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(RSAEEP), 2008

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1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

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....................................................... 6

1.
2.
3.
4.

.................................................................................................................... 7
p ........................................................................................................ 8
f ......................................................................................................... 8
fr .................................................................................................... 8

1. ..................................................................................... 9
2. ............................................................................................................ 9
3
A Ct ......................................................................................10
B p fr ..............................................................14
C Cdyn............................................................................25
D / Cprob ....... 28
-1-

1.

RSA

2.

-2-

0.2Hz
1Hz
Cdyn>1

0.2 Hz

3.

SI

2%

0.002


-3-

4.

1952 2005

III.1 250

99.5%
III.1
250

10

20

50

100

200

500

48.1

52.0

56.6

59.8

62.9

66.7

60.7

65.6

71.9

75.5

79.4

84.2

m/s

m/s

5.

250
71.9 /

50 2% R= 50
-4-

a.

b.

6.

1
2
wkhvkh

1
2
20 1.20 kg/m3

wkh = vkh2

III.2
III.2

(m)
300
250
200
150
130
110
90
70
50
40
30
20
15
10
5

(m/s)

vkh

72.6
71.9
71.1
70.0
69.4
68.6
67.7
66.5
64.7
63.5
61.9
59.5
57.8
55.4
51.2

350

(kPa)

wkh

3.16
3.10
3.03
2.94
2.89
2.83
2.75
2.65
2.51
2.42
2.30
2.12
2.00
1.84
1.57

300

h (m)

h (m)- Height
above site-ground level

250

200

150

100

50

0
1.40

1.60

1.80

2.00

2.20

2.40

2.60

2.80

3.00

3.20

3.40

Characteristic gust wind pressure, wkh (kPa)

Wkh (kPa)


-5-

3 B 1.1.1

7.

RSA

R=50
q=1.5
R=1000

0 = 0.4 ; 1 = 0.2 ; 2 = 0 3 5
0 = 0.6
D
R/L

8.

a.

Ct p f Cdyn
wkh

ph = [ wkh Ct ] p Cdyn
Fh = [ wkh Ct ] f Cdyn Ah

ph
hkPa
Fh
hkN
wkh
h kPa
Ct

-6-

p f
Cdyn
Ah

b.

h wkh m2

Ffr
Ffr = [ wkh Ct ]

fr

Cdyn

Afr

fr

Afr
m2
wkh ,Ct , Cdyn
8.a


A
wkh Ct>1
Ct = 1
EN 1991- 1- 4: 2005 A.3 -

1.

-7-

2.

p
p

pe
pi

-
B 3

3.

(p)(f)

4.

fr

- fr 8 b

-8-

1.

Cdyn
1
na
Cdyn
na 1Hz Cdyn
-

1
na 0.2Hz 1Hz Cdyn
C
na 0.2Hz

2.

-9-


A Ct
6

III.A.1

W kh
hz

W kh
hz

Lu

III.A.1 -

Ct
1.

= H/Lu
III.A.2 III.A.3

2.

A)
-

0.05<0.3 X Lu/2

B)
-

<0.3 X < Ld/2


0.3 X < 1.6 H
-10-

C)
0.05<0.3 X Lu/2

D)

<0.3 X < 1,5 Le


0.3 X < 5 H

3.

Ct

< 0.05
Ct =(1 + 1.50 x s x ) 0.05 < < 0.3
Ct =(1 + 0.45 x s) 2
> 0.3

Ct =1

s III.A.2 III.A.3
Le

H/LuIII.A.2 III.A.3
Le
0.05<<0.3 ..... Le= Lu
>0.3 ...Le= H/0.3

Lu
Ld
H
X
hz

4.

Ct 1.0

-11-

III.A.2

-12-

III.A.3

A III.A.2 III.A.3 British Standards


2007
7 20 BSI 2007ET00200

-13-

p fr
1983
RSA EN1991-1-4:2005

1.

p
pe pi

1.1
pe
1.1.1

III.B.1 ABCD
E h/dh d

he
h/b b III.B.1

e AB C
III.B.2
III.B.1
E AB C he
h III.B.1

h/d 5
1 h/d 1 0.85 h/d

-14-

b
For: h b

he=h
h

W kh(he)=W kh(h)
he

h>2b
b

b<h 2b

he=h

W kh(he)=W kh(h)

b
he=h

W kh(he)=W khh(h)
h

h-b

he=hstrip

strip

he=b

W kh(he)=W kh(hstrip)

he=b

h
b

W kh(he)=W kh(b)

W kh(he)=W kh(b)
h

he

III.B.1 he

-15-

e<d

e
e/5

d-e

4e/5

h
A

C
e=b 2h,
b:

e 5d

e d

d
e/5

d-e/5

h
A

III.B.2

10m2 10m2

III.B.1 ABCD E
10m2 pe,10
III.B.1

pe,10

h/d
5

-1.2

-0.8

-0.5

+0.8

-0.7

-1.2

-0.8

-0.5

+0.8

-0.5

0.25

-1.2

-0.8

-0.5

+0.7

-0.3

1 h/d
-16-


2 h/d > 5
EN1991-1-4:2005 h/d >
5

pe,10
III.B.2
III.B.2

m2

1.20

1.06

10

1.00

50

0.95

100

0.93

500

0.88

1000

0.86

5000

0.82

10000

0.80

-17-

1.1.2

a>b

L1

a1

a1
L4

a/2

L4

b/2

L2

L2

b/2

L3

L3
y

a1=b/2

y=0.15b

III.B.3

h/b

h 1

b 2

1 h 3
<
2 b 2

3 h
< 6
2 b

=0o

=90o

E,F

G,H

E,G

F,H

L1

L2

L3

L4

-0.8

-0.4

-0.8

-0.4

-2.0

-2.0

-2.0

-0.9

-0.4

-0.8

-0.4

-1.4

-1.2

-1.2

10

-1.2

-0.4

-0.8

-0.6

-1.4

-1.4

20

-0.4

-0.4

-0.7

-0.6

-1.0

-1.2

30

-0.4

-0.7

-0.6

-0.8

-1.1

45

+0.3

-0.5

-0.7

-0.6

-0.8

-0.6

-1.0

-0.6

-2.0

-2.0

-2.0

-0.9

-0.6

-0.9

-0.6

-2.0

-2.0

-1.5

-1.0

10

-1.1

-0.6

-0.8

-0.6

-2.0

-2.0

-1.5

-1.2

20

-0.7

-0.5

-0.8

-0.6

-1.5

-1.5

-1.5

-1.0

30

-0.2

-0.5

-0.8

-0.8

-1.0

45

+0.2

-0.5

-0.8

-0.8

-0.7

-0.6

-0.9

-0.7

-2.0

-2.0

-2.0

-0.7

-0.6

-0.8

-0.8

-2.0

-2.0

-1.5

-1.0

10

-0.7

-0.6

-0.8

-0.8

-2.0

-2.0

-1.5

-1.2

20

-0.8

-0.6

-0.8

-0.8

-1.5

-1.5

-1.5

-1.2

30

-1.0

-0.5

-0.8

-0.7

-1.5

40

-0.2

-0.5

-0.8

-0.7

-1.0

50

+0.2

-0.5

-0.8

-0.7

-1.0
-1.2

-1.1

-1.0

-18-

1.1.3

a>b ; h<2b

b/2

0.15b

a1

y
L4

L2

a/2
h

L1

0.15b

L3

a2

L5
y

a1=b/2

a2=b

III.B.4

45

90

135

180

E,F

G,H

E,F

G,H

E,G

F,H

E,F

G,H

E,F

G,H

L1

L2

L3

L4

L5

5 to 10

-1.0

-0.5

-1.0

-0.9

-1.0

-0.5

-0.9

-1.0

-0.5

-1.0

-2.0

-2.0

-1.5

-2.0

-1.5

15

-0.9

-0.5

-1.0

-0.7

-1.0

-0.5

-0.6

-1.0

-0.3

-1.0

-2.0

-1.8

-0.9

-1.8

-1.4

20

-0.8

-0.5

-1.0

-0.6

-0.9

-0.5

-0.5

-1.0

-0.2

-1.0

-2.0

-1.8

-1.8

-1.4

25

-0.7

-0.5

-1.0

-0.6

-0.8

-0.5

-0.3

-0.9

-0.1

-0.9

-2.0

-1.8

30

-0.5

-0.5

-1.0

-0.6

-0.8

-0.5

-0.1

-0.6

-0.6

-2.0

-1.8

1.1.4

a>b h/b 0.5


0.1 h1/b 0.5

L1
0.1b

h1

a1
a/2

b/4

b/2
b

L2

L2

0.1b

b
b/4

0.1b

b
a2=b

a1=b/2

-19-

III.B.5 -

h1/b

90

E, F

G, H

I, J

E, G, I

F, H, J

L1

L2

0.1

-0.9

-0.8

-0.5

-0.8

-0.6

-1.6

-1.8

0.2

-0.9 or 0*

-0.9

-0.5

-0.8

-0.6

-1.6

-1.8

0.3

-0.3 or +0.2*

-1.0

-0.5

-0.8

-0.6

-1.6

-0.6

0.4

+0.4

-1.1

-0.5

-0.8

-0.6

-1.6

0.5

+0.7

-1.2

-0.5

-0.8

-0.6

-1.6

1.1.5

h<a

0.1a

0.1a

0.1a

0.1a

b1

b
b1
a

b1=h

III.B.6
-

=0o

=90o

pe

pe

b1

b2

b3

5 to 10

-1.1

-0.6

-0.4

-0.3

-0.3

-0.3

-0.3

-0.4

-0.8

-0.6

-0.2

20

-0.7

-0.6

-0.4

-0.3

-0.3

-0.3

-0.3

-0.5

30

-0.2

-0.6

-0.4

-0.3

-0.2

-0.3

-0.2

-0.5

45

+0.3

-0.6

-0.6

-0.4

-0.2

-0.4

-0.2

-0.5

=90

b1
b2
b3

b
b1=b2=h

b3=b-2h

-20-

pe

1.1.6

.-2.0

.............................-1.5

h<a

0.1a

0.1a

0.1a

0.1a

b1

b
b1
a

b1=h

III.B.7
-

pe

=90o
n

pe

=90o
+0.6

-0.7

-0.7

-0.4

-0.3

-0.2

-0.1

-0.3

b1

b2

b3

-0.8

-0.6

-0.2

=180o

=90

b1
b2
b3

-0.5

-0.3

-0.3

-0.3

-0.4

-0.6

-0.6

-0.1

b1=b2=h

b3=b-2h

-
pe

.-2.0

.............................-1.5

-21-

1.2

pi

1.1.1

pi= + 0.2

pi = - 0.3
-
pi = - 0.3

pi
pe 75% pe
pe pi

-22-

2.

III.B.8

a>b

0.5h<1.0

III.B.8

5
10
15
20
25
30
5
10
15
20
25
30
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
0
5
10
15
20
25
30

p (*)

180

E
F
-1.1 or +1.2
-1.0
-1.1 or +1.4
-1.0
-0.7 or +1.6
-1.0
-0.3 or +1.8
-1.0
-0.2 or +2.0
-0.8
0 or +2.0
-0.7
-1.2 or +0.8
-0.8 or +1.0
-1.4 or +0.6
-0.6 or +1.0
-1.6 or +0.4
-0.6 or +1.0
-1.8 or +0.2
-0.6 or +0.7
-2.0 or 0
-0.6 or +0.2
-2.0 or 0
-0.6 or 0
-1.5 or +1.5** -0.5 or +0.5**
-1.5 or +1.5**
-0.55 or +0.55
+1.55
+0.65
+1.55
+0.7
+1.6
+0.75
+1.6
+0.85
+1.65
+0.95
-0.5 or +0.5** -1.5 or +1.5**
-0.55 or +0.55** -1.5 or +1.5**
-0.65
-1.55
-0.7
-1.55
-0.75
-1.6
-0.85
-1.6
-0.95
-1.65

(*) p
(**) E F
-23-

3.

fr
8.b

III.B.9 fr
III.B.9 fr

fr

0.01

0.02

0.04

Afr

2 4
III.B.3

or
4

-Afr
d

III.B.3

-24-

C
Cdyn
1. /

AS/NZS 1170.22002 2002 6.2


2.

(Cdyn) 0.2 1Hz

3. AS/NZS 6.2

4. AS/NZS
s

zCdynz
s s<z<h
Cdyn s
z
hz

5. Cdyn

Cdyn

H g 2 SE
1 + 2 I h g v2 Bs + s R

=
(1 + 2 g v I h )

0.5

Cdyn 1.0

s m
h m
Ih -
0.14

h
/ Ct
Ih = 0.093

250

Ct A
gv 3.7
Bs

Bs =

[0.26(h s)
1+

+ 0.46b sh2

0.5

Lh

bsh
Lh

s h
h
-25-

Lh = 325 x (h/250) 0.39


Hs

= 1+ (s/h)2

gR

10
gR =

[2 ln(600 na )]

na Hz na =
46/h
S

S =

1
3.5n h(1 + g I ) 4n b (1 + g I )
a
v h
v h
1 +
1 + a 0 h

*
*
wkh / 0.0006
wkh / 0.0006

b0h 0 h
*
wkh
h (kPa)

*
wkh = wkh x Ct

(/4)
E=

(1 + 70.8N )

2 5/ 6

N naLh[1+(gvIh)]/( w *kh /0.0006 )

(h)(d)
(b)

- =2.0%

-b=d
-s=0
- b= bsh =b0h
- 46/h
-
=m
m

200
180
160
140
120
100

30

40

50

(1.035)*

1.026

1.018

(1.031)*

1.022

1.014

(1.027)*

1.018

1.010

1.021

1.012

1.004

1.017

1.008

1.0**

1.011

1.001

1.0**

-26-


(*) h/d > 5 B III.B.1 2

(**) Cdyn 1.0 Cdyn

1.0

A Guide to AZ/NZS 1170.2:2002-Wind Actions

-27-

Cprob
R= 50
L= 50 = 0.64
1.
R L

= 1 (1 1 / R )L

50 50
L
Cprob
Cprob
Cprob=

2.02 + ln( L) ln( ln(1 ))


2.02 + ln(50)

2. L=50

R=50
=0.64 Cporb

III.D.1
3.
III.D.1

(Cprob

10

0.73

10 to 25

0.73 - 0.88

15 to 30

0.80 - 0.91

50

1.00

100

1.12

Cprob = 2.02 + ln( L ) ln( ln(1 0.64))

2.02 + ln(50)

-28-