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NAME : ___________________________ FORM :__________________ DATE :______________

CHAPTER 19 : BLOOD CIRCULATION AND TRANSPORT


1.0

Diagram 1 shows the constituents of blood

Diagram 1
a)

Label X, Y and Z in Diagram 1 base on the words given below

Platelet

red blood cell

white blood cell


[ 3 marks ]

b)

Match the correct structure and their function


Structure

Function

Carry oxygen in the form of oxyhaemoglobin


X
Protect the body against diseases and fight infections

Y
Transport digested food to the cells

Help in blood clotting

[ 2 marks ]
2.1 (a) Name the labelled parts in Diagram 2 based on the information below.

Diagram 2

Aorta

Vena cava

Pulmonary vein
( 3 marks )

(b) Write down the sequence of blood flows from the lungs to the aorta.

Lungs

aorta

( 3 marks )
3.1

Diagram 3 shows a cross section of blood vessels

Diagram 3
a)

Label 'lumen' in X or Y or Z in the diagram


[ 1 mark ]

b)

Name the blood vessel in diagram 3


X
: __________________________
Y
: __________________________
Z
: __________________________
[ 3 marks ]

c)

State two differences between Y and Z


_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
[ 2 marks ]

3.2

Diagram 4 shows a structure found in plants

Diagram 4

a)

b)

c)

c)

i.
ii.

Label stoma in the diagram above


State one function of the structure in (a) (i)
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
[ 2 marks ]
What happens when plants lose too much water?
_________________________________________________________
[ 1 mark ]
State the process where plants loss water from the leaf surface
_________________________________________________________
[ 1 marks ]
Why the under surface of a leaf a land plant has more stomata than
the upper surface?
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
[ 2 marks ]

5.1

Ahmad carried out an experiment . After three weeks, the result as shown
in diagram 5 was observed.

Diagram 5
a)

b)

c)

d)

What happen to the bark after three weeks?


__________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
[ 2 marks]
Explain your answer in (a)
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
[ 2 marks ]
Why couldn't the food reach the root system?
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
[ 2 marks ]
What is your prediction about the tree after three week?
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
[ 2 marks ]

8.1

Diagram 6 shows the apparatus set up for an experiment

(b)
Diagram 6
The experiment is set up with the following steps.
1. Set up the apparatus as shown in diagram 6 (a)
2. Weigh the apparatus and record its weight
3. Leave the apparatus on a table in a bright room.
4. Repeat step 1 but place the apparatus in a cupboard as shown in diagram
6 (b) in the same room.
5. The weights of the plants and the apparatus are taken hourly.
The results of the experiment are shown in table 1

Time of the day

10 am
11 am
12 pm
1 pm
2 pm

Weight of the plant


and apparatus on a
table in a bright
room
600 g
590 g
580 g
570 g
560 g

Weight of the plant and


apparatus place in a
cupboard
600 g
595 g
590 g
585 g
580 g

Table 1
a)

b)

What is the objective of the experiment?


__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
( 1 mark )
State the variables in the experiment
i.
Manipulated variable : ______________________________
ii.
Responding variable : ______________________________
iii.
Constant variable : ______________________________
( 3 marks )

c)

Base on the result, draw a bar chart to show the weight of the apparatus under
different conditions.

( 2 marks )
d)

Calculate the rate of transpiration based on the result found in Table 1

( 2 marks )

e)
f)

g)

What conclusion can be made from this experiment?


_________________________________________________________
( 1 mark )
State one hypothesis from the experiment.
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
( 1 mark )
List two other factors which control the rate of transpiration.
i.
________________________________________
ii.
________________________________________

( 2 marks )
8.2 Diagram 7 shows an experiment set up to the transport of water in plants. The water with red ink
colour has traveled up the roots, and then stem and leaves along definite passages which are
stand red.

Diagram 7
a) Diagram 8 shows a cross section of the stem of the above plant.

Diagram 8
i)Shade the area which is observe coloured in the experiment.
( 1 mark )
ii) Label the following structures in Diagram 8.
phloem

xylem
( 2 marks )

b.(i) State your conclusion of this experiment


______________________________________________________________________
( 1 mark )
(ii)Explain why transpiration can help water uptake by plants.
_____________________________________________________________________
( 1 mark )

8.3 Diagram 9 shows the apparatus used in an experiment to study the effect of the air humidity on
the rate of transpiration. The apparatus is left aside for an hour. After that, the volume of water
absorbed by the plant is recorded.

Diagram 9
a) State the following variables.
i)
ii)
iii)

Fixed variables
: ___________________________________________
Manipulated variables : ___________________________________________
Responding variables : ___________________________________________
( 3 marks )

b) Suggest a relationship between the manipulated variable and the responding variable.
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
( 1 mark )
c) What is the function of calcium chloride?
______________________________________________________________________
( 1 mark )
d) Table 2 show the result obtained in this experiment.
Humidity

Low
High

Volume of water (ml)


Initial reading
Final reading
80.0
80.0

Water loss

Rate of
transpiration
(ml/hour)

75.0
77.5
Table 2

Calculate the volume of water loss and the rate of transpiration under different humidity.
( 2 marks )

e) What conclusion can you make for this experiment?


_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
( 1 mark )
f) State three other factors affecting the rate of transpiration.
i) ____________________________________________________________________
ii) ____________________________________________________________________
iii) ___________________________________________________________________
( 3 marks )