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objective: Learners will be able to point out the leitmotifs in modern and classical music with an 85% accuracy rate so that they can later understand the themes and leitmotifs in both modern and classical music. Cognitive objective: Students can explain the differences in leitmotifs and give a general idea why and how they are altered so that when they hear an opera or musical they can pick out the leitmotifs and state why they are important to the character. Experiential objective: (For expanded version) The learners will be able to experience writing and performing in their own show while differentiating characters and moods through leitmotifs. Critical objective: Students will learn that not only opera has leitmotifs but also most modern movies and plays have them. This will expand their critical music thinking to their own word.
Focusing Question: In what ways do modern movie composers alter leitmotifs in the students favorite movies and plays? Why do they alter the leitmotifs in this way? Assessment: Formative assessment: I will ask students questions about the reoccurring leitmotifs throughout the lesson. Summative assessment: The test at the end of the semester will have a listening portion of the test asking about alterations made from a given leitmotif.
Materials: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GTXBLyp7_Dw = Hedwig’s theme http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-bzWSJG93P8 = Darth Vader’s theme http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=McUwVg6MfOk = Darth Vader’s theme? (where is it?) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h5GxoFy5Q9E = Siegfried’s leitmotif
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mEmZDrfqlg8 = act 1 Siegfried
Partner: I will start this lesson by asking the students what they think of when I play a clip of music (Hedwig’s theme). When they answer I will ask them why they think of harry potter when they hear this theme. This is when I will start to introduce the idea of a leitmotif Present: Frist I will define a leitmotif. Then I will give reference to another leitmotif that they are probably going to know. Leitmotif definition: a short, constantly recurring musical phrase associated with a particular person, place, or idea. Next I will relate it to popular culture by talking about Darth Vader’s theme in Star wars. Then I will tell them that Wagner was the first composer to be associated with leitmotifs. I will then play them the clip for the leitmotif of Siegfried in the Ring Cycle. I will them explain that the leitmotifs can change based on what the character has happening to them. To demonstrate that leitmotifs can change I will play the second clip from Return of the Jedi and ask them to try and identify where the theme comes in and how its altered and why the composer does this. Personalize: I will ask the students to write their own leitmotifs for their favorite character in a movie. (8 measures max – 4 measures min) If I were to expand this lesson into a full project I would ask the students to write their own musical or opera (their choice). They would be asked to make a leitmotif for certain main characters and incorporate it into the whole show. Perform: I will ask students to play their leitmotifs for one and other and explain what they decided to write to portray the character. If the students did create the musical or opera we would cast characters and perform the show for peers who are not in the class.