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1) Phn bit:

Have been to: c ngha l i v quay tr v ri Have been in : vn ang sng hoc a im Have gone to : i n mt a im v cha quay v

2) Tng lai hon thnh


By/ before : dng th tng lai hon thnh th khng nh Until : dng th tng lai hon thnh th ph nh.

3) Nhng cu trc khc ca th tng lai:


Be + to V : mt k hoch trong tng lai Be about + to V : tng lai gn , rt gn, c th l ni xong l hnh ng lun Be on the point of + Ving : tng t nh ( be + about + to V )

4) Used to + V : mt thi quen, hnh ng lp i lp li trong qu kh Be / get used to + Ving : mt hnh ng tr thnh thi quen hin ti Would : nhc li nhng hnh ng xy ra qu kh ( gn ging used to V )

5) Cm ng t
Act on: lm bt c ci g c khuyn hay c gi Act up: c x mt cch vng v Answer ( sbd ) back : tr li mt cch th l ti ai Answer for : chu trch nhim v vic g ( = responsible for = pay for = vouch for )

Answer to : bn di s ch o ca ai hay l c c im c miu t ( be under the command of sb / have the charateristic described ) Back down : ngng chng i ai ( cease to oppose or demand ) Back out ( of ) thu chi , rt ra t u ( withdraw from ) Bach up : ngh, chng nhn Bear on : c lin quan ti, nh hng ti ( be relevant to / affect ) Bear with : nhn nhn, chu ng, ( be patient )

6) Cch cm t
In with the administration: Get all the perk : To be beneath someone to socialise with somebody: To be down on people : have nagative feelings toward someone down on people who eat meat. To be in for : To be down with : chu ng hay nhim bnh To be into health food : He are down with the flu this week. v d : As a vegetarian, he is

she doesnt eat crisps and chocolate, she s into health food

To be off someones food : khng n ung g c To be on : din ra , xy ra ci g : Do you known whats on at the cinema tonight? To be up to : ang chu ng, ang i mt : I dont know what hes been up to, but he looks very sad. To be out: n hoa The roses have been out for a few days now.

To be taken aback: sc v ngc nhin All but : nearly, almost/ expect All in : exhausted : mt mi , kit qu. I dont think I ll go out tonight. Im all in. All told : altogether : hon ton, i khi. For all : mc d : in spite of

Of all people : s dng trong trng hp nhn mnh s tc gin, ngc nhin bi v mt ngi ni ra nhng t khng ph hp . v d : I never expected you of all people to say such a thing. All long : t khi bt u, t lc bt u. v d : I dont know how they found out, but theyve known about it all long. All the same : yet, however : tuy nhin v d : he promised to come to the party on Friday; all the same, I dont think we should count on him. All in all : khi mi th t trong s cn nhc : all in all, it seemed to be quite good suggestion. For all I know : as far as I know For all I care : khng quan tm ( = I dont care ) Take sth into account : cn nhc th g v d you must take his educational background into account when deciding what work to give him On account of : bi v ( = because of ) On no account : khng mt trng hp no c ( = under no circumstances ) v d : the meeting tomorrow is very important; on no account should you be late. On this/ that account : for this/ that reason : v nguyn nhn ny . v d : there s been a hurricane in manila, and all flights have been cancelled on that account. On the air : ( opp : off the air ) ang pht sng ( broadcasting ) v d : you cant go into the studio just yet as the programme is still on the air. Up in the air : cha chc chn, vn cn phi suy ngh . v d : his future is till up in the air , he cant decide whether to become a surgeon or a psychiatrist. Clear the air: gi b s nghi ng , hay cm gic bun chn. Be up in arms : rt l gin d, in tit . v d : the villagers are up in arms about the prpposed motorway. On the alert ( + for ) : mong i mt th g (= on the look-out, expecting sth ) v d : the fire fighters are always on the alert for forest fires, particularly in the summer.

7) Cc cm gii t
Show animosity toward sbd : Arrest for + Ving : Amounts to : th hin s c cm ti ai

bt gi v ci g

Adjust to sth : Accord with sth :

thch nghi vi ci g khng ph hp ( ????) tn dng, tip thu, ca ngi ci g

To be appreciative of sth : Abash by/ at : abstinence from sth : lng tng

king kem ci g c c cm vi ai, ci g

Have an aversion to sth/sdb: Base on : Believe in : Beware of : coi chng Bump into : va vo Barter for : trao i , mua Made for : Ban on :

Bask in : m mnh vo, phi mnh trong ( the cat bask in the warm sunshine ) Boast about/of : t ho v ( he continually boast of his fantastic job ) Beg for sth : cu xin ci g Explain = Made someone very curious = Dont mind = acc