# MAE 314- Jiang HW07solutions

PROBLEM 5.56
Draw the shear and bending-moment diagrams for the beam
and loading shown, and determine the maximum normal
stress due to bending.

( ) 0 : (1600 lb)(1.5 ft ) 80 lb/ft (9 ft ) (7.5 ft ) 12 0
650 lb 650 lb
A
M B
B
( ¿ = + ÷ =
¸ ¸
= + = | B
( ) 0 : 1600 lb 80 lb/ft (9 ft ) 650 lb 0
1670 lb 1670 lb
y
F A
A
( ¿ = ÷ ÷ + =
¸ ¸
= + = | A

max
9
0.875 ft 2641 lb ft
70 lb 650 lb
x x
x M
÷
= = · =

1
(11.5 in.) 5.75 in.
2
c = =

3 4
1
(1.5 in.)(11.5 in.) 190.1 in
12
I = =

max
2641 lb ft 31, 690 lb in M = · = ·

max
4
(31, 690 lb in)(5.75 in.)
190.1 in
m
M c
I
o
·
= = 959 psi
m
o = 

PROBLEM 5.69
For the beam and loading shown, design the cross section of the beam,
knowing that the grade of timber used has an allowable normal stress of
12 MPa.

MAE 314- Jiang HW07solutions

By symmetry, B C =
0: 2.5 2.5 (3)(6) 0
y
F B C E = + + + ÷ = 6.5 kN B C = =
Shear:
A to B: 2.5 kN
2.5 6.5 9 kN
9 (3)(6) 9 kN
B
C
V
V
V
+
÷
=
= + =
= ÷ = ÷

C to D: 9 6.5 2.5 kN V = ÷ + = ÷
Areas of the shear diagram:
A to B: (0.6)(2.5) 1.5 kN m Vdx = = ·
}

B to E:
1
(1.5)(9) 6.75 kN m
2
Vdx
| |
= = ·
|
\ .
}

E to C: 6.75 kN m Vdx = ÷ ·
}

C to D: 1.5 kN m Vdx = ÷ ·
}

Bending moments: 0
0 1.5 1.5 kN m
1.5 6.75 8.25 kN m
8.25 6.75 1.5 kN m
1.5 1.5 0
A
B
E
C
D
M
M
M
M
M
=
= + = ·
= + = ·
= ÷ = ·
= ÷ =

Maximum
3
| | 8.25 kN m 8.25 10 N m M = · = × ·

6
all
3
6 3 3 3 max
min
6
all
12 MPa 12 10 Pa
| | 8.25 10
687.5 10 m 687.5 10 mm
12 10
M
S
o
o
÷
= = ×
×
= = = × = ×
×

For a rectangular section,
2
1
6
S bh =

3 2
3
2 3 2
1
687.5 10 (100)
6
(6)(687.5 10 )
41.25 10 mm
100
h
h
| |
× =
|
\ .
×
= = × 203 mm h = 

MAE 314- Jiang HW07solutions

PROBLEM 6.3
Three boards are nailed together to form a beam shown, which is
subjected to a vertical shear. Knowing that the spacing between the
nails is 75 mm s = and that the allowable shearing force in each nail is
400 N, determine the allowable shear when 120 mm. w =

Part
2
(mm ) A
(mm) d

2 6 4
(10 mm ) Ad
6 4
(10 mm ) I
Top plank 7200 60 25.92 2.16
Middle Plank 12,000 0 0 3.60
Bottom Plank 7200 60 25.92 2.16
E 51.84 7.92

2 6 4 6 4
3 3 6 3
nail
nail nail
59.76 10 mm 59.76 10 m
(7200)(60) 432 10 mm 432 10 m
I Ad I
Q
VQ
q F qs
I
F Iq I F
q V
s Q Qs
÷
÷
= + ¿ = × = ×
= = × = ×
= =
= = =
¿

6
6 3
(59.76 10 )(400)
(432 10 )(75 10 )
V
÷
÷ ÷
×
=
× ×
738 N V = 

PROBLEM 6.9
For the beam and loading shown,
consider section n-n and determine
(a) the largest shearing stress in that
section, (b) the shearing stress at
point a.

MAE 314- Jiang HW07solutions

By symmetry, .
A B
R R =
0:
15 20 15 0
25 k ips
y
A B
A B
F
R R
R R
=
+ ÷ ÷ ÷ =
= =
¿

From shear diagram, 30 kips V = at n-n.
Determine moment of inertia.

(a)
2 4
286.74 in I Ad I = + =
¿ ¿

Part
2
(in ) A (in.) y
3
(in ) Ay

6 4.7 28.2
 1.65 2.2 3.63
Σ 31.83

3
max
max
31.83 in
0.375 in .
(25)(31.83)
(286.74)(0.375)
Q A y
t
VQ
It
t
=
=
=
= =
¿

max
7.40 ksi t = 
Part

2
(in ) A (in.) d
2 4
(in ) Ad
4
(in ) I

Top Flng 6 4.7 132.54 0.18
Web 3.30 0 0 21.30
Bot. Flng 6 4.7 132.54 0.18
Σ 265.08 21.66

V=25
_
2
) (
i i i
I d A I + =
¿
MAE 314- Jiang HW07solutions

(b)

Part
2
(in ) A (in.) y
3
(in ) Ay

6 4.7 28.2
 0.15 4.2 0.63
Σ 28.83

3
= 28.83 in
0.375 in .
Q A y
t
=
=
¿

(23)(28.83)
(286.74)(0.375)
VQ
It
t = = 6.70 ksi t =

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