QUANTITATIVE RISK

includes global uncertainty calcul

Joao Luis Santos | RISIKO TECHNIK GRUP

copyright

ATIVE RISK ANALYSIS

cludes global uncertainty calculation

uis Santos | RISIKO TECHNIK GRUPPE (2007)

QUANTITATIVE RISK A

Risk Statistics Type of Hazards Hazard Control Measures Hazard Checklist Business Identification Business Safety Information Audit Tool Risk Matrix

IVE RISK ANALYSIS

Cost of Injuries and Illness Hazard and Risk Identification Injury and Illness Analysis Loss Criticality analysis Risk Analysis Actions and Recomendations Risk Analysis Report

I. PROBABILITY OF DEATH BY ACCIDENT FAF Index

Risk Thunder Cyclone Car accident Airplane accident Gas explosion Fire Dam rupture Building's material falling Meteorite Eearthquake

Probability 5.6E-07 4.0E-07 1.0E-04 1.0E-07 7.0E-05 1.0E-06 1.0E-08 3.0E-06 6.0E-11 1.7E-06

Notes Carabean Islands (3,0E-4)

II. PROBABILITY OF DEATH BY INDUSTRY SECTOR FAF Index 0.2 1.3 3.0 4.0 7.0 10.0 12.0 35.0 64.0

Industry Sector Textile Industry Automobile Industry Wood Industry Chemical Industry Metallurgic Industry Agriculture Mine Industry Fishing Industry Construction

Probability 3.75E-06 3.25E-05 7.50E-05 1.00E-04 1.75E-04 2.50E-04 3.00E-04 1.17E-03 1.60E-03

Notes

III. OVERPRESSURE EFFECTS Overpressure Effects (atm) 0.01 0.04 0.20 0.40 0.70 0.80

Effects 50% of window break 90% of window break Severe damage in structures Ear damage, structure damage Rupture of lums and another internal organs Total destruction of structures

IV. EFFECTS OF THERMAL RADIATION Radiation Level 400.0 200.0 60.0 40.0 10.0 6.5 4.0 1.0 Distance (m) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Exposition (s) Effects Brick wall fall Ciment wall fall Steel ductibility 900 PVC burning 20 3rd degree burning 20 2sd degree burning 20 1st degree burning Human tolerence

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HAZARDS SEVERITY CORROSIVITY / IRRITATION pH Basic Acid 14 5 13 4 12 3 11 2 10 1 TOXICITY LC50 LD50 ppm mg/kg > 10.000 > 5000 10,000 1,000 5,000 500 1,000 100 500 50 100 10 50 1 < 10 <1 FLAMMABILIBITY / COMBUSTIBILITY Temperature ºF ºC > 200 > 95 200 150 93 150 100 66 100 0 38 <0 < -18

HAZARDS EXPOSURE PEL / TLV ppm > 1.000 1,000 100 10 <1 100 10 1 Hazard Ratio < 10 10 1,000 1,000 10,000 10,000 100,000 > 100.000 Route of Exposure Ingestion Skin Contact Ingestion + Skin Contact Inhalation Inhalation + Ingestion+ Skin Physical Form Solids Liquids Mists Vapors Gases Pressure mmHg <1 1 10 100 > 70

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Y / COMBUSTIBILITY perature ºC > 95 66 38 18 < -18

Pressure mmHg <1 10 100 760 > 70

Electrical Shock, Burns, Overheating, Ignition of combustibles inadvertent activation, Power outage, Distribution backfeed, Unsafe failure to operate, Explosion/electrica Mechanical Sharp edges and points, Rotating equipment, Reciprocating equipment, Pinch points, Lifting weights, Stability (toppling potential), Ejected parts or fragments,

Pneumatic, Hydraulic Pressure Overpressurization, Pipe or vessel or duct rupture, Implosion, Mislocated relief device, Dynamic pressure loading, Relief pressure improperly set, Backflow, Cr Blast. Acceleration, Deceleration Gravity Loose object translation, Impacts, Falling objects, Inadvertent motion, Fragments or missiles, Sloshing liquids, Slip or trip, Falls.

Temperature Extremes Heat source or sink, Hot or cold surface burns, Pressure elevation, Confined gas or liquid, Elevated flammability, Elevated volatility, Elevated reactivity, Freezin Fire and Flammability (presence of...) Fuel, Ignition source, Oxidizer, Propellant. Radiation Ionizing: Alpha, Beta, Neutron, Gamma, X-Ray. Non-Ionizing: Laser, Infrared, Microwave, Ultraviolet. Explosives Initiators: Heat, Friction, Impact or shock, Vibration, Electrostatic discharge, Chemical contamination, Lighting, Welding (stray current or sparks). Effects: Mass fire, Blast overpressure, Thrown fragments, Seismic ground wave, Meteorological reinforcement. Sensitizers: Heat or cold, Vibration, Impact or shock, Low humidity, Chemical contamination. Conditions: Explosive propellant present, Explosive gas present, Explosive liquid present, Explosive vapor present, Explosive dust present.

Leaks and Spills Materials conditions: Liquids/cryogens, Gases/vapors, Dust-irritating, Radiation sources, Flammable, Toxic, Reactive, Slippery, Odorous, Pathogenic, Asphyxia Chemical and Water Contamination System cross-connection, Leaks and spills, Vessel/ and pipe and conduit rupture, Backflow or siphon effect.

Physiological (see Ergonomic) Temperature extremes, Nuisance dusts/odors, Baropressureextremes, Fatigue, Lifted weights, Noise, Vibration (Raynaud’sSyndrome), Mutagens, Asphyxiants

Human Factors (see Ergonomic) Operator error, Inadvertent operation, Failure to operate, Operation early or late, Operation out-of-sequence, Right operation or wrong control, Operate too lon

Ergonomic (see Human Factors) Fatigue, Inaccessibilit, Nonexistent or inadequate “kill” switches, Glare, Inadequate Control or Readout Differentiation, Inappropriate control or readout labelin, Faulty or Inadequate Control or Readout Labeling. Control Systems Power outage, Interference (EMI or ESI), Moisture, Sneak circuit, Sneak software, Lightning strike, Grounding failure, Inadvertent activation.

Mission Phasing Transport, Delivery, Installation, Calibration, Checkout, Shake down, Activation, Standard start, Emergency start, Normal operation, Load change, Coupling an shooting, Maintenance.

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e to operate, Explosion/electrical (electrostatic), Explosion (electrical arc).

tial), Ejected parts or fragments, Crushing surfaces.

ure improperly set, Backflow, Crossflow, Hydraulic ram, Inadvertent release, Miscalibratedrelief device, Blown objects, Pipe or hose whip,

s.

atility, Elevated reactivity, Freezing humidity or moisture, Reduced reliability, Altered structural properties (e.g., embrittlement).

current or sparks).

dust present.

, Odorous, Pathogenic, Asphyxiating, Flooding, Run off, Vapor propagation, Corrosive.

ndrome), Mutagens, Asphyxiants, Allergens, Pathogens, Radiation (see Radiation), Cryogens, Carcinogens, Teratogens, Toxins, Irritants.

r wrong control, Operate too long, Operate too briefly.

priate control or readout labelin, Faulty workstation desig, Inadequate or improper illumination, Inappropriate Control or readout Location,

ent activation.

ation, Load change, Coupling and uncoupling, Stressed operation, Standard shutdown, Emergency shutdown, Diagnosis and trouble

I. UNEVEN OR SLIPPERY FLAT SURFACES Selecting flooring carefully, especially if it is likely to become wet or dusty due to work processes; keeping surfaces dry. If necessary, treating slippery surfaces chemically; using appropriate cleaning methods. Ensuring regular checking of the floor and traffic routes. Removing holes, cracks, worn carpets, or rugs, etc.; keeping floors and traffic routes clear. Removing thresholds or limiting their height; improving their visibility. Providing workers with suitable footwear. Ensuring that floors and traffic routes are appropriate marked. Ensuring adequate lighting of floors and traffic routes. Positioning equipment so as to avoid cables crossing pedestrian routes; using cable covers to fix them securely to surfaces. Using anti-slippery and easy to clean materials on floors and traffic routes. Ensuring proper flow of liquids from the surface of floors and traffic routes. II. MOVING VEHICLES AND MACHINES Ensuring that means of transport are appropriate for the work to be done. Using work equipment with appropriate certificates/licences. Using work equipment according to manufacturers’ information and manuals. Carrying out regular technical inspection of work equipment. Ensuring that transport routes are appropriately marked and kept tidy. Ensuring that routes are wide enough and that there are no “blind spots” on them. Ensuring that loads are placed and secured properly. Ensuring that workers are adequately trained. Ensuring that self-propelled means of transport have facilities that prevent unexpected start-up.

III. MOVING PARTS OF MACHINES Ensuring that machines are operated by trained and authorised workers. Ensuring that all proper guards are in place and that they work. Using posters and signs to remind workers of the need to use guards. Ensuring that that all necessary guards are in place before starting any machine. Ensuring that areas around machines are clean, tidy, and free of obstructions. Ensuring sufficient space to allow easy movement of workers. Providing appropriate personal protective equipment. Ensuring adequate lighting on machines and around machines. Implementing a clear system of warning information to prevent defective machines being started accidentally. Ensuring that machines are maintained and that defects repaired promptly. Ensuring that there is sufficient space between the moving parts of a machine and fixed parts near the machine. IV. ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS AND EQUIPMENT Carrying out a visual check for defects before work starts. Ensuring regular tests carried out by electrical experts. Using only equipment with the EC mark. In the event of equipment damage or defects: switching off the power and pulling out the plug immediately and reporting the damage. Ensuring that defects are repaired by an electrical expert. Selecting appropriate type of equipment (such as IP protection type, mechanical protection, etc.). Carrying out work according to instructions. De-energising lines. Limiting the work areas of hoisting equipment. Checking electrical equipment before it is used after repairs, and on a regular basis. Using earth wires. V. FIRE Using ventilation and monitoring concentrations. Providing Material Safety Data Sheets for all explosive chemical substances. Preventing or eliminating sources of ignition. Keeping substances which can form exposable mixtures with air away from open flames, electrical equipment, sparks, etc. Keeping stored quantities to a minimum. Following instructions not to store certain products together. Avoiding contamination and not putting quantities of a product taken from an original container back into it. Cordoning off any danger explosive areas.

Marking any explosive areas. Making sure that appropriate permissions for work with the use of an open flame are in place. Marking escape and rescue routes and keeping them free from obstacles. Training employees. Carrying out emergency drills.

VI. CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES Substituting very toxic by less toxic substances. Elimination of carcinogenic and mutagenic substances, if possible. Using automated systems for applying hazardous chemical substances. Providing Material Safety Data Sheets for all hazardous chemical substances. Ensuring that all hazardous chemical substances are properly labelled. Ensuring that all hazardous chemical substances are properly handled. Segregating combustible and flammable hazardous chemical substances from one another. Ensuring that the concentrations of hazardous chemical substances are measured and monitored. Installing appropriate collective protection equipment. Ensuring that workers are equipped with personal protective equipment. Providing continuous local exhaust ventilation at all workplaces where the concentration of chemical substances exceeds Maximum Admissible Concentration (exhaust systems for, e. g., spraying, painting, or coating). Carrying out regular technical checks of the equipment used with chemicals. Inspecting and cleaning exhaust ventilation systems on a regular basis to maintain maximum efficiency. Ensuring regular medical examinations for workers exposed to hazardous chemical substances, especially to carcinogenic or mutagenic ones. Regular training of workers about risk posed by hazardous chemical substances and safe work with them. VII. NOISE Determining workers’ exposure; checking compliance with the limits established in legal requirements. Introducing engineering controls which can reduce noise emission (e. g., isolating vibrating machinery or components from their surroundings, fitting air exhausts with silencers). Positioning sources of noise further away from workers. Limiting time spent in noisy areas. Mounting enclosures around machines to reduce noise emission. Introducing barriers or screens to block the direct path of sound. Identifying ear protection zones and marking them with signs showing that hearing protection must be worn. Providing appropriate hearing protection (in consultation with employees or their representatives). Ensuring that hearing protection is used. Ensuring that hearing protection works effectively and is properly maintained. Providing information, instruction, and training. Ensuring regular hearing checks for all workers exposed to high level noise. VIII. VIBRATION Determining workers’ personal exposure to vibration; checking compliance with the limits established by law. Isolating the workplace (seats, floors) from vibration. Avoiding equipment and tools which generate vibration. Reducing time spent working with equipment generating vibration. Using the right tools (equipped with insulated or low-impact hand grips, etc.) and ensuring that they are properly maintained. Following the instructions for use of equipment and tools. Ensuring appropriate training and information. Providing protective gloves to ensure protection from hand-arm vibration. Ensuring that protective gloves are used and properly maintained. Keeping warm at work, especially warm hands; doing hand exercises. Providing protective clothing necessary to keep workers warm and dry. Ensuring regular medical examinations. IX. LIGHTING Periodic measurements of lighting and lighting uniformity in the task area and the surrounding area at the workplace. Periodic measurements of lighting and lighting uniformity in circulation areas, corridors, stairs, etc. Compliance with the lighting designer’s maintenance programme, including frequency of lamp replacement, room cleaning intervals, and cleaning methods. Compliance with the principles of lighting design such as workplace arrangements, type and specifications of lamps (power, light colour, and colour rendering factor), and surface finishes (reflectance, colour, matt, or glossy). Using additional local or localised lighting at the workplace where high levels of lighting are required. Using more indirect lighting and local lighting to eliminate shadows in the task area. Avoiding glossy surfaces at the workplace (tables, other furniture, etc.). Avoiding the flicker and stroboscopic effect. Periodic use of a checklist or conducting interviews with workers related to problems with lighting.

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I. GENERAL CHECKLIST 1. Uneven or slippery surfaces (which can cause slips, trips, falls, etc.) 2 . Moving vehicles and machines 3. Moving parts of machines 4. Objects and parts with dangerous surfaces (sharp, rough, etc.) 5. Hot or could surfaces, materials, etc. 6. High workplaces and climbing points (which can cause falls from a height) 7. Hand tools 8. High pressure 9. Electrical installations and equipment 10. Fire 11 . Explosion 12 . Chemical substances (including dust) in the air 13. Noise 14. Hand-arm vibration 15. Whole-body vibration 16. Lighting 17. UV, IR, laser, and microwave radiation 18. Electromagnetic fields 19. Hot or cold climate 20. Lifting and carrying loads 21 . Work involving poor posture 22 . Biological hazards (viruses, parasites, moulds, bacteria) 23. Stress, violence, harassment (mobbing) II. UNEVEN OR SLIPPERY FLAT SURFACES 1. Do the floors have uneven areas, loose finishes, holes, spills etc.? 2. Are the floors sometimes slippery, e. g., when they are wet due to cleaning, spilling of liquids (e. g., oil), rain or mud, or dusty due to work processes? 3. Are there thresholds or other changes of level on the floors? 4. Are there trailing cables on the floor? 5. Can workers fall or slip due to unsuitable footwear? 6. Are the floors kept tidy? 7. Are there any obstructions and objects (excluding those which cannot be removed) left lying around in work areas? 8. Are obstructions that cannot be removed marked? 9. Are all traffic routes appropriately marked? 10. Is the lighting of floors and traffic routes appropriate? III. MOVING VEHICLES AND MACHINES 1. Are means of transport ever used in spite of failures and malfunctions? 2. Are the means of transport and work equipment for loading/unloading (e. g., vehicles, hoists, lifting platforms) ever overloaded? 3. Are transport routes free of obstructions? 4. Is the field of vision on transport routes reduced? 5. Are the means of transport ever used by unauthorised people? 6. Are loads always secured properly? 7. Is the drivers’ field of vision ever reduced by bulky loads? IV. MOVING PARTS OF MACHINES 1. Are there any hazardous moving parts in the machines (including auxiliary parts) without safeguards? 2. Do machine safeguards sufficiently prevent workers‘ hands, arms, or other parts of the body from contact with dangerous moving parts? 3. Are all machine guards secured firmly and not easily removable? 4. Can an object fall onto the moving parts of a machine? 5. Do safeguards make the operation of a machine inconvenient or more difficult? 6. Can a machine be oiled without removing the safeguard? 7. Is it possible to remove safeguards without stopping dangerous movements? 8. Are there any unguarded gears, sprockets, pulleys, or flywheels? 9. Are there any exposed belts or chain drives? 10. Are there any exposed set screws, key ways, collars, etc.? 11. Is it easy for an operator to reach ON/OFF controls? 12. Is there one control for more than one operator? V. ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS AND EQUIPMENT 1. Are you sure that safety devices and switches are in place and that they work?

2. Is there any damaged insulation on lines (e. g., kinks or exposed wires)? 3. Is there any damaged electrical equipment housing, or housing not protected against unauthorised approach? 4. Is there any electrical equipment housing without sign IEC – 60417-5036 (a black thunderbolt on a yellow background within a black triangle)? 5. Are there any damaged plugs or sockets? 6. Is it possible to use electrical equipment in an improper way? 7. Is it possible to use damp electrical equipment or to use electrical equipment with wet hands or in damp clothing? 8. Is it possible to work in dangerous proximity to electrical systems? 9. Are there any live parts near work areas? 10. Are there any exposed conductive parts not connected to the earthing system? 11. Are there any electrostatic charges (such as when refuelling)? VI. FIRE 1. Are oxidising or flammable substances, such as paint, finishes, adhesives, and solvents used? 2. Are oxidising and flammable substances stored in ventilated rooms? 3. Are Material Safety Data Sheets available for all dangerous chemicals used? 4. Are there any sources of ignition (e. g., open fire, electrical equipment, electrostatic charges, or high temperature)? 5. Are fire-hazard areas appropriately signed? 6. Are employees who use combustible or flammable substances regularly informed about the dangerous properties of these chemicals? 7. Is fire-fighting equipment in place and is it suitable? 8. Is fire-fighting equipment serviceable and serviced regularly? 9. Is fire-fighting equipment easily accessible? 10. Are there emergency and escape plans? 11. Are escape routes marked? 12. Are there fire alarms? 13. Are fire-fighting and alarm drills carried out? 14. Is fire-fighting training provided?

VII. CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES 1. Are hazardous chemical substances (classified as very toxic, toxic, harmful, corrosive, irritant, sensitising, carcinogenic, mutagenic, toxic to reproduction, ex 2. Are Material Safety Data Sheets available for all the hazardous chemicals that are used? 3. Are all hazardous chemicals properly labelled? 4. Are all hazardous chemicals properly handled? 5. Are all the workers who use hazardous chemical substances regularly informed about the dangerous properties of these chemicals? 6. Do young workers or pregnant women have contact with carcinogenic or mutagenic substances? 7. Do you ensure measurements of the concentration (in workplace air) of substances for which Maximum Admissible Concentrations have been established? 8. Are the concentrations of chemical substances in workplace air lower than Maximum Admissible Concentrations? 9. Is collective protective equipment (general ventilation and local ventilation systems) for all workplaces where chemicals are used provided? 10. Are ventilation systems checked regularly? 11. Is personal protective equipment (gloves, goggles or face shields, respirators) for workers who use chemicals provided? 12. Are regular medical examinations for workers exposed to hazardous chemical substances or preparations provided? 13. Are workers exposed to carcinogenic substances under special medical care? 14. Are all the workers trained in the proper way of using and handling hazardous chemical substances or preparations? VIII. NOISE 1. Can high noise levels arise as a result of work processes (e. g., metal-on-metal impact, engines)? 2. Can high noise levels arise as a result of ambient noise which penetrates buildings? 3. Can operating noise mask alarm signals? 4. Is the noise so loud that you would have to raise your voice to talk to people at your workplace? 5. Do you unintentionally raise your voice when you talk to people after leaving your workplace? IX. VIBRATION 1. Is work done (often or over long periods) in conditions in which clearly perceptible vibrations can be felt when standing or sitting? 2. Is work done (often or over long periods) using hand-held power tools and equipment which can generate vibration? X. LIGHTING 1. Is lighting at the workplace sufficient to perform tasks efficiently and accurately? 2. Are there visible shadows in the task area which may affect efficiency and accuracy of work? 3. Is the lighting of circulation areas, corridors, stairs, storage rooms, etc., adequate to move safely and to notice any obstacles (holes in the ground, objects lying on the ground, steps, slippery surfaces or spills, the edge of a platform, etc.)? 4. Can bright sources/surfaces impair workers’ vision of objects? 5. Are there any complaints from workers related to poor visibility, glare, or unsuitable lighting at the workplace? 6. Are there excessive contrasts in the field of vision which can result in fatigue or constant re-adaptation of the eyes?

7. Are there veiling reflections in the work area (direct reflections from polished, shiny, or glossy surfaces) which alter task visibility? 8. Are there large spatial variations in lighting around the work area which may lead to visual stress? 9. Are the colours of objects and of skin, in the work environment, rendered naturally under existing artificial lighting? 10. Are safety colours recognisable under existing artificial lighting? 11. Can workers see the flicker of light? 12. Is rotating machinery perceived as motionless during its normal work under existing artificial lighting (i. e., there is the stroboscopic effect)? Home

1.00E-06 1.00E-10 2.00E-10 3.00E-10 4.00E-10 5.00E-10 6.00E-10 7.00E-10 8.00E-10 9.00E-10 1.00E-09 2.00E-09 3.00E-09 4.00E-09 5.00E-09 6.00E-09 7.00E-09 8.00E-09 9.00E-09 1.00E-08 0.01

1.00E-05 2.00E-09 4.00E-09 6.00E-09 8.00E-09 1.00E-08 1.20E-08 1.40E-08 1.60E-08 1.80E-08 2.00E-08 4.00E-08 6.00E-08 8.00E-08 1.00E-07 1.20E-07 1.40E-07 1.60E-07 1.80E-07 2.00E-07 0.02

5.00E-05 1.50E-08 3.00E-08 4.50E-08 6.00E-08 7.50E-08 9.00E-08 1.05E-07 1.20E-07 1.35E-07 1.50E-07 3.00E-07 4.50E-07 6.00E-07 7.50E-07 9.00E-07 1.05E-06 1.20E-06 1.35E-06 1.50E-06 0.03

1.00E-04 4.00E-08 8.00E-08 1.20E-07 1.60E-07 2.00E-07 2.40E-07 2.80E-07 3.20E-07 3.60E-07 4.00E-07 8.00E-07 1.20E-06 1.60E-06 2.00E-06 2.40E-06 2.80E-06 3.20E-06 3.60E-06 4.00E-06 0.04

5.00E-04 2.50E-07 5.00E-07 7.50E-07 1.00E-06 1.25E-06 1.50E-06 1.75E-06 2.00E-06 2.25E-06 2.50E-06 5.00E-06 7.50E-06 1.00E-05 1.25E-05 1.50E-05 1.75E-05 2.00E-05 2.25E-05 2.50E-05 0.05

1.00E-03 6.00E-07 1.20E-06 1.80E-06 2.40E-06 3.00E-06 3.60E-06 4.20E-06 4.80E-06 5.40E-06 6.00E-06 1.20E-05 1.80E-05 2.40E-05 3.00E-05 3.60E-05 4.20E-05 4.80E-05 5.40E-05 6.00E-05 0.06

5.00E-03 3.50E-06 7.00E-06 1.05E-05 1.40E-05 1.75E-05 2.10E-05 2.45E-05 2.80E-05 3.15E-05 3.50E-05 7.00E-05 1.05E-04 1.40E-04 1.75E-04 2.10E-04 2.45E-04 2.80E-04 3.15E-04 3.50E-04 0.07

1.00E-02 8.00E-06 1.60E-05 2.40E-05 3.20E-05 4.00E-05 4.80E-05 5.60E-05 6.40E-05 7.20E-05 8.00E-05 1.60E-04 2.40E-04 3.20E-04 4.00E-04 4.80E-04 5.60E-04 6.40E-04 7.20E-04 8.00E-04 0.08

Probability of Occurence 5.00E-02 4.50E-05 9.00E-05 1.35E-04 1.80E-04 2.25E-04 2.70E-04 3.15E-04 3.60E-04 4.05E-04 4.50E-04 9.00E-04 1.35E-03 1.80E-03 2.25E-03 2.70E-03 3.15E-03 3.60E-03 4.05E-03 4.50E-03 0.09 Probability of Exposure

RISK LEVEL

Class I II III IV V VI

Category Negligible Low Moderate Significant High Extreme

Risk Control Education, Information, Tranning. Administrative Procedures and Trainning. Administrative and Trainning, Personal Protective Equipment. Substitution, Personal Protective Equipment, Engineering Actions. Engineering Actions, Substitution, Possible Elimination. Elimination and Engineering Actions.

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1.00E-10 3.60E-06 1.80E-03 3.60E-02 1.00E+00

1.00E-10 3.60E-06 1.80E-03 3.60E-02 1.00E+00

>

Probability of Occurence 0.10 0.20 1.00E-04 4.00E-04 2.00E-04 8.00E-04 3.00E-04 1.20E-03 4.00E-04 1.60E-03 5.00E-04 2.00E-03 6.00E-04 2.40E-03 7.00E-04 2.80E-03 8.00E-04 3.20E-03 9.00E-04 3.60E-03 1.00E-03 4.00E-03 2.00E-03 8.00E-03 3.00E-03 1.20E-02 4.00E-03 1.60E-02 5.00E-03 2.00E-02 6.00E-03 2.40E-02 7.00E-03 2.80E-02 8.00E-03 3.20E-02 9.00E-03 3.60E-02 1.00E-02 4.00E-02 0.10 0.20 Probability of Exposure

0.30 9.00E-04 1.80E-03 2.70E-03 3.60E-03 4.50E-03 5.40E-03 6.30E-03 7.20E-03 8.10E-03 9.00E-03 1.80E-02 2.70E-02 3.60E-02 4.50E-02 5.40E-02 6.30E-02 7.20E-02 8.10E-02 9.00E-02 0.30

0.40 1.60E-03 3.20E-03 4.80E-03 6.40E-03 8.00E-03 9.60E-03 1.12E-02 1.28E-02 1.44E-02 1.60E-02 3.20E-02 4.80E-02 6.40E-02 8.00E-02 9.60E-02 1.12E-01 1.28E-01 1.44E-01 1.60E-01 0.40

0.50 2.50E-03 5.00E-03 7.50E-03 1.00E-02 1.25E-02 1.50E-02 1.75E-02 2.00E-02 2.25E-02 2.50E-02 5.00E-02 7.50E-02 1.00E-01 1.25E-01 1.50E-01 1.75E-01 2.00E-01 2.25E-01 2.50E-01 0.50

0.60 3.60E-03 7.20E-03 1.08E-02 1.44E-02 1.80E-02 2.16E-02 2.52E-02 2.88E-02 3.24E-02 3.60E-02 7.20E-02 1.08E-01 1.44E-01 1.80E-01 2.16E-01 2.52E-01 2.88E-01 3.24E-01 3.60E-01 0.60

0.70 4.90E-03 9.80E-03 1.47E-02 1.96E-02 2.45E-02 2.94E-02 3.43E-02 3.92E-02 4.41E-02 4.90E-02 9.80E-02 1.47E-01 1.96E-01 2.45E-01 2.94E-01 3.43E-01 3.92E-01 4.41E-01 4.90E-01 0.70

0.80 6.40E-03 1.28E-02 1.92E-02 2.56E-02 3.20E-02 3.84E-02 4.48E-02 5.12E-02 5.76E-02 6.40E-02 1.28E-01 1.92E-01 2.56E-01 3.20E-01 3.84E-01 4.48E-01 5.12E-01 5.76E-01 6.40E-01 0.80

0.90 8.10E-03 1.62E-02 2.43E-02 3.24E-02 4.05E-02 4.86E-02 5.67E-02 6.48E-02 7.29E-02 8.10E-02 1.62E-01 2.43E-01 3.24E-01 4.05E-01 4.86E-01 5.67E-01 6.48E-01 7.29E-01 8.10E-01 0.90

1.00 1.00E-02 2.00E-02 3.00E-02 4.00E-02 5.00E-02 6.00E-02 7.00E-02 8.00E-02 9.00E-02 1.00E-01 2.00E-01 3.00E-01 4.00E-01 5.00E-01 6.00E-01 7.00E-01 8.00E-01 9.00E-01 1.00E+00 1.00

l

. rotective Equipment. ent, Engineering Actions. ble Elimination.

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0.01 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.08 0.09 0.10 0.20 0.30 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.70 0.80 0.90 1.00

Loss Criticality Ratio

BUSINESS IDENTIFICATION Firm: Activity: Address: Risiko Technik Gruppe Safety Engineering Rua Parque de Jogos, 357, Bloco A, 2 CF Code: 3210

Zip Code: Location: São Mamede

400001

Country: Portugal

ECONOMIC ACTIVITY INFORMATION Equity: Assets: Total Liability: Short-term Liability: Long-term Liability: Operational Results: Net Results (Profit): Employees: Days per Year: Days Worked per Week: Vacation Days per Year: Hollydays per Year: Hours Worked per Day: Total Absenteeism Days: Number of Workers Disable: Average Hourly Wage: Total Days Worked per Year: Annual Total Hours Worked: Avgerage Absenteeism Days: Total Worked Hours Lost: Yearly Total Gross Wage: 5,000,000.00 3,500,000.00 750,000.00 250,000.00 500,000.00 1,500,000.00 500,000.00 750 365 6 22 5 8.00 15.00 3 6.50 281 1,685,143 5 120 10,953,428.57 Yearly Total Net Wage: 8,543,674.29 Social Security Tax: IRS Tax: 22.00% 11.00%

INJURY AND ILLNESS INFORMATION Accidents: Incidents: Cases of Injuries / Illness: Cases of Permanent Disability: Cases of Temporary Disability: Cases of Deaths: 10 17 9 2 7 1 Percentage (%) By Case By Worker 90.00% 20.00% 70.00% 10.00% 1.20% 0.27% 0.93% 0.13%

ECONOMIC SAFETY RATIO ANALYSIS Total Safety Costs to Operational Results Total Safety Costs to Liquid Results Total Safety Costs to Equity Total Safety Costs to Short-term Liability Total Safety Costs to Long-term Liability Total Safety Costs per Employer Injury and Illness Cost per Employer Total Safety Costs
0.00% 1.00% 2.00% 3.00% 4.00% 5.00% 6.00% 7.00% 8.00% Column S

1.28% 3.85% 0.39% 7.70% 3.85% 25.68 5.00 19,260.00

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SAFETY AND HEALTH YEARLY COSTS Days Spent Safety and Health Management Extra work time: + direct personnel + management + specialists External safety and health services Global protective equipment Personal protective equipment Substitution products Internal activities: + promotion + training Total Management Costs Subsidies and compensations Net Management Costs Safety and Health Related Costs Work related absenteeism Personnel turnover Administrative overhead Legal costs: + fines + indemnities + legal expenses Damage equipment Damage materials Investigation and inspection Effect on insurance premiums Total Safety Related Costs Compensation from insurance Net Safety Related Costs Company Performance Production effects: + lost production + orders lost + market lost Quality effects: + rework + repairs + rejection + warranties 2 150.00 1 500.00 Average Cost per Day

Amount

%

5 2 2 5

350.00 500.00 300.00 1,000.00

1,750.00 1,000.00 600.00 5,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

9.09% 5.19% 3.12% 25.96%

1 5

10.00 300.00

10.00 1,500.00 9,860.00 0.00 9,860.00

0.05% 7.79% 51.19%

51.19%

2

50.00

100.00 0.00 0.00

0.52%

0.00 0.00 0.00 500.00 0.00 300.00 0.00 4,650.00 0.00 4,650.00 24.14% 24.14% 1.56% 2.60%

1

2,000.00

2,000.00 0.00 0.00

10.38%

1 1

2,000.00 750.00

2,000.00 750.00 0.00 0.00

10.38% 3.89%

Operational effects Intangible effects: + attractiveness to potential customers + attractiveness to personnel + innovative capacity Total Effects on Company Yearly Total of Safety and Health Costs

0.00

0.00 0.00 0.00 4,750.00 24.66%

19,260.00

ANNUAL COSTS, COST SAVINGS, AND ADDITIONAL INCOME

INVESTMENT IN INITIAL EXPENDITURES

Amount Productivity Production Downtime reduction Less balance losses Less stocks Other, to be specified Personnel Costs Safety and health services Savings due to reduction in staffing Temporary replacement Turnover costs Recruitment Overhead reduction Sick leave costs Absenteeism Effects on premiums Other, to be specified Maintenance Cost changes Other, to be specified Other, to be specified Facilities and Material Usage Cost changes of use of property Heat ventilation Lighting Electric power Steam Compressed air Changes in material usage Waste and disposal costs Other, to be specified Quality Changes in the amount of rework Production losses Price changes due to quality Other, to be specified Total 1,500,000.00 50,000.00 500,000.00 Planning Consultancy costs Engineering Internal activities Investments Buildings, dwellings, foundations Land property Machines Test equipment Transportation equipment Facilities, work environment Workplaces Removals Equipment Transportation Personnel Costs of dismissal Recruitment Training Preliminary Costs Loss of quality Additional wages (overtime) Materials Additional operations Organisational activities Production losses, downtime Incidental Income Sales of redundant production equipment Sales of other equipment Total of Initial Investment

6,000.00

100,000.00 500,000.00 270,000.00 700,000.00 60,000.00 40,000.00 150,000.00

124,000.00

CASH FLOW TABLE Planning Investments Removals Personnel Preliminary Costs Incidental Income Productivity Personnel Costs Maintenance Facilities and Material Usage Quality Total

78,000.00 0.00 0.00 5,500.00 0.00 50,000.00 1,950,000.00 6,000.00 0.00 1,820,000.00 0.00

90,500.00
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PENDITURES

Amount 25,000.00 50,000.00 3,000.00

% 74.63% 149.25% 8.96%

500.00 5,000.00

1.49% 14.93%

50,000.00

149.25%

33,500.00

COST OF INJURIES AND ILLNESS (YEARLY VALUES)

Fatalities Legal expenses Insurance payments Other payments Subsidies Fines Absenteeism Lost work time Lost production Replacement Recruitment Lost of flexibility Wages of time spent Personnel Retirement Temporary disability Savings due to reducing in staffing Personnel turnover Overtime payments Replacement costs Productivity loss Recruitment procedures Advertisements Training Non-medical Rehabilitation Counselling Training Workplace adjustments Wages of time spent Safety and Health Services Consultancy services Cleaning up and disposal Protective equipment Special equipment Fire brigades Medical services Other, to be specified Medical and Healthcare Transportation Medicalcare services Healthcare services First-aid treatment Hospitalisation Other, to be specified Equipment Damage equipment Repair costs Replacement costs Production Production lost Services not delivery

Insurance Insurance premiums Labor premiums Healthcare premiums Life premiums Social responsability premiums Additional insurance premim cost Opportunity Costs Orders lost Competitiveness lost Market share lost Income lost Aministrative Management Injury investigations Management time External costs Workplace assessments Wages of time spent Legal Costs Legal expenses Fines Penalties, indemnities Fees Other, to be specified Financial Costs Non-realised profit Liabilities Asset depreciation Interest payment Total

ILLNESS (YEARLY VALUES) Amount %

3,000.00

80.00%

500.00 250.00

13.33% 6.67%

3,750.00

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I. POLICY - PART 1: Accountability Arrangements

Does the organisation have a documented safety and health policy? Is the safety and health policy signed off by the Chief Executive or his/her designate? Is safety and health effectively integrated into the organisations strategic plan? Are reporting relationships clearly defined in the organisation? Are managers, supervisors and employees made aware of their responsibilities with regard to safety and health? Do managers, supervisors and employees have a clear understanding of their responsibilities with regard to safety and health? Are managers, supervisors and employees accountable for not meeting their responsibilities for workplace safety and health? Are safety and health responsibilities detailed in the job descriptions of managers, supervisors and employees? Has management ensured that adequate resources are provided to ensure that protective and preventive measures are in place to manage safety and health? Is safety and health an agenda at management team meetings? Are safety and health objectives incorporated as part of the safety and health policy? Does the safety and health policy express a clear commitment to the safety of employees, service users, contractors and visitors? Do the management team have a mechanism in place to facilitate planning, implementation, monitoring, control and consultation processes required for effecti Subtotal Points (Number of total points: 13 points) Average Percentage

II. POLICY - PART 2: Safety Statement Does the organisation have a documented safety and health policy? Has the content of the safety statement been brought to the attention of all employees at least annually? Is there a revision history of the safety statement to reflect evidence of regular review and update? Does the safety statement include a review mechanism, which recognises the need to monitor and review performance? Is there a clear commitment in the safety statement to allocate appropriate resources to manage safety and health? Does the safety statement specify the process in place for identifying hazards, assessing risks, implementing controls and review? Does the safety statement state the means by which information on safety and health is communicated to all employees? Does the safety statement specify the arrangements in which the safety, health & welfare of employees are secured and managed? Does the safety statement specify the arrangements in which the safety, health & welfare of other persons are secured and managed? Subtotal Points (Number of total points: 9 points) Average Percentage

III. POLICY - PART 3: Monitoring Legal Compliance Is there a procedure to keep updated on safety and health legislation, codes of practice, and other relevant safety and health guidance? Is there a regular review carried out to ensure appropriate legislation is available and up to date? Is there evidence of monitoring compliance with statutory requirements? Is there evidence of a process for systematically inspecting premises, plant, equipment and substances? Is there evidence of health surveillance to check the effectiveness of control measures? Is there follow up to HSA inspection reports/enforcement notices? Are HSA inspector’s reports available (if conducted over the last year)? Subtotal Points (Number of total points: 7 points) Average Percentage

IV. POLICY - PART 4: Competent Persons Are there sufficient competent persons to provide safety, health and welfare assistance to the organisation? Is there a competent person appointed to oversee emergency planning within the organisation? Are there an adequate number of employees trained to implement emergency plans within the organisation? Where required, are there an adequate number of occupational first-aiders in the organisation? Are there competent persons to manage/advise on safety and health in the following? Are arrangements in place for ensuring adequate co-operation between the competent persons?

Subtotal Points (Number of total points: 6 points) Average Percentage

V. PLANNING - PART 1: Consultation Is there a mechanism in place for consultation on safety, health and welfare? Does the employer consult with his/her employees on safety, health and welfare? Does the employer consider representations from employees on safety, health and welfare? Does management evaluate the effectiveness of its safety, health and welfare consultative processes? Is there a committee in place to ensure effective consultation on safety, health and welfare matters? Is there balanced participation on this committee? Are there clearly defined safety, health and welfare terms of reference for the committee? Is there evidence of follow up to actions decided at the meetings of the committee within a responsible time frame? Do all employees have access to the minutes of committee meetings? Is there evidence that the committee operates in accordance with its terms of reference? Is the safety representative a member of the committee? Is there a mechanism in place for the appointment of a safety representative(s)? Has a safety representative been appointed? Has the safety representative received appropriate training? Is the role of the safety representative(s) understood by all? Is the safety representative(s) allowed to perform and discharge his/her representative functions? Is the safety representative(s) provided with adequate time to perform and discharge his/her representative functions? Subtotal Points (Number of total points: 17 points) Average Percentage

VI. PLANNING - PART 2: Communication Is there an effective communication procedure set out in the safety statement? Are employees knowledgeable about the safety and health management system? Are managers aware of their safety and health role and responsibilities? Are managers role and responsibilities for safety and health communicated to them formally? Are employees roles and responsibilities for safety and health communicated to them formally? Are employees made aware of relevant safety and health accountability arrangements? Are the relevant safety and health policies and procedures communicated to employees? Is there a mechanism in place for informing employees of revisions and amendments to policies and procedures? Are employees aware of revisions and amendments to policies and procedures? Are policies and procedures easily accessible at the workplace? Are the results of a risk assessment communicated to relevant employees? Is there evidence that employees understand the content of the risk assessment(s)? Subtotal Points (Number of total points: 12 points) Average Percentage

VII. PLANNING - PART 3: Instruction, Training and Supervision Is safety and health training made available for all employees? Are all employees aware of their duties to attend safety and health training? Are employees released from their duties to attend safety and health training? Is non-attendance at training programmes recorded/managed? Is there a training needs analysis carried out for all employees? Do all employees understand the training/instruction provided? Do all employees understand the limitations and uses of personal protective equipment? Is there a training programme in place? Does management ensure the implementation of the training programme? Are training programmes evaluated? Are training records maintained? Is there a system for flagging refresher training?

Is this refresher training provided? Is there a formal induction program for all new employees? Is safety and health adequately addressed in this induction program? Is there a mechanism in place to ensure that those providing training are competent? Is there evidence of manager support for training? Are employees given instruction, training and supervision in a form, manner and as appropriate, language that is reasonably likely to be understood by the em Is instruction, training and supervision provided to employees in the following situations: • recruitment • transfer • change of task • on the introduction of new work equipment • changes in work equipment or systems of work • introduction of new technology Is there adequate supervision in place to ensure the safety and health of employees? Subtotal Points (Number of total points: 25 points) Average Percentage

VIII. IMPLEMENTATION AND OPERATION - PART 1: Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment

Is there an adequate system in place for carrying out hazard identification and risk assessment? Have appropriate employees been trained to carry out hazard identification and risk assessment? Have employees been consulted as part of the process of risk assessment? Does the organisation refer to the principles of prevention, (see Guidance Document) when deciding on the most appropriate control measures? Are the control measures documented in the risk assessment being implemented? Is there a review carried out to ensure that control measures are effective? Does management have a thorough understanding of the hazards in the workplace? Is there a system in place to ensure that a risk assessment is carried out when purchasing new materials or equipment or implementing new processes? Is there a system in place to ensure that a risk assessment is carried out when implementing/introducing non-routine tasks, materials or equipment? Are timescales clearly defined for each action identified as part of the risk assessment process? Where required by regulations, have mandatory risk assessments been carried out, e.g. manual handling, display screen equipment, chemical agents, biologic Subtotal Points (Number of total points: 11 points) Average Percentage

IX. IMPLEMENTATION AND OPERATION - PART 2: Service User Safety Is there evidence that the risk assessment process takes account of risks to service users? Are the control measures, for service user safety, documented in the risk assessment being implemented? Is there a review carried out to ensure that these control measures are effective? Does management have a thorough understanding of the hazards to service users? Is there a system for adverse event and near miss reporting for service users? Have service users a means of bringing safety and health issues to the attention of management for action? Where there is a risk, are service users informed of workplace hazards? Subtotal Points (Number of total points: 7 points) Average Percentage

X. IMPLEMENTATION AND OPERATION - PART 3: Public Safety Is there evidence that the risk assessment process takes account of risks to the public? Are the control measures, for public safety, documented in the risk assessment being implemented? Is there a review carried out to ensure that these control measures are effective? Does management have a thorough understanding of the hazards to members of the public? Is there a system for adverse event and near miss reporting for members of the public? Are appropriate measures in place to address the potential risks to the public from the following hazards? (This is a non exhaustive list): • access routes • evacuation procedure • lifts used by the public

• traffic control • infection control • environmental tobacco smoke Have the public a means of bringing safety and health issues to the attention of management for action? Subtotal Points (Number of total points: 12 points) Average Percentage

XI. IMPLEMENTATION AND OPERATION - PART 4: Co-ordination and co-operation with Contractors and Others When selecting onsite contractors, does the organisation evaluate the contractor’s safety and health performance? Is there a formal process for controlling contractors who work on site? Is there a responsible person identified for liasing with the contractor(s)? Are arrangements in place to provide contractors with safety and health information prior to commencing work? Are risk assessments obtained, from contractors, for work being carried out on site? Are method statements obtained, from contractors, for work being carried out on site? Are arrangements in place to review risk assessments and method statements received from contractors? Are arrangements in place to ensure ongoing consultation with contractors on safety and health related issues? Are arrangements in place to ensure co-operation between contractors? Are safety statements available for all contractors working on site? Is the contractor(s) safety statement brought to the attention of all who may be affected by their activities while working on the premises? Are relevant sections of the organisations safety and health statement brought to the attention of contractors and others working on site? Are relevant sections of the organisations safety and health statement brought to the attention of employment agencies who provide agency and relief staff? Are arrangements in place for the reporting and reviewing of incidents involving contractors? Are relevant employees notified that a contractor is coming on site? Subtotal Points (Number of total points: 15 points) Average Percentage

XII. IMPLEMENTATION AND OPERATION - PART 5: Safety, Health and Welfare Procedures Is there a system in place to produce and manage policies and procedures? Are relevant employees involved in the development of the policies and procedures? Are there adequate policies in place for the following? (This is a non exhaustive list): • selection of personal protective equipment • management of moving and handling • pregnant workers • use of hazardous chemicals • infection control • occupational health services • cleaning • biological agents • carcinogens • transport • reporting of incidents Are policies and procedures brought to the attention of relevant employees? Are policies and procedures reviewed? Where required, are policies and procedures updated after review? Subtotal Points (Number of total points: 16 points) Average Percentage

XIII. IMPLEMENTATION AND OPERATION - PART 6: Occupation Health Services Is there a policy in relation to the provision of occupational health services (OHS)? Are occupational health services available? Do all employees have access to occupational health services where appropriate? Is appropriate pre employment screening available to employees? Is there a programme in place for the rehabilitation of employees?

Does the OHS advise on modifications to a job to facilitate an employee returning to work? Is the requirement for health surveillance identified through risk assessment? Does the organisation have specific objectives and targets for the OHS? Are there clear lines of accountability for the OHS? Is the service available during normal working hours? Is the service available outside normal working hours? Are appropriate facilities in place for the provision of the OHS? Does the OHS advise on hazard identification and risk assessment where appropriate? Does the OHS advise on fitness for work? Does the OHS participate in relevant committees where appropriate? Does the OHS work in conjunction with other disciplines in preventative safety and health management programmes where appropriate? Does the OHS have access to employee accident and ill health records? Is there a formal review of the effectiveness of OHS? Subtotal Points (Number of total points: 11 points) Average Percentage

XIV. IMPLEMENTATION AND OPERATION - PART 7: Emergency Plans Are competent persons appointed to oversee the development of emergency plans? Are there emergency plans in place? Are emergency plans communicated to employees? Are competent persons nominated and trained to implement emergency plans? Does management evaluate the effectiveness of the emergency plans? Are suitable and effective plans and procedures in place for all foreseeable events of serious or imminent danger? (This is a non exhaustive list): • fire • water – no mains supply • flooding • power cut – electricity • transportation • burglary (vacant/occupied house) • outbreak of illness e.g. winter vomiting bug, food poisoning etc. • service user absconding • major incident of challenging behaviour Have a sufficient number of competent persons been nominated and trained to implement procedures relating to evacuation of people from the premises? Is there liaison with the local fire authority in relation to the fire safety plan? Are the emergency plans tested periodically? Are there adequate first-aid arrangements in place? Are all employees aware of arrangements in place for the provision of firstaid, including the location of equipment, facilities and personnel? Subtotal Points (Number of total points: 19 points) Average Percentage

XV. IMPLEMENTATION AND OPERATION - PART 8: Adverse Events Is there a policy and procedure in place for reporting incidents and near misses? Is there an effective system in place for reviewing incidents and near misses? Is safety and health effectively integrated into the organisations strategic plan? Is there a system in place for the statutory reporting of incidents to the HSA? Are trend analysis completed on injuries/ill health absence? Subtotal Points (Number of total points: 5 points) Average Percentage

XVI. MEASURING PERFORMANCE - PART 1: Key Performance Indicators Does management have a set of agreed performance indicators in place to monitor safety and health performance? Are the safety and health goals and objectives SMART (Specific, Measureable, Attainable, Relevant, Timebound)? Is there a system in place to evaluate the effectiveness of performance indicators?

Does the organisation measure its progress towards the safety and health goals and objectives? Is there evidence that key indicators are being used? (This is a non exhaustive list): • percentage of attendance at mandatory training • percentage of attendees at induction training within one month of appointment • percentage of employees attending all safety and health training programmes including refresher training, as appropriate • percentage of managers trained in risk assessment process • number of 3 day incidents expressed as a percentage of total incidents reported • number of incidents relating to employees, service users, contractors and members of the public expressed as a percentage of total incidents reported • number of incident review recommendations implemented expressed as a percentage of total incident review recommendations • trends in incidents • number of proactive departmental risk assessments carried out, as a percentage of total number of departments in the organisation • number of mandatory risk assessments carried out as a percentage of total number required, e.g. manual handling, display screen equipment, chemical agen • percentage of control measures (identified in the hazard identification and risk assessment process) implemented, represented as a percentage of total numb Subtotal Points (Number of total points: 15 points) Average Percentage

XVII. REVIEWING PERFORMANCE - PART 1: Reviewing Performance Is there a formal method in place for the periodic review of the safety and health management system? Does the review cover all key elements of the safety and health management system? Does the review of the safety and health management system involve all appropriate personnel? Is there evidence that the organisation responded adequately to the recommendations in the most recent review of the system? Are review meetings documented? Are arrangements in place for ongoing review of the risk assessment process? Is safety and health performance measured against internal key performance indicators? Subtotal Points (Number of total points: 7 points) Average Percentage

XVIII. AUDITING - PART 1: Audit Does the organisation have a system in place for performing safety and health audits? Is there a safety and health audit schedule in place? Have appropriate employees been trained competently to carry internal audits? Are external audits carried out by competent persons? Are the findings of these audits recorded? Are follow up actions of the audit signed off by an appropriate manager? Does the auditing system critically appraise the key elements of the safety and health management system? Are the results of audits fed back to senior management and relevant stakeholders to allow for corrective action? Is there a system in place to ensure that the corrective actions resulting from an audit are implemented? Subtotal Points (Number of total points: 9 points) Average Percentage

TOTAL POSSIBLE POINTS (218 Points) Policy (16.36 %) Planning (25.23 %) Implementation and Operation (45.79 %) Measuring Performance (7.01 %) Reviewing Performance (3.27 %) Auditing (4.21 %) Total Score (Total Possible Points: 218 Points | Percentage Coverage: 98.2%) :: The Management Performance is Positive

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Score 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11 84.6%

Score 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 9 100.0%

Score 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 7 100.0%

Score 1 1 1 1 1 1

6 100.0%

Score 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 17 100.0%

Score 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 12 100.0%

Score 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 25 100.0%

Score 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11 100.0%

Score 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 7 100.0%

Score 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1 12 100.0%

Score 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 15 100.0%

Score 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 14 87.5%

Score 1 1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 18 100.0%

Score 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 14 73.7%

Score 1 1 1 1 1 5 100.0%

Score 1 1 1

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 15 33.3%

Score 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 7 100.0%

Score 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 9 100.0%

35 54 98 15 7 9

214

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Risk Code RK0001 RK0002 RK0003 RK0004 RK0005 RK0006 RK0007 RK0008

System

OPERATIONAL MODE ANALYSIS Subsystem Function Mission Phase Operation. Operation. Operation. Operation. Operation. Operation. Operation. Operation.

Element V-19 Pump P-123 L-12 V-19 T-23 T-01 V-23 L-11

Hazard Description Flange Seal A-29 leakage by damage, releasing pressurized chemical from containment system. Loss of electrical power due to the inexistance of UPS unit. Corrosion of pipeline system. Flange Seal A-29 leakage by damage, releasing pressurized chemical from containment system. Failure of the cooling unit. Isolation malfunction. Lack of maintenance. Corrosion of pipeline system.

Deviation Status Low flow. No flow. Low pressure. Low flow. High temperature. Low temperature. Low pressure. Low pressure.

Failure Mode Seal leakage. Valve V-19 open.

HAZARD IDENTIFICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION Causes

Pump failure; loss of electrical power. Line rupture. Valve V-19 partially closed. Hot weather. Cold weather External leakage. Line rupture. Valve seal leakage. Chlorine flow to environment.

NTIFICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION Consequences Loss of HF to B-1 process. No chlorine flow to tower basin. Low chlorine concentration in tower basin. HF release in area; possible injuries or fatalities. Insufficient HF supply to B-1 process. Overpressure; HF release; possible injuries or fatalities. Insufficient vaporization. Stream contamination. Both internal pressure valves fail open and relief valve opens. Potential personnel injury due to exposure.

COUNTERMEASURES Engineering Safety Feature Personal Protective Device

Technical Procedures

Failure Effects Producing toxic vapors and attacking nearby equipment.

Failure Detection Method Unknown device. Chlorination pump malfunction alarm. Unknown device. Local pressure indicator. Local temperature indicator. Local temperature indicator.

• • • • •

Water on HF stream. Chlorine released to environment.

Failure detection. Distinctive odor.

Display or Indicator

Warning Device

Safety Device

TERMEASURES

TARGETS Third Parties (e.g. Customer)

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Business Interruption

No Device Exists

Environment

Equipment

Personnel

Process

Product

Standard 3.00

REGULATORY COMPLIANCE Compliance Analysis Measured Deviation Units 2.00 233.33% kg/m3

Target Compliance

• • • • •

• • • • • •

Equipment. Process. Environment, Personnel. Process.

• • •

Process, Personnel.

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Risk Code RK0001 RK0002 RK0003 RK0004 RK0005 RK0006 RK0007 RK0008

HAZARD IDENTIFICATION Hazard Description Flange Seal A-29 leakage by damage, releasing pressurized chemical from containment system. Loss of electrical power due to the inexistance of UPS unit. Corrosion of pipeline system. Flange Seal A-29 leakage by damage, releasing pressurized chemical from containment system. Failure of the cooling unit. Isolation malfunction. Lack of maintenance. Corrosion of pipeline system.

HAZARD IDENTIFICATION Consequences Loss of HF to B-1 process. No chlorine flow to tower basin. Low chlorine concentration in tower basin. HF release in area; possible injuries or fatalities. Insufficient HF supply to B-1 process. Overpressure; HF release; possible injuries or fatalities. Insufficient vaporization. Stream contamination. Both internal pressure valves fail open and relief valve opens. Potential personnel injury due to exposure.

INJURY AND ILLNESS IDENTIFICATION Type of Injury Type of Illness Body Location Affected

Standard

TOXICOLOGICAL COMPLIANCE Measured Deviation

• • •

Type of Consequence Permanent Disability (> 50%) Permanent Disability (< 50%) Permanent Disability (100%)

Minor Injury / Illness

Moderate Illness

FATALITY AND ACCIDENT ANALYSIS Death (%) 16.67% 33.33% 25.00%

L COMPLIANCE Units kg/m3

Severe Illness

Death

Number Deaths

Number Accidents

Disability Days

Total Fatalities

• • •

• • •

• • •

• • •

• • •

1 1

5 2

8 5

6 3

2

6

15

8

SIS Accident (%)

Disability Injury Rate

Disability Duration

Duration Rate

Fatality Rate

Hospital Treatment

First Aid

Medical Care

MEDICAL AND HEALTH COST Medical Treatment

83.33% 66.67%

2.97E-06 1.19E-06

1.90E-04 4.75E-05

0.004% 0.002%

3.56E-06 1.78E-06

500.00 100.00 260.00

300.00 120.00

150.00 55.00

75.00%

3.56E-06

4.27E-04

0.007%

4.75E-06

450.00

400.00

279.00

WORK CASE

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Compulsory Retirement

MEDICAL AND HEALTH COSTS Transportation Health Other Locomotion Care Costs

Temporary Substitution

Workplace Modification

Internal Substitution

Work Restriction

Job Transfer

Recruitment

Total Cost

Fatality Criticality Index

Fatality Probability

55.00

1,005.00 535.00

• • •

1.37E-03 1.36E-03

6.34E-12 1.78E-06

86.00

1,215.00

2.74E-03

1.78E-17

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Risk Code RK0001 RK0002 RK0003 RK0004 RK0005 RK0006 RK0007 RK0008

HAZARD IDENTIFICATION Hazard Description Flange Seal A-29 leakage by damage, releasing pressurized chemical from containment system. Loss of electrical power due to the inexistance of UPS unit. Corrosion of pipeline system. Flange Seal A-29 leakage by damage, releasing pressurized chemical from containment system. Failure of the cooling unit. Isolation malfunction. Lack of maintenance. Corrosion of pipeline system.

HAZARD IDENTIFICATION Consequences Loss of HF to B-1 process. No chlorine flow to tower basin. Low chlorine concentration in tower basin. HF release in area; possible injuries or fatalities. Insufficient HF supply to B-1 process. Overpressure; HF release; possible injuries or fatalities. Insufficient vaporization. Stream contamination. Both internal pressure valves fail open and relief valve opens. Potential personnel injury due to exposure.

• •
Business Interruption

• • •
Product Process Equipment Third Parties (e.g. Customer) TARGETS Environment

• • •

Personnel

• • • • • • •
535.00 Medical and Health Costs 1,215.00 35.00 200.00 45.00 56.00 25.00 25.00 75.00 50.00 100.00 25.00 1,005.00 Wages and Salary Worlplace Adaptation Recruitment Costs

Overtime Spending / Costs

Premium Labor Payment

Sick and Health Payments

LABOR EXPENSES AND COSTS Training and Information Retirement Compensation

OSTS Insurance Premium Cost

25.00 186.00 Total Labor Expenses / Costs 0.00 Rework (product) Outsourcing Production 2,000.00 Production Losses (Quality) QUALITY & PRODUCTION EXPENSES AND COSTS 540.00 560.00 540.00 0.00 560.00 0.00 320.00 750.00 750.00 320.00 750.00 2,750.00 0.00 Quality Adjustment Additional Materials Materials Losses Total Quality Costs Sales / Revenue Lost Customers / Orders Lost Price losses / change MARKET & PRODUCT EXPENSES AND COSTS Market Reputation Losses 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 350.00 190.00

50.00

15.00

Market Insurance Premium

DUCT EXPENSES AND COSTS

Total Market / Product Costs

0.00 Heat and Ventilation Lighting Electricity Air Conditioning / Cooloing Compressed Air Vapor Production ENERGY & UTILITIES EXPENSES AND COSTS Water and Wastewater 750.00 750.00 Environmental Costs 750.00 750.00 Total Utilities Costs 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 Fines and Penalties Fire / Safety Brigades SAFETY AND HEALTH EXPE Consultancy Services

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

25.00 Safety Equipment Inspection and Survey

25.00

SAFETY AND HEALTH EXPENSES AND COSTS

90.00 200.00 Investigations 150.00 150.00 Training, Education 290.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 420.00 375.00 250.00 230.00 Total OSH Costs Legal Expenses Consultacy Courts Expenses Lawyers and Solicitors Contract Penalties / Fines Total Legal Costs Downtime Costs Output / Product Lost 170.00 200.00 250.00 230.00 Audits (internal and external) LEGAL EXPENSES AND COSTS BUSINESS INT

75.00

Market Lost, Orders Lost

Services (Outsourcing)

Emergency Shutdown

Maintenance Costs

Repair Costs

Substitution (Equipment)

Start-up (Normal, Emergency)

BUSINESS INTERRUPTION EXPENSES AND COSTS

Layout Change Costs

Total Business Interruption 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

0.00

Change in Price of Assets

Manufacturing Cost

Freighting Cost

Shipping Cost

Installation Cost PERMANENT REPLACEM

PERMANENT REPLACEMENT EXPENSES AND COSTS Equipment and Machinery

600.00 Tools and Hardware 85.00 75.00 900.00 Lost Time for Operations Production Delays Transportation Raw Materials Cost Property (buildings, land) Plant and Facilities Cleaning Up Site 540.00 ### 875.00 0.00 350.00 125.00 85.00 75.00 Lease Rental Financial 270.00 125.00 350.00 125.00 Insurance Premium Overcost Total Permanebt Replacement TEMPORARY REPLACEMENT COSTS

270.00

750.00

PORARY REPLACEMENT COSTS Insurance Premium Overcost Total Replacement Costs

LOST INCOME Time of Investment (days)

INSURANCE COMPENSATION AND INDEMNITY Total insurance indemnity 0.00 0.00 375.00 300.00 150.00 120.00 525.00 0.00 420.00 0.00 0.00 200.00 130.00 330.00 Labor and Life Insurance Financial Compensation

Medical and Healthcare

Investment and Capital

Legal Compensation

Land and Property

Total Lost Income

ROR (annual rate)

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

3,805.00 375.00 3,420.00 3.00% 405.00 2,740.00 3.00% 0.00 1,080.00 3,191.00 3.00% 90 90 90

10.42 1.03 25.30 1.11 20.27 0.00 2.96 23.60

Third parties

Outsourcing

LOSS CRITICALITY VALUE

3,815.42 376.03 2,920.30 406.11 2,340.27 0.00 1,082.96 2,884.60

0.076% 0.008% 0.058% 0.008% 0.047% 0.022% 0.058%

LOSS CRITICALITY RATIO

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Risk Code RK0001 RK0002 RK0003 RK0004 RK0005 RK0006 RK0007 RK0008 System

OPERATIONAL MODE ANALYSIS Subsystem Function Mission Phase Operation. Operation. Operation. Operation. Operation. Operation. Operation. Operation.

TARGETS

HAZARD IDENTIFICATION Hazard Description Flange Seal A-29 leakage by damage, releasing pressurized chemical from containment system. Loss of electrical power due to the inexistance of UPS unit. Corrosion of pipeline system. Flange Seal A-29 leakage by damage, releasing pressurized chemical from containment system. Failure of the cooling unit. Isolation malfunction. Lack of maintenance. Corrosion of pipeline system.

• •

Business Interruption

Environment

Personnel

TARGETS Third Parties (e.g. Customer)

Equipment

Events n 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0

OCCURENCE ANALYSIS Amplitude Lifetime Rate λoc ∆t t 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 100.00 3.00 3,000.00 1,200.00 2,000.00 2,000.00 4,000.00 2,200.00 1.00E-02 3.33E-01 3.33E-04 8.33E-04 5.00E-04 5.00E-04 2.50E-04 4.55E-04

Process

Product

Probability Poc 9.90E-03 2.39E-01 3.33E-04 8.33E-04 5.00E-04 5.00E-04 2.50E-04 4.54E-04

Events n 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0

EXPOSURE ANALYSIS Amplitude Lifetime ∆t 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 t 100.00 50.00 500.00 600.00 1,000.00 1,000.00 750.00 6,000.00

• • • • • •

• • •

1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0

POSURE ANALYSIS Rate λoc 1.00E-02 2.00E-02 2.00E-03 1.67E-03 1.00E-03 1.00E-03 1.33E-03 1.67E-04

Probability Poc 9.90E-03 1.96E-02 2.00E-03 1.66E-03 9.99E-04 9.99E-04 1.33E-03 1.67E-04

Reliability α 9.90E-01 9.22E-01 9.99E-01 9.99E-01 9.99E-01 9.99E-01 9.99E-01 1.00E+00

Loss Criticality Kc 3,815.42 376.03 2,920.30 406.11 2,340.27 0.00 1,082.96 2,884.60

Risk Index Ri 3.78E-01 1.91E+00 1.94E-03 5.63E-04 1.17E-03 NA 3.61E-04 2.18E-04

Risk Uncertainty u 2.57E-05 1.30E-04 1.32E-07 3.84E-08 7.97E-08 NA 2.46E-08 1.49E-08

Risk Class V VI IV III III NA III III

NUMBER LEVEL TOTAL VALUES MEAN VALUES STANDARD DEVIATION UNCERTAINTY CONFIDENCE

7 2.2925 4.95E-03 7.12E-01 3.37E-07

7 1.56E-04 4.54E-08 4.85E-05

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Risk Category High Extreme Significant Moderate Moderate NA Moderate Moderate

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Risk Code RK0001 RK0002 RK0003 RK0004 RK0005 RK0006 RK0007 RK0008 System

OPERATIONAL MODE ANALYSIS Subsystem Function Mission Phase Operation. Operation. Operation. Operation. Operation. Operation. Operation. Operation.

Hazard Description Flange Seal A-29 leakage by damage, releasing pressurized chemical from containment system. Loss of electrical power due to the inexistance of UPS unit. Corrosion of pipeline system. Flange Seal A-29 leakage by damage, releasing pressurized chemical from containment system. Failure of the cooling unit. Isolation malfunction. Lack of maintenance. Corrosion of pipeline system.

HAZARD IDENTIFICATION Failure Mode Seal leakage. Valve V-19 open. Pump failure; loss of electrical power. Line rupture. Valve V-19 partially closed. Hot weather. Cold weather External leakage. Line rupture. Valve seal leakage. Chlorine flow to environment. Causes

HAZARD IDENTIFICATION Consequences Loss of HF to B-1 process. No chlorine flow to tower basin. Low chlorine concentration in tower basin. HF release in area; possible injuries or fatalities. Insufficient HF supply to B-1 process. Overpressure; HF release; possible injuries or fatalities. Insufficient vaporization. Stream contamination. Both internal pressure valves fail open and relief valve opens. Potential personnel injury due to exposure.

TARGETS

Failure Effects Producing toxic vapors and attacking nearby equipment.

Failure Detection Method Unknown device. Chlorination pump malfunction alarm. Unknown device. Local pressure indicator. Local temperature indicator. Local temperature indicator.

• •

Water on HF stream. Chlorine released to environment.

Failure detection. Distinctive odor.

Business Interruption

Environment

Personnel

Product Process Equipment Third Parties (e.g. Customer)

TARGETS

• • • • • • • • •
Warning Device

• •

• • • • • • • • • • • •
Display or Indicator

Safety Device Engineering Safety Feature

Personal Protective Device Technical Procedures

APPLICABLE COUNTERMEASURES Administrative Procedures Training and Education

• • • •

• • • • • • • • •

• • • • • • •

Safety Policy Regulatory Compliance Rules and Regulamentation Safety & Health Procedures Technical Procedures Emergency Plans / Services Contingency Plans Hazard Identification Hazard Analysis Qualitative Risk Analysis Quantitative Risk Analysis APPLICABLE CONTROL MEASURE

FMEA / FMECA / ARM Sfety Integrity Level (SIL) Safety Critical Element (SCEA) Safety / Health Supervision Inspection / Surveys Loss Prevention Analysis Periodical Audits Fire Safety / Risk Analysis Reliability Analysis Process Hazard Analysis HAZOP Analysis (I & II) Process Safety Management

PPLICABLE CONTROL MEASURES

• • • • • • •
Risk Index Ri NA NA Moderate Moderate 1.91E+00 2.18E-04 3.61E-04 1.17E-03 Moderate 5.63E-04 Moderate 1.94E-03 Significant 3.78E-01 High Extreme Risk Category Home

• •

RECOMMENDATIONS / ACTIONS

RISK ANALYSIS REPORT
Firm: Risiko Technik Gruppe Activity: Safety Engineering Address: Rua Parque de Jogos, 357, Bloco A, 2 CF Zip Code: Location: Country: 400001 São Mamede Portugal

Data Information Risk Code RK0001 RK0002 RK0003 RK0004 RK0005 RK0006 RK0007 RK0008 Risk Index 3.78E-01 1.91E+00 1.94E-03 5.63E-04 1.17E-03 NA 3.61E-04 2.18E-04

System

Subsystem

Function

Risk Description Flange Seal A-29 leakage by damage, releasing pressurized chemical from containment system. Loss of electrical power due to the inexistance of UPS unit. Corrosion of pipeline system. Flange Seal A-29 leakage by damage, releasing pressurized chemical from containment system. Failure of the cooling unit. Isolation malfunction. Lack of maintenance. Corrosion of pipeline system.

Total Risk: Standard Deviation:

2.2925 7.12E-01

Average Risk Index: Global Uncertainty:

4.95E-03 #REF!

Risk Category High Extreme Significant Moderate Moderate NA Moderate Moderate

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