4551/1 Biology Kertas 1 September 2007 1 1/4 jam

LOGO SEKOLAH

JABATAN PELAJARAN NEGERI PAHANG PERCUBAAN SPM TAHUN 2007 TINGKATAN 5

BIOLOGI Kertas 1 Satu jam lima belas minit JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU

1. Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa. 2. Soalan di halaman kiri adalah dalam bahasa Inggeris. Soalan di halaman kanan adalah yang sepadan dalam bahasa Melayu. 3. Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat di halaman 2.

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2 INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES

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1. This question paper consists of two questions. Answer all questions. 2. Answer all the questions. 3. Answer each question by blackening the correct space on the answer sheet. 4. Blacken only one space for each question. 5. If you wish to change your answer , erase the blackened mark that you have made. Then blacken the space for the new answer. 6. The diagrams in the questions provided are not drawn to scale stated.

7. You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator.

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Section A 1 Figure 1 shows an animal cell.

Figure 1 Which of the following structures is not found in this cell? A. Nucleus B. Ribosome C. Chloroplast D. Golgi apparatus 2

Figure 2 The structure labelled X in Figure 2 is known as a A. B. C. D. cholesterol pore protein phospholipid carrier protein

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The process when two amino acids are joined together to form dipeptide is called A condensation B deamination C hydrolysis D synthesis

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Which of the following sequences of organelles involved in the synthesis of extracellular enzymes is correct? A Golgi apparatus Ribosomes Rough endoplasmic reticulum Ribosomes Golgi apparatus

B Rough endoplasmic reticulum C Ribosomes D Ribosomes 5 Golgi apparatus

Rough endoplasmic reticulum Golgi apparatus

Rough endoplasmic reticulum

When does replication of chromosomes occur in a cell cycle ? A G1 phase B G2 phase C S phase D M phase

6 A cat has a diploid number of chromosomes, 2n=38, in each nucleus. Which of the following is true?

A B C D

Number of nucleas divisions during meiosis 1 1 2 2

Number of chromosomes in the gametes after meiosis 38 19 19 38

7 Figure 3 shows a structure in the alimentary canal of a human.

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Figure 3 Where is it found in the alimentary canal? A Ileum B Stomach C Duodenum D Oesophagus

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The graph in Figure 4 shows the changes in lung air pressure during inhalation and exhalation. Air pressure in the lungs (mm Hg)

765 P Q

760

R

S

755 Time/sec Figure 4 Which part represents the time when the rib bone starts moving upwards? A P B Q C R D S 9 Figure 5 shows one of the human activities. Which of the following is one of the effects of the activities? [Lihat sebelah SULIT

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Figure 5 A B C D 10 The Greenhouse effect Reduce the BOD value Increase the human’s immune system Effect the digestive system.

Which of the following is an effect of thermal pollution? A B C D Photosynthesis in aquatic plants is increased Growth rate in aquatic organism is increased Population of aquatic organism is reduced Tropic level in a food chain is increased

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Name the phenomena in Figure 6

Figure 6 A B C D Root pressure Osmotic pressure Capillary action Transpiration pull

12 Figure 7 shows a schematic diagram to illustrate the mechanism of blood clotting. [Lihat sebelah SULIT

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SULIT Injured Platlet

7

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Y

trombokinase ion Ca2+

X

Vit K fibrinogen fibrin Figure 7

What is representated by X and Y? X Globulin Trombin Trombin Protrobin Y Trombin Globulin Protrombin Trombin

A B C D

13 Figure 8 below shows a part of hind limp which consist of femur, tibia, fibula, tarsals, metatarsals and phalanges.

Patela

Figure 8 4551/1 [Lihat sebelah SULIT

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8 Which of this action can’t be done if the patela was dislocated? A Sit down B Sleep C Walk D Straighten the leg

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Which of the following is not the difference between the endocrine system and the nervous system? Endocrine system A Consist of endocrine glands B Information is passed as hormones C The responses is initiated rapidly D The response may carry on for a long time Nervous system Consist of neurons Information is passed as electrical signals The responses is initiated slowly The response is short lived

15 A B C D 16

Which of the following sequence is the development of the human zygote? Zygote Zygote Zygote Zygote morula blastocyst morula embryo blastocyst morula foetus foetus embryo embryo embryo blastocyst

The genetic disorder caused by chromosomal mutation is A Down’s syndrome B haemophilia C colour blindness D albinism

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9

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Figure 9 shows the structure of a nucleotide.

J

L

K

Figure 9 Which of the following is represented by J, K and L? J Pentose sugar Phosphate group Phosphate group Nitrogenous base K Nitrogenous base Pentose sugar Nitrogenous base Pentose sugar L Phosphate group Nitrogenous base Pentose sugar Phosphate group

A B C D 18

Figure 10 below shows an experiment to study the effect of light ( 60 W bulb) on the rate of transpiration. leaves

Q

P

bikar

Figure 10 Which of this statement will increase the rate of bubble movement from P to Q? A Use 40 W bulb B Increase the diameter of capillary tube C Increase water volume in the beaker D Replace leafy shoots with shoots that have more leafs 4551/1 [Lihat sebelah SULIT

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19 Figure 11 shows the carpel structure of the flowering plant

Figure 11 How many seeds will be produce by the plant ? A 1 C 3 B 2 D 4

20, Which of the following consist of a pair of heterozigous alleles A B

R

R

R

r

C R

D D

r r

r

r

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21 Figure 12 shows a chloroplast of plant cell that contains chlorophyll.

Figure 12 Choose the correct statements to describe chlorophyll. I. Converts light energy into chemical energy. II. Present in all kinds of cells. III. Traps sunlight. IV. Not a pigment. A. B. C. D. I and II only I and III only I and IV only I, II, III and IV only

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Figure 13 shows the human digestive system. Which of the parts A, B, C or D, helps to emulsify fat?

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Figure 13 23 Figure 14 shows a mangrove swamp at the river mouth in the year 2007.

Muddy beach Avicennia sp. Rhizophora sp. Bruguiera sp. Sonneratia sp. Tropical rain forest

Figure 14 Which of the following would represent the possible zonal shift at the river mouth in the year 2050? A

B [Lihat sebelah SULIT

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C

D

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Figure 15 shows the changes of blood pressure in left ventricle in heart. P Q R S

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Figure 15 What happen to the interval of Q to R if the individual was just finished his run? A. B. C. D. 25 Response MTropism Definition A growth movement in response to a directional external stimulus.The direction of the growth response is determined by the direction of the stimulus. N - Nastic movement The movement of certain parts of a plant in response to external stimuli that are independent of the directionof the stimuli O- Taxis The movement of a whole organism in response to an external stimulus. The direction of the response is determined by the direction of the stimulus. Table 1 Table 1 shows the various types of responses and their definitions. Which of the responses M, and O are correct? A M and O only B M and N only C N and O only D M, N and O [Lihat sebelah SULIT The interval of Q to R maintain. The interval of Q to R decrease The interval of Q to R increase The interval of Q to R variesly increase

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Section B 26 What are the systems involved in controlling body temperature? I II III IV The endocrine system The muscular system The blood circulatory system The nervous system

A I and II only B III and IV only C I, II and III only D I, II , III and IV

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Table 2 shows changes in a cell during mitosis Stages Structure in cell Cytoplasm Chromosomes P Q R S

Does not divides Randomly distributed in cell Present Nil

Does not divides Move towards cell poles Present Nil

Spindles fibre Nucleus membrane

Does not divides At the equator off the cell Present Nil

Divides At all poles

Nil Present

Table 2 What are P,Q,R and S? P Telophase Anaphase Prophase Metaphase Q Metaphase Prophase Anaphase Telophase R Prophase Telophase Metaphase Anaphase S Anaphase Metaphase Telophase Prophase

A B C D

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28 The graph in Figure 16 shows the concentration of lactic acid in the blood of an athlete. P Q R

Concentration of lactic acid

time

Figure 16 During which period of time was the athlete exercising? A B Period P Period Q C D Period R Period P + Q

29 Figure 17 shows a food web in an ecosystem.

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Figure 17 Which of the following represents the secondary consumers in the food web? A Frog, snake and eagle B Rat and grasshopper C Rat, frog and snake D Snake and frog

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Table 3 shows the different methods of contraception and their functions. Method X Y Z W Biological principle To prevent the release of an ovum from the ovary To prevent the implantation of a zygote in the endometrium To prevent sperms from entering the uterus To prevent sperms from entering the reproductive system of a woman through the vagina Table 3

What are the methods X,Y,Z and W X A Contraceptive pills B Contraceptive pills C IUD device D Condom Y Diaphragm IUD device Diaphragm Z Condom Diaphragm IUD device W IUD device Condom Condom Contraceptive pills

Contraceptive pills Diaphragm

31 Figure 19 shows two polynucleotide strands in DNA molecul.

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P

Q

R

S

Figure 18 What are P, Q, R dan S? P G A C T Q A C A G R C T G A S T G T C

A B C D

32. Figure 19 shows two type of cell observed under microscope being soaked into solution W and solution X for 15 minutes.

In solution W

In solution X

Figure 19 Which of the following shows the osmotic concentration of solution W and solution X compare to osmotic concentration at the beginning of the experiment? [Lihat sebelah 4551/1 SULIT

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Solution W A B C D Isotonic Hypertonic Hypotonic Hypotonic

Solution X Hypotonic Hypertonic Hypertonic Isotonic

33 Figure 20 shows a process during meiosis.

Figure 20 Which of the following statements do not describe the process? A B C D Crossing over occurs It happens in prophase I Change of genetic material occurs Chromosome replication takes place

34 Figure 21 shows the apparatus set-up for an experiment to study the movement of substances through the Visking tubing.

Starch suspension + pepsin

Figure 21 After one hour, samples of distilled water in the boiling tube are collected to perform the following food tests. Which of the following results will be obtained? [Lihat sebelah SULIT

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SULIT Iodine solution Brownish-yellow A Blue-black B Brownish-yellow C Blue-black D 35 Blue

20 Benedict’s solution Blue Biuret’s solution Blue Purple Blue Purple

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Brick red precipitate Brick red precipitate

Figure 22 below shows the structure of a nephron

N

Figure 22 Which off the following activities cause N to be more permeable to the water?

P – Q– R– S –

Drinking a lot of water Eating salty foods Not exercising Playing sports

A B C D

P and R P and S Q and R Q and S

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Figure 23 shows a model of the human rib cage. P, Q, R and S represent the parts of the human rib cage. Q

P R R S Figure 23 Which of the following is represented by the model during exhalation? I II III IV P represents sternum Q represents intercostals muscles R represents vertebrate column S represents rib bone

A B C D

I and II only II and IV only I, II and IV only I, II, III and IV

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Which of the following is the correct sequence of the logical changes on a piece of empty land for a period of time?

A B C D

colonisation colonisation succession colonisation

succession climax communities colonisation climax communities

climax community succession climax community succession

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38 Figure 24 shows a natural phenomenon.

Infra red rays

Troposphere

Z gas layer

Earth’s surface Figure 24 What are the effects of the phenomenon? I sea level increase II skin cancer III cataract IV atmospheric temperature increases A B C D I and II only I and IV only II and III only I, II, III and IV

39 Figure 25 shows a fish.

Figure 25

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23 Which characteristic of the fish and its role in locomotion is not true Characteristic A Scales B C D Pectoral fin Air sacs Myotome muscles Role Reduce resistance in water Control stability and direction Provide gas for respiration Produce a forward thrust on the tail

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Section C

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Figure 26 shows the inheritance of albinism within a family. A are dominan alleles while a are resesif alleles.

Y

X

Key : Normal male Normal female Figure 26 Albino male Albino female

What are the genotip for X and Y? X AA Aa AA Aa Y AA Aa aa aa [Lihat sebelah SULIT

A B C D

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41 Figure 27 shows the recycling of nitrogen Atmospheric nitrogen

Bacteria X

Bacteria Y

Legumes

Bacteria Z Plant Figure 27 What is bacteria X? A B C D Nitrogen-fixing bacteria Denitrifying bacteria Putrefying bacteria Nitrifying bacteria

42 Vein P Q R Glucose concentration 0.9 1.3 0.8 Table 4 Blood samples from three veins in the body were tested for the concentration of glucose, oxygen and urea. The results, in arbitrary units are shown in Table 4 What are the veins P,Q and R? Oxygen concentration 39 40 91 Urea concentration 1.4 0.6 4.1

A B C D 4551/1

Hepatic portal vein P Q R R

Pulmonary vein Q R P Q

Renal vein R P Q P [Lihat sebelah SULIT

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Which of the following pairs in Table 5 is correctly matched? Organ I II III IV Stomach Pancreas Skin Liver Table 5 A I and III only B I and IV only C I, II and III only D I, II and IV only System Digestive system Endocrine system Integumentory system Excretory system

44 Figure 28 shows the mechanism of photosynthesis. Which of the processes labelled A, B, C or D is the dark reaction? Carbon dioxide B Hydrogen A Water D Oxygen C Sugar

Carbon dioxide and water Figure 28

Starch

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45 Table 6 shows the results of an experiment to study the population of garden snails in a vegetable farm. Capture First Second Number of garden snails captured 200 were marked 50 marked 80 unmarked

Table 6 What is the approximate population of the garden snails in the vegetable farm? A B C D 125 320 330 520

46 Figure 29 shows a monohybrid cross between durian tree P and durian tree Q .50% of the offspring are tall and 50% are dwarf.

Parents

Durian tree P X Durian treeQ ( Tall ) (Dwarf )

Offspring Durian tree R (Tall) Figure 29

Durian tree S ( Dwarf )

If durian tree R is crossed with durian tree S, what percentage of the trees produced will be dwarf/ A 0% C 25 % B 50 % D 75 %

47 A man who has heterozygous alleles for blood group B marries a woman with homozygous alleles for blood group A. What are the possible blood groups of their children ? I Blood group A 4551/1 III Blood group B [Lihat sebelah SULIT

SULIT II Blood group O A I and IV only B I and III only C I, II and III only D II, III and IV only

27 IV Blood group AB

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48 The movement of potassium ions across the plasma membrane I II III IV A B C D occurs by simple diffusion requires ATP molecules as the source of energy occurs in a similar manner to glucose occurs against the concentration gradient I and II only II and IV only II, III and IV only I, II, III and IV

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Figure 30 shows a plant cell.

Figure 30 The cell can be found in I leaf III anther A B C D I and II only I and III only II and III only II and IV only II ovary IV root tip

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50 The following statements are about eutrophication.

P – Q– R– S – T–

The pond is covered with algae The rate of bacterial reproduction increase The flow of excess manure (organic fertiliser) into the pond The number of living organism in the pond decrease The BOD value increase

Which of the following sequences is correct about the eutrophication? A R, P, S, Q, and T B R, P, Q, T and S C Q, S, R, T and P D S, R, T, Q and P

END OF QUESTION PAPER

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