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Industry profile Recently, the RBI took a few important steps to make the Indian Banking industry more

robust and healthy. This includes de-regulation of savings rate, guidelines for new banking licenses and implementation of Basel Norm III. Since March 2002, Bankex (Index tracking the performance of leading banking sector stocks) has grown at a compounded annual rate of about 31%. After a very successful decade, a new era seems to have started for the Indian Banking Industry. According to a Mckinsey report, the Indian banking sector is heading towards being a highperforming sector

According to an IBA-FICCI-BCG report titled Being five star in productivity road map for excellence in Indian banking, Indias gross domestic product (GDP) growth will make the Indian banking industry the third largest in the world by 2025. According to the report, the domestic banking industry is set for an exponential growth in coming years with its assets size poised to touch USD 28,500 billion by the turn of the 2025 from the current asset size of USD 1,350 billion (2010). So, before going in its future, lets have a glance at its historical performance.

If we look at 5 years historical performance of different types of players in the banking industry, public sector bank has grown its deposits, advances and business per employee by the highest rate 21.7%, 23% and 21.1% respectively. As far as net interest income is concerned, private banks are ahead in the race by reporting 24.2% growth, followed by pubic banks (21.4%) and then by foreign banks (14.8%). Though the growth in the business per employee and profit per employee has been the highest for public sector banks, in absolute terms, foreign banks have the highest business per employee as well as profit per employee.

In the last 5 years, foreign and private sector banks have earned significantly higher return on total assets as compared to their pubic peers. If we look at its trend, foreign banks show an overall decreasing trend, private banks an increasing trend and Public banks have been more or less stagnant. The net NPA of public sector bank was also significantly higher than that of private and foreign banks at the end of FY11, which indicates the asset quality of public banks is comparatively poor. The Capital Adequacy ratio was also very high for private and foreign bank as compared to public banks. In conclusion, we could say that the current position of ROA, Net NPA and CAR of different kinds of players in the industry indicates that going ahead, public banks will have to face relatively more problems as compared to private and foreign banks. After looking at industry performance, lets see how the different players in the Banking Industry have performed in the last five years

The table above indicates that overall the top private banks have grown faster than that of public banks. Axis Bank, one of the new private sector bank, has shown the highest growth in all parameters i.e. net interest income, deposits, advances, total assets and book value. Among public sector banks, Bank of Baroda has been the outperformer in the last five years.

Kotak Mahindra Bank has reported the highest 5-year average net interest margin and currently, it also has the highest CAR whereas HDFC Bank has the highest CASA, the lowest net NPA to net advances ratio and the highest five-year-average ROA. On the other hand, Indias largest bank, SBI reported the lowest five-year-average ROA. Currently, it has the highest net NPA to net advances ratio and the lowest CAR. Looking at all of the above, it is expected that Private Banks are better placed to garner growth in the Indian Banking Industry. High growth of Indian Economy: The growth of the banking industry is closely linked with the growth of the overall economy. India is one of the fastest growing economies in the world and is set to remain on that path for many years to come. This will be backed by the stellar growth in infrastructure, industry, services and agriculture. This is expected to boost the corporate credit growth in the economy and provide opportunities to banks to lend to fulfil these requirements in the future. Rising per capita income: The rising per capita income will drive the growth of retail credit. Indians have a conservative outlook towards credit except for housing and other necessities. However, with an increase in disposable income and increased exposure to a range of products, consumers have shown a higher willingness to take credit, particularly, young customers. A study of the customer profiles of different types of banks, reveals that foreign and private banks share of younger customers is over 60% whereas public banks have only 32% customers under the age of 40. Private Banks also have a much higher share of the more profitable mass affluent segment. New channel Mobile banking is expected to become the second largest channel for banking after ATMs: New channels used to offer banking services will drive the growth of banking industry exponentially in the future by increasing productivity and acquiring new customers. During the last decade, banking through ATMs and internet has shown a tremendous growth, which is still in the growth phase. After ATMs, mobile banking is expected to give another push to this industry growth in a big way, with the help of new 3G and smart phone technology (mobile usage has grown tremendously over the years). This can be looked at as branchless banking and so will also reduce costs as there is no need for physical infrastructure and human resources. This will help in acquiring new customers, mainly who live in rural areas (though this will take time due to technology and infrastructure issues). The IBA-FICCI-BCG

report predicts that mobile banking would become the second largest channel of banking after ATMs. Financial Inclusion Program: Currently, in India, 41% of the adult population dont have bank accounts, which indicates a large untapped market for banking players. Under the Financial Inclusion Program, RBI is trying to tap this untapped market and the growth potential in rural markets by volume growth for banks. Financial inclusion is the delivery of banking services at an affordable cost to the vast sections of disadvantaged and low income groups. The RBI has also taken many initiatives such as Financial Literacy Program, promoting effective use of development communication and using Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to spread general banking concepts to people in the under-banked areas. All these initiatives of promoting rural banking are taken with the help of mobile banking, self help groups, microfinance institutions, etc. Financial Inclusion, on the one side, helps corporate in fulfilling their social responsibilities and on the other side it is fueling growth in other industries and so as a whole economy.

More stringent capital requirements to achieve as per Basel III: Recently, the RBI released draft guidelines for implementing Basel III. As per the proposal, banks will have to augment the minimum core capital after a stringent deduction. The two new requirements capital conservative buffer(an extra buffer of 2.5% to reduce risk) and a counter cyclical buffer (an extra capital buffer if possible during good times) have also been introduced for banks. As the name indicates that the capital conservative buffer can be dipped during stressed period to meet the minimum regulatory requirement on core capital. In this scenario, the bank would not be supposed to use its earnings to make discretionary payouts such as dividends, shares buyback, etc. The counter cyclical buffer, achieved through a pro-cyclical build up of the buffer in good

times, is expected to protect the banking industry from system-wide risks arising out of excessive aggregate credit growth.

The above table reveals that even under current Basel Norm II, Indian banks follow more stringent capital adequacy requirements than their international counterparts. For Indian Banks, the minimum common equity requirement is 3.6%, minimum tier I capital requirement is 6% and minimum total capital adequacy requirement is 9% as against 2%, 4% and 8% respectively recommended in the Basel II Norm. Due to this the capital adequacy position of Indian banks is at comfortable level. So, going ahead, they should not face much problem in meeting the new norms requirements. But as we saw earlier, private sector banks and foreign banks have considerable high capital adequacy ratio, hence are not expected to face any problem. But, public sector banks are lagging behind. So, the Government will have to infuse capital in public banks to meet Basel III requirements. With the higher minimum core Tier I capital requirement of 79.5% and overall Tier I capital of 8.5-11%, Banks ROE is expected to come down. Increasing non-performing and restructured assets: Due to a slowdown in economic activity in past couple of years and aggressive lending by banks many loans have turned non-performing. Restructuring of assets means loans whose duration has been increased or the interest rate has been decreased. This happens due to inability of the loan taking company/individual to pay off the debt. Both of these have impacted the profitability of banks as they are required to have a higher provisioning amount which directly eats into the profitability. The key challenge going forward for banks is to increase loans and effectively manage NPAs while maintaining profitability.

Intensifying competition: Due to homogenous kind of services offered by banks, large number of players in the banking industry and other players such as NBFCs, competition is already high. Recently, the RBI released the new Banking License Guidelines for NBFCs. So, the number of players in the Indian banking industry is going to increase in the coming years. This will intensify the competition in the industry, which will decrease the market share of existing banks. Managing Human Resources and Development: Banks have to incur a substantial employee training cost as the attrition rate is very high. Hence, banks find it difficult manage the human resources and development initiatives. Currently, there are many challenges before Indian Banks such as improving capital adequacy requirement, managing non-performing assets, enhancing branch sales & services, improving organisation design; using innovative technology through new channels and working on lean operations. Apart from this, frequent changes in policy rates to maintain economic stability, various regulatory requirements, etc. are additional key concerns. Despite these concerns, we expect that the Indian banking industry will grow through leaps and bounds looking at the huge growth potential of Indian economy. High population base of India, mobile banking offering banking operations through mobile phones, financial inclusion, rising disposable income, etc. will drive the growth Indian banking industry in the long-term. The Indian economy will require additional banks and expansion of existing banks to meet its credit needs. Given below is the MoneyWorks4me assessment for few banks: At MoneyWorks4me we have assigned colour codes to the 10 YEAR X-RAY and Future Prospects of the companies, as Green (Very Good), Orange (Somewhat Good) and Red (Not Good). *The 10 YEAR X-RAY facilitates analysis of the financial performance of the bank considering the seven most important parameters. A 10 Year period will normally encompass an entire business cycle. Analyzing the performance over this time frame is essential to understand how a company has fared during the good as well as bad times. The seven most important parameters that one needs to look at are Net Interest Income Growth Rate, Total Income Growth Rate, EPS Growth Rate, Book Value per Share (BVPS) Growth Rate, Return on Assets (ROA), Net NPA to Net Advances Ratio and Capital Adequacy Ratio.

While investing, one must always invest in the stocks of a company that operates in an industry with bright long-term prospects. Further, the companys 10 YEAR X-RAY and future prospects should also be Green. The table given above gives you a list of few companies from the Banking Industry that you could consider investing in. But, you need to invest in these stocks at the right price (i.e. when the market offers an attractive discount).

SWOT analysis of banking industry:

Topic profile Indian banking is the lifeline of the nation and its people. Banking has helped in developing the vital sectors of the economy and usher in a new dawn of progress on the Indian horizon. The sector has translated the hopes and aspirations of millions of people into reality. But to do so, it has had to control miles and miles of difficult terrain, suffer the indignities of foreign rule and the pangs of partition. banks of the world. Before the 20th century, usury, or lending money at a high rate of interest, was widely prevalent in rural India. Entry of Joint stock banks and development of Cooperative movement have Today, Indian banks can confidently compete with modern

taken over a good deal of business from the hands of the Indian money lender, who although still exist, have lost his menacing teeth. In the Indian Banking System, Cooperative banks exist side by side with commercial banks and play a supplementary role in providing need-based finance, especially for agricultural and agriculture-based operations including farming, cattle, milk, hatchery, personal finance etc. along with some small industries and self-employment driven activities. Generally, co-operative banks are governed by the respective co-operative acts of state governments. But, since banks began to be regulated by the RBI after 1st March 1966, these banks are also regulated by the RBI after amendment to the Banking Regulation Act 1949. The Reserve Bank is responsible for licensing of banks and branches, and it also regulates credit limits to state co-operative banks on behalf of primary co-operative banks for financing SSI units.

Banking in India originated in the first decade of 18th century with The General Bank of India coming into existence in 1786. This was followed by Bank of Hindustan. Both these banks are now defunct. After this, the Indian government established three presidency banks in India. The first of three was the Bank of Bengal, which obtains charter in 1809, the other two presidency bank, viz., the Bank of Bombay and the Bank of Madras, were established in 1840 and 1843, respectively. The three presidency banks were subsequently amalgamated into the Imperial Bank of India (IBI) under the Imperial Bank of India Act, 1920 which is now known as the State Bank of India.

A couple of decades later, foreign banks like Credit Lyonnais started their Calcutta operations in the 1850s. At that point of time, Calcutta was the most active trading port, mainly due to the trade of the British Empire, and due to which banking activity took roots there and prospered. The first fully Indian owned bank was the Allahabad Bank, which was established in 1865. By the 1900s, the market expanded with the establishment of banks such as Punjab National Bank, in 1895 in Lahore and Bank of India, in 1906, in Mumbai both of which were founded under private ownership. The Reserve Bank of India formally took on the responsibility of regulating the Indian banking sector from 1935. After Indias independence in 1947, the Reserve Bank was nationalized and given broader powers. As the banking institutions expand and become increasingly complex under the impact of deregulation, innovation and technological upgradation, it is crucial to maintain balance between efficiency and stability. During the last 30 years since nationalization tremendous changes have taken place in the financial markets as well as in the banking industry due to financial sector reforms. The banks have shed their traditional functions and have been innovating, improving and coming out with new types of services to cater emerging needs of their customers. Banks have been given greater freedom to frame their own policies. Rapid advancement of technology has contributed to significant reduction in transaction costs, facilitated greater diversification of portfolio and improvements in credit delivery of banks. Prudential norms, in line with international standards, have been put in place for promoting and enhancing the efficiency of banks. The process of institution building has been strengthened with several measures in the areas of debt recovery, asset reconstruction and securitization, consolidation, convergence, mass banking etc. Despite this commendable progress, serious problem have emerged reflecting in a decline in productivity and efficiency, and erosion of the profitability of the banking sector. There has been deterioration in the quality of loan portfolio which, in turn, has come in the way of bank s income generation and enchancement of their capital funds. Inadequacy of capital has been accompanied by inadequacy of loan loss provisions resulting into the adverse impact on the depositors and investors confidence. The Government, therefore, set up Narasimham Committee to look into the problems and recommend measures to improve the health of the financial system. The acceptance of the Narasimham Committee recommendations by the

Government has resulted in transformation of hitherto highly regimented and overbureaucratized banking system into market driven and extremely competitive one. The massive and speedy expansion and diversification of banking has not been without its strains. The banking industry is entering a new phase in which it will be facing increasing competition from non-banks not only in the domestic market but in the international markets also. The operational structure of banking in India is expected to undergo a profound change during the next decade. With the emergence of new private banks, the private bank sector has become enriched and diversified with focus spread to the wholesale as well as retail banking. The existing banks have wide branch network and geographic spread, whereas the new private banks have the clout of massive capital, lean personnel component, the expertise in developing sophisticated financia products and use of state-of-the-art technology. Gradual deregulation that is being ushered in while stimulating the competition would also facilitate forging mutually beneficial relationships, which would ultimately enhance the quality and content of banking. In the final phase, the banking system in India will give a good account of itself only with the combined efforts of cooperative banks, regional rural banks and development banking institutions which are expected to provide an adequate number of effective retail outlets to meet the emerging socio-economic challenges during the next two decades. The electronic age has also affected the banking system, leading to very fast electronic fund transfer. However, the development of electronic banking has also led to new areas of risk such as data security and integrity requiring new techniques of risk management. Cooperative (mutual) banks are an important part of many financial systems. In a number of countries, they are among the largest financial institutions when considered as a group. Moreover, the share of cooperative banks has been increasing in recent years; in the sample of banks in advanced economies and emerging markets analyzed in this paper, the market share of cooperative banks in terms of total banking sector assets increased from about 9 percent in mid- 1990s to about 14 percent in 2004.

Industry scenario of Indian Banking Industry: The growth in the Indian Banking Industry has been more qualitative than quantitative and it is expected to remain the same in the coming years. Based on the projections made in the "India Vision 2020" prepared by the Planning Commission and the Draft 10th Plan, the report

forecasts that the pace of expansion in the balance-sheets of banks is likely to decelerate. The total assets of all scheduled commercial banks by end-March 2010 is estimated at Rs 40,90,000 crores. That will comprise about 65 per cent of GDP at current market prices as compared to 67 per cent in 2002-03. Bank assets are expected to grow at an annual composite rate of 13.4 per cent during the rest of the decade as against the growth rate of 16.7 per cent that existed between 1994-95 and 2002-03. It is expected that there will be large additions to the capital base and reserves on the liability side. The Indian Banking industry, which is governed by the Banking Regulation Act of India, 1949 can be broadly classified into two major categories, nonscheduled banks and scheduled banks. Scheduled banks comprise commercial banks and the co-operative banks. In terms of ownership, commercial banks can be further grouped into nationalized banks, the State Bank of India and its group banks, regional rural banks and private sector banks (the old/ new domestic and foreign). These banks have over 67,000 branches spread across the country. The Public Sector Banks(PSBs), which are the base of the Banking sector in India account for more than 78 per cent of the total banking industry assets. Unfortunately they are burdened with excessive Non Performing assets (NPAs), massive manpower and lack of modern technology. On the other hand the Private Sector Banks are making tremendous progress. They are leaders in Internet banking, mobile banking, phone banking, ATMs. As far as foreign banks are concerned they are likely to succeed in the Indian Banking Industry. In the Indian Banking Industry some of the Private Sector Banks operating are IDBI Bank, ING Vyasa Bank, SBI Commercial and International Bank Ltd, Bank of Rajasthan Ltd. and banks from the Public Sector include Punjab National bank, Vijaya Bank, UCO Bank, Oriental Bank, Allahabad Bank among others. ANZ Grindlays Bank, ABN-AMRO Bank, American Express Bank Ltd, Citibank are some of the foreign banks operating in the Indian Banking Industry. As far as the present scenario is concerned the Banking Industry in India is going through a transitional phase. The first phase of financial reforms resulted in the nationalization of 14 major banks in 1969 and resulted in a shift from Class banking to Mass banking. This in turn resulted in a significant growth in the geographical coverage of banks. Every bank had to earmark a minimum percentage of their loan portfolio to sectors identified as priority sectors. The manufacturing sector also grew during the 1970s in protected environs and the banking

sector was a critical source. The next wave of reforms saw the nationalization of 6 more commercial banks in 1980. Since then the number of scheduled commercial banks increased four-fold and the number of bank branches increased eight-fold. After the second phase of financial sector reforms and liberalization of the sector in the early nineties, the Public Sector Banks (PSB) s found it extremely difficult to compete with the new private sector banks and the foreign banks. The new private sector banks first made their appearance after the guidelines permitting them were issued in January 1993. Eight new private sector banks are presently in operation. These banks due to their late start have access to state-ofthe-art technology, which in turn helps them to save on manpower costs and provide better services. During the year 2000, the State Bank Of India (SBI) and its associates accounted for a 25 percent share in deposits and 28.1 percent share in credit. The 20 nationalized banks accounted for 53.2 percent of the deposits and 47.5 percent of credit during the same period. The share of foreign banks (numbering 42), regional rural banks and other scheduled commercial banks accounted for 5.7 percent, 3.9 percent and 12.2 percent respectively in deposits and 8.41 percent, 3.14 percent and 12.85 percent respectively in credit during the year 2000. Current Scenario: The industry is currently in a transition phase. On the one hand, the PSBs, which are the mainstay of the Indian Banking system are in the process of shedding their flab in terms of excessive manpower, excessive non Performing Assets (Npas) and excessive governmental equity, while on the other hand the private sector banks are consolidating themselves through mergers and acquisitions. PSBs, which currently account for more than 78 percent of total banking industry assets are saddled with NPAs (a mind-boggling Rs 830 billion in 2000), falling revenues from traditional sources, lack of modern technology and a massive workforce while the new private sector banks are forging ahead and rewriting the traditional banking business model by way of their sheer innovation and service. The PSBs are of course currently working out challenging strategies even as 20 percent of their massive employee strength has dwindled in the wake of the successful Voluntary Retirement Schemes (VRS) schemes.

The private players however cannot match the PSBs great reach, great size and access to low cost deposits. Therefore one of the means for them to combat the PSBs has been through the merger and acquisition (M& A) route. Over the last\ two years, the industry has witnessed several such instances. For instance, Hdfc Banks merger with Times Bank Icici Banks acquisition of ITC Classic, Anagram Finance and Bank of Madura. Centurion Bank, Indusind Bank, Bank of Punjab, Vysya Bank are said to be on the lookout. The UTI bank- Global Trust Bank merger however opened a pandoras box and brought about the realization that all was not well in the functioning of many of the private sector banks. Private sector Banks have pioneered internet banking, phone banking, anywhere banking, mobile banking, debit cards, Automatic Teller Machines (ATMs) and combined various other services and integrated them into the mainstream banking arena, while the PSBs are still grappling with disgruntled employees in the aftermath of successful VRS schemes. Also, following Indias commitment to the W To agreement in respect of the services sector, foreign banks, including both new and the existing ones, have been permitted to open up to 12 branches a year with effect from 1998-99 as against the earlier stipulation of 8 branches. Talks of government diluting their equity from 51 percent to 33 percent in November 2000 has also opened up a new opportunity for the takeover of even the PSBs. The FDI rules being more rationalized in Q1FY02 may also pave the way for foreign banks taking the M& A route to acquire willing Indian partners. Meanwhile the economic and corporate sector slowdown has led to an increasing number of banks focusing on the retail segment. Many of them are also entering the new vistas of Insurance. Banks with their phenomenal reach and a regular interface with the retail investor are the best placed to enter into the insurance sector. Banks in India have been allowed to provide fee-based insurance services without risk participation, invest in an insurance company for providing infrastructure and services support and set up of a separate joint venture insurance company with risk participation. Bank Deposits: An Introduction Banks are the institutions that specialize in lending, borrowing,issuing, exchanging,taking deposits and handling it as per the legislation of the country.Mostly it acts as an intermediary that accepts deposits and channelizes these deposits into lending activities.Thus the most important

function of the bank is accepting deposits from people and utilizing the same in lending activities.For this the banks run different deposit accounts. A customer of the bank is required to open an account with the bank by deposit ing certain amount of money and then start transacting with the bank. A deposit account is a current account, savings account, or other type of bank account, at a banking institution that allows money to be deposited and withdrawn by the account holder. These transactions are recorded on the bank's books, and the resulting balance is recorded as a liability for the bank, and represent the amount owed by the bank to the customer. Some banks charge a fee for this service, while others may pay the customer interest on the funds deposited. Generally the different kinds of Bank Deposits can be categorized as under:

Savings bank Account Current Account Fixed Deposits Recurring Deposits One of the important functions of the Bank is to accept deposits from the public for the

purpose of lending. In fact, depositors are the major stakeholders of the Banking System. The depositors and their interests form the key area of the regulatory framework for banking in India and this has been enshrined in the Banking Regulation Act, 1949. The Reserve Bank of India is empowered to issue directives / advices on interest rates on deposits and other aspects regarding conduct of deposit accounts from time to time. With liberalization in the financial system and deregulation of interest rates, banks are now free to formulate deposit products within the broad guidelines issued by RBI . This policy document on deposits outlines the guiding principles in respect of formulation of various deposit products offered by the Bank and terms and conditions governing the conduct of the account. The document recognises the rights of depositors and aims at dissemination of information with regard to various aspects of acceptance of deposits from the members of the public, conduct and operations of various deposits accounts, payment of interest on various deposit accounts, closure of deposit accounts, method of disposal of deposits of

deceased depositors, etc., for the benefit of customers. It is expected that this document will impart greater transparency in dealing with the individual customers and create awareness among customers of their rights. The ultimate objective is that the customer will get services they are rightfully entitled to receive without demand. While adopting this policy, the bank reiterates its commitments to individual customers outlined in Bankers' Fair Practice Code of Indian Banks' Association. This document is a broad framework under which the rights of common depositors are recognized. Detailed operational instructions on various deposit schemes and related services will be issued from time to time Types of Deposit Accounts : While various deposit products offered by the Bank are assigned different names. The deposit products can be categorised broadly into the following types. Definition of major deposits schemes are as under : "Demand deposits" means a deposit received by the Bank which is withdrawable on demand; "Savings deposits" means a form of demand deposit which is subject to restrictions as to the number of withdrawals as also the amounts of withdrawals permitted by the Bank during any specified period; "Term deposit" means a deposit received by the Bank for a fixed period withdrawable only after the expiry of the fixed period and include deposits such as Recurring / Double Benefit Deposits / Short Deposits / Fixed Deposits /Monthly Income Certificate /Quarterly Income Certificate etc. Notice Deposit means term deposit for specific period but withdrawable on giving atleast one complete banking day's notice; "Current Account" means a form of demand deposit wherefrom withdrawals are allowed any number of times depending upon the balance in the account or up to a particular agreed amount and will also include other deposit accounts which are neither Savings Deposit nor Term Deposit; Account Opening and Operation of Deposit Accounts

The Bank before opening any deposit account will carry out due diligence as required under "Know Your Customer" (KYC) guidelines issued by RBI and or such other norms or procedures adopted by the Bank. If the decision to open an account of a prospective depositor requires clearance at a higher level, reasons for any delay in opening of the account will be informed to him and the final decision of the Bank will be conveyed at the earliest to him.

The account opening forms and other material would be provided to the prospective depositor by the Bank. The same will contain details of information to be furnished and documents to be produced for verification and or for record, it is expected of the Bank official opening the account, to explain the procedural formalities and provide necessary clarifications sought by the prospective depositor when he approaches for opening a deposit account.

For deposit products like Savings Bank Account and Current Deposit Account, the Bank will normally stipulate certain minimum balances to be maintained as part of terms and conditions governing operation of such accounts. Failure to maintain minimum balance in the account will attract levy of charges as specified by the Bank from time to time. For Saving Bank Account the Bank may also place restrictions on number of transactions, cash withdrawals, etc., for given period. Similarly, the Bank may specify charges for issue of cheques books, additional statement of accounts, duplicate pass book, folio charges, etc. All such details, regarding terms and conditions for operation of the accounts and schedule of charges for various services provided will be communicated to the prospective depositor while opening the account.

Savings Bank Accounts can be opened for eligible person / persons and certain organizations / agencies (as advised by Reserve Bank of India (RBI) from time to time) Current Accounts can be opened by individuals / partnership firms / Private and Public

Limited Companies / HUFs / Specified Associates / Societies / Trusts, etc. Term Deposits Accounts can be opened by individuals / partnership firms / Private and Public Limited Companies / HUFs/ Specified Associates / Societies / Trusts, etc.

The due diligence process, while opening a deposit account will involve satisfying about the identity of the person, verification of address, satisfying about his occupation and source of income. Obtaining introduction of the prospective depositor from a person acceptable to the Bank and obtaining recent photograph of the person/s opening / operating the account are part of due diligence process.

In addition to the due diligence requirements, under KYC norms the Bank is required by law to obtain Permanent Account Number (PAN) or General Index Register (GIR) Number or alternatively declaration in Form No. 60 or 61 as specified under the Income Tax Act / Rules.

Deposit accounts can be opened by an individual in his own name (status : known as account in single name) or by more than one individual in their own names (status : known as Joint Account) . Savings Bank Account can also be opened by a minor jointly with natural guardian or with mother as the guardian (Status : known as Minor's Account). Minors above the age of 10 will also be allowed to open and operate saving bank account independently.

Operation of Joint Account - The Joint Account opened by more than one individual can be operated by single individual or by more than one individual jointly. The mandate for operating the account can be modified with the consent of all account holders. The Savings Bank Account opened by minor jointly with natural guardian / guardian can be operated by natural guardian only.

The joint account holders can give any of the following mandates for the disposal of balance in the above accounts : o Either or Survivor : If the account is held by two individuals say, A & B, the final balance alongwith interest, if applicable, will be paid to survivor on death of anyone of the account holders. o Anyone or Survivor/s : If the account is held by more than two individuals say, A, B and C, the final balance alongwith interest, if applicable, will be paid to the survivor on death of any two account holders.

The above mandates will be applicable to or become operational only on or after the date of maturity of term deposits. This mandate can be modified by the consent of all the account holders.

A the request of the depositor, the Bank will register mandate / power of attorney given by him authorizing another person to operate the account on his behalf. The term deposit account holders at the time of placing their deposits can give instructions with regard to closure of deposit account or renewal of deposit for further period on the date of maturity. In absence of such mandate, the Bank will seek instructions from the depositor/s as to the disposal of the deposit by sending an intimation before 15 days of the maturity date of term deposit. Nomination facility is available on all deposit accounts opened by the individuals. Nomination is also available to a sole proprietory concern account. Nomination can be made in favour of one individual only. Nomination so made can be cancelled or changed by the account holder/s any time. While making nomination, cancellation or change thereof, it is required to be witnessed by a third party. Nomination can be modified by the consent of account holder/s. Nomination can be made in favour of a minor also. Bank recommends that all depositors avail nomination facility. The nominee, in the event of death of the depositor/s, would receive the balance outstanding in the account as a trustee of legal heirs. The depositor will be informed of the advantages of the nomination facility while opening a deposit account. A statement of account will be provided by the Bank to Savings Bank as well as Current Deposit Account Holders periodically as per terms and conditions of opening of the account.. Alternatively, the Bank may issue a Pass Book to these account holders. The deposit accounts may be transferred to any other branch of the Bank at the request of the depositor. Interest Payments Interest shall be paid on saving account at the rate specified by Reserve Bank of India directive from time to time. However, term deposit interest rates are decided by the Bank within the general guidelines issued by the Reserve Bank of India from time to time. In terms of Reserve Bank of India directives, interest shall be calculated at quarterly intervals on term deposits and paid at the rate decided by the Bank depending upon the

period of deposits. In case of monthly deposit scheme, the interest shall be calculated for the quarter and paid monthly at discounted value. The interest on term deposits is calculated by the Bank in accordance with the formulae and conventions advised by Indian Banks' Association. The rate of interest on deposits will be prominently displayed in the branch premises. Changes, if any, with regard to the deposit schemes and other related services shall also be communicated upfront and shall be prominently displayed. The Bank has statutory obligation to deduct tax at source if the total interest paid / payable on all term deposits held by a person exceeds the amount specified under the Income Tax Act. The Bank will issue a tax deduction certificate (TDS Certificate) for the amount of tax deducted. The depositor, if entitled to exemption from TDS can submit declaration in the prescribed format at the beginning of every financial year. MINORS' ACCOUNTS The minor can open Savings Bank Account and the same can be operated by the natural guardian or by minor himself / herself, if he/she is above the age of 10 years. The account can also be opened jointly. On attaining majority, the erstwhile minor should confirm the balance in his/her account and if the account is operated by the natural guardian / guardian, fresh specimen signature of erstwhile minor duly verified by the natural guardian would be obtained and kept on record for all operational purposes. ACCOUNT OF ILLITERATE / BLIND PERSON The Bank may at its discretion open deposit accounts other than Current Accounts of illiterate person. The account of such person may be opened provided he/she calls on the Bank personally along with a witness who is known to both the depositor and the Bank. Normally, no cheque book facility is provided for such Savings Bank Account. At the time of withdrawal/ repayment of deposit amount and/or interest, the account holder should affix his / her thumb impression or mark in the presence of the authorized officer who should verify the identity of the person. The Bank will explain the need for proper care and safe keeping of the passbook etc.

given to the account holder. The Bank official shall explain the terms and conditions governing the account to the illiterate / blind person. ADDITION OR DELETION OF THE NAME/S OF JOINT ACCOUNT HOLDERS The bank may at the request of all the joint account holders allow addition or deletion of name/s of joint account holder/s if the circumstances so warrant or allow an individual depositor to add the name of another person as a joint account holder. CUSTOMER INFORMATION The customer information collected from the customers shall not be used for cross selling of services or products by the Bank, their subsidiaries and affiliates. If the Bank proposes to use such information, it should be strictly with the consent of the accountholder. SECRECY OF CUSTOMER'S ACCOUNTS The Bank shall not disclose details / particulars of the customer's account to a third person or party without the expressed or implied consent from the customer. However, there are some exceptions, viz. disclosure of information under compulsion of law, where there is a duty to public to disclose and where interest of the Bank requires disclosure. PREMATURE WITHRAWAL OF TERM DEPOSIT The Bank on request from the depositor, at its discretion may allow withdrawal of term deposit before completion of the period of the deposit agreed upon at the time of placing the deposit. The Bank shall declare their penal interest rates policy for premature withdrawal of term deposit. The Bank shall make depositors aware of the applicable rate along with the deposit rate. PREMATURE RENEWAL OF TERM DEPOSIT Incase the depositor desires to renew the deposit by seeking premature closure of an existing term deposit account, the bank will permit the renewal at the applicable rate on the date of renewal, provided the deposit is renewed for a period longer than the balance period of the

original deposit. While prematurely closing a deposit for the purpose of renewal, interest on the deposit for the period it has remained with the bank will be paid at the rate applicable to the period for which the deposit remained with the bank and not at the contracted rate. RENEWAL OF OVERDUE TERM DEPOSITS When a term deposit is renewed on maturity, on renewed deposit interest rate for the period specified by the depositor as applicable on the date of maturity would be applied. If request for renewal is received after the date of maturity, such overdue deposits will be renewed with effect from the date of maturity at interest rate applicable as on the due date, provided such request is received within 14 days from the date of maturity. In respect of overdue deposits renewed after 14 days from the date of maturity, interest for the overdue period will be paid at the rates decided by the Bank from time to time. . ADVANCES AGAINST DEPOSITS The Bank may consider request of the depositor/s for loan / overdraft facility against term deposits duly discharged by the depositor/s on execution of necessary security documents. The Bank may also consider loan against deposit standing in the name of minor, however, a suitable declaration stating that loan is for the benefit of the minor, is to be furnished by the depositor applicant. SETTLEMENT OF DUES IN DECEASED DEPOSIT ACCOUNT If the depositor has registered nomination with the Bank; - the balance outstanding in the account of the deceased depositor will be transferred to the account of / paid to the nominee after the Bank satisfies about the identity of the nominee, etc. The above procedure will be followed even in respect of a joint account where nomination is registered with the Bank. In a joint deposit account, when one of the joint account holders dies, the Bank is required to make payment jointly to the legal heirs of the deceased person and the surviving depositor(s). However, if the joint account holders had given mandate for disposal of the balance in the account in the forms such as "either or survivor, former /

latter or survivor, anyone of survivors or survivor; etc., the payment will be made as per the mandate to avoid delays in production of legal papers by the heirs of the deceased. In the absence of nomination and when there are no disputes among the claimants, the Bank will pay the amount outstanding in the account of deceased person against joint application and indemnity by all legal heirs or the person mandated by the legal heirs to receive the payment on their behalf without insisting on legal documents up to the limit approved by the bank's board. This is to ensure that the common depositors are not put hardship on account of delays in completing legal formalities INTEREST PAYABLE ON TERM DEPOSIT IN DECEASED ACCOUNT In the event of death of the depositor before the date of maturity of deposit and amount of the deposit is claimed after the date of maturity, the Bank shall pay interest at the contracted rate till the date of maturity. From the date of maturity to the date of payment, the Bank shall pay simple interest at the applicable rate obtaining on the date of maturity, for the period for which the deposit remained with the Bank beyond the date of maturity; as per the Bank's policy in this regard. However, in the case of death of the depositor after the date of maturity of the deposit, the bank shall pay interest at savings deposit rate obtaining on the date of maturity from the date of maturity till the date of payment. Insurance Cover for Deposits All bank deposits are covered under the insurance scheme offered by Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation of India (DICGC) subject to certain limits and conditions. The details of the insurance cover in force, will be made available to the depositor. Stop Payment Facility The Bank will accept stop payment instruction from the depositors in respect of cheques issued by them. Charges, as specified, will be recovered. Dormant Accounts

Accounts which are not operated for a considerable period of time will be transferred to a separate dormant / inoperative account status in the interest of the depositor as well as the Bank. The depositor will be informed of charges, if any, which the Bank will levy on dormant / inoperative accounts. The depositor can request the Bank to activate the account for operating it. Safe Deposit Lockers This facility is not offered through all bank branches and wherever the facility is offered, allotment of safe deposit vault will be subject to availability and compliance with other terms and conditions attached to the service. Safe deposit lockers may be hired by an individual ( being not a minor) singly or jointly with another individual(s), HUFs, firms, limited companies, associates,societies, trusts etc. Nomination facility is available to individual(s) holding the lockers singly or jointly. In respect of lockers held in joint names, up to two nominees can be appointed. Joint locker holders can give mandate for access to the lockers in the event of death of one of the holders on the lines similar to those for deposit accounts. In the absence of nomination or mandate for disposal of contents of lockers, with a view to avoid hardship to common persons, the bank will release the contents of locker to the legal heirs against indemnity on the lines as applicable to deposit accounts Redressal of complaints and grievances Depositors having any complaint / grievance with regard to services rendered by the Bank has a right to approach authority(ies) designated by the Bank for handling customer complaint / grievances. The details of the internal set up for redressal of complaints / grievances will be displayed in the branch premises. The branch officials shall provide all required information regarding procedure for lodging the complaint. In case the depositor does not get response from the Bank within 60 days from date of complaint or he is not satisfied with the response received from the Bank, he has a right to approach Banking Ombudsman appointed by the Reserve Bank of India