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CHP6.

MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR OF THIN LAMINATED PLATES

LAMINATE WITH MIDPLANE SYMMETRY Membrane behavior


We consider in the following a laminate with midplane symmetry. The total thickness of the laminate is denoted as h. It consists of n plies. Ply number k has a thickness denoted as ek. Plane x,y is the plane of symmetry
Loading

Displacement Field The elastic displacement at each point of the laminate is assumed to be two dimensional, in the x,y plane of the laminate. It has the components: uo , vo. The strains can be written as:

In an analogous manner ; with

and with

Therefore

Remarks
Aij are independent of the stacking order of the plies. ( ????? ) Normal stress resultants Nx or Ny create angular distortions (A13 , A23). This coupling will disappear if the laminate is balanced. (A13 = A23 = 0 ???)

It is possible to substitute the stress resultants Nx, Ny, Txy with the global average stresses

Calculating the term without knowing the thickness h (but using percentage of certain direction of plies p (in %)

Inversion

Determination of apparent moduli Ex, Ey, Gxy, nxy, nyx of LAMINATE related to membrane behavior

Practical determination of a laminate subject to membrane loading


Given: The stress resultants are given and denoted as: Nx, Ny, Txy. Estimate the ply proportions in the four orientations. Assume that plies are identical (same material and same thickness).

Problem : The apparent elastic moduli of the laminate and the associated coupling coefficients, in order to estimate strains under loading (deformation) The minimum thickness for the laminate in order to avoid rupture of one of the plies in the laminate

Principle and procedure of calculation


Given : Nx, Ny Txy Fiber and matrix material Assume : all plies have the same material. 1st step Estimate the ply proportions in the four orientations.

Principle and procedure of calculation

2nd step Calculate the term of (1/h)*[A]

OR

Principle and procedure of calculation

3rd step Determine Apparent Moduli of laminate


Inversion of matrix

Determine : Ex, Ey, Gxy,

xy,

yx,

OF LAMINATE !!!!

Determine : h
h (unknown)

ox,

oy,

xy

Principle and procedure of calculation 4th step Determine h using Tsai-Hill criteria ( failure condition for each ply ( or direction)
Introducing h for each ply or direction

In x y coordinate ( laminate one)

Principle and procedure of calculation

( in l, t coordinate )

Apply Tsai Hill for each ply or direction

Found the biggest h thickness of laminate

Flexure Behavior

Flexion Loading (having mid-plane symmetrie)

and

Are in opposite sign (due to mid-plan symmetri)

OR WITH

Using the same calculation for Mx and Mxy we obtain

Cij depends on stacking sequence of the plies

Laminate without midplane symmetry (coupled Membrane-Flexure Behavior)

(for ply k)

(for laminate, not equal to zero (no midplane sym)

Similarly for Membrane loadings

Inversion of matrix determine strains and rotations deformation