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Outline of humanism
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Outline of humanism List of humanists History
Renaissance humanism Humanism in Germany Humanism in France Humanist Manifesto
Council for Secular Humanism A Secular Humanist Declaration Amsterdam Declaration
Organizations International Humanist and Ethical Union (IHEU) American Humanist Association British Humanist Association National Secular Society Related articles Ethical culture Marxist humanism Deistic humanism Cosmic humanism Existential humanism Rationalist humanism Integral humanism Transhumanism Personism Posthumanism Antihumanism Philosophy portal V T E The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to humanism: Contents [hide] 1 What is humanism? o 1.1 What type of thing is humanism? 2 Branches of humanism 3 Humanist positions .
1 Supports 3.2.2 Other notable humanists 12 Related philosophies 13 See also 14 References 15 External links What is humanism? Humanism – group of philosophies and ethical perspectives which emphasize the value and agency of human beings.2.2 Rejects 3.1 Leaders in humanism 11.1.2 Secular humanist positions 3. individually and collectively.2 Rejects 4 Manifestos and statements setting out humanist viewpoints 5 History of humanism 6 Humanist beliefs o o 6.1.1 Religious humanist positions o 3.1 Supports 3. Two common forms of humanism are religious humanism and secular humanism.o 3. empiricism).1 Humanist virtues and values 8 Humanist culture 9 General concepts pertaining to and embraced by humanism 10 Organizations 11 Humanists o o 11. . What type of thing is humanism? Humanism can be described as all of the following: Approach – manner in which a problem is solved or policy is made.2 Secular humanist beliefs 7 Humanist ethics o 7.1 Religious humanist beliefs 6. and generally prefers individual thought and evidence (rationalism. over established doctrine or faith (fideism).
and language. interests. Secular humanism – philosophy or life stance that embraces human reason. supernaturalism. generally systematic approach and its reliance on rational argument. social justice and philosophical naturalism. ethics. It defines Judaism as the cultural and historical experience of the Jewish people and encourages humanistic and secular Jews to celebrate their Jewish identity by participating in Jewish holidays and life cycle events (such as weddings and bar and bat mitzvah) with inspirational ceremonies that draw upon but go beyond traditional literature. mind. and abilities. Buddhist humanism – philosophical perspective based on the teaching of inherent dignity of all human beings. In practical terms. Christian existential humanism – theo-philosophical movement which takes an existentialist approach to Christian theology. Philosophy is distinguished from other ways of addressing such problems by its critical. their potential for attaining highest wisdom about their condition   and their essential nature of altruism exemplified by the Bodhisattva spirit of compassion. Christian humanism – emphasizes the humanity of Jesus. Branch of philosophy – study of general and fundamental problems. whilst specifically rejecting religious dogma. or a fairly broad but identifiable sea-change in philosophical thought on a particular subject. the teachings of Jesus Christ. In other words. his social teachings and his propensity to synthesize human spirituality and materialism. knowledge. it carries out. to contribute to the welfare of society. humanism is expressed on the individual level through action: to “relieve sufferings and impart joy”. effectively advocating the concept of global citizenship. and acting for world peace. such as those connected with reality. Branches of humanism Religious humanism – philosophy that integrates secular ethics with religious rituals and beliefs that center on human needs. abiding by the attitude of nonviolence  supporting human rights. resists or undoes a social change. values. It regards humanist principles like universal human dignity and individual freedom and the primacy of human happiness as essential and principal components of. reason. pseudoscience or . Humanistic Judaism – movement in Judaism that offers a nontheistic alternative in contemporary Jewish life. A large informal grouping of individuals or organization which focuses on specific political or social issues. existence. Ethical movement – Philosophical movement – either the appearance or increased popularity of a specific school of philosophy. or at least compatible with. Social movement – type of group action.
 Posthumanism – "after humanism" or "beyond humanism". Central to antihumanism is the view that concepts of "human nature". According to transhumanist thinkers. specifically with a capital H to distinguish it from other forms of humanism Personism – ethical philosophy of personhood as typified by the thought of the preference utilitarian philosopher Peter Singer. a posthuman is a hypothetical future being "whose basic capacities so radically exceed those of present humans as to be no longer unambiguously human by our current standards. It amounts to a branch of secular humanism with an emphasis on certain rights-criteria. and practices in the realm of social theory and philosophy which respond critically to traditional humanism or to traditional ideas about humanity and the human condition. should be rejected as historically relative or metaphysical.superstition as the basis of morality and decision making. beliefs. physical. striving to become posthuman. and psychological capacities. "man". It has at least 5 contexts. Renaissance humanism – Transhumanism – international intellectual and cultural movement that affirms the possibility and desirability of fundamentally transforming the human condition by developing and making widely available technologies to eliminate aging and to greatly enhance human intellectual." Humanist Religious Supports Rejects Secular Supports logic positions humanist positions humanist positions scientific skepticism scientific method rationalism empiricism . Alternatively known by some adherents as Humanism. That is. and may refer to: Ideas concerning the Posthuman condition – Cultural posthumanism – Philosophical posthumanism – Transhumanism – (see below) Antihumanism – set of ideas. or "humanity".
First Humanist Society of New York 1930 . It was an influential strand of conservative thought up to the 1930s.Humanistic Religious Association formed in London 1900 to the 1930s – New Humanism developed by the American scholar Irving Babbitt and the scholar and journalist Paul Elmer More.American Humanist Association founded By region .Humanist Manifesto published 1941 . humanitarianism human rights Naturalism (philosophy) secularism Rejects revelation mysticism divinity tradition authoritarianism extreme skepticism faith Manifestos and statements setting out humanist viewpoints Humanist Manifesto Amsterdam Declaration 2002 A Secular Humanist Declaration History of humanism Main article: History of humanism Greek roots Democracy Free thinking Greek philosophy Renaissance humanism 1853 .Humanism: A New Religion published 1933 . 1929 .
Humanism in Germany Humanism in France Humanist Religious Secular Agnosticism– Atheism– Evolution– beliefs humanist beliefs humanist beliefs Humanist Humanist Common good– Compassion– Creativity– Empiricism– Experience– ethics virtues and values Experimentation– Freethought– Human dignity– Humanitarianism– Human rights– Imagination– Justice– Knowledge– Nature– Observation– Personal liberty– Rationality– Reason– Scientific method– Social responsibility Humanist culture .
General concepts pertaining to and embraced by humanism Other humanist terms include: Ecosphere (global ecosystem)– Ethical– Ethics– Evolutionary Humanism– Life stance– Non-theistic– Rationalism– Scientific skepticism– Secular– . Humanist baby naming – some humanists perform a naming ceremony as a non-religious alternative to ceremonies such as christening. perform weddings. Humanist officiant – person who performs secular humanist celebrancy services for weddings. generally referred to as "celebrants". and other life ceremonies for those who do not want a traditional religious ceremony.The "Happy Human" Ceremonies and services Celebrancy – movement to provide agents to officiate at ceremonies often reserved in law to clergy or officers of the courts. funerals. Symbols Happy Human (pictured) – icon and the official symbol of the International Humanist and Ethical Union (IHEU). and has been adopted by many Humanist organisations and individuals worldwide. and other rituals. coming of age ceremonies. child namings. The principle is conceptually similar to a civil wedding ceremony as an alternative to a religious wedding ceremony. funerals. a world body of Humanist organizations. These agents.
Schiller – Raymond B.C.Organizations American Humanist Association – British Humanist Association – Council for Secular Humanism – Human-Etisk Forbund – the Norwegian Humanist Association Humanist Association of Canada – Humanist Association of Ireland – Humanist International – Humanist Movement – Humanist Party – Humanist Society of Scotland – Institute for Humanist Studies – International Humanist and Ethical Union (IHEU) – National Secular Society – Rationalist International – Sidmennt – Icelandic Ethical Humanist Association For more organizations see Category:Humanist associations Humanists Main article: List of humanists Leaders in humanism People who have made a major impact on the development or advancement of humanism: Charles Francis Potter – Julian Huxley – John Dewey – Albert Einstein – Thomas Mann – F.S. Bragg – Roy Wood Sellars – Isaac Asimov – Kurt Vonnegut – .
Clarke – Richard Dawkins – Gareth Evans – Richard Feynman – Tim Flannery – E. M.Other notable humanists Phillip Adams – Steve Allen – Sir Arthur C. Forster (see in particular "What I believe")– William Hayden – Thomas Jefferson – Paul Kurtz – Philip Nitschke – Philip Pullman – Gene Roddenberry – Bertrand Russell – Carl Sagan – John Ralston Saul – Michael Shermer – Peter Singer – Barbara Smoker – Ibn Warraq – Robyn Williams – E. Wilson – Related Empiricism – philosophies Extropianism – Freethought – Infinitism – Objectivism[disambiguation needed] – Philosophical naturalism – Pragmatism – . O.
jp/0515/ikeda_unger. and adopts a holistic approach to human existence which pays special attention to such phenomena as creativity.org/about.html ^ http://www. free will. humanistic psychology is not so much a discipline within psychology as a perspective on the human condition that informs psychological research and practice. Retrieved 200908-19.jp/1121/Journal21_Y.or. ^ Edwords. While humanistic psychology is a specific division within the American Psychological Association. Rationalism – Rationalist movement – Secularism – See also Humanistic psychology – branch of psychology that emphasizes an individual's inherent drive towards self-actualization and creativity.or.uthumanist.wabashcenter.org/lib/authors/jones/wheel285.pdf ^ http://www.pdf.pdf 10. American Humanist Association.daisakuikeda.wabash.edu/cu/buddhism/document/tc1996.iop.htm ^ http://www.pdf ^ http://www. 8.iop. "Secular Humanism is an outgrowth of eighteenth century enlightenment rationalism and nineteenth century freethought.columbia. Deistic humanism – Cosmic humanism – Existential humanism – Integral humanism – References 1. 5.buddhanetz. Secular and Religious Humanists both share the same .accesstoinsight. 9. 7. It holds that people are inherently good.html ^ http://zenbuddhisttemple. 3. ^ http://www.Kawada1. page 4 ^ http://www.org/texte/rights. and human potential. as opposed to his later works. 4.. Fred (1989). "What Is Humanism?". which are considered to be concerned more with his structural conception of capitalist society.edu/syllabi/g/gier/306/gbnd. Social psychology – Marxist humanism – branch of Marxism that primarily focuses on Marx's earlier writings. 6..html ^ http://www. especially the Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844 in which Marx espoused his theory of alienation.com/2011/02/secular-ethics-necessary-for-world.html ^ http://www.org/main/philos/buddhist/buddh-05. 2.
Free Inquiry 24 (6): 19– 21. ^ Humanism and Personism: The false philosophy of Peter Singer. The transhumanist FAQ. 13. It is only in the definition of religion and in the practice of the philosophy that Religious and Secular Humanists effectively disagree." 11. "humanism n. "Taking Humanism Beyond Speciesism". ^ "Definitions of humanism (subsection)". ^ Rethinking Peter Singer: a Christian Critique. Retrieved 2007-01-16. 1 a rationalistic system of thought attaching prime importance to human rather than divine or supernatural matters. Oderberg 15. ^ World Transhumanist Association (2002-2005). by Gordon R.. Peter (Oct/Nov 2004). Preece 14.. 2007. Institute for Humanist Studies. ^ Singer. From the standpoint of philosophy alone. 17. there is no difference between the two." 12. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2006-08-27. by David S. .worldview and the same basic principles. ^ Applied ethics: a non-consequentialist approach. ^ Compact Oxford English dictionary. Retrieved 16 February 2012. by Jenny Teichman 16.
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