that [an] Confirmation. Who gave you that confirmation, he did crash into the world trade center. (Background voice) Boston, Boston Center is giving you that confirmation. unknown aircraft was now (Background voice) Boston is confirming, Boston is confirming that was the aircraft headed towards New York City. This controller, along with other (sic) that crashed into the trade center, American Eleven (later tail number is controllers speculated that the November 334AA) unknown aircraft was an emergency and was heading for an airport to land.

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MCC OP Trans: 8:55:58 "Background" if you can, hand the fighters over directly to FAA so they can <"MCC" they're still under FAA control, we're never gonna take them> just work with them, coordinate with them the best that you can with that, take them to the area and let them, let them handle the airspace. 8:56:19 AA77 Secondary radar return lost on ZID displays 8:56:32 ZID controller attempted to contact AA77. There was no acknowledgement. ZID also tried to communicate with AA77 through American Airlines company radios MCC/T Log: Boston FAA says hijack a/c crashed into world trade center Surv Log: Airborn @ 1252 AST Trans: 8:58:09 "AST" Now we're deciding. Their saying that a civilian aircraft has hit the world trade center.but the haven't confirmed it's American Eleven yet MCC OP Trans: 8:57:04-26 "MCC" Okay what did they say exactly, about that aircraft that hit the building, the world trade center. "MCC" Okay Boston just talked to us, he said he didn't want to confirm, but they're pretty sure that is, that was the aircraft. "MCC" unconfirmed from Boston, yeah, they're pretty dogone sure it is him, yup. MCC OP Trans: 9:57:51 "Background" What was the airborne time, 52. MCC OP Trans: 8:58:09-9:59:03 Background, they want to know what the mission is, I told them the mission is holding.that's what I passed. "Background" right now, this is what was coordinated with center, we got them basically just conning south of Long Island, and holding, at whatever altitude center wants to put them at. "MCC" right, Okay. "MCC" Uh, do we have a mission, that we can pass to these guys. "MCC" no, what they want to know is what kind of mission do we pass to them, hold, you see what I mean, yeah. "MCC" Yea, FAA, as needed, also we are going to be, we are holding them south of JFK for approx. ten miles, at whatever altitude they need, so that's all we can do. Surv Log: Highjacked aircraft American Flight 1 1, 767

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8:58:14 ZID also made severl attempts to contact AA77 through American Airlines company dispatch

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8:59:00 ZID controllers began coordinating with other controllers to protect airspace and altitude of AA77's filed route of flight

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9:00:00 [time approximate] New York Radar Approach Control controller stated "at approximately 9:00 I observed an unknown aircraft south of the Newark Airport, northeast bound and descending out of twelve thousand nine hundre feet in a rapid rate of descent, the radar target terminated ath the World Trade Center. Surv Log: Possible second highjack United flight ID Trans: 9:03:20 Background Voice. They have a possible second hijack AST Trans: "AST" Okay guys listen up, possibly we have a second hijacking MCC OP Trans: 9:03:39 "Background" United, another hijack, real world MCC OP Trans: 9:04:04 "MCC" Sir, thank you, sir, we got a, we got a unconfirmed second hit, from another aircraft ID Trans: 9:04:10-46 Background voice 2. This 3320 is way the hell over by Lake Erie. "ID1" Oh God, what phone were you on. "ID1" United one seven five. "ID1" One seven five, what is it. "ID1" United 175, is the other aircraft, mode 3 is 3321 MCC OP Trans: 9:04:15 Maj Rice, Hello. Hi ya doing sir, this is SGT Belluscio at Huntress, Huntress Control, we got a hijack, uh I don't know if you guys are aware of that, we had a couple of fighters scramble out to assist FAA, and we were wondering if you happen to have any out in the W107, W105 area. Umm, we got a crew airborne right now, ah I don't know where they went though, I think 204 or 212, you can find them, uh, they got team 23, we got 2 crews airborne right now, team 23 and team 24, New York Center will be working them, there up, northeast of New York. [Note: this likely refers to tankers] 9:05:00 NEADS logs indicate MCC/T Log: United 175 possible hijack Bos-LAX they were notified by the FAA of the events concerning UAL175 New York received notification from Newardk Airport Traffic control of a second aircraft striking the World Trade Center ID Trans: 9:06:05 Uh, negative we just from New York Center, possible crash also, uh, you heard about the first <yes> okay possibly a second MCC/T Log: UAL175 ID as 767 9:03:14 Second Impact at World Trade Center

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NEAD MCC OP Trans: 9:07:47-59 "MCC" Okay Foxy this what, this is what I forsee we need to do, we need to talk to FAA, we need to tell them, this stuff keeps on going, we need to take those fighters, put them over Manhattan, okay, that's the best thing, that's the best place right now. "MCC" Coordinate with FAA, tell them, if ther's more out there right now, which we don't know, let's get them over Manhattan, at least we have some kind of play MCC OP Trans: 9:08:42-58 "Background" the second suspected aircraft is United 175, 1 just put that up theere. "MCC" Okay, this is what I got going, tell Foxy to scramble Langley, send them in the same location. "Background" battle, battle stations or scramble. "MCC" battle stations only at Langley ID Trans: 9:08:17-24 Yes sir just wanted to give you a heads up we have had two confirmed, well not confirmed, one hijacked aircraft and possibly another one, and yes we do have that information and we're working it now. This is for live world. Live world yes. MCC/T Log: LFI on B/S @ TT for hijack threat 9:09:00 ZID notified Great Lakes Regional Operations Center of a possible aircraft accident of AA77 due to the simultaneous loss of radio communications and radar identification MCC OP Trans: 9:09:00 "MCC" Okay are you listening, what I told the FD so far is, we need to get those fighters over Manhattan, because we don't know how many guys out of Boston could be (garbled). "MCC" You miss three or two, there could be more ID Trans: 9:09-25 Background 2. 09, we went battlestations at 09 [probably Langley] "ID1" I hope they cancel the exercise because this is ridiculous. ID Trans: 9:09:43 United Airlines dispatch says that United 175 is NORDO, and is not in radio contact. Is NORDO, is NORDO MCC OP Trans: :9: 10:09-34 "MCC" you know what, I don't like them there. 'MCC" Okay, okay, I want those fighters closer in, I want them south of JFK MCC/T Log: Both hijacks UAL175 @ A1 1 hit world trade center AICC Trans: 9:1 1 :22 Panto 45 [Otis scramble] remain current position until FAA requests assistance [Holding area W105] ID Trans: 9:12:27 Background voice we've got Langley on battle stations "ID1" Langley's on battle stations, okay, that's fine MCC OP Trans: 9:12:54-57 This is Manta. How are you doing sir, this is in reference to the active air, we're trying to reach the military coordinator, we're having a difficult time, umm, NORAD is requesting that the fighters hold over New York

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NEAD MCC OP Trans: 9:13:29-32 This is Major McCarthy who am I speaking to. This is Major Nasypany, go ahead. Hey Nasty, are you guys watching CNN. Yup, uh we're in the situation now, I'm kinda busy. Okay just wanted to know if you were, good bye. MCC OP Trans: 9:14:48 "MCC" Yes sir, uh, we got Mane 85 [Tanker] going to Whiskey One oh five right now, we also have the fighters holding there, we're trying to move them down south of JFK, okay, we got some bad poop from FAA. ID Trans 9:14:39-50 New York, Huntress checking on United 175 apparent confirmation on United 1 75 being the second aircraft to hit the world trade center. I have no idea, I would have no idea of that. Okay, Boston said it was in your airspace. 9:15:00 [time approximate] ZID Operations Manager contacted Chicago Air route Traffic control Center (ZAU) and advised the Operations Manager of concern that AA77 may have been hijacked and that ZAU should be on the look out (based on events occurring in New York) ID Trans: 9:17:28-33 Scoggins, Boston Center military. Heh how you doing this this is MAJ Nasypany. How are you doing. Um we have uh, are could shut everything, nobody is departing... just wondering do you have people on alert that we. I've got fighters in WHISKEY 105 right now, and I've got a tanker there as well, I've got other aircraft on alert at Langley as well, I'm getting ready to, I've got trackers over JFK over Boston and that area, just looking for anything suspicious. AST Trans: 9:18:22 "AST" it looks like they're pushing the fighters into New York "Background" that KKKK is that the, "AST" that is the original point that they gave us AST Trans: 9:20:57 "AST" Okay listen up 6, 8 whoever's on my loop, American 1 1 is still up there, he's still a hijack and he's headed for Washington MCC OP Trans: 9:20:00 "MCC" My recommendation, if we have to take anybody out, large aircraft, we use AIM nines in the face. "MCC" If need be. MCC OP Trans: 9:21 :58 "Background voice" Third aircraft heading towards Washington

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MCC OP Trans: 9:22:05-47 "MCC" Okay, American eleven, that's the first guy, he's still airborne, and he's heading towards Washington, okay, 1 think we need to scramble Langley right now, and I'm goona take the fighters from Otis and chase this guy down if 1 can find him. "MCC" Yeah, you sure. "MCC" Okay, he's heading towards Langley, er, 1 shouls say Washington. "MCC" American eleven, the original guy, he's still airborne, we're still getting a. "MCC" we're still getting a position. "Background voice" do we still have a position. "MCC" Foxy, scramble Langley, head them towards the Washington area Surv Log: LFI scrambled American flight 1 1 still airborn heading toward Washington Surv Log: Scramble time 0924 (recheck this entry) ID Trans: 9:22:38-49 New York, Huntress ID, reference American 1 1 "ID1" I'm calling American right now, er New York. This is New York go ahead. Yes sir we just had, ah, knowledge that American 1 1 is still airborne headed towards Washington, did you get that information. AST Trans 9:22:47-52 "AST" Better get Langley going guys, what did I just say, "AST" scrambling Langley AST Trans 9:23:46 "AST" I'll get you scramble time for Langley as soon as I know it MCC OP Trans: 9:23:10-50 "MCC" What ws the tail number. "Background Voice" November three three four, alpha alpha. "MCC" November three three four, alpha alpha. "MCC" If we can, we're trying to get the mode, trying to get a position on this guy. "MCC" Okay, till then, we'll run in on them, okay, goodbye. "MCC" These guys are smart. "Background Voice" Yeah they knew exactly what they wanted. "Background Voice" wee what the hell was the plane that crashed. "Background voice" probably a third hijack, is that it. "MCC" no, this is American, American Airlines, the first one. 9:24:00 Great Lakes notified MCC/T Log: American Airlines #N334AA hijacked [note: this is tail number for AA11] Washington Operations Center of simultaneous loss or radio communications and radar identification of AA77 9:24:30 UAL93 established radio AST Trans 9:24:33 "AST" Scramble time 24, 24 LFI, 1324, did you get that contact with Cleveland Air Route Traffic Control Center MCC/T Log: hijack AA fit headed to Wash DC

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9:25:00-9:30:00 [time approximate] Several IAD (Dulles) controllers working radar positions observed a primary radar target tracking eastbound at a high rate of speed 9:25:14 UAL93 again reported to Cleveland Center

0925

0926 0926

ID Trans: 9:25:35-56 Well sir, we just found, we're trying to find out information on American 11, we just got confirmation that. We don't have anything on that one. You do not. We do not. Okay, are you aware he is possibly headed towards Washington. Well, ah, we just got word from Boston, or, somewhere but we don't have anything on him yet, and uh, uh, yeah, uh, theres (sic) a lot of different things going on right now.. Just want to give you a heads up sir. Okay, thank you very much. AST Trans 9:25:53 Yes, this is New York Center Bruce Barrett, I'm the Operations Manager, in charge, I was given this number to call <okay> reference American <okay go ahead> that he might be still flying MCC/T Log: LFI scrambled on AA Fit @ 1324Z AST Trans 9:26:16-59 New York Center, what do you need to know. Well, we got told to call this number, and there ws an unconfirmed report that American 11 was still in the air. Okay, hold on. "AST" I need somebody now, i got New York Center on the line, telling me they were told to call this number, to confirmthat American 11 was still flying. Sir, right now we're not sure, we can't confirm it's still flying or not. Okay, if you get any information you will be in contact with the ATC facilities to ensure that they get that information. Yes. Thank you very much. ID Trans: 9:26:26-57 Background voice. American Airlines (garbled) is'nt (sic) the one that hit their airborn still hijacked headed towards Washington. Background voice. It was American Airlines One One. Background voice. The first one they thought hit. "Backgroun. He's still airborn, he's still out there, but we can't get a position on him. All they know is he's headed towards Washington. "ID1" do you copy that, Boston's missing another aircraft, "bacground" Boston is now missing another aircraft copy "ID1" there is (Sic) 3 unaccounted for aircraft, more aircraft unaccounted for. Boston. MCC/T Log: Boston FAA says another a/c is missing MCC OP Trans: 9:27:30 "MCC" (Garbled) United one seven five, American one one, we're getting information now that, American, the first one we, that hit, may be still airborne MCC OP Trans 9:28:39-45 "Background voice" oh, ther's three planes unaccounted for, there's three planes. "Background Voice" thjere's AAL11 not accounted for, may still be airborne headed towards Washington, United hit the world trade center, and the third that hit the world trade center we're not sure about.

0927

0927 0927

0928

9:28:19 A radio transmission of unintelligible sounds of possible scfreaming or a struggle from an unknown origin was heard over ZOB (Cleveland) radio

DoD
NORAD
0928

FAA

CONR

0929

9:28:54 A second radio transmission, mostly unintelligible, again with sounds of possible screaming or a struggle and a statement, "get oui of her, get out of here" was heard over ZOB radio. At same time, ZOB controller observed that UAL93 had descended ID Trans: 9:29:02-50 Hi, this is Huntress calling, umm, I was told to give you a 9:29:29 ZOB controller made buzz, for our mission crew commander, any information, I guess 3 aircraft out of several attempts to contact UAL Boston are missing and, 2 of them has hit the world trade center and one is 93 without receiving enroute to Washington, did you get that information. Receiver cannot be heard at acknowledgement. 9:29:50 ZOB all. Yeah, American 11, is not the aircraft that crashed it is still airborn, did you get controlelr began moving other that information. That's what we just found out. But we don't know where it is aircraft away from UAL93 though, it headed toward Washington, was, was the last information. I don't know, but someone better get the President this is not good. Background. Someone better get looking for this guy. Uh, yeah, we just went up, but I not gonna say to much right now, I just wanted to give you a heads up, urn, but do you have any information where American one one is right now, or anything ID Trans: 9:30:06-50 I just want to say one more thing, thank you, Washington, I don't know if they don't think this is serious or not, but they are not, unless they hear from like the centers if you could give them a heads up and let them know that this is. Washington Center, there not, really not at all. Okay sir. Background voice, we got to get a point out on that American Airlines. Background, we do, we got to get it out of Langley, they scrambled. Background, they got him. "ID1" Boston is calling Washington right now. Background, I don't know if they got him yet, but Langley scrambled. Background, what's up. "ID1" umm, Boston has no clue where they are, and, he's gonna let Washington Center know that this is very serious . MCC OP Trans: 9:30:41 "MCC" I'm gonna have three fighters out of Langley 9:31:57 A third radio transmission AICC Trans: "Background" I want you guys to take these guys, right about there <okay> and locate your Z track about halfway between BWI and MCF <wilko> , ostly unintelligible, may sound like an individual out of breath, more unintelligible words and what sounds like "bomb on board" from an unknown origin was heard over ZOB radio

NEAD AICC Trans: 9:28:36-53 "Background" OK, the original hijack that started all of, is AAL Twenty-One [sic] 767, N334AA, he has never been found, he is not one of the aircraft that did that, they expect that he is on his way to Washington, right here, your [sic] gonna take your fighters up, your gonna CAP on this area, we're gonna hit up some tracks, see if we can find a likely que. "Background" if we can find one, we're gonna intercept it and get a visual ID [Note: this is likely a conversation with Langley scrambled fighters]

0930

0930
0931

FAA
0932

ID Trans: 9:32:23-9:34:07 Huntress ID, unsecure line. Huntress ID, this is Washington Center, Operations Manager, uh okay, I guess you had called here a couple of times, you never talked to me.... Okay there are 3 aircraft missing out of Boston, I just spoke to Boston, they said they are not sure of the 3rd call sign, but they do have 2 one is United 175 and the other is American one, one, they thought that American one one crashed into the world trade center, along with United 175 however American one one is not the aircraft that crashed...that was not the aircraft headed into the world trade center, that hit it <okay> that Boston is saying, the last known, and I'm not sure where through the grapevine we heard it is people calling is American one one was headed for Washington, that is the only thing. Was headed for where. Washington. Okay...But remember nothing has been confirmed as far as which aircraft hit the world trade center, but the other one, we have information is heading for Washington. Okay, let me tell you this, I, we (sic) been looking, we have also lost American 77. AICC Trans: "SD2" call Giant Killer, tell them reference QUIT 25 work with ATC, want them direct Bait, direct BWI for now, and have them come up on, ah, 22, 23.46 in his Aux frequency to talk to Huntress.

9:32:31 A fourth radio transmission stated "did you hear that transmission that reported a bomb on board?" from an unknown origin was heard over ZOB radio

0933

9:33:00 [time approximate] An Operations Supervisor at IAD advised the Hhite House Office of the Secret Service of an unknown aircraft heading in the direction of the White House, fast moving. A controller was providing the same information to controllers working at Reagan Airport Traffic Control (DCA). The IAD Supervisor also provided continuous updates on a critical event teleconference established at the Federal Aviation Administration Headquarters building. [9:33:14 JSS radar files show that AA77 was just beginning its 360 degree turn to the right

0933

MCC OP Trans: 9:33:34 Background Voice: Langleys airborn [sic], we haven't taken a hand off yet, but their airborn MCC/T Log: American 77 fit to LA lost/unable to locate

0934

DoD
0934 NEAD MCC OP Trans: 9:34:23-50 "Background Voice" What was that American what. "Background Voice" American 77. "Background Voice" Write that down, American 77. I would like you to work with Center, we need them to go direct Baltimore Washington International and have them bring up Huntress on the Auxiliary Frequency 234.6. Well you got QUIT 25 going east to the airspace now you want him to go direct Baltimore. Yes Sir, we're not gonna take him in 386. Okay one he goes to Baltimore what do you want him to do. Just have him contact us on 234 decimal six, we just need, instead of us taking handoffs and then handing him back, just tell Center we need him over Baltimore. AICC Trans: 9:34:19-46 Huntress, Giant Killer go ahead. Yes Sir, in regards to Quit 25 [Langley scramble] I would like you to, ah, work with center, we need them to go direct Baltimore Washington International...Once he goes to Baltimore, what do you want us to do. Just have him contact us on Aux...we just need, instead of taking handoffs to us, and us handing them back, just tell center, they gotta go to Baltimore. MCC/T Log: LFI airborne at TT ID Trans: 9:36:19 Background. We have an aircraft 6 miles east. Indianopolis (sic) Center (Background) Huntress side 6 miles east of the White House

FAA
9:34:50 ZOB controller observed UAL93 climbing with authorization. The aircraft had started a turn to the southeast, also without authorization.

0934

0935 0936

9:36:00 Personnel at DCA issued traffic advisories on the unknwon aircraft to a military C130 aircraft that had departed Andrews Air Force Base. When the C130 aircraft (GOFER06) reported the unidentified aircraft in sight, the pilot was instructed to follow the unknown aircraft

0936

MCC OP Trans: 9:36:37-9:37:38 "MCC" Okay Foxy, I got a aircraft 6 miles east of the White House get your fighters there. "Background Voice" Did that come from Boston. "Background Voice" He's deviating for FAA. "Background Voice" Do you want to authorize the AFIO, do to authorize it right now. "Background Voice" Giant Killer, Huntress 924, weapons, 386. Go Ahead. Ma'am we are going AFIO right now with QUIT 25, they are going direct Washington. QUIT 25 is ah, is, ah, we're handing him off to center, right now. Ma'am we need that expedited right now, we got to contact them on 2346, we need them. Roger that, Kilo Bravo. MCC OP Trans: 9:37:46-59 "Background Voice" That's the radar only guy, right there. "Background Voice" radar only. "Background Voice" This guy right here, Bravo 013. Background Voice, no. "MCC" Bravo 032. " " Thjis dude right here. ID Trans: 9:37:06 Background. Huntress Side six miles east and losing altitude

0937
0937

DoD
NORAD CONR

FAA

0937 093T

NEAD AICC Trans: "Presumed Background" we're going direct DC with my guys, okay, okay, okay ID Trans: 9:38:21 Background. Huntress Well they better know now they got a target 6 SW

0939

ID Trans: 9:39:39-50 And when was that last update sir. That was at approx 1256Z (8:56). Background. Huntress 1256 Zulu that was his last known point. Thank you sir. Yes. Background Mueller, heading and speed, heading and speed

9:38:00 GOFER06 reported that the unknwn aircraft had crashed into the western side of the Pentagon 9:39:12 A fifth radio transmission, mostly unintelligibl, stated words that may sound like "captain,...bomb on board,...our demands,...remain quiet" 9:39:59 ZOB notified Great Lakes ROC of the screams and statement from unknwn origin, believed to be UAL93 9:41:00 Secondary radar return and flight information becomes intermittent [UAL93] and eventually failed on ZOB radar displays

0939

AICC Trans: 9:39:19 Quit 25 vectors 330, max subsonic, the mission is to uh, standby

0940 0941

MCC/T Log: Delta 89 possible hijack Bos/Vegas

0941

MCC OP Trans: "Background Voice" SGT (garbled) did you know that Bravo 033 your gonna, "background Voice" no I didn't. Okay Bravo 032 if you look over Washington. "Background Voice" Bravo 33. No, Bravo 032. "Background Voice", copy. Is a track of interest that they worried about, that was six miles out of Washington, okay. "Background Voice" They got the White House or Pentagon that what you need to guess, right. 9:44:31 ZOB controller notified Pittsburgh Terminal Radar Approach North Arrival controller of the unanticipated turn, the loss of secondary radar return and 9:45:00 PIT controller notified Operations Supervisor of events surrounding UAL93. PIT controller also manually initiated radar tracking of the primary AICC Trans: Team 23 Huntress copy all recommend left hand turn, your on the Eastern side of 386

0944

0945

f'^

DoD
NORAD CONR

V
NEAD

FAA

V

0949

ID Trans: 9:49:27 "ID1" Pentaon got it, did you just head that, the Pentagon just got it. Background voice We're trying to get Toledo up after that Delta flight ID Trans: 9:49:32-9:50:26 Hey, uh, Huntress ID, Washington Center, hey I got a triple, I mean a 7777 code just west, come out of Patuxat (sic) restricted area at 23,000 feet, uh, he's about 15 miles east of uh, Nottingham, I need to know anything about that aircraft he's at 23,000 feet. Please standby, sir, that might be our fighters, standby, I'll confirm that "ID1" Joe can you confirm the triple seven code, this is Washington Center, "ID1" the triple seven code. Those are our fighers sir. Uh, I believe out of Atlantic City, Otis, I'm sorry sir. Okay, so ah, approx 10 miles due est of Nottingham, that's your fighters. Ah, standby, standby, ther're out of Langley and their (sic) our birds, yes. There's 3 birds, yes headed your way. Okay, great, thanks a lot. 9:50:47 CONR CO log AICC Trans: 9:50:29 "Background" Quit 25 going to NCA opened MCC OP Trans: 9:50:59 "Background Voice" Well it's on there, the Pentagon has been hit, I don't know where that information cam from, I put unconfirmed. MCC OP Trans 9:51 :37-51 "MCC" Talk to me about my Langley guys, I want them over NCA now. "MCC" Okay I need a Langley guy over NCA now. AICC Trans: 9:52:26 "Background" Okay, yup, we're going NCA AICC Trans: 9:53:12-16 Alright then we're gonna come right to 312. Quit 25 continue your right turn to 330 AICC Trans: 9:53:43 Quit 25 Huntrss, do you see any smoke from the area of the Pentagon. Uh. Stand by 9:56:56 Track of UAL93 was no longer visible on PIT radar displays MCC OP Trans: 9:58:00 [NEAD is recalling its off duty watch teams] "Background voice" Sir, I recalled all of Charlie crew surveillance, and two ID techs. "MCC" Fine, make that WADS as well. 10:00:00 [time approximate] Pilot of a VFR aircraft reported sighting a UL aircraft in vicinity of Latrobe airport. Pilot reported that UA aircraft's landing gear was down, the wings were rocking, and that the aircraft appeared to be in distress

0949

0950 0950 0951 0952 0953 0953 0955 0956

0958

1000

^——

*
NORAD CONR

DoD

W

FAA

W

1001

1002

NEAO ID Trans: "ID1" 10:01 :12 What do we have going on right now nothing, ah (Background) the only thing is with the Pentagon, we need to get information on American one, one ID Trans: 10:02:13 (Background) I want to get in touch with Washington CWY (sic) and see if they can, some way, find American one one, last known flight level 290, now we had that aircraft hit the Pentagon, we're trying to get confirmation that it's not AAL 11 or it is, and if it's not, is it headed somehwere else. MCC OP Trans: 10:02:58-10:03:13 "Background" unconfirmed, of a fifth airplane (Garbled). "Background" we're already established over Washington, We're running intercepts on anything that looks suspicious. "MCC" Okay, but did the Pentagon get whacked, did thety get hit. AICC Trans: 10:04:44 Huntress, Quit 25 that's , that's affirmative there's smoke coming from the Pentagon

1002

1004~^

10:04:00 [time approximate] ZOB controller indicated that UAL93 primary radar terminated in vicinity of Somerset, Pennsylvania

1005 1006

1007

ID Trans: 10:06:38 What we found out is that he is not a confirmed hijack [either Delta 89 or flight out of Canada] and that I don't even want to worry about that now, uh we got a United 93 out here and uh, are you aware of that uh, has a bomb on board. A bomb on board MCC/T Log: Bomb on board UAL93 over Pittsburg 10:07:00 In response to a request from a ZOB controller, N20VF, a Falcon Jet, reported observing puffs of smoke in vicinity of UAL93's last known position MCC OP Trans: 10:07:21-50 "Background" United 93, He's got a bomb, he's going where to where. "MCC" United 93, bomb on board, out of where, Boston "MCC" Intercept and divert that aircraft away from there. "MCC" Okay we got, did you hear that, that aircraft over the White House, whats the word, intercept. AICC Trans: 10:07:23-59 Baltimore is saying something about an aircraft over the White House, any worries. Negative, standby "SD2" did you copy that SD, center said there is an aircraft over the White House, any words "SD2" by center. Quit 25 Huntress. Quit 25, mission is intercept aircraft over White House, use FAA for guidance. "Background" divert aircraft away from White House, intercept and divert.

1007

1007

^J»

'
1007

'
CONR

DoD

F

FAA

W

NORAD

1008

1008

1008

NEAD ID Trans: 10:07:01-09 What we want to know, is, did you scramble airplanes for that Delta 1989. We did, out of Selfridge and Toledo sir. Did you, did you, are they in the air now. Yes they are. Is there any way we can get them to where this United is. MCC OP Trans: 10:08:01-05 "Background" going to Pittsburgh. "Background" no the one with the bomb is near Pittsburgh. "MCC" the, aircraft, over the, White House. "MCC" no not yet. ID Trans: 10:08:39-40 Background, center, how did we confirm that United has a bomb on board. Background, center, I heard it on the frequency. Okay, he heard it on the frequency, yes. AICC Trans: 10:08:02-43 Quite 25 how copy. Copy. Quit 25 divert the aircraft from the White House. Quit 25 divert the aircraft. Quit 25 when able I need type of aircraft. "SD2" I need a Z point for the White House. "SD2" Can I get a Z point for the White House MCC OP Trans: 10:08:32 "Background Voice" Yes, that's confirm, bomb on board, United 93 ID Trans: 10:10:28 Sir we have 4 aircraft, 2 out of Selfridge, 2 out of Toledo, let me see where they're currently headed, at this position. Okay, they were following Delta 1989, right now their probably going to commit towards the bomb aircraft AICC Trans: 10:09:39-56 Quick 26 how far is the suspect aircraft. Standby. About 15 miles huntress. Huntress copies 22 miles. Fifteen miles Huntress. 15 miles, one five MCC OP Trans: 10:10:39-10:11:06 "MCC" Yeah, okay, got it. "MCC" Negative clearance to shoot. "MCC" Jamie, God Dammit, "MCC" Negative clearance to fire. AICC Trans: 10:11:08-23 "SD2" There to low I can't talk to them. "Background" Negative clearance to fire. Okay, I told them mission was ID, and that was it. "Background" they can do watever they need to divert but, they are not clear to fire.. "SD2" I understand, I have no comms, there [sic] verv low AICC Trans 10:11:30-40 Quit 26, Huntress, I need one aircraft to stay high so I can radio relay. Quit 26, 2 aircraft are up, 25 is down lookin [sic]. Huntress copies, reiterate mission is ID type and (garbled) divert if necessary MCC OP Trans: 10:12:03-15 [Possible conversation with either Andrews or Toledo/Selfridge. How are you doing Major Nasypany. I'm doing, well as good as can be expected, Uh, I got guys that will be launching in about 15 minutes. Appreciate it, uh, are they loaded. We got hot guns that all I got. Hot guns, well that's good enough for me, for the time being.

1008 1009

1009

1010

1011

10:11:31 WADS asked CONR DCO "What ROE are we working under?"

1011

1012

s*

W
NORAD CONR

DoD

W
NEAD

FAA

/

1014

10:14:46 CONRDCO MCC OP Trans: 10:14:52 "Background" Nine three is down, northeast of Camp tells WADS/SEADS David, that's he one with bomb on board. "MCC" He's down, did he crash or. "report status. . .bring "background" I think so. up with live missiles. Cleared to load slammers on all ASA jets" ID Trans: 10:14:20-52 Also sir, I want to give you a heads up, United 93, do you have any informtion on that. Yeah, he's down. He's down. Yes. When did he land, we didn't get. He did not land. Oh, He's down. Yeah somehwere up northeast of Camp David. Northeast of Camp David. Yeah, that's the last report, they, they, don't know exactly where. "ID 1" Northeast of Camp David. Sir, no confirmation of a blowup or anything like that. Well they said they sent a C-1 30 over there and he said yes, he was in the ground. On the ground, safe. Nope, blew up.

1014

1015 1016 1020 1025 1030 1031

10:16:39 CONRDCO "peacetime ROE still"

10:31:01 CONRDCO "Vice President has cleared to us to intercept tracks of interest and shoot them down if they do not respond er CONR CC 1 0:41 :00 ZOB operations manager made official notification to Great Lakes [about UAL93] FAA note: Although this is the officially documented notificaiton time, FAA officials were aware of the accident as the events were reported as they occurred on a critical event teleconference established at the FAA headquarters building

1041

- w—
NORAD CONR

DoD
1 0:42:49 CONRDCO "Clearance to shoot from Vice President is to save lives on the ground if A/C do not respond

W
NEAD

FAA

7

1042

1045 1100 1103 1107 1115 1130 1145 1158

MCC/T Log: NEADS ordered to DEFCON 3 11:07:33CONRDCO DEFCON 3 ordered

11:58:37 CONRDCO SCATANA has been ordered

1200 1230 1300 1320 1330 1400 1430 1445 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900

Surv Log: DEFCON 3 declared

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