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Levels of Life Worksheet SCI/230 Version 7

Associate Program Material


Levels of Life Worksheet
Complete all three parts of this worksheet. Part I: Atomic Structure Fill in the missing information on atomic structure and organic compounds.

Atomic Structure Subatomic Particle Proton Neutron Electron Charge Positive Neutral Negative Location in an Atom Nucleus Nucleus Nucleus

Organic Compounds Large Biological Molecule Atoms it Contains Monomer(s) Function(s) in Living Organisms

Carbohydrates

C, H, and O

Monosaccharides

Source of energy

Lipid

C,H, and O

Glycerol and fatty acids

Cushion and insulate organs; builds cell membranes Helps chemical reactions, provides support and structure, provides transport within bodies and provides movement of body Stores and transmits genetic information

Protein

C, H, O, N, and S

Amino Acids

Nucleic Acid

C, H, O, N, and P

Nucleotids

Levels of Life Worksheet SCI/230 Version 7

Part II: Characteristics of Living Organisms Seven characteristics distinguish an object or thing from an actual living organism. All seven characteristics must be present simultaneously for something to be considered living. Fill in the remaining characteristics in the following table.

Characteristics of a Living Organism 1. Order exhibit complex but ordered organization. 2. Regulation- The environment outside an organism may change drastically, but the organism can adjust its internal environment, keeping it within appropriate limits. 3. Growth and development- Information carried by genes controls the pattern of growth and development in all organisms. 4. Energy utilization- Organisms take in energy and use it to perform all of lifes activities 5. Response to the environment- All organisms respond to environmental stimuli. 6. Reproduction- Organisms reproduce their own kind. 7. Evolution- Reproduction underlies the capacity of populations to change (evolve) over time.

Part III: Write a 200- to 300-word explanation of how atoms make up organic compounds, which make up all living organisms, addressing all three domains.

Atoms are made up of tiny particles that consist of protons, electrons, and neutrons. All things are made up of atoms. Atoms bond together, to form molecules. Organic compounds are based on the study of carbon based molecules. Organic compounds are hydrocarbons, which contain only carbon and hydrogen atoms. Carbon has the ability to form many complex, molecules that are essential to life. Organic compounds consist of four groups carbohydrates, liquids, proteins, and nucleic acid. All organisms are composed of cells. Cells are said t be the most simple form of living organisms. Living organisms are placed into three domains Eucarya, Archaeans and Bacteria. Eucarya includes animals, plants, and fungi. Eucarya cells contain nucleus. Arcchaeans are considered to be in the least hospitable environments which include Hot Springs and other high salt areas. Archaeans replicate DNA and in the synthesis and composition of the cell membrane. Bacterias are the source of many illnesses, as well

Levels of Life Worksheet SCI/230 Version 7

as include the organisms used to make tequila, cheese and yogurt. Bacteria becoming an endosymbiont within an Archaean cell giving rise to Eucarya.

Source
Simon, E. J., Reece, J. B., & Dickey, J. L. (2010). Campbell essential biology with physiology (3rd ed.). San Francisco, CA: Pearson Benjamin Cummings.