Desktop publishing (abbreviated DTP) is the creation of documents using page layout skills on a personal computer.

When used skillfully, desktop publishing software can produce text and images with attractive layouts and typographic quality comparable to traditional typography and printing. This technology allows individuals, businesses, and other organizations to self-publish a wide range of printed matter—from menus and local newsletters to books, magazines, and newspapers —without the sometimes-prohibitive expense of commercial printing. Desktop publishing combines a personal computer and WYSIWYG page layout software to create publication documents on a computer for either large scale publishing or small scale local multifunction peripheral output and distribution. Desktop publishing methods provide more control over design, layout, and typography than word processing does. However, word processing software has evolved to include some, though by no means all, capabilities previously available only with professional printing or desktop publishing. The same DTP skills and software used for common paper and book publishing are sometimes used to create graphics for point of sale displays, promotional items, trade show exhibits, retail package designs and outdoor signs. Although what is classified as "DTP software" is usually limited to print and PDF publications, DTP skills aren't limited to print. The content produced by desktop publishers may also be exported and used for electronic media. The job descriptions that include "DTP" such as DTP artist often require skills using software for producing e-books, web content, and web pages.

Table of Contents
1 2 3 3.1 3.2 4 5 6 7 8 History Desktop publishing began in 1983 with a program developed by James Bessen at a community newspaper in Philadelphia.[1] That program, Type Processor One, ran on an PC using a graphics card for a WYSIWYG display and was offered commercially by Best info in 1984.[2] (Desktop typesetting, with only limited page makeup facilities, had arrived in 1978–9 with the introduction of TeX, and was extended in the early 1980s by LaTeX.) The DTP market exploded in 1985 with the introduction in January of the Apple LaserWriter printer, and later in July with the introduction of PageMaker software from Aldus which rapidly became the DTP industry standard software. The term "desktop publishing" is attributed to Aldus Corporation founder Paul Brainerd,[3] who sought a marketing catch-phrase to describe the small size and relative affordability of this suite of products in contrast to the expensive commercial phototypesetting equipment of the day. History Terminology Comparisons With word processing With other electronic layout software DTP applications See also References Further reading External links

multimedia development. and its SCSI storage interface which allowed fast. advertising agency positions). Some desktop publishing programs allow custom sizes designated for large format printing used in posters. All computerized documents are technically electronic. desktop publishing acquired a bad reputation as a result of untrained users who created poorly-organized ransom note effect layouts — similar criticism would be levied again against early Web publishers a decade later. and was received with considerable acclaim. However. The LaserWriter's PostScript capability allowed publication designers to proof files on a local printer then print the same file at DTP service bureaus using optical resolution 600+ ppi PostScript-printers such as those from Linotronic." "letter. needed] DTP skill levels range from what may be learned in a few hours (e. Although Macintosh-based systems would continue to dominate the market. high-capacity hard drives to be attached to the system. learning how to put clip art in a word processor) to what requires a college education and years of experience (e. if not custom sizes for trimming.g. GST's Timeworks Publisher on the PC and Atari ST and Calamus for the Atari TT030. Once considered a primary skill. During its early years. the Macintosh II was released which was much more suitable for desktop publishing because of its greater expandability.g. billboards and trade show displays. This made it suitable for manuals and other long-format documents. and therefore require paper parameters that coincide with international standard physical paper sizes such as "A4. increased accessibility to more user-friendly DTP software has made DTP a secondary skill to art direction. and discrepancies between the screen display and printed output. A virtual page for printing has a predesignated size of virtual printing material and can be viewed on a monitor in WYSIWYG format. early desktop publishing was a primitive affair. Users of the PageMakerLaserWriter-Macintosh 512K system endured frequent software crashes. Ventura Publisher automated the layout process through its use of tags/style sheets and automatically generated indices and other body matter. Later. Virtual paper pages will ultimately be printed. which are limited in size only by computer memory or computer data storage space. Terminology There are two types of pages in desktop publishing. kerning (the addition or removal of space between individual characters in a piece of typeset text to improve its appearance or alter its fit) and other typographic features. The LaserWriter and LaserWriter Plus printers included high quality. However. Desktop publishing moved into the home market in 1986 with Professional Page for the Amiga. the GEM-based Ventura Publisher was introduced for MS-DOS computers. it was a revolutionary combination at the time. The discipline of DTP skills range from technical skills such as prepress production and programming to creative skills such as communication design and graphic image development. support for large color multi-monitor displays. The Newsroom and geoPublish.By the standards of today. Even for 8-bit computers like the Apple II and Commodore 64 software was published: Home Publisher. While PageMaker's pasteboard metaphor closely simulated the process of creating layouts manually.. . marketing [clarification communications. the inability to control letter spacing. Behind-the-scenes technologies developed by Adobe Systems set the foundation for professional desktop publishing applications. some were able to realize truly professional results. in 1986. electronic pages and virtual paper pages to be printed on physical paper pages.[4] cramped display on the Mac's tiny 512 x 342 1-bit monochrome screen. graphic design. Publishing Partner (now PageStream) for the Atari ST. Each page for printing has trim sizes (edge of paper) and a printable area if bleed printing is not possible as is the case with most desktop printers." etc. administrative careers and advanced high school literacy in thriving economies. scalable Adobe PostScript-fonts built into their ROM memory.

Some embedded images are rendered in the application software. while others can be placed from an external source image file. Text may be keyed into the layout. and embedded images that may be modified with the layout application software. placed. aesthetically. tends to operate in batch mode. Linked elements can be modified without having to change each instance of an element on pages that use the same element. blurring the line between word processing and desktop publishing. but more suitable for conference proceedings and scholarly articles as well as corporate newsletters or other applications where consistent. word processing software was necessary for features like indexing and spell checking. requiring the user to enter the processing program's markup language without immediate visualization of the finished product. automated layout is important. other than perhaps margins and line spacing. Page layout is the process by which the elements are laid on the page orderly. though both can easily be used on a modern desktop system and are standard with many Unix-like operating systems and readily available for other systems. colors. transparency.A web page is an example of an electronic page that is not constrained by virtual paper parameters. In the early days of graphical user interfaces. The key difference between electronic typesetting software and DTP software is that DTP software is generally interactive and WYSIWYG in design. Most electronic pages may be dynamically re-sized. linked images that can only be modified as an external source. and a parameter designating the way text flows around the object called "wraparound" or "runaround. transparency. On the other hand. Some layout programs include style sheets for images in addition to text. modern word processors now have publishing capabilities beyond those of many older DTP applications. causing either the content to scale in size with the page or causing the content to re-flow. DTP is not generally said to include tools such as TeX or troff. DTP software was in a class of its own when compared to the fairly spartan word processing applications of the time. . As computers and operating systems have become more powerful. With other electronic layout software In modern usage. and filters. Programs such as WordPerfect and WordStar were still mainly text-based and offered little in the way of page layout. Typography styles may be applied to text automatically with style sheets. Graphic styles for images may be border shapes. Master pages can also be used to apply graphic design styles to automatic page numbering. features that are common in many applications today. such as TeX. may also be applied to layout elements. while other electronic typesetting software. vendors have sought to provide users with a single application platform that can meet all needs. Main types of components to be laid out on a page include text. LaTeX and other variants. This kind of workflow is less user-friendly than WYSIWYG. filters. Graphic design styles such as color." Comparisons With word processing While desktop publishing software still provides extensive features necessary for print publishing. Master pages are templates used to automatically copy or link elements and graphic design styles to some or all the pages of a multipage document. and precisely. or (with database publishing applications) linked to an external source of text which allows multiple editors to develop a document at the same time.

CD-ROM). DTP applications For a more comprehensive list.There is some overlap between desktop publishing and what is known as Hypermedia publishing (i. for greater control and because these editors often result in code bloat. some Web designers still prefer to write HTML without the assistance of a WYSIWYG editor. Web design. February 13.Set. ↑ "What You See Is Pretty Close to What You Get: New h&j. 21-2. 13(10). 1984. .                   Aldus Personal Press Adobe FrameMaker Adobe InDesign Adobe PageMaker Adobe HomePublisher Apple Pages Corel Ventura Fatpaint (Web-based application) iStudio Publisher Microsoft Office Publisher OpenOffice. However." Seybold Report on Publishing Systems. pp.e. Kiosk. pagination program for IBM PC. Many graphical HTML editors such as Microsoft FrontPage and Adobe Dreamweaver use a layout engine similar to a DTP program.Go Scribus Serif PagePlus Xara Photo & Graphic Designer See also       Comparison of desktop publishing software List of desktop publishing software Document processor Camera-ready Desktop video E-book References 1.org / LibreOffice PageStream (used to be "Publishing Partner") PTC Arbortext QuarkXPress Ready. see List of desktop publishing software.