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MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR OF THIN LAMINATED PLATES
LAMINATE WITH MIDPLANE SYMMETRY Membrane behavior
• We consider in the following a laminate with midplane symmetry. The total thickness of the laminate is denoted as h. It consists of n plies. Ply number k has a thickness denoted as ek. Plane x,y is the plane of symmetry
The strains can be written as: . in the x.y plane of the laminate.Displacement Field The elastic displacement at each point of the laminate is assumed to be two dimensional. vo. It has the components: uo .
with and with Therefore .In an analogous manner .
Remarks • Aij are independent of the stacking order of the plies. A23). (A13 = A23 = 0 ???) It is possible to substitute the stress resultants Nx. This coupling will disappear if the laminate is balanced. ( ????? ) • Normal stress resultants Nx or Ny create angular distortions (A13 . Ny. Txy with the global average stresses .
Calculating the term without knowing the thickness h (but using percentage of certain direction of plies p (in %) .
nxy.Inversion Determination of apparent moduli Ex. Gxy. Ey. nyx of LAMINATE related to membrane behavior .
Problem : • The apparent elastic moduli of the laminate and the associated coupling coefficients. in order to estimate strains under loading (deformation) • The minimum thickness for the laminate in order to avoid rupture of one of the plies in the laminate . Ny. Txy.Practical determination of a laminate subject to membrane loading Given: • The stress resultants are given and denoted as: Nx. • Estimate the ply proportions in the four orientations. • Assume that plies are identical (same material and same thickness).
Ny Txy •Fiber and matrix material •Assume : all plies have the same material. 1st step Estimate the ply proportions in the four orientations.Principle and procedure of calculation Given : •Nx. .
Principle and procedure of calculation • 2nd step Calculate the term of (1/h)*[A] OR .
h oy. OF LAMINATE !!!! Determine : h h (unknown) ox. xy. yx.Principle and procedure of calculation • 3rd step Determine Apparent Moduli of laminate Inversion of matrix Determine : Ex. Ey. h xy . Gxy.
Principle and procedure of calculation • 4th step Determine h using Tsai-Hill criteria ( failure condition for each ply ( or direction) Introducing h for each ply or direction In x y coordinate ( laminate one) .
Principle and procedure of calculation ( in l. t coordinate ) Apply Tsai – Hill for each ply or direction Found the biggest h thickness of laminate .
Flexure Behavior .
Flexion Loading (having mid-plane symmetrie) .
and Are in opposite sign (due to mid-plan symmetri) OR WITH .
Using the same calculation for Mx and Mxy we obtain Cij depends on stacking sequence of the plies .
Laminate without midplane symmetry (coupled Membrane-Flexure Behavior) (for ply k) (for laminate. not equal to zero (no midplane sym) Similarly for Membrane loadings .
Inversion of matrix determine strains and rotations deformation .