EWS/LIG HOUSING -Technical feasibility y

Prepared by – Soni Viral S. ( (CP 1507) )

By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Content
Introduction Site selection Basic requirements in Housing Design Technology available Case study Model description Conclusion
By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Introduction
EWS / LIG : :EWS – Economical Weaker Section LIG – Low Income Group Monthly Income :EWS – 3500 Rs LIG – 6000 Rs

By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Zone Wise Slum Settlements- Ahmedabad
Zone Population Slum % Slum Population P P l ti Population l ti to ward Population 577388 673420 702418 779028 783107 3515361 250775 208275 194835 136345 115800 906030 43.43 30.93 27.74 27 74 17.54 14.79 25.77 % Slum Population P l ti to total Population 7.13 5.93 5.54 5 54 3.89 3.29 25.77

Central West South North East Total

By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Status of Slums
Majority of slums are deficient in terms of basic facilities j y Only 3.5 % of the slum households have private water connections. Only 1/5th of the slums have private toilet. 40 % of slums do not have electricity connection. Only 1/5th of the population have access to proper medical facilities.

By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Site selection
Land availability Development growth in surrounding area Regional requirements Infrastructure facilities
Water supply System Sewage Collection & disposal Storm water disposal Road system
By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Basic requirements in Housing Design
Strength and Stability Comfort and Convenience Protection against elements Resistance to moisture penetration Thermal insulation Durability Safety against fire
By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Technologies
Conventional Construction
Mud walls Brick masonry Stone masonry

Concrete hollow block masonry Stabilized soil block construction Pillar and panel construction Pre-cast concrete construction Monolithic RCC construction
By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Conventional Construction-Mud wall

By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Conventional Construction-Mud wall
Age old technique being used in rural areas Basic ingredients –
Soil Water Cow dung Chopped stra straw

Easily, Locally available materials Cheap construction Unskilled labour Good thermal insulation
By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Conventional Construction-Mud wall
Vulnerable to –
Rain Burglars Vermin & insects Single story construction

By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Conventional Construction-Mud wall

Mud wall with Asphalt & Kerosene oil
By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Conventional Construction-Mud wall

Fire proofing of thatch by impregnation with solution of ammonium phosphate fertilizer
By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Conventional Construction-Mud wall

By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Conventional Construction-Mud wall

By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Conventional Construction-Brick Masonry

By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Conventional Construction-Brick Masonry
Most common building material As a mortarMud / Lime / Cement or Composite mortar

Well known & proven technology Provides Satisfactory St P id S ti f t Strength & D bilit th Durability Requires skilled masons Not suitable for rapid & large construction project
By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Conventional Construction-Brick Masonry

By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Conventional Construction-Stone masonry

By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Conventional Construction-Stone masonry
Made with odd size stones and cement cement. Same building procedure as bricks Great strength & Durability locally available in many parts of country Considerable Labour cost Costlier than brick masonary Longer construction time
By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Concrete hollow block masonry

By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Concrete hollow block masonry

By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Concrete hollow block masonry
Standard nominal size – 8x8x16 in. Weighs 5/8th of equivalent Brick volume Hollow air space provides good insulation Saving in mortar Lighter foundation Low maintenance cost Over all economy Takes l T k large no of labours and ti fl b d time f for construction
By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Concrete hollow block masonry

A low-cost concrete masonry house constructed at the engineering & industrial Exhibition, M d i d t i l E hibiti Madras, i 1947 in
By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Concrete hollow block masonry

Concrete masonry – extensively used in building thousands of houses for the town of Gandhidham, Saurashtra
By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Stabilized soil block construction

By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Stabilized soil block construction
Highly compacted soil blocks- 20x20x10 cm Compressive strength – 8 mpa. Naturally available materials y Reduced risk of transport Fairly good strength Good at sound and thermal insulation Requires dedicated space machinery and space, man power
By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Pillar and panel construction

By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Pillar and panel construction
Pillars – convenient size- 8x8x12 in. Panels – 1.5 to 2 in thick, 1 ft wide. Designed in such a way only two to three lengths of panels are required. l th f l i d Speedy construction Good t t t l t bilit G d at structural stability Economical for large scaled projects Water proofing requiered for roof f f f Skilled labour & pre-cast unit is required
By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Pillar and panel construction

Concrete Post and Panel construction at Chittaranjan

By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Pre-cast concrete construction

On site On-site prefabricated housing at Besant nagar Madras nagar, Madras.
By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Pre-cast concrete construction
Pre-cast units for wall roof & floors are manufactured on ground (at or away from site) High speed, high q g p , g quality construction y Less labour requirements High rise construction Requires heavy duty cranes Involves intensive planning in execution Monotonous construction
By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Monolithic RCC construction

By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Rural technologies

Stabilized Soil Block Construction Kutch Construction-Kutch
By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Rural technologies

North east Bamboo House
By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Rural technologies

Sikkim House
By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Rural technologies

By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Rural technologies

Stone Masonry Two storey House
By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Case Study
Construction of Housing for Urban Poor At various Location in Peripheral areas of Ahmedabad.

Ahmedabad Urban Development Authority (AUDA)
By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Salient Features of the Project
Construction of 8000 Du for EWS/LIG at various location as Phase-I Project Details :-

Location Prahladnagar Thaltej-TP37 a ej 38 Thaltej-TP38 Bodakdev

No. No of unit 5056 448 5 6 576 1920
By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Plot area (Sq.m) 109750 9116 11720 0 35951

Technology of Housing

By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Technology of Housing

By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Technology of Housing

By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Technology of Housing

By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Technology of Housing

By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Technology of Housing

By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Technology of Housing
Monolithic counstruction No plaster Speed of construction is one floor per two days ( i.e. 8 units per two days) Geometrical accuracy with quality of Construction Leak proof & joint less construction Seismic Resistance Alluminium alloy shuttering TMT steel bars Easy to maintain & clean
By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Infrastructure facilities
Water supply System Sewage collection & Disposal Storm water Disposal Road connectivity Other Amenities

By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Model Discription
VM System For Low Cost Housing

By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

VM System For Low Cost Housing

By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Conclusion
Need to change Mindset of Developer agencies Demand of High Speed Construction Acceptance to new technology Human t H touch t th Design of h h to the D i f houses

By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

Resouces
Detailed Project Report for Construction of housing for Urban Poor ( j p g EWS) at various location in peripheral areas of Ahmedabad Phase-I, Volume-I, Volume-II International Symposium on low cost housing problem -published by University of Missouri-Rolla Proceedings of the international conference on low income housing low-income technology and policy -published by Asian Institute of Technology,Thailand Proceedings of International seminar on Low cost Housing -published by state govt. Madras (Chennai)
By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

By- Viral Soni, MTech Construction & Project Manageent, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

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