DESIGN OF CANTILEVER BEAM

(Sec 11.3 Ashok Jain) 1
INPUT INPUT INPUT INPUT INPUT DATAS Cantilever Length of Beam L Width of Beam B Grade of Concrete M Grade of Steel Fe Type of Support of Beam α= β=1 γ= δ= λ= Span / Eff depth Ratio Min Effective Depth of Beam = INPUT Adopt Overall Depth of Beam D At Fixed End INPUT Adopt Overall Depth of Beam D At Free End Effective Length of Beam Le Width of Beam B 4.00 0.25 25 415 CAN 10 1 1 1 1 10 400 0.40 0.20 4.40 0.25 αβγδλ mm Mtr Mtr Mtr Mtr Mtr Mtr

CAN/SS/CON '7/20/26 α for CAN/SS/CON '7/20/26 β=1 up to 10 m, L>10, L/10
CAL VALUE FROM γ=Factor CELL% E161 Tension

Rft =1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1

δ =Factor of Compression Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2

λ= Factor of Flanged Beam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3

2

CALCULATION OF LOAD, BM & SF Dead Load of Beam 7500 1.78 0 20000 20000 1.5 260.00 131.25 4.00 260.00 131.25 KN/m KN Mtr KN m KN N/m Mtr from Fixed End N/m N/m N/m

CG of DL of the Beam INPUT Super Imposed Dead Load INPUT Super Imposed Live Load Total Load Load Factor Factored Moment at the Fixed End Factored Shear Force at the Fixed End Length of Beam L Max BM at the Fixed End Max SF at the Fixed End

3

DESIGN OF MEMBER TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel Width of Beam Max BM Mx Fe M 25 415 0.25 260.00 Mtr KN-M Max Depth of Nutral Axis fy

Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy

BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 Calculated Eff Depth of Beam RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d INPUT Use Dia of Main rft Adopt Cover for Slab RESULT Over all Depth of Beam D Width of Beam Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel a= b= c=
m= Mu/(bd^2)

3.444 549 550 20 30 590 250 25 415 5993.43 -361.05 3.44 At 1631 183 5900 1631 314.29 6

bd^2 mm mm mm mm mm mm 400

250

0.53

415 0.48 500 0.46 550 0.44 Limiting Moment of resistance MR = C Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.4 Steel Concrete M Fe 250 15 20 25 30 35 2.229 2.972 3.715 4.458 5.201

M Fe

0.87 *(fy^2/fck) -0.87 fy m= Mu/(bd^2)
p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac))/2a

3.44

1.186

Sqmm Sqmm Sqmm Sqmm Sqmm Nos 20 20 mm Dia mm Dia d= average depth (d1+d2)/2

Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy

Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD Provide Area of Tension Steel Area of One Bar RESULT No of Bars

4

DESIGN/ CHECK FOR MEMBER TO RESIST SHEAR Grade of Concrete M 25 550 590 250 20 314.29 6 131.25 mm mm mm mm Sqmm Nos KN
Grade of Concrete M

Effective Depth of Beam Over all Depth of Beam Width of Beam Dia of Main rft Area of One Bar No of Bars Max Shear Force wl/2

Max SS N/Sqmm fck 100 As bd 1.19

Design Shear Streng

Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = Design Shear Strength

1.19

% Grade of Concrete M Max SS N/Sqmm 1.00 1.00

0.683 N/ Sqmm Calculated k Value mm thick slab, k=

INPUT

For

590

Ds k

Permissible Max Shear Stress tan β = (d1-d2)/L
Nominal Shear stress (Vu-Mu/d tanβ)/bd

0.683 0.0975 0.62 3.10 Safe

N/ Sqmm

* Shear rft be provided in

N/ Sqmm N/ Sqmm

Maximum Shear stress Tc max Shear Check Design of Stirrups Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel Fe Effective Depth of Beam Over all Depth of Beam Width of Beam Max Shear Force wl/2 Vu Strength of Shear rft Vus=Vu-Tc bd INPUT Dia of Shear rft Area of One Bar INPUT No of legged vertical stirrups Area of Vertical Stirrup Rft Asv RESULT Spacing of Shear rft x=0.87 fy Asv d/ Vus Check for Spacing Min Area of Shear rft 0.4 b x /fy Check for min Shear rft Area M 25 415 550 590 250 131.25 37339 12 113.14 2 226.29 1200 OK 101.20 OK

mm mm mm KN N mm Sqmm Nos mm mm Sqmm

420 12 mm Dia Min Spacing is 100 mm for placing of Concrete, Ma

If NOT OK then Increase the size of Rft oa more No

5

CKECK FOR DEVELOPMENT LENGTH Max Shear Force wl/2 Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel Width of Beam b Dia of Main rft Area of Tension rft Area of One Bar No of Bars Fe M 131.25 25 415 550 250 20 1631 314.29 6 200 2.2 mm mm mm Sqmm Sqmm mm mm N/Sqmm KN Greade
Tbd N/Sqmm

Design Bond Stress 15 1.0 20 1.2

Adopt Effective Depth d

Assumed Development Length INPUT Bond Stress Tbd

Development Length based on Anchorage Bond Ld= 0'0.87 fy Ø/ 4Tbd Ld in Anchorage Bond 806 mm

Development Length based on Flexural Bond Ld= 1.3 M1/V + Lo INPUT Assumed Development Length 220 mm 20 mm dia bar @ 12

Moment of Resistance offered by M1 = V= Ld in Flexural Bond Factor of Develop Length Develop length of Single Bar Max Development Length Max Bar Size in Develop Length Check for Development Length 131250 N 2796 56 1120 2796 69 OK mm mm mm mm

260,106,000 Nmm fy N/Sqmm M15 250 415 500 55Ø 56Ø 69Ø M20 46Ø 47Ø 58Ø Tension Bars

Development Length for Single Bar

If NOT OK Then Reduce the Spacing of Bars

6

CHECK FOR DEFLECTION Length of Beam Effective Depth d Width of Beam b Dia of Main rft Area of Tension rft Area of One Bar Spacing of Bars Percentage of tension steel at Mid Span = α= 4.0 550 250 20 1631 314 190 Mtr mm mm mm Sqmm Sqmm mm 1.19 26 1 1.00 1 1 26 7.27 OK % α for CAN/SS/CON '7/20/26 β=1 up to 10 m, L>10, L/10 γ=Factor % Tension Rft =1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1 δ =Factor of Compression Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2

INPUT Cal γ=

0.92

β=1 γ= δ= λ=

λ= Factor of Flanged Beam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3

Allowable L/d Actual L/d Deflection Check is

4.0

mtr 200

590

6
590 =1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1 250

20

Dia

3
200 250

ion Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2

eam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3 Shear Check Develop length Safe OK

Deflection Check OK

of Nutral Axis

Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm

d

d d d oment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm) Steel Fe 415 2.067 2.755 3.444 4.133 4.822 Fe 500 1.991 2.655 3.318 3.982 4.645 Fe 550 1.949 2.598 3.248 3.897 4.547

Max Shear Stress 25 3.1 25 Design Shear Strength

β
2.45

SS N/Sqmm

0.683

Max Shear Stress 15 2.5 Value of K >300 275 1.00 1.05 20 2.8 25 3.1 30 3.5 35 3.7

250 1.10

225 1.15

200 1.20

175 1.25

<151 1.30

* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm

2 Legs for placing of Concrete, Max 450 mm

e the size of Rft oa more No of Legs

25 1.4

30 1.5

35 1.7

40 1.9

Nos

ent Length for Single Bars Tension Bars M25 40Ø 49Ø M30 38Ø 46Ø M40 30Ø 36Ø M15 44Ø 45Ø 54Ø Compression Bars M20 37Ø 38Ø 46Ø 32Ø 39Ø 31Ø 36Ø 24Ø 29Ø M25 M30 M40

e the Spacing of Bars

=1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1 ion Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2

eam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3

40 4.0

DESIGN OF SIMPLY SUPPORTED BEAM (Sec 11.2 Ashok Jain)

1
INPUT INPUT INPUT INPUT

INPUT DATAS Length of Beam L Width of Beam B Grade of Concrete M Grade of Steel Fe Type of Support of Beam α= β=1 γ= δ= λ= Span / Eff depth Ratio

5.0 0.25 25 415 SS 20 1 0.9 1 1 18 120 0.45 5.12 0.25

Mtr Mtr

CAN/SS/CON '7/20/26 α for CAN/SS/CON '7/20/26 β=1 up to 10 m, L>10, L/10
CAL VALUE FROM γ=Factor CELL% E198 Tension

Rft =1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1

δ =Factor of Compression Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2

λ= Factor of Flanged Beam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3 αβγδλ mm Mtr Mtr Mtr

Min Effective Depth of Beam = INPUT Adopt Overall Depth of Beam D Effective Length of Beam Le Width of Beam B

Refer I.S. 456-2000 for effective span

2

CALCULATION OF LOAD, BM & SF 2900 15000 12000 29900 1.5 w 44850 5.00 140.16 112.13 5.00 140.16 112.13 N/m Mtr KN m KN Mtr KN m KN N/m N/m N/m N/m

Dead Load of Beam INPUT Super Imposed Dead Load INPUT Super Imposed Live Load Total DL + LL Load Factor Factored Load

Length of Beam L Max BM at the Mid Span Mu= w L^2/8 Max SF at Support Vu= 1/2 w Lx Length of Beam L Max BM at the Mid Span Mu= w L^2/8 Max SF at Support Vu= 1/2 w Lx

3

DESIGN OF MEMBER TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel Width of Beam Max BM Mx Fe M 25 415 0.3 140.16 Mtr KN-M Max Depth of Nutral Axis fy

Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy

BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 Calculated Eff Depth of Beam RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d INPUT Use Dia of Main rft Adopt Cover for Beam RESULT Over all Depth of Beam D Width of Beam Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel a= b= c=
m= Mu/(bd^2)

3.444 403 410 16 30 450 250 25 415 5993.43 -361.05 3.34 At 1168 209.94 4500 1168 201.14 6

bd^2 mm mm mm mm mm mm 120

250

0.53

415 0.48 500 0.46 550 0.44 Limiting Moment of resistance MR = C Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.4 Steel Concrete M Fe 250 15 20 25 30 35 2.229 2.972 3.715 4.458 5.201

M Fe

0.87 *(fy^2/fck) -0.87 fy m= Mu/(bd^2)
p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac))/2a

3.34

1.139

Sqmm Sqmm Sqmm Sqmm Sqmm Nos 16 16 mm Dia mm Dia

Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy

Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD Provide Area of Tension Steel Area of One Bar RESULT No of Bars

4

DESIGN/ CHECK FOR MEMBER TO RESIST SHEAR Grade of Concrete M 25 410 450 250 16 201.14 6 112.13 mm mm mm mm Sqmm Nos KN
Grade of Concrete M

Effective Depth of Beam Over all Depth of Beam Width of Beam Dia of Main rft Area of One Bar No of Bars Max Shear Force wl/2

Max SS N/Sqmm fck 100 As bd 1.14

Design Shear Streng

Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = Design Shear Strength

1.14

% Grade of Concrete M Max SS N/Sqmm 1.15 1.15

0.673 N/ Sqmm Calculated k Value mm thick slab, k=

INPUT

For

450

Ds k

Permissible Max Shear Stress Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd Maximum Shear stress Tcm Shear Check Design of Stirrups Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel Fe Effective Depth of Beam Over all Depth of Beam Width of Beam Dia of Torsion rft Area of One Bar Adopt Cover for Side Rft Max Shear Force Vu Strength of Shear rft Vus=Vu-Tc bd INPUT Dia of Shear rft Area of One Bar INPUT No of legged vertical stirrups Area of Vertical Stirrup Rft Asv RESULT Spacing of Shear rft x=0.87 fy Asv d/ Vus Check for Spacing Min Area of Shear rft 0.4 b x /fy Check for Shear rft Area M 25 415 410 450 250 16 201.14 30 112.13 32785 8 50.29 2 100.57 450 OK 74 OK

0.774 1.09 3.10 Un safe

N/ Sqmm N/ Sqmm N/ Sqmm

* Shear rft be provided in

mm mm mm mm Sqmm mm KN N mm Sqmm Nos mm mm Sqmm

307.5 8 mm Dia Min Spacing is 100 mm for placing of Concrete, Ma

If NOT OK then Increase the size of Rft oa more No

5

CKECK FOR DEVELOPMENT LENGTH Max Shear Force wl/2 Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel Width of Beam b Dia of Main rft Area of Tension rft Area of One Bar No of Bars Fe M 112.13 25 415 410 250 16 1168 201.14 6 200 2.2 mm mm mm Sqmm Sqmm mm mm N/Sqmm KN Greade
Tbd N/Sqmm

Design Bond Stress 15 1.0 20 1.2

Adopt Effective Depth d

Assumed Development Length INPUT Bond Stress Tbd

Development Length based on Anchorage Bond

Ld= 0'0.87 fy Ø/ 4Tbd Ld in Anchorage Bond 645 mm

Development Length based on Flexural Bond Ld= 1.3 M1/V + Lo INPUT Assumed Development Length 188 mm 16 mm dia bar @ 12

Moment of Resistance offered by M1 = V= Ld in Flexural Bond Factor of Develop Length Develop length of Single Bar Max Development Length Max Bar Size in Develop Length Check for Development Length 112125 N 1813 56 896 1813 45 OK mm mm mm mm

140,194,000 Nmm fy N/Sqmm M15 250 415 500 55Ø 56Ø 69Ø M20 46Ø 47Ø 58Ø Tension Bars

Development Length for Single Bar

If NOT OK Then increase No of Bars

6

CHECK FOR DEFLECTION Short Span of Slab Effective Depth d Width of Beam b Dia of Slab rft Area of Tension rft Area of One Bar Spacing of Bars Percentage of tension steel at Mid Span = α= 5.0 410 250 16 1168 201 170 Mtr mm mm mm Sqmm Sqmm mm 1.14 26 1 0.9 1 1 23.4 12.20 OK % α for CAN/SS/CON '7/20/26 β=1 up to 10 m, L>10, L/10 γ=Factor % Tension Rft =1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1 δ =Factor of Compression Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2

INPUT Cal γ=

0.92

β=1 γ= δ= λ=

λ= Factor of Flanged Beam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3

Allowable L/d Actual L/d Deflection Check is

5.0

mtr 250

250

=1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1

450 250

ion Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2

8 6

mm dia Nos of

2
16 Dia

leg

450

C/C

eam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3

Shear Check Develop length Deflection Check

OK OK OK

effective span

of Nutral Axis

Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm

d

d d d oment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm) Steel Fe 415 2.067 2.755 3.444 4.133 4.822 Fe 500 1.991 2.655 3.318 3.982 4.645 Fe 550 1.949 2.598 3.248 3.897 4.547

Max Shear Stress 25 3.1 25 Design Shear Strength

β
2.55

SS N/Sqmm

0.673

Max Shear Stress 15 2.5 Value of K >300 275 1.00 1.05 20 2.8 25 3.1 30 3.5 35 3.7

250 1.10

225 1.15

200 1.20

175 1.25

<151 1.30

* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm

2 Legs for placing of Concrete, Max 450 mm

e the size of Rft oa more No of Legs

25 1.4

30 1.5

35 1.7

40 1.9

Nos

ent Length for Single Bars Tension Bars M25 40Ø 49Ø M30 38Ø 46Ø M40 30Ø 36Ø M15 44Ø 45Ø 54Ø Compression Bars M20 37Ø 38Ø 46Ø 32Ø 39Ø 31Ø 36Ø 24Ø 29Ø M25 M30 M40

se No of Bars

=1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1 ion Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2

eam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3

40 4.0

DESIGN OF FIXED SUPPORTED BEAM

(Sec 11 Ashok Jain)

1
INPUT INPUT INPUT INPUT

INPUT DATAS Length of Beam L Width of Beam B Grade of Concrete M Grade of Steel Fe Type of Support of Beam α= β=1 γ= δ= λ= Span / Eff depth Ratio

5.0 0.25 25 415 SS 20 1 0.9 1 1 18 120 0.45 5.00 0.25

Mtr Mtr

CAN/SS/CON '7/20/26 α for CAN/SS/CON '7/20/26 β=1 up to 10 m, L>10, L/10
CAL VALUE FROM γ=Factor CELL% E198 Tension

Rft =1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1

δ =Factor of Compression Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2

λ= Factor of Flanged Beam 1 for web L=B Fig 10 αβγδλ mm Mtr Mtr Mtr

Min Effective Depth of Beam = INPUT Adopt Overall Depth of Beam D Effective Length of Beam Le Width of Beam B

2

CALCULATION OF LOAD, BM & SF 2900 15000 12000 29900 1.5 w 44850 5.00 46.72 93.44 112.13 5.00 46.72 93.44 112.13 N/m Mtr KN m KN m KN Mtr KN m KN m KN N/m N/m N/m N/m

Dead Load of Beam INPUT Super Imposed Dead Load INPUT Super Imposed Live Load Total DL + LL Load Factor Factored Load For Fixed Beams Length of Beam L Max BM at the Mid Span Mu= w L^2/24 Max BM at the Support Mu= w L^2/12 Max SF at Support Vu= 1/2 w Lx Length of Beam L Max BM at the Mid Span Mu= w L^2/24 Max BM at the Support Mu= w L^2/12 Max SF at Support Vu= 1/2 w Lx

3

DESIGN OF MEMBER TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT AT SUPPORT Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel Fe M 25 415

Width of Beam Max BM Mx BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 Calculated Eff Depth of Beam RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d INPUT Use Dia of Main rft Adopt Cover for Beam RESULT Over all Depth of Beam D Width of Beam Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel a= b= c=
m= Mu/(bd^2)

0.25 93.44 3.444 329 330 16 30 400 250 25 415 5993.43 -361.05 3.43 At 976 168.98 4000 976 201.14 5

Mtr KN-M bd^2 mm mm mm mm mm mm 120

Max Depth of Nutral Axis fy 250 0.53

Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*f

415 0.48 500 0.46 550 0.44 Limiting Moment of resistance MR = Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0. Steel Concrete M Fe 250 15 20 25 30 35 2.229 2.972 3.715 4.458 5.201

M Fe

0.87 *(fy^2/fck) -0.87 fy m= Mu/(bd^2)
p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac))/2a

3.43

1.183

Sqmm Sqmm Sqmm Sqmm Sqmm Nos 16 16 mm Dia mm Dia

Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy

Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD Provide Area of Tension Steel Area of One Bar RESULT No of Bars

3

DESIGN OF MEMBER TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT AT SUPPORT Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel Width of Beam Max BM Mx BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 Fe M 25 415 0.25 46.72 3.444 233 330 16 30 400 250 25 415 5993.43 -361.05 Mtr KN-M bd^2 mm mm mm mm mm mm 330 Max Depth of Nutral Axis fy 250 0.53

Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*f

Calculated Eff Depth of Beam RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d INPUT Use Dia of Main rft Adopt Cover for Beam RESULT Over all Depth of Beam D Width of Beam Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel a= b= -0.87 fy M Fe

415 0.48 500 0.46 550 0.44 Limiting Moment of resistance MR = Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0. Steel Concrete M Fe 250 15 20 25 2.229 2.972 3.715

0.87 *(fy^2/fck)

c=
m= Mu/(bd^2)

m= Mu/(bd^2)
p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac))/2a

1.72 At 430 168.98 4000 430 201.14 3

30 35

4.458 5.201

1.72

0.520

Sqmm Sqmm Sqmm Sqmm Sqmm Nos 16 16 mm Dia mm Dia

Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy

Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD Provide Area of Tension Steel Area of One Bar RESULT No of Bars

4

DESIGN/ CHECK FOR MEMBER TO RESIST SHEAR Grade of Concrete M 25 330 400 250 16 201.14 5 112.13 mm mm mm mm Sqmm Nos KN
Grade of Concrete M

Effective Depth of Beam Over all Depth of Beam Width of Beam Dia of Main rft Area of One Bar No of Bars Max Shear Force wl/2

Max SS N/Sqmm fck 100 As bd 1.18

Design Shear Streng

Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = Design Shear Strength

1.18

% Grade of Concrete M Max SS N/Sqmm 1.15 1.15

0.682 N/ Sqmm Calculated k Value mm thick slab, k= 0.785 1.36 3.10 Un safe N/ Sqmm N/ Sqmm N/ Sqmm

INPUT

For Permissible Max Shear Stress Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd Maximum Shear stress Tcm Shear Check Design of Stirrups Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel Fe Effective Depth of Beam M

400

Ds k

* Shear rft be provided i

25 415 330 mm

Over all Depth of Beam Width of Beam Dia of Torsion rft Area of One Bar Adopt Cover for Side Rft Max Shear Force Vu Strength of Shear rft Vus=Vu-Tc bd INPUT Dia of Shear rft Area of One Bar INPUT No of legged vertical stirrups Area of Vertical Stirrup Rft Asv RESULT Spacing of Shear rft x=0.87 fy Asv d/ Vus Check for Spacing Min Area of Shear rft 0.4 b x /fy Check for Shear rft Area

400 250 16 201.14 30 112.13 47389 8 50.29 2 100.57 250 OK 60 OK

mm mm mm Sqmm mm KN N mm Sqmm Nos mm mm Sqmm

247.5 8 mm Dia Min Spacing is 100 mm for placing of Concrete, M

If NOT OK then Increase the size of Rft oa more N

5

CKECK FOR DEVELOPMENT LENGTH Max Shear Force wl/2 Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel Width of Beam b Dia of Main rft Area of Tension rft Area of One Bar No of Bars Fe M 112.13 25 415 330 250 16 976 201.14 5 200 2.2 mm mm mm Sqmm Sqmm mm mm N/Sqmm KN Greade
Tbd N/Sqmm

Design Bond Stress 15 1.0 20 1.2

Adopt Effective Depth d

Assumed Development Length INPUT Bond Stress Tbd

Development Length based on Anchorage Bond Ld= 0'0.87 fy Ø/ 4Tbd Ld in Anchorage Bond 645 mm

Development Length based on Flexural Bond Ld= 1.3 M1/V + Lo INPUT Assumed Development Length 188 mm 16 112125 N 1271 mm fy N/Sqmm mm dia bar @ 10

Moment of Resistance offered by M1 = V= Ld in Flexural Bond

93,450,000 Nmm Tension Bars

Development Length for Single Ba

Factor of Develop Length Develop length of Single Bar Max Development Length Max Bar Size in Develop Length Check for Development Length

56 896 1271 32 OK mm mm mm 250 415 500

M15 55Ø 56Ø 69Ø

M20 46Ø 47Ø 58Ø

If NOT OK Then increase No of Bars

6

CHECK FOR DEFLECTION Short Span of Slab Effective Depth d Width of Beam b Dia of Slab rft Area of Tension rft Area of One Bar Spacing of Bars Percentage of tension steel at Mid Span = α= 5.0 330 250 16 976 201 210 Mtr mm mm mm Sqmm Sqmm mm 1.18 26 1 0.9 1 1 23.4 15.15 OK % α for CAN/SS/CON '7/20/26 β=1 up to 10 m, L>10, L/10 γ=Factor % Tension Rft =1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1 δ =Factor of Compression Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2

INPUT Cal γ=

0.92

β=1 γ= δ= λ=

λ= Factor of Flanged Beam 1 for web L=B Fig 10

Allowable L/d Actual L/d Deflection Check is

5.0

mtr 250

250

=1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1

400 250

ion Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2

8 5

mm dia Nos of

2
16 Dia

leg

250

C/C

eam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3

Shear Check Develop length Deflection Check

OK OK OK

of Nutral Axis d

Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm

d d d oment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm) Steel Fe 415 2.067 2.755 3.444 4.133 4.822 Fe 500 1.991 2.655 3.318 3.982 4.645 Fe 550 1.949 2.598 3.248 3.897 4.547

of Nutral Axis d

Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm

d d d oment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm) Steel Fe 415 2.067 2.755 3.444 Fe 500 1.991 2.655 3.318 Fe 550 1.949 2.598 3.248

4.133 4.822

3.982 4.645

3.897 4.547

Max Shear Stress 25 3.1 25 Design Shear Strength

β
2.45

SS N/Sqmm

0.682

Max Shear Stress 15 2.5 Value of K >300 275 1.00 1.05 20 2.8 25 3.1 30 3.5 35 3.7

250 1.10

225 1.15

200 1.20

175 1.25

<151 1.30

* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm

2 Legs for placing of Concrete, Max 450 mm

e the size of Rft oa more No of Legs

25 1.4

30 1.5

35 1.7

40 1.9

Nos

ent Length for Single Bars Tension Bars Compression Bars

M25 40Ø 49Ø

M30 38Ø 46Ø

M40 30Ø 36Ø

M15 44Ø 45Ø 54Ø

M20 37Ø 38Ø 46Ø

M25 32Ø 39Ø

M30 31Ø 36Ø

M40 24Ø 29Ø

se No of Bars

=1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1 ion Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2

eam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3

40 4.0

DESIGN OF T BEAM ( Ex 7.1 Ashok Jain and Ex 3.1 Dhayaratnam)

1
INPUT INPUT INPUT INPUT INPUT INPUT

INPUT DATAS Length of T Beam Lo C/C dist of T Beam Lc Width of Beam Web bw Depth of Flange/ Slab Thickness Df Grade of Concrete M Grade of Steel Fe Type of Support of Beam α= β=1 γ= δ= λ= Span / Eff depth Ratio

6.0 3.5 0.30 0.15 25 415 con 26 1 0.9 1 1 23.4 256 0.55 6.26 0.30 0.15 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.00 NO 1.35 2.00

Mtr Mtr Mtr Mtr

CAN/SS/CON '8-12/12-16/16-30 α for CAN/SS/CON '7/20/26 β=1 up to 10 m, L>10, L/10
CAL VALUE FROM γ=Factor CELL% E198 Tension

Rft =1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1

δ =Factor of Compression Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2

λ= Factor of Flanged Beam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3 αβγδλ mm Mtr Mtr Mtr Mtr Mtr Mtr Mtr Mtr YES/NO Mtr Mtr

Min Effective Depth of Beam = INPUT Adopt Overall Depth of Beam D Effective Length of Beam Le Width of Beam B Depth of Flange Df Lo/3 bw + 12 * Df Lo/6+bw+6*Df Effective Flange Width bf Is T beam is an Isolated Beam Isolated L beam bf=Le/(Le/Lc+4)+bw Effective Flange Width bf

0.55

CALCULATION OF LOAD, BM & SF DL of slab Dead Load of Beam INPUT Super Imposed Dead Load INPUT Super Imposed Live Load Total DL + LL Load Factor Factored Load w

2

13125 4200 15000 12000 44325 1.5 66487.5 6.00 299.19 199.46

N/m N/m N/m N/m N/m N/m Mtr KN m KN

w/sqm * C/C dist of Beam w/sqm * C/C dist of Beam

Length of Beam L Max BM at the Mid Span Mu= w L^2/8 Max SF at Support Vu= 1/2 w Lx

Length of Beam L Max BM at the Mid Span Mu= w L^2/8 Max SF at Support Vu= 1/2 w Lx

6.00 299.19 199.46

Mtr KN m KN

3

DESIGN OF MEMBER TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel Width of Beam Max BM Mx BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 Fe M 25 415 2.0 299.19 3.444 500 500 20 30 550 2000 25 415 5993.43 -361.05 0.60 At 1706 2048.19 44000 2048 314.29 7 Mtr KN-M bd^2 mm mm mm mm mm mm 500 Max Depth of Nutral Axis fy 250 0.53

Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy

Calculated Eff Depth of Beam RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d INPUT Use Dia of Main rft Adopt Cover for Beam RESULT Over all Depth of Beam D Width of Beam Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel a= b= c=
m= Mu/(bd^2)

415 0.48 500 0.46 550 0.44 Limiting Moment of resistance MR = C Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.4 Steel Concrete M Fe 250 15 20 25 30 35 2.229 2.972 3.715 4.458 5.201

M Fe

0.87 *(fy^2/fck) -0.87 fy m= Mu/(bd^2)
p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac))/2a

0.60

0.171

Sqmm Sqmm Sqmm Sqmm Sqmm Nos 20 20 mm Dia mm Dia

Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy

Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD Provide Area of Tension Steel Area of One Bar RESULT No of Bars

4

DESIGN/ CHECK FOR MEMBER TO RESIST SHEAR Grade of Concrete M 25 500 550 2000 20 314.29 7 mm mm mm mm Sqmm Nos
Grade of Concrete M

Effective Depth of Beam Over all Depth of Beam Width of Beam Dia of Main rft Area of One Bar No of Bars

Max SS N/Sqmm fck 100 As bd

Design Shear Streng

Max Shear Force wl/2

199.46

KN

0.20

Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = Design Shear Strength

0.20

% Grade of Concrete M Max SS N/Sqmm 1.00 1.00

0.334 N/ Sqmm Calculated k Value mm thick slab, k= 0.334 0.20 3.10 Safe N/ Sqmm N/ Sqmm N/ Sqmm

INPUT

For Permissible Max Shear Stress Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd Maximum Shear stress Tcm Shear Check Design of Stirrups Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel Fe Effective Depth of Beam Over all Depth of Beam Width of Beam Dia of Torsion rft Area of One Bar Adopt Cover for Side Rft Max Shear Force Vu M

550

Ds k

* Shear rft be provided in

25 415 500 550 2000 20 314.29 30 199.46 mm mm mm mm Sqmm mm KN N mm Sqmm Nos mm mm Sqmm Stirrup Rft NOT REQUIRED

Strength of Shear rft Vus=Vu-Tc bd 0 INPUT Dia of Shear rft 8 Area of One Bar 50.29 INPUT No of legged vertical stirrups 2 Area of Vertical Stirrup Rft Asv 100.57 RESULT Spacing of Shear rft x=0.87 fy Asv d/ Vus 0 Check for Spacing NOT OK Min Area of Shear rft 0.4 b x /fy Check for Shear rft Area 0 OK

0 8 mm Dia Min Spacing is 100 mm for placing of Concrete, Ma

If NOT OK then Increase the size of Rft oa more No

5

CKECK FOR DEVELOPMENT LENGTH Max Shear Force wl/2 Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel Fe M 199.46 25 415 KN Greade
Tbd N/Sqmm

Design Bond Stress 15 1.0 20 1.2

Adopt Effective Depth d Width of Beam b Dia of Main rft Area of Tension rft Area of One Bar No of Bars Assumed Development Length INPUT Bond Stress Tbd

500 2000 20 2048 314.29 7 200 2.2

mm mm mm Sqmm Sqmm mm mm N/Sqmm

Development Length based on Anchorage Bond Ld= 0'0.87 fy Ø/ 4Tbd Ld in Anchorage Bond 806 mm

Development Length based on Flexural Bond Ld= 1.3 M1/V + Lo INPUT Assumed Development Length 220 mm 20 mm dia bar @ 14

Moment of Resistance offered by M1 = V= Ld in Flexural Bond Factor of Develop Length Develop length of Single Bar Max Development Length Max Bar Size in Develop Length Check for Development Length 199462.5 N 2548 56 1120 2548 63 OK mm mm mm mm

357,179,000 Nmm fy N/Sqmm M15 250 415 500 55Ø 56Ø 69Ø M20 46Ø 47Ø 58Ø Tension Bars

Development Length for Single Bar

If NOT OK Then increase No of Bars

6

CHECK FOR DEFLECTION Short Span of Slab Effective Depth d Width of Beam b Dia of Slab rft Area of Tension rft Area of One Bar Spacing of Bars Percentage of tension steel at Mid Span = α= 6.0 500 2000 20 1706 314 180 Mtr mm mm mm Sqmm Sqmm mm 0.17 26 1 0.9 % α for CAN/SS/CON '7/20/26 β=1 up to 10 m, L>10, L/10 γ=Factor % Tension Rft =1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1

INPUT Cal γ=

1.18

β=1 γ=

δ= λ= Allowable L/d Actual L/d Deflection Check is

1 1 23.4 12.00 OK

δ =Factor of Compression Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2

λ= Factor of Flanged Beam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3

6.0

mtr

550

150 550 =1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1 300 Shear Check Develop length Deflection Check OK OK OK

8 7

mm dia Nos of

2
20 Dia

leg

0

C/C

ion Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2

eam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3

of Nutral Axis d

Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm

d d d oment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm) Steel Fe 415 2.067 2.755 3.444 4.133 4.822 Fe 500 1.991 2.655 3.318 3.982 4.645 Fe 550 1.949 2.598 3.248 3.897 4.547

Max Shear Stress 25 3.1 25 Design Shear Strength

β

SS N/Sqmm

14.17

0.334

Max Shear Stress 15 2.5 Value of K >300 275 1.00 1.05 20 2.8 25 3.1 30 3.5 35 3.7

250 1.10

225 1.15

200 1.20

175 1.25

<151 1.30

* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm

2 Legs for placing of Concrete, Max 450 mm

e the size of Rft oa more No of Legs

25 1.4

30 1.5

35 1.7

40 1.9

Nos

ent Length for Single Bars Tension Bars M25 40Ø 49Ø M30 38Ø 46Ø M40 30Ø 36Ø M15 44Ø 45Ø 54Ø Compression Bars M20 37Ø 38Ø 46Ø 32Ø 39Ø 31Ø 36Ø 24Ø 29Ø M25 M30 M40

se No of Bars

=1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1

ion Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2

eam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3

40 4.0

DESIGN OF L BEAM ( Ex 7.1 Ashok Jain and Ex 3.1 Dhayaratnam)

1
INPUT INPUT INPUT INPUT INPUT INPUT

INPUT DATAS Length of L Beam Lo C/C dist of L Beam Lc Width of Beam Web bw Depth of Flange/ Slab Thickness Df Grade of Concrete M Grade of Steel Fe Type of Support of Beam α= β=1 γ= δ= λ= Span / Eff depth Ratio

6.0 3.5 0.30 0.15 25 415 con 14 1 0.9 1 1 12.6 476 0.55 6.48 0.30 0.15 2.00 1.20 1.25 1.20 NO 0.83 1.20

Mtr Mtr Mtr Mtr

CAN/SS/CON '8-12/12-16/16-30 α for CAN/SS/CON '7/20/26 β=1 up to 10 m, L>10, L/10
CAL VALUE FROM γ=Factor CELL% E198 Tension

Rft =1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1

δ =Factor of Compression Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2

λ= Factor of Flanged Beam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3 αβγδλ mm Mtr Mtr Mtr Mtr Mtr Mtr Mtr Mtr YES/NO Mtr Mtr

Min Effective Depth of Beam = INPUT Adopt Overall Depth of Beam D Effective Length of Beam Le Width of Beam B Depth of Flange Df Lo/3 bw + 6 * Df Lo/12+bw+3*Df Effective Flange Width bf Is T beam is an Isolated Beam Isolated L beam bf=0.5Le/(Le/Lc+4)+bw Effective Flange Width bf

0.55

CALCULATION OF LOAD, BM & SF DL of slab Dead Load of Beam INPUT Super Imposed Dead Load INPUT Super Imposed Live Load Total DL + LL Load Factor Factored Load w

2

13125 4200 15000 12000 44325 1.5 66487.5 6.00 299.19 199.46

N/m N/m N/m N/m N/m N/m Mtr KN m KN

w/sqm * C/C dist of Beam w/sqm * C/C dist of Beam

Length of Beam L Max BM at the Mid Span Mu= w L^2/8 Max SF at Support Vu= 1/2 w Lx

Length of Beam L Max BM at the Mid Span Mu= w L^2/8 Max SF at Support Vu= 1/2 w Lx

6.00 299.19 199.46

Mtr KN m KN

3

DESIGN OF MEMBER TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel Width of Beam Max BM Mx BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 Fe M 25 415 1.2 299.19 3.444 500 500 20 30 550 1200 25 415 5993.43 -361.05 1.00 At 1742 1228.92 26400 1742 314.29 6 Mtr KN-M bd^2 mm mm mm mm mm mm 500 Max Depth of Nutral Axis fy 250 0.53

Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy

Calculated Eff Depth of Beam RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d INPUT Use Dia of Main rft Adopt Cover for Beam RESULT Over all Depth of Beam D Width of Beam Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel a= b= c=
m= Mu/(bd^2)

415 0.48 500 0.46 550 0.44 Limiting Moment of resistance MR = C Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.4 Steel Concrete M Fe 250 15 20 25 30 35 2.229 2.972 3.715 4.458 5.201

M Fe

0.87 *(fy^2/fck) -0.87 fy m= Mu/(bd^2)
p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac))/2a

1.00

0.290

Sqmm Sqmm Sqmm Sqmm Sqmm Nos 20 20 mm Dia mm Dia

Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy

Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD Provide Area of Tension Steel Area of One Bar RESULT No of Bars

4

DESIGN/ CHECK FOR MEMBER TO RESIST SHEAR Grade of Concrete M 25 500 550 1200 20 314.29 6 mm mm mm mm Sqmm Nos
Grade of Concrete M

Effective Depth of Beam Over all Depth of Beam Width of Beam Dia of Main rft Area of One Bar No of Bars

Max SS N/Sqmm fck 100 As bd

Design Shear Streng

Max Shear Force wl/2

199.46

KN

0.29

Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = Design Shear Strength

0.29

% Grade of Concrete M Max SS N/Sqmm 1.00 1.00

0.389 N/ Sqmm Calculated k Value mm thick slab, k= 0.389 0.33 3.10 Safe N/ Sqmm N/ Sqmm N/ Sqmm

INPUT

For Permissible Max Shear Stress Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd Maximum Shear stress Tcm Shear Check Design of Stirrups Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel Fe Effective Depth of Beam Over all Depth of Beam Width of Beam Dia of Torsion rft Area of One Bar Adopt Cover for Side Rft Max Shear Force Vu M

550

Ds k

* Shear rft be provided in

25 415 500 550 1200 20 314.29 30 199.46 mm mm mm mm Sqmm mm KN N mm Sqmm Nos mm mm Sqmm Stirrup Rft NOT REQUIRED

Strength of Shear rft Vus=Vu-Tc bd 0 INPUT Dia of Shear rft 8 Area of One Bar 50.29 INPUT No of legged vertical stirrups 2 Area of Vertical Stirrup Rft Asv 100.57 RESULT Spacing of Shear rft x=0.87 fy Asv d/ Vus 0 Check for Spacing NOT OK Min Area of Shear rft 0.4 b x /fy Check for Shear rft Area 0 OK

0 8 mm Dia Min Spacing is 100 mm for placing of Concrete, Ma

If NOT OK then Increase the size of Rft oa more No

5

CKECK FOR DEVELOPMENT LENGTH Max Shear Force wl/2 Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel Fe M 199.46 25 415 KN Greade
Tbd N/Sqmm

Design Bond Stress 15 1.0 20 1.2

Adopt Effective Depth d Width of Beam b Dia of Main rft Area of Tension rft Area of One Bar No of Bars Assumed Development Length INPUT Bond Stress Tbd

500 1200 20 1742 314.29 6 200 2.2

mm mm mm Sqmm Sqmm mm mm N/Sqmm

Development Length based on Anchorage Bond Ld= 0'0.87 fy Ø/ 4Tbd Ld in Anchorage Bond 806 mm

Development Length based on Flexural Bond Ld= 1.3 M1/V + Lo INPUT Assumed Development Length 220 mm 20 mm dia bar @ 12

Moment of Resistance offered by M1 = V= Ld in Flexural Bond Factor of Develop Length Develop length of Single Bar Max Development Length Max Bar Size in Develop Length Check for Development Length 199462.5 N 2171 56 1120 2171 54 OK mm mm mm mm

299,318,000 Nmm fy N/Sqmm M15 250 415 500 55Ø 56Ø 69Ø M20 46Ø 47Ø 58Ø Tension Bars

Development Length for Single Bar

If NOT OK Then increase No of Bars

6

CHECK FOR DEFLECTION Short Span of Slab Effective Depth d Width of Beam b Dia of Slab rft Area of Tension rft Area of One Bar Spacing of Bars Percentage of tension steel at Mid Span = α= 6.0 500 1200 20 1742 314 180 Mtr mm mm mm Sqmm Sqmm mm 0.29 26 1 0.9 % α for CAN/SS/CON '7/20/26 β=1 up to 10 m, L>10, L/10 γ=Factor % Tension Rft =1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1

INPUT Cal γ=

1.18

β=1 γ=

δ= λ= Allowable L/d Actual L/d Deflection Check is

1 1 23.4 12.00 OK

δ =Factor of Compression Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2

λ= Factor of Flanged Beam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3

6.0

mtr

550

150 550 =1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1 300 Shear Check Develop length Deflection Check OK OK OK

8 6

mm dia Nos of

2
20 Dia

leg

0

C/C

ion Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2

eam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3

of Nutral Axis d

Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm

d d d oment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm) Steel Fe 415 2.067 2.755 3.444 4.133 4.822 Fe 500 1.991 2.655 3.318 3.982 4.645 Fe 550 1.949 2.598 3.248 3.897 4.547

Max Shear Stress 25 3.1 25 Design Shear Strength

β

SS N/Sqmm

10.00

0.389

Max Shear Stress 15 2.5 Value of K >300 275 1.00 1.05 20 2.8 25 3.1 30 3.5 35 3.7

250 1.10

225 1.15

200 1.20

175 1.25

<151 1.30

* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm

2 Legs for placing of Concrete, Max 450 mm

e the size of Rft oa more No of Legs

25 1.4

30 1.5

35 1.7

40 1.9

Nos

ent Length for Single Bars Tension Bars M25 40Ø 49Ø M30 38Ø 46Ø M40 30Ø 36Ø M15 44Ø 45Ø 54Ø Compression Bars M20 37Ø 38Ø 46Ø 32Ø 39Ø 31Ø 36Ø 24Ø 29Ø M25 M30 M40

se No of Bars

=1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1

ion Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2

eam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3

40 4.0

DESIGN OF SIMPLY SUPPORTED DOUBLY REINFORCED BEAM (Sec 11.9 Ashok Jain)

1
INPUT INPUT INPUT INPUT

INPUT DATAS Length of Beam L Width of Beam B Grade of Concrete M Grade of Steel Fe Type of Support of Beam α= β=1 γ= δ= λ= Span / Eff depth Ratio

5.0 0.25 25 415 CON 26 1 1.02 1 1 26.52 189 0.20 5.19 0.25

Mtr Mtr

CAN/SS/CON '7/20/26 α for CAN/SS/CON '7/20/26 β=1 up to 10 m, L>10, L/10
CAL VALUE FROM γ=Factor CELL% E198 Tension

Rft =1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1

δ =Factor of Compression Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2

λ= Factor of Flanged Beam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3 αβγδλ mm Mtr Mtr Mtr

Min Effective Depth of Beam = INPUT Adopt Overall Depth of Beam D Effective Length of Beam Le Width of Beam B

2

CALCULATION OF LOAD, BM & SF 1300 15000 12000 28300 1.5 w 42450 5.00 132.66 106.13 5.00 132.66 106.13 N/m Mtr KN m KN Mtr KN m KN N/m N/m N/m N/m

Dead Load of Beam INPUT Super Imposed Dead Load INPUT Super Imposed Live Load Total DL + LL Load Factor Factored Load

Length of Beam L Max BM at the Mid Span Mu= w L^2/8 Max SF at Support Vu= 1/2 w Lx Length of Beam L Max BM at the Mid Span Mu= w L^2/8 Max SF at Support Vu= 1/2 w Lx

3

DESIGN OF MEMBER TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT BY TENSION ZONE Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel Width of Beam Max BM Mx Fe M 25 415 0.25 132.66 Mtr KN m Max Depth of Nutral Axis fy

Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy

BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 Calculated Eff Depth of Beam RESULT Adopt Effective Depth for Singly Rfd Beam INPUT Use Dia of Main rft Adopt Cover for Beam RESULT Over all Depth of Beam D Width of Beam Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel a= b= c=
m= Mu/(bd^2)

3.444 393 400 20 30 450 250 25 415 5993.43 -361.05 3.32 At 1131 205 4500 1131 314.29 4

bd^2 mm mm mm mm mm mm 189

250

0.53

415 0.48 500 0.46 550 0.44 Limiting Moment of resistance MR = C Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.4 Steel Concrete M Fe 250 15 20 25 30 35 2.229 2.972 3.715 4.458 5.201

M Fe

0.87 *(fy^2/fck) -0.87 fy m= Mu/(bd^2)
p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac))/2a

3.32

1.131

Sqmm Sqmm Sqmm Sqmm Sqmm Nos 20 20 mm Dia mm Dia

Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy

Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD Provide Area of Tension Steel Area of One Bar RESULT No of Bars

DESIGN OF MEMBER TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT BY TENSION AND COMPRESSION ZONE Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel Width of Beam Max BM Mx BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 Calculated Eff Depth of Beam RESULT Adopt Effective Depth for Dbly Rfd Beam Const for Depth of Nutral Axis Depth of Nutral Axis Xm= Const * d INPUT Use Dia of Main rft Adopt Cover for Beam RESULT Over all Depth of Beam D Width of Beam b Limiting Moment Mlim
Area Tensile Rft for Mlim At1= 0.36*fck*b*Xm/ 0.87Fy

M

25 415 0.3 132.66 3.444 393 350 0.480 168 20 30 390 250 105.48 1047 40 0.11 fsc 353 N/Sqmm Mtr KN m bd^2 mm mm mm mm mm mm mm KN m Sqmm mm 189

Fe

Stress Sigma sc in Compression Re Fy d'/d N/Sqmm 0.05 250 217 415 355 500 424

Depth of Eff Cover to Comp Rft d' Ratio of d' to d Stress in Compression Rft

Cover + Dia of Rft/2. If in two layers, Add addl Dept

fcc Const Comp Stress in Steel Use Dia of Comp rft Area of One Bar RESULT No of Bars at Comp Zone
Area of Tension Steel At2=fsc*Asc/ 0.87fy

0.44 fcc 182.6 514 20 314.29 2 503 1550 20 314.29 5 N/Sqmm mm mm Sqmm Nos mm mm mm Sqmm Nos 20 20 mm Dia mm Dia 20 20 mm Dia mm Dia

Area of Comp Steel Asc= M-Mlim/ ((fsc-fcc)*(d-d'))

Total Tension Steel Area At= At1+At2 Use Dia of Tension rft Area of One Bar RESULT No of Bars at Tension Zone

4

DESIGN/ CHECK FOR MEMBER TO RESIST SHEAR Grade of Concrete M 25 400 450 250 20 314.29 4 106.13 mm mm mm mm Sqmm Nos KN
Grade of Concrete M

Effective Depth of Beam Over all Depth of Beam Width of Beam Dia of Main rft Area of One Bar No of Bars Max Shear Force wl/2

Max SS N/Sqmm fck 100 As bd 1.13

Design Shear Streng

Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = Design Shear Strength

1.13

% Grade of Concrete M Max SS N/Sqmm 1.00 1.00

0.671 N/ Sqmm Calculated k Value mm thick slab, k= 0.671 1.06 3.10 Un safe N/ Sqmm N/ Sqmm N/ Sqmm

INPUT

For Permissible Max Shear Stress Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd Maximum Shear stress Tcm Shear Check Design of Stirrups Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel Fe Effective Depth of Beam M

450

Ds k

* Shear rft be provided in

25 415 400 mm

Over all Depth of Beam Width of Beam Dia of Torsion rft Area of One Bar Adopt Cover for Side Rft Max Shear Force Vu Strength of Shear rft Vus=Vu-Tc bd INPUT Dia of Shear rft Area of One Bar INPUT No of legged vertical stirrups Area of Vertical Stirrup Rft Asv RESULT Spacing of Shear rft x=0.87 fy Asv d/ Vus Check for Spacing Min Area of Shear rft 0.4 b x /fy Check for Shear rft Area

450 250 20 314.29 30 106.13 39000 8 50.29 2 100.57 370 OK 72 OK

mm mm mm Sqmm mm KN N mm Sqmm Nos mm mm Sqmm

300 8 mm Dia Min Spacing is 100 mm for placing of Concrete, Ma

If NOT OK then Increase the size of Rft oa more No

5

CKECK FOR DEVELOPMENT LENGTH Max Shear Force wL/2 Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel Width of Beam b Dia of Main rft Area of Tension rft Area of One Bar No of Bars Fe M 106.13 25 415 400 250 20 1131 314.29 4 200 2.2 mm mm mm Sqmm Sqmm mm mm N/Sqmm KN Greade
Tbd N/Sqmm

Design Bond Stress 15 1.0 20 1.2

Adopt Effective Depth d

Assumed Development Length INPUT Bond Stress Tbd

Development Length based on Anchorage Bond Ld= 0'0.87 fy Ø/ 4Tbd Ld in Anchorage Bond 806 mm

Development Length based on Flexural Bond Ld= 1.3 M1/V + Lo INPUT Assumed Development Length 220 mm 20 mm dia bar @ 8

Moment of Resistance offered by M1 = V= Ld in Flexural Bond 106125 N 1845 mm

132,673,000 Nmm fy N/Sqmm Tension Bars

Development Length for Single Bar

Factor of Develop Length Develop length of Single Bar Max Development Length Max Bar Size in Develop Length Check for Development Length

56 1120 1845 46 OK mm mm mm 250 415 500

M15 55Ø 56Ø 69Ø

M20 46Ø 47Ø 58Ø

If NOT OK Then increase No of Bars

6

CHECK FOR DEFLECTION Short Span of Slab Effective Depth d Width of Beam b Dia of Slab rft Area of Tension rft Area of One Bar Spacing of Bars Percentage of tension steel at Mid Span = α= 5.0 400 250 20 1131 314 280 Mtr mm mm mm Sqmm Sqmm mm 1.13 26 1 1.02 1 1 26.52 12.50 OK % α for CAN/SS/CON '7/20/26 β=1 up to 10 m, L>10, L/10 γ=Factor % Tension Rft =1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1 δ =Factor of Compression Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2

INPUT Cal γ=

0.92

β=1 γ= δ= λ=

λ= Factor of Flanged Beam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3

Allowable L/d Actual L/d Deflection Check is

0.3

mtr 250

450

=1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1

450 250

ion Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2

2 8 4

Nos of mm dia Nos of

20

Dia leg Dia

2
20

370

C/C

eam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3

Shear Check Develop length Deflection Check

OK OK OK

of Nutral Axis

Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm

d

d d d oment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm) Steel Fe 415 2.067 2.755 3.444 4.133 4.822 Fe 500 1.991 2.655 3.318 3.982 4.645 Fe 550 1.949 2.598 3.248 3.897 4.547

SSION ZONE

ma sc in Compression Reinforcement d'/d 0.1 0.15 0.2 217 217 217 353 342 329 412 395 370

n two layers, Add addl Depth.

Max Shear Stress 25 3.1 25 Design Shear Strength

β
2.57

SS N/Sqmm

0.671

Max Shear Stress 15 2.5 Value of K >300 275 1.00 1.05 20 2.8 25 3.1 30 3.5 35 3.7

250 1.10

225 1.15

200 1.20

175 1.25

<151 1.30

* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm

2 Legs for placing of Concrete, Max 450 mm

e the size of Rft oa more No of Legs

25 1.4

30 1.5

35 1.7

40 1.9

Nos

ent Length for Single Bars Tension Bars Compression Bars

M25 40Ø 49Ø

M30 38Ø 46Ø

M40 30Ø 36Ø

M15 44Ø 45Ø 54Ø

M20 37Ø 38Ø 46Ø

M25 32Ø 39Ø

M30 31Ø 36Ø

M40 24Ø 29Ø

se No of Bars

=1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1 ion Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2

eam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3

40 4.0

DESIGN OF SIMPLY SUPPORTED BEAM INCLUDING TORSIONA (EX 12.2 Ashok Jain)

1
INPUT INPUT INPUT INPUT

INPUT DATAS Length of Beam L Width of Beam B Grade of Concrete M Grade of Steel Fe Type of Support of Beam α= β=1 γ= δ= λ= Span / Eff depth Ratio

5.0 0.25 25 415 SS 20 1 1.1 1 1 22 227 0.45 5.23 0.25

Mtr Mtr

CAN/SS/CON '7/20/26 α for CAN/SS/CON '7/20/26 β=1 up to 10 m, L>10, L/10
CAL VALUE FROM γ=Factor CELL% E198 Tension

Rft =1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1

δ =Factor of Compression Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2

λ= Factor of Flanged Beam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3 αβγδλ mm Mtr Mtr Mtr

Min Effective Depth of Beam = INPUT Adopt Overall Depth of Beam D Effective Length of Beam Le Width of Beam B

0.45

INPUT CALCULATED BEAM DEPTH

2

CALCULATION OF LOAD, BM & SF 2900 15000 12000 29900 1.5 w 44850 5.00 140.16 112.13 10 5.89 64.00 5.00 146.05 176.13 N/m Mtr KN m KN KN KN m KN Mtr KN m KN N/m N/m N/m N/m

Dead Load of Beam INPUT Super Imposed Dead Load INPUT Super Imposed Live Load Total DL + LL Load Factor Factored Load

Length of Beam L Max BM at the Mid Span Mu= w L^2/8 Max SF at Support Vu= 1/2 w Lx INPUT Max Torsion Tu Torsional Moment Mt= Tu(1+D/b)/1.7 Torsional Shear Vt= 1.6 Tu/b Length of Beam L Equivalent BM Me= Mu+Mt Equivalent SF Ve=Vu+1.6 Tu/b

3

DESIGN OF MEMBER TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT

Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel Width of Beam Max BM Mx Fe

M

25 415 0.25 146.05 3.444 412 450 16 30 500 250 25 415 5993.43 -361.05 2.88 At 1067 230.42 5000 1067 201.14 6 Mtr KN-M bd^2 mm mm mm mm mm mm 227 Max Depth of Nutral Axis fy 250 0.53

Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy

BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 Calculated Eff Depth of Beam RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d INPUT Use Dia of Main rft Adopt Cover for Beam RESULT Over all Depth of Beam D Width of Beam Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel a= b= c=
m= Mu/(bd^2)

415 0.48 500 0.46 550 0.44 Limiting Moment of resistance MR = C Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.4 Steel Concrete M Fe 250 15 20 25 30 35 2.229 2.972 3.715 4.458 5.201

M Fe

0.87 *(fy^2/fck) -0.87 fy m= Mu/(bd^2)
p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac))/2a

2.88

0.948

Sqmm Sqmm Sqmm Sqmm Sqmm Nos 16 16 mm Dia mm Dia

Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy

Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD Provide Area of Tension Steel Area of One Bar RESULT No of Bars

4

DESIGN/ CHECK FOR MEMBER TO RESIST SHEAR Grade of Concrete M 25 450 500 250 16 201.14 6 176.13 mm mm mm mm Sqmm Nos KN
Grade of Concrete M

Effective Depth of Beam Over all Depth of Beam Width of Beam Dia of Main rft Area of One Bar No of Bars Max Shear Force wl/2

Max SS N/Sqmm fck 100 As bd 0.95

Design Shear Streng

Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = Design Shear Strength

0.95

% Grade of Concrete M Max SS N/Sqmm

0.629 N/ Sqmm

INPUT

For Permissible Max Shear Stress Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd Maximum Shear stress Tcm Shear Check Design of Stirrups Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel Fe Effective Depth of Beam Over all Depth of Beam Width of Beam Dia of Torsion rft Area of One Bar Adopt Cover for Side Rft Max Shear Force Vu Max Torsional Force Tu Equivalent Shear Ve=Vu+1.6 Tu/b C/C dist of Corner Bars in Width b1 C/C dist of Corner Bars in Depth d1 M

500

Calculated k Value mm thick slab, k= 0.723 1.57 3.10 Un safe N/ Sqmm N/ Sqmm N/ Sqmm

1.15 1.15

Ds k

* Shear rft be provided in

25 415 450 500 250 16 201.14 30 112.13 10 176.13 462 212 94772 8 50.29 2 100.57 180 OK 43.37 OK mm mm mm mm Sqmm mm KN KN KN mm mm N mm Sqmm Nos mm mm Sqmm

Strength of Shear rft Vus=Vu-Tc bd INPUT Dia of Shear rft Area of One Bar INPUT No of legged vertical stirrups Area of Vertical Stirrup Rft Asv RESULT Spacing of Shear rft x=0.87 fy Asv /(Tu/ b1d1+Vu/ 2.5 d1) Check for Spacing Min Area of Shear rft 0.4 b x /fy Check for Shear rft Area

180 8 mm Dia Min Spacing is 100 mm for placing of Concrete, Ma

If NOT OK then Increase the size of Rft oa more No

Side Rft for Depth more than 700 mm 0.1% of main Steel Provide Area of Tension Steel Area of One Bar RESULT No of Bars 125.0 78.57 2 Sqmm Sqmm Nos 10 10 mm Dia mm Dia

5

CKECK FOR DEVELOPMENT LENGTH Max Shear Force wl/2 Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel Width of Beam b Dia of Main rft Area of Tension rft Area of One Bar No of Bars Fe M 112.13 25 415 450 250 16 1067 201.14 6 200 2.2 mm mm mm Sqmm Sqmm mm mm N/Sqmm KN Greade
Tbd N/Sqmm

Design Bond Stress 15 1.0 20 1.2

Adopt Effective Depth d

Assumed Development Length INPUT Bond Stress Tbd

Development Length based on Anchorage Bond Ld= 0'0.87 fy Ø/ 4Tbd Ld in Anchorage Bond 645 mm

Development Length based on Flexural Bond Ld= 1.3 M1/V + Lo INPUT Assumed Development Length 188 mm 16 mm dia bar @ 12

Moment of Resistance offered by M1 = V= Ld in Flexural Bond Factor of Develop Length Develop length of Single Bar Max Development Length Max Bar Size in Develop Length Check for Development Length 112125 N 1881 56 896 1881 47 OK mm mm mm mm

146,064,000 Nmm fy N/Sqmm M15 250 415 500 55Ø 56Ø 69Ø M20 46Ø 47Ø 58Ø Tension Bars

Development Length for Single Bar

If NOT OK Then increase No of Bars

6

CHECK FOR DEFLECTION Short Span of Slab Effective Depth d Width of Beam b Dia of Slab rft Area of Tension rft Area of One Bar 5.0 450 250 16 1067 201 Mtr mm mm mm Sqmm Sqmm

Spacing of Bars Percentage of tension steel at Mid Span =

190

mm 0.95 α= 26 1 1.1 1 1 28.6 11.11 OK % α for CAN/SS/CON '7/20/26 β=1 up to 10 m, L>10, L/10 γ=Factor % Tension Rft =1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1 δ =Factor of Compression Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2

INPUT Cal γ=

0.98

β=1 γ= δ= λ=

λ= Factor of Flanged Beam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3

Allowable L/d Actual L/d Deflection Check is

INCLUDING TORSIONAL MOMENT

5.0

mtr 0

500

=1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1 500 250 Shear Check Develop length Deflection Check OK OK OK

ion Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2

eam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3

8 6

mm dia Nos of

2
16 Dia

leg

180

C/C

LCULATED BEAM DEPTH

of Nutral Axis d

Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm

d d d oment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm) Steel Fe 415 2.067 2.755 3.444 4.133 4.822 Fe 500 1.991 2.655 3.318 3.982 4.645 Fe 550 1.949 2.598 3.248 3.897 4.547

Max Shear Stress 25 3.1 25 Design Shear Strength

β
3.06

SS N/Sqmm

0.629

Max Shear Stress 15 2.5 20 2.8 25 3.1 30 3.5 35 3.7

Value of K >300 275 1.00 1.05

250 1.10

225 1.15

200 1.20

175 1.25

<151 1.30

* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm

2 Legs for placing of Concrete, Max 450 mm

e the size of Rft oa more No of Legs

25 1.4

30 1.5

35 1.7

40 1.9

Nos

ent Length for Single Bars Tension Bars M25 40Ø 49Ø M30 38Ø 46Ø M40 30Ø 36Ø M15 44Ø 45Ø 54Ø Compression Bars M20 37Ø 38Ø 46Ø 32Ø 39Ø 31Ø 36Ø 24Ø 29Ø M25 M30 M40

se No of Bars

=1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1 ion Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2

eam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3

40 4.0

DESIGN OF RING BEAM INCLUDING TORSIONAL MOMENT (EX 12.3 Ashok Jain)

1
INPUT INPUT INPUT INPUT INPUT INPUT

INPUT DATAS Dia of Ring Beam Supported by Cols Dia of Column No of Col Supporting Ring Beam Width of Beam B Grade of Concrete M Grade of Steel Fe Type of Support of Beam α= β=1 γ= δ= λ= Span / Eff depth Ratio

9.00 0.35 8 0.30 25 415 CON 26 1 1.1 1 1 28.6 315 0.40 0.35 0.30

Mtr Mtr Nos Mtr

CAN/SS/CON '7/20/26 α for CAN/SS/CON '7/20/26 β=1 up to 10 m, L>10, L/10
CAL VALUE FROM γ=Factor CELL% E198 Tension

Rft =1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1

δ =Factor of Compression Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 1

λ= Factor of Flanged Beam 1 for web L=B Fig αβγδλ mm Mtr Mtr Mtr

Min Effective Depth of Beam = INPUT Adopt Overall Depth of Beam D Effective Depth of Beam d Width of Beam B

2

CALCULATION OF LOAD, BM & SF 3000 15000 12000 30000 1.5 w 45 4.50 0.786 0.033 0.066 0.005 0.166 0.04 23.63 47.25 3.58 3.54 3.19 0.707388 KN m KN KN/m Mtr No of Sup 4 6 8 10 12 N/m N/m N/m N/m

Dead Load of Beam INPUT Super Imposed Dead Load INPUT Super Imposed Live Load Total DL + LL Load Factor Factored Load Radius of Ring Beam = Dia/2 Value of 2α in Rad Value of λ Value of λ1 Value of λ2 Value of βo in Rad
Value of β in Rad= (dia of Col d/2)/(Dia of Ring Beam D)

Max Sagging Moment= 2*w*(D/2)^2*α*λ Max Hogging Moment= -2*w*(D/2)^2*α*λ1 Max Hogging Moment= 2*w*(D/2)^2*α*λ2 Centre to centre span L= pi*D/8 Clear span Lc= L-d

centre Line of support Cl =r*βo Max SF at the Face of Suprt V=w*Lc/2
SF at Cl from Ctre line of Suprt Vu=V/(Lc/2)*((Lc/2)-(Cl-d/2))

0.75 71.68 45.96 65.06 71.68 1.58 80.10 KN KN KN KN KN KN

Equivalent Shear Ve= Vu+1.6*Tu/b SF for Design of Sec Max(Vu, Ve) Torsional Mom at the face of Sup Tβ Equivalent Shear Ve= Vu+1.6*Tu/b

Calculation of Moment in Longitudinal Direction Moment at the face of the Suprt Mβ Equivalent Moment Mt Total Eq BM(Hogging) at the centre of suprt 34.10 2.17 36.27 KN m KN m KN m

3

DESIGN OF MEMBER TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT IN LONGITUDINAL DIRECTION Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel Width of Beam Max BM Mx BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 Fe M 25 415 0.30 36.27 3.444 187 350 12 30 400 300 25 415 5993.43 -361.05 0.99 At 302 215.06 4800 302 113.14 3 Mtr KN-M bd^2 mm mm mm mm mm mm 350 Max Depth of Nutral Axis fy 250

Calculated Eff Depth of Beam RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d INPUT Use Dia of Main rft Adopt Cover for Beam RESULT Over all Depth of Beam D Width of Beam Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel a= b= c=
m= Mu/(bd^2)

415 500 550 Limiting Moment of resistance MR

M Fe

Concrete M 15 20 25 30 35

0.87 *(fy^2/fck) -0.87 fy m= Mu/(bd^2)
p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac))/2a

0.99

0.287

Sqmm Sqmm Sqmm Sqmm Sqmm Nos 12 12 mm Dia mm Dia

Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy

Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD Provide Area of Tension Steel Area of One Bar RESULT No of Bars

4

DESIGN/ CHECK FOR MEMBER TO RESIST SHEAR Grade of Concrete M 25 350 400 300 12 113.14 3 80.10 mm mm mm mm Sqmm Nos KN
Grade of Concrete M

Effective Depth of Beam Over all Depth of Beam Width of Beam Dia of Main rft Area of One Bar No of Bars Max Shear Force wl/2

Max SS N/Sqmm

Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = Design Shear Strength

0.29

% Grade of Concrete M Max SS N/Sqmm 1.30 1.30

0.388 N/ Sqmm Calculated k Value mm thick slab, k= 0.504 0.76 3.10 Un safe N/ Sqmm N/ Sqmm N/ Sqmm

INPUT

For Permissible Max Shear Stress Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd Maximum Shear stress Tcm Shear Check Design of Stirrups Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel Fe Effective Depth of Beam Over all Depth of Beam Width of Beam Dia of Torsion rft Area of One Bar Adopt Cover for Side Rft Max Shear Force Vu Max Torsional Force Tu Equivalent Shear Ve=Vu+1.6 Tu/b C/C dist of Corner Bars in Width b1 C/C dist of Corner Bars in Depth d1 Strength of Shear rft Vus=Vu-Tc bd M

400

25 415 350 400 300 12 113.14 30 71.68 1.58 80.10 364 264 27204 mm mm mm mm Sqmm mm KN KN KN mm mm N

INPUT Dia of Shear rft Area of One Bar INPUT No of legged vertical stirrups Area of Vertical Stirrup Rft Asv RESULT Spacing of Shear rft x=0.87 fy Asv /(Tu/ b1d1+Vu/ 2.5 d1) Check for Spacing Min Area of Shear rft 0.4 b x /fy Check for Shear rft Area

8 50.29 2 100.57 380 OK 75.90 OK

mm Sqmm Nos mm mm Sqmm

263 8 Min Spacing is 100 mm for placing of Concret

If NOT OK then Increase the size of Rft oa mo

Side Rft for Depth more than 700 mm 0.1% of main Steel Overall Depth of Beam D Provide Area of Tension Steel Dia of Web Rft Area of One Bar RESULT No of Bars 400 0.0 12 113.14 0 mm Sqmm mm Sqmm Nos 12 12 mm Dia mm Dia

5

CKECK FOR DEVELOPMENT LENGTH Max Shear Force wl/2 Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel Width of Beam b Dia of Main rft Area of Tension rft Area of One Bar No of Bars Fe M 80.10 25 415 350 300 12 302 113.14 3 200 2.2 mm mm mm Sqmm Sqmm mm mm N/Sqmm KN Greade
Tbd N/Sqmm

Design Bond Stress 15 1.0

Adopt Effective Depth d

Assumed Development Length INPUT Bond Stress Tbd

Development Length based on Anchorage Bond Ld= 0'0.87 fy Ø/ 4Tbd Ld in Anchorage Bond Development Length based on Flexural Bond Ld= 1.3 M1/V + Lo INPUT Assumed Development Length Moment of Resistance offered by M1 = V= 80104.9136 N 156 mm 12 36,341,000 Nmm mm dia bar @ 484 mm

Development Length for Single

Ld in Flexural Bond Factor of Develop Length Develop length of Single Bar Max Development Length Max Bar Size in Develop Length Check for Development Length

746 56 672 746 19 OK

mm mm mm mm

fy N/Sqmm M15 250 415 500 55Ø 56Ø 69Ø

Tension Bar

If NOT OK Then increase No of Bars

6

CHECK FOR DEFLECTION Span of Beam Effective Depth d Width of Beam b Dia of Slab rft Area of Tension rft Area of One Bar Spacing of Bars Percentage of tension steel at Mid Span = α= 9.0 350 300 12 302 113 370 Mtr mm mm mm Sqmm Sqmm mm 0.29 26 1 1.1 1 1 28.6 25.71 OK % α for CAN/SS/CON '7/20/26

INPUT Cal γ=

1.18

β=1 γ= δ= λ=

β=1 up to 10 m, L>10, L/10 γ=Factor % Tension Rft =1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1 δ =Factor of Compression Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 1

λ= Factor of Flanged Beam 1 for web L=B Fig

Allowable L/d Actual L/d Deflection Check is

NG TORSIONAL MOMENT 9.0 mtr

400

SS/CON '7/20/26

400 300

10 m, L>10, L/10

8 3

mm dia Nos of

2
12 Dia

leg

% Tension Rft =1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1

of Compression Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2 Shear Check Develop length Deflection Check OK OK OK

of Flanged Beam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3

2α in Deg 2α in Rad 90 60 45 36 30 1.571 1.048 0.786 0.629 0.524

λ 0.07 0.045 0.033 0.027 0.023

λ1 0.137 0.089 0.066 0.054 0.045

λ2 0.021 0.009 0.005 0.003 0.002

βo in Deg βo in Rad

19.25 12.75 9.5 7.5 6.25

0.336 0.223 0.166 0.131 0.109

Max Depth of Nutral Axis Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm 0.53 d 0.48 d 0.46 d 0.44 d Limiting Moment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm) Steel Fe 250 2.229 2.972 3.715 4.458 5.201 Fe 415 2.067 2.755 3.444 4.133 4.822 Fe 500 1.991 2.655 3.318 3.982 4.645 Fe 550 1.949 2.598 3.248 3.897 4.547

Max Shear Stress
Grade of Concrete M

25 3.1 25

Max SS N/Sqmm fck 100 As bd 0.29

Design Shear Strength

β
10.09

SS N/Sqmm

0.388

Max Shear Stress Grade of Concrete M Max SS N/Sqmm 15 2.5 Value of K >300 1.00 20 2.8 25 3.1 30 3.5

Ds k

275 1.05

250 1.10

225 1.15

200 1.20

175 1.25

<151 1.30

* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm

mm Dia 2 Legs ng is 100 mm for placing of Concrete, Max 450 mm then Increase the size of Rft oa more No of Legs

Design Bond Stress 20 1.2 25 1.4 30 1.5 35 1.7 40 1.9

6

Nos

Development Length for Single Bars

Tension Bars M20 46Ø 47Ø 58Ø 40Ø 49Ø 38Ø 46Ø 30Ø 36Ø M25 M30 M40 M15 44Ø 45Ø 54Ø

Compression Bars M20 37Ø 38Ø 46Ø 32Ø 39Ø 31Ø 36Ø 24Ø 29Ø M25 M30 M40

Then increase No of Bars

SS/CON '7/20/26

10 m, L>10, L/10 % Tension Rft =1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1 of Compression Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2

of Flanged Beam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3

400

380

C/C

35 3.7

40 4.0

DESIGN OF CONTINUEOUS BEAM

1

INPUT DATAS

(Co efficents from IS 456:2000) 4.0 4.0 0.30 25 415 CON 26 1 1.02 1 1 26.52 151 4.15 Mtr Mtr a Mtr b c d e f g

INPUT Eff Length of Beam ac, ik = INPUT Eff Length of Beam ce, eg, gi = INPUT Width of Beam = INPUT Grade of Concrete M INPUT Grade of Steel Fe Type of Support of Slab α= β=1 γ= δ= λ= Span / Eff depth Ratio Min eff Depth of Beam = Effective Span of Beam CALCULATION OF LOAD, BM & SF INPUT Live Load Per RM INPUT Total Live Load Load Factor Factored Live Load Dead Load of Beam INPUT Super Imposed Dead Load Super Imposed Dead Load Total Dead Load Load Factor Factored Dead Load Wd

CAN/SS/CON '7/20/26 α for CAN/SS/CON '7/20/26 β=1 up to 10 m, L>10, L/10 CAL VALUE FROM γ=Factor CELL% E227 Tension Rft =1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1 δ =Factor of Compression Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2 λ= Factor of Flanged Beam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3 αβγδλ mm Mtr

25000 100000 1.5 150000 5300 750 300 5600 1.5 8400

N/m N b N a N N/Sqm N N N
Type of Load

d c e

f g

BENDING MOMENT COEFFIC

CONSIDER HALF PART AS THE OTHER PART IS SYMMETRIC
+ M Near Middle of End Span b + M At Middle of Interior Span d,f - M At Support next to End Support c - M At other Interior Support e SF at the End Support a
SF At Support next to End Support Outside c SF At Support next to End Support Inside c SF At all Other Interior Support Inner e

62.80 51.40 -70.03 -69.47 70.86 95.04 94.62 94.20 e b 4.0

KNm KNm KNm KNm KN KN KN KN

+1/12 Wd L+1/10 WL +1/24 Wd L+1/12 WL -1/10 Wd L-1/9 WL -1/12 Wd L-1/9 WL 0.40Wd+0.45W 0.60Wd+0.60W 0.55Wd+0.60W 0.50Wd+0.60W

DL+IL(Fixed) IL(Not Fixed)

SHEAR FORCE COEFFICIE Type of Load

DL+IL(Fixed)

INPUT Design of End Section (a/ c/ e)
Design of Mid Section (b/ d/ f)

IL(Not Fixed)

Eff Length of Slab =

Mtr

Clear Width of Slab = Max Support BM Max Mid Span BM Max Shear Force Max BM in (Mid Span / Support) SF at Support

0.3 69.47 62.80 94.20 69.47 94.20

Mtr KN m KN KN m KN

3

DESIGN OF MEMBER TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel Width of Beam Max BM Mx BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 Fe M 25 415 0.30 69.47 3.444 259 300 16 30 350 300 25 415 5993.43 -361.05 2.57 At 744 184 4200 744 201.14 4 Mtr KN-M bd^2 mm mm mm mm mm mm 151 Max Depth of Nutral Axis fy 250 0.53

Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy

Calculated Eff Depth of Beam RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d INPUT Use Dia of Main rft Adopt Cover for Slab RESULT Over allDepth of Beam D Width of Beam Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel a= b= c=
m= Mu/(bd^2)

415 0.48 500 0.46 550 0.44 Limiting Moment of resistance MR = C Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.4 Steel Concrete M Fe 250 15 20 25 30 35 2.229 2.972 3.715 4.458 5.201

M Fe

0.87 *(fy^2/fck) -0.87 fy m= Mu/(bd^2)
p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac))/2a

2.57

0.826

Sqmm Sqmm Sqmm Sqmm Sqmm Nos 16 16 mm Dia mm Dia

Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy

Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD Provide Area of Tension Steel Area of One Bar RESULT No of Bars

4

DESIGN/ CHECK FOR MEMBER TO RESIST SHEAR Grade of Concrete M 25 300 350 300 mm mm mm
Grade of Concrete M

Effective Depth of Beam Over all Depth of Beam Width of Beam

Max SS N/Sqmm

Dia of Main rft Area of One Bar No of Bars Max Shear Force

16 201.14 4 94.20

mm Sqmm Nos KN

fck 100 As bd 0.83

Design Shear Streng

Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = Design Shear Strength

0.83

% Grade of Concrete M Max SS N/Sqmm 1.15 1.15

0.597 N/ Sqmm Calculated k Value mm thick slab, k= 0.686 1.05 3.10 Un safe N/ Sqmm N/ Sqmm N/ Sqmm

INPUT

For Permissible Max Shear Stress Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd Maximum Shear stress Tcm Shear Check Design of Stirrups Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel Fe Effective Depth of Beam Over all Depth of Beam Width of Beam Max Shear Force wl/2 Vu M

350

Ds k

* Shear rft be provided in

25 415 300 350 300 94.20 32430 10 78.57 2 157.14 520 OK 121.45 OK mm mm mm KN N mm Sqmm Nos mm mm Sqmm

Strength of Shear rft Vus=Vu-Tc bd INPUT Dia of Shear rft Area of One Bar INPUT No of legged vertical stirrups Area of Vertical Stirrup Rft Asv RESULT Spacing of Shear rft x=0.87 fy Asv d/ Vus Check for Spacing Min Area of Shear rft 0.4 b x /fy Check for Shear rft Area

420 10 mm Dia Min Spacing is 100 mm for placing of Concrete, Ma

If NOT OK then Increase the size of Rft oa more No

5

CKECK FOR DEVELOPMENT LENGTH Max Shear Force wl/2 Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel Fe M 94.20 25 415 300 mm KN Greade
Tbd N/Sqmm

Design Bond Stress 15 1.0 20 1.2

Adopt Effective Depth d

Width of Beam b Dia of Main rft Area of Tension rft Area of One Bar No of Bars Assumed Development Length INPUT Bond Stress Tbd

300 16 744 201.14 4 200 2.2

mm mm Sqmm Sqmm mm mm N/Sqmm

Development Length based on Anchorage Bond Ld= 0'0.87 fy Ø/ 4Tbd Ld in Anchorage Bond 645 mm

Development Length based on Flexural Bond Ld= 1.3 M1/V + Lo INPUT Assumed Development Length 188 mm 16 94200 N 1148 56 896 1148 28 OK mm mm mm If NOT OK Then increase No of Bars 250 415 Max Development Length Max Bar Size in Develop Length Check for Development Length 500 mm fy N/Sqmm M15 55Ø 56Ø 69Ø M20 46Ø 47Ø 58Ø mm dia bar @ 8

Moment of Resistance offered by M1 = V= Ld in Flexural Bond Factor of Develop Length Develop length of Single Bar

69,528,000 Nmm Tension Bars

Development Length for Single Bar

6

CHECK FOR DEFLECTION Short Span of Slab Effective Depth d Width of Beam b Dia of Slab rft Area of Tension rft Area of One Bar Spacing of Bars Percentage of tension steel at Mid Span = α= 4.0 300 300 16 744 201 270 Mtr mm mm mm Sqmm Sqmm mm 0.83 26 1 1.02 % α for CAN/SS/CON '7/20/26 β=1 up to 10 m, L>10, L/10 γ=Factor % Tension Rft =1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1

INPUT Cal γ=

0.98

β=1 γ=

δ= λ= Allowable L/d Actual L/d Deflection Check is

1 1 26.52 13.33 OK

δ =Factor of Compression Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2

λ= Factor of Flanged Beam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3

h i

j E k

=1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1 ion Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2 eam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3

h i

j E k

BENDING MOMENT COEFFICIENTS FOR CONTINUOUS BEAM

Span Moments
Near Middle of End Span At Middle of Interior Span

Support Moments
At Support next to End Support At other Interior Support

Aa,Ee +1/12 WL +1/10 WL

Bb,Cc,Dd +1/24 WL +1/12 WL

A2,E5 -1/10 WL -1/9 WL

B3,C4 -1/12 WL -1/9 WL

SHEAR FORCE COEFFICIENTS FOR CONTINUOUS BEAM
At the End Support At Support next to End Support At other Interior Support

Out Side

Inside A2,E5 0.55W 0.6W B3,C4 0.5W 0.6W

A1,E6
0.4W 0.45W

A2,E5 0.6W 0.6W

of Nutral Axis d

Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm

d d d oment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm) Steel Fe 415 2.067 2.755 3.444 4.133 4.822 Fe 500 1.991 2.655 3.318 3.982 4.645 Fe 550 1.949 2.598 3.248 3.897 4.547

Max Shear Stress 25 3.1

25 Design Shear Strength

β
3.51

SS N/Sqmm

0.597

Max Shear Stress 15 2.5 Value of K >300 275 1.00 1.05 20 2.8 25 3.1 30 3.5 35 3.7

250 1.10

225 1.15

200 1.20

175 1.25

<151 1.30

* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm

2 Legs for placing of Concrete, Max 450 mm

e the size of Rft oa more No of Legs

25 1.4

30 1.5

35 1.7

40 1.9

Nos

ent Length for Single Bars Tension Bars M25 40Ø 49Ø M30 38Ø 46Ø M40 30Ø 36Ø M15 44Ø 45Ø 54Ø Compression Bars M20 37Ø 38Ø 46Ø 32Ø 39Ø 31Ø 36Ø 24Ø 29Ø M25 M30 M40

se No of Bars

=1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1

ion Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2

eam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3

40 4.0

DESIGN OF LINTEL BEAM (Sec 11.5 Ashok Jain)

1
INPUT INPUT INPUT INPUT

INPUT DATAS Length of Opening L Width of Lintel Beam B Grade of Concrete M Grade of Steel Fe Type of Support of Beam α= β=1 γ= δ= λ= Span / Eff depth Ratio

2.5 0.23 25 415 CON 26 1 1.18 1 1 30.68 120 0.25 2.62 0.23

Mtr Mtr

CAN/SS/CON '7/20/26 α for CAN/SS/CON '7/20/26 β=1 up to 10 m, L>10, L/10
CAL VALUE FROM γ=Factor CELL% E212 Tension

Rft =1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1

δ =Factor of Compression Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2

λ= Factor of Flanged Beam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3 αβγδλ mm Mtr Mtr Mtr

Min Effective Depth of Beam = INPUT Adopt Overall Depth of Beam D Effective Length of Beam Le Width of Lintel Beam B

2

CALCULATION OF LOAD, BM & SF Dead Load of Beam Super Imposed Dead Load Super Imposed Live Load Total Load Load Factor Factored Load w 1438 0 0 1438 1.5 2156.25 0.23 1.8 45 1.31 YES 7.16 0.00 3.12 1.23 4.36 3.58 1.80 KN KN KN m KN m KN m KN KN N/m Mtr Mtr Degree Mtr N/m N/m N/m N/m

Thickness of Wall INPUT Clear ht of wall above opening H INPUT Base Angle of the triangle Ht of Triangle h Arch action (H>1.25h) Total Load on Lintel W by Arch Action Total Load on Lintel w w/o Arch Action
Max BM at mid Span Wl/6 due to Δ Load Max BM at mid Span w l^2/8 due to UDL

(45-60, 45 for Good bricks 60 for Poor bricks)

Total Max BM at mid Span Max SF at Support W/2 Max SF at Support wl/2

Total Max SF at Support Length of Beam L Max BM SF along Short Fx= 1/2 w Lx

5.37 2.50 4.36 5.37

KN Mtr KN m KN

3

DESIGN OF MEMBER TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel Width of Beam Max BM Mx BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 Fe M 25 415 0.23 4.36 3.444 74 170 10 30 200 230 25 415 5993.43 -361.05 0.66 At 74 80.08 1840 80 78.57 2 Mtr KN-M bd^2 mm mm mm mm mm mm 165 Max Depth of Nutral Axis fy 250 0.53

Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy

Calculated Eff Depth of Beam RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d INPUT Use Dia of Main rft Adopt Cover for Slab RESULT Over allDepth of Beam D Width of Beam Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel a= b= c=
m= Mu/(bd^2)

415 0.48 500 0.46 550 0.44 Limiting Moment of resistance MR = C Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.4 Steel Concrete M Fe 250 15 20 25 30 35 2.229 2.972 3.715 4.458 5.201

M Fe

0.87 *(fy^2/fck) -0.87 fy m= Mu/(bd^2)
p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac))/2a

0.66

0.187

Sqmm Sqmm Sqmm Sqmm Sqmm Nos 10 10 mm Dia mm Dia

Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy

Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD Provide Area of Tension Steel Area of One Bar RESULT No of Bars

4

DESIGN/ CHECK FOR MEMBER TO RESIST SHEAR Grade of Concrete M 25 170 200 230 10 78.57 2 mm mm mm mm Sqmm Nos
Grade of Concrete M

Effective Depth of Beam Over all Depth of Beam Width of Beam Dia of Main rft Area of One Bar No of Bars

Max SS N/Sqmm fck 100 As bd

Design Shear Streng

Max Shear Force wl/2

5.37

KN

0.20

Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = Design Shear Strength

0.20

% Grade of Concrete M Max SS N/Sqmm 1.30 1.30

0.334 N/ Sqmm Calculated k Value mm thick slab, k= 0.435 0.14 3.10 Safe N/ Sqmm N/ Sqmm N/ Sqmm

INPUT

For Permissible Max Shear Stress Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd Maximum Shear stress Tcm Shear Check Design of Stirrups Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel Fe Effective Depth of Beam Over all Depth of Beam Width of Beam Max Shear Force wl/2 Vu M

200

Ds k

* Shear rft be provided in

25 415 170 200 230 5.37 mm mm mm KN N mm Sqmm Nos mm mm Sqmm Stirrup Rft NOT REQUIRED

Strength of Shear rft Vus=Vu-Tc bd 0 INPUT Dia of Shear rft 16 Area of One Bar 201.14 INPUT No of legged vertical stirrups 4 Area of Vertical Stirrup Rft Asv 804.57 RESULT Spacing of Shear rft x=0.87 fy Asv d/ Vus 0 Check for Spacing NOT OK Min Area of Shear rft 0.4 b x /fy Check for min Shear rft Area 0 OK

0 Min Spacing is 100 mm for placing of Concrete, Ma

If NOT OK then Increase the size of Rft oa more N

5

CKECK FOR DEVELOPMENT LENGTH Max Shear Force wl/2 Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel Width of Beam b Dia of Main rft Area of Tension rft Fe M 5.37 25 415 170 230 10 80 mm mm mm Sqmm KN Greade
Tbd N/Sqmm

Design Bond Stress 15 1.0 20 1.2

Adopt Effective Depth d

Area of One Bar No of Bars Assumed Development Length INPUT Bond Stress Tbd

78.57 2 200 2.2

Sqmm mm mm N/Sqmm

Development Length based on Anchorage Bond Ld= 0'0.87 fy Ø/ 4Tbd Ld in Anchorage Bond 403 mm

Development Length based on Flexural Bond Ld= 1.3 M1/V + Lo INPUT Assumed Development Length 140 mm 10 mm dia bar @ 4

Moment of Resistance offered by M1 = V= Ld in Flexural Bond Factor of Develop Length Develop length of Single Bar Max Development Length Max Bar Size in Develop Length Check for Development Length 5374.8125 N 1288 56 560 1288 32 OK mm mm mm mm

4,748,000 Nmm fy N/Sqmm M15 250 415 500 55Ø 56Ø 69Ø M20 46Ø 47Ø 58Ø Tension Bars

Development Length for Single Bar

If NOT OK Then Reduce the Spacing of Bars

6

CHECK FOR DEFLECTION Short Span of Slab Effective Depth d Width of Beam b Dia of Slab rft Area of Tension rft Area of One Bar Spacing of Bars Percentage of tension steel at Mid Span = α= 2.5 170 230 10 74 79 1070 Mtr mm mm mm Sqmm Sqmm mm 0.19 26 1 1.18 1 1 30.68 % α for CAN/SS/CON '7/20/26 β=1 up to 10 m, L>10, L/10 γ=Factor % Tension Rft =1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1 δ =Factor of Compression Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2

INPUT Cal γ=

1.18

β=1 γ= δ= λ=

λ= Factor of Flanged Beam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3

Allowable L/d

Actual L/d Deflection Check is

14.71 OK

2.5

mtr 0

200

=1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1

200 230

ion Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2

0 2

mm dia Nos of

0
10 Dia

leg

0

C/C

eam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3

Shear Check Develop length Deflection Check

OK OK OK

cks 60 for Poor bricks)

of Nutral Axis d

Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm

d d d oment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm) Steel Fe 415 2.067 2.755 3.444 4.133 4.822 Fe 500 1.991 2.655 3.318 3.982 4.645 Fe 550 1.949 2.598 3.248 3.897 4.547

Max Shear Stress 25 3.1 25 Design Shear Strength

β

SS N/Sqmm

14.17

0.334

Max Shear Stress 15 2.5 Value of K >300 275 1.00 1.05 20 2.8 25 3.1 30 3.5 35 3.7

250 1.10

225 1.15

200 1.20

175 1.25

<151 1.30

* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm

for placing of Concrete, Max 450 mm

e the size of Rft oa more No of Legs

25 1.4

30 1.5

35 1.7

40 1.9

mm C/C

ent Length for Single Bars Tension Bars M25 40Ø 49Ø M30 38Ø 46Ø M40 30Ø 36Ø M15 44Ø 45Ø 54Ø Compression Bars M20 37Ø 38Ø 46Ø 32Ø 39Ø 31Ø 36Ø 24Ø 29Ø M25 M30 M40

e the Spacing of Bars

=1 for 1 %, Fig 10.1 ion Rft 1 for 0 % Fig 10.2

eam 1 for web L=B Fig 10.3

40 4.0

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