GE Inspection Technologies

Ultrasonics

USN 58 Series
Technical Reference and Operating Manual

Ident-Nr. 021-002-260

Contents

1 Understanding the Keypad, Menu System, and Displays ............. 1-1
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Battery installation ................................. 1-2 Powering On and Off the Instrument .... 1-5 Keypad and Knob Features ................... 1-5 USN 58 Menus and Functions ............... 1-8 1.4.1 Home Menu System ..................... 1-9 1.4.2 Test Menus and Functions ...........1-16 Display Screen Features .......................1-16 Definition of Display Icons ...................... 1-19 Features of the USN 58 ......................... 1-19 What’s in this Manual ...........................1-21 Overview of Optional Features ............. 1-23 1.8.1 Determing Which Optional Features are Installed in Your USN 58 ........1-23 1.8.2 How Options are Dealt with in This Manual ................................. 1-24

2 Setup and Calibration of the USN 58 . 2-1
2.1 Initial Instrument Setup ......................... Specifying the Installed Battery Type ....... 2.1.1 Regional Settings-Language, Units of Measurement, Date, and Time .. Setting the Operating Language ............... Setting the Date ....................................... Setting the Time ....................................... Setting the Units of Measurement ............ 2.1.2 Display Appearance ...................... Setting the Display Brightness ................. Selecting a Display Grid .......................... Selecting Reverse Video Mode–58R ........ Setting the Display Color–58L .................. Setting the A-Scan Color–58L .................. Setting the A-Scan Style ......................... 2-2 2-2 2-4 2-4 2-4 2-5 2-5 2-6 2-6 2-6 2-7 2-7 2-8 2-8

1.5

1.6 1.7 1.8

2.2

Installing a Probe .................................. 2-8 2.2.1 Connecting a Probe ...................... 2-8 2.2.2 Configuring the Instrument to Match the Probe Type ................... 2-9
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Contents
Selecting Probe Type ............................... 2-9 Specifying the Probe Frequency .............. 2-9 Modifying the Signal Ratio to Noise by Changing the Damping Level .................. 2-11 2.3 Adjusting the A-Scan ............................ 2-11 2.3.1 Setting the A-Scan Range ........... 2-11 Setting The A-Scan Range ...................... 2-14 2.3.2 Setting the Display Delay ............ 2-14 2.3.3 Defining the Display Starting Point ............................................2-14 2.3.4 Adjusting the Pulser Repetition Frequency (PRF) ..........................2-15 2.3.5 Selecting a Rectification Mode .... 2-16 2.3.6 Selecting the Pulser Type ............ 2-17 2.3.7 Setting the Pulser VOLTAGE or ENERGY Level ............................ 2-18 2.3.8 Selecting the Pulser Width (SQUARE Pulser Types only) ....... 2-18 2.3.9 Setting the A-Scan REJECT Level ............................................2-19 2.4 Calibrating the Instrument .................... 2-19 2.4.1 Pre-calibration Check List ............2-19 2.4.2 Using AUTOCAL to Calibrate USN 58 Series Instruments .........2-20 Checking Calibration Results .................. 2-22

3 Configuring Your Instrument for Measurement ............................... 3-1
3.1 Configuring the A and B-Gates ............. 3.1.1 Positioning Gates ......................... Setting a Gate’s Starting Point ................. Adjusting a Gate’s Width .......................... Setting a Gate’s Threshold (Vertical Position) ..................................... 3.1.2 Selecting the Gate Detection Method ......................................... Setting the A-Scan Signal-Detection Method .................................................... 3.1.3 Selecting the Gate to be Magnified ...................................... 3.1.4 Setting Gate Alarms and TTL Outputs ................................. 3-2 3-4 3-4 3-6 3-6 3-6 3-6 3-8 3-8

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Contents
Defining Gate-Alarm Logic ....................... 3-9 Turning the Audible Alarm On or Off ......... 3-9 Assigning TTL Outputs / Alarm Indication Lights to Gates and/or Limits ................... 3-9 3.1.5 Clearing TTL Outputs and/or Warning Lights .............................3-10 3.1.6 Setting the Units of Amplitude Measurement ............................... 3-11 3.2 Setting the Minimum and Maximum Material-Thickness Limits ....................3-11 Setting the Minimum and Maximum Thickness Limits ....................................3-12 Setting the Freeze-Mode Action ...........3-12 Selecting the Freeze-Mode Action .......... 3-12 Using Angle Beam Probes and the TRIG Menu ......................................................3-14 3.4.1 Setting Angle Beam Probe Characteristics .............................3-15 3.4.2 Indicating Leg with Color (58L) .....3-16 Displaying Measured Readings ............3-16 Assigning Measured Readings to the Displayed Reading Boxes ....................... 3-18 3.6 3.7 Saving the Instrument Configuration in a Data Set ................................................. 3-20 Using the Master Lock (all models) Function or the Lock Key (58L) to Prevent Adjustment ..............................3-21 Locking the Gain and Function Rotary Knobs .................................................... 3-21

4 Using the Test Menu .......................... 4-1
4.1 Accessing the TEST Menu ..................... 4-2 Setting the Gain ..................................... 4-4 4.2.1 Changing the Gain-Adjustment Increment (dB STEP) ................... 4-4 4.2.2 Setting the User-Defined Gain Step .............................................. 4-6 Using the dB Reference Feature ............ 4-6 Changing the Displayed VIEW .............. 4-8

3.3 3.4

4.2

4.3 4.4

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Contents
4.5 4.6 Navigating Through a Data Logger File and Attaching Notes ......... 4-10 Magnifying the Contents of a Gate ....... 4-10 Selecting the Gate to Be Magnified ......... 4-13 Resetting Latched Alarms ....................4-13 Large Display Box-Specifying the Contents (LRG DISP) ............................ 4-13 Freezing the A-Scan Display ................ 4-15 4.9.1 Working in the Behind the Freeze Mode ........................................... 4-15 5.6 5.3 Recalling Existing Data Files ...............5-10 5.3.1 Previewing Existing Data Files .... 5-11 Deleting (CLEARING) Existing Data Files ....................................................... 5-11 Creating a Memo ................................... 5-12 5.5.1 Including a File’s Memo as Part of a Report ...................................... 5-12 Creating a Report Header .....................5-12 5.6.1 Including a Report Header In a Printed Report .............................5-14 Entering and Editing Notes for Attachment to Thickness Measurements .......................................5-14 5.7.1 Including a Notes In a Printed Report .........................................5-16 Printing a Report ................................... 5-16 Outputting to a Printer .......................... 5-18 5.9.1 Specifying the Printer Type and Baud Rate ...................................5-18 5.9.2 Setting the COPY Key Function ...5-19
Krautkramer USN 58 Series

5.4 5.5

4.7 4.8 4.9

4.10 Accessing the HELP SCREENS ........... 4-17

5.7

5 Storing and Outputting Data ............ 5-1
5.1 Data Set and Data Logger Files ............... 5.1.1 Creating Data Set Files ................. 5.1.2 Creating Data Logger Files ............ 5.1.3 Editing Active Files ....................... 5.2 5-4 5-6 5-6 5-8

5.8 5.9

Storing Thickness Measurements in Data Logger Files .................................. 5-10
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Contents
5.10 Outputting to a Computer via the RS-232 Serial Port ................................. 5-20 5.10.1 Specifying the Baud Rate ............5-20 5.10.2 Loss of Signal ..............................5-20 7.2 7.3 7.4 Analog Output ........................................ 7-3 Remote Control of the USN 58 .............. 7-6 Remote Codes for the USN 58 ............... 7-7

6 Advanced Base-Model Features ............................................. 6-1
6.1 6.2 6.3 Noise Immunization .............................. 6-2 Using SMART VIEW ............................... 6-3 Using A-Scan Enhancement Analog Display Emulation ................................. 6-4 6.3.1 SPARKLE Intensity Variation (58L only) ...................................... 6-4 6.3.2 Baseline Break ............................. 6-4 AWS D1.1 Weld Rating Feature .............. 6-7 Resetting the Instrument ....................... 6-9

8 DAC/TCG Option ................................ 8-1
8.1 Using TCG .............................................. 8.1.1 Recording the TCG Reference Points ........................................... 8.1.2 Working with TCG ......................... Using TCG ATTENUATION ....................... Using DAC ............................................... 8.2.1 Recording the DAC Curve ............. 8.2.2 Working with DAC ......................... Creating DAC Offset Curves .................... Adjusting the Applied Gain Using TRANSFER CORRECTION ..................... 8-2 8-3 8-4 8-4 8-6 8-6 8-7 8-9 8-9

8.2

6.4 6.5

8.3

7 I/O Ports Technical Data .................... 7-1
7.1 Sending Readings to Other Devices ..... 7-2
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Editing DAC Curve and TCG Reference Points ...................................8-10

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Contents
8.4 Deleting a DAC Curve or TCG Reference Points ...................................8-10 10.1.2 Record the Reference Echo that Defines the DGS Curve ...............10-4 10.1.3 Display and Adjust the DGS Curve ........................................... 10-6 10.2 Evaluating Test Samples in DGS Mode 10-8

9 Interface (IF) Gate Option .................. 9-1
9.1 IF Gate Setup ......................................... 9.1.1 Immersion Testing Method ............ 9.1.2 IF Gate Crossing as the Display Starting Point ................................ 9.1.3 Configuring the IF Gate ................. 9.1.4 Setting Gates A and B Relative to IF Gate Using START MODE ........ 9-2 9-3 9-4 9-4 9-5

11 BEA (Backwall Echo Attenuator) Option ............................................... 11-1
11-1 Using Backwall Echo Attenuator Mode 11-2 11-2 Notes on Operating in BEA Mode ........11-3

9.2

Measurements Based on IF Gate Crossings ............................................... 9-5 9.2.1 IF-Gate Measurements ................. 9-7 9.2.2 Using IF OFFSET ......................... 9-7

12 VGA Connector Option ................... 12-1 13 Appendix .......................................... 13-1
13.1 Charging the Standard Lithium Battery Pack ..........................................13-2 13.2 Charging the Optional D-Cell Batteries ................................................13-3

10 DGS Option ...................................... 10-1
10.1 Using DGS ............................................. 10-2 10.1.1 Specifying a Probe and Preparing to Record the Reference Echo ......... 10-2
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14 Index ................................................. 14-1
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attenuation. General Warning The correct and effective use of ultrasonic test equipment requires the interaction of three essential factors: • The test equipment itself • The specific test applications • The operator The principal purpose of this operating manual will be to give instructions in the basic set-up and functional operation of the test equipment. Other variable factors. in SNT-TC-1A. are the responsibility of the customer/user. and are referenced in many other industry specifications. Details regarding Ultrasonic Theory Knowledge of soundwave propagation theory. including the effects of velocity of sound.Important Notice Important Notice Please read the following information prior to use of any Krautkramer instrument. and certification of operators are included. qualification. and the actions necessary to control them. some of which are noted below. Such information is covered in detail within the manual. The operator must be trained both in general ultrasonic testing procedure and in the set-up and performance of a particular test or application. 05/04 0-7 . reflection. The requirements for formalized training. Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. Training The customer must provide for adequate training of the operators to assure competence in the operation of the equipment and in the associated factors. and the limitation of the sound beam must be understood by the operator. for example. these factors are beyond the scope of the operating manual.

the maximum echo response from the flaw must be compared with the maximum echo response from an artificial flaw provided for comparison purposes. thus preventing detection of possible conditions in the shadowed area. 05/04 . Knowledge of the probability of occurrence of defective conditions is often based on experience as well as engineering knowledge of the system and its stresses. Coverage and Location of Test In ultrasonic testing. proper couplant. If the diameter of the sound beam is smaller than the extent of the flaw. Customer engineers should supply specific test application requirements to the operator. and the selection of acceptance or rejection limits.Important Notice Test Application Requirements These include a definition of the test problem. environment and similar factors. the more accurately the boundaries Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. extrapolations or other assumptions are sometimes based on statistical and other modifications of actual data obtained. selection of suitable techniques. Flaw Size Evaluation In present test practice there are basically two methods of assessing flaws. the information obtained instantaneously represents only the data from within the limits of the sound beam. however. adequate probes. material being tested. Geometry of the part. or presence of flaws or other interfaces. is based on customer knowledge of expected defective areas. If. may shadow certain areas located deeper in the test material. Selection of test locations as well as the degree of scanning or coverage of the part. In testing extended areas beyond the expected sound beam path. though within the limits of the sound beam. Such results and their use and interpretation are the sole responsibility of the user. the diameter of the sound beam is greater than the size of the flaw. evaluation of discovered conditions in the test material. then the beam can be used to explore the boundaries of the flaw to determine its area. even 0-8 Flaw Boundary Method: The smaller the diameter of the sound beam.

When testing large parts. Therefore. the sound beam is relatively broad. 05/04 0-9 . an estimate should be made of the effect of attenuation on test results and appropriate corrections applied.Important Notice can be determined. However. If the test part has a rough surface. The larger this scattering. Ultrasound is subject to attenuation as it passes through any material. a large effect can result. if the sound travels a long Specifications and Procedures The customer must understand and provide for interpretation and compliance with the specifications covering its work. part of the incident sound energy will be scattered at the surface and lost to the test instrument. The danger here is that natural flaws may be underassessed. an echo may not be detected. e. It is important to make allowance for surface roughness and apply a correction to observed echo heights. then even at low attenuation. distance of the flaw from the probe is significant. In cases of very jagged or fissured flaws. such as measuring loss of transmission through the piece. however. This fact should be considered when evaluating flaw size to avoid underestimating size. Industry Groups. Some materials attenuate less than others. It is important to choose an artificial comparison flaw that is as near as possible the same distance as the flaw being assessed. and greater the underestimation of detected flaws. or Government Agencies. Technical Societies. generated by such groups as inhouse Quality Assurance. Echo Comparison Method: The echo from a small natural flaw is usually smaller than the echo from an artificial comparison flaw of the same size. shrink holes in castings. This is often due to irregularity or oblique orientation of the flaw surface. the flaw area determination can differ from the actual. Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. the smaller the echoes.g. In such cases a different method may be required. Care should be taken to select a probe with sufficiently narrow beam at the position of the flaw. If. distance through the medium.

or for finding the velocity of sound empirically using test blocks of the test material which are accessible for concurrent mechanical thickness measurement. and is generally independent of the operation of the test instrument. with thicknesses below the minimum thickness specified for a particular instrument/probe combination. This manual describes means for calibrating the instrument and its internal calculations for the velocity of sound value of the test material when it is known. is included as to the uniformity of the velocity of sound throughout any given 0-10 Doubling of Thickness Readings When measuring relatively thin walls. When this occurs. When temperature variables are expected. transducer delay lines and other equipment components. frequent checks must be made to maintain instrument calibration for the changing test conditions. This velocity value is dependent on characteristics of the material being tested. under certain combinations of thin wall dimensions. surface Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. part or batch of parts. Velocity changes due to temperature variation may affect the material being inspected. The transit time is the data obtained by the ultrasonic equipment. Velocity of Sound The accuracy of ultrasonic thickness measurements and of flaw location depends to a major degree on the velocity of sound through the material. the first echo may occur while the instrument is electronically blocked to prevent false triggering. explicit or implied. Temperature Dependence Velocity of sound is affected to varying degrees by the temperature of the material through which the sound travels. Any non-uniformity of velocity of sound in the test material may result in erroneous thickness measurements. No claim.Important Notice Ultrasonic Thickness Measurements Ultrasonic thickness measurements are the result of the mathematical product of the velocity of sound in a material and the transit time of the soundwaves through the material. down to about half the specified minimum thickness. 05/04 .

suitably calibrated. etc.. Confirmation of the real thickness can usually be obtained using an ultrasonic flaw detector with CRT presentation. whereby individual echo signals can more readily be identified and evaluated. instrument. 05/04 0-11 . When using a A-scan readout. the condition is usually apparent to the trained operator.Important Notice conditions. probe parameters. in this thinner range. Krautkramer instruments have conservative specifications in this regard. Readings using instruments with only analog or digital meter indicators. The instrument reading and apparent thickness are up to about twice the actual value. the second echo or other echo signal combinations may produce a readable signal. resulting in a condition that is sometimes called “doubling”. Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. which in most cases will prevent misreadings. should be further evaluated when the reading value is between the specification minimum and about twice that value.

Important Notice The following example shows graphically the relationship of several thicknesses. MINIMUM THICKNESS 0 MINIMUM SPECIFIEDTHICKNESS FOR INSTRUMENT/PROBE COMBINATION MINIMUM THICKNESS TIMES 2 ELECTRONIC BLOCKING RANGE PROBABLE MINIMUM THICKNESS TO PRODUCE ANY USEABLE ECHO RANGE IN WHICH FIRST ECHO SIGNAL WILL NOT PRODUCE TRUE READING RANGE OF READING FOR WHICH ALTERNATE CONFIRMATION MAY BE DESIRABLE RELATIVE THICKNESS (TYPICAL) 0-12 Issue 04. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series .

This warranty is limited to the original purchaser and is not transferable. has established a number of Factory Trained Service Centers. expressed or implied. LP. neglect. Service Every effort has been made to provide you with a reliable Krautkramer product. 05/04 . Krautkramer USN 58 Series test instruments are conditionally guaranteed to be free from defects in material and workmanship for a period of two (2) years from date of shipment. PA 17044 Telephone: Telefax: Website: (717) 242-0327 (717) 242-0331 (717) 248-7211 www. etc. However. is made.com 0-13 Issue 04. LP. Accessory items such as recorders. Any and all equipment replacement will be at the sole discretion of GE Inspection Technologies. LP. This warranty shall not apply to equipment subjected to misuse or abuse. or at a Factory Trained Service Center as advised by GE Inspection Technologies. All repair work will be made FOB Lewistown. GE Inspection Technologies. Excluded from this warranty are expendable items such as transducers. improper installation. A normal recalibration and recertification fee will apply. Pennsylvania. No other warranty. within 13 months of the date of purchase. For the location of the nearest facility contact: Manager of Customer Service GE Inspection Technologies.GEInspectionTechnologies. interconnecting Krautkramer USN 58 Series cables. and batteries. LP 50 Industrial Park Road Lewistown. LP provided the defective unit is returned properly packed with all transportation charges prepaid. or accident. will be covered under the original manufacturer’s warranty as given to GE Inspection Technologies. alteration.Important Notice Warranty When used in accordance with the manufacturer’s written instructions and under normal operating conditions. Free second year warranty requires the instrument to be recertified by a designated Krautkramer Service Center or by an authorized representative or distributor. should service become necessary.

0-14 Issue 04.Important Notice THIS PAGE WAS INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series .

05/04 1-1 . Menu System.Understanding the Keypad. and Displays 1 Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04.

After reviewing this chapter. They are capable of storing A-Scans. Where no model (such as 58R or 58L) is specifically mentioned. you’ll be able to • Install Batteries in the instrument (section 1.4) • Interpret the symbols that most often appear on the display (section 1.2) • Understand the function of each key on the keypad (section 1.5) • List the features of the USN 58 (section 1. or by using the power adapter (Figure 1-1).1 Battery installation The USN 58 instrument operates on a Lithium battery pack (standard) or six D-size batteries (optional). It’s recommended that you install the standard Lithium battery pack for maximum operating life between charging. the manual reference applies to all models.1) • Power up the instrument (section 1.6) 1-2 Battery Installation • Locate various material covered in this manual (section 1. The instrument also accepts 9. 1. and a variety of thickness-measurement data in their data loggers. Menu System.0 Ahr rechargeable NiMH (Nickel Metal Hydride) batteries as well as alkaline and rechargeable Nicad batteries Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. and Displays The USN 58 series are ultrasonic flaw detection and thickness measurement instruments.3) • Access each USN 58 function using the built-in menu system (section 1. first remove the four thumbscrews. To remove the battery compartment cover.8) H Note: This manual covers all instruments in the USN 58 series. located in the rear of its housing.Understanding the Keypad. operating parameters. 05/04 .7) • Determine which optional features are installed in your instrument (section 1. This chapter of your manual will help you become more familiar with the menus and functions of the USN 58. Closely reviewing the material in this chapter will help you make better use of the more detailed information found throughout the rest of this operating manual.

Menu System. 05/04 1-3 . Note the location of the Power Adapter Port and Lithium battery pack on-board charging port.Battery Installation Understanding the Keypad. and Displays FIGURE 1-1—Installation of standard Lithium battery pack. Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04.

always carry spare batteries and/or battery pack. When a fully charged battery pack is installed.0 Ahr NiMH batteries. The location of this icon is shown in Figure 1-2.Understanding the Keypad. and Displays (optional battery tray is required). When testing in remote locations. When installing optional D-cell batteries. the icon will appear as “full. the USN 58 can be operated using an AC power source. If D-cell batteries are used. H Note: Your instrument was supplied with the standard Lithium battery pack.” As the battery life is consumed. The Lithium Battery pack can be charged “on-board” and also power the instrument during charging. the icon will begin to “empty. section 1) of this manual to ensure your instrument is properly configured. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . If you selected the optional D-cells and received a charger it should only be used for 9. Rechargeable D-cell batteries must be removed from the instrument for recharging. be sure to follow the procedure explained in section 2. H Note: By connecting the optional Power Adapter. The USN 58 automatically shuts off when batteries are too weak for reliable operation. charge the battery pack as soon as possible. H Note: Battery Installation When the battery indicator is in the last quarter as indicated by the symbol . The approximate level of remaining battery life is visually displayed by the icon. This adapter is connected to the instrument though the Power Adapter Port shown in Figure 1-1. 1-4 Issue 04. Menu System.1 of this manual.1 (Chapter 2. Settings are saved and restored when the USN 58 is turned on again.” Note that this indicator will only function correctly if the correct battery type is selected as explained in section 2. be sure to properly align the batteries’ poles as marked in the optional battery tray (required to install D-cells). H Note: Only the dedicated Krautkramer Lithium battery pack can be charged while installed in the instrument.

and a fourth press returns to the original menu position. To access any function: Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. • Press a menu key (u) again to select the submenu containing the desired function. by pressing one of the four function keys (v).Powering On and Off the Instrument Understanding the Keypad. mate the tray to the charger. • Up to four functions will be displayed in the function bar on the right side of the display. Refer to Appendix A for a complete explanation of how to charge the batteries. Menu System. Some values can also be adjusted with repeated presses of the function key. D-cell batteries cannot be charged while the battery tray is connected to the instrument.3 Keypad and Knob Features The USN 58 is designed to give the user quick access to all of the instrument’s functions. A second press displays the grid markers in the menu bar. 1-5 To charge the optional D-cell NiMH batteries you need only remove the optional tray from the instrument. 1. • Change the value listed in the function box with the function knob. h—Home Keys immediately return the instrument to the Home Menu. a third press activates a bar identifying display delay and range. 1. It’s easy-to-use menu system allows any function to be accessed with no more than three key presses (Figure 1-2). Select the desired function. the 58L is shown in Figure 1-2B): X—Test Menu Key switches from the Home Menu to the Test Menu. The menus across the bottom of the display will immediately be replaced with the submenus contained in the selected menu. 05/04 .2 Powering On and Off the Instrument Press and hold K for three seconds to power the instrument on. and plug the charger into a 100-240 VAC power source. Press K again to turn off. and Displays • Press one of the six menu keys (u) to select a menu. You’ll also find these keys and knobs on the instrument (The 58R is shown in Figure 1-2A.

and Displays Keypad and Knob Features FIGURE 1-2A—Some of the USN 58R keypad and knob functions are shown here. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series .Understanding the Keypad. 1-6 Issue 04. Menu System.

Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. 05/04 1-7 . and Displays FIGURE 1-2B—Some of the USN 58L keypad and knob functions are shown here. Menu System.Keypad and Knob Features Understanding the Keypad.

sends a thickness measurement to the next available position in an active data logger file.Rotate to change the instrument’s gain. position gates. 05/04 . L—Zoom Key displays A-Scan on the entire screen. 1-8 Issue 04. Also used to select pulser and receiver characteristics. 1.Rotate to change the value of the selected function. and control other significant measurement features Test Menu—Allows the operator to make those adjustments that are most often required during the testing process H Note: Figures 1-3 and 1-4 show the instrument’s Home and Test Menu structures. D—dB Step Key changes the adjustment increment of the gain knob. and Displays Gain Rotary Knob . adjust the A-Scan display. ?—Help Key displays help screen text describing those functions displayed in the Function Bar. specify operating mode and screen appearance.USN 58 Menus and Functions Understanding the Keypad. H—Magnify Key enlarges A-Scan display to set the width of the magnified gate to full-screen width. set alarms. W—Freeze Key freezes the A-Scan display in one of four user-defined modes. It includes: Home Menu—Several menus used to configure and calibrate the instrument prior to test. Menu System. Function Rotary Knob . —Lock Key disables the Function and Gain rotary knobs (58L only). C—Copy Key performs a data-storage or data-output function depending on the user-defined mode. The information provided in the following two manual sections explains what each function does and shows how to access the function Krautkramer USN 58 Series —Backlite Key turns display back lighting on and off (58L only). For instance.4 USN 58 Menus and Functions The USN 58 menu system allows the operator to select and adjust various features and instrument settings. K—Power Key turns the instrument on and off.

Understanding the Keypad. Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. appears in all capital letters. submenus.4. • Available menus are accessed via the Home Menu (The 58R home menu is shown in Figure 1-3A. like RANGE. When the function name. 1. the functions contained in that submenu are listed in the Function Bar down the right-hand side of the display screen. Menu System. You’ll also find operationmanual section references that tell you where to turn in this manual for more specific information on each function. • Each menu contains several submenus. turning the function knob will produce large changes in the selected function’s value. and in some cases continuing to press v. The 58L home menu is shown in Figure 1-3B). and functions. When the function name appears in all lower-case letters. • When a submenu is selected. and Displays through the menu system. Note that the menus visible on your particular instrument depend on which options are installed. Functions not shown in Figure 1-3 are accessed by pressing u below the option NEXT. Note that some functions. will change the value shown in the selected function’s box. Functions with coarse-and-fine adjustment capabilities are noted with an * in Figure 1-3. turning the function knob will change the value by smaller amounts.1 Home Menu System The USN 58‘s Home Menu System consists of several menus. Coarse and fine modes are selected by pressing v more than once. such as RANGE. 05/04 1-9 . • Menus and submenus are selected by pressing below the desired item. have both coarse and fine adjustment modes. • Turning the Function Knob. USN 58 Menus and Functions • Functions are then selected by pressing the adjacent Function Key (v).

and Displays FIGURE 1-3A—These USN 58R menus. Menu System. submenus.USN 58 Menus and Functions Understanding the Keypad. 1-10 Issue 04. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . and functions are accessed through the Home Menu.

USN 58 Menus and Functions Understanding the Keypad. Menu System. and functions are accessed through the Home Menu. submenus. and Displays FIGURE 1-3B—These USN 58L menus. 05/04 1-11 . Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04.

2) CONFIG Submenu • MATERIAL—Selects the material being tested. (Refer to section 2.2) • FREEZE MODE—Determines what is frozen when the Freeze Key is pressed.3.3) • BATTERY TYPE—Specify the type installed (Refer to 2. millimeter. (Refer to section 2.3.1) • PROBE DELAY—Represents the time delay caused by sound-wave travel through a probe’s wearplate.1.3) DISPLAY Submenu (Refer to section 2. and Displays BASIC Menu RANGE Submenu • RANGE—Adjusts the range of the display screen from . delay line.2) and launches SMART VIEW (Refer to 6.2) • A-SCAN ENHANCE—Enables the BASELINE BREAK and SPARKLE (58L) display features (Refer to section 6.Understanding the Keypad.6) ENERGY—Sets energy level of spike pulse (Refer to 2. membrane. • A-Scan Color—Adjusts the color of the A-Scan (58L) 1-12 USN 58 Menus and Functions • ReverseVideo—Select normal or reversed video display (58R) REGIONAL Submenu (Refer to section 2. Menu System. Sets velocity to value for material specified. or microsecond • DATE—Sets the displayed date • TIME—Sets the displayed time OPTIONS Submenu • INSTALLED OPTION—Use to identify installed options (Refer to 1. or wedge.040" to 480" in steel. (Refer to section 3. 05/04 .3. (Refer to section 2.3. (Refer to section 2.3) • DISPLAY START—Sets the reference point from which all display features are set.9.3) • A-SCAN MODE—Changes the appearance of the A-Scan (Refer to 2.3.7) Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04.3.3) • VELOCITY—Displays the velocity for the selected material and allows the user to input a velocity. (Refer to section 2.7) RESULTS Submenu • READING 1 THROUGH READING 4-Selects the measurement displayed in each of the four Reading Boxes.3. Choose designations with “S” (shear) for angle beam probes.1) • LANGUAGE—Sets the language displayed on the instrument’s screen • UNITS—Sets displayed units to inch.1. (Refer to section 2.7) VOLTAGE—Sets pulser (square only–available only in 58L) voltage level (Refer to 2.5) PLSRCVR Menu PULSER Submenu • • • PULSER TYPE—Select square (58L) or spike pulse (2.3. (Refer to section 3.3) • DISPLAY DELAY—Shifts the A-Scan viewing window to the left or right.1) • MASTER LOCK—Turning Lock on disables all functions except Gain (Refer to section 3.1.2) • COLOR—Changes the colors of the display (58L) • BRIGHTNESS—Adjusts the display’s brightness • GRID—Selects the display screen’s grid markings.

(Refer to section 2.3.1. (Refer to section 4.3.7) GAIN Submenu • USER GAIN STEP—Specify a gain value to appear in the Test Menu’s dB Step selections. or a dual element probe.3) • AMPLITUDE—Sets the units of amplitude measurement to percentage of screen height or dB difference in height from the gate to the echo’s peak.2) • REJECT—Determines what percentage of the A-Scan height is displayed at 0% full screen height. (Refer to section 2. (Refer to section 2.6) • dB Step—Defines increment of gain-value change when knob is turned.2.USN 58 Menus and Functions • • Understanding the Keypad.8) DAMPING—Adjusts the damping level to match the installed probe.1. 05/04 .4) • GATE SELECT—Select from two or more gates (depends on the installed options).2) • START MODE—Set to IP (initial pulse) in base-model USN 58. (Refer to section 3. Menu System.1) • GATE SELECT—Select from two or more gates (depending on the installed options).3. (Refer to section 3. (Refer to section 3. and Displays • VALUE—Displays and/or allows adjustment of the Pulse Repetition Frequency.2) • dB REF—Stores reference gain value and echo height.4) GATES Menu POSITION Submenu (Refer to section 3. (Refer to section 4.4) Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04.1. (Refer to 4.2) • RECTIFY—Selects the rectification-mode which effects how the A-Scan appears on the display. (Refer to section 3.1.2) • DETECTION—Indicates whether an A-Scan echo’s flank.2) RECEIVER Submenu • FREQUENCY—Selects the bandwidth of the instrument.3.2) PRF Submenu • MODE—Selects the mode by which the Pulse Repetition Frequency is determined. • LOGIC—Determines whether the gate alarm is triggered when a signal crosses the gate or does not cross the gate.1. is installed (Refer to section 2.2. (Refer to section 2. (Refer to section 2. GATEMODE Submenu • GATE SELECT—Select from two or more gates (depends on the installed options).2. 1-13 WIDTH—Sets width of square pulse (58L) (section 2. • MAGNIFY GATE—Allows the user to select which gate is magnified to ful screen width when H is pressed (depends on the installed options). • GATE START—Sets the beginning position of the selected gate on the A-Scan.3) ALARMS Submenu (Refer to 3. (Refer to section 2. • GATE WIDTH—Sets the width of the selected gate on the A-Scan.5) • DUAL—Identifies whether one or two single-element probes. or peak is evaluated by the gate. • GATE THRESHOLD—Sets the height of the selected gate.3.1.2.

• WINDOW—Specify the number of counts in the examination period. • HIGH LIMIT—Use to set the maximum thickness for alarm purposes. 05/04 .4) • TTL #3—Identifies which event triggers TTL 3 / illuminates Warning Light 2. TTL OUT Submenu • TTL #1—Identifies which event triggers TTL 1 / illuminates Warning Light 1. (Refer to section 5.3 and 5. NOISE IMMN Submenu (Refer to section 6. • PROBE DELAY—Adjustment made as a result of the zeroing procedure.2) • HORN—Enables the audible warning alarm (horn).1.4) • GATE A START—Shifts the starting point of the A-Gate to the left and right.3) • VELOCITY—Display’s the instrument’s default velocity for the specified material type as well as the calculated velocity after calibration. membrane. delay line.4) • TTL #2—Identifies which event triggers TTL 2 / illuminates Warning Light 2.2) • LOW LIMIT—Use to set the minimum thickness for alarm purposes.Understanding the Keypad.1) • GATE SELECT—Select from two or more gates (depending on installed options).3) • PREVIEW—Use to view the header and memo of stored files without recalling the file.3) • ACTION—Recalls or deletes the selected file and saves edits to alphanumeric and parameter settings. Menu System. • RECORD—Identifies and progresses through each stage of the calibration procedure. (Refer to section 3. (Refer to section 3. • S-REF 2-User—input thickness value of the thicker calibration standard. (Refer to section 5.1. This represents the time delay caused by soundwave travel through a probe’s wearplate. READING Submenu (Refer to section 2. and Displays OUTPUT DELAY—Delays TTL and Analog Outputs. (Refer to 5.5) LIMITS Submenu (Refer to section 3. or wedge (plastic). • COUNT—Specify the number of alarm-violating counts which must occur during the WINDOW duration before an alarm is set. (Refer to section 7. (Refer to section 3. (Refer to section 3.1. FILES Menu FILENAME Submenu • FILENAME—Selects stored files.4) Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04.4. • S-REF 1-User—input thickness value of the thinner calibration standard.4) • MODE—Specifies how the TTL Alarms are reset.1. • 1-14 USN 58 Menus and Functions AUTOCAL Menu SETUP Submenu (Refer to section 2.

7. • X VALUE—Input the specified value from the angle beam probe’s BIP to front edge. • O-DIAMETER—Sets the outside diameter of curved test pieces.9. 05/04 1-15 .1) Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. Menu System.7) • NOTE PRINT ?—Determines if the notes will be included in the printed report.1 Submenu (Refer to section 6.1) REP HEAD Submenu • HEADER NUMBER—Selects the Header Line to edit.4) • • • A INDICATION—Gain representation of test-piece reflector.8) General Submenu • DL DATA Function—Displays stored datalogger values and attached notes. (Refer to section 5. (Refer to section 5.1) • AWS D1. (Refer to section 5. (Refer to section 5. • THICKNESS—Sets the test-piece material thickness for angle-beam measurements. and Displays COPY MODE—Specifies the action taken by pressing the Copy key. PRINTER Submenu • PRINTER—Use to select the type of printer connected.1) • DL PRINT—Determines if the data logger thickness measurements will be included in the printed report. B REFERENCE—Gain representation of reference reflector. (Refer to section 5.8) • A-SCAN PRINT ?—Determines if the A-Scan will be included in the printed report.8) MEMO Submenu • EDIT—Allows editing / creation of the Memo. (Refer to section 5.USN 58 Menus and Functions • Understanding the Keypad.6) • EDIT—Allows editing of the selected Header Line contents. (Refer to section 5. TRIG Menu SETUP Submenu (Refer to section 3.4) • PROBE ANGLE—Input the angle of a connected angle beam probe.6) • PRINT ?—Determines if the header will be included in the printed report. (Refer to section 5.5.1) NOTES Submenu • NOTE NUMBER—Selects the Note Line to edit. CREATE NEW—Pressing twice launches the file creation process.9.6.2) • PARAM PRINT ?—Determines if instrument settings will be listed in the printed report. (Refer to section 5.7) • EDIT—Allows editing of the selected Note Line contents.5) • PRINT ?—Determines if the memo will be included in the printed report. (Refer to section 5. (Refer to section 5. (Refer to section 5. (Refer to 5. C ATTENUATION—Calculated Gain representation of depth variation between reference and test-piece reflector. (Refer to section 5.

You’ll also find a reference to the manual section which explains the identified feature in more depth.5) • COLOR LEG—Indicates in which leg a reflector is located.2) 1. In Figure 1-5 you’ll find an example of the a display configuration. control capabilities most commonly used while testing material. AWS MODE—Turned on manually or automatically with a stored reference. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series .4. Menu System. GATE WIDTH—Sets width of the A-Gate. This specific display includes a data logger file navigation window (which allows you to navigate through and store thickness measurements in an existing data logger file).5 Display Screen Features The USN 58‘s displays are designed to be easy to interpret. A THRESHOLD—Sets A-Gate’s height. Note that the function bar displayed when X is pressed continues to be displayed when the Test Menu is active. the GATES menu bar. 1.1 RATING—Calculated weld rating for measured test piece.2 Test Menus and Functions The USN 58 also has a Test Menu that’s displayed whenever X is pressed.4) • • • • GATE A START—Sets A-Gate starting point. an active A-Scan.10.1) LOSS OF SIGNAL—Controls the thickness value and analog signal outputted when an uncoupled probe condition exists. This menu contains the 1-16 Issue 04. While a USN 58R is shown.10. (Refer to section 5. and POSITION submenu. Display Screen Features A POS Submenu (Refer to section 6. (Refer to section 5.) SERIAL COMM Menu • • BAUD RATE—Set to match the connected printer. and their functions are shown in Figure 1-4. test menu features and keypad functions are the same for all USN 58 series instruments. and Displays • D D1.Understanding the Keypad. The Test Menu features. Refer to this Figure for an explanation of those screen features you’ll most often encounter. (Used with angle beam probes. COLORING Submenu (58L) (Refer to section 3. Pressing X three more times returns to the previous menu configuration.

Menu System. Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. and Displays FIGURE 1-4—Control capabilities when the Test Menu is active for all USN 58 instruments. 05/04 1-17 .Display Screen Features Understanding the Keypad.

05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . and Displays Display Screen Features FIGURE 1-5—Active A-Scan and data logger file navigation window are shown here.Understanding the Keypad. Menu System. 1-18 Issue 04.

portability. Figure 1-6 includes several of these icons along with an explanation of their significance. durability. • The USN 58R has a hi-resolution (320 x 240 pixels) EL Display with 60 Hz update • The 58L is equipped with a 400 x 240 pixel color display that also updates at 60 Hz • Simple operation with fast rotary knob adjustments • Weighs only 6. and Displays Definition of Display Icons There are several graphical features (icons) which appear in the display screen’s icon bar for various reasons. & dependability that you have come to expect from the popular Krautkramer USN Series of instruments remains.4 lbs. including Lithium battery pack or optional D-size batteries for convenient use anywhere • Two independent flaw gates with real-time TTL & Analog Outputs to handle a wide range of applications (plus a third optional Interface gate) • 250 kHz to 25 MHz capability with eight selectable frequency ranges to match probe for optimum performance 1-19 FIGURE 1-6—These icons appear in the Status Bar at various times. Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. The quality.6 Features of the USN 58 The USN 58 series extends the performance and range of applications that are capable of being satisfied by a portable instrument. 1.Features of USN 58R Understanding the Keypad. 05/04 . Menu System.

and Displays • 15 Hz PRF (pulse repetition frequency) with 480" range in steel eliminates “ghost echoes” making it ideal for lengthy acoustically clean material testing • Smart View function displays the most important information (relevant shot) for the test as selected by the user • Compare frozen reference waveforms to live AScans • Alphanumeric Datalogger (incl. surface distance. & 500 ohms) for optimum probe performance 1-20 Features of USN 58R • Trig functions to automatically determine depth. and leg of the inspection using shear-wave (angle beam) probes • RF rectification for phase inversion and thin measurement applications • Auto CAL makes calibration simple & easy • .’s. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . grid file format. Menu System. 150. convenient storage of data sets and thickness readings • Multiple curve DAC/TCG corrects for distance/ amplitude variations from material loss and beam spread • Eight hours of use between charges with the standard Lithium battery pack • Four hours of use (typical) with optional D-size 9. Grid file format) for flexible.D.Understanding the Keypad. sound path to flaws.0 Ahr NiMH. notes and memo capabilities • Store. (power adapter for bench-top use) • Four selectable damping settings (50. 75.040" minimum range (in steel) for thin measurement applications • Help mode with dedicated key on front panel for quick access • dB Step function with six gain knob increments • Thickness data logger with alphanumeric naming of location I. and edit data sets with A-Scans for quick recall and instrument setup • Noise Immunization feature limits the effect of false TTL outputs due to high noise levels Issue 04. preview.

What’s in this Manual Understanding the Keypad.7 What’s in this Manual The USN 58 Series Operating Manual is divided into several chapters. and Displays Navigating the menus Overview of functions within menus Summary of features Definition of icons • Special “behind the freeze” mode allows dynamic time-base adjustment on frozen A-Scan displays • Versatile. The material in Chapters 1 through 7 applies to all instrument models. Menu System. Following is a summary of Chapters 1 through 7: Chapter 1—Understanding the Keypad. 05/04 . and Displays Operations performed by each key Explanation of display features Calibrate the instrument/ probe combination Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. Chapter 8 and higher apply only to optional features which are available only when purchased. flexible carry bag with neck strap for easy transport and use in limited access areas • Upgrade CD is provided with each instrument to easily upgrade the Operating Software via our website without returning the instrument to add features and capabilities without downtime How the instrument detects flaws and measures thickness Chapter 2—Setting Up the USN 58 Set up the instrument display appearance Install a probe and configure the instrument to match the probe type Chapter 3—Configuring Your Instrument for Measurement Adjust the A and B-Gates Set and clear alarms and TTL outputs Select the maximum and minimum material thickness limits Specify gate-detection mode (peak or flank) Control the A-Scan magnify and freeze modes Specify the quantities displayed in the data reading boxes 1-21 1. Menu System.

What’s in this Manual Modify and attach notes to a stored data point Attach Notes to stored readings Access the help screen Chapter 6—Advanced Settings for Base-Model Units Use the Noise Immunization Feature Reset the instrument using key presses Chapter 7— I/O Ports Technical Details Analog Output Remote Control Operate in SMART View Mode Select the value to view in the large display box and copied to active data logger file position Chapter 5—Storing and Outputting Data Differentiate between data logger and data set files Create. recall. store. and delete data files 1-22 List of those parameters settings stored in data set or data logger files Printing Reports Chapter 8—DAC/TCG Option Chapter 9—IF Gate Option Chapter 10—DGS Option Chapter 11—BEA (Backwall Echo Attenuator) Option Chapter 12—VGA Connector Option Issue 04. and Displays Chapter 4—Using the Test Menu Use the dB REFERENCE feature to compare the current echo’s amplitude with a reference Magnify the contents of a selected gate Freeze and unfreeze the A-Scan display Access the file navigation window using the view feature Modify and attach memos and report headers to a data file Configuring the instrument to communicate with external printers. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . Menu System.Understanding the Keypad.

are represented by same-amplitude echoes. In this mode all echoes are represented at their true amplitude with no depth or attenuation compensation. This section explains how to tell which options are installed in your instrument and includes a brief overview of the features available with each option. regardless of material depth related signal loss (caused by attenuation and beam spread). can be displayed at one time. Select the INSTALLED OPTION function and turn the Function Knob to view those options installed in your instrument. 05/04 1-23 . Flaw sizing evaluations can be done via dB to the DGS curve or ERS (Equivalent Reflector Size) methods. located at different material depths. • Distance Gain Size—The DGS feature allows the user to display a curve which represents equivalentreflector-sizes. The TCG (Time Corrected Gain) feature allows all equivalent echoes to be displayed at the same height.Overview of Optional Features Understanding the Keypad. Menu System. TCG works by adjusting gain over time to ensure that likereflectors. and Displays • DAC/TCG—The DAC (Distance Amplitude Curve) feature allows the user to collect up to 16 samesize-reflector echoes. plus those options listed below which have been installed in your particular instrument: Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04.8.1 Determing Which Optional Features are Installed in Your USN 58 (Basic/Options/Installed Option) In the BASIC MENU.8 Overview of Optional Features Several options are available to be added to basemodel USN 58 instruments. Options purchased with your instrument will be described in detail later in this manual. Selections include BASIC. and generate a curve that fits the echo peaks. representing various material depths. Three additional curves. DGS assumes a vertical beam impingement. 1. for a particular gain. drawn at user-specified dB offsets from the original DAC curve. Any USN 58R instrument can be retrofitted with available options. as a function of the distance between the reflector and transducer. 1. select the OPTIONS submenu.

Overview of Optional Features 1. are available. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series .8. 1-24 Issue 04. in some cases submenus. several additional functions and. assume that the feature is available with the base-model instrument. These additional capabilities can only be accessed when the option is installed. Whenever these special features are discussed in this manual. If no reference to an optional upgrade is made. where the top material is ignored and timing begins at the interface to make measurements in the second material.Understanding the Keypad. Menu System. to begin measurements at the interface between water and the top of the material to be inspected. • Backwall Echo Attenuator—The BEA feature allows the user to monitor the backwall echo by amplifying the region under Gate B by the amount specified by the backwall gain control. they will be identified as being available only with one or more of the optional upgrades. Typically used for immersion testing. and Displays • IF Gate—Monitors the time window from the initial pulse to the interface between two materials.2 How Options are Dealt with in This Manual When an option is installed.

05/04 2-1 .Setup and Calibration of the USN 58 2 Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04.

you’ll learn how to • Set up the instrument’s display and basic operating features (section 2. you won’t have to repeat these adjustments unless a change is required. you’ll learn how to configure the USN 58’s display and operating features. The Home Menu will be activated. For this reason. Turn on the USN 58 by pressing K.1 Initial Instrument Setup In this part of the manual. Step 2: Press v next to the selection titled BATTERY TYPE. 2.4) Most sections in this chapter describe steps that will be followed by every user of a new instrument. Activate the Basic Menu by pressing u below it. 2-2 Step 1: Activate the OPTIONS submenu (located in the Basic Menu) by pressing u below it. In this chapter.2) • Adjusting the A-Scan display screen’s appearance (section 2. Some submenus and functions from the Basic Menu are shown in Figure 2-1.Setup and Calibration of the USN 58 This chapter explains how to prepare your instrument for use.3) • Calibrate the instrument (section 2. 05/04 . You’ll note that Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. Initial Instrument Setup Because the USN 58 saves the control settings when it’s turned off and restores them when it’s turned on. Four functions will appear down the right side of the display screen. Follow these procedures to turn on the USN 58 and make initial adjustments to the instrument control settings.1) • Install a probe and configure the Pulser/Receiver to match the probe type (section 2. we suggest that you proceed through each section in this chapter while configuring your instrument for the first time. This menu’s structure was shown in Figures 1-3A and B. continue pressing v or turn the function knob. Specifying the Installed Battery Type (BASIC-OPTIONS-BATTERY TYPE) H Note: Selection of battery type only affects the accuracy of the on-screen battery-indicator. This ensures proper indication of remaining power. To change the selected battery type.

05/04 2-3 .Initial Instrument Setup Setup and Calibration of the USN 58 FIGURE 2-1—The Basic Menu allows the user to adjust most of the instrument’s display and operating features. Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04.

continue pressing v or turn the function knob. You’ll note that the options available are English. Krautkramer USN 58 Series Setting the Operating Language (BASIC-REGIONAL-LANGUAGE) Step 1: Activate the REGIONAL submenu (located in the Basic Menu) by pressing u below it. NiCAD. the day character is highlighted. and Russian. Romanian. To change the selected language. the time. Setting the Date (BASIC-REGIONAL-DATE) Step 1: Activate the REGIONAL submenu (located in the Basic Menu) by pressing u below it. or year. The adjustments will require access to the REGIONAL submenu. Slovenian. and Time Use the procedures below to adjust the unit of measurement. Step 2: Press v next to the selection titled LANGUAGE. Initial Instrument Setup Step 3: Setting the correct battery type ensures accurate battery indicator levels. The date is displayed in Day/Month/Year format. NiMH (nickel metal hydride). days. German. pressing v again will cause the year character to be highlighted. Four functions will appear down the right side of the display screen. 05/04 . Portuguese. The next time you press v. Note that the first time you press v. the month character is highlighted.Setup and Calibration of the USN 58 the options available are Lithium. Danish. Step 2: Press v next to the selection titled DATE. The default language is English. Czech. Finnish. Italian. Date. Step 3: The display-screen and report language will be set to the choice last selected. Finally. Norwegian. The default battery type is Lithium. Units of Measurement. 2. turn the function knob while the desired character is highlighted.1 Regional Settings-Language. the date. Spanish.1. and the language that appears on the instrument’s display screens and data output. 2-4 Issue 04. Four functions will appear down the right side of the display screen. and Alkaline. Swedish. French. Step 3: To change the month. This is accessed from the Basic Menu (shown in Figure 2-1).

press v one more time.Initial Instrument Setup Setup and Calibration of the USN 58 H Note: Once set. Time is displayed in 24-hour format. or seconds setting. Four functions will appear down the right side of the display screen. Step 4: When complete. the internal clock of the USN 58 will maintain the current date and time. The current date will be set to the date displayed. Step 4: The unit of measurement will be set to the choice last displayed. The next time you press v. 05/04 2-5 . Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. minutes. The current time will be set to the time displayed. Finally. Note that the first time you press v. Setting the Time (BASIC-REGIONAL-TIME) Step 1: Activate the REGIONAL submenu (located in the Basic Menu) by pressing u below it. Step 4: When complete. pressing v again will cause the seconds character to be highlighted. Step 3: To change the hours. You’ll note that the following options are available: • INCH—default setting which displays values in inches • MM—displays values in millimeters • uSEC—displays values in micro-seconds Step 3: To change the units of measurement. Four functions will appear down the right side of the display screen. Setting the Units of Measurement (BASIC-REGIONAL-UNITS) Step 1: Activate the REGIONAL submenu (located in the Basic Menu) by pressing u below it. Step 2: Press v next to the selection titled UNITS. continue pressing v or turn the function knob. press v one more time. the hours character is highlighted. Step 2: Press v next to the selection titled TIME. turn the function knob while the desired character is highlighted. the minutes character is highlighted.

Setup and Calibration of the USN 58

Initial Instrument Setup

A Attention:
Measurement data stored in the on-board data recorder is automatically converted each time the unit of measure is changed. Numerous changes may slightly alter stored readings due to cumulative conversion errors. If frequent changes are necessary, important data should be protected by printing or transferring it to a PC.

Step 2: Press v next to the selection titled BRIGHTNESS. Select high or low (58R) or from levels 1 to 20 (58L). Step 3: To change the brightness level, continue pressing v or turn the function knob. Step 4: The display brightness will remain at the level last displayed.

2.1.2 Display Appearance
Use the procedures (which vary depending on instrument model) in this section to adjust display appearance. The adjustments will require access to the DISPLAY and CONFIG submenus, which are each accessed from the Basic Menu (shown in Figure 2-1).

Selecting a Display Grid (BASIC-DISPLAY-GRID)
Step 1: Activate the DISPLAY submenu (located in the Basic Menu) by pressing u below it. Three functions will appear down the right side of the display screen. Step 2: Press v next to the selection titled GRID. Step 3: To change the grid type, continue pressing or turn the function knob. Each grid style is shown in the display screen’s A-Scan window as it is selected. You’ll note that the following styles are available:
• GRID 1—Five major horizontal and vertical divisions.
Krautkramer USN 58 Series

Setting the Display Brightness (BASIC-DISPLAY-BRIGHTNES)
Step 1: Activate the DISPLAY submenu (located in the Basic Menu) by pressing u below it. Functions will appear down the right side of the display screen.

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Issue 04, 05/04

Initial Instrument Setup

Setup and Calibration of the USN 58
Note that the display BRIGHTNESS will automatically be set to LOW when operating in REVERSE VIDEO mode (HIGH is not available).

• GRID 2—Ten major horizontal and vertical divisions. • OFF—No on-screen grid. Only display-edge marks are visible.

Step 4: The grid style will be set to the last one displayed.

Setting the Display Color–58L (BASIC-DISPLAY-COLOR)
Step 1: Activate the DISPLAY submenu (located in the Basic Menu) by pressing below it. Four functions will appear down the right side of the display screen. Step 2: Press next to the selection titled COLOR. There are four preset color schemes. Step 3: To change the display’s color scheme, continue pressing or turn the function knob. Step 4: The display color will remain at the scheme last displayed.
H Note: All USN 58L color schemes are recommended for indoor operation while schemes 3 and 4 are best suited for outdoor operation.
2-7

Selecting Reverse Video Mode–58R (BASIC-DISPLAY-REVERSE VIDEO)
The USN 58R’s display screen normally shows the A-Scan trace in orange against a black background. To improve visibility in some outdoor lighting conditions, the REVERSE VIDEO feature changes the display to show a black A-Scan trace against an orange background. To select REVERSE VIDEO mode:

Step 1: Activate the DISPLAY submenu. Step 2: Press v next to the REVERSE VIDEO function. Step 3: Continue pressing v or turn the function knob to choose viewing mode.

Krautkramer USN 58 Series

Issue 04, 05/04

Setup and Calibration of the USN 58

Installing a Probe

Setting the A-Scan Color–58L (BASIC-DISPLAY-ASCAN COLOR)
Step 1: Activate the DISPLAY submenu (located in the below it. Four functions Basic Menu) by pressing will appear down the right side of the display screen. Step 2: Press next to the selection titled ASCAN COLOR. There are eight A-Scan color options. Step 3: To change the A-Scan’s color, continue pressor turn the function knob. ing Step 4: The A-Scan echo will remain the color last displayed.

• HOLLOW—Only the A-Scan’s outline appears on the display screen. • FILLED—A solid A-Scan appears on the display. • SMART HOLLOW—Displays intensity variations along a hollow waveform. (Refer to section 6.3) • SMART FILLED—Displays intensity variations along a solid waveform. (Refer to section 6.3)

Step 3: To change the A-Scan’s style, continue pressing v or turn the function knob.

2.2 Installing a Probe
2.2.1 Connecting a Probe
When connecting a probe to the instrument, it’s not only important that the probe’s physical connection be properly made. It’s also important that the instrument is properly configured to work with the installed probe. The USN 58 will operate with one or two single-element probes or with a dual-element probe.

Setting the A-Scan Style (BASIC-CONFIG-ASCAN MODE)
Step 1: Activate the CONFIG submenu (located in the Basic Menu) by pressing u below it. Four functions will appear down the right side of the display screen. Step 2: Press v next to the selection titled ASCAN MODE. The following are available:
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Issue 04, 05/04

Krautkramer USN 58 Series

Installing a Probe

Setup and Calibration of the USN 58
Bar (near the upper right corner of the display) whenever that probe type is indicated. The following types are available: • ON—For dual-element probes • OFF—For single-element probes • THROUGH—For two single-element probes used on opposing surfaces of the test piece

To install a single-element probe, connect the probe cable to either of the two ports on the front of the instrument (Figure 2-2). When two probes, or a dualelement probe is connected to the instrument, install the “RECEIVE” probe connector in the top port and the “TRANSMIT” connector in the bottom port.

2.2.2 Configuring the Instrument to Match the Probe Type
Three instrument settings depend directly on the type of probe installed. Adjust these settings any time a different type of probe is installed.

Step 4: The probe type will be set to the last one displayed.

Selecting Probe Type (PLSRCVR-RECEIVER-DUAL)
Step 1: Activate the RECEIVER submenu (located in the Plsrcvr Menu) by pressing u below it. Step 2: Press v next to the selection titled DUAL. Step 3: To change the probe type, continue pressing v or turn the function knob. Each available probe type is represented by an icon that’s displayed in the Icon
Krautkramer USN 58 Series

Specifying the Probe Frequency (PLSRCVR-RECEIVER-FREQUENCY)
Step 1: Activate the RECEIVER submenu (located in the Plsrcvr Menu) by pressing u below it. Step 2: Press v next to the selection titled FREQUENCY. Step 3: To change the specified frequency, continue pressing v or turn the function knob. You’ll note that the following frequency settings are available:

Issue 04, 05/04

2-9

05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series .Setup and Calibration of the USN 58 Installing a Probe FIGURE 2-2—Probe Attachment Locations 2-10 Issue 04.

25. the A-Scan displayscreen range (the material thickness value represented by the full horizontal width of the screen) will normally be set to a value equal to or slightly larger than the thicker calibrated standard (Figure 2-4). continue Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. You’ll note that the following damping levels are available: • 50. 2. Step 2: Press v next to the selection titled DAMPING. 75. 150. Step 3: To change the specified damping level and optimize the A-Scan signal appearance. 2. of different thickness. Prior to calibrating the instrument/probe combination.3. 10. 5.25-2.25 MHz LP—Select to utilize a built-in lowpass (LP) filter with probes in the specified range • 10-25 MHz HP—Select to utilize a built-in high-pass (HP) filter with probes in the specified range • 2-25 MHz BB—Select to utilize a built-in broad-band (BB) filter with probes in the specified range Step 4: The damping level will be set to the one last displayed. 15 MHz—Set to match conventional probe frequencies • . 05/04 2-11 . made of the same material as the test piece.Adjusting the A-Scan Setup and Calibration of the USN 58 pressing v or turn the function knob. Step 4: The probe frequency level will be set to the last one displayed. Modifying the Signal Ratio to Noise by Changing the Damping Level (PLSRCVR-PULSER-DAMPING) Step 1: Activate the PULSER submenu (located in the Plsrcvr Menu) by pressing u below it. 4.1 Setting the A-Scan Range Calibration requires the use of two calibrated standards. 2.3 Adjusting the A-Scan 2. 500 Ω (see Figure 2-3) • 1.

Setup and Calibration of the USN 58 Adjusting the A-Scan FIGURE 2-3—Typical Effects of Damping Changes 2-12 Issue 04. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series .

Adjusting the A-Scan Setup and Calibration of the USN 58 FIGURE 2-4—Effect of A-Scan Range Adjustment Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. 05/04 2-13 .

This function is used to set the USN 58’s viewing window.2 Setting the Display Delay The display delay function shifts the displayed A-Scan to the left or right. 2. Four functions will appear down the right side of the display screen.3.3 Defining the Display Starting Point The display starting point is the reference from which all display features are set. Step 3: To change the range turn the function knob. Step 4: The display’s horizontal range will remain as set. Four functions will appear down the right side of the display screen. Step 2: Press v next to the selection titled RANGE. Four functions will appear down the right side of the display screen. To set the display delay 2-14 Issue 04. Step 1: Activate the BASIC Menu (located in the HOME Menu) by pressing u below it. Step 2: Select the CONFIG submenu by pressing u below it. Step 2: Press v next to the selection titled DISPLAY DELAY. You’ll note that the range can vary from 0. Step 1: Activate the Home Menu by pressing h. turning the function knob will change the value by smaller amounts. Coarse and fine modes are selected by pressing v more than once. Step 3: To change the display delay turn the function knob. 2. This function is set to IP in the Base-Model instrument. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . When “range” appears in all lower-case letters.040 to 480 inches. You’ll note that RANGE has both coarse and fine adjustment modes. turning the function knob will produce large changes in the range value.3. You’ll note that the displayed echoes shift to the left or right. When “RANGE” appears in all capital letters. including DISPLAY START.Setup and Calibration of the USN 58 Adjusting the A-Scan Setting The A-Scan Range Step 1: Activate the Home Menu by pressing h.

2-15 Issue 04. the Pulser can be fired by an external source.3. To set the PRF mode and frequency level Step 1: Activate the PLSRCVR Menu (located in the HOME Menu) by pressing u below it.7 and 2. Note the XT icon will appear when the instrument is fired externally. press v next to the function titled PRF VALUE. Step 2: Select the PRF submenu by pressing u below it. (This option is not available if a SQUARE (58L only) pulser type is selected. 05/04 . Note that if an unacceptable external firing command is received. while prohibiting Krautkramer USN 58 Series Step 4: To manually set the Pulser Repetition Frequency. Two functions will appear down the right side of the display screen.Adjusting the A-Scan Setup and Calibration of the USN 58 faulty settings. The automatically calculated value (if PRF MODE is set to AUTOHIGH or AUTOLOW) will be displayed in the function box. If PRF MODE is set to MANUAL. Step 3: Press v next to the function titled PRF MODE. You’ll note that there are four options: • AUTOHIGH—The instrument calculates and sets a pulser firing rate at 75% of the maximum frequency possible based on range and material velocity • AUTOLOW—The instrument calculates and sets a pulser firing rate at 25% of the maximum frequency possible based on range and material velocity • MANUAL—Allows the user to set the pulser frequency from 15 to 2000 Hz.8). This feature acts to limit signal dissipation.4 Adjusting the Pulser Repetition Frequency (PRF) The Pulser fires at a frequency which can either be set automatically or manually.3. • EXTERNAL—Allows an external device to signal the pulser firing (Chapter 7). or to view the automatically calculated frequency. H Note: The PRF VALUE setting (58L only) may be automatically limited based on the user-selected pulser voltage and width settings (sections 2. Alternatively.) 2.3. you must now adjust the PRF VALUE by turning the function knob. Unacceptable PRF settings will cause a display prompt to appear. the XT icon will be displayed.

In Figure 2-5. Note that when RF rectification is selected. The A-scan represents the sound pulse (echo) that’s returned from the material being tested to the instrument. it’s displayed in the same orientation as a positive component. The series of echoes looks like the Radio Frequency (RF) signal that’s shown in Figure 2-5. This is only to simplify viewing. note that even though it’s the negative half of the RF signal.5 Selecting a Rectification Mode Rectification effects the orientation of the A-scan on the display screen. the A-Gate and B-Gate can be positioned above or below the axis. 2-16 Issue 04. and a positive component above the axis. the A-gate and B-gate can be positioned either above or below the axis. Note that the RF signal has a negative component below the axis. Negative Half Rectification means that only the bottom (negative) half of the RF signal is displayed.Setup and Calibration of the USN 58 Adjusting the A-Scan 2. In RF mode. Positive Half Rectification means that only the upper (positive) half of the RF signal is displayed. FIGURE 2-5—Rectification controls how much of the returned sound pulse appears on the display screen. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . to be triggered by a positive-heading echo or a negativeheading echo.3.

6 Selecting the Pulser Type Pulser shape is generally selected based on penetration requirements and/or test standard specifications. To select a pulser type: Step 1: Activate the PLSRCVR Menu (located in the HOME Menu) by pressing u below it. Available types include square (58L only) and spike. Step 4: Select the rectification method.3. 05/04 . Step 2: Select the PULSER submenu. Four functions will appear down the right side of the display screen. the EXTERNAL PRF MODE setting is disabled (Section 2. You’ll note that there are four options: • NEG HALFWAVE—Shows the negative component of the RF signal but displays it in a positive orientation • POS HALFWAVE—Shows the positive component of the RF signal • FULLWAVE—Shows the positive and negative halves of the RF wave. but both are oriented in the positive direction Krautkramer USN 58 Series Step 1: Activate The PLSRCVR Menu. Use the following procedure to select a rectification mode 2. 2-17 Issue 04. and displays both of them in a positive orientation (Figure 2-5). When SQUARE type pulse is selected (58L only). Step 3: Press v next to the function titled RECTIFY (Figure 2-5).3. Select SQUARE (58L only) or SPIKE. H Note: When a SPIKE type pulse is selected. Full-Wave Rectification combines the positive and negative rectified signals together.Adjusting the A-Scan Setup and Calibration of the USN 58 • RF—Shows the echo with no rectification The signal displayed in the view identified as Negative Reactance is the negative component of the RF signal.3. Step 3: Press v next to the function titled PULSER TYPE.7 and 2.8) are disabled. Step 2: Select the RECEIVER submenu by pressing u below it.4).3. the pulser VOLTAGE and WIDTH functions (sections 2.

Step 3: If a SPIKE pulser type is selected.8) are disabled.3. if a 2. To set the pulser voltage or energy level: 2. If a SQUARE type is selected (58L only). the pulser VOLTAGE and WIDTH functions (sections 2. Step 2: Select the PULSER submenu by pressing u below it. H Note: When a SPIKE type pulse is selected. 2-18 Step 1: Activate The PLSRCVR Menu.3. Step 2: Select the PULSER submenu. which are only available in the 58L) generally varies from 50 to 1000 nanoseconds. A recommended starting point from which the width setting can be adjusted is found by the following equation: Nominal width in nanoseconds = 109 ÷ (2 x probe frequency in Hz) For example. the equation becomes: Nominal width in nanoseconds = 109 ÷ (2 x 2. 05/04 .7 Setting the Pulser VOLTAGE or ENERGY Level The relative energy with which the pulser fires is adjusted by changing the ENERGY setting (for SPIKE pulser types) or pulser voltage and width settings (for SQUARE pulser types. which is only available in the 58L).Setup and Calibration of the USN 58 Adjusting the A-Scan 2.3. Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. Set a voltage level between 50 and 450 volts by turning the function knob.8 Selecting the Pulser Width (SQUARE Pulser Types only) (USN 58L) The pulser width (for square pulse types. Change the value by turning the function knob. Step 3: Press next to he function titled WIDTH.25 x 106) = 222 nanoseconds To set a pulser width: Step 1: Activate the PLSRCVR Menu (located in the HOME Menu) by pressing u below it. set the ENERGY level to HIGH or LOW.25 MHz probe is used. press v next to the function titled VOLTAGE.7 and 2.3.

3. • TCG—Turned OFF 2. Step 2: Select the RECEIVER submenu by pressing u below it. This feature acts to limit signal dissipation.3. H Note: The pulser voltage and width settings may be automatically limited based on the user-selected PRF VALUE setting (section 2.Calibrating the Instrument Setup and Calibration of the USN 58 REJECT is set to a value greater then 0%. be sure that the following conditions are met before launching the calibration function: • Probe installed • Dual (Receiver) setting must match probe • Set the material type • Recommended that PROBE DELAY and DISPLAY DELAY be set to 0 • PRF set to AUTOHIGH or AUTOLOW. You may omit A-Scans up to 80% of the screen height. 05/04 2-19 .9 Setting the A-Scan REJECT Level A portion of the A-Scan can be omitted from the display screen. the will appear in the status bar. 2. Whenever Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. Step 3: Press v next to the function titled REJECT.4 Calibrating the Instrument 2. To omit a portion of the A-Scan.4). you must define the percentage of full-screen height you wish to omit. Step 4: To change the amount of A-Scan you wish to omit from the display screen (as a percentage of screen height) turn the function knob. To set a reject percentage Step 1: Activate the PLSRCVR menu (located in the HOME Menu) by pressing u below it.4.1 Pre-calibration Check List To improve the accuracy and quality of your calibration.

Step 3: Press v next to the selection titled S-REF2 and turn the function knob until the value of S-REF2 matches the thickness of the thicker calibration standard. The USN 60 will automatically calculate the material’s velocity and the probe delay.Setup and Calibration of the USN 58 • Master Lock—Turned OFF • Recommended that REJECT be set to 0. The value in the function box will change from “S-REF2 ?” to “OFF”. Turn the function knob (this will shift the starting point of the A-Gate) until the AGate lies over the echo corresponding to the thicker standard’s thickness (Figure 2-6). press v next to RECORD again.4. activate the Autocal Menu by pressing u below it. The value in the function box will change from “OFF” to “S-REF1?”. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . The value in the function box will now read “S-REF2 ?”. Press v next to the 2-20 selection titled A START. While maintaining the signal in the A-Gate. Turn the function knob (this will shift the starting point of the A-Gate) until the AGate lies over the echo corresponding to the thinner standard’s thickness (Figure 2-6). Step 4: Apply couplant and couple the probe to the thinner calibration standard. Adjusting the A-Scan 2. Issue 04. Step 7: Press v next to the selection titled RECORD. Step 2: Press v next to the selection titled S-REF1 and turn the function knob until the value of S-REF1 matches the thickness of the thinner calibration standard. The SETUP submenu will be highlighted and four functions will appear down the right side of the display screen.2 Using AUTOCAL to Calibrate USN 58 Series Instruments (Read the following while reviewing Figure 2-6) Step 1: From the Home Menu. Step 6: Apply couplant and couple the probe to the thicker calibration standard. Step 5: Press v next to the selection titled RECORD. Press v next to the selection titled A START.

05/04 2-21 .Calibrating the Instrument Setup and Calibration of the USN 58 FIGURE 2-6—Auto Calibration Procedures Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04.

Setup and Calibration of the USN 58 Calibrating the Instrument Checking Calibration Results Following the calibration procedure. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . the calculated acoustical velocity and probe delay are displayed. This represents the time delay caused by sound-wave travel through a probe’s membrane. To view these calculated values: Step 1: Access the Autocal Menu (located in the Home Menu) or Range submenu (located in the Basic Menu). wear plate. • PROBE DELAY—Adjustment made as a result of the AUTOCAL (zeroing) procedure. or delay line. Step 2: You’ll find these selections: • VELOCITY—Display’s the calculated velocity after calibration. 2-22 Issue 04.

05/04 3-1 .Configuring Your Instrument for Measurement 3 Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04.

5) • Setting the amplitude measurement units for each gate (section 3. Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04.7) 3. and TTL outputs (section 3.6) • Select the maximum and minimum materialthickness limits (section 3.2) • Specify the action taken by the FREEZE MODE (section 3.1.Configuring Your Instrument for Measurement This chapter explains how to configure your instrument’s flaw detection and thickness measurement capabilities. you’ll learn how to • Adjust the A and B-Gates.3) • Setting and clearing TTL Outputs and Alarms (sections 3. activate the Gates Menu by pressing u below it. alarms.6) • Lock the instrument to prevent further adjustment of settings (section 3.1.4) 3-2 Configuring the A and B-Gates • Identify which measured data to display in the four RESULTS boxes (section 3. In this chapter. From the Home Menu.5) • Saving the instrument’s settings as a data set (section 3. but also the alarms and other features activated when an A-Scan signal crosses a specific gate.3) • Configure the instrument for use of ANGLE BEAM probes (section 3.1.2) • Specify the action taken by the MAGNIFY MODE (section 3.1 Configuring the A and B-Gates Setting the position and characteristics of the A and B-Gates is the first step to configuring the USN 58 for flaw detecting or material-thickness measurement.1) • Choose a GATE-DETECTION MODE (peak or flank) (section 3.4 and 3. Those submenus shown as gray boxes in the figure are discussed in this manual section. The GATES menu controls not only the location of the A and B-Gates.1. 05/04 . The submenus and functions available in the Gates Menu are shown in Figure 3-1.1.

Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. 05/04 3-3 .Configuring the A and B-Gates Configuring Your Instrument for Measurement FIGURE 3-1—The Gates Menu allows the user to position and otherwise configure the instrument’s gates.

Configuring Your Instrument for Measurement Configuring the A and B-Gates 3. Note that the A-Gate is always displayed as a heavier line than the B-Gate or optional IF Gate. Step 3: Select the GATE START function and adjust the starting point by turning the Function Knob.1 Positioning Gates Use the following procedures to set the vertical and horizontal position of the A and B-Gates. even when width adjustments are made. moving a gate to the right means that the gate is evaluating a deeper portion of the test material • A wider gate will simply span the equivalent of more test-material depth • Increasing the vertical height (called threshold) of a gate means that only reflected signals of sufficiently large amplitude will cross the gate Setting a Gate’s Starting Point (GATES-POSITION-GATE START) Step 1: Activate the POSITION submenu (located in the GATES Menu). respectively. Step 2: Select the gate to be positioned (A and BGates in the base model USN 58) using the GATE SELECT function.1. Therefore. Gate B’s GATE START position is measured from Gate A’s starting point. The color of function-block values matches the color of the corresponding gate. 05/04 . This facilitates multi-echo Krautkramer USN 58 Series 3-4 Issue 04. H Note: The position of Gate B can be linked to Gate A’s starting point (using the START MODE function located in the GATEMODE submenu). Step 4: The gate starting point will remain as set. In this case. The effect of each gate-positioning function is shown in Figure 3-2. Increasing and decreasing the value of the starting point moves the gate to the right and left. Remember that gate position has the following effects on instrument performance: • A-Scan echos on the right side of the display screen represent features that occur at a greater depth from the test-material surface than those on the left of the display screen.

Configuring the A and B-Gates Configuring Your Instrument for Measurement FIGURE 3-2—Gate position and width can be adjusted as shown here. Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. 05/04 3-5 .

Step 3: Select the GATE THRESHOLD function and adjust the vertical height by turning the Function Knob.2 Selecting the Gate Detection Method A-Scan signals crossing the A or B-Gate are evaluated for the purposes of flaw detection and materialthickness evaluation. or the maximum point (peak) of the signal (in the specific gate) is used for evaluation purposes. See section 3.Configuring Your Instrument for Measurement measurement. When the signal crosses the A or B-Gate. Step 3: Select the GATE WIDTH function and adjust by turning the Function Knob. Setting the A-Scan Signal-Detection Method Step 1: Activate the GATE MODE submenu (located in the GATES Menu). Step 2: Select the gate to be positioned using the GATE SELECT function. 3-6 Issue 04. See Figure 3-3.1. The DETECTION function allows the user to specify which A-Scan feature (FLANK or PEAK) is used to evaluate the signal in each gate. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series .5 to display the gate-togate thickness measurement. respectively. Setting a Gate’s Threshold (Vertical Position) (GATES-POSITION-GATE THRESHOLD) Step 1: Activate the POSITION submenu. SBA. 3. Adjusting a Gate’s Width (GATES-POSITION-GATE WIDTH) Step 1: Activate the POSITION submenu. Step 2: Select the gate to be positioned (A and B-Gates in the base model USN 58) using the GATE SELECT function. Configuring the A and B-Gates Increasing and decreasing the value of the threshold moves the gate up and down. either the gate-crossing point (flank) of the signal. Step 2: Select the gate to be positioned using the GATE SELECT function.

Configuring the A and B-Gates Configuring Your Instrument for Measurement FIGURE 3-3—Setting Gate Detection Mode Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. 05/04 3-7 .

and in the options offered in the READING 1 through 4 function boxes (see Figure 3-3) Configuring the A and B-Gates that’s displayed in the specified gate. This can also be accomplished when the Test Menu (X) is selected by pressing u below the MAGNIFY selection. Note that the detection method chosen will be reflected by a small icon. 3. The width of the magnified gate determines the level of magnification since the display is magnified until the gate width equals the full-screen width. Step 2: Select the MAGNIFY GATE function and specify the desired gate. pressing H enlarges the displayed portion of the A-Scan contained in the specified gate.1. To specify the magnified gate: Step 1: Activate the GATEMODE submenu. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . Pressing u below the MAGNIFY selection (found in the Test Menu) magnifies the portion of the A-Scan 3. Any of the available gates may be specified.4 Setting Gate Alarms and TTL Outputs An alarm can be set for each gate. This icon is displayed in the display box containing the measured reading.1. one or more of the following will occur: • An alarm indication light on the front of the instrument will illuminate • An audible alarm (HORN) will sound • A TTL alarm signal will be output 3-8 Issue 04.3 Selecting the Gate to be Magnified Whenever an A-Scan is active. The display will contain the magnified view until H is pressed again or MAGNIFY is again selected with the u key. When a gate alarm is activated.Configuring Your Instrument for Measurement Step 3: Select the DETECTION function and choose between FLANK and PEAK methods.

Each light corresponds to a TTL Output. Step 1: Activate the ALARMS submenu (in the GATES Menu). or a limit is violated. Step 2: Select the gate whose logic you wish to specify. an audible horn will sound. Step 3: Select the LOGIC function and choose the gate-alarm triggering logic: • POSITIVE—An A-Scan signal crosses the gate • NEGATIVE—No A-Scan signal crosses the gate • MEASURE—An A-Scan signal crosses the gate but. Step 2: Select the HORN function and turn the audible alarm ON or OFF. which is in-turn assigned to a gate alarm or a user-inputted minimum or maximum material thickness limit. the corresponding TTL is activated. These lights are labeled 1.2.Configuring the A and B-Gates Configuring Your Instrument for Measurement Defining Gate-Alarm Logic (GATES-ALARMS-LOGIC) Each gate’s alarm can be triggered under one of two circumstances. in this mode no warning light illuminates • OFF—No alarm will be connected to the selected gate Krautkramer USN 58 Series Assigning TTL Outputs / Alarm Indication Lights to Gates and/or Limits (GATES-TTL OUT-TTL #1.3) Three warning lights appear on the front of the instrument (see Figure 1-2 for light location). 05/04 . Use the following procedure to turn this horn off or on: Step 1: Activate the ALARMS submenu (in the GATES Menu). 3. Use the following procedure to specify GATE LOGIC settings: Turning the Audible Alarm On or Off (GATES-ALARMS-HORN) When any gate’s alarm is triggered. This produces a TTL output signal to be sent to the 3-9 Issue 04. When a gate alarm is triggered. 2. Gate alarms can be set to trigger when an A-Scan echo crosses the gate or when no echo crosses the gate.

Configuring Your Instrument for Measurement REAL TIME I/O port and causes the matching warning light to illuminate (except when the GATE LOGIC is set to MEASURE). Step 2: Select the TTL (#1. (see section 7. the warning may remain set only as long as the alarm condition exists. Step 2: Assign the MODE function to one of the following selections: 3-10 Issue 04. Step 3: Assign each TTL value to one of the following selections: • A-GATE-selected TTL and alarm light indicate when A-Gate’s alarm triggers • B-GATE-selected TTL and alarm light indicate when B-Gate’s alarm triggers • LOW LIMIT-selected TTL and alarm light indicate when material thickness (displayed in the large reading box) is less than the low limit setting 3.2) Use the following procedure to assign each TTL to a gate alarm or limit: Configuring the A and B-Gates • HIGH LIMIT-selected TTL and matched alarm light indicate when material thickness (displayed in the large reading box) is greater than the high limit setting • OFF-selected TTL and alarm indication light will not function Step 1: Activate the TTL OUT submenu (in the GATES Menu). Use the following procedure to adjust the TTL Output Mode: Step 1: Activate the TTL OUT submenu (in the GATES Menu).1. or the alarm may continue to be active for some longer period of time. Note that these TTL outputs (as well as all Analog outputs) can also be delayed to facilitate data sequencing.5 Clearing TTL Outputs and/or Warning Lights (GATES-TTL OUT-MODE) When a TTL output and the corresponding alarm indication light are activated. 2. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . or 3) you wish to assign.

Alarm sounds for as long as the alarm condition exists • TIMED—Warning triggered when on the first instrument cycle in which a violation exists. To select the amplitude units of measurement 3.3 to operate in dB REF mode).6 Setting the Units of Amplitude Measurement Amplitude values can be expressed in terms of percentage of screen height (for the highest echo in the reference gate) or in terms of the dB difference between the echo’s peak and the gate’s threshold level. Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. 3.Setting the Minimum and Maximum Material-Thickness Limits Configuring Your Instrument for Measurement Step 3: Select the AMPLITUDE function by pressing v next to it.1. Step 4: The AMPLITUDE function selection will effect the list of available reading values listed in section 3. You’ll note these two choices: • % Screen Height • dB Threshold—displays amplitude reading as a dB difference between the echo’s peak and the gate threshold (dBtA. Warning continues to signal for 0. or 2 seconds after the first cycle in which the alarm condition no long exists • LATCHED—Warning signals until reset by either selecting ALRM RST (in the Test Menu) or by an external reset via the REAL TIME I/O port.1.4 for setting alarms). 05/04 3-11 . . Step 2: Activate the GAIN submenu by pressing u.2 Setting the Minimum and Maximum Material-Thickness Limits The user can specify minimum and maximum expected material-thickness limits.25. or between the echo and the reference echo when operating in dB REF mode (dBrA . Depending on the alarm configuration (see 3. an alarm can be triggered anytime a detected thickness violates these limits. • INSTANTANEOUS—One warning signal is tripped for each instrument cycle.see section 4. 1. Step 1: Activate the PLSRCR menu by pressing u.5.5.

Step 4: Select the LOW LIMIT function and input the value of the minimum material thickness. (See following NOTE regarding Behind the Freeze Mode) Krautkramer USN 58 Series 3.1. There are four freeze configurations. Selecting the Freeze-Mode Action (BASIC-OPTIONS-FREEZE MODE) Pressing W freezes the currently displayed A-Scan. Step 3: Select the HIGH LIMIT function and input the value of the maximum material thickness. an alarm and TTL output can be triggered (See 3. The active A-Scan will remain as it 3-12 Issue 04. Step 2: Activate the LIMITS submenu.4 for setting alarms). Step 3: Select the FREEZE MODE function and choose from the following selections: • ALL—Freezes the currently active A-Scan. 05/04 . pressing W freezes the A-Scan display.Configuring Your Instrument for Measurement Setting the Freeze-Mode Action Setting the Minimum and Maximum Thickness Limits (GATES-LIMITS-HIGH OR LOW LIMIT) The user can specify minimum and maximum materialthickness limits. Anytime a measured material thickness (displayed in the large reading box) violates these limits. To set the expected minimum and maximum material thickness: appeared when W was pressed and the display will remain frozen until W is pressed again.3 Setting the Freeze-Mode Action Whenever an A-Scan is active. Step 1: Activate the GATES menu. Step 2: Activate the OPTIONS submenu. There are several frozen-display configurations that allow subsequent A-Scans to be displayed and evaluated against the frozen A-Scan. as shown in Figure 3-4. The configuration of the frozen display is determined by the FREEZE MODE setting. To select the desired configuration of the frozen A-Scan display: Step 1: Activate the BASIC menu. No additional A-Scans are displayed until the display is unfrozen.

Setting the Freeze-Mode Action Configuring Your Instrument for Measurement FIGURE 3-4—Four different freeze modes are available to allow for alternative viewing of frozen and active A-Scans. 05/04 3-13 . Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04.

the points in the Frozen A-Scan are automatically replaced by live readings at . 05/04 . . • 58L ENVELOPE (PEAK.4 Using Angle Beam Probes and the TRIG Menu When connecting an angle beam probe to the instrument. Frozen A-Scan is cleared by selecting an alternative FREEZE MODE • PEAK STD—The frozen A-Scan is displayed and adjusted to match subsequent echoes whenever higher-amplitude echoes are measured. These features are shown in Figure 3-5 and include • Probe Angle Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. Depending on the ENVELOPE mode (. When Envelope PEAK is selected. subsequent live echoes are also displayed in the selected A-Scan color. In this mode (which is illustrated in section 4. 3. 2S)—The frozen A-Scan is displayed and adjusted (just as in PEAK STD) except that the frozen A-Scan persists for the specified time. Each displayed point remains until another of greater amplitude occurs. as well as the gate start. 1. This has the effect of “building” onto the frozen A-Scan whenever a higher-amplitude echo is encountered. adjustments must be made for probe characteristics as well as test-piece geometry. each point remains until another 3-14 Using Angle Beam Probes and the TRIG Menu of greater amplitude occurs. (Simultaneously.5S. 1S. • 58R ENVELOPE PEAK—The frozen A-Scan is displayed and adjusted (just as in PEAK STD mode). or 2 second intervals.5. subsequent live echoes are also displayed. Adjusting these settings will cause the related measurements to change. 2S) selected. 1S.) H Note: Behind the Freeze Mode is a special feature which allows for limited dynamic time-base adjustment of frozen echoes. width.9) the A-Scan display delay and range. Simultaneously.Configuring Your Instrument for Measurement • COMPARE—Freezes the currently active A-Scan on the display screen (which is displayed in an alternate color in the 58L) then displays subsequent live A-Scans. This mode is only available when FREEZE MODE is set to ALL. and threshold can all be adjusted after an A-Scan is frozen.5S.

FIGURE 3-5—Angle Beam Flaw Detection Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. Step 2: Select the PROBE ANGLE function and input the angle for the probe you’ve installed. press h then select NEXT two times by pressing u.1 Setting Angle Beam Probe Characteristics To configure the instrument for an angle-beam probe.4. To access the TRIG menu.Using Angle Beam Probes and the TRIG Menu Configuring Your Instrument for Measurement • Probe’s X value (distance from the probe’s Beam Index Point (BIP) to the front edge of its wedge. 05/04 3-15 . including • Material Thickness • Outside Diameter for Curved Test Pieces (set to infinity for flat test pieces) 3. Step 3: Select the THICKNESS function and input the thickness of the test piece. follow this procedure Step 1: Activate the Setup submenu located in the TRIG menu.) Certain test-piece features must also be input when conducting angle beam probe measurements.

the d will appear in the icon bar near the top right-hand corner of the instrument display. Also. Parameters available for display include the following (availability depends on instrument configuration and operating mode): • A%A—Amplitude (as a % of full-screen height) of the highest echo to cross A-Gate • A%B—Amplitude (as a % of full-screen height) of the highest echo to cross B-Gate 3. When desired. Setting the COLOR LEG function (located in the COLORING submenu of the TRIG menu) to either ASCAN or GRID will cause each ultrasonic leg to be displayed in a unique color. note that when O-DIAMETER is set to any value other then FLAT. can be visually indicated on the instrument display using color. this compensates for the distance from the BIP to the front of the probe’s wedge.5 Displaying Measured Readings The USN 58 is capable of displaying up to four measured readings at one time. 3-16 Issue 04.2 Indicating Leg with Color (58L) The leg in which a reflector is encountered. Note that this value should be set to FLAT when evaluating flat (non-curved) test pieces. If the defined geometry is outside of the instrument’s curved testpiece capability. the d will be displayed. and not the background) the following requirements must be met before the COLOR LEG function will operate: • Start mode of Gates A and B must be set to IP • Display Start mode must be set to IP • Freeze mode must be set to ALL or PEAK • A-Scan Enhance must be set to NONE or BASELINE BREAK 3.4. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . Displaying Measured Readings When set to A-SCAN (meaning the leg-indicating color is applied to the A-Scan itself. Step 5: Select the O-DIAMETER function and input the outside diameter of a curved test piece (when using angle beam probes only).Configuring Your Instrument for Measurement Step 4: Select the X VALUE function and input the user-determined X value for the probe. as identified in Figure 3-5.

(available when AMPLITUDE is set to dB THRESHOLD) • dBtB—dB difference between the height of B-Gate and the height of the highest echo in B-Gate. or R readings are displayed. 05/04 3-17 . (available when AMPLITUDE is set to dB THRESHOLD and dB REF is ON) Note that when S. the Gate-Detection Mode (3.1.2) setting for the referenced gate (A or B) is indicated by a ^ (Peak Mode) or a / (Flank Mode). (see Figure 3-5) • DB—Material-thickness depth from the test-piece surface (the probe-contacted side) to the reflector represented by the echo in B-Gate. (available when AMPLITUDE is set to dB THRESHOLD and dB REF is ON) • dBrB—dB difference between the reference echo and the height of the highest echo in B-Gate. D. P. Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. • PA—Projection distance from the probe’s BIP to the reflector represented by the echo in A-Gate. Reading is only available if B-Gate and A-Gate are on. (see Figure 3-5) • dBtA—dB difference between the height of A-Gate and the height of the highest echo in A-Gate. (available when AMPLITUDE is set to dB THRESHOLD) • dBrA—dB difference between the reference echo the height of the highest echo in A-Gate. (see Figure 3-5) • DBA—Material-thickness depth from the reflector represented by the echo in A-Gate to the one represented by the echo in B-Gate. • DA—Material-thickness depth from the test-piece surface (the probe-contacted side) to the reflector represented by the echo in A-Gate.Displaying Measured Readings Configuring Your Instrument for Measurement • SA—Sound-Path distance or duration represented by the highest echo to cross A-Gate • SB—Sound-Path distance or duration represented by the highest echo to cross B-Gate • SBA—Sound-Path distance or duration from the highest echo in A-Gate to the echo in B-Gate.

2 to select detection methods. (see Figure 3-5) 3-18 Displaying Measured Readings • LBA—Indicates the number of legs between the reflector represented by the echo in A-Gate and the one represented by the echo in B-Gate. the detection method selected for that gate is indicated with a ^ (representing PEAK) or / (representing FLANK). Four “small” reading boxes can each contain one of four measured Issue 04. the result displayed in one of the four small boxes can be shown in the large reading box (see Figure 3-6). (see Figure 3-5) • RBA—Projection distance from the reflector represented by the echo in A-Gate to the one represented by the echo in B-Gate. (see Figure 3-5) • RB—Projection distance from the probe’s BIP to the reflector represented by the echo in B-Gate. In addition.1. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . The four measured readings can be displayed in any of the four small reading boxes at the top of the display screen. • RA—Projection distance from the probe’s BIP to the reflector represented by the echo in A-Gate. Assigning Measured Readings to the Displayed Reading Boxes (BASIC-RESULTS-READING #) The display includes a total of five boxes where measured values can be displayed. minus the inputted X-VALUE. (see Figure 3-5) • PBA—Projection distance from the reflector represented by the echo in A-Gate to the one represented by the echo in B-Gate. See 3. • LA—Leg Indicator identifies on which leg the reflector represented by the echo in A-Gate was detected (Legs 1 through 5). • OFF—No reading will be displayed in the reading box. Also note that when time or thickness readings are displayed.Configuring Your Instrument for Measurement • PB—Projection distance from the probe’s BIP to the reflector represented by the echo in B-Gate. minus the inputted X-VALUE. (see Figure 3-5) • LB—Leg Indicator identifies on which leg the reflector represented by the echo in B-Gate was detected (Legs 1 through 5). minus the inputted X-VALUE.

05/04 3-19 .Displaying Measured Readings Configuring Your Instrument for Measurement FIGURE 3-6—The RESULTS submenu is used to specify which measured values to display. Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04.

the functional settings will be returned to their initially stored values.Configuring Your Instrument for Measurement values.2 to create a data set file. Access the Test menu by pressing X. The operating parameters of a stored data set can be modified after recalling the data set by selecting SAVE EDITS in the ACTION function. in a larger format. A “large” reading box can display. Step 4: The large display box is modified from the TEST menu. or when AWS MODE is ON) two measurement result boxes will be automatically set (if not already configured) to display SA and A%A values. To define the reading-box contents: H Note: Saving the Instrument Configuration in a Data Set Only thickness measurements contained in the large display box can be stored in data logger files. Those functional settings that are saved within a data set are shown in Table 5. When a stored data set is later recalled.1. 3. and the stored A-Scan is displayed and frozen on the display screen (if stored with data set). Step 1: Activate the BASIC menu. any one of the values shown in the small boxes. or AWS MODE is turned OFF. These result selections will remain locked until the DGS reference is deleted. all active functional settings are replaced with those settings contained in the data set. Anytime that data set is recalled. Step 3: Select the READING box location you wish to specify and choose from several of the selections listed above (available readings depend on designated operating mode): H Note: Under certain conditions (when a DGS reference echo is stored. then following the on-screen instructions. the TCG recording process is finished. Once a data set is recalled. 3-20 Issue 04. the newly active functional settings may be modified.6 Saving the Instrument Configuration in a Data Set Instrument settings can be stored as Data Sets.1. then press u below the LRG DISP selection until the large reading box contains the desired value. Step 2: Select the RESULTS submenu. while TCG reference points are being recorded. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . See section 5.

Step 1: Activate the Options submenu (located in the BASIC Menu). This feature operates independently of the instrument’s Master Lock and x (on the 58L) and does not prevent adjustment of function values as long as those changes are made by pressing a function key (v). To lock the instrument (except for the Gain Knob): Locking the Gain and Function Rotary Knobs The gain and function knobs can be locked so that turning either knob has no effect on the instrument. When the instrument is locked. Alternatively. Step 4: To unlock the knobs. Step 2: Select the MASTER LOCK function by pressing v. When the word LOCK appears as the dB STEP value. Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04.7 Using the Master Lock (all models) Function or the Lock Key (58L) to Prevent Adjustment To prevent modification of settings (except for the Gain Knob). Step 2: Press u below the selection titled dB STEP. To lock the gain and function knobs: Step 1: Activate the TEST MENU by pressing X. the x will appear in the upper left corner of the display screen. change the setting of dB STEP to some value other than LOCK. the gain and function knobs are locked. the instrument may be locked using the MASTER LOCK function. Step 3: Continue pressing u while observing that the value of dB STEP (in the upper left-hand corner of the display) changes to various step values. Setting this function to OFF will unlock the instrument. 05/04 3-21 . Step 3: Turning the MASTER LOCK ON will cause the x to appear in the upper right corner of the display screen and will prevent further adjustment of most instrument settings. pressing (58L only) prevents modifications of settings and disables the gain knob.Using the Master Lock Function to Prevent Setting Adjustment Configuring Your Instrument for Measurement 3.

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05/04 4-1 .Using the Test Menu 4 Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04.

05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . Another press will place display delay and range values under the A-Scan while a fourth press returns the display to the menu location from which it originated.9) • Access the instrument‘s HELP SCREENS (section 4. how to freeze a displayed A-Scan. You’ll also learn how to use the full range of gainadjustments.1 Accessing the TEST Menu The Test Menu contains six features which are directly controlled with the six Menu Keys arranged under the display screen. Pressing X when the Test Menu is displayed will change the menu bar to the grid markers. The function bar displayed when X is pressed will continue to be displayed together with the Test Menu. you’ll learn how to • Access the Test Menu (section 4.7) • Select the value to view in the LARGE DISPLAY box (section 4.6) • Reset latched alarms (section 4.3) • Change the displayed VIEW (section 4.8) Accessing the TEST Menu • FREEZE and unfreeze the A-Scan and work in the Behind the Freeze Mode (section 4.5) • MAGNIFY the contents of a selected gate (section 4.Using the Test Menu This chapter explains how to use the features found in your instrument’s Test Menu. To access the Test Menu from anywhere else in the menu system. 4-2 Issue 04. In this chapter. and how to access the Help Screens. press X. The display will appear as shown in Figure 4-1 (if the probe is coupled to a test piece) with one possible exception.1) • Adjust the A-Scan gain using the Gain Knob and the dB STEP feature (section 4.2) • Use the dB REFERENCE feature (section 4.10) 4.4) • Navigate through an active data logger file and attach NOTES to thickness measurements (section 4.

Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. 05/04 4-3 . While the placement of some keys vary. all USN 58 series instruments display the same test menu.Accessing the TEST Menu Using the Test Menu FIGURE 4-1—The Test Menu includes these menu-key controlled features as well as whichever four functions were active when X was pressed.

0 dB. see the next manual procedure. which causesx to appear in the icon bar. as labeled in Figure 4-2. The instrument’s gain can be adjusted while in any menu location except when the dB STEP feature is set to LOCK. To specify a user-defined dB STEP value. Step 2: Press u below the feature titled dB STEP.2 Setting the Gain Instrument gain. changes as you continue to push u.0 dB.1 dB. Step 1: Activate the TEST MENU by pressing X and proceed to Step 2 or press V and immediately proceed to Step 3. each click of the gain-adjustment knob increases or decreases the gain level by a dB increment equal to the dB STEP. and a gain Function knob adjustment LOCK. Step 4: Once a dB STEP value has been selected. which prevents any gain adjustment and any changes using the Function knob. and LOCK. To select one of the existing dB STEP values: 4-4 Issue 04. 4. 1.2. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . Step 3: Note that the dB STEP (gain-adjustment increment) value. including a userspecified gain step. Also note that the dB STEP setting can be changed from the GAIN submenu found in the PLSRCVR menu. Available increments include: 0. 6 dB. known as the USER GAIN STEP. is adjusted with the Gain Knob as shown in Figure 4-2.5 dB. Note that the MASTER LOCK function. which increases and decreases the height of a displayed A-Scan. 0. Note that setting the dB STEP to LOCK prevents adjustment of the instrument gain and prevents any changes using the Function knob. a user-defined Gain Step (if one has been defined). 2.1 Changing the Gain-Adjustment Increment (dB STEP) When adjusting the A-Scan gain.Using the Test Menu Setting the Gain 4. each click of the Gain Knob will increase or decrease the instrument’s gain by the dB STEP increment. does not prevent gain adjustment. Several values can be specified for dB STEP.

Setting the Gain Using the Test Menu FIGURE 4-2—Setting instrument gain and the gain adjustment capability Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. 05/04 4-5 .

including a user-specified gain step. known as USER GAIN STEP. when dB REF is selected. the gain setting also becomes a reference against which subsequent gain values are compared. 4-6 Issue 04. each click of the gain-adjustment knob increases or decreases the gain level by the amount of the dB STEP (see above for adjusting the dB STEP). H Note: The reference echo amplitude must not exceed 100% of full-screen height. At the time of dB REF activation. continue pressing v or turn the function knob. 4. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . the amplitude of the highest echo in A-Gate becomes the reference echo against which subsequent echo amplitudes are evaluated. It’s important to remember that the highest echo in A-Gate and GAIN setting. dB REF is activated from the Test Menu by pressing u below the dBREF selection.Using the Test Menu H Note: Setting dB STEP to LOCK prevents any adjustment using either the Gain or Function Knob. Step 2: Press v next to the selection titled USER GAIN STEP.2 Setting the User-Defined Gain Step (PLSRCVR-GAIN-USER GAIN) When adjusting the A-Scan gain. Several values can be specified for dB STEP.2. will become the reference amplitude and gain value for as long as dB REF is activated. Step 3: To set the USER GAIN STEP size. Note that dB REF can also be turned on from the GAIN Submenu found in the PLSRCVR Menu.3 Using the dB Reference Feature When dB REF is activated. Four functions will appear down the right side of the display screen. To input a userspecified gain step: Step 1: Activate the GAIN submenu (located in the Plsrcvr Menu) by pressing u below it. Using the dB Reference Feature 4.

05/04 4-7 .Using the dB Reference Feature Using the Test Menu FIGURE 4-3—dB Ref capabilities Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04.

Available amplitude readings (see section 3. activate the Test Menu and press below the VIEW feature. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . The Reference Gain remains constant throughout the dB REF session while the Incremental Gain value changes as the Gain Knob is rotated (Figure 4-3).5 to change display-box reading values) when operating in dB REF mode are • dBrA—dB difference between the reference echo and the highest echo to cross A-Gate (available when AMPLITUDE is set to dB THRESHOLD).Using the Test Menu Once dB REF is activated. the Gain-Display Block lists both the Reference Gain and Incremental Gain levels. After dB REF is activated. Also. the icon will appear. any amplitude measurements are stated in relation to the reference echo amplitude.4 Changing the Displayed VIEW The instrument is capable of displaying an active A-Scan in three different VIEW modes (Figures 4-4 and 4-5) including: • Full-screen A-Scan • Half-screen A-Scan with memory and file status in the lower portion of the display • Half-screen A-Scan with File Navigation Window in the lower portion of the display (only when a data logger file is active) To change the displayed VIEW. Changing the Displayed VIEW 4. 4-8 Issue 04. • dBrB—dB difference between the reference echo and the highest echo to cross B-Gate (available when AMPLITUDE is set to dB THRESHOLD).

Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04.Changing the Displayed VIEW Using the Test Menu FIGURE 4-4—Three display options are available to allow the user to view an A-Scan while navigating through a data logger file or examining existing file count and available memory. 05/04 4-9 .

(VIEW is not applicable to data set files as they do not contain thickness measurements.6 Magnifying the Contents of a Gate Whenever an A-Scan is active. by pressing u below the MAGNIFY feature. After a data logger file is created. 4-10 Issue 04. (Figure 4-6) The display will contain the magnified view until H is pressed a second time or MAGNIFY is again selected with u. To navigate through the file contents of a data logger file Step 4: Follow the navigation instructions and attach notes as shown in Figure 4-5. The user may also attach one or more notes to each data logger file location.5 Navigating Through a Data Logger File and Attaching Notes Thickness measurements may be stored in data logger files (see section 5. make them active. Step 1: Ensure that a data logger file is open by selecting it with the FILENAME function (in the Files submenu).) Step 2: Activate the Test Menu (or access the DL DATA Function from the FILES menu). the user may select specific file locations. presssing H enlarges the displayed portion of the A-Scan contained in a specified gate. 4. The width of the magnified gate determines the level of magnification. This is because the display is magnified until the gate width equals 100% fullscreen width. Note that all available notes can be displayed by setting the NOTE ACTION function to DISPLAY NOTES. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . This can also be accomplished when the Test Menu (X) is activated. and store thickness readings in those locations by pressing C (see 5. Any available gate may be specified. Step 3: Press u below the VIEW selection.Using the Test Menu Navigating Through a Data Logger File and Attaching Notes 4.1 to create a data logger file).2 to store thickness measurements).

05/04 4-11 . In this view the contents and attached notes of an active data logger file are visible.Magnifying the Contents of a Gate Using the Test Menu FIGURE 4-5—This display option allows the user to view an A-Scan while navigating through a data logger file. Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04.

The gate to be magnified is selected by the user. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . 4-12 Issue 04.Using the Test Menu Magnifying the Contents of a Gate FIGURE 4-6—The Magnify feature magnifies the A-Scan contents of a gate.

7 Resetting Latched Alarms When a TTL output and the corresponding alarm indication light are activated. To clear a latched alarm: Step 1: Activate the Test Menu. Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. 4.2 explains how to configure the C function. the result displayed in one of the four small boxes can be shown in the large reading box in the top right-hand corner of the display (see Figure 4-7).8 Large Display Box-Specifying the Contents (LRG DISP) The USN 58 is capable of displaying up to four measured readings in the four small reading boxes at the top of the display screen (see 3. and TTL output mode is set to LATCHED (section 3. or outputs this value via the RS 232 Port. Only thickness readings (and not amplitude readings) may be stored in data logger files.4 to set the small reading box values). Step 2: Press u below the ALRM RST selection or reset the alarm using an external signal via the Real Time I/O port.Resetting Latched Alarms Using the Test Menu Selecting the Gate to Be Magnified (GATES-GATEMODE-MAGNIFY GATE) Pressing u below the MAGNIFY selection (whenever the Test Menu is active) magnifies the portion of the A-Scan that’s displayed in the specified gate. 05/04 4-13 .5) the warning will remain set until cleared. In addition. To specify the magnified gate: 4. The value displayed in the Large Step 1: Activate the GATEMODE submenu. The large display box’s contents are modified from the TEST menu by pressing u below the LRG DISP selection until the large reading box contains the desired value. pressing C stores the value in the Large Display Box in an active data logger file. Step 2: Select the MAGNIFY GATE function and specify the desired gate.1. H Note: When so configured. Section 5.

) are displayed. Available readings are the same for all USN 58 series instruments. SB.Using the Test Menu Large Display Box Specifying the Contents (LRG DISP) FIGURE 4-7—Notice that when time or thickness readings (SA. in the small or large display boxes. the detection method selected for that gate is indicated with a ^ (representing PEAK) or / (representing FLANK). etc. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . 4-14 Issue 04.

4. (Refer to section 6. width. Adjusting these settings will cause the related measurements to change. There are four freeze configurations. In this mode the AScan display delay and range.1 Working in the Behind the Freeze Mode Behind the Freeze Mode is a special feature. and threshold can all be adjusted (by a limited amount) after an A-Scan is frozen. pressing the freeze key (W) freezes the A-Scan display. as shown in Figure 4-8.3 to adjust this setting). Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. as well as the gate start. however. The active A-Scan will remain as it appeared when W was pressed and the display will remain frozen until W is pressed again. There are several frozen-display configurations. 05/04 4-15 .9 Freezing the A-Scan Display Whenever an A-Scan is active. that allow subsequent A-Scans to be displayed and evaluated against the frozen A-Scan (compare) or that adjust the frozen A-Scan whenever an active echo is higher in amplitude (PEAK STD).9.3) 4. The configuration of the frozen display is determined by the FREEZE MODE setting (see section 3. which allows for limited dynamic time-base adjustment of frozen echoes. While the display is frozen.Freezing the A-Scan Display Using the Test Menu Display Box is also used for the Smart View A-Scan Mode selection. the displayed readings are based on the frozen echoes. This mode is only available when FREEZE MODE is set to ALL.

Using the Test Menu Freezing the A-Scan Display FIGURE 4-8—There are four different freeze modes available. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . 4-16 Issue 04.

4. Press ? to access the HELP SCREENS for the displayed functions.10 Accessing the HELP SCREENS Based on the submenu selected. Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. The help screen will remain active until ? is pressed again. 05/04 4-17 . These four function positions and the function bar are identified in Figure 4-9. Note that selecting another submenu and changing the displayed functions causes the help-screen information for the new functions to be displayed.Accessing the HELP SCREENS Using the Test Menu explanation for each displayed function. The USN 58L Help Screen display includes the active function bar. The HELP SCREEN contains a brief FIGURE 4-9 —The Help Screen contains a description for each displayed function. one or more functions appear in the function bar.

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4-18

Issue 04, 05/04

Krautkramer USN 58 Series

Storing and Outputting Data

5

Krautkramer USN 58 Series

Issue 04, 05/04

5-1

Storing and Outputting Data
Your instrument is equipped with a data-storage system. A-Scans instrument settings, thickness readings, and notes can be stored in data files for later retrieval. Information to be contained in report headers, as well as short memos may also be included in files. Files are created, modified, recalled, and deleted by using the FILES MENU (Figure 5-1). Data logger file contents, along with specified attachments can be output to a personal computer or printer. The outputting functions are accessed through the FILES MENU. Finally, instrument settings can be stored as data sets. Most functional settings are saved within a data set. When a stored data set is later recalled, all active function settings will be modified to match those contained in the data set. The FILES MENU is used to create, recall, and delete data sets. (See section 3.5 to work with data sets). In this chapter, you’ll learn how to work with all FILES MENU functions including: • CREATE and name new (data logger or data set) files (section 5.1) • SAVE EDITS to existing files (section 5.1.3)
5-2 Issue 04, 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series

• Store thickness measurements in a data logger file (section 5.2) • RECALL and PREVIEW existing files (section 5.3) • Delete (CLEAR) existing files (section 5.4) • Create and attach a MEMO to a Data file (5.5) • Input REPORT-HEADER information (section 5.6) • Edit NOTES to be attached to stored readings (section 5.7) • Specify REPORT Content and print reports (section 5.8) • Configure the instrument to output data to a printer via the RS-232 serial port (section 5.9) • Configure the instrument to output data to a personal computer via the RS-232 serial port. (section 5.10) • Set the action taken when C is pressed (section 5.9.1)

Storing and Outputting Data

FIGURE 5-1—The Files Menu allows access to all data storage, and output functions.

Krautkramer USN 58 Series

Issue 04, 05/04

5-3

999 locations). 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . erased. and the active A-Scan.1 Data Set and Data Logger Files Data set files are used to store a specific instrumentsetup configuration.1. present when the data set file is created are stored in the file. once a data set file is opened. the original file structure will remain as-saved. 5-4 Issue 04. Table 5-1 lists all settings saved in a data set file. instrument settings may be modified from their data-set-file configurations. However. Data logger files are used to store thickness measurements. thickness data can be stored.3.999 consecutive data points). or CUSTOM LINEAR (up to 999 data points stored in up to 9. After a data logger file is created. these changes will only affect the data set file if additional actions are taken to do so as described in section 5. GRID (a matrix of data points up to 701 x 701). However. When the data set file is recalled. all instrument settings are modified to match the settings stored in the data set file. and modified in that file. Instrument settings. Otherwise.Storing and Outputting Data Data Set and Data Logger Files 5. Data logger files can be arranged into one of three file types: LINEAR (a series of 1 to 99. along with the same instrument settings stored in data set files (Table 5-2).

05/04 IF Width Large Display Index LOS Magnification State Magnify Gate Manual PRF Value Master Lock Material Maximum Alarm Memo Menu Gain Minimum Alarm Noise Count #1 Noise Count #2 Noise Count #3 DGS Amp Correction File MultiStore Krautkramer USN 58 Series 5-5 .Data Set and Data Logger Files Storing and Outputting Data Table 5-1 Data Set File Settings A Detection Mode A Logi c A Start A Start Mode A Threshold A Width Alarm Mode Alarm Selected Amplitude Mode Ascan Enhance Ascan Mode AutoCal Thick Ref AutoCal Thin Ref AWS Attenuation AWS Indication AWS Mode AWS Rating AWS Reference B Detection Mode B Logi c B Start B Start Mode B Threshold B Width BW Attenuator Gain BW Attenuator Mode Color Leg (58L) Damping DB Ref Gain DB Ref Mode Delay Mode DGS Curve DGS Delay Velocity DGS Eval Result DGS Mode DGS Probe DGS Ref Attenuation DGS Ref Recorded DGS Ref Size DGS Reference Amp IF Offset Noise Window #1 Noise Window #2 Noise Window #3 Note Action Notes # of TCG Points Outer Diameter Output Delay PRF Mode Probe Angle Probe Delay Range Reading Index #1 Reading Index #2 Reading Index #3 Reading Index #4 Rectification Mode Reject Rep Rate Report Header Selected Gate TCG Curve Display TCG Gain Points TCG Time Points TCG Mode TCG Record Mode TCG Ref Amp TCG Start Mode Trig Thickness Trig X Value TTL#1 Assignment TTL#2 Assignment TTL#3 Assignment Units User Gain Step Velocity Water Path Velocity DGS Reference Gain IF Start DGS Reference Type IF Start Mode DGS Test Attenuation IF Threshold DGS Transfer Loss DGS Xtal Diam DGS Xtal Frequency Display Delay Display Start Dual Mode Energy Frequency Gain Step Grid Type High Speed Out Horn IF Delay Mode IF Detection Mode IF Logic Issue 04.

press v next to STORE.2 to create data logger files).1 Creating Data Set Files To store instrument settings in a new data-set file follow this procedure Step 1: Activate the FILES MENU. Step 3: Note that the bottom of the display screen contains a default file name (the word “FILE” followed by a numeral). H Note: The newly created file name automatically becomes the default file name. CUSTOM LINEAR) as these only apply to data logger files which contain stored thickness measurements (see section 5. Step 1: Activate the FILES MENU (located in the HOME MENU). • All parameter settings saved in data set files (Refer to Table 5-1) • Stored Thickness Measurements • Location Indications for each thickness measurement • Note Tags attached to thickness measurements • Memo attached to the file • File's report header Step 4: Do not select a file type (LINEAR. Step 2: With the FILENAME submenu selected. Step 5: Once the desired file name is entered on the screen. 05/04 . This default name with increment by 1 the next time a new file is created (i.e.1. This name can be adjusted using the 5-6 5.1. The instrument’s settings have been saved in the data set file. Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. press (two times) v next to the CREATE NEW function.1.2 Creating Data Logger Files T o store thickness readings and instrument settings in a new data logger file follow this procedure (Figure 5-3).”) 5.Storing and Outputting Data Table 5-2 Data Logger File C ontents Data Set and Data Logger Files USN 58’s Text-Entry feature (see description in Figure 5-2). GRID. after the file name “GRIDz” is entered. the next default file name will be “GRIDz1.

Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. notes. 05/04 5-7 . memos. and other alphanumeric labels. report headers.Data Set and Data Logger Files Storing and Outputting Data FIGURE 5-2—The Text-Entry display allows you to quickly enter or edit file names.

3. To save these edits to any active file do the following: Step 5: Set characteristics as shown in Figure 5-3.”) 5.). H Note: When a grid file is active. Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. H Note: The newly created file name automatically becomes the default file name.999 consecutive thickness measurements • GRID—stores thickness measurements in a matrix format (up to 701 rows and 701 columns) See note below related to the MULTISTORE feature. Step 4: Select a file type by pressing v next to the desired type: • LINEAR—contains up to 99. For this feature to operate a grid file type must be active. Caution: the file will contain only a numerical thickness value.Storing and Outputting Data Step 2: With the FILENAME submenu selected. the next default file name will be “GRIDz1.1. and will not identify the quantity (SA. The data logger file has been created. each containing from up to 999 points Data Set and Data Logger Files equal number of grid positions by pressing C.3 Editing Active Files Parameters (other than recorded measurements) stored as part of an existing data set or data logger file can be edited anytime the file is active. etc. 05/04 . turning MULTISTORE ON allows 2. Step 6: Once the desired file name and characteristics are entered. after the file name “GRIDz” is entered. Step 3: Note that the bottom of the display screen contains a default file name (the word “FILE” followed by a numeral). and COPY MODE must be set to LOG To FILE. A%A. the file must have MULTISTORE turned ON. press v next to STORE. or 4 thickness readings (from each of the RESULTS Boxes) to be simultaneously stored in an 5-8 Step 1: Make all edits desired. • CUSTOM LINEAR—stores data in up to 9999 locations. press (two times) v next to the CREATE NEW function. This name can be adjusted using the USN 58’s Text-Entry display (see description in Figure 5-2). This default name with increment by 1 the next time a new file is created (i.e.

GRID.Data Set and Data Logger Files Storing and Outputting Data FIGURE 5-3—After selecting file type (LINEAR. or CUSTOM LINEAR) you must specify the applicable group of file characteristics. Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. 05/04 5-9 .

You can display the data logger file contents by first accessing the Test Menu (X). 5-10 Issue 04.2 Storing Thickness Measurements in Data Logger Files Only data logger files can contain measurement data (data set files contain only instrument settings and an A-Scan) and only thickness measurements may be stored in data logger files. then the VIEW selection.3 Recalling Existing Data Files Existing data files are typically accessed for the following purposes: • DATA SET FILES—accessing an existing file resets the current instrument setting to the stored data-setfile settings • DATA LOGGER FILES—accessing an existing file allows stored thickness measurements to be replaced and/or new thickness values to be stored. report headers.4 and 4. Krautkramer USN 58 Series Step 1: Access the PRINTER Submenu (in the FILES Menu). Storing Thickness Measurements in Data Logger Files Step 4: With a thickness measurement in the Large Display Window (see section 4.8 to change the contents of the Large Display Box) press C.5 to change views and navigate through active data logger files). Thickness measurements can be stored in active (newly created or recalled) data logger files using as follows: 5. 05/04 . Step 3: Follow the on-screen instructions to make the edits to this file permanent.Storing and Outputting Data Step 2: Set the ACTION function (in the FILENAME submenu) to SAVE EDITS. Step 2: Activate the COPY MODE function and select LOG TO FILE. Step 3: Couple the probe to the test piece. This sets the C action. Step 5: The thickness measurement will be stored in the next available file location of the active data logger file. It also resets the current instrument setting to the stored data-logger-file settings and allows editing of stored memos. (see sections 4. 5. and notes.

Step 6: The selected file is now active. 5. Then press v again.1 Previewing Existing Data Files Existing data files can be PREVIEWED rather than RECALLED. turning the knob and pressing the button perform different operations. Step 2: Turn previewing ON by pressing v next to the PREVIEW function.) Step 4: Press HOME to confirm Step 5: If an A-scan is stored with the recalled data set. Step 3: Press v next to the ACTION function once. Step 1: Activate the FILENAME submenu (in the FILES menu). report header. To preview an existing file: Step 1: Activate the FILENAME submenu (in the FILES menu). Previewing only allows the user to view the report header and A-Scan stored with the file settings. Step 3: Press v next to the FILENAME function.2. Press v or turn the Function Knob until the desired file name appears.Deleting (CLEARING) Existing Data Files Storing and Outputting Data To access an existing file: 5. press FREEZE to unfreeze the display and activate the recalled data set. (In this case.4 Deleting (CLEARING) Existing Data Files Existing data files are deleted using this procedure: Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. 05/04 5-11 . Press v or turn the Function Knob until the desired file name appears. The instrument settings will be configured to those stored in the file. and A-Scan stored with the file will be displayed. Step 4: The selected file can only be previewed.3. then turn the Function Knob until RECALL appears. Thickness measurements may be stored in data logger files as discussed in section 5. Only the file name. Step 2: Press v next to the FILENAME function.

Step 2: Press v next to the FILENAME function. Step 3: Press v next to the ACTION function once.6 Creating a Report Header Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. 05/04 . Choosing a value of ON indicates that the memo should be printed as part of the report. Step 1: Activate the MEMO submenu (in the FILES menu). Step 2: Press v to set the EDIT function to ON. Choosing OFF omits the memo from the report. Step 4: The deleted file may not be retrieved. After a file is stored. A memo can be created using the USN 58’s Text-Entry feature (see description in Figure 5-4).1 Including a File’s Memo as Part of a Report You can specify whether the memo attached to the active data file is included a in a printed report. To create or edit a memo: Step 1: Activate the MEMO submenu (in the FILES menu). This 5-12 5. the attached memo may be modified. then turn the Function Knob until CLEAR appears. To add or remove an active file’s memo from the printed report: 5.Storing and Outputting Data Step 1: Activate the FILENAME submenu (in the FILES menu). Step 2: Press v next to the PRINT ? function. 5. Now press (two times) v next to the ACTION function. Press v or turn the Function Knob until the desired function name appears. allows you to create or edit a memo. Follow the display-screen prompting and press h to confirm the file-delete command.5 Creating a Memo Memos are attached to data logger and data set files at the time the files are stored.5. Creating a Memo Step 3: Note that the bottom of the display screen contains a blank six-line memo.

Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. report headers. file names. and other alphanumeric labels. notes. 05/04 5-13 .Creating a Report Header Storing and Outputting Data FIGURE 5-4—The Text-Entry display allows you to create or edit memos.

This allows you to create or edit a Header. To create or edit a Report Header: Entering and Editing Notes for Attachment to Thickness Measurements FILES menu). 5. To add or remove an active file’s report header from the printed report: Step 1: Activate the REP HEAD submenu (in the 5-14 Issue 04. Choosing OFF omits the header from the report. the attached Report Header may be edited. Step 2: Press v twice to access and set the EDIT function to ON. Step 1: Activate the REP HEAD submenu (in the FILES menu).7 Entering and Editing Notes for Attachment to Thickness Measurements Notes can be attached to data logger thickness measurements when the file is active and the Test Menu is accessed (section 4. The contents of six available notes must be modified prior to the time the file is stored. Step 2: Press v (two times) next to the PRINT ? function. After a file is stored. Step 3: Note that the bottom of the display screen contains a nine-entry report header. To create or edit 5. After a note is attached to a thickness reading.5). This will set the value to ON which indicates the header should be printed as part of the report.Storing and Outputting Data Report Headers are attached to data logger and data set files at the time the files are stored.1 Including a Report Header In a Printed Report You can specify whether the report header attached to the active data file is included in a printed report. A report header can be created using the USN 58’s Text-Entry feature (see description in Figure 5-5). that note cannot be modified. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series .6.

notes. memos. and other alphanumeric labels. Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. file names.Entering and Editing Notes for Attachment to Thickness Measurements Storing and Outputting Data FIGURE 5-5 —The Text-Entry display allows you to create or edit report headers. 05/04 5-15 .

8 Printing a Report Any data logger or data set file can be output as a printed report. This allows you to create or edit notes. Step 2: Press v twice to set the EDIT function to ON. To add or remove an active file’s notes list from the printed report: Step 1: Activate the NOTES submenu (in the FILES menu). Several features of the active data file can be omitted from or included in the report as described below. individual data logger thickness measurements will be included in the report whenever the thickness measurements are included. 5. Choosing OFF omits the NOTES listing from the report. This will set the vaue to ON which indicates that the NOTES will be printed as part of the report. One or more notes can be created using the USN 58’s Text-Entry feature (see description in Figure 5-6). Step 2: Press v (two times) next to the PRINT ? function. Step 3: Note that the bottom of the display screen contains six notes (NOTE A through F). but cannot be modified once attached. see 5. This function effects only the list of note letters and content.Storing and Outputting Data a file’s notes: Printing a Report Step 1: Activate the NOTES submenu (in the FILES menu). The contents of a report are specified by the user. Reports can also be outputted through the serial port to a computer. Step 4: Those notes which are attached to specific thickness measurements may be deleted with the measurement. Prior to creating a report for output to a printer.7. The actual note letter which are attached to 5-16 Issue 04.1 Including a Notes In a Printed Report You can specify whether the Notes attached to the active data file are listed in a printed report. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series .

and other alphanumeric labels.Printing a Report Storing and Outputting Data FIGURE 5-6—The Text-Entry display allows you to create or edit notes. report headers. Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. memos. file names. 05/04 5-17 .

Following each item is a notation that identifies its menu location (menu/submenu/function). Step 3: Turn the following features ON or Off to indicate whether or not they should be printed as part of the report (ON) or excluded from the report (OFF). This outputs a report whenever C is pressed. Prior to creating a report for output to a computer. see section 5. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . 5. Step 2: Press v to select the COPY MODE function.9 Outputting to a Printer A printer connects to the instrument via the RS-232 serial port located at the upper-rear corner of the instrument. Set this function to REPORT.10 to establish necessary connections. Outputting to a Printer • A-Scan (FILE / PRINTER / ASCAN PRINT ?) • Listing of Data-set or Data-Logger Stored Instrument Settings (FILE / PRINTER / PARAM PRINT ?) Step 1: Activate the PRINTER submenu (in the FILES menu).9 to designate printer properties and physically connect to the printer. To output data to a specific printer you must • Connect the instrument to the printer using the correct cable (Serial Printer or Parallel Printer Interface) • Configure the instrument to communicate with the attached printer • Specify what data should be sent to the printer when C is pressed 5-18 Issue 04.Storing and Outputting Data section 5. • Report Header (FILE / REP HEAD / PRINT ?) • Notes (FILE / NOTES / PRINT ?) • Data Logger Thickness Readings (FILE / NOTES / DL PRINT ?) • Memo (FILE / MEMO / PRINT ?) Step 4: Press C to print or output the report.

parameter names. Then press v next to the BAUD function until the correct value is chosen.Outputting to a Printer Storing and Outputting Data parallel interface cable) the baud rate must be set to match the cable’s requirements. Three of these four available Copy Key actions send data to the RS-232 serial port located at the upper-rear corner of the instrument. Step 2: Select the PRINTER submenu then press v next to the PRINTER function. 19200. 1200.9. 600.8) will be sent to the RS-232 port • PARADUMP—All instrument settings. and 115200. 9600. 5. Note that the following printer options are available: • EPSON (dot matrix) • HP LASERJET • HP DESKJET • SEIKO DPU-4xx 5. 38400.9. Step 4: Set the baud rate to match your serial printer by first selecting the SER COMM submenu (still in the FILE menu) by pressing u. Available baud rates include 300. Note that if you have connected a parallel printer (with a Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. To select the Copy Key action Step 1: Access the PRINTER Submenu (in the FILES Menu). 05/04 5-19 . 57600. Step 2: Activate the COPY MODE function and choose from the following • REPORT—The previously specified report contents (see section 5.2 Setting the COPY Key Function The user can select one of four actions to be taken when C is pressed. 2400.1 Specifying the Printer Type and Baud Rate Step 1: Activate the FILES MENU. 4800. and remote codes will be sent to the RS-232 port Step 3: The printer type will remain set to the last choice selected.

select NEXT then activate the GENERAL MENU and the SER COMM submenu by pressing u. you do not need to adjust the baud rate.9. To output data to a connected PC you must • Connect the USN 58 to the PC using the correct cable (RS-232-to-9 Pin Serial Printer Cable) • Configure the instrument to communicate with the attached PC 5-20 5. the LOSS OF SIGNAL function affects the value that the instrument outputs through the serial port whenever C Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. Outputting to a Computer via the RS-232 Serial Port • Specify what data should be sent to the PC when C is pressed (see section 5. 5. 05/04 . 9600.8) will be sent to the RS-232 port • LOG TO FILE—The value displayed in the Large Display Box (but only if it is a thickness value) will be stored in the active data file.1 Specifying the Baud Rate Step 1: From the HOME MENU. 19200. 600. 57600. Note that if you are using the UltraDOC software utility. 4800. Available baud rates include 300.2 Loss of Signal When the COPY MODE is set to LOG TO PORT.10.10 Outputting to a Computer via the RS-232 Serial Port The serial port of a PC can connect with the instrument via the RS-232 serial port located at the upper-rear corner of the instrument. Step 3: Pressing C will result in the specified action. 38400. and 115200. Step 2: Then press v next to the BAUD function until the baud rate to matches the rate of your software application. 1200.Storing and Outputting Data • LOG TO PORT—The value displayed in the Large Display Box (see section 4. Note that no data will be sent to the RS-232 port when this action is selected.10. 5.2) • Indicate what should be ouput when a Loss of Signal (LOS) occurs. 2400.

The analog output is set to low. Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. The analog output is set to low.Outputting to a Computer via the RS-232 Serial Port Storing and Outputting Data is pressed. Changing the LOSS OF SIGNAL setting affects only the output via the RS-232 port and has no effect on the screen’s displayed value. • OFF LOW—The last valid thickness reading is transmitted via the RS-232 port whenever an uncoupled probe condition exists and C is pressed. The analog output is set to high. LOSS OF SIGNAL (located in the SER COM Menu) may be set to • ON HIGH—A thickness value of 0. • ON LOW—A thickness value of 0. 05/04 5-21 . • OFF HIGH—The last valid thickness reading is transmitted via the RS-232 port whenever an uncoupled probe condition exists and C is pressed.000 is transmitted via the RS-232 port whenever an uncoupled probe condition exists and C is pressed.000 is transmitted via the RS-232 port whenever an uncoupled probe condition exists and C is pressed. The analog output is set to high.

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05/04 6-1 .Advanced Base-Model Features 6 Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04.

When the NOISE IMMN features is activated. you’ll learn how to: • Use the Noise Immunization capabilities (section 6.1 weld rating feature (section 6.3) • Use the AWS D1. Note that if the window size is set to 16 counts (the maximum available) and the count function is set to 4 counts. This chapter describes these special features and explains how they are used. this means that at least 25% (4 ÷16) of all echoes in the window must trigger the gate before the TTL will set. the instrument has several special features used for advanced applications or by more advanced users. Step 2: With the NSE IMMN submenu selected.4) • Reset the instrument and perform other operations with combined key presses (section 6.5) Noise Immunization normal operation. which must trigger the gate before the assigned TTL is output. Step 3: Press v next to the WINDOW function. Continue to press v or turn the function knob to define the number of counts in the window of examination. To setup the noise immunization feature follow these steps: Step 1: Activate the GATES MENU (located in the HOME MENU). which resolves dynamic echo information to the baseline (section 6. a TTL is output whenever the first echo triggers the gate’s logic. out of the total number of counts in an overall “window”.2) • Use the SPARKLE feature (58L only) which emulates an analog-display screen and BASELINE BREAK. Under 6-2 Issue 04.Advanced Base-Model Features In addition to the commonly used features of your USN 58.1 Noise Immunization TTL outputs can be assigned to any available gate and are set whenever the assigned gate is triggered. In this chapter. 05/04 . Choose the TTL output to which you wish to apply noise immunization. The user indicates the number of counts. Krautkramer USN 58 Series 6.1) • Use the SMART VIEW feature (section 6. press v next to the ALARM SELECT function. the user can determine the number of triggering counts required before the TTL is output.

The instrument will examine Krautkramer USN 58 Series Step 3: When SMART FILLED or SMART HOLLOW is icon will be displayed. etc. Continue to press v or turn the function knob to select the number of counts which must trigger the gate (during the total window period) before the TTL is output.3. and an amplitude reading (A%A. Note that in SMART HOLLOW mode. selected. assume the user selects A%A (the amplitude percentage of the echo in gate A) to appear in the large display box. 05/04 . the displayed echo is updated on a cycle/time basis. 6-3 Issue 04. the A-Scan’s Outline is displayed.) is displayed in the large display box. When the large display box contains a thickness reading (SA/.4 for PRF). etc. For instance. the H Note: When SMART FILLED or HOLLOW is activated. Step 5: When Noise IMMN is activated. To use the SMART VIEW feature: Step 4: Press v next to the COUNT function. while in SMART FILLED mode. 6. and the instrument is set to one of the SMART modes. Continue to press v or turn the function knob to select SMART FILLED or HOLLOW.Using SMART VIEW Advanced Base-Model Features all the echoes acquired since the last displayed echo. In normal operation. When operating in either SMART FILLED or HOLLOW mode.2 Using SMART VIEW The USN 58 receives many more A-Scan echoes per second than are displayed (see section 2. a filled A-Scan is displayed. acquired since the last display-screen update.) SMART VIEW will select the A-Scan with the thinnest peak or flank measurement to display. the will be displayed. The instrument determines which characteristics are most critical to the user based on the user’s choice of parameter in the large display box. icon Step 1: Activate the BASIC MENU (located in the HOME MENU). and displays the one with the most critical characteristics. SMART VIEW will select the A-Scan with the maximum peak to display. press v next to the ASCAN MODE function. The echo with the highest peak in the A-gate will be displayed. DA^. A%B. Step 2: With the CONFIG submenu selected. the instrument examines all echoes.

3 Using A-Scan Enhancement Analog Display Emulation The USN 58 series incorporates break-through features that improve traditional displays. 6. 6-4 Issue 04. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . BASELINE BREAK extends down to the display baseline each point on the A-Scan which represents a non-continuous location on the acoustic signal. the A-Scan display can now indicate acoustic phenomena not apparent with conventional digital displays. With SPARKLE’s intensity variation. details acoustic phenomena and is available in all USN 58 instruments.Advanced Base-Model Features Using A-Scan Enhancement Analog Display Emulation 6.2 Baseline Break (CONFIG/A-SCAN ENHANCE/BASELINE BREAK) This feature. shown in Figure 6-2. These features are activated by selecting the A-SCAN ENHANCE function in the CONFIG submenu.3. 6.1 SPARKLE Intensity Variation (CONFIG/ASCAN ENHANCE/ SPARKLE) (58L only) The built-in SPARKLE feature emulates the intensity variation traditionally found only with analog displays.3. Figure 6-1 illustrates the intensity variation visible in a SPARKLE A-Scan.

05/04 6-5 . Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04.Advanced Base-Model Features Using A-Scan Enhancement Analog Display Emulation FIGURE 6-1—The SPARKLE feature emulates an analog display by offering varied A-Scan intensity.

Using A-Scan Enhancement Analog Display Emulation Advanced Base-Model Features FIGURE 6-2—Baseline Break 6-6 Issue 04. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series .

1 rating.1 Submenu (via the TRIG Menu) and follow this procedure: Step 1: Apply couplant and couple the probe to a suitable reference test standard.4 AWS D1. the inputted point will not be accepted. Then access the AWS D1. using the equation: C = (SA-1) × 2.Advanced Base-Model Features AWS D1.1 Weld Rating Feature This feature allows analysis of welds according to AWS specification D1. Issue 04. The feature utilizes four AWS-specified variables including: A INDICATION—Gain (in dB) required to position an A-Scan echo’s peak (from the measured reflector) at an amplitude equal to the reference amplitude (between 20 and 90% of full screen height) B REFERENCE—Gain (in dB) required to position an AScan echo’s peak (from the reference reflector) at the user-selected amplitude (between 20 and 90% of FSH) C ATTENUATION—Determined by subtracting 1 inch from the sound-path distance to the discontinuity. Then adjust the gain until the peak of the desired reference echo reaches the desired amplitude as shown in Figure 6-3. be sure that all instrument settings are properly adjusted for the specific measurement application. The AWS D1.1 weld rating feature. Note that if the echo’s peak amplitude (A%A) does not fall between 20% and 90%. Before activating the AWS D1. This compensates for sound loss from material attenuation along the sound path to the discontinuity.1 RATING—Calculated based on the AWS formula: D = A-B-C (See NOTE) Krautkramer USN 58 Series H Note: The dB value of A-Indication will be automatically adjusted to match the amplitude of the B-Ref upon performing the dB rating calculation. Step 2: Ensure that the A-Gate is positioned over the desired echo.1 Weld Rating Feature 6. D D1. Step 3: Press v next to the B REFERENCE function (then h to confirm) to define the reference dB level. 05/04 6-7 .1 feature is accessed via the TRIG Menu.1 and provides a D1.

6-8 Issue 04. This reference dB value will be stored in the instrument until manually changed. record the reference dB.1 Weld Rating Feature Advanced Base-Model Features FIGURE 6-3—After adjusting the gain so that the reference echo’s peak is at the desired amplitude. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series .AWS D1.

To evaluate additional reflectors against the recorded reference. Issue 04. While AWS MODE is ON.5 Resetting the Instrument The instrument can be reset. H Note: The dB value that is recorded for A-Indication will be automatically adjusted based upon the amplitude difference between it and the value recorded for B-REF. simply repeat Steps 4 to 6. Rating D can then be applied to the appropriate acceptance criteria found in AWS D1. by using a combination of key presses. Step 4: To evaluate a reflector in a test piece. couple the probe to the test piece and press u to select the POSITION Submenu as shown in Figure 6-4. It will usually NOT match the instrument‘s dB gain setting. turn the instrument on by pressing and holding K and C simultaneously. in one of two ways. These result selections will remain locked until AWS MODE is turned OFF. Hold both buttons until the startup cycle is complete. This will record the adjusted dB setting and will automatically calculate and display values for the AWS variables C and D as shown in Figure 6-5. Krautkramer USN 58 Series 6. Step 5: Adjust the gain until the peak of the testpiece’s echo reaches the desired screen height as shown in Figure 6-4. two measurement result boxes will be automatically set (if not already configured) to display SA and A%A values.Advanced Base-Model Features H Note: Storing an AWS reference will automatically switch the value of the AWS MODE function (located in the POSITION Submenu of the TRIG Menu) to ON. Now adjust the A-Gate position so that it is over the desired echo.1. Resetting the Instrument Step 6: Return to the AWS D1. To reset the instrument settings WITHOUT deleting all stored data files. 05/04 6-9 .1 Submenu and press v next to the A INDICATION function.

05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series .1 Weld Rating Feature Advanced Base-Model Features FIGURE 6-4—Position the A-Gate so that it is over the desired echo.AWS D1. 6-10 Issue 04.

record the dB as shown here.Advanced Base-Model Features AWS D1. 05/04 6-11 . Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04.1 rating (D) will be automatically calculated and displayed.1 Weld Rating Feature FIGURE 6-5—After adjusting the gain so that the echo’s peak is at the desired screen height. The attenuation (C) and AWS D1.

AWS D1. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . turn the instrument on by pressing and holding K and X simultaneously.1 Weld Rating Feature Advanced Base-Model Features To reset the instrument settings and DELETE all stored data files. 6-12 Issue 04. H Note: When the instrument has been reset. Hold both buttons until the startup cycle is complete. the settings are returned to the default values and data files (when applicable) are deleted. The effects of resetting the instrument may not be reversed.

05/04 7-1 .I/O Ports Technical Data 7 Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04.

Contact your nearest Krautkramer representative.P.1 Sending Readings to Other Devices B yte # Table 7-1 Single R eading Formats X.P.XX IN XX. In all cases. printer. 3. 5 D i gi t D i gi t 6 D i gi t D i gi t 7 S p a ce S p a ce 8 I I 9 N N 10 S p a ce S p a ce 11 S p a ce S p a ce 12 CR CR 13 LF LF D .P.: D eci mal Poi nt.XX MM XXX. 7-2 Issue 04. the correct cable will be required. Set the COPY MODE to LOG TO PORT. Connect the instrument’s RS-232 Port to the external device with the correct cable 2. LF: Li ne Feed 1 S p a ce S p a ce 2 D i gi t D i gi t 3 D . Specific format depends on the unit of measure and the measurement resolution.X MM S p a ce S p a ce D i gi t D i gi t D i gi t D i gi t D . 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . D i gi t D i gi t S p a ce S p a ce M M M M S p a ce S p a ce S p a ce S p a ce CR CR LF LF Return.I/O Ports Technical Data Sending Readings to Other Devices 7.P. Table 7-1 shows single-reading formats of measurement values transmitted by the USN 58.P. C R: C arriage Digital measurements displayed in the Large Display Box can be transmitted via the RS-232 I/O port to any compatible device. D i gi t D i gi t D . or other RS-232 recording instrument. such as a personal computer. To output the measurement value displayed in the large display box 1.XXX IN XX. D i gi t 4 D i gi t D . Press C to output the measurement value in the large display box.

The pulser will fire 35 ns (+0 to 20 ns) after the rising edge of External Trigger. 1. there is no maximum high period. Amplitude and time of flight (distance) analog outputs are provided via the 15-pin Real-time I/O Connector shown in Figure 7-1.Analog Output I/O Ports Technical Data 3. 1. The minimum high period for External Trigger is 40 ns. External Trigger—The rising edge of this signal causes the USN 58 to begin a new cycle. When a thickness value is selected for a reading a 0 V output corresponds to a thickness value that is less than or equal to the left edge of the displayed screen (0% horizontal) and a 2. Reset Alarm—The rising edge of this signal will reset the TTL outputs to a low level when ‘latched’ has been selected for TTL mode. Data Valid—this signal is generated once per cycle. Note: PRF Mode must be set to EXTERNAL for the trigger to be recognized. or 3) delay to impose on all analog and TTL outputs that pass through the Real-time I/O Connector. 7. Data Out Inhibit—The rising edge of this signal will cause all outputs to become inactive (TTL’s go low and Analog Outputs are set to 0 V) 4-7 Analog Outputs—these pins will output a voltage proportional to the values selected for reading boxes 1-4. 8.5 output corresponds to a thickness value that is greater than or equal to the value at 100% horizontal of the displayed screen. 2.5 output indicates a 100% fsh signal. When an amplitude is selected for a reading a 0 V output indicates a 0% fsh signal and a 2.2 Analog Output H Note: The OUTPUT DELAY function (located in the ALARM Submenu of the GATES Menu) allows you to specify the number of PRF Cycles (0. Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. (See Figure 7-2) 2. 05/04 7-3 . but the signal must be low for at least 166. The falling edge of this signal or a low level on this signal indicate that data is valid and stable.6 microseconds before any sub-sequent rising edge. During the “high” portion of the signal the TTL and Analog Outputs are being updated and are not valid.

05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series .I/O Ports Technical Data Analog Output FIGURE 7-1—Real time I/O connector 7-4 Issue 04.

05/04 7-5 . SAP Out—this pin outputs a 50 microseconds long pulse at the beginning of each cycle. (See Figure 7-2) 14. 9-11 TTL Outputs—These pins output a level which indicate the alarm state of the selected parameter. 12. When an alarm condition exist the output is “ high” (5 V) and when no alarm exists the output is “low” (0 V). Ground— FIGURE 7-2—Data Valid Signal Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. MUXD Ascan Enable—this pin accepts a signal from the Krautkramer MUXD multiscanner.Analog Output I/O Ports Technical Data 13. The pulser fires 35 microseconds after the rising edge of this signal. This signal indicates the channel from the MUXD which should be selected for display on the USN 58.

CHR$(27) Code = 2 digit code from the table Space = Space bar Value = Desired value from the tables [Return] Enter key . Refer to the tables later in this section for the 2 digit code. that is. transmit the required escape 7-6 sequence using the format below. Instructions must be transmitted to the USN 58 as escape sequences.3 Remote Control of the USN 58 The USN 58 is capable of receiving coded instructions from a personal computer or terminal connected to the RS-232 I/O port. In addition.000>><<[Return]>> To request the following status. As an example. Function codes. the first of which is always the Escape key (ASCII 27). the current value (setting) of a particular function may be requested. <<[Esc]>><<Code>><<Space>><<Value>><<[Return]>> [Esc] = Escape Key . Every key press and menu function of the USN 58 can be operated by remote control. To execute a keypad operation or adjust the setting of a menu function. a series of keystrokes.CHR$(13) Values must be entered as a multiple of the resolution shown in the table for each function. use the following sequence: <<[Escape]>><<AT>><<[Return]>> Issue 04. along with the values for the options associated with the functions. and resolution. This section provides general instructions on command sequence format. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series .000 inches: <<[Esc]>><<DW>><<Space>><<5. of any function. the following sequence would adjust the range of the USN 60 to 5. The Escape key will be identified in this manual as [Esc]. are provided in tables in this section.I/O Ports Technical Data Remote Control of the USN 58 7. or value. acceptable value range.

In this case. because the resolution is 1. “Range” is either the adjustment range of the function or a list options. as explained earlier in this section. their related codes. The tables in this section show all functions. All functions are listed in Table 7-2 by the names that appear in the menus. In either case. or a commercially available serial communications program. To read the value of a parameter the following command string should be sent to the instrument: <ESC>XX<RETURN> .Remote Codes for the USN 58 I/O Ports Technical Data “Code” is the 2 digit code to activate the particular function.4 Remote Codes for the USN 58 It is possible to set or read any parameter in the instrument over the serial communication port. a response or 40 would indicate a threshold level of 40%. Keypad controls are also listed alphabetically in the same tables. expressed as a multiple of the resolution shown in the table. An explanations of table organization and content follows. H Note: The instrument will make no response to a command until <[Return]> is input. Commands can be sent using either a user written program. The unit will answer with the threshold value. There are many such inexpensive programs for terminal and modern communications. where XX is the remote code of the desired parameter Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. values and resolution. To read or set the value of any parameter the following instructions must be followed. 7. 05/04 7-7 . values from the Range column are used in the “Value Portion” of the escape sequence. ‘Resolution’ specifies the smallest increment for choosing the value above.

If ECHO mode is set to OFF. entered command characters and (if applicable) settings will be returned by the instrument to the connected computer as soon as <[Return]> is input.I/O Ports Technical Data The instrument will return the following (provided ECHO mode is ON): *XX<SPACE>YYY<RETURN> Where XX is the remote code and YYY is the setting / value To set the value of a parameter the following command string should be sent to the instrument: <ESC>XX<SPACE>YYY<RETURN> Where XX is the remote code and YYY is the setting / value The instrument will return the following (provided ECHO mode is ON): *XX<SPACE>YYY<RETURN> Where XX is the remote code and YYY is the setting / value Table 7-2 summarizes the remote codes and allowable settings for all of the parameters. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . If ECHO mode (8L) is set to ON. only requested data will be returned to the connected computer. 7-8 Issue 04. H Note: Remote Codes for the USN 58 The state of the ECHO mode (see the end of Table 7-2) determines what information will be returned by the instrument to the connected computer.

TIMED 2.0 dB to 20.0 dB/m PAR AMETER Gate A Wi dth Alarm Reset I/O Ports Technical Data R EMOTE C OD E AW AX SETTIN GS 0.19 M 1: RESETS (Wri te Only) 0: OFF 1: ON NOT IMPLEMENTED 0.0 to 110.000 i n. 0—100.0 i n.0 i n.Remote Codes for the USN 58 Table 7-2 R emote C odes PAR AMETER Ascan Pri nt ? Gate A AGC R EMOTE C OD E A? AA SETTIN GS 0: OFF 1: ON 0: OFF 1: ON NOT IMPLEMENTED 0: OFF 1: A-Scan 2: Gri d 0.50 sec 2: TIMED 1.25 mm—12. 0. 0.25 mm—12.19 M Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04.0 dB Gate B Start Mode BS Gate A Threshold D GS Ampli tude C orrecti on AT AV Gate B Threshold Gate B Wi dth BT BW 0: 1200 1: 2400 2: 4800 3: 9600 4: 19200 5: 38400 6: 57600 7: 115200 0: IP 1: IF 2: GATE #1 5 to 90 /steps of 1% 0.—480.—480.—480. 05/04 7-9 .0 dB C olor Leg (58L) AC Gate B AGC BA Gate A Start Ascan Enhance AD AE Gate B Start Backwall Gai n BD BG Horn TTL Mode AH AL Back Li ght Gate B Logi c BL BM 0: OFF 1: ON 0: OFF 1: POSITIVE 2: NEGATIVE 3: MEASURE Gate A Logi c AM Backwall Mode BO 0: OFF 1: ON D GS Ref Attenuati on AR Baud Rate BR Gate A Start Mode AS 0: IP 1: IF 5 to 90 / steps of 1% -20.25 sec 1: TIMED .19 M 0: NONE 1: SPARKLE (58L) 2: BASELINE BREAK 3: SPARKLE & BASE BRK (58L) 0: D ISABLE 1: ENABLE 0: TIMED . 0.0 i n.540 dB/i n.00 mm—12.—480.010 i n.010 i n.00 mm—12.0 sec 4: INSTANTANEOUS 5: LATC HED 0: OFF 1: POSITIVE 2: NEGATIVE 3: MEASURE 0—2.000 i n.0 sec 3. 0.0 i n.19 M 0.

I/O Ports Technical Data Table 7-2—C ontinued PAR AME TE R D ata Logger P ri nt D elete C urve C lear Readi ng C GB Mode R E MOTE C OD E C? CC CD CG S E TTIN GS 0: No pri nt of data logger readi ngs 1: P ri nt of data logger readi ngs 0: No A cti on 1: D eletes C urve 0: No A cti on 1: D eletes C urrent Readi ng 0: OFF 1: ON Not Implemented 0: RE P ORT 1: PA RA D UMP 2: LOG to FILE 3: LOG to P ORT 0: OFF 1: ON Gai n D B Reference D i splay D elay D i rectory E mpti es PAR AME TE R R E MOTE C OD E DB DC DD DE Remote Codes for the USN 58 S E TTIN GS 0 to 110.0 dB /m File# 0001 0002 0003 0004 0005 0006 0007 E XAMP LE File File N ame Type cltest cli n dactest li nr dgstest li nr fi le1 gri d gatetest li nr gri dtest gri d tcgtest li nr File D ate 10/2/2002 10/2/2002 10/2/2002 10/2/2002 10/2/2002 10/2/2002 10/2/2002 TOF D etecti on Gate B D2 TOF D etecti on IF Gate D3 D ump A scan DA 0: FLA NK 1: P E A K 2: ZE RO-C ROS S ING 0: FLA NK 1: P E A K 2: ZE RO-C ROS S ING Returns 314 amp poi nts or pai rs (386 i n Zoom) User Gai n DS 0.0 / steps of 0.0 / steps of 0.540 dB /i n.0 – 24. 0—100. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series .1 dB 0: dB reference mode OFF 1: dB reference mode ON -20.00 uS ec to -3499 uS ec Number of avai lable fi les (Wri te Only) T akes fi le number (from D R command) (Wri te Only) C opy Mode CM D elete Fi le DF C OP Y K ey CO Language DG C olor (58L only) CR C GB Offset CT 0: S cheme 1 1: S cheme 2 2: S cheme 3 3: S cheme 4 -40 to 40 / steps of 1% Not Implemented 1-20 (bri ghtness) 0: FLA NK 1: P E A K 2: ZE RO-C ROS S ING Number of D R fi les DL 0: E NGLIS H 8: S WE D ISH 1: GE RMA N 9: D UTC H 2: FRE NC H 10: FINNIS H 3: S PA NIS H 11: RUS S IA N 4: ITA LIA N 12: C ZE C H 5: P ORTUGUE S E 13: ROMA NIA N 6: NORWE GIA N 14: S LOV E NIA N 7: D A NIS H Number of i nstrument fi les (Read Only) D ual Mode DM C ontrast TOF D etecti on Gate A CX D1 D GS T est A ttenuati on Fi le D i rectory DN DR 0: OFF 1: ON 2: Through 0—2.1 dB D ate DT Get i nstrument date D ay-Month-Y ear 7-10 Issue 04.

0 mm—12. D i a. 05/04 7-11 . D i a.—480.0 i n.0098 i n/uS ec—0.25 MHz 3: 4 MHz 4: 5 MHz 5: 10 MHz 6: 15 MHz 7: .00 mm—12.25 MHz LP 8: 10 – 25 MHz HP 9: 2 – 25 MHz B B Requi res fi le number (from D R command) (Read Only) 0: OFF 1: ON Hi gh S peed Output Mode HS A scan D i splay Mode FI Header Ti tle HT Fi le Name FN IF A GC IA Frequency FR Instrument C onfi gurati on IC 0: OFF 1: ON Not Implemented Returns li st of i nstalled modules Transmi t Fi le Freeze K ey FX FZ Instrument Identi fi cati on IF Gate Logi c ID IM Returns US N 58L or US N 58R 0: OFF 1: P OS ITIV E 2: NE GATIV E 3: ME A S URE 0.19 M 0: OFF 1: ON 0: NORMA L 1: HIGH-RE S OLUTION 2: P RE C IS ION Not Implemented 0: None 1: Out at 57600 2: Out at 115900 C haracter stri ng up to 16 characters R E MOTE C OD E DV DW ER ES Fi ni sh TC G C urve FH No parameters (Wri te Only) 0: HOLLOW 1: FILLE D 2: S MA RT HOLLOW 3: S MA RT FILLE D Returns current fi le name or sets current fi le to the i nputted name (i f i t exi sts) (up to 14 characters) 0: 1 MHz 1: 2 MHz 2: 2.30 mm to probe's E ff. C onvert to hexadeci mal.25 – 2.Remote Codes for the USN 58 Table 7-2—C ontinued PAR AME TE R D GS D elay Veloci ty Range E valuate Result D GS C urve I/O Ports Technical Data S E TTIN GS 0.19 M Not Implemented D eci mal word representi ng i nstalled modules.0 i n. 1.010 i n.000 i n. Module i nstalled i f B i t i s set. 0.—480. to probe's E ff.00 mm—12.19 M 0: A mp to C urve (% or dB ) 1: E RS (E qui v .012 i n.—480. 0.19 M 5 to 90 / steps of 1% Fi le Upload Grati cule FU GR Gate S elect GS Header # Header P ri nt ? H# H? T akes fi le (as suppli ed wi th FX command) 0: OFF 1: 20% 2: 10% 0: GATE #1 1: GATE #2 2: IF GATE 1 to 10 / steps of 1 0: OFF 1: ON IF Gate S tart IF Gate Threshold IS IT IF Gate Wi dth IW 0.6299 i n/uS ec 250 M/S ec—16000 M/S ec 0.—480. From 0. Ref.040 i n.00 mm—12. 0.0 i n. S i ze) From 0.0 i n. B i t 0—TC G Module B i t 1—D GS Module B i t 2—JIS Module B i t 3—C GB Module B i t 4—IF Gate Module B i t 5—P reci si on Thi ckness Module B i t 6—B ackwall A ttenuator Module B i t 7—Rai l Module B i t 8—A utoVeloci ty Module B i t 9—Hi gh S peed Output Module Not Implemented JIS C olor Module Query JC JH Help K ey HE 0: OFF 1: ON JIS Mode JM Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. PAR AME TE R Header Informati on Hi gh Li mi t HOME K ey Thi ckness Mode R E MOTE C OD E HI HL HM HR S E TTIN GS C haracter stri ng up to 16 characters 0.0 i n.

0 i n. 0.I/O Ports Technical Data Table 7-2—C ontinued PAR AMETER JIS Offset JIS C urve Gai n Knob Up Gai n Knob D own Functi on Knob Up Functi on Knob D own Thi ck Reference LED 1 State R EMOTE C OD E JO JV K1 K2 K3 K4 KR L1 SETTIN GS Not Implemented Not Implemented Turns Gai n Knob up one cli ck.—480. (Wri te Only. (Wri te Only. 0: OFF 1: ON (Read Only.19 M Reports State of LED 1.0 i n. No Parameter) Turns Gai n Knob down one cli ck. No Parameter) Turns Functi on Knob down one cli ck.0 dB Measurement Type MT 0: C ontact 1: Immersi on 0: OFF 1: ON <esc>MO # stri ng #=1-7 (memo li ne number) stri ng = up 36 characters 0: IPF 1: IFF 2: MULT Not Implemented 7-12 Issue 04.0 mm—12. No parameter) Reports State of LED 3.19 M 0: OFF 1: ON PAR AMETER Remote Codes for the USN 58 R EMOTE C OD E SETTIN GS Memo Pri nt ? MENU Key #1 MENU Key #2 MENU Key #3 MENU Key #4 MENU Key #5 MENU Key #6 M? M1 M2 M3 M4 M5 M6 0: OFF 1: ON 0: OFF 1: ON 0: OFF 1: ON 0: OFF 1: ON 0: OFF 1: ON 0: OFF 1: ON 0: OFF 1: ON LED 2 State L2 Magni fi cati on MA 0: No Magni fi cati on 1: Magni fi cati on LED 3 State L3 D GS Mode MD 0: OFF 1: ON Large C har D i splay LC Magni fy Gate MG 0: GATE #1 1: GATE #2 2: IF GATE Lock Key (58L only) Low Li mi t Loss of Si gnal Mode LK LL LO IF D elay Mode Master Lock Memo MI ML MO D GS Transfer C orrecti on LS -30.000 i n. 0. 0: OFF 1: ON (Read Only. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . (Wri te Only.0 i n.0 dB—30.00 mm—12. (Wri te Only. No parameter) 0: OFF 1: Readi ng #1 2: Readi ng #2 3: Readi ng #3 4: Readi ng #4 0: OFF 1: ON 0. No parameter) Reports State of LED 2. 0: OFF 1: ON (Read Only. No Parameter) Turns Functi on Knob up one cli ck. No Parameter) 0.—480.

05/04 7-13 . mild (Shear) 51: Steel. stainless 52: Steel. 6-6 37: Oil (SAE-30) 38: Platinum 39: Platinum (Shear) 40: Plexiglass 41: Polyethylene 42: Polystyrene 43: Polyurethane 44: Quartz 45: Quartz (Shear) 46: Rubber. stainless (Shear) 53: Teflon 54: Tin 55: Tin (Shear) 56: Titanium 57: Titanium (Shear) 58: Tungsten 59: Tungsten (Shear) 60: Uranium 61: Uranium (Shear) 62: Water 63: Zinc 64: Zinc (Shear) 65: Zirconium Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. Butyl 47: Silver 48: Silver (Shear) 49: Steel. mild 50: Steel.Remote Codes for the USN 58 I/O Ports Technical Data Table 7-2—Continued PARAMETER Material REMOTE CODE MV SETTINGS 0: Custom material 1: AL Oxide 2: AL Oxide (Shear) 3: Aluminum 4: Aluminum (Shear) 5: Beryllium 6: Beryllium (Shear) 7: Brass 8: Brass (Shear) 9: Cadmium 10: Cadmium (Shear) 11: Copper 12: Copper (Shear) 13: Glass (crown) 14: Glass (crown) (Shear) 15: Glycerin 16: Gold 17: Ice 18: Ice (Shear) 19: Inconel 20: Inconel (Shear) 21: Iron 22: Iron (Shear) 23: Iron (cast) 24: Iron (cast) (Shear) 25: Lead 26: Magnesium 27: Magnesium (Shear) 28: Mercury 29: Molybdenum 30: Molybdenum (Shear) 31: Monel 32: Monel (Shear) PARAMETER Material REMOTE CODE MV SETTINGS 33: Neoprene 34: Nickel 35: Nickel (Shear) 36: Nylon.

150 ohm 0: LOW 1: HIGH User defi ned name (up to 16 characters) 0 : E p so n 1: HP Laserjet 2: HP D eskjet 3: Sei ko D PU-4xxx 1 through 16 15 through 6000 Hz Noi se Wi ndow O-D i ameter NW OD 1 through 16 Up to 150.I/O Ports Technical Data Table 7-2—C ontinued PAR AMETER Note # Note Pri nt ? Noi se C ount Note R EMOTE C OD E SETTIN GS N# 1 to 6 / steps of 1 N? NC NO 0: OFF 1: ON 1 through 16 <esc>MO # stri ng #=1-6 (note number) stri ng = up 16 characters 0. part thi ckness -999.19 M 0: TTL 1 1: TTL 2 2: TTL 3 PAR AMETER PARAMETER Key #1 PARAMETER Key #2 PARAMETER Key #3 PARAMETER Key #4 Remote Codes for the USN 58 R EMOTE C OD E P1 P2 P3 P4 SETTIN GS 0: OFF 1: ON 0: OFF 1: ON 0: OFF 1: ON 0: OFF 1: ON Thi n Reference (AutoC al) Alarm Select NR NS Probe Angle Freeze Mode PA PC 0 to 90 / steps OF 0.0000—999.9997 uSec 0: AUTOLOW 1: AUTOHIGH 2: MANUAL 3: EXTERNAL 0 .50 Ohm 1 .1 0: A LL 1: P E A K 2: C OMPARE 3: ENVELOPE .5 Sec 4: ENVELOPE 1 Sec 5: ENVELOPE 2 Sec 6: ENVELOPE PEAK 0.9997 u/Sec Not Implemented 0: Analog Output Low w/LOS 1: Analog Output HIgh w/LOS 0 to 3 Probe D elay PRF Mode PD PF IF OFFSET OF D ampi ng PG Operati on Mode Loss of Si gnal State Output D elay OM OS OY Energy D GS Probe Name PRINTER SELEC TION PI PN PR D GS Probe Number Parameter Pri nt ? P# P? 1 to 25 / steps of 1 0: OFF 1: ON TC G Poi nt PRF Value PT PV 7-14 Issue 04.000 i n.0 i n or 3810 mm Low li mi t depends on probe angle.75 ohm 2 .—480. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . 0.00 mm—12.9997 u/Sec— 999.0 i n.

0 i n. 05/04 7-15 .020 i n.0 dB 6 = USER PROG 0.024 i n.0 dB 4 = 2.5 dB 3 = 1.0 dB 5 = 6.50 mm—10.1 dB 2 = .0394 i n. 0.393 i n.0 dB Not Implemented 0: OFF 1: ON Not Implemented 0.—0.0 mm OFF or Readi ng 1 OFF or Readi ng 2 OFF or Readi ng 3 OFF or Readi ng 4 0: % SC REEN HEIGHT 1: D B THRESHOLD TC G Transfer C orrecti on TC G D elay TEST Key TC G Gai n Thi ckness Ti me TC G Slope TC TD TE TG TH TI TL Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04./uSec—0.Remote Codes for the USN 58 Table 7-2—C ontinued PAR AMETER Readi ng Box 1 Readi ng Box 2 Readi ng Box 3 Readi ng Box 4 I/O Ports Technical Data SETTIN GS Store TC G Start Mode Seri al Number D B Step PAR AMETER R EMOTE C OD E SD SM SN ST SETTIN GS 0: OFF 1: ON 0: IP 1: IF up to 9 characters 0 = LOC K knobs 1 = .6298 i n/uSec 1000 M/Sec—16000 M/Sec 0: OFF 1: Gate A 2: Gate B 3: Gate IF 4: Hi gh Li mi t 5: Low Li mi t 0: OFF 1: Gate A 2: Gate B 3: Gate IF 4: Hi gh Li mi t 5: Low Li mi t 0: OFF 1: Gate A 2: Gate B 3: Gate IF 4: Hi gh Li mi t 5: Low Li mi t 0.—480.0—110. 0.19 M HH MM SS Not Implemented R EMOTE C OD E R1 R2 R3 R4 C ontact KK for li sti ng Recall C urrent Fi le D GS Reference Echo RD RE 0: OFF 1: ON 0: S D H 1: F B H 2: B W Veloci ty TTL #1 SV T1 Recti fy RF 0: POSITIVE HW 1: NEGATIVE HW 2: FULLWAVE 3: RF TTL #2 T2 Reject RJ 0 – 80 / steps of 1% TTL #3 T3 D GS Record D GS Reference Si ze Output Readi ng #1 Output Readi ng #2 Output Readi ng #3 Output Readi ng #4 Ampli tude RR RS S1 S2 S3 S4 SA 0: No record 1: Record 0.60 mm—12.

0 dB 1 . current poi nt TC G P oi nt Gai n. current poi nt TC G C urve D i splay Uni ts TN TO TP TR TS TT TV TY UN S oftware Versi on VR Record AWS Indi cati on Record AWS Reference AWS A ttenuati on AWS Rati ng AWS Mode Water P ath Veloci ty D GS X tal D i ameter D GS X tal Frequency D elete D GS Reference X -Value Zoom E cho WA WB WC WD WS WV XD XF XR XV ZM 8L 7-16 Issue 04. 3.00 mm to 12.00 mm—35.ON -110. 0 to 110.0 110.0 i n.I/O Ports Technical Data Table 7-2—C ontinued PAR AME TE R TC G Mode R E MOTE C OD E TM S E TTIN GS 0: OFF 1: TC G 2: D A C -4.0 MHz 0: No D elete 1: D elete Reference 0.6298 i n/S ec 1000 M/S ec—16000 M/S ec 0.0 mm—5080 mm 0: OFF 1: ON 0 .00 mm 0.000—200. query .No echo of command characters recei ved 1 .0 dB to 110.377 i n.0 to 110 dB 0: OFF 1: ON 0: MM 1: INC H 2: us A A .—1.0 dB 0: OFF 1: ON 0.OFF.000 i n.E cho command characters recei ved after <cr> Remote Codes for the USN 58 TC G A ttenuati on TC G Offset Thi ckness P robe D i splay S tart Mode Record TC G TC G P oi nt Ti me. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . query .D D .OFF. to +4.000 dB /i n. 00.0 dB Not Implemented 0: IP 1: IF 0: OFF 1: ON 0.19 M 0.5—10. 0.B B . to 480.ON 0 .0 i n.000 dB /i n.0 110.C C .0 dB -110.E E A A : Mai n Operati ng C ode versi on B B : B oot C ode versi on C C : D S P C ode versi on D D : Mai n FP GA C ode versi on E E : D i splay FP GA C ode versi on 0 .0 dB 1 .0394 i n/S ec—0.0 dB to 110.119 i n.

DAC/TCG Option 8 Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. 05/04 8-1 .

or other factors. These points are recorded from the TCG menu as described below. The TCG function displays reflectors of equal size at equal A-Scan amplitudes. 8. Changing these settings after the TCG reference points are input will affect the accuracy of measurement. MATERIAL.) have been made. will appear on the display screen. These functions are accessed through the TCG Menu. When TCG is activated. Maximum curve slope is 12 dB per microsecond. which is located by pressing u below the NEXT selection on the HOME Menu bar. echoes from equally sized reflectors appear as the same height on the A-Scan display.1 Using TCG When the TCG function is in use. represents constant reflector size at varying material depth. to compensate for signal loss (or variation) due to attenuation. Successive data points do not Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. Before using the TCG function do the following: Step 1: The instrument/probe combination has been calibrated and all instrument settings (PULSER. Each curve. The dynamic range of the TCG function is 40 dB. beam spread. appears in the status bar near the top right-hand corner of the display. when operating in DAC mode. either one or five Distance Amplitude Correction curves are superimposed on the A-Scan display. This process allows the USN 58 to calculate and compensate for the effect on material depth on reflector-echo height. Both the DAC and TCG functions operate based on a set of user-recorded data points. RECEIVER. The DAC function displays all echoes at their true amplitude (without depth compensation). like the one shown in Figure 8-1. corresponding to different material depths. The USN 58 accomplishes this by adjusting the gain at different locations in the A-scan display. When operating in TCG mode. The original 8-2 Using TCG recorded curve is displayed in bold. etc. Step 2: TCG reference points (up to 16) must be recorded.DAC/TCG Option The USN 58 is available with optional Time Corrected Gain (TCG) and Multi-Curve Distance Amplitude Correction (DAC) functions. regardless of the reflector’s depth in the test material. 05/04 . However.

To program TCG reference points: Step 3: While the Gate is lined up over the first reference echo. When the value of the RECORD function changes from 0 to 1. Note that the largest echo to cross the A-Gate will be treated as the reference echo. If necessary. use the Gain Knob to adjust the gain so that the echo crosses the A-Gate and the highest peak in gate A is at approximately 80% of full-screen height. Either one set of TCG reference points or one DAC curve can be stored at a time. The RECORD submenu will be selected. have to decrease in amplitude. The primary echo from each of these points (for up to a total of 16 echoes) are recorded. Points are typically taken from a standard with equally sized reflectors (holes) located at various material depths. the DAC/TCG curve does not have to have a constantly descending slope. using v next to GATE START and GATE THRESHOLD. The highest peak must not be higher than 100% full-screen height.1.Using TCG DAC/TCG Option Step 2: Couple the probe to the first reference point and. 8. That is. When TCG is active. The gain value at which this point is recorded becomes the “baseline” gain value. the instrument compensates for different material thickness by applying a varying gain level to echoes at material depths other than the baseline depth.1 Recording the TCG Reference Points TCG reference points are recorded in exactly the same manner as those points used to create the DAC curve. adjust the A-Gate so that it is broken by the primary echo. 05/04 8-3 . Step 1: Access the TCG menu by pressing u below the NEXT selection (on the HOME Menu bar) then activating the TCG Menu by pressing u below it. H Note: Detection mode is automatically set to peak. press v next to the RECORD function. Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. you have recorded the first TCG reference point.

Using TCG 8. if TCG is active when a data set is stored.1. H Note: The TCG CURVE graphically represents the level of gain applied at each of the user-input reference points. Step 6: Note that stored TCG reference points can be edited as described in section 8. up to a maximum of 16 points (note that at least two reference points are required). curve status will be the same as when it was stored. Step 5: When complete press v next to FINISH. following steps 2 and 3. These result selections will remain locked until TCG reference recording is completed (Step 5 below). curve. 05/04 .2 Working with TCG In TCG mode the instrument uses the recorded reference points to calculate an amount of gain correction required to display each echo from samesize reflectors at the same amplitude (Figure 8-1). Step 1: With the TCG Menu accessed.DAC/TCG Option H Note: When a TCG reference point is stored. TCG. Krautkramer USN 58 Series 8-4 Issue 04. For example. ( will appear) Step 3: Press v next to the TCG DISPLAY function to turn this feature ON or OFF. Step 2: Press v next to the TCG MODE function until ON appears. OR DAC) will be stored with data set. select the SETUP 1 submenu. To use the stored reference points and operate in TCG mode: Step 4: Continue to take additional reference points.3 H Note: TCG reference points. This compensating gain is represented by the height of the TCG curve while the material depth of each reference point is represented by its horizontal position on the display screen. and status (OFF. it will be active when that data set is recalled. The recorded reference point data is stored until replaced or edited. When recalled. two measurement results boxes will be automatically set (if not already configured) to display SA and A%A values.

Using TCG DAC/TCG Option FIGURE 8-1—TCG Curve Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. 05/04 8-5 .

Step 2: Press v next to the TCG ATTEN function. DAC must be programmed differently for different applications. the only deviation from traditional display and operation is the appearance of the DAC curve. and materials vary in attenuation and velocity. Step 3: Note that this adjustment is applied to all TCG reference points.00 dB per inch to +4. a dB adjustment can be applied to each reference point by using the TCG ATTENUATION function. Note that this adjustment is automatically applied to the dB level of all reference points.DAC/TCG Option Using DAC Using TCG ATTENUATION When TCG reference points are measured from a standard of material different from the test material. then adjust its value from -4. 8. 05/04 . (see 8. The dynamic range of the DAC function is 40 dB. the DAC curve visually represents a line of constant reflector peaks over a range of material depths. Maximum curve slope is 12 dB per microsecond.2).00 dB per inch. Remember that in DAC mode.2. That is. A new feature of the USN 58 is a multiple-curve option that displays the recorded DAC curve plus four dB offset DAC curves simultaneously 8-6 8. Step 1: With the TCG Menu accessed. A DAC curve can be based on up to 16 data points (material depths). Because near field and beam spread vary according to transducer size and frequency. All A-Scan echoes are displayed at their non-compensated height.2 Using DAC When displayed. the DAC/TCG curve does not have to have a constantly descending slope. select the SETUP 2 submenu by pressing u. A DAC curve is programmed using a series of samereflector echoes at various depths covering the range of depths to be inspected in the test material. Points are typically taken from a standard Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04.1 Recording the DAC Curve DAC Curve points are recorded in exactly the same manner as those points used to create the TCG reference. Successive data points do not have to decrease in amplitude.2.

2. If necessary. the instrument displays a curve that represents echo peaks for constant reflectors at varying material depth. The primary echo from each of these points (for up to a total of 16 echoes) are recorded. if TCG is active when a data set is stored. with equally sized reflectors (holes) located at various material depths. Step 5: When complete press v next to FINISH. Either one DAC curve or one set of TCG reference points can be stored at a time.2 Working with DAC In DAC mode the instrument uses the user-input reference points to create a curve representing the amplitudes of echoes representing same-size reflectors at varying material depth (Figure 8-2). The 8-7 Issue 04. Note that the largest echo to cross the A-Gate will be treated as the reference echo. press v next to the RECORD function.3 H Note: DAC curve and status (OFF. 05/04 . Step 1: Access the TCG menu by pressing u below the NEXT selection (on the HOME Menu bar) then activating the TCG Menu by pressing u below it. The RECORD submenu will be selected. OR DAC) will be stored with data set. When recalled. When the value of the RECORD function changes from Krautkramer USN 58 Series 8. use the Gain Knob to adjust the gain so that the echo crosses the A-Gate and the highest peak in gate A is at approximately 80% of full-screen height. up to a maximum of 16 points (note that at least two DAC Curve points are required). The highest peak must not be higher than 100% full-screen height. adjust the A-Gate so that it is broken by the primary echo. it will be active when that data set is recalled. Step 3: While the Gate is lined up over the first reference echo.Using DAC DAC/TCG Option 0 to 1. Step 2: Couple the probe to the first reference point and. To program the DAC Curve: Step 4: Continue to record additional Curve points. using v next to GATE START and GATE THRESHOLD. The gain value at which this point is recorded becomes the “baseline” gain. When DAC is active. you have recorded the first DAC Curve point. For example. curve status will be the same as when it was stored. following steps 2 and 3. TCG. Step 6: Note that stored DAC Curve points can be edited as described in Section 8.

DAC/TCG Option Using DAC FIGURE 8-2—DAC Curve 8-8 Issue 04. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series .

To turn the DAC OFFSET feature on recorded reference point data is stored until replaced or edited. To increase the instrument gain without changing the DAC curve position. select the SETUP 2 submenu. Issue 04. 05/04 8-9 . the DAC curve is typically displayed. four offset curves will appear in addition to the original DAC curve. select the SETUP 1 submenu.Using DAC DAC/TCG Option • Two times the DAC OFFSET value. Step 2: Press v next to the TCG MODE function until DAC appears. When DAC OFFSET is set to any value other than zero. select the SETUP 2 submenu. Creating DAC Offset Curves When operating with DAC turned on. (Figure 8-2) Step 2: Press v next to the DAC OFFSET function. Additional curves can also be offset from the original DAC curve by a user-inputted amount. Step 1: With the TCG Menu accessed. use the TRANSFER CORR function to compensate for varying coupling/ surface conditions. Setting the value to zero eliminates the offset curves. Adjust the value as required. Step 1: With the TCG Menu accessed. The DAC Curve will appear whenever operating in DAC mode. Their spacing from the DAC curve will represent the • dB OFFSET value • The negative of the DAC OFFSET value Krautkramer USN 58 Series Adjusting the Applied Gain Using TRANSFER CORRECTION When DAC is active. To create a DAC curve and operate in DAC mode: Step 1: With the TCG Menu accessed. The DAC offset amount can range from 0 dB (no offset curves displayed) to 12 dB. adjusting the instrument gain setting will result in an equal adjustment of the DAC curve position.

8-10 Issue 04. Step 5: Press v next to the ENTER function to input the adjusted point values (or new point’s position). select the SETUP1 submenu. 8. select the EDIT submenu. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . their values may be manually adjusted. Step 2: Press v next to the POINT function until the desired point number (or NEW if adding an new point) appears.DAC/TCG Option Step 2: Press v next to the TRANSFER CORR function.4 Deleting a DAC Curve or TCG Reference Points To delete a stored DAC curve or TCG reference points Step 1: With the TCG Menu accessed. Note that this adjustment applies regardless of whether the point is used for TCG reference or a DAC Curve.3 Editing DAC Curve and TCG Reference Points After reference points are recorded. The DAC Curve or TCG reference function will be adjusted to match this edited input. not the DAC curve position. Step 2: Press v next to the DELETE CURVE! function (see Figure 8-1). Step 3: Press v next to the TIME function to adjust (input for NEW points) the point’s horizontal position Step 1: With the TCG Menu activated. This gain adjustment will only apply to the echo height. or new points may be manually input (as long as the total number does not exceed 16 points). To edit points or input additional points: 8. Editing DAC Curve and TCG Reference Points Step 4: Press v next to the TCG GAIN function to adjust (input for NEW points) the point’s applied gain (vertical position). Adjust the gain value as required.

Deleting a DAC Curve or TCG Reference Points DAC/TCG Option Step 3: Press v next to the DELETE CURVE! function a second time. Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. Then press h to confirm your selection. Step 3: Set the values of both TCG GAIN and TIME functions to 0. Step 4: The statement in the function box will change to NO VALID CURVE. 05/04 8-11 . To delete an individual point (without deleting the entire curve): Step 1: Press u to activate the EDIT submenu. Step 2: Press v next to the POINT function until the desired point number appears. Step 4: Press v next to ENTER to delete the selected point.

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Interface (IF) Gate Option 9 Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. 05/04 9-1 .

2.2. Step 2: From the BASIC Menu.3) • Position Gates A and B relative to the IF Gate flankcrossing using the START MODE function (9.1) • Use the IF OFFSET feature to adjust the value of time-based measurements referenced from the IF Gate crossing (9.1.2) 9-2 IF Gate Setup • Adjust and configure the IF Gate (9. Step 3: Select the INSTALLED OPT. If the DAC/ TCG option is installed. the IF Gate crossing can be used as a starting point from which all time-based measurements are taken. If IF GATE is listed. this Issue 04. It allows measurements to be referenced from the interface between the immersion liquid (usually water) and the material being inspected.1.Interface (IF) Gate Option The USN 58 is available with an optional Interface Gate.4) • Display measurements based on IF Gate crossing echoes (9.1 IF Gate Setup To confirm that the IF Gate option is installed in your instrument: Step 1: Select the BASIC Menu. The IF Gate monitors the time window from the initial pulse to this interface surface. This crossing can also define the display starting point.1.1) • Set the A-Scan display to begin with the first IF Gate flank crossing (9. select the OPTIONS Submenu. the DAC curve or TCG reference points can be input using either IP (initial pulse) or the IF Gate crossing as a reference. In this chapter you will learn how to: • Determine if the IF Gate option is installed • Specify Immersion-type testing and input a waterpath velocity (9. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . The IF Gate is defined and positioned in the same way as the A and B Gates. The IF Gate is typically used in immersion testing applications.1. then press v or turn the Function Knob to list each option installed in your instrument.2) 9. function. In addition.

Step 2: Select the IF ADVanced Submenu. H Note: When DELAY MODE is set to IMMERSION. Step 3: Select the DELAY MODE function. 9. then press v or turn the Function Knob to select IMMERSION. the WATER PATH VELocity function is enabled. contact Agfa NDT to install the option at our facility. The instrument’s default value is set to the acoustic velocity of water (0.IF Gate Setup Interface (IF) Gate Option With this function setting. To select the IMMERSION measurement method and adjust the water path velocity: Step 4: With the IMMERSION measuring method selected. through the immersion fluid (usually water).0583 inch/microsecond) is set to the acoustic velocity of water. and to the material being tested. measurement of the immersion fluid thickness. a WATER PATH VELOCITY can be input. and the IF Gate width are calculated using the fluid velocity. option is installed in your instrument. Step 1: Select the GATES Menu. Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. the position of the IF Gate.0583 inch/microsecond). all calculations that consider the elapsed time from the initial pulse to the IF Gate crossings are based on the WATER PATH VELocity.1. This ensures that the inputted acoustic velocity of the material being tested is used in calculations based on the IF Gate crossing.1 Immersion Testing Method The IF Gate option allows you to specify two types of measurement methods: CONTACT-the probe is in physical contact with the test piece IMMERSION-sound energy is transmitted from the probe. The default value (0. If not. When the measurement method is set to IMMERSION. 05/04 9-3 . You may manually adjust the acoustic velocity for the immersion fluid (usually water). When the IF Gate is used in other than immersion applications (such as with a contact probe) be sure to set the DELAY MODE to CONTACT.

When no IF Gate crossing occurs.1) • Gate Width (3. the A-Scan display starting point is automatically set to IP (Initial Pulse). To adjust the display delay: Step 1: Press h. To set the A-Scan display starting point: to the display starting point. Note that when operating in either the IF or IP display start configuration.2 IF Gate Crossing as the Display Starting Point When not operating with the IF Gate enabled.3. Step 3: Select the DISPLAY START function. Following is a list of the functions that apply to the IF Gate: • Gate Start (3. Step 2: Select the DISPLAY DELAY function. All gate positioning functions are described in Chapter 3.1. the display starting point can be set to either IP or IF. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . the display’s starting point aligns with the IF Gate’s starting point. This function applies a positive or negative time delay 9-4 Issue 04. moving it left or right.1) • Gate Threshold (3.1.2) Step 1: Select the BASIC Menu. the display’s exact starting point can be adjusted using the DISPLAY DELAY function. Step 2: Select the CONFIG Submenu. When set to IF.3 Configuring the IF Gate The IF Gate is positioned and configured in the same manner as the A and B Gates.1. 9.1.1. with the exception of the START MODE function (described in the next section).1) • Gate Detection (Peak or Flank . The left-hand side of the A-Scan display will align with the first IF Gate flank crossing. and then press v until the value is set to IF.1.Interface (IF) Gate Option IF Gate Setup 9. then press v or turn the function knob to move the display starting point to the left (positive delay) or right (negative delay). the left-hand side of the A-Scan is aligned with the first IF-Gate flank crossing. With the IF Gate option enabled.

or A GATE. known as Automatic Gate Tracking. 05/04 . It allows measurements to be referenced from the interface between the immersion liquid 9-5 Step 1: Select the GATES Menu. Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. any change in the IF-Gate’s first flank crossing point will automatically produce an equal change in the starting point of the linked gate. any change in Gate A’s first flank crossing point will cause an equal change in the starting point of Gate B. exists between Gates A and B when B-Gate’s START MODE is set to A-GATE.2 Measurements Based on IF Gate Crossings The IF Gate is typically used in immersion testing applications. (see Figure 9-1) To position a gate’s starting point a specified distance from another Gate’s first flank crossing (using START MODE function): 9.4) 9. the starting point for each gate can be measured from the first flank crossing point in the IF Gate.1.4 Setting Gates A and B Relative to IF Gate Using START MODE When not operating with the IF Gate enabled. Step 3: Select the gate you wish to position using the GATE SELECT function. H Note: When A Gate’s or B Gate’s START MODE function is set to IF GATE.3. when the IF Gate option is enabled.3) • Gate Alarm Logic (also allows the gate to be “Turned Off” . the starting points for Gates A and B are positioned a specified distance from the initial pulse (IP) or Gate B is positioned a specified distance from the start of Gate A. and then press v to set the starting point reference to IP. and Gate B’s starting point is positioned a specified distance from the first flank crossing in Gate A.Measurements Based on IF Gate Crossings Interface (IF) Gate Option Step 2: Select the GATEMODE Submenu.1. Step 4: Select the START MODE function. With the IF Gate option enabled. This feature. IF GATE.1. • Magnify Gate (3. Further.

05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . The flank crossing is always used as a reference. 9-6 Issue 04. whether the IF Gate’s detection setting is set to flank or peak. It also allows you to link the starting point of Gate B to Gate A.Interface (IF) Gate Option Measurements Based on IF Gate Crossings FIGURE 9-1—The START MODE function allows you to link the starting point of Gates A and B to the IF Gate’s first flank crossing point.

1. The OFFSET function also modifies all time based measurements that are referenced to this IF Gate detection point. In immersion applications. Setting IF OFFSET equal to any value other than zero modifies the calculated Time-ofFlight (TOF) to the IF Gate detection point.2. 05/04 9-7 . IF Gate). the measured values shown in Figure 9-2 can be displayed (see section 3.4 to set START MODE. It’s important to note that the relative distance measurements (such as SBI.2. the thickness between the IF Gate trigger and the B Gate trigger) can only be displayed if the later gate’s START MODE (located in the GATEMODE Submenu) is set to IF GATE. The starting positions of Gates A and B are then usually tied to the IF Gate’s first flank crossing point (using the START MODE function located in the GATEMODE Submenu). 9.5 to select measured readings for display using the RESULTS Menu). (usually water) and the material being inspected. This also applies to the other multiecho measurements. A-Gate) START MODE is set to the leading gate (in this case. To adjust the IF OFFSET: Step 1: Select the GATES Menu. Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. Step 2: Select the IF ADVanced Submenu. 9.1 IF-Gate Measurements When the IF Gate is enabled. the IF Gate is usually positioned so that the first echo that returns from the immersion fluid-to-test material interface triggers it. SBI and SBA.2 Using IF OFFSET When the IF Gate option is enabled. time based measurements taken from the IF Gate detection point (flank or peak crossing depending on the IF Gate DETECTION MODE setting) can be adjusted using the IF OFFSET function.Measurements Based on IF Gate Crossings Interface (IF) Gate Option H Note: Gate-to-gate multi-echo measurements (such as SAI) are only available for display when the trailing gate’s (in this case. See 9.

This will modify all time based measurements that depend on an IF Gate crossing. Measurements Based on IF Gate Crossings 9-8 Issue 04. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . Do not set the offset value to any number other than zero unless you are familiar with the effects of this offset on the measured data.Interface (IF) Gate Option Step 3: Select the IF OFFSET function. H Note: The IF OFFSET function directly changes the TOF calculated for the IF Gate detection point. This has the effect of adjusting measured values whenever time based measurements depend on an IF Gate crossing. then press v or turn the Function Knob to adjust the level of offset.

Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. 05/04 9-9 .Measurements Based on IF Gate Crossings Interface (IF) Gate Option FIGURE 9-2—These readings can be displayed only when the IF Gate option is enabled.

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05/04 10-1 .DGS Option 10 Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04.

10-2 Step 1: Press u below the NEXT selection on the HOME menu bar.1 Specifying a Probe and Preparing to Record the Reference Echo Before using the DGS feature to evaluate reflectors in test pieces. and a reference echo must be stored. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . certain characteristics of the reference standard must be input. When operating in DGS mode. These are probes for which probe characteristics are already input in the USN 58. then press the correct u key to access the DGS menu. this function allows you to choose from the list of probe types in Table 10-1. receiver. This feature is accessed through the DGS menu.1. then the PROBE # function. Using DGS Calibrating or changing certain settings after the DGS Reference Echo has been recorded will cause the stored reference to be deleted. To specify the probe characteristics: 10. with the exception of the user-defined probe (PROBE # 1): Issue 04. Before using the DGS function. which is located by pressing u below the NEXT selection on the HOME menu bar. The DGS feature relies on a reference curve based on a recorded reference point. The procedure for recording a reference point using the DGS Menu is described below. the DGS Reference Curve appears on the display screen. 10. Once activated. the characteristics of the attached probe must be specified. Step 2: Select the SETUP submenu. echoes from equally sized reflectors located at varying depths appear to lie along the DGS Reference Curve.1 Using DGS When the DGS function is in use. The DGS feature allows the user to use a particular probe to compare a reflector in a test piece with a known standard reflector. do the following: • Calibrate the instrument/probe combination • Make all required instrument settings related to the pulser.DGS Option The USN 58 is available with an optional Distance Gain Sizing (DGS) feature. and material-velocity settings.

Then use the Gain and Function knobs (the Gain knob changes location within the name. Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. you must then select the DGS PROBE submenu and input the characteristics for the probe you’ve connected including: XTAL FREQUENCY—The probe’s frequency rating EFF. DIAMETER—The probe element’s effective diameter rating DELAY VELOCITY—User determined delay-line velocity Note that these characteristics can’t be changed for any probes other than PROBE #1.Using DGS DGS Option Table 10-1 DGS PROBE-NUMBER ASSIGNMENTS Instrument Setting PROBE #1 PROBE #2 PROBE #3 PROBE #4 PROBE #5 PROBE #6 PROBE #7 PROBE #8 PROBE #9 PROBE #10 PROBE #11 PROBE #12 PROBE #13 Probe Type User defined B1S B2S B4S MB2S MB4S MB5S MWB45-2 MWB60-2 MWB70-2 MWB45-4 MWB60-4 MWB70-4 Instrument Setting PROBE #14 PROBE #15 PROBE #16 PROBE #17 PROBE #18 PROBE #19 PROBE #20 PROBE #21 PROBE #22 PROBE #23 PROBE #24 PROBE #25 Probe Type SWB45-2 SWB60-2 SWB70-2 SWB45-5 SWB60-5 SWB70-5 WB45-1 WB60-1 WB70-1 WB45-2 WB60-2 WB70-2 Step 3: If the user-defined probe type (PROBE #1) is selected. 05/04 10-3 . you can then select the PROBE NAME function. the Function knob changes the character value) to input a new name. Note that selecting any PROBE # value other than 1 will prevent you from modifying the PROBE NAME or any of the other settings described in Step 4. Step 4: If the user-defined probe type (PROBE #1) is selected.

two measurement results boxes will be automatically set (if not already configured) to display SA and A%A values. 10-4 Issue 04. a test standard with a known reflector must be used to define a reference point. Note that only one DGS reference echo can be stored at a time.DGS Option Using DGS 10. Step 4: With the probe coupled to the standard. H Note: When a DGS reference echo is stored. and follow the on-screen prompts. Step 3: Adjust the gain knob until the reference flaw’s A-Scan peak measures 80% of FSH (A%A = 80%). Krautkramer USN 58 Series Step 1: Select the REF ECHO submenu. then the REFERENCE TYPE function. the appear in the display’s status bar (upper right corner). Acceptable test standards include these reference types: • BW—Backwall echo with reference defect size defined as infinity • SDH—Side Drilled Hole with a reference defect size defined as the hole’s diameter • FBH—Flat Bottom Hole with a reference defect size equal to the hole’s facial diameter Follow these steps and Figure 10-1 to record a reference echo: Step 2: Couple the probe to the known standard. press v next to the RECORD REF function to store a DGS reference echo. To delete the currently stored reference. and adjust the A-Gate’s starting point to ensure that the resulting echo triggers the gate. access the REF CORR submenu. 05/04 . select DELETE REF.2 Record the Reference Echo that Defines the DGS Curve Prior to generating the DGS curve. and the reference flaw’s echo captured by the A-Gate.1. and specify the size of the known standard’s reference flaw. H Note: will When a DGS reference echo is stored. capture the reference flaw so that it’s reflected echo is displayed on the instrument’s A-Scan. Once activated. this function allows you to select one of the three reference types described above.

Using DGS DGS Option FIGURE 10-1—Recording a DGS reference point from which a DGS Curve will be generated. Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. 05/04 10-5 .

3 Display and Adjust the DGS Curve Once a reference echo has been recorded. DGS CURVE (found in the SETUP and EVALUATE submenus)—Positions the probe’s DGS Curve based on the size of the reflector (flaw) being tested. TRANSFER CORR. it can be adjusted using one of these three functions: TEST ATTEN (found in the MAT ATTN submenu)— Specify a sound attenuation value (in dB per inch or mm of material thickness) for the material from which the test piece is made. then setting the DGS MODE function to ON (Figure 10-2). The following two adjustments should be made prior to recording a reference echo. the DGS curve is displayed simply by selecting the SETUP submenu in the DGS menu. Using DGS curve — it simply removes the curve from the display and disables the DGS mode. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . The setting will usually depend on the largest acceptable flaw size.DGS Option These result selections will remain locked until the DGS reference is deleted. Note that switching this value to OFF does not delete the 10-6 Issue 04. This value is specified on the probe’s data sheet. Once the DGS Curve is displayed. REF ATTEN (found in the REF CORR submenu)— Specify a sound attenuation value (in dB per inch or mm of material thickness) for the material from which the known standard is made. Changing these values after the DGS curve is generated will cause the curve to be deleted. 10. AMPL CORRECT (found in the REF CORR submenu)—Correction required when using an anglebeam type probe.1. (found in the MAT ATTN submenu) —dB compensation for difference in coupling conditions between the known standard and the test piece.

Using DGS DGS Option FIGURE 10-2—DGS Curve Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. 05/04 10-7 .

This is shown in Figure 10-2. There are two ways in which this comparison can be made: A%cA—Amplitude of the signal crossing the A-Gate as a percentage of the corresponding DGS Curve amplitude. These two options are selected using the EVAL. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series .2 Evaluating Test Samples in DGS Mode Once the curve is recorded and displayed (by turning DGS MODE on). echoes are automatically compared to the DGS curve and evaluated based on the recorded reference. ERS—Equivalent Reflector Size evaluates the reflected echo and calculates the equivalent reflector size.DGS Option Evaluating Test Samples in DGS Mode 10. RESULT function located in the EVALUATE submenu. Note that this comparison method will change to dBcA (the dB equivalent height of the signal above or below the corresponding DGS Curve amplitude) when the AMP MODE function is set to dB THRESHOLD. 10-8 Issue 04.

BEA (Backwall Echo Attenuator) Option 11 Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. 05/04 11-1 .

Step 5: Press v next to the B-START or GATE B WIDTH functions to adjust the position and width of Gate B. including gate-logic control. When BEA is activated. and then adjust the gain setting for only those echoes falling within the B-Gate’s region. Step 4: Press v next to the MODE function until the BEA Mode is turned ON. 11-2 Issue 04.BEA (Backwall Echo Attenuator) Option The USN 58 is available with an optional Backwall Echo Attenuator (BEA) feature. Step 2: Press u below the PLSRVR menu on the Home Menu Bar. amplitude measurements. To operate in BEA mode do the following: Step 1: Activate Gate B. This allows backwall echoes that peak higher than full-screen height to be brought into view on-screen and monitored. This feature is accessed through the PLSRVR menu by pressing u below the BCK ATTN submenu. The BEA icon will appear.2 for additional notes on BEA operation. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . The value of BW GAIN is now the level of gain applied to all A-Scan echoes falling within B-Gate’s region. See section 11. a different gain level is applied to backwall and other echoes that fall within the region of the B-Gate. timebase measurements. When the BEA function is in use. The function bar will appear as shown in Figure 11-1. Using Backwall Echo Attenuator Mode 11.1 Using Backwall Echo Attenuator Mode H Note: B-Gate must be activated to use BEA. All gaterelated functions. The BEA feature allows the user to position the B-Gate to correspond with a specific test-material depth (typically to match the test part’s backwall). Step 3: Press u below the BCK ATTN submenu. and TTL alarm assignments operate as they do when not in BEA mode. the gain applied to the backwall echo is set lower than the system gain applied to all other echoes.

• All gate logic and TTL alarm assignment functions operate as they do when not in BEA mode Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. • Time-base and amplitude measurements involving Gate B are made based on the attenuated echo’s position in Gate B and the user-defined trigger point (Flank or Peak). 11. • The B-Gate Start Mode (Gates – Gate Mode – Start Mode) cannot be set to A-Gate (but can be set to IP or IF-Gate) FIGURE 11-1—Turning on the BEA function allows the gain level applied to all echoes in Gate B (the right-hand gate in this figure) to be adjusted independent of the level of gain applied to all other echoes. 05/04 11-3 . the gain setting for BEA/B-Gate supersedes the general instrumentgain setting and is applied to all echoes under BGate’s region. • When A-Gate and B-Gate overlap.Notes on Operating in BEA Mode BEA (Backwall Echo Attenuator) Option Step 6: Press v next to the BW GAIN function. while 52 dB is applied to all other echoes. then adjust the amount of gain to be applied to all signals within B-Gate’s region.2 Notes on Operating in BEA Mode The following notes identify other instrument features that are affected when operating in BEA mode. In this case 28 dB is applied to all echoes within the region of Gate B.

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05/04 12-1 .VGA Connector Option 12 Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04.

beneath the hand grip. The VGA output is provided through this direct plug-in connector. 12-2 Issue 04. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series . which is located on the instrument‘s back panel.VGA Connector Option The instrument can be equipped with an additional DB15 style connector to which a monitor or PC projector can connect.

Appendix 13 Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04. 05/04 13-1 .

It can indicate that the pack voltage has fallen too low to be recharged. This pack is specially designed for the USN 58 and approximately doubles the operating time when compared to optional NiMH D-cells. The Lithium battery pack’s charger contains several indicating LED’s: • Green POWER LED illuminates anytime the charger is connected to either the battery pack or an AC power source.1 Charging the Standard Lithium Battery Pack USN 58 Series instruments are supplied with a standard Lithium battery pack. 13-2 Issue 04. The pack must be replaced. In this case the pack is either worn out or contains a faulty cell. The temperature of the pack must remain within a range of 0 to 60 degree C in order for the charger to Krautkramer USN 58 Series Only the standard Lithium battery pack can be charged in the instrument by connecting the Krautkramer Lithium battery charger to the Lithium battery charging port identified in Figure 1-1 (4-pin connector on the side of the Lithium battery pack). The LED can also indicate that an over/under temperature condition exists in the pack. H Note: A spare Lithium battery pack can be recharged by simply connecting it to the Lithium Battery Pack Charger. • Red ERROR LED has two functions. The instrument can be used while the Lithium charger is connected and the battery pack is being charged but the charging time will be somewhat longer. 05/04 . • Yellow DONE LED illuminates to indicate that the battery charging cycle is complete. • Green CHARGE LED illuminates to indicate that the Lithium battery pack is being charged.Appendix Charging the Standard Lithium Battery Pack 13. H Note: When both the Green CHARGE LED and the Yellow DONE LED are on at the same time a ‘trickle’ charge is going into the batteries to ‘top’ them off. The Lithium battery pack‘s charging cycle takes approximately seven hours to complete.

Charging the Optional D-Cell Batteries Appendix Step 3: The charger adapter and battery pack are designed to work together. Step 2: A separate battery charger is required to charge the 9. If the temperature of the pack falls outside of these limits. Note that the charging terminals from the pack and charger adapter must be properly aligned for charging to proceed. the RED LED will illuminate and charging will stop. charging will resume. H Note: The optional external charger may only be used to charge 9. You may remove the battery pack from the charger and re-install the pack to the back of the instrument. When the pack temperature returns to a safe operating level.0 Ahr NiMH batteries. lift the battery tray off of the back of the instrument. Plug the charger’s power cord into a 100-240 VAC power source. operate. Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04.0 Ahr NiMH batteries when removed from the instrument. 13. Only use the charger to charge batteries that are installed in the pack. It’s GREEN indication lamp will illuminate when the charger is supplied with power. Step 5: When charging is complete (typically after six to seven hours) the YELLOW indication lamp will blink. 05/04 13-3 . the charger’s YELLOW indication lamp will light steadily. When all four screws are loosened (they will not separate completely from the tray). Mate the battery pack to the charger adapter as shown above. To remove the tray simply place the instrument screen-side down and loosen the four knurl-headed screws on the rear of the instrument. you must first remove the optional battery tray.0 Ahr NiMH).2 Charging the Optional D-Cell Batteries Step 1: To charge the six optional rechargeable batteries (9. Step 4: When charging the battery pack.

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05/04 14-1 .Index 14 Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04.

....................... 11-2 BASELINE BREAK ............ 3-11 ASCAN COLOR ...........................................................................4-10 Attachment................... 2-8 Attaching Notes ................................ 4-13 AMPL CORRECT ....................... 6-4 BATTERY TYPE .............................................................2-20 AWS D1................................................... Probe ...... 1-24......................................................................................................................................................... 05/04 ........................................ 11-2 BEA .......................................................................... 3-16 A%B ..................... 7-3 angle beam probe ......................10-6 A-SCAN ENHANCE ........... 6-7 A A%A .2-11 A-Scan REJECT Level .. 3-9 AUTOCAL ........................................ 6-4 A-Scan Range ..................................................................................................................................................... 3-11 analog outputs .... 6-7 Audible Alarm ..............Index Symbols % Screen Height ...................................................................................................................................... 10-6 AMPLITUDE ................................................ 2-11 ATTENUATION ..............5-20 BCK ATTN ................................ 3-9 ALRM RST ..........................................................................................................................................11-2 Beam Index Point (BIP) ................ 4-15 Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04...................1 ............................................................................ 2-19 ALARMS ..................................................................................................................... 3-15 Behind the Freeze Mode ..... 3-16 A%cA ..................................... 3-11 Amplitude Measurement ............................................................................................... 3-15 14-2 B Backwall Echo Attenuator ............ 2-2 Baud Rate ................................ 2-8 ASCAN MODE .........................................

9-3 COPY MODE ........ 8-2 DAC curves .......................................... 8-9 DAMPING............................................................................. 7-3 DB ..................... 3-16 dBtB ......................................................................................... 3-17 dB Reference ........................................................................................... 8-6 DAC Offset Curves ......................................................... 7-3 data-set file ...... 10-6 dBrA ........................ 6-3 CREATE NEW ........... 5-6 CUSTOM LINEAR .............................................................. 3-16 dBrB .......................................................................................................................... 3-16 dBtA ..................................... 3-16 COMPARE ....................................................................................................................................................5-18 COUNT ........................... 4-6 dB STEP .................................... 2-11 COLOR ................................................................................................................3-16 COLOR LEG ...................... 3-14 CONFIG Submenu ........ 3-16 14-3 C D D1.................................................. 5-6 Date .................................... 6-7 DA .............................. 4-4 dB Threshold ........................................................................... ......................................................................... 3-17 Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04.................................................................................................................................................................1 RATING ............................... 3-11 dBcA ...... 2-4 Date Valid .......................... 2-6 BW ..................................................................... 1-12 CONTACT ................................................................ 2-7 COLORING .10-4 DAC .........................................................................................................Index BRIGHTNESS ................................ 5-8 Data Out Inhibit ......... 05/04 ........................................................................................................................................................................................

................................1-13 Gate Detection Method ................... 5-6 FILENAME Submenu ............................................. 3-4 GATE THRESHOLD ...................................................................... 10-8 External Descriptions ...................................................... 7-3 F G gain ........... 2-7 Distance Amplitude Correction ......................10-2 DGS Reference Curve .............. 4-15 ERS ............... 8-2 Distance Gain Size ......................... 2-15 DISPLAY-COLOR ......................................................................................... ...... 2-9 FBH .............................................................................................. 9-3 DELAY VELOCITY ......................................................1-19 FILENAME ...... 4-4 GAIN Submenu .....................................5-11 DGS ............................ 1-14 FREEZE MODE . 10-3 Deleting (CLEARING) Existing Data Files ..................... 3-6 GATE WIDTH .........10-4 Features of the USN 58 .................................... 3-6 E EFF............ 2-14 Display Grid ................... 2-6 Display Screen Features ............................................................................................. 3-12......................... 10-3 Equivalent Reflector Size ........................................................................................................................................................... DIAMETER .................Index DELAY MODE ................. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series ......................................................................10-8 EVAL.................................. 10-8 14-4 Issue 04...................................... 1-16 DISPLAY START ................................................................................................ 1-23 DUAL....................................................... RESULT ...............................................................................10-2 Display Delay ....... 3-6 GATE START .....................................................................................................

........................... 9-3 IF Gate .......................... 05/04 14-5 .................................... 5-19 I icons .......... 1-19 IF ADV ..... 9-2 IF OFFSET ......Index GATEMODE Submenu .......... 3-2 GATES-ALARMS-LOGIC .................................................. 4-17 HORN .......................................................................3-11 Logger Files .......................................................................... 3-9 LOS ................................................ 2-4 LATCHED ....................... 1-13 GATES menu ............................................5-20 Loss of Signal .................. 3-9 LB ...................................3-19 LINEAR .............3-19 Language ..... 4-13 M MAGNIFY ................................................................................................................................................. 3-9 GRID....................3-21 LOG TO FILE ....................................................................... 2-6 LA ............................................. 5-20 LRG DISP .............. 5-19 LOG TO PORT ... 9-3 INDICATION ....................................................................3-11 L H HELP SCREENS ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 5-6 LOGIC .......................................................................................................................................................................... 5-8 LOCK ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ...4-10 Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04.................................................... 9-7 Immersion Testing ........................................................................... 6-7 INSTANTANIOUS ......................................

....... 3-4 Positioning Gates ........................................................................................................................................ 6-2 Noise Immunization ...............................................................5-12 MULTISTORE ... 8-9 Optional Features ............................................................. 2-18 Previewing Existing Data Files .............................................10-6 material-thickness limits ...................................Index MAGNIFY GATE ....................... 5-20 P PA ................................................................... 2-17 POSITION ....... 3-11 memo ............................................................................................. 7-5 OFFSET .............................. 2-17 NOISE IMMN ........................ 4-10 NEG HALFWAVE ............................................ 5-8 MUXD Ascan Enable .... 4-13 MASTER LOCK ....................................................................................................... 2-15 N navigate through the file contents ..................... 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series .....................................1-23 OPTIONS Submenu ............................................................................. 5-14 O O-DIAMETER ...3-17 PARADUMP ............................................ 3-14 POS HALFWAVE ........................................2-15 PRF VALUE ........................................................................ 3-4 Pre-calibration Check List ........................... 3-17 PEAK STD ..................... 6-2 Notes for Attachment to Thickness Measurements ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................3-16 14-6 Issue 04.............................. 5-11 PRF ...................... 7-3 Outputting to a Computer .................................................................5-19 PB .1-12 Output Delay ....................................................................................................... 3-20 MAT ATTN ..............

.......................................................................................................................... 05/04 14-7 R Reports ..............................1-12 Pulser Type .......................5-12 RA ................................... 2-11 PROBE DELAY ............................................................................................................... 2-17 Pulser Width ..........5-16 ........................................10-4 REFERENCE ............ 10-6 REF CORR ............................................................................ 3-15 Probe Attachment .....................................................................................................................................1-12 RB ................................................................................ 6-7 Reference Echo ...................................................................................... 5-16 PROBE # ...........2-18 PULSER-DAMPING ..................................... 3-17 RECEIVER Submenu ............................ 2-9 RECORD ............................................................................................. 10-2 PROBE ANGLE ...................................Index PRINTER .................................. 8-3 RECTIFY .......................... 2-22 PROBE NAME ................................. 2-9 Pulser VOLTAGE Level............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 10-3 Probe Type ..................................................10-2 REFERENCE TYPE .......................................................2-14 Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04.......................................... 3-17 RANGE ..... 10-4 REJECT ......................................................................1-13 RECEIVER-FREQUENCY ..... 2-19 remote control ..........2-17 REF ATTEN ......................................... 5-18 Report Headers .......10-6 REF ECHO ............................ 2-15 PULSER Submenu .................5-16 Printing a Report ................................................ 2-18 Pulser Repetition Frequency ...............................................2-11 RANGE Submenu .... 7-6 REPORT .........................................................................................

............................................................ 9-5 T TCG .................. 2-5 Time Corrected Gain .................................... 3-17 SAP Out ............................................................. 0-13 SMART VIEW ............................................. 6-9 RESULTS .............................. 2-7 RF ................................................ 6-3 14-8 Issue 04............................................................................................. 3-17 SBA ........................................................... 5-8 SB ...................................................................................................................... 7-5 SAVE EDITS ..........................3-19 REVERSE VIDEO ....Index Resetting Latched Alarms ...................................................2-17 SPARKLE .................................................................................10-4 Service ...................................................................................... 8-4 TEST ATTEN .... 5-10 Time ............ 2-17 START MODE ............................... 8-2 TIMED ...... 5-12 thickness limits ........................................................................................................................................... 8-4 TCG reference points ................................................. 05/04 Krautkramer USN 58 Series ..... 2-17 SQUARE .........................................................................................................................................4-13 Resetting the Instrument ................... 3-12 Thickness Measurements ............................................................................................................................................... 10-6 Text-Entry feature ................................................................................... 6-4 SPIKE ............................................... 8-4 TCG CURVE ......... 2-20 S-REF2 ..................................................... 8-2 TCG ATTENUATION . 3-11 S S-REF1 .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 2-20 SA ...........................3-17 SDH ...........................

......................................10-3 U Units of Measurement ............ 3-8 X X value ...............................................................................................................................................................................Index TRANSFER CORRECTION ..................................................................................... 6-2 Krautkramer USN 58 Series Issue 04... 6-7 WINDOW ............................. 2-5 USER GAIN ............... 8-9 TRIG Menu ..................................................................... 9-3 weld rating ....... 4-4 V VELOCITY ........ 3-15 XTAL FREQUENCY ...... 05/04 14-9 ............................................................................................................ 4-8 W Warranty ...3-14 TTL OUT ............................................................................................ 0-13 WATER PATH VELOCITY ............................................ 2-22 VIEW ................................................. 3-10 TTL Outputs ...........................................................

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