Peaceful Coexistance: Autism, Asperg…
by Lynn Richman
CE Autism, Asperger's, Hyperlexia
This article has been republished here from the American Hyperlexia Association Fall 1995 ewsletter. Lynn Richmann is professor and directory of the division of pediatric psychology at the University of Iowa College of Medicine. He directs the Pediatric Learning Disorders Clinic. This article is adapted from his presentation at the conference on hyperlexia held in Oak Brook Illinois, October, 1996.
When you speak about hyperlexia, you must talk about language learning disorder. When you talk about them both, you need to address autism. More recently, when you talk about hyperlexia, you need to think about the nonverbal learning disorders as well. When you talk about hyperlexia and nonverbal learning disorders, you must talk about Asperger's syndrome. When you talk about all of these, you always need to consider that Attention Deficit Disorder may be a coexisting trait. When talking about any of these learning functions, two spectrums are important. First is the social perception spectrum, running from low to high awareness of social cues and appropriate behaviors. Second is the cognitive balance spectrum, measuring both performance (non-verbal) IQ and verbal IQ. Rather than being an unrelated set of characteristics, hyperlexia is best understood in the context of these spectrums and how the various disorders are expressed on these continuums.
In our work, we have identified two subtypes of hyperlexia. One group has a language disorder, which is what you generally see in the literature. Another group has a visual spatial motor disorder. In our group with language learning disorders, we often found lower verbal IQ and higher performance IQ. We found superior visual memory in almost al cases. For the visual spatial motor type, we often found a lower performance or nonverbal IQ and a higher verbal IQ. It seems unusual to talk about a higher verbal IQ in a child who has a language disorder, but when you look at the nonverbal learning disordered kids or Asperger's Syndrome, you see children who have relatively intact language in many ways but have difficulty in the use of language pragmatically. This group had superior auditory memory, but they had impaired cognitive organization. The language learning disorder group had more phonics errors when they were reading, whereas the visual spatial disordered type had very few phonics errors.
Hyperlexia Language Disorder
Hyperlexic VisualSpatial Disorder
Visual spatial and/or motor delay of disorder. Language
Asperger-like symptoms. Allow more Remediation tape record when possible. inpulsive. reading comprehension and some social difficulties.
delay of disorder. Make with worksheets and copying tangential associations. visual spacial orientation and spatial memory. Allow child to answer orally or integrate language and social skills training. who have a very low social perception. despite good rote memory skills. Needs social training to increase social perception. reading other people's intentions are areas where language problems occur.
Points on the Spectrum
Using language functionally. The characteristics of the nonverbal language disorder hyperlexia. does not Symptoms or book. Autistic like symptoms. echolalic and perserverative. Difficulty in the early grades because of good memory. slow down the speed of tests. or between Asperger's Syndrome and a nonverbal disorder. many of the children with language learning disorders do not have major social perceptual problems. Unorganized and consider consequences of behavior. experience and continues to make same mistakes. expressive language. and I would cal that a cognitive problem. Talk through perceptual tasks. Needs intensive language therapy. Social inperceptions. Language pragmatic deficit in expressing and interpreting experiential aspects of language and environment. Children with the nonverbal learning disorder type of hyperlexia overlap with Asperger's kids. Children with Asperger's Syndrome usually have a deficity in nonverbal skills. There are often problems in visual motor integration skills. Language is delayed.21/03/2009
Peaceful Coexistance: Autism. As language improves. The hyperlexic child in the language disorder category is more likely to have deficits in language association. De-emphasize oral Use congnitive behavior reading ability and work on reading for meaning. but this may be related ot a language deficit. Avoid purely visual approaches.
May have letter and word reversals but reading Problems with reading comprehension may not show up comprehension good.org/aha_winter9697. We can view hyperlexia as an overlap between autism and language learning disorder. Those that do overlap with the autism group. Asperg…
Expressive language deficit. use strength in verbal reading. problems reading nonverbal Processing speed is a problem. Autistic symptoms drop cues. They need to be looked at. Problems in understanding overall meaning beyond rote recall. Avoid copying from blackboard.html
. Distractible and inpulsive. problems from the blackboard Immature. time. However. Often these characteristics are not measured and therefore missed. modification to reduce impulsivity. unaware of other's reactions. Does not learn from off as language improves. which produce offbeat responses.
If hyperlexia becomes listed as a primary disorder.html
. fine motor coordination and math.
Interest in hyperlexia is growing as we get more information out across the country. We have the problem of fitting it into the context of current diagnostic categories. The children will have adequate to advanced level of word recognition. hyperlexia may be a coexisting diagnosis. If you think about the content of verbal and nonverbal skills and the level of social perception and don't jump to conclusions.org/aha_winter9697. The characteristics of the nonverbal language disorder hyperlexia are deficits in visual spatial organization. just as other problems are misdiagnosed now. Asperger's kids often wish to be sociable but fail. social imperceptions and inappropriate affect are common. The hyperlexia child can fit into some categories that have already been established. The child with autism has such difficulty socializing that he does not even try. Asperg…
who have a very low social perception. Illinois 60126 Phone: (630) 415-2212 (voice mail)
hyperlexia. However. children with hyperlexia can be identified under a system of coexisting diagnoses. and that is a cardinal feature to look at.21/03/2009
Peaceful Coexistance: Autism. many children will be misdiagnosed. Asperger's kids generally have better use of some aspects of language than children with Autism. good verbal learning and a high amound of verbal output. Article originally appeared in the Winter 1997 AHA American Hyperlexia Association 479 Spring Road Elmhurst. Cognitive symptoms and social symptoms need to be looked at together as core features of both autism and Asperger's syndrome. Those diagnostic categories may not be valid for the hyperlexic child if you simply use the checklist to see if a child qualifies for a diagnosis.
Rather than being a separate diagnosis.
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Peaceful Coexistance: Autism.org (Ted Whaley) mail to: firstname.lastname@example.org
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hyperlexia. legal. Asperg…
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