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Effects, Impact, and Typical Cases of External Interference in WCDMA
Peru RNP Dept.
www.huawei.com

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Contents • Effects of External Interference in WCDMA Effect of the Uplink Interference on the System Effect of the Downlink Interference on the System • Impact on Network KPIs • Typical Cases of Interference Potential Problems .

• Effect of the Downlink Interference on the System The Ec/Io declines and the forward coverage is reduced. LTD. The weak interference has little effect on the system. the forward interference is regional. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.Effects of External Interference in WCDMA Overview • Effect of the Uplink Interference on the System The strong uplink interference reduces the sensitivity and system capacity.. The frequency increase of the mobile phone brings the additional interference. In general. Huawei Confidential Page 3 . The network KPIs (such as the call drop rate and access success ratio) declines so that the conversation quality goes down.

Impact on Network KPIs Uplink Interference • Low Accessibility: The uplink interference degrades uplink sensitivity and shortens uplink coverage distance. but fails in calling.. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. • Call Drop: The interference results in a great number of frame errors in traffic channels so that the call drops. • Slow Data Throughput: The interference affects data services (HSUPA). LTD. • High UE Tx Power: The UE transmitting power is higher and power consumption is larger. so that system capacity is reduced. • Forward/uplink unbalance: The UE detects network signals. Huawei Confidential Page 4 .

LTD. • Poor Coverage. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.. • Power & Ec/Io: The power received by UE mismatches the value of Ec/Io. Huawei Confidential Page 5 .Impact on Network KPIs Downlink Interference • Dropped out of the network: Long-time strong interference compared with the power of the forward coverage resulted in the loss of synchronization. • Low Accessibility: UE fails to receive response from NodeB • Call Drop.

• HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. radio connections cannot be establishment.Typical Cases of Interference Potential Problems RRC Establishment Failures • When a UE is accessing the network. Huawei Confidential Page 6 . so the UE determines the transmit power according to the received power. if the UL interference is very high. open loop power control is used to set the initial UE uplink power to an specific value. It assumes that path loss for Uplink and Downlink between the transmitter and the receiver are the same. therefore. However. RNC might not receive UE messages.. LTD.

a rise of 6 dB is allowed for the background noise. that is. the corresponding RTWP is –105.Typical Cases of Interference Potential Problems Service Rejection • The maximum uplink target load in the current baseline configuration is 75%. • • HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. the UL load of the cell reaches the maximum threshold when the service will be rejected. The current baseline of the background noise is 61. Considering a rise of 6 dB. the RTWP is –99..9 dBm.9 dBm. Huawei Confidential Page 7 . Therefore. LTD.

LTD.. so the over high BLER causes SRB reset or call drop due to loss of synchronization.Typical Cases of Interference Potential Problems High UE Tx Power. Huawei Confidential Page 8 . HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. High BLER & Call Drop • Uplink interference increases the UE transmit power in connection mode.

. LTD.Typical Cases of Interference Potential Problems HSUPA Schedule Algorithm influenced by UL interference UL Load Factor and Noise Rise NoiseRise = ITOT = PN 1 1 − (1 + i ) ∑ L j 1 N = 1 1 − ηUL 50% Load — 3dB 60% Load — 4dB 75% Load — 6dB HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Huawei Confidential Page 9 .

the data throughput might be affected HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. If the UL interference is abnormally high. Huawei Confidential Page 10 .Typical Cases of Interference Potential Problems HSUPA Schedule Algorithm influenced by UL interference UL Interference Level reflects the measurement value of the uplink load. the volume of data to be sent and the available transmit power. 75% The UE selects to send data according to the Grant. The NodeB senses the noise raise and SINR is influenced. LTD.. the Signal to Interference Noise Ratio (SINR) must be the minimum. The increase of the user number and transmit power causes uplink interference to raise. In order to correctly demodulate the data received by the NodeB. The NodeB controls the total uplink interference by adjusting the Grant to every UE.

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